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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 12, 1854, Image 1

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V"L 3. """ TR1 -W K F.KLT. '' N0 30
Ward's Building, near the Capitol,
Tri-Weekly i". ?? '? <*'
Veelcly ... 3 00
To Clmkh ok Individual*, subscribing id
five or more copies?
Tri-weekly per h.iuuiii. in advanpet.vi m?
Weekly " " ?
EyiWiinisters are requested to an asmtonts.
THE SONS of THE sires. A lll-v
tory of ihe Rise, Progress, and Destiny ot
ihe American Party, and its probable influence
on the next Presidential election, to which is
added a Review of the Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by an Ame
The History oi Mason and Dixon's Line, uon
tained in an Address delivered by John H. B.
Latrobe, of Maryland, before the Historical So
piety of Pennsylvania, November 8, 1854.
Mirana Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S.
M. H.
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M.D.,with
? Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W.
Jnst received and for sale by
Corn.-r of Penn. avenue and 11th street.
Feb 15
ARPER'8 MAGAZINE for September is
a magnificent number, filled with superior
engravings, and for sale at Shilunoton's book
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the best that has'been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains
all the new Fall fashions.
The Knickerbocker Magazine for September.
Godey's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, ano
Putnam's Magazine, all tor September, received
and for sale at
THE FAILURE of Free Society.?Soci
ology for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Fitz)iugh. On sale at
Book Store, near 9th street.
STONE <ill4KKV.?I am prepared to tar
nish from my quarry, opposite the Little Falls
and adjoining the quarry of the late Timothy
O'Neale, any quantity of stone that maybe needed
for building purposes. Apply to the undersigned
at his house on H, between 19th and 20th streets,
in the First ward, or to Mr. Paine, at the quarry.
eOMMENTARIES on the Jurisdiction
Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the
Courts of the United Slates, vol. 1, by George
Ticknor Curtis.
History of the Crusades, their Rise, Progress,
and Results, by Major Proctor, of the Royal
Military Academy.
Cu mining's Lectures on the Seven Churohes.
On sale at
TAYLOR Jc MAURY'S Bookstore,
Nov 16 near 9th street.
WATCHES.?Members of Congress and
others in want of perfect timekeepers wonld
do well to make their selections at once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the city.
Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen
was never so complete as at present, embracing
?very description,-which we offer unusually low.
Pen it. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
Jan lb
|~\ANIEL WEBSTER.-Metiers. Taylor
I t iV MAURY have a few of the original sob
scriber*' copies of tbe works of Daniel Webster,
printed on very fine imperial paper, in which Mr.
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes;
price ?20.
T. & M. are the only booksellers in tbe United
SlHtus who bnve any copies la their possession.
Mar 11 Bookstore near 9ih sL
HO. HOOD, Pennsylvania avenue, between
a 4^ and 6th streets, has just returned from
be north with a good assortment of the moat rich
iiid fashionable Jewelry in tbe market, which be
jiurchancd for <*ash at very low prices, and now of
(era tor sale the same, at wholesale or retail, mruch
I'Leaper tban goods of like quality have ever been
?old for in this section of country. Please call at
liis store, sign of the large spread eagle.
N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing of
w mcbes by W. W. Holliogsworth.
taining Hints to Sportsmen. Notes on Sport
"g. and tbe Hahits of Ihe Game Birds and Wild
Fowl of America, by Elishn J. Lewis, M. D., with
numerous illustrations.- For sale at
Jan. 4 Book 8tore, near Ninth street.
i ;NERAJL AGENCY.?The undersigned
f most respectfully informs, by this notice, his
riends and the public in general, here and esle
'rhrre, that he has opened an Agency Office for
the prosecution of claims of every description
?usinst the government, before the several depart
menu 01 (ingress; procure pensions, bounty
suds extra pay. and arrearage pay, and will at.
pnd to the buying and sel'ing of real estate, the
renting ot houses, and a general collecting busi
ncss; he will also furnish parties at a distance
with sucb information as they may desire from
the seat of government Charges will be modtv
sale. Office, at present, will lm on M near lbtk
Hon. J. C. Dobbin, Secretary of Ot* Nav*
Hon. J. Davis. Secretary of War.
Calian, esq., Pr**ui*nt of the Board of Cms*
tutn Council.
lien. John M. McCalia. Attorney tit Lr*mi.
James H. Caustin, esq.
W C. Rcddall, Stair Department.
Jan 17?it
GONSERVB and Preserved Ginger and
Chew-Chow, Attea and ChQong Loong, Csn
fon, fresh impertation. For sale by
No. 40, opposHe the Centre Market
if you wish to purchase anything in the way
of fine American, London, or Geneva watches,
{that can he relied on for the trtis time.) rich gold
lewelry, pure silver ware, Arc., Arc., and save from
If) to 2? per cent, as be is now receiving his
Pall supply, which will be sold at thn lowest
whole-sle rates.
Fine watches and jewelry repaired, and war
ranted to give satisfaction.
H. O. HOOD'8
Pa. avenue, between 4J and #tb streets, sign o?
the large snresd eagle.
LINGTOfT8 Bookstore?
The I>odd Family, by Charles Lever, author ?*f
' hsrles O'Mslley.
behind the Scenes, by I^ady Bilwer Lytton
The Lamplighter, one of the mn?i fs-u-inatwg
sooks ever written.
Everything in the Book Newspaper, and Hta
"nery line for sale at
Boekstore, Odeon Bfiitding, corner 44
street and Pa. avenue
1/DWARD LYCBTT, Seiu, JBook-Blhder,
JPj Potomac Hall, corner of Eleventh-street and
Msrylsnd avenue, over Clarke's Drug store. Wash
ington, D. C.
Kvery style of buok*bin4fng ex?cmcd, either it
velvet. Turkey Morocco. Russia, or fancy ?v>lors
??>ll? 1
Periodicals and Music neatly half t>ound.
Mr. Ltott respectfully suggests 10 his frmnds
that while mncb has been done to transmit family
records, lift'* care has been takeh to preserve pa
rental likenesses. He takos thfa method to inform
kn? friends, and these deairows #f perpetuating per
sonal remembrances, thst daguerreotype like
nesses can )>e inlaid on ihe inside novel's of fsmi
y bibles, presentation-books, or keepsakes, speci
mens of which can be *??? at hi* Idndery, or he
can be addressed hv letter, o-hjchwill be promptly
attended to ..
Mathematical dictionary aim
Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com
nrising definitions of all the terms employed in
Mathematics, an analysis of each I ranch, and of
the whole as forming a single science, by Charles
Dnvies, L. L. D., author of a complete course of
Mathnmatica, and Wm. O. Peck, A. M., Assist
ant Professor of Mathematics United Slate* Mili
ary Academy. Just published, and for sale at
he Bookstore of R FARNHAM,
BE It known that I, the subscriber ob
tained letter* patent in December, 1851, for
an apparatus for the destructive distillation ot
wood, and the making therefrom of tar or pitch ai
pleasure, and gas; and that in the judgment ol
competent persons the invention of an appar
tus recently patented by W. D. Porter caunot be
u?*ed by him or any other person without infring
ing my said patent. And, further, that what is
patented by said Porter rightfully belongs to me,
ad 1 expect to provfe ere long before the United
States Patent Office; and, further, that the use of
said Porter's invention involves also a process
which I am now claiming before the United Stales
Patent Office, and which has been adjudged to be
patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which
said W.D. Porter has formally disclaimed, (is ap
pears upon the public records of said office, ot
which an official copy is hereto annexed, and also
a copy of his claims.
In the National Intelligencer of the 25th instant
Mr. Porter announces that he has secured by
patent the "exclusive right to making gas from
wood," and threatens prosecution to all parties
infringing his patent. I ask how this statement
comports with the fact of my patent of December,
1851, and how far the threat can intimidate under
such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm,-and was
so understood by the Patent Office, as it appears
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim was at first refused as interfering with a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given he
low, and in Which the perforated diaphragm is the
saving clause, is what Mr. Porter calls securing
the "exclusive right to making gas from wood.'
The statement carries absurdity on its front, and
is a libel on the good sense of the Patent O'Hce
If such a claim or right had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory
in the country.
The following copies of correspondence and
extracts from the records of the Patent Office will
show the true state of the ease :
Unite* States Patknt Office,
August 25, 1851.
Sik. In reply to your letter of this date, asking
" if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter,
dated 22d August, 1854, or at any other time, or
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them 11 the exclusive right of making gas frojn
wood" and whether any such claim was made by
W. D. Porter, under his application for a patent,
which letters patent were issued bearing the
above dale, you are informed that W. D. Porter's
claims are believed to be c nlined to his appara
tus; and, further, this office is not aware that a
patent has been granted heretofore lor the exclu
sive right of making gas from ioo*d It would,
however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make
an extended investigation to answer your re
I ain, respectfully,, your obedient servant,
C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents.
W. P. McConakll, Esq.,
Care of Prof. C. G. Page, Washington. D. C.
The United States Patent Office? To all persons to
whom the**presents shall corns, greting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the files of this office of an extract from a
Super filed in the matter of the application of W.
I. Porter for letters patent, in accordance with
which application letters patent were issued to the
said W. D. Porter on the 22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the seal
ol the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
[i? s.} this 25th day of August, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty
four, and of the independence of the United
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Copy Of disclaimer ?f W. D. Porter in his applies
turn for " an improved mill for making wood
gas,"filed August 5, 1854. Inters patent issued
August 22, 1854.
" I do not claim as my inveulion and discovery
the improvements in making gas from wood, vix:
subjecting the products of destructive distillation
therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially
as has been described and for the purposes set
forth in the specification of W. P. McConnell.
The United States Patent Offic*? To all person* to
whom these presents shall come greeting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the records of this office of an extract from
the specification of W. D. Porter's patent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hundred and hfty-four.
In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the
seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto
, . affixed this twenty-fifth day ot August,
u *?' n the year of our Lord oue thousand
eight hundred ifnd fiftv-four, and ol the
independence of the United States the
seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Enract from Specification oj W. D. Perter^on
which Utters patent were issued August 22, 1854.
Claim.?What I claim as my invention and do
sire to secure by letters patent is:
"The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting ef s metallic or other cylinder B, the
cones E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe
F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe
cification, and shown in the accompanying draw
The truth of the abevemay be ascertained from
the records of I he Patent Office, to which all have
By his attorney CHAS. G. PAGE.
X UNITED STATES."?This celebra
ted Msp, recently eulogised by Lieutenant Mau
ry, in his " Virginia Letters," is on sale ai
Dec 1 Bookstore, near Ninth street
SOUTHERN- BOOK,?Ortjjln of the Con
stitution; Incorporation of the Genersl Gov
ernment by the States; as national public agents
in truA, with no sovereignty ; History of Copart
nership 'Territories from the Virginia Deed, 1784,
to the Treaty with Mexico, 1848; Division of the
Public Lands ; Specific Duties; Origin and History
?f the Pnriians; Origin and Cause of Trouble be
tween the North snd South, snd Jeopardy of the
Republic; Legal mode of Redress pointed out; by
W B. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price
Two Dollars.
On Sale at BISHOP'S Periodical more.
No 216 Pennsylvania avenue,
adjoining Willard's Hotel
miVhe peasant boy philosopher
I ky Henry Mavbew, price 75 cants.
The Essence of Christianity, by Ludwig Fener
bach, translated from the second German edition
by Marion Evana, translator of Straua'a Lile of
Jesus, price SI 25.
Travels in Europe and the East, by Samuel
lreneus Prime, two volumes, price two dollar*
Just published and for aale at
XTRA Heavy-plated Tea Seta, Albata
j Forks, Spoons, Ate.?M. W. Gait A" Br?,
have just received a l?eantiful assortment of?
Extra Plated Tea Sets, latest styles
Castors, Cake Baskets, Card Trays, 4r<
Also,-superior Albata Forks and Spoons.
The above are of the very best quality, snd un
usually low.
M. W. GALT it BRO.
Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th sts.
ANCHOVIES, Varieties, and Shrimp
Pasts.?Anchovy Paste, genuine, in jars.
Anchovies in sauce, in pickle, and salt.
Essence of Lobsters, Anchovies, and Shrimps
Just received by
f)er, I3_3tif No. 40. op. Centre Market
Picturesque, Historical, and Social ; with a
Sketch Of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated
from the German by Edward Joy Morris Price
#1 50
Lectures on Engliah Literature, from Chancer
to Tennyson, by Henry Reed. Price ll *
Just published, and for aale at
T PROPOSE to publish in the city oi Waahuik
I ton, in September, a political newapaper.un
tr l!; name of the WASHINGTON WfclNTI
In doing so, it is proper I should make known
the principle* it will maintain, and the policy it
will advocate. ... , . -
It will support cordially and earnestly the prin
ciples of the Democratic party of the UnUsd State*
it does not propose to be the organ of any Depart
nie.nt of the Government, except in so tar n* ani in
?lependent maintenance of the doctrines ot that
parly may represent its opinions and express its
It will not be ambitious to commend itself to the
people by a blind flattery of their rulers. It will
seek public t jpport by the bold avowal of the
sentiments which are common to the genuine
Democracy of the Union, and by the condemna
tion of all such as may conflict with them, from
whatever quarter they may come. It w?U ?
be (and it will endeavor to deserve the title) the
organ of the Democratic party of the United
The SinTjnei. will maintain, as s fundamental
truth of that great party, that ,he State, formed ihe
Union between them by the ratification of the Con
stitution ,s a compact; W which, also thevcrwted
the Federal Government. ???' delegated to it,
as their amnion agent, the power* expressly
specified in it. with an explicit reservation ot all
others to the States, or to their separate govern
ments. The exercise of any powers beyond these
thus delegated, is. theretbre. an usurpation of the
reserved *iXrity of .he Steles hv -He ,<e-,t ot
their own Creation. IT
The Sentinel, will uphold and <l?fend ihe Union
upon the basis of the rights of th* States -?nder
the Constitution?and thus by sedulously guarding
the latter, it will the more ert'ectually strengthen
and perpetuate the former.
With regard to the exercise of the powers of the
Fenrnl Government, the Sknt.net. will take as
the , rinciple* of its action, that Congress "h.ll ex
ercia no power which has not been delegated by
the C. nstuution, according to a strict and fair in
terpret tion of its language and spirit; an<^thu1'
shaU nt seek to attain indirectly an objectthroiigh
the exei ise of constitutional poyer, for the uirect
attain me t of which it has no delegation of power.
In other word*, all powers exercised must be
clearly gra ted, and all granted powers must be
used for no uirnose, except such as '? dearlv in
tended by th Constitution.
In respect to the infernal administration ol the
Government, ihe Sentinel will sustain the titled
policy of the Democratic party. U will labor to
inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in
ternal poUcy:?that this Government will best
promote the freedom and prosperity of the people
of the Stales, by being less ambitious to exercise
nower, and more anxious to preserve liberty, and
bv leaving to the individual States the manage
ment of all their domestic concern*?while it con
tents itself with guarding the confederacy from
external violence, and directing the foreign policy
of the country to the promotion of the common
interests, and defence of the common rights, and
honor of the States composing it.
The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive
foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies,
and correspond with the expanding interests of the
country. That policy should be energetic and de
cided; but should temper firmness with liberality,
and make its highest ends consist wrththe sinetest
nrinrinles of justice. The real interests of the
country?upon eaoh occasion demanding attention
vS be its guide in the course the Sknttnkt. wil
The national policy of the world in this age is
essentially aggressive. In th. g^ing sense o,
weakness of some of the nation* of the Old World,
and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com
mon motive to colonial extens-on has developed
*?Our settled determination tc repel interference
from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil
prompt us to avoid it in the affairs of othercoun
tries, utiless by their foreign or colonial policy our
peace should be threatened, our security
Ire red, or our interests invaded. For when the
selfish interests of other nations prompt a foreign
or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights,
and places i? the pathway of our commerce a
dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy>niu?t
be resisted by remonstrance, and, if need be, *y
Our foreign policy should, indeed, be defensive,
but to I* properly defensive, it must sometimes be
ajmarenttv aggressive. Our administration should
he^vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world
i. full of important movements, commercial and
political, deeply concerning American trade and
American power. It is time we had an American
foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot
nvoidit if we would. We have larger interests, and
a greater stake in the world and its destiny, than
every other people. We occupy the best portion
of a continent, with bo neighbors but a colony, and
a worn-out, anarchical despotism. We are the
olnV people whose own land, without colonial de
fendencies, is washed by the two great oceans ol
the world. Our agricultural productions are more
varied and more essential to civilned life, and te
human progress?our mineral and manufacturing
resources more vast?ourfacilities and capacity for
internal and foreign commerce more
than those of any other people living under one
government. A continent, to a
explored and exhaustless m its yet hidden wealth
it at our feet. European trade seeks the great fcast
through avenues which are at our doors, or must
he made through our own limits. Europe, Asia,
Africa, and the isles of the Ma, lying all around
us, look to us as the rising power, through the
agency of whose example, and ever widening and
extending, though peaceful influences, the bless
ings of liberty, civibration, and religion, are des
tined to triumph over the barbarism and ??P?r*u.
lion of the millions ef the world. And shall such
a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and
act upon the high mission to which it i?'????}?
A mission so full of hope, though so laden?tb
responsibility, which, improperly d,?c*e^'
make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to
the world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of its
The SatrrmBL will, therefore, advocate a bold
and earnest foreign poiitf, such as the condition of
the country demands; but it will advocate it under
the flag ofthe country?nowhere else. Its loreign
policy must be consistent with the spotless honor
ITnd unimpeachable good Mofthe coB.Wy. To
be respectable at homeand abroad, and to l>e great
in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing
but what is right, and submit to nothing that is
wrong. It must be liberal and magnanimous to
the rights of others, and firm and immoveable in
insisting on its own. It must, in fine, be true to
it. own interests, rights, and honor-it cannot then
be false to those of other nations.
Such, then, is the chart by which we shall be
guided Independent and free, we shall endeavor
Jo be honest and truthful The true fnend* ot
democratic principles we shall cordially support
and defend. Its enemies in the fleld or in ambush
we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions de,
n?To^ur future brethren of the pres. we extend
the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the
rival of no press of its own party?the peraonal
enemy of none of the other.
Th^ present Democratic Administration has our
best wishes for its success in the establishment ot
the great principles upon which it came into power;
and in its honest labors to attain such an end it
will And ihe SxwTtfntL its friend and coadjutor.
? - 4 nil
1ATBR YEAR*, fly the Author of " the
i Old House bv the River."
Mr. Rutherford's'Ch Idren, second volume.
Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous
Poems, by Charles Leland Potter, A. M.
General Notions of Chemistry, translated from
the French, by Edmwnd C. Evans, M. D.
The I/and of the Saracens, by Bayard Tayler
Mru.hwood nicked up oni the Continent; or
La.t Summer s Vr.p to the Old World, by Orv.lle
Horwit*. _ , . ,
The above are selected from a large arrival of
p, r o Bookstore, near 9th st.
The New York aud Liverpool United Mtates
Mall Steaucri.
The shipa comprising this line are :
The Atlantic Captain West.
The Pacific Captain Nye.
The Baltic Captain Comstock.
These ships having been built by
i contract, expressly lor government
service, every care has been taken
... ?aeir construction, as also in their engines, to
insure strength and speed, and their accommo
dations for passengew are unequalled for ele
fance and comfort.
'rice of paasuge from New York to Liverpool,
in first cabin SI30
In second cabin, $75. Exclusive use of extra sized
state rooms.. $325
From Liverpool to New York 30 and 20guineas
An experienced Surgeon attached to each shin.
No berth secured until paid for.
From New York. Frwm Liverpool.
Saturday. .Dec. 16,1854
Saturday. ,Dec. SO, 1354
Saturday..Jan 13, 1855
Saturday..Jan. 27, 1855
Saturday..Feb.10, 1855
Saturday..Feb.24, 1855
W cd'day.. I )?ir. 47,1854
WeJ'day.. Jan. 10, 1855
Wed cay.. Jan. 24, 1855
Wed'd.v... Feb. 7, lb55
Wed'day.. Feb. 21, JS55
Wed'day..Mar. 7, 1855
For fre gh' or pa-sage, apply to
No. 56 Wall street, N. Y.
R. G. ROBERT8 & Co.,
13 King's Arms Yard, London.
GEO. H. DRAPER, Havre.
The owuers of these ships will not be accounta
bje for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre
cious stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereof therein ex
pressed. Jan 3?dtf
ry's Bookstore, near 9th street?
The Plurality of Worlds, with an Introduction
by Kilward Hitchcock, D. D.
A Lamp to the Path; or, the Bible in the Heart,
"the Home, and the Market Place, by the Rev. W
K. Tweedie, D. D.
The Catacombs of Rome, by the Right Rev. W.
1. Kip, D. D.
Nnrrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coas
o?America, by Gnbriel Franchere.
(.orinue, by Madame De Stael, new edition.
Vat he k, by Beckford, do
Female Poets of Great Britain, do
Western Scenes and Adventures, illustrated.
Lile of Napoleon, by Hazlitt, do
Hannay, author of Singleton Fontleroy, &c.
Cosas de Espana, or Going to Madrid, via Bar
Just published and for sale at
March 6 Bookstore', near 9th Btreet.
F>K KENT, till the 15th of November
next, the large built house at the eorner of I
lblh and K streets. Call at the "Sentinel" office.
Intelligencer, Star, and Organ, one week daily'
and send bills to Sentinel office.
May 17?lwd
| vatlve Magazine.?When new aspirants
for popular favor are announced, the public have
a right ^o demand the grounds upon which such
show ol title to their patronage is made. In ac
knowledgment of this, we trace the customs of
parties in the avowal of principles; of religious
sects, in the promulgation of creeds; and of per
sons in all pursuits of life, depeudenl upon the
public for success, in their preparatory expositions
of plans and purposes. The customs thus origin
ating, though sometimes abused, are useful and
proper, and should not be discarded. And when,
in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed,
those approving ought not to withhold their en
couragement, as too many do, until they see that
success is sure, for their aid may be needed to
secure it. Such a foolish policy as this jeopar
dizes the plan they approve, and hastens its failure;
it has defeated many important enterprizes, and
has deprived the country of good and useful works.
If a new proposition of any kind is approved by
the public, the support of those approving is of I
right expected, their approval being solicited only '
iu the view that their more substantial aid will
not be withheld.
Tiik Southern Conservative Magazine will
occupy grounds but little cultivated by American
magazinists. It is believed that a field i? open for
a periodical of a new and, in some respects, a
higher order than has bean aimed at in our maga
zine literature. In this belief, and with such an
aim, we announce the Southern Conservative
The new magazine will be national and not
sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment in the South, but aiming at a higher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
It will be Protestant, but not sectarian; opposing
religious bigotry or intollerance on the one side,
and infidelity on the other?laboring in its teach
ings to advance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the church.
It will be political, but liberal; owing no slavish
allegiance to parties or politicians, it will advocate
measures, not men, and will labor only for the
success of principles.
It will be progressive, yet sternly opposed to
the reckless spirit of innovation so rile in the
country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de
press; to reform and improve, not to destroy;
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our great
republican theory, and laboring to advance it to
its fullest development.
It will be truly American in tone and sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely because
so; believing that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, par excellence, to any favored people,
but are the common right of all.
It will be the organ of pure conservatism.
It will encourage a high-toned literature, and
defend pure morals in sll the social relations of'
And it will number in ita corps of regular cos
tributors some of the ablest political and literary
writers of the country.
The magazine will be printed on the finest
quality of paper, with new type, and in a plain
but auperior style.
Each number will contain not less than 50 large
octavo pages, made up of original articles, con
tributed and editorial ? reviews, political and
scientific essays, romances, poetry, dec.
We promise much for the new magazine, and
we intend to perform it all, and more, if the read
ing public wUl give the enterprise a liberal en
The Southern Conservative Magazine will be
iasued, the first of each month, from the office of
pnblication, Nashville or Knoxville, Tennessee,
and will he furnished to susenbera at four dollars
a year, or thr??e dollars if paid punctually in ad
vance. Publication will be commenced the 1st
dsy of January, 1856. Address orders to the
editor and proprietor.
Knoxville, Tennwssee.
May 31, 1^55.
T EAVES from a Family Journal, from
ILi the French of Emilie Sou vent re, author of
"The Attic Philosopher in Paris.
Mrs.Ja meson's Common-place Book of Thoughts,
Memories, and Fanciea.
Jnne 7 Corner 11th at. and I'enn. av
common-place book of Thoughts, Memo
riea and Fancies, original and selected, by Mrs
Jameson. Price 75cents.
leaves from a Family Journal, from the French
of Kmilie Souvestre, anthor of "4he Attic Philo
sopher in Pans." Paper, 50 cents; cloth, 75
Theory and Practice of Landscape Painting in
water colors, illustrsted by a senea of 24 designs,
colored diagrama of numerous wood cuts, with
two extra plates of simultaneous contracts, by
Ireorge Barnard Price %i.
lust received at
TAYLOR fc MAURY'S Bookstore;
Jnne 7 ??nr wih st.
New music.?w. c. zantzinghr iih?
just received from the publishers, Firth,
Pond & Co., New York, and George Willieg.jr.,
Baltimore, an assortment of their latest publica
J&tt" Pianos tuned, warranted to give satis
adjoining Kirkwood House
Dec 16? 3tawif
Male.?The block of buildings known 'as
' the Union Buildings, 'and now occupied by the
Union newapaper establishment. They are situ
ated on E street, between 13th and 14th Hreets,
aud (Voiding directly on Pennsylvania avenue. The
lot is 70 leet front by 159 feet deep. The properly i
susceptible of division and re-arrftugeiuent, and
its position such aa must rank it amoug the best
business stands on the avenue, and is yearly in
creasing in value. The time of the present lessee
expires on the 1st September next, on which day
possession may had.
Also, that large three-story Brick House on 17th
street west, (opposite the War Office, and three
doors south of G street.)
Also, that three-story House on 17th street weal,
next door to the Government Building, at the
corner of F and 17th streets.
Should the above pioperty not be sold at private
aale prior to the 15th of May, it will be sold on
that day at public auction.
Terms will be made favorable to the purchaser.
Apply to CH. H. WINDER,
Corner of 17th and G streets.
March 20?2awtl5Muy
To the Patrons of Berkeley Vprlngs.
THE uuderslfrued begs leave to iufbrm his
friends and tlie public generally, that he has
erected a new and extensive Livery Stable, for
the accommodation of those who may wish to
keep their horses at the Springs during the ap
proaching season. The building contains about
40 alalia of extra width, and extensive Carriage
I Sheds. Its location is clean, dry, and airy, and
convenient to Colonel Strother's Hotel, with
which it is connected by arrangement. Expe
rienced and reliable persons will be in attendance,
and no expense will be spared to give every
satirfaction to th^vi^iting public. The proprietor
will also keep for hire, several pleasure carriages
and saddle horses. Having- provided these ac
commodations, at considerable expense, the Pro
prietor hopes that he will be liberally patronized
Terms to suit the times.
Berkeley Springs,
Morgan County, Va., July 1, 1S55.
July 18?tf.
A Weekly Newspaper to be published In
Washington City.
The undersigned, expecting soon to retire Irom
the position he has for some time held asSuperin
tendentof the United States Censua, intends to
devote himself to the control and management ol
the Review^ of which, for the last nine years, he
has been the editor and proprietor^ and to the
publication in the City of Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
The material for this paper will consist, in part,
of selections or extracts from articles admitted
into the Review, but mainly of other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digests of the current events ol
the day, home and foreign; the proceedings ol
Congress and the acts of the Government; lite
rary and scientific sketches and essays upon
leading and popular topics; biographical sketches
of public men; digest of official reports. State and
Federal; the state of the markets in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of crops;
supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the
country as shown by statistics, bringing down
those of the National Census always to date
The object will be, through careful editorial
management and a arge and well-selected cor
respondence, to establish at the seat ol govern
ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted
to the wants of every community; imparting
musement and information, and political, only to
the extent of maintaining the institutions of the
country and defending the rights and sovereignty
of the States.
The City of Washington, Irom the advantages
which it presents for obtaining material of every
kind, through the action oC the Smithsonian Insti
tution, the Patent Office, and the National Agri
cultural Convention, etc., and the several Bureaus
and Departments of Government, from its conti
guity to the large commercial cities, from the ex
tended, exciting, and all important interests that
concentrate upon it, is, perhaps, the most eligible
location for such s journal, and ample guarantees
of its suocess have already been received. It will
be printed in folio for the convenience of binding,
and similar in style to the New York Albion.
Terms: $2 per annum, in advance.
To Clubs, of 10 subscribers, at one post office,
$15 in advance.
To Subscribers of Da Bow's Review, not in
arrears, the Review and Times, together. in
Advertisements on accommodating terms.
In order to increase the usefulness of the Re
view, which has now acquired a very extensive
circulation, it will be enlarged from 112 to 140 or
150 pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistsnce and an able corps of contribu
A monfhl" istoricai digest of events will be
embraced in /ts pages, valuable for future refer
The subscription price of the Review will re
main at $5 per annum, but for the convenience ol
the large class of persons who may not deaire
the whole work, or who may only solicit in
formation upon one or more of the subjects to
which it is devoted, it is in contemplation to make
a separate publication of the matter relating to
Agriculture t another of that relating to Manufac
ture/; a third x> Internal Improvement* ; a fourth
to Commerce; and a firth to Education and Letttt*.
These publications will be but departments of the
whole work, and may be subscribed for sepsrately
at $1 per annum each. They will appear monthly
in handaome periodical style, of from tweuty-five
to thirty-two pages ; constituting an annual octavo
volume of 300 pages each, showing st a single
view and in a condensed form the whole results,
within the yesr, in the particular department, in
?urown country and sbroad, as the Keview itself
will show them iti all of the department* of indus
try and enterprise.
The Office of DeBow's Review will remain hb
before at New Orleans, though a branch will be
located at Washington, which will be also the
msin office of the other Journals, and may be
addres?qd at all times in regard to them. The
particular address of the editor, whether Wssh
ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from time
to time, in the work.
Washington, Nov. 26, ISM.
1&r I)kBow's Industrial RanotrxcES, three
hsndsomely bound volumes upon the Progress
snd Wealth of the United States, l.tfOO pages royal
octavo, double columns, clear print, library edi
tion, may still be ordered. Price $6 delivered
at the expense of the suthe"
I'or Writing Without Fe* or I?k-Copy
ing Lravtt, Plants, Flower*, Pictures,
Pattern* for Kiubrolderv, Msrklnf Lin
en Indelibly, Manifold Writing.
feXHl^^ Article in absolutely the l>e?t portable
Inkstand in the known world, for a small
quantity folded and placed in the pocket consti
tute* a travelling Inkstand, which cannot be bro
No pen is needed, for any slick, sharpened
point, writes equally as well as the best gold
pen in the universe. For drawing it is indispen
sable. It is, indeed, the whole art of Drawing and
Painting?taught in one lessou. Any leaf, plain,
or Uower can be transferred to the pages of an
album, with a minute and distinct resemblance of
nature. With equal facility, pictures and em
broidery patterns are taken, and have received
the highest ei'logiunis from the fair sex ; and, in
deed, a nioro tasteful present for a lady could not
be produced.
This Magic Paper will also mark Linen, or
other articles, so as to remain perfectly indelible.
All the washing in the world fails to bring it out
Any child can uie it with perfect ease. With
this Magic Paper, likewise, one or four copies
of every letter written can be secured without
any additional labor whatever, making it the
cheapest and most convenient article extant. It
is used to great advantage by reporters of the
public press, telegraphic operators, and hosts ol
others. v
Each Package contains four different colors?
Black, Blue, Green, and Red, with full and printed
Instructions for all to use, and will last sufficiently
long to obtain Five Hundred distinct Impressions.
It is put up in beautifully euaraelled colored
Envelopes, with a truthful likeness of the Pro
prietor attached. Each and every package war
DI7"Price $2 a dozen; or five for one dollar.
Single packages 25 cents.
Address, post paid, N. HUBBELL,
N?. 107 Broadway, New York.
liuiiBKi.i.'s Magic Impression Paper.?We refer
our readers to the advertisement in another col
umn, setting forth the merits of this pleasing and
ingenious invention. The cheapness should in
duce all to give it a trial.?Philadelphia Merchant.
It is unsurpassed for neatness and utility, and
should meet with the sale it richly deserves.?
I received a large assortment of BOOTS and
SHOES for ladies', misses', and children's wear,
which we ofler very low.
Ladies' Gaiters from $1 to $3.
Misses' Boots of every kind, in proportion.
Of Children's Shoes we have every color and
style, from 25cents up. ,
The inquiry generally is, Where can we find a
good assortment of shoes for children ? We can
answer all Mich querists to their satisfaction if |
they give us a call.
We would also state that we are prepared to
manufacture every style of boot or shoes usually
worn by gentlemen, ladies, misses, or children.
Also on hand, every description of boots and
shoes, which will be sold very low.
Call and examine for yourselves before pur
chasing elsewhere, a* we are determined to sell.
S. C. MILLS & CO.,
Mar 1?3t No. 486 Seventh st.
"rpHU 1ILUE BOOK."?Official Regis
I ter ol. the United States, giving the
names of all Officeholders under the Government,
with their Salaries, Location, and time of appoint
meut. A few copies of the last edition still for
sale in Washington by
PhM 1ANOS, PIANOS!?We have now In
store the largest and most reliable stock of
Pianos ever offered in this city, from the justly re
nowned manufactories of llallet, Davis Si Co.,
Boston; Bacon Si Raven, New York; and Knabe.
Gaehle &c Co., Baltimore; ranging in prices from
$225 to $500.
In addition to those in store, we have on exhi
bition at the Metropolitan Mechanics' Fair, at the
Smithsonian Institute, four superb Pianos, made
expressly to our order for this Exhibition, any of
which we will dispose of on reasonable terms.
Also on hand, Guitars, Violina, Flutes, Accord
eons, Melodeons, Banjos, Strings, Music, Sic.
Remember, at the Piano, Music, Stationery,
Perfumery, and Fancy Goods Store of
. 306 Penn avenue, near 10th street.
MEMOIRS, Speeches, and Writings, of KoIk-m
Kantoul, jr., edited by Luther Hamilton.
and private devotion, by James Montgomery.
Novel, by Caroline Lee Hcntz, with illustration* |
from original designs, in 2 vols.
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discourses, by
Sylvester Judd, Pastor of Christ Church. Maine.
the English Commonwealth, from the execution
of Charles I. to the deathof Cromwell, byM.G.
Guizot, translated l>y A. R. Scoble, in 2 vols.
ANT Refugees, from the Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes to our own days, by M. Charles Weiss.
Professor of History in the Lycee Bonaparte, in 2
VOICES OF TH E NIGHT, by Rev. John Cui?
ming, D. D.
VOICES OF THE DAY, by Rev. John Cum
ming, D. D.
Just published and received at the bookstore ?l
Apr IS Corner of 11th at. and Penn. av.
Work, Wolfert's Roost and other Papers,
now first collected, by Washinglon Irving.
Scottish Songs, Ballads, and Poems, by Herr
Full Proof of the Ministry, a Sequel to the Boy
who was trained up to be a Clergyman, by John
N. Norton, A. M.
Memoirs of Life, Exile, and Conversations of
the Emperor Napoleon, by the Count de les Cases,
with portraits and other illustrations.
Manuel of Sacred History, by John Henry
Kurtz, D. D.
Just published and for sale at
Feb 15 Bookstore, near 9th street
Mill-work?Beiag plans, sections, and eleva
tion of works in several departments of Machine
ry, Mill-work, and General Engineering, with de
criptions of their construction, action, and practical
application to various branches of industry.
lust received and for sale at the Bookstore ol
A1I1STOK Y OF GREECE.?A History of
Greece,from the earliest times to the Roman
(Conquest, with supplementary chapters on the
History of Literature and Art. By Wm. Smith,
LL. D., ediior of the Dictionaries of "Greek and
Roman Antiquities" u Biography and Mythology,-'
and "Geography." With notes, and a continuation
to the present time. By C. C. Felton. LL.D..
Eliot Professor of Greek Literature ??? Harvard
The above work is intended principally for schools
of the higher c lasses. Just received and for sale at
the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM, corner of
Pennsylvania avenue and Uth street. Aug 21.
AKT HI NTH.?Architecture, Hculptait,
and Painting, by James Jackson Jarves,
auihotof History of the Sandwich Islands, fltc.
Price $1 25.
Waikna, or Adventures on the Mosquito
Shore, sixty engravings, by Samuel A Bard.
tl 2ft
The Heiress of Haughton, or the Mother's
Secret, by the autherof Aubrey Castle. Avon, Src.
Price 374 cents.
Just published and for sale at
July 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
OH MM. GOWNS.? A large and Hn
assortment, at all prices, for sale by
From the Baltimore Sun of vestsrday.
One square (twelve tinea) 1 insertion ?? ..SO ^<0
ii i u 2 u 7f
" "3 " ........I. I 00
" *1 week ? 2 t>"
" " 'I month 5 00
Business cards, uui exceeding mi liuo*
for not less than six month*. inserted at haltpri'e
Yearly advertisements subject u> special ar
Long ad vertiaemenis hi reduced rate*
Religious, Literary, and Charitable notices in
serted gratuitously.
All correspondence en business must be prepaid
Attorney for Government Claimants,
CONTINUES to give prompt ?ud personal at
tention to the piosecution of Claims of every
description against the General (Government, and
particularly to thoae before the Treasury Depart
ment, Pension and Bobnty Land Bureau*, Patent
and General Land Offices, and Board of Claims.
An experience of years, and a familiarity with
the meana of obtaining the rarliest and most fa
vorable action on Claims, with hi* facilities for the
dispatch of business, justify him in assuring his
Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener
ally, that interests intrusted to hi* keeping will
not be neglected.
Pension, Bounty Laud, Patent, and Public
Land Laws.
He has nearly ready for gratuitous distribution
among his business Correspondents, (ajjd those
who may become such,) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty
Land, Patent, and PoMio Land Laws, down to
the end of the late Congress, including the
Bounty Land Act of 3d March, 1855,
under which all who have heretofore received
less than 160 acres are now entitled to additional
land; said Act grants also 160 acres to all Officers,
Non-cotninissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldiers,
Wagon-masters, Teamsters, and friendly Indian*,
of the Army, including Stale Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia?and all Officers. Seamen, Ordinary
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Landsmen, of the
Navy, not heretofore provided (or, who have
served not less than fourteen days (unless in bat
tle) at any period since 1776; and to the widows
and minor children of all such persons entitled,
and deceased. ,
This pamphlet contains " Forms uf Application"
more full and complete than any eli-ewhere to be
found; adapted to the wants of every class ol
Claimants under the Act, with copious decisions
and instructions of the Department, and practical
suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the
facilities afforded by this office in securing prompt
and personal superintendent* of their claims at the
Departments, can obtaiu copies of the above
pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage
Inducements to Correspondents.
Correspondents who prepare and forwar.I cases
for management by this Agency will l>e dealt with
liberally; supplied with all necessary blanks gratis.
and kept constantly advised of the changes that
from time to tune occur in the execution of tin
It is within the subscriber's power to direct his
Correspondents to the locality ot' very many per
sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob
tained several thousand Land Warrants under
former laws, he is in possession of data that will
materially assist in securing additional bounty.
Fees, below the usual rates?and contingent
upon the admission ol Claims.
The highest cash prices given fin L-nd "War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and ti!in<i>? Lund
Address S. M KNIGHT.
Washington City
March 17?law2m
let Machine*
First patent combined on one stock.
Second patent, self-feeding ia the eyelets.
Third patent,patent improved fastener, riveting
both sides.
All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine
are strongly recommended to use none but ''Lip
nian's Patent Improved," which is decidedly the
best ever brought before the public, possessing
numerous advantages, viz;
It is strong, durable, and not liable to get out of
It punches the hole well and to fit the Eyelet,
and in one operation clinches the Eyelet on both
It saves time, as the papers, <kc., need not be
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a
second time, as is the case with all other ms
It is useful to the merchant in filing away
papers, as well as to the attorney or conveyancer,
the shoinsker, tailor, miliner, and numerous
others, and is a very labor-saving machine.
Age nts for Washington,
Book and Stationery Store, near 9th st.
May 24
T) LA TED TEA SETS.?I have Just re
m ceived some new styles Albsta and Silver
Plated Ware that I offer at manufacturer's prices ;
also, a large assortment of Speatacles, of every
Jescriptioa ; together with a good sssortment ot
jure Silver Ware, of my own manufacture, which
I will retail at wholesale prices
418 Penn. avenue, bet. 4? and 6tl? sts,
Sign of the Large Spread Eagle.
Feb 25?dl wif
a t ?mirMwr mcM?a* the season
/\ is advanced, we have determined to sell off
Lhe remaining portion of our winter stock at
greatly reduced prices ; therefore gentleman wish
ng to consult economy in purchasing fine Over
L-oats, Talmas Dress, Frock, and Business Coats;
Black and Fancy Cashmere Pants; Velvet, Silk,
Satin, and Merino Vests; Under Shins and
Drawers,, and all other ready made garments of
5ne quality, will find our present variety to be as
srell assorted as in the beginning of the season,
with the advantage of much lower prices.
322 Pa. avenue, next to Iron Hall.
Feb 24
Messrs. TAYLOR & MAURY beg to an
nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our
:itisens. the pictures now on exhibition at thair
itore will be raffled for.
Eleven prises ; sixty chances, at $5.
April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
NEW WORK, by the Author of the Heir
of Redclyfle.
The Castle Builders,by the author of the Heart's
Ease, in paper covers; price SO cents ; bound, 75
Just published and for sale at
March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth atrqpt.
from lb24 to 1?54, inclusive, 1 volume.
Willisms on Personal Property, with American
notes, 1 vol.
The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by
John Wm. Wallace, 1 vol.
The Creed of Christendom, by W. R. Greg.
Habits snd Wen. by Dr. Dorau.
Guy Rivers, by William GilmoreSimms, 1 vol.,
new edition.
Bits of Blarney, by R. Shelton Mackensie,
Harflt y's Poems, 1 volume.
Lippencott's Pronouncing Dictionary of the
World, 1 vok,8vo. FRANCE TAYLOR.
Sept 15
Val, at Bladensburg, on the night of Tuesday
last, a DARK BROWN MARE, with her fore
feet bare,a white star in the forehead,and marked
on the back with saddle pinch; the said mare had
a saddle on. Whoever will return said mare, or
give information where sh^ can be found, will
receive many thanks, and Five Dollars as a re
ward. JOSEPH JONES. Manager for
Rossburg, Prince Georges Co., Maryland.
iVl B. Warner, author of Dollars and Cents,
Mrkiitberford's Children, &o. Just published
and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
May 5 Corner of Pa. avenue and 11th street.
ANEW WORK on the Catholicity ot the
True Church.~~The Golden Reed, or the
True Measure of a True Church, by B. F. Barrett,
price fl, just received

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