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~ WASH ING T 0IV SENTINEL.
____ ___ TRIWEEKLY. ?? CITY OF WASHINGTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 17, 1856. WASHINGTON' NKNTfY !. - I MbMHMKIi Tttl-WEKJILY ANI> WKKKI.y BY Kv KK1,K> TUCKKR \NI? WM M. OVERTON, IVurd's Building, near the Capitol, ? 'iT> dk Washington. TEEMS Tri '/eeVIv ''eeicly !'? ('Liiks uk 1nl>i viihjaijs, subscribing I' Ave or more copier? Tri-weekly per a.mum, in advance >?'! <)'> Weekly " , " I fiO E7"l*o*tiir?siers art- requested to act an intents. rr II E SON* OK TUE SIRES, A HIS I tory of the Rise, Progress, and Destiny ol ? lie American Parly, and its probable influence on the next Presidential election, to which ib added u Review of the Letter ol' the Hon. Henry A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by an Ame rican. The History ol Mason and Dixon's Line, con tained in an Addrvss delivered by John H. B. Latrobe, of Maryland, before the Historical So ciety of Pennsylvania, November 8, 1854. Miruna Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S. M. H Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M. D., with a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W. Warner. Just received and for sale by R. FARNHAM, Corner of Peun. avenue and 11th street. Feb 15 HAltPEK'S MAGAZINE lor September is a magnificent number, tilled with superior engravings, and for sale at Suilunqton's book store. The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep tetnber is one of the best that has been issued. Leslie's Ladies' Gazelle for September contains all the new Fall fashions. The Knickerbocker Magazinb for September. Godcy's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, ane. Putnam's Magazine, all lor September, received ?ti.il lor sale at SIHLLINGTON'S Bookstore, m 11E FAILURE of Free Society,?Soci I oloity for the South, or the Failure of Free Society, by George Filzhugh. On sale at TAYLOR & MAURV'S Hook Store, near 9th street. WATEK-COLOK PICTURES.? Messrs. TAYLOR & MAURY beg to an nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our citizens, the pictures now on exhibition at their store will be rallied lor. Eleven prizes; sixty ehances, at $5. April 12 Bookstore, near Ninth street. NEW WORK, by the Author of the Heir of Redclyfl'e. The Castle Builders, by the author ol the Heart's Ease, in paper covers; price 50 cents ; bound, 75 cents. lust published and for sale at TAYLOR & MAURY'S March 31 Bookstore, near Ninth street DON'T tMIL TO CALL. AT HOOD'S if you wi-li to purchase anything ill the way of line American, Loudon, or Geneva watches, thai can be relied on for the tru* time,) rich gold jewelry, pure ?ilver ware, &??.., Arc., and save from 15 lo !?< per cent as he is now receiving his Fall supply, which will be sold at the lowest wholesale rales. Kmc watches ami jewelry repaired, and war ant?*d lo ifive satisfaction H. O. HOOD'S i veil lie. between and Ml slreels^sign ol ? b>nte "preiid eaple. t VfKW ItDDKS KtCEIVEl) AT SHII, LIN'GTON'S Bookstore? 1 lie Uoild Family, by Charle? L>-ver, author of harles 0'Mai ley. (mind the Scenes, by L?dy Bniwer Lytton. The Lamplighter, one of the most fascinating ?ook? ever written. ft verything in the Book Newspaper, and Sta onery |;||f fur sale at JOE SHILLINGTON'S Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 44 street and Fa. avenue. 5 iM> 00 TO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND STRANGERS. WATCHliS.?Members of Con^reu and other# m wnntof |?erfect timekeeper* would do well to niHke their selections at once, in order to text their quality helbre leaving the ciiy. Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen was never so complete as at present, embracing ?very description, which we offer unu?uallv low. M. W GALT & BROTHER. Penu avenue, between Oth and 10th streets. Jan 19 DANIE1. WEBSTER.?Metan. Taylor Ac MAURY have a few of the original sub scribers'copies of the works of Daniel Webster, printed on very tine imperial paper, in which Mr. Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes; price S'-'O. T. ir M. are the only booksellers in the United States who have any copies in their jiossession. Mar 11 Bookstore near 9th st. MM: WATCHES A. RICH JEWELRY. HO. IIOOII, I'ennsylvania avenue, between , 4J and ?'nh streets, has just returned from ihe north with n good assortment of the most rich <nd ia?hion:ible Jewelry in the market, which he piin ha ?t?d for rash at very low prices, and now of ?>i> (or "Hie the same, at wholesale or retail, much li.M|>. r t han icoods of like quality have ever been ?<>M for in this section of country. Please call at hi- >iore. su?n of the large spread eagle. N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing ol matches by W. W. Hollingsworth. " KAILROAI) MAP OF THE UNITED STATES."?Tkis celebra ted "lap, recently eulogised by J*ieutrnant Mau ry, iu his " Virginia Letters," is on sale at TAYLOR fc MAURY'S Dec 1 Bookstore, near Ninth street. nOUTHEKN lltKik.?Origin of the Coii k^stitution; Incorporation of the General Gov ernment by the Stales; as national public agents in trust, with no sovereignty ; History of Copart nership Territories from the Virginia Deed, 17S4, to the Treaty with Mexico, 184S; Division of the Public Lands; Speqilic Duties; Origin and'History of the Puritans; Origin and C^ise of Trouble be tween the North and South, and Jeopardy of the Republic ; Leasl mode of Redress pointed out; by W. B. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price Two Dollars. On Male at BISHOP'S Periodical Store, No. 21% JVnnsylvinia avenue, adjoining Wizard's Hotel. Treble patent improved eye let Machine. First patent combined on one stock. Second patent, self-feeding <? the eyelets. Third patent, patent improved fastener, riveting both sides. All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine are strongly recommended to use none but " Lip man s Patent Improved,which is decidedly the best ever brought before the publiu, possessing numerous advantages, vis: It is strong, durable, and not liable to get oat of order. It punches the hole well and to fit the Eyelet, and in one operation clinches the Eyelet on both sides. It saves time, as the pspers, Ate., need not be reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a second time, as is the case with all other ma chines. , It is useful to the merchant in filing away papers, a? well as to the attorney or conveyancer, the shomaker, tailor, miliner, and numerous others, and is a very labor-saving machine. Agents for Washington, TAYLOR 3c MAURY, Book and Stationery Store, near 0th st May 21 READY MADE CLOTHING At REDUCED PRICES?Aa the season is advanced, we have determined to sell of! the remaining portion of onr winter stock at greatly reduced prices,; therefore gentleman wish ing to consult economy iu purchasing fine Over coats, Talmas Dress, Frock, and Business Coats; Black and Fancy Cashmere Pants; Velvet, Silk, Satin, and Merino Vests; Under Shirts and Drawer*, and all other ready made garments of fine quality, will find our present variety to be as well assorted as in the beginning of the season, with the advantage of much lower prices. WALL fc STEPHENS, 321 Ps. avenue, next to Iron Hall. Feb 24 / WOOD GAS.?CAUTION' BC It knowu that I, the subscriber ob tained letters patent in December, 1851, for an apparatus lor the destructive distillation oi wood, and the making therefrom of tar or pitch at pleasure, aud gas; and that in the judgment ol competent persons the invention of an appar tus recently patented by W. U. Porter cannot be used by him or any other person wituout infring ing my said patent. And, further, that what is patented by said Porter rightfully belongs to me, as I expect to prove ere long before the United State* Patent Office ; and, further, that the use of said Porter's invention involves also a process which I am now claiming before the United States Patent Oilice, and which has been adjudged to be patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which said W. D. Porter has formally disclaimed, as ap pears upon the public records ot said office, ol which an official copy is hereto annexed, and also a copy of his claims. In the National Inlelligeneer of the 25th instant Mr. Porter announces that he has secured by patent the "exclusive right to making gas from wood," and threatens presecution to all parties infringing his patent. I ask how this statement comports with the fact of my patent of December, 1851, and how far the threat can intimidate under such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was so understood by the Patent Office, as it appears from the records of the Patent Office that his claim was at first refused as interfering with a prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an equivalent contrivance. Thin claim, as given be low, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the saving clause, is what Mr. Porter calls securing the ''exclusive right to making gas from wood. The statement carries absurdity on its front, and is a libel on the good sense of the Patent Oilice If such a oluim or right had been granted, it would forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory in the country. The following copies of correspondence and extracts from the records of the Patent Office will show the true state of the ease : Unitb? States Patknt Offick, August 25, 1854. Sir. In reply to your letter of this date, asking " if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter, dated 23d August, 1854, or at any other time, or to any other person or persons, securing to him or them " the exclusive right of making gas from wood" and whether any such claim was made by W. D. Porter, under his application for a patent, which letters patent were issued bearing the above date, you are informed that W. D. Porter's claims are believed to be c nfined to his appara tus; and, further, this office is not aware that a patent has been granted heretofore for the exclu ! .live right of making gas from v>oud. It would, however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make an extended investigation to aoswer your re quest. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents. W. P. McConakLl, Esq., Care of Prof. C. G. Page, Washington, D. C. The United States Patent Office? To all persons to ?whom these presents shall come, greting : This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy from the files of this office of an extract from a Biper filed in the matter of the application of W. . Porter for letters patent, in accordance with which application letters patent were issued to the said W. D. Porter on the 22d day of August, eighteen hundred and fifty-four. In testimony whereof, I. Charles Mason, Com missioner of Patents, have caused the seat ot the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed [t,. s.] this 25th day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty four, and of the independence of the United States the seventy-nintb. C. Mason. Copy of disclaimer of W. D. Porter in his applicw tion for " an improved still for making wood gas"filed August 5, 1S54. Letters patent isnted August 22, 1S54. " I do not claim as my invention and discovery the improvement* in making gas from wood, viz: ttubjecting the product* of destructive distillation therefrom to n high degree of heat, substantially as has been described and for the purposes set lorth in the specification of W. P. McConnell." The United States Patent Office?To all persons to whom these presents shall come greeting : This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy from the records of this office of an extract from the specification of \V. D. Porter's patent, issued in the twenty second day of August, eighteen hundred and fifty-four. In testimony whereof, 1, Charles Mason, Com missioner of Patents, have caused the seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto , . affixed this twenty-fifth day of August, u B'J n the year of ouj Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, and of the independence of' the United Slates the seventy-ninth. C. Mason. Extract from Specification of IF. D. Perter on which letters patent were issued August 22, 1854. Claim.?What I claim as my invention and de sire to secure by letters patent is : " The construction of a gas apparatus or still, consisting of a metallic or other cylinder B, the cones E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe cification, and shown in the accompanying draw ings" The truth oftheo>beve may be ascertained from the records of the Patent Office, to which all have access. WM. P. McCONNELL, By his attorney CHAS. G. PAGE. MOKNINC; CiOWNS.? A large and fin asnortment, at all prices, for ?ale by WALL St STEPHENS. CI ONMEIVfi and Preserved Ginger and J Chow-Chow, Attea and Cboong Loong, Can toil, fresh importation. For sale by SHEKELL BROTHERS, No. 40, opposite the Centre Market. 1M)WARU LYCETT, Sen., Book-Binder, j Potomac Hsll, corner of Eleventh-*treef and Maryland avenue, over Clarke's Drug store, Wash ington, D. C. Every style of book-binding executed, either in velvet. Turkey Morocco, Russia, or fancy colors c*lf. Periodicals and Music neatly half bound. Mr. Ltcktt respectfully suggests to his friends that white mnch hss been done to transmit family records, little care has been taken to preserve pa rental likenesses. He takos this method to inform his friends, and th??e desirous ?f perpetuating per sonal remembrances, that daguerreotype like nesses can be inlaid on the inside covers of fami y bibles, presentation-hooks, or keepsakes, speci mens of which can be seen at his bindery, or he can be addressed by letter, whu-hwill be promptly attended to. Mathematical dictionak* and Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com prising definitions of all the terms employed in Mathematics, an snalysis of each brancn, and of the whole as forming a single science, by Charles Davies, L. L. D., suthor of a complete course of Msthematics, and Win. G. Peck, A. M , Assist ant Professor of Mathematics United States Mili ary Academy. Just published, and for sale at he Bookstore of R FARNHAM, STONH QIIAKRY.?I am prepared to ftir nish from my quarry, opposite the Little Falls ami adjoining the quarry of the late Timothy O'Neale, any quantity of stone that may be needed tor building purposes. Apply to the undersigned st his house on H, between 19th and 20th streets, in the First wnrd, or to Mr. Paine, at the quarry. July 27 WILLIAM B. SCOTT. (^OIHIWRNTARIE* on the Jurisdiction J Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the Court* of the United States, vol. 1, by George Ticknor Curtis. History of the Crusades, their Ri*e, Progress, snd Results, by Major Proctor, of the Royal Military Academy. C'umming's J^ectures on the Seven Churehe*. On ssle at TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookstore, Nov 16 ncar 0th street. PROSPECTUS OK THK "WASHINGTON SENTINEL." I PRO POSE to publish in the city of Washiuw ton, in September, a political newspaper, un der the name of" the WASHINGTON SEM I NEL. In doing so, it is proper I should make known the principles it will maintain, and the policy ii will advocate. It will support cordially and earnestly the prin ciples of the DemocrtUic. party of the United St at? it does not propose to be the organ of any Depart ment of the Government, except in so far as an in dependent maintenance of the doctrines of that party may represent its opinions and express its views. It will not be ambitious to commend itself to the people by a blind flattery of their rulerH. It will seek public t jpport by the bold avowal of the sentiments wnieb are common to the genuine Democracy of the Union, and by the condemna tion of all such as may conflict with them, from whatever quarter they may come. It will seek to be (and it will endeavor to deserve the title) the organ of the Democratic party of the Hnitad States. The Sentinel will maintain, as a fundamental truth of that great party, that the States formed the Union between them by the ratification of the Con stitution as a compact; by which, also, they created the Federal Government, and delegated w it, as their common agent, tbe power* expressly specified in it, with an explicit reservation of all others to the States, or to their separate govern ments. The exercise of any powei*fc beyond th?se thus delegated, is, therefore, nn usurpation of the reserved authority of the States by the agent 01 their own creation. The Sentinel will uphold and defend the Union upon the basis of the rights of th? States?under the Constitution?and thus by sedulously guarding the latter, it will the more effectually strengthen and perpetuate the former. With regard to the exercise of the powers of the Fetsral Government, the Sentinel will take as the \ rinciple* of its action, that Congress shall ex ercis no power which has not been delegated by the C. nstitution, according to a strict ana fair in terpret iion of its language and spirit; and that it shall nt seek to attain indirectly an object through the exei ine of constitutional power, for the direct attainme t of whieh it has no delegation of power. In other words, all tiowere exercised must be clearly gra ted, aud ail granted powers must be used for no >urpose, except such as is e!e?rlv in tended by th Constitution. In respect to the internal administration of the Government, the Sentinel will sustain the settled policy of the Democratic party. It will labor to inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in ternal policy:?that this Government will best promote the freedom and prosperity of the people of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise power, and more anxious to preserve liberty \ and by leaving to the individual States the manage ment of all their domestic concerns?while it con tents itself with guarding the confederacy from external violence, and directing the foreign policy of the country to the promotion of the common interests, and defence of the common rights, and honor of the States composing it. The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies, and correspond with the expanding interests of the country. That policy should be energetic and de cided; but should temper firmness with liberality, and make its highest ends consist with the strictest principles of justice. The real interests of the country, upon each occasion demanding attention will be its guide in iht course the Sentinel wil pursue. The national policy of the world in this age is essentially aggressive. In th* growing sense ot weakness of some of the nations of the Old World, and the ambitioua restlessness of others, a com mon motive to colonial extens'on haa developed self. . Our settled deteamination to repel interference from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil prompt ua to avoid it in the affairs of other ooun tries, unless by their foreign or colonial policy our peace should be threatened, our aecunty endan gered, or our interesta invaded. For when the selfish interests of other nation* prompt a foreign I or colonial policy which infringes upon our rights, and plaoea in the pathway of our commerce a dangeroua and unfriendly rival, aucha policy muat be reaiated by remonstrance, and, if need be, Wy war. Our foreign policy ahould, indeed, be defensive, but to be properly defensive, it muat sometimes be apparently aggressive. Our administration should be vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world is full of important movementa, commercial and political, deeply concerning American trade and American power. It la time we had an American"* foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot avoid it if we would. We have larger interests, and a greater atake in the world and its destiny, than every other people. We occupy the best portion of a continent, with bo neighbors but a colony, and a worn-out, anarchical despotism. W e are the olny people whose own land, without colonial de fendencies, ia waahed by the two great oceana of the world. Our agricultural productions are more varied and more essential to civilized life, and t<* human progress?our mineral and manufacturing resourcea more vast?our facilities and capacity tor internal and foreign commerce more extended chan those of any other people living under one government. A continent, to a great extent, un explored and exhaustless in ita yet hidden wealth it at our feet. European trade aeeka the great hast through avenues which are at our doors, or must be made through our own limits. Europe, Asia, Africa, and the isles of the sea, lying all around us. look to us as the rising power, through the agency of whose example, and ever widening and extending, though peaceful influences, the bless ings of liberty, civilisation, and religion, are des tined to triumph over the barbarism and supersti tion of the millions of the world. And shall such a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and act upon the high mission to which it is called? A mission ao full of hone, though so laden with re'sponsibiltty, which, if properly directed, must make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to the world, as well aa the peaceful arbiter of ita destiny. The Sentinel will, therefore, advocate a bold and earnest foreign polUf, such as the condition 01 the country demands; but it will advocate it under the flag of the country?nowhere else. Ita foreign policy muat be conaistent with the spotless honor and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To be reapectable at home and abroad, and to be great in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing but what is right, and aubmit to nothing that is wrong. It must be liberal and magnanimoua to the rights of othera, and firm and immoveable in insisting on ita own. It must, in fine, be ,rue '? its own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then be false to those of other nations. Such, then, is the chart by which we shall be guided. Independent and free, we shall endeavor tu be honest and truthful. The true friends ot democratic principles we shall cordially support and defend. Its enemies in the field or in ambush we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions dej nounre. To our future brethren of the press we extend the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the rival of no press of its own party?the personal enemy of none of the other. The present Democratic Administration has our Vert wishes for its success in the estsblishment ot the great principles upon which it came into power; and in its honest labors to attain such an end it will find the Sentinel its friend and coadjutor. I ATER YEARS. t>y the Author of "the j Old House by the River." Mr. Rutherford's Children, second volume. Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miacellaneoua Poems, by Charles Lelsnd Potter, A. M. General Notions of Chemistry, translated from the French, by Edmund C. Evans, M. D. The Land of the Saracens, by Bayard Tayler. Brushwood picked upon the Continent; or Last Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orville Horwitc. ^ . ii The above are selected from a lsrge ?* ?.w books at TAYLOR & MAURY S j\ t f> Bookstore, near 9th st. UtFEKKEU ARTICLES'. From the New York Times of Thursday. Flllibuster* Off-Tlie Star of the Went & tilled?Five Puiinge" Arre?te?I. In the Star of the West, wfcich was an nounced to leave her pier yesterday at 3 o clock p. in., for Nicaragua, it was currently reported a number of men were to leave to join the Walker Government. The rumor larther pre vailed that the parties arrested on the Northern Light, leaving their bail of $3,000 each, were to embark with them. The party leaving in the Star of the West were said to have been engaged prior to the departure of the Northern Light, and intended as a detachment to lollow the party prepared to leave in the latter steamer. A re petition of the scenes attending the depar ture of the Northern Light was accordingly looked for. The steamer got off fifteen minutes after her designated titne. Sonreurrests how ever, previously took place of parties on board, and there was some consequent excitement and flutter. Before entering upon a descrip tion of the scenes on the whart and on the steamer, we give our reporter's statement of preliminary matters. at toe distkict attorney's office. Mr. McKeon had received intimation from several sources, during the past lew days, that a company of filibusters would go iu the Star of the West. Several of the leading parlies had been mentioned to him. Yesterday, an affidavit was made by a certain party, alleging the facts of the proposed embarkation of such company, upon whom warrants were made out and placed in the hands of the United States Marshal for the arrest of several who were de clared to beamong'.the number of the intended expeditionists. . Meanwhile the following letter was received from the Presided of the Accessory Transit Company: Office of the Accessoky Transit Company, New York, Jan. 9, 1856. Hon. J. McLeon, U. S. District Attorney. Dear Sir?I beg to hand you, inclosed, a copy of a letter from J. R. Male on the subject of payment for the passage of some one hun dred and twenty five persons, who propose to go out iu our ship to day. As the letter inclcsed contains all the information we have of the passengers referred to, we can see no objection to taking them. If, however, you have any such information as would render their going out in our ship a violation of any laws of the United States, or any treaty obligation, have the goodness to send it to me by the bearer, and thereby oblige Your most obedient servant, THOMAS LORD, President. The ensuing is the inclosed letter referred to above: New York, Jan. 8, 1856. Mr. Morgan?Dear Sih: One hundred and twenty-five mechanics and laborers, anxious to proceed to Nicaragua, but being uuable to pay their passage, have called upon me to assist them. They agreed to pay their passage money upon arrival. The Government of Nicaragua being heavily in my debt, I am prepared to offer a bill on sight, payable in Granada (or the full amount. Please provide the bearer with the necessary tickets. Yours, kc > JOSEPH R.MALE. Accompanying the above was the following appended note from Parker H. trench: Mr. J. R. Male?Sir: You you ask me the question " will I accept a bill as above alluded to?" I answer I will accept your draft in favor of Charles Morean, or order for four thousand dollars. PARKER H. FRENCH. Here follows the reply of Mr. Joachimssen, which explains itself: Sovthern District of Nf,w \ ore, U. S. District Attorney's Office, Jan. 9, 1856. SIR;?Your note and inclosure was received about 11 i o'clock, a. m., when I wns about to go to court. Mr. McKeon, I regret to say, is detained at home by indisposition, and it be comes my duty to reply to you. The letter of Mr. Male, and its endorsement by Mr. French, indicate that the men proposed to be sent out ' in your ship to-day are connected with the parties whom the President has declared to be the invaders of the State of Nicaragua. I have other evidence showing that the intention of the parties is not that of being laborers, but that they are part of an organized armed expedition. I have also evidence that sundry parties belonging to that expedition have already had tickets issued to them varying from the regular course of business. Suc h arrange ment, if carried out, I must look upon as infractions of the law of the United States. Very respectfullv, P. J. JOACHIMSSEN, Acting U. S. District Attorney. Thomas Lord, Esq.. President of the Accessory Transit Company. Immediately subsequent to the reception of the letter of Mr. Lord, and before waiting to reply to the same. Mr. Joachimssen telegraphed to the Attorney General, at W ashington, that from facts in his possession, necessity might arise for the .interference of the President of the United States to detain the steamer Star of the West. Simultaneously with sending this dispatch, he caused instructions to be imparted to Judee Phillips, counsel for the filibusters arrested on the Northern Light to have the entire number then arrestrd and on hail that afternoon at 3 o'clock, at his office. Th.s was to prevent the escape of any on board the Star of the West. At 2 p. m., Mr. Joachimssen, aecompained by the United States Marshal, Mr. Thompson, and Deputy Marshals De An trelis, Horton. Ryer, Weeks and Miller, pro ceeded on board the Star of the est. SCENE OK BOARD THE STEAMER. Upon the arrival of the District Attorney and Marshals at Pier No. 3, where the Star of the West'lay, the wharf, despite of the intense cold, was densely crowded with a large nnm her of people, convened thus early in the anxious expectation of a rich entertainment. The throng were not slow to discover the official character of the visitants, and their appearance wasaccordinglygreeted with mingled cheers and groans. Passengers were then coming on with their luggage, and on board the steamer there was manifested the tumult and excitement that usually precede departure. The District At torney was received very courteously by Cap. tain Miner and Mr. Cowles, the apent of the transit company. His business being made known, he was told he could make such ex amination of the passengers as he choose. Mr Offden, one of the Directors of the Transit Company, stated that since the receipt of Joaehimssen's letter, as given above, the Com pany had declined to accept the arrangements proposed by Mr. Male. The Marshals then arrested the following persons : Captain Mace, Lieutenant Kneass, Charles Smith, Joseph Price, and William Bell. William Littleford, Thomas Craig, and Robert Love, whose names were embraced in the warrant of arrest, could -not be found. AH the parties arrested had tickets, as also was found to be the case with all on board. The arrested parties strongly pro tested against removal from the steamer. Cap tain Mace, it will be remembered, was among the passengers on the Northern Light. A war rant watt then issued for his arrest, but up to yesterday he was not to be fuuud. COUNCILMAN KERRIGAN REALLY OFF. Councilman Kerrigan was on board in full feather, but was allowed to remain unmolested, lie assured our reporter that he was going to Nicaragua, and under him and accompanying him were fifty as rough vagabonds as the im mortul Thirteenth Council District could possi bly produce. He refrained from pointing them out, but quiutly added that their external ap pearance had been wisely cared for by proper and interested parties. ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DESPATCH. At a few minutes before three o'clock was handed Mr. Joachimssen the following tele graphic despatch: Attorney General's Office, Washington, Jan. 9. Joseph McKeon,esq., United States District Attorney, New York: Yours by telegraph, of this date, is received. The President has or dered Captain Bigelow to arrest and detain the Star of the West on your advice, and desires you to act on proper proof. C. CUSHINO. Mr. Joachimssen announced that the steamer might depart, there being no ground; he stated, for her detention since the arrests above had been effected. At 3^ o'clock her plank was drawn in, and, amid deafening cheers and hearty responses by the passengers, the Star of the West left her pier and gallantly proceeded out the harbor. DISPOSITION OF THE ARRESTED. The parties placed under arrest were taken to the District Attorney's office. Captain Mace and Lieutenant Kneass were ordered to give bail in the sum of $5,000 each, and Smith, Price, and Wells, they being only privates, in the sum of $500 each. All the previously arrested parties were at the District Attorney's office at three o'clock, as directed. From the New York Times. THE BAKER TRIAL. Personal Sketches of the Fighting Men. The class of men who have been brought forward so prominently in connection with the trial of Baker for the murder of Poole, are a study in themselves. They are daily in attend ance at the Court of Oyer and Terminer, either as witnesses or parties indicted as accessories to the crime. Not a little curiosity is mani fested by the crowds who are in patient wait ing to see the people whose title to the general cognomen of the "Fancy" is quite undisputed. As a class, these men are " shoulder hitters," that is to say, fellows who are trained to deal dreadful blows''straight from the shoulder;" who can fell an ox if they like ; and who are especially to be feared when they bring their "maulers" into play upon the human face di vine. Getting a man "into chancery"?having a "plug muss"?hitting "over the nob," and so on, are their principal expedients for passing away time ana making the most of a little. In physical development, they are a splendid set of fellows?all muscle and no flesh. Poole him self was a fine example of muscular strength. His arm was solid and firm as though it had been formed of any other material than ordi nary flesh; its thickness was that of a common man's leg. Hyer, who is in fact a retired "ar tist,"' and now altogether a peaceable man, stands upwards of six feet without his boots; and how Sullivan could have been courageous enough to stand up to pepper such a mountain, js a little marvellous. Hyer, however, cannot now be ranked as a fighting man, and is on the retired "lay." TBE PRISONER BAKER. The principal centre of attraction among the indicted parties is the prisoher?Louis Baker. He is a large man, but not so muscular as he is fleshy. His height is about 5 feet 11; hair brown, curling closely to his head ; eyes blue; complexion florid; lips very thick and protrud ing; mouth not often compressed; a pleasant expression of face ; a rotuudily of person; and a general appearance which does not savor of a very blood thirsty disposition. He is a Welch man by birth, but came to this country when very young, and has since resided here?prin cipally in the Eighth ward of this city. He was a member of the police force for a number of years, but resigned in consequence of a dif ficulty in which he became involved, distinct from his troubles with Poole. While Baker was in the police, he purchased a revolver for the avowed purpose of defending himself, and this was done after consultation with Mr. Charles Burdett, whd at the time was clerk to the Mayor, and who declined to apply to the Mayor for permission to Baker to arm himself. Baker told Burdett that " Poole and his gang" were after him, and that he intended to protect himself. Before this, Poole had "gouged" the eyes of Baker during the affray which has been known in the course of this trial as the "Gem difficulty,"and the prisoner now charged with the murder was then in fear of his own life?at least, so he declared at the time, and so the witnesses on his behalf have testified during the past week. Baker's age it probably 30. He has been at sea as a whaleman, de serted at the Sandwich Islands, was appointed policeman here through the interest of Poole, with whom he was once on terms of intimate friendship ; bat becoming infatuated with the society of the "fancy," he joined with the Morrissey party, which was always bitterly op posed to Poole. He is now on trial for his life, but appears to have very little concern in the issue of the case. JOHK MORRISSEY. John Morrissey is a stalwart Irishman; six feet high, very broad in the shoulders, with hair intensely black and coarse, eyebrows heavy and lowering, and a pair of keen eyes, black as jet. He is fashionably dressed in uu exceptionable broadcloth, and hat* a quiet manner, in ordinary intercourse. He associates with the anti-Pool party, of which he is the acknowledged head ; and if there is any sub division of the parties, according to nationali ties, he represents the Irish section, as in con tradistinction to the Native Americans, headed by Poole during his lifetime. Morrissey has been iutimate with Irving, Baker, and the rest of that party, and now awaits his trial for par ticipation in the murder of Poole. His age is 24; and he has a family. JOHNNT LTNO. An immense specimen of humanity is Mr. Johnny Lyng. Very powerfully built, six feet in height, with blue eyes, and a red beard and moustache, with an expression of faco that is not at all like that of a bully. J. Lyng is a man whom one wishes to look at a second time. He is the person who kept the saloon up stairs at the north-west corner of Broadway and Canal street, where it wag supposed Baker lay bid. He is not concerned in tbU trial, ex cept as a witness. " PAUDEEN." Paudeen signifies a la Hiberriicc, u Little Paddy." It is the title by which Mr. Patrick McLaughlin is generally known. It is comical to an initiated person (they say?we don't pre tend to know) to hear this man addressed as Mr. Pargene?very few ever getting his name anywhere near right. Paudeen is the particu lar friend of Baker, as Danul Cunningham is of Morrissey. He (" Paudeen") is a small man, with au much spirit as the biggest of of them, and just as ugly in a fight, we make no doubt. He is hardly five feet high, with a red moustache and a goatee, and has been very quiet since the Poole business, in consequence of having been one, of the first parties arrested and committed for the act. He, too, awaits his trial. POST. John R. Post is a wagon maker by trade, bat a great friend of Pool* by profession; and he is pretty well identified as the man who went into the back, room at Stanwix Hall and be gan to "haul" Morrissey around. No shoot ing is charged to his account. TOM HYER. Thomas Hyer at one time 4idid the business" for Yankee Sullivan, but since that event has retired from active participation in such little amusements. He is a man of superb propor tions ; and so long as other people let him alone, has the reputation of letting them alone. He is nearer seven feet high than six; has a determined expression, dark hair and dnrk eyes, a prominent nose, and a grip in his hand like that of an iron vice. He is a great Whig Eolitician, and was a warm friend of Poole, lis age is about 35. DANIEL CUNNINGHAM. Cunningham is in bad health. He is con sumptive. A paper-stainer by trade, he is too ill to do any work. He cherishes a deep re gard for Morrissey, takes him home when he is beside himself with liquor, lies down on the sofa to keep him from going out again till he is thoroughly sober, and exercises a kind of fra ternal protection over him. On the night of the quarrel this young gentleman took Morris sey under his wing and got him home, and kept him there. Cunningham is twenty-six years old. CT. SHAT AND THE REST OF THXM. Cy. Shay was an intimate of Pool's. He wept over him when he was shot, and has been a witness for the defence in this case. His character as a man of truth and veracity has been impeached by persons on the stand during this trial. We believe he has the reputation of being a Scotchman, further than this, his per sonal history is unknown. Turner, James Irving, Harvey Young and the rest of the parties whose names are brought in question, are not as particularly prominent in the annals as to call for a special portrait. We have indicated the particularities of the* prominent individuals. The fate of those who are implicated in this Poole tragedy will proba bly be governed by the result in the case of Baker, who is at present on trial alone. Meanwhile the interest of the public in the progress of the trial remains unabated, and th? reader's appetite is sharpened by the daily de velopments of the case. It seems odd that two opposing bodies of men of this stamp should be able to find play in one city, large even as New York is for the exer cise of their calling; and still more curious, that an event of this character brings them all together for the public inspection within the limits of a confined courtroom. Such a scene is not likelyto occur again for a long time to come, as it has not happened for a very lone time past. Two classes of fighting men, it seem, exist. One set is known as " artists the others are " suckers." It is a distinction, but looks Tery much like a distinction withoot a difference. An artist is a gentleman who knocks a man's brains endways only by special arrangement? tbnt is to say, a prize fighter, who does np your little affair scientifically. A judtrron the con trary, is, in fighting parlance, a man who biter and gouges, and mauls on all occasions, and is not a " scientific"' man. There is great pro fessional delicacy about these terms?and as the Ttmes would not on any account misrepre sent anybody, it has virtuously abstained from elassifying any individual of this " crowd" as either an " nrtist"' or a " sucker." It is difficult to decide when doctors disagree. From the New York Journal of Commerce. New York ai a t-?rae Market. We question whether there is a market in the world supplied with as great a variety of wild game as the city of New York. Not only do the vast regions of the West and Canadas afford their contributions, but wherein they fail, Europe is drawn upon to make up the de ficiency. All descriptions of good game brought to market are readily bought up. Venison may be placed at the head of the list of choice game. The carcasses are gene rally forwarded from different points at the West in a frozen state, and meet with ready sale. Woodcock brings the highest price of any bird brought to market, ana is to be had from the 1st of July to about the 1st of December. It is estimated that about 40,000 are brought to the city during the season, of which 15,000 are received at Fulton market. Prices range from 40 cents to $1 per brace, and average say 75 cent*. Partridges or pheasants are seen from Sep tember to the 5th of January, when their sale is prohibited by law. Like the Woodcock, this choice bird is to be found in all the surround ing country, but especially in the Eastern States. At least 300 are brought to the city per day, or say 36,000 during the four months; average price 75 cents. Quails bring from $1,50 to $2,50 per dozen during the fall months, but during the winter, when they may be tracked on the snow, they are takeu in immense quantities in the Western States, and brought to the city by tons; average price, $1 per dozen. Grouse and Prairie hens came exclusively from the West. In winter they are very abundant, when they are trapped in greet numbers, and sell as low as 50 cents to $1 per pair. It would be impossible to compute the number brought to the city, but one dealer in Fulton Market has bought at one transaction to the amount of $1,100. Hares are to be found in Canada, and some few in this State; also, in Rhode Island. In winter their their skin is perfectly white. This animal is not as highly esteemed here as in England. Price, about 50 cents per pair. About 3,000 are annually brought to the city, mostly from the British provinces. The small gray rabbit is quite plentiful all around us, and probably some 10,000 are brought to market in the season. Average price 37$ cents a pair. Wild Ducks.? Canvass back ducks are undoubtedly the best game of this variety any . . .. A WASHINGTON SEXTLN EL TERMS OF ADrERTISIMO. One ?outtrr (twelve liucsj 1 ilinftioi !?<? !A) Q " Tf " ? 1 " I 00 " 1 week 3 00 " I month ft <?0 Business cards, uot exceeding mix line* (or Dot less than six mouths, inserted at haltprwe. Yearly advertisement* subject to special ?r range me nt. Long advertisements at reduced rates. Religious, Literary, and Charitable notice* in serted gratuitously. All correspondence e* business must be prepaid where to be found. Those of the right flavor cone from the Susquehana and Potomac riveVa where they feed on the wild celery, and in the latter part of November, and all through December, are fat and fine. They last until late in the spring. Probably 20,000 are brought to tbis city, many are sent to Europe in the steamers. Princes range from $1 to $3 per brace. Red head ducks use pretty mmeh the same food, and are highly esteemed by epicures. Many of them are killed on Long Islana. They average from 75 cents to$l per pair. Wild geese are very abundant. Some seasons proba bly 3,000 to 5,000 are killed for thia market, and bring on an average, $1 per head. Brant are probably the best bait water duck. We have them in the spring and fall from Long Island, aud sometimes, during the winter, from the south. They are of a delicate construction, and are unable to endure the cold of a northern climate. About 5,000 are sold here, at from 75 cents to $3 a pair. In May they are very fat, and the best duck at that, season. The mallard is another very fine duck, found on our lakes and rivers. About 2,000 are brought to this market. The black duck, widgeon and broad bill, abundant in our waters, especially on the sea-shore, are scarcely inferior in quality. They are to be found in the market from fall until late in the spring. About 30,000 are aunually sold here, at an average of 50 cents to 62$ cents per pair. We also receive from Virginia, during the winter months, an immense quantity of Virginia or gray duck, which are very fine. About 20,000 come to this market. The blue aod green tail is another duck in much demand, and of which about 5,000 are received. Plover and Snipe.?Of this tribe there aro some six or eight kinds, and there are proba bly 10,000 dozen sold here during the year. At least 10 to 15 per cent, of ull the game attempted to be brought to this market, is lost on its way, either from changes in the weather, or ignorance on the part of those forwarding it. The latter often neglect to take proper precaution in packing, to see that all the natu ral or animal heat is first removed. Unless this is done, the flesh is sure to change. Wild Pigeons are very abund?ut at some seasons. There have arrived here in one day 2,000 dozen, and they sell from 50 cents to $1 50 per dozen. The average number sold here each year is estimated to be 25,000 dozen, though the quantity varies widely in different years. One dealer in Fulton market has re ceived sixty barrels, or 1,500 dozen, in a single day, which had beeu caught in this State and Pennsylvania, and were forwarded over the Erie railroad. The European trade in American game is extensive, as the steamers afford a rapid and prompt means of transportation. Large quan tities of canvass-back ducks are sent <:it, as nothing like it is to be had abroad. Oil the other hand, we import English pheasants. Scotch grouse, and occasionally a few hares. Miss Slay, th? American Prims Donnt, In Paris. An American cantatrice ia rising on the mu sical horizon, says the Paris correspondent of the Philadelphia North American, and, to judge from present efforts, bids ft?ir to shed abroad no faint light, when she attau.i to her noonday attitude; or, in mor? appropriate language, to make her roulades and Jiorduic heard some day far and wide. Miss May is the name of this American swan, or nightingale, which ever appellation the lady most delights in?a songstress not unknown, if I am rightly in formed, to the musical world of Philadelphia, and now just returned with renewed inspira tion, from Italy, from the land of song itself, where primo tenures of the Pergola and Apol lonicon have almost quarrelled who should sing duos with the fresh soprano from the far West. It was, I suppose, the still lingering impulses of Italian sky, and air, and feeling, which aided Miss May to throw off with so much expression and brilliancy the "Casta Diva " and "2>j Via ver"?those exquisite reminiscences of Grisi in her young days?in the salons of your for mer townsman, Mr. Walsh; where, may it be permitted me to observe en passant, the French soiree of politer times, tho old, elegant, high bred sairee of former days, be-fore it was dis figured into an imitation of tho vulgar English "ront"?a fitting name, truly, for crowds w here people go to show their clothes for want of wit ?seems to have establiftbed one of its few re maining places of refuge, and to be eagerly fol lowed by some of the elite of the American and Parisian society, of the capital. Such an audi ence Miss May delighted last week with a dis play of her now cultivated vocal powers upon the difficult pieces I have mentioned, as well as upon several others equally trving. Her voice is a fine soprano, of great power, volume, and composs,and the inflexibility of which, natural more or less to such qualities, si e appears to have completely conquered, and brought it, by severe training, under complete command. Perfect ease, self-possession, and confidence of power, give great effect to Mi?s May's style of singing, while her early instruction in sound ecclesiastical and classic music of the old school has imparted that sontcnuto power so sareiy met without those who have sung only the music of Bardi or Beliii,:. Perhaps?for a word of critioism must be tiirown in lest I ap pear to be penning only an elogy?perhaps Miss May has something yet to learn of the finished graces of style suited to the salon. She sings, and chases her pieces as though accus tomed to a larger locale, as, for instance, a church, and has not yet attained the faculty of moderating her powers with tie delicacy of feel ing we are accustomed to in such old favorites as Madame Sabatier and others of our favorite concert singers. But the transition is easy where there are power and taste, and of her possession of these attributes, Miss May has given us ample testimony. I sincerely hope that when she revisits the shores of America, she may be received with the eclat of a "stranger," while at the same time she disarms all animos ity, even that of the Know-notnings themselves, by the display of her "native" talent. Largc Mail Robbxkv.? The Cleveland (Ohio) Plain Dealer says : u We are informed that the through letter mail bags made up at Sandusky for New York and Buffalo were stolen last Wednesday night from the mail-wagon in their transit from the post office to the cars. The bags were on the top of the wagon when it left the office, and it is supposed, under cover of the darkness, some rascal who knows how to st< al, and knowing which bags to take, passed them to a confede rate who knows how to hide. 1 he loss must be considerable, as the bankers and business men of Sandusky suspended business on the day before, and the post office was closed, it being New Year's day. The letters, of course, accumulated, and it is known that five thou sand dollars were in said bags from Sandusky bankers alone, and probably as much more from others." As^In Birmingham Eng., they have pa tented malleable cast-iron pens.