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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 03, 1854, Image 1

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VUL 8- ~ TB1 WEEKLY. >to, 28
Ward!'# Building, rwwr the Capitol,
Tri- Weekly,
ft ft*
?2 00
To Club* ok Individuals, subscribing I"'
five or uaore copies?
Tri-weckly per a.inuin, 10 advance ?*>
Weekly " "
JET Postmasters are requested t" a* Hiieitif.
?1 "?
h tory of the Rise, Progress, ami Desiiny ol
ilie American Party, and ??? probable influence
on the next Presidential election, to which is
added h Review ol ihe Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by an Ame
rican. , . , r ?
The History ol Macon and Dixous Line, con
tained in an Addrvss delivered by John II. B.
Latrobe, of Maryland, before the Historical So^
cieVV of Pennsylvania, November 8, 1^54.
Mirana Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S.
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M.I).,with
a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W.
lift received and for sale by
Corner of Penn. avenue and lllb street.
Feb 1T? ?
HARPER'* MAGAZINE for September is
a magnificent number, filled with superior
engrifvings, and for sale at Suimjnoton 8 book
store. , . 41 a
The great Illustrated Magazine of ArtTBr Sep
tember is one of the best that has been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains
all the new Fall fashions.
The Knickerbocker Magazine for September
Godey's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, ant.
Putnam's Magazine, all lor September, received
?trid for sale at
m ill; FAILURE of Free Society?Soci
x "logy for the South, or the Failure ol Free
Society, by George Fitzlmgh. On sale at
Book Store, near 9th street.
STOWE <l?I AKHY.?I am prepared to ftir
nish from my quarry, opposite the Little Falls
and adjoining the quarry of the late Timothy
O'Neale, any quantity of stone that maybe needed
tor building purposes. Apply to 'he undersigned
?t his house on H, between 19th and ~0lh streets:
n the First ward, or to Mr. Paine, nt the quarry.
COM M ENTARIES on the J urtadlctlou
Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of ihe
Court* of the United States, vol. 1, "by George
Ticknor Curti*. . u
History of the (/roMadei, their Ivi^e, rrogree ,
ami Results, by Major Proctor, ol the Royal
Military Academy
Cuinming's Lectures on the Seven <,htireues.
On sale at
TAYLOK A: MAURY'S Bookstore,
\,,v |r. near 9th street.
WATCHES Members of Con^resa and
others in wantol perfect timekeepers would
do w. II to make their selections at once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the city.
Our a?*ortmeiU lor both Ladies anil Grentldiien
was never so complete ns at present, embracing
?very description, which we olTer unusually low.
IVnn. avenue. l*etween 9th nnd 10th streets
Jan IS -
DAXlia W EIWTEU.-Mesars. Taylor
Ac MAlTRY hav* a lew of ihe original sub
scribers' copies ol ihe works of Daniel Webster,
printed ou very ;*e imperial paper, in which Mr.
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes;
price t'-'l. i it ? j
T. ft- M. are the only booksellers in the United
States who have any copies is their possession.
Mnr | L Bookstore near 9th st.
I[ 7 o. IIOOI>, Pennsylvania avenue, between
L ? ^4 and rtlli streets, has just returned from
the north with a good assortment of the most rich
ind fiistnonable Jewelry in the market, which he
purchased for cash ut very low prices, and now ol
ter? lot sale tne snme, at wholesale or retail, much
cheaper than Roods of like quality have ever I
sold for III this section of country. Please call at
liis ? >r<-. sign ofthe large spread eagle.
N. K. Special attention paid to the repairing of
watchc> by W. W. Holling* worth.
| (.lining Hints to Sportsmen. Notes on Sport
t),? Habits of the Game Birds and Wild
Fowl of America, by Elisha J. Lewis, M. D., with
t<mneroiis illustrations, tor sale ?t
J?n.t Hook Store, near Ninth street.
1 UNEItAl.. AGENCY.?The undersigned
| most respectfully informs, by this notioe, his
ricmU and the public in. general, here and esle
where, that he has opened nn Agency Otfice lor
the prosecution ol claims of every description
atfi.insi tin government, before the several depart
ment* or Congress; procure pensions, bounty
and* extra pay, and arrearage pay, and will au
end to the buying and sel'ing of real estate, the
rendu# ol ho uses, nnd a general collecting t>"*i
ne*.* * be will al?o furnish pariien at a distance
with ?04*li infortnatioO an they may desire Irom
the seat of government Charges will l?e mode
snte. ()?< ?. at present, will be on M oear IHtb
rt reel
Hon. -KC. Dobbin. ,S*cr*tary of tkr /V??jr
Hon. J. Davis, PM-man of War. ^
N. Callan, e?q., P*t*uUm of th* Hoard of ' Vw
tHon ('ouitrtl.
'<4en. fohn M. Mc.Calla, >u I
Jiune- H. Caustin, esa
W ? K^ddall. SUtiM Dmnrtnvntl
Ji,nJ7~li_ -
CtOM^EHVE and Preserved Ginger and
/ Chow-Chow. Attea and Choong Loong,Can
ton, Iresh importation. For sale by
No. 41), opposite the Centre Market.
if you wish to purchase anything in the way
ol line American, London, or Geneva winches
,llmt run l>e relied ou for the tru? tune,) rich golt
jewelry,pure -ilver were. Arc., .fee., snd ssve Irom
tr? to 2u l?er cent, ?? he is now receiving his
Fall supply, which will l>e sold at the lowest
wholesale rates.
Fine watches and jewelry repaired, and war
ranted to give satisfaction
P*. avenue, between 41 and ?kh streets, sign ol
the Isrire spread eagle.
NSW hook* received at hhii
LINGTON'S Bookstore?
The Dodd Family, by Charles Lever, author of
i harles O'Malley.
liehind the Scenes, by Lidy Hulwer Lytton
The Lamplighter, one oflhe ?most fs?eio?ting
i<eoks ever written.
Everything in the Boolr Newspaper ?nd Hia
onery line lor sale at
Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 44
street and Pa. avenue
1-*im ARI> liYCETT. Men.. Hiaih-Binder.
\ Potomac Hs||, norner of Elev?-nlh-street and
Maryland avenue.over Clarke's l>r?i? store. W?ah
tiigtoii, D. C.
Every style ot l<ook4?inding executed, either in
velvM Turkey Moro?*4*o. Ru?si?, or fancy color*
Periodicals and Music neatly half l>ound
Mr. Lycktt resp<?ctfnlly suggests to hi? friends
tbat while much h<w< fsrn done to transmit family
records, little car** has been taken to preserve pa
rental likenesses, lie takos this method to inform
ms Iriends. snd those desirous ?f jnirpettinting j>er
?onal remembrances, that ilaguerreotype like
nesses enn l>c inlaid ot? the inside covers of fami
y bibles, presentation-lna?ks, or keepsakes, speci*
mens of which can be ?e?n at his bindery, or he
, can be addressed by letter, wli . h>? ill i?* promptly
attended to
Mathematical dictionary and
Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, Com
prising definitions ol all the terms employed in
Mathematics,, nn analysis of each I ranch, and of
the whole a* forming a single science, by Charles
Davies, L. L. D., author of n complete coor?c of
Mathematics, snd Win. G. Peck, A. M , Assist
ant Profe?sor of Mathematics United Slates Mili
ary Academy. Ju?t published, snd for sale at
he Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
E It kituwu that I, the aubacrlber oi>
, , tained Idlers patent in December, lb51, tor
nil upparatua for the destructive distillation oJ
WOO a. aud tbe making therefrom of tar or pitch at
pleasure, and gun j and that in the judguieut ol
competent persons the luvention of au a p par
tita recently pateuted by W. IX Porter cannot W
used by him or any other person without infring
ing my caid patent. Ana, further, that what m
patented by said Porter rightfully belongs to me,
as I expect to prove ere long before the United
Stales 1'iHcut Office ; aud, further, that the use of
suid Porter's invention involve# also a process
which I am now claiming before the United States
Patent Office, and which has been adjudged to he
patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which
said W. D. Porter has formally diacluimed. as ap
pears upon tbe public records of said office, of
which au offioial copy is hereto annexed, and also
a copy of his claims.
In.the National Intelligencer of tbe 25th instant
Mr. Port?y announces that he has secured by
patent the "exclusive right to making gaslVom
wood," and threatens prosecution to all parties
infringing his patent. I aak how this statement
'?optports with the fact of my patent of December,
rt5l, aud how far the threat emn intimidate under
such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was
so understood by the Patent Office, as it appears
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim was at first refused as interfering wilh a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given be
low, and in which tbe perforated diaphragm is the
Having clause, is what Mr. Porter calls securing
the "exclusive right to making gas from wood.
The statement carries absurdity on its lront, and
is a libel on the good sense of the Patent Office
If such a claim or right had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manulactory
in the country.
The following copies of correspondence and
extracts from the records of the Patent Office will
show the true state of the ease:
Unitk* States Patent Office,
August 25, 1854.
Sir . in reply to your letter of this date, asking
" if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter,
dated 23d August, 1654, or at, any other tune, or
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them " the exclusive right oj malctn g^ gas from
wood" and whether any such claim was made by
W. D. Porter, under his application for a patent,
which letters patent were issued bearing the
above dale, you are informed that W. D. Porter a
claims are believed to be c nfined to his appara
tus; and, further, this office is not aware that a
patent has been ijranfed heretofore lor the exclu
sive right of muting go* from wo*d It would,
however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make
iiii extended investigation to answer your re
1 am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
C. M ason, Commissioner ol Patents.
W. P. McConaei.l, Esq.,
Care of Prof. 0. G. Page, Washington, D. C.
The United Suites Patent Office?To all jierson? to
whom these presents shall come, grettug :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the files of this office of an extract Iroiri a
paper tiled iu the matter of the apj?lication ol W.
I). Porter for letters patent, in accordance with
which application letters patent were issued to the
said W. D. Porter on the 22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-lour.
In testimony whereof, I Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the sea
ot the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
It.. *.] this 25th day of August, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and hfty
four, aud of the independence of tbe United
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Copy of disclaimer of W. D. Porter in h is applies
tion for "an improved ft ill for making wood
gas,"filed August 5, 1 S#54. Letters patent issued
A ug_**t 22, l?54.
* " f 36 not cWnn a* my f ?<>H?yverv
the improvements iu making gas from wood vix:
subjecting tbe products of destructive distillation
therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially
as has l>een described and for the Purposes set
forth in the specification of W. P. McConnell.
The United States Patent Office?To all persons to
whom these presents shall come greeting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the records of this office of an extract from
the specification of W. D. Porter's patent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hiiudred and fifty-four. . _
In testimony whereof, 1, Charles Mason, Coin
iiiissioner of Patents, have caused the
seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto
affixed this twenty fifth day ot August,
'*? ?'l [j the year ot our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-four, and ot the
independence of the Ignited Slates the
seventy-ninth. C. Ma*oh.
Extract from Specification of W. D.
which letters p,stent were issued August JU, IS.H.
Cuu*.?What I claim as my invention and de
sire to secure by letters patent is:
" The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting of a metallic or other cylinder B, the
cones E and D, dianbram plate C, and exit pipe
F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe
cification, and shewn in tbe accompanying draw
The truth of the abevemay be ascertained from
the records of tbe Patent Office, to which all have
By bis attorney CHAS. G. PAGE.
4 4 |\(|||K'S KA1LROA1) MAP OF THE
x (UNITED HTATEH"?This celebra
ted Map, recently eulogixed by Lieutenant Mau
rv, in his "Virginia letters, is on sale at
Dec 1 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
riOtrrilERN HOOK.?Origin of the Coll
ie solution; Incorporation of the General Gov
rrnment by the States; as national public agents
in trust, with no sovereignly ; History pi Copart
nership Territories from the Virginia Deed, 1784,
to the Treaty with Mexico, 1848; Division of the
Public Lands; Specific Duties; Origin and History
of the Puritana; Origin and Cause of Trouble be
tween the North and South, and Jeopardy of the
Republic; Legal mode of Redress nointed out; by
W. B. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price
Two Dollars.
On Hale at BISHOP** Periodical store.
No. 216 Pennsylvania avenue,
adjoining Willard's Hotel
by Henry Mayhew, price 75 cents,
the Essence of Christianity, bv Ludwig Fener
bach, translated from the second (German edition
by Marion Evans, tran?lator of Strauss Life of
Jesus, price $1 25.
Travels in Europe and the East, by Samuel
Iren'eus Prime, two volumes, price two dollars.
Just published and for sale at
1-1 XTKA Heavy-plate4 Tea Sets, Albata
Forks, Spoons, &c.? M. W. Gait At Bro.
have just received a beamiful assortment of?
Kxtra Plated Tea Sets, latest styles
Castors, Cake Baskets, Card Trays, drr
Also, superior Albata Forks and Spoons.
The above are of the very best quality, and un
usually low.
M. W. GALT ft BRO.
Penn. avenue, !>etween Wth and 10th ats.
AN C II O V I E S, Verletlea, end Shrimp
Pasta.?Anohovy Paste, genuioe, in jars.
Anchovies in sauce, in pickle, and salt.
of Ixibsters, Anchovies, and Shrimps
Just received by ???
!)?,?? 13? 3tif No. 40, op. Centre Market
Picturesque, Historical, and Social j with a
Sketch of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated
from the Oerman by Edward Joy Morris. Price
St 50.
Lectures on English Literature, from Chancer
to Tennyson, by Henry Reed. Price tl 25.
Just published, nnd for sale at
OK Tli k
I ROl'OSE lo publish Hi iho city of Wa?hin ..
ton, in September, a political now -miprr, i,
NEL "amt" WASHINGTON si;\n
In doing BO, I, i? proper I should make known
& Wl" "?? Hi.y ..
??J ??rn?.Uy ,t?
Oiplea of the Democratic party of tU UnUtd St.u,?
menTofih Pf^PO"" l? he lhe (>r^un of ?Y Depart
Governn,? ?t' >n ?o faras an in
dependent maintenance of the doctrine* of that
vfew. Mpre**nt ?? opinion* and express us
It will not be ambitious to conun >id itself to the
people by * blind flattery of their ruler#. It will
?eek public kipport.by the bold avowal of tn?
aeutimenta which are common to the genuine
Democracy of the Union, and by the condemna
tion of all such as may conflict with them, from
whatever quarter they may come. It will seek to
rx? (and it will endeavor to deserve the title) the*
o?s?n of the Ren^ -ratic party of th? Unite-!
The Sentinel will maintain, as a fun dame nt 1
truth of that great party, that the States formed the
u nion between them by the ratification of the Con -
stitution as a compact; by which, also, thev created
the Federal Government, and delegated 'o u,
aw 'heir common agent, the |K>wers expressly
specified in it, with an explicit reservation of all
others to the States, or to their separate govern
ments. The exercise of any powers beyond thes
thus delegated, is, therefore un usurpation of the
reserved authority of the States l.y the itren? .,t
their own creation.
The Sentinel will uphold and defend the Union
upon the basis of the rights of the States?under
the Constitution?and thus by sedulously guarding
the iatter, it will the more effectually ??'remrthen
and perpetuate the former.
With regard to the exercise of the powers ol the
re<.eral Government, the Sxntinel will take as
the } rinciple* of itfc action, that Congress ^halj t*x
ercis^ no power which has not be<;n delegated l.y
the C. nstitution, according to a strict and fair in-.
-tion of its language and spirit; and that it
shall nt seek to attain indirectly an objectthrough
the exei -ise of constitutional power, for the direct
attainme t of which it has no delegatU)n*of porrrr.
In other words, nil [towers exercised must be
clearly gra ted, and all granted powers must be
used for no uirpose, except such a? is clearly in
tended by th Constitution.
In respect to the internal administration of the
Government, the Sentinel will sustain the settled
jKjlicy of the Democratic party. It will labor to
inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in
ternal policy:?that this Government will best
promote the freedom and prosperity of the people
of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise
|>ower, and more anxious to preserve liberty; and
by leaving to the individual States the manage
inent of all their domestic concerns?while it con
tents itself with guarding the confederacy from
external violence, and directing the foreign policy
of the country to the promotion of the common
interests, and defence of the common rights, and
honor of the States composing it.
The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive
foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies,
and correspond with the expanding interests of the
country. That policy should be energetic and de
cided; but should temper firmness with liberality,
and make its highest ends consist with the strictest
principles of justice. The real interests of the
country, ujton each occasion demanding attention
will be its guide in the course the Sentinel wil
The nntional policy of the world in this age is
essentially aggressive. In the growing sense ol
weakness of some of the nationsofthe Old World,
and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com
mon motive to colonial extension has developed
U.lf 4 .
Our settled determination tc repel interference
from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil
prom|?t us to avoid it in the affairs of other coun
tries, unless by their foreign or colonial policy our
peace shoul^ l>e threatened, our security endan
gered, or our interests invaded. For when the
?elfish interests of other nations prompt a foreign I
or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights
and placea la the pathway of our commerce a'
dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must
be resisted by remonstrance, and, if need be, ky
war. '
Our foreign policy shouid. indeed, l>e defensive,
but to lie properly defensiv?. it must sometimes be
apparently aggressive. Our administration should
be vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world
is full of important movements, commercial and
politifjil, deeply concerning American trade and
American power. It is time we had an Ainericau
foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot
avoid it if we would. We have larger interests, and
a greater stake in the world and its destiny, than
every other people. We occupy the best portion
of a continent, with no neighbors but a colony, and
a worn-out, anarchical despotism. We are the
olny people whose own land, without colonial de
fendenciea, is washed by the two great oceans ol
the world. Our agricultural productions are more
varied and more essential to civilized life, and t?
human progress?our mineral and manufacturing
resources more vast?our facilities and capacity for
internal and foreign comrrierce more extended
than those of any other people living under one
government. A continent, to a great extent, un
explored and exhauatless in its yet hidden wealth
is at our feet. European trade seeks the great East
through avenues which are at our doocs, or mu?t
be made through our own limits. Europe, Asia,
Africa, and the isles of the wea. lying all around
us, look to us as the rising power, through the
agency of whose example, and ever widening and
extending, though peaceful influences, the bless
ings of liberty, civilization, and Religion, are des
tined to triumph over the barbarism and .supersti
tion of the millions ef the world. And shall such
? people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and
act upon the high mission to which it is called!
A mission so full of hope, though ao laden with
responsibility, which, if properly directed, must
make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to
the world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of its
The 8*irriN*L will, therefore, advocate a hold
and earnest foreign polity, such as the condition of
the country demands; but it will advocate it under
the flag of the country?nowhere else. Its foreign
policy must be consistent with the spotless honor
and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To
be respectable at home and abroad, and to be great
in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing
but what is right, and submit to nothing that is
wrong. It must be liberal and magnanimou- to
the rights of others, and firm and immoveable in
insisting on its own. It must, in fine, l?e true to
lis own interest*, rights, and honor it cannot UMfl
be fal*e to those of other nations.
Such, then, is the chart by which we shall be
guided. Independent and free, we shall endeavor
to be honest and truthful. The true friends at
democratic principles we shall cordially support
? n<l defend. Its enemies in the field or in ambush
we shall oppose, and on all proper occasion- de
nounce. *
To our future brethren of the press we extend
the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is th.
rival of no press of its own parly?the i?er*onal
enemy of none ofthe other.
The present Democratic Administration has our
Ijest wishes for its success in the establishment of
the great principles upon which it came into power
and in its honest labors to attain such an. end it
will find the Sentinel its friend and coadjutor.
? - 1'i -
T ATKK YEAR*, r?y the Author of ?? the
Old House by the River.n
Mr. Rutherford's Ch ldren, second volume,
l'ebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneou?
I oema, by Charles Leland Potter, A. M.
(General Notions of Chemistry, translated from
the French, by Edmund C. Evans, M. D.
The Land of the Saracens, by llayard Taylwr
Mrushwood picked up on the Continent: or
Last Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orville
The above are selected from a large arrival of
newbooksat TAYLOR & MAURY'S
'"*r Bookstore, near Pth at. I
The New York and UvcrpoolUnUed State*
"Vlall Steamer*.
The sliipb comprising this line Rre *
The Atlantic Captaip West.
The Pacific ..Captaiu Nye.
The Baltic Captain Ooinetoek.
?? These 'ships having been built by
contract, expressly for government
m- i a i ?11 ? ?* v i* i y <?;* re h.?> ? ?? ii . i?.? I)
m^^^^^^^truetion, as also ill their engines, to
insure strength anil speed, and their accommo
dation* lor passengers are unequalled lor ele
gance and couilbrt. "
Price of passage from New York to Liverpool,
in first cabin <...?!JO
In second cabin, t75. Prelusive use of extra sized
state rooms
From Liverpool to New York 30 and guineas
An experienced Surgeon attached to each shin.
No berth secured until paid lor.
From New York Prom, i.ivtr^oL
Wed'ilay. > l?<*? ^7,1S5-1
WuJ'day. .Jan. 10, 18H5
Wed't ay..Jan. -'4, 1855
Wed'dv ..Feb. 7, IH?6
Wed'dn/.. Feb. 21,1855
SaturdayDec. 10, 1854
Saturday. .Dec. .'J0, l^M
Saturday ? .J?u. 13,1K)5
SataWluy.. Jan. ?7, 'bfi5
Saturday.. Feb. lf>, 1855
Wcd'day!! Mar. 7,' 1855 j Saturday.. Feb 24*ifc5&
For Ire gh: or pa-sage, apply to
No. f)6 Wall street, N. Y.
UMving's Arms Yard, London.
The owners of these ships will not be accounta
ble for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre
rious stones, or metals, unless bills ol lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereof therein ex
jessed. Ja"
ry's Beokstore, near 9th street?
The Plurality of Worlds, with an Introduction
l>v Edward Hitchcock, D. D.
A L:un|? to the Path; or, the Bible in the Heart,
the Home, and"the Market Place, by the Rev. W
k. Tweedie, D. D. u ...
The Catacombs of Rome, by the Right Rev. W.
r. Kip, D. D. ? ? . _
Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest <<oas
f America, by Gabriel Franchere.
Corinnfe, by Madame De Stael, new edition.
Vathek, by Beckford, do
Female Poets of Great Britain, do
Western Scenes and Adventures, illustrated.
Life of Napoleon, by Hazlitt, * do
Satire amd satirists, by james
Hannay, author of Singleton Fontleroy, &c.
Cosas de Espana, or Going to Madrid, via Bar
Just published and for sale at ?n,r,a
March 6 Bookstore, near 9th street.
I^OK RENT, till the 15tli of November
^ next the large built house at the eorner of
l&ih and K streets. Call at the " Sentinel" office.
Intelligencer, Star, and Organ, one week daily
and send blls to Sentinel office.
May 17?lwd ,
1 prospectus.?south ernconser
I vative Magazine.?When new aspirants
lor popular favor are announced, the public have
a risrht to demand the grounds upon which such
show of title to their patronage i* made. In ac
knowledgment of this, we trace the customs of
pnrtie- in the avowal of principles; of religions
sects, in the promulgation of creeds; and of per
sons in all pursuits of life, dependent upon the
public for success, in their preparatory expositions
of plans and purposes The customs thus origin
nting, though soimtimes abused, are useful and
proper, and should not lie discarded. And ,when,
in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed,
tho??? approving ought not to withhold their en
couragement, as too many do, until they ?ee that
suceeM ? Mm. t!>r ineir """y "d 10
secure it. Such a foolish policy jeopar
dizes the plan they approve, and hastens its luilure ;
it has defeated mauy important enterprises, and
has deprived the country of good and useful work*.
If a new proposiMon of any kind is approved by
the public, the support of those approving is of
right expected, their approval being solicited only
i? the view that their more substantial aid will
not be withheld. ap tup*
The Soithek* Conservative Magazixk will
occupy gritunds but little cultivated by American
mauazinists. It is believed that a field is open for
a periodical of a new and, in some respects, a
higher order than has been aimed at in our maga
zine literature. In this belief, and with such an
aim, we announce the Southern Conservative
MT^he"new magazine will be natiotal and not
sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment in the South, but aiming at a higher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
It will be Protestant, but not sectarian; opposing
religious bigotry or intolerance on the one side,
and lufidelity on the other-laboring in its teach
ings to advance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the church.
It will be political: but liberal; owing no slavish
allegiance to parties or politicians, it wi I >
measures, not men, and will labor only for tf?|
success of principles. .
It will bi progressive, yet aternly opined to
the reckless spirit of innovation so rife in the
country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de
pres,; to reform and improve, not to destroy ,
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our greet
republican theory, and laboring to advance it to
its fullest development.
It will be truly American in tone and sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely because
so: believing that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, par excel'ence, to any favored people,
but are the common right of all.
It will l?e the organ of pure conservatism.
It will encourage a high-toned literature, amr
defend pure morals in all the social relatione of
11 And it will number in it* corps of regular con
tributors some of the ablest political and literary
writers of the country.
Trie magazine will be printed on the finest
quality of paper, with new type, and in a plain
but superior style.
Each number will contain not less than .*) large
octavo pages, made up of original article*, con
tributed and editorial ?reviews, political and
scientific essays, romances, poetry, ?c.
We promise much for the new magazine, and j
we intend to perform it all, and mose, if the read
ing public will give the enterprise a liberal en
i conragement.
The Southern Conservative Magazine will be
issued the first of each month, from the office of
publication, Nashville or Knoxv.lle, Tennessee,
and will be furnished to suscril>ers at fonr dollars
a year, or three dollars if paid punctually in ad
vance. Publication will l>e commenced the 1st
dny of January, 1856. Address orders to the
editor and proprietor. ^ ^
Knnxville, Tenn?asee.
May 31, 1*65.
" EAVES from a Family Journal, Irom
^ the French of Emilie Sonvestre, author of
" I he Attic Philosopher in Paris.
Mra. Jameson's Common-place Book of Thoughts,
Menorie,. .?d K.nce.. R KARN|1AM
June 7 Corner 11th at. and I'enn. av
MRH. JAIHEMON'S new hook.? A
common-place book ol Thoughts, Memo
ries and Fancies, original and selected, by Mrs
Jameson. Price 7ft cents.
leaves from a Family Journal, from the r rencn
of Eintlie Souvestre, author of "the Attic I ^ilo
sopher in Paris." Paper, 50 cents; cloth, "?>
Theory and Practice ol landscape I tinting in
water colors, illustrated by a series of 24 designs,
colored diagrama of numerous wood cuts, with
two extra plates of simultaneous contract#, by
Oeorge Barnard Price $5.
Juat received at
TAYLOR dr MAURY'S Bookstore,
June 7 ???' fcJi *?
Xi just received from the publishers, Firth,
Pond iV Co., New York, and George Willieg. jr.,
Baltimore, wwoi'itnrni of thoir latest publica
t ions.
P. an ok tuned, warranted to jzive satis
adjoining Kirlcwood linn*/-.
Dec. lrt?.'ttawil'
Sale The Mock of buildings known ??
- the Union Building-, ' and now by ihe
Union newspaper estabh.hineiii. They are .if?
ated on K street. between 13th ahd 14tb "Jreels
and fronting directly on Pennaylvamaevenue. The
tfbTOiKt l,y **?>? The p,op? y?j
susceptible of division and re-arrangement, and
S3 such as must rank it among the best
budrd. ?n .)- ?"???;.?* ?*???
creatine in value. The time of the present lessee
expires on the 1st September next, on which day
reel west, (owosite the War Olltee, and three
doors south of G street.) ?b we9t
Alto, that three story HouaeTO 17th street we?,
next door to the Government Building, at
corner of F and 17th streets.
Should the above piopertv not be so d at private
sale prior to the I5lh of May. it will be sold on
that dav at public auction.
Term. wiS be umd. f.vor.b'tew.?yy
IM> V ? Corner of 17th and G streets
March 20?'2awtK?May
To tli? Patron. of Berkeley Springs.
THE undendfcued bepjn leave to inform hh?
friends and llie public generally, that lie has
erected a new and extensive L.very Stable, for
ttsrjrszJSn attars^
which it is connected by a r range men. P
S3-t Kig?'srtss
?ali.&ctioo to Ihe V.-I.if public.
will also keen for h re. several pleasure carriages
,.ddte bor...- Having ,,oviJed ,Ke.e .c
commodaiions, at considerable expense, the ro
prietor hopes that he will be liberally pa.roni.ed
Terms to suit the times. jaMES a STO?tM.
Bkkkelky Spkings,
Morgan County, Va., July L l=wa
July 18?tf
or THE
.iviTvn States timks,
A Weekly Newspaper to ?>* pabll.l.ed In
Washington City.
The undersigned, expecting soon to retire trom
the position he has for some time held a.Super.n
tendent of the United Stales Census, intends to
devote himself to the control and management o
the Rkvikw, of which, for the last nine years, he
has been the editor and proprietor, and to the
publication in the City of Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
' The material for this paper will consist, in part,
of selections or extracts from articles admitted
into the Rkvikw, but mainly of other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digests of the current events ol
the day, home and foreign; the proceedings ol
Congress and the acts of the^Goyernment; lite
rary and acientific sketches and essays upon
lending and popular topics; biographical sketches
of public men; d-gest of official reports State and
Fe^ral; the state of the market, in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of CTf?*>
supply, demand, prices, etc., tbeJg^se of the
country as stalwjM^^^^Hp
those ofthe National Cea.u.^^^^^^P'**
The object will be, thro?l^^^r editorial
management and a arge and WTselected cor
respondence, to establish at the seat of govern
ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted
to the wants of every community; imparting
mtiseinent and information, and political, only to
the extent of maintaining the institutions of the
country and defending Ihe rights and ?mvereigniy
of the Stales,
The Cily of Washington, from the advantages
which it presenta for obtaining material of every
kind, through the action of the Sin.thson.an Insti
tution. the Patent Office, and the National Agri
cultural Convention, etc.. and the several Bureaus
tud Departments of Government, from its cont.
guity to the large commercial cities, from the ex
tended, exciting. and all important interests that
roncentrate upon it. is, perhaps, the most eligible
location for such a journal, and ample guarantee,
of us suuee*. have already been received It will
be printed in folio for the convenience ol binding,
and similar in style to the New York Albion
Terms: *2 rsa anho*. in advance.
To Clubs, of IO^ubsckikkks, at one post office,
flft in advance.
To SuUcribers of UbBow'. Rkvikw, not in
arrears, the Review and Times together. in
Advertisement, on accommodating terra.,
* In order lo increase the usefulness of the Rk
v,kw which has now acquired a very extensive
circulation, it will be enlarged fro*. 112 to 140 or
150 pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistance and an able corps of contnbu j
ion. ? .
A month!' Moriea) of event* will \m
embraced in *. pages, valuable for future refer
ence. _ ... |
The subscription price of the Rkvikw will re
main at 96 per annum, but for the convenience ot
the large clas. of persons who may not
the whole work, or who ma/ only solicit in
formation upon one or more ofthe subjects to
which it is devoted.lt is in contemplation to make
a separate onblic.it ion of the matter relating to
Agriculture, another of that relating to Manufoe
a third Internal , a fourth
to Commit*i and a fifth to Kd?cat?n and L?trr$.
These publications will be but departments of the
whole work, and may be subscribed for separately
at *1 per annum each. They will appear monthly
in handsome periodical style, of from twenty five
to thirty two page- ; constituting an annual octavo
volume of H?0 page- each, showing at a single
view and in a condensed form the whole results,
within the year, in ike pnHirnlar in
.or own country and abroad, as the Rkvikw itself
will show them ip aU of the drj'nrtment* of indus
try and enterprise.
The Office of DeBow's Rkvikw will remain ?
before at New Orleans, though a branch. w.ill be
located at Washington, which will be also the
main office of the other Journals, and may be
add reared at all times in regard to them. 1 he
narticular address of the editor, "hither Wish
Tngton or New Orleans, will be furnished from time
to time, in the work j D R UEBOW
Washinotoh. Nov. 26, ISM.
r-lf~ IirBow's luDimiKtaL RicaoiiacKs. three
handsomely bound volumes upon the Progress
and Wealth of the United States, l^OOpages roys
"tavo, double columns, clear print library edi
S?, m?T P'"* *'?
at the expense of the anth^s
Kor Writing Wlthool Pen or
1?K Lravct, PI??U, Flow en, PtetyeB,
Patterns for Kmbroldery, Marking Lin
en Indelibly, Manifold "Writing.
THIS Article is absolutely the best portable
Inkstand in tlie known world, for a small
quantity folded anil placed in the |?ocket consti
tutes a travelling Inkstand, which cannot be bro
ken. No pen ik needed, for any slick, sharpened
to a point, writes equally as well a* the best gold
pen in th<" universe. For drawing it is iodispen*
Mililc. It is, indeed, the whole art of Drawing and
Painting?taught in one lesson. Any leat, plant,
OLilower can be transferred 10 the pages of an
nlf)tini, with a minute and distinct resemblance ot
nature. With equal facility, pictures and em
broidery patterns an- taken, and have received
the highest ei'logiums from the fair sex ; and, in
deed, a more tasteful present for a lady could not
be produced. .
This Magic Paper will also mark Linen, or
other articles, so as to remain perfectly indelible.
All the washing in the world fails to bring it out
Any child can use it with perfect ease. With
this Magic Paper, likewise, one or four copies
of every letter written can be secured without
any additional labor whatever, making it the
ehea|>e*t and most convenient article extant. It
is used to great advantage by reporter# of the.
public press, telegraphic operators, and hosts of
others. .
Each Package contains four different colors?
Black, Hlue, Green, and Red, with full and printed
Instructions for all to use, and will last sufficiently
long to obtain Five Hundred distinct Impressions.
Il is put up in beautifully enamelled colored
Envelopes, with a truthful likeness of the Pro
prietor attached. Each and every package war
1E7"Price $2 a dozen; or five for one dollar.
Single packages 25 ceuts. ^ .
Address, post paid, N. HUBBLLL,
N?. 101 Broadway, New York.
Hi' ubki.l's Magic Impression Papkk.?We refer
our readers to the advertisement in another col
umn, setting forth the merits of this pleasing and
ingenious invention. The cheapness should in
duce all to give it a trial.?'Philadelphia Merrhunt.
Il is unsurpassed lor neatness and utility, and
should meet with the sale it richly fleserves.?
NTEltE!?TING NEWS?We have Just
received a large assortment of BOOTS and
SHOES for ladies', misses', and children s wear,
which we ofTer very low.
Ladies' Gaiters from $ 1 to S3.
Misses' Boots ol every kind, in proportion.
Of Children's Shoes we have every color and
Myle, from 25 cents up.
The iliquify generally is, Where can we find a
good assortment ol shoes lor children ? We can
answer air such querists to their satisfaction if
'.hey give us a call.
We would also slate that we are prepared to
manufacture every style of boot or shoes usually
worn by gentlemen, ladies, misses, or children.
Also on hand, every description of boots and
shoes, which will be sold very low.
Call and examine for yourselves before pur
chasing elsewhere, as we are determined to sell.
8 S. C. MILLS & CO.,
Mar 1 3t No. 4t>6 Seventh st.
tfcnpHE BLUE HOOK"?Official Kegla
^ ter ot the United States, giving the
names of all Officeholders under the Government,
with their Salaries, Location, and time of appoint
ment. A few copies of the last edition alill for
sale in Washington by
PIANOS, PIANOSI?We have now In
store the largest and most reliable stock of
Pianos ever offered in this city, from the justly re
nowned manufactories ot Hallet, Davis & Co.,
Boston; Bacon 9c Raven, New York; and Knabe,
Gnehle <Sr Co., Baltimore; ranging in price# from
$?225 to $500.
In addition to those in store, we bave^ on exhi
bition at the Metropolitan Mechanics' Fair, at the
Smithsonian Institute, four superb Pianos, made
expressly to our order for this Exhibition, any of
which we will dispose of on reasonable terms.
Also on hand, Guitars, Violins, Flutes. Accord
eons, Melodeons, Banjos, Strings, Music, Arc.
Remember, at the Piano, Music, Stationery,
Perlumery, and Fancy (ioods Siore of
306 Penn avenue, near 10th street.
MEMOIRS, Speeches, and Writings, of Robert
Ilautoul, jr., edited by Lulhor Hamilton.
and private devotion, by James Montgomery.
Novel, by Caroline Lee Hcnli, with illustrations
from original designs, in 2 vols.
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discourses, by
Sylvester Judd, Pastor of Christ Church Maine.
the English Commttnwealfh, from the execution
of Charles I. to it* death of Cromwell, by M. O.
Gmzot. translated by A. R. Scoble, in 2 vols.
ANT Refugees, from the Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes to our own days, by M. Charles Weisa,
Professor ofHistory in the Lycee Bonaparte, in 2
ming, D. D.
VOICES OF THE DAY. by Rev. John Cum
ming, D. D.
Ju?t published and received at the bookstore ??!
Apr 15 Corner of llth st. and Penn. av.
Washington i k v i n ci's new
Work, Wolfert's Roost and other Papers,
now first collected, by Washington Irving.
Scottish Songs. Ballads, and Poems, by Herr
Full Proof of the Ministry, a Sequel to the Boy
who was trained up to be a Clergyman, by John
N. Norton, A. M.
Memoirs of Life, Exile, and Conversations of
the Emperor Napoleon, by the Count de la* Cases,
with portraits and other illustrations.
Manuel of Sacred History, by John Henry
Kurtz, D. D.
Just published and for sale at
Feb IS Bookstore, near 9th street
(j Mill-work?Beisg plans, sections, snd eleva
tion of works in several departments ot Machine
ry, Mill-work, and General Engineering, with de
| criptmns of their construction, action, and practical
application to various branches of industry.
Jnst received and for sale at the Bookstore of
Greece,from the earUest times to the Roman
Conquest, with supplementary chapters on Ihe
History of Literature and Art. By Wm. Smith,
LL D , editor of the Dictionaries of " Greek and
Roman Antiquities" "Biography and Mythology,"
and "Geography." With notes, and a continuation
to the present time. By (I. C. Felton, LL. D.,
Eliot Professor of Greek Literature ix Harvard
The above work is intended principally for schools
of the higher classes. Just received and for sale at
the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM, corner of
Pennsylvania avenue and llth street. Aug 21.
AKT HI NT*. ?Architecture, Sculpture,
and Painting, by James Jackson Jarves,
author of History of th? Sandwich Islands, dtc.
Price $ I 25.
Waikns, or Adventures on the Mosuuito
Shore, sixty engravings, by Samuel A Bard.
$1 25
The H rirons of JIaughton, or tha Mother'
Secret, by the sutherof Aubrey Castle. Avon, Arc
Price 374 cents.
Jnst published and for sale at
July 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
MOKNINt; ?;OW NP??A Urge and tin
assortment, at all prices, lor sale by
From the Baltimore Sun Of vesterday.
.)hr Miuare |twelv? iine-1 ? iane'lton .. ? *<' _*>
2 "
^ .. I r>0
? ??
I w? ,
I month 0
BuMuec cards, not exceeding *'* '"*t
lor not less than si* months, inserted at hsltprue.
Yearly advertisement* ?uhje<M to I *r
Ix)iig advertisements at roduced rnte*
Religion*. Literary, and Charitable notices in
serted gratuitously. .
All correspondence on business must be prepaid
Attorney for Government CUIni?at?,
CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at
tention to the prosecuttou of Claims ot ?*v*"'y
description against the General Government, and
pnrlicularly to those before the Treasury l?P"j
raent, Pension and Bounty Laud Bureaus Patent
and General Land Offices, and Board ot Claim?.
Au experience of years, and a familiarity with
the means of obtaining the rarlust and most ta
vorahle action on Claims, with his facilities for the
dispatch of business, justify him in assuring bis
Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener
ally, that interest's intrusted to his keeping will
not be neglected.
Pension, Bounty Laud, Patent, aim Public
Laud Laws. *
He has nearly ready for gratuitous distribution
among his business Correspondents, (and those
who may become such,) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty
Land, Patent, and Public Land Laws, down to
the end of the late Congress, including the
Bounty Laud Act of 3d March, 1865,
under which all who Have heretofore received
less than 160 acres are now ooHtled to, additional
land: said Act grants also 160 acres to all Officers,
Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldiers,
Wagon-masters, Teamster*, and friendly Indians,
of the Army, including Stale Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia?and all Officers. Seamen, Ordinary
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Landsmen, ol1 the
Navy, not heretofore provided for, who have
served not less than fourteen days (unless in bat
tle) at any period since 1776j and to the widows
and minor children of all such persons entitled,
and deceased. .
This pamphlet contains " l-orms of Application
more full and complete than any el-ewhere to be
found; adapted to the wants of every class ol
Claimants under the Act, with copious decisions
and instructions of the Department, and practical
suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the
facilities atlorded by this office in securing prompt
arid personal sitp*nntendeiif* of iheir claims ai ihe
Departments, can obtain copies ol the above
pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage
Inducements to Correspondents.
Correspondents who prepare and. forward cases
for management by this Agency will be dealt with
liberally; supplied with all necessary blanks gratis,
and kept constantly advised of the changes ihat
from lime t* time occur in the execution- of the
It is within the subscriber's power to direct his
Correspondents to the locality of very many per
sons entitled under the late Act; and? having ob
tained several thousand Land Warrants under
former laws, he is in possession ol data that will
materially assist in securing additional bounty.
Fees, below the usual rates?and contingent
upon the admission of Claims.
The highest cash prices given for L'inl War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and Illinois l-ind
Patents. m,m
Address S. M. KNl'iH T.
Wa-hinglun City
March 17?law2m
Treble patent improved eye
let Machine.
First patent combined on one stock.
Second patent, self-feeding in the eyelets.
Third patent, pateut improved fastener, rivetiug
both sides. , _ , ....
All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine
are strongly recommended to use none but "Lip
man's Patent Improved,"* which is decidedly the
best ever brought belore the public, possessing
numerous ad va at ages, vim:
It is strong, durable, and not liable to get out ol
order. ,
It puaches the hole well and to fit the Eyelet,
and in one operation clinches the Eyelet on both
It saves time, as the papers, ice., need not be
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a
second time, as is the case with all other ma
It is useful to the merchant in filing away
papers, as well as to the attorney or conveyancer,
the shomaker, tailor, miliuer, and numerous
others, and is a very labor-saving m?hine.
Agents for Washington.
Book and Slsiionery Store, nesr 2th ?t.
May 24
L A T El> TEA SETJC?1 have Just re
[ ceived some new styles Albata and Silver
laled Ware ihat I oiler at manufacturer's prices ;
also, a large, assortment of Spectacles, ol every
description ; together with a good assortment ol
pure Silver Wsre, of my own manufacture, which
I will retail st wholesale prices
418 Penn. avenue, bet. 4$ and 6?li ata.,
Sign of the Large Spresd Kagle
Feb 25?dlwif
AT REDUCED PRICE*?As the season
ia advanced, we have determined to sell oil
the remaining portion of our winter sux l^ st
grestly reduced prices; therefore gentlemsn wi?h
ing to consult economy in purchasing fine Over
coats, Talmas Dress, Frock, and Business Costs;
Black and Fancy Cashraere Pants; Velvet, Silk,
Satin, and Merino Vests; Under Shirta and
Drawers, and all other ready made garments of
fine quslity, will find our present vsriety to be sa
well assorted as in the beginning ol the season,
with the advantage of much lower prices.
Pa avenue, next to iron Hall
Feb 24
Messrs. TAYLOR ft MAURY bear to an
nounce that, at the suggestion of several of oor
citizens.4he pictures now on exhibition at their
alors will be rfffled for.
Eleven prites; sixty chances, at S5.
April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
"\T EW ** oRk. by the Author of the Heir
of Redclyfe.
The Csstle Builders,by the suthorol the Heart's
Ease, in paper covers; price 50 cents ; bound, 75
Just published and for ssle at
March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth street ^
I / 'from l.<i4 to 1*54, inclusive, 1 volume
Wlflisms on Personal Property, with American
notes, 1 vol.
The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by
John Wm. Wallace, 1 vol.
The Creed of Chriatendom, by W R. Qreg.
Habits snd Men. by Dr. Doran.
Guy Rivers, by William Gilmor# Simms, I vol.,
new edition.
Bits of Blarney, by R. Shehon Msckensie,
Bartlry's Poems, 1 volnme.
Lippencott's Pronouncing Dietioasry of the
Worlo, 1 vol., 8vol FRANCK TA\LOR.
Sept 15
STRAY ED OR *TOLEW from the Festi
val, at Bladensburg, on the night of Tuesday
last, a DARK BROWN MARE, with her tore
feet bare,a white star in the lorehesd.and marked
on the back wuh saddle pinch ; the said msre had
a aaddle on. Whoever will return said msre, or
give in ft* mat ion where she can l?e found, will
receive many thanks, and Five Dollara aa a re
wnr.l JOSEPH JONES, Manager for
Rossbnrg. Prince (ieorges Co., Msrylsad
Jyl B. Wsrner, suthor of Dollars and Cents,
Mr Rutherford's Children, Jrc Juat published
andforsaieby RFARNHA1&,
Mav S Corner of Pa. avenue and lhh str**k
Anew WORK on the Catkollelty of the
True Church.?The (Jolden R?wd, or the
True Measure of a True Church, by B F Barrett,
price $1. just received

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