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EDITED BY WM. M OVERTON. CH. MAURICE SMITH, AND KKVKKLLY TUCKER. THUHsD AV NOKNi NG, DBC. SM), IMS. CORfiBUtiS. The Senate transacted but little business of public interest. The House voted twice for Speaker, but with no definite result. A proposition to elect a presiding officer by ballot met with but little lavor, it having been laid on the table by a vote of two hundred and thirteen against seven. The time was principally occupied in debate members availing theinselvesof the opportunity presented for defining their positions. ORGANIZATION OK THK HUVSK-TIIE DEMOCRACY AIKU THK CONSERVA TIVES KNOW-NOT IIINUK. The monotony of calling the roll with th*} view of electing a Speaker of the House, has been somewhat relieved for the last day or two by short atid piquant speeches. On Tuesday a proposition was made by Mr. Walker, of Ala bams, who represents the Mobil*? district, and who belongs to the Southern wing of the Know nothings, to the following effect: "He called upon all conservative men, ir respective ot party, who were auxious, as he was, to effect an organization and to preserve the great interests of the country, to meet in the hall at half-past seven o'clock for the pur pose of having a conference, in order to devise some plan by which a conservative organiza tion of the House might be had." 1 his call gave rise to an animated discus sion, in which a number of gentlemen partici- I pated, and in which some sharp but no rudo remarks were made. For some time the dis cussion turned on the Pennsylvania elections, and was carried on by Pennsylvania members. The question discussed was the identity of Know-nothingism and Freesoilism in Pennsyl vania. 1 he Hon. J. Glancey Jones represented the Democratic side of th?-* question in the most satisfactory manner. He showed himself as quick at repartee as he is forcible in argument. It was difficult to decide whether he excelled in asking or answeiiug puzzling questions. But as we published the debate in our last is sue, it is needless to refer in detail to it here. Our present purpose is to offer a few re marks in relation to the call which was made by the member from Alabama, on "all conser vative men, irrespective of party." As some doubt arose during the discussion in regard to the precise language employed by that gentle man, and in regard to the precise object which he had in view, he stated his object and re peated his language, as follows : ''What I did say was this?and, in repeating it, 1 beg the attention of the House to my words, and hope that they will be weighed properly: That, so far as I was concerned, desiring, as I did, a proper and conservative organization of this House, and believing, as I did, that I was expressing the wishes of most of those who have thus far co operated with me, I was will ing, in the event of the House not organizing to-day. to meet in this hall this evening all the members of this House who are willing to abide by the existing laws upon the question of sla very, and are opposed to the further agitation of that questioa, here or elsewhere, and who are prepared to vote for the admission of any State into this Union, whether that State per mits slavery in its constitution or not. These, I think, were my words.'' Here was a distinct proposition for a mixed caucus of Democrats and conservative Know nothings, made with a view to a conservative organization. It is encouragiug to contemplate one aspect of this, proposition. That which denotes that there are others besides Democrats in the House of Representatives who will fight fanaticism to the bitter end, and who will refuse alliance with any party that is not recognised as con servative in it* character. This proposition,or call,ia also highly complimentary to the Demo cratic party. 1 rue, it does not specificallv and by name, call upon the Democrats to meet in conference, but it is easy to show that they and none others were intended by this proposition, which came from the Southern wing of the* Know-nothing party. Of course it could n?t re fer to the Black Republicans and the Freesoilers. Nor could it refer to the Northern wing of the Know-nothings, which is rankly Freesoil, with a few exceptions, and has long since split off from the Southern members of that order. It must have meant, and only meant, the National Democracy of the House, who have as one man stood up to the support of their gallant candi date, Colonel Richardson, and manfully resist ed all the unsound elements arrayed against them. 1 his is a tribute to the Democracy which cannot be without its effect upon ?he country. There ist however, another aspect presented by this proposition to which we shall briefly address ourselves. As the Democrats of the House far out number the Southern Know-Nothings, and the few conservative Northern Know Nothings who act with them, and as the Democrats are universally acknowledged to be sound and conservative, is it not unreasonable to expect them to break up their organization, repudiate their name, throw away all discipline, sacrifice their chosen candidate, and go pell mell into a caucns with all who choose to meet them ? We think it is unreasonable. The few cannot ex pect the many to give up to them after such a fashion. If the Southern Know-Nothings think that the Democrats are conservative men, that they are sound on the slavery question?that question which severed the Northern and South ern members of the new order, and in one moment destroyed its nationality?if they think these things, then without caucus, call, or pro position, without parley, conference, or hesita- ! tion, they ought, as individuals to vote for the I sound, conservative National Democrat who is offered to them in the person of Colonel ! Richardson. It is idle to suppose that the well organized, j firmly cemented Democracy of the House, will for a moment dream of going into a mixed, unnamed, uncertain caucus. As Mr. Jones said. " 1 he Democratic party will meet in no caucus, except a caucus of their, own party, upon their own principles.'1 We are glad to know that the conservative j members of the new order are willing even in j a qualified form, to co-operate with os. Their I pride exacts conditions, but our integrity as a party forbids the idea of granting them. If they dunk, aa they must thiuk, that the Dem ocratic party is right in regard to the organi sation, of the House, if they cannot eon siientiouly act with any other party and are helpleiw and hop?loss by themselves, they ought to cast pride to the winds, and coine up like men and co-operate with the Democracy, without demanding conditions or concessions. We fear that pride will prevail with them, and are di.-sposed to believe that the debate which took place on Tuesday will drive them still further oil". No man knows what a day or au hour may bring forth j but the general, almost universal impression is, that organization is at present an impossibility. WHO IN UESPOIVSI1ILE FOR THE I'AILI'RU TO OltGANIZUI There are a great many people who hate the Democratic party, and who endeavor to hold it responsible for every bad thing that takes j>lace in th.? world. All Abolitionists, all Free soilers. all the advocates of isms, all unsound Whigs, and all unsound Know-nothings, equally abhor it. Why it is so, we will not stop to inquire, bur certain it is that antago nistic as the several parties we have named are to each other, they are ever ready to unite their forces in order to defeat the Democracy. It is also certain that they endeavor to hold the Democracy responsible lor everything bad that happens in the political world. The cry has been raised by the whole opposition press that the Democrats of the House of Representatives are responsible for the failure thus far to organize. Not only do unsound Whigs and Know-nothings join in this cry, but, unpleasant to say, even conserva tive W higs and Southern Knownothings lend their emphasis to it. That the Democrats cannot, by themselves, elect a Speaker, is plain to all. That they will not, aud ou^ht not, either directlvor indirectly aid in the election of a political antagonist, all Democrats at least will acknowledge. They are doing the country and the Constitution a service when they prevent such an election, particularly when the candidate is altogether sectional, fanatical, and unsound in his senti ments. But how are they responsible for the failure to organize? They do not constitute a ma jority.* If, as a member df Congress said the other day in some remarks he addressed to the House, the Democrats had one majority, the election would be made at once. The majority is against them, and surely the majority must, on all the principles of justice and right reason ing, be held responsible for the failure to or ganize. The Democracy cannot, for want of nume rical force, elect, but they can prevent an im proper election. If it is intended to blame them for preventing the election of a Free Boiler, they are willing to take the blame. 44 THE PRESIDENT AKD ^ANSAS." The I'nion copies from the Boston Post an article with the above caption, which contains many good points, but it is ambidextrous?it is a two-edged sword. It begins with excep tionable premises at variance with the conclu sions arrived at. We object to the following: " The emigrants sent out by the aid company in a majority of instances were actual bona fide settlers, determined to make Kansas thpir future home. The Missourians ' frcqtienth/' were mere transient sojourners, with no inten tion to become settlers in Kansas." The phraseology is insidious: "A majority of the aid company were bona fide settlers fre quently; the Missouriaug were sojourners." Wre desire to know which were the most nu merous, the minority of the aid company, or the u frequenter?" of the Missourians. It is evident enough which impression is intended. Again: "The election of members of the first Territorial Legislature came on. It is confessed that the Missourians from the border counties rushed in and overpowered the actual settlers." By whom is this confession made? We have seen the accounts stating that the Missourians went to locate with the intention of bringing their families as soon as practicable; very many, nearly all, were there long before many of the aid company had arrived. Objection is made to the Missourian of two weeks' residence, and none to the member of the aid society of an hour s residence. Who was the judge that the Missourian was not an actual settler in two weeks' residence, and the member of the aid society was an actual settler the day his f<*>t touched the soil ? Yet such is the distinction made by the Post and copied by the Union. I W hile we approve, in the main, the conclusions of the Post, we differ from it in regard to the facts upon which it ba*es its premises. Ke-el*etlon of Rrnator HIa4on. The Pennsylvania of the 18th inst thus speaks of the re-election of Senator Mason. " The State of Virginia, true to her old policy of re electing her Senators when they are willing to serve her again, recently elected Hon J. M. Mason to represent her for six years longer in the I nited States Senate. Mr. Mason is one of the ablest members of the Senate, and has been Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Rela tions for some time. It appears from the papers of the day, that he has again been selected for that distinguished post. Virginia sees the pro priety of keeping her public servants on the high road of advancement. This system of re-electing Senators gives States immense in Jluenre in the Councils of the Nation. This may be seen by adverting to the fact, that the two Senators of \ irgiuia at this time occupy two of the most prominent post* of the Senate. Thus, Mr. Mason is Chairman of Foreign Rela tions, and Mf. Hunter, Chairman of the Com mittee on Finance. The changing policy of the Northern and Midtlle States, detracts greatly from the strength and force of these States. The science of Legislation comes not by intuition. To be perfected in its details, and to grasp with a master mind the diversified interest of a Nation, requires along schooling in the public councils. It is therefore a prodigious error for these States to pass by men who are eminently qualified by long expeiience to hold seats in the National Legislature, and send novices there to defend j their State s multifarious claims, against the well trained legislative tacticians of the South. An able Representative, in either House of J Congress, is of inestimable value to the Com - I monwealth he may be called to represent. VISIT OK TIIK A.UOSKKAU VKTKHAAS TO THK PUKNIUKNT. Colonel Potter, commanding the Veterans, addressed the President as follows: Colo.el Potter's fcpcecli. Mk. Pkksidkxt: Coming, as we do, from New Hampshire?the county of Hillsborough, glorious ''Old Hillsborough," your home?we present ourselves before you as your neighbors and friends, calling for friendly salutation ami greeting on our pilgrimage to the touib of the " Father of his Country." We call as veterans? for what men can better claim that title than those who hail from the land of Hlanchard, Gofl'e, Rodger*, Stark, the Pierces, father and sons, Miller, aud McNeil?men whose deeds, whose names, shall be remembered us long its Lake George, Tieouderoga, Crown Poiut, Bun ker Hill, Trenton, Princeton, Bennington, Sa ratoga, Monmouth, Yorktown, Niagara, Luudy s Lane, Contreras, Chepultepec?aye Mexico? S shall have an existence in fact, iu history, or in song. This meeting is the incident of a lifetime. To all of us it may be a page of deep-lined his tory. Its circumstances?the name of this corps, Amoskeii^ Veterans-r?are suggestive of, bring up memories of the past of vast interest and importance. The name is a word in the language o! a people who once held sway over the entire territory of the central United States. This nation had its political system, its national councils, its kings, and its emperors. Yet, this people, in little more than two hundred years, has been, as it were, swepi from the land with the besom of destruction, before the withering tread of the Anglo Saxon. History, imperfect history, and the tradition of a few wandering and scattered tribes, alone tell of their former, and now almost forgotteu greatness. A new race of men has succeeded them. Upon their ruins has risen this great Republic. Their history, together with the history of the ancient governments of Europe and Asia, teaches us that their fate may yet be ours. Distant, far distant, be that day! But should it come j should the time come when the sun of freedom, that now shines so brightly iu our political firmament, obscured by the murky clouds of anarchy and confusion, shall set in everlasting night; and where now is this glori ous Constitution, where now is this glorious Confederacy; where now is this national, sub stantial freedom, shall remain only their phantom semblance, or shattered fragments, depend upon it. Mr. President, that history will note the fact ihat the meu-of Amoskeag were found in solid phalanx, and with banners fly- j ing, doing noble battle for the law, the Consti tution, and the Union. Permit me, Mr. Presi dent, to introduce to you the Amoskeag Vete rans, a corps of troops of which I glory in be ing the commander. Tl?e President'* Speech. The President replied, iu substance, as follows: Colonei, : I recognise in your corps mem bers who were companions of my l/oyhood, and those who have been the constant and cherished friends of my mature years, and, notwithstand ing the martial equipment aud bearing of your fine battalion, I am inclined to greef you and them rather as citizens than as soldiers, and rather as personal friends than either. Your presence and your words till my mind and heart with thoughts and sentiments of home. Dear old county of Hillsborough! She has always been full of good meu and good deeds! Her broken, rugged territory?her true, steady, intelligent population?how familiar to me were they all for twenty years of my life! The leaping streams and the mountain scenery, so well known to my childhood, and so attractive still, are there yet, and will be wh^n I return to New Han^ishire to pass the decline of life in your midst, as I hope in the Providence of God to do, not without some degree of usefulness, but the fatherB and mothers "of that earlier period are there no louger. It is sad to know that the venerable men of the revolution, whom fce were all accustomed to meet with such re spect?may I not say affectionate reverence? have passed away, and with them the larger portion of those who served in the war of 1812.1 I remember that so late as the year 1824, four teen men who fought at Bunker Hill lived in the town of my birth, and on one occasion, at least, | were all assembled around my father's table, ! but now I suppose not a single individual in the county who participated in the battles of the revolution still survives. These men gave to the popular heart a tone which has descended to you, and how far your presence here to-day, iu this graceful and hon ored uniform, is the result of their unseen but potent influence no man may say. I think, however, that members of your battalion, before me, who served in the war of 1812, will tell you that, when you were forming this organi zation, thoy were reminded of companies called "the alarm lists," which assembled and drilled iu many parts of New Hampshire during that war, and which were made up of men who bore j the scars of the revolution. It is a proud reflection to me, and I am sure it is to you that you are from a county which was never found wanting when her sons were called to meet a foreign foe. You pursue your daily avocations within sight of the shaft which rises over the dust of the stern, strong soldier who, at Bennington, announced in advance, victory for the colonists or widowhood for Molly Stark, and you have shown that you are not insensible to the power of elevated associa tion. You honor, by your organization, the memory of the gallant men who have served and honored not only our native c6untry and our native State, but the whole country. I welcome you as a type of that citizen soldiery which constitutes the military strength of the republic, manifested in every stage of its history. Y'ou are the fit representatives and the successors of the class of men who won our independence by the first war, who assured it by the second, and who have more recently conducted a successful war in a foreign country, remote from home resources. The United 8tates have never had a large standing army, nor a large jiermanent military marine. Is the republic, therefore, feeble in a military sense? Far from it! The fact that we are not burdened by taxes for the support of an immense army and a vast navy, ana that our fixed and ordinary force is apparently i small, will add immensely to our strength when the hour to try it shall come. In periods of Eublic tranquility, the strong hands and bold earts of the nation are not withdrawn from the cultivation of the arts of peace, to become a burden on the revenues of the country and a constant source of peril to its institutions. They are engaged in the many useful pursuits 0f life?in agriculture, in commerce, in the learned professions, in reclaiming this conti nent of ours to cultivation, to civilization, to freedom, and thereby carrying the flag and the fame of the Union to every sea and every clime. It is nevertheless true that our citizens, although peace-loving, and pursuing peaceful pursuits, are, as it were, "born to arms," and to the spirit of self-reliant courage, which teaches their exercise, and of patriotism, which animates their use in the cause of the country. Hence it was, as you have suggested, that in the war of 177fi, at Bunker Hill, at Benning ton, at Monmouth, at Saratoga, at York town, or at King's Mountain, there never ceased to flock citizen soldiers to repel invasion ; that in the war of 1812, whether at the river Thames, or at New Orleans, in the North or in the South, determined and effec tive armies were never wanting to the Union; that in the war of 1840, the farmer, the mer chant, the mechanic, the lawyer, the physi cian, the statesman, emulously rushed to the field, at the public call, in such numbers that the question with my friend near me, then Secretary of War, (Gov. Marcy,) was not whence he should derive soldiers, but whom of the two hundred thousand of eager and en rolled volunteers should be accepted; and hence it was thnt the citizen soldiers, in con juticUou with a ?mail bat most gallant, scien tific, and thoroughly drilled regular army, upon which as a nucleus they formed, nobly sustain ed iheir country's arms, aud made every held a field of victory. It is beautiful to see the energies of a mar tial people, with such capabilities and resources Cor war, devoted to the arts of peace. It would be fearful to see them exerted in a great strug gle of arms. A uatiou, however, which can readily summon to the field five hundred thou sand brave, intelligent, hardy men, accustomed , from boyhood to the saddle, and to the use of the rifle and the musket, is not in a couditiou j to invite aggression by any supposed want of I ability to repel it. J have detained you too loug ; but you will pardon these thoughts, which come to the mind spontaneously on an occasion like this. You are not unjuindful of the dignity and import ance of your position as citizen soldierB at a period when the United States have become one of the great powers hereafter to direct the destiny of man. The social position and ele vated character of the members of this batta lion, the respect universally accorded to them ut home, cannot fail to animate with a fresh impulse the volunteer militia of New Hamp shire. I tender to you my acknowledgments for the service you are rendering our native State in this and in other respects; pnd I beg you to accept my cordial thanks for the grati fication which your visit affords me personally. I shall hope to see each and all of you, before your departure, ill a manner less formal thau the present occasion will admit. Wishing you the highest degree of enjoyment you can have anticipated, I desire to avail myself of the privilege often enjoyed before, of grasping you individually by the hand. The following account of the visit of the "Veterans" to Mount Vernon, and proceedings there, we take from the correspondence of the Baltimore Suit, of yesterday. It will be read with interest, while the day, and its association will long be cherished in the memories of the "Stark Veterans." At an early hour this morning President Pierce made a visit to the United States Hotel and paid his respects to his old friends and neighbors, the Amoskeag Stark Veterans. He also extended to them au iuvitation to dine with him and bis Cabinet Ministers, at the Mansion, to morrow afternoon at four o'clock. The iuvitation was respectfully declined, and a social party to-morrow afternoon substituted. Our harbor has not looked so gay for a long time. The steamers and vessels displaying their national banuers whilst other Hags, bur gees aud pendants floated finely in the breeze. At half-past nine o'clock, the Veterans, with their celebrated band of music, flags, &c., took up the line of march in true military style for the steamer George Washington, under com mand of Captain Job Corson. They were also accompanied by Lieut Col. Heilly, Major Key worth, Adjt. Peter F. Bacon, Surgeon Duhamel delegation from the President's Mounted Guard, Washington Light Infantry, National Grey, Scott Guards, German Yagers, and prob ably an hundred private citizens. On reach ing the wharf such was the degree of intensity manifested that the other beautiful steamer the Thouias Collyer, Captain Gedney, with private citizens, was brought into requisition and de spatched a little in advance. On the wharf the visitors and their associ ates were met and cordially welcomed by that venerable man, Col. George Washington Parke Custis, extending both hands with a cordial welcome to the metropolis of our common country. This sceue was peculiarly affecting. Here advanced a band of >>ew England's noble men?gentlemen of education, quick discern ment, wealth and influence. They are for the first time in their life's history about to tread the sacred soil of Mount Vernon, a portion of the Old Dominion. The people of the Middle StatPB greeted them with every demonstration of kindness. At this point they are welcomed by the hearts and hands of sixty thousand people, and now, as they step on board the giy steamer, proudly to sail on the beautiful Poto mac, they are approached, saluted, and wel comed by one of the most venerated citizens. The relative and coadjutor of Washington. The North and the South are one, amd we this day feel it in our heart of hearts. Arriving at the Alexandria wharf, an im mense crowd flocked hither of all ages and color, to witness the Amoskeag Veterans; whilst landing the band played "llail Columbia." The boat then proceeded to Fort Washington, and whilst landing the band played "Yankee Doodle." Upon landing the Veterans, together with the citizens, joined in the line of march and proceeded to visit the Fort?after arriving there Col. Potter gave orders to break ranks, and after spending half an hour in viewing the buildings, the Company returned to the boat, and resumed their journey to Mount Ver non. The Captain as usual tolled his bell upon reaching the home of Washington, and the band struck up the solemn dirge of the "Dead March." The Company upon landing, formed in line, and marched up to gaze upon the place where rests the mortal remains of him who was the Father of his Country. The band then played "Washington's Grand March." The battalion werethen drawn up in a line, and they marched past the tomb wilh heads un covered. Col. Potter then addressed his battalion, and in his remarks alluded to the privilege of being permitted to gaze upon the place where rests the remains of him who was " first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his country men." He dwelt upon his virtues, and remarked that he knew "no North, no South, no Fast, no West." Gen. Geo. W. P. Cnstis, the grand son and only surviving relative of Gen. Washington, was then introduced to the Veterans, by Col. Potter. In the course of his remarks he said no man would go from this place without being a better man, a soldier and patriot. He then referred to the battles of Lexington, i Concord, Charlestown, and said that all the honor belonged to New England. In the course of his remarks, he related man^ pleas ' ing anecdotes, and was listened to with deep attention. The Company then marched to the i old Homestead, and after registering their names, they partook of a handsome collation, prepared by our worthy townsman, John Petti bone. After this they returned to the boat highly pleased with their visit, and were soon safely buck in Washington. The company en joyed themselves finely, and the utmost good humor prevailed throughout the whole trip. Admirai, BiirAT, commander of the French fleet in the Black sea, whose death off Messina was announced by the last steamer's papers, was but fifty-nine years of age, and enjoyed a high reputation in the French navy. He was in Alsatian, born at Colenar, Mav 2f?th, 17%, educated at the Naval School of Brest, and in 1815 entered the Navy. In f827y he became a lieutenant, and with that rank, commanded the brig Adventure at the blockads of Algiers. The brig ran aground and he and his crew were captured and imprisoned in Algiers until released at the taking of the city by the French. He was then tried by court martial for the loss of his vessel, but honorably acquitted. The next year he became a captain, and in 1843 was sent to the Marquesas Islands to establish the French protectorate there. Accomplishing this, he became Governor of the French Islands in the Pacific. T) HAVER HOOK* AWI> BIIILEH.? Jtist received a very la?*? assortment of I'rsyer Hook* sad Bibles, in sll kind of bindinjra; the beat nosortmerit, perhaps, to He found in the country. Also, a Isrjre assortment of English Books tn History, Poetry, Arc., and the beat American edi tion* on the same subjects. R FARNHAM, dtrngrfssional. ' TUIKTY.FOUHiU CONUUlAS. V1R8T HUSSION. ?Senate?Tueaduy, December 18, IMS, Memorials aud petitions wrrn presented and appropriately referred, a? follow*: By Mr. SUMNER: From J. S. Richardson tthk ing uu appropriation to make a practical experi ment of hi* patent atmospheric telegraph in trans mitting intelligence, mail matter, See., under the direction of the Postmaster General. By Mr MASON: From Elizabeth V. Lomax, only surviving child of Captain Win. P. Lindsay, of Lee's legion of the Revolution, asking live years' full pay of a captaiu of dragoons, with in lercst. By Mr. PRATT: From Susan T. Lea adminis tratrix of James Maglenuen, nskiug compensa tion for property lost in the service of the United Slates during the war of 1812. By Mr. JONES, of Jowa: From Jonas P. Levy, asking a revision by Congress of the action of the First Comptroller of the Treasury upou the act for the relief of the petitioner. The petitioner re quests Congress to call upon tho Comptroller tor all the documents in the case, including espe cially that to which he bad been denied access, or which have been aurreptitously suppressed. When the documents are produced and examined the petitioner believes that they will clearly estab lish all the grave charges which have been pre ferred, and that Congress will come to the conclu sion that the diguity of Congress requires that the laws of Congress should be enforced agaiust the ministerial officers of the Government, and that the petitioner is fully entitled to ample remunera tion tor the losses originally sustained, to indemni fication for the delays, expenses, aud outrages to which he has been exposed by the illegal and oppressive conduct of the Comptroller. Several memorials and accompanying papers were withdrawn from the files, on motion ol Sen ators, lor the purpose of being again referred to appropriate committees. Several notices of bills relating to internal im provements were given. Mr. CLAYTON submitted the following reso lution : Resolved, That there be paid out of the contin gent fund of the Senate to the Hpn. Jesse D. Bright the difference betweeulbe amount now re ceived by him and the compensation of Vice President, from the date of his election as Presi dent of the Senate pro tempore to the close ol' his service as such, according to the practice which lias heretofore prevailed. Mr. CLAYTON observed that the lour last offi cers of the Senate had been paid in the manner presented by the resolution, and he presumed there could be no objection to the immediate con sideration of the resolution. The resolution was agreed to without a dissent ing voice. Mr. BELL asked the Senate to take up a reso lution, submitted by him some days since, in re lation to the reference of papers relating to pri vate claims, as well as private bills on the calen dar at its last session, to the Committee of Claim*. An amendment had been offered by the Senator from Maine. (Mr. Ha.mi.in,) which was with the original resolution. A suggestion had been made also bv tbe Senator from Michigan that the ?afest course would be to refer the whole' subject to the Committee of Claims for its investigation, to which course he had no objection, and would therefore make that motion. Mr. FITZPATRICK adverted to the fact of certain constituent* of his having an interest in a claim for property lost in 1S36. which had already received the' favorable action of the Senate, and which might be prejudiced by being subjected to delay, if embraced in the resolution or amendment. On reflection, however, he believed it was a c lass of claims for the consideration of the Court of Claims, and he would make no objection to the reference. The resolution of Mr. J3kll and the amend ment of Mr. Hamlin were referred to the Com mittee of Claims. And the Senate adjourned. Honse of Representative*. Mr. WALKER rose to a personal explanation, defending the Southern Know-nothings from the attacks of the Mobile Register, saying that they had not only been a target for the presses of the country, but they had been used here as "battle dore and shuttlecock" by the Republicans on one side, and the Democrats on the other. The Dem ocrats here, with obstinate party exclusiveness before the House assembled, had nominated their candidate and adopted resolutions which many of the more considerate of them admit was an insult and stigma on members on this floor. The facts most be realized that, if Southern Know-nothings, on the opening of thiB contest, had thrown them selves into the ranks of the Democrat*, the result would have been a Freesoil organization. Thev have prevented it. He denied that the Democratic party is a national party, and claimed nationality tor the American party. Mr. JONES, of Pennsylvania, said that that State, instead of being represented by six Na tional Democratic votes to-day. would have had seventeen, had it not been for the Know-nothings, who were there understood to b^ perfectly syn onymous with Freesoiler*. The gentleman cer tainly did not mean tosimpiite to him. who offered the resolution in caucus, an intention 'o insult any individual or class. Democracy stands on what they believed to be in principle without com promise. Mr. ALLISON endorsed the idea of bis col league, who is a National man. Had it not been for the fact that tbe people of Pennsylvania con demned the action of the last Congress, there would now be seventeen Democrats of that Stale on this floor. But the Freesoil and Know nothing parties united, and Pennsylvania wan now repre sented by a majority of members who condemned tbe Nebraska bill. Mr. WALKER replied, saying, in course of bis remarks, that the adoption of the resolution by the Democratic caucus shows what by no means is uncommon?the proneness of all men to con found principles with party, seeming to forget that the two are essentially different. If no organization was effected to day, Mr. Walker said he would be willing to meet in the Hall this evening with those in favor of abiding by tbe existing laws on the subject of slavery, and admitting new States whether or not their Constitutions recognize slavery, to confer and de vise s plan for orgsnization. In thia he believed he expressed tne views of a majority of those with whom he acted. Mr. WASHBURN, of Maine, said there was only one true national party, and that is the one voting for Mr. Banks. [Laughter.] The Demo crats represent a section?nothing else and noth ing better. The gentleman from Alabama had shown that he belongs to a party as sectional as that, for he admitted that he is control'ed by the same ideas, principles, and thoughts as the Demo cratic party, which is in favor of the .Nebraska and Kansas bill, and which makes everything sub servient to tbe extension and perpetuation of the divinity of human bondage. Mr. ORR asked Mr. Washbten when he was elected to Congress ? Mr. WASHBURN. Year before last. Mr. ORR. Has not your party been since de feated, and the Democrats triumphed? Mr. WASHBURN explained the position of parties in Maine, declaring that the leading iasue was the liquor law. [Laughter.] Mr.ORK. I am to understand, then, thst the people of Maine like whisky better than freedom. | Applause, and wild outbursta of laughter ] I ask another question?was you elected by Know nothings ? Mr. WA8HBURN. I am not aware that I was, not heing a member of the order. [The colloquy between these gentlemen was continued for sorQe time.] Mr. CAMPBELL, ol Pennsylvnia, could tell hia colleague, Mr. JoNia, that he would find gen- I tiemen here not afraid of the appellation of Know nothings, and argued to show that the American parly is entirely distinct from tbe Freesoil party, snd voted in Pennsylvania for Mr. Nicholson as their candidate for Canal Commissioner. He and his friends were now voting for Mr. Banks for Speaker, because no man stands fairer on the American records than be. They consider Kan sas>Nebraska an open question. Messrs. JONES and CAMPBELL, of Penn sylvania, entered into a long dialogue about that State's politics, keeping up a spirited fire, involv ing personal explanations. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, asked Mr Jorr?, whether tie did not consider Americaniam and Kow-Nothingism the same thing? Mr JONES No' I am an American,but have nothing to do with Know-Nothingism, [laughter] which l>odes no good to the country. Mr. WASHBI'RNE. I understand the gentle man to say that the Democratic caucus platform, as he explains it, offers no bar to Southern Know Nothings and Democrata coming together? Mr. JONES We Will not take one plank from our pl-ittoriu. Our arma, however, are open to every man differing from us so soon aa he repu diates his heresies. Mr. WASHBURNB, in the course of bis re marka asked Mr. Jonks whether he and hia friends would go lulo tucil * meeting M ikM to which they had this inor >iug beeu politely invited by the gentleman from Alabama ? (Mr. Walxee) Mr. ORR. We will take that luto considera tion. Mr. JONES. The Democrat" will meet in caucus, with uone but those siunding on that parly's well settled principle*. Mr. ALLISON, participating in the controversy raised by hi* two colleague*, oaid thai the majori ty of the member* oi'Cottgre** Irom Pennsylvania were elected a* opponent* of the Nebraska bill, that being I he great i?sue in the late election. Mr. ETHR1DGE thought the House needed re pose alter the intellectual sxerciseaof the morniug. A* much had been said a* the country could dige?t in two day*. [Laughter,] aud he trusted the House would now adjourn. Cries of "No! no!" and '? call the roll." Mr.SMITH, of Virginia, asked Mr. Campbell,ol Pennsylvania, whether Mr. B<ink* had cut him self aloof from the American party. Mr. CAMPBELL. Don't know. Mr. CAMPBELL denied that Mr. Banks bad withdruwu from that party. The Convention which nominated Rockwell war culled by the American party. Mr. SMITH defined his position, condemning Freesoilisui, approving of ihe foreign feature ot Americanism, aud declaring himaell a national man. Mr. GIDDINGS, placing himself in Iront of the fUerk'* desk,declaimed spiritedly n favor ol free dom, and the building the Republican Church up on a rock that the waves of hell shall not prevail against it ' ' Mr. LETCHER called Mr. Gidui.W attention to the resolution offered by the latter and adopted in a Republican meeting, insisting that a majority of Freesoiler* be placed upon the standing com mittees, and asking various questions concern ing it. Mr. G1DDI,NGS remarked that he understood every Northern man to be pledged to that doc trine. Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio, said no such reso lution was u test for hiin. Mr. GIDDINGS exclaimed, "God forgive me for voting for a man who was not in heart and conscience with it." Mr. BANKS desired to say that if any such res olution was adopted it wits not tendered to him for approval Nobody had usk hyn for pledges. Mr. (^IDDINGS was frequently interrupted, answering various interrogations irom nil quar tris. [Lively times and great confusion ] Wr. HUMPHREY MARSHALL analyzed the j Democratic parly, showing its discordant ele ments ; the question of squatter sovereignty call ing forth Mr. JONES, of Pennsylvania, in expla nation?he claimed nationality for his party, which like the Democratic party, have no terms of com promise I o offer or accept. They ask 110 quarter and regard uo men as Americnns except those who siand on the Philadelphia platform. He was frrqueully interrupted by applause from his friends, and was listened to with marked attention. Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio, obtained the floor, and the House adjourned. heuute?Wednesday, December 19, 1855* PETITIONS PRESENTED, E I C. Mr. CLAYTON presented several memorials, all praying indemnity for spoliations committed by the French prior to 1800 In presenting these memorials, Mr. C. said that he should not move their reference to any committee, but would suf fer them to lie ou the table for the preseut. He desired, however, to avail himself of this oppor tunity to make a single remark. The veto mes sage of fhe President came in at so late an hour of the last session, that no opportunity was afford | ed for a full discussion of it. It was one which he was exceedingly anxious to discuss, and in refer ence to which he would say now, that the single id a upon which the whole message was predi cated was on error?an error of fact. The nies tagtj proceeded on the ground that the claims of lliese petitioners were paid under the treaty of Louisiana of 1S03. The whole question was thus reduced to a questiou of foci. 11 it was true that these claims had been paid uuder that treaty,there ought to be an end of them. If, on the oilier hand, it whs not true, and if that was the only gruutid upon winch the President based his veto message, the claims ought to be paid When the veto lues sage came in at the last session, he was conscious of the tact that there existed in the Department of State testimony which would completely refute the idea entertained by the President, that these claims had been paid under the treaty of 1802. There were to be found the names of all the claimants who were paid under that treaty, and there were also the names of all who claimed in demnity. The two lists had since been published; and it appears that not a single one of those who ask for indemnity from this Government on account of these spoliations is included in the number of those who were paid under the treaty. He merely rose to make this remark ; and at some future day he should call up these petitions for the purpose of considering the subject more fully. The memorials were laid on the table. Mr. RUSK presented the petition of James Harrington, a laboreron the Smithsonian grounds, praying to be allowed extra compensation; wfaieb was referred to the Committee on Claims. Mr. FISH presented the memorial of Cantain John B. Montgomery, of the United States Navy, praying to be released from bis liability for an unpaid balance of public money entrusted to him for recruiting purposes, and lost by the failure of the bank in which it was deposited ; which whs refered to the Committee on Naval Affairs. Mr. CRITTKNDEN presented the memorial of Uriah P. Levy, late Captain in the Navy of the United States, complaining of the action of the Naval Boanl-conslituied under the act of Con gress of February 28, 18f>5; which was refered to the Committee on Naval Affair* Mr. BRODHEAL) presented a similiar memor ial from Peter Wager, late a master in the United Slate* Navy; which was refered to the same Committee. RESOLUTION ADOPTED. Mr. FOOT presented the follow ing resolution, which was agreed to : lir.iolved, That the Committee on Pensions be directed to inquire into the expediency of ex tending the benefits of the existing pension laws to the surviving officers and soldiers of the war of 1?12, and to the widow* and minor children of those who are deceased, HKSOLITTION SUBMITTED. Mr. JONES of Tennessee submitted the follow ing resolution, and asked its immediate consider ation: RrtolvtH, Thai the Secretary of the Navy be directed to furnish the Senate with a copy of the proceedings of the Board of Navy Officers ap pointed under an act of Congress passed on Ihe 28th day of February. 1805, entitled "an act to promote the efficiency of the Navy," embracing *nch charge* as have been preferred against the several officers of the Navy who have been dis missed front the public service or placed on the reserved list. Mr. BRODHEAD suggested the propriety of allowing the resolution to lie over a few days, in consequence of the absence of the chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs, (Mr. Malloiy) Mr. JONES made no objection to tha* course. Mr. CLAYTON thought the subject ought to be considered in executive session ; otherwise great injury might be done to many persons whose con duct had been under consideration by Ihe Naval Board. Mr. BUTLER concurred in the same opinion. After some further debate, the resolution was laid over. The Senate went into executive session, and after some time adjourned. House of Rep resentatlvea. Mr. THOKINGTON withdrew th? resolution which he offered yesterday, providing for the election of aSpeakerbya plurality vole. He did this to accommodate gentlemen who had express ed a desire to again vote for Speaker, vtva vo<* It was his intention lo renew the resolution to day or to morrow. Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio, who was entitled to the floor on that proposition, said there were some points in the discussion ? f yesterday to which he wished to reply, and particularly to re ?pond to the gentleman from Kentucky. (Mr. HfM chrky Marshall,) who proposed lo read ont of ihe American party every member of this body who was not willing to come hither with a pad lock on his tongue. He waa wilting to mMI the ;ent!eman, agreeing as he did with him on the Tiaterial points <rf Americanism, on the one hand, ind the unbroken phnlanx of Nebraska men on he other. He desired to throw no obatacle in he wsy of an organisation, and trusted the House vould now proceed to the election of a Speaker. The rotl was railed, and the following an ?onnced as the result: Mr. Banks 102 Richardson ? *73 Fuller 37 Leiter 3 Jewett 1 Williams.. 1 Orr I Foster 1 Whole number of votes .218 Necessary to a choice ?* 110 Mr. WHITNEY defended and explained the ^uoa and view# ol the American party ol New k, and, allhe conclusion of bis remarks, otter ed a resolution, which, he said, i!' adopted, would secure a speedy organisation of the House. It was read as follows : Resolved, That in case no Speaker shall be choaea on or betore the sixty-tilth viva voce vote, the House shall immediately thereafter proceed to an election by ballot. Mr. MACE moved to lay the resolution on this table ; and the question was decided in the affirm ative- Yeas 313, nays 7?the latter being Messrs. Ball, Bishop, Bkoom, Cullkn, Evanh, Pkmhinq tom, aud Whitnky. Mr. CAD WALLADEK coografulated the coun try ou this result, showiug an almost unanimous condemnation of the principle of secret voting adopted by the Know-nothings. Several gentlemen, during the proceedings, ex plained their positions, among them Mr. FULLER, of Pennsylvania, who said, in the course ot his remarks, that had he been in the last Congress, he should have opposed the territorial legislation, but, as thiugs were, he should not dis turb them. He would vote for the admission of Kansas iuto |he Union wi h or without slavery, as the people of the Territory should prefer. Mr. TODD said if he had known such were the views of Mr. Fuller, he should have suffered his right hand to wither before he voted for him. Mr. KELLY replied to bis colleague, Mr.Wurr nky, saving, the latter would not have been elec ted, had it not been for the unfortunate division in the New Yerk democracy; and, further, that the basia of the American party in that Slate was Freesoilism. Mr. FULLER, of Pennsylvania, having been interrogated by Mr. Walkkr, said that he should vote against a proposition to restore the Missouri restriction, being in favor of arresting agitation on the slavery question Messrs. LAKE, WALKER, and RKADY, sev erally expressed themselves uatisfied with Mr. Fullkk's position. Mf. BELL was not, being under a misappre hension as to that geulleman's views, and there fore would vole for Mr. Banks. Mr. CAMPBELL of Kentucky vinAcated the American party, and condemned the^Ptions, par ticularly the "Black Republicans." The gentlemen named in the foregoing notice of the proceedings were applauded from lime to time, and occasionally there were hisses. Much confusion, now and then prevailed. After further proceedings, the result of another vote was announced; namely: For Mr. Bunks 106 Richardson 75 Fuller 34 Leiter 2 D. D. Campbell 1 Foster 1 Pennington 2 S. S Marshall, 1 Williams..... 1 Orr 1 Whole number of votes 224 Necessary lo a choice. ...\ 113 Mr. NICHOLS called attention to the fact that there had been not only indecorous but indecent manifestations in the galleries : some of the per sons there having indulged in hisses and applause. Mr. JONES of Tenuesste thought members themselves ought to set a belter example. He was opposed lo proscribing the people from the galleries. The House, in confusion, adjourned. Important from the U. S. North Pacific Exploring Expedition. U. S. Ship Vincenkes, N. Pacific Exploring, Expedition San Francisco. * * * ? ^ # * When off the coast of Kamschatka, with Maury's line aud Brooke's lead, bottom was obtained from a depth of 1,700 fathom*. The specimen was immediately put under a micro scope of 500 linear, and there were seen in fusoria that were probably alive before being relieved of the enormous pressuTe at that depth. Many of them were fresh and clear, with the cefetral brown discoloration which indicates the animate or recently animate condition of the vital organs. A doubt was expressed as to their coming from the bottom of . the sea. It was said that they came from the water through which the instrument passed on the way up. Fortunately the contrivance by which the specimens were received, though very simple, possessed tha advantage of taking up the sediment and preserving it in tact The bands of four goose quills, open at both extremities, feere inserted in the end of the iron rod which pierces the bottom; a small valve permitted the water to flow through them as tney went down, but k closed as they came up. These quills were found to be packed with the tenacious sediment in apparently the same condition in which it was when forced into them. One was taken, wiped perfectly dry, cut open, and the middle Crtion, plastic and adhesive as the clay ready ? the potter, was taken out and examined? the infusoria presented the same appearance, of vitality. In order that microscopists of eminence may have reliable grounds upon which to base their opinions, as to the living condition of these infusoria at the time of their capture, the quill bands were corked at each end, and at the suggestion of a naturalist, put in vials of aleo hoi, and very soou everything relating to the matter will be forwarded to the United States, and "the originator of this great system of oceanic sounding will have a new link, with which to strengthen the great chain of facta, which have, by his power of generalization, been rendered subservient to commerce and to science. Specimens from 2,700 fathoms have also been obtained, but, at that time the contri vance of the goose-quills had not been applied. 19th October. The Hancock, steamer, ar rived last night?excellent results. She brings in the surveying line. Commodore Rogers has not missed any op portunity of getting observations or of making experiments, so the expedition has not only saved itself, but has exceeded the sanguine ex pectations of its warmest friends. The conduct of Commodore Rogers in Ja pan, in connection with the misunderstood treaty, has been highly approved by those who, through the Americans concerned, have become acquaint'd with the circumstances. It is probable that a brisk trade will soon exist between Japan and California. The car go of the Caroline Foote, from that country, sold at an immense profit. A vessel is now about to sail for Simoda. English men-of-war are lying here, Russians necessarily fear to enter the port, which might as well be blockaded at once.?Evening Post. Further from Maxleo. The New Orleans papers have late news from Mexico, showing tnat the conspiracy lately discovered had for its object the overthrow of the present Government, and the elevation of General Uraga to the Presidency. The plot was a pretty extensive one, ani had adherents at Puebla, Culican and San Miguel da Alente. Uraga had been arrested and imprisoned, but subsequently made his escape while being taken to the capital. The other leading spirits in the movement are Colonel Oaollo, and the famous priest Miranda, who have also been arrested. The papers discovered by the officers of the government disclose in full the plana of Uraga and his confederates. No particular objection to Alvarez is urged, except that he ta old, and lacks the energy, as well as the proper experi ence in State affairs, to govern. The Constitution of 1824 waa to be revived, the National Guard abolished, and a perma nent army of 30,000 men raised. The church was to be respected in all her privileges and rights of property, and it was clearly intimated that these newspapers which have been thun dering away againat the clergy were to be an nihilated. The Bishop of San Luis was at the head of one of Jhe revolutionary clubs formed in that city. The papers are filled with rumors of disaffec tion in various parts of the country, and it ap pears that the clergy, fearing perhaps a cur tailment of their immunities by the govern ment of Alvarez, are mixed up to a consider able extent in the new movement. Our minister, Mr. Godaden, had written a etter to Vidaorri, denouncing tha recent inva lion from Texaa, and pronouncing Captain 3allaghan and his men a band of vandals.