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Daily national era. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 10, 1854, Image 1

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. ? : ? t ,/?. . ' n ? ^ j ?' , f f(; . ; ? / V ?/ I ; ? ?: , - V,*/*'? V" 5 *' ' '
Ward's Building, near the Capitol,
Tri-Weekly 00
Weekly 8 00
To (luiu or Individuals, aubscribing fo*
five or more copies?
Tri weekly per annum, in advance.. ? ? ? ? ? ?
Weekly "
UT*Po#t mastera nre requested V1 act
ri^ he SON 8 OF TI1E BIBB8, A HM
I tory of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny of
.he American Party, and its probable influence
on the next Presidential election, to which is
added a Review of the Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by an Ame
rican. , , T!
The History of Mason and Dixon s Line, con
tained in an Address delivered by John H. B.
Latrobe, of Maryland, before the Historical So
ciety of Pennsylvania, November H, 1854.
Mil ana Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S.
M. H
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M. D.,with
a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W.
Just received and for snle by
Corner of Penn. avenue and 11th street.
Feb 15 1 . :?? ?.
HARPER'S MAGAZINE for September is
a magnificent number, filled with superior
engravings, and for sale at Shillington s book
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the best that has been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains
all the new Fall fashions.
The Knickerbocker Magazine for September
Godey's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, an6
Putnam's Magazine, all for September, received
and for sale at _ ,
HE FAILURE of Free Society?Soci
ology for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at
Book Store, near 9th street.
STON E (4.IJAKRY.?I am prepared to fttr
nish from myquarrv, opposite the Little Falls
and adjoining the quarry of the late Timothy
O'Neale, any quantity of stone that may be needed
lor building purposes. Apply to the undersigned
:it his house on H, between 19th and 20th streets,
in the First ward, or to Mr. Paine, at tbe quajri-y.
CCOMMENTARIES on the Jurisdiction
/ Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the
Courts of the United States, vol. 1, by George
Ticknor Curtis.
History of the Crusades, their Rise, Progress,
and Results, by Major Proctor, of the Royal
Military Academy.
Cumming's Lectures on the Seven Churcnes.
On sale at
TAYLOR Ac MAURY'S Bookstore,
NovlG near 9th street.
WATCHES.?Members of Congress and
others in want of perfect timekeepers would
do well to make their selections at once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the city.
Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen
was never so complete as at present, embracing
.<vcrv description, which we offer unusually low.
Penn. avenue, between 9th nnd 10th streets.
Jan 1W _______________________
Daniel W EBSTER.?Messrs. Taylor
Ac MAUltY liavw a few of the original sub
scriber**'copies of the works of Daniel Webster,
printed on very fine imperial paper, in which Mr.
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes;
price #510. .
T. Ac M. are the only booksellers in the United
Slates who have any copies ia their possession.
Mar 11 Bookstore near 9lh st.
HO. noon, Pennsylvania avenue, between
. 4 J and Ath streets, has just returned from
ihe north with a good assortment of the most rich
and fashionable Jewelry in the market, which he
purchased for cash at very low prices, and now of
trrs tor sale the name, at wholesale or retail, much
cheaper than goods of like quality have ever been
.old tor in this section of country. Please call at
hi-?lore. sign oft he large spread eagle.
N. B. Special intention paid to the repairing of
? ?tche? by W. W. Hollingaworth.
l taining Hints to Sportsmen, Notes onSport
ng. nnd the Habits of the Game Birds and Wild
l owl of America, by Etisha J. Lewis, M. D., with
numerous illustrations. For sale at
Jnn. 4 Book Store, near Ninth street.
JTeNERAL ACiENCY.?The undersigned
most respectfully informs, by this notice, his
riends and the public in general, here and esle
where, that he has oi>ened an Agency Office for
[he prosecution of claims of every description
against the government, l?eforethe several depart
meats or Congress; procure pensions, bounty
and* exira pay, and arrearage pay, aad will Bl
end to the buying nnd sel'ing of real estate, the
renting of hou?es, and a general collecting busi
ne?s; he will also furnish parties at a distance
With such information as they may desire from
the seat of government. Charges will be mode
rate. Office, at pfewent. will l?e on M near 18th
Hon. J-C. Dobbin, Secratnry of the Naif
Hon. J. Davis, Soeretary of War.
N. Callnn, esq., PrtxiArnJ of the Board of Cam
tan a Conned.
Gen. John M. McCalla, Attorn** at I**'.
fames H. Oaustin, esq.
W <: lleddall, Suue l)rj>artme>U
Isn n?if
C1 ONSERVE and Preserved Olnger and
/ Chow-Chow, Attea amtChoong Loong, Can
ton. Iresh importation. For sale by
No. 40, opposite the Centre Market.
if you wish to purchase anything in the way
of fine American. London or Geneva watche*.
<tW can be relied on/or the true time,) rich gold
lewelry,pure silver ware, Are., dec., and save from
Ifi to 25 per cent, as he is now receiving hia
Pall supply, which will be sold at the lowest
wholesale rates.
Fine watches and jewelry repaired, and war
rsnted to give satisfaction.
Pa. avenue, lietween 4$ and 6th streets, sign Of
the large spread eagle.
LINGTON'S Bookstore?
The Dodd Family, by Charles Lever, author of
rharles O'Malley.
Itehind the Scene*, by Lady ffcilwrr Lytton
The lamplighter. one of the mom f??c?nsting
? ooks ever written.
Everything in the Book, Newspaper, sud ."Ma
onery line for sale at
Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 44
street and Pa. avenue
nOWARI) LYCETT, Sen., Bnok-Binder,
|j Potomac Hall, corner of Eleventh-street and
VI nryland avenue, over Clarke's Drug store. Wash
ington, D. C.
Every style of book-binding eiecuted, ntthnr in
velvet, Turkey Morocco, Russia, or fancy color*
?*lf. ?
Periodicals and Mnaic neatly half bound.
Mr. Lyortt respectfully suggests to his friends
that whila much haa been done to transmit family
records, little care haa been taken to preserve pa
rental likenesses. Hetakos this method to inform
his friends, and those desirous ?f perpetunliag per
?onal remembrances, that daguerreotype like
it esses can be inlaid on the inside covers of fami
y bibles, presentation-booka, or keepeakes, speci
mens of which can be sean at his bindery, or he
can be addressed by letter, whichwill b- promptly
attended to.
_ Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com
prising definitions of all the terms emnloyed in
Mathematics, an analysis of each branch, and of
the whole as forming a single science, by Charles
Davies, L. L. D., author of a complete course of
Mathematics, and Wm. G. Peck, A. M , Assist
ant Professor of Mathematics United States Mili
ary Academy. Just published, and for sale at
he Bookstore of R FARNHAM,
Bea cauti?m.
u.LU r" that '? tbe -"baclber ob
tained letter. patent iu Deceiul>er 1&51 f?,
?^7 for t.he destructive distillaiioii 0I
ie ,l,*k,utf therefrom of tar or pitch ui
pleasure, and ga.; and that in the ludgmeit o
competent persons the invention of an appar
JiLheK V,,8,eM,rd b* W ^Poriercnno i
u?ed by himior any other person without infrinir
??g ?y .aid patent. And .?further, that wha,
paten ted by .aid Porter rightfully belong, to
State/pLTe^t'or0^ "a '?ngKbef?re ,he Uni,ed'
hS IP,? J aDd' fu"her, that (he use of
k- I V " ,avent,on involve. also a urocesi.
Pateit rXn?W ^,aiK?i kfiff<?e the Unitef State,
latent Office, and which ha* been ailmdiri-.l in i
Sid W D p0lbie fi'*tu|ven,or 'hereof, and which
w. i). Porter ha. formally disclaimed a. an
Sn?|PUbliC T0rtU Ui 8a,d 0?ice,'i,l
m!" Po^^ TnteUi*?<" of the 25th instant
naianTX << . nce" lhLal he has "ecured by
woS? and fhX~U,"Ve r'ght 10 mak,n* P"
^r,^'; u threatens prosecution to all parties
n fringing hii patent. I ask how this statement
1851Pand hI f Jf4'1.01" mV Pate?t of December,
J.^K th.e lhreat cau intimidate under
suchcircumstancea? Mr. Porter's claim is based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was
fromn?hr#UK)d ^ thr Pkten ?^e' a8 il aPPe?rs
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim was at fim refused as interfering with a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, Tr an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as riven be
low, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the
saving clause, iswhat Mr. Porter calls securing
The Kf?X,C ? right to 'naking gas from wood5
? a ifbe CarrIf" ttb8urd;ty on '<? front, and
}M libel on the good sense of the Patent O Kce
forhid * C ,,tl ?ir,??i had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory
ill the country. y
rJ}!?, fo(!low,n5 copies of correspondence and
extracts from the records of the Patent Office will
show the true state of the ease:
Unite* States Patent Ukkick.
q , . August 25, 1854.
?if V? l?Ur ,etter of tb'8 ,late
j , X,Patent has been granted to W D Porter
dated 22d August, 18?, or at any other time, or'
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them theexclusive right of mol ing gat from
W?B PoiW fr a^,Uch claim w'"" "'ade by
k- u ,orter' under his application for a i.atent
above date, you are informed that W. D. Porter's
.C'a,m" V6/- [eved.to ^ c nfined to hi. appara
oatemah ?rth?r? thl8 office is not a war. that a
fiTSJEf ^?n jFran,ed heretofore lor the exciu
ttwnghtof making gas from too*d it would,
Jn tUIUU8tlhabl- ,0 exPe,,t ,,,e to '"ake
quest investigation to answer your re
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
w d ** V. Mason> Commissioner of Patents,
w. P. McConaell, Esq.,
Care of Prof. 0. G. Page, Washington, D. C.
Tlte Un ited States Pate^~OJic+-To all }?rso,is to
whom these presents shall come, grating:
fi?m ik-fi? cer',^.lhat the annexed is a true copy
nTn .r Sf 1 k lb,S 0<fice ?f Rn exlra,'t from a
paper filed in the matter of the application of W.
w'hf.hrter| eUe,r8 palent> in accordance with
whu happlication letters patent were issued to th.
said W. D. Porter on the 22d day of August
eighteen hundr.d and fifty-four * '
In testimony whereof, 1 Charles Msson, Com
Bissioner of Patents, have caused the seal
fL s 1 h* hereunto affixed
ft. s ] this 2oth day of August, in the year of our
JL?ord one thousand eight hundred and fifty
lour, and of the independence of the United
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Cop, of disclaimer of W. D. Porter in his apvlua*
, ?n ""V'oved ttiU for making wood
^""Prt'nt issued
" I do not claim as my invention and discovery
e improvements in makiar gas from wood, vii
there^Iif, Pk k"^8 ?f destructive dist.llation
1. a* $ degree of heat, substantially
forth ?n^ifa de'Crbed and for tfae purposes set
lorth in the specification of W. P. McConnell."
Tk* \T'??t &<?'* Patent Office?To all persons to
T, these presents shall come greeting ;
This is to certify that the annexed is a true conv
from the record, of this office of an extract 2
he specification of W. D. Porter', patent, i.sue?
in the twenty second day of August eighteen
hundred and fifty-fouf. eignteen
In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com
miss.oner of Patents, have caused the
seal of th. Patent Office to be hereunto
'u s.] affixed this twenty-fifth day ot August.
" y"iar ,? our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-four, and of the
independence of the United States the
seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
^nAcatu>n of W D. Porter on
,letters patent nere issued August 22, 1*54.
^ | cla,m a" my invention and de
*,r^ to secure by letters patent is:
h.* construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting el a metallic or other cylinder B, the
F?!In?? and..D'd,aPhram plate C, and exit pipe
F substantially as described in the foregoing spc
c.fic.tion,and shown in the .ceompanying draw
'!LVrT o/'he abavemay be ascertained from
Dt ?"Ce' ,0 Which a" have
By his attorney CHAS. Q. PAGE.
red Mnn UW,T.ED ?TATE8.??_^This celebrs
rv inM. y er ff'*t'd by Li*"ten.ni Msu
ry. in his ?V,rg.n.a Letters." is on sale at
c I BoolWere, near Ninth street.
SOUTH EK M HOOK.?Origin of the Con
stitution ; Incorporation of ibe General Gov
ernment by the States; as national public agents
in trust, with ho sovereignty ; History of Copsrt
nership Territories from the Virginis Deed, 17S4,
to the Treaty with Mexioo, 1Mb; Division of the
Public Lands; Specific Duties; Origin and History
?f th. Puritans; Origin and Cause of Trouble be
tween the North and South, and Jeopardy of the
Republic; Legal mode of Redress pointed out; by
W. B. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price
Two Dollars.
On Male at BISHOP'S Periodical Store,
No. 216 Pennsylvania avenue,
adjoining Willard's Hotel
Wy Henry Msyhew, price 75r?nts
The Ksoence of Christianity, by Ltidwig Fener
bach, translated from the second German edition
by Marion Evans, translator of Straus's Life of
Jesus, price ?1 25.
Travels in Europe and the East, by Samuel
Ireneus Prime, two volumes, price two dollars.
Just published snd for sale st
|/< XTR A Heavy-plated Tea Seta, At bat a
Xj Forks, Spoons, Arc.?M. W. Gait 9c Bro.
hsve jnst received a besmiful assortment of?
Extra Plated Tea Sets, Istest rftyle*
Csstors, Cake Baskets, Card Trays, ?,V.r
Also, superior Albata Forks snd Spoons.
The above are of the very best quality, and tin
usually low,
M. W. OALT 6r BRO.
Penn. avenne, l>etween 9th and 10th sts.
AW V H O V1 E S, Varieties, and Shrimp
Pssts.?Anchovy Paste, genuine, in jars.
Anchovies in sauce, in pickle, and salt.
Essence of Lobsters, Anchovies, and Shrimps
Just receivefl by '
Dec 13?3tif No. 40, op. Centre Msrket
Pictureaqtie, Historical, and Social; with a
Sketch of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated
from th. German by Edward Joy Morris. Price
Si 50.
lectures on English Literature, from Chancer
to Tennyson, by H.nry Reed. Price SI 2S
lust published, and for sal. at
i pro^h,hc?
I i0! ?? , publish in the city of Washing
September, a political n. wspaper. nr.
In doing so, it i? proper I should make kuowu
i-iDW of JKT COrdi.al|y and earnestly the prin
It final J Democratic party of the United State,
n.ent ofX r^P?Me l? *" th? ?r?*a of ""M D<M>?n
ment of the Government, except in so far an an in
dependent maintenance of the doctrines of that
i?J2r?may r<,pre8"ut iU opinions and express its
?"lbitiou? to commend itself to the
people bv a blind flattery of their ruler#. It will I
P"^ Vpr?rt by the bold avowal of the
sentiments which are common to the genuine
don?of r?ny KhC Uni?n' and by the cond*SI? na
tion of all such as may conflict with them, from
ZbTj?! quwier they may come. It will *??k to
be (and it will endeavor to deserve the title) the
Stages Democratic party of the United
..,3?e wi!l n'a,ntain, as a fundamental
truth of that great party, that the States formed the
Union between them by the ratification of the Con
stitution as a compact; by which, ?l-o, they created
the rederai Government, md delegated ?> 4
as their common agent, the power* ?xi>re^lv
specified in it. with an explicit reservation of nil
others to the States or to their separate govern
ments. The exercise of any power* l.eyon.l thes.
thus delegated, is,.therefore, an usurpation of the
reserved* uihority of the States by ihe Hvent ,1
their own creation.
The SurriNCL will uphold >iud defend the Union
upon the basis of the right* of thv States?under
the Constitution?and thus by sedulously guarding
the latter, it will the more -V.-ctuallv stfenSh.^
and perpetuate the former.
With regard to the exercise of the powers ol the
recsral Government, the Skntinki. will take a
the \ rinciples ol its action, thai Congress shall .*x
ercia no power which has not been delegated by
he C. nstitution, according to a strict and fair in'
terpret tion of its language and spirit; and that it
shall nc seek to attain indirectly an object through
the exei ise of constitutional power, for the direct
attainme t of whi.h it has no deletion of po,?.
n other word.-, all nowers exercised must he
clearly gra ted, and all granted pow?rs must be
I a If'110. ,unH>se, except such as is clear!v .n
tended by th Constitution.
In respect to the internal administration of the
Government, the Switinkl will sustaiu the settled
policy of the Democratic party. It will labor to
inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in
ternal policy:?that this Government will best
promote the freedom and prosperity of the people
ol the Stales, by being less ambitious to exercise
power, and more anxious to preserve liberty; and
by leaving to the individual States the manage
ment ol all their domestic concern*?while it con
tents itself with guarding the confederacy from
external violence, and directing the foreign policy
of the country to the promotion of the common
interests, and defence of the common rights, and
nouor of the States composing it.
The Skntinsl will advocate such a progressive
foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies
and correspond with the expanding interests of the
country That policy should be energetic and de
cided; but should temper firmness with liberality
and make its highest ends consist with the strictest
principles of justice. The real interests of the
co"n'ry.> uP?n each occasion demanding attention
will be its guide in the course the SENnwii. wil
The national policy of the world in this aire is
essentially aggressive. In th# growing sense 01
weakness of some of the nation* of the Old World
and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com'
mon motive to colonial extens-on has developed
Our settled determination tc repel interference
lrom abroad with our domestic concerns, wil
prompt us to avoid it in the affairs of other coun
tries, unless by their foreign or colonial policy our
peace should be threatened, our security endan
gered, or our interests invaded. For when the
selfish interests of other nation* prompt a foreign
or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights
and places in the pathway of our commerce a
dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must
be resisted by remonstrance, and, if need be tv
war. ' ' I
Our foreign policy should, indeed, be defensive,
but to be properly drfenstve, it must aomatimes be
apparently aggressive. Our administration should
be yiplant, watchful, and energetic. The world
is tun of important movements, commercial and
political, deeply concerning American trade and
American power. It is time we had an American
lore 1 en policy. We must have it. We cannot
avoid it if wo would. We have larger interests, and
? greater stake in the world and its destiny, than
every other people. We occupy the best ?>rtion
ol a qpntinent, with no neighbors but a colony and
a worn-out, anarchical despotism. We are the
olny people whose own land, without colonial de
pendencies, is washed by the two great ocean, ol
the world Our agricultural productions arc more
varied and more essential to civilized life, and ta
human progress?our mineral and manufacturing
resources more vast?our facilities and capacity for
internal and foreign commerce more extended
than those of any other people living under one
government. A continent, to a great extent, un
explored and exhaustless m its yet hidden wealth
it at our feet. European trade seeks the great East
through avenues which are at our doors, or must
be made through our own limits. Europe. Asia
J.'E-S the '*le* of the ,e*' 'yn# "II arounti
us, look to us as the rising power, through the
agency of whose example, and ever widening and
extending, though peaceful influences, the bless
ings of liberty, civilization, and Religion, are des
ned to triumph over the barbarism and supersti
Hon of the millions mf the world. And shall such
a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and
a?t upon the high mission to which it ia called1
A mission so full of hope, though so laden with
responsibility, which, if properly directed, must
make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to
the world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of its
The Smrmxi. will, therefore, advocate a bold
and earnest foreign vol,cy, such as the condition of
the county demands; but it will advocate it under
the flag of the country?nowhera else. Its foreign
policy must be consistent with the spotless honor
and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To
be respectable at home and abroad, and to be great
in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothine
what is right, and submit to nothing that is
wrong It must be liberal and magnanimous to
the rights of others, and firm and immoveable 111
insisting on its own. It must, in fine, be true to
its own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then I
l>e false to thop# of other nation*.
Such, then, is the chart by which we shall be
guided. Independent and free, we shall endeavor
to be honest and truthful. The trua friends ol
democratic principles we shall cordially support
and defend. Its enemies in the field or in ambush
we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions de1
nounce. '
To our future brethren of the press we extend
the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the
rival of no press ot its own party?the personal
? nemy of none of the other.
The present Democratic Administration has our
Jjest wishes for its success in the establishment 01
the great principles upon which it came into power
w fi'fi" JiTk ane"t l*bo" 10 *M,,in *,1ch "n end '?
will find the 9?irrti?rti, its friend and coadjutor.
I VEflw; the Author or "the
AJ Old House by the River."1
Mr. Rutherford', Chddren, second volume.
Pebble* from the Uke Shore, or Miscellaneous
1 o??ms, by Charles Leland Potter, A. M.
Genera! Notions of Chemistry, trsnslated from
the French, by Edmund C. Evans. M. D.
The Land of the Saracens, by Bayard TayUr
Brushwood picked up on the Continent; or
Last Summers Trip to the Old World, by Orv.lle
Horwitt. 7
The above are selected from a large srrival of
new books at TAYLOR fe MAURY'S
' ,r Bookstore, naarWth at.
The New York end Liverpool United State*
Nail Steamers.
The ships comprising this line are :
The Atlantic Captain West.
The Pacific Captain Nye.
The Baltic Captain Comstock.
These ships having been built by
contract, expressly for government
service, every care hus been taken
i^hei^construction, us also in their engines, to
insure strength and speed, and their accommo
dations for passengers are unequalled for ele
gauce and comfort.
Price of passage from New York to Liverpool,
in first cabin
In second cabin, $75. Exclusive use of extra sized
slate rooms $325
From Liverpool to New York 30 and 20 guineas
An experienced Surgeoi attached to each ship.
No berth secured until paid for.
From New York. From Liverpool
Saturday. .Dec. 16,1854
Saturday. .Dec. 30,1854
Saturday..Jan. 27, 1855
Saturday..Feb. 10, 1855
Wed'day.. Dec 27,1654
WeJ'day. .Jan. 10, 1855
Wed'c ay. .Jan. 24, 1855
Wed'da'..Feb. 7,1855.
Wed'day..Feb. 21, 1855
Wed'day. .Mar. 7,1855.
For freight or pa-sage, apply to
No. 56 Wall street, N. Y.
R. G. ROBERTS & Co.,
13 King's Arms Yard, London.
?? Paris.
GEO. H. DRAPER, Havre.
The owners of these ships will not be accounta
ble for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre
cious stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereot therein ex
pressed^ Jan 3 dtf
ry's Bookstore, near 9th street?
The 1-1urality of Worlds, with an Introduction
l>y Edward Hitchcock, D. D.
A Lamp to the Path; or, the Bible in the Heart,
the Home, and the Market Place, by the Rev. W
K. Tweedie, D. D.
The Catacombs of Rome, by the Right Rev. W.
1. Kip, 1). D.
Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coaa
of America, by Gabriel Franchere.
Cornine, by Madame De Stael, new edition
Vathek, by Beckford, do
Female Poets of Great Britain, do
Western Scenes and Adventures, illustrated.
Life ni Napoleon, by Hazlitt, do
Hanuay, author of Singleton Fontleroy, iec.
Cosas de Espana, or Going to Madrid, via Bar
Just published and for sale at
March 6 Bookstore, near 9th street.
I7U)K RENT, till the ISth of November
^ next, the large built house at the corner of
loth and K streets. Call at the " Sentinel" office.
Intelligencer, Star, and Organ, one week daily'
and send bills to Sentinel office.
May 17?lwd
vtttive Magazlue.?When new aspirants
for popular favor are announced, the public have
a right to demand the grounds upon which such
show of title to their patronage is made. In ac
Itnowledgmenl of this, we trace the customs of
parties in the avowal of principles; of religious
sects, in the promulgation of creeds; and ol per
sons in all pursuits of life, dependent upon the
public for success, in their preparatory expositions
of plans and purposes. The customs thus origin
ating, though sometimes abused, are useful and
proper, and should not be discarded. And when,
in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed,
those approving ought not to withhold their en
couragement, as too many do, until they see that
suocess is sure, for their aid may be needed to
secure it. Such a foolish policy as this jeopar
dizes the plan they approve, and hastens its failure;
it has defeated many important enterprises, and
has deprived the countiy of good and useful works.
If a new proposition of any kind is approved by
the public, the support of those approving is of
right expected, their approval being solicited only
in the view that their more substantial aid will
not be withheld.
The SorTHERU Conservative Magazine wil^
occupy grounds but little cultivated by American
magazinists. It is believed that a field is open for
a periodical of a new and, in some respects, a
higher order than has been aimed at in our maga
zine literature. In this belief, and with such an
aim, we announce the Southern Conservative
The new magazine will be national and not
sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment.^ the South, but aiming at a higher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
It will be Protestant,but not sectarian; opposing
religious bigotry or intolerance on the one aide,
ami infidelity on the other?laboring in its teach
ings to advance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the church.
. It will be political, but liberal; owing no slavish
allegiance to parties or politicians, it will advocate
measures, not men, and will labor only for the
success of principles.
It will be progressive, yet sternly op|?osed to
the reckless spirit of innovation so rife in the
country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de
press; to reform and improve, not to destroy;
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our great
republican theory, and laboring to advance it to
its fullest development.
It will be truly American in tone and sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely because
so; believing that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, par excellence, to any favored people,
hut are the common right of all.
It will be the organ of pure conservatism.
It will entourage a high-toned literature, and
defend pure morals in all the social relations of
And it will number in its corps of regular con
tributors some of the ablest political and literary
writers of the country.
The magazine will be printed on the finest
quality of paper, with new type, *nd in a plain
but superior style.
Each number will contain not less than ?*) large
octavo pages, made up of original articles, con
tributed and editorial ? reviews, political and
scientific essays, romances, poetry, fltc.
We promise much for the new magazine, and
we intend to perform it all, and more, if the read
ing public will give the enterprise a liberal en
The Southern Conservative Magazine will l?e
issued, the first of each month, from the office ol
publication, Nashville or Knoxville, Tennessee,
and will be furnished to suscribers at four dollars
a year, or three dollars if paid punctually in ad
vance. Publication will b? commenced the 1st
day of January, 1H56. Address orders to the
?Ulo. ud proprietor. W T. HELMS,
Knoxville, Tennessee.
May 31,1S66. [
LEAVES from a Family Journal, from
the French of Emilia Souvestre, author of
"The Attic Philosopher in Paris.
Mrs.Jameson's Common-place Book of Thoughts,
Meroorie., ?nd Faocie.- R. FARNHAM,
June 7 Corner 11th st. and IVnn. av.
common place book of Thoughts, Memo
ries and Fancies, original and selected, by Mrs
Jameson. Price 7ft cents.
Lesves from a Family Journal, from the French
of Kmilie Souvestre, author of "the Attic Philo
sopher in Paris." Paper, 50 cents; cloth, 7.)
Theory and Practice of Landscape Painting in
water colors, Illustrated by a series of 24 designs,
colored diagrams of numerous w<apd cuts, *ith
two extra plates of simnltaneotflf^ontraots, by
Oeorge Barnard. Price $5.
Just received at
TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookstore,
June 7 aear 9th st.
_ . just received from the publishers, Firth,
Pond dc Co., New York, aud George Willie#, jr.,
Baltimore, an assortment of their latent publica
jjfcfir Pianos tuned, warranted to give sutis
adjoining Kirkwood House
i Dec 16?3tawif
Yaluablg real estate pok
Sale.?The block of building* known as
' the Union Buildings, 'and now occupied by the
Union newspaper establishment. They are situ
ated on E street, between 13th and 14th streets,
and Ironting directly on Pennsylvania avenue. The
lot is 70 feet front by 159 feet deep. The property is
susceptible of division and re-arrangement, and
its position such as must rank it among the best
business stands on the avenue, and is yearly in
creasing in value. The time of the present lessee
expires on the 1st September next, on which day
possession may had.
Also, that large three-story Brick House on 17th
street west, (opposite the War Office, and three
doors south of G street.)
Also, that three-story House on 17th street west,
next door to the Government Building, at the
corner of F and" 17th streets.
Should the above pioperty not be sold at private
sale prior to the 15th of May, it will be sold on
that day at public auction.
Terms will be made favorable to the purchaser.
Apply to CH. H. WINDER,
Corner of 17th and G streets.
March 20?2awtl5May
To the Patrons of Berkeley- Springs.
THE understated begs leave to inform his
friends and the public generally, that he has
erected a new and extensive Livery Stable, for
the accommodation of those who may wish to
keep their horses at the Springs during the ap
proaching season. The building contains about
40 stalls of extra width, and extensive Carriage
Sheds. Its location is clean, dry, and airy, and
convenient to Colonel Strother's Hotel, with
which it is connected by arrangement. Expe
rienced and reliable persons will be in attendance,
and no expense will be spared to give every
satisfaction to the visiting public. The proprietor
will also keep for hire, several pleasure carriages
and saddle horses. Having provided these ac
commodations, at considerable expense, the Pro
prietor hopes that he will be liberally patronized
Terms to suit the times.
Berkeley Springs,
Morgan County, Va., July 1, 1855.
July 18?tf.
A Weekly Newspaper to be published In
Washington City.
The undersigned, expecting soon to retire from
the position he has for some time held asSuperin
tendent of the United Stales Census, intends to
devote himself to the control and management of
the Review, of which, for the last nine years, he
has been the editor and proprietor, and to the
publication in the City of Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
The material for this paper will consist, in part,
of selections or extracts from articles admitted
into the Review, but mainly of other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digests of the current events of
the day, home and foreign; the proceedings ol
Congress and the acts of the Government; lite
rary and scientific sketches and essays upon
leading and popular topics; biographical sketches
of public men; digest of official reports, State and
Federal; the state of the markets in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of crops;
supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the
country as shown by statistics, bringing down
those of the National Census always to date
The object will be, through careful editorial
management and a 'arge and well-selected cor
respondence, to establish at the sest of govern
ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted
to the wants of every community; imparting
musement and information, and political, only to
the extent of maintaining the institutions ef the
country and defending the rights and sovereignty
of the States.
The City of Washington, from the advantages
which it presents for obtaining material of every
kind, through the action of the Smithsonian Insti
tution, the Patent Office, and the National Agri
cultural Convention, etc., and the several Bureaus
and Departments of Government, from its oonti
guily to the large commercial cities, from the ex
tended, exciting, and all important interests that
eoncentrate upon it, is, perhaps, the most eligible
location for such s journal, and ample guarantees
of its suocess have already been received. It will
be printed in folio for the convenience of binding,
and similar in style to the New York Albion.
Terms: $2 rita a nnpm, in advance.
To Clubs, of 10 st'BScaiBEKS, at one post office,
SI 5 in advance.
To Subscribers of DkBow's Review, not in
arrears, the Review and Times together, $6 in
Advertisements on accommodating terms.
In order to incresse the usefulness of the Re
view, which has now scquired s very extensive
circulation, it will be enlarged from 112 to 140 or
150 pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistance and an able corps of contribu
A month I istorical digest of events will be
embraced in /ts pages, valuable for future refer
The subscription price of the Review will re
main st IS per annum, but for the convenience ol
the large clsss of persons who may not desire
the whole work, or who may only solicit in
formation upon one or more of the subjects to
which it is devoted, it is in contemplation te mske
a separste publication of the matter relating to
AgruruJt*r*, mother of that relating to Manufac
turmf a third *> ItUornal JmprokmnttU*; a fourth
to Comm+rt*; and a fifth to Kdveatton and LriUrt.
These publications will be but departments of the
whole work, and may be subscribed for separately
at 91 per annum each. They will appear monthly
in handsome periodical style, of from twenty-five
to thirty-two pages ; constituting an annual octavo
volume of 3?>0 pages each, showing at a single
view and in a condensed form the whole results,
within the year, in tk* partimlar dfjtarimtnit, in
? ur own country and abroad, as the Rrvikw itxelt
will show them is all of tk* of indus
try and enterprise.
1 he Office of DeBow's Review will remain *?
before at New Orleans, though a branch will be
located st Washington, which will be also the
main office of the other Journals, and msy be
sddres>ed at all tunes in regard to them. The
particular address of the editor, whether Wssh
ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from time
to time, in the work.
Washington, Nov. 2fJ, ISM.
DkBow's Indiistri ai. Resources, three
handsomely bound volumes upon the Progress
and Wealth of the United States, 1,800 pages royal
octavo, double columns, clear print, library ??li
tion, may still be ordered. Price ffi delivered'
st the expense of the aiitb*>>
Vor Writing Without P?B or Ink?Copy
In c Leaves, PUuiU, Vloweri, Picture*,
PatUnu for Km broidery, Marking Lin
en Indelibly, Manifold Writing.
THIS Article is absolutely the best portable
Inkstand in the known world, for u small
quantity folded and placed in the pocket conati
lutes a travelling Inkstand, which cannot be bro
ken. No pen is needed, for any stick, sharpened
to a point, writes equally as well as the best gold
pen in the universe. For drawing it is indispen
sable.. It is, indeed, the whole art of Drawing and
Painting?taught lit one lesson. Any leaf, plant,
or flower can be transferred to the pages of an
album, with a minute and distinct resemblance of
nature. With equal facility, pictures and em
broidery patterns are taken, and have received
ihe highest et'logiumt from the fair sex ; and, in
deed, a more tasteful present for a lady could not
This Magic Paper will also mark Linen, or
other articles, so as to remain perfectly indelible.
All the washing in the world fails to bring it out
Any child can use it with perfect ease. With
this Magic Paper, likewise, one or four copies
of every letter written can be secured without
any additional labor whatever, making it the
cheapest and most convenient article extant. It
is used to great advantage by reporters of the
public press, telegraphic operators, and hosts of
Each Package contains four different colors?
Black, Blue, Green, and Red, with full and printed
Instructions for all to use, and will last sufficiently
long to obtain Five Hundred distinct Impressions.
It is put up in beautifully enamelled colored
Envelopes, with a truthful likeness of the Pro
prietor attached. Each and every package war
E7"Price $2 a dozen; or five for one dollar.
Single packages 25 cents.
Address, post paid, N. HUBBELL,
Ne. 167 Broadway, New York.
Hhbbkll's Magic Impression Papkh.?We refer
our readers to the advertisement in another col
umn, setting forth the merits of this pleasing and
ingenious invention. The cheapness should in
duce all to give it a trial.?Philadelphia Merchant.
It is unsurpassed for neatness and utility, and
should meet with the sale it richly deserves.?
?NTEKE8TING NEWS?We have just
received a large assortment of BOOTS and
[OES for ladies', misses', and children's wear,
which we offer very low.
Ladies' Gaiters from $1 to $3.
Misses' Boots of every kind, in proportion.
Of Children's Shoes we have every color and
style, from 25 cents up.
The inquiry generally is, Where can we find a
good assortment of shoes lor children ? We can
answer all such querists to their satisfaction if
they give us a call.
We would also stnte thai we are prepared to
manufacture every style of boot or shoes usually
worn by gentlemen, ladies, misses, or children.
Also on haivd, every description of boots and
shoes, which will be sold very low.
Call and examine for yourselves before pur
chasing elsewhere, as we are determined to sell.
S. C. MILLS & CO.,
Mar 1?3t No. 486 Seventh st.
"rpHE BLUE HOOK."?Official Regls
_L ter of tbe United States, giving the
names of all Officeholders under the Government,
with their Salaries, Location, and time of appoint
ment. A few copies of the last edition still for
?ale in Washington by
T)IANOS, PIANOS!?We have uow iu
I store the largest and most reliable stock of
Pianos ever offered in this city, from the justly re
nowned manufactories of Hallet, Davis & Co.,
Boston; Bacon & Raven, New York; and Knabe,
Gaehle & Co., Baltimore; ranging in prices from
$225 to $500.
In addition to those in store, wc have on exhi
bition at the Metropolitan Mechanics' Fair, at the
Smithsonian Institute, four superb Pianos, made
expressly lo our order for this Exhibition, any of
which we will dispose of on reasonable terms.
Also on hand, Guitars, Violins, Flutes, Accord
eons, Melodeons, Banjos, Strings, Music, &c.
Kemeiuber, at the Piano, Music, Stationery,
Perfumery, and Fancy Goods Store of
306 Penn avenue, near 10th street.
Russia as it i?, by count de gu
MEMOIRS, Speeches, and Writings, of Robert
Ranioul, jr., edited by Luther Hamilton.
and privnte devotion, by James Montgomery.
Novel, by Caroline Lee Hentz, with illustrations
from original designs, in 2 vols.
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discourses, l>y
Sylvester Judd, Pastor of Christ Church. Maine.
the English Common wealfh, from the execution
of Charles I. to tbe death of Cromwell, by M. G.
Guizot, translated by A. R. Scoble, in 2 vols.
ANT Refugees, from the Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes to our own days, by M. Charles Weiss,
Professor of Hiatory in the Lycee Bonaparte, in 2
ming, D. D.
VOICES OF THE DAY, by Rev. John Cum
ming, D. D.
Just published and received at the bookstore *1
Apr 15 Corner of 11th st. and Penn. av.
Work, Wolfert's Roost and other Papers,
now first collected, by Washington Irving.
Scotlish Songs, Ballads, and Poems, by Herr
Full Proof of the Ministry, a Sequel to the Boy
who was trsined up to be a Clesgyman, by John
N. Norton, A. M.
Memoirs of Lile, Exile, and Conversations of
the Emperor Napoleon, bv the Count de les Cases,
with portraits ana other illustrations.
Manuel of Sacred History, by John Henry
Kurtz, D. D.
Just published and for sale at
Feb 15 Bookstore, near 9th street
Examples op machinery ano
Mill-work?Being plans, sections, and eleva
tion of works in several departments of Machine
ry, Mill-work, and General Engineering, with de
criptioas of their construction, action, and practical
application to various branches of industry.
Just received and for sale at the Bookstore of
Greece,from tbe earliest limes to the Roman
Conquest, with supplementary chapters on the
History of Literature and Art. By Wm. Smith,
LL D., editor dt the Dictionaries of "Greek snd
Roman Antiquities" "Biography and Mythology,''
and " Geography.' With notes, and a continuation
to the present time. By C. C. Felton, LLD..
Eliot Professor of Greek Literature in Harvard
Theabove work is intended principally lor schools
of the higher classes. Just received and for sale ai
the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM, corner of
Pennsylvsnia avenue and 11th street. Aug 21.
ART HINTS.?Architecture, Sculpture,
and Painting, by Jsmes Jackson Jarves,
author of History of ihe Sandwich Islands, &c
Price SI 25.
Waikua, or Adventures on the Mosquito
Shore, sixty engrsvings, by Ssiuuel A Hard.
$1 25
The Heiress of ITaughton, or the Mother's
Secret, by the anther of Aubrey Castle. Avon, A*.
Price 374 cents.
Just published and for sale at
July 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
MOHNINU <;OWN?U? A large and tln
nssortmeni, at all prices, for sale by
From the Baltimore Sun of vesterday.
On* square (twelve linen) I insertion - ?
? u 2 ? 1Z
? 3 ?? I 00
" 1 week 2 <>0
? " 1 luunib 5 (?0
_ Business cards not cxceodmg aix lines.
lor not lean than ail mouths inserted *t halfpriie
Yearly advertisements subject to ?p>-?-ial *r
range ment.
Long advertisements at reduced rate*
Religious, Literary, and Charitable notice* in
serted gratuitously. .
All correspondence o? business must he prepaid
Attorney for Oovernmeat CUIwaati,
CONTINUES to give prompt nnd personal at
tention to the ptosecution of Claims of every
description against the General Government, and
particularly to those before the 1 reasury Depart
ment, Pension and Bounty Land Bureaus, Patent
and General Land Offices, and Board of Claims.
An experience of years, and a familiarity wuh
the means of obtaining the earliest and most la
vorable action on Claims, with his (acilit.es lor the
dispatch of business, justify him in assuring hi#
Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener
ally, that interests intrusted to his keeping will
notibe neglected.
Pension, Bounty Land, Patent, end Public
Laud Laws.
He has nearly ready for gratuitous distribution
among his business Correspondents, (and those
who may become such,) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty
Land, Patent, and Public Land Laws, down to
the end of the late Congress, including the
Bounty Laud Act of 3d Marcli, 1S65,
under which all who have heretofore received
less than 160 acres are now entitled to additional
land; said Act grants also 160 acres to all Officers,
Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldiers,
Wagon-masters, Teamster^ and friendly Indians,
o( the Army, inoluding State Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia?and all Officers. Seamen, Ordiniuy
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Landsmen, of llie
Navy, not heretofore provided for, who have
served sot l?ss than fourteen days (unless in bat
tle) at any period since 17*76; and to the widows
and minor children of all such persons entitled,
and deceased. ..
This pamphlet contains "Forms of Application
more full and complete than any eUewhere to be
found; adapted to the wants of every class ot
Claimants under the Act, with copious decisions
and instructions of the Department, and practical
suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the
facilities afforded by this office in securing prompt
and personal superintendence of their claims at the
Departments, can obtain copies of the above
pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage
Inducemeuta to Correspondents.
Correspondents who prepare and forward cuses
for management by this Agency will be dealt with
liberally; supplied with all necessary blanks gratis,
and kept constantly advised of the changes Hint
from time to time occur in the execution of ihe
It is within the subscriber's power to direct hiH
Correspondents to the locality of very many per
sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob
tained several thousand Land Warrants under
former laws, he is in possession of data that will
materially assist in securing additional bounty.
Fees, below the usual rates?and contingent
upon the admission of Claims.
The highest cash prices given for L-ud War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and lllin. Lund
Address S. M.
Wii-hingiou ('iiy
March 17? law2m
Treble patent improved eye
let Machine.
First patent combined on one stock.
Second patent, self-feeding in the eyelets.
Third patent, patent improved fastener, riveting
both sidits. ? .
All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine
are strongly recommended to use none but "Lip
man's Patent Improved,'' which is decidedly the
best ever brought before the public, possessing
numerous advantages, viz:
It is strong, durable, and not liable to get out of
It punches the hole well and to fit the Eyelet,
and in ons operation clinches the Eyelet on both
It saves time, as the papers, &c., need not be
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a
second time, as is the case with all other-ma
It is useful to the merchant in filing away
papers, as well as to the attorney or conveyancer,
the shomaker, tailor, miliner, and numerous
others, and is a very labor-saving machine.
Agents for Washington,
Book and Stationery Store, near 9th st.
May 24
L A T El) TEA SETS.-1 have Just re
ceived some new styles Albata and SiIvct
Plated Ware that I offer at manufacturer's prices ,
also, a large assortment of Spectacles, of every
description ; together with a good assortment of
pure Silver Ware, of my own manufacture, which
I will retail at wholesale prices
418 Penn. avenue, bet. 4} and 6ili st*.,
Sign of the Large Spread Eagle
Feb 25?dlwif
k T REDUCED PRICES*?As the neaf?n
J\ is advanced, we have determined to sell ofl
the remaining portion of our winter stock at
greatly reduced prices; therefore gentleman wish
ing to consult economy in purchasing fine Over
coats, Talmas Dress, Frock, and Business Coats;
Black and Fancy Cashmere Pants; Velvet, Silk,
Satin, and Merino Vests; Under Shins and
Drawers, and all other ready made garments of
fine quality, will find our present variety to be as
well assorted as in the beginning Ol the s?ason,
with the advantage of much lower prices.
392 Pa. avenue, next to Iron Hall
Feb 24 * ___
Messrs. TAYLOR & MAURY beg to an
nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our
citizens, the pictures now on exhibition at their
store will be rallied for.
Eleven prizes ; sixty chances, at to.
April Bookstore, sear Ninth street.
xjEW WORK., by the Author of the Heir
l\ of Redclyffe.
The Castle Builders,by the authorof the Heart s
Ease, in paper covers ; price 50 cents ; bound, 75
Just published aad for sale at
March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth street
from 1894 to 1854, inclusive, 1 volume.
Williams on Personal Property, with American
notes, 1 vol.
The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by
John Wm. Wallace, 1 vol
The Creed of Christendom, by W. R. Greg.
llabits and Men. by l>r. Dora or.
Guy Rivers, by William GilinoreSimms, 1 vol.,
new edition. ...
Bits of Blarney, by R. Shellon Mackensie,
Bart ley's Poems, 1 volume.
Lippencott's Prononncmg Dictionary of the
World, I vol., 8vo. FRANCK TAYLOR.
Sept 15 _
val, at Bladensbtirg, on the night ol Tuesday
last, a DARK BROWN MARE, w.th her lore
feet bare,a while star in the forehead,nnd marked
on the back with saddle pinch; the said mare had
a saddle on. Whoever will return said mare, or
give information where sh?" van l?e found, will
receive mnny thanks, and Five Itollarsas a re
ward JOSEPH JONES. Manager for
Rossburg, Prince Georges Co.. Maryland.
B Warner, author of Dollars and Cents,
m r. Rutherford's Children, fcc. o -???? P'^-hed
and for sale by R* tARNHAN ,
M?v 6 Corner of Pa. avenue and 11th streM.
A NEW WORK on the Cathollelty of the
A True Church.?The Golden Heed, or llie
True Measure of a True Church, by B. F. Barren,
""Sft'ir' ' * KARNIIAM

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