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EDITED BY WM. M. OVERTON, CH. MAURICE SMITH, AND BEVERLEY TUCKER. THUHMUAY MOKNING, JAN. IO, 1*56. tOJI(JHKSSI??AL. i he .Senate was not in bettsiou yesterday. 1 he House of Representatives was engaged in the effort to elect a Speaker. At 9 o'clock, when we heard from the Capitol, the members were thus employed, with the probability of a long uight session before them. thk organization OF THE HOVgB STRICT CONSTRUCTION. It is now more than ,five weeks since the members of the House df Representatives met in this city. Ihe whole of that time with the deduction of two, or, three holidays, invariably taken, has been occupied in the fruitless effort to elect a Speaker. Ihis is a spectacle, which, at the first aspect, presents no encouraging view to patriots. It would indicate a state of things from which foreign observers, unacquainted with our peculiar system of government, would, and will draw the most woeful auguries; and yet, in real point of fact, there is nothing in this continued non-organization of one half the significance attributed to it by the super ficial. The fiscal year does not expire until the 30th of June next. Ample appropriations to carry on the regular operations of govern ment, until that time, have been made, and while the failure to organize may produce a pecuniary pressure in Washington, and elicit the financiering talent of hptel keepers and members of Congress, its effect upon the gene ral interests of the country will be, and, is comparatively unfelt. There is, in the elements of American prosperity, the peculiar feature of being mainly independent of governmental action, l'he weal, or, woe of individuals?of the general mass of the people?is much less connected with the legislation of the country than is generally supposed. Bad laws would cer tainly injure it, but it may well be questioned whether the failure to pass any laws at all, would produce half the serious consequences which seem generally anticipated. It is true that the organization of the house is important, and, if possible, ought to be effected by any proper means. No honest and practicable effort, to accomplish that object, ought to be left untried. Our whole purpose iu the above suggestions, is simply to relieve women and children and croakers?three classes of the com munity equally entitled to have delusions dis sipated and relieved, from those terrible ap prehensions which now threaten their intellects. We conscientiously assure all such, that in our deliberate opinion, were Congress uot to organize for the next ninety days, not one of the people, unless, he had a claim before that body could find out the fact from any impression upon the country. We also hesitate not to aver that Jieither wheat nor corn, nor tobacco, nor cotton, nor anything else which farmers have to sell would be af fected one copper in its price. If Congress will only let alone the great and general inte rests of the country, those interests will be much more apt to prosper than if subject to the tinkering of a body of gentlemen as amal gamated aud discordaut as the present House of Representatives. Entertaining these views, we cordially approve the resolution of the Democratic caucus which announces adherence to their original nominee?not being of those who regard organization, at this time, as para mount to all other considerations, nor entirely satisfied that the non-organization of the House for a while would produce either civil war, secession, or famine. But we have another view of this matter to present, as connected with the Democratic members. It is well known that this journal while uncompromisingly democratic is not yet J the slave, or tool of any set of politicians? that it adheres to principle and to men only so long as they adhere to principle. But we can not refrain from expressing our admiration at the noble stand exhibited by the Democracy. "The Northern Democrats stand as firm upon the platform as the Democrats from Alabama, or Louisiana. Both stand upon the same great constitutional principle. Nor is this strange. The doctrineof the strict construction of the pow ers of Congress is the ligature, which, stronger than that binding the Siamese twins, binds to gether Northern and Southern Democrats, and causes similar motives of patriotism to ani mate both. And to the operation of this saving principle is to be traced the fact that in every sectional struggle, the Democracy of the North have presented a strong element of conserva tism. Let us illustrate. Opposition to slavery, as an abstract question, fs, perhaps, a sent iment with many true Northern Democrats. They would gladly see it eradicated. They would perhaps desire to prevent its extension into the lerritories; and these gentlemen can be relied upon to maintain all the rights of the South because of the doctrine of strict ! construction. Under that restraining doctrine, Democrats, however anxious to prevent &e extension of slavery, cannot consistently vote for Wilmot provisoes, or resist the introduction into the Union of a State because it recognizes slavery. The doctrine of strict construction limits the powers of government, and by thus limiting, arrests in its incipiencv all legislation tending to array one section against the other. It protects each interest from a combination of other interests, and it affords a common plat form upon which all can stand without any sacrifice of sentiment or feeling in reference to abstract questions. While conceding the greatest latitude of individual speculation and opinion upon abstract propositions disconnect ed with legislation, it sternly insists upon a rigid adherance by all the departments of gov ernment to the powers granted in the Consti tution, and the protection from aggression of all the rights that that instrument recognizes and guaranties. To the " saving grace" we use the phrase in no irreverent spirit?of the prin ciple of strict construction, is, in our deliberate judgment, to be attributed the present exist ence of our form of government. It is the only principle which can preserve a national party, or prevent the success of sectional or ganizations. It has preserved the nationality of the Democracy during the late storm of fanaticism which has swept over the North, and has enabled it to present teethe country in this age of faction and isms the noble specta cle of a great party standing firm and un yielding, without regard to sections, upon a high constitutional principle. W hile our friends staud thus proudly upon principle and patriot-. ianj, they need pay no attention to the carpings which would hold thein responsible for the non-organization of the House of Kepresenta tires. Adherance to their principles is a mat ter not to be sacrificed to a fancied or real tem porary expediency. Out of 234 members of Congress, there are but 76 Democrats?leaving 158 members opposed to them. How can the Democracy be held responsible for the action of the House, when the opposition is more than two to one against them? THE PRKSIDBNT'S M ICS SAUK. In our last issue we briefly referred to this document, postponing comment until we could give it a more careful perusal. The favorable impression, received from a first and hasty pe rusal, has been fully confirmed by a secoud and deliberate reading. What it treats of ia presented in a manner so lucid aud cogent, that none can misapprehend and few can differ from most of the positions taken, whose minds were not already made up to differ from what ever might be found in it. Our foreign relations are presented in a clcar, concise narrative, giving such clear in formation that none need be at a loss to deter mine on which side right preponderates. The course of England in the Central American and in the recruiting matter is treated as it should be?that is, it shows a determination on the part of England to try how far she may impose upon our reluctance to have any diffi culty with her. Knowing, as she does, the love of peace which characterizes this country, so great, in fact, that numerous classes oppose any war, no matter what the necessity, she acts upon the supposed assurance that no wrong, however great, or any aggression whatever, if not inflicted directly upon our shores or peo ple, can possibly induce us to take a stand, and j adopt a line of activity to vindicate any other than personal wrongs to our people. It may be a very proper question to determine whether, towards a nation so presuming an England, the wise course be not, that she should be made clearly to understand that rather than permit her to presume upon our u nwillingness we should determine, in every case, to maintain, alike by active operations as by resistance or remonstrance, any encroachments on our rights and policy. It may be much cheaper for our posterity that we have a decisive war or two with England, fully to impress upon her the fact, that in no case will she be allowed to dis regard our rights. The history of the two nations is but a nar rative of outrages, and attempted outrages, on the part of England, and of endurance and re monstrance on ours?the sooner these matters are brought to an issue the better, or history will continue to show the same disregard of our rights and policy as heretofore. We may take occasion to give a summary of her constant course in this respeot, there being scarcely a moment, from the days of the Revo lution to the present hour, that we have not had on hand some unadjusted cause of com plaint on our side, while few or none exist on the other. Let our people think of these things. In regard to State-rights the message speaks as a statesman should speak, looking to the rights of all parties under the Constitution, and properly censuring the course of all who disre gard its high behests?the language is clear and the arguments on this point convincing to every candid mind. The message has been received with a very general approval. We could quote pages full of authority, if every one could not, for himself, come to a clear conclngion. The President's inaugural and the Presi dent's message present a rallying ground upon which all national men can find ample room and verge enough to stand upon. The reports accompanying the message con tain matter worthy of consideration, and we shall take occasion to refer more particularly to their several recommendations. The reports of the War and Navy Depart ments abound with matter for consideration, and we hope they will receive that full and candid examination and support to which they seem so well entitled. They appear to have been written with an earnest zeal for the wel fare of those branches of the national defences over which they preside, and present on broad liberal grounds the sev/eral measures they com mend to Congress. This, for us, may be considered strong com mendation, for we have made it a rule, an in exorable rule, to condemn every Presidential recommendation that we disapprove of. When we blame, we mean to blame; when we praise, we mean to praise. MEETING OP THE DEMOCRATIC NA TIONAL COMMITTEE. In pursuance of previous notice, the Demo cratic National Committee assembled in the city of Washington, at twelve o'clock, m., on the 8th day of January, 1856, and was called to order by Hon. R. M. McLane, of Maryland, chairman of the committee. On motion of Hon. George W. Jones, of Tennessee, Wm. H. English of Iudiana, and George Read Riddle, of Delaware, were chosen secretaries. On motion of Mr. Henning, the roll was called ; whereupon the following gentlemen an swered to their names, viz: Maine?Cyrus Moore. New Hampshire?John H. George. Vermont?David A. Smalley. Massachusetts*-!}. F. Hallet. Rhode Island?Welcome B. Sayles. Connecticut?James T. Pratt. New York?John P. Beekman. New Jersey?Joseph C. Potts. ? Pennsylvania?John Oakford. Delaware?George R. Riddle. Maryland?Robert M. McLane. Virginia?William H. Clark. North Carolina?Warren Winslow. Alabama?C. C. Clay. Mississippi?A. G. Brown. Louisiana?John Slidell. Ohio?Alfred P. Edgerton. Kentucky?J. M. Elliott. Tennessee?George W. Jones. Indiana?Wm. H. English. Illinois?Isaac Cook. Michigan?T. F. Brodhead. Florida?R. S. Mallory. Iowa?George W. Jones. WiBconsin?-Beni. 8. Henning. California?J. W. Denver. Mr. Brodhead moved that the meeting ad journ until 12 o'clock to-morrow; which was decided iu the negative. Mr. Riddle moved that the committee now proceed to fix the time for the meeting of the next Democratic National Convention to nom inate candidates for President and Vice Presi dent of the United States; which motion was decided in the affirmative. Whereupon^ Mr. Jones, of Iowa, proposed thtj first Monday in June next, at 12 o'clock, m. Mr. lienning, the 4th of March; Mr. Kiddle, the third Saturday in May; aud Mr. English, the first Tuesday in June. Mr. lleuning moved that the committee ad journ until to-morrow : decided in the nega tive. Mr. Henning and Mr. Riddle having with drawn their propositions fixing the day for the meeting of the National Convention, the ques tion was taken upon the proposition of Mr. English, and was decided in the negative. The motion of Mr. Jones, of Iowa, was then unanimously adopted. Mr. Cook moved that a committee of three be appointed by the chair for the purpose of carrying out the resolution of the last National Convention in reference to procuring a hall, arranging seats, &c., for the approaching con vention ; whereupon the chair appointed the following gentlemen said committee: Mr. Edgerton, of Ohio. Mr. Cook, 0( Illinois. Mr. Broadhead, of Michigan. Mr. lienning moved that the thanks of the meeting be returned to the Hon. R. M. Mc Lane for the highly satisfactory manner he has discharged the duties of chairman; and the vote being taken thereon by Mr. English, one of the secretaries, was unanimously decided in the affirmative. Mr. Riddle, in behalf of the Jackson Demo cratic Association of Washington city, invited the committee to attend a meeting of said as sociation this evening; which invitation, on motion of Mr. Jones, of Iowa, was accepted. On motion, the committee then adjourned. ROBERT M. McLANE, Chairman. Willam H. English, Geokge Reed Riddle, Secretaries. The Democratic National Convention. In pursuance to a call, regularly made, the " Democratic National Committee," consisting of one from each State, appointed by the De mocratic National Convention of 1852, to " promote the Democratic cause," and " desig nate the time of holding the next convention," met at the National Hotel, in the city of Wash ington, at 12, m., on the 8th day of January, 1856, and, with entire unanimity, lieaolved, That the Democratic National Convention of 1856 meet in the city of Cincin nati, at 12 o'clock, m., on the first Monday of June next. The National Convention of 1852 adopted the following resolution as to the' number of delegates to be chosen: u Resolved, That, iu constituting future na tional conventions of the Democratic party, in order to secure the respective rights of the States to their relative representation in such convention, each State shall bo entitled to twice the number of delegates that it has votes in the electoral college, and no more; and that the Democratic National Committee, in mak ing arrangements for the next National Con vention, provide such number of seats therein for each State, aud secure the same to the dele gates elect." It is requested, with a view to the proper arrangements of seats of members, that the delegates from the several States or districts of the United States to the next National Con vention forward to Hon. A. P. Edgerton, Hicks ville, Ohio, chairman of the committee of ar rangements, their respective names and post offices; and the Democratic papers throughout the United States are requested to copy this call, and the proceedings of the Democratic National Committee. By order: ROBERT M. McLANE, Chairman. Attest: William H. English, Geo. Reed Riddle, Secretaries. CUBA. It h&9 been but a short time since the word, Cuba, was on every lip. It is now scarcely ever heard. Why is this so? Is Cuba less desira ble to us than she was twelve months'ago? or have we been intimidated by the menaces of England and France t Cuba, certainly, has not changed her geo graphical position. She has not become less important to us in a commercial point of view. Iler people arc not less ardent in their earnest aspirations after liberty, nor is she less op pressed by despotic old Spain. We fear that the too moderate course of our Government in regard to Cuba has done much to delay the acquisition of that Island, and when we say so, wo wish it to be distinctly understood that we do not allude to its acqui sition by means of Filibustering enterprises. We desire to acquire Cuba by right, honest, legitimate means. But a few months have passed since all of us looked forward to the acquisition of Cuba as a thing likely to occur in a short time. In deed, the people at the North, South, East, and West, ardently desired it. But we are con strained to believe now, taking the President's message as our guide, that the acquisition of that island is an exploded idea. All that the message says on tho subject is : "With Spain, peaceful aelatiorls are still maintained, and some progress has been made in securing the redress of wrongs complained of by this Government. Spain has not only 'disavowed and disapproved the canduct of the officers who illegally seized and detained the steamer Black Warrior at Havana, but has also paid the sum claimed as indemnity for the loss thereby inflicted on citizens of the United States. "In consequence of a destructive hurricane, which visited Cuba in 1844, the supreme au thority of that island issued a decree, permit ting the importation, for the period of six months, of certain building materials and pro visions, free of duty, but revoked it when about half the period only had elapsed, to the injury of citizens of the United States, who had pro ceeded to act on the faith of that decree. The Spanish government refused indemnification to the parties aggrieved until recently, when it was assented to, payment being promised to be made so soon as the amount due can be ascer tained. "Satisfaction claimed for the arrest and search of the steamer El Dorado has not yet been accorded, but there is reason to believe that it will be, and that case, with others, con tinues to bo urged on the atteution of the Spanish government. I' do not abandon the aope of concluding with Spain some general arrangement, which, if it do not wholly prevent the recurrence of difficulties in Cuba, will ren der them less/requent; and whenever they shall occur, facilitate their inorce speedy settle ment." ? HUT We publish to day the report of the Secretary of the Navy. Its length precludes comment. Wu The sleigh bells made merry music in the streets yesterday, and hundreds of ladies gentlemen indulged themselves in the pleasure of sleighing. i Commuiuraftir, FOB 'I HE SENTINEL,. j Developments in the efforts that have been I made to organize the House of Representatives have placed the Southern Know-nothings in a j new position before the country. They stand separated from those who heretofore afiiliated with them at the north?to a great extent at least. The voting for a Speaker ha?, disclosed the fact that on the slavery question the party north and south cannot agree. Without har monizing on that question, it is useless for the party to expect a national organization. A few good and true Northern men have stood by the Know nothings of the South in occupy pying conservative ground. With that excep tion the National Know-nothing "party is con fined to the Southern States. The Southern Know-nothings have been betrayed and abandoned by their Northern brethren. The course of the Northern Know nothings has been such as to preclude all hope that they can be induced to occupy a national position on the slavery question. The party was not in existence six months, before many of those composing it at the north showed the cloven foot on this issue. We were told at the South that it was an organiza tion which had for its object, among other things, that of putting down the agitators of the slavery question, such as Seward, Greeley Si Co., that it was to establish a national, con servative party. But it was not long before two of the most rampant Abolitionists in the Union were elected to the Senate of the United States from States having Know-nothing leg islatures. They brought about, or permitted to be brought about., the very evil they prom ised to try and prevent. In the Northern State elections they almost invariably cast their votes for candidates holding Freesoil sentiments. In the very first national assemblage of the party, they refused to place themselves upon ground sufficiently conservative on the slavery question for the Southern members of the party to affiliate with them. The test was ap plied in the late Philadelphia Know-nothing convention. A resolution in reference to slavery, satisfactory to Southern Know-no things, it is true, was passed by that con vention ; but it was passed by Southern votes. 1 he .Northern Know-nothing members subse-? quently repudiated it, a number of them called an opposition convention at Cincinnati and took strong anti-slavery ground. The Know nothing councils of nearly every Northern State repudiated the Philadelphia platform, and a large majority of the party throughout those btates still persist iu refusing to sanction the feature in the platform most important to the South. At the opening of Congress the Northern linow-nothing members of the House formally separate from their Southern brethren and unite themselves with the Black Republicans. I hey refuse at least to vote for any man for Speaker upon whorn the Southern Know-noth ings can consistently with their duty to the South cast their votes. They vote, with a few exceptions, for the Black Republican nominee, and show thereby that they prefer enlisting under the flag of Black Republicanism to uniting with their party of the South. The line of demarcation has thus been distinctly drawn, and parties stand divided under a new shuffle, and deal somewhat into Black Repub licans, Democrats and National Know-noth ings. The two first being the larger parties, the cont?^t is mainly between them, and Un balance of power with the latter. On the great question of the day, and the one in comparison with which all others of a political character must sink into insignifi cance, the National Democracy and the National Know-nothings stand shoulder to shoulder both occupying conservative positions on the subject of slavery. The idea of the Southern Know-nothings ignoring the slavery issue, as has been proposed by a desperate Virginia politician belonging to the party, is something too preposterous to be seriously considered, unless we very much mistake the character of the men. That, to defeat Black Republican ism and secure the guarantees the Constitution provides for the institution of slavery, they will prefer casting their strength with the party oc cupying the most conservative, national posi tion, 13 the opinion of one who, when there was a Whig party, was A WHIG. married, In thi* city, at Wesley Chapel, January 8th, by . M4Uv'PxT^n,!L' Wr WM H. FALCONER to MARY ANN, daughter of C W. Boteler, Br esq. ' ' DIED, ? At Richmond Hill, Yadkin county, North Caro lina. on the 27th ultimo, Mr*. MARGARETT PEARfcON, aged 42, wile of Hon. R. M. Pear son, of the Supreme Court, and daughter of the late Col. John Williams, of Tennessee. Mrs. P. was endowed with many bright and noble qualities. With intellectual faculties of the highest order were combined the moral traits re quisite to make up a rare and excellent character. She was generous, charitable, truthful, and disin tererested in a remarkable degree She was frank, confiding, and afTectionate, add to which she was patient, resolute, and firm in the dis charge of duty. The deceased was for many years h member of the Presbyterian Church, and her walk and con versation as such were consistent and exemplary. Besides her husband, she left a family of eight children. gtmusemeuts. THE VARIETIES. Manager JOHN T. FORD Box tickets ? ? ? 25 cents. Parquet armchairs 50 " WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY, 9. Tiiumphant success of the principal members of the original and world-renowned CHRISTY'S MINSTRFLS, Organized ? 1842, whose concerts are nightly attended by the beauty and fashion of Washing ton. They appear every evening this week, with new features on each occasion. For particulars see the programme. Jan. 9?4t. REAR WOMAN! HALF HUMAN HALF BEAST! THE WON DER OF THE AGE! This great curiosity is now on exhibition in this city, on Pennsylvania avenue, htlow the Na tional Hotel. All lovers of curious sights should go and see this wonder. Admistidu 25 cents; children 12J cents. Jan 10? FOR THE SPRING TRADE. Gent's Ho alery and Under-Garmenta.?STEVENS, Brown's Hotel, is now opening a fresh and large variety of Gent's Undershirts and Drawers. Also, a large assortment of silk and cotton Half-Hose, plain and fancy. STEVENS'S Feb 24?3tif Sales Room, Brown's Hotel. BROWN AND SHOOK, ORNKRAL COMMISSION AND FORWARDING MER CHANTS, RICHMOND, VA And Agents for h Kerr's" " 8umm*rJmnn Old Rye, and P. Hanger's "Old Rye" Whisky. Premium brands. All letters promptly answered, and orders filleo Feb '20?3m KEWAR I>.?Mtrayed from the Com mons,about 2 weeks sin<efca small speckle red and white Cow, with one horn half broken ofT?the other a crump horn. She has a wen or wart on her side, near the flank, about the size of a man'a fi*f. She is marked, hut not recollected The above/eward will be paid by returning her to the owner, on I street, between 6th and 7th, No. 502. * Sept 19 ttujurciuc Court of tike liulUd IUt?i. Tuesday, Jakuaky 8, 1856. Alexauder Clarke, esq., of New York, was admitted an attorney and counsellor of this Court. No. 30. Guild & Lightner et al. vs. Joseph Frontin. Iu error to the District Court of the United States for the northern district of California. Mr. Justice Grier delivered the opinion of the Court, reversing the judgment of the said District Court, in this cause, with costs. No. 23. Robt. H. McCready et al., claimants of steamboat Bay State, &c. vs. Goldsmith, Wells, et al. Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the southern district of New York. Mr. Justice Nelson delivered the oipinion of the Court, affirming the decree of of the said Circuit Court in this cause, with costs and interest. No. 4. Thos. Barnard's heirs vs. Chester Ashley's heirs et al. Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the eastern district of Arkansas. Mr. Justice Catron delivered the opinion of the Court, affirming tho decree of the said Circuit Court in this cause, with costs. No. 36. Josiah S. Griffith et al., plaintiffs in error, vs. John B. Bogert et al. The argument of this cause was continued by H. S. Geyer for the defendants iu error, and concluded by Hon. J. J. Crittenden for the plaiutiffs in error. No. 37. Edwin C. Little et al., appellants, vs. Levi W. Hall et al. The argument of this cause was commenced by Hon. W. H. Seward for the appellants. Adjourned until to-morrow, 11 o'clock. Wednesday, January 9, 1856. No. 37. Edwin C^ Little et al., appellants, vs- Levi W. Hall et al. The argument of this cause was continued by Hon. Wm. H. Seward for the' appellants, and by Hon. S. G. Haven for the appellees, and concluded by Hon. Wm. H. Seward for the appellants. No. 38. James M. Cooper, plaintiff in error, vs. Enoch C. Roberts. Ihe argument of this cause was commenced by Mr. Buel for the plaintiff in error. Adjourned until to-morrow, 11 o'clock. Foot-Prlnta of Reptile* In the Coal Strata of Pennsylvania. At the October meeting of the Boston So ciety of Natural History, Professor Wyman read an article on the foot-prints recently dig covered in the coal strata of Pennsylvania. The Boston Traveller of the 23d says : " Prof. Jeffries Wyman read a part of a me moir on the foot prints discovered by Professor Henry D. Rogers in the carboniferous strata of Pennsylvania. (Vide proceedings of meet ing of April 4th, 1855.) He gave an analysis of the anatomical characters by which reptiles aud fishes are distinguished from each other, and attempted to demonstrate that, although there are but few characters, which, taken by themselves, are of absolute value, yet when the combinations of characters, which exist in any given instance, are considered, there can be but little room for doubt as to the true zoological affinities. " There exist no known forms of recent or fossil reptiles or fishes, which, where all their osteological details are known, cannot be re ferred unequivocally to one or the other of these classes. A comparison of the Ichthyoid reptiles and sauroid fishes shows, that although it is through them that the two classes ap proach nearest to each other, yet there are no forms so completely intermediate as to bridge over the space that separates them. " He made comparison between the form and structure of reptiles and the fins of fishes, showing that although they resemble each other as regards their functions, yet morphologically they are always distinct. There is no known fish, recent or fossil, the pectoral or rental fins of which could produce a series of tracks like those discovered in the coal strata of Pennsylvania, by Mr. Lea and Prof. Rogers. " Although among Lophioid fishes the pec toral fins are used for locomotion on the shores, yet they in every instance conform to the fish type?are fins and not feet. An analogous condition of things is found among cetaccean and marine saurians, where the limbs serve the purpose of paddles, and may be compared to fins, yet morphologically they can be referred only to the mammalian or reptalian types. " Professor Wyman therefore thought that, in the present sfate of kuowledge, there was no ?ground for denying that the quadrupedal tracks ound in the coal fermations were made by reptiles.'' EMBER!) OP CONGRESS autf Vial torn 10 Washington are respectfully informed that at TAYLOR <3t MAURY S Book and Sta tionery Store, near Ninth street, tbey will meet all their requirements. Their extensive stock, in addition to the following important works, com prises every department of Literature, Science, and Art. New books received immediately on publica tion. Weekly importations from England. Calhoun's Works, 6 vol*. Jefferson's Works, 9 vol*. Webster's Works, 6 vol*., autograph edition. Everett's Orations and Speeches, 2 vols. Clay's Private Correapondence, 1 vol. S. S. Prentiss's Memoirs. 2 vols. Bancroft's History of tbe United States,0 vols Statesman's Manual, 4 vols. Mickey's Constitution, 1 vol. Jefleraon'a Manual, 1 vol. The Constitution of the United States, 1 vol. Elliot's Debates and Madison Papers, 5 vols. Marsh's Orators and Statesmen, 1 vol Siory's Works, 3 vols. Lives of Chief Justices of tbe United States, 1 vol. Lieber's Civil Liberty and Self Government, 2 vols. Wirt's Life of Patrick Henry, 1 vol. Kennedy's Life of Wirt, 2 vols. Garland's Life of John Randolph, 1 vol. Party leader'*, by Baldwin, 1 vol De Tocqueville's Democracy in America, 1 vol. The Federalist, 1 vol. Grimke's Nature and Tendency of Free Insti tutions, 1 vol. Constitutional Text-Book, 1 vol. Carey's Past, Present, and Future, 1 vol. Seamair's Progress of Nations, 1 vol. ? McElligott's American Debater. 1 vol. Future Wealth ol America, 1 vol. * Smith's Wealth of Nations, 1 vol. Every description of American, English, and French stationery of the finest qualities, at tbe lowest priees. Visiting Cards engraved and printed with tbe greatest promptitude. TAYLOR & MAURY'S, Decb?dtf Near Ninth street. JUVENILE BOOKS of amoral and religious character, five hundred or six hundred different kinds, beautifully illustrated. 100 portable Writing Desks, froot $2 50 to $25; together with every kind of Fancy Stationery, w.bich will be sold at less prices than they have ever before been sold at in this city. The Prophets, or Mormorism Unveiled, with illustrations; price SI. Just published and for Mile at July 17 near 9th at VOCAL MUSIC. MRS. FRANKLIN respectfully informs the Ladies of Washington that she continues to give instruction in Vocal Music. From her long experience and professional intercourse with the best Artiite*of Europe and America, she feels confident that ber method of cultivating the voice and imparting correctness of style and expression will render satisfaction. For terms and hours apply to Mrs F. at her resi dence 405 E street, between 9th and 10th streets. Reference is made to Mr. R. Davis and Mr. G. i Hilbus, at their Music Storea on Pennsylvania Avenue. Dec 13 1.1 AMI1,1 AK QUOTATIONS.? A collection ; of Familiar Qiiotationa, with complete In dices of Authors and Subjects; price $1. Memorials of Youth and Manhood, by Sidney Willnrd, two volumes; prire $2. Ellie, or the Human Cbmedy, by John Eaten Cooke, author of Virginia Comedians, &c. TAYLOR k MAURY'S Bookstore, ?ocal anii personal. Tlie Couveutlwu ul'Old Soldier* commenced its annual session, on Tuesday morning, at Odd Fellows' Hall. Owing lo the inclement weather, and the bad condition of the road*, not more than two hundred veterana were in attendance. 1 re vious to their euteriug upon the business lor which they convened, ibey proceeded, in a body, to the White House, to pay iheir rerpects to the President of the United Slates, who eloquently and patriotically responded to the truly appropriate address of the president of the convention, Judge Joel B. Sutheiland. The East Room presented ? scene in the highest degree interesting, and music contributed its heart-stirring power to the occasion. The sentiment of the Union Qf the States, " now and forever" found an ardent, profound echo from every tongue. The appearance of the members ofthe convention wassuch as toeommand respect ?a patriot baud, a remnant of the gallant men who, in the time of peril, rushed forth lo their country's defence. Henor lo the brave ! The business of the evening session comprised the passage of a aeries of resolutions; among them one calling upon the present Congress to supply the omissions of the lasl, with respect to the old soldiers, and plac ) them on the same fool ing with the veterau* of the Revolution, as to pay and pensions. The convention adjourned yesterday aliernoon, 1 to meet in this eity on the eighth of January, 1857. The following are the resolutions aud pre amble adopted by that body : Another year has rolled over our heads since our last assemblage in this city, and many ol those who then participated with us in our deliberations have since been numbered with the dead. We mourn their loss and venerate their memory. How many of us may live to see the next Anni versary of this glorious day, God only knows. We hope to be ready for our destiny whenever it may come upon us. While we live, it is our duty to serve our country whenever called on, and ,do everything in our power to perpetuate our free institutions lor our posterity, as pure and untar nished as ihey were handed down to us by the Father of his Countkt and his illustrious co laborers in the cause of human liberty. It is our special duty lo cherish in our hearts and follow the fraternal precepts of Washington, contained in his Farewell Address. ? In this immortal docu ment he inculcates the indispensable necessity of our "union" under one General Government, it we hope to preserve our liberty. "To the efficacy and permanency of your Union, a Government for the whole is indispensable. Respect for its authority, compliance wti/i its laws, acq u lesence in its measures, are duties enjoined by the fundamental majims of trne liberty. The basis of our political system is the right of the people to make aud to alter their constitutions ol government. But the constitution which at the time exists, till changed by an explicit and authentic act ol the whole people, is sacredly obligatory upon U. The very idea of power and right of the peo ple lo established government, presuppose the doty of every individual to obey the established govern nunt "All obstructions to the execution of the laws; all combinations and associations, under whatever plausible character, with the real desigu to directly control, counteract, or awe the regular delibera tion and action of the constituted authorities, are destructive of this fundamental principle, and of fatal tendency." Therefore, be it?1st Resolved, That having solemnly sworn, when we first entered intothe service of our country, to support and sustain the Constitution of the United States, in the hope and expectation to enjoy the many blessings and ad vantages it was designed to secure, we will honestly perform the obligations it enjoins, aud not shrink from the duties it imposes upon us. 2d. Resolved, That we have witnessed with pleasure the efforts now making in Congress for the final settlement and payment of our Revolu tionary debt. We consider that our Government is under the most solemn obligations to carry out the promises of the Continental Congress, as con- I tained in the resolutions of October 21, 1780;! January 7, 1781 ; and March 8,1783; by allowing to the officers ofthe Revolutionary army, the half pay for life, to which they were entitled under those resolutions, for the payment of which the faith of the nation was pledged, and all those Senators and Members who have taken an active interest in behalf of the officers of the Revolution, their widows and children, are entitled to tha thanks and gratitude of the country. 3d. Resolved, That our grateful acknowledg ments are due to the last Congress for its enact ments in our behalf, although not carried to the exteut of our hopes and expectations; and we earnestly petition the present one to supply the omissions of the former, by providing for the declining yearsof the Soldiers of our Second War of Independence, as was done for those of the Revolutionary war. 4lh, Resolved, That all pensions for wounds or J injuries received while in the line of duty in the military Biid naval service of the United States, instead of commencing at the completion of the proof, aa is now prastised at the Pension Office, ought, upon every priuciple of justice, to com mence at and from the date of the disanlity, and in case of the death of the invalid, any arrears of peusion due him should be paid to his widow, and in case of her death, to the surviving children. 5th. Resolved, That the subsequent marriage of a widow who was entitled to a pension or bounty land in virtue of any law of the United States, should not preveut her from receiving such pen sion or land, provided she be otherwise entitled to the same; nor should the law render it necessary that she be a widow at the time of her application. 6th. Resolved, That the Bounty Land act of March 3, 1855, ought to be amended, so as to em brace the children of any person who if living would be entitled to Bounty L#and under said aci, as well as his "minor children,'' and that those soldiers of the war of 1812, who enlisted for five years or during the war, and served until dis charged in consequence of disability, or by reason ofthe expiration of their term, ought to receive a grai.t of 160 acres of land ia addition to what they have already received 7th. Resolved, That all the provisions heretofore made for us, or which may hereafter be made, ought to be extended to our fellow citizens who were confined in foreign prisons during any por tion of the war of 18l2-'lo. 8th. Resolved, That inasmuch ss many of ihe records of the War Office, at Washington, have been destroyed, it is unjust to refuse credible parol prooof, and require the production of record evidence of service to entitle meritorious applicants to the benefit of the laud and pension laws. 9th. Rtsolvea, That it ia due to the memory of James Madison, President ofthe United Stai?N? at the tune of the declaration of war against Great Britain, and who fearlessly recommended that important measure,to have an appropriate statute erected to him in this oity. 10th. Resolved, That we will wear crape on the left arm for thirty daya, in token of respect for the memories of our companions in arms who have died since our last Convention. Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.?At a meeting of bondholders (on Tuesday, at th? National Hotel,) representing about nine hundred thou sand dollars of the stock, measures were taken with a view to procure ike release of the State of Maryland from the control of the work, and to have it placed uuder the superintendence of trus tee* ; the leading object being to make the canal yield a sufficient revenue to satisfy the claims of the bondholders, who receive no dividend* on their invertments. The canal cost between four teen and Afteen millions of dollars. It is supposed thai, under proper management, the work can be made to yield a handsome surplus revenue. The Democrats of this city celebrated the anniverssry of the bsttle of New OHeans, on Tuesday night, at the Washington Assembly Rooms. Seversl prominent members of the party addressed the meeting The Hon. Amos Kendall presided. " Evening Receptions.?The first public even ing reception at the Executive Mansion will tske plsce to morrow, snd will doubless, as heretofore, attract many guests. The time devoted to this purpose will be from eight to ten o'clock. The Sleighing continues to be good ; and it is needless to say extensively enjoyed. Pennsyl vsnis avenue is the grand scene of displsy and pleasure in that respcct Congressional. THIRTY-FOURTH CONGKHttt*. FIK8T SESSION. Wednesday. January O, IHfttt. The Senate wit not in session to day. House of Representatives. Mr. SMITH of Tennessee, made a personal explanation, to show the fallacy ol the charge that the Democratic party aii(JL the President ot ihe United States are responsible for the non-orgaiu zation of the House. Mr. WHITNEY replied to the remarksof Mr. Eustis of Louisiana, delivered on Monday, saying that the American parly was not against indivi duals, but against the measures and principles of the church of Rome, the head of which declares that liberty of conscience is an absurd and odious maxim.and the ravings of delirium. Mr. KNIGHT said he had observed that the democrats, in caucus, recently, had adopted a resolution to vote against all motions to adjourn until a Speaker should be elected. In order to cut short a continued day and night session, he therefore offered a resolution?that the Houin will immediately proceed to vole, viva voce, for a Speaker until nn election should be effected ; or, until three additional balloting* shall be made, when, on th* third, the person having the highest number of votes, provided it be a majority ol a quorum, shall be deolaied Speaker ol the thirty fourth Congress. Mr. BARKSDALE moved that the resolution lie upon the table The question was decided in the affirmative?yeas 113, nays 102. Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio, called attention to a letter which recently appeared in the Ashtabula Sentinel, written by Mr. Giddings ; the inference from which, Mr. Campbell said, was fairly dedu cible, and which had gone before the country, that he had staid here, keeping the House voting for live days, asking simply that he should receive the vote of his friends, for the speakership, up to a point which would gratify him personally, in order that he might retire with honor from the contest. If the gentleman (Mr. Giddings) intend ed to make that charge against him, either direct ly or indirectly, he would say so. Mr. GIDDINGS exculpated Mr. Campbkll from any imputation or conclusion of that char acter. In that letter he had only endeavored to do his colleague strict and impartial justice, and to represent truly the condition of affairs. Mr. CAMPBELL wished to know whether any friend of his hud ever heard him express, directly or indirectly, any desire to receive a vote to gratify him, in order that he might retire with honor. If there was such a one, let him rise and state the fact. There being no response, the gentleman passed to other articles in several newspapers, defending certain attacks which had been made on his po litical position. Several other gentlemen made personal expla nations. The House then resumed voting for a Speaker, with the following result: Mr. Banks 97 Richardson 72 Fuller 33 Peuuington 7 Orr 2 Williams I H. Bennett I Porter 1 Whole number of voles 214 Necessary to a choice 108 The one hundredth vote was as follows: Mr. Banks 90 Richardson 68 Fuller 32 Pennington 5 Orr 2 Williams 1 H. Bennett 1 Porter 1 Whole number of votes 1 0 Necessary to a choice 101 The next vote was as follows: Mr. Bank? &8 Richardson 6-r> Fuller 26 Pennington 5 Orr 2 William* 1 H. Bennett 1 Porter 1 Cullen I Whole number of votes given 192 Necessary to a choice 97 A motion was made at fifteen minutes past five that the House adjourn, but it was decided in the negative. By seven o'clock two additional votes had been taken ; the last with the following result: Mr. Banks 92 Richardson 6(3 Fuller 27 Penniugton 6 Scattering.. 5 Whole number of votes 195 Necessary to a choice 99 [The House was in session at 9 o'clock, when we last heard from the Capitol. | The vote received just previous to oar going to press was as follows: Banks 92, Richardson 67, Fuller 29, Pennington C; scattering 4. Whole number of votes 199 ; necessary to a choice 100. GREAT ATTRACTION. 1)REM1UM DAGUERREOTYPES taken at STEWART'S Gallery, Pennsylvania ave nue, over Gait's Jewelry Store. Pictures in best quality of cases from 50 cents and upwards. We ihvite-tbe public to call and judge for then selves. March 17?dlmo VARIETY BOOT AND SHOE STORE. Ladies alpine hoots.?Just re ceived ft superior lot of Ladies' Black and Brown Alpine Boots, together wuh a large and general assortment of Ladies, Gents, Misses, Tk>y*, Youths, and Children'* Boots and Shoes for sale by GEO. BURNS. 340 Pennsylvania avenue, Adjoining Patterson's Drug Store. Ucr 1 iNows.) * Land warrant and banking House of 1. M. Clarke &C Co?We are al ways paying above New York nruirket prices for warrants sent us by mail, and return Mgbt drafts the same day they are received. Address J. M. CLARKE Sc CO., Washington City, D. C. Sept 20?1 iu REW ARD.?Lost on Saturday even IJvl/ ing, between 5th street and the Theatre, or at the latter place, a small memorandum book, containing $140 in $5's and JlO's of the Patriotic Bank chiefly,one Corporation $5, inclusive. There were also aome loose papers in the book of no possible use to any but the owner. If the same haa fallen into honest handa, I will give Fifty Dol lars reward for the return thereof; if in the hand* of a thief, it is boped he will return the l>ook and papers. W. HOWE, 372 Penn. avenue, corner 6th street. Dec 11?3t NA PO LEON AT ST. HELENA, OR interesting anecdotes and remarkable con versations of the Einperor during the live and a halfyearaof his captivity, collected from the me morials of Las Casas, O Mem, Montholon, An tommarrgi, ami others. By John S. C. Abbot; with illustrations. English Grammar. The English Language in its elements and forms, with a history ol'iis origin and development, designed for use in colleges and schools. Revised and enlsrged. By Wilham C. Fowler, late Professor of Rhetoric in Amherst College. Ciesar'aCommeniarits; literally translated notes, with a very elaborate index. A Child's History of the United Ststes. By John Bonner. In 2 volumes. An Outline of the General Principles of Gram mar, lo which quotations have '>een added By Rev. J. G. Grmton, Professor of the English Lan guage and Literature in the New York Academy. Just received and for sale at the Bookstore oi R FARNHAM, Corner of Elevenih street and Pennsylvania avenue. Dec 6 coali coals rHE undersigned la preps red to deliver White and Red Ash COAL of the beat qua lity, at SC 50 per ton (2240 lbs.) H. C. HARROVER, 3d street, 3d door south ol Pa. avenue July 24?tf.