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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 24, 1854, Image 1

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Ward's Building, near the Capitol,
Tri-Weekly 5 (JO
?VWUj ? oo
T'o Olius ok Indi ViDUALS, subscribing u>
live or more copies?
Tri-weckly per a niuin. in advance >3 0U
Weekly " " 1 SO
ID"" l'oMui??ster? are requested to act as agents.
- ? J
rr ii ??: sons ok ruu hikes, a his
1 tory of ihe Rise, Progress, and Destiny ot
ihe American Party, and its probable influence
ou (he next Presidential election, to which is
added a Review of the Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by au Ame
The History ot Macon and Dixon's Line, con
tained in an Addrvss delivered by John li. B.
Latrobe, of Maryland, before tlife Historical So
ciety of Pennsylvania, Novembers, 1854.
Mirana Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S.
M. H
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M. D., with
a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W.
W urner.
Ju>t received and lor sale by
Corner of Penn. avenue and 11th atreet.
Feb 15
HARPER'S MAGAZINE tor September is
a magnificent number, filled with superior
engravings, and for Ml* al Smuuunhiom's book
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the best that has been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains
all the new Fall fashions.
The Knickerbocker Magazine for September.
Goiley's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, anb
I' Mnnm's Magazine, all tor September, received
? <l li?r ?ule al
rp HE EA1I.UKE of Free Society?Soci
JL ology for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at
Book Store, near 9th street.
Messrs. TAYLOR & MAURY beg to an
nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our
citizens, the pictures now on exhibition al their
store will be rallied for.
Eleven prizes; sixty chances, at $5.
April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
NEW WORK., by the Author of the Heir
of Redclyfle.
The Castle Builders, by the author ot the Heart's
Ease, in paper covers; price 50 cents ; bound, 75
Tust published and for sale at
March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth street
it'you with to purchase anything in the way
ol line American, London, or Geneva watches,
(that can be relied on tor the tru? lime,) rich gold
jewetry, pure silver warc,&e., dec.., and save from
!.'< to 2.r) per cent, an he in now receiving hie
Full supply, which will he void at the lowest
whoiesnle rates.
F:ne winches and jewelry repaired, and war
. .< ft i?-?i 10 trive satisfaction
?venue, between 4J and 6th streets, sign ol
r l*i ire vuread ea?le.
LINGTON'S Bookstore?
file Ootid Family, by Charles Lever, author of
liarles O'Malley.
Hehind the Scenes, l>y Lady Bulwer Lytton.
The Lamplighter, one of the most fascinating
? lok-i ever written.
Everything in the Book. Newspaper, and Sta
"iiery line tor sale at
Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 4}
street and Pa. avenue.
WATCHES.?Members of Congress and
others in want of perfect timekeepers would
do well to make their selections at once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the ciiy.
Our assortment tor both Ladies and Gentlemen
was never so complete as at present, embracing
?very description, which we offer unusually low.
Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
Jan IS
Ac MAURY hav* a lew of the original sub
scribers'copies ol the works of Daniel Webster,
printed on very tine imperial paper, in which Mr
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes;
price $20.
T. ic M. are the only booksellers in the United
Slates who have anycQpies in their possession.
Mar 11 Bookstore near 9th st.
HO. HOOD, Pennsylvania avenue, bctwsen
. 41 and 6th streets, has just returned from
(he north with a good assortment of the most rich
and tH!>hionabl<i Jewelry in the market, which he
purchased for cash at very low prices, and now ot
ter* lor sale the same, at wholesale or retail, much
lieuper thau goods of like quality have ever been
?.old lor in this scclion of country. Plsase call at
?n? More, sign of the large spread eagle.
N. H. Special attention paid to the repairing ol
watches by W. W. Hollingsworth.
JT UNITED STATES."?This celebra
ted Map, recently eulogized by Lieutenant Mtu
ry, in his "Virginia Letters." is on sale at
Dec 1 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
noUTUEKl HOOK,?Origin of the Con
ij mnuiion; Incorporation of the General Gov
eminent by the States; as national public agents
in trust, with no sovereignty ; History of Copart
nership Trft-ritones from the Virginia Deed, 1784,
to the Treaty with Mexico, 1S4S; Division of the
Public L'litds; Specific Duties; Origin and History
?f the Puritans; Origin and Cause of Trouble be
tweeu the North and South, and Jeopardy of the
Republic; Legal mode of Redress pointed out; by
W. B. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price
Two Dollars.
On Male at BISHOP'S Periodical Store,
No. 216 Pennsylvania avenue,
adjoining Willard's Hotel.
Trehle patent improved eye- I
let Machine.
first patent combined on one stock.
Second patent, self-feeding in the eyelets.
Third patent, patent unproved fastener, riveting
l>oth sides.
All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine
are strongly recommended to use none but '? Lip
man s Patent Improved,'' which is decidedly the
best ever brought belore the public, possessing
numerous advantages, viz:
It is strong, durable, and not liable to get out of
It punches the hole well and to fit the Eyelet,
and iu one operation clinches the Eyelet on both
Ii saves time, as the papers, dec., need not be
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet s
second time, as is the case with all other ma
It is useful to the merchant in filing awsy
papers, ss well as to ihe attorney or conveyancer,
the shomaker, tailor, miliner, and numerous
others, snd is a very labor ssving machine.
Agents for Washington,
Taylor & maury,
Rook snd Stationery Store, near 9th st.
May 24
AT REDUCED PRICE**?As the season
is advanced, we hsve determined to sell off
the remaining portion of onr winter stock at
greatly reduced prices ; therefore gentleman wish
ing to consult economy in purchasing fine Over
coats, Talmas Dross, Frock, and Business Coats;
Blsck and Fancy Cashmere Pants; Velvet, Silk,
Satin, and Merino Vests; Under Shirts snd
Drawers, and all other ready made garments of
fine quality, will find our present variety to be as
well assorted as in the beginning ol the season,
with the advantsge of much lower prices.
322 Pa. avenue, next to Iron Hall.
Feb 24
Bl? It kiiowii thai I, the subscriber ub
| tamed letters patent iu December, 1651, u>r
an apparatus tor the destructive distillation oi'
wood, and the making therefrom ol'tar or pitch at
pleasure, and gas; and that in the judgment oI
competent persons the invention of an appar
tua recently patented by W. D. Porter cannot Ite
used by him or any other person without infring
ing my said patent. And, further, that what u
patented by said Porter rightfully belongs to ine,
as 1 expect to prove ere long before the United
States Patent Office ; and, further, that the use of
said Porter's invention involves also a process
which I am now claiming before the United Slates
Patent Office, and which has been adjudged to Ite
patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which
said W. D. Porter has formally disclaimed, as ap
pears upon the public records ot said office, ot
which an official copy is hereto annexed, and also
a copy of his claims.
In the National Intelligencer of the 25th instant
Mr. Porter announces thai he haa secured by
U?tWtillhe "exclusive right to making gas from
wood/ and tKKflllfetlS W W pant?
infringing his patent. I ask how this statement
comports with the fact of my patent of December,
1851, and how far the threat can intimidate under
such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based
upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was
so understood by the Patent Office, as it appears
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim was at first refused as interfering with a
prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given be
low, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the
saving clause, is what Mr. Porter calls securing
the "exclusive right to making gas from wood.
The statement carries absurdity on its front, and
is a libel on the good sense of the Patent Office
If such a claim or right had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory
in the country.
The following copies of correspondence and
extracts from the records of the Patent Office will
show the true state of the ease.
Unite* States Patent Office,
August 25, 1854.
Sih . In reply to your letter of this date, asking
" if any patent has been granted to \V. D. Porter,
dated 22d August, 1854, or at any other time, or
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them " the exclusive right of making gas from
wood" and whether any such claim was made by
W. D. Porter, under his application for a patent,
which letters patent were issued bearing the
above date, you are informed that W. D. Porter's
claims are believed to be o n fined to bia appara
tus; and, further, this office is not awart that a
patent has been granted heretofore lor the exclu
sive right of making gas from wo*d. It would,
however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make
an extended investigation to answer your re
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents.
W. P. McConaell, Esq.,
Care of Prof. 0. G. Page, Washington, D. C.
The United States Patent Office?To all persons to
whom these presents shall come, greting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the files of this office of an extract from a
Eaper filed in the matter of the application of W.
K Porter for letters patent, in accordance with
which application letters patent were issued to the
?aid W. D. Porter on the 22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I. Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the seal
of the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
[l. s ] this 25th day of August, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and fiAy
four, and of the independence of the United
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Copy of disclaimer of W. D. Porter in his applied'
tion for " an improved ttill for making wood
gas"filed August 5, 1854. Letters patent issued
August22, 1854.
" I do not claim as my invention and discovery
the improvements in inakinr gas from wood, viz:
subjecting the products of destructive distillation
therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially
as has been described and for the purposes set
forth in the specification of W. P. McConnell."
The United States Patent Office?To all persons to
whom these presents shall come greeting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the records of this office of an extract from
the specification of W. D. Porter's patent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused ihe
seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto
. . affixed this twenty-fifth day ot August,
u * J .n the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-four, and ot the
independence of the United States the
seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Extract from Specification of TV. D. Porter on
which letters patent were issued August 22, 1854.
Claim.?What I claim as my invention and de
sire to secure by letters patent is :
"The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting ot a metallic or other cylinder B, the
cones E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe
F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe
cification, and ahown in the accompanying draw
The trirth of the abevemay be ascertained from
the records of the Patent Office, to which all have
By bis sttorney CHAS. G. PAGE.
MORNING GOWNS.?a large and Uu
assortmeat, at all price*, for sale by
UNSERVE and Preserved Ginger and
t Chow-Chow, Attea sndChoong Loong, Can
Ion, frr?h importation. For sale by
No. 40, opposite the Centre Market.
Ij>I>WARD I.YCETT, Sen., Book-Biuder,
J Potomac Hall, corner of Eleventh-street and
Maryland avenue, over Clarke'a Drug store, Wash
ington, D. C.
Every style of book-binding executed, either in
velvet, Turkey Morocco, Russia, or fancy colors
Periodicals and Music neatly half bound.
Mr. Lycrrr respectfully suggests to his friends
that while much has been done to transmit family
records, little care has been taken to preserve pa
rental likenesses. He takos this method to inform
his trienils, and these desirous ef perpelusting per
sonal remembrances, that daguerreotype like
nesses can lie inlaid on the inside covers of fami
y bibles, presentation-books, or keepsakes, speci
mens of which can be seen at his bindery, or he
can be addreased by letter, whichwill promptly
attended to.
Mathematical, dictionary ana
Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com
prising definitions of all the terms employed in
Mathematics, sn analysis of each branch, and ol
the whole as forming a single science, by Charles
Davies, L. L. L>., author of a complete course of
Mathematics, and Win. O. Peck. A. M , Assist
ant Professor of Mathematics United States Mili
ary Academy. Just published, and for sale at
lie Bookstore of R FARNHAM,
QTONB <IIJARRY.?I am prepared to ftir
O nish from my quarry, opposite the Little Falls
and adjoining the quarry of the late Timothy
O'Neale, any quantity of stone that msy be needed
for building purposes. Apply to the undersigned
at his house on H. between l?th and 'iOth streets,
in the First ward, or to Mr. Paine, ntthe quarry.
COMMENTARIES on the Jurisdiction
Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the
Courts of the United States, vol. 1, by George
Ticknor Curtis.
History of the Crusades, their Rise, Progress,
and Results, by Major Proctor, of the Royal
Military Academy.
Cumming's Lectures on the Seven Chunchefc.
On sale at
TAYLOR fc MAURY'S Bookstore,
*?y 1? nasr 9th street.
or THE
I PROPOSE to publish in the city of Washm*
ton, in September, a political newspaper, un
der the name of the WASHINGTON SENTI
hi doing so, it is proper I should make known
the principles it will maintain, and ilie policy it
will advocate.
It will support cordially and earnestly the pun
ciples of the Democratic party of th?e United State*
it does not propose to be the organ of any Depart
ment of the Government, except in so far a* an in
?lependent maintenance of the doctrines ol that
party may represent its opinions and express us
It will not be ambitious to commend itself to the
people by a blind flattery of their rulers. It will
seek public support by the bold avowal of the
sentiment* wfticn are common to the genuine
Dempcraoy of the Union, and by the condemna
tion of all auch as may conflict with thein, from
whatever quarter they may come. It will aeek to
be (and it will endeavor to deserve the title) the
orgun of the Democratic party of the United
The Sentinel will maintain, as a fundament^
truth of that great party, that the States formed^the
Union between them by the ratification of the Con
stitution as a compact; by which, also, they created
the Federal Government, and delegated to it,
an their common agent, the powers exprexslv
specified in it, with an explicit reservation of all
others to the States, or to their separate govern
ments. The exercise of any powers beyond these
thus delegated, is, therefore, an usurpation of the
reserved authority of the States by the agent ot
their own creation.
The Sentinel will uphold and defend the union
upon the basis of the rights of th? States?under
the Constitution?and thus by sedulously guarding
the latter, it will the more effectually strengthen
and perpetuate the former.
With regard to the exercise of the powers of the
Fecsral Government, the Sentinel will take as
the i rinciples of its action, that Congress shall ex
ercis no power which has not been delegated by
the C. nstitution, according to a atrict and fair in
terpret tion of its language and spirit; and that it
shall nc seek to attain indirectly an object through
the exei ise of constitutional power, for the direct
attainme t of whieh it has no delegation of pmcer.
In other words, all powers exercised must be
clearly gra ted, and ail granted powers must be
used for no >umose, except such as is clearlv in
tended by th Constitution.
In respect to the internal administration of the,
Government, the Sentinel will sustain the settled
policy of the Democratic party. It will labor to
inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in
ternal policy:?that this Government will best
promote the freedom and prosperity of the people
of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise
Eower, and more anxious to preserve liberty ; and
y leaving to the individual States the manage
ment of all their domestic concerns?while it con
tents itself with guarding the confederacy from
external violence, and directing the foreign policy
of the country to the promotion of the common
interests, and defence of the common rights, and
honor of the States composing it.
The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive
foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies,
and correspond with the expanding interests of the
country. That policy should be energetic and de
cided; but should temper firmness with liberality,
and make its highest ends consist with the strictest
principles of justice. The real interests of the
country, upon each occasion demanding attention
will be its guide in the course the Sentinel wil
The national policy of the world in this age is
essentially aggressive. In the growing sense ol
weakueasof some of the nation* of the Old World,
and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com
mon motive to colonial extension has developed
?elf. , . r
Our settled determination tc repel interference
from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil
prompt us to avoid it in the affairs of other coun
tries, unless by their foreign or colonial policy our
peace should be threatened, our aecurity endan
gered, or our interests invaded. For when the
selfish interests of other nations prompt a foreign
or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights,
snd places in the pathway of our commerce a
dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must
be resisted by remonstrance, and, if need be, Wy
Our foreign policy should, indeed, be defensive,
but to be properly defensive, at must sometimes be
apparently aggressive. Our administration should
be vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world
is full of important movements, commercial and
politi'^l, deeply concerning American trade and
American power. It is lime we had an American
foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot
avoid it if we would. We have larger interests, and
a greater stake in the world and its destiny, than
every other people. We occupy the best portion
of a continent, with no neighbors but a colony, and
? worn-out, anarchical deipotuni. We arc the
oiny people whose own land, without colonial cle
fendencies, is washed by the two great oceans ot
the world. Our agricultural productions are more
varied and more essential to civilized lile, and t<?
human progress?our mineral and manufacturing
resources more vast?our facilities and capacity tor
internal and foreign commerce more extended
than those of any other people living under one
government. A continent, to a great extent, un
explored and exhaust'ess in its yet hidden wealth
is at our feet. European trade seeks the great East
through avenues which are at our doors, or must
be made through our own limits. Europe, Asia,
Africa, and the isles of the sea, lying all around
| us, look to us as the rising power, through the
agency of whose example, and ever widening an<
extending, though peaceful influences, the bless
ings of liberty, civilization, and religion, are des
tined to triumph over the barbarism and supersti
lion of the millions ef the world. And shall such
a people refuse-to lay hold upon their destiny, and
act upon the high mission to which it is called
A mission so full of hope, though so laden with
responsibility, whtch, if properly directed, must
make our confederacy the harbinger o< peace to
the world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of its
The Sentinel will, therefore, advocate a bold
and earnest foreign pohcy, such as the condition ot
the country demands; but it will advocate it under
the flag of the country?nowhere else. Its foreign
policy must be consistent with the spotless honor
and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To
be respectable at home and abroad, and to be great
in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing
but what is right, and submit to nothing that is
wrong. It must be liberal and magnanimous to
the rights of others, and firm and immoveable in
insisting on its own. It must, in fine, be true to
its own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then
be false to those of other nations.
Such, then, Is the chart by which we shall be
guided. Independent and free, we shall endeavor
to l>e honest and truthful. The true friends ot
democratic principles we shall cordially aupport
and defend. Its enemies in the field or in ambush
we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions de^
To our future brethren of the press we extend
the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel ta the
rival of no press ol its own party?the personal
enemy of none of the other.
The present Democratic Administration haa our
best wishes for ita success in the establishment ol
the great principles upon which itcamejnto power;
and in its honest labors to attain such an end it
will find the Sentinxlita friend and coadjutor.
1ATER YEARS, t?v the Author of ?* the
j Old House by the River,
Mr. Rutherford's Children, second volume.
Pebblea from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous
Poems, by Charles Lelsnd Potter, A. M.
General Notiona of Chemistry, translated Irom
the French, by Edmund C. Evans, M. D.
The Land of the Saracens, by Bayard Tayler.
Brushwood picked up on the Continent; or
Last Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orville
Horwitz. . , .
The above are selected from * large arrival of
newbookTat TAYLOR fe MAURY'S
0 p Bookstore, near JHta ?t.
The New York and Liverpool United State*
Mall Steamers.
The fhips comprising this line are :
The Atlantic.. Captain West.
The Pacific Captain Nye. '
The Baltic ..Captain Coinstock.
These ?h;ps having been built by
contract, expressly lor government
^ service, every care has been taken
in their construction, as alao in their engine*, to
insure strength and speed, and their accommo
dations for passengers are unequalled for ele
gance and comfort.
Price of paxsage from New York to Liverpool,
in first cabin $130
lu second cabin, $75. Exclusive use of extra sized
state rooms.... $325
From Liverpool to New York 30 and 20 guineas
An experienced Surgeon attached to each ship.
No berth secured until paid for.
From New York. From LivtrpooL
Wed'day..Dec. 1854 I Saturday.. Dec. 16,1854
WoJ'day..Jan. 10, 1855 j Saturday. .Dec. o0,1&54
Wed'c ay. .Jan. 24, 1855
Wed'd.v ..Feb. 7, lt>55
Wed'da/.. Feb. 21,1855
Saturday..Jaw. 27, 1855
Saturday. .Feb. 10, 1855
Wed'day. .Mar. 7, 1855 | Saturday..Feb.24,1855
For fre ght or pa-sugr. apply to
No. 56 Wall street, N. Y.
R. G. ROBERTS & Co.,
13 King's Arms Yard, London.
GEO. H. DRAPER, Havre.
The owners of these ships will not be accounta
ble for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre
ciou* stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereof therein ex
pressed. Jan 3?dtf
ry's Bookstore, near 9th street?
The Plurality of Worlds, with an Introduction
by Edward Hitchcock, D. D.
A Lamp to the Path; or, the Bible in the Heart,
the Home, and the Market Place, by the Rev. W
K. Tweedie, D. D.
The Catacombs of Rome, by the Right Rev. W.
J. Kip, D. D.
Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coas
of America, by Gabriel Frauchere.
Corinne, by Madame De Stael, new edition
Vathek, by Beckford, do
Female Poets of Great Britain, do
Western Scenes and Adventures, illustrated.
Life of Napoleon, by Hazlitt, do
llannay, author of Singleton Fontlerov, ?Stc.
Cosas de Espana, or Going to Madrid, via Bar
Just published and for sale at
March 6 Bookstore, near 9th street.
FOR RENT, till the 15th of November
next, the large built house at the corner oi
l&th and K streets. Call at the " Sentinel" office.
Intelligencer, Star, and Organ, one week daily'
and send bills to Sentinel office.
May 17?lwd
I vative Magazine.?When new aspirants
for popular favor are announced, the public have
a right to demand ihe grounds upon which such
show of title to their patronage in made. In ac
knowledgment of this, w? trace the oustoma ot
parlies in the avowal of principles; of religious
sects, iu the i*romulgalion of creeds; and of per
sons in all pursuits of life, dependent upon the
public for success, in their preparatory expositions
of plans and purposes. The customs thus origin
ating, though sometimes abused, are useful and
proper, and should not be discarded. And when,
in obedience to cuotom, new plans are proposed,
those approving ought not to withhold their en
couragement, as too many do, until they see that
success is sure, for their aid may be needed to
secure it. Such a foolish policy aa this jeopar
dizes the plan they approve, and battens its failure;
it has defeated many important enterprises, and
has deprived the country of good and useful works.
If a uew proposition of any kind is approved by
the public, the support of those approving is oi
right expected, their approval being solicited only
in the view that their more substantial aid will
not be withheld.
The Southern Conservative Maoazinz will
occupy grounds but little cultivated by American
magazinista. It is believed that a fiekl is open for
a periodical of a new and, in some respects, a
higher order than has been aimed at in our maga
zine literature. In this belief, and with such an
sim, we announce the Southern Conservative
The new magazine will be national and not
sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment in the South, but aiming at a higher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
It will be Protestant, but not sectarian; opposing
religious bigotry or intollerance on the one aide,
and infidelity on the other?laboring in its teach
ings to advance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the church.
It will be political, but liberal; owing no slavish
Allegiance to parties or politicians, it will advocate
measures, not men, and will labor only for the
success of principles.
It will be progressive, yet sternly opposed to
the reckless spirit of innovation so rife in the
country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de
press; to reform and improve, not to destroy;
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our great
republican theory, and laboring to advance it to
Its fullest development.
It wilt be truly American in tone snd sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely because
so; believing that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, par excellence, to any favored people,
but are the common right of all.
It will be the organ of pure conservatism.
It will encourage a ?igh-looed literature, and
defend pure morals in all the social rulaticns ot
And it will number in its corps of regular con
tributors some of the ablest political and literary
writers of the country.
The magazine will be printed on the finest
quality of psper, with new type, and in a plain
but superior style.
Each number will contain not lesa than 50 large
octavo pages, made up of original articlea, con
tributed and editorial ?reviews, political and
scientific tysays, romances, poetry, Arc.
We promise much for the new magazine, and
we intend to perform it all, and more, if the read
ing public will give the enterprise a liberal en
The Southern Conservative Magazine will be
issued, the first of each month, from the office of
publication, Nashville or Knozville, Tennessee,
and will be furnished to suscribera at four dollars
a year, or three dollar* it paid punctually in ad
vance. Publication will be commenced the 1st
day of January. 1S56. Address orders to the
editor and proprietor.
Knozville, Tennvssee.
May 31, 1^5S.
T EAVF-M from a Family Journal, from
1 1 the French of Emilie Souveatre, author of
??The Attic Philosopher in Pari*.
Mrs. Jameson's Common-place Book of Thoughts,
Memories, snd Fsncies.
June 7 Corner 11th st. and I'enn. av
common-place book of Thoughts, Memo
ries and Fsncies, original and selected, by Mra
Jameson. Price "75 cents.
Leaves from a Family Journal, from the French
of Emilie Souveatre, author of "the Attic Philo
sopher in Paris." Paper, 50 centa; cloth, 75
Theory and Practice of Landscape Painting in
water colors, iliustrsted by a aeries of V4 designs,
colored diagrams of numerous wood cuts, mith
two eztra plates of simultaneous contracts, by
Geoive Barnard Prico $5.
Juat received at
TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookatore,
Jane 7 near 9th at.
X i ju?t received from the publishers, Firtb,
Pond 6c Co., New York, and George Willieg, jr.,
Baltimore, an assortment of their latest publica
^HlT* Piano* tuned, warranted to give satis
adjoining Kirkwood House.
Dec 16?3tawif
Sale.?The block of buildings known as
' the Union Buildings,'1 and now occupied by the
Union newspaper establishment. They are situ
ated on E street, between 13th and 14th streets,
and fronting directly on Pennsylvania avenue. The
lot is 70 feel front by 159 feet deep. The property is
susceptible of division and re-arrangement, and
its position such as must ranjc it among the best
business stands on the avenue, and is yearly in
creasing in value. The time of the present lessee
expires on the 1st September next, on which day
possession may had.
Also, that large three-story Brick House on 17th
street west, (opposite the War Office, and three
doors south of G street.)
Also, that three-story House on 17th street west,
next door to the Government Building, at the
corner of F and 17th streets.
Should the above pioperly not be sold at private
sale prior to the I5tn of May, it will be sold on
that day at public auction.
Terms will be made favorable to the purchaser.
Apply to CH. H. WINDER,
Corner of 17th and G atreets.
March 20?2awtl5May
To tht Patrons of Berkeley Springs.
rpHE undersigned begs leave to inform hie
I friends and the public generally, that he has
erected a new aud extensive Livery Stable, for
the accommodation of those who may wish to
keep their horses at the Springs during the ap
proaching season. The building contains about
40 stalls of extra width, and extensive Carriage
Sheds. Its location is clean, dry, and airy, and
convenient to Colonel Strother's Hotel, with
which it is connected by arrangement. Expe
rienced and reliable persons will be in attendance,
and no expense will be spared to give every
satisfaction to the visiting public. The proprietor
will also keep for hire, several pleasure carriages
and saddle horses. Having provided these ac
commodations. at considerable expense, the Pro
prietor hopes that he will b? liberally patronised
Terms to suit the limes.
Berkeley Springs,
Morgan County, Va., July 1, 1355.
July 18?tf.
or THE
A Weekly Newipapcr to b? pabllihtd In
Wuhlnfton Ctt jr.
The undersigned, expecting soon to retire from
the position he has for some time held ss Superin
tendent of the United States Census, intends to
devote himself to the control and management oi
the Review, of which, for the last nine years, he
has been the editor and proprietor, and to the
publication in the City of Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
The material for this paper will consist, in part,
of selections or extracts from articles admitted
into the Review, but mainly of other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digests of the current eventa ot
the day, home and foreign; the proceedinga ot
Congress and the sots of the Government; lite
rary and acientific sketches and essays upon
leading and popular topics; biographical sketches
of public men; d'gest of official reports, State and
Federal; the state of the marketa in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of crops;
supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the
country as shown by statistics, bringing down
those of the National Census always to date.
The object will be, through careful editorial
management and a 'arge and well-selected cor
respondence, to establish at the seat of govern
ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted
to the wants of every community; imparting
rnusement and information, and political, only to
tke extent of maintaining the institutions ef the
country and defending the rights and sovereignty
of the Statea.
? The City of Washington, from the advantages
which it preaenta for obtaining material of every
kind, through the action of the Smithsonian Insti
tution, the Patent Office, and the National Agri
cultural Convention, etc., and tke several Bureaus
and Departments of Government, from its conti
guity to the Isrge commercial cities, from the ex
tended, exciting, and all important intereata tbat
concentrate upon it, is, perhapa, the most eligible
location for such a journal, and ample guarantees
of its auocess have already.been received. It will
be printed in folio for the convenience of binding,
and similar in style to the New York Albion.
Terms: $2 pee ahnum, in advance.
To Clubs, of 10 auascaiBEES, at one post office,
SIS in advance.
To Subscribers of DeBow's Review, not in
arrears, the Review and Timea together, S6 in
Advertiaements on accommodating terms.
In order to increase the usefulness of the Re
view, which has now acquired a very extenaive
circulation, it will be enlarged from 112 to 140 or
ISO pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistance and an able corps of contribu
A monthl" ittorical digest of events will be
embraced in as pages, valuable for future refer
The subscription price of the Review will re
msin at ?5 per annum, but for the convenience ot
the large class of personl who may not deaire
the whole work, or who may only solicit in
formation upon one or more of the subjects to
which it is devoted, it is in contemplation te make
a separate publication of the matter relating to
Agriculture t another of that relating to Alanu/ae
turn; a third Jo Internal Improvements ; a fourth
to Commerce; and a fifth to Education and Letter*.
These publications will be but departments of the
whole work, and may be subscribed for sepsrate'y
at SI per annum each. They will appear monthly
in handsome periodical style, of from twenty-five
to thirty-two psges; constituting an annual octavo
volume of 360 pages each, showiog at a single
view snd in a condensed form the whole results,
within the yesr, in tke particular department, in
wurown country and abroad, as the Reviiw itsell
will show them in all ef tke department* of indus
try and enterprise.
The Office of DeBow's Review will remain aa
Ix*fore at New Orleans, though a branch will be
located at Washington, which will be also the
msin office of the other Joarnala, and may be
add res* ed at sll times in regard to them. The
particular address of the editor, whether Wash
ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from time
to time, in the work.
Washington, Nov. 26, 1864.
DiBow ? Industeial. Resoueces, three
hsndsoinely bound volumes upon the Progress
and Wealth of-the United Statea, 1,800 pages royal
octavo, doable columns, clear print, library edi
tion, may atill be ordered. Price 86 delivered
at the expense of the authe#
For Writing Without Pen or
IBS Ltam, PUbU, Flowors, Piotur.o,
Pattcrm for ?ml?*o?d?rir, Marking I.ln
?n Indelibly, Manifold Writing.
THIS Article is absolutely the beat portable
Inkstand ia the known world, for a email
quantity folded and placed in the pocket consti
tutea a travelling Inkstand, which cannot be bro
ken. No pen is needed, for any atick, sharpened
to a point, writes equally as well as the best gold
pen in the universe. For drawing it is indispen
sable. It is, indeed, the whole art of Drawing and
Painting?taught in one lesson. Any leaf, plant,
or flower can be transferred 10 the pages of an
album, with a minute and distinct resemblance ot
nature. With equal facility, pictures and em
broidery patterns are taken, and have received
the highest et'logiuma from the fair sex ; ana, in
deed, a more tasteful present for a lady could not
be produced. _ .
Thia Magic Paper will also mark Linen, or
other articles, so as to remain perfectly indelible.
All the washing in the world fails to bring it out
Any child can uae it with perfect ease, with
this Magic Paper, likewise, one or four copies
of every letter written can be secured without
aay additional labor whatever, making it the
cheapest and moat convenient article extant. It
ia used to great advantage by reporters of the
public press, telegraphic operators, and hosts ot
others. .
Each Package contains four different colors
Black, Blue, Green, and Red, with full and printed
Instructions for all to use, and will last sufficiently
long to obtain Five Hundred distinct Impressions.
It is put up in beautifully enamelled colored
Envelopes, with a truthful likeness of the Pro
prietor attache*}- Each and every package war
r*K7"Price $2 a dozen; or five for one dollar.
Single packages 25 cents. httrRFI L
Address, post paid, N. HUBBELL,
No. 167 Broadway, New York.
Hubki-l's Maqic Impression Pafkr?We refer
our readers to the advertisement in another col
umn, setting forth the merits of this pleasing and
ingenious invention. The cheapness should in
duce all to give it a trial.?Philadelphta Merchant.
Il it unsurpassed for neatness and utility, and
should meet with the sale it richly deserves.?
Interesting news?we have ju?t
received a large assortment of BOOTS and
SHOES for ladies', misses', and children s wear,
which we offer very low.
Ladies' Gaiters from SI to #3.
Misses' Boots ot every kind, in proportion.
Of Children's Shoes we have every color and
at vie, from 25 cents up.
The inquiry generally is, Where can we find a
irood assortment of shoes for children 1 We can
answer all auch querists to their satisfaction
they give us a call.
We would also state that we are prepared to
manufacture every style of boot or shoes usually
worn by gentlemen, ladies, misses, or children.
Also on band, every description of boots and
shoes, which will be sold very low.
Call and examine for yourselves before pur
chasing .lOTkm .. ..
Mar 1?3t No. 486 Seventh st.
IANOS, PIANOS !?We have now In
? store the largest and most reliable stock ol
Pianos ever offered in this city, from the justly re
nowned manufactories of Hallet, J >
Boston; Bacon & Raven, New York; and Kna.>e.
Gaehle & Co., Baltimore; ranging in pnees Iroro
$225 to $500. . .
In addition to those in store, we have on exhi
bition at the Metropolitan Mechanics' Fair, at the
Smithsonian Institute, four superb Pianos, made
expressly to our order for this Exhibition, any ol
which we will dispose of on reasonable terms.
Also on hand, Guitars, Violins, Flutes, Accord
eons, Melodeona, Banjos, Strings, Music, &c.
Remember, at the Piano, Mnnic, Stationery,
Perfumery, e.d F..c, ^"7^
306 Penn avenue, near 10th street.
Russia as it is, by count de gu
rowskl. rB ,
MEMOIRS, Speeches, and Writings, ol Robert
^wBSsW. public
Novel, by Caroline Lee Hcnti, with illustrations
(rem original designs, in 2 vols.
THE CHURCH, in a series of Discoun.es, by
Svlvester Judd, Paslor of Christ Church. Maine.
the English Commenweelrti, from the execution
of Charles I. to the death of Cromwell, by M. G.
Guizot, translated by A. R. Scoble, in 2 vo'*;
ANT Refugeea, from the Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes to our own days, by M. Charles Weiss,
Professor of History in the Lycee Bonaparte, in i.
V?VOICES OF THE NIGHT, by Rev. John Cuui
""v^ICES OF THE DAY, by Rev. John Cum
ming, D. D.
Just published and received at the bookstore el
Apr 15 Corner of 11th st. and Penn. av.
Work, Wolfert'a Roost and other Paper*,
now first collected, by Washington Irving.
Scottiah Songs, Ballada, and Poema, by Herr
Full Proof of the Ministry, a Sequel to the Boy
who waa trained up to be a Clergyman, by John
N. Norton, A. M. ,
Memoira of Lite, Exile, and Conversationa of
the Emperor Napoleon, by the Count de lea Caaea,
with portraita and other illustrationa.
Manuel of Sacred History, by John Henry
Kurtz, D. D.
Juat published and for aale at
Feb 15 Boolcatore. near 9th street
A Greece,fron the earliest times to the Roman
(Jonqueat, with aupplementary chaptera on the
History of Literature and Art. By Wm. Smith,
LL. D., editor of the Dictionariea of "Greek and
Roman Aniiquitiea" "Biography and Mythology,"
and "Geography." With notea, and a continuation
to the present time. By C. C. Felton, LL D ,
Eliot Profeasor of Greek Literaturw in Harvard
The above work tainiended principally for achools
of the higher claaaes. Just received and for sale at
the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM, corner of
Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street. Aug 21.
A RT HINTS??Architecture, Sculpture,
J\ and Painting, by James Jackson Jarves,
author of History of the Sandwich ltlanda, Arc.
Price SI 25.
Waikna, or Adventures on the Mosquito
Shore, sixty engravinga, by Samuel A. Bard.
SI 25
The Heiress of Haughton, or tha Mother's
Secret, by the auther of Aubrey Caatle. Avon, dcc.
Price 37| cents.
Just published and for sale at
July 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
n XTR A Heavy-plated Tea Seta, Albats
Pi Forka, Spoons, 5cc.?M. W. Gait fit Bro.
have juat received a beautiful assortment of?
Extra Plated Tea Sets, latent stylea
Caatora, Cake Baskets, Card Traya, Src
Also, superior Albata Forks and Spoona.
The above are of the very best quality, and un
naually low.
Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th ata.
Picturesque, Historical, and Soeial , with a
Sketch of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated
from the German by Edward Joy Morria. Price
91 50.
Lecturea on EngKab Literature, from Chancer
lo Tennyson, by Henry Reed. Price $1 25.
Just published, and for sal* at
Oue square (twelve lineal 1 insertion .. . . >0 50
'? ' ? ?i " 7f
1 ? 1 00
I week 2 00
? I aiomn . 5 00
Buaiueas carda, not exceeding aix linen,
(or not less than aix woniha, inserted at hall pric?.
Yearly advertisewenta subject to special ar
Long advertisements at reduc?d ratea.
Religious, Literary, and Charitable notice# in
aarted gratuitously. ,
All correspondence on business must be prepaid
Attorney for Government Claimants,
CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at
tention to the prosecution of Claims of every
description against the General Government, and
particularly to those before the Treasury Depart
ment, Pension and Bounty Land Bureaus, Patent
and General Land Offices, and Board ot Claims.
An experience of years, and a familiarity with
the means of obtaining the surliest and most fa
vorable action on Claims, with his facilities for the
dispatch of business, justify him in assuring hit
Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener
ally, that interests intrusted to his keeping will
not be neglected.
Pension, Bouuty Laud, Patent, and Public
Land Laws.
? He has nearly ready for gratuiious distribution
among his business Correspondents, (and those
who may become such,) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty
Land, Patent, and Public Lnnd Laws, down to
the end of the late Congress, including the
Bounty Land Act of 3d March, 1855,
under which all who have heretofore received
less than 160 acres are now entitled to additional
land; said Act grants also 130 acres to all Officers,
Non-commissioned Officers, Chapluins, Soldiers,
Wagon-masters, Teamsters, and friendly Indians,
of the Army, including Slate Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia?and all Officers. Seamen, Ordinary
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Landsmen, of th?
Navy, not heretofore provided tor, who have
served aot less than fourteen days (unless iu bat
tle) at any period since 1776; and to the widows
and minor children of all such persons entitled,
and deceased.
This pamphlet contains "Forms of Application"
more full and complete than any elcewhere to be
found; adapted to the wants of every class ot
Claimants under the Act, with copious decisions
and instructions of the Department, and practical
suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the
facilities afforded by this office in securing prompt
and personal superintendence of their claims at the
Departments, can obtain copies of the above
pamphlet by remitting thirty cents iu postBKe
Inducements to Correspondents.
Correspondents who prepare and forwar.l ra^es
for management by this Agency will be dealt with
liberally; supplied with all necessary blank* gratis,
and kept constantly advised of the changes that
from lime to time occur in the execution of the
It is within the subscriber's power to direct his
Correspondents to the locality of very many per
sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob
tained several thousand Land Warrants under
former laws, be is in possession of data that wil
materially assist in securing additional bounty.
Fees, below the usual rates?and contingent
upon the admission ol Claims.
The highest cash prices givei for L-nd War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, anil Illinois Land
Address S. M. KNIGHT,
Washington City
March 17?law2m
from 1824 to 1854, inclusive, 1 volume.
Williams on Personal Property, with American
notes, 1 vol.
The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by
John Wm. Wallace, 1 vol.
The Creed of Christendom, by W. R. Greg.
Habits and Men. by Dr. Duran.
Guy Rivers, by William G inoreSimms, 1 vol.,
new edition.
Bits of Blarney, by R. Sheltcn Mackensie,
Bartley's Poems, 1 volume.
Lippencott'a Pronouncing Dictionary of the
World, 1 vol., 8vo. FRANCK TAYLOR.
Sept 15
1VI B. Warner, author of Dollars and Cents.
Mr. Rutherford's Children. Acc. JuM published
and for sale by R. FARN HAM,
May 5 Corner of Pa. avenue and 11th str*??.
A MEW WORK on the Catholicity ot the
J\ True Church.?The Golden Reed, or the
True Measure of a True Church, by B. F. Barrett)
price $1, just received
OHN H. BUTHHANN, Importer and
Dealer in Wine, Bran-ly, Cigars, Ate., Penp
sylvania avenue, south side, between 4J and 6th
streets, has received a part of his fall supplies :
Madeira, Sherry, Port, of various grades and
Cognac Brandy, pale and dark, Irom a very high
order to a fair article.
Scotch Whisky, Schiendam Gia, of superior
Jamaica Rum, Monongahela Whisky, extra
Caracoa, red snd white, (Anisette of Dussal
dorf on the Rhine.) Maraschino.
London Brown Stout.
Edinburgh Scotch Ale.
Champagne of Mumm's and Mori's Ac Chan
don's imperisl, Hvidsieck Ac Co., Mumm's, and
Moet Ac Chandon's Verzenay and de Rougeraent.
Also sparkling St. Peray. pink and white.
With an assortment of Havana Cigars.
Regalia El Ca?, Regalia la Viilanueva.
Es la Chay, Venezulano.
Viilanueva, Londres, Hiirnos. Arc.
Also, a large assortment of Rhine Wine, (some
sparkling) and French Wine, red and white, from
the highest price to a fine Bordeaux table Wine.
Dec 6
Ml H S BROOKE, from Philadelphia. will
lor young Ladies, on Monday, Sepitmbtr 10th,
lb50, at No. 138, Penn. Avenue, corner of
Seven Buildings and 19th street. Mias BROOKE
will be assisted by the most competent Profes
sors in every department.
A French lady, recently from Paris, is engaged
aa a resident governess, and every means will be
used to accomplish her pupil* in that language.
Drawing will be taught in various and elegant
"My friend, Mia* Brooke, is a moot estimable
lady, of great intelligence, whose qualifiatious as
a teacher, and whose accomplishments in English
literature, entitle her to high consideration.
" Mias Brooke ia well known to me as a lady
who is entirely capable of conducting successfully
the education of young ladies, and in every way
worthy of the patronage of parents.
The Right Rev. ALONZO POTTER, D. D.,
LL. D.,
Right Rev. O. W. DOANE, D. D., LL. D.
Professor A. DALLAS BACHE, Supt. Coast
Protestor JOSEPH HENRY, Sec'y of Smith
soian Institution.
Gen. JOHN M ASON, Washington, D. C.
JOHN S. MEEHAN, Esq , Librarian to Con
Hon. JAMES CAMPBELL. P. M General.
Hon. ELLIS LEWIS, Chief Justice of the S.
Court, Pn.
Hon. G. W. WOODWARD, Associate Judgo
of the S. Court of Penna.
Hon. GEORGE VAIL, M. C., N.Jersey.
Lieut. M. F. MAURY, LL. D., U. S. Observa
Circulars stating the terms to be had at the
principal Book Stores, or of Misa Brooke, No
138 Pa. Avenue.
August 30?3tawlm.
AX i; >1 O V I I*.S, Varieties, and ?hrluf
Pasts.?Anchovy Paste, genuiue, in jara.
Anchdviea in sauce, in pickle, and aalt.
Essence of Lobaters, Anchovies, and Shrimps.
Just received by
Dee 13?Stif No. 40, op. Centre Mark*

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