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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 23, 1854, Image 1

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any of Washington, Thursday mossing, January io, isse.
IS el bl.iSHKU THl-WKKKLV AN1> WlKiLJ b*
Ward'* Building, mar the Capitol,
Tri-Wr. klv 5 00
Weeklv 00
'To Oi.wks oh iNiMviDrAUs, subscribing h>
five or tuore copies?
Tri-weekly per a.iuuin, in advance........tJ 00
Weekly ?' " 1 50
07*roMtiiH?ieri> lire requested to act He agents.
1 tory of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny ol
I he American Party, and its probable influence
on (lie next Presidential election, to which is
added a Review of the Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by uu Ame
The History ol Mason and Dixon's Line, con
tained in an Addrwss delivered by John H. B.
Latrobe. of Maryland, belbre the Historical So
ciety of Pennsylvania, November 8, 1854.
Mirana Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S.
M. H.
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M.D.,with
a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W.
Just received and for sale by
Corner of Penn. avenue and 11th street.
Feb 15
HARPER'S MAGAZINE for September is
a magnificent number, filled with superior
engravings, and for sale at StnLLfnqton's book
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the best that has been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains
all the new Fall fashions.
The Knickerbocker Magazine Tor September.
(Jodey's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, anr.
Putnam s Magazine, all for September, received
and lor sale at
THE FAILURE of Free Society?Soci
ology for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at
Hook Store, near 9th street.
W Messrs. TAYLOR & MAURY beg to an
nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our
citizens, the pictures now on exhibition at their
store will be raffled lor.
'Eleven prizes ; sixty chances, at $5.
April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
NEW WORK, by the Author of the Heir
of Redely fie.
The Castle Builders, by the author ol the Heart's
Ease, in paper covers; price 50 cents ; bound, 75
Just published and for sale at
March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth street
I / if you wish to purchase anything in the way
of tine American, London, or Geneva watches,
(that can be relied on for the tru? time.) rich gold
jewelry, pure silver ware,Jre., ttec., and save from
15 to WO per cent, as he is now receiving his
Fall supply, which will be sold ai the lowest
wholesale rates.
Fine winches and jewelry repaired, and war
rantnd to give satisfaction
Pa ivenue, '?etweeu 4J and 6th streets, sign ol
tl r- l.iri:c sort-ad eagle.
LINGTON'S Bookstore?
Tiie Liodd Family, by Charles Lever, author ol
' 'harles O'Malley.
iehind the Scenes, by Lady Bulwer Lytton. ?
The Lamplighter, one of the most fascinating
nook* ever written.
Kverything in the Book. Newspaper, and Sta
onery line for sale at
Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 4J
street and Pa. avenue.
WATCHES.?Members of Congress and
others in want of perfect timekeepers would
do well to make their selections at once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the ciiy.
Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen
was never so complete as at present, embracing
lvery description, which we otter unusually low.
Penn avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
Jan 1W
At MJVURY have a lew of the original sub
scribers'eopie* of the works of Dsniel Webster,
printed on very tine imperial paper, in yhich Mr.
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes ;
price S'20.
T. Ac M. are the only booksellers in the United
States who have any copies in their possession.
Mar 11 Bookstore near 0th st.
HO. HOOI), Pennsylvania avenue, between
. 4J and 6th streets, hns just returned from
the north with a good assortment of the most rich
hn<l fashionable Jewelry in the market, which he
purchused for cash at very low prices, and now of
lers lor sale the same, at wholesale or retail, much
cheaper than goods of like quality have ever been
tuld for in this section of country. I'lease call at
his More, sign of the large spread eagle.
N. It. Special attention paid to the repairing of
watches by W. W. Hollingsworth.
X UNITED HTATES."?This celebra
ted Map, recently eulogized by Lieutenant Mau
ry, in his "Virginia Letters," is on sale at
Dec 1 ? Bookstore, near Ninth street.
SOUTHERN IM>OK.?Origin ot the Con
stitution; Incorporation of the General Gov
eminent by the States; as national public agents
in trust, with no sovereignty : History of Copart
nership Territories from the Virginia Deed, 1784,
to the Treaty with Mexico, 1848; Division of the
Public Lands; Specific Duties; Origin snd History
of the Puritans; Origin and Cause of Trouble be
tween the North and South, and Jeopardy of the
Republic; Legal mode of Redress pointed out; by
W. B. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price
Two Dollars.
On Kale at BISHOP'S Periodical Store.
No. 210 Pennsylvania avenue,
adjoining Willard'a Hotel.
1 let Machine.
First patent combined on one stock.
Second patent, self-feeding in the eyelet*.
Third patent, patent improved faatener, riveting
both sides.
All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine
are strongly rccoininended to use none but "Lip
man's Patent Improved,'' which is decidedly the
best ever brought Ixslore the public, possessing
numerous advantages, viz: *?
It is strong, durable, and not liable to get out ol
It punches the hole well and to fit the -Eyelet,
and in one operation clinches the Eyelet on both
It saves time, as the papers, tScc., need not be
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a
second time, as is the case with all other ma
It is useful to the merchant in filing away
papers, as well as to the attorney or conveyancer,
the shomaker, tailor, miliner, and numerous
others, and is a very labor-saving machine.
Agents for Washington.
Book and Stationery Store, near 9th st.
May 24
At REDUCED PRICES?As the mason
is advanced, we have determined to sell ofl
the remaining portion of our winter atock at
greatly reduced prices; therefore gentleman wish
ing to consult economy in purchasing fine Over
coats, Talmas Dress, Frock, and Business Coata;
Black and Fancy Cashmere PantsVelvet, Silk,
Satin, and Merino Vests; Under Shirts and
Drawers, and all other ready made garments of
fine quality, will find our present variety to be as
well assorted as in the beginning of the season,
with the advantage of mnnh lower prices.
322 Pa. avanua, next to Iron Hall.
Feb 24
BK It knowu that I, the subscriber ob
tained letters patent in December, 1S51, (ur
an apparatus for the destructive distillation ol
wood, and the making therelrom of tar or pitch at
pleasure, uud gas; and that in the judgment ol
competent persons the invention of an appar
tus recently patented by W. D. Porter cannot be
used by him or any other iter&on without infring
ing my said patent. And, further, that what is
patented by said Porter rightfully belongs to ine,
as 1 expect to prove ere long before the United
States Patent Office ; aj>d, further, thai the use ol
said Porter's invention involves also a process
which I am now claiming before the United States
Patent Office, and which has been adjudged to be
patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which
said W. D. Porter has formally disclaimed, as ap
pears upon the public records, of said office, ot
which an official copy is hereto annexed, and also
a copy of his claims.
In the National Intelligencer of the 25th instant
Mr. Porter announces that he has secured by
patent the "exclusive right to making gas from
wood," and threatens prosecution to all parties
infringing his patent. 1 ask how this statement
comports with the fact of my patent of December,
1851, and how far the threat can intimidate under
such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was
so understood by the Patent Office, as it appear*
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim was at first refused as interfering with a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given b?
low, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the
saving clause, is what Mr Porter calls securing
the "exclusive right to making gas from wood."
The statement carries absurdity on its front, and
I is a libel on the good sense of the Patent Oilice
If such a claim or right had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory
in the country.
The following copies of correspondence and
extracts from the records of the Patent Office will
show the true state of the ease :
Unite* Status Patent Office.
August 25, 1854.
Sir . In reply to your letter of this date, asking
"if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter,
dated 22d August, 1854, or at any other time, or
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them " the exclusive right of making gas from,
wood" and whether any such claim was made by
W. D. Porter, under his application for a patent,
which letters patent were issued bearing the
above date, you are informed that W. D. Porter's
claims are believed to be c nfined to his appara
tus; and, further, this office is not aware that a
patent has been granted heretofore (or the exclu
sive right of making gas from wovd. It would,
however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make
an extended investigation to answer your re
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents.
W. P. McConakli,, Esq.,
Care of Prof. C. G. Page, Washington, D. C.
The United States Patent Office?To all persons to
whom these presents shall come, greting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the files of this office of an extract from a
paper filed in the matter of the application of W.
D. Porter for letters patent, in accordance with
which application letters patent were issued to the
said W. 1). Porter on the 22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the seal
ot the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
[L. s.] this 25th day of August, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty
four, and of the independence of the United
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Copy of disclaimer of W. D. Porter in his ajrplica*
tion for "an improved still for making wood
gas"filed August 5, 1S54. Letters patent issued
August 22, 1854.
" I do not claim as my invention and discovery
the improvements in making gas from wood, viz:
subjecting the products of destructive distillation
therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially
as has been described and for the purposes set
forth in the specification of W. P. McConnell."
Tk* United States Patent Office?To all persons to
'whom these presents shall come greeting :
Thit is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the records of this office of an extract from
the specification of W. D. Porter's patent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the
seal of the Patent Office to he hereunto
r . affixed this twenty-fifth day ot August,
u *?' n the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fiftv-four, and ot the
independence of the United States the
seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Extract from Specification of W. D. P*rter on
which letters patent were issued August 22, 1854.
Claim.?What I claim as my invention and de
sire to secure by letters patent is :
" The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting oI a metallic or other cylinder B, the
cones E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe
F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe
cification, and shown in the accompanying draw
The truth of the abeve may be ascertained from
the records of the Patent Office, to which all have
By his attorney CHAS. G. PAGE.
MOKNING GOWNS.?A large and fln
aisortment, at all prices, for sain by
C^ONSKHVE and Preserved Ginger and
J Chow-Chow, Attea and Choong Loong, Can
ton, fresh importation. For sale by
No. 40, opposite the Centre Market.
Ir<IWAIU> LYCETT, SeiL, (took-Binder.
j Potomac Hall, corner of Eleventh-street and
Maryland avenue, over Clarke's Drug store, Wash
ington, D. C.
Every style of book-binding executed, either in
velvet, Turkey Morocco, Russia, or fancy colors
Periodicals aud Music neatly half bound.
Mr. Ltcbtt respectfully suggests to his friends
that while much has been done to transmit family
records, little care has been taken to preserve pa
rental likenesses. He takos this method to inform
Ins friends, and iho?e desirous ef perpetuating j>er
sonal remembrances, that daguerreotype like*
nesses can be inlaid on the inside covers of fami
y bibles, presentation-liooka, or keepsakes, aperi*
mens of which can he seen at his bindery, or he
uan be addressed by letter, whichwill be promptly
attended to.
Mathematical dictionary rha
Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com
{rising definitions of all the terms employed in
lathrmafics, an analysis of each branch, and of
the whole as forming a aingle science, by Charles
Davies, L. L. D., author of a complete course ot
Mathematics, and Win. G. Peck, A. M , Assist
ant Professor of Mathematics United States Mili
ary Academy. Just published, and for sale at
he Bookitore of R FARNHAM,
nTOMG <411 ARKV.?I am prepared to fur
nish from my quarry, opposite the Little Falls
and adjoining the quarry of the late Timothy
O'Neale, any quantity of stone that may l>e needed
for building purposes. Apply to the undersigned
at his house on H, between 19th and 20th streets,
lit the First ward, or to Mr. Paine, at the quarry.
COMMI3NTARIK* on the Jurisdiction
Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the
Court* of the United States, vol. 1, by George
Ticknor Curtis.
History of the Crusades, their Rise, Progress,
pnrt Results, by Major Proctor, of the ftoyal
Military Academy.
Cumming's Leotnrea on the Seven Churches.
On sale at
TAYLOR fc MAURY'S Bookstore,
Nov 16 near 9th street.
I PROPOSE to publish in the city of Washing
ton, in September, a political newspaper, un
der the name of the WASHINGTON SENTI
In doing so, it is proper I should make known
the principles it will maintain, and the policy it
will ad vocate.
It. will support cordially and earnestly the prtn
ciples of the Democratic party of the United State*
it does not propose to be the organ of any Depart
nient of the Government, except in so far as an in
dependent maintenance of the doctrines of that
party may represtmt its opinions and express its
It will not be ambitious to commend itself to the
people by a blind flattery of their rulers. It will
seek public * .ipport by the bold avowal of the
sentiments which tire common to the genuine
Democracy of the Union, and by the condemna
tion of all such as may conflict with them, from
whatever quarter they may come. It will seek to
be (and it will endeavor to deserve the liile) the
organ of the Democratic party of the Uuited
The Sentinel will maintain, a fundamental
truth of that great party, that the States formed the
Hilton between them by the ratification of the Con
stitution as a compact; by which, al*o, they created
the Federal Government, and delegated to it,
as their common agent, the powers expressly
specified in it, with an explicit reservation of all
others to the States, or to their separate govern
ments. The exercise of any powers beyond these
thus delegattfl, is, therefore, an usurpation of the
reserved authority of the State* by the agent ol
their own creation.
The Sentinel will uphold and defend the Untou
upon the basis of the rights of thv States?under
the Constitution?and thus by sedulously guarding
the latter, it will the more effectually strengthen
and perpetuate the former.
With regard to the exercise of the |>owers of the
Fet?ral Government, the Sentinel will take a?
the J rinciples of its action, that Congress shall ex
en-is no power which has not been delegated by
the C? nstitution, according to a strict and fair in
terpret tion of its language and spirit; and that it
shall nc seek to attain indirectly an object through
the exet -ise of const it utional power, for the direct
attainme t of whi? h it has no delegation of power.
In othwr words, all powers exercised must be
clearly gra led. and all granted powers must be
used for no Purpose, except such ^?s is clearly in
tended by th Constitution.
In respect to the internal administration of the
Government, the Sentinel will sustain the settled
policy of the Democratic party. It will labor to
inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in
ternal policy:?that this Government will besi
promote the freedom and prosperity of the people
of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise
power, and more ar.xious to preserve liberty; and
by leaving to the individual States the manage
ment of all their domestic concerns?while it con
tents itself with guarding the confederacy from
external violence, and directing the foreign policy
of the country to the promotion of the common
interests, and defence of the common rights, and
honor of the States composing it.
The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive
foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies,
and correspond with the expanding interests of the
country. That policy should be energetic and de
cided; but should temper firmness with liberality,
and make its highest ends consist with the strictest
principles of justice. The reil interests of the
country, upon each occasion demanding attention
will be its guide in the course the Sentinel wil
The national policy of the world in this age is
essentially aggressive. In th# growing sense ot
weakness of some of the nation* of the Old World,
and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com
man motive to colonial extension has developed
Our settled determination tc repel interference
from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil
prompt us to avoid it in the affairs of other coun
tries, unless by their foreign or colonial policy our
peace should be threatened, our security endan
gered, or our interests invaded. For whqg the
selfish interests of other nations prompt a foreign
or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights,
and places in the pathway of our commerce a
dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must
l>e resisted by remonstrance, and, if need be, ky
Our foreign policy shouid. indeed, be defensive,
but to be properly defensive, ,t must oomclimett be
apjtarewt/y aggressive. Our administration should
l>e vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world
is full of important movements, commercial and
polili< al, deeply concerning American trade and
American power. It is time we had an American
foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot
avoid it if we would. We have larger interests, and
a greater stake In the world and its destiny, thnn
every other people. We occupy the best portion
of a continent, with bo neighbors but n colony, and
a worn-out, anarchical despotism. We are the
olny people whose own land, without colonial de
pendencies, is washed by the two great oceans ol
the world. Our agricultural productions are more
varied and more essential to civilised life, and tn
human progress?our mineral and manufacturing
resources more vast?ourfacilities and capacity for
internal and foreign commerce more extended
ihan those of any other people living under one
government. A continent, to a great extent, un
explored and exhaustless in iti yet hidden wealth
is at our feet. European t rade seeks the great East
through avenues which nre at our doors, or must
be made through our own limits. Europe, Asm,
Africa, and the isles of the sea, lying all around
us, look to us as the rising power, through the
agency of whose example, and ever widening and
extending, though j?eaceful influences, the bless
ings of liberty, civilisation, and religion, are des
tined to triumph over the barbarism and supersti
tion of the millions of the world. And shall such
a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and
act upon the high mission to which it is called?
A mission so full of hope, though so laden with
responsibility, wh>ch, if properly directed, must
make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to
the world, as well a? the peaceful arbiter of its
The Skntinkl will, therefore, advocate a bold
and earnest fortlgv polity, such as the condition 01
the country demands; but it will advocate it under
the flag of the country?nowhere else. Its foreign
policy must be consistent with the spotless honor
and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To
be respectable at homeand abroad, and to be great
in the eyes of the world, it miisj ask for nothing
but what is right, and submit to nothing that is
wrong. It must be liberal and magnanimous to
the rights of others, and lirin and immoveable in
insisting on its own. It must, in fine, be true to
its own interests, rights, and houor?it cannot then
be false to those of other nations.
Such, then, it the chart by which we shall be
guided. Independent and free, we shall endeavor
to be honest and truthful. The true friends ot
democratic principle! we shall cordially support
and defend. Its enemies in the field or in ainbuah
we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions dej
To our future brethren of the press we extend
the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the
rival of no press of its own party?the personal
enemy of none of the other.
The present Democratic Administration has our
lest wishes for its success in the establishment ot
the great principles upon which it caine into power;
and in its honest labors to attain such an end it
will find the Skntinki, its friend and coadjutor.
ATKR YEARS, t>y the Author of " the
Mr. Rutherford's Children, second volume.
Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous
Poems, by Charles Leland Potter, A. M.
General Notions of Chemistry, translated from
the French, by Edmund C. Evans. M. D.
The Land of the Saracens, by Hayard Tayler.
Brushwood picked up on the Continent; or
Last Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orville
The above are selectert from a large arrival of
new books at TAYLOR. As MAURY'S
J r ? Bookstore, near 9th at.
The New York and Liverpool United States
Mall Steamer*.
The ships comprising this line are:
The Atlantic Captain West.
The Pacific.... Captain Nye.
The Baltic Captain Comstock.
These ships having been built by
contract, expressly lor government
hMbmHIb service, every care has been taken
in their construction, as also in their engines, to
insure strength and speed, and their accommo
dations, lor passengers ar? unequalled for ele
gance and comfort.
Price of pHKnage from New York to Liverpool,
in first cabin $130
In second cabin, $75. Exclusive use of extra sized
state rooms $325
From Liverpool to New York 30 and 20guineas
An experienced"Surgeon attached to each ship.
No berth secured until paid for.
From Neio York. Prom Liverpool.
Saturday*. Dec. 16,1854
Saturday. .Dec.SO, 1854
Saturday..Jan. 13, 1855
Saturday..Jan. 27, 1855
Saturday..Feb.10, 1855
WedMay.. Dee. 27,1854
WeJ'day.. Jan. 10, 18f>5
Wed i ay. .Jan. 24, 1855
Wed'da' . .Feb. 7,1855
Wed'day.. Fwb. 21,1855
Wed'day.. Mar. 7, 18r)5
For fre ght or pa-sage, applv to
No. f>6 Wall street, N. Y.
13 King's Arms Yard. London.
GEO. H. DRAPER, Havre.
The owners of these ships will not be accounta
ble for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre
ciou* stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereof therein ex
pressed. Jan 3?dtf
tl ry's Bookstore, near 9th street?
The Plurality of Worlds, with an Introduction
by Edward Hitchcock, D. D.
A Lamp to the Path; or, the Bible in the Heart,
the Home, and the Market Place, by the Rev. W
K. Tweedie, D. D.
The Catacombs of Rome, by the Right Rev. W.
T. Kip, D. D.
Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coas
of America, by Gabriel Franchere.
Corinne, by Madame De Stael, new edition.
Vathek, by Beckford, do
Female Poets of Great Britain, do
Western Scenes and Adventures, illustrated.
Life of Napoleon, by Hazlitt, do
Hannay, author of Singleton Fontleroy, dtc.
Cosas de Espana, or Going to Madrid, via Bar
Just published apd for sale at
March 0 Bookstore, near 9th street.
FOR RENT, till the 15th of November
next, the large built house at the vomer ol
lbih and K streets. Call at the " Sentinel" office.
Intelligencer. Star, and Organ, one week daily'
and send bills to Sentinel oflice.
May 17?lwd
Prospectus.?souther nconser
vative Magazine.?When new aspirants
lor popular favor are announced, the public have
aright to demand the grounds upon which such
show of title to their patronage is made. In ac
knowledgment of this, we trace the customs ol
parties in the avowal of principles; of religious
sects, in the promulgation of creeds ; and ol per
sons in all pursuits of life, de|>endent upon the
public for success, in their preparatory expositions
of plans and purposes. The customs thus origin
ating, though sometimes abused, are useful and
proper, and should not be discarded. And when,
in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed,
those approving ought not to withhold their en
couragement, as too many do, until they see that
BU9cess is sure, for their aid may be needed to
secure it. Such a foolish policy as this jeopar
dizes the plan they approve, and hastens its failure;
it has defeated many important enterprises, and
has deprived the country of good and useful works.
If a new proposition of any kind is approved by
the public, the support of those approving is of
right expected, their approval being solicited only
in the view that their more substantial aid will
not be withheld.
The Southern Conservative Magazine will
occupy ground'* but little cultivated by American
magazimsts. It is believed that a field is open for
a periodical of a new and, in tome respects, a
higher order than ha* be?n aimed at in our maga
zine literature. In this belief, and with such an
aim, we announce the Southern Conservative
Mara sine.
The new mngazine will be national and not
sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment in the South, but aiming at a hjgher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
It will be Protestant, but not sectarian; opposing
religious bigotry or intolerance on the one side,
and infidelity on the other?laboring in its teach
ings to advance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the church.
It will be political, but liberal; owing no slavish
allegiance to parties or politicians, it will advocate
measures, not men, and will labor only for the
success of principles.
It will be progressive, yet sternly op|>osrd to
the reckless spirit of innovation so rile in the
country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de
press; to reform and improve, not to destroy;
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our great
republican theory, and laboring to advance it to
its fullest development.
It will be truly Ameriran in tone and sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely becuuse
so; l>elieving that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, par excellence, to any favored people,
but are the common right of all.
It will be the organ of pure conservatism.
It will encourage a high-toned literature, and
defend pure morals in all the social relations of
And it will number in its corps of regular con
tributors some of the ablest political and literary
writers of the country.
The magazine will be printed on the finest
quality of paper, with new type, and in a plain
but superior style.
Each number will contain not less than 50 large
octavo nages, made up of original articles, con
tributed and editorial ? reviews, political and
scientific essays, romances, poetry, Sec.
We promise much for the new magazine, and
we intend to perform it all, and more, if the read
ing public will give the enterprise a liberal en
The Southern Conservative Magazine will be
issued, the first of each month, from the office of
publication, Nashville or Knoxville, Tennessee,
and will be furnished to siiscribers at four dollars
a year, or three dollars if paid punctually in ad
vance. Publication will be commenced the 1st
day of .January, 1S56. Address orders to the
editor and proprietor.
Knoxville, Tennussee.
May 31, K>5.
LEAVES from a Family Journal, from
the French of Emilie Souvestre, author of
"The Attic Philosopher in Paris.
M rs.Jameson'sCommon-place Book of Thoughts,
Memories, and Fancies.
June 7 Corner 1 Ith st. and I'enn. av
common-place book of Thoughts, Memo
rtes and Fancies, original and selected, by Mrs
Jameson. Price 70 cents.
leaves from a Family Journal, from the French
of Emilie Souvestre, author of "the Attic Philo
sopher in Paris." Paper, 50 cents; cloth, 75
Theory and Practice of Landscape Painting in
water colors, illustrated by a series of 1*4 designs,
colored diagrams of numerous wood cuts, uith
two extra plates of simultaneous contracts, by
George Barnard. Price $5.
J8st received at
TAYLOR & MAURY'8 Bookstore,
Jane 7 near 9th st
just received from the publishers, Firth,
Pond At Co., New York, and George Willieg.jr.,
Baltimore, uu assortment of their latent publica
JHCT Pianos tuned, warranted to give satis
adjoining Kirkwood House.
Dec 16?3tawif
Yaiuahle real eutate for
Sale.?The block of buildings known as
1 the Union Buildings,"' and now occupied by the
Union newspaper establishment. They are situ
ated on E street, between 13th and 14th streets,
and fronting directly on Pennsylvaniaavenue. The
lot is 70 feet front by 159 feet deep. The properly is
susceptible of division and re-arrangement, and
its position such as must rank it among the best
business stands on the avenue, and is yearly in
creasing in value. The lime of the present lessee
expires on (he 1st September next, on which day
possession may had.
Also, that large three-Mory Briek House on 17tl
street west, (opposite the War Office, and three
doors south of G street.)
Also, that three-story House on 17th street west,
next door to the Government Building, at tbe
corner of F and 17th streets.
Should the above pioperty not be sold at private
sale prior to the 15th of May, it will be sold on
that day at public auction.
Terms will be made favorable to the purchaser.
Apply to CH. H. WINDER,
Corner of 17th and G streets.
March 20?2awtl5May
To the Patrons of Berkeley Springs.
THE undersigned begs leave to inform his
friends and the public generally, that he has
erected a new and extensive Livery Stable, for
the accommodation of those who may wish to
keep their horses at the Springs during the ap
proaching season. The building contains about
40 stalls of extra width, and extensive Carriage
Sheds. Its location is clean, dry, and airy, and
convenient to Colonel Strother's Hotel, with
which it is connected by arrangement. Expe
rienced and reliable persons will be in attendance,
and no expense will be spared to give every
satisfaction to the visiting public. The proprietor
will also keep for hire, several pleasure carriages
and saddle horses. Having provided these ac
commodations. at considerable expense, the Pro
prietor hopes that he will be liberally patronized
Terms to suit the times.
Berkeley Springs,
Morgan County, Va., July 1, 1855.
July 18?tf.
A Weekly Kewipapcr to be published In
Washington City.
The undersigned, expecting Boon to retire Irom
the position he has for some time held asSuperin
tendent of the United States Census, intends to
devote himself to the control and management ot
the Review, of which, for the last nine years, he
has been the editor and proprietor, and to the
publication in the City of Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
The material for this paper will consist, in part,
of selections or extracts from articles admitted
into the Review, but mainly of other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digests of the current events ot
the day, home and foreign; the proceedings ol
Congress and the acts of the Government; lite
rary and scientific sketches and essays upon
leading and popular topics; biographical sketches
of public men ; d'gest of official reports. State and
Federal; the state of the markets in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of crops;
supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the
country as shown by statistics, bringing down
those of the National Census always to date
The object will be. through careful editorial
management and n 'arge and well-selected cor
respondence, to establish at the seal of govern
ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted
to the wants of every community; imparting
musement and information, and political, only to
the extent of maintainiug- the institutions ?f the
country and defending the rights and sovereignty
of the States.
The City of Washington, from the advantages
which it presents for obtaining material of every
kind, through the action of the Smithsonian Insti
tution, the Patent Office, and the National Agri
cultural Convention, etc., aud the several Bureaus
and Departments of Government, from its eonti
guity to the large commercial cities, from the ex
tended. exciting, and all important interests that
concentrate upon it, is, perhaps, the most eligible
location for such a journal, and ample guarantees
of its success have already been received. It will
be printed in folio for the convenience of binding,
and similar in style to the New York Albion
Terms: S2 per annum, in advance.
To Clnba, of 10 subscribes*, at one post office,
$15 in advance.
To Subscribers of DiBow'a Rrvisw, not in
arrears, the Review and Times together, $6 in
Advrrtisements on accommodating terms.
In order to increase the usefulness of the Re
view, which has now acquired a very extensive
circulation, it will be enlarged from 112 to 140 or
150 pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistance and an able corps of contribu
tora. ,
A monthl'" istorieal digeat of events will be
embraced in /tt pagea, valuable for future refer
The subscription price of the Review will re
main at $5 per annum, but for the convenience ot
the large class of persons who may not desire
the whole work, or who may only solicit in
formation upon one or more of the subjects to
which it is devoted, it is in contemplation to make
a separate ptiMication of the matter relating to
Agricuhurt, snot her of that relating t? Manufac
ture*; a third x> Internal Jmproitments; a fourth
to Com mere* j and a fifth to Education and Ltttert.
These publications will be but departments of the
whole work, and may be subscribed for separately
at SI per annum each. They will appear monthly
in handsome periodical atyle, of from twenty-five
to thirty-two pages ; constituting an annual octavo
volume of 300 pages each, showing at a single
view and in a condensed form the whole results,
within the year, in th* particnlar department, in
?urown country and abroad, as the Review itself
will show them in all of tkt department* of indus
try and enterprise.
The Office of DeBow'a Review will remain as
before at New Orleans, though a branch will be
located at Washington, which will be also the
main office of the other Journala, and may be
addrested at all times in regard to them. The
particular address of the editor, whether Wash
ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from time
to time, in the work.
Washington, Nov. 26, 1864.
j9frl)EBow'? INDt'STRial Resource*, three
handspmely bound volumes upon the Progress
and Wealth of the United States, 1,800 pages royal
octavo, double columns, clear print, library edi
tion, may still be ordered. Price $6 delivered
at tlie expense of the auth??
For Writing Without P?n or Ink?^Copy
ing Leaven, Plants, Flowers, Pictures,
Patterns for Embroidery, Marking Lin
en Indelibly, Manifold Writing.
rpHIH Article is absolutely the best portable
I Inkstand in the known world, for a small
quantity folded and placed in the pocket consti
tutes a travelling Inkstand, which cannot be bro
ken. No pen is needed, for any stick, sharpened
to a point, writes equally as well as the beta gold
pen in the universe. For drawing it is indispen
sable. It is, indeed, the whole art of Drawing and
Painting?taught ill one iesaou. Any leaf, plant,
or flower can be transferred to the pages of an
album, with a minute and distinct resemblance of
nature. With equal facility, pictures and em
broidery patterns are taken, and have received
the highest eulogiums from the fair sex ; and, in
deed, a more tasteful present for a lady could not
be produced.
This Magic Paper will also mark Linen, or
other articles, so as to remain perfectly indelible.
All the washing in the world fails to bring it out
Any child can use.it with perfect ease. With
this Magic Paper, likewise, one or four copies
of every letter written can be secured without
any additional labor whatever, making it }he
cheapest and most convenient article extant. It
is used to great advantage by reporters of the
public press, telegraphic operators, and hosts of
Each Package contains four different colors?
Black, Blue, Green, and Red, with full and printed
Instructions for all to use, and will last sufficiently
long to obtain Five Hundred distinct Impressions.
It is put up in beautifully enamelled colored
Envelopes, with a truthful likeness of the Pro
prietor attached. Each and every package war
(H7*Price $2 a dozen; or five for one dollar.
Single packages 25 cents.
Address, post paid, N. HUBBELL,
N#. 167 Broadway, New York.
Hubbkll's Maoic Impression Papkk.?We refer
our readers to the advertisement in another col
umn, setting forth the merits of this pleasing and
ingenious invention. The cheapness should in
duce all to give it a trial.?Philadelphia Merchant.
It is unsurpassed for neatness and utility, and
should meet with the sale it richly deserves.?
received a large assortment of BOOTS and
SHOES for ladies', misses', and children's wear,
which we offer very low.
Ladies' Gaiters from $1 to S3.
Misses' Boots ot every kind, in proportion.
Of Children's Shoes we have every color and
style, from 25 cents up.
The inquiry generally is, Where can we find a
good assortment of shoes lor children f We can
answer all such querist* to their satisfaction if
'.hey give us a call.
We would also state that we are prepared to
manufacture every style of boot or shoes usually
worn by gentlemen, ladies, misses, or children.
Also on hand, every description of boots and
shoes, which will be sold very low.
Call and examine for yourselves before pur
chasing elsewhere, as we are determined to sell.
S. C. MILLS & CO.,
Mar 1?3t No. 4S6 Seventh st.
PIANOS, PI A BIOS!?We have iiow lu
?tore the largest and most reliable stock of
Pianos ever offered in ibis city, from the justly re
nowned manufactories of Hallet, Davis & Co.,
Boston; Bacon &c Raven, New York; and Knabe.
Gaehle & Co., Baltimore; ranging in prices from
$223 to $300.
In addition to those in store, we have on exhi
bition at the Metropolitan Mechanics' Fair, at the
Smithsonian Institute, four superb Pianos, made
expressly to our order for this Exhibition, any of
which we will dispose of on reasonable terms.
Also on hand, Guitars, Violins, Flutes, Accord
eons, Melodeons, Banjos. Strings, Music, &c.
Remember, at the Piano, Music., Stationery,
Perfumery, and Fancy Goods Store of
306 Penn avenue, near 10th street.
Russia as it i?, by count de gu
MEMOIRS, Speeches, and Writings, ol Rotnjri
Rantoul, jr., edited by Luther Hamilton.
and private devotion, by James Montgomery.
Novel, by Caroline Lee Hcntz, with illustrations
from original designs, in 2 vols.
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discourses, by
Sylvester Judd, Pastor of'Christ Church Maine.
the English CommwnwealHi, from the execution
of Charles I. to the death of Cromwell, by M. G.
Guizot, translated by A. R. Scoble, in 2 vols.
ANT Refugeesvfrom the Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes to our own days, by M. Charles Weiss,
Professor of History in the Lycee Bonaparte, in 2
ming, D. D.
VOICES OF THE DAY, by Rev. John Cum
ming, D. D.
1 Just published and received at the bookstore ml
Apr lf? Corner of 11th st. and Penn. av.
Work, Wolfert's Roost and other Papers,
now first collected, by Washington Irving.
Scottish Songa, Ballads, and Poems, by Herr
Full Proof of the Ministry, a Sequel to the Boy
who was trained up to be a Clergyman, by John
N. Norton, A. M.
Memoirs of Life, Exile, and Conversations of
the Emperor Napoleon, bv the Count de Cases,
with portraits and other illustrations.
Manuel of Sacred History, by John Henry
Kurtz, D. D
Just published and for aale at
Feb 15 Bookstore, near 0th street
Greece,from the earliest times to the Roman
Conquest, with supplementary chapters on the
History of Literature ana Art. By Wm. Smith,
LL. D., editor of the Dictionaries of " Greek and
Roman Antiquities "" Biography and Mythology,"
and " Geography." With notes, snd a continuation
to the present time. By C. C. Felton, LL.D.,
Eliot Professor of Greek Literature in Harvard
The above work is intended principally for schools
of the higher classes. Just received and for sale at
the Bookstore ol' R FARNHAM, corner of
Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street. Aug 21.
ART HINTS.? Architecture. Sculpture,
and tainting, by James Jackson Jarves,
author of History of the Sandwich Islands, Ate.
Price $1 23.
Waikna, or Adventures on the Mosquito
Shore, sixty engravings, by Samuel A. Bard.
?1 9ft.
The Heiress of Haughton, or the Mother's
Secret, by the anther of Aubrey Castle. Avon, dec.
Price 37| cents.
Just published atid for ?*le at
July 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
t^XTRA Heavy-plated Tea ?eta, Albata
j Forks, Spoons, Arc.?M W. Gait 6c Bro.
have just received a beautiful assortment of?
Extra Plated Tea Sets, latest styles
Castors, Cake Baskets, Card Trays, 6cr
Also, superior Albata Forks and Spoons.
The above are of the very best quality, and un
usually low.
M. W. GALT 6c BRO.
Penn. avenue, between lHh and 10th ats.
Picturesque, Historical, and Social; with a
Sketch of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated
frvm the German by Edward Joy Morria. Price
*| 00.
Lecturea on English Literature, from Chancer
to Tennyson, by Henry Reed. Price $1 24.
Just published, and for sale at
One square (twelve lines) 1 insertion .. ..*<> 50
? ? ? a " X
" ?? 3 ? i 00
" " 1 week - 2 00
" I month ... 5 00
Business cards, HOI exceeding si* Ijuo*
tor not lews than six month*, inserted at hsltpri<-?
Yearly advertiseinents subject to special tr
range went.
Long advertisements at reduced rates.
Religious, Literary, and Charitable notices in
serted gratuitously.
All correspondence business must be prepaid
Attorney for Government Claimants,
CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at
tention to the prosecution of Claims of every
description against the General Government, and
particularly to those before the Treasury Depart
ment, Pension and Bounty Land Bureaus, Patent
and General Land Offices, and Board of Claims.
An experience of years, and a familiarity with
the means of obtaining the earliest and most Ia
vorable action on Claims, with his facilities (or the
dispatch of business, justify him ill assuring his
Correspondents, Claimnnts, and the public gener
ally, that interests intrusted to his keeping will
not be neglected.
Pension, Bounty Land, Patent, and Public
Land Laws.
He has nearly ready for gratuitous distribution
among his business Correspondents, (and those
who may become such,) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty
Land, Patent, and Public Land Laws, down to
the end of the lale Congress, including the
Bounty Land Act of 3d March, 1855,
under which all who have heretofore received
less than 160 acres are now entitled to additional
land; said Act grants also 160 acres to all Officers,
I Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplaftis, Soldiers,
Wagon-masters, Teamsters, and friendly Indians,
ol the Army, including State Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia?and all Officers. Seamen, Ordinnry
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Landsmen, of the
Navy, not heretofore provided for, who have
served sot less than fourteen days (unless in bat
tle) at any,period since 1776; nnd to the widows
and minor children of all such persons entitled,
and deceased.
This pamphlet contains "Forms of Application"
more full and complete than any elsewhere to be
found; adapted to the wants of every class ol
Claimants under the Act, with copious decisions
and instructions of the Department, and practical
suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves of (lie
facilities atl'orded by this office in securing prompt
and personal superintendence of their claims at the
Departments, can obtain copies of the above
pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage
Inducements to Correspondents.
Correspondent* who prepare und forward cases
for management by this Agency will be dealt with
liberally; supplied with all necessary blanks grain,
and kept constantly advised of the changes that
from time to time occur in the execution of the
It is within the subscriber's power to direct his
Correspondents to the locality of very many per
sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob
tamed several thousand Laud Warrants under
former laws, he is in possession ot data that will
materially assist in securing additional bounty.
Fees, below the usual rates?and contingent
upon the admission ol Claims.
The highest cash prices given for L nd War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and Illinois Land
Address S. M. KNIGHT,
Washington City
March 17?la wWm
Digest of exchequer reports
from 18*24 to 1854, inclusive, 1 volume.
William* on Pergonal Property, with American
notes, 1 vol.
The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by
John Wm. Wallace, 1 vol.
The Creed of Christendom, by W. R Greg,
llabits and Men. by Dr. Dorau.
Guy Rivers, by William Gilmor. Simms, 1 vol.,
new edition,
Bita of Blarney, by 11. Shelton Mackenaie,
Bartlfy'a Poems, 1 volume.
Lippencott's Pronouncing Dictionary of tha
World, 1 vol., 8vo. FRANCK TAYLOR.
Sept 15
B. Warner, author of Dollars and Centa
Mr. Rutherford's Children, iVc. Just published
and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
May 5 Corner of Pa. avenue and 11th atrr?*.
A NEW WOKK on the Catholicity of tb?
J\ True Church.?The Golden Reed, or the
True Measure of a True Church, by IV F. Barrett,
price $1, just received.
JOHN H. BUTHMANN, Importer and
Dealer in Wine, Brandy, Cigara, &c., Penn
sylvania avenue, south side, between 4$ and 6th
streets, has received a part of his fall supplies:
Madeira, Sherry, Port, of various grades and
Cognac Brandy, pale and dark, from a very high
order to a fair article.
Scotch Whisky, Schiendam Gin, of superior
Jamaica Rum, Monongahela Whisky, extra
Caracoa, red and white, (Aniaette of Duasal
dorf on the Rhine.) Xlaraschino.
London Brown Stout.
Edinburgh Scotch Ale.
Champagne of Miimm's and Moet'a 6c Chan
don'a Imperial, Heidsieck & Co., Muinm's, and
Moet ft Chandon's Verzenay and de Rougemenf.
Also sparkling St. Peray, pink and white.
With an assortment of Havana Cigars.
Regalia El Cat, Regalia la Villanueva.
Es la Chay, Venezulaim.
Villanueva, Londres, Homos, ftc.
Also, a large assortment of Rhine Wine, (some
sparkling) and French Wine, red and white, from
the highest price to a fine Bordeauz table Win*;
Dec 8
Ml S? H II ROOK E , from Philadelphia, will
tor young Ladies, on Mon/lay, iSrptfmbtr 10th,
1*55, at No. 1.18, Penn. Avenue, corner of
Seven Buildings and 19th street. Miss BROOKE
will be assisted by the most competent Profes
sors in every department.
A French lady, recently from Paris, is engaged
as a resident governess, aud every means will be
used to accomplish her pupils in that language.
Drawing will be taught in varioua and elegaut
" My friend, Miss Brooke, is a most estimable
lady, of great intelligence, whose qualifiations as
a teacher, and whose accomplishments in English
literature, entitle her to high consideration.
" Mias Brooke is well known to ine as a lady
who la entirely capable of conducting successfully
the education of young ladies, and in every way
worthy of the patrohage of parents.
The Right Rev ALONZO POTTER, D. D.,
LL. D.,
Right Rev. G. W DOANE, D. D., LL. D.
Professor A. DALLAS BACHE, Supt. Coast
Professor JOSEPH HENRY, Sec'y ofSraith
soian Institution.
Gen. JOHN MASON, Wash.ngton, D. C.
JOHN S- MEEHAN, Esq , Lilwarian to Con
Hon. JAMES CAMPBELL. P. M General.
Hon. ELLIS LEWIS, Chief Justice of the M
Court, Pa.
Hon. G. W. WOODWARD, Associate Judgv
of the S. Court of Penna.
Hon. GEORGE VAIL, M C., N.Jersey.
Lieut M F. MAURY, LL. D., U. S. Obae ???.
Circnlara aiafing the terms to Imp had at tHe
principal Book Storea, or of Miss Rrooka, No
138 Pa. Avenue.
August 30?Stawlm.
An c II O V I EM, Varieties, and Mlirimp
Pasts.?Anchovy Paste, genuiue, in jara.
Anchovies in saucc, in pickle, and aalt.
Essence of Lobstera, Anchovies, and Shrimpa.
Just received by
Dee 13?Stif No. 40, op. Centre Market

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