OCR Interpretation


Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 18, 1854, Image 3

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principle, that no portion of the United States shall under
take, ll>ruu|b assumption ol tl t powers of tlie general
government, to diclate the social institution# of any other
portion.
Too scope and eti'oct of the language of repeal were not
left in doubt. It was declared, in terms, to be " the true
intent and meaning of this act not to legislate sis vary into
any Territory or State, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to
leuve the people thereof perfectly free to form and regulate
their domestic institutions in their own way, subject only
to tho constitution of the Uuited States."
The measure could not be withstood upon its merits
alone. It was attacked with violence, on the false or de
lusive pretext, that it constituted a breach ot faith. Never
was objection more utteny destitute of substantial justihca
lion. When, before, was it imagined by sensible men, that
a regulative or declarative statu e, whother enacted ten or
forty years ago, is irrepcalable,?that an act of Congress is
above the constitution ? If, indeed there were in the
facts any causa to impute bad faith, it would attach to
those only, who have never ceased, from tho tune of the
enactment of the restrictive provision to the present day,
to denounce and to condemn it ; who have constantly re
fund to complete it by needful supplementary legislation ;
who have spared no exertion to deprive it ot moral torcu ;
who have themselves again and again attempted its repeal
by the enactment of incompatible provisions; and who, by
the inevitable reactionary effect of their own violence on
the subject, awakened the country, to perception of the
true constitutional principle, of leaving the matter involved
to the discretion of the people of the respective existing or
incipient States.
It is not pretended that this principle, or any other, pre
cludes the possibility of evils in practice, disturbedI as po
litical action is liuble to be by human passions. No form
of government is exempt from inconveniences; but in this
case thev are tho result of the abuse, and not of the legit
imate exercise, of tho powers reserved or conferred in the
organization of a Territory. They are not to be charged
to the great principle of popular sovereignty: on the con
trary, they diauppcar belbre the intelligence and patriot
ism of the people, exerting through the ballot-box their
peanoful and silent but irresistible power.
If the friends of the constitution are to have another
struggle, its enemies could not present a more aoceptable
issue, than that of a State, whoso constitution clearly em
brace* " a republican form of government," being exclu
ded from the Union becauso its domestic institutions may
not in all rcspects compoit with the ideas of what is wise
and expedient entertained in some other State. Fresh !
from groundless imputations ot breach ot faith against
others, men will commence the agitation of this new
question with indubitable violation of an express compact
between the independent sovereign powers of the United
States and of the republic of Texas, as well as ot the
older and eaually solemn compacts, which assure the
equality of all the States. ... c
But, deplorable as would be such a violation pt compact |
in itself, and in all its direct consequences, that is the very
least of the evils involved. When sectional agitators shall ;
have succeoded in forcing on this issue, can thoir proton- ,
si,jus fail to be met by counter pretensions? Will not dif
ferent States be compelled respectively to meet extremes
with extremes? And, if either extreme carry, its point,
what if that so far forth but dissolution of the Union ?
If a new State, formed from the territory of the United
States, bo .absolutely excluded from admission therein,
that fact of itself constitutes the disruption of union be
tween it and the other States. But the process of dissolu
tion could not stop there. Would not a sectional decision,
producing such result by a majority of votes, either north
ern or southern, of necessity drive out the oppressed and
aggrieved minority, and place in presence ot each other
two irreconcileably hostile confederations?
It is necessary to speak thus plainly of projects, the off
spring of that ssctional agitation now prevailing in some
of the States, which are as impracticable as they are un
constitutional, and which, if persevered in, must and will
end calamitously. It is either disunion and civil war, or it
is mere angry, idle, aimless disturbance of public peace
and tranquillity. Disunion for what? If the passionate
rai'e of fanaticism and partisan spirit did not loroc the fact
upon our attention, it would be dilticult to believe, that an}
considerable portion of the people of this enlightened coun
try could have no surrendered themselves to a fanatical de
votion to the supposed interests of the relatively few
Africans in the United States, as totally to abandon and
disregard the interests of the twenty five millions ot Amer
icans^?to trample under foot the injunctions of moral and
constitutional obligation,?and to engage in plans of vindic
tive hostility against those who aro associated with them
in the en?oyinrnt of the common heritage ot our national
institutions. . .
Nor is it hostility against their feNow-citizeiis of one
section of the Union alone. The interests, the honor,
the duty, the peace, aad the prosperity of tho people
of all sections are equally involved and imperilled in
this question. And aro patriotic men in any part of the
Union prepared, on such an issue, thus madly to invito al
the consequences of tho forfeiture ol their cons'.itutional
eng gemeiits? It is impossible The storm ot plirensy
and taction must inevitably dash itself in vain against the
unshaken rock of the constitution. I shall never dontit it.
I know that tho Union is stronger a thousand tunes than
all the wild and chimerical schemes of social change, which
arc generjted, one after another, in the unstable minds of
visionary sophists and interested agitators. I rely confi
dently on the patriotism of the people, on the dignity and
self-respect of the States, on the wisdom of Congress, and
above all, on the continued gracious favor of Almighty
God, to maintain, against all enemies, whether at home or
abroad, the sanctity of tho constitution and the integrity
of the Union. FRANKLIN PIERCE.
Washington, Dtctmbtr 31, 1855.
\ OTIC'.. ?I lisvr this dsy puiehnsi d *11 Hie intrreat In the con
S irno f?r the it awing of lb* Maryland C?a nlidnled Lo'terirs,
.,,,1 I he b,.*in.** appertaining ih.rejo. It will
condnrird under wiy management, abided bj V> . C. PR\Stt?
F X. UKKNAV- who have sn Interest tlirretn
I'nul We l?l day "t February, sM the schemes, tickets, and e?'"
cntr . f parlragre will appear <s? al present) with the name of r.
X. ItPENAN n? ?< nrral ngrnt fur thr contractor ; <>n and aner trial
due they will bear fie signature of K. FHANCE k t^o.
naltixosb, December I'. tsfS
lire l??dlmif
tl/ATC ' I- S ANI> JK\VKIiHV.-Ju?t received, a selection
VV Of I on don and ??*>?? a watches, rleli jewelry, and a few
pi-re* of fin.- ?ilv? r ware, for a l. at New York rnce*.
C'riiirn-ey Warmer. Watch-maker and J?? i llrr, No. T70 Tenn
aylv.nla aveim-, wllli T. Qslligati k Co, draters In fine fancy
.Oo,s. plfd ware, p. rlumrry, cutlery. k-v
Under Brown*' Hotel, sign of (he Oolden V\ ateb,
|>-c J -d7i* Washington, I) C.
Uank of Metropolis,
Wu-lni glon, IH-e W, IMS.
" HI tinn^ will be <*lo*ed a* usual o? Tuesday nail, Christmas
It Is r< que. ted thnt al! ti tea due the bank oa tliat d?y be paid on
Thr hank wit1 a'?o he closed on Tuesday, 'he la January neit,
and peraona liavn ( note, lb* n due at the tank sre requested to at
l?'i d lo tin m on Monday, ihe Hl?l tnstart.
iihc an?-. 3-i.MaoD.c k i Jnmf
, I,. nilUltK la pre|)ar*U to furnish ll>? heat white
I . and rrd a-li eonl ol all sixes and Cumberland eonl of all kinds
lo bla customers ai thr lowest marUe* prices
9,9-10 pound* fu;iraniied lo the ion.
||i. k?ry, oak, and pine wood at very low prices.
^ >h<kI arili |r and full rera*ore ??ay he rrhed on In all caars.
Vnrd irrat aide 9th airsrl, bciseen D and E. oppoaiie ? Old
B(i>nd "
Nov ?t?PTuTlilf
II ?. oitt-K f. Ct'ltTIS. l oiotMllor-at-l-aw, fre*?rt*?.e?
(l VVj lard'r llmel. v\ a-hii.*ion,) off rs to pra?fll?a in ihr foprruia
C? u?t o' the Unit, rl Hlaii a and the Cooit of Claim*.
Ore V7-dlmoif*
. mi?y, who ha< hr?.l aever*! jet.a' experience In
t\ teaching, wi-lir* a aiiusiion in a family in lha l?t-trle;, or a lew
in ihe , nuntrv. !?hr will glee in?lruc ion la the b
(jointly taught In an Engl.ab tduration, with inualc on the piano
. *"^aU?f?ci?ry rrfe rncrs can fieen Pleaae rrp'y, at Ihe Wnk*
OIRcr, lo Mi?* H. 'I #rlftb aire't, No. 519.
lire i?coil >w
irn >leinh re of t .?*i?reae,
I f I Mrrrhnnt Taior, f??eantl? street, lioar tWd
Kiltoas' lleli. re.p.cnull. In* I-* hia cualomrra, and all others,
II, riaiMtne his go-^a nnd prices heforr nurcha.l..* tnrlr aupp le* of
C|. Hilar for the aeanm. lam prrperrd. u.ual, to walii f?-o?le
men's el 'th nc ? rdvr nt abort nolle*, and in thr vny bc#t ?l>le
^'grui'ra|M,a?K^riasrnt nf g. i tivmrn'* furnt*hlng g?"d* a ways rm
band.
I,,.r 0?.itaw^wif
I) VCHS ?? l>K * OI*t.Ah, m Pari a \ new pr.paratl n for
I) r. movme giri-ar a.,d paint fmm *.lk?. de Inli.e* Cloths, ??"*?'?
wi d p.prr, Wituoul HflVelii'I Ibrtr I-Iilor. It l< en*lly upp d, aid
rt"""ir, uUT oauuoan k t:o.,
I haters in On- fancy roods, perfumery, Jewilrv,
ftilvrr and laird ware. 370 Prnn. a??nne,
Under frown's Hotel.
lire 9i ?
? ^ ot?t? H Hl> C04I?? 0 too* coal, of all We4? ernl else, now
AI*o"*U0 curd* ol h<'^hickory, osk, and plnr wood. All of which
will b-' -old at the lowe? market pneea t,y ^
VVr*t side of Ninth atreet, hrrween f> and R,
oi'poei a old *tand of Vonng k Moore. .
Dec 91?*e(*f
Chriltma* and New Year's Prrsent*.
Ur V nr.- now rihlbiting our stock of beautiful f*ncy articles sil.t
Hire for Chris ms* and New Year'* present*.
nronse, Mrquel, and t unas m?.rWe staWettefaa* i ssea, finely
It. M?.mill iwpirr mftetit! good-* of
work ?*?!???, cnt? *?. I" Br*-1 V # ??. it
Card cls-i - 1 ". poii in air*, and pur-es of gilt, sllrer, enSM*
riled, p lit, |.V*r m o he, and morrn-eo
Son fans. . w. try. ?liv. r and plated ware, ladle* ai d fentle
? dr.-..lng ca.e*, a mign.fl.-rn. *t?ck. richly mounted
Willi . .
finf p'?r llo? harkfunmton honril*, ?*hrt? and
Cilt Vf or!#*Mr cm*#1*, in4 ctatwl*
?f.aeal|.,ies,llnee.?.e,y,Hr^s;?C| i fo^ ^ ^
Dealers In i^-rfnmi ry, combe, snd lirti?hr?. fa. cy
good* Jewelry. sils'-r and plated ware,
3711 Pen* avenue, under lirowna' Ho'el.
D . c 91? dfit
tejjiitgtira
EDITED KY
WM. M. OVERTON. CI1. MAURICE SMITH,
AND 'UVKKLKV TUCKFJi. .
?Y NOHNING, JAN'. I. IHftO.
l'Ub:>lui?\T'ai HKCfciPTIOM.
There will be a public reception at the Pre
sidential Mansion this day at 11 o clock.
*
l'lllihIDKNT'S MKMftAUK.
The city was yesterday surprised by the
luuior that thu President's message had been
sent to the Senate, and wan being lead. 1 he
ruuior turned out to be true. 1 ho impression
has all along prevailed that the message could
not be read in either llou-.e uutil both Houses
that is, the Cougress?should be organized.
Yet we doubt not that the propriety of com
municating the message, and its reception bv
the Senate, was the result of much and well
intended reflection. We, ot course, will no'
trust ourselv.-s to speak lightly and inconside
rately ot so grave and important a document.
But whilst we reserve ooniineut for the next
issue of the Sentinel, we hope, and believe,
(for up to this moment we have not had the
opportunity to read it.,) that it will prove
worthy of our President and our country.
With these remarks we submit it to our read
ers. __
CONGRESS.
In the Senate yesterday, the message of the
President of the United States was received,
read, and the usual number of copies ordered to
be printed. A debate took place with reference
to that part of it concerning the construction ot
the Clayton-Bulwer treaty. The Senate ad
journed until Thursday.
In the House of Representative* there was a
lively and a stirring time with reference to the
President's messa e. Debate was indulged,
when the House refused to have the message
read, (the ground having h--eu assumed by
several gentlemen that it could not be r?cei%"d
until after an organization shall hav.- been
effected)?yeas 87, nays 12f?; and the whole
subject was then laid upon the table bv four
majority. The House adjourned till Wednes
day.
Til K YE Alt R 1855-'50.
To the young, time flies on leaden wings.
Davs seem to them as weeks, weeks as months,
months as years. But as the young advance
to manhood and middle age, the flight of time
seems as rapid as that of the swallow. The
pastimes that invested youth with the hues ot
romance, give place to those sober pursuits
that cast a sombre shadow all around our
solemn pathway through life.
But whether young, middle-aged, or old, one
rear cannot sigh out its last expiring breath,
and another year sing its first and natal song,
without engaging the thoughts and stirring the
sentiments of us all.
The year '55, which abounded in so many
and such exciting scenes in the world's drama,
has passed awav. and we behold to day the he
pinning of a New Year! What it brings to
us and to our country?whether blessings or
cur8e8?we are not prophets enough to foretell.
But we cannot do otherwise than believe that
the All wise Disposer of events, who raised up
this new power, in this new world, to confound
the old power, in the old world, has vouchsafed to
us a destiny brilliant alid imposing. If we heed
patriotic examples and wise counsels, it will be
allowed to us to work out that destiny, and we
will be blessed indeed. But if we follow evil ex
amples and bad counsels, we will fail to com
pass the great ends appointed unto us, and we
will bring down merited curses on our heads
and the beads of our children.
The first of January, 185G, finds this
world of ours remarkable for the convul
sions which just now disturb the Eastern and
Western world. Whilst in the East the peo
ple are distracted by mighty wars, we who
live towards the setting sun are also con
vulsed by wars upon our extreme South,
fanaticism upon the North, and in the very
centre of our land, here in the capital of
the country, a spectacle is this day presented
which agitates the minds of all pariotic and
right-thinking men. Whilst we write Con
groas is still without a Speaker, though in
its fifth week. To day the message of our
President is being read in the Senate, whilst
the House is debating whether it will receive
the annual communication. These are strange
things, and we have fallen upon strange times.
The political hero of yesterday will be dead to
morrow ; the political graves are being dug for
manv who now imagine themselves potent
and prominent candidates for the first office in
the gift of the people.
Yes, the first office in the peoples gift.
Ah, poor people, little know you the hopes and
fears that take possession of those who depend
upou and calculate the chances in reference to
the suffrage you will give in November next.
This much for the present political condition
of the coming year, 1856, of these sovereign
and independent United States of America.
We forbear to speak of the disunited Slates of
the republic of Mexico. Providence in his own
time will produce much good from all that is
now bad, and Mexico may yet become another
laud of the free, and a home of the brave.
Amidst all the convulsions which seem to :
surround the exit of the old year, we ha\e ,
.abundant cause for thankfulness; we have cause
for exceeding great joy. Joy that our own i
happy homes are not distorted by the rude
blast of war; joy that we are as yet free to act,
and think for ourselves, and thankful that the
Giver of all Good has vouchsafed ns a most boun
tiful harvest, and made the earth to yield up j
its most abundant frnits. Let us so conduct
ourselves as a people, individually, so as to
merit a continuance of these bounties lor our
! selves. We shall try to forget all the Vials
J and animosites of the past, and will endeavor
! to merit an equal share of the blessings of the
new year.
tub dk?io(R*tic cavci * khidai
n iwiit.
I he Democratic members of the House of
Representatives met again in caucus on Fii
day evening. The object of the conference
was to take the nense of the pnrty 1,9 whether
the delay in organizing, and the perplexed con
dition of affairs in the Iloi^e, have rendered
aiother programme necessary. The Baltimore
Sun thus reports the proceedings:
" I he caucus of (he Democratic members of
the House of Representatives, held in Wa'h
ington on Friday night, rejected by two votes
a resolution to go in favor of the plurality vote
on Wednesday next if no Speaker be previously
chosen. Col. Richardson, it is said, withdrew
his name as a candidate for Speaker, but it
was not accepted by the caucus. Mr. Cobb, of
Georgia, took decided ground in favor of con
tinuing the balloting until a Speaker was cho
sen. Stephens, of Georgia, also took the
?nine ground. Shorter, of Alabama, favored
taking a new man, and urged them to support
I" uller. (.ad wallader, of Penn., was opposed
to a). fusion. Orr, of South Carolina, was for
standing by their nominee and platform, and
not surrendering one iota. After considerable
discussion, the following resolution was unani*?
mously adopted :
" Unsolved, 1 hat we will adhere to our plat
form and nominee, and that we recommend
that no Democratic member offer any propo
sition with reference to Speaker without pre
vious consultation in caucus, and that the
chairman be requested to call them together."
W hat more the Democratic party in the
House can do than it already has done, we
cannot see. i hat it cannot and will not sur
render its organization, is plain to all. That
it will not fuse with any other party, is equally
plain. It is also true that in maintaining its
organization and opposing fusion, it must put
forward its candidates. It is quite eertain that
Colonel Richardson can command as large, if
not a larger vote than any other candidate who
could he selected. If they succeed with such
a man. victory will indeed be honorable, while,
if they fail, defeat can bring no disgrace.
As we have said time and again, it is much
to bo lamented that conservative members be
longing to other political organizations cannot
persuade themselves to bestow their votes on
the Democratic candidate. If agreeing with
the Northern Know-nothings in what they call
"American sentiments," thev jet refuse to act
with th em because of their unsoundness on the
Nebruska hill and the general subject of sla
very, wjjy fun not they just as c onsistently vote
fur the Democratic candidate. They agree
with him on the vital and controlling subject,
while they only differ from him and bis parly
on general politics.
If the present condition of things continues,
then, indeed, will organization be entirely im
possible, the public money thrown awav, and
the public business neglected. If the conser
vative elements in the House that refuse to net
with either the hreesoil or Democratic parties
continue obstinate and refractory, we do not
sec how it will !?e possible to effect an organi
zation. Day after day the galleries are crowd
ed with ladies and gentlemen, who sit in the
constant expectation that "something will turn
up. Four weeks have thus been spent by the
very patient and persevering ladies and gentle
men who honor the Housa with their presence.
How manv more weeks will be thus consumed
remain to be seen.
TUBS KAVSAK TltOl'BLKK,
I*rom the commencement of the troubles in
Kansas, the correspondents of the Abolition
press have been industriously engaged in vili
tying the pro-slavery party, and defending the
emissaries of the Emigrant, Aid Society. There
has been but one single period, and that a
brief period, when they paused at all in their
labor of love. It was when the Abolition
rebels assembled in arms, and threatened to
subvert all government, ar.d to crush out the
pro slavery party in Kansas. The conduct of
these men was so flagitious that excuses for
them could not be made, even by the unscrupu
lous correspondents of the unscrupulous Abo
lition papers of the North. But a brief pause,
however, sufficed to assure their consciences,
and renew their zeal, and when they recom
menced tbeir habitual work of defamation and
calumny, they excelled themselves, ??ven, in
rancor and bitterness. Mean while, like honest
men, conscious of rectitude* and assured of
ultimata approbation, the pro-slavery men of
Kansas maintained ar. unbroken silence. They
did not condescend to reply to the falsehoods
of the Abolition p?ess, and did not even take
the trouble to vindicate themselves in the
newspapers at a distance, that agreed and
sympathized with them.
The last ne?s from the young Territory in
forms us that the Freesoil rebellion has been
arrested. We subjoin a publication which
purports to be a settlement of the matters in
controversy:
Sctllrmrnt of the Ktnui Dlfltcnltlti.
Articles of Negotiation and Adjustment.
Whereas, There is a misunderstanding be
tween the people of Kansas, or a portion of
them and the Governor thereof, arising out of
the rescue near Hickory Point of a citizen under
arrest, and some other matters ; and Whereas,
a strong apprehension exists that the said mis
understanding mar lead to civil strife and
bloodshed : and Whereas, it is desired by both
Governor Shannon and the people of Law
rence and vicinity, to avert a calamity so dis
astrous to the interests of the Territory and the
Union, and to place all parties in a correct
position before the world.
Now, therefore, as it is agreed by the said
Governor Shannon and the undersigned people
of Lawrence now assemmbled, that the matters
in dispute be settled as follows, to wit:
We, the said citizens of said Territory, pro
test that the said rescue was made without our
knowledge or consent; but if any of onr citi
zens were engaged, we pledge nursolves to aid
in the execution of any le^al process against
them; that we have no knowledge of the pre
vious. present, or prospective existence of any
organization in the said Territory for the re
sistance of the laws, and that we have not de
signed, and do not design, to resist the legal
service of any criminal process therein, but
pledge oursel ves to aid in the execution of the
laws, when called on by proper authority, in
the town or vicinity of Lawrence, and that we
will use all our influence in preserving order
therein; and we declare that we are now, as we
ever have ( been, ready at any time to aid the
Governor in securing a posse for the execution
of such process. Provided, That any person
thus arrested in Lawrence or vicinity, while a
foreign force shall remain in the Territory, shall
be duly examined before a United States Dis
trict Judge of said Territory, in said town, and
admitted to bail. And provided further, That
Governor Shannon agrees to use his influence
to secure to the citizens of Kansas Territory
remuneration for any damages sustained, or
unlawful depredation, if any such have been
committed bv the sheriff's posse in Douglas
county. And further, That Governor Shannon
states that he has not called upon persons resi
dent of any other States, to aid in the execu
tion of the laws, and such as are here in this
Territory are here of their own choice, and that
he hns not any authority or legal power to do
so, i?nr will he exercise any such power, and
that ht; will not call on any citizen of another
State, who may be here. That we wish it un
derstood that wo do not herein express any
opinion as to the validity of the enactment* of
the Territorial Legislature.
(Signed) Wilson* Shannon,
C. Robinson,
J. II. Lane.
To Chari.es Robinson and J. H. Lane:
Yon are hereby authorized and directed to take
mch measures, and use the enrolh d force under
vour command in such a manner, for the pre
servation of the peace and the protection of the
persons and property of the people of Lawrence
and vicinity, as in your judgment shall best
secure ihut end.
(Signed) Wilson Shannon.
Lawrence, Dec. 9, 1855.
After the signing of these articles of agree- |
inent Governor Shannon was called upon and
addressed the people of Lawrence.
He U thus reported:
"There was a part of the people of this Ter
ritory who denied the validity of the laws of the
Territorial Legislature. He was not thereto
ur>re that validity, but these laws should be
submitted to until a legal tribunal had set them
aside. He did not see how there was any other
course but such submission to them, and it
certainly was not his part, as an executive oili
cer, to set them aside or disregard them. He
was happy to announce that after having an
interview with the officers of their Committee
(if Safety, he had found them induced thus far
to respect these laws, they being willing to see
them enforced, provided they had the reserved
rijrht of testing and escaping from them legally.
He was happy to annonuce that all difficulties
were settled" [faint cheers]. There was a
perfect understanding between the Executive
and the Committee. The difficulties had arisen
from misunderstanding. He would go down
and disband the Sheriff"s posse. He would
dismiss the officers of the Territorial militia,
General Richardson and Strickles, but would
order that their forces be not disbanded until
they were taken to Leavenworth, or the neigh
borhood of Westport.
" All the difficulties were adjusted, and he
was willing and anxious to do all in his power
to prevent a collision and the shedding of blood.
He hoped that the men now in the Territory
and in camp below would be got out of the
Territory without hostilities intervening. He
would do all in his power to influence them.
He would urge upon the people of Lawrence
to be moderate, to pursue a wise course, to
avoid a collision. Don't be too belligerent.
He wanted them to consult their judgment and
their reason, not their feeling* and tht ir pas
sions. One advantage they would now have if
thev had to fight; the fight would now be be
tween them and thermob. Of course b<- could
not condemn them for defending themselveF.
They were ri^ht, and he would do all in his
power to sustain tbein, but he hoped the me"
encamped could now be induced to leave, and
ibat there would be no effusion of blood. He
wanted it understood that he had called on no
one but the people of the Territory in his pro
clamations. If there w?re Missourians here,
they were hereof their own accord.
" He hoped and believed that the people of
Lawrence and vicinity weie law-abiding peo
ple. Indeed, he had learned that he had mis
understood them, and that they were estimable
and orderly people; but houses it was said had
been burned, and other outrages had been
charged upon the Fiee-State men. They must
remember this when they judge of these things.
They were perhaps innocent, but he hoped they
would abide a judicial tribunal. He hoped
now to preserve order, and to get these men
out of the Territory. If he could serve the
people of Kansas, as a Governor or as a private
citizen, he would a.wajs be happy to do so.
[Faint cheers.)"
seiiait r UonglRt.
This distinguished statesman passed through
our city yes'erdav, ? n his way to-\N ashington.
We are glad to s'taethat he has. in a measure,
recovered his health, and that, in a short time,
he will be in his place in the Senate Chamber,
which he adorns Dy his talents, and which, for
years, has acknowledged him as one of i's mat
ter spirits. In point of intellectual vigor, and
consistency and devotion to Democratic princi
ples, Mr. Douglas in surpassed by no other man
in the country. The opposition leaders in the
Senate will b'ar te-itimony to this, having often
put the weight of his gigantic intellect in their
forensic discussions, while the friends of the
Democratic organization universally concede to
him, for his faithfulness, one of the highest
positions in its rnuks.
Mr. Douglas is truly a national man?one
whose broad, comprehensive statesmanship em
braces the whole Union in its scope, and is
based upon a rigid adherence to the principles
of the Constitution. By his heroic and manly
defense of the latter?his contempt of time
serving expediency when dealing with a great
national question that had been tampered with
too long?Mr. Douglas drew down upon his
head, a year or two since, the denunciations of
the weak, the timid and the faithless, as well
as bigots and sectionists, and the hate of all
who are imbued with the pernicious heresies of
old Federalism; but he has passed through the
storm unscathed, while the unwarranted and
shameful abuse he has sustained has drawn
him nearer to bis Democratic friends, and, in
deed, to all who are attached to the Union and
are loyal and patriotic citizens.
The Senator from Illinois is as surely des
tined to triymph over all his enemies as that
the light of truth will dispel falsehood. 1 he
great principle of popular sovereignty for the
people of the Territories, without Congressional
interference, with which his name has now be
come identified, will stand and become univer
sally popular. W e see indications of this fact
daily in the present House and in the recent
elections, while no one that possesses the least
political sagacity or sense thinks of restoring
the odious Missouri com promise line, which the
Nebraska bill obliterated and repealed. In the
success of that measure Mr. Douglas will have
his victory over his opponents, and be wafted
into the position of public favor which ^ey
have forfeited by their lack of judgment and
want of statesmanship.
Enqmrer of flit 21 sf, Dtc.
CoippAi Attv^ \\ (tllli.
Fortunes?A letter from Vienna thus an
nounces the death of the eldest brother of the
house of Rothschild at Frankfojt on the 6th
instant:
" Baron Anselm von Rothschild is the third
of the brothers Rothschild who has departed
this life in 1855, the chef of the house in
Naples, Carl, and the ehrf of the house in
Vienna. Solomon, having already died this
\ear. Of the five brothers there remains now
onW James, the chef of the house in 1'aris.
Baron Anselm was looked upon as the great
financial Rothschild power, and, though pos
sessed of less cultivation and education than
his brothers, was a decided genius in money
matters; he died childless, and has left to the
house a fortune of 30,000,000 gulden ($12,*
000,00?) . ?
The American public will probably be sur
prised in the small amount of this Rothschild
fortune as our imaginations lmd clothed ? ach of
the Rothschilds with untold millions. Twelve
millions is a fortune that William B. Astor,
can, even here in New York surpass Stephen
Whitney's fortune is estimated at seven mil
lions, C. Vanderbilt is worth three or four
millions, the most of it earned within the last
ten years. But here is a house in business for
sixty or seventy years, the great house of the
world, and one of the richest partners has
only his twelve millions ! The houses of Roths
child in London, Par s, Naples. Frankfort and
Vienna are supposed to have about $i?(),000,000.
f jV- trt York Expretn.
Rpimpti on all A?alclnu? Man.
,Al re?t beneath ihe churettv?rd gone.
Le? "tM'gy Jimmy Wyitt;
He died one morning just at t?n,
And saved a dinnar by it.
tf ongressionai.
i *lll< I'V-l'Ot/HTll CO.MGHl' KS.
KIK8T KK8SIOX.
>?-u.ite?Saturday. Dec. :it>,
i he Stmate did ui>i mii (o day.
IIounc of l<seututlt t s.
^ Ihe Clerk called the House to order at twelve
0 c'ucli, uud Hie Juui ual oi yesterday was read
liie^ liou.?e. rMuiinnm l'ie business oi voting
lor a Speaker, proceedrd to the sevelity-seveulh
liallot, with the lollowmg result:
Mr. Banks, of Massachose't* 101
Richardson, of Illinois Ob
Fuller, of Pennsylvania 32
?"catieiing jj
H'hole tiuiuljer ol votes given "^0J
Necessary to u choice 105
No candidate having received a majority ol the
whole number oi vo'es given, the seventy-eighth
ballot was had. and resulted as follows :
Mr. lianks, of Ma-sachu.->elt* 103
Richardson, of Illinois r*
Fuller, ol Pennsylvania. 32
Scattering y
2H
1 here having beeu no choice, a seventy ninth
ballot became necessary, ami, being taken, result
ed as fallows :
Mr Banks, it Massachusetts 102
Richardson, of Illinois (513
Fuller, of Pennsylvania 31
Scattering f>
209
No choice having been cflected, the eightieth
ballot was had. and lesulted as follows:
Mr. Banks, of Massachusetts IN
Richardson, ot lllui is t)S
Fuller, of Pennsylvania 30
Scattering Q
20S
There having beeu no election ?
Mr. ErilEKIIiGE, of Tenue^re. rose and re
marked ibat the roll had been called lour times
this morning, and the result did not indicate that
they would effect an election lo-day. They had
had ihe usual number of balloting*, and ii lie be
lieved that any ^nllemaii was prepared to change
his position he should be very willii.g to see the
voting go i n ; and ii any gentleman would rise
and suy that upon the call of the roll once, twice
or thrice more he would change his position, he
would refrain from submitting the motion it was
his inteutiou to make. He thought, however, it
would be a I. ui as well to direct the I. lerk to sel
down the names as they had been recorded on
the last vole. It was now Saturday afternoon
and they had performed a ft 11 h In I week's work
[Laughter.j Their not having effected an elec
tion being the fault of no one, and this being
Saturday, and all ol thein doubtless being in
c lued to prepare themselves to keep Hie holy
Satiliatb, he believed it would be Well for the
House to adjourn; and he submitted that ino
lion.
And ihe question being taken, the motion was
disagreed to,
1 lie eighty-first ball, t was then had, with the
following result:
Mr. Hank*. of Massachusetts 102
Richardson, of Illinois CS
Fuller, of Pennsylvania 30
Scaiiering 9
*00
No election having yet been attained,the eighty
second ballot ensued, nud recited as follows :
Mr. Baltics of Massachusetts 100
Richardson, of Illinois Gil
Mr. Full- r, or Pennsylvania 30
Scattering JO
208
There having-been n) choice?
Mr. BALL, ot Ohio, moved that the House
adjourn; which motion was decided in the nega
tive : Yeas 19, nays 173.
Mr SMITH, of Virginia, called ihe aitention of
I be House to the fact that a lew days since, when
be stated that the gentleman from Massachusetts
(Mr. Banks) had l?>fi thr -American parly, it w^s
denied bv one of that genileman's colleagues. (Mr.
Damkeli. ) He rclerred to the Boston Poiltovhow
that he was < orrect in his statement, and that the
gentleman from Massachusetts had led the
American party and joined the Fusionists. with
the express purpose and design of residing what
thev charged to be Ihe aggressions of the slave
power. He also caused to be read aa extract to
? how that the representaiivesfrom Massachusetts,
who had boasted of their thousands were now in
a hrnvy minority.
Mr. .-AGE, of New York. Is that ext-act from
the Washington Star or the Boston P.ist *
Mr. SMITH. It is from some paper; I do not
know which [Laughter.]
Mr. GROW, of Pennsylvania, said that since
the commencement of Ihe session the friends ol
Mr. Richard.on had exhibited wrest apprehension
lest those who were supporting Mr. Banks should
not be able to tbke care of them-elves. He
t believed that ibose who were voting for Mr.
Hanks understood their duly, and were fujiy com
petent to exercise their judgment and act in ac.
cordance with it.
Mr SMITH, of Virgthia, replied that he had
submitted his previous remarks that the House
and the country might understand the position of
the gentleman from Massachusetts, who was re
ceiving the support of so large a number of
members for the high position of Speaker. He
now desired to refer lo other designs and sentt
mentsentertained by that genileman. and to allude
lo a speech made by him lo which refereuce had
been repeatedly made here.
A point of order was here raised, which, being
decided against Mr. Smith, prevented htm from
concluding hisiemarks.
Amid loud cries of "call the roll," the Ilou-e
proceeded to the eighty-third ballot, with the tol
iewing result :
Mr. Banks, of Mas* 99
Richardson, of III. 67
Falter, of Penn ???? 29
Mr. Pennington,of N. J G
Scattering 4
205
There having been no election?
Mr. EUSTIS, of Louisiana, inoveo that the
Hou?e adiourn; which motion waa negatived.
The eighty-fourth ballot was then had. and re
sulted a? follows:
Mr. Banks, ol Mas*... 9S
Richardson, of 111 G6
Fuller, of Penn 29
Pennington, of N. J G
Scatiering 4
203
No election having yet been effected ?
Mr. McMULLEN, of Virginia, moved that the
House adjourn, a? ihey could not possibly effect
an election :o day. He would, however, give no
tice to gentlemen thnl on Monday evening nexi,
unless his mind should change, [laughter. | he
would be willing to continue in session until an
election should be had.
The motion to adjourn was distgreed to?ayes
67. noes 10S.
Mr. WHEELER, of New Yjrk, moved that
when Ihe House adjourn to day ii adjourn to meet
on WednesJay next.
Mr. SEWARD, of Georgia, desired to know, as
the House was gHting disorderly il it was n
order to move lliat the Hon. Fames L. Orr tak?*
the chair and preside over ihe llou?e.
The Clark ruled that the motion waa out of or
der pending the motion of Mr Wheeler.
And the question being taken on the motiofi of
Mr. Wheeler, it was decided in the negative.
Mr. H. M ARSII ALL. of Kentucky, moved that
the House adjourn ; wh'ch motion was disagreed
lo?yens 79, nays 126.
And then, at 6 o'clock, on motion of Mr. ORR,
of .South Carolina, the House adjourned?yeas
102, nays 92.
Senate Mondnj. December 31, IM55.
Hon. R. W. JOHNSON, from the State of
Arkansas, appeared ; ihe oath haviug been admin
istered to hun. he look his ?ent in the Senate.
A number of petitions were presented, which
wera referred lolbe appropriate committee*.
RF.N.MMI!* S. RUPERTS.
Mr. !? (JOT submitted a resolution for the print
ing of the report of Bknjamiji 3. Roberts, captain
ot the Rtfle?, made to General Twigp* on return
ing lo htm ihe American flag which had b-eu the
first planted upon the capitol of Mexico, and
wh'ch he had entrusted to ihe keeping of Captain
Roberts in the storming of Chepnlicpec and the
taking ol the city of Mexico; and also that an
engrossed copy ol the same be deposited in Ihe
| Department of State where the flag ha* already
| been deposited: laid over.
| Mr. fr. also snbmitied a joint resolution for the
presentation of a sword to Colonel Roberts lor his
gmluuiry and good conduct on the oceanic n* al?ovc
? laleil; winch wa* hI?o laid over.
Mr. SUMNER submitted the following resolu
lion, which wa* agreed in, namely:
liefu/vrd, 1 hal the Committee on Patent* be in
strutted lo consider the expedieucy ol" repealing
so much of the existing law* as requires the word
"paieuled. ' and the date, lo be stamped on the
thing patented ,
Mr. SEWARD submitted the following resolu
Hon. which was agreed to:
j litio'vtd That ihe Committee on Finance in
quire whether any aiiieniliiient or modification of
iliu law in regard to I he exemption ol household
effects of emigrants Irom foreign countries i* ne
cessary or expedient.
Mr. SKWARU ?l?o submitted the following re*
solution, which lies'over:
llf&olvnl. That seventy copies of Lippincoit'a
tiixellvrr of the World be purchased by the Sec
retary for the use of the Senate.
PKKSIDK.Vr'M MKSSAUK.
The Annual Messuge was received Iroui the
President of the United States, which wa? read.
Mr CLAYTON proceeded to mnke some re- I
mark* in relation l(* the treaty of Aj?r11 18, 1850,
t order to suow the people of the Lmled Stales
tile strength of the position assumed by the
Utiiied State.-. Government in relation to the Cen
tral Americau affairs, and the injustice of the posi
t on takeu by Great Brilaiu with regard lo the
construction of that treaty. He agreed generally
with u 11 that the ('resident had staled, an I con
trasted the pacilic. character of this country with
the aggies-ive policy always pursued by Great
Britain.
Mr. SEWARD inquired whether the ground
winch the President had allowed the Brtli-h gov
ernment to lake, with regard to the construction
ol l a: treaty?viz: thut u was merely prospective
in it- operation, and had uo refeieuce to the ac
tual occupation by that country of the territory in
question?was the understanding of the Govern
ment of the United Slates when the treaty was
made, Mr. Clayton then being Secretary ofSiule.
Mr. CLAYTON replied that it was an entirely
new construction?something which he had never
before heard of. He had never dreamed of such
a construction being given to the language of the
treaty. Doe* any iiihii suppose, said he, that I, in
the possession ol my senses, entered into a treaty
with Great Britain to allow her to remain in pos
session of the whole of this isthmus, merely he
cause she had been in possession of it, and then
signed a treaty to prohibit my own countrymen
Irom taking possession, leaving her lo remain un
disturbed .' What motive could I have had in
making micIi a treaty? What motive could an
American Senate have had i|i voting for n ? is it
possible thai any man can believe :'or a single
moment thai such a view was in contemplation
by the negotiators, when it was agreed that
neither w ill "occupy, colonize, fbriify or exercise
dominion in Central America." "Occupy" means
tirst lo lake possession, and secondly to keep pos
session. Great Britain agreed to do neither?they
agreed that they would not exercise any dominion
there.
Mr C. concluded his remarks by submitting
the following order :
Ordered, That the usual number ol copies of
the message and documents be printed ; and that
fifteen thousand copies of the message aud accom
panying documents, in addition to the usual num
ber, bo priuted for the use of the Senate, by ihe
punier ol the Senate for the last Congress, at
rates not exceeding tho^e established by law.
Mr. I .'A SS made some brief remarks, ex pre s- I
sing his entire concurrence with what had fallen
fltyn the Hon. Senator 'roni Dclawuae, and his
gratification at ihe course taken l?y the President
and lite views expressed in the message. In the
wnolc histoiy of ihe mo?l lorluous diplomacy,
there wua nothing to be found comparable with
the course ol Great Britaiu in regard to the con
struction of the Clayton-Bulwer irraty and Cen
tral American affairs.
Mr WELLER followed with a commendation
of the message. He believed this couniry could
never buidouthe position she had assumed in
reiuton to Central America. However the peo
ple ol the l.'nited Stales mi^lit be div.ded on
questions of ? omestic policy, when a. war men
aced them, ihey would ever be found acting in
harmony an ' unanimity. The message might be
denounced by p?eudo-phildnlhropi*ts, but il would
meet wiiii a cordial re*|>on*e from every friend of
liberty and lover of, the Constitution and ihe
Union.
M r. SEWA III* announced that he was prepared
to stand up and support the Clayton-Bulwer
treaty, and, if need be?if the British government
conld not be held lo that treaty?he was ready lo
go further: he was ready lor the aeeerlion and
the practical maintenance Of t><? Mouioe doc
trine.
Mr. TOOMBS said that he heartily concurred
in the message, both a* regarded its foreign and
domestic policy. .
The motion to print was agieed to.
On motion by Mr STI'.UAKT, a resolution
was adopted for the priuting of 500 additional
copies of the annual reports of the Secret. nri of
the Treasury. Interior, War and Navy Depart
ments. and Postmaster Geueral, lor the use of
those departments, respectively; and a!?o 200 ad
ditonal copies of the message and documents, lor
the u?o of each of the department* of the Attor
ney General.
Alter an executive session, the.Senate ndjourii
ed uutil Thursday next.
Iloate of Representatives.
After lb* journal had been read, Sidney Web
ster, esq , the private aecrelary of the President.
I appeared ?t the entrance of the main aisle of Ihe
House, and announced that he had been instruct
ed by the President of the United Slates lo de
liver to the House a message in writing.
Mr. CLINGMAN moved that the message be
read, in order that the House might hear wbat it
was.
Mr. MORGAN said they wanted no message
until after the House was organized; and he de
manded the yeas and nays on ihe question.
Mr. CLINGMAN remarked that he did not
know the contents of the message; but that the
President has the right, on the assembling of Con
cress. when, in his judgment, it maybe proper, to
communicate his views on public subjects, and of
interes!. Irom time to time.
Mr. CAMPItELL.ot Ohio, said that the reading
of the me-sage would l?e business, and held thai
the Bouse could do no business until after an or
ganization.
Mr. CLINGMAN did noi agree with the gen
tleman. He was willing that gentlemen should
vote oil the question of order.
Mr. ORR held that the Constitution expressly
recognizes this body as a House of Representa
tive*. saying, in express language "the House of
Representative* shall choose th?-ir own Speaker
snd other officers." A? to what disposition shall
be made of the message, was a point on which
the question of Mr.Campbell might be well taken
But he thought that the gentleman raised hi* point
loo sooo. Il was respectful to the President that
it should be read.
Mr CAMPBELL, of Ohio, remarked it was
utterly useless to have the message read, un'eas
they could do something with it after it *hall have
been read.
Mr STEPH ENS advi>cated the reading of the
message. It might contain lacts important for the
member* and the country lo know, and it wa* the
duty of the President to make the communica
tion.
Mr. WASHBURN, of Maine contended that
the President cannot communicate a message
until after the House shall be organized.
Mr GIDDINGS said that this was too great a
question to be decided on technicality. He wished
lo meet it frankly, boldly, on its merits. Hr would
resist this atrempled innov iiion on the practice
of the Government.
Mr JONES, ol Pennsylvania, said that the
President of the United Suites had taken the
responsibility in treating this l*??ly a* " a House''
Let every gentleman take tl?- responsibility of
saving whether it ?h*ll be so regarded or not.
Debate ensued in reference tn?he subject be
fore the House, involving the question ol consti
tutional power
Mr. LETCHER said 'hat they hi d h>-nrdenough
to serve for two hours' digestion He hsd no^
fear that the righta of ihe House would be
usurped.
Ater further proceedings. Mr. DUNN offered a
resolution proposing that the Clerk re'urti the
m> ssnge to th>- per-on delivering it to h m, as the
lloo-e is not organized, and therefore cannot re
cces ve iL
Mr.T)A VIS. of Maryland, submitted a motion:
thai the motion lo receive the message be laid on
Ihe table. When the House shall have been orga
nized, any gentleman can move to take it from the
table.
Much debate wa* indulged, when the House de
cided thai the menage should not be read?yeas
t>7. nays 126
The question to lay the whole subject on the
tablf was derided in the affirmative?yeas 10^,
nays 101.
The House adjourned till Wednesday.
RHOWBfS MAKIILE HOTEL.
rg1KSYI.VA!?IA AV*!SUl|
WASHINGTON CITY.
i o t il itnb personal.
Ait viiecdute. - r*4"'iijf the debate, in tbe
Hoime of Represeotati ve?, on Thursday, the
Hon. A. K. Marshall said thai Mr. Campbell, of
Ohio, hi declining, a.* he did, moat gracelul'y, md
as he (Mr. Marshall) believed, most appropriately,
too. any further con I eat lor the Speakership, an
nounced in the hearing of every gentleman then
pie^nt, that li? could nut continue that contest
.. uhou' pursuing a cour-i', i;i referenee to propo
sitions niade lo him, liiat would have degraded
him in hi* own estimation, sud rendered him an
obj?-ct of just c ontempt to his fellow-citizens,
lie din not intend to u-k that gentleman from
whnl quarters these propositions came. They
hail not been inside by tin* Democratic or by the
American party, uud therefor* could only have
con <- Iroiu (hat party whirls. 111 Ins judgment, h d
united theui!>elve? with the Amer'can organixa
tion upon the -asm- principle and for the same
motive that u c< nam individual in Kentuckyonca
sought a inS:rmiuiwal connexion with a very
clever lady tbrre. lie said th it lie did not want to
inurrv her lor love or money, but merely that he
might disgrace the family! Exce?*ive laughter
succeeeed the tellinsr of thin unnecdote. It it
<!ue to Mr. Cast pliell to Mate that he declared
lliatjio member of t'onjfres* had ever approached
him and demanded or exacted u pledge. Ha
should have kicked from bis room an individual
of that character.
The New Year.?To day, as our readers are
aware, commences the year eighteen hundred
and fifty-six ; and, though it reminds the reflective
of the rapid flight of time, it nevertheless affords
all conditions and complexions an occasion to ex
tend to their friends *' the compliment* of the sea
son." New plans are formed with the advent of
a new year. but. by the lime the latter becomes
''old," they are either frustrated or abandoned;
and itfjain renewed on the enduing year. Thus
hopes it ltd disappointments alternate.
/\? usual, the President of the United States
Will receive the diplomat ie corps at eleven o'clock,
by special invitation. At twelve, noon, the doors
of the Executive Mansion will be thrown open to
the '? sovereigns." As heretofore, thousands of
persons will doubtless resort thither.
New Year'* Receptions.?In consequence of
abuxes of the hospitalities heretofore extended,
We learn that many persons who have kept "open
house" on the sdvent of a new year, will decline
doing so to day.
Accident.?On Sunday, owing to the slippery
condition of the sidewalks, a lady at the navy yard
fell itud broke her leg.
Supreme Court of the United States.
Monday, December 31, 185i>.
Sidney L. Johnson, esq , of Louisiana, and
Franklin A, Dick, esq., of Missouri, were ad
mitted Attorneys and Counsellors of this Court.
No. 31. Alfred Saviguafc plaintiff in error,
rs. Abraham Garrison. The argument of this
cause was continued by Hon. T. Ewin>r for the
defendant in error, and concluded by Mr. Bax
ter for the plaintiff in error.
No. 32. Robert A. Parker et al., appellents,
t'#. William Overman. The argument of this
cause was commenced by Mr. Bryan for the
appellants and continued liy Mr. Lawrence for
the appellee.
Adjourned until Wednesday, 11 o'clock.
From the New Orleans Delia. Dec. IS.
The Ortmt Ualnrs Cue.
Tbe'decision by the Supreme Court of Louia
inna, rendered yesterday by Chief Justice Mer
rick, and concurred in by Justices Spofford and
Voorhies. is one of the most momentous erects
that bus occurred in our judicial history. The
litigation, commenced and prosecuted with such
extraordinary tenacity and energy by the plain
tiff, Mis. Myra Clark Uuines, goes back more
than twenty live year* Kept in ignorance of
her real position and rights during l<er child
hood, ami until, indeed, she had ndvanced
some years into womanhood, she discovered
shortly after her marriage with Mr. Whitney,
her first husband, the mysterious circum
stances of her birth and history. With the
first glimpse of those facts, her whole naturo
and character changed.
From a life of domestic quiet and gentleness,
this lady suddenly emerged into one peculiarly
trying to a female?one. indeed, full of vexa
tion, trouble and anxiety. Thoroaghly imbued
with the conviction of her being the lawful
child and heir of I>aniel Clark, she entered
upon the prosecution ot her claims with an in
tense devotion, zeal and enrnestness, which
are without parallel. Triumphing over ob
stacles, embarrassments and difficulties that
would have appalled the most heroic mascu
line heart, her taith knew no faltering, and her
courage and fortitude shrunk from no sacrifice*,
j She desired to vindicate the purity of her
orign?to establish her niaUia?to redeem the
reputation of those to whom she owed her ex
istence. This object cheered the dark hours
of her affliction, and supported her under A
terrible burden of disappointments and rebuffs.
The " law's delays/' so fatal to so many san
guine hearts, crushing so many thousands of
innocent victims, had no terrors for her soul.
A n tic us like, *he arose from every disappoint
ment with renewed hope, life and vigor.
Thwarted in one form of action, she revive'
her claims in another. Driven from one court,
she found at least a temporary refuge in some
other.
The great event of yesterday has called a
" pause'' in this remarkable struggle. These
astonishing labors and sacrifices have at last
reached their ultimatum and the long foiled
petitioner and heroic suppliant for justice may
clasp to her liosom the vindication, by the very
highest authority, of the justice and rights of
her claim.
The last will of Daniel Clark, charged to
have been destroyed?the will of 1813, recog
nizing the legitimacy of Myra Clark Oaines,
and creating her his universal legatee, has
been ordered by the court of last resort, in this
State, to be admitted to probate and executed.
The effect of this mandate will be to give Mrs.
Gaines the very highest title to one of th*;
largest estaies in the United States?an estate
of millions. The property involved in this
litigation consists mostly of sugar plantations,
and of some of the best city property. It is
generally held by wealthy persons. The city
of New Orleans has sold, with a full warranty,
a large proportion of this property and will be
liable therefor.
Ot the hve judges of the Supreme Court,
three concurred in the decision j Judge Buch
anan excused himself, having been engaged in
some of the suits brought by Mrs. Ganes, and
Jud^e Lea sustained his own decision.
The Ltminon Slaves.
In compliance with the joint resolution
adopted by the General Assembly in 1853, the
governor has appointed Andrew Stevenson,
esq., the Associate Counsel with the Attorney
General, to prosecute before the Supreme
Court of the Stale of New York, the appeal
taken from the decision of a Judge in that
State, by which Jonathan Lemmon, a citizen
of Virginia, was deprived of his slaves.
It is understood that the Governor of New
York, under a resolutiou of the Legislature of
that State, has appointed the Hon. E. D. Cul
ver and Joseph Blunt, Associates with Hon.
Ogden Hoffman, Attorney General of New
York, to manage the case on behalf of the ap
pellees.
The case is a reserved case in the Court, and
will bo ready for argument at its term which
will commence on the first of January.
Mr. Stevenson it is understood, ha* accepted
! the appointment.?Rich. ,

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