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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 02, 1854, Image 2

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Udasjjnigton imttmel.
As far ?v?t we can ascertain, the following
named members ol Congress have arrived iu
W ashington: Hons. J<*se Bright, W.W. \ alk,
A. M. C. Pennington, J. B. Macy, J. Harlan,
T. F. Bowie, P. Walker, J. S. Carlisle, John
Hickman, Ceor^e W . Jones, J. W. Whitfield,
Charles J. Faulkner, Samuel Brentou, Wm. A.
Richardson, J. J. Pearce, J. Knight, S. A.
Smith, John Slidell, John H. Savage, L. Trum
bull, S. S. Morrill, J. Williams, A. H. C>reen
wood, J. W. Denver, John Sherman, S. A.Pur
viance, B. F. Lester, Schuyler Colfax, J. M.
Elliott, T. L. Clingiuuu, Wm. Smith, Richard
Brodhead, William R. Smith, J. Billinghurot,
Pelton, Alex. H. Stephens, E. G. Reade,
and probably others.
The various newspapers ot the country are
tiiled with ingenious speculations as to the pro
bable organization of the House ot Representa
tives. Such speculations, however, while they
may amuse readers,cannot be relied on with any
degree of confidence. The perplexed condi
tion of the representative body, composed as it
is of three several parties, makes it impossible
to foretell with accuracy any result, 'lhen,
ngain, the large number of gentlemen whose
names have been mentioned in connection
with the otiices to be filled, man) ol whom are
gentlemen of high standing, and large influ
ence, -till farther complicates the matter, and
increases ihe perplexity. How Congress will
b>- organic d, and win- will Ik- elected to fill the
prominent posts, we must patiently wait lor
the future to disclose. Vet, alter all, the House
will uo doubt be organized in some way or
other, and ih*t within a reasonable time after
its meeting.
We huve learned that the large cluss of very
patriotic, unselfish and disinterested men
known as " outsiders," are more than ordina
rilv busy iu urranging for the organization of
Congress, and the distribution of the otiices,
jus' ms ihough Congress whs wanting iu the
requisite intelligence for doing so. This effort,
which h;t.s been going on for some years past
to get up an outside control over Congress?a
control to be exercised, too. by men who, in
many instances have no sort of standing at
home or abroad, who could not be elected con
stables by those who know them best, is au
outrage on Congress and on the constituent
body. We believe that the men who engage
in this effort are generally men broken down in
character and fortunes, men who have no par
ticular places of residence, and who conse
quently are deprived ot the privilege of voting
in any of the State elections. They live
" about iu spots." They are here today, there
to morrow. When Congress meets they come
from their wanderings, and settle down in the
hotels and boarding houses, like a great swarm
of bees.
We repeat, it is an outrage on Congress and
on the suffragans of the various States of this
Union, who elect their representatives, that an
outside, 6elf constituted, controlling body should
presume to direct what Congress shall, and
shall not, do.
.... urn ?
IN. Y.Courier & Enq.
It proves most incontestably that the edito
rial recommendations"of the Knijtiirer, Tunis,
JW. Tribune, and other paj?er8 of similar
sentiments, was most significantly and em
phalit ally disregarded by the intelligent and
patriotic citizens of the city of New \ ork. A
more " beggarly account of empty boxes was
never seen than was exhibited by the few
straggliog votes given to the party represented
by these papers. The Black Republican party
represented by theiu, wns the only party which
gave a direct and single issue, permitting every
other shade and color full companionship, if
only they concurred upon the single point ot
issue. The Sof's had such I will and 1 won't,
1 ?hall and I shan't platform, that people
could hardly tell whether their own particular
views were represented or not. 1 he purpose
of the Hards being mainly to show that the
Softs were but a-Btnall minority of the people
of New York, did not excite much zeal, al
though their platform ha-l[national timber in it.
The Know uothiugs had principles in their
platform which deterred many from iu support,
who partially agreed with them.
But the Black Republican party entered
upon the race disencumbered of every right,
stripped to the buff, bold in confidence of
triumph over its heavily burdened antagonists.
It had nothing in its platform to deter any one
from its support, but everything which could
stimulate every supporter of its creed to zeal
ous effort.
Nothing can be clearer than that not one of
all the two hundred thousand voters who re
mained away from the polls, was of the Black
Republican stamp. Their fuglemen played
hut a single tune, and that in perfect harmony;
it was "Sambo come" from Buffalo to Albany,
and Albany to New York. There was bass,
soprano, tenor, contralto, and baritone, bnt all
attuned to harmony and playing the same tnne.
Placing the delinquent voters where inevitably
they must be, it giveB a majority against the
Black Republican party (out of five hundred
thousand votes) of three hundred and fifty
eight thousand votes. This indubitably is the
real state of public feeling in New ^ ork upon
the issue presented by the Black Republican
party. It is crushing truth which excuses the
Enquirer to Keek so quickly ai.d so eagerly to
escape to some other camp. But it has so en
tirely mixed itself up with that party, that its
odor will stick to it for some time, rendering it
a rather unsavory neighbor to any party it may
approach. Besides this " peculiar" odor, there
is the unlucky recollection of its general his
tory, that it has always been more formidable
to its friends than it* lues. It has the habit
of shooting over the house and hitting a
The Baltimore American of yesterday
"M ile Rachel arri>? d in this city yesterday,
accompanied by her father and sister, and took
rooms at the (Jilrnore House. We regret thAt
illness prevents her appearance here, and will
cause her to lea*e at once for Havana."
'MIC I'll I M l' NK.
iliia paper says; "The advocates of slave
breeding and the slave trade are wont to ex
pre?s great sensitiveness and anxiety in view
of a propensity which they sometimes'discover
in the Tribune, to take cognizauoe of matters
which interest the nation at large}" that it
l>as recommendations to attend to local mat
ters, to reform evils under its own eye, and
Within its own reach. Thus the Trenton Ga
zette, ot New Jersey, gently suggests to it: ''We
tru*t that the Triburte will hereafter devote at
tention to purifying the great centre of abomi
nations in the atmosphere of which it lives,
and allow New Jersey to correct the evils that
may infest her body politic."
At this and similar suggestions the Tribune
takes lire. Jts every effort in New York hav
ing proved fruitless, its history being a history
of unchanging defeats at home, it has sickened
at its home work, and seeks abroad that suc
cess which it has never achieved where.it is
present in person, it stalked into the Halls of
Congress, with all the imposing assurance of a
schoolmaster, but the contrast between its [ire
.tensions and the results, were as the laboring
of a mountain and the birth of a mouse. Us
step from the sublime to the ridiculous was
sudden and single, and its subsequent course
was the fiouudering in the mire of contempt.
Its editorials are mere ruvings, having in
them little that good sense or humanity can
endorse. The Tribune altogether misconceives
the motive which causes people from every
quarter to repudiate the interloping Tribune.
The Boston Courier (National Whig) an
nounces the election of our old friend Colonel
P. Riley, as one of the delegates of the Do
mocracy,in an appropriate unit"complimentary
Democratic National Convention.
The Democracy of the fourth Congressional
disji ict, wku h includes the lix BOatherlv wstdn
and Itoxbury, held a meeting in this citv, last
evening, and nominated Patrick Ililev, es<i., of
ward seven, and l.-aac Adams, e.-q." of ward
twelve, as delegates to the Democratic National
| Convention, which is to he hulJen ai Ciucin
uati in May next. Colonel liiley is a Demo
crat of the hard, st kind of shell, and is one of
those who believe that?lhtlce et decorum est
pro patriu mori. He is of the Dickinson school
ol politics, out and out; and accepts Jud"e
\\ oodbur/s as the true definition ot the prin
ciples of the Democratic party. Colonel Adams ,
is likewise a sound Democrat ; and, what is
still a grander compliment, he invented the
press upon which this paper was printed.
1 he cause of the Democracy will he well
cared tor at Cincinnati, when such incorrupt
able Democrats have the interests of the party
confided to them. Mr. Riley is one of those
men whose sentiments do honor to their pa
triotism, and the generosity of a lofty magna
tatf Our hotels and streets already begin to
wear a bustling appearance. Members of both
Houses of Congress are daily arriving. That
numerous class of persons known as the Wash
ingtou correspondents of the distant press are
fast taking their accustomed places, and indus
triously furnishing the journals with which
they correspond, with every variety of rumor,
gossip and news. That still more numerous
class of men, denominated office-seekers, are
assembling in unusual numbers. There is also
an unusually large number of outside wire
workers, and managers, whose special business
it is to direct and control the affairs of the na
tion. Besides these, many strangers are
arriving, who seem to have no other object
than pleasure. Yet, after all, where one man
comes to this city, simply for pleasure, twenty
are drawn here by other motives. Simple
minded, straight forward persons at a dis
tance from this metropolis, and unacquainted
with political manoeuvring, cannot form any
adequate conception of the amount of in
fringing that is now going on here.
1 he knglish overland mail arrived at South
ampton, 9lh instant. She' brings the Friend
of China of September 15. This paper con
tains an account of a great slaughter among
the Chinese fleets in the Gulf of Pechili by
the British sloop Bittern and steamer 1'aou
shun. The ve?els destroyed are reported to
be pirates; but the Friend of Ckinq states
that it does not appear whether they were as
sembled for piratical or political purposes be
fore the destruction commenced. Captain
\ ansittart, the commander of the expedition,
turned over lo the Chinese authorities forty six
Chinese that surrendered to the British flag,
who will l*j Bure of torture and death. It also
states that an army of forty thousand imperial
ists, led by Chun and Whoo, were defeated by
the rebels in the district of Wai-choo, north
cast of Canton. In this engagement four ofli
cers were killed.
I he I. nited States ship Macedonian was re
ported as having fifty-five men on the sick list.
Thing* In Kansas.
I he Kreesoil Convention at Topeka, in Kan
sas, has adjourned, after adopting a constitu
tion, in violation of all precedent and law.
Disregarding the official action of the regularly
organized Legislature, they have set np a
higher law, and, in a spirit of usurpation
and anarchy, seek to nullify all legal pro
ceedings and to foist their own monstrous abor
tion upon the people.
On (he other hand, the friends of law and
order in Kansas have held a convention nt
Leavenworth, with Governor Wilaon Shannon
as their President. They adopted the follow
ing resolutions, whose dignity, soundness and
conclusive adhesion to justice, right, and the
form and spirit of our republican institutions,
cannot be gainsnid :
I. He tolled, I hat the people here assembled
believing the Constitution of the United States,
and the laws passed in pursuance thereof, are j
sufficient for the protection of our rights, both
of person and property, and that in the obser
vance of the same, are vested our only hoi?es
of security for liberty and the Union, and we
will maintain the same at all hazards.
II. Flint in every government, monarchical,
aristocratic, democratic or republican, the
liberty, the life and the property of no in
dividual is safe unless the laws passed by
the projierly constituted authorities, are strictly
and fully obeyed.'
III. 1 hat we hold the doctrine to be strictly
true, that no man or set of men are at liberty
to resist a law passed by a legislative body
legally organized, unless they choose by their
actions to constitute therm-elves rebels, and
take all the consequences that legitimately fol
low the failure of a revolution.
IV. That the course pursued in this Terri
tory by certain persons professing to be the
peculiar Iriends of freedom, is at a variance
wil i all law, and entirely subversive of good
order, is practical nullification, rebellious and
iit-usouous, and should bo Crowned upon and
I denounced by every lover of civil liberty and
the prosperity of the Union.
, N That the admission of Andrew H. Reeder
to a seat in the next Cougress of the United
I Mates, would, in our opinion, be a violation of
all law and precedent, and would have a ten
I dency to encourage the violation of t he law and
| order of good government, ami would be au
I outrage upon the citizens of Kansas,
i Mi ^ convention lately assembled at
: lopeka to forma Constitution for the State
government, culled and elected by, and com
posed of. members of a political party?the
so-called State party?and neither called nor
elected by the people of Kansas, would have
been a larce it its purposes had not been trea
sonable ; and a constitution presented by Much
a convention is unworthy the serious conside
ration of freemen, and if presented to Con
giess af the Constitution ol Kansas, should
be scouted from it? walls as an insult to its in
telligence, and an outrage upon our sovereign
rights. **
^ ^ 'lul w<' cordially endorse the Kansas
Nebraska act, and more especially that part of
it w hieh repeals the Missouri Compromise, anil
enunciates^ tluj principle that the people of
every I erritory, in framing their organic laws,
have a right to decide for themselves what do
mestic institutions tliey will or will not have.
\ 111. J hat the Kansas-Nebraska bill recog
nizes the true principles of Republican govern
ment; that we leel that we are as tit for and
capable of self-government as we were when
citizens of tfe States, and as the citizens of
other States are; and we denounce any at
tempt on the part of Congress, or the citizens
ol other States lo control our domestic uff'airs.
I A. I hat although, as citizens of a Territo
ry, we can take no part in national politics,
yet we feel ourselves impelled to express our
gratitude to the Democrats of the Northern
States for their undeviating support of the
great principles ol government under all the
abuse which has been heaped upon them.
a. 1 hat we deplore the course which has
been pursued by some of the newspapers
abroad, in the misrepresentations which have
been published by them in reference to the po
litical excitement which, it has been alleged
existed here, charging anarchy and confusion
as presid.iiL' in this Territory to an alarming
extent, and making other gross misstatements
in regard lo the actual state of affairs here ex
isting?all of which are calculated to mislead
ihe public abroad, and thereby retard the
grovvih and settlement of the Territory.
XI. 1 hut we, the Law and Order party,
Lniori-lov.ng party, and State Rights party ol
Kansas I'erntury, are fully able-and we pled"*
ourselves to support and sustain (iov. Shannon
in the execution t.l the laws, and that we feel
the utmost confidence in his firmness and in
Kill tor* In Parliament.
The press in England certainly cannot com
plain that it is not fairly represented in high
places. The London Athenmtm says:
" There are more proprietors, editors, and
correspondents of public journal# iu the present
House ol Commons than at any previous
period. Among leading debaters in that
House are to be found some of the most power
ful writers of the day. The Chancellors of the
Exchequer are men who have occupied equally
-distinguished positious in literature, and the
Lords Lieutenant*of Ireland are elegant essay
ists, pleasant versifiers, and accomplished
authors of diaries. I n fact, the distinction and
antagonism between the worlds of politics and
literature seem fast dying out to the advantage
of both, we would fain believe. While the one
becomes more enlightened, it is to be hoped
the other will gain in robustness and healthi
ness of tone." *
The ten daily political journals of Paris have
atotal^ circulation of 101,000, viz:?La Press
41,000, Le Siecle 36,000, Le Constitutionnel
26,000, Lo Pays 16,000. La Patrie 17,000, Le
Journaldes Debates 9,000, I/Assembly Nation
ale 5,000, LTnion 4,000, and La Onzette de
la Frauce .1,000.
(laillardet, the able correspondent of the
Courier i/rs Etat.i Unis writes thus iu allusion
to the recent demonstrations iu Hyde Park,
London. "The English cabinet is thrown into
great tribulation by the scenes recently enacted
in Hyde Park, where many and able speeches
were delivered in opjK.sition to the aristocracy
and to capital."
''These are dangerous symptoms.
"The English cabinet have also been vio
lently availed by the radicals, fof the expulsion
I of the political refugees from the Isle of Jersey."
The Daily AVr?.* denounces the measure as a
gross violation of the law* of IJritish hospitality,
and indignantly exclaims, 'let the French
alliance perish a thousand* times rather than
sacrifice so holy a principle." Oh! England,
how art thou fallen?dictated to by thy quon
dam special constable.
Mr. Dickinson una the Boiton Ami-Slave
ry Society.
Bimghamptoh, Oct 16, 1835.
(Jrnti.emkx?^ our favor of the 27th ult.,
inviting me to deliver one of a contemplated
course of lectures on the subject of slavery, at
the Tremont Temple, in Boston, the'ensuing
Reason. reached here during niy attendance
upon a neighboring circuit, ami I avail myself
of the earliest moment, consistent with pres
sing engagements since my return, to acknow
ledge the honor extended me, ami to explain
the cause of delay in answering.
I have considered the subject of your invi
tation with much anxiety, and, upon the whole,
am constrained by convictions of duty to de
cline it. To Iccture upon this disturbing sub
ject, unless it is proposed to act upon it. would
seem to be a barren and profitless gratuity;
and if action is proposed, it must have relation
to the domestic concerns of our sovereign
equals, with which we have bo right to inter
fere. I hey left this question in other times,
according to the true senof the Constitution,
to the [wrple of New York and Massachusetts'
with all i's responsibilities and irritations, to
dispose of in their own go-nl time and manner;
and may we not, in the same confiding spirit,'
leave it to thr>se upon whom if rests? Deter
mined long since to leave tbis question where
the Constitution left it, were I to accept vour
invitation, I would choose for my theme " The
Duty of the People of these Free States," and
would endeavor to inculcate the valued udmo
nitions of the Father of our Country upon sec
tional disturbances. Lest, however, a formal '
lecture, as proposed by your course, even in
voking non-intervention in the affairs of sover
eign States, might be construed into an admis
sion that it was au open question, and that by
the same rule others mijfht arraign and assail,
I have determined that I shall b?-*t contribute
to preserve the public p?ace by declining to
take part iu the proposed discussion. I have
the honor lo be, jour obedient servant,
Dr. Stone and others. Committee, Ac.
Counterfeit bills on the Augusta
branch of the Bank of (Jeorgia are in circula
Mr. Hucliauau and tlie London Tluiet.
The following is a copy of the contradiction
forwarded by Mr. Buchanan, the American
minister at Londou, to the editors of the Lon
don Times, in refutation of the article which
appeared in that paper charging him with hav
ing made certain assurances to the members of
the British ministry on the subject of the war
with Russia, and especially in relation to the
British enlistments in this country for the
''The American minister presents his com
aliments to the editors of the Times, and
assures them that they have been 'misinformed'
with respect, to the expressions and conduct
attributed to him in their leading article of thia
morning. Always mindful of the neutrality of
his government, which he fully approvos, it.
was with deep regret he learned, as he iirst did
from Washington, that attempts were made in
the United States to recruit soldiers, for the
British army, because he felt confident that
these attempts would tend to weaken the
friendly relations between the two countries,
which it has been his ardent desire, ever since
his arrival in England, to cherish and promote.
" The American minister can, of course,
enter iuto no discussion in the public journals
of questions between the two governments, or
stato what is or what is not contained in any
correspondence which may have arisen out of
these questions; but. he has felt it due both to
the Times and himself to make this prompt cor
"56 Ilarley street, London, Nov. 1, 1k55."
1 he steamer Orizaba arrived at New ()r
leaius, November 26, bringing dates to the lHth
instant. A despatch states that Alvarez had
entered the city at the head of five thousand
men, and tfas quietly received, the garrison
having previously evacuated the place. Tho
seat of government would be permanently re
moved to Boleno d'ilidalga, on the 17th of
February. The best feeling existed between
Alvarez and Viduri. General Urago had been
appointed Minister to Prussia. Sciato had re
signed the post of Secretary of the Treasury.
ftay The Hon. Francis Mallory, President of
the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, was on
Monday last elected a delegate to represent
Norfolk city in the next General Assembly of
Virginia. The election was a special one, or
dered by the Governor of Virgiuia, to fill a va
cancy occasioned by the death of the lamented
W illiam D. Roberts. Mr. Mallory had no op
position, and the election passed off quietly.
South Carolina Legislature.
The Legislature pf South Caroliua met at
Columbia on Monday last. The Governor's
message was submitted on Tuesday. It, is a
short document, devoted chiefly to State affairs.
Americans In Greeee.
A letter dated Athens, Greece, October 8th,
after announcing the arrival of Roger A. Pryor,
esq., the United States Commissioner, savs:
" Mr. Pryor has made a most favorable im
pression upon all who have seen him. He has
dined with the King of Greece, and entered up
on his work.
"Mr.de Leon, United States ConsuLGeneral
of Egypt, "Rev. C. N. Righter, Bible Agent for
the Levant, Rev. Abel Stevens of New York,
Mr. Lyman of Botston, and Mr. Draper, are
here, so that our American society is greatly
enlarged, and wo are enjoying it exceedingly.
The Illae In Sugar*.
It appears that sugars had gone up in Eng
land within a week, at last dates, 6s. a 7b. the
hundred, equal to 1J a lij cents here. Coffee
is also reported in quick demand. In the ar
ticle of sugar in England, the cost to the coun
try, at present prices, of its supply for the
coining year, would be no less a sum than
?7,000,000 sterling, in excess of the cost of
last year's supply.
Amerlcanu In tCurope.
1 he New York jflfsmhu the following from
a Paris correspondent: ?
" Mr. Fillmore, ex-President, and Dr. Poote,
of Buffalo, have just arrived in the city from
the north, and are making arrangements to
start soon to Constantinople, the Crimea, and
the Holy Land. The number of parties going
to the Nile this year is unprecedented.
"Miss Dix, the well known philanthropist,
has just arrived in Paris, in company with Dr.
Parish and lady of Philadelphia, and is making
preparations to visit the charitable institutions
of the city.
"I)r. Parker, Commissioner to China, and
Mr. Harris, are also in town on their way to
Canton "
I'nrcliaur of Grain.
The United States Econotnist thinks that the
foreign governments named will be compelled
to make purchases of grain to the exteut of
$ 14 7,000,000?th us;
Total. From United
Great Britain $75,000,000 $23,000,000
France 00,000,000 30,000,01(0
Prussia...: 10,000,000 3,500,000
Rome ? 2,000,000 2,000,000
$147,000,000 $58,500,000
The Hook Trade of the I nlled Mate*.
The American Publishers' Circular, in the
course of an article on the book trade, makes
this statement:
Whatever in the shape of a book is printed
here, will find a market, if at all respectably
meritorious. When we remember that to sell
ten thousand copies of the best work of fiction,
in Great Britain and Ireland, is among the
unprecedented events in the life of tin author
or publisher; and that behind this public lies,
at least, four centuries of a growing civilization;
it. may startle the uninitiated to be informed, that,
with hut a little more than fifty years behind
us, since Matthew Carey gave the first impulse
to the sale of books, to dispose of fifty thousand
copies, of any moderately good book, is among
the ordinary events which every American
publisher deems himself entitled to anticipate;
and that such a sale (if the work \Smeritorious,)
will not snrpriae any intelligent man.
. So rapid, and so great has been the demand
for books in the United States, that, some of
the leading publishing houses in this city,
possessed of princely fortunes, and transacting
an unexampled amonnt of business in iron and
red sand-stone palaces, commenced business,
certainly not much more than thirty years ago,
wiih 'a feeble beginning' and, probably, small
capital I And the same assertion will, we think,
hold true, in substance, in relation to the first
houses in Boston and Philadelphia. When we
look back at the condition of the publisher nt
that period, ne? him with a copy of his new
book in sheets, trot around to the booksellers,
inquiring how many copies they would require,
and compare with that the present opulence
and independence?the extent of the establish
ments, variety and number of publications,
owned and issued by the Harpers and the
Appletons, for instance, we almost onse to
believe that the stories in the Arabinn Nights
are fabulous! However this may Bound, it is,
in fact, no exaggeration."
fis) Iii Madison, Iowa, apples, it isstnUd,
are Belling for fivo cents a bushel.
C ourt <>I CUiuu.
Monday, November 20.?Tlie court met at a !
11 o'clock, liie judges were all present.
The argument in the privateer Armstrong
Ci'se (adjourned over from Friday) watt resumed
by tin1 Solicitor, who concluded hid remarks.
Charleri O'Conor, esq., of New ork, will follow
with his argument to-morrow.
Charles O'Conor, e q., of New York, was
sworn an attorney of this court.
The tollowiug-nained gentlemen (in addition
to those already appointed) were appointed
commissioners to take testimony iu the several
States named:
Maine.?James L. Child, Augusta.
New Hampshire.?Charles VV. Woodman,
Connecticut.?David J. Peck, New Haven.
New York.?Malcolm Campbell, John Liv
ingston, and Frederick W. King, New York;
Henry T. YValbridge, Saratoga, R. T. Trow
bridge, Syracuse ; and A. Conklin, Buffalo.
Pennsylvania.?Arthur M. burton and John
M. Crier, Philadelphia.
Ohio.?John L. Pendrv, Cincinnati; and
AinoH Layman, Marrietta.
Illinois.?William C. Bowman, Sbawnee
Indiana.?Salmon A. iiuell, Indianapolis,
and William K. Bowes, Michigan city.
Wisconsin.?Michael McLaughlin, Dubuque.
Kansas.?James II. Lane, Benjamin T. Sim
mons, Daniel A. N. Grover, and Allen T.
Tibbitts, Lawrence city.
Minnesota.?Henry J. Horn, St. Paul and J.
J. Noah, Mendota.
California.?William G. Morris and William
MeDougall, San Francisco.
Cherokee Nation.?George Butler, Table*
?New Mexico?Augustus De Marie, Sauta Fe.
Washington Territory.?CharlesII. Mason.
Virginia.?John C. Moncure, Fredericks
burg; G. W. Ilansbrough, Pruntytown; and
William L. Clark, jr., Wiuchester.
South Carolina.?Robert Cogdell Gilchrist
and Thomas Frost, Charleston.
Georgia.?Seymour R. Bonner and Michael
N. Clarke, Columbus.
Kentucky.?John O. Bullock, Louisville.
Mississippi?Terence McGowan, Rankin
Missouri.?Elisha B. Jeffreys, Uuion, Frank
lin county.
Alabama.?llobert Christian, Perry county.
Louisiana.?Richard P. Harrison, New Or
Texas.?Phineas De Cordoon, Theophilus;
Allan Jones, William P. de Normandi and
Willis L. Robards, Austin; and E. P. Hunt,
Galveston. ?
Arkansas.?John Carnal,FortSinith; Orville
Jennings, Washington, llampstead county.
Florida.?Edward Bissell, Jacksonville.
The court adjourned to 11 o'clock to mor
From ihe Baltimore dun.
Tlx; lircud Quentlou.
The grttiu advie.es from Europe by the
(Jauadu are deemed very important. The con
tinued rise in whoat, not only in England and
France, but in Germany, excites more lliau
usual attention So far us the English harvest
of 1855 is concerned, a letter of Mr. John
Caird, claiming that the deficiency is incon
siderable, lm? been taken u;i by the London
Daily News and other authorities, *iih the
view of refuting it. The average price at Mark
Lane, he week the Canada sailed, was 2s the
quarter higher than on the previous Mon
day. 7he English millers were the jyrin
cipal buyers. They number, throughout the
kingdom, 37,268, and it is held to be a gross
absurdity to suppose that this large class would
not struggle against the advance in price, if
they could prevent it, or if their ovu knowledge
of the English crop.did not influence them to
immediate purchases. It is equally absurd, the
Daily News contends, to maintain that the
303,720 farmers of Great Britain have entered
into a combination to keep up the price of
wheat. The requirements of the kingdom last
year were twenty-four millions bushels, or three
millions imperial quarters. For the first two
months after the harvest the average per
quarter was 5Gs lOd. This year the average
since the harvest is 76s 0d. TRe average
since January is 70s 5d, and it is likely to
amount to 78s before the end of December.
The same authority says:
"Now, it is plain that the present war was
certainly not the first'nor the main cause of
the great rise in the price of wheat, for in Feb
ruary, 1854, it was 80s lOd. In November,
1853, it stood at 72s 5d. Those high prices
were not caused by the war, which only begun
in March, 1854. After the war was declared in
September 1854, the price whs 5(?h 7d. Nor
can the war have affected the price in Prussia,
which has lately been buving corn in England,
and proposes to reduce the import duties in
the Zollverein that her people may be fed.
Even in 1853 the average price of wheat in
Prussia was 54s 9d, being 13s lid above the
average of the previous 25 years, and it has
since continually risen. Last year, too, the
price of wheat was quite as high in the United
States as in England; and it was not affected
by the war. In truth a general rise has taken
place in the price of corn throughout Europe,
and, we may say, throughout the world, which
must not be lightly passed over, or treated ?.s
a momentary deviation' from the ordinary price
to be corrected by some potty municipal or
imperial regulations."
The causes of changes are next argued out
by the writer, as relntiug mainly to the eflect
of the commercial activity of the world, which
has l>cen stimulated by the discoveries in Cali
fornia and Australia. The diversions of labor
from agriculture in 1853-54, in the United
States, is adverted to as one of the results of
this stimulation. The increase of city popula
tion in this country is also mentioned, iu con
nection with the creation of more wealth from
ship and railway building, wherewith to buy
ana pay for food at enhanced prices. In short,
the bread question is treated ns a world-wide
problem, and the ultimate conclusion arrived
at that the dearness which the English neople
deplore "commences chiefly in the gold dis
coveries, w hich have spread an almost mad de
light through all society, and have everywhere
kindled energy and enterprise." Remarking
on these statements, the New York Times
" It is highly probable that the English Gov
ernment, as well as the Imperial rule in France,
discovered the true liearing of the harvest re
sults at home earlier in the season than thg
foregoing speculations. They have, undoubt
edly, had their commissnrip* or agents in the
United States for these six weeks past. The
money negotiations for the purchase of grain
are made through Baring Brothers.
"These movements have anticipated by more
thun a month the rapid advance iu prices and
the renewed discussion of the foot! question in
England, as advised byf he Canada. Theprices
have not l>cen quoted so decidedly buoyant, ns
well as dei\r, since 1847.
" One of the fortunate results of this state of
the question to American agriculture is the
steady increase in favor of the staple of Indian
corn, as a substitute fur wheat. The export
Irade in corn has increased rapidly, and prices
in Liverpool have steadily increased under it.
When Sir .Robert Peel's hill first opened the
English ports to free Irade hi corn in 1845,30s.
or 32s. for the Indian corn of the United States
in Liverpool was considered a highly remune
rating quotation. The latest figures this sea
son are 47s. for mixed lots and 62s. for white,
and the quantity which the market is taking is
to all appearances unlimited?at all events,
quite equal ^o the present ability of our sea
board markets to supply."
TU? luvailou of lr<laud>
The Earle of (Jarlisle, Lord-lieutenant of
Ireland, bus been making a speech ut lieltast,
in the course of which he made the following
ullugion to the iuvasiou ol Ireland by the United
States :
" J he condition of Irdaud is at present such,
.un the whole, ud given rise in my mind to the
strongest feeling of satisfaction and of hope.
There is generally u, manifest decrease ol out
age and crime, with one or two occasional
hideous exceptions, sufficient to warm us, where
human conduct is concerned, never to presume.
{ Agriculture is undergoing an immense develop
i meut, and it must be the task of many of you,
' gentlemen, to sue that our manufacturing pro
cesses exhibit the same progress. New schools
of education, new colleges of learniug, new
temples of religion, arc multiplying on every
" The general condition of the people is
strikingly advanced in ease and comfort. They
are better led, they are better clad, there is an
infinitely greater proportion of shoes and stock
ings (laugliter) than when 1 was here last, and
the new complaint of Ireland is that there are
almost too lew to work and too few mouths to
be fed.
" 1 have huurd, indeed, lately something of
new arrivals being expected iu this country
from America. Well, then, gentlemen, will
they be all Irishmen, returning home to till
their fields agaia, to work their looms again, to
kiss their wives aud families again ? If so, we
will heartily bid them welcome, provided they
at least come iu some moderation. Can it be
that they could come, that any could come
here, with any hostile intention ?
"I feel sure that tho good sense, as well as J
the good feeling, of all true-hearted Irishmen
or Americans, would repudiate the monstrous
supposition. (Loud cheers.) If, contrary to
all expectation and all reason, they would so
come, I ought not to say that they would not
be as welcome as the others; but of this I feel
content?that the Antrim Rifles, whom I left
in Dublin, and the North Down Rifles, whom
1 find iu Belfast, will be able to give a very
good account of them. But we will not let
such monstrous images mar our social har
mony, and I would rather leave you with bright
impressions about you of successful commerce,
rewarded industry, restored peace, aud extend
ing civilization."
Interesting Case.
. A case of considerable interest was decided
on Wednesday in the circuit court at Rich
mond, Virginia, Judge Meredith presiding.
The details are as fqllows :
" Some time ago Mr. John C. Hobson, of
Richmond, sent an order to the office of the
magnetic telegraph, to be transmitted to a
house in New Orleans, for 500 bales of cotton.
In due time the order was. filled, but, to Mr.
Hobson's astonishment, he received 2,500
bales. The error, it is alleged, was made in
the transmission of the message, and to re
cover the loss sustained, Mr. Hobson brought
suit against the Telegraph Company. The
case was argued on Wednesday by J. M. Pat
ton and William H. Macfarland, esqrs., for the
plaintiff, and John U. Gilmer, esq., for the de
j tondants, aud given to a jury for decision.
Tho tesult was a verdict against the Telegraph
Company for $7,HOO damages. An appeal was
taken, and the case will be carried before the
highest legal tribunal in the Commonwealth."
The Ct.loithHl Wstlilngloii Munumtnt.
The casting of the horse lor this mouument,
ut Munich, is one of the great feats of modern
foundry, as fifteen tons of bronze had tu. be
melted and kept in a state of fluidity. For
several days and nights previously a large fire
was at these huge masses, which required to
be stirred at times. When the bronze was
liquified, an ultimate essa^ was made in a small
trial cast, and to heighten the color some more
copper was added. Successively all the cham
bers through which the metal had to tlow iu the
form were cleared of the coal with which they
had been kept warm, and the master examined
all the air spiracles and the issues of the metal:
the props of the tubes were then placed, ana
every man had his duty and his place assigned
to hiui. .Finally, the master, amid the intense
expectation of the many art amateurs present,
pronounced the words " In the name of God,"
and then three mighty strokes opened the fiery
gulf, out of which the glowing metal flowed in
a circuit to the large form. The sight was
magnificent, and in the little sen of fire stood
the master, and gave his command* about the
successive opening of the props. Hot vapor
poured from the air spiracles; in the conduits,
the metal boiled ju waves ; still, no decision
yet, as the influx of the bronze in the very
veius of the figure could be but slow. At once
flaming showers jumped out of the air con
duits, and the master proclaimed the cast to
have succeeded. A loud cheer followed, when
the master approached Mr. Crawford, the artist
of the Washington Monument, to congratulate
him upon this success. A pother cheer was
givfcu to M. de Miller, the chief of the royal
foundry of Munich, who had personally con
ducted the work.?The Builder.
Old and Aitu Member* to Congress.
It is sai l that the 234 members elccted to
the next House of Representatives are divided
as follows betweenjold and new:
AV?>. Old. Net". Old.
Alabama sends... 2 5 H. Jersey hend-. 3 2'
Arknnsns, I 1 New Vo k, 23 10
(reorgia, 4 -I North Carolina, 4 4
Illinois, 2 0 Ohio 12 9
Indiana, 'I G 1'eunsylvania .. 17 8
Kentucky,.. 7 3 Rlinile Island... 1 1
Maine, h 3 Tennessee 3 7
Massachusetts,... 0 2 Texas 1 )
Mississippi 3 2 Vermont, 2 1
Missouri, 1 G Virginia, 1 2
California, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa,
Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, New Hamp
shire and Wisconsin send nil new members.
Sonth Carolina sends all old members.
In noticing this fact the New York Express
(whose editor is an ex-M. C.) remarks that
South Carolina, With her old members, Ten
nessee, with seven old ones, and Virginia with,
twelve, hate an enormous advantage over all
green hands, for one old member of wit and
worth eqnals ten green ones of like wit and
worth. To be efficient in Congress at all?not
as a x}Hmter, but as a worker, with power?at
least four years apprenticeship is indispensably
necessary. For tke first session a new mem
ber hardly knows his heels from his head?in
practical matters?and ten times to one he will
be out of order, rather than in order, when he
wishes to accomplish anything, till he has at
least two years' training.
Htrnnge AMaelinit-itt.
A neighbor of ours informs us of k singular
and interesting attachment which has sprnng
up between a roster and a kitten on his premises.
The rooster is a largo handsome looking fowl,
but young" and rather inexperienced in the
ways of the world, and who would ere this have
met with a catastrophe at the hands of the
cook, had he no' very opportunely met with a
cat, or rather a handsome and pretty well
advanced kitten, between which and the afore
said jooster a very wunn and unnatural attach
ment seems to exhiat. They are hardly ever
separate day or night, and may be seen kissing
each other, or enjoying a quiet siesta together,
as much satisfied with each other as if really
engaged, and the happy day set which is to
make them twain of one hair or feather. At
night the kitten goes upon the roost with its
lieged lord, evidently evincing a desire to con
form as much as possible to his habits of life.
Whether the kitten will attempt any further
conformity, remains to bo seen. As there
should always be some yielding on both sides,
wo think the rooster will most likely learn to
catch mice. Jiut whatever may hereafter take
place, it is certainly interesting to witness the
present manifestations of so strange an attach
ment.? Dayton Journal.
Th? Oliitlal Org?u of CuuKieti *ud K(W?.
paper Tot- the People.
I addres. my ai.nu.il circular lo the public, uu
prutM it that the Globe will renew a. reports of
.he ConKre#Mona Debute, a. ,be next se?o? of
rr> i hardly necessary to ??y that the
Ert8::',h,i ,,e-xt &?????? wiiiiL or v,;,?
import to the country. The issue. whiob have
.i <" relation to slavery, connected with
Krt*al ,n,e?"t Which i? always take., in Con
greaa in relation to the nomination of presidential
candidates, will give in.ense excitement to tile
wh,Kh.w?l b? communicated ..the
public. W ha.ever is debated in Congress will be
debated everywhere. The importance of official
reports cannot, therefore, be too highly estimated.
I he country will pass U|?on the proceedings of
ougreM. as ibey progress, and public opinion, if
properly inlormed, will have a salutary influence
upon the result.
rml.,|'e VA'1*V GifBE wi" l)e Priulcdon a double
^n!<s i 8 e ev<n oc,?<* every morning, ex
th?Pr" |Uy' ?n iWI'l cou,u'" Ibe messages of
the F jT#" ? uT'' ?i e United State.; the report, of
in** of <" P8r'n,<*P',i 'he entire proceed
ings of Congresa; the laws passed duriu?r the
session; and the news by telegraph and *from
T. " ??."rt es lo 'be hour of going to press.
S,v lit " Co"er"' '"NUemly fill .l,irt"
n ,,!, J' sometimes more than a hundred
ZZ\nl*try-, Wh*??ver *?V ?or thai,
printed. column* a day, extra sheets aru
Tuesday's CONGRESSIONAL G I.OIIK will be pub
oro^e rVery Jr-eadHy moruinS. contain the
^?ogreas in a condensed form; the
n^?? r ? ? uy HluJ *uch editorial com
ment upon the times as may be de. mod suitable
of wlT?r tb,e l>0iH'r- Whe" tbe d"b?<**
ot a week cannot be condensed into twenty
Ibr cmh!? e'ghl c01"""1" of the sliced
iheet wj'l be*printed!
edit.^, o7,GhRK5S,0!yA,',G,>0BE wi" be ,hti ^vised
edition ol the proceedings contained in the Daily
print^Tn b^^8 P"**ed duriD* '"e .eS
printed in book lorm on a royal quarto patre and
wil probably, make four volumes of nine bun
S Tkehrt volume o,'Z ,bur
?niLh Appkndix' wbi?h W'H contain such
sdve.wS V,? irV'r"" T by tl,e ,ne,"bc" thetn
seives, with such deferred proceedings as necen
be !iuidpt:OI?Pa"Ji tbe"'- Complete indexes will
^""J l<"w?nlt'd to subaoriberit
id oi the session. Il u subscriber shall
lose any numbers, they will be supXd at the
rate of three cents for sixteen pages. '
op mil lTilvd KyeTy co,,,"e,ent J?dge, whoae
il , ,k I , beard expressed on the subject
that the debates of Congress are better reported'
bodv a Tr itha" tho"e o1' any ?,her 'egffative'
u. s:;t r
Congressional Globe and Appendix onZ
! the Slates m which the prices paid had
hen been ascertained.) for publishing their de
bate, m book form ouly The debateVof Con
gress are ofl, red to subscribers, in ibis Prosnec
us, /or about one half the price paid for .hem bv
. ".ress-ibe expense of reporting, and iben
publishing then, in the Daily Clot- to enable
revr:be,r r*n,ark->^C
sion.il Globe and Appendix, are all for
ongress, and dQ ?ot j-orin nny pnr, Df the V5
which an individual pay#/orthem. Calculation^
showing the priccs paid for debates nre printed on
?he lourih page of the pa,*r. ' d
To facilitate tbe circulation of the ( onit regional
G obe and cheapen it subscribers, Cot ?e "J
passed a joint resolu.iou making it freeof,?oS
I annex it. as the law mav ?of 1
postmaster, generally: '><? accessible to
JOthelRaZU!"f?r M the. distribution of
, f Congrrss and thr Drbatcs thert0?
laws of fn, ViCW 10 Jfhr, d,e,,n circulation of the
laws Ol C ongress and tbe debafes contrih..i,n .
'he true inierprelati.on thereof, and to make free
ind^ruITa^^ 'be ?
feTi'ono TctZf' lh&\rro'11 ""jailer the present
AiiDend^* ^"Ongress, .he Congressional Gbhe and
appendix, which con.ain.be law*-u... >i. i t
thirtjr-Mven v lu -l , T,Ty "ow n'"^
of tlm is exhassled, .2?^ ?'' .many
T, ? tkiims.
Daily Globe, one year.., m ()Q
\V*-L?. f dur,nff the session ()0
ii Globe, one year ()()
p during the session... i on
Two ,ie Cowiastmii 'oLLn " M
ANr> A pfekdix Will be sent Ibr 10 00
Pay mens required in advance, invariably
Bank notes, current wherr .?> "ru,Cj'y
received at par. The whole or iinT^t'of"!
mittnnce may be made in postage stamns Vk"
money should be iu this city bv the firm M .
afford (o do so any longer m th- ' ' rnn"ot
several years p.., L.tTe^ethaKl'*!"1 ^
for subscriptions out of this citv during .haftlme
Wasuinotob, October 2, 1855.IN C' KIVES*
A no! her apd a very large supply of Warm
Under Shirts and Drawers this day opened, of the
best quality nnd at low and uniform irn-es, at
STEVENS'S Sale* Room,
Nov 15?r!tif Brown'? Hotel.
Blank hooks ani> ktationeuy.
Just received from a sheriff's sale iu Phila
delphia, a very large lot of Blank Books, Letter
and Cap Pnper.Steel Pent,Faber's Pencils, Mathc
matical Instruments, lilat-k Sand. ButT Envelope
Paper, Inkstands, Slates. Copy Broks and Schoo'
Bonks, hIJ of wliicb we will sell low lor cash
Seventh Street
For the Collection of Claima. the Procurement o(
Patents, Bounty Lands, and Pensions
From the French, Spanish Italian, and German
Languages, and for Topographical and other
No. 490J, 7th Street. Wnshing'on City, D <!.
Nov 18 If
siery and Under-Garment\?STEVENS,
Brown's Hotel, is now opening a fresh and large
variety of Gent's Undershirts and Drawers. Also,
a large assortment of silk and cotton Hall-Hose,
pltiin and fancy. STEVENS'S
Feb 24?'til Sales Room, Brown's Hotel.
And Agents lor " Kerr's" " Ssmwwifcaa" Old Rye,
and P. Hanger's "Old Rye" Whisky. Premium
All letters promptly answered, and orders filteo
Feb 20?3m
flgC R EWAM !>.?Mtrajed from the Coin
mon*,al>oiit 2 weeks since, m small specklc
red and while Cow. with .one horn half broken
off"?the other n crump horn. She has a wen or
war! on her ?ide, near the flank, about th<- ?iie of
a man'* fi*t. She i* marked, hut not recollected'
The above reward wfll be pnid by returning her to
the owner, on I street, between Oth and 7th, No.
802. Sept 19
IJ W. I!. STANFORD, Merchant Tailor, No.
-INS Pen bun Ivania avenue. four doora west of Third
street, ha* returned from New York, and ia now
receiving hi* new and elegant Block of Cioods
adapted to lall and winter wear, to whiih he
would re*pcctfully rnvite the aiiention of hi*
friend* and the public. Returning hi* lhanka lor
the liberal patronage heretofore beatowedon him, he
would a**iire all that all diligence and care will
l>e takou to fill ail order* in hi* u*ual elegant style
of lii hml finish, at the ahorteM notice and at the
lowest po?*ible prices.
Also, a beautiful stock of Furnishing Good#.
Sep ?21>?'iw3wif

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