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THK MAV1. Navy Depaetment, Dec. 3, lt>55. ' have the honor lo mi bum the annual re ^,1 i .lUl*, tleParl,,'?ul) exhibiting the duties perlurmed l.y the several squadrous, my views of Pre??nt condition aud future prospects of the ?erviee, and suggestions in regard 10 further le gulauon required. SQUADRONS. i ^ hesquadron, commanded hy Connno uore Hiram PauId ng, consist* of the flag-ship, i ,r'8*'e Potomac, Captain L. M. Powell, the ?loop*.of-war Saratoga. Commander E. Ii. Triton, and Cyaue, Commuuder A B. Fairlax, and the aieamer Fulton, Lieutenant Commanding K. L. Jiighman. The Columbia, lat- the flag-ship of ihe squad ron having conveyed from Peusaoola to San Juan de Nicaragua the United States ministers o Nicaragua and Guatemala, proceeded from San Juan to St. Thomun where she arriveil on the yth ol tetaruary. The yellow lever having made its appearance on board. she proceeded to Norfolk, where she arrived on the ll?th of March. Commodore Newton was detached from the com mand of the squadron, and the vessel put out of commission. ?No intelligence has been received touching the 'loop Albany, about who** fate, at the date of my last report. p?i.<.u| anxiety was felt. The sU aniers'Princeton a d Fulton were l?oib s^nt in search 11 b?-r The .Princeton left PenMcola oa the 2lst <>| Xoveiutxfr. rau down the coast ol Cuba, examined the islands of Little Cayman and Caymau s . rac,thence lo King-ion.(Jamaica ) Aspinw-all, aud Key West. The Fulton. Lieu tenant J. K. Mitchell, sailed from Norfolk the 30th of December, and ran through the Bahama . ml C aribbee islands?along the Spanish Mam 10 Aspinwall?thence to San Juan de Nicaragua thence across to Jamaica, sighting ihe various Key. on the way?thence to the Balixe, Hondu ras. and along the coast of Yucatan to Cam peachy?thence to Havana and Norfolk, where ?he arrived on the 5th of April, making a rap.d and searching cruise, evincive of the'most inde fatigable and untiring zeal. Not the slimiest information could be obtained of the missing ?hip. _ * Th* sloop Falmouth, Commattder T. Darrah Shaw, (ailed from Norfolk ou the 15th of Decem ber, and proceeded i.n a cruise through th?- West India islands, touching at St. Thomas, Bay ?.f Samaua. city of Si. Doimnpo, Fo I au-Prince. G<. naives, St. J ago de Cuba. Carthageuia. Aipin? all. and thence to Pensacola. wheie she arrived on Ihe 5th ol May. The course of ibe Falmouth was al*o such a* would atford ?n opportunity of ob laming informaiion in relation to the Albany. The Cyaue. Commander?S B Wilson, hiving been put in commission, sailed from Boston, April 2*9, 1(55, to join Iht-qnttdron, Fu Marc^, intelligence having reached rlie Government that the Spanish frigate Ferrolanann had fireil at the United Slates mail steamer El Dorado, oft ihe the coast ol Cuba, while peaceably pursuing her cruise, it was deemed necessary and proper ibat ft sufficient naval fore should appear in tho>e waters, with a view to the protect on of ihe rights and properly of our cuizens, and lor the purpose of commanding due respect to our ling The department, on the 10th of April, aligned Commodore Charles S. McCauley to special duly and to the temporary command of tie home squadron, and placed under him the Cyane. the Jamestown, the Princeton, aud the Fulton. To these vessels was added, as a flair ship, ihe San Jacinto. Captain C. K. Stnbling. They were ac tively engaged in cruising nnd watching over ihe interests aud rights ol our countrymen in that quarter until early m June The instructions issued to Commodore McCauley on that interest ing occasion haVf already been published. It i* certainly gratitying that no occasion occurred lor Collision between the national vessels oi the two countries Apprehensions of unfriendly inter ference having ceased to exist, Commodore Me. Cauley was de ached from this dutv. Commodore Paulding wi- assigned to the com mand ol this squadron on the 1st of July, and Aa* ?1,iP ,ht" fr,??te Potomac, Captain L. M. Powell. Tne Potomac having iu company with the Cyane and Saratoga, made a short cruise to the eastward. Commodore Paulding was ordered to proceed with hi. flag-ahip to the coast of Central America, to look alter the interests of our country, and to see that American citizens suffer no detriment from the revolutionary troubles now distracting Nicaragua. He aailed from New York under ihes- orders on the 26th of Novem ber. The other vessels of this squadron are ac lively cruising brazil squadron. This squadron (Commodore William D. Salter) consists of the flsg ship, the frigate Savannah. (Captain Samuel Mercer.) the sfoop-of war Ger mantown, (Commander Wm.F. Lynch.) and the brig Bainbndge. (Commander James H. Rowan ) The store-ahip Relief (Commander Stephen C Rowan) was also attached to thia squadron but returned to New York ou the 16th of November and has been put out of commission. The Savan nah and Germantown will be relieved durinjr the enauing year. This squadron has been industriously cruising principally between Rio de Janeiro and the Rio de la Plata, looking in at St. Catharine's. Montevideo and Buenos Ayres. The health of officers and men has been good. Misunderstandings of very serious nature in volving a painfulcolliaion.bavingoccurred between our consul and officera of the Water Witch and the I resident of the republic of Paraguay it wa? deemed expedient by Commander T J. Psee commanding that steamer, on special service, to I discontinue for the present the completion of the survey of the river Parana in which considerable progress bad been made. You are aware of the slate of negotiations l>etween the two govern ments on this subject. Commander Page baa, however, in the mean time, in a small steamer chartered for the purpose proceeded to the distsnce of three hundred and aixty miles up the river Sa'ado. which emp ties into the Parana at Santa Fe, the prin cipal town of the province of the same name and one of the Argentine Confederation. Be yond thia distance it was found impossible to proceed, on account of the shallowness of the water. The Sslado had never, l>efore thia been either ascended or descended to this point! The practicability of its navigation wis a problem unsolved until thia exploration. Commander Page, at last dates, was at Sama Fe. and would TT* ? fr0,n ,bence lo ,be head or upper wslsrs ol the 1 ilcomayo, with the hope of deacending ihat fiver. Its exploration ha> been attempted by others, but never accomplished. AFRICA* Mjt'ADROV Thia squadron (Commodore T ho in a* Crahbe) consist* of his fl?K 'tip. the Jiinciowii, (Com mander James H Ward,) tbe sloops-ofwar Dale (Commander William McBlair) and Si. Louis. e~ imn andrr John W Livingston ) and the brig Iphin.fC^om ma ruler Edward R. Thompson!) The flag ship Jamestown, in tbe early part of the summer, waa assigned to special duty off the coast ol Cuba, under Commodore McCauley, She sailed from Key West on the 9tb of June and ar rived at Funcbal Roads on the 8th of July. The St. Louis, Commander J. W. Livingston, sailed from Philadelphia on the 10th of Novemlier, to relieve the Dale. On ber arrival on the coast the Dale will return to the United Statea. Commodore Isaac Mayo, who recently com manded this squadron, returned with his flag-ship, tbc Constitution, to the United States on the 2d of June, entering the port of Portsmouth, N. II When within three or four hundred miles of Ports mouth he received inlellignece which induced him to alter hia course and proceed to Havana lor the purpoae of volunteering hia servicea and that of his ship to Commodore McCauley, if required. The appearance of the Constitution there was opportune and impressive. The sloop-of war Marion. Commander Hugh Y. Purviance, recently belonging to this squadron, having been condemned as unseaworthy, and Iter time being nearly out, returned to th? United 8tates, entering Norfolk on the 10th of August. The vessels ofthi-squadron have Uern regularly crjiiaing within the limits of their station, afford'ng relief, whenever opportunity offered, to merchant vessels, and also taking care of the intere?ls of Americans in that portion of the world. The department has recent advices that the slave trade ?outh of the equator is entirely broken up. The health of the officers and men on this station has been good for the past yeat. The Mediterranean squadron, commanded by Commodore Samuel L. Breese, consists of his flag-ship the frigate Congress. Commander Thom as T. Craven, the steam-frigate ^aranac. Cap tain Johrt C. Long ; and the sloop constellation, Captain Charles II. Bell. The store-ship Supply, Lieutenant David D. Porter la alao in the Mediter ranean, engaged in specia service for the War Depa rtment. The Congress sailed from New York on the 16th of July, to take the place of the Cumberland ; and the Conatellation sailed from Norfolk on the 9fb of August lo join thia sqnadron. Commodore Stringham commanded thia squad ron in tbe early part of the year, but, with hi* flag ahip, the Cumberland. Commaoder Andrew A liar wood, returned to (he United States on llie 30lh ol June, arriving at Boston. 1 he ?loop*-of-wur St. Louis, Captain Duncan N. lngrahain, and Levant, Cominander Charles C. Turner, have also both returned from this sta tion, the former arriving at Philadelphia on the 10th, and the latter at New York on th? 4th of May. The Saranac will Lie relieved early next year. Owing to the leturn of most of the vessels of this squadron early in the year, and their reliefs not arriving out until late, the usual cruising has beeu in a great measure interrupted, the winter season in thai sea being unfavorable to extended cruising. The East India squadron, Commodore Joel Abbot, consists of the (lag-ship, the sloop Mace donian, the steam frigait? Powhatan, Captain Wil liam J. McCluuey, and the sloop-of-war Vandalia, Captain John Pope. The store-ship John P. Kennedy, transferred from the North l'acific ex ploring expedition, is stationed at Canton, under the command of Commander Oliver S. Glisson. Commodore Matthew C. Perry, recently in com mand ol this squadrou, has returned to the United Slates. The sieam-frigaie Susquehanua, Captaiu Franklin Buchanan, arrived from this squadron ai*Pluiadelphia on the 10th of March; the stcam Irigaie Mississippi, Commander Sidney Smith Lee, at New York, on the 23d of April; the s'oop of-war Plymouth, Commander Jobn Kelly, at Nor folk, on the 11th of January; and the store ships Supply, Lieutenant Arthur Sinclair; Lexington. Lieuteuant J< hn J.Glasson; and Southampton, Lieutenant Junius J. Boyle, at New York, on the l'2th and likb of February, and the 31st of March respectively. The treaty with Japan i aving been raiitied by the Senate, Commander Henry A. Auains was sent out with it to China, aud on his arrival Commo dore Abhot was directed to despatch a vessel-of wur to Japan, that an exchange of ratification of the treaty might be made with the Japanese authorities The Powhatan, Captain McCluney, having on board Commander Adams, who was duly empowered to effect the exchange, reached Japan safely, and having accomplished his under taking on the *21?t of February last. Commander Adams returned to the Uuited Stales. It was the intent.on of Commodore Abbot to have visited Japan this year, but important matters at Shang hai, occuriing at the time of the proposed visit, prevented it. The continuance of the civil war in China has required the uuimng effort and activity of this squadron to afford protection to the lives and pro perty of American ciiizens. Numerous hordes of pirates infest the Chinese waiers, aud interfere seriously wiih commerce in lhat region. Commo dore Abbot has .ii all t inies shown himself prompt and judicious in the discharge of the delicate duiies im|>o*ed unon him. Several engagements have tnkfii place between detachments from the American men-of-war on that station and the i>iraies, which have resulted most disas'rously to the laiter. Many of the piratical juuks have been destroyed, theirde ots on shore burnt, aud a num ber of the pirates killed. In these several encounters, the officels and men have conducted themselves gailantlv, and honorable mention is made of Lieutenants Pe gram. Preble, Rolando, E. Y McCauley. and Spmston; Assistaut Engineers Stamin and Kel logg; Acting Masters' MaUs J. P Williams and S R. Craig: and Private Benjamin Adainson, of the marine corps, w ho was dangerously wounded. I deem this a proper occasion to suggest the pur chase or building of one or two steamers of light draught, to be used in the Chinese rivers, as indis pensable for ihe protection of the immense prop erty belonging to citizens of the Uuited States in China. The steam frigate San Jacinto, Commander Henry H. Bell, bearing the broad pendant of Com modore James Armstrong, sailed from New York on the 25th of October, to relieve the Macedonian. Commodore Abbot will return home in his flag ship on the arrival out of the $an Jacinto. The sloop-of-war Levant, Commander William Smith, also sailed from New York on the 13th of Novem ber to join this squadron. The Powhatan has been ordered to the United Slates. The Vandalia wii! also be recalled no soon as a substitute can be fitted out. The survey and reconnoissance of the Behring's straits, the North Pacific ocean, and China seas, has been continued, under the direction of Com mander John Rodgers. with commendable adivity and satisfactory results. Early in September, 1854. the vessel of the expedition, consisting of the Vinuennes, Commander Rodgers ; the steamei John Hancock, Lieutenant Commanding Henry K. Stevens ; the Porpoise, Acting Lieutenant William King Bridge ; and the Fenntmore Cooper, Acting Lieutenant William Gibson, sailed from Hong Kong and proceeded to the Bomin and Lad rone islands. Loo Choo, and the islands to the westward, for surveying purposes. - They re turned to Hong Kong in February, 1855, with the exception of the brig Porpoise, which vessel parted company with the Vincennes on the 21st of September, 1854, in mid-channel, between Formosa and China, to the northward and west ward of the Pescadores. Commodore Abbot was instructed to cause the most diligent search to be made for her. So long a time has since elapsed thai the department has been, with reluctance, compelled to consider her as lost. The fullest confidence was reposed in her officers ; thry were all young, energetic, and full of professions! pride The service, in this calamity, has met with a sever* loss. Commander Rodgers apprehends lhat she was last in a very heavy trphoon of great force and intensity, which occurred about a month after their separation, in which many vessels were disma?ted and greatly injured, and the Vincennes narrowly escaped The Porpoise was to have met Commander Rogers at the Bonin islands, after performing certain duties. Commander Rodgers. after watting I here somewhat beyond the appointed time, went in search of her?visit ing Loo Choo and other islands and places where he thought it poss hie she might have beeu driven in the gale, but without gaining any intelligence of her. Subsequently, the Fennimore Cooper and the Jobn Hancock have thoroughly explored the Pescadores and round the island of Formosa, but without success. The expedition again left Hong Kong in March, surveying the islands betwern Loo Cboo and Japan, the Kunle islands, thence to Petropaulas ki. where the vessels separated, taking up differ ent routes of survey. The Fennimore Cooper j prooceeded to Atcka, one of the Aleutian islands, to make inquiries in relation to ihe fate of the officers and crew of the whale ship Monongshela, which it is supposed was lo?t in the autumn of 1853, in attempting, during a irale the seventy second passage, in longitude I72deg. west. Dili gent inquiry was made, and the islands of Se if on in and Amouiihit. which lie on each side of the passage, were thoroughly examined. At Atcka are still several water-casks supposed to [ hsve belonged to the missing vessel, but no tid ings of the officers and crew, all of whom are supposed to have perished "with the vessel. The Vincennes sailed from Petropaulaski and entered Retiring s straits, reaching the harbor of Gles?ensppe, on the Asiatic side. Commander Kodgers left at this place a party, under Acting Lieutenant John M Brooke, for observations during his absence further north. He then stood to the north for the purpose of verifying the [*> sition ol land in about 72 deg north and 175 deg. J west, placed upon the Admiralty charts by her Britannic Majesty's frigate Herald. Capt. Kellett, to examine, if possible. Plover island, reported to have been seen by the same *fficer, and then endeavored to reach " Wrangel'a Land," as de scribed to Wrangel by the natives as visible in clear weather froiti Cape Yakin. Running over the tail of Herald shoal, on which was not less than 18 fathoms water, he passed Herald island and stood to the northward until he ran through the position of the land given on the Admiralty chart, and came to anchor in 42 fathoms, in lati tude 72 deg. 05 mm., longitude 174 deg. 37 mm. west. It wss so clear that the horizon was ap parently without limit. No land could be seen from the royal yards, and the water?as far as the vision could reach, wss free from ice. He then returned to Herald island, the southest point of which was determined at 71 deg. 21 min. north, longitude 175 deg. 20 mm west From the sub mit of the island no land could lie seen in any direction, although ihe horizon was good Run ning towards Plover island, when half way from its alleged position, his progress was arrrsied by a barrier of ice. No land could he seen from the mast-bead, though the air was clear. Comman der Rodners is of opinion that this ialsnd does not exist, and that Captain Kellett was misled by appearances. Running for Wrangel's Land ?which has never been seen by Europeans?when within ten miles of us position, and in the reported Polynia, or open sea. in latitude 70 deg 41 mm., longii'ude 177 deg. 21 nun. E., he was again arrested by barriers of ice. No land could be seen, though it was thought that the vision extended for six or eight iniles in every direction. Having attained the limits proposed by him. and penetrated further than any one else in the direc tions selected. Commander Rodgers. taking on Iwiard Acting Lieutenant Brooke and his party at '''""sensppe. proceeded to San Francisco, where, with Ihe other vessels of his command, he arrived early in Ortober. The steamer John Hancock was there transferred lo the navy-yard at Mare island, California, and the Vincennes and Fenni more Cooper are awaiting the orders of the de partmeut u to the further prosecution of the survey. The expedition, iu addition to its other duties, has afforded protectiou to commerce aud our citi zens when necessary. Comimiuder Kodgers aud his officers are en titled to the highest commendation lor the ability and energy with which they have prosecuted the work to which they were assigned, and I have no doubt their labora will prove not only of great benefit to commerce, but also iutereating contri butiona to acience. PACIFIC SQUADRON. Thia squadron ia composed of the following veaaels : The flag-ship, the Independence, Captain Josiah Tattnall; the sloops-ofwar St. Mary's, Commander Theodore Bailey; the John Adams, Commander Edward B. Boutwell; the Decatur, Commander Gu?t Gansevoort; and the steamer Massachusetts, Commander Samuel Swartwout. The stationary store ship Fredoma, Lieutenant James D. Johnston, is at Valparaiso, aud the Warren. Lieutenant David McDougall. is at the navy yard at Mare Island, California. Commo-< dore William Mervine commands (his squadron. The St. Lawrence, Commander William W. Hunter, the flag-ship of Commodore Bladen Du lany, having been relieved by Jie Independence 011 the 2d of February, arrived, with the Commo dore on board, at Norfolk on the 21st of March. The sloop-of-war Portsmo <tb, Commander T. A. Dornin, returned from this station on the 6th of April entering Norfolk. The time of the St. Mary's will expire the lutter part of the year, when she will be ordered to the United States. The cruisuiiiof the vesselsol the Pacific squad run dur>ng the pa?t year has been extended. The Straits ofFuca, ^Woria, mid Portland, the Sand wich Islands, the Fejee Islands, Southern Poly nesia, and many ?ftbe ports of Cluli and Mexico, have been visited. A vessel will soon be des patched to the Marquesas Islands to correct ir regularities on the part of the natives of those islands The interests of the Americans have been fully looked after. The Michigan, Commander Charles II. Mc Ujnir, (until the 21st ef September under the com maud of Commander J. S. Nicholas,) is still use fully employed on the lukes, affording assiManuu to merchantmen 111 distress aud during the past year has been the means ol saving a large amount of property and many lives. REPORT OF THE NAVAL BOARl) The report of the Naval Hoard nf fifteen officers of the higher grades, assembled under the "act to promote the efficiency of the navy," having been approved by you, I have, in pursuance />f your direction, carried the same into execution accord ing to the provisions of the law. After a "careful examination," two hundred and one officers were, in their judgment, found "incapableof performing promptly and efficiently all their duty both ashore and afloat;" and of those, seventy-one were re served ' on leave-oi-absen<-e pay," eighty-one on " furlough pay." and forty-nine recommended to be stricken from the rolls. The vacancies have been filled, accordi'ng to the act, '"by regular pro motion in the order of rank or seniority." Al though there are now on iliis leserved list one hundred and forty seven officers, the expenses'of th? navy, as appears from calculations accurately matin, are not increased, fir the reason that they are not only on rrduted pay, but the officers pro moled to their vacancies do not receive the full !ay of the grade to which they are thus promoted. hey attain the higher ra/iX and secure more re sponsible and important commands, but are not ttt enjoy full pay until thg vacancies they till are made complete by either resignation, death, or re moval And the law, judiciously administered, by no means involves an increase of the aggregate num ber of officers ; for it is the crowding the service with the lower grade ot passed midshipmen, to linger there until the prime of life, without rank and comparatively without useful service, which has really done sad mischief. Perhaps no event, either legislative or execu tive, touching the histoiy of the navy, has attract ed more earnest attention, or created a more pro found sensation, than the act of the late Naval Board. With a view to a jusi ami wise consider ation of this grave and delicate subject, the unex cited mind will not merely pass in calm and scru tinizing review the proceedings of the Board and the Executive, but will naturally recur to the history of the law itself, and with especial care to the condition of the navy, which occasioned its passage with such remarkable unanimity. The peculiar nature of the law did not escape the scrutiny of those who passed it. The allegation that it partook somewhat of the odious character of a star-chamber proceeding was even then pre sented with ardent and warning eloquence. The feature providing for dropping entirely from the service, which was not in the original bill, was inserted in tLe House by an overwhelming ma jority, and, alter an elaborate and thorough debate in the Senate was passed almost unanimously There was still on the statute book, and in daily enforcement, the law of courts-martial, surround ing their proceedings with the solemnity ef a sworn court, a sworn judge advocate, and sworn wane ses, subject to penalties for non-appear ance. And yet, such was the condition of the navy?as urged by secretaries and conceded by statesmen, officers, and citizens; such the loud cry for prompt reform, echoed and re-echoed through the country?that Congress, in us wis dom, failing to pass the general and more compre hensive bills, originally reported by the commit tees, instituted this summary tribunal with signal majorities. The officers selected to compose the Board were, in terms highly laudstory, pronounced fit men for the delicate taok; indeed, when their names were announced, there was a warm and general expression of favor and gratification rare ly exhibited. Before prescribing regulations au thorized, the op.nion of the Attorney General was asked on the true interpretation of the following provision of the act: " Providrd, That no officers upon said board shall examine into or report upon the efficiency of officers of a grade al?6ve them." His opinion was, that '-the entire body will sit to gether, deliberate, and determine, nnd by proper means authenticate their conclusion an to lieuten ants, masters, and passed midshipmen; after that the lieuleuants will have to retire, and ihe cap tains and commanders will act in regard to all officers of the rank of commanders; when the commanders must retire, and the captains will act as t? officers of that rank. All the examina tions having thus been made, and the proper judgments reached, in the manner contemplated by the law, the sum total of the opinions will be certified 10 the Secretary, in such form of authen tication as he, in hia regulations, shall see fit lo prescribe." The few regulations prescribed were chiefly ha?ed on this Opinion, with the purpose of protecting the officers whose efficiency was thus to be examined into from the slightest danger of being prejudiced by the influence or the presence of judges below them in grade. Lieutenants were not allowed even to be present at the proceedings and deliberations in regard to commantUrs, and, therefore, could not aid to effect their own promo tion. And, in accordance with the same regula tion, a commander could not have the opportunity by his presence to exert influence to secure his promotion to a captaincy. And thus it was de signed that if, by the execution of the law, officers of the board should happen to be promoted, their proceedings should not be tainted with the blight ing suspicion that they labored for their own ad vancement and not the public good. The depart ment, therefore?by filling the board with men of hi?h reputation,and acceptable to the country and the navy; by surrounding I hem with safeguards and restrictions to secure impartiality and justice; and to remove the opportunity and the temptation for indulgence in action for personal gain; by spreading before them the entire files ahd records of the department?hoped that a successful eKirt had been made to insure the faithful and satisfac tory execution of a law, passed with every indi cation of earnest solicitude, "to promote the effi ciency of the navy." The order notifying the officer* of their ap pointment* i**ued on the 5th of June ; they com menced their joint liltom on the 20th of June and reported the result on the 2Gth of July. And now. ?>ir, while the operation of this Inw is by Dome hailed with enthusiasm a* r salutsry and *ndi*pen*able corrective of admitted ills which depressed the service, by other* it i* received with undisguised discontent and di**atisfa*lion. This can hardly be regarded a* unnatural. The provision* of the law are getie.ou*, indeed strikingly liberal j but they are at the name time exacting and sternly just. It provide* for the careful support of some, and for the prompt re moval of others ; and however faithfully, honeatly, and carefully executed, H i* a measure of reform ; and no measure of that character it ever ? xecuted without more or le*a inconvenience, disappoint ment, and diacontent. Actuated, no doubt, by n desire to seek truth and juatice a* nearly a* poaaible, Congress thought it safest to intrust thia reform not merely to the President and Secretary, whose acquaintance with the officer*, both personally and officially, must nscoessaril/ l>e very limited, but chiefly to the officer* of the three higher grade*, whose knowledge of their brother officer* would natu rally enable them to perform the duty more tho roughly, andwiih le** liability to err. The ta*k wa* delicate, and involved struggle* between duty and feelinga. They were men?not infallible. It would be strange, indeed, if their work were per fect and entirely free from error. Those'errors, if they exist, will soon and aurely be discovered by the developments of time, by continued in- | quiry, and by calm, dispassionate observation. The officers of the uavy. as a class, are proud, brave, sensitive, patriotic, and self sacrificing ; and, if the sword of any oue <4. those gallant meu has been incautiously taken from him, all righl-tuinded men will fay. let his country restore it to him with all the honors and reparation due to injured merit. And while I can by no means recom mend the adoption of any measure of repeal, or any course of proceeding in conflict with the general action of the board, I have no doubt that there should be, aud will be, found a remedy for any mistake or error of judgment, if the service has thus been deprived of a meritorious and capable officer either by reservation or dropping. Facts which have come to my knowledge assure me that it would be but reasonable to provide a year's pay for the officers who have been suddenly dropped from a service upon which they had heretofore exclusively depended without auycon sideration for future self-reliance. But, sir, I cannot conclude this branch of my report wi-hout doing justice to the officers of the board. From the spirit and temper with which they entered upon n painful mid unsought duty, and from tne earnestness and diligence with which they searched the records of the department, 1 deem it but an act of simple justice to express my conviction that they were actuated by elevated considerations, and that their aim was truth, impartiality, and the good of the service. And although, from the liability of man to err, there may be discovered here and there n mistake of judgment, I have an abiding conviction that his tory will prove that this work of reform reinvigo rated the navy?imparted to it a robust and active health?inspired the he;>rts of the young and gallant officers, hitherto drooping with hopeless despondency, with fresh energy and contentment with the service?warned the thoughtless and the indolent to quit the haunts of idleness and seek the path of duty, leading to honor, and caused the country to repose with the more pride and con fidence in the beliefof the invincibility ofthis right arm of defence. I have no hesitation, but take much pleasure in saying, that I have already wit nessed its happy effect in the new impulse and readiness for duty seen and fell at the department. And, sir, though the number reported incompetent seems lai^e, and may well attract attention, is that a circumstance of itself sufficient to justify reflec tion upon a board who were bound, under the law, to make a " careful examination" and report the names of all whom they adjudge incompetent, of every grade, to do their whole duty promptly and efficiently ashore and afloat? If but a small number of officers bad become inefficient, would the Secretaries of the Navy, for the last fifteen years, have again, and again urged, with almost pertinacious zeal, that some stringent measure of reform was indispensable to save the navy from impending ruin? Would committees, session after session, have reported and pressed such measures? Would grave members have arisen, as they did, in Congress and have seriously moved to abolish the navy and begin again, if but a small defect existed ? Would the Senate every session, for some years, have, almost with unanimity, passed the measurs for relieving <he servic of the inefficient, and for imparting vigor and health by promoting able and brave otlicers before age had crippled their energies and impaired their useful ness ? Would the press, in almost every town and village, have fulminated its thunders for re form, and have teemnd with articles of laudation nnd approval when the measure prevailed, if but a small number of the incapable "blocked up the path"#of promotion ? Or had it become manifest to all?to statesman and citizen?that something radical, thorough, and searching must be adminis tered to rescue the navy Irom the dangers which imperilled it, nnd emancipate it, if possible, from the weight which seemed so surely to be burden ing and pressing it down ? The regulations prescribed, which have hereto fore been published, the correspondence with and the report of the board, accompany this report. INCREASE OF THE NAVY. Subsequent reflection, and a comparative esti mate of the relative strength of the navnl forces of other powers, have but served to confirm me in the policy, urged heretofore, of gradually but steadily increasing the materiel of our navy. A solemri"conviction of its importapce is my apology for reiterating, with earnest solicitude, my recom mendation to the last Congress to order the con struction of an additional numherof steam sloops of-war, carrying each about twenty gun-?, of.the best modern improvement, requiring a draught of not more than eighteen feet, and thereby being capable of entering every southern as well as northern port of any magnitude. Vessels of this size have attracted much consideration and ac quired much character during the recent conflicts in Europe. This addition to the increase so wisely ordered by the 'ast Cohgress would aug ment our marine to a point forming n nucleus, which, sustained by the merchant marine, would aid largely to protect our country :n a sudden emergency?contribute much to eur estimation abroad and our confidence at home. The facility with which an invincible volunteer army m?y be raised from our countrymen, trained to the use of arms from boyhood, may well justify the settled policy of having but a small standing army. This remarkable feature in the character of our people has wrung from those even by no means partial to our institutions the reluctant ad mission that the Americans are the most warlike people on earth. I fear, however, that this cir cumstance has caused some of our legislators to liecome unmindful of the equally well-settled fact, that ships capable of resisting and contending with vessels-of-war require much time to construct them proptr/y; that materials from the forest cannot start up in our ship-yards by magic, like soldiers at the drum tap. In the conquest of Mexico, which illustrated so brilliantly the reliability of volunteers, it should not be forgotten that there was no naval force of the enemy to annoy our commerce or attack our coast, or disturb trade with even apprehension of danger. A reference to the report of the Bureau of Con struction, Arc., will exhibit the number of vessels in condition for useful service I deem it my duty cant^dly to express the opinion that our navy is not only too diminutive to be expected to contend fairly with that of other respectable nations, is in sufficient to give adequate protection to our com merce. but is unquestionably too feeble to command the waXert of our coast. Indeed, when a compari son is fairly instituted of what would l>e the de mands lor service upon our navy wow, in the event of war, with the demand upon it in the war of IH12, nry opinion is that it will he found that our country is not nou> better prepared for a sud den emergency than it was then. The aggregate tonnage of the United States in 1812 was 1.269, 997 30-9.')tha tons; lor the fiscal year ending June 30. 1S5.V it was 5,212,000 10-9f?ths Ions. In 1612 our whole coast to be protected extended along the Atlantic merely from Maine to Florida. Since then not only have Florida and Texas been added, but a Pacific coast, l>ordering a new countrv terrain? with population and wealth. Thus, sir, it appear* that the navy will have million* more of commerce to protect, and thousand* of miles more of coast to defend. I could not, if I would, dis guise the truth that even a respectable navy must necessarily involve large expenditures. But it is equally true that without naval strength a six months, war with any nation with n powerful marine would, in the seizure of rich and valuable carjroes, in the destruction of fleets of merchant men. and in plundering defenceless point* along the coast, cost us more, far more, than a squadron of invincible men-of-war. liocent occurrences in Europe demonstrate the folly of relying upon a navy so feeble, so impo tent, for either assault or defence, that policy re quired it to be carefully sunk to avoid enriching the enciny. The United Slates cannot, by such a policy, maintain rank and command respect. The governmerrts of the Old World are vieing with each other in magnifying and perfecting this arm of defence. Our institutions, if they do not ex cite their posiiive jealou?y, are not the objeets of a large share of their esteem ; and weakness may, sooner or later, in vile the interference of those whnw! ideal* of regulating the balance of power may so expend an to comprehend not aim ply our foreign, hut our Atlantic, Pacific, and Stale relation*. I regard the steady increase of naval strength as not a war, hut a peace mea?ure ?a measure of defence involving grave questions of commercial security end national indepen dence. Negotiation and diplomacy wilt bt er hat/tied before war is made upon a nation of brave men. powerful, and ready for the conflict And now, sir, if ever, is the auspicious time, with nn abun dant treasury, to make an investment than which none can l?e found more national and safe. I am not unmindful of our large merchant ma rine, which, when manned by our hardy tars and brave countrymen, would be an annoyance and terror to our enemies, visiting their commerce with terrible retaliation. But we must have ships of-war to meet in combat upon the ocean the heavy guns and trained veterans of a power ful foe. There ia much in the proud conscious ness of national strength that stimulates trade, emboldens enterprise, and nerves the arm ofcoro merce. And while I by no means suggest the policy or the necessity of so large a naval force a? some powerful nations foster, yet .it ia desira. ble, and attainable too, that the American citizen, whethtr in the opulent emporiama along the coast, or in the rural retreats of the interior, or borne in his adventurous spirit to trallic in the thronged porta of the strong or the obacurw porta of the barbaroua and the weak, should gather confidence and courage and energy from the re flection that he belougs to a government recog nised by ull at* able promptly to avenge his wrong* and to vindicate hits rights. In buldiug the frigates directed by the last Congress, much of the seasoned material which had been providently collected in the yards was used in preferenoe to purchasing, thus hastening their completion with choice limber. In order to replace, as much as the fund would allow, the Bu reau of Construction, dec., has made contracts for the delivery of a new supply, to be applied to the construction of first-class sloops-of war when ever Congress shall so order. The Merrimack at Boston, I he Wabash at Philadelphia, and the Minnesota at Washington, have !>eeu launched. The Nfffara at New York, and the Roanoke and Colorado at Portsmouth, Virginia, will be launch* ed in a few weeks. The ofiicers, constractors, and mechanics have evinced praiseworthy zeal in striving to advance the completion of the six steamers, nnd have thus far won the admiration of all wnohave examined these model specimens of naval architecture. The machinery is equally in a state of readiness, and the count'y may soon expect a formidable addition to the navy with the most approved batteries. SEAM K.N. ? Recent legislation and the adoption of a naval apprentice system are exercising a salutary in fluence in regard to the enlistment of experi enced seamen and the proper training of Ameri cani yoiith. apprenticed to the government nntil they attain the age ot maturity Encouraging evidence has reached the depart ment. from both officers and crew, of the high appreciation of ihs "honorable discharges" au homed by an act of the last Congress. The ?r" tar,?,nze8 ,lI not merely as a title to extra pay for early re-enl.stment, but cherishes the rr^Ti? 8 S',gna,1 ,es,unonial from his coun try of fidelity and character worthy to be pre horne 'n0<le8t archive8 of his family and home, and the surest passport to certain employ ment and the highest wages. Although at the present date the demand for seamen is so great in the merchant service that enlistments are not as numerous as desired, yet it is a remarkable fact, for the mx months precediug the passage of this act there were but 890 men enlisted, and for the six months immediately after its passage there were 2,bl6men enlisted, making a difference in favor of the service of 1.920 m^n. I have no doubt, however, that other favorable circum stances may have combined, yet the fact is worthy of note. 7 Ry this large accession to the list of seamen the department has been able, within a few months, to man two frigates, several sloops of war, and smaller vessels for the home and distant stations besides those destined for the expedition o ie rctic. And this has been accomplished, too, at a period when the largest naval powers in L.urope are exercising unusual energy to procure sailors, and when our merchant marine present with much zeal the controlling attractions of higher wages and shorter cruises. The hope is indulged with much confidence bv many experienced observers and officers, not withstanding painful apprehensions and gloomy forebodings of disastrous consequences from the abolition of punishment by flogging, that by this humane act, together with the recent discipline bill of rewards and punishments, the character of the seamen, as a class, will be improved by the increased willingness of the laboring young man of our own country to serve under the Rag It IS With much satisfaction I inform you of the hus far successful operation of the naval appren jce system, whtch I have ventured toadopfLce the adjournment ot Congress. The object in view was the proper moral and nautical training of a number of the youth of our country, wh5 exhibit evidences of a fitness and inclination for seafaring life, and thus gradually incorporate into the service a body of men calculated to elevate the standard of character, give it new vigor, se confidence rea,el" l,8b,l,ty? Rnd ,n8Pire B,'? Renter Five hundred boys (between the ages of 14 and lb) very promptly became apprenticed with the consent of their parents or guardians. The num ber of pressing applications show conclusively that more than twice this number could have been received had not the department cort*idered it prudent to move cautiously in the experiment and not hazard all by rashly accumulating in the receiving-ships large crowds of youth unused to the restraint of wholesome discipline. It is con templated, as soon as practicable, to put the barque Release in proper condition for the reception and training of as many boys as she can accommo rln'Y a* lef a.nd/eneraI arrangements can be rendered peculiarly fit for this use. Some suitable person on each ship to which fhem me,hM,?nef u8' bt>9a ,elec,ed to instruct them in the simple but useful branches of educa tion when they are not more actively employed on the various dunes which familiarize them with the peculiar life of a sailor, and imbue their youthtul minds ,w,th proper conceptions ofobedi f^?Aah r uClp,lne' They con8t'tute about one twelfth of the crew of each sea-going vessel Commodore Paulding, of the home squadron n relation to the practical operation of the appren .ce system, writes thus '? I? rep|y to youTver bal inquiries in respect to the apprentice and fcSwS?*' "ervmg onLboard th? fla? ship Potomac, t afi( rds me more than ordinary satisfaction to bear testimony to their excellent conduct. Thev seem to have been well selected for their physical and mental qualities, and in all respects to possess the attributes necessary for raising the standard Z ,i?fc .Vational marine in a manner corresponding with the character of our people?an object of the highest importance to our future greatness. I trust it may be but a beginning of a new order of things in the navy, and that the system will he extended until our ships-ol-war are manned with a class of seamen that shall be conspicuous for their energy and cheerful subordination, as well as for their devotion to the flag which, in their domestic as well as naval training, they will have earned to love. The boys had all had some iduc. hT;." 718 l! bee" selec,ed from amongst the crew who teaches them daily,-and who is su pervisedby Mr. Chase, the chaplain of the Poto mac, to whose commendable zeal I am most happy to make my acknowledgment. ? m 7hlUMn11l Command">S Porter, of the Supply, men, !?tk nean, ^us addresses the depart ment The apprentice boys you allowed me are doing well; they work all the sails on the mizzen mast, and compete favorably with the other sta tions throughout the ship. Tn one year they will make good ordinary seamen ? Lieutenant Porter further writes, in relation to the efTect of the " Act promote a more efficient discipline of the navy:'' "As you will most likely wish to be in formed relative to the working of the discipline bill passed by the last Congress. I beg leave to lay before you the result of my limited experience m nl "m ?P,nion that nothing more is wanted ?o place our navy ,n the most perfect state of discipline as regards the men. What with the prospect of punishment before them if they violate the regulations, and fhe hop* of reward by an ?"s7 Th 1 *e' 'he be" feelm* to U'hli * y " l>e"or,n?fd with alacrity. U hatever offences arm committed are not of a h^veTfJenoKI^'il ""d ?nly lhr*'e '"stances martial Th ? re",?rt ,0,? ?un>mary court martial. The crew are allowed to go on shore in every port, and have always, with one or two ex ceptions. returned perfectly sober and cleanly showing a vast improvement in the moral charac ter of ?p?mpn " nw I again renew the recommendation, heretofore emnorepea'ed' ?( R,l0Wm* ,he department to ' /' a m"ny "" ten thousand seamen,instead of ,,hOU","nd five hundred, the number now this KinC?nVenirn,ly Particularly at his time, when so many will be needed to man the new frigates nearly romnleted, the machinery of ?b?ch, in accordance with the contracts, must be tested at an early day. ' ARCTIC EXPEDITION. Von are aware of the humane legislation of Con gress directing the Secretary of the Navy "to provide and despatch a suitable naval or other steamer, and, if necessary, a tender, to the Arctic seas, for the purpose of rescuing or affording re lief to Paused Assistant Surgeon E. K. Kane, of the United State* navy, and the officers and men under hi* command : Frovidrd, That auch steamer and tender shall he manned by volunteera from the navy and other* who may declare tfoeir will ingness to be engaged." I pon consultation with experienced officer* and navigators, it soon become apparent that there were no national vessels whatever either suitable or susceptible of auch modification* as to be rendered suitable for the peculiar danger* and hazardous collisions necessarily encountered amid the icebergs, snow-drifts, and angry storms of th? Arctic seas. The perilous adventures of others admonished us that, unless the expedition wailed very enrly in the month of June, a disas trous failure or postponement for another year was inevitable. The time for preparation was limited ; hut, with the aid of judicious officers and the active and praiseworthy co-operations of the naval constructors and mechanic at the navy yards oI Brooklyn and Philadelphia, two small vessels were admirably fitted out. Excellent officers volunteered, good seamen enlisted, ample supplies of provtssions and clothing for two years of rongh exposure were laid in. On the 4th ol June, the little party of brave and philanthropic adventures left their home amid the encouraging cheers of their countrymen, who knew so well how to appreciate such *ct? of daring Bud hu manity. The recital ol their hair-breadth escapes ?their terrible conflicts with nature's barriers, which seemed to mock their efforts?their alter nations of sad misgiving and sustaining hopes? impart truly an air of romance to this unostenta tious exhibition of genuine heroism. In about four months, with their little barques, they sailed tight thousand miles?fully circumnavigated Baf fin's bay?passed further north into Smith's sound, at its northern boundary, than any one, save Dr. Kane, and nearly to Beechy island?visited a vil lage of Esquimaux, from whom, after hours of difficulty, by means of signs and drawings, they learnt the point to which Dr. Kane and his party had directed their course?immediately changed their route?found the unhappy party at Discoe ! island, and returned them in safety to their coun try and friends?thus accomplishing the benevo lent purposes of Congress The following named officers of the navy were attached to the vessels of the expedition ; To th4 " ReUas* " Commander H. J. Harlstene, commanding the expedition; Lieutenants William S. Lovel and Joseph P. Fyfi'e; Assistant Surgeon James Laws; and Boatswain Van K.Hall. To the "Arctic " Lieutenant Commanding Charles C. Simins j Lieutenant Watson Smith, and First Assistant Engineer Harman Newell. Dr. John K. Kane, brother of Passed Assistant Surgeon Kane, who volunteered for the service, was attached to the Arctic as medical officer. It is well known that Dr. Kane left the United States in the humane search of Sir John Franklin in Juue, 1853, uuder orders from the Navy De partment, and nt the same time under the patron age of distinguished philanthropists. His report is brief, but full of startliug incidents and thrilling adventures. A more detailed and elaborate re port will ultimately be made. The discoveries made by this truly remarkable man and excellent officer will be regarded as valuable contributions to science. He advanced in those frozen regions far beyond his intrepid predecessors, whose explo rations had excited such admiration. His residence for two years, with his little party, far beyond the confines of civilization, with a small barque for his home, fastened with icy fetters that defied all efforts for emancipation?his sufferings from in tense cold, and agony from dreadful apprehen sions of starvation and death for that space of time ?bis miraculous and succ?,st-ful journey in open sledges over the ice for eighty-four days?not merely excite our wonder, but borrow a moral grandeur from the truly benevolent considerations which animated and> nerved him for the task. I commend the results of his explorations ns worthy of the attention and patronage of Con gress. MISCELLANEOUS. The reports of the chief* of the several bureaus attached to this Department will exhibit fully the condition of all matters coining properly under their cognizance. The gentlemen presiding over these bureaus have not merely discharged their duties with ability, but have manifested every dis position to adopt and introduce into the service such reforms and improvements as experience and observation suggest. The Chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks exhibits in his report the progress made in estab lishing a navy yard at Mare Island, California, and the stale of the public works "at other sta tions. It is gratifying to learn, through the reports made to the Bureau ofOrdnance and Hydrography, froiu different vessels at sea, that increase xtten tion is now being paid by the officers to practical gunnery, and the instruction of the men in this branch. Interesting information is also furnished that armament and ordance equipments are gener ally efficient and satisfactory It is my design, at an early day, to assign Commander Dahlgren to the command of a vessel devoted exclusively to gunnery practice, with a view to the proper train ing of botb officers arid men in a duty which at last, constitutes the real effectiveness of a man-of war. The Naval Academy is in successful operation, under the dilligent supervision of Captain Golds borough. There are now attached to it, for in struction, one hundred and sixty-four midshipmen and acting midshipmen. The board of examiners for the last year,in their report,express themselves as not merely satisfied with, but really amazed at. the remarkanle proficiency exhibited by the under graduates, as well as the graduating class, and as much impressed with the variety, minuteness, and exactness of the teaching and the modes of exami nation. For details, I refer you to the report of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Every effort is being made to establish this institution on a proper basis. I am aware of the apprehension that, in the desire to secure an accomplished education, the more practical duties of the naval officer may be slighted. 1 have reasons for know ing that fears on this point may be dismissed, as there is a settled determination to make seaman ship, and the learning necessary to the severer and more practical duties of the naval officer, Earamount and indispensable. The Practice Ship, .ieut. Joseph F. Green commanding, cruised, during thesummer months, alongour northeastern coast. She had on board the 2d and 4 th classes of acting midshipmen. The report of Lieut. Green speaks favorably of their proficiency in both sea manship and gunnery. Gratifying evidences of the high estimation in which the labors of the Naval Observatory are held at home and abroad continue to be received. Several new sheets of the Wind and Current Charts, and an enlarged edition of the Sailing Directions, which accompany them, have been published during the year. The usefulness of this work expands with its enlargement. Other maritime nations, appreciating the value of this plan of investigation, have united in a common system of observations for its further prosecution. It is earnestly suggested by Lieut. Maury that this system of meteorological research, if extended to the land, would afford for the agricultural interests of the country, and for science, too, results quite as important as those which com merce antl navigation have already received from it. Lieut. Gillis is still laboriously engaged in the discharge of the special duties assigned to him. Of the results "of the astronomical expedition transmitted to Congress in July, 1854, two vol umes have been published. These embrace a full account of the geography, climate, earthquakes, agricultural, mineral, and commercial resources, natural historv, dfc., of Chile, together with the narrative of Lieut. McRae's journey across the Andes and Pampass of the Argentine Confedera tion. Volume 3 is now in press and will be ready for distribution during the winter. It con tains the special observations and a discussion of the aolar parallax, the object for which Congress more immediately directed the expedition. The magnetical and metrological observations, to form volume 6, have been reduced and tabulated, and the printing will be proceeded with immediately. Considerable progress has also been made in the preparation of volumes 4 and 5; but. at they will contain nearly forty thousand observations, of which more than twenty thousand of the stars were never before observed, it is scarcely proba ble that the last volume will be published in less than eighteen months. The Nautical Almanac, under the supervision of Commander Davis, is attracting much atten tion in our own country and abroad ; and, al though the estimates are somewhat larger than formerly, I trust that its merits are such as to se-" cure the honorable consideration of Congress. After much reflection and attentive observa tion of the practical working of the present sys tem, I am very favorably inclined to the plan sug gested by a predecessor, of establishing a distinct corps in the navy, whose duty shall be confined to hydrography, ordnance, civil engineering, and other scientific duties. I do not think there need t>e any addition to th<- number ot officer*. There are constantly from fifty to one hundred officers doing hydrographic duty on the Coast Survey, at the Observatory, on Ordnance and other scien tific duties, essential to the proficiency of the navy. Officers cannot attain that complete know ledge of these branches without long and con tinuous devotion to them. And yet, under the present system, there is naturally a feeling of dis content and dissatisfaction on the part of those who are encountering the hardships, dangers, and privations of sea duty in the place of those who are quietly pursuing their scientific duties amid the comforts of home snd family. Let this corps bear the same relation to the other officers of the navy that the staff dows to the line in the army, and being composed of a certain number of cap tains, commanders, lieutenants, masters, and passed midshipmen, their promotions in the corps can be so regulated as not t? interfere with the regular promotion of officers more exclusively de voted to sea-going duties. Many officers of excel lent judgment and enlarged experience are of opinion that those who are long assigned to these duties ashore liecome disqualified for duty afloat, and that constant sea duly allows neither the time nor the opportunity for proficiency in the other branches. A bill could be drawn to reach the object desired. Attention is respectfully invited to the report of General Henderson, the commandant of the marine corps. His long and useful connexion with fhe corps, snd his ardent devotion to it, entitle suggestions emanating from such a source to attentive consideration. 1 renew my recom mendations heretofore made in regard to thin branch of '.he aery ice. It would certainly contri bute largely to iu efficiency if aome plan could be adopted for introducing hereafter officers who have experienced some of the advantages of a military education either at Weit Point or An napolis. The addition to the number of national vessels suggests the necessity of somewhat increasing the marines; and their usefulness in checking insubordination and preserving discipline unques tionably gives great force to the opinion ol the commandant, that the guard on each seagoing vessel should be enlarged. The estimates for this corps are large, because of the absolute necessity for erectiog barracks for its decent and comfortable accommodation at the several sta tions. The Emperor of France having awarded a gold inedal to both Surgeon Thomas Williamson and Passed Assistant Surgeon James F. Harrison, of the United States navy, for their professional ser vices to the officers and men of the French steamer-of-war "Chimere," at Norfolk, during the summer of 1854; the governments of Prussia and Holland having similarly complimented Lieut. Maury for his contributions to science and.navi gation, I recommend the necessary legislation to enable those officers to accept of the pro tie red testimonials. During the past season, the public works at the navy-yard at Portsmouth, Virginia, were much retarded by the awful visitation of the pestilence which has clothed two cities in the habiliments of mourning. Commodore McKeever and the officers, marines, and many of the civilians at the yard, and the naval medical officers at the hospi tal, remained with inflexible firmness at their post during the raging of the (rightful malady, discharg ing their duty to their country, and administering relief to the afflicted. The unmurmuring fidelity of the marines stationed at the yard, whose ranks were so sadly thinned by the destroyer, is entitled to special notice, and has won forthem the grate ful admiration and sympathy of all who can appre. ciate the value of discipline among soldiers. Of the whole quantity of hemp purchased dur ing the past year for the navy, three-tenths have been American. The prospect of furnishing the navy altogether with American hemp is very encouraging, and also that the Itussian and Manilla hemps will be superseded by the products of this country. The hemp agent at Louisville, Kentucky, under date of November 22, 1855, writes that he has a fair prospect of a good supply for this season. The .terms of the reception of the American article are made as favorab'e as pos sible. and the price paid i? that which the best Russian commands. The estimates for the support of the Mtvy and ma rine corps for the year ending June 30th, 1857, and for all objects coming tinder the control of this Department, are, in the aggregate (being very nenrly three millions less than the aggre gate estimate for the present tiscat year $13,524,505 37 From which deduct special objects, including transportionofthe mail in steamships. 4,530,974 00 Leaves for the support of the navy and marine corps. 8,893,531 31 The estimate for the present fiscal year for the support of the navy and marine corps was .. 8,917,297 31 The total amount drawn from the treasury during the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1855, as ex hibited by the statement of appropriations for the naval service, prepared by the Second Comptroller of the Treasury, was.... #14,518,833 16 From which deduct repayments and sums carried to the surplus fund 1,207,306 46 Gives, as the total expenditure for all objects under the control of the Navy Department But of this amount there was ex pended for special objects under the control of the Navy Depart ment Leaviug, as the legitimate expend itures for the support of the navy and marine corps for the fiscal year endiug June 30th. 1845 8,015,989 04 I should do injustice to my own feelings were I to permit this occasion to pass without bearing testimony to the fidelity, diligence, and business habits of the clerks attached to the Navy Depart ment. ? I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. C DOBBIN. To the President of the United States. 13,311,526 71 5,295.537 67 M. W. K. PURCHASE. EXCELSIOR CARD WRITER, AND MANUFACTURER OF METALLIC GRAVERS, AT WILLARD'S. Dec 22? CARD. &BOHC3HJ MASON, ATTORNET AT LAW, Indianola, Calhoun County, Txxas. Practices in the Courts of the Tenth Judicial District; also in the Supreme and Federal Courts at Austin and Galveston. REFERENCE!: Hon. A. P. Butler, U. S. Senator, S. Carolina. Hdn. D. R. Atchison, U.S.Senator, Missouri. R. M. T. Hunter, U. S. Senator, Virginia. James M. Mason. U. S. Senator, Virginia Gen. S. Cooper. Adj. Gen. U. S. A. Wash., D. C. Thomas Green, esq., Washington, D. C. C. C. Jamison, Pres't Bank of Ball., Bait., Md. Dec 6?if TKAYED OK STOLEN from the Festi val, at BlHdensburg, on the night of Tuesday last, a DARK BROWN MARE, with her fore feet bare,a white alar in the forehead,and marked on the back with saddle pinch; the said mare had a saddle on. Whoever will return said mare, or give information where she can be found, will receive many thanks, and Five Dollars as a re ward. JOSEPH JONES, Manager for CHARLES B. CALVERT, Rossburg, Prince Georges Co., Maryland. INFORMATION WANTED.?In the year of 1824, Martha A. Wella (a daughter of Alex ander Wells, who then lived in Amelia County, Virginia, and who subsequently removed to the city of Petersburg and died therein, in August, lbo5.) went with a Mr. Spencer from the county of Greensville to one of the Western States. She was then about sixteen years old and has never been huaid from by her family in Virginia from that day to this. By the will of her father she is entitled to a portion of his estate.or, if she be dead, her children, if she or they be heard from within one year from the date of his death. Any infor (nation in respect to the said Martha A. Wells or her children, if she has any, would be beneficial to them and be thankfully received by the family. Address GEO. EASTWOOD. Nov. 27?wiw. Petersburg, Va. EVERETT HOUSE. ? North Side of Union Square, New York. THIS establishment, erected on the moat prominent and delightful Park New York affords, is approaching a finish, and, when com pleted, will combine all that skill can devise and money supply to render it the most desirable hotel yet constructed. The proprietors of this establishment respect fully announce that the house will be open on the first of October next for the accomodation of the public. Applications will now be received from parties wishing to make arrangements for the winter months. The public patronage is respectfully solicited CLAPP <fc JOSLIN. Hawlit D. Clarp, A. C. Joslim. Sept. 20?g. HHE PEASANT ItOY PHILOKOFHCK I by Henry Mayhew, price 75canta. The Essence of Christianity, by Ludwig Fener bach, translated from the second German edition by Marion Evan*, translator of Strana'a Life of Jesua, price fl 25. Travela in Europe and the Ea*t, by Samuel Ireneua Prime, two Volume*, price two dollars. Juat published and tor aale at PLATED TEA SETS^-I have Juat re 1" ceived aome new atylea Albatn and Silver Plated Ware that I offer at manufacturer's pricea ; alao, a large aaaortment of Speataclea, of every deacription ; together with a good aaaortment of pure Silver Ware, of my own manufacture, which I will retail At wholeaale pricea 418 I'enn. avenue, bet. 4J and 6th ata., Sign of tha Large Spread Eagle. Feb 25?dlwif ____ lTORK, or Plenty to I>o and Hour* to Do It, by M. M. Rrewater, 1*1 and 3d aeriea TAYLOR & MAURY'S H O. HOOD, 75 casta. |ORAY fc BALLANTYNE.