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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 17, 1854, Image 1

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WanVs Building, near the Capitol,
Tri-Weekly f> 0(1
H'eeklv J2 00
To Oli'V* or Ini>iviuiiai.n. uMbirnliiM m.
Iiv? or iitorr eopiesrr
Tri-vM??*kIy p?sr a,mum. in advance t?' '?*'
Weekly 44 44 r><'
07" f'o*l master* me requested act ?? ni<eni?.
? lory of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny ol
itie American Party, and it* probable influence
on the next Presidential election, to which is
added a lli>v cw of' the letter of the Hon. Heury
A.-Wise against the Know-nothings, by an Ame
, The History of Mason and Dixon's Line, con
tained in an Addrvss delivered by John H. B
Latrobe, of Marylaud, before the Historical So
ciety of Pennsylvania, November 8, 18f>4.
Mirana Elliot, or rhe Voice of the Spirit, by 8.
M. H
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M.D.,with
a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W.
1 lift received and for sale by
Corner of Peiio. aveuue and 11th atreet.
Feb l.r>
HAKPEK'S MAOAZ1NE lor September is
a magpificwiit number, filled with superior
engraving*, and for stale at Shilunoton's book
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the beat that has been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette lor September contains
all the new Fall fashions.
The Knickerbocker Magazine for Septembei
fJodey's Lady'fc Book, Graham's Magazine, ant.
Putnam's Magazine, all for September, received
and for safe at
HE KAILllRE of Free Society Soci
ology for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at
Rook Store ?e>ar 9th street
0t ?
Messrs. TAYLOR <fc MAURY beg to an
nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our
citizens, the pictures now ou exhibition at their
store will be raffled for.
Eleven prizes ; sixty chances, at $5.
April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
NEW WORK, by the Author of the Heir
of Redely ff*.
The Castle Builders, by the author ol the Heart's
Ease, in paper covers; price SO cents ; bound, 75
lust published aud for sale at
Mnrch 31 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
if you wist) to purchase anything in the way
of line American, London, or Geneva watches,
(that can b~ relied on for the true time,) rich gold
jewelry, pore silver ware, .tee., <Sfc.. and save from
to vdf? per ceut, as he is now receiving his
Fall supply, which will be sold at the lowest
wholesale rates.
Fm? watches aud jewelry repaired, and war
i anted to <ive satisfaction
I'h nveiiuti, between 4J and 6th streets, sign ol
? lie l*rge spread eagle.
LINGTON'S Bookstore?
1 he Dodd tamily l?y tlftarles Levei, author of |
? iiarles O'Malley.
<? ointl the Scenes, liy L.?dy Bulwer Lytton.
Ttie Lamplighter one of the niosi fascinating
S?>ks ever written.
?*<veryihuig in the B?sik Newspaper, and Sta
o?iery lu>?; lor sale at
Bookstore. Odeon MtolJo.^, 41
street and Pa. aveuue.
WATCHES.?Members of Congress aud
others in want 01 perfect timekeepers would
do well to make their selections at once, in order
10 test their quality before leaving the ciiy.
Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen
was never so complete as at present, embracing
<very description, which we offer unusually low.
Penn ^veiuie, lietween 9th and 10th streetP
Jan lb '
DANIEL, WEBSTER Messrs. Taylor
* MAURY havs ? lew of the original sub
scribers' copies ot the worky of Daniel Webater,
printed on very tine imperial paper, in which Mr.
Webster inscrilwd his nnine. Six volumes;
price $20.
T. Ar M are the only booksellers in the United
&latcs who have any copies ia their possession.
Mar 11 Bookstore near 9th at.
I T O. HOOD, Pennsylvsnia avenue, betwaen
II . 4J and Cth streets, has just returned from
the north with n good assortment of the most rich
mil lashiuiiablv Jewelry in the market, which he
purchased for cash at very low prices,and now ol
ler* lor ?ale the same, at wholesale or retail, much
cheaper than goods Of like quality have ever been
sold lor in this section of country. Please call at
his More, sign of the large spread eagle.
N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing of |
wHtches by W. W. Hollingsworth.
"TV>or?* railroad map of the
X UNITED STATES."?This celebra
ted Map, recently eulogized by Lieutenant Mau
ry. in his " Virginia Letters," is on sale at
Dec 1 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
noUTHERN ROOK.?Origin of the Con
^ simmon; Incorporation of the General Gov
ernment by the Slates; as national public agents
in trust, with no sovereignty ; History of Copart
nership Territories from the Virginia Deed, 1784,
lo the Treaty with Mexico, 1?48; Division of the
Public Lands ; Specific Duties; Ongin and Hist<#y
Mf'the Puritans; Origin and Cause of Trouble t>e
tween the North and South, and Jeopardy of the
Republic; Leva! mode of Redress pointed out; by
W. B. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price
Two Dollars.
On Hale at BISHOP'S Periodical Store,
No. 210 Pennsylvsnia avenue,
adjoining Willard's Hotel.
X lot Machine.
"First patent combined on one stock.
Second patent, sell-feeding in the eyelets.
Third pstent, patent improved fastener, riveting
both sides.
All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine
are strongly recommended to use none but "Lip
man's Pstent Improved,'' which is decidedly the
beat ever brought belore the public, possessing
numerous advantages, vix:
It is strong, durable, and not liable to get out ol
It p unches the hole well and to fit the Eyelet,
and in one operation clinches the Eyelet on l>oth
Ii saves time, as the papers. See., need not l>e
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyeld a
second time, as ia the case with all other ma
ft is useful to the merchant in filing away
papers, as well as to the attorney or conveyancer,
the ahomaker, tailor,' miliner, and numerous
others, and ia a vary labor-saving machine.
Agents for Washington,
taylor k maury,
Book and Stationery Store, near 9th at.
Msy 24
AT REDUCED PRICES.?Aa the aea.ou
is advanced, we have determined to aell oil
the remaining portion of onr winter stock at
greatly reduced prices; therefore gentleman wish
tng to consult economy in purchasing fine Over
coats, Talmas Dress, Frock, snd Bnsine?s Coata;
Black and Fancy Cashmere Pants; Velvet, Silk,
Satin, and Merino Vesta; Under Shirts and
Drawers, and all other ready mnde garments of
fine quality, will find our present variety lo be as
well assorted as in the beginning ol the sesson,
with the advantage of much lower prices.
M3 Pa. avenue, next to Iron Hall.
Feb 24
t it kiiowu that I, tiie aubacrlber ?b- |
. , tamed letters patent m December, IW'jI lor i
an apparatus for the destructive distillation i?l
wood, and the making therefrom of tar or pitch ot
pleasure, and gas j and thai in the judgment ol
competent pertunt the invoittou of an appur
lus recently patented by W. U. Porter cannot be
used by him or any other oerson wiluout infring
ing my said patent. And, lurlher, that what is
patented by said Porter rightfully belong* to ind,
as I expect to prove ere long before the United
Slates Patent Once; and, further, that the use of
said Porter's invention involves also a process
which 1 am now claiming before the United Slates
Patent Office, and which has been adjudged to be
patentable to the lirst inventor thereof, and which
said W. D. Porter has formally disclaimed, as ap
pears upon tfie public records ol said office, ol
whieli an offioialcopy is hereto annexed, and also
a copy of his claims.
In the National InJ.elhgetu?r of the 25th instant
Mr. Porter announces that he has secured by
patent the "exclusive right to making gas Irom
wood," and threatens prssecution to all parties
infringing his patent. I ask how this statemeui
comports with the fart of my patent of December,
1851, and how far the threat can intimidate under
such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was
so understood by the Patent Office, as it appeara
from the records ol the Patent Oliice that his
claim was ?l h'*t refused as interfering with a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Cauuda, for an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given be
low, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the
saving clause, is what Mr. Porter calls securing
the "exclusive right to making gas from wood. '
The statement carries absurdity on its front, and
is a libel-on the good sense of the Patent Ottioe
If such a claim or right had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kiln and chartxial manufactory
in the country.
The following copkss oi correspondence ami
extracts from the records of the Patent Office will
show the true slate of ths* ease:
. Unites States Patent Office,
August '25, 1854.
Sir. In reply to your letter of this date, asking
" if any patent has been granted to W, D. Porter,
dated 22d August, 1854, or at any other lime, or
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them " the exclusive right of making gas from,
wood," and whether any such claim wns made by
W. D. Porter, under his application for a patent,
which letters patent were issued beariug the
above date, you are informed that W. D. Porter *
claims arewbelieved to be c nfined to his appara
tus; and, further, this office is not awnre that a
patent has been granted heretofore lor the exclu
sive right of making gas from wo*d It wou d,
however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make
an extended investigation to nnswer your re
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
C. Mason, Commissioner ol Patents.
W. P. McConaell, Esq.,
Care of Prof. C. G. Page, Washington, D. 0.
The United States Patent Office?To all persons to
whom these presents shall come, greting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the files of this office of an extract Irom a
Caper tiled in the matter of the application ol W.
I. Porter for letters patent, in accordance with
which application letters patent were issued to the
said W. D. Porter on the 22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the seal
ol the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
|L. ?.] this 25th day of Augu*t, in the year of our
I>orJ ??.? iiwu.aml Might hundred *nd fifty
four, and of the independence of the United
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Copy of disclaimer of W. D. Porter in his apphca*
tion for "an improved still for making wood
gas"fled August 5, 1854. Letters patent issued
August22, 1854.
" I do not claim as my invention and discovery
the improvements in making; g?? from >J'00^i v'a*
subjecting the products of destructive distillation
therelrom to a high degree of heat, sObstantially
as has been described and for the purposes set
forth in the specification of W. P. McCoone'1.
The United States Patent To all person, to
whom these presents shall com* greeting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the records of ihis office of an extract from
the specification of W. D. Porter's patent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused ihe
seal of the Patent Office to lie hereunto
affixed this twenty-fifth day ot August,
u *1 n the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-four, and of the
independence of the I'nited Slates the
seventy-niiHb. C. MaTON.
Extract from Specification of IV. D Pirteron
which Utters patent were issued August 22, 1854.
Claim.?What I claim as my invention and de
sire to secure by letters patent i? :
?'The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting of a metallic or other cylinder B, the
cones E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe
F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe
cification, and shown in the accompanying draw
The truth of the abevemay be ascertained from
the records of the Patent Olfre, to which all have
By his attorney CHAS. O. PAGE.
ORNING COW MS.? A large and flu?
assortment, at all prices, for sale by
lONMKHVK and Preeeryed (iliiffer and
('how-Chow, Attea and Choong Loong, Can
ton, fresh importation. For sale by
No. 40, opposite the Centre Market.
I^NWARI) 1/YCETT, Sen., Bnok-Blllier,
\j Potomac. Hall, ooraer of Eleventh-Street and
Maryland avenue, over Clarke's Dm* store. Wash
ington, D. C. , .
Every atyle of book-binding executed, either in
velvet, Turkey Morocco, Russis. or fancy colors
Periodicals and Mnsie neatly halt bound.
Mr. Ltcbtt respectfully suggests to his friends
that while much has Imen done to transmit family
records, little care has been taken to preserve pa
rental likenesses. He takos this method to inform
his friends, and th?s? desirous ef perpetuatin* per
?mini wmembrane.es. that daguerreotype like
can he inlaid on the inside coversof fami
y bibles, prwentation-l??>oka. or keepsakes. s|h*ci
mrn- ol which c.an be ??en at his bindery, or he
ran tve addressed bv letter, whiehwill be promptly
attended to.
Mathematical dictiowahy and
Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com
Erising definitions of all the terms employed in
latb<-Riatics, an analysis of each branch, snd of
the whole n* forming ? tingle science, by ( harlf*
I>avies, L L. D., author of a complete course of
Mathematics, and Win. O. Peck, A. M., Assist
ant Professor of Mathematics United Ststes Mili
ary Academy. Just published, and for sale at
he Bookstore of R FARNHAM;
?iTONE dtJARRY.?I am prepared to t*r
O nish from myquarrr, Opposite the Little Halls
.iriil adjoining the quarry of the Inte Timothy
O'Neale, any quantity of stone that inay be needed
lor building pur|?oses. Apply lo the undersigne<
si his house on H, l>et ween lWth and 20ih streets,
'" Jnly *l"1 W*Ml' ?f ^WILLIAM' ? ScSlT^
C10IHMENTARIR* <??> Hie Jurisdiction
/ PreelK-e. and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the
t'oun* of the United States, vol. 1, by ?eorge
Ttcknor Curtis.
Hisfoty of the Crusades, their Ri?e. 1 rogresa,
snd Results, by Major Proctor, of the Moyal
Military Academy.
Cnmming'a Lectures on the Seven Churches,
On sale at
TAYLOR Sr. MAURY'S Bookstore,
Nov 1A near $Hh street.
I' R 0 S P E C T (J s
PROPOSE to publish in the city of Wa*hui .
ton. m September, a political newspaper, mi
1?[-r "an"* ,he WASHINGTON SKXTl
In doiug so, it improper I should make Iriiown
the principles it will .Maintain. and the policy ,t
will advocate. '
It will support cordially and earnestly the urin
clples of the Democratic, party of the United State*
it does not pto,Kise to be the organ of any Depart
nient of the (government, except in so far as an in
dependent maintenance of the doctrines of that
party nmy represent its opinions and express its
views. 1
It will not be ambitious to comineud itself to ihe
people by a bliud flattery of their rulers. It will
?eek public * jpport by tie bold avowal of the
sentiments which are common to the genuine
Democracy of the Union, and by the condemna
lion ol all such as may conflict with them, from
whatever quarter they may come. It will seek u.
he (and it will endeavor to de8?rve. the title) the
Stales ?>?r*y ol the United
The SBNTtrntL will maintain, as a fundainenti.l
truth of that great party, that the States formed the
Union between them by the ratification of the Con
stitution ?* a compact; by which, alsw.they created
tne federal Government. and delegated lo it.
as their common agent; the power.- expressly
specified ?n it, wilh an exfriic.il rehcrvuliou of ufl
others to the States, or to their separate govern
ment*- The exercise of any t>owers beyond these
thus delegated, is, therefore, an usurpation of the
reserved authority of the States bV the ,*cnt ot
their own creation.
The Skntinki, will uphold and defend the Union
upon the basis of the rights of th? Stotea--tinder
tne Constitution?and thus by sedulously truardinir
the latter, it will the more effectually Htremrthen
and perpetuate the former.
-Vith regard to the exercise of the powers ol the
ret ?ral Government, the Skntinkl will take
the , rinciples of it* action, that Congress -hall ex
ercis no power which has not been delegated by
the 0. nstitution, according to a strict and fair in
t'on 't*'"nguage and spirit; and that it
shai nc seek to attain indirectly an object through
the exei -ise ol constitutional power, (or live direct
attainme t of whieh it has no delegation of power.
In oth?/r words, all powers exercised must lie
clearly gra ted, and ail granted powers must be
used for no mrpose, except such as is clearly in
tended by th Constitution."
^ In respect to the internal admiuistrntion of tiie
(Jovernment, the Skntinkl will sustain the settled
policy of the Democratic party, it will labor to
inculcate thin, cardinal doctrine of Democratic in
tcrnal policy:?that this Government will besf
promote the freedom and prosperity of the people
of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise
power, and more anxious to preserve liberty: and
by leaving to the individual States the manage
ment ol all their dwniesti* concerns?while it con
tents itself with guarding the confederacy from
external violence, and directing the foreign |>olicy
of the country to thu promotion of the common
interests, and defence of the common rights, and
honor of the States composing it.
The Skntixel will advocate sucrh u progressive
foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies
and correspond with the expanding interests of the
country. That policy should be energetic and de
cided; but should temper firmness with liberality
and make its highest ends consist with the strictest
principles of justice. The real interests of the
country, upon each occasion demanding attention
will be its guide in tne course il.e wi|
The national policy of the world in this age is
essentially aggressive. In th? growing sense ot
weakness of some of the nations of the Old World
and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com
nion motive to colonial extens>on has developed
? elf. ^
Our settled determination tc repel interference
trom abroad with our domestic concerns, wil
prompt us to avoid it in the affairs of other coun
tries, unless by their foreign or colonial policy our
peace should be threatened, our security endan
gered, or our interests invaded. For when the
selfish interests of other nations prompt a foreign
or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights
and places in the pathway of our commerce a'
dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must
be resisted by remonstrance, and, if need be, Wv
Our foreign policy shouwl. indeed, be defensive,
but to be properly defensive, .t must sometimes be
apparently aggressive. Our administration should
be vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world
is full of im]K>rtant movements, commercial and
political, deeply concerning American trade and
American power. It is time we had an American
foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot
avoid it if we would. We have larger interests, and
a greater stake in the world aiuj its d??tiny, than
every other people. We occup^ the best portion
of a continent, with no neighbors but a colony, and
a worn-out, anarchical despotism. We are the
olny people whose own land, without -colonial de
fendencies, is washed by the two great oceans of
the world. Our agricultural productions are more
varied and more essential to civilized life, and te
human progress?our mineral and manufacturing
resources more vast?our facilities and capacity for
internal and foreign commerce more extended
than those Of any other people living tinder one
government. A continent, to a great extent, un
explored and ex ha uatless in its yet hidden wealth
is at our feet. European trade seeks tha grest Easi
through avenues which are at our doors, or must
be made through our own limits. Europe, Asia
Africa, and the isles of the sea, lying all around
us, look to us as th* rising power, through the
agenry of whose example, and ever widening and
extending, though peaceful influences, the bless
ings of liberty, civilisation, and religion, are des
tined to triumph over the barbarism and supersti
tion of tha millions ?f the world. And shall such
a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and
act upon the high mission to which it is called?
A mission so full of hope, though so laden with
responsibility, which, if properly difected. must
make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to
the world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of its
The Skntinkl will, therefore, advocate a bold
and earnest foreign voltry, such as the condition of
the country demands; bnt it will advocate it under
the flag of the country?nowhere else. Its foreign
policy must be consistent with the spotless honor
and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To
be respectable at home and abroad, and to be great
in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing
but what is right, and submit to nothing that is
wrong. It must be liberal and magnanimous to
the rights of others, and firm and immoveable in
insisting on its own. It must, in fine, be true to
its own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then
be false to thosa of other nations.
Such, then, is the chart by which we shall be
guided. Independent and free, we shall endeavor
to be honest and truthful. The trua friends ol
democratic principles we shall cordially support
and defend. Its enemies in the fieULor in ambush
we shall oppose, and on all proper^occasions de
nounce. *
To our future brethren of the press we extend
the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the
rival of no press of its own party?the personal
enemy of none of the other.
The present Democratic Ailfimlfttration has our
I-est wishes for its success in the establishment ol
the grest principles upon which it came into power
and in its honest labors to attain such an end it
will find the Skntinki. its friend and coadjutor.
1ATER YEARN, t>y the Author of ?? the
J Old Mouse by the River."
Mr. Rutherford s Children, second volume
Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous
1 oemi, by Charles Leland Poller, A. M.
General Notions of Chemistry, translated from
? he Hrench, by Edmund C. Evans, M. D.
T he Land of the Saracens, by Hayard Taylor
Brushwood picked up on the Continent; or
Last Summer s Trip to the Old World, by Orville
Horwits. ,
The above are selected from a large arrival of
newbooksat TAYLOR <k MAURY'S
Rookstore, n?ar9th ?t.
The New York and Liverpool (Julted Htaten
Mail Steamers.
The ships comprising this line are :
The Atlantic Captain Went.
The Pacific... Captain Nye.
.The Baltic Captain Comstock.
These nb.pn having been huilt by
contract, txpressly lor government
_ -ervice, every care ha* been taken
tneirTonslrueiiou, as also in their engines, to
insure strength and speed, and their accommo
dations for passeugers arw unequalled for ele
gance and comfort.
Price of passage from New Yorlr to Liverpool,
in first cabin 5130
(it second cabin, $75. Exclusive use of extra sized
state rooms $325
Prom Liverpool to New York 30 and 20 guineas
An experienced Surgeon attached to aach ship.
No berth secured until paid for.
pRurosxu datkji or saiuh*.
From New I'ork. Frovi Livtryuol.
WcdMuy.JW >7,lb54
WoJ'dny.. Jan. 10, 1859
Wed\ ay. .Jau. 24, 1855
Wcd'd i' .. Felf. 7, 1655
Wed'day.. Fab. 21, 1855
Saturday..Dec. 16, 1854
Saturday. .Dec. JiO,1854
Saturday ? .Jan 13, 1855
Saturday. .Jan. 27, 1855
Saturday.. Feb. 10, 1855
Wed'day. .Mar. 7, 1955 | Saturday. .Feb. 24, 1855
For fre gtr or pa-sage, apply to
No. 56 Wall street, N. Y.
R. G. ROBERTS <te Co.,
13 King's Arms Yard. London.
GEO. H. DRAPER, Havre.
The owners of these ships will not be accounta
ble for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre
cious stones, or meials, unless bills of lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereof therein ex
pressed. Jan 3?dlf
ry's Bookstore, near 9th street?
The Plurality of Worlds, with an Introduction
by Edward Hitchcock,D. D.
A Lump to the Path; or, the Bible in the Heart,
the Home, and the Market Place, by the Rev. W
K. Tweedie, D. D.
The Catacombs of Rome, by the Right Rev. W.
J. Kip, D. D.
Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coas
of America, by Gabriel Franchere.
Corinne, by Madame De Stael, new edition.
Vathek, by Beckford, do
Female Poets of Great Britain, do
Western Scenes and Adventures, illustrated.
Lite of Napoleon, by Hazlitt, do
llunnay, author of Singleton Fontleroy, &c.
Cosas de Espana, or Going to Madrid, via Bar
Just published aud for sale at
March 6 Bookstore, near 9th street.
OK RENT, till the 15th of November
next, the large built house at the eorner of
tstb and K streets. Call at the " Sentinel" office.
Intelligencer, Star, and Organ, one week daily'
and send bills to Sentinel office.
May 17?lwd
vatlve Magazine.?When new aspirants
for popular favor are announced, the public have
a right to demand the grounds upon which such
show ot title to their patronage is made. In ac
knowledgment of this, we trace the customs of
parties in the avowal of principles; of religious
sects, in the promulgation of creeds; and of per
sons in all pursuits Ot tire, dependent upon ibe
public for success, in their preparatory expositions
of plans and purposes. The customs thus origin
ating, though sometimes abused, are useful and
proper, and should not be discarded. Aud when,
in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed,
those approving ought not to withhold their 'en
couragement, as too many do, until they see that
success is sure, for their aid may be needed to
secure it. Such a foolish policy as this jeopar
dizes the plan they approve, and hastens its failure:
it has defeated many important enterprizes, and
has deprived the country of good and useful works
If a new proposition of any kind is approved by
the public, the support of those approving is of
right exacted, their approval being solicited only
in the view that their more substantial aid will
not l>e withheld.
The Southern Conservative Magazine will
occupy grounds but little cultivated by American
magazinists. It is believed that a field is open for
a periodical of a new and, in some respects, a
higher order than has been aimed at in our maga*
zine literature. In this belief, and with such an
aim, we announce the Southern Conservative
The new magazine will be national and not
?ectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment in the South, but aiming at a higher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
It will be Protestant, but not sectarian; opposing
religious bigotry or intolerance on the one aide,
and infidelity on the other-laboring in its teach
ings to advance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the church.
It will be political, but liberal; owing no slavish
allegiance tp parties or politicians, it will advocate
measures, not men, and will lalior only for the
auccess of principles.
It will be progreesive, yet sternly opposed to
the reckless spirit of innovation ao rile in the
country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de
pres*; to reform and improve, not to destroy;
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our great
republican theory, and laboring to advance it to
its fullest development.
It will be truly American in tone and Sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing fofeign, merely because
believing that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, par excellence, to any favored people,
but are the common right of all
It will be the organ of pure conservatism.
It will encourage a high-toned literature, and
defend pure morala in all the aocial relations of
And it will number in ita corps of regular ooa
tributora some of the ablest political and literary
writers of the'eountry.
The magaxine will l>e printed on the finest
quality of paper, with new type, and in a plain
but superior style.
Each number will contain not less than 50 large
octavo pages, made up of original articles, con
tribuied and editorial ? reviews, political and
acientific essays, romances, poetry, Sic.
We promise much for ibe new magaxine, and
we intend to perform it all, and more, if the read
ing public will give the enterpriae a liberal en
The Southern Conservative Magazine will be
issued, the first of each month, from the office of
publication, Naahville or Knoxville, Tennessee,
and will be furnished to suscribers at four dollars
a year, or three dollars if paid punctually in ad
vance. Publication will be commenced the 1st
day of 'January, 1856. Address orders to the
editor and proprietor.
Knoxville. Tennussee.
May 31, 1.^55. _
LEAVES from a Family Journal, from
the French of Emilie Souvestre, author of
"The Attic Philosopher in Paris.
MrsJameson'sCommon-place Book of Thoughts,
Memories, and Fancies.
June 7 Corner 11th st. and I'enn. av
common-place book of Thoughts, Memo
ries and Fancies, original and aelected, by Mrs
Jameaon. Price 75cents.
Leavea from a Family Journal, from the French
of Emilie Souvestre, author of "the Attic Philo
sopher in Paris." Paper, 50 cents; cloth, 75
Theory and Practice of Lnnd*cn,.e Painting in
water colora, illustrated by a series of 24 designs,
colored diagrama of numerous wood cuts, wiih
two extra plates of simultaneous contracts, by
George Barnard. Price
Just received at
TAYLOR & MAURY'8 Bookstora,
June 7 near 9th at.
jm-t received Irom the |inblii*hers, Firth,
Pond fe Co.. New York, and George Willieg,jr.,
Baltimore, an assortment of ibeir latest publica
Pianos timed, wiirrnnted to give ?Hti?
adjoining Kirk wood House
Dec 1 ?5?3tawif
Male.?The block of buildings known as
' the Union Buildings,'' and now occupied by the
Union newspaper establishment. They are situ
ated on E street, between Kith and 14th Mreets.
and fronting directly on Peunsylvuniaavenue. The
lot is 70 feel front by 159 feet deep. The properly N
susceptible of division and re-arrangement, and
its position such as must rank it amoug the best
business stands on the avenue, and is yearly in
creasing in vHlue. The time of the present leasee
expires on ibe 1st September next, on which day
possession may had.
Also, that large three-story Brick House on 17th
street west, (opposite the War Office, and three
doors south of G street.)
Also, that three-story House on 17th street west,
next door to the Government Building, at the
corner of F and 17th streets.
Should the above pioperty not lie sold at private
sale prior to the 15th of May, it will be sold on I
that day at public auctiou.
Terms will be made favorable to the purchaser.
Apply to CH. H. WINDER,
Corner of 17th and G streets.
March 20?2awt1f>May
To the Patrons of Berkeley Springs.
THE undersigned begs leave to inform his
friends and the public generally, that he has
erected a new and extensive Livery Stable, for
the accommodation of those who may wish to
keep their horses at the Springs during the ap- I
proaching season. The building contains about
40 stalls of extra width, and extensive Carriage
Sheds. Its location is clean, dry, and airy, and
convenient to Colonel Strother's Hotel, with
which it is connected by arrangement. Expe
rienced and reliable persons will be in attendance,
and no- expense will be spared to give every
sat^faction to the visiting public. The proprietor
will also keep for hire, several pleasure carriages I
and saddle horses. Having provided these ac
commodaiious. at^consideruble expense, the Pro
prietor hopes that he will be liberally patronized
Terms to suit the times.
Berkeley Springs,
Morgan County, Va., July 1, 1655. j
July 18?tf.
A Weekly Newspaper to be published In
Washington City.
The undersigned, expecting soon to retire Iroin
the position he has for some time held asSuperin
tendent of the United Stales Census, intends to
devote himself to the control and management ol
the Review, of which, for the last nine years, he
has been the editor and proprietor, and to the
publication in the City of Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
The material for this paper will consist, in part, I
of selectious or extracts from articles admitted
into the Review, but mainly of other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digests of the current events ol
the day, home and foreign; the proceedings ol
Congress and the acts of the Government lite
rary and scientific sketches and essays upon
leading and popular topics; biographical sketches
of public men; d'gest of official reports. State and
Federnl; the state of the markets in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of crops; I
supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the
country as shown by statistics, bringing down
those of the National Census always to date
The object Will be. through careful editorial
management and s "irge and well-selected cor
respondence. tq establish at the seat of govern- I
ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted
to the wants of every community; imparting
uiusement and information, and political, only to
the extent of maintaining the institutions of the
country and defending the rights irnd sovereignty
of the States.
The City of Washington, from the advantages
which it presents for obtaining material of every
kind, through the action of the Smithsonian Insti
tution, the Patent Office, and the National Agri
cultural Convention, etc., and the several Bureaus
and Departments of Government, from its contf
guity to the large commercial cities, from the el
tended, exciting, and all important interests that
eoncentrat* upon it, is. perhaps, the most eligible
location for such a journal, aud ample guarantees
of its success have already been received It will
be printed in folio for the convenience of binding,
and similar in style to the New York Albion.
Terms: 92 per annpm, in advance.
To Qlubs, of 10 st?RKCRiBERs. at one post office,
$13 in advance.
To Subscribers of DeBow's Review, not in
arrears, the Review and Times together, in
Advertisements on accommodating terms.
In order to increase the usefulness of ihe Re
view, which has now acquired a very extensive
circulation, it will be enlarged from 112 to 140 or
150 pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistance and an able corps of oontribu
A monthl" istorical digest of events will be
embraced in /ts pages, valuable for future refer
The subscription price of the Review will re
main st $5 per annum, but for the convenience ol
the large class of persons who may not desire
the whole work, or who may only solicit in
formation upon one or more of the subjects to
which it is devoted, it is in contemplation to make |
a separate oublication of the matter relating to
Agrirvliur*, mother of that relating to Mamyfae
turt*/ a third .o Intrrrial Improvf mrnt*; a fourth j
to Commerce; and a fifth to Kduralimi and Inters. I
These publications will be but departments of the ;
whole work, and may be subscribed for separately i
at St per annum ca. h. They will appear monthly ?
in handsome periodical style, of from twenty-five
lo thirty-two pages ; constituting an annual octavo
volume of .'tf>0 pages each, showing hi a single
view and in a condensed form the whole results,
within the year, in th? paritm/ar /i/yart/nrnt, in
?>ur own country and abroad, as the Review itself
will show thein in all of (ht tirpa rtmrnt* of indus
try and enterprise. -|
Ihe Office of DeBow's Review will remain as
before at New Orleans, though a branch will I*
located at Washington, which will be also the |
?nam office of the other Journals, and may be j
add res- ed at all times in regard to them. The
particular address of the editor, whether Wash
ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from lime
to time, in the work.
J. I). B. DEBOW.
Was m no to!*, Nov. 2f>, IS54.
DeBow's Industrial Reshrcks, thrwe j
handsomely bound volumes upon Ihe Progress
and Wealth of the United States, 1,800 pages royal
octavo, double columns, clear print, library edi
tion, may slill be ordered. Price $f> delivered
at the expense of the autho"
For Writing Without Pen or I?k?1Copy
ing Lt?vei, Plant*, Flower*, Picture*,
Pattern* for Umbrolderyt nafkinf *iIW"
en Indelibly, Manifold Writing.
THIM Article is absolutely the best portable
Inkstand in the known world, lot u small
quantity lolfled and placed in the pocket consti
tutes a travelling Inkstand, which cannot be bro
ken. No pen is ne? ded, tor any stick, sharpened
to a point, writes equally as well as tlie best gold
pen in the universe. For drawing it is indispen
sable. It is, iudeed, the whole art of Drawing and
Painting?taught in oue lesson. Any leaf, plant,
or flower can be transferred to the pages of an
album with a minute and Mistiuct resemblance ot
uature. With equal facility, pictures and em
broidery pattern* are taken, and have received
the highest ei'logiums from the lair sex ; and, in
deed, a more tasteful preaeoi for a lady could not
be produced.
This Magic Paper \vill also mark Linen, or
other articles, so as to remain perfectly indelible.
All the washing in the world f^ils to bring it out
Any child cnn use it with perfect -ease. With
this Mugic Paper, likewise, one or four copies
of every letter written can be secured without
any additional labor whatever, making it the
cheapest and most convenient article extant. It
is used to great advantage by reporters ol the
public press, telegraphic operators, and hosts ot
Each Package contains four different colors
Black, Hlue, Green, and Red, with full and printed
Instructions for all to use, and will last sufficiently
long to obtain Five Hundred distinct Impressions.
It is put up in beautifully enamelled colored
Envelopes, with a truthful likeness of the Pro
prietor attached. Each and every package war
JET"Price $2 a dozen; or five lor one dollar.
Single packages 25 cents.
Address, post paid, N. HUBBELL,
N*. 107 Broadway, New York.
Hitbbki.l's Magic Impression Paper.?We refer
our readers to the advertisement in another col
umn, setting forth the merits of this pleasing and
ingenious invention. The cheapness should in
duce all to give it a trial.? Philadelphia Merchant.
It is unsurpassed lor neatness and utility, and
should meet with the sale it richly deserves.?
received a large assortment ot BOOTS and
SHOES for ladies', misses', and children's wear,
which we offer very low.
Ladies' Gaiters from SI to S3.
Misses' Boots ol every kind, in proportion.
Of Children's Shoes we have every color and
style, from'25cents up.
The inquiry generally is Where caH we find a
good assortment ol shoes lor children ? We can
answer all such querists lo their satisfaction if
?hey give us a call.
We would also slate that we are prepared to
manufacture'every style of boot or shoes usually
worn by Kentlenieu, ladies, misses, or children.
Also on hand, every description of boots and
shoes, which will be sold very low.
Call and examine for yourselves before pur
chasing elsewhere, as we are determined to ?ell.
Marl 3t No. 4S0 Seventh st.
PIANOS, PIANOS!?We have now iu
store the largest and most reliable stock ol
Pianos ever offered in this city, from the justly re
nowned manufactories ol Hallet, Davis Ac Co.,
Boston; Bacon Ac Raven, New York; and Knabe.
Garble Ac Co., Baltimore; ranging in prices Irom
$225 to 4500.
In addition to those in store, we have on exhi
bition at the Metropolitan Mechanics' Fair, at the
Smithsonian Institute, four superb Piano*, made
expressly to our order for this Exhibition, any ol
which we will dispose of on reasonable terms.
Also on hand, Guitars, Violins, Flutes, Accord
eons, Melodeous, Banjos. Strings, Music, Ate.
Remember, at the Piano, Music, Stationery,
Perlumery, aud bancy Goods Store of
HOG Penn avenuemear 10th street
Russia as it i?, by count de gu
MEMOIRS, Speeches,-an?l Writings, ol Robert
Rantoul, jr., edited by Luther Hamilton.
and private devotion, by James Montgomery.
Novel, by Caroline I^ee Hcntz, with illustrations
Irom original designs, in 2 vols.
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discourses, by
Svlv ester Judd, Pastor of Christ Church Maine.
the English Conwnunwealfh, from the execution
ol Charles I. to the death of Cromwell, by M. G.
Guizot. translated by A. R. Scoble, in 2 vols.
ANT Refugees, from the Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes to our own days, by M. Charles Weiss,
Professor of History in thw Lycee Bonaparte, in 2
ming, D. D. .... ?
VOICES OF THE DAY. by Rev John Cum
uiing, D. D.
Inst published and received nt the bookstore -I
Apr 15' Corner of 11th st. anW Penn. av.
Washington ihvincs new
Work, Wolfert's Rooat and other Papers,
now first collected, by Washington Irving.
Scottish Songs, Ballads, and Poems, by Herr
Ainslee . . u
Full Proof of the Ministry, a Sequel to the Koy
who was trained up to be a Clergyman, by John
N. Norton, A. M.
Memoirs of Liie, Exile,-and Conversations ol
the Emperor Napoleon, by tbe Count de le* Case*,
with portraits and other illustrations.
Maauel of Sscred History, by John Henry
Kurtz, D. D.
Just published and for sale at
Feb 15 Bookstore, near 9th street
Greece,from the earliest limes to the Roman
Conquest, with supplementary chapters on the
History of Literature and Art. By Wm. Smith,
LL. D., editor of the Dictionaries of " Greek and
Roman Anuquitie*" "Biography and Mythology,
and " Geography." With notes, and a continuation
to the present lime, fly C. C. Felton, LL.D^,
Eliot Professor of Greek Literature in Harvard
University. .
The above work is intended principally lor schools
ol the higher classes. Just received and for sale at
the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM, corner of (
Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street. Any 21.
AHT HINTS.?Architecture, Sculpture,
and Painting, by James Jackson Jarves,
author of History of ihe Sandwich Islands, Ate.
Price SI 25*
Waikna, or Adventures on the Mosquito
Shore, sixty engravings, by Samuel A Bard.
L ?4 u -
The Heiress of Haughton, or th* Mothers
Secrwt. by the anther of Aubrev Castle. Avon, Ace.
Price 374 cents.
Ju-t published and lor ssle si
J?|y 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
XTM A Heavy-plated Tea Set*. Albata j
\ Forks. Spoons, Atc.-M. W. Gall Ac Bro.
have jttit reit*iv**d a Iveaiitifui assortment Ol
lixtra Plated Tea Sets, latest styles
Castors. Coke Baskets. Card Trays, At<
AUo, superior AH-ata Porks and Spoons.
The alK>v- are of the very best quality, and tin
usually low.
Penn. avenue, between Wth and 10th sts.
VY Picturesque, Historical, and Social ; with a
Sketch' of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated
from the German by Edward Joy Morris. Price
*i 50.
Lecture* on English Literature, from Chancer
to Tennyson, by Henry Reed. Price $1 2?>,
lust published, and lor sale at
One square (twelve lines) 1 insertion SO 30
?ii ii 2 w #. 7?
" " 3 " 1 00
" ? "1 week 2 00
" " " I month. 5 00
fefc. Business cards, not exceeding six line*,
for not less than six months, inserted at Walt price.
Yearly advertisements subject to special ar
rangement. '
Long advertisements at reduced rates.
Religious, Literary, and Charitable notices in
serted gratuitously.
All correspondence en business must be prepaid
Atlomcy for Government Clalmaats,
CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at
tention to the prosecution of Claims of every
description against the General Government, and
particularly to those before the Treasury Depart
ment, Pension and Bounty Land Bureaus, Patent
and General Land Offices, and Board of Claims.
An experience of years, and a familiarity with
the means of obtaining the earluat and most la
vorable action oq Claims, wilh his facilities for Im
dispatch of business, justify him in assuring his
Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener
ally, that interests intrusted to his keeping will
not be neglected.
Pension, Bounty Laud, Patent, and Public
Laud Laws.
lie has nearly ready for gratuitous distribution
among his business Correspondents, (and those
who may become such,) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty
Land, Patent, and Public Land Laws, down to
the end of the late Congress, including the
Bounty Land Act of 3d March, lHfttt,
under which all who have heretofore received
leas than 160 acres are now entitled to additional
land; said Act grants also 1(30 acres to all Officers,
Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldiers,
Wagon-masters, Teamster*, and friendly Indians,
ol the Army, including State Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia?and all Officers, Seamen, Ordinary
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Lnndsmen. of the
Navy, not heretofore provided for, who have
served aot less thnn fourteen days (unless in bat
tie) at any period since 1776; and to the widows
and minor children of all such persons entitled,
and deceased.
This pamphlet contains "Forms of Application
more full and complete than any elsewhere to be
found; adapted to the wants of every class ol
Claimant* under the Act, with copious decisions
and instructions of the Department, and practical
suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the
fauilities afforded by this office in securing prompt
and pereonal superintendence ol their claims at the
Department, can obtain copies of the above
pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage
Inducfeuieiits to Correspondent*.
Correspondents who prepare and forward cases
for management by this Agency will be dealt with
liberally; supplied with all necessary blanks gratu,
and kept constantly advised of the changes lhat
from time to time occur in the execution of the
It is within the subscriber's power to direct his
Correspondents to the locality of very niany per
sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob
tained several thousand Land Warrants under
former laws, he is in possession ol data that will
materially assist in securing additional bounty.
Fees, below Vhe usual rates?and contingent
upon the admission ol Claims.
The highest cash prices given for L.nd War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and Illinois Land
^"Address S. M.-KNIGHT. ^
Washington City
March 17? law2m
from 1S24 to 1854, inclusive, 1 volume.
Williams on Personal Property, with American
notes, 1 vol.
The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by
John Wm. Wallace, 1 vol. ,,r _ _
The Creed of Christendom, by W. R. Greg.
Habits and Men. by Dr. Dorau.
Guy Rivers, by William GilmoreSiiums, 1 vol.,
new editiou.
Bits of Blarney, by R. Shelton Mackensie,
Bart ley's Poems, 1 volume.
Liuneucott's Pronouncing Dictionary of the
World, 1 vol., 8vo. FllANCK TAVLOIl.
Sept 15
B. Warner, author of Dollars and Cents
Rlr. Rutherford's Children. Arc. Just published
and for sale by R- FARNHAM,
May ?> Corner of Pa. avenue and lltb str???
~T NEW WORK on the Catholicity ul the
True Church.?The Golden Reed, or tb?
True Measure of a Tru? Church, by B. Barrett
price $1, just received
\lnv 1() R- FARNHAM
JOHN H. HUTHMANN, Importer and
Dealer in Wine, Brandy, Cigars, &c., Penn
sylvania aveii'.e, a.uth side, between 4J and 6th
streets, has received a part of his fall supplies.
Madeira, Sherry, Port, of various grades and
prices. . ...
Cognac Brandy*, pale and dark, from a very high
order to a fair article. #
Scotch Whii.ky, Wcbiendam Gin, ol superior
' Jamaica Ruin, Monongahela Whisky, extra
"caraeoa, red and white, (Anisette of Duasel
dorf on the Rhine.) Maraschino.
London Brown Stout.
Edinburgh Scotch Ale. ? j
Champagne of ^lumui's snd Mod's ? Chan
don's Imperial, Heidsieck & Co., Muuim's, snd
Moet Ac Chandon's Verxwnay and de Rougement.
Also sparkling St. Peray, pink and white. ?
With an a??orimeut of Havana Cigars.
Regalia El Ca>, Regalia la Villanueva.
Es la Chay, Veneiulano.
Villanueva. Londres, Humos. Ate.
Also, a large assortment of Rhine Wine, (some
sparkling) and French Wine, red and white, from
the highest price to a fine Bordeaux table Wine.
Dec 6
knulihh and krknch boardino
and day school.
Ml IIUOOK E , from Philadelphia, will
lor younir Ladies, on Monday, September 10th,
1*55, at No. 138, Penn. Avtnue, corner ol
Seven Buildings and 19th street. Miss BROOK K
will be assisted by the most competent Profes
sors in every department.
A French lady, recently from Paris, is engaged
an a resident governess, and every means will l>e
used ty accomplish her pupils jn that language.
Drawing will be taught in various and elegant
?? My friend, Miss Brooke, is a most estimable
lady, of great hitelligence, whose qualifiations as
n teacher, and whose accomplishments in English
literature, entitle her to hjgh^^^'cfVoTTF R."
"Miss Brooke is well known to me as a lady
who is entirely capable of conducing successfully
the education of young ladies "n<J ln ?wy
worthy ol ,b. ?ACHE.
The Right Rev. ALONZO POTTER, D. D.,
LR,Irbl Rev. O. W. DOANE. D. D., LL. D.
Professor A. DALLAS BACHE. Supt. Coast
Su r v?'v?
Prolessor JOSEPH HENRY. Secy ..fSinith
soiaa Institution. *
G?-n. JOHN MASON, Washington, D. C.
JOHN S. MEEHAN, E?q., Librarian to Con
*rHon. JAMES CAMPBELL. P. M General.
Hon. KLLIS LEWIS. Chief Justice of the S.
( ?Hon. G. W. WOODWARD, Associate Judgs
of the S. Court of Penna.
Hon. GEORGE VAIL, M. C N Jersey
Lieut. M. F. MAURY, LL D., U. 3. Obserra
|'"circular, siat.ng the terms to be had at the
principal Book Stores, or of Mtaa Brooke, No
i 13N Pa. Avenue.
August 30?3tawlm.
A~ Nii o V I EH, Varieties, and Shrlmj
Pant*.?Anchovy Paste, genuine, in jars.
Anchovies in sauce. In pickle, and aalt.
' Ksxence of Lo^e". Aachovies, and Shrimps.
J?? r.c.iv.J >>Jhekria BROTHER9.
D?c 13 3til No. 40, op. Centre Market

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