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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 09, 1854, Image 1

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'' r,,l.' TlirKO AND WM M. OVERTON.
JFard'a Building, near the, Capitol,
ci rt or washinoton.
Tri-Weekly , *"> <?<>
'eekly 2 00
To Cubs ok Individuals. *ubscribini{ In*
five or more oopic*
T^i-weekly per h. mum. in udvanci- *?? ?
Weekly " " '
ffFPiwinmiiiii are requested to sh i- 'i^eni*.
| tory of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny ol
? lie American Porty, nnd its probable influence
on (he next Presidential election, to which if
added h Ki*v ew of the Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise agninst the Know-nothings, by an Ame
The History ol Mason and Dixon's Line, con
tained in an Addr?ss delivered by John H. B.
Latrobe. ol' Maryland, before the Historical So
diety of Pennsylvania, November 8, 18f)4.
.Vliranu Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit,-by S.
M. H
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M.D.,with
ti Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W.
Tint rec -ived and for sale by
Corner ol Penn. avenue and 11th street.
Feb 1C)
HAKPER'S MAGAZINE lor September is
a magnificent number, tilled with superior
engravings, and for sale at Siiillinqton's book
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the best that has been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains
all the new Full fashions. '
The Knickerbocker Magazine for September
Godey's Lady's Hook, Graham's Magazine, unfa
Putnam's Mngazine, all lor September, received
and for sale at
rp HE I'AILURB of Free Society?Soci
_|_ ology for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at
Book Store, near 9th street
STONE (IUAKKY.?I am prepared to fur
nish from my quarry, opposite the Little Falls
and adjoining the quarry of the late Timothy
O'Neale. any quantity of stone that maybe needed
for building purposes. Apply to the undersigned
at his house on H. between 19th and '20th streets,
n the First ward, or to Mr. Paine, nt the quarry.
COMMENTARIES ou the Jurisdiction
Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the
Courts of the United States, vol. 1, by George
Ticknor Curtis.
History of the Crusade*, their Rise, Progress,
vml Results, by Major Proctor, of the Roynl
Tilitnry Academy.
Ciimming's Lectures on the Seven Churches.
On sale at
TAYLOR St MAURY'S Bookstore,
Nov Hi near 9th street.
WATCHES.?Members of Congress and
others in want of perfect timekeepers, would
do well to make their selections nt once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the ci'y.
Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen
.vas never so complete as at present, embracing
?very description, which we offer unusually low.
Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
Jan 18
DANIEL \V KIISTER...Messrs. Taylor
<V" MAURY havw u lew of the original sub
Hcribers1 copies of the works of Daniel Webster,
printed on very fine imperial paper, in which Mr.
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes;
price S'-O.
T. & M. are the only looksellers in the United
>'tfites who have any copies iw their possession.
Mar 11 Bookstore near 9th st.
> ]f O. HOOD, Pennsylvania avenue, between
t. JL ? and tith streets, has just returned from
te north with a good assortment of the most rieh
?ltd fashionable Jewelry in the market, which he
;nirchased for cash at very low prices, and now of
'-?I * Iti'- sale the same, at wholesale or retail, much
?Ueaper than toods of like quality have ever been
-old for mi this section of country. Please call at
:i!s More, si^n ofthe large spread eagle.
N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing of
watches by W. W. Hollinpsworth.
ie mining Hints to Sportsmen. Notes on Sport
njr. and the Habits of the Game Birds and Wild
.'-'owl of America, by Llisha J. Lewis, M. D., with
>i.memos illustrations. For sale at
'an. -I Book Store, near Ninth street.
/ ^ l.NERAL A(?ENCV.?The undersigned
most respectfully informs, by this notic.a, his
riends and the public in general, here and esle
where, that he has opened an Agency Office for
the prosecution of claims of every description
agi'iust the government, before the several depart
meats or Congress; procure pensions, bounty
snds cx.rs pay, and arrearage pay, and will at
end to the buying and sel'ing of real estate, the
ri'nting of houses, and n renernl collecting busi
!?>??; If will also furnish parties at a distance
with such information as they may desire from
il;e scat of government. Charges will be mode
siuc. Office nt present, will be on M near 1 Sth
-i reet.
Hon. .I.C. Dobbill, Sr.crriary of ih* Natty,
Hon. J. Davis, Strrrtary of IVar.
V C-i! ??|,es<|. }'r*sirlrm of th* t>f Im
aiun Vonnctl.
1 "-n. John M. MeCalla, Attorv*y nt /**?>.
J -ifs H. Cattvlin. esq.
U' tj. Keddall. &tm*
Jan 17?tl 4
ClONsiERVE and Preserved (linger and
j Chow-Chow, Atlea and Choong Loong, Can
ion, frei?h importation. For sole by
No. 40, opposite the Centre Market.
I .
no N'T Fill, TO CALL AT MOOO**
?f you wish to porch??e anything in the way
ot line American, London, or Geneva watches,
(th?L(tan l>e relied on for the true time,) rieh gold
jewelry.pure silver ware. Ace... ike... and save from
l.'t to 2o per c?*nt, a? be is now receiving his
Fail supply, which will be sold at the lowest
wholesale ratea.
Fine watches and jewelry repaired, and war
r.\ntr<l to Kive satisfaction.
F'a. avenue, between 4J and 6fh streets, aign of
the la rue snread eairle.
i> LINGTON'S Bookstore?
The t)odd Family, by Charle* l^ever, author of
hsrles O'Ma I ley.
behind the Scenes, hy L*dv Hnlwer l^vtion
The Lamplighter. ??n>* "t'tlie iixx'tnattmc
?ooks ever written.
Everything in the Boob Newspniwr ^nd Xfa
ry hue lor sale at
Bootcstore, Odeon Building, corner -4
street and Pa. avenue
J(m?h \KO LYOKrr, s? iu. Hook-Binder,
t Potomac Halt, corner of Eleventh-street and
Maryland avenue, over Clarke s Drua store. Wash
ington, D. C.
Kve'y style of book-hHidinft executed, cither tn
? ?Ivet Tiirbev Moro<-eo: K >i"?va, or fancy color*
t<'ri>> >r.ils and Music 'i**atiy haf bound
Mr. u/uai r respectfully ^UKKests to his friends
'?iat whilv much has i>een alone to transmit family
records. II ft la care has been taken to preserve pa
rental liken"'.--'.s. He takos this method to inform
i,is friends uid tho'e desirous ef per|>etdating per
<nn ?l remembrance", 'bai dairuerreotype like
nes-.es can be itlaid 'in the inside covers of fami
y bibles, presentaiion-l"?iks. or keepsitlcon, apeci
mens of which c.an be ?e?n u his bindery, or he
can bo addressed by letter nenmptiY
affended to
Mathematical dictionary nun
Cyclopedia of Mathemsticsl Science, com
prising definitions ol all the terms employed in
Math 'tnaiios, an analyi>is of each I raurh, and of
the whole as forming a single science, by Charles
Davie*, L. L. D., author of n complete course of
Mathematics, and Win. G. Peck. A.. M., Assist
ant Professor of Mathematics United Slates Mili
ary Academy. Just published, and for sale at
he Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
BP. it known that I. the (subscriber <?f>
lained letters patent in December, 1851, lor
an apparatus lor the destructive distillation or
wood, and the making therefrom of tar or pitch ai
pleasure, and ga? ; and that in the judgment of
competent person.4 the invention of an uppar
tus recently patented !>y \V. 1). PoYter cannot be
used by him or any oilier person wituout infring- i
ing my said patent. Ana, further, that what is j
patented by said Porter rightfully belong* to me j
as I expect to prove ere long before the United j
States Patent Office ; and, further, that the use of :
said Porter's invention involves also a process |
which 1 am now claiming before the United States I
Patent Ollice, and which^tias been adjudged to be j
patentable to the (irsl inventor thereof, and which
said W. D. Porter has formally disclaimed, as np
pears upon the public records ol said office, ol
which an official copy is hereto unnexed, and also
a copy of his claims.
In the National Intelligencer of the 25th instant
Mr. Porter announces that he has secured by
patent the "exclusive right to making gas from
wood," and threatens prosecution to all parties
infringing his patent. 1 ask how this statement
comports with the fact of my patent of December,
1851, and how far the threat can intimidate under
such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm, find was
so understood by the Patent Otfice, as it appears
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim was at first refused as interfering with a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, .for an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given be
low, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the
saving clause, is what Mr. Porter calls -ecuring
the "exclusive right to making gas from wood "
The statement carries absurdity on its fmnt, and
is a libel on the good sense of tiie Patent 0't<">*
If such a claim or right had been granted it would
forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manulactory
in the eouiitry.
The following copies of correspondence and
extracts from the records of the Patent Office will
show the true slate of the ease :
Unite* States Patent 1 'yi-'iCK,
A"gnu -.r>, 1 854
Sir. In reply to your letter of this date, asking
" if any patent has been granted to W D. Porter,
dated '22d August, 1854, or at any other time, or
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them " the exclusive right of making gas from
wood" and whether any such claim was made by
W. D. Porter, under his application for a patent,
which letters patent were issued bearing the
above dale, you are informed that W. L>. Porter's
claims are believed to be c nfined to his appara
tus; aud, further, this otfice is not aware that a
patent has been granted heretofore lor ihe exclu
sive right of making gas from wvd It would,
however, be unjustifiable to expect me to niBke
an extended investigation to answer your re
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant.
C. Mason, Commissioner ot Patents.
W. P. McConaell, Esq.,
Care of Prof. C. G. Page, Washinarton, L). C.
The United States Patent Office?To all ye'.tons to
whom these presents shall come, greting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the files of this office of nn extract from a
paper filed in the matter of the application of W.
D. Porter for letters patent, in accordance with
which application letters patent were issued to the
said W. D. Porter on the '22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the seal
ol the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
|l. s.] this '25th day of August, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty
four, and of the independenee of the United
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Copy of disclaimer of W7". D. Porter in his applica?
tion for " an improved rtill for making wood
tras "filed A ngust 5, lt?54. Letters patent issued
A ngust 22, lb.r>4.
" I do not claim as my invention and discovery
the improvements in making gas from wood, viz:
subjecting the products of destructive distillation
therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially
as has been described and for the purposes set
forth in the specification of W. P. McConnell."
The United States Patent Office?To all person* to
whom these presents shall come greeting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the records of this office of an extract from
the specification of W. D. Porter's pntent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-lour.
In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the
seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto
, . affixed this twenty fifth day ol August,
" n the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-four. and ot the
independence of the United State" the
seventy-ninth. C.Mason.
Ezi ract from Specification of JK. D. Purler on
which letters patent were issued August '22, ISM.
Claim.?What 1 claim as my in volition and de
sire to secure by letters patent is :
" The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting of a metallic or other cylinder R, the
cones E and D, diaphratn plate C, aud exit pipe
K, substantially as described in the foregoing spe
cification, and shown in the accompanying draw
The truth of the abwvemay be ascertained from
the records of the Patent Otfice, to which all have
Ry his attorney CHAS. G. PAGE. "
66T)OOR?8 It A I l.tto \ I) MAP OP Til 14
x UNITED STATES."-This celebra
ted Map, recently eulogi?ed by Lieutenant Mau
ry, in his " Virginia Letters," is on sale at
Dec 1 Rookstore, n?ar Ninth street
SOUTH EH N BOOK.?Origin of the Con
st it ill ion; Incorporation of ihe Geuernl Gov
eminent by the States; as national public ngenls
in trust, with no sovereignly ; History of Copart
nership Territories from the Virginia Deed. 17&I,
to the Treaty with Mexico, 18-18; Division of the
Public Lands ; Specific Duties; Origin and History
of the Purnans; Origin and Cause of Trouble be
tween the North and South, and Jeopardy of the
Republic; Legal mode of Redress pointed out; l>y
W. H. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price
Two Dollars.
tin Sale at BISHOP'S Periodical Store.
No. 218 Pennsylv mia avenue,
adjoining Willard's Hotel
X. Ky Henry Ma>hcw, price 75 c?nts
The Essence of Christianity, by Ludwig Fener
bach, translated from the second <>crman edition
I by Marion Evans, translator of Straus's Life of
Jesus, price $1 '25.
Travels in Europe and the East, by Samuel !
Ireueus Prime, two volumes, price two dollars.
Just published and for sale at
XTRA Heavy-plfeUd Tea Rata, AlbaU I
j Forks, Spoons, dtc.?M. W. Gait & Rro.
I have just received a beautiful assortment of?
Lxtra Plated Tea Sets, latest styles
Cantors, Cake Raskets, Card Trays, Act
Also, superior Albata Forks and Spoons.
The above are of the very best quality, and tin
usunlly low. ~~
Penn. avenue, between fth\and 10th sts.
ANCHOVI E S, VarUtles. anrt Mhrlnip
Pasts.?Anchovy Paste, genuine, in jars,
j Anchovies in sauce, in pickle, and rait.
Essence of Lobsters, Anchovies, and Shrimps
Just received by
Dec 13?3tif No. 40. op. Centre Market
Picturesque, Historical, and Social; with a
Sketchof the Early Life of Napoleon, translated
from the German by Edwird Joy Morris. Price
$1 50
lectures on ftnglisli Literature, from Chancer
to Tennyson, by Henry Reed. Price SI 25.
Just published, and for sale at
I' li 0 S P K C T li
?w \shin<;ton
[PROPOSE to publish in the city of Wuihm.
ton. in September, a political nep.i|>?-r. tin
der^ihe it aim: of the WASHINGTON SIl.VTI
In doing so, it is proper 1 shojtlil make- known
the principle* it will maintain, nnd the policy >l
.will advocate.
It will support cordially and earnestly the prin
ciples of the Democratic party of the United tit,ties
it doe* not propose to be the organ of any Depart
went of the Government, except in so far as mi in
lopendem maintenance of the doctrines of that
party muy represent its opinions and express its
vewg. j
It will not be ambitious to commend itself tp the
people by a blind flattery of their rulers. l(will
seek public fe ipport by the bold avowal oNtbe
sentiments wnich are common to the ijennin^
Democracy of the Union, and by the condemna
tion of all such as may conflict with them, from
whatever quarter they may come. It will seek to
be (and it will endeavor to deserve the title; the
organ of ?he Democratic part v of <he United
The Sentinel will mniutain, as a fundament 1
truth of that great parly, tint the States formed ihe
Union between them by the ratification of the Con
slituti. .i ?vM>?p*>c.t; hy wlii<-!> . i>-,<:v created
the F'edetal 'lovornioe'it, tit-1 ; -li It
as their common agent tin- Vers xpi-e??.y
specified in it with m' -xpliei, reservation ill
others to the States or to their separate govern
ments The exercise of my i?iivrr* t>eyoa! these
thus delegated, i?, thercfi-re mi usurpation n I he
"eserved authority ?<'"?;>. Mates Hy 'h acen w
their own creation.
The Sentinki. will uphold in>i defend i1;e ? Tnion
upon ihe l>asi? of the rights of ih>-- State.? under
t he C. on st it ution ?and thus by sedition sly gu . r<i j ng
the latter, it will the more ?<!?ctnally ? n-ererthen
and perpetuate the former.
'?Vith regard to the exercise ot the powers of me
Fee.?ral Government, the Sentinel will take as
the | rinciplef of its action, that Hongres. sle.ll ex
ercis no power which has not t>ecn delegated liy
the 04 nstitulion. according to a strict and fair in
terpret tion of its language nnd spirit; and that it
shall nt. seek to attain indirectly an object through
the exei -ise of constitutional )>meer, for the ilitecl
Rtlainme t of w hi?*h it has no drlet*ntion of power,
lit othur vord* all powers exercised must be
clearly gra ted, and all granted p >wer? must he
used for no turpoae, except sijeh :(s is dearly '"n
tended by th Constitution.
In respect to the internal' administration of 'tie
Government, the Sentinel will sustain the settled
policy of the Democratic party. It will labor to
inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in
ternal policy:?that tin* Government will best
promote the. freedom and prosperity of the people
of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise
lower, and more auxious to preserve liberty; and
)y leavinir to the individual States the manage
ment oI ail their d/naestic concern*?while it con
tents itself with guarding the confederacy from
external violence, and directing the foreign policy
of the country to the promotion of the common
interests, nnd defence of the common rights, and
honor of the States composing it.
The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive
foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies,
and correspond with the expanding interests of the
country. That policy should be energetic and de
cided; but should temper firmness with liberality,
und make its highest ends consist with the strictest
principles of justice. The real interests of the
country, upon each occasion demanding attention
will be its guide in the course the Sentinel wil
The national policy of the "world in this age is
essentially nggressive. In th# growing sense oi
weakness of some of the nation* of the Old World,
and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com
mon motive to colonial extens'on has developed
Our settled determination tc repel interference
from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil
prompt us to avoid it in the affairs of othe^coun
tries, unless by their foreign or colonial policy our
peace should be threatened, our security endait
gered, or our interests invaded. For when the
selfish interests df other nations prompt a foreign
or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights
and places in the pathway of our commerce a
dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must
be resisted by remonstrance, and, if need be, ky
Our foreign policy should, indeed, be defensive,
but to l?e projterly defensive. ,t must sometimes be
apparently aggressive. Our administration should
be vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world
is full of jin|>ortant movements, commercial and
political, deeply concerning American trade and
American power. It is time we had an American
foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot
avoip it if we would. We have larger interests, and
a greater stake in the world and its destiny, than
every other people. We occupy the best portion
of a continent, with no neighlmrs but a colony, and
a worn-out, anarchical despotism. We are the
olny people whose own land, without colonial de
fendencies, is washed by the two great oceans of
the world. Our agricultural productions are more
varied and more essential to civilized life, and t<?
human progress?our mineral and manufacturing
resources more vast?our facilities and capacity tor
internal and foreign commerce more extended
than those of any other people living under one
government. A continent, to a great extent, un
explored and exhaustless in its yet hidden wealth
is at our feet. Eurppean trade seeks the great Ea??i
through avenues which are at our doors, or must
be made through our own limits. Europe, Asia,
Africa, and the isles of the sea, lying nil around
us, look to us as the rising power, through the
agency of whose example, and ever widening and
extending, though peaceful influences, the bless
?ngs of liberty, civilization, and religion, are des
tined to triumph over the barbarism and supersti
tion of the millions of the world. And shall such
a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and
act upon the high mission to which it is called?
A mission so full of hope, though so laden with
responsibility, which, if properly directed, must
make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to
the world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of its
The Sentinel will therefore, advocate a bold
and earnest foreign policy, such as the condition of
the country demands; but it will advocate it under
the flag of the country?now her# else. Its foreign
policy must be consistent with the spotless honor
and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To
l>e respectable at home and abroad, nnd to be great
in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing
but what is right, and submit to nothing that is
wrong. It must be literal and magnanimous to
the rights of others, and firm and immoveable in
insisting on its own. It must, in fine,- be true to
its own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then
be false to thosa of other nations.
Such, then, is the chart by which we shall be
guided. Inde|>endent and free, we shall endeavor
to Ih> honest and truthful. The truo friends ot
democratic principles we shall cordially support
and defend. Its enemies in the field or in ambush
we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions de
To our future brethren ol the press we extend
the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the
rival of no press of its own party?the personal
enemy of none of the other.
The present Democratic Administration has our
lest wishes for its success in the establishment ot
the great principles upon which it came into power:
nnd in its honest labors to attain such an end it
will find the Sentinel its friend nnd coadjutor.
IATI'.H YEARS, ny the Author ot ?? the
J OlcJ House by the Kiver."'
Mr. IIutherford s Ch'Idren, second volume.
PebUes from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous
Poems, by Charles Leland Potter, A. M.
General Notion* of Chemistry, translated from
ihe French, by Edmund O. Evans, M. D.
The Land of the Saracens, by Bayard Tayler
Brushwood picked up on the Continent; or
Lasl Summer's Trip to the Old World, hy Orville
The above are selected from it large arrivnl ol
new hooks at TAYJA)R Ac MAURY'S
Pi f c Bookstore, near 9th ?t.
The New York aiul Liverpool United States
Mail Steamers.
The ships comprising lhiline lire:
The Atlantic Captaio West.
The Pacific Captain Nye.
The Baltic Captain Coinstock.
These ships having lieen built by
contract, expressly lor government
service, every care has been taken
in their construction, as also in their engines, 10
insure strength and speed, and their accommo
dations for passengers are uneijualled for ele
gance and comfort.
Price oj' passage front New York to Liverpool,
iu first cabin $130
fn second cabin, $75. Exclusive u>e of extra sized
state rooms $325
From Liverpool to New York 30and '20guineas
A? experienced Surgeon attached to each ship.
No berth secured until paid for.
From New York Frcrtn Liverpool.
Wed'day ?#iHe ''*,1854 I Saturday..Dec. 10,1654
WeJ'day. .Jan. 10, 1S55 j Saturday. .Dec. "*0,1854
Weil t :iy. .Jan. 24, 1S55
Wed'dv ..Feb. 7, 1655
Wed'da/.. Febi 21. I $55
Saturday..Jan- 13,1S55
Saturday.. Jan. 27, 1855
Saturday.. Feb. 10, 18.r>5
Wed'day.. Mnr. 7. lS-''i.ri | Saturday.. Feb. 24, 1855
For ire ghc or pa-sage, hj?plv to
No. 56 Wall street, N. Y.
R. (t. Rt)BERTS & Co.,
13 King's Arms Yard. London.
GEO. H. DRAPER, Havre.
The owners of these ships will not be accounta
ble for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre
ciou- stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereof therein ex
pressed. Jan 3?chf
rv's Bookstore, near 9th street?
Tl Plurality of Worlds, with an Introduction
by Liiward Hitchcock, D. D.
A Lamp to the Path; or, the Bible in the Henrt,
the 1 snne, and the Market Place, by the Rev. W
K. Tweedie, D. D.
The Catacombs of Rome, by the Right R?iv. W.
r. Kip, D. D.
Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coas
of America, by Gabriel Franchere.
Corinne, by Madame De Stael, nrw edition
Vnthek, by Beckford, do
Fetn tie Poets of Great Britain, do
V. ???tern Scenes and Adventures, illustrated.
Li: of NapoleOn, by Haxlitt, do
llannay, author of Singleton Fontlerov, ice.
Cosas de Espana, or Going to Madrid, via Bar
J tist published and for sale at
March 6 Bookstore, near 9th street.
RENT, till the 15th of November
next, the large built house at the t-orner of
1Mb nnd K streets. Call at the " Sentinel" office.
Intelligencer. Star, und Organ, one week daily
and send b.lls to Sentinel office.
May 17?lwd
vative Magazine.?When new aspirants
lor popular lavor are announced, the public have
a right to demand the grounds upon which such
show of title to their patronage is made. In ac
knowledgment of this, we trace the customs of
parties iu the avowal of principles; of religious
sects, in the i romulgation of creeds; snd of per
sons in nil pursuits of life, dependent upon the
public for success, in their preparatory expositions
ol plans and purposes. The customs thus origin
ating, though sometimes abused, are useful and
proper, and should not be discarded. And uhen,
in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed,
those approving ought not to withhold their en
couragement, as too many do, until they see that
success is sure, for their aid may be needed to
secure it. Such a foolish policy as this jeopar
dizes the plan ihry approve, and hastens its failure ;
it has defeated many important enterprises, and
has deprived the country of good and useful works.
If a new proposition of any kind is approved by
the public, the support of those approving is of
right expected, their approval being solicited only
in tin* view that their more substantial aid will
not I>ts withheld.
The Southern Conservative Magazixe will
occupy grounds but little cultivated by American
nmgaxinists. It is believed that a field i? open lor
a periodical of it 'new and, in some respects, a
higher order than has Mevn mined at in our maga
zine literature. In this belief, and with such an
aim, we announce the Southern Conservative
The new magazine will be natioi.al and not
sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment in the South, but aiming at a higher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
It will be Protestant, but not sectarian; opposing
religious bigotry or intollerance on the one side,
and infidelity on the other laboring in its teach
ings to advance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the chinch.
It will l?e political, but liberal; owing no slavish
allegiance to parties or politicians, it will advocate
measures, not men, and will labor only for the
success of principles.
It will be progressive, yet sternly opposed to
the reckless spirit of innovation ao rile in ihe
country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de
pres-; to reform and improve, not to destroy;
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our great
republican theory, nnd laboring to advance it to
its fullest development.
It will be truly American in tone and sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely because
so; believing that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, psr exct 1 ence, to any favored people,
but are the common right of all
It will be the organ of pure conservatism.
it will encourage a high-toned literature, and
defend pure morals in all the social relations of
And it will number in its corps of regular con
tributors some of the ablest political and literary
writers of the country.
The magniine will be printed on the finest
quality of paper, with new type, and in a plain
but superior style.
Knch number will contain not less than 50 large
octavo pages, made up of original articles, con
tributed and editorial ? reviews, political and
scientific essays, romances, poetry, Acc.
We promise much lor the new magazine, and
we intend to perform it all, and more, il the read
ing public will give the enterprise a liberal en
The Southern Conservative Magazine will be
issued, the first of each month, from the office of
publication, Nashville or Knoxville, Tennessee,
nnd will be furnished to snsenbers at four dollars
a year, or three dollars it paid ponctunlly in ad
vance. Publication will be commenced the 1st
day of January, 1856. Address orders to the
editor and proprietor.
, Knoxville. Tennessee.
May 31, 1-55.
I~* EAVES irom a Family .lnurii.il. from
j the French of Emiiie Souvestre, author of
'? i lie Attic Philosopher in Pans.
Mrs. Jameson's Common-place Book of Thoughts,
Memories, and Fane its,
June 7 Corner 11th st. and I'enn. nv
commo. -place book of Thoughts, Memo
rtes and Fancies, original and selected, by Mrs
Jameson. Price 75 cents.
Leaves from a Family Journal, from the French
of Emiiie Souvestre, author of "the Attic Philo
sopher in Paris." Paper; 50 cents; cloth, 75
Theory and Practice of Landscape Painling in
water colors, illustrated by a series of *4 designs,
colored diagrams ol numerous wood cuts, with
two extra plates of simultaneous contracts, by
Geotge Barnard Price $5.
Just received at
TAYLOR <fc MAURY'S Bookstore,
June 7 near 9th st.
just received from the publishers, Firth
Pond Ac Co., New York, and George Willieg,jr.
Baltimore, an nssoruneut of their latest publics
JHgr-Pianos timed, warranted to give sauif
adjoining Kirkwood House
Dec 16?3tawif
Yaluaiilu heal ehtate for
Sale.?The block of buildings known as
' the Union Buildings, 'and now occupied by the
Union newspaper establishment. They are situ
aied on E street, between 13th and 14th streets,
and fronting directly on Pennsylvania avenue. The
lot is 70 feel front by 109 feet deep. The property i*
susceptible of division and re-arrangement, and
its position such as must rank it among the best
business stands on the avenue, and ii yearly iti
creasing in value. The time of the present lessee
expires on the 1st September next, on which day
possession may had.
Also, that large three-story Brick House on 17th
street west, (opposite the War Office, and three
doors south of G street.)
Also, that three story House on 17th street west,
next door to the Government Building, at the
corner of F and 17th streets.
Should the above pioperty not be sold at private
sale prior to the 15th of May, it will be sold on
that day at public auction.
Terms will be made favorable to the purchaser.
Apply to CH. H. WINDER,
Corner of 17th and G streets.
March 20?2awtl5May
To the Patrons or Berkeley Springs.
THE undersigned begs leave to inform his
triends and the public generally, that he has
erected a new and extensive Livery Stable, for
the accommodation of those who may wish to
keep their horses at the Springs during the ap
proaching season. The building contains about
40 stalls of extra width, and extensive Carriage
Sheds. Its location is clean, dry, and airy, and
convenient to Colonel Strother's Hotel, with
which it is connected by arrangement. Expe
rienced and reliable persons will be in attendance,
and no expense will be spared to give every
sati-faction to the visiting public. The proprietor
will also keep for hire, several pleasure carriages
and saddle horses. Having provided these ac
commodations. at considerable expense, the Pro
prietor hopes that he will be liberally patronixed
Terms to suit the times.
Berkeley Springs,
Morgan County, Va., July 1, 1355.
July IS?tf. ' I
A Weekly Newspaper to be published In
Washington City.
The undersigned, expecting soon to retire trom
the position he has for some time held asSuperin
tendent of the United States Census, intends to
devote himself to the control and management of
the Review, of which, for the last nine years, he
has been the editor and proprietor, and to the
publication in the City of Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
The material for this paper will consist, in part,
of selections or extracts from articles admitted
into the Review, but mainly of other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digests of the current events ol
the day, home and foreign; the proceedings ol
Congress and the acts of the Government; lite
rary and scientific sketches and essays upon
leading and popular topics; biographical sketches
of public men; d'gest of official reports. State and
Federal; the state of the markets in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of crops;
supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the
country as shown by statistics, bringing down
those of the National Census always to date
The object will be, through careful editorial
management and a 'arge and well selected cor
respondence, to establish at the seat of govern
ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted
to the wants of every community; imparting
musement and information, and political, only to
the extent of maintaining the institutions of the
country and defending the rights and sovereignty
of the States.
The City of Washington, from the advantages
which it presents for obtaining material of every
kind, through the action of the Smithsonian Insti
tution, the Patent Office, and the National Agri
cultural Convention, etc., and the several Bureaus
imd Departments of Government, from its conti
guity to the large commercial cities, from the ex
tended, exciting, and all important interests that
concentrate upon it, is, perhaps, the most eligible
location for such a journal, and ample guarantees
of its success have already been received. It will
be printed in folio for the convenience of binding,
and similar in style to the New York Albion.
Terms: $2 per annum, in advance.
To Clubs, of 10 subscribers, at one post office,
$15 in advance.
To Snbscribers of DtBow'a Review, not in
arrears, the Review and Times together, $6 in
Advertisements on accommodating terms.
In order to increase the usefulness of the Re
view, which has now acquired a very extensive
circulation, it will be enlarged from 112 to 140 or
130 pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistance and an able corps of contribu
A monthl" istorical digest of events will be
embraced in /ts pages, valuable for future refer
The subscription price of the Review will re
main at So per annum, but for the convenience ol
the large class of persons who may not desire
the whole work, or who may only solicit in
formation upon one or more of the subjects to
which it is devoted, it is in contemplation to make
a separate oublication of the matter relating to
Agricukuf, mother of that relating to Manufac
turea; a third .o Internal Improvements ; a fourth
to Commerce; and a fifth to Education and latere.
These publications will be but departments of the
whole work, and may be subscribed for separately
nt Si per annum ea h. They will appear monthly
in handsome periodical style, of from twenty-five
to thirty-two pages ; constituting an annual octavo
volume of 3?>0 page* each, showing at a single
view and in a condensed form the whole results,
within the year, in the particular department, in
?iur own country and abroad, as the Review itself
will show th?m in all of the department* of indus
try and enterprise.
1 he Office of DeBow's Review will remain as
before at New Orleans, though a branch will be
located at Washington, which will be also the
main office of the other Journals, and may be
addres ed at all tunes in regard to them. The
particular address of the editor, whether Wash
ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from time
to time, in the work.
Washington, Nov. 26, 1854.
?7S&- DeBow's Industrial Resources, three
handsomely bound volumes upon the Progress
and Wealth of the United States, 1,800 pages royal
octavo, double columns, clear priat, library edi
tion, may still be ordered. Price $6 delivered
at the expense of the authe*
For Writing Without Pen or Ink?Copy
tug Lt.v.i, Plant*, /lowMI, PUjWM,
Pattern! for Bmbroldcryi Blarltlnu Lin
en Indelibly, Manifold Writing.
THIS Article i? absolutely the best portable
Inkstand in the known world, for a small
quantity folded and placed in the pocket consti
tute# *' travelling Inkstand, which cannot be bro
ken. No pen is needed, for any stick, sharpened
to a point, writes equally as well as the best gold
pen in the universe. For drawing it is indispen
sable. It is, indeed, the whole art of Drawing and
Painting?taught in one lessou. Any leaf, plant,
or flower can be transferred to the pages of an
ulbfim, with a minute and distinct resemblance ol
nature. With equal facility, pictures and em
broidery patterns are taken, and have received
the highest ei'logiuins from the fair sex ; and, in
deed, a more tasteful present for a lady could not
be produced. .
This Magic Paper will also mark Linen, or
other articles, so as to remain perfectly indelible.
All the washing in the world fails to bring it out
Any child can use it with perfect ease. With
this Magic Paper, likewise, one or four copies
of every letter written can be secured without
any additional labor whatever, making it the
cheapest and moat convenient article extant. It
is used to great advantage by reporters of the.
public press, telegraphic operators, and hosts ol
others. , .
Each Package contains four different colors
Black, Blue, Green, and Red, with full and printed
Instructions tor all to use, and will last sufficiently
long to obtain Five Hundred distinct Impressions.
It is put up in beautifully enamelled colored
Envelopes, with a truthful likeness of the Pro
prietor attached. Each and every package war
ranted. ? ...
K7* Price #2 a dozen; or five for one dollar.
Single packages 25 cents. uttprft T
Address, post paid, N. HUBBr.L<Li,
N?. 167 Broadway, New York.
Hubbei.l's Magic Impression Papee. We refer
our readers to the advertisement in another col
umn, setting forth the merits of this pleasing and
ingenious invention. The cheapness should in
duce all to give it a trial.?Philadelphia Merchant.
It is unsurpassed for neatness and utility, and
should meet with the sale it richly deserves.?
Tribune. ?
I received a large assortment of BOOTS and
SHOES for ladies', misses', and children's wear,
which we offer very low.
Ladies' Gaiters from SI to $3.
Misses' Boots ot every kind, in proportion.
Of Children's Shoes we have every color and
style, from 25cents up.
The inquiry generally is, Where can we find a
good assortment ol shoes lor children ? We can
answer all such querists to their satisfaction if
they give us a call.
We would also state that we are prepared to
manufacture every style of boot or shoes usually
worn by gentlemen, ladies, misses, or children.
Also on hand, every description of boots and
shoes, which will be sold very low.
Call and examine for yourselves before pur
chasing elsewhere, as we are determined to sell.
g S. C. MILLS Ac CO.,
jflar i 3t No. 4S6 Seventh st.
* k mUE BLUE BOOK."?Official Regls
X ter ol tbe United States, giving the
names of all Officeholders under the Government, 1
with their Salaries, Location, and time ol appoint
ment. A few copies of the last edition still for
sale in Washington by
PIANOS, PIANOS 1?We have uow In
store the largest and most reliable stock ol
Pianos ever offered in this city, from the justly re
nowned manufactories ol Hallet, Davis Ac Co.,
Boston; Bacon Ac Raven, New York; and Knabe.
Gaehle Ac Co., Baltimore; ranging in prices Irom
$225 to $500.
In addition to those in store, we have on exhi
bition at the Metropolitan Mechanics' Fair, at the
Smithsonian Institute, four superb Pianos, made
expressly to our order for this Exhibition, any ol
which we will dispose of on reasonable terms.
Also on hand, Guitars, Violins, Flutes. Accord
eons, Melodeons, Banjos. Strings, Music, Acc.
Remember, at the Piano, Music, Stationery,
Pertumery, and Fancy Goods Store of
306 Penn avenue, near 10th street.
Russia as it is, by count de gu
MEMOIRS, Speeches, and Writings,of Rol>ert
Rantoul, jr., edited by Luther Hamilton.
and private devotion, by James Montgomery.
Novel, by Caroline Lee Hcntx, with illustrations
Irem original designs, in 2 vols.
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discourses, by
Sylvester Judd, Pastor of Christ Church. Maine.
the English Commenwealrti, from the execution
of Charles I. to the death of Cromwell, by M. G.
Guizot. translated by A. R. Scoble, in 2 vols.
ANT Refugees, from the Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes to our own days, by M. Charles Weiss,
Professor of History in the Lycee Bonaparte, in 2
mmg, D. D.
VOICES OF THE DAY, by Rev. John Gum
ming, D. D.
Just published and received at the bookstore *1
Apr 15 Corner of Uth st. and Penn. av.
Work, Wolfert's Roost and other Papers,
now first collected, by Washington Irving
Scottish Songs, Ballads, and Poems, by Herr
Full Proof of the Ministry, a Sequel to the Boy
who was trained up to be a Clergyman, by John
N. Norton, A. M.
Memoirs of Lile, Exile, and Conversations of
the Emperor Napoleon, by the Count de les Cases,
with portraits and other illustrations.
Manuel of Sacred History, by John Henry
Kurtz, D. D.
Just published and for sale at
Feb 15 Bookstore, near 9th street
Mill-work?Being plans, sections, andeleva
lion of works in several departments ol Machine
ry, Mill-work, and General Engineering, with de
criptionsoftheir construction, action, and practical
application to various branches of industry.
Just received and for sale at the Bookstore of
A HISTORY OFtiREECE.? A History of
Greece,from the earliest times to the Roman
Conquest, with supplementary chapters on the
History of Literature and Art. By Wis. Smith,
LL. D , editor of the Dictionaries of "Greek and
Roman Antiquities" "Biography and Mythology,''
and " Geography." With notes, and a continuation
to the present time. By C. C. Felton, LL.D..
Eliot Professor of Greek Literature in Harvard
The above work is intended principally for schools
of the higher classes. Just received and for sale at
the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM, corner of
Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street. Aug 21.
ART HINTS.?Architecture, Sculpture,
and Painting, by James Jack?on Jarves,
author of History of the Sandwich Islands, Acc.
Price $1 25.
Waikna, or Adventures on the Mosquito
Shore, sixty engravings, by Samuel A Bard.
$1 25
The Heiress of Haughton, or the Mother'
Secret, by the autherof Aubrey Castle. Avon, Acc.
Price 374 cents.
Just published and for sale at
July 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
ORNING UOWNS.? A larfje and On
assortment, at all prices, for sale by
From the Baltimore Sun of vesterday.
One square (twelve line*) 1 inse-uon su 50
<1 ? M , J U >J?
?? " 3 " i oo
" ? "1 week 2 Ct
" " " 1 month ... 5 Oft
Business cards, not exceeding six linos,
for not less than six months, in??-rt?-<) at halt prut
Yearly advertisement* subject ti> special ar
Long advertisements <tt reduced ri-te*
Religious, Literary, and Charitable notices in
serted gratuitously.
All correspondence os business must be prepaid
Attorney for Government Claimants,
/CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at
Vy tention to the p-osecution of Claims of every
description against the General Government, and
particularly to those before the Treasury Depart
| ment. Pension and Bounty Land Bureaus Patent
and General Lnnd O/fioea, and Board of Claim*.
An experience of years, and a familiarity with
the means of obtaining the earliest and most fa
vorable action on Claims, with his facilities for the
dispatch of business, justify him in assuring his
Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener
ally, that interests intruded to his keeping will
not be neglected.
P?ualon, Bounty Laud, Patent, and Public
Land Laws.
He has nearly ready for gratuitous distribution
among his business Correspondents, (and those
who may become such,) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty
Lnnd, Patent, and Public Land Laws, down to
the end of the late Congress, including the
Bounty Land Act of 3d March, 1855,
under which all who have heretofore received
less than 160 acres are now entitled to additional
land; said Act grants also Jt30 acres to all Officers,
Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldiers,
Wagon-masters, Teamsters, and friendly Indians,
of the Army, including State Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia?and all Officers. Seamen, Ordinary
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Laiidfemen, of the
Navy, not heretofore provided for, who have
served not less than fourteen days (unless in bat
tle) at any period since 1776; and to the widows
and minor children of,alt such persons entitled,
and deceased.
This pamphlet contains "Formsof Application"
more full and complete than any el-ewhere to be
found; adaptetl to the wants of every class of
Claimants under the Act, with copious decisions
and instructions of the Department, and practical
suggestions as to the course tO"be pursued in sus
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the
facilities afforded by this office in securing primipt
and personal superintendence of their claims at the
Departments, can obtain copies of the above
pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage
Inducements to Correspondents.
Correspondents who prepare and forward cases
for management by this Agency will be dealt with
liberally; supplied with all necessary blanks gratis,
and kept constantly advised of the changes that
from time to time occur in the execution of the
It is within the subscriber's power to direct his
Correspondents to the locality of very many per
sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob
tained several thousand Land Warrants under
former laws, he is in possession of data that will
materially assist in securing additional bounty.
Fees, below the usual rtyes?and contingent
upon the admission ot Claims.
The highest cash prices given for L?nd War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and r..nu<* Land
Address S. M. KNIGHT.
Washington City
March 17?law2rn
Treble patent improved eye
let Machine.
First patent combined on one stock.
Second patent, self-feeding in the eyelets.
Third patent, patent improved fastener, riveting
both sides.
All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine
I are strongly recommended to use none but '"Lip
man s Patent Improved," which is dccidedly the
best ever brought before the public, possessing
numerous advantages, viz:
It is strong, durable, and not liable to get out ol
It punches the hole well and to fit the Eyelet,
and in one operation clinches the Eyelet on both
It saves time, as the papers, Jfc., need not be
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a
second time, as is the case with all other ma
It is useful to the merchant in filing away
papers, as well as to the attorney or conveyancer,
the shomaker, tailor, miliner, and numerous
others, and is a very labor-saving machine.
Agents for Washington.
Book and Stationery Store, near 9th st.
May 24
T| L A T ED TEA SETS.?I have Just ic
JL ceived some new styles Albata and Silver
Plated Ware that 1 offer at manufacturer's prices;
also, a large assortment of Speetacles, of every
description ; together with a good assortment ol
rure Silver Ware, of my own manufacture, which
will retail at wholesale prices
418 Penn. avenue, bet. 4J and 6i'.i sts ,
Sign of the Large Spread Eagle.
Feb 25?dlwif
AT REDUCED PRICES?As (he sea-oii
is advanced, we have determined to sell ofl
the remaining portion of our winter stock at
greatly reduced prices; therefore (tenth man wish
ing to consult economy in purchasing fine Over
coats, Talmas Dress. Frock, and Bu*ine-? ( oats;
Black and Fancy Cashmere Pants; Velvet, Silk,
Satin, and Merino Vests, Under olnrts and
Drawers, and all other ready made garments of
fine quality, will find our present variety to be as
well assorted as in the beginning of the ??ason,
with the advantage of much lower prices.
322 Pa. avenue, next to Iron Hall.
Feb 24
Messrs. TAYLOR Ar MAURY beg to an
nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our
citizens, the pictures now on exhibition at their
store will be raffled tor.
Eleven prizes; sixty chances, at ff>.
April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
NEW WORK, by the Author of tbe llelr
of Redclyfte.
The Castle Builders, by the author of the Heart s
Ease, in paper cover* ; price 50 cents ; bound, 75
Just published and for sale at
March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
Digest op exchequer reporih,
from 1824 to 1854, inclusive, I volume.
Williams on Personal Property, with American
notes, 1 vol.
The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by
John Wm. Wallace, 1 vol.
The Creed of Christendom, by W R. Greg.
Habits and Men. by Dr. Dorau.
Guy Rivers, by William Gilmore Simms, 1 vol.,
new edition.
Bits of Blarney, by R. Shelton Mackensie,
Bartley'* Poem*, 1 volume. .
Lippencott'a Pronouncing Dictionary of the
World, 1 vol., 8vo. FRANCK TAYLOR.
Sept 15
val, at Bladensburg, on the night of Tuesday
last, a DARK BROWN MARE, with her fore
feet bare,a white star in the forehead,and marked
on the back with ssddle pinch; the said mare had
a saddle on. Whoever will return said mare, or
give information where she < mi be found, will
receive many thanks, and Five Dollars as a re
ward. JOSEPH JONKS Manager lor
Rossburg, Prince Georges Co., Maryland.
l\ f 1 BROTHER'S KEEPER, by Miss A.
if I B. Warner, author of Dollars and Cents,
MrRutherford's Children, tec. Just published
and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
May 5 Corner ol Pa. avenue nml 11th streM.
ANKH V\ (IKK on the Catholicity ol the
True Church.?The Golden Reed, or the
True Measure of a True Church, by B F. Barrett,
price $1, just received

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