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EDITED B>' WM. M. OVERTON. CH. MAURICE SMITH, AND KKVERLM TUCKER. HATUKD VY MDKKIMm 1>H?4*. lMftS. CON6RKM8. The Seuate was not in session yesterday. The time of the House was occupied in dis cussion ? THK OUliA.MZATIO.V--I'llE DEMOC* It AC Y AMU THK CON SKKVAT1VK KSUW>S01UlNtig. Day succeeds duy only to disappoint expec tations and to lead to new conjectures and cal culations. The organisation of the House ol Representatives, which by many has been eagerly looked for from hour to hour, seems to be as tar oft as it was at the beginning. On what basis an organization can he cft'eeted, does not yet appear. But the unsound ele ments in the House having thus tar?nearly three weeks?liiiled to t-ll' ct an organization, it begins to be a prevailing, as it is a most inter esting inquiry, cannot a union of the sound and conservative elements of the House bring ahout this much desired result? By sound and conservative elements are meant the Demo crats, the Southern Whigs &nd Know-nothings, and such of the Northern Know-nothings as refuse to atUliate with the Freesoilers. The main difficulty, and it is in our opinion more imaginary tlnin real, in the way of a union of the conservative Know-nothings with the Democracy, with the view of electing the Speaker and other oflicers, is the resolution which was adopted at the Democratic caucus. The Southern Know-nothings say that the resolution is offensive to them, and that so long as it stands, they cannot aid the Democracy by their votes. Many of them declare with much emphasis and more passion that the responsi bility of not organizing r^sts on the Demo crats, and that the "true cause of it is to be found in the resolution of the Democratic caucus. Now, in order to show that the resolution, BO bitterly complained of, i9 alto-ether inoffen sive and entirely right and proper, ae subjoin it: J Hatched, That the Democratic members of the House of Representatives, though in a temporary minonty in this body, deem this a fit occasion to teuder to their fellow-citizens of the whole Imun their heartfelt congratulations Z ', f MJ" ? ?'?SiZZ ral ol the northern, eastern, and western well as southern States, of the principles of't? Kansas-Nebraska bill and the d^Se of civj and religious hbertj which have beet, so vio ? jailed by a secret political order known the Known-nothin^ nartv ruH ? i ^ l ? minority, we hold i, ???,' tf " ' efforts n the maintenance and defence of those principles and the constitutional rights of every ?c..on ??d cverJ cl^ of c|[i? ? ."?Jjup! nil""' d';criP'i"?. whether iue so-called Republicans, Know-nothings or *? el^' ? '"?k ? i"h eo" iiaence to the support and approbation of all good aud true men-friends of the Cons,ifu tion. and the Union throughout the country. This resolution was adopted at a Democratic caucus of the members of the House of Rep resentatives. A new Congress was just about to meet. Many of the members of it were fresh from the excited contests that have taken place between the different parties in the dif ferent States. In many of the States, the only enemy they had to encounter was the new order. In other of the States their enemies were the Black Republicans. In others, still they had lo . contend against both of these organizations. The-* con test, were marked by an uncial rancor and virulence. Even in the Sonthern States, where, with the exception of an ignoble few, there was a perfect concurrence of opinion be tween the two part left in regard to the great question of slavery, political animosities were 10flamed to the highest degree. The Democratic members coming fresh from these acrimonious contests, and bringing with them vivid recollections of the trying scenc, through which they had just passed, assembled in caucus almost before they had the time to brush from their garments the dust of travel. Seeing that they were in a minority in the House, and determined to make no corrupt bargains or entangling alliance., and deter mined also to maintain, in its integrity, the organization which ?hey had with so much dif ficulty preserved, the Democrats adopted the above resolution. We maintain, whatever may be thought to the contrary that the resolution is unexcep tionable. It merely re-asserts what was as serted in all the canvasses in all the States. It was, too, but a renewal of the pledges that the Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western Democrats an; wont to make to each other when they first meet together, after an ex citing contest. It but expresses what Demo crats have a right to express at all times, and on all occasions their loyalty to Democratic principles, and their antagonism to all parties that oppose them. The language of the reso n Ia a" m,ld ar,d courteous as it is possible for language to be. Vet this resolution is the subject of great and grievous complaint on the part of South ern Know nothings, and many of them declare that although they are anxious to rote for the Democratic, candidate, in preference to the Freesoil candidate, for Speaker, that thev can not do so with the resolution hanging over their heads. In other words, they demand the rescision of it. They demand it too, in the face of a disclaimer by the author of the reso lotion, made on the floor of Congress, of any intention to offend the sensibilities of any con servative man. They demand it. too i? the face of the fad, that the resolution conclude! with the following language, which conserva tive Know-nothings might very properly a propriate to themselves: ' "We look with confidence to the sum? t and approbation of all good and true men friends of the Constitution and the Union throughout the country." As the conservative Know-nothings are in the minority, as the Democrats are in the ma jority, and tul there is no other sound organi zation in the field, it certainly is but reason able to expect them to aid in the election of the Democratic candidate. As to the rescision of the resolution to which we have referred, that is plainly and altogether out of the question The Democracy of the House will take "no step backwards. ' That resolution embodies it>eii senlimenu, and by those sentiments they must and will stand. Democrats have the same right to express their opinions and enunciate their principles that any other party has, and it is ijJIe to say that the courteous exercise of this right will justify the resentment of any man or party. It is also idle to charge them with the respon sibility of the long-continued failure to orgau mze, became of the expression in caucus or in Congress of their honest opinions?opinions which they have all along entertained and ex pressed. The Democratic party, while it neither makes bargains nor seeks alliances, is yet ever ready in welcome all who are willing to co-ope rate with it. 1 lie experience of the last three weeks goes 10 prove that the Freesoil forces are not suffi ciently strong to orgauizu the House, and it is lair to suppose?indeed the conclusion is inevi table?that the conservative elements scattered through the House, if collected and embodied, <?(//< etl'ect an organization. The Democratic party is the proper rallying point for these elements, and no light cause should be allow ed to prevent their union. The Democrats can maintain and express their opinions, the conservative Know nothings can express and maintain their opinions, yet as it is understood that they both agree on the subject of slavery, and as it is known that the conservative Know uotbiiigs are much smaller in number than the Democrats, we must be allowed to say that the former ought as patriots to unite themselves to the Democrats for the purpose of organizing the House. They can maintain their organi zation afterwards, if they choose to do so. T11E SK.VTINEIi ? THE SENATE printing. At the commencement of the last Congress the I uion was a candidate for the printing of bi)th Houses. Its course had been such that it could not command the support of the Demo cratic party, and it was only upon a change of men, and a promise of change of course, that it secured it an election by the House. But in the Senate, many Democrats, disapproving of its past course and distrusting its future, re fused to give it their support, and gave it to the Sentinel, a paper whose record to that time could stand the test, and whose future promised a close adherence to Democratic principles. The past errors of the Union were known, and its then future is now a record of history.' How signally that record justifies the distrust entertained by Senators! We ask, and we ask it plainly, not in a captious spirit, but as a matter of business, whether the course of the Union has not beeu, and is not now, the stum bling block in the Democratic path? We ask em phatically, is there one among all the Senators who favor the election of the Union, who approves the course of the Uniont Is there a man in the Democratic ranks who will be bold enough to afiirin that the I nion presents a proper record for the Democratic pArty?a re cord by which it can boldly stand ? The I nion in all its plenitude of papal authority in its election by the House, undertook to de nounce and to excommunicate Senators, be cause, forsooth, they doubted its infallibility; and with all its teeming errors, in frightful multitude accumulating Bince that time, to jus tify and endorse the distrust of Senators, these denunciations of the Union remain unre tracted. These Senators now lie under this ban of the I nion?and witli this unaltered record of their condemnation, the Union again comes forward, and commands their support, now that all their apprehensions of its heresy have become facts! And not only this, but tbey are called upon to abandon an officer who has fulfilled his duties, as Buch, to the satisfac tion of the Senate. And in regard to judgment on the Sentinel, we may presume without hazard of incurring censure for presumption or assurance, to say that if there be a Democratic paper iu the country, which presents a record to which the Democratic party may safely refer, that paper is the Washington Sentinel. Apply the line and plummet of Democratic orthodoxy to all the press of the country, and is there one which will conform more nearly to it than the Sen tinel ? None?then if none, why should the Sentitiel be rebuked ? Some parties withhold their support from the Sentinel from personal predilection for other parties; some under the imaginary gup position that it might be construed into hostil ity to the Administration. Nothing can be more unfounded. The Administration now stands upon the record of the Sentinel for iu defence and justification. The principles and measures steadily advocated by the Sentinel have now become the settled policy of the Ad ministration, and the I nion is now copying its record as the rubric of the party. It is true the Sentinel has differed from the Administration in some of its views, but time has developed the truth, and the Administra tion now see matters as we saw tbern?but the columns of the Sentinel, though sometimes se vere, show nowhere a spirit of rancor?no good democrat lies under its ban, and person ality has never disgraced its columns. In regard to the admission of the Van Bu ren forces into the Democratic fold on equal terms with its staunches! mertibers?we op posed it, without some absolute, conclusive test of orthodoxy. The Administration, in a spirit of mistaken conciliation and pardon, was will ing to receive upon professions, (to us elearlv hollow and deceitful,) and not only to receive them, but to give them a preference over old unshaken veterans, and to allow thetn to retain a distinct and separate organization in the very midst of if Democratic party?a Buffalo imperium in a Democraticimp^rio. The error of trusting Van Burenites without" the most searching, practical test, was one we could not silently overlook. We dis cussed that matter with the freedom which a Democratic journal should ever do which desires a record worthy of remembrance. Bat we did justice to the in/rrUionx of the Admin istration : that they believed, and, believing, deemed >t wise and proper to harmonise the party and to admit repentant members. Had these Buffalo proved renl \Ugdalenes and not Delilas, then we should have been placed in the position of doing injustice to men sincerely repentant. But the results have shown that thc-.? men abused the generous intentions of I the Administration, and have caused it regret lor its uudeserved consideration. In regard to Kansas, we differed as to the advantage and propriety of Governor Boeder's j appointment. The Administration were de ceived in regard to this man?its intent was good. Again, the Union, to one of whose edi tors, and not the Executive, Governor Reeder openly attributed his appointment and gave his thanks, justified and endorsed every ac t of | Governor Reeder while presiding over that Territory. That course we sharply condemned, and have yet to learu that the4 Administration approved it.. Our strictures on the Union should not be construed into shafts aimed at the Executive, but parties have chosen to make them glance in that direction. We have over and over again taken the Union to task tor its course on the Kansas question, as J calculated to bring opprobrium on the Demo- ! cratic party and a distrust of the Administra- i tion. The propriety and justice of these stric- | tnres are now too apparent to the parties them selves. We censured the f '/nVm for its perpetual ' endorsement of unsound papers?but this was i proper, and we doubt not that the course of j the Sentinel, taken as a whole, is more accep- I table to the Administration than that of the ; Union. We have not hesitated to come forward and to giv? early and earnest support to the Ad ministration when the Union was silent or tardy. We have desired and sought opportu nity to support the Administration, by advo cating its views and its measures whenever we could do so consistently. Such being the course and position of the Sentinel, what good reason is there for turn ing it outt Is there any complaint of failing in its duty as Printer to the ?enate. None; then why turn it out? Has it not steadfastly advocated every Democratic measure, and justified and defended Democratic principles? It has. Then why seek to ostracise it? I another be selected, will he do his duty better than has the Sentinel/' He cannot. Then why select another? what superior claim has he? If another be selected, will he not be obliged to pledge himself to stand by the record of the Sentinel on all measures on which ithasspoken? He must be held to this test or to none; then why select another to supplant the guardian of a proud record? Let fidelity to principle not be the occasion to a Democratic body of doing injustice. We have been induced to make the forego ing remarks in consequence of the subject of Printer to the Senate having become a subject of general discussion among the press, and because many false views are taken, and some misconception exists, whioh we trust we have sufficiently and clearly corrected. Supreme Court of the United State*. Thursday, December 20, 1855. Hon. I bos. H. Baird, of Pennsylvania, and Linton Stephens, esq., of Georgia, were admit ted Atorneys and Counsellors of this Court. So. 22. Jacob Kissell, plaintiff in error, vs. the Board of the President and Directors of the St. Louis Public Schools. The argument of this cause was concluded by Hon. It. Johnsan for the plaintiffs in error. No. 23, Robt. H. McCready et al., claimants of steamboat Bay State, <tc., appellants, vs. Goldsmith, Wells, et al. This cause was sub mitted to the consideration of the Court on the record and printed argument by Mr. Lord for the appellants and by Mr. Cutting for the ap pellees. No. 24. The I nited States, plaintiffs in error, r*. Catesby Ap Roger Jones. This cause was argued by Messrs. Jones and Carlisle for the defendant in error, aud submitted on a printed argument by Mr. Attorney General Cushing for the plaintiffs in error. No. 25. The United States, use of Jas. Mackey et al., plaintiffs in error, t'f.Richard S. Coxe. The argument of this cause was com menced by Mr. Chilton for the plaintiffs in error, and continued by Mr. Carlisle for the defendant in error. Adjourned until to-morrow, 11 o'clock. Friday, December 21, 1855. Hon. George G. Dunn of Indiana, Hon. W, L. Underwood of Kentucky, Albert B. Cap well, esq., of New Y ork, and Zebulon Baird esq., of Indiana, were admitted attorneys and counsellors of this court. No. 20. Samuel Verden vs. Isaac Coleman. ?In error to the supreme court of the State of Indiana. Mr. Justice Campbell delivered the opinion of the court, dismissing the writ of error in this cause, the decree of the supreme court of Indiana not being a final decree. No. 16. Isaac R. Smith, owner of the sloop \ olant, vs. the State of Maryland. In error to the Circuit Court of the 2d Judiciary Circuit of Maryland. Mr. Justice Curtis delivered the opinion of the court, affirming the judgment of the said Circuit Court in this cause with costs. No. 7. John G. Graham, vs. Alexander Bayne. In error to the Circuit Court of the United States for Illinois. Mr. Justice Grier delivered the opinion of the court, reversing the judgment of the said Circuit Court with costs and remanding the cause with directions to award a venire facias de novo. No. 8. Nehemiah Carrington vs. The brig Ann C. l'ratt, L. B. Pratt claimant. Appeal from the circuit court of the United States for Maine. Mr. Justice Nelson delivered the opin ion of the court, affirming the decree of the said circuit court in this cause, with costs. Ex Parte. In the matter of William Wells, Ac.?On petition for habeas corpus. The mo tion in this cause was argued by Mr. Jones in support thereof, and by Mr. Attorney General Cushing in opposition thereto. No. 25. 1 he United States, use of James Mackey et al., plaintiffs in error, vs. Richard S. Coxe. The argument of this cause was con tinned by Mr. Carlisle for the defendant in error. Adjourned until Monday, 11 o'clock. Official Vote. The votes cast at the late election in New York have been officially canvassed, and the Albany Aryan gives the following summary of the result: Average Know-nothing vote Avera** Republican vote 13ft,15b Average Soft vote 95,002 Average Hard vote 53,519 Know-nothing majority over Republican. 10,734 I>o do. Softs 51 $30 Do. do. Hard* 93,373 United Hard and Soft vole over Know-no thing l.fiSI) The Border Tronblea at an Knd. A despatch, dated Independence, Missouri, 18th instant, says that the trouble at Lawrence has been settled by the people promising to de liver the offenders, to obey the laws of tlie Ter ritory, and to recognise the Gorernor as such, and conduct themselves in future as a law abid ing people. i Tliey refuse, however, to deliver up their I arms. The volunteers from Missouri had dis banded and returned. Colonel Cnmmings, Superintendent of In dian Affairs, arrived at Council Muffs yester day, from the Black Keet country, having con cluded treaties with several tribes. ? o? g r t s s i o n a l. TJtlBTY-POUltTH C'ONGHim FIRST SESSION. Senate.?Thursday, I>ec. SO, IH55. Mr. BRODHEAD, from the Committee of Cluun,,1? which was referred th,;, resolution of - lt. UKLL, of I eunessee, and the proposed amend ment ol Mr. Hamun, relative lo the reference of memorial* and papers relating to privme claims anil hill*i before the Senate at the last session. re ported that the com i ii it tee had duly considered suhjei-t, and he had been instructed to report a >ubt>tituie m the following words : KesolvtJ, That all private claims upon which no adverse reports were made or ordered during the ast session of Congress, and which were pending before the Senate at the close of the last session, and which claims are "lounded upou auy law of Oougress, or upou any regulation of an Executive Department, or upon any contract, express or im plied, with the Government of the United Slates," and whu-h the claimants choose to proseetile be lore the Court of Claim*, be and the same are hereby relerred io the said court, and the Secre tary ol the Senate be and he is hereby instructed to deliver all the papeis in such cases to the clerk ol &aid court upou his application. Mr. D. *aj<j if it wan the pleasure of the Senate he would be pleased lo have the resolution con sidered at once. By reference it weuld be seen thai tin*words ol the act constituting the court had been embodied in relation to such claims only as shouId properly come belbre it. He simply proposed to reier such cases as the court had clear jurisdiction over, and to enable private c aiuianu to obtntn their papers, through the clerk ol the court, without legislative action in individual cases. Mr. HUNTER was ol opinion, from the cur sory reading of the resolution, thai there might be some ditficulty in the way as to the manner in which it might be understood; that was, whether it relerred to such cases as the claimants them selves thought were founded upon the law of Con gress, or such as the court thought might come within its jurisdiction. Mr. H. thought that pro bably the object ot the committee might better be attained by adding some such words as " such claims as may be considered if the court shall be ol opinion that they come within its jurisdic tion. Mr. BRODHEAD quoted the law to show that its exact words has been used; and said that the mere fact of reference could not confer jurisdic tion where the law did not give it. Mr. HUNTER, with this understanding, would not oppose it; and the resolution was agreed to. CONTESTED SKAT. Mr. (.ASS said it would be recollected that, prior to the formation of the standing committees, he had presented a protest, signed by certain members of the Legislature of Illinois, against the present sitting member from that State. He had given notice at the time that, as soon as the com mittees were formed, he would move for its refer ence. In accordance with that notice, he now moved that it be taken up and referred either to Committee on the Judiciary or a select com mittee, a* might be preferred. Mr. TRUMBULL had no choice as to the refer ence. He would state, however, that the signers of the protest in question were not aware ot fhe lact that he had ceased to be a judge, and had been actually succeeded on the bench prior to his elec tion to the Senate, and he desired to present evi dence ol the fact, in order that it might go with the protest to any committee lo whom the sub ject might bs sent. Mr. BUTLER observed that questions of such nature were sometimes referred to the Committee ^l'C,Try1and 01 other? to a special com mit ee. The Judiciary Committee had no feeling Sne way or ,lle olher; bu? h* i'1" mated that the Senator from Illinois should have what committee he might prefer. Mr. TRUMBULL expressed his perfect indif ference on the subject; and the protest and evi dence submitted by Mr. Trumbull were referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. And the Senate adjourned to Monday. House of Representatives. asTolk)w >U8t: a8UUI ProceetJe<l lo vote lor Speaker Mr. Banks, of Massachusetts ]04 Richardson, of Illinois 73 Ipuller, of Pennsylvania 34 Scaiiering jy Mr. SMITH, of Alabama, said the result of the vote just announced is a pretty fair indication of the result to be reached to-day. Wishing to pro mote by degrees the business of the House, be proposed to proeeed to the election of. the Stand ing Committees; one. the Committee of Ways and Means, and the other the Committee on Foreign Affairs?the Northern party to nominate four members thereof; the Administration party three: ? and the Corporal Guard of the South, assisted by the members from the North, iwo members. Iliese committers to select their chairman by a majority vote, and the chairman to preside over the ordinary business of the House alternately till a Speaker be elected. He next proposed that one hour be devoted to the introduction of bills to he referred to appropriate committees hereafter. 1 he members ol the House next to be sworn in by the Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, and the House next to proceed lo the election of Clerk. Postmaster. Sergeant at-Arm*. Doorkeeper; and last, but not least, Chaplain: through whose prayers, perhaps, some oil may be thrown on the troubled waters. This is no time for crimination or recrimination. We want liar mony and concession. 1 Se7,"' objected that the plan of the law of 1 /SO was in the way, prescribing that the Speaker and Clerk shall first be elected, and the members sworn m by the Speaker, before pro ceeding to any other business. Mr. SMITH remarked that unless some such P M p,.Xef,,h17^Jicbusiness would sutler. J Ir. CADWALALlER thought there was much of utility to result from the developments which had been ?,ade ln Hal, -nd notj. ^ remarks of several gentlemen who had preceded him, urged the friends with whom he acted (the l^einocrats) to adhere to their platform of princi Mr Mc-MULLEN bslieved with Mr. Smith of A labama, (though disapproving of the plan which that gentleman had proposed,) that this was not the time ol crimination and recrimination ; and, in the course of his remarks, he took occasion lo no nce what was said by Mr Giddino* on Tuesday, calling him the "grey-headed fanatical man over I lie way, and giving notice to Seward Republi cans, that if the country shall ever arrive at that unfortunate Mage when the Government shall pass into the hands of such fanatics as the gentle man lrom Ohio and if the M.s.our. restriction -hall be restored and the Fugit.ve-slave law re pealed this Union must and will be dissolved! Mr. ZOLLICOFFER assigned his reasons why he could not vote for either Mr. Richardson or Mr. Banks; and defended the position which he and his friends occupy; namely, the middle gronnd on which all patriots may stand without compro mising their principles. Mr. WRIGHT, of Tennessee, replying to his colleague, said that the American Party in this House, by their voles, were making a simple ex tension of the naturalization laws paramount to every consideration. Mr. COX said that the position assumed by the Democrats on the slavery question was national, and the only safe and practical one for the peace safety, and harmony of the Union. While he said this he did not agree with them thst the doctrine of the American party are hostile to civil and reli gious liberty; and therefore he proceeded to de fend the latter organization. And the House adjourned. , ?Friday, December 21, 1H?A. I he Senate was not in session to-day, having yesterday adjourned until Monday. lloiiHe of Representatives. Mr. COX,of Kentucky, resumed and concluded the remarks, which he commenced yesterday, in the further effort to show that the national Ameri can party could not unite with the anti-slavery agitation party of the North. Several other gentlemen explained their views with reference to the slavery question. Mr. COBB, of Georgia, rose and defended his democratic friends from the charge that they are response for the failure to organize the House. In the first plac<*. they are in a minority, and, in the next, the Know nothings have themselves erected a barrier, by the adoption of their proscrip tive principles. This barrier between the Demo crats and the American party is deep, wide nnd impassable; and must be removed l>efore a union of the two can l>e anticipated, with a view to or ganization. Mr. FOSTER replied to his colleague, dissent ing from the platform adopted by the democratic caucus. The House adjourned. A TEACHRK WANTED as Governess in a private family, one thst is competent to tesch all the branches of English. French, and music. Address P. M. Fanquier, White Sufphur Springs, Virginia. From the Wuvbuigiou Union. POST OKKICK UKPAUTHKNT. Fran kitty lYivileye of Member* oj Congress. We understand Home postmasters are iu doubt whether, under the new law requiring pre-pay m en t of all letters to plaoes within the United States, letters addressed to members of Congress may go without being pre-paid. 1 he answer, of course, is, that all such letters should be duly despatched, as the traukiug privilege reiuaius unchanged. In connection with this subject, the follow ing circular of the Postmaster General may be found useful: 44 It having come to the knowledge of the department that large numbers of letters have lately passed through the mails under the forged franks of members of Congress, and knowing that in mauy instances persons hay ing the franking privilege are, greatly to their annoyauce, often requested to frank letters and packets for others, merely to avoid the pay ment of postage, I deem it my duly to call particular attention to the following provision of the act of 3d March, 1825, on this subject, viz: . " Sec. 28. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall frank any letter or letters, other than those written by himself, or by his order, on the business of his office, [extended by act of March 1, 1847, in the case of mem bers of Congress and the Secretary ol the Sen ate and Clerk of the House of Representatives, to include all letters aud packages sent and re ceived by them not weighing over two ounces,J he shall, on conviction thereof, pay a fine ol ten dollars, and it shall be the especial duty ot postmasters to prosecute for said offence. And if any person having the right to receive his letters free of postage shall receive, enclosed to him, any letter or packet addressed to a per*, son not having that right, it shall be his duty to return the same to the post ollice, marking thereou the place from whence it came, that it may be charged with postage. And if any person shall counterfeit the handwriting or frauk of any person, or cause the same to be done, in4 order to avoid the payment of post age, each person so offending shall pay for every such offence five hundred dollars. "Now, with a view to protect all persons having the franking privilege in the lull enjoy ment of their legitimate rights in this respect, and to prevent the commission of these offences, postmasters, special agents, and all others in the service of the department, are hereby in structed to render all proper aid in seeing that the intentions of the law are faithfully carried out." New Post Offices.? The following-named new post offices have been established, and the following-named gentlemen appointed post masters. Crossing, Laporte county, Indiana; Isaac Westpn, postmaster. West Sonora, Preble county, Ohio; Jesse Tilman, postmaster. Jamestown, Conecah county, Alabama; W in. A. B. Lamm, postmaster. Pealed Oak, Bath county, Kentucky; John W. Tomlinson, postmaster. ? Prosperity, Lawrence county, Kentucky; John Wellman, postmaster. Skull Creek, Colorado county, Texas ; Law rence A. Washington, postmaster. DiscoiUined.? The post office at Maple Grove, Knox county, Ohio, has boeu discon tinued. Change of Name.?The name of the post office at Sterling Bottom, Meigs county, Ohio, has been changed from Sterling Bottom to Portland, and Thomas Walker has been ap pointed postmaster, in the place of Johnson J. White, resigned. NAVY DEPARTMENT. The Arctic Expedition. We publish below the letter of the British minister to Dr. Kane, together with the Doc tor's reply to the same. The minister's letter expresses the high sense in which her Majesty and her Majesty's government hold the noble conduct of the Doctor and his associates, and the pleasure it gave them to bear of their safe return: Washington, Dec. 8, 1855. Sir: Her Majesty's government have lately been apprized of the safe return of the expe dition under your command to the Arctic re gions in search of Sir John Franklin. They have also been informed of the safe return ot the searching squadron under Capt. Hartstein. This intelligence has afforded sincere pleasure to her Majesty's government, and I have now the honor, in their name, to offer their cordial congratulations to you. sir, aud to couvey to you, and to request you to communicate to the officers and crews who, under your command, so nobly attempted to afford to Sir John Frank lin and the officers and crews of her Majesty s ships employed on the Arctic expedition, the assurance of the sincere gratitude of the British 1 government and people for their generous ex ertions. I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedi ent and humble servant, JOHN F. CKAMPTON. To Dr. Kank, U. S. Navy. Phii.adkl.phia, Dec. 11, 1856. Sir: I am highly honored by the letter you have addressed to me expressing the generous feeling with which hAr Britaonic Majesty's gov ernment have been pleased to regard the efforts of the expedition lately under my com mand to afford assistance to Sir John Frank lin and his associates. I shall not fail to com municate it to the surviving officers and men of the party; and I pray you, in their behalf as well as my own, to convey to her Britannic Majesty's government our very grateful ac knowledgments for this mark"of their favoring regard. 1 am, sir, with great respect, your very obe dient, faithful servant, E. K. KANE. His Excellency John F. Crami'ton, Minister Plenipotentiary, Ac., Ac. I.agrr Beer and It* Drinker*. The New York TYi/mne says: "The character of tho coninmem of this beverage docs uot vary according to the lo oality; for you will find as respectable a class io the purlieus of William street, as any other part of the Metropolis. They are, as a conse quence, for the most part Germans, with a considerable -sprinkling of Frenchmen, Span iards, Italians, and even Americans. A por tion of the evening is almost invariably devoted by this class to the enjoyment of lager and the social chat of the saloon. Enter any one of these places at any hour between 4 o'clock and midnight and yon will find if occupied by groups of our most intelligent foreign-born citizens discussing perhaps, some recent trans, action of local importance, or the policy and prospects of the various European nations. You need not fear being shocked by any drunken brawl or disgusting outburst of in temperance?sobriety is a distinguishing trait of these people, who in this manner but per petuate the customs of their fatherland. And instead of the gross conversation, and the wholesale blasphemy which characterises even the most respectable of our American bar rooms, you will hear only the voice of merri ment, joyous laugh, and music oftentimes of a superior quality. It is of course, understood that exceptions can be found to every rule; but the generality of the lager beer honses of our city will be found as respectable, in the conventional meaning of the term, as the most popular of our refreshment saloons. Colonial Ulilory of VIrjjtul*-1?Um?Ui?( Dltcuvcry. We are informed that u bill bau been reported i in the Slate Senate, to which every true Vir ginian must wish success, as it is intended to 1 rescue from oblivion the colonial History of the Cominouweulth. While all the other thirteen original States have sought in foreign archives, and preserved with pious ci^re, the precious memorials of their ancestors and their works, we, with strange neglect, hi^ve permitted ours to lie buried in oblivion, as if they were un worthy of preservation. Our history, the njost interesting of ull, crowded with romantic inci dents and instructive teachings, has been al lowed to depend for its very existence upon the unassisted exertions of private individuals, and consequently swarms with errors. We learn that a rich mine of historical mate rials has been discovered by a member of the Virginia Historical Society, in the State Paper office in London. Here lie the archives of the Board of Trade. This board, which existed from 1696 to 179*2, superintended the "planta tions in America and elsewhere," aud received the papers of the councils and committees of the Privy Council which had previously per formed the same functions. As might have been anticipated, their records are a magazine of historic matter; they contain more than two thousand large folio volumes, relating chielly to American affairs, kept with much care aud sys tem, the documents relating to each colouy being preserved in separate books. All the correspondence and official reports of the Royal Governors are to be found in these records, aud, in fact, most of the authentic information in existance concerning the Colonial history of this country. The examination of these records, made by the gentleman already mentioned resulted in a most interssting discovery. Heretofore it has been a matter of doubt and dispute among our historians, when the first House of Burgesses assemble^ in Virginia, and not a vestige was supposed to remain of their laws. Stith says that they met in the latter end of June, 1619, "but that he could nowhere find among the records extant, any account of the particulars that passed." Beverly says that they met in May, 1.620, and sat in the same house with the Governor and Council, after the manner of the Scotch Parliament. Henniug reports that, "after a careful examination of the ancient records relating to Virginia," he could only find a brief notice of their proceed ings. All this obscurity is uow cleared away. A manuscript of thirty pages has been discovered, containing a full account of the assembling of the first House of Burgesses, the name of the members, their manner of proceedings, their re solutions aiud acts or ordinances. The forms observed are described with a minuteness that might serve to direct a painter, and in fact, we know of no fiuer subject for a historical paint ing to decorate ihe Hall of our present House of Delegates than the assembly of their prede cessors two hundred and thirty-six years ago. On the 30th of July, 1619, several years be fore the landing on Plymouth Rock, only twelve years after the lauding at Jamestown, and when this vast continent was a wilderness unbroken by the settlement of white men, ex cept at St. Augustine, and a few plantations on James River, the first representative As sembly tjiat ever met in the New World, con vene! in the choir of the church at Jamestown. The Roval Governor, Sir George Yeadley, is described in the old manuscript as sitting "in his accustomed place, those of the eouacil of estate sat next him, on both hands, ^xcept only the Secretary, then appointed Speaker, ; who sat right before him?John Frome, Clerk of the General Assembly, beins? placed next the Speaker, aud Thomas Piercie, the Ser geant, standing at the bar to be ready for any service the Assembly should command him. But, for as much as man's affairs do little pros per when God's service is neglected, all the Burgesses took their places in the choir until a prayer w'as raised by Mr. Bucke, that it would please God to guide and sanctify all our proceedings to his own glory, and the good of this plantation." We cannot imagine a nobler or a more im pressive scene for a painter. It fully equals the famous prayer of the Continental Congress re presented to us on canvass. That little band of twenty-two Burgesses, solemnly inaugurat ing representative Government in a New World, are not one whit less interesting than their glorious successor who vindicated and established it. We learn that a catalogue of the most inte resting manuscripts, relating to Virginia, is in the hands of the Historical Society, and that arrangements have been made, by which copies of them can be procured without send ing an agent to Europe or any other expense, except the mere cost of copying. The society has a permanent fond of $3,000, and an an nuity of $150 per annum from the city of Richmond, but their income from these and other sources will not suffice to publish ?the manuscripts, much less to procure them; they therefore ask a grant from the Legislature of $1,000 a year for five years in aid of their own funds, and propose in returu to distribute copies of the annual volume to all the colleges and library institutions of the State. The society set forth in their memorial, from which we chiefly draw oor information, that they have commenced the formatiou of a historical library and a gallery of paintings of eminent Virgi nians and distinguished persons connected with the history of Virginia, and have already procured a considerable number of valuable books and paintings, which may be seen at their rooms in this city. We think that the appropriation they ask could not be applied to better purposes than those intended, and will be a tardy acknowl edgment by the legislature of an obligation long existing. The amount is about one-fifth of the sum appropriated by New York for similar purposes, and is, we believe, less than the expenditure of States both North and South of us. The longer the appropriation is delayed, the less efficacious it will be in saving our historic memorials from the devouring tooth of time, and the casualties of fire and other contingencies. We earnestly hope, therefore, that the trifling aid asked may be promptly granted.?Exchange. A l>lfr?r?nee. The Speaker of tbe British House of Com mons is an office of considerable emolument, according to the Washington Globe, in com . parison with the office of Speaker of our House of Representatives. The salary of the former is ?6,000 a year, exelusive of a furnished re'si dence. At the end of his official labors he is generally rewarded with a peerage and a pen sion of ?4,000 for two lives. He is a member of the Privy Council, and entitled to rank-after barons. Our Speaker receives nothing but double pay of a member, Froin the Sandusky (Ohio) Vindicator. Dentil of ?' Miser?950,000 aching for Circulation. The well known miser, John Herryman, a citizen of this place, died very suddenly on Friday night of last week. The deceasea was a German, who by some means had amassed a handsome fortune, which we have heard vari ously estimated at from twenty-five to fifty thousand dollars, but unfortunately for the public as well as himself, he belonged to the lowest grades of misers. In fact, the most avaricious and loathsome character of that class ever painted by the master hand of Dick ens, to use a cant phrase, " was not a patching to him." Of his history, place of nativity, or friends, nothing is known, and any allusion to these t matters, even by his most intimate friends, I always exAsperated him. He leaves, so far as at present is known, no one to inherit his estate, which will in all pro- j liability escheat to the State. No will has yet been discovered, and it is not likely he left ( any. The manner of life and parsimonious habits of the deceased are aluioat incredible. For the last sixteen years he ha* constantly worn the same blue, linsey wolsey wumus and pantaloons, carefully run or darned all over with strong thread, so as to prevent the possi bility of wearing out, except on some impor tant occasions, such as laud sales or something of that nature, when they gave way to a suit ot black velvet that be often boasted had served him faithfully for forty years. He contracted the disease of which be died by walking over the bad roadsduring the most inclement weather of the season, all the way to Putnam and Henry counties, to pay his taxes on the land he owned there, without sufticieut clothing to protect him from the cold. In fact, we are in formed that he scarcely ever wore a shirt or uuder garment, and that the one he had on when he died had not been changed for over three months. It is related of him, but a short time since, notwithstanding the pile of gold and silver he had hoarded away, he actually carried an old horse shoe he hau picked up some place, about the shops, and succeeded in selling it for half a dime. K?|r? Anbuikdor at London. One of the latest curiosities come to London is the apparition of the sable envoy and pleni Botentiary of bis sooty Majesty of all the [aytia, Buron Pompey. He has been officially received by Lord Clarendon, and it is slily re ported that his Lordship kept a smelling bottle to his dainty uose during the whole of the in terview. What will be the efl'ect of this "dark cloud" at the first drawing room remains to be seen. In England they are quite used to the tawny color of the East Indian, but an ebony "nigger" will be a novelty, bedizened in gold lace, and imitating, with the accuracy of one of the monkey tribe, diplomatic airs and graceB. One of the latest freak? of his dusky nobility is a visit he paid this week to Mr. Buchanan, but that distinguished gentleman happened to be out. Death ot Hubert Schuyler. Translated for the New York Evening Post from tie Courier ties Etats Unit, Dee. 19. The following lines from a private letter from Paris are calculated to produce a sensa tion in New York: " Robert Schuyler died about the middle of last month, at his residence in the environs of Genoa, where hie had been living' for some time in the strictest incognita with his family. '' The place of his residence would have been known a long time ago if certain per sons, occupying important positions in the management of several railroads, and especi ally ot the New Haven railroad, had not been deeply interested in securing his silence and absence from the country. " Since his departure from America, his health hus been on the decline, and he finally died of grief and mortification. "Several eminent financiers of New York will not be sorry to learn tho news of his death. He has left, as 1 am informed, a great number of importaut papers, which will be published. They will form u curious chapter in the history of speculating enterprises in the New World." Ho|* Killed and In Pens. Up to the close of last evening's operations, the following will show the number of hogs killed and in pens. Figures same as before quoted?$6 25 a $6 50, according to size and quality. Large numbers arrive daily : PACXKKS. KILLED. IN PENS. Hull, Hunt & Co 37.289 10,609 Atkinson, Thoiiia." 6c Co..... 23.460 9,'00 A. S. White & Co 18,500 7,500 Owsley 6c Co - 17,670 3,200 Jarvis 6c Co / 6,048 1,000 Hamilton. Rickets & Co 12.352 2,000 Huffman, Hamilton 6c Co.... Total 122,838 36,1.09 [Louisville Dime of the 4Jh inst. Rachel'* Prospects'In Havana. A letter from Havana has the following: "Rachael Felix arrived here yesterday, in the Isabel, from Charleston. I am happy to have it in my power to add that the subscrip tion list for all the performances of this talent ed sister presents a most satisfactory appear ance?nearly every seat in the Teatro Tacon (you know its immense size) being engaged for every performance.*' K^uThe Secretary of the Interior has re ceive intelligent ? from Lieut. M. Michler, who hud the work in his charge, that the boundary line between the United States and Mexico had been established, and that Lieut. Michler had reached New Orleans. Reported Death ot Dton Bonrclcault. The Lonisville Courier learns from private New Orleans despatches, that Dion Bourcicault is dead. He was manager of the "Gaiety Theatre," ia that city, and was eminent as a dramatic author and as an actor. Mr. Bourci cault was the author of London Assurance, and many other popular plays, and came to New York from London a little more than a year ago. He lectured for a time upon the English Drama, and then went upon the stage, where he played genteel comedy with the hap piest effect. His wife was formerly Miss Agnes Robertson, an actress of popularity. LITTLE HBLLIB. When the drooping blue-bells lingered On the moMy grass-grown hilt, And <be little snowy star-flower Hen I above the flowing rill; When the lovely babe of summer Wooed the breezes wandering by. Then our little nngel Nellie Folded hrr toll wing* to die. Twilight had her curtains gathered, * tinned them gently with a star, And the fragrant summer tephyrs Floated aweetly from afar; Softly kissed the marble forehead Of our little guileless one, Lightly wsved the golden ringlets Tinted by the setting sun. Then the snowy lid was tffted From above the violet eye, And a voice of music silv'ry Whispered low, ? sweet good bye. Tearful eyes were bending o'er her, Lent "love's glories" to her own, Gentle voices sad and mournful Answered tow her trembling tone But the idol fair was shattered. Sweetly had the spirjj (led, Plumed were her bright wings for Heaven And the blue-eyed one was dead. Then with rare the shining ringlets Twined Ih^v from her marMe brow, Claaped the*timpled handa and whispered? "Nellie is an angel now." Pressed the last kits on her forehead Round her wrapped the robe of white, Rosebuds twined amid her tresses*? Sadly breathed the last good night. Heaven retaineth now our treasure, Esrth the lovely casket keeps, And the sunbeams love to linger Where our little Nellie sleeps. F?K MA1.K OR I KAMK, Lot 11. Mquare | fronting on Pennaylvania avenne, the Rite on which the Apollo Hall formerly stood. The lot has a front of 4fl ten 4 inches, by an aver age depth of about 8.') feet The terms of sale will be: One fourth in cash; the ba'srice in one, two, and three years, with interest, satisfactorily secured; or it will be leased for a term, from one year up to twenty. There i? no use in recapitulating the command ing appearance of the locality of the above lot,** it is generally conceded to be one of the best lots now vacant on Pennsylvsnia avenue. Inquire of Wm. Morrow, 334 O street, or at K. C. Drin'a.