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V0L 3 TRIWEEKLY. CITY OF WASHINGTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24, 1856. WASHINGTON SKVI'iVKf. IS IMIBi.lMIM. TRI-WEEKI.Y ANU- WKKU.Y BV ilKvKMI.E> TUCKHl aNH WM M. OVERTON, Word's Building, near the Capitol, I'UV OV WASHINGTON. TERMS. ?Tri-Weekly 5 00 Weekly.... 2 00 To CLUkb or 1m?iviuuai-s, subscribing ?<> tive or utore co|ue*? Tri-weeLly per a inum, in udvance i.f 0 ' "Weekly " " 1 ? JET"Postmasters are requested to act a* agent*. rp II Id SONS OF THE SIKICS, A HIS lory of ibe Rise, Progress, and Destiny ol (lie American t'uriy, and its probable influence cn lhe next Presidential election, to which is added a Rev ew of the Letter ol the Hon. Henry A. Wise against the Know-nothing.-, by an Ame rican. The History ol Mason and Dixon's Line, con tained til all Addr.ss delivered liy John 11. 15. Lairobe, ol" Maryland, Jielore the Historical So ciety of Pennsylvania, November S, 1854. Mirauu Elliot, or the Voice ol the Spirit, by S. M. H Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M. D.,with a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, by Harriet W. Warner. Just received and Ibr sale by R. PARNIIAM, Corner of Penn. avenije and 11th street. Feb 15 H AltPk-lt'S MAGAZINE lor September is a ma;tniticent number, lilled with superior engravings, and lor sale at Shilunoton's book store. The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep tember is one of the best that has been issued. Leslie's Ladies' Gazelle for September contain* all the new Fall fashions. The Knickerbocker Magazine for September. Godey's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, ano Putnam's Magazine, ail lor September, received and lor sale at SIIILLINGTONS Bookstore, r?A IIIC KAI I,U K Id of Free Society?Snct | ology Ibr the South, or the Failure of Free Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at TAYLOR At MAURY'S Konk Store. nenrMlh ?lre?-t WATER-tOLOH P I C T U It 12 S. Messrs. TAYLOR At MAURY beg loan nouuee that, at the suggestion of several of our citizens, the pi -iures now on exhibition at their store will be rallied Ibr. Lieven prizes; sixty chance*, nt SO. April 12 Bookstore, near Nmih street. NEW WORK, by the Author of tlic lielr of Redely tie. The Castle Builders,by the auihorol the Heart's Ease, in paper covers; price 00 cents ; bound, To cents. J ust published and for sale at TAYLOR Jc MA.URY'3 March 31 Bookstore, near Nirtli street DON'T CVIL TO CALL AT HOOD'S if you wish i<? purchase anything in the way of line American, London, or Geneva watches (that can be relied on Ibr the true time,) rich ? gold jewelry, pure silver ware. Ate., Are., and sive from 15 io per cent, as he ts uow receiving his Fall supply, which will be sold ai ihe lowest whole-ale rales. Fine wniches and jewelry repaired, and war ranted to give satisfaction. H. O. HOOD'S Pa. rtveuue, between 4i and otb streets, sign o; the lurife loread eajjle NldW HOOKS RECEIVED AT SlIII. LIN'GTON'S Bookstore? Tile Dodd Family, by Cbxrle* Lever, author ol Charles O'Malley. Uehiud the Scenes, by Lady Hulwer Lytion. Thv Lamplighter, oos -if the tn<>?t tasemattng book- ever written. Kverything in ihe Book Newspaper, and Sta xnery line lor sale at JOE SIHLLINGTON'S Bookstore. Odeon Building, corner 4} ______ ' street and Pa. avenue. TO MEMBERS OE CONGRESS AND STRANGERS. WATCHES.? Members of Congress and others in waniol perfect timekeepers would do well to make their seleelious at once, in order to lest iheir quality liefore leaving the ci y. Our assortment for both Ladies and Gentlemen was never so complete as at present, embracing ? very description, which we oiler unusually low. . M. W GALT At BKO l HER. Penn. avenue, beiweeu 9th and 10th streets. Jan IS DAMIvl, WEBSTER Messrs. Taylor At MAURY havtf a lew of the original sub scribers' eopies ol ihe works of Daniel Webster, printed on very tine imperial paper, in which Mr Webster inscribed bis nsine. Six volumes: price S'^0. T. At M. are the only booksellers in the United States who have any copies in iheir possession. M?r 11 Bookstore near9ih st. PINE WATCHES RICH JEWELRY. HO. HOOD, Pennsylvania avenue, between . 41 and 6ib streets, has just returned Iroiu the norlh with a good assortment of the most neb nid fa-bionahl? Jewelry in ihe market, which he purchased for cash at very low pricen, and now ol leis tor sale me same, at wholesale or retail, much cheaper than good? of like quality have aver been ?old lor hi this section of <Jountry. Plaase call al his More. ?ign oflhe large spread eagle. N. It. S|?ecial attention paid to ihe repairing ol walchea by W. W. Hollmgsworth. 44 DOOM'S* KA1UROAD MAI* OF THK x UWITKU HI ATKS."-This cel?-bra led Map, recently eulogized I>y Lieutenant Mau ry, in hia "Virginia Letter*." i* on sale at TAYLOR Ac MAURY'S Dec 1 Bookstore, near Ninth nireet. SMIUTIIKRN BOOK.. Origin of tl?e < <?n ^ siitution; Incorporation ol I be General Gov ermneiit t>y the S>tatt?; a? national public agents in Ira*t. with no sovereignty ; History ol Copart nership Ternioric* from the Virginia Deed, 17S4, to the Treaty wnh MeKicO, l&lfit; Division ol tlie Public Laud*; Sfirvilic Dime*; Origin and History el'the Pafima'i Origin and Cause ol' Trouble be tweeu the North and South, and Jeopardy ol' the Republic, Legal mode o'' Redress pointed out; by W H. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina, l'nce Two Dollar*. On Male at BISIIOP'M Periodical Store, No. U\G IVnn?\lv uin avenue, adjoining Willard'a Hotel rrKKIII.E PATENT IMPKOVEl) EVE J[ let Machine. First patent combined on one stock. Second patent, self feeding in theeyeleta. Third patent,'patent improved fastener, riveting both Mde?. All partiea in want of a (rood Eyelet Machine are strongly reeommended to uae none but ' Lip man * Patent Improved,'' which b decidedly the bei>t ever brought before the public, posseaaing numerooa advantage*, vix: It i* hirong, durable, and not liable to get out ol Order. It punche* the hole well and to fit the Eyelet, and in one Deration clinches the Eyelet on both aide*. Ii savea time, aa the papera. Sec , need not be reverted or turned over to clinch the Fyelei a second time, as la the caae with all other ma chine*. It i* useful to the merchant in filing away paper*, as well a* to the attorney or conveyancer, the shoinaker, tailor, mibner, and numerous ethers, and i* a very labor-Having machine. Agenta lor Washington. TAYLOR & MAURY, Book and Stationery Store, near 9th at. May 24 K1SADY MADE CLOTHING i T KBDUGBD PRICKS.? Aa the sea?on A is advanced, we have determined to sell oil the remaining portion of our winter stock at greatly reduced price*; therefore gentleman wi?h ing to consult economy in purchasing fine Over costs, Talmas Dress, Frock, and lliistne-s Coats; Black and Fancy Cashmere Pant*; Velvet, Silk, Satin, and Merino Vesta; Under Shirta And Drawer*, and nil other ready made garments Ol fine quality, will find oof pre?eni variety to be a? Well assorted as in the beginning ol the season, ?wtih the advantage of much lowt-r prices. WALL 6c STEPHENS, 322 Pa. avenue, ne*t to iron Hall. Feb 24 WOOD GAS.?CAUTION* BR It known that I, the subscriber ob tained letters patent in December, Ibfil, lor uii apparalus tor the destructive distillation of wood, and the making therefrom of lar or pilch at pleasure, and gas; and that in the judgment ot competent persons the invention of an appar tus recently patented by W. D. Porter cannot be u?ed by liim or any other person wituoui infring ing my suid patent. And, farther, that what is jjutentrd by stud Porter rightfully belongs to me. as 1 expect to prove ere long before the United States Patent Office ; and, further, that the use ol said Porter's invention involves also a process which 1 am now claiming before the United States Puteul Ollice, and which has been adjudged to be patentable to the tirst inventor thereof, and which said W. L). Porter has formally disclaimed, us ap pears upon the public records of said office, ol which an official copy is hereto annexed, and also a copy of his claims. 1g the National Intelligencer of the 25th instant Mr. Porter announces that he has secured by patent the "exclusive right to making gas from wood," and threatens prosecution to all parlies infringing his patent. 1 ask how this statement comports with the fact of my patent of December, 1851, and how far the threat can intimidate under such circumstances? Mr. Porter's claim is based upon a movable perforated diaphragm, and was to uuderatood by the Patent Office, as it appear* from the records of the Patent Office that his claim was at tirst refused as interfering with a prior patent to Robert Foulis, of Canada, for an equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given be luw, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the saving clause, is what Mr Porter calls securing the ' exclusive right to making gas from wood.' The statement carries absurdity on its front, and is a libel on the good seuse ot the Patent O'lice If such a claim or right had been grnnted, it would forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory .11 the country. The following copies of correspondence and extracts from the records ot the Patent Ollice will show the true stute of the case : Unitk? Status Patent Office, A?guiit 25, 1854. Sir. In reply to your letter of this date, asking " if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter, dated VWJ August, 1S>51, or at any other tune, or to any other person or persons, securing to him or them " the. exclusive right of making gas from wood" and whether any such claim was made by VV. D. Porter, under his application for a patent, which letters patent were issued bearing the above date, you are informed that W. D. Porter's claims are believed to be c nfined to his appara tus; aud, fnither, this office is not aware that a patent has been granted heretofore lor the exclu sive rigid of vuiiing gas from wwd. It would, however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make an extended investigation to answer your re quest. 1 am, respectfully, your obedient servant, C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents. \V. P. McConaeli., Esq., Care of Prof. G. G. Page, Washington, D. C. The United States Patent OJice?To all persons to whom these presents shall come, greting : This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy from the files of this office of an extract from a paper tiled in the mailer of the application of W. D. Porter for letters patent, in accordance with which application letters patent were issued to th? said W. D. Porter on the 22U day of August, eighteen hundred and fifty-four. In testimony whereof, I Charles Mason, Com missioner of Patents, have caused the seal ot the Patent Office lo l?e hereunto affixed [l. s.J this '25th day of August, iu ihe year of our Lord one thousand eigbi hundred and fitly four, and of the independence ol ihe United Stales the seventy-ninth. C. Mason. Copy of disclaimer of W. D. Pnrter in his ajrplica? tion for " an improved still for mating wood gas" filed August 5, 1S5J. Latere patent issued August'22, lk54. " 1 do not claim as my invention and discovery the improvements in making gas Irom wood, via: subjecting the products of destructive distillauon iheretrom to a high degree of heat, substantially as has been described and for the purposes set forth in the sj>eciticaiion of W. P. McConnell." The United States Patent Office?To all persons to whom thssi presents shall come greeting : This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy from the records of ibis otfi<*e of an extract from the specification of W. D. Porter's patent, issued in the twenty second day of August, eighteen hundred and tilly-four. In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com missioner of Patent*, have caused the seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto ( . affixed this twenty-fifth day of August, ' .n ihe year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, and ot the independence ot the United Slates the seventy-ninth. C. Mason. Extract from Specification of IV. D. Porter on which Utter* patent were issued August 22, l^.r>4. Cuaix.?What I claim as my invention and de sire to secure by letters patent is: "The construction of a gas apparatus or still, consisting ot a metallic or other cylinder B, the cones E and D, diaphram plate C, and exit pipe F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe cification, and shown in the accompanying draw ings." The truth of the abtvemay be ascertsined from the records of the Patent Office, to which all have access. WM. P MoCONNELL. By his attorney CHAS. G. PAGE. Mon & I fci<; t.?) W Nh,? A large and flu aaaoriiiieut, at all pricea, for rale by wall iV STEPHENS. CI O.S^tHVbl and Prewned l.lnger and / Chow-Chow, Allea and Choong Loony,Can ton, freah uii|K>riatii>n. Fori>ale l>y SHEKELL BROTHERS, No. 40. op|K>*tle I he Centre .Market. 1^'im AKI> LYCBTT, Hen.. IhNik- Binder. j Potomac Hall, corner of Eleventh-atreet and Maryland avenue, over Clarke's atore, Waab ington, I). C. h-very Mtyle of l?ook-binding executed. either in velvet, Turkey Morocco, Ruaaia, or fancy color* naif. Periodicals and Muaic neatly half hound. Mr. Lvcrrr respectfully auggeata to hia friend* >hat while much ha* been done to trannmit family records, little care ha* been taken to pre*erve pa rental likenesses. He takoa thi* method to inform ma Iriendit, and tho*e deairoua ?f perpetuating per ?onal remeinhrarteea, that daguerreotype Itke nea*ea can be inlaid on the inaide cover*of fami y bible*, pre*enlation-books, or keepaakea, speci meaa of which can be aeen at hi* lundery, or he i'mii be sddrenaed by letter, which will l?e promptly attended to. Mathematical dictionary and Cyclopedia ol Mathematical Science, com pricing definition* of all the term* employed in Math malic*, an analyst* of each I ram b and ol the m hole a? lor in i ti k a tingle science, by Charle* Davie*, L. L. D , author of a complete cour?e ol Mathematics, and Win. G. Peck, A. M , A*aist ant Prole**or of Msthemstics United Slate* Mili tary Academy. Ju?t published, and lor *sle at the HooH*tore of R FAKNIIAM, O l ONE <4.11 AHMY.?I am prepared lo lltr ^ niah from myquarrv, oppoaite the Little Falla and adjoininK the (|iiarry of the late Ttmothv O'Neale, any qunutiiyof atone that maybe needed lor building pur|K>?ea. Apply to th?* underaigned at hia house on H, between 1!*lh an.I 20th atreeta, m the First ward, or to Mr. Paine, at the quarry. J uly 21 WILLIAM 1?. SCOTT. CO.MIMKNTAKIIX on the Juriadlctlon Practice, and Peculiar Juriaprudence of the Courta of the United States, vol. 1, by George Tick nor Curtia. Iliatory of i he Crnaadea, their Ri?e, Progreaa, ind Reittlta, by Major Proctor, of the Royal Military Academy. Cuiiiming'a Lecturea on the Seven Churches. On aale at TAYLOR 9c MAURY'S Book.tore, Nov 16 near 9th street PROSPECTUS OK THE "WASHINGTON SENTINEI,." I PROPOSE to publish in the city ol' Washing ton, in September, u political new spa per, un der the mime ol' the WASHINGTON SENTI NEL. In doing ?o, it in proper I should make known the principles it will muintain. mid the policy it will udvocate. It will sup|>ori cordially and earnestly the prin oi pies oil he Democratic party of tke United Stat** it doe# not propose to he the organ of any Depa'rl meni of the Government, except in so Car as hii iii iependent maintenance of the doctrines of that party may represuut its opinions and express its views. It will not be ambition* to commend itself to the people by a blind llat'ery of their rulers. It will seek public ? ipport by the bold avowal of the sentiments wnich are common to the genuine I 'emocrncy of the Union, and by the condemna tion of ail ouch as may conflict with them, from whatever quarter they may come. It will seek to l?e (and it will endeavor to deserve the title) the organ of the Democratic party of the United States. The Sentinel will maintain, as a fundament' 1 truth of that great party, that the States formed the Union between tbena by the ratification of the Con ?titution as a compact; by which als?, they created the Federal Government and delegated to it, as their common agent, the powers expressly specified in it, with an explicit reservation of all others to the Stules. or 10 their separate govern ments. The exercise of any powers beyond these thus delegated, is, therefore, an usurpation of tr.c reserved authority of the States by the agent 01 their own creation. The Sentinel will uphold and defend the Union upon the basis of the rights of th? States?under ibe Constitution?and thus by sedulously guarding the latter, it will the more effectually strengthen and perpetuate the former. With regard to the exercise of the powers of the Fec^ral Government, the Sentinel will take a? the \ rinciples of its action, that Congress shall ex ercis no power which has not been delegated by the C. nstitution. according to a strict and fair in terpret lion of its language and spirit; and that it shall nc seek to attain indirectly an object through the exet -ise of constitutional power, for the direct attainme t of whi? h it has no delegation of power. In other words, all powers exercised must be clearly gra led, and nil grnnted powers must be used for no >urpo?e, except such as is clearly in tended by th Constitution. In-respect to the internal administration of the Government, the Sentinel will sustain the settled policy of I he Democratic party. It will lalnir to inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in ternal policy:?that this Government will best promote the freedom and prosperity of the people of the Stales, by being less ambitious to exercise power, and more at.xious to preserve liberty; and by leaving to the individual Slates the manage tnent of all their domestic concerns?while it con tents itself with guarding the confederacy from external violence, and directing the foreign |>olicy of the Country to the promotion of the comiuou interests, and defence of the common rights, and honor of the States composing it. The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies, and correspond with (he expanding interests of the country. That policy should be energetic and de cided; but should lem|M'r firmness with liberality, and make its highest endsconsisi with the strictest principles bf justice. The real interests of the country, upon eu? h occasion demanding attention will be its guide in the course the Sentinel wil pursue. ? The national policy of the world in this age is essentially aggressive. In the growing sense ol weakness of some of the nation* of the Old World, and the ambitious restlessness of others, a com inon motive to colonial exlens'on has develo|ted self. Our settled determination tc repel interference from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil prompt us to avoid it in the affairs of other coun tries, unless by their foreign or colonial |>olicy our peace should be threatened, our security endau gered, or our interests invaded. For when the selfish interests of other nation* prompt a foreign or colonial policy which infringes U|ion our rights and places in the pathway of our commerce a dangerous and unfriendly rival, such a policy must be resisted by remonstrance, and, if need l>e, ky war. Our foreign policy shoual. indeed, be defensive, but to be properly defensive, .t must sometimes be apjiaraitly aggressive. Our administration should l>e vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world is full of ini|iortanl movements, commercial and l>oliti<.al, deeply concerning American trade and American |>ower. It is time we bad an American foreign policy. We must have it. We cannot avoid it if we would. We have larger interests, and a greater stake in the world and its destiny, than every other |>eople. We occupy the best |>oriion of a continent, with no neighltors but a colony, and a worn-out, anarchical des|>oiism. We are the olny people whose own land, without colonial de fendencies, is washed by the two great ocean* ol the world. Our agricultural productions are more varied and more essential to civilized life, and U human progress?our mineral and uianutacturiiip resources more vast?our facilities and capacity lot internal and foreign commerce more extended ihan those of any other |>eople living under one government. A continent, to a great extent, uu explored and exhauslless in its yet hidden wealth ir at our feel. European trade seeks the great East through avenues which are at uur doors, or must be made through our own limits. Europe, Asia. Africa, and the isles of the sea. lying all around us, look to us as the rising power, through the agency of whose example, and ever widening and ' extending, though peaceful influences, the bless ings of liberty, civilization, and religion, are de? lined to triumph over the barbarism and ?tipcr?n lion of the millions of the world. And shall such a people refuse to lay hold ii|>on their destiny, and act U|ion the high mission to which it is called ' A mission so full of hope, though so laden with responsibility, whsh, il properly directed, iuiisi make our confederacy the harliinger of peace to the world, at well aa the peaceful arbiter of il> destiny. The Sentinel will, therefore, advocate a hold and earnest foreign policy, such as the condition ol the country demands, but it will advocate it under the flag ol the country?nowherw else. Its foreign policy must lie consistent with the spotless honor and unini|?eachahle good faith of the country. To be respectable at homeand abroad, and to be great in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing but what is right, and submit to nothing that is wrong. It must be lil>eral and magnanimous to the rights of others, and firm and immoveable in insisting on its own. It must, in fine, be true to ita own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then be false to lhos? of other nations. Such, then, ia the chart by which we shall be j guidedT. Independent and free, we shall endeavor to be honest and truthful. The truu Iriends ot democratic principles we shall cordially support and delend. Its enemies in the field or in ambush we shall oppose, and on all projier occasions de ?ounce. To our future b*ethren of the press we extend the hsnd of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the rival of no press ot its own party?the personal enemy of none of the other. The present Democratic Administration has our I est wishes lor its success in the establishment 01 the great principles it|M>n which it ciime into |>ower and in its honest laltors to attain such an end it will find the Sentinel its friend and coadjutor. T" ATI'^K YKUIS, Py the Author of the 1 J Old House bv the li ver.'' Mr. Kutherford's Ch IJren. second volume. Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous Poems, by Charles Leland Potter, A. M. General Notions of Chemistry, translated from the French, by Edmund C. Evans. M. D. The Land of the Saracens, by Kayard Taylar. Brushwood picked up on the Continent; or Last Suinuter'a Trip to the Old World, by Orville Horwilc. The above are selected from a large arrival ol new bnn^s at TAVIXJR & MAURY'S J\ c P Bookstore, n?ar Wih st. JU8THECEIVEI) AT TAYLOR A MAU ry's Bookstore, near 9th street? The Plurality of World*, with an Introduction by Edward Hitchcock, D. D. A Lamp to the Path; or, the Bible in the Heart the Home, and the Market Place, by the Rev. K. Tweedie, D. D. The CuiHcomba of Rome, by the Right Rev. J. Kip, D. D. Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coas uf America, by Gabriel Franchere. Cormne, by Madame De Stael, new edition. Vathck, by Beck lord, do Female Poets of Great Britain, do Western Scenes and Ad venture*, illustrated. Life ol Napoleon, by lla/.titt, do SAT1KK AMD SATIKISTS. BY JAMUS llannny author of Singleton Fontlerov, &c Cocas de E.*pana, or Going to Madrid, via Bar celonu. Just published and for sale at Taylor & maury'S March 6 Bookstore, near 9th street FOIt lJliN I', till tlie 15th of November n-xt. the large built bouse at the voruer lath and K streets. Call at the *'Seu'inel" otii Intelligencer. Siar. and Organ, one week daily and send b lis to Sentinel ollice. May 17?Iwd The New York and Liverpool United states Mull Steamers* The "hips comprising this line are : The Atlantic Captain West. 1 he 1'acific Captain Nye. The Ualtic Captain Coinstock. These sh.ps having been built contract, txpre&sly for government caMSUHHIl service, every cure has been taken in thrfr construction, as also in their engines, insure strength and speed, and tkeir iccommo daiions for passengers are unequalled for ele game and comfort. Price of passage from New York to Liverpool in first cabin..... ....$130 Iii second cabin, S7G. (Exclusive use of extra sized state rooms $325 From Liverpool to New York 30and 20guineas An experienced-Surgeon attached to each ship No berth secured until paid for. pkopokkd hates of mailino. ?, ,ffum Nrw York From Liverpool. w,;d .IhV. . I1S54 I Saturday.. Dec. 16,1^.04 We J day. .Jan. 10, lSr)5 \ Saturday..Dec. :-0. 1AM Wedc ay..Jan. 24, 1S55 Saturday..Jan. 13, 18f.5 Wed'dv ..Feb. 7, 1&55 Saturday..Jan. 27, 1&55 Wed'da/.. Feb. 21. IS55 | Saturday..Feb. 10, l&'tf Wed'day. .Mar. 7. IS55 j Saturday..Feb. 24, 1S05 For Ire gtu or pa sage, apply to EDWAKU K COLLINS, No. 56 Wall .feet, N. Y. BROWN, SHIPLEY & Co., Liverpool. R. (} ROBERTS & Co., 13 Kings Arms Yard, London B. G. WAIN WRIGHT ?te Co., Paris. GEO. H DRAPER, Havre. The owners of these ships will not be accounta ble lor gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, pre cioii? stones, or meials, unless bills of ladiug are signed therefor, and the value thereoi therein ex pres-e-l. Jail 3 dlf PKOSP^C I L/S.?SOUTH tKNCONS?lH Vatlve Magazine.?When uev aspirant lor populai favor are announced, the public have a riylit to demand the grounds upon which such show ol title to their patronage is made. In ac knowledgiuent of this, we trace the customs ot parties in the avowal of principles; of religion sects, in the i ruiiiiilgaliou of creeds; tind ol per soil* in all pursuits ol lile, dependent ujton the public lor success, in their preparatoiy exposition <>l plans and purposes The customs thus origin aling, tboiuh sum-tunes abused, are useful and proper, and should not be discarded. And when hi obedieui'e to custom, new plaus are proposed iho-e approving ought not to withhold their en courageinenl, as loo many do, until they see that success is sure, fur their aid may l>e needed to secure it. Such a foolish policy as thu jeopar dizes the plan they approve,and hastens its failure , it has defeated many important enterprises, and lias deprived the country o I good and uselul works ll a new proposition of any kind is approved by the public, the support ol those approving is ol right expected, their approval being solicited only in the view thai their more substantial aid will not be withheld. BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE PLAN OF THE 1'ROPOSED PERIODICAL. The SourHKii.N Comsekvative Magazine will occupy grounds but little cultivated by American magazinists. It is believed that a field i? open for a periodical of n new and, in some respects, a higher order than has been aimed at in our maga zine literature. In this belief, and with such an aim, we announce the Southern Conservative Magazine. The new magazine will be national and not sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es tablishment in ilie South, but aiming at a higher usefulness and a more geneial acceptability. It will be Protestant, bin not sectarian ; opposing religious Inquiry or lutolleraiice on the one side, and ii.fidelity on the oilier - laboring in its teach ings to advance a closer union between the several branches ol the great family of the church. It will lie political, but lilteral; owing no slavish allegiance 10 partiea or |K>lilicians. it will advocate measures, not men, and will labor only tor the success of principles. ll will be progressive, yet sternly opi>osed to the reckless spirit of innovation so rile in ilie country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de pres-; to reform and improve, not to destroy; sacredly adhering lo the true intent of our great republican theory, and laboring to advance It to ita lullest development. ll will be truly American in tone and sentiment, but will repudiate noihiug foreign, merely because ?f| ??elieving that the good, the useful, and true belong not, par exc^'l ence, to any lavored people, but are the common right of all. ll will be the organ ol pure conservatism. It will encourage a high-toned literature, and delend pure morals in all the social relations ol lile. And it will number in ita corps of regular con tributors some of ihe ablest political and literary writers of the country. Tie magazine will be printed on the finest quality of paper, with new type, and in a plain but superior style. Each number will contain not leaa lhan 50 large octavo pages, made up of original articles, con irinuied and editorial ? reviews, political and scientific e-says, lomances. poetry. Arc. We promise much I or the new magazine, and we intend to perform it all, and more, if the read ing publ ic wi.l give the enterprise a liberal en couragement. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. The Southern Conservative Magazine will be issued the first of each mouth, from t?e Office of oublicalioii, Nashville or Knoxville. Tennessee, and will be furnished to suscribers at four dollars a year, or three dollars ii paid punctually in ad vance. Publication will l>e commenced Ihe 1st day of January. 1^50. Address orders to the editor and proprietor. W T. HELMS, Knoxville. Tennessee. May 31, 1-55. Ll) (rum a Family Journal, Prom i lie Frertch of Emilie Sou vest re, author of " 1 lie Aiiic Philosopher in Paris. M r*. Jameson's Common place Book of Thoughts, Memories, and Fancies. R. FARNHAM, Jun? 7 Corner 11th ?t. and I'enn. av 11 K*. JAMK?OV* NKW HOOK. ? A XtX. common-place t>ook of Thoughts, Memo ries and Fancies, original and selected, by Mrs Jameson. Price 75cents. Leaves from a Family Journal, from the French of Lmilie Sou vest re, author of ?'the Attic Philo sopher in Paris." Paper, 50 cents; cloth, 75 cents. Theory and Practice ol Landscape Painting in water colors, ibustrated by a series of *1 designs, colored diagrams of numerous wood cuts, wuh two extra plates of simultaneous contracts, by George Barnard Price $5. Just received at TAYLOR it MAURY'S Bookstore, June 7 near ihh st. PROSPECTUS OK Tillt UNITED STATES TIMES, A Weekly Mewipaptr to be published In Waihlnglon City. The undersigned, ex peeling noon to retire Irons the position he has for some lime held asSupenn lendent of the United Stuies Census, intends to devote himself to the control and management ol the Review, of which, for the last nine years, he has been the editor and proprietor, and to the publication in the City of Washington of a weekly newspaper with the above title. The material for this paper will consist, in part, of selections or extracts from articles admitted into the Review, but mainly of other original lite rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous mailers, including digest* of the current events ol the day, home and foreign; the proceedings ol Congress and the acts of the Government; lite rary and scientific "sketches and essays upon leading and popular topics; biographical sketches of public men; d'gest of official reports. State and Federal; the state of the markets in the several arge cilies; the progress and prospects of crops; supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the country as shown by statistics, bringing down those of the National Census always to dale The object wil! be, through careful editorial management and a '.arge and well-selected cor respondence. to establish at the seat of govern ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted to the wants of every community; imparting musement and information, and political, only to the extent of maintaining the institutions ef the country and defending the rights and sovereignty of the Stales. The City of Washington, from the advantages which it presents for obtaining material of every kind, through the action of the Smithsonian Insti tution, the Patent Office, and the National Agri cultural Convention, etc., and the several Bureaus and Departments of Government, from its conti guily to the large commercial cities, from the ex tended, exciting, and all important interests that concentrate upon it. is. perhaps, the most eligible location for such a journal, and ample guarantees of its success have already been received. It will be printed in folio for the convenience of binding, and similar in style to the New York Albion. Terms: $2 per annum, in advance. To Clubs, of 10 subscribers, at one post office, $15 in advance. To Subscribers of DeBow's Review, not in arrears, the Review and Times together, $6 in advance. Advertisements on accommodating terms. In order to increase the usefulness of the Re view, which has now acquired a very extensive circulation, it will be enlarged from 112 to 140 or 150 pages, and otherwise improved by additional editorial assistance and an able corps of contribu iors. A monthl" i<itorical digest of events will be embraced in <ls pages, valuable for future refer ence. The subscription price of the Revikw will re main ut SO per annum, but for the convenience ol the large class of persons who may not desire the whole work, or who may only solicit in formation upon one or more of the subjects to which it is devoted, it is in contemplation to make a separate oublication of the matter relating to Agriculture, another of that relating to Manufac ture*; a third .O Internal Improvementsf a fourth to Commerce ; and a fifth to Education and Letters. These publication* will be but departments of the whole work, aud may be subscribed for separate'y at SI per annutn each. They will appear monthly in handsome periodical style, of from iwenty-five to thirty-two pages ; constituting an annual octavo volume of 360 pa^e* each, showing at a single view apd in a condensed form the whole result*, within the year, in the particular department, in our own country and abroad, as the Review itself will show them in all of lk* department* of indus try and enterprise. The Office of DeBow's Review will remain as before at New Orleans, though a branch will be located at Washington, which will be also the main office of the other Journals, and may be addres-ed at all times in regard to them. The particular address of ihe editor, whether Wash ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from time to time, ia the work. J. D. B. DEBOW. Washington, Nov. 26, 1S54. DcBow'g Industrial Rksou*cks. three handsomely bound volumes upon the Progress and Wealth of the United States, 1,800 pages royal octavo, double columns, clear print, library edi tion, may still be ordered. Price S6 delivered at the fnt the milho* NUW LIVEKY NIMBLE. To tit* Patrons of Berkeley Springs. THE undersigned beg* leave to miurm hit frit-ml* nnd the public genoslly. that he hs* erected a new ami extm-ive L'very Slublr, for the accommodation of those who may wish lo keep their horses nt the Springy during the ap proaching season. The .building contain* about 40 stalU of extra width, and extensive Carriage Shed*. Its location is clean. dry, and airy, and couvenient to Colonel Strothrr's Hotel, with which it is connected by arrangement. Expe rienced and reliable persons will be in attendance, and no expense will be spared to give every satisfaction to t he visiting public. The proprietor will also keep for litre, several pleasure carriages' and saddle horses. Having provided these ac commodations. at considerable expense, the Pro nrietor hope* that he will be liberally patronised Terms to suit the tunes. JAMES A. STORM. Bkrkki.cy Strugs, Morgan County, Va., July 1, IS55. July 18?if. NkW MirtUC?W.c. ZANTZINOKK has just received from the publishers. Firth, Pond it Co., New York, and George Willieg, jr., Baltimore, an assortment of their latest publica tion s. jptf Pianos tuned, warranted to give satis fsction. STATIONERS' HALL, adjoining Ktrkwood House. Dec 16?3tawif 8CHONENBEKO & THUN, sechts?Consults tkn, QKNKRAL AMERICAN AMD KORKION AOKNCT, For ibe Collection of Claims, the Procurement o4 Patents, Bounty Landa, and Penaiona. BUREAU OF TRANSLATION From the French, Siiani'h Italian, and German Languages, and for Toprgraphioal and other Drawings. No. 495J, 7th Street, Washington City, D. C. Nov 19 if a utobiography of a jouknby. /\ man Printer.?The Workingman's Way in the World, l>eingtbe Autobiography of a Journey man Printer. Classic and Historic Patriots, by James Bruce. Just published and for sale at TAYLOR St MAURY'S CI AVTIEK'H.?Just received a large a? X sort innit of Pate l>e Foies Oras, from Stras burg, in small and large jars. Jan 22 ?tf a QAUTIER nlGKST Of EXCIIEaUCU REPORTS from 1824 to lb5-l, inclusive, 1 volume. vVilliams on Personal Property, with American note*, 1 vol. The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by John Win. Wallace, 1 vol. 1 he Creed of Chri?iendom, l>y W. It. Greg. Habits and Men. I>y Dr. Duran. Guy Rivers, by William GiltnoreSimms, 1 vol., new edition. Has of Ularuey, by R. Shelton Mackensie, volume. Hartley'* Poems, 1 volume. Lippencou's Pronouncing Dictionary of the World, 1 vol., bvo. FRANCK TAYLOR. Sept 15 MY BKOTHUK'S KKfcPUK, by Miss A. B. Warner, author of Dollars and Cents Mr Rutherford's Children, Arc. Just published and for hale by R. FARNHAM, Mav 5 Corner of Pa. avenue and 11th st r"??t. ~7 NEW WOKK on the Catholicity of the /\ True Church.?The Golden Reed, or the True Measure of a True Church, by B. F. Barren, price $1, jusi received. Mav 10 R. FARNIIAM TO UFFICEKH, KDLlilEKj, SEAHKM 4ce., OF /tLI. WAR*, THEIR WI1IOWS AMU MINOR CU1LDKEN. S. M. KNIGHT, Attorney for Government Claimants, Washington, d. c.. CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at tention to the p osecunon of Claims of every description against the General Government, and particularly to those before the Treasury Depart ment. Pension and Bounty Land Bureaus, Patent and General Land Offices, and Board of Claims. An experience of years, and a familiarity with the means of obtaining the rarlirsi and most fa vorable action on Claims, with his facilities for the dispatch of business, justify him in assuring bis Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener ally, that interests intrusted to his keeping will not be neglected. Pension, JBouuty Laud, Patent, and Public Land Laws. He has nearly ready for gratuiious distribution among his business Correspondents, (and those who may become such,) a neat pamphlet contain ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty Land, Patent, and Public Laud Laws, down to the end of the late Congress, including the Bounty Land Act of 3d March, 1855, undei1 which all who have heretofore received less than 160 acres are now' entitled to additional land; said Act grants also 100 acres to all Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldiers, Wagbn-masters, Teamster?., and friendly Indians, of the Army, including Slate Troops, Volunteers, and Militia?and all Officers. Seamen, Ordinary Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Landsmen, of'the Navy, not heretofore provided for, who have served aot less than fourteen days (unless in bat tle) at any period since 1776; and to the widows and minor children of all such persons entitled, and deceased. This pamphlet contains "Forms of Application" more full and complete than any el-ewhere to be found; adapted to the wants of every class ol Claimants under the Act, with copious decisions and instructions of the Department, and practical suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus pended or rejected cases. Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the facilities afforded l>v this oflice in securing prompt and personal tuprruUevdeuct of their claims at the Departments, c?n obtain copies of the above pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage stamps. Inducements to Correspondents. Correspondents who prepare and forward eases for management by this Agency will be dealt with liberally; supplied with a'l necessary blanks gratis, and kept constantly advised of the changes thnt from time to time occur in the execution of the law. It is within the subscriber's power to direct his Correspondents to the locality of very qiany per sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob tained several thousand Land Warrants under former laws, he is in possession of data that will materially assist in securing additional bounty. Fees, below the usual rate*?and contingent upon the admission ol Claims. The highest cash prices given for L*nd War rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and Illinois Land Patents. Address S. M. KNIGHT, Washington City March 17?1 a w2m ENGLISH AND PRENCH UOABD1SO AND DAY SCHOOL. "1 f I S S BROOKE, from Philadelphia. will JjlX opetlher BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL lor you iiic Ladies, on Moii/iair, Srptember 10th, I-53, at No. 133, Penu. Avenue, corner o( Sevrn Building* and 19ih street. Mm* BROOKE will be assisted l?y the most competent Profes sors in every department. A French lady, recently from Paris, i? engaged at h resident governed, and every ineana will t>e used to accomplish Iter pupil? in that language. Drawing will be taught iu vanou* and ek-gaut styles. RSCOMME!*DATl6xS: ?'My friend. Miss Brooke, is a mo?t estimable lady, of great intelligence, whose qualitianons a? a teacher, and wbo?e accomplishments in English literature, entitle her to high consideration. ALONZO POTTER/' ?'Miss Brooke is well known to me as a lady who is entirely capable of conducting successfully the education of young ladies, and in every way worthy ol the patronage of pareuts. A. DALLAS BACHE." RKF?RSNCKS: The Right Rev. ALONZO POTTER, D. D., LL. D., Right Rev. G W. DOANE. D. D., LL. D. Professor A. DALLAS BACH K, Supt. Coast Survey. Pro'essor JOSEPH HENRY, Sec'y *>f Smith aoian lnstiiution. Gen JOHN MASON, Washington, D. C. WILLIAM W. CORCORAN, tv-q ? JOHN S. MLEHAN, Esq., Librarian to Con gress. Hon. JAMES CAMPBELL. P. M General. Hon. ELLIS LEWIS, Chief Justice of the S. Court, Ph. Hon G. W. ^VOODWARD, Asiociate Judrfv of the S. Court of Penna. Hon. GEORGti VaIL, M. C.. N. Jersey. Lieut. M. F. M*AURY, LL. D., U. S. Ob.ei'a tory. Circulars slating the terms to be had at the princ ipal Book Siorea, or of Miss Brooke, No 13S Pa. Avenue. August 30?3tawlm. 1 FAMILIAR <t(TOTATI<>*?? A collection . of Familiar Quotations, with complete In dices of Authors and Subjects; price $1. Memorials of ^outh and Manhood, by SiJnry Willard, two volumes; pri< e ft-l. Elbe, or the Human Comedy, by John Esten Cooke, author of Virginia Comedian*, dec. TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookstore, Napoleon at st. Helena, or interesting anecdotes and remarkable con versations of the Emperor dinirg ihe Uve and a half years of hia captivity, colleetrd from the me mortals of Las Ces*?, OMera, Montholon. An tommarrgi, and others. By John S C. Abbot; with illustrations. English Grammar. The English Language in its elements and lorms, with a history of il? origin and development, de-igned for us* in colleges and school*. Revised and enlarged. By William C. Fowler, late Prolessor of Rhetoric iu Amherst College. Cie-ar'sCommentarits; literally translated notes, with a very elxltorate index. A Child's History of the United States. By John Bonner. In 2 volumes. An Outline of the General Principles of Gram mar, to win. h quotations have been added. By Rer. J. G. Gralton, Professor of the English Lan guage and Literature in the New York Academy. Just received and lor sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNIIAM, Corner of Eleventh street sad Pennsylvania avenue. , Dec 6 WASHINGTON SENTINEL TERMS OF ADVERTISING. One square (twelve lines) 1 inse'tiou .. . .Ml '>0 ? ' " * 2 " .. ? 11 ? '? 3 *' 1 00 ? <1 wee I: 2 00 " " ?' 1 mouth * 5 00 Business cards, not exceeding six lines, for not less than six months, inserted at haltprue. Yearly advertisements subject to special ar rangement. Long advertisements at reduced rates. Religious, Literary, and Charitable notices in serted gratuitously. All corres|K>ndence oh businei-s must be prepaid* WAND?KINGM IN CORSICA ; Corsica; Picturesque, Historical, a.id Social; with a Sketch of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated /rim the German by Edward Joy Morris. Price 1*1 50. Lectures on English Literature, from Chancer to Tennyson, by Henry Reed, i'ri e SI 25. Just published, and for sal?rnt TAVLOR MAURY'S RAPPAHANNOCK ACADEMY. ITIOR LBASE OK RENT.?Tlie subscrl . ber having determined to discontinue teach ing school, oilers for Lease or Rent the Rappa hannock Academy, which he vvishe?< to dispose ol tor (lie next four years. Thero lias been a school at the place far forty years, it is si uated seven teen miles below Fredericksburg, immediately on the road between that placo am' Port Royal. The locality can be surpasses by m>ne for beamy or healihfulness, is supplied wuh ill necessary buildings, which are in good repair und will ac comiuodate seventy borders. Teachers wishing to keep a boarding school, will do well by calling to see the placu before bargaining elsewhere. Address the subscriber at Por; R jyul. Caroline couuly, Virginia. Nov. 27? THOMAS R. THORNTON. REWAKD?Lostmi Saturday even ing, between 3th street ar-J the Theatre, orttt the latter p!ace. a small memorandum book, containing $110 in i5's and S10 s of the Patriotic Bank chielly.one Corporation ?5. inclusive. There were also some loose papers in the book of no I possible use to any but the owner. If tliesnmo iius (alien into honest hnnds, I'will give Fifty Dol lars reward for the return thereof; if in the hands ot a thief, i: is hoped he will return the book and papers. \V". HOWE, 372 Penn. avenue, corner 0th street. Dec 11? 3t UNDER SHIRTS AND DRAWERS.? Another and a very large supply of Warm UuJer Shirts and Drawers this day opened,ofihn best quality and at low nnd unilorm prices, at STEVENS'S Sales Room, Nov 15?3ti/ Brown's Hotel. CARD. To the Ladies of Washington, Gmrgtluvrn, AUx andria. tfe. HENK Y WEIHMN'M ladles, miwex, uii.l children's French shoes are sold by the un dersigned, on 15th street, just abo\ e Corcoran &c Riggs's Banking House, in his new building, with the high marble steps, where he will receive la dies'orders, and keep constantly on hand every variety of ladies', misses, and children's French gaiter walking shoes, white and I lack satin gaiters, slippers, Acc., made to order b> I). Weirman, of Philadelphia of the best French gaiter material", and in the latest Parisian styles. These gaiters are entirely different from wimt are generalv known as" slop-shop shoes;" being all custom work, oi superior workmanship, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction. Ladies, who value beauty, comfort, and econ on.y, will consult their interest by givinp mo .. *all, and examine for themselves * r WEIRMAA P HAYEK HOOKS AMJ HI HI,I S.? Just received a very lar^e assortment of t'rayer Books and Bibles, in all kind of binding* ; the best assortment, perhaps, to be found in the country. Also, a large assortment of English Books in History, Poetry, Arc., and the best American edi tions on the same subjects. . R. FARNUAM, ri^ll IS AMERICAN iPO'dTSMAM, Con 1 .taming Hulls to Sportsmen, Rules on Sport ng, and the Habits ol? the Game Birds and Wild Fowl of America, by Elisha J. l.ewje, M. D., with numerous illustrations. For so> at TAYLOR Ac MAURY'S Jan. 4 Book Store, nenr Ninth street. CARD. QEOHGE IVX ^SOM*. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Indianola, Calhoun Cot ntjj, Tsxas. Practices in the Courts of t :e Tenth Judicial Distiict; al?o in the Supreme a d Federal Courts at Austin and Galveston. references: Hon. A. P. Butler, U.S. Senator, S. Carolina. Hon. D. It. Atchison, U. S. Senutor, Missouri. R. M. T. Hunter, U. S. Senator, \ irgiola. James M. Mason, U. S. Senator, Virginia. Gen. S. Coqper. Adj. Gen. U. S. A. W'a?b., D. C. Thomas Green, esq., Washington, D. C. C.C Jamison, Pres't Bank of Bait., Bait., Md. Dec 6?if NEW GROCERY, WINE AND LIQUOR STORE. THE Subscriber begs l a c to inform his friends and the public, tna. lie has opened a a new store. No. 474, Penit. Avenue, between 3d and 4 and a halt atreet. I1x^? raid's Itulld ni?, two doors east ot the t lilted States Hotel, Where he intend* to keep coostautly on hand a Urge sud varied assortment of Foreign snd Domestic WINE*. LIQUORS, MKOAR9, And Kin* (Jrorrrlss, Consisting of fine Teas, Sugar, Flour Sonp? Olives, Raisins, Figs, Sardines, Anchovies. Otard, Marret! At Co., Pinet fc Co., and Colonel Cha. bard's Brandies, ?n ca?es, deiuijohas and casks , Old Jamaica Rum, Sherries, Mr.deira, Port if various descriptions; St. Ju ten Clsret, Cha teaux Margaux. in cases; I hmnpaicne Cider, Brandv Fruits, Reynolds' fcdinbnrg Ale, Anne seite,Maraschino, Curacoa, Absyn;b,Champagnes, and a large and various description of Havana Segars. Also, Porter, Ale, snd Cider. Families sre psrticulsrly requested to call and examine the stock bvfore pure! asing elsewhere. Members of Congress are * I so inforinsd, that their orders will be promptly attended to. ami de livered at I heir houses on the miotic notice. A general assortment of Finn Havana Scgars, imported direct by the subscriber, si Wholesale and Ketail. OAcers of the United Stat?s Navy can have their Me** Store* put up at the short?st notice. A general assortment of PRESERVED MEATS SOUPS, Are, Put up at the shortest notice, *'id wsrrsuted to keep on long voyages. Country orders punctuaiiy attended to, and Country Produce, of all descriptu ns, received on consignment. JONAS P. LEVY, No. 471 Penn. avenue, (no lb tide,) between 3d and 4} streets, two dors east of the United Ststes Hotel. Oct 4?3t AKT HINTS.? Architecture, Sculpture, and Painting, by James Jackson Jarves, 1 >i?ii nor of History of the Sandwich Islands, Arc. Price *1 25. Waiknn, or Adventures on the Mosquito Shore, sixty engravings, by Samuel A Bard. *1 25. The Heiress of Haughton, or th* Mother's Secret, by the aut her of Aubrey Castle. Avon, Acc. Price 37J cents. Just published aqd for sale at TAYLOll Ar MA CRY'S July 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street. NEW BOOKS?The Heiress olH a ug It tou, or the Mother's Secret, a novel, by the au thor of "Emily Wyndham," "Ravensclili;" Ace. Price 374 cents. WA1KNA. or Adventures on the Mosquito Shore, by Samuel A. Bard, wi h sixty illustrations. Price tl 55. ART-HINTS?Architecture, Sculpture, and Painting, by James Jackson Jarvis. Price fl.W5 Just received. R. FARNHAM, ^Corner Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street.