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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 18, 1854, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053546/1854-05-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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V0L & T RI-W E EKL1. v" ?
v n i , rui-WKFKi.r Ajjr> wkkki.v ky
K' K!:| 1 s H'i'KKH ANTI> WM M. OV*RTO\.
Ward'* Building, near the Capitol,
r?-'v.,-ki\ 500
' ? flilv V ?K)
To Cm v- <>h Indi vinrAi,s. snb?eribii>r ?o*
five or mrtre copies?
Tri-weekly per '* muni, hi advance ??#"< 00
Weekly " " ' ?
IT7" ?; '--i mister* are re<|ueMed t" hi-i n?.ic?nl?.
rpilL SONS Of TliE HIHE8, A III*
JL tory of ihe Rise, Progress, and Destiny of
ibe Americad Parlv, and its probubie influence
nil ihe next Presidential election, to which is
added a Rev ew of the Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise against the Know-nothing*, by an Ame
The Hit-lory ot Mason aud Dixon's Line, con
tained in an Addrvss delivered by John 11. B
Latrobe, of Maryland, before the Historical So
eietv of Pennsylvania. November 8, 1854.
Mirana Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S
M. H
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell. M.D.,with
a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W.
W arnea.
Iii.t received and for sale by
Corner of Penn. avenue and 11th street.
Feb lf>
AHPER'S MAGAZINE for September it
a magnificent number, filled with superior
engravings. and for tale at Shi Islington's book
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the best that has been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains
all the new Fall fashions.
The Knickerbocker Magazine for September
Godey's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, ane.
I'limnm's Magazine, all lor September, received
and for sale at
THE fa'il.UKE of Free Society?Soci
ology for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Filzhugh. On sale at
Book Store, near 9th street
Messrs. TAYLOR Ac MAURY beg to an
nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our
citizens, the pictures now on exhibition at their
store will be rallied for.
Eleven prizes ; sixty chances, at $5.
April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
NEW WORK, by the Author of tlie Heir
of Redclyffe.
The Castle Builders, by the author of the Heart's
Ease, in paper covers; price 50 cents ; bound, 75
Just published and for sale at
March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth street
if you wish to purchase anything in the way
ot line American, London or Geneva watches,
{that i-.aii be relied on for the I rue time,) rich gold
jewelry, pure silver ware, Arc., ir.r... and save from
1ft to 25 per ueut. a* be uow receiving his
Fall supply, which will t?e ?oli1 at the lowest
wholesale rates.
Kme whii hca and jewelry repaired, and war
rained to jeive satisfaction
1':. ivenue, between 4$ and ftth streets, sign ol
tl.? l:<rfi* snread eaale.
LINGTON'S Bookstore?
I he l)odd Family, by Charle* Lever, author of |
1 Varies O'Malley.
Vund the Scene-, by Lidy Bulw?*r Lytton
I'lle L;ii>iplighter. one of the -nnsl lancinating
? inks ever written.
-.verVihing in the Book Newspaper, and Sta
rv line lor ^ale at
Book-tore. Odeon Building, corner 4$
street and Pa. avenue.
WATCHES.?Member# of Congress and
others in want of perfect timekeepers would
do well to make their selections at once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the ciiy.
Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen
was never so complete as at present, embracing
?verv description, which we offer unusually low.
Penn avenue, between 9th and 10th streets
Jan 18
- I
DANIEL WEBSTER...Meaara. Taylor
& MAURY haw a few of ihe original sub
scribers' copies ol the works of Darnel Webster,
printed on very fine imperial paper, in which Mr. |
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes;
price S'20.
T. ir M. are the only booksellers in the United
States who have any copies ia their possession.
Mar 11 Bookstore near 9th st.
HO. HOOD, Pennsylvania avenue, between
I) and rtth streets, has just returned Irom
|in- north with a good assortment of the most rich
and fashionable Jewelry in the market, which he
purchased for cash at very low prices, and now of
t?rs lor ?a!e the same, at wholesale or retail, much
cheaper than goods of like quality have ever been
?old lor in this arction of country. Please call at
Iiis *iore. sign of the large spread eagle.
N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing of
watches by W. W. Hollingsworth.
X UNITED STATES."?Thia celebra- I
ted t?iap, recently eulogized by Lieutenant Mau
ry, in bis " Virginia letters," is on ssle at
Dec 1 Book-tore, near Ninth atreel
S SOUTHERN BOOR. Origin of the Con- j
^sntution; Incorporation of the General Gov
eminent by the States; as national puMic agents
in trust, with no sovereignty ; History of Copart
nership Territories Irom the Virginia Deed. 1784,
to the Treaty with Mexico, 1848; Division of the
Public Lands; Specific Duties; Origin and History
of the Puritans; Origin ami Cause of Trouble be
tween the North aud South, and Jeopardy of the
Republic; Legal mode of Redresspoinied out; by
W. B. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price
Two Dollars.
On Male at BISHOP'* Periodical Store,
No 2lfl Pennsylvania avenue,
adjoining Willard'a Hotel.
let Machine.
First patent combined on one stock.
Second patent, self-feeding in theeyeleta.
Third patent, patent improved fastener, riveting
both sidea.
All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine
are strongly recommended to use none but ' Lip
man's Patent Improved,' which is decidedly ihe
besi ever brought before the public, possessing |
numerous advantages, viz
It is strong, durable, and not liable to get out ol
It punches the hole well and to fit the Eyelet,
and in one operation clinches the Eyelet oo both
It saves time, as the papers, itec., need not be
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a
second time. s? is the case with all other ma
chines. ?
It is useful to ?the merchant in filing away
papers, as well as to the attorney or conveyancer,
the shomaker, tailor, miliner, and numerous
others, and ia a very labor-saving machine.
Agents for Washington,
Book and Stationery Store, near 9th at.
May 24
is advanced, we have determined to sell off
the remaining portion of our winter stock at
greatly reduced prices; therefore gentleman wish
ing to consult economy in pnrehaaing fine Over
coats, Talmas Dress, Frock, and Business Coats;
Black and Fancy Cashmere Panta; Velvet, 8ilk,
Satin, and Merino Vesta; Under Shirts and
Drawer*, and all other ready made garmenta of
fine quality, will find our present variety to be as
well assorted as in the beginning ol the season,
with the advantage of much lower nrioes.
322 Pa. avenue, next to Iron Hall.
Feb 24 *
BE It kiiowu that I, the subscriber ob
tained Idlers patent ill December, ISftl i ir
an apparatus for the destructive distillation ol
wood and the making therefrom of tnr or pitch ut
pleasure, and gas; and that in the judgment of
competent persons the invention of an appur
tus recently patented by W. L). Porter cannot be
used by him or any other oerson witiiout infring
ing my said patent. And, further, that what is
patented by said Porter rightfully belong* to me,
as I expect to prove ere long before the United
State* Patent Office ; and, further, that the use of
?aid Porter's invention involves also a process
which I am now claiming before the United States
Patent Ollice, and which has been adjudged to be
patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which
said W. D. Porter has formally disclaimed, as ap
pears upon the public records of said ollice, ol
which an official copy is hereto annexed, and also
a copy of his claims.
In the National Intelligencer of the &th instant
Mr. Porter announces that he has secured by
patent the "exclusive right to making gas fro in
wood," and threatens prosecution to all parties
infringing bis patent. I ask how this statement
comports with the fact of my patent of December.
185l,and how far the threat can intimidate under
such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and wa
so understood by the Patent Office, as it appears
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim was at first refused as interfering with a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given Inf
low, and in which the perforated diaphrngm is the
saving clause, is what Mr Porter calls securing
the "exclusive right to making gas from wood.
The statement carries absurdity on its front, and
is a libel on the good sense of the Patent 0 'ice
If such a claim or right had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kilu and charcoal manufactory
in the country.
The following copies of correspondence and
extracts from the records of the Patent (>ifice will
show the tr ue state of the ease:
UruTK? Statu Patkm i Office,
August 25, IS54.
Sir . In reply to your letter of this date, asking
" if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter,
dated 22d August, 1854, or at any olh* time, or
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them " theexclusive right of making gas frvm
wood" and whether any such claim was made by
W. D. Porter, under bis application for a patent,
which letters patent were issued bearing the
above date, you are informed that W. D. Porter's
claims are believed to be c nfined to his appara
tus; and, further, this office is not awara that a
patent has been granted heretofore lor the exclu
sive right of making gas from wo-d It would,
however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make
an extended investigation to answer your re
I am. respectfully, your obedient servant,
C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents.
W. P. McConakll, Esq.,
Care of Prof. C. G. Page, Washington, D. C.
The United States Patent Office? To all person* to
whom these presents shall come, greting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the files of this office of an extract from a
paper filed in the matter of the application of W.
D. Porter for letter* patent, in accordant* with
which application letters patent were issued to the
said W. D. Porter on the 22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof. 1 Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the seal
of the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
[l. s.| this 2?Mh day of August, iu the year of our
Lord oue thousand eight hundred and fifty
four, and of the independence of the United
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Copy of disclaimer of IV. D. Porter in his apphca?
tion for " an improved ttill for making mood
gas,"fled August 5, 1S54. Letters patent issued
August 22, 1ST>4.
" I do not claim as my invention and discovery
the improvements in making gas from wood, vis:
subjecting the products of destructive distillation
therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially
as has been described and for the purposes set
forth in the specification of W. P. McConnell.**
Th* United States Patent Office?To all person* to
whom these presents shall eome greeting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the records of this office of an extract from
the specification of W. D. Porter's patent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, 1, Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the
seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto
. affixed this twenty fifth day of August,
.n the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-four, and of the
independence of the United States the
seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Eli ract from Specification of W. D. Pmrter on
which letters patent were issued August 22, 1854.
Claim.?What 1 claim as my invention and de
sire to secure by letters patent is :
"The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting af a metallic or other cylinder H, the
cones E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe
F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe
cification, and shown in the accompanying draw
The truth of the al>?vemay be ascertained from
the records of the Patent Office, to which all have
access. . ?
By his attorney CHAS. G. PAGE
MOKNING GOWfc*.? A large and Uh
sssortment, at all prices, for sale by
CmKMUKVU and Preserved (linger and
/ ('how-Chow. Attea and Choong I?oiig. Can
ton, fresh importation. For sale by
No. 40, opposite the Centre Market
Pll*ARI) lYfRTT, Msii.. Rook-filmier,
I j Potomac Hall, corner of Eleventh-streei and
Maryland a venue, over Clarke's Drug store. Wash
ington, D. C.
Every style of hook-binding executed, either in
velvet, Turkey Morocco, Russia or tancv eOlors
Periodicals and Music neatly half lionnd
Mr. Lycstt respectfully suggest* to his friends
that while much has l*fii done to transmit family
records, little care has l?een taken to preserve pa
rental likenesses. He takos this method 10 inform
his frieuds.and those desirous af perpetuating per
sonal remembrances, that daguerreotype like
nesses can be inlaid on the insiife covers of fami
y bibles, presentation-l?ooks, or keepsakes, speci
mens of which can l?e ?*???? at hi* bindery, or he
can hf ad?lres?e<l by letter whirhs'ill K?. promptly
attended to.
.LlX. Cycl<f^>edis of Mathematicsl Science, com
prising definitions of all the terms employed in
Math'-matio*, an analysis of each branch, and ol
the whole as forming a single science, by Charles
Davies, L. L D., author of a complete course ol
Mathematics, and Win. G. Peck. A. M., Assist
snt Professor of Msthemaiic* United Ststes Mili
ary Academy. Just published, and for sale at
he Bookstore of R FARNHAM
UTONK (iUAKRY.?I am prepared to f\ir
1^ nish from iny quarry, opposite the Little Falls
and adjoining the quarry of the late Timothy
O'Nealc, any quantity of stone that may l?- needed
for building purposes. Apply to the undersigned
st his house on H. between lVth and 20ih streets
m the First ward, or to Mr. Paine, at the quarry.
C10IHMRNTAHIK* on the Jurisdiction
/ Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the
Courts of the United States, vol. 1, by George
Ticknor Curtis.
History of the Crusades, their Rise, Progress,
ami Results, by Major Proctor, of the Royal
Military Acsdemy,
' ?'?mining s Lectures on the Seven Churches.
On ssle st
TAYLOR Sr. MAURY'S Bookstore,
Nov 18 near 9th street.
I PROPOSE to publish in ttic; city of Washitu
ton. in September, a political newspaper, un
der the name of the WASHINGTON SKNTI
In doing so, il in proper 1 should make known
the principle* it will maintain, mid the policy it
will advocate.
It will support cordially and earnestly the priu
ciplea of the Democratic party of the United State,.1
it does not propone to be the organ of any Depart
mem of the Government, except 111 to far as an in
dependent maintenance of the doctrinen of that
party iiyiy represent it* opinion- and express us
It will not be ainliitioun to commend itself to tile
people by a blind (lattery of their rulers, it will
?eek public t ipport by the bold avowal of the
sentiment* wnicb are common to the genuine
Democracy of the Union, and l>y the condemna
tion of all ?uch aw may conflict with them, from
whatever quarter they iimiv come It will seek to
be (and it will endeavor to des?rve the title) the
organ of the Democratic partv ol the United
The Skntinki, will maintain, as h tiiudatrieut <1
truth ot that great party, thut the State* formed the
Union between them by the ratification of the ('on
stitution a* a compact; by which. also, they created
the Federal (.Joverninent and delegated 10 it,
a? their common agent, the power* expressly
specified 111 it. with an explicit reservation at all
others to the State*, or 10 their separate ifovern
menta. The exerciae ofany power* beyond thef
thus delegated, is therefore, an usurpation of the
reserved authority of the -time- hv 'he agent <i>
t heir own creation.
The SlNTtNIL will uphold and defend the I'moil
u|K?n the basis of the rights of th? States?under
the Constitution?and thus by sedul'-uslvguarding
the latter, it will .the more effectually ?tr.*nirthen
and perpetuate the former
With regard to the exercise ot the [Hiwcrs ot the
Fecjral Government, the Skntinel will take h
the j rinciple* of its action, that Congress -hall ex
ercis no power which has not-been delegated iiv
the C. nstitution, according to u strict and fair 111
terprei tion of its language and spirit; .ind that n
*hal' nc seek to attain indirectly an object through
the exei i-e of constitutional power, for the direct
attainme t of which it has no delegation of potper.
In'otht/r jyord.s. all powers exercised must be
clearly gra ted, and ail granted powers must be
used for no turpose, except -neb n? <? olearlv in
tended by th Constitution.
fn respect to the internal administration of tin
Government, the Se.vi'inkl will sustain the settled
policy of the Democratic party. It will labor to
inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic hi
ternal policy:?that this Government will best
promote the freedom and prosperity of the people
of the Stales, by being less ambitious to exercise
power, and more ar.xiotts to preserve liberty; and
by leaving to the individual States the manage
ment of all their domestic concerns?while it con
tents itself with guarding the confederacy from
external violence, and directing the foreign |?olicy
of the country to the promotion of the common
interests, and defence of the common rights, and
honor of the Stales composing il.
The Skntivkl will advocate such a progressive
foreign policy as will *uit itself to the exigencies,
and correspond with the expanding interests of the
country. That policy should be energetic and de
cided ; but should temper firmness with liberality,
and make its highest ends consist with the strictest
principles of justice. The real interests of the
country, upon ea< h occasion demanding attention
will be its guide in the eourM the Sentinel wil
The national policy of the world in this age is
essentially aggressive. In the growing sense ol
weakness of some of the nation* of the Old World,
and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com
moti motive to colonial extension has developed
Our settled determination tc repel Interference
from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil
prompt u# to avoid it in the affairs of other coun
tries, units* by their foreign or colonial |K?licy our
peace should be threatened, our security endan
gered, or our interests invaded. For when the
?telfish interest* of other nation* prompt a foreign
or colonial policy which infringe* upon our rights,
and places in the pathway of our commerce s
dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must
be resisted by remonstrance, and. if need be. Wy
Our foreign policy shount. indeed, be defensive,
but to he properly defensive, it must sometimes be
ajrjtarently aggressivt. Our administration should
be vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world
in full of important movements, commercial and
political, deeply concerning American trade and
American power. It is time we had an American
foreign policy. We must have il. We cannot
avoi Jit if we would. We have larger interests, and
a greater stake in the world and its destiny, than
every other people. We occupy the best portion
of a continent, with uo neighbor* but a colony, and
s worn-out, anarchical desootism. We are the
olny people whose own land, without colonial de
tendencies, is washed by the two great ocean* ot
the world. Our agricultural production* are more
varied and more essential to civilized life, and t*
human progreaa?our mineral and manufacturing
resources more vast?ourfacilitie* and capacity for
internal and foreign commerce more extended
than those of any other people living under one
government. A continent, to a great extent, un
explored and exhausl>e*s in its yet hidden wealth
is at our feet. European trade seeks the great East
through avenues which are at our doors, or must
be made through our own limits. Europe, A*ib,
Africa, and the i*les of the sea, lying all around
us, look to us as the rising power, through the
agency of whose example, and ever widening and
extending, though peaceful influences, the bless
ings of liberty, civilixation, and religion, are des
tined to triumph over the barbarism and supersti
tion of the millions el the world. And shall such
a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and
act upon the high mission to which it is called'
A mission so full of hope, though so laden with
responsibility, which, it properly directed, must
make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to
the world, as well a* the peaceful arbiter of it?
The Sk.ntinxi. will, therefore, advocate a hold
and earnest foreign policy, auch a* the condition of
the country demand*; but it will advocate it under
the flag of the country?nowhere else. Its foreign
policy must be consistent with the spotless honor
and unimpeachable good faitb'of the country. To
be respectable at home and abroad, and 10 be great
in the eyea of the world, it must ask for nothing
but what ia right, and submit to nothing that is
wrong. It must be liberal and magnanimous to
the rights of others, and firm and immoveable in
insiNting on its own. It mu*t, in fine, be true to
its own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then
be false to those of other nations.
Such, then, ia the chart by which we shall be
guided. Independent and free, we shall endeavor
to be honest and truthful. The true friends ot
democratic principles we shall cordially support
and defend. Ita enemiea in the field or in ambuah
we ahall oppose, and on all proper occasions dea
To our future brethren of the press we extend
the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the
rival of no press of iia own party?the personal
enemy of none of the other.
The present Democratic Administration has our
l?st wishes for its success in the establishment ot
the great principles upon which it came into power;
and in its honest labors to attain *uch an end if
will find the .SaNTi.NHi.it* friend and coadjutor.
IATHH YEARS, ttv tlie Author of ??the
j Old House by the River.''
Mr. Rutherford's Ch Idren, second volume.
Pebble* from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous
Poems, by Chsrles Leland Potter. A. M
General Notion* of Chemistry, translated from
the French, by Edmund C. Evan*. M. D.
The Land of the Saracens, by llnyard Tayler.
Bru*hwood nicked up on the Continent; or
La*t Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orville
The above are selecten from a large arrival ot
new boo!r? at TAYLOR St MAURY'S
t ' Bookstore, near 9th at.
Tin* New York and Liverpool Uulted States
Mail Steaiueru.
The ships comprising thin line are :
The Atlantic Caplain We>i,
The Pacific Captain Nye.
The Baltic Captain Couistock.
These ships having been built by
contract, expressly for government
service, every care has been taken
in their construction, as also in their engines, to
insure strength and speed, and their accommo
dations for passengers are unequalled for ele
irauce and comfort.
Price of passage from New York to Liverpool,
in first cabiu $130
In second c%bin, $75. Exclusive use of extra sized
slate rooms S32-')
From Liverpool to New York 30 and 20 guineas
An experienced Surgeon attached to each sbiu.
No berth secured until paid for.
h'rorn Nfw York From Liverpool.
W-,dMny..lw '<'7,1854 I Saturday ?. Dec. 16,1^54
We l'day.. Jan. 10, 1805 , Saturday. .Dec. '0,IS54
Wed'< ay..Jan. 24, 1888
Wed'd.v ..Feb. 7, lbSS
Wed'day. .Feb. 21, 1855
Saturday..Jan 13. 1855
Saturday..Jan. 27, 1855
Saturday. .Feb. 10, 1855
Wed'day. .Mar. 7. 1855 j Saturday.. Feb 24, 1855
For fre gin or pa>sagr. apply to
No. 56 Wall street. N. Y.
13 King* Arms Yard, London.
GEO* H. DRAPER, Havre.
The owners of these ships will sot be accounta
ble for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre
ciou- stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereof therein ex
pressed. Jan 3?dtf
fj ry's Bookstore, near 9th street?
The Plurality of Worlds, with an Introduction
l>V Edward Hitchcock, D. D.
A Lamp to the Path; or, the Bible in the Heart,
the Home, and the Market Place, by the Rev. W
K. Twecdie, D. 1).
The Catacomb'' of Rome, by the Right Rev. W.
J. Kip. D. D.
Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest ('oas
of America, by Gabriel Franchere.
Corinne, by Madame De Stael, new edition.
Vathrk, by Beckford. do
Female Poets of Great Britain. do
Western Scenes and Adventures, illustrated.
Life of Napoleon, by Hazlitt, do
Hannay, author of Singleton Fontleroy, dcc.
Cosas de Espana, or Going to Madrid, via Bar
Just published and for sale at
March 6 Bookstore, near 9th street.
17U)lt RENT, till the 15th of November
next, the large built house st the corner of
tbtli and K streets. Call at the " Sentiuel" office.
Intelligencer, Star, and Organ, one week daily*
and send b.lls to Sentinel office.
May 17?lwd
Prospectus.?souther n coNst-R
vative Magazine.? When new a*pirsnts
tor popular lavor are announced, the public have
a right to deinaud the grounds upon which such
show of title to their patronnge is made. In ac
knowledgment of this, we trace the customs of
parlies in the avowal of principles; of religious
sects, in the i roinulgation of creeds; and ol per
tons in all pursuits of life, dependent upon the
public for success, in their preparatory expositions
of plans and purposes The customs thus origin
ating, though soiu- times abu?ed, are useful and
proper, and should not be discarded. And when,
in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed,
tliote approving ought not to withhold their en
couragement^ as too many do, until they see that
success is sure, for their aid may be needed to
secure it. Such a foolish policy as this jeopar
dizes the plan they approve, and hastens its failure:
it has defeated many important enterprises, and
has deprived the country of good and useful works.
If a new proposition of any kind is approved by
the public, the support of those spproving is of
right expected, their approval being solicited only
in the view that their more substantial aid will
not be withheld.
The Southern Conservative Magazine will
occupy grounds but little cultivated by American
magasiuist*. It is lielieved that a field is open for
a periodical of a new and, in some respects, a
higher order than has be?u aimed at in our maga
zine literature. In this belief, and with such an
aim, we announce the Southern Conservative
The new magazine will be national and not
sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment in the South, but aiming at a higher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
it will be Protestant,but not sectarian; opposing
relirious bigotry or intollerancc on the one side,
snd infidelity on the other laboring in its teach
ings to ad\ ance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the church.
It will be political, but liberal; owing no slavish
allegiance to parties or politicians, it will advocate
measures, not men, and will labor only for the
success of principles.
It will be progressive, yet sternly opposed to
the reckless spirit of innovation so rile in the
country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de
press; to reform and improve, not to destroy;
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our great
republican theory, and laboring to advance it to
its fullest development.
It will be truly American in tone and sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely because
so; believing that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, psr exo* I ence, to any favored people,
but are the common right of all
It will be the organ of pure conservatism.
It will encourage a high-toned literature, and
del'eud pure morals in all the social relations of
And it will number in its corps of regular con
tributors some of the ablest political and literary
writers of the country.
The magazine will be printed on the finest
quality of paper, with new type, and in a plain
but superior style.
Eacn number will contain not less than 50 large
octavo pages, made up of original articles, con
tributed and editorial ? reviews, political and
scientific essays, romances, poetry, Jro.
We promise much for the new magazine, and
we intend to perform it all, and more, if the read
ing publiQ, will give the enterprise a liberal en
The Southern Conservative Magazine will be
issued, the first of each month, from tie otfice of
publication, Nashville or Knoxville, Tennessee,
and will be furnished to suscribers at four dollars
a year, or three dollars it paid punctually in ad
vance. Publication will be commenced the 1st
day of January, 1856. Address orders to the
editor and proprietor.
Knoxville. Tennessee.
May 31, lfc55.
T EAVES from a Family Journal, from
I j the French of Emilie Souvestre, author of
"The Attic Philosopher in Paris.
Mrs.Jameson'sCommon-place Book of Thoughts,
Memories, and Fancies.
June 7 Corner 11th st. and I'enn. av
commoa-place book of Thoughts, Memo
ries and Fancies, original and selected, by Mrs
JarAeson. Price 75 cents.
Leaves from a Family Journal, from the French
of Emilie Souvestre, author of ''the Attic Philo
sopher in Paris." Paper, 50 cents; cloth, 75
ce n t s.
Theory and Practicc of Landscape Painting in
water colors, illustrated by a series of V4 designs,
colored diagrams ol* numerous wood cuts, with
two extra plates of simultaneous contracts, by
George Barnard. Price 16.
Just received at
TAYLOR Jt MAURY'S Bookstore,
Jane 7 nesr 9th st.
New music.?w c. zantzinger. bus
ju?t received from the publisher*, Firth,
! Pond Ji Co.. New York, and George Willieg.jr.,
Baltimore, an assortment of their latest publica
J50T- Pianos tnned. warranted to give ?utis
adjoining Kirkwood llon?e
Dec 16?'It a w 11
Sale.?The block of buildings known a*
' the Union Buildings,*'and now occupied by the
Union newspaper establishment. Tbey are situ
ated on E street, between 13th and 11th street*,
and fronting directly on Pennsylvania avenue. The
lot is 70 feet front by ISO feet deep. The property is
susceptible of division and re-arrangement, and
its position such as must rank it among the best
business stands on the avenue, and is yearly in
creasing in value. Tnetimeofthe present lessee
expires on ihe 1st September next, on which day
possession may had.
Also, that large three-story Brick House on 17th
street west, (opposite the War Office. and three
doors south of G street.)
Also, lhat three stofy House on 17th street west,
next door to th<* Government Building, at the
corner of F and 17ih streets.
Should the above pioperiy not be sold at private
sale prior to the 15ih of May, it will be sold on
that day at public auction.
Terms will be made favorable tfi the purchaser.
Apply to CH. H. WINDER.
Corner of 17th and G streets
_ March 20?QawtK'May
To the Patrons of Berkeley Springs.
THE undersigned begs leave fo inform his
friends and the public, gene-ally, that he has
erected a new and extensive Livery Stable, for
the accommodation of those who may wish to
keep their horses at the Springs during the ap
proaching season. The building contains about
40 stalls of extra width, and extensive Carriage
Sheds. Its location is clean, dry, and airy, and
convenient to Colonel Strother's Hotel, with
which it is connected by arrangement. Expe
rienced and reliable persons will be in attendance,
and no expense will be spared to give every
satisfaction to the visiting public. The proprietor
will also keep for hire, several pleasure carriages
and saddle horses. Having provided these ac
commodations. at considerable expense, the Pro
prietor hopes that he will be liberally patronized
Terms to suit the times
Berkeley Springs,
Morgan County. W, July 1. 1S55.
July 18?tf.
A Weekly Newspaper to be published In
Washington City.
The undersigned, expecting soon to retire from
the position he has for some time held asSuperin
tendentof the United States Census, intends to
devote himself to the control and management of
the Review, ol which, for the last nine years, he
has been the edifor and proprietor, and to the
publication in the City of Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
The material for this paper will consist, in part,
of selections or extracts from articles admitted
into the Review, but mainly of other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digest* of the current events of
the day, home and foreign; the proceedings of
Congress and the acts of the Government; lite
rary and scientific sketches and essays upon
leading and popular topics; biographical sketches
of public men; d'gest of official reports. State and
Federal; the state of the markets in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of crops;
supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the
country as shown by statistic*, bringing down
those of the National Census always to date
The object w.l! be. through careful editorial
management and * arge and well selected cor
respondence. to establish at the seat of govern
ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted
to the wants of every community; imparting
musement and information, and political, only to
the extent of maintaining the institutions of the
country and defending the rights and sovereignty
of the States.
The City of Washington, from the advantages
which ft presents for obtaining material of every
kind, through the action of the Smithsonian Insti
tution. the Patent Office, and ihe National Agri
cultural Convention, etc.. and the several Bureaus
and Departments of Government, from its ronti
guity to the large commercial cities, from the ex
tended. exciting, and all important interests that
concentrate upon it, is, perhaps, the most eligible
location for such a journal, and ample guarantees
of us suaces* have already been received. It will
be printed in folio for the convenience of binding,
and similar in style to the New York Albion.
Terms: $2 per annum, in advance.
To Cluba. of 10 BnnarRikKK*. at one post office
*1 f> in advance.
To Subscriber* of DeBow'r Review, not in
arrears, the Review aud Tunes together. $6 in
Advertisements on accommodating terms.
In order to ineresse the usefulness of the Rr.
view, which has now acquired a very extensive
circulation, it will be enlarged from 112 to 140 or
l.V) pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistance and an able corps of contribu
A monthl' istorical digest of events will be
embraced in /ts pages, valuable for future refer
The subscription price of the Review will re
main at tf> per annum, hut for the convenience ol
the large class of persons who m^y not desire
the whole work, or who may only solicit in
formation upon one or more of the subjects to
which it is devoted, it is in contemplation to make
a separate oublication of the matter relating to
Agrtrtihurt, mother of that relating lo Manufat
ture.?/ a thira A) IiHtrna* /*Hf>rovrrn*iit*, u Jourth
to Comnurct; and a fifth to Education and IjHtert.
These publications will be hut departments ol the
whole work, and may be subscribed for separate.y
at $1 per annum ea. h. They will appear tuoiithlv
in handsome periodical style, of from twenty-five
to thirty-two pages; constituting nn annual octavo
volume of .<60 page. each, showing at a single
view and in a condensed form the whole results,
within the year, in tkt partttnlar lUpartmrtit, in
? urown country and abroad, as the Review itself
will show them in all of tfit drpartmmt* of indus
try and enterprise.
Ihe Office of DeBow's Review will remain as
before ai New Orleans, though a branch will be
located at Washington, which will be also the
main office ol ihe other Journals, and may be
addres-ed at all times in regard lo them. The
particular address of the editor, whether Wash
ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from lime
lo lime, in the work.
Washington. Nov. 26, l&M.
DrBow a Industrial Resources, ihrve
handsomely bound volumes upon the Progress
and Wealth of Ihe United States, 1.800 pages royal
octavo, double column*, clear print, library edi
tion, may at ill be ordered. Prica delivered
at Ihe expense of the suthes
For Writing Without Pen or Ink?Copy
ing Leuvca, Plants, Floweri, Picture*,
Patterns for Kinbroldery. SUrkluK Llit
en Indelibly, Manifold Writing.
THIS Article is absolutely the best portable
Inkstand in the known world, lot a small
<]uhntily folded and placed in the pocket consti
tute* a travelling Inkstand, which cannot be bro
ken. No pen is needed, for any tticlc, sharpened
to u point, writes equally a* well an the l>esi gold
pen in the universe. For drawing it is indispen
sable, It is, indeed, the whole art of Drawing and
Painting?lan/lit hi one lessou. Any leaf, plant,
or flower can be transferred lo the pages of an
album, with a minute nnd distinct resemblance o(
nuture. With equal facility, pictures and em
broidery pattern* are taken, and have received
tlie highest eelogiums from the fair sex ; and, in
deed, a more ta-teful present for a lady could not
be produced.
This Magic Paper will nlso mark Linen, or
other articles, so as to remain perfectly indelible.
All the wh-lung in the world tails to bring it out
Any child can use it with perfect ease. With
this Mugic Paper, likewise, one or four copies
of every letter written can be secured without
any additional labor whatever, making it the"
cheapest and most convenient article extant. It
is tiffed to great advantage by reporters of the
public press, telegraphic operators, and hosts of
EhcIi Package contains four different colors?
Black, Blue, Green, and Red, with full nnd printed
Instructions for nil to use, and will last sufficiently
Ions; to obtain Five Hundred distinct Impressions.
It is put up in beautifully enamelled colored
Envelopes, with a truthful likeness of the Pro
prietor attached. Each and every package war
1W Price $2 a dozen; or five for one dollar.
Single packages 25 cents.
A.idress. |.osr paid, N. HUBBELL,
N?. 107 Broadway, New York.
Hubbell's Magic Impression Paper.?We refer
our readers to the advertisement in another col
umn, setting forth the merits of this pleasing and
iti|teiiiou* invention. The cheapness should in
duce all to give (t a trial.?Pki/adtljihia Merchant
It i* unsurpassed for neatness and utility, and
should meet with the saie it richly deserves.?
received a large assortment' of BOOTS aud
tHOES for ladies', misses', and children's wear,
Which we offer very low.
Ladies' Gaiters from f 1 to S3
Misses' Boots of every kind, in proportion.
Of Children's Shoes we have every color and I
style, from 25 cents up.
The inquiry generally is Where can we find a 1
good assortment ol shoes for children1? We can
answer all such querists to their satisfaction if
they give us a call.
We would aUo state that we are prepared to
manufacture every style of boot or shoes usually
worn by gentlemen. ladies, misses, or children.
Also on hand, every description, of boots and '
shoes, which will be sold very low.
Call and examine for yourselves before pur
chasing elsewhere, lit we are determined to sell.
Mar 1?Ut No. 4^0 Seventh st.
PIANos, PIANOS 1?We have uow lu
store the largest and most reliable slock ol
1'ianos ever offered in this city, from the justly re
nowned manufactories of Hallet, Davis it Co.,
Boston; Bacon Sc Raven, New York; and Knabe.
Gaehle Sc Co.. Baltimore ; ranging in prices from
S2J5to $500.
In addition to those in store, we have on exhi
bition at the Menopolitan Mechanics' Fair, at the
Smithsonian Institute, four superb Pianos, made
expressly to our order for this Exhibition, any of
which we will dispose of on reasonable term*.
Also on hand, Guitars, Violins, Flutes, Accord
eons, Melodeons, Banjos. Strings, Music, Jrc.
Remember, at the Piano, Music, Stationery,
Perfumery, nnd Fancy Goods Siore of
.106 Penn avenue, near 10th street
Russia as it i*. iiy count de gu
i rowski
MEMOIR^. Speeches, and Writings, ut Robert
Rantoul. jr.. edited by Luther Hamilton.
and private devotion, by James Montgomery.
Novel, by Caroline Lee Hcntz, with illustrations
from original designs, in 2 vols.
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discourses, by
Sylvester Judd. Pastor of Christ Church Maine.
the English ComimsnwealAi, from the execution
ol Charle- 1. lo the deathof Cromwell, by M. G.
Gut cot, translated by A. R. Scoble, in 2 vols.
ANT Refugees, from the Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes to our own days, by M. Charles Weiss.
Professor of History iu the Lycee Bonaparte, in 2
VOICES OF TH E NIGHT, by Kev. John Cuiu
iiiiiir. D. D.
VOICES OF THE DAY, by Kev John Omni
mmg. D. D.
Iu?t published aud received at the bookstore ?l
Apr 15 Corner ol llth st and Penn. av.
W Work, Wolfert's Roost and other Papers.
now tirst collected, by Washington Irving.
Scottish Songs, Ballads, and Poems, by Herr
Full Proof of the Ministry, a Sequel to the Boy
who was tr.uned up to be a Clergyman, by John
N. Norton, A. M.
Memoirs of Life, Exile, and Conversations ol
the ICinperor Napoleon, by the Count de les Cases,
Withportraits and other illustration*.
Manuel of S.icred History, by John Henry
Kurtz, D. D.
Just published and lor sale at
Taylor & maurys
Feb 15 Bookstore, nest $>th street
Greece,from the earliest limes to the Roman
Conquest, with supplementary chapters on the
History of Literature and Art. By Win. Smith,
LL D . editor of the Dictionaries of'? Greek and
Roman Antiquities" " Biography and Mythology."
aud "Geography." With notes, and a continuation
to the present time. By C. C. Felton, LL D..
Eliot Professor of Greek Literature i i Harvard
The above work is intended principally for schools
of the higher classes. Just received and for sale at
the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM, corner of
Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street. Aug 21.
AWT HINTS,? Architecture, Sculpture,
nnd Painting, by Jaine- Jackson Jarves,
bui nor of History of lh? Sandwich Islands, A'c.
Price *1 25
Waikna, or Adventure* on the Mosqnito
Shore, sixty engraving*, by Samuel A Bard.
*1 25
The Heiress of Haughton, or tha Mother's
Secret, by the anther of Aubrey Castle. Avon, Jrc.
Price 37^ cents.
Just published and for ssle ai ?
July 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
I1 V I W V Heavy.plated Tea Seta, Albata
j Forks, Spoons, <Vo.? M. W. tialt <V Bro.
I have ju*t received a beautiful assortment of?
Extra Plated Tea Sets, latest style*
Castors, Cake Baskets. Card Traya, A"?
Also, superior Albata Fork* and Spoons.
* The above are of the very best quality, and un
usually low.
Penn. avenue, between Wth and 10th st*.
Picturesque, Historical, and Social; with a
Sketch of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated
from the German by Edward Jov Morris Price
St 50.
Lectures on English Literature, troin Chancer
to Tennyson, by Henry Reed. I'rn-e *1 2-V
Just published, and for salu at
""F'tMM OF Al>V?RTf8T\'rt.
Our ilwtivi' Intern 1 ii*J??*rtloii .. . .vii :>o
? 2 ' .... i. i'
i o?
I week 2 iK>
i ifion'n '
JtltU Business OHr<i? UOt exceeding Minis
(or dim less than *ix mouth* inserted m hull |?rn <s
Yearly adverit?*ioent*' i m i <r
range ment
Long advertisements at reauceff
Religious, literary, and 'hantaMe no'ii-e- u -
serted gratuitously.
All correspondence oh business must r*> prupnid
TO ocficeum, soldifuk. shaihkn,
AS1) NINOll CliaDUKiV.
Attorney for OoTcriimi-iil ClalroanU,
CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at
tention to the p osecutiou ot" Claims of tvi ry
description auainst the General Government, and
particularly to those before the Treasury Depart
ment. Pension and Bounty Land Bureau- Patent
and General Land Offices, and Board of Claims.
An experience of years, and a familiarity with
the means of obtaining the rarlint and most fa
vorable action on Claims, with bis facilities for the
dispatch of business, justify him in assuring bit
Correspondents, Claimants, und the public gener
ally, that interest*- intrusted to his keeping will
not be neglected.
Pcuisiou, Hounty Land, Patent, ami Public
JLand Lhwr.
He has nearly ready fof gratuitous distribution
among his business Correspondents, (and those
who may become such.) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension. Bounty
Land, Patent, and Public Land Laws, down to
the end of the late Congress, including the
Uounty Land Act of 3d March, 1856,'
under which all who have heretofore received
less than 160 acres are now entitled to additional
laud; said Act grants also I GO acres to all Officers,
Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldieis,
Wagon-masters, Teamsters, and friendly Indians,
of the Army, including State Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia?and all Officers. Seamen. Ordinary
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, und Landsmen, of the
Navy, not heretofore provided for. who have
served not less than fourteen days (unit >* in bat
tle) at any period since 177(3; and to the widows
and minor children of all such persons entitled,
and deceased.'
This pamphlet contains " Forms of Application"
more full and oomplete than any el-ewhrre to l>e
found; adapted to the w^its of every class oi
Claimant.-, under the Act, with copious decision*
and instructions of the Department, aud practical
suggestions as to the course to be pursued in im
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the
facilities alibrded by thia office in securing promf/i
and personal superintendence of their cfaims at the
Departments, can obtain copies of the above
pamphlet by remitting thirty cent- iu i?^si?ge
Inducements to Correspondent*.
Correspondents who prepare and forwar.i i-ai>e
for management by this Agency will be dealt witb
liberally; supplied with all necessary blanks grtttij,
and kept constantly advised of the changes thst
from time to time occur in the execution of the
It is within the subscriber's power to direct hia
Correspondents to the locality of very many per
ions entitled under the late Act: and having ob
Lained several thousand Land Warrants under
former laws, he is in possession ot data that will
materially assist in securing additional bounty.
Fees, bek>w the usual rates?and cgMtlingeM
upon the admission of Claims.
The highest cash prices given for L ud War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and llliu<< - Laud
Address S. M. KNIGHT.
Wii-hitigioii City
March 17?law2m
from 1824 to lb54, inclusive, 1 volume.
Williams on Personal Property, with American
notes, 1 vol.
The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by
John Wnr. Walla.-e, 1 vol
1 he Creed of Christendom, by W. R. Greg.
Habits and Men. by Dr. Dorau.
Guy Rivers. Ir. William GilinoreSimms, 1 vol.,
new editiou.
Bits of Blarney, by R. Shelton Mackensie,
Bartley's Poems, 1 volume.
Lippeucott's Pronouncing Dictionary of the
World, 1 vol., Svo. FRANCK TAYLOR.
Sept 15
B. Warner, author of Dollars and Cents.
Mr. Rutherford's Children. Are. Just published
and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
May 5 Corner of Pa. avenue and 11th str^M
i NEW WORK on the Catholicity ot the
/\ True Church.?The Golden Heed, or the
True Measure of a True Church, by B F. Barrett,
price $1, juat received
May 10 R. FARNHAM ?
JOHN 11. 11UTHMANN, Importer and
Dealer in Wine, Brandy, Cigars, Jcc., Penn
sylvania aveu e, south side, between 4} and Oih
streets, has received a part of his fall supplies:
Madeira, Sherry, Port, of various grades and
Cognac Brandy, pale and dark, from a very high
order to a fair article.
Scotch Whisky, Sehiendatn Gin, of superior
Jamaica Ruin, Monongahela Whisky, extra
Caracoa, red and white, (Anisette of Dussel
dorf oil the Rhine.) Maraschino.
London Brown SHout.
Edinburgh Scotch Ale.
Champagne of .Vtumm's and Moet's &C Chan
don's Imperial, Heidsit-ck & Co . Mumin'a, aud
Moet i' Cbandon'a Verzenay and de Rougemeut.
Also sparkling St. Peray, pink aud white.
Willi an assortment ol Havana Cigar*.
Regalia El Cas, Regalia la Villanueva.
E* la Chay. Venezulano.
Viilanueva. Londre*, liurnos. Arc.
Also, a large assortment of Rhine Wine, (?oinc
sparkling) aud French Wine, red and white, from
the highest price to a fine Bordeaux table Wine.
Dec 0 *
Ml** IlllOOk Kil'rom Philadelphia will
lor young Ladira, on Xtundoii, September lOtTi,
1*?36, at No. l.Tb, Penn. Avenue, corner uf
Seven Buihling* and ll*th street. Miss BROOKE
will be assisted by the moat competent Profes
sors in every department.
A French lady, recently from Psris, is engaged
a* a resident governess, mid every means will he
used to accomplish Iter pupils in that language.
Drawing will be taught hi various and elegant
a KCO.V M KM oatio i?s:
" My friend. Miss Brooke, is a ino*t estimable
lady, of great intelligence, whosequalifiations as
a teacher, and whose accomplishments in English
literature, entitle her to high Consideration.
"* Mia* Brooke is well known to me as a lady
who is entirely capable of conducting <tucce?sfully
the education of young ladies, and in every way
worthy of the patronage of parenta.
The Right Rev. ALON'ZO POTTER. D. D.,
LL. D.,
Right Rev. G- W. DOANE. D. D., LL. D.
Professor A. DALLAS BACilE, Supt. Coast
Pro'essor JOSEPH HENRY, Secy -fSmitb
?oian Institution.
Gen JOHN MASON, Washington, I). C.
JOHN S. MEEHAN, E?q., Librarian lo Con
Hon. JAMES CAMPBELL. P. M General.
Hon. ELLIS LEWIS. Chief Justice of the a.
I Court, Pa.
Hon. G. W. WOODWARD, Associate Judge
I of the S. Court of Penna.
Hon. GEORGE VAIL. M. t\, N.Jersey.
Lieut. M F. MArURY, LL. D., U. S. Observa
Circulars stating the terms to be had at the
I principal Book Stores, or of Miss Brooke, No
j 13J* Pa. Avenue.
August 30? .Tiawltn.
> ( II () V I EM, Varieties, and tthrlmp
Past-* ?Anchovy Paste, genuine, in jara.
Anchovies in sauce, in pickle, and salt.
Essence of Lobsters, Anchovies, and Shrimps.
Just received by
iivc 13?3m No. 40, op. Cestre Market

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