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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, May 31, 1854, Image 1

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VOL. 3.
T R 1 W EE K L Y.
NO. 52.
WAS!i ru'X V i
KM J1 ' KKIi ANi? W.Vi \\. oVKRTON,
lVard u Building, near the Capitol,
Tri-U ? kly
l otJl.. is ?ifc Im>1VII>I'AIJ?, ?Ul>*crih||tv
Uve or inure eopies
Tri-weekly per u inum, in udvnnc? u
Weekly " " 1 .'>()
LPToslui't&lers are requested lu act hk agents.
rp II li so N !?> OK Tllli SiUES, A IIIH
I tory of llie Urne, Progress, and Destiny <?l
the American i'urty, and its probable influence
on tbe next Presidential election, lo which ie
added a I!ev;ew Ot the Letter of the Hon. Henry
A. Wise against the Know-nothings, by an Ame
The History of Miuou and Lixou's Line, con
tained in an Address delivered by John II. B.
Latrobe, of Maryland, before the Historiciil So
ciety of Pennsylvania, November 6, 1S54.
Miraua Elliot, or the Voice of the Spirit, by S.
M. II.
Autobiography of Charles Caldwell, M.D.,with
a Preface, Notes, and Appendix, Harriet W.
Just received and for sale by
Corner of Penu. avenue and 11th street.
Feb 15
HARFER'S MAGAZINE for September is
a magnificent number, tilled with superior
engrnvings, and for sale at Shillington's book
The great Illustrated Magazine of Art for Sep
tember is one of the best that has been issued.
Leslie's Ladies' Gazette for September contains
all the new Kail fashions.
The Knickerbocker Magazine for September
Godey's Lady's Book, Graham's Magazine, an??
Putnam's Magazine, all lor September, received
and for ?ale at
TlSlC FAILURE of Free Society?Soci
ology for the South, or the Failure of Free
Society, by George Fitzhugh. On sale at
Hook Store, near 9th >tr>-et
Messrs. TAYLOR &c MAURY beg to an
nounce that, at the suggestion of several of our
citizens, the pictures now on exhibition at their
store will be rallied for.
Eleven prizes; sixty chances, at $5.
April 12 Uookstore, near Ninth street.
NEW W ORK, by Hie Author of the Heir
of Redclyffe.
The Castle Builders,by the authoroi the Heart's
Ease, in paper covers; priee 50 cents ; bound, 75
Just published and for sale at
March '31 Bookstoie, near Ninth street
if vou wish tu purchase aaythtng in the way
ot' line American. Loildou. or Geneva watches,
(that .-nil i>e relied on for the trtiw time.) rich gold
jewelry, pure silver wnre, Jbc.., ire., -*nd khvb trow
15 to V5 per cent, as he is now receiving his
Fall supply, which will be sold hi the lowest
whole-al?* rales
Fine welches and ;evr-jlr\ r?-|>aired. and war
ranted urgive sMisfaetion
11. O. HOOD'S
Pa. av-'iiue, IrtWifii 14 and nth *1reels, sign ot
lite ? ? ? f *;#* ? i?fr*pd ensile.
LINGTON'S 15. >ok More ?
The Dodtl Family. t>v <"??.*? !???? ijrvrt. <tu<hoi o'
Charles O Malley.
. ?r?hin?l I he Scenes y Ea-lv Biuwer Lytton.
Tbe L:implijrhte' m- ot'iJie <n->?t (a?-inaiing
twvik. ever written.
?JveryihiUg in ttu* Hook. Nrwsp* j>?*r. and Sta
onerv line ti?r sale at
Bookstore, Odeon Building, corner 44
street and Pa. avenue.
5 ill)
a 00
WATCHES*?Members of Congress and
oilier.* in want dI perfect timekeepers would
do well lo make their ((elections at once, in order
to test their quality before leaving the ciiy.
Otir assortment lor both Ladies and Gentlemen
was never so complete as at present, embraeiug
^very description, which we oifcr utiusualiy low.
Penn avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
Jan IS.'
I \ AM L.I. W EllSTEK.?Messrs. Taylor
I / 4r MAURY 1ihv?i a lew of the original sub
scribers' copies of the works ol Daniel Webster,
printed on very fine imperial paper, in which Mr.
Webster inscribed his name. Six volumes ;
price S20.
T. &r M. are the only bookfellers in the United
States who have any copies in their possession.
Mar II Bookstore near 9th ?t.
RO. HOOD, Pennsylvania avenue, between
. -!1 and 6th streets, has just returned from
ihe north with a good assortment of the most rich
and fashionable Jewelry in the market, which he
purchased for cash at very low pricea, and now ol
f?rs ior -ale I lie same, at wholesale or retail, much
die prr than goods of like quality have ever been
??old lor in this section of country. Please call at
his More, sign of the large spread eagle.
N. B. Special attention paid to the repairing ol
watches by W. W. Holliagsworth.
x UNITED STATES."?-This celebra
ted Map, recently eulogized by Lieutenant Mau
ry, in Ins "Virginia letters." is on sale at
Dec 1 Bookstore, near Ninth street
QOUTHER* BOOK.?Orlplu of the Con
atitution ; Incorporation of the Geueral Gov
ernment by the Slates; as national public agents
in trust, with no sovereignty ; History of Copart
nership Territories from the Virginia Deed, 17S4,
to the Treaty with Meiico, 1&IS; Division of the
Public Lands; Specific* Duties; Origin and History
of the Puritans; Origin and Cause of Trouble be
tween the North and South, and Jeopardy of the
Republic; Legal mode orRedress pointed out; by
W. B. Davis, Wilmington, North Carolina. Price
Two Dollars.
On Kale at BISHOP'S Periodical Store,
No. 216 Pennsylvania avenue,
adjoining Willard'a Hotel.
Treble patent improved eye
let Machine.
First patent combined on one stock.
Second patent, self-feeding in the eveleta.
Third patent, patent improved fastener, riveting
both sides.
All parties in want of a good Eyelet Machine
are strongly recommended to use noni but "Lip
man a Patent Improved,'' which is decidedly the
best ever brought l>elore Ihe public, possessing
numerous advantages, viz:
It is strong, durable, and not liable to get out of
It punches the hole well-and to fit the Eyelet,
and in one operation clinches the Eyelel on both
It saves time, as the papers, <fcc , need not be
reversed or turned over to clinch the Eyelet a
second time, as is-the case with all other ma
It is useful to the merchant in filing away
papers, a? well as to the attorney or conveyancer,
the shomaker, tailor, milliter, and numerous
others, and is a very labor-saving machine.
Agents for Washington,
Taylor & maury,
Book and Stationery Store, near 9th s>.
May 24
is advanced, we have determined to sell oil
the remaining portion of our winter stock at
greatly reduced pricea; therefore gentleman wish
ing to consult economy in purchasing line Over
coats, Talmas Dress, Frock, and Busme?s Goats;
Black and Fancy Cashmere Pants; Velvet, Silk,
Satin, and Merino Vests; Under Shirts and
Drawers, and alt other ready made garmenta of
fine quality, will find our present variety to be as
well assorted as in the beginning of the season,
with the advantage of much lower prices.
till Pa. avenue, next to Iron Hall.
Feb 24
Bid It known that I, the subscriber ol>
tained letters patent in December, 1801, lor
an apparatus Cor the destructive distillation of
wood, and the making therefrom of tar or pity'h ul
pleasure, and gas; aud that in the judgment ol
competent persons the invention of an appar
tus recently patented by W. D. Porter cannot be
used by tiiui or any other person wituOUt infring
ing my said patent. And, further,' that what is
patented by said i'orter rightfully belongs to me,
as I expect to prove ere long before the United
States Patent Office ; and, further, that the uso of
said I'orter'* invention involves also a process
which I am now claiming before the United Slates
Patent Oilice, and which has been adjudged to be
patentable to the first inventor thereof, and which
saiil VV. D. I'orter has ibrmally disclaimed, as ap
pears upon the public records of said office, of
which an officio) copy is hereto annexed, and also
a copy of his claims.
in the National Intelligencer of the 25th instant
Mr. Porter announces that he has secured by
(latent the "exclusive right to mating gas from
wood," and threatens prosecution to all parties
infringing his patent. 1 ask how this statement
comports with the fact of my patent of December,
1851, and how far the threat can intimidate under
such circumstances'? Mr. Porter^ claim is based
upon n movable perforated diaphragm, and was
so understood by the Patent Office, as it appears
from the records of the Patent Office that his
claim wns at lir?i refused as interfering with n
prior patent to Robert Fonlis, of Canada, for an
equivalent contrivance. This claim, as given be
low, and in which the perforated diaphragm is the
saving clause, is what Mr Porter calls secnrine
the ' exclusive right to making gas from wood.''
The statement carries absurdity on its front, nnd
is a libel on the good sense of the Patent (J
!f such a claim or right had been granted, it would
forbid every coal-kiln and charcoal manufactory
in the cpuntry.
The following copies of correspondence nnd
I'Xtracts from the records of the Patent Office will
show the true state of the ease:
Unite* States Patent Ofkick,
August 25, 1854.
Sir . In reply to your letter of this date, asking
"if any patent has been granted to W. D. Porter,
dated 22d August, 1S54, or nt any other time, or
to any other person or persons, securing to him
or them " the exclusive right of making go* from
wood" and whether any such claim was made by
W. D. Porter, under his application for a patent,
which letters patent were issued bearing the
above date, you are informed that W. D. Porter's
claims are believed to be c ntined to his appara
tus; and, further, this office is not aware that a
patent has been granted heretofore for the exr/u
xive right of making gas from wovd It would,
however, be unjustifiable to expect me to make
au extended investigation to answer your re
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant.
C. Mason, Commissioner of Patents.
W. P. McConaku,, Esq.,
Care of Prof. C. G. Page, Washington, D. C.
The United States Patent OJJtce?To alt persons to
whom these presents shall come, greting :
This is to certify that the annexed is a true copy
from the files of this office of an extract from a
paper filed in the matter of the application of W.
D. Porier for letters patent, in accordance with
which application letters patent were issued to th?
said W. I). Porter on the 22d day of August,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four..
In testimony whereof, I Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the seal
of the Patent Office to be hereunto affixed
[l. s.) this 25th day of August, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred nnd fifty
four, and ol the independence of the United
States the seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Copy of disclaimer of W. I). Porter in his applica
tion for "an improved still for making wood
gas " filed August 5, ls54. ? letters patent issued
August 22, 1864.
" I do not claim as my invention and discovery
the improvements in making gas from wood, viz:
subjecting the products of destructive distillation
therefrom to a high degree of heat, substantially
as has been described and for the purposes
forth in the specification of W. P. McConnell
The Untied Statu Patent OJfic+? To all person* to
whom these presents shall come greeting :
This is to certify that the annexed is n true copy
from the records of this office of an extract from
the specification of W. 1). Porter's patent, issued
in the twenty second day of August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-four.
In testimony whereof, I, Charles Mason, Com
missioner of Patents, have caused the
seal of the Patent Office to be hereunto
, . affixed this twenty-fifth day of August.
' n the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-foor, and ol the
independence of the United States the
seventy-ninth. C. Mason.
Extract from Specification of W. D. Pmrter on
which letters patent were issued August 22, 1854.
Ct.AiM.?What I claim as my invention and de
sire to secure by letters patent is :
" The construction of a gas apparatus or still,
consisting of a metallic or other cylinder B, the
cones E and D, diaphrnni plate C, and exit pipe
F, substantially as described in the foregoing spe
cification, and shown in the accompanying draw
The truth of the ab?ve may be ascertained from
the records of the Patent Office, to which all have
By hi? attorney CIIAS. G. PAGE.
]% TOR MING COW NX.?A larjje nvirl fin.
XVL assortment, at all nriM*, for *ale by
(1 ONMBMVE ami Preserved Clnjjer and
J Chow-Chow, Attca and Choong Loong, Can
ton, fresh importation. For sale by
No. 40, opposite the Centre Market.
1'IMt AKI) LYCKTT, Sen., (look-Binder,
j Potomac 11*11, corner of Eleventh-street and
Maryland avenue, over Clarke* Dru* more, Wash
ington, D. C.
Every atyle ot l?ook-binding giwutaJ. either in
velvet. Turkey Morocco. Russia, or fancy color*
cm If.
Periodical* and Music neatly half bound.
Mr. Lrcirn rr-?pe?-tfnllv suggest* to hta friend*
that whil? much ha* I wen done to iranaiuit family
record*, little care ha* been taken to preserve pa
rental likenestw*. He tako* thi* method to inform
hi* Irtenda, and thoae desirous mf perpetuating per
sonal remrmhrancfi. that da*uerr?;otyj>e likc
ne**ea can be inlaid orf the inside cover*of fami
y bible*, presentation-books, or keepsakes, speci
men* ol which can l?e ?e?n at In- Inudery, or he
can !*? addre?*"?d hv letter. whtc.ii v ti >??? promptly
atteiuled to
Cyclopedia of Mathematical Science, com
pn*ing definition* ot all the term* Employed in
Math -malic*, an analyM* of each I ranch and ot
the whole a* forming a single science. by CbHrle*
Davie*, L. L. D., anthor of a complete cour*e ol
Mnthematic*, nnd Win. (i. Peck. A. M , Assiat
ant Profe**or of Mathematics United State* Mili
tary Academy. Jn*t publi*hed, and for *ale at
the Bookstore of It FARNHAM.
ni'tINK (^UARKY??lam prepurcd to litr
^ ni*h from myqnarrv, opposite the Little Fall*
nnd adjoining the quarry of th* late Timothy
U'Nenle. any quantity ol atone that may Im- needed
for building purpose*. Apply to the undersigned
at hi* bouse on H, between 19th and WOih streets,
in the First ward, or to Mr. I'ainu, at the quarry.
C10IMMRNTARIK* on the J iirladlcllon
/ Practice, and Peculiar Jurisprudence of the
Courts of the United State*, vol. 1, by George
Tick nor Cnrtis.
Hi*tory of the Crusade*, their Rise. Progre**,
and Results, by Major Proctor, of the Royal
Military Academy.
Cnmining'* Lecture* on the Seven Churches.
On *nle at
TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookstore,
**ov 19 near 9th street.
uf THE
I PROPOSE to publish in the city of Washing
toil, in September. a political newspaper, un
der the name of the WASHINGTON SENTI
In doing su, 11 is propei i should make known
I lie principle# ii will maintain, and the policy it
will advocate.
ft will support cordially mid earnestly the nnn
ciples ol'the D< mocratic parti/ of the United St<u> *
it does not propose to be-the organ of any Depart
moot of the Government, except in so far as an in
dependent maintenance of the dociriuws of that
purty may represunt its opinions and express its
It will not be ambitious to commend itself to Un
people by u. blind fluttery of their rulei*fi. It will
seek public i .ipport by the bold avowal of the
sentiments wnich are common to the genuine
Democracy of the Union, nnd by the condemna
tion of ail such as may conflict with them, from
whatever quarter they may come. It will seek to
!>e (and it will endeavor to deserve the title* tii?
orpan ol the Democratic pirtv of the Tinted
The Scntinh, will maintain, u* a fundament <1
truth of that great party, that the States formed ibe
I'nion between them by the ratification of the ('on
-tuition is a coin;>aet; )?y which als>?. they emit
the Federal 'jhivernmeiit ?? r(<i delegated '<> i
:ik rheir common agent. the power*- t?*pre?<ly
specified in it. with an explicit reservation ot ill
othcra to the State-, or to their separate eoveru
metil* The exercise of any powers Heyon?t |h?se
thus delegated: is, therefore, an usurpation -t ilie
reserved authority of the Slates hv the agent C.I
tbeir own creation.
The Sentinel will uphold and defend the Union
upon the basis of the rights of th? States?under
the Constitution?and thus by sedulously gnardnisr
the latter, it will the more etfeetiiflllv -tr^nslheri
and perpetuate the former.
Willi regard to the exercise of the powers ot the
Fee. era! Government, the Sentinel will take as
he | rinciple* of its action, that Congress -hall e*
ereis no power which has not been delegated by
the 0. nstituiiou. according to a strict nnd fair in
lerpret tton of its language and spirit; and that it
shal' at seek to attain iudireelly an object through
the exei ise of const it ntuinal power, for the direct
altainmc t of which it has no delegation of power.
In other words all powers exercised must be
clearly gra ted, and all granted power- must l>e
used for no Mirpose. except such as i? .-|?-*rlv In
tended by th Constitution.
In respect to the internal administration ot the
<?overiiuieut, ihc Sentinel will sustain tbc settled
policy of the Democratic party. It will Inbor to
inculcate this cardinal doctrine of Democratic in
lernnl policy:?that this Government will best
promote the "freedom and prosperity of the people
of the States, by being less ambitious to exercise
power, and more ai.xious to preserve liberty; and
by leaving to the individual States the manage
nient of all their domestic concerns?while it con
tents itself with guarding the confederacy from
external violence, and directing the foreign policy
of the country to the promotion of the common
interests, and defence of the common right-, ind
honor of the States composing it.
The Sentinel will advocate such a progressive
foreign policy as will suit itself to the exigencies,
and corres|>ond with the expanding interests of the
country. That policy should be energetic and de
cided; but should temper firmness with liberality,
and make its highest ends consist with the strictest
principles of justice. The real interests of the
country, upon each occasion demanding attention
will be its guide in the course the Sentinel wil
The national policy of the world in this age is
essentially aggressive. In the growing sense ol
weakness of some of the nation* of the Old World,
and the ambitious restlessness of others, it com
mon motive to colonial extension has developed
Our settled determination tc repel interference
from abroad with our domestic concerns, wil
prompt us to avoid it in the affairs of other coun
tries, unless by their foreign or colonial policy our
peace should be threatened, our security endan
a'ered, or our interests invaded. For when the
-eltish interests of other nations prompt a foreign
>r colonial policy which infringes upon our rights,
and places in the pathway of our commerce a
dangerous and unfriendly rivnl. such a policy must
be resisted by remonstrance, arti, if need be. ky
Our foreign |>olicy shouni indeed, be defensive,
but to lie properly dejens+ve. .t must sometimes be
it/purently aggressive. Our administration should
lie vigilant, watchful, and energetic. The world
is full of important movements, comrriercial and
political, deeply concerning American trade and
American power. It is time we had an American
foreign |>olicy. We must have it. We cannot
avoid it it we would. We have Inrgcr interests, and
a greater stake in the world and its destiny, than
every other people. We occupy the best portion
of a continent, with no neighbors but a colony, and
a worn-out, anarchical despotism. We are the
olny people whose own land, without colonial de
fendencies, is washed by the two great oceans of
the world. Our agricultural productions are more
varied and more essential to civilised life, and ta
human progress?our mineral and manufacturing
resources more vast?our facilities and capacity for
internal and foreign commerce more extended
than those of any other people living under one
government. A continent, to a great extent, un
explored and exhaustless in its yet hidden wealth
is at our feet. European trade seeks the great East
through avenues which are at our doors, or must
be made through our own limits. Europe, Asia,
Africa, and the isles of the sea, lying all around
us, look to us as the rising power, through the
agency of whose example, and ever widening and
extending, though |>eaceful influences, the bless
ings of liberty, civilisation, and religion, are des
tined to triumph over the barbarism and supersti
lion of the millions ef the world- And shall such
a people refuse to lay hold upon their destiny, and
act upon the high mission to which it is called?
A mission so full of hope, though so laden with
responsibility, which, if properly directed, must
make our confederacy the harbinger of peace to
the world, as well as the peaceful arbiter of its
The Sentinel will, therefore, advocate a bold
and earnest foreign policy, such as the condition of
the country demands; but it will advocate it under
the flag ol the country?nowher? else, its foreign
policy must l>e consistent with the spotless honor
and unimpeachable good faith of the country. To
be respectable at home and abroad, and to be great
in the eyes of the world, it must ask for nothing
but what is right, and submit to nothing that is
wrong. It must be liberal and magnanimous to
the rights of others, and firm and immoveable in
insisting on its own. It must, in fine, be true to
its own interests, rights, and honor?it cannot then
be false to those of other nations.
Such, then, is the chart by which we shall be
guided. Independent and free, we shall endeavor
to be honest and truthful. The true friends ot
democratic principle^ we shall cordially support
and defend. Its enemies in the field or in ambush
we shall oppose, and on all proper occasions dej
To our future brethren of the press we extend
the hand of friendly greeting. The Sentinel is the
rival of no press ot its own party?the personal
enemy of none of the other.
The present Democratic Administration has our
lest wishes for its success in the establishment ot
the great principles upon which it came into power;
and in its honest labors to attain such an end it
will find the Sentinel its friend and coadjutor.
tATI-.R TEARS, ny the Author of " the
J Old House l>v the River.''
Mr. Rutherford's Ch Idren, second volume.
Pebbles from the Lake Shore, or Miscellaneous
Poems, by Charles Leland Potter, A. M.
General Notions of Chemistry, translated from
the French, by Edmund C. Evans, M. D.
The Land of 4he Saracens, by Bsyard Taylar.
Brushwood picked up on the Continent; or
Last Summer's Trip to the Old World, by Orville
The above are selected from, a large arrival of
new books at TAYLOR. & MAURY'S
Bookstore, near 9th st.
Greece, I row the earliest times to I lie Roman
Conquest, * 11 it it>l<^lMNMiry chapters on the
History of Literature und Art. By Win. Smith,
LL. D., editor of the Dictionaries of "Greek and
llonum Antiquities" "Biography and Mythology,"
mid " Geography." With notes, und a continuation
to the present time. By C. C. Felton, LL.D.,
Eliot Professor of Greek Literature i<i Harvard
The ul>ove work is intended principally for schools
of the higher classes. Just received und for sale at
the Bookstore of R. FARNI1AM, corner of
Pennsylvania avenue and 11th street. Aug 21.
I vative Maguzlne.?When new aspirants
lor popular favor are auuounced, the public have
n right to demand the grounds upon which such
show ol title to their patronage i* made. In ac
knowledgment of this, we trace the customs ot
parties in the avowal of principles; of religious
?ecls, in the |<roin(ligation Of creeds; and ol per
sons in all pursuits of life, dependent upon the
public for success, in their preparatory expositions
of plans and purposes The customs thus origin
ating, though souuLimes abused, nre useful aud
proper, and should not be discarded. And when,
in obedience to custom, new plans are proposed,
those approving ought not to withhold their en
couragement, a-> too many do, until they see that
success is sure, for their aid may be needed to
secure it. Such n foolish policy as this jeopar
dizes the plan they approve, and hastens its failure;
it has defeated many important enterprizes, and
has deprived the country of good and useful works.
If a new proposition of any kind is approved by
ihe public, the support of those approving is ot
light expected, their approvul being solicited only
in the view that their more substantial aid will
not lie withheld.
The Sui/thkkn Conservative Magazine will
occupy grounds but little cultivated by American
magaxinisl#. It is believed that a field i? open for
a periodical of n new and, in some respects, a
higher order than has been aimed at in our maga
zine literature. In this belief, and with such an
aim, we announce the Southern Conservative
The new magazine # will be national and not
sectional; claiming no merit by virtue of its es
tablishment in the South, but aiming; at a higher
usefulness and a more general acceptability.
It will be Protestant, but not sectarian ; opposing
religious bigotry or intollerance on the one side,
and itilideiity on tbe other?laboring in its teach
ings to nd vance a closer union between the several
branches of the great family of the church.
It will be political, but liberal; owing no slavish
allegiance to parties or politicians, it will advocate
measures, not men,' und will labor only for the
success of principles.
It will be progressive, yet sternly opposed to
the reckless spirit of innovation so rife in the
country?aiming to elevate and advance, not de
pres-; to reform and improve, not to destroy;
sacredly adhering to the true intent of our great
republican theory, und laboring to advance it to
its fullest development.
It will be truly American in lone and sentiment,
but will repudiate nothing foreign, merely because
so; believing that the good, the useful, and true
belong not, par excellence, to any lavored people,*
but are the common right of all.
It will be the organ of pure conservatism.
It will enconrage a high-toned literature, aud
de/'eud pure morals in all the social relations ol
And it will number in its corps of regular con
tributors some of the ablest political aud literary
writers of the country.
The magazine will be printed on the finest
quality of paper, With new type, and iu a plain
but superior style.
Each number will contain not less than 30 large
octavo pages, made up of original articles, con
tributed and editorial?reviews, political and
scientific essays, romances, poetry, Ate.
We promise much lor the new magazine, and
we intend to perform it all, aud more, if the read
ing public will give (he enterprise a liberal en
The Southern Conservative Magazine will be
issued, the tirst of each month, from tie office of
publication, Nashville or Knoxville, Tennessee,
and will be furnished to suscribers at four dollars
a year, or three dollars if paid punctually in ad
vance. Publication will be commenced the 1st
day of January. IS06. Address orders to the
editor and proprietor.
Knoxville. Tennessee.
May 31, I'M.
The New York and Liverpool United States
Mail Steamers.
The ships comprising this line are :
The Atlantic.... Captain West.
The Pacific Captain Nye.
The Baltic On pi am Comstock.
These *h;p* having been built by
contract, expressly lor government
service, every care haa l>een taken
in their construction, as also in their engines, to
insure strength and speed, and their accommo
dations for passenger* are unequalleJ for ele
gance and comfort.
I'riee of passage from New York to Liverpool,
rri first cabin ...$130
In second cabin, $75. Exclusive use of extra sized
state rooms $3'^'>
From Liverpool to New York 30and 20guinea*
An experienced Surgeon attached to each ?hin.
No berth secured until paid for.
PRoroftKTt dates or SAIMK?.
From N**t> York From Ltwrrpooi.
Wed'day.. L?e< 2"7,l!s54 I Saturday.. Dec. 16,1&54
WeJ'day..Jan. 10, 1S55 j Saturday. .Dec. .'0,1&54
Wed t ay.. Jan. 24, 1&55
Wed'd.v .. Feb. 7, li>55
Wed'da/.. Feb. ?1,19H
Saturday..Jan 13, 1S55
Saturday. .Jan. 27, 1855
Saturday.. Feb. 10, 18S6
Wed'day.. Mar. 7. | Saturday.. Feb. 24, 1855
For Ire ght or pa-*???-, apply to
No. frti Wall street, N. Y.
R. O. ROBERTS & Co.,
13 King s Arms Yard, London.
GEO. H. DRAPER, Havre.
The owners of these ships will not t?e accounta
ble for gold, silver, bullion. specie, jewelry, pre
cious stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are
signed therefor, and the value thereoi therein ex
pressed. Jan !l?dif
Mrs. jamicwovh nkw hook.?a
common-place book of Thoughts, Memo
ries and Fancies, original and selected, by Mrs
Jameson. Price 75 cents.
-Leaves from a Family Journal, from the French
of Emilie Souvesire, author of "the Atlic Philo
sopher in Paris." Paper, 50 cents; clolh, 75
Theory and Practice of Landscape Painting in
water colors, illustrated by a series of 24 designs,
colored diagrams of numerous wood outs, with
two extra plates of simultaneous contracts, by
George Barnard Price $5.
Just received at , .
TAYLOR ft MAURY'S Bookstore,
June 7 near Pth st.
To the Patrons of Berkeley Spring*.
Til 10 undersigned begs leave to mlorin his
friends and the public generally, that he has
erected a new and extensive Livery Stable, for
the accommodation of those who may wish to
keep thejr horses at the Springa during the ap
proaching season. The building contains about
40 stalls of extra width, and extensive Carriage
Sheds. Its location is clean, dry, and airy, and
convenient to Colonel Strother's Hotel, with
which it is connected by arrangement. Expe
rienced and reliable persons will be in attendance,
and no expense will be spsred to give every
satisfaction to the visiting public. The proprietor
will also keep for hire, several pleasure oarriages
and saddle horses. Having provided these ac
commo^ations. at considerable expense, the Pro
Srietor hopes that he will be liberally patronized
erms to suit the times
Berk?i,cy Springs,
Morgan County, Va., July 1, 1S55.
July lS-tf.
of the
A Weekly Newipaptr to be published III
Watlilngtou City.
The undersigned, expecting soon to retire from
the position he has for come time held nsSuperin
temlent of the United Stales Census, intend* to
devote him sell' to the control and management ol
the Review, of which, lor the last nine years, he
hah I>eeti the editor and proprietor, and to the
publication in the City of Washington of a weekly
newspaper with the above title.
The materia! for tlu? paper will consist. in part,
of selections or extract* from article* admitted
into the Review, but mainly ol other original lite
rary, educational, industrial, and miscellaneous
matters, including digests of the current events ol
the day, home and foreign; the proceedings ol
Congress and the acts of the Government; lite
rary and scientific sketches and essays upon
leading and popular topics; biographical sketches
of public men; d'gest of official reports, State and
Federal; the state of the markets in the several
arge cities; the progress and prospects of crops;
supply, demand, prices, etc.; the increase of the
country a* shown by statistics, bringing down
those ol the National Census ulways to date
The object will be, through careful editorial
management aiul ? arge and well-selected cor
respondence. to establish at the seat of govern
ment a Family Newspaper which shall be adapted
to the wants of every community; importing
musement and information, and political, only to
the extent of maintaining the institutions ol the
country and defending the rights and sovereignty
of ibe States.
The City of Washington, trom the advantages
which ii pre?"Us for obtaining material of every
kind, tliroti. ii lie action of the Smithsonian Insti
tution, ihe I'ateni Office, and the National Agri
cultural Convention, etc.. and the several Bureaus
and Departments of Government from its conti
guity to tin- lar^;* commercial citie?. from the ex
tended, exciting. and all important interests that
concentrate upon it. is. perhaps, the most eligible
location for such a journal, and ample guarantees
of its suucess have already been received. It will
be printed in folio for the convenience of binding,
and similar in style to the New ^ork Albion
Terms: S'^ pek. annum, in advance.
To Cluhs, of 10 si BSCRiBKRS. at one post office,
$15 in advance.
To Subscribers of DeBow's Hkvikw, not in
arrears, the Review atjd Times together, S6 in
Advertisements on accommodating terms.
In order to increase the usefulness of the Re
view, which has now acquired a very extensive
circulation, it will l>e eularged Irom 112 to 140 or
150 pages, and otherwise improved by additional
editorial assistance and an able corps of contribu
A month!' istorical digest of events will be
embraced in as pages, valuable for future refer
The subscription price of the Review will re
main at $5 per annum, but for the convenience ot
the large class of persons who may not desire
the whole work, or who may only solicit in
formation upon one or more of the subjects lo
which it is devoted, it i* in contemplation to make
a separate publication of the matter relating to
Agriculture ? another of that relating to Manufac
ture*; a third jo Interval fmprovemetUs ; a fourth
to Commerce, and a fifth to Education and Letter?.
These publications will be but departments of the
whole work, and may be subscribed K>r separately
at $1 per annum ei h. They will appear monthly
in handsome periodical style, of from twenty-five
to thirty-two pages ; constituting an annual octavo
volume of 360 pages each, showing at a aingle
view and in a condensed form the whole results,
within the year, in the particular department, in
our own country and abroad, us the Review itself
will show thein in a/1 of the department? of indus
try and enterprise. ?
The Office of DeBow's Review will remain a?
before at New Orleans, though a branch will be
located at Washington, which Will be nlso the
main office of the other Journals, and may be
addressed at all times in regard to thein. The
particular address of ihe editor, whether Wash
ington or New Orleans, will be furnished from tune
to time, in the work.
' J. D. B. i^EBOW.
Washington. Nov. 20, lbM.
S^rDiRowi Indistriai. Kksoiikce*. thr*e ;
handsomely bound volumes upon tlie I'mgress
and Wealth of the United States, 1,*>U0 MMftfll
octavo,, double columns, clear print, library edi
tion, may still be ordered. Price delivered i
at the expense of the autht-s
A Ml MA It CiUOTATlONtk? A collrctlon
' of Familiar Quotations, with complete in
dice* of Authors and Subjects; price fl.
Memorial* of ^outh mid Manhood, by Sidney
Willard, iwo volume*; pri< e 92.
Ellie, or ihe Human Comedy, by John Esten
Cooke, tuthor of Virginia Comedian*, &<?.
TAYLOR & MAURY'S Bookatore,
interesting anecdotea and remarkable con
versations of the Einperor Juring the 6ve and a
half year* of his captivity. collected from the me
mortals of La* Casas, O'Mera, Montholon, An
tommarrgi, and other*. By John 8 C. Abbot;
with illustration*.
English Grammar. The English Language in
it* elements and lorma, with a history of its origin
and development, designed for ute in college*
and school*. Revised and enlarged By William
C- Fowler, late Professor of Rhetoric in Amberat
Cwar's Commentary*; literally translated note*,
with a very elaborate index
A Child'* History of the United State*. By John
Bonner. In 2 volumes.
An Outline of the General Principles of Gram
mar, to which quotation* have l>een added. By
Rev. J. G. Gralton, Profe**or of the English Lan
guage and Literature in the New York Academy.
Just received and for sale at the Bookatore of
Corner of Elevenih alreet and Pennsylvania
avenue. Deo 0
Put up at the shortest notice, and warranted to
keep on long voyages.
Country order* punctually attended to. and
Country Produce, of all description*, received on
No. 474 Tenn. avenue, (north side,) betwten
3d and 44 streeis, two dors east of the United
Slate- Hotel. Oct 4?3t
New mimic?w c. zantzinger ha*
just received from the publishers. Firth,
fond vV Co., New ^ork, and George Willieg.jr.,
Baltimore, an assortment of their iate*t publica
,Ptf Pianos tuned, warranted to give satis
adjoining Kirk wood House.,
Dec lti?.Itawit
(1 AI i I I r.K'S.?Just received a large aa
JT aortment ol Pate De Foies Gras, from Stra*
burg, in small and large jar*.
JnnW-.tr 0 GAUTIKR
Dioemt of exchequer hepohts
from lb'Jl lo 185-1, inclusive, 1 volume.
William* on Personal Property, with American
notes, 1 vol.
The Reporters Chronologically Arranged, by
John Win. Wallace, 1 vol.
I he Creed ol' Christendom, by W. It. Greg.
Habits* and Men, by Dr. Dorau.
Guy Rivers, by William GiliuoreSimms, i vol.,
new edition.
Bits of Blarney, by R. Shelton Mackensie,
Hartley's Poems, 1 volume.
Lippencott's Pronouncing Dictionary of the
World, 1 vol., 8vo. FRANCK TAYLOR.
Sept 13
B Warner, author of Dollars and Cents,
Mr Rutherford's Children, &c. Just published
anil for sale by R. FARNHAM,
May 5 Corner of Pa. avenue and 11th street.
T NEW WORK on the Catholicity of the
J\ True Church.?The Golden Reed, or the
True Measure of a True Church, by B. F. Barrett,
price $1, just received
Attorney for Government Claimants,
CONTINUES to give prompt and personal at
tention to tlie p'oseculion of Claims of every
description against the General Government, and
particularly to those before the Treasury Depart
ment. Pension and Bounty Land Bureaus, Patent
and General Land Offices, and Board of Claims.
An experience of years, and a familiarity with
the means of obtaining the earliest and most fa
vorable uclion ou Claims, with his facilities for the
dispatch of business, justify him in assuring his
Correspondents, Claimants, and the public gener
ally, that interests intrusted to his keeping will
not be neglected.
Peusion. Bounty Land, Patent, and Public
Land Laws.
He has nearly ready for gratuitous distribution
among his business Correspondents, (and those
who may become such.) a neat pamphlet contain
ing a synopsis of the existing Pension, Bounty
Land, Patent, and Public Land Laws, down to
the end of the late Congress, including the
Bounty Laud Act of 3d March, 1H65,
under which all who have heretofore received
le?s than 1GU acres are now entitled to additional
land; said Act grants also ICO acres to all Officers,
Non-commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldiers,
Wagon-masters, Teamsters, and friendly Indian^
of the Army, including State Troops, Volunteers,
and Militia ?and all Officers. Seamen, Ordinary
Seamen, Marines, Clerks, and Landsmen, of the
Navy, not heretofoie provided lor, who have
served not less than fourteen days (unless in bat
tle) at any period sin.-e 1776; and to the widows
and minor children of all such persons entitled,
and deceased.
i This pamphlet contains "Forms of Application"
more fuil and complete than any eUewhere to be
found; adapted to the wants of every class of
Claimants under the Act, with* copious decisions
and instructions of the Department, and practical
suggestions as to the course to be pursued in sus
pended or rejected cases.
Parties not wishing to avail themselves of the
facilities afforded by this office in securing prompt
and personal superintendence of their claims at the
Departments, can obtain copies of the above
pamphlet by remitting thirty cents in postage
Inducements to Correapondenta.
Correspondent* who prepare and forward cases
for management by this Agency will l?e dealt with
liberally; supplied with all necessary blanks fratii,
and kept constantly advised of the changes that
from tune to time occur in the execution of the
It is within the subscriber's power to direct his
Correspondents to the locality of very many per
sons entitled under the late Act; and having ob
tained several thousand Land Warrants under
former laws, he is in possession ot data that will
materially assist iu securing additional bounty.
Fees, below the usual rates?and contingent
upon the admission of Claims.
The highest cash prices given for Litid War
rants, Revolutionary Scrip, and Illinois Land
Address 8. M. KNIGHT,
Washington City
March 17? law'im
MISS It llOOk E, from Philadelphia, will
lor young Ladies, on Munduy, Srpttmbtr 10th,
l?5.r>, at No. 133, Fenn. Avenue, corner of
Seven Building* and I5hh street. Miss BROOKE
will he assisted by the moit competent Profes
sors in every department.
A French lady, recently from Pari*, is engaged
n* a resident governed, and every me:in? will be
used to accomplish her pupil* in that language.
Drawing will be taught in various and elegant
"My friend, Mi?* Brooke, i* a most estimable
lady, of great intelligence, whose qualifiaiions a?
a teacher, and whose accomplishments in English
literature, entitle her to high consideration.
" Miss Brooke is well known to me as a iady
who is entirely capable of conducting successfully
the education of young ladies, and in every way
worthy of the patronage of parent*.
The Right Rev. ALONZO POTTER. D. D.,
LL. Dn
Right Rev. O. W. DOANE. D. D., LL. D.
Professor A. DALLAS BACHE, Supt. Coast
Survey. .
Professor JOSEPH HENRY, Secy <fSraith
soinn Institution.
Gen JOHN MASON, Washington, D. C.
JOHN S. MEEHAN, Esq., Librarian to Con
Hon. JAMES CAMPBELL, P. M General.
Hon. ELLIS LEWIS. Chief Justice of the S.
Court, Pa.
Hon. G. W, W(X)DWARD, Associate Judge
of the S. Court of Peiins.
Hon. GEORGK VAIL, M. C., N Jersey.
Lieut. M. F. MAURY, LL. D., U. S. Ob.e. 4
Circulars slating the terms to ba hsd at (he
principal Book Stores, or of Miss Brooke, No
13S Pa Avenue.
August 30?3tawlm.
Y \ I f \ II 1. K It E A I, FXTATK. FOR
>4It1.- The block of buildings known as
' the Union Building*, ' and now occupied by the
Union newspaper establishment. They are situ
ated oa h street, between 13th and 14th streeta,
and (routing directly ?n Pennsylvania avenue. The
lot is 70 feet front by 159 feet deep. The property is
susceptible of division and re-arrangement, and
it* position such as must rsnk it smong the best
business stands on the avenue, and is yearly in
creasing in value. The time of the present lessee
expires on the 1st .September next, on which day
possession may had.
Also, thht Urge three-story Brick House on 17th
street west, (opposite the War Office, and three
doors south of G street.)
Also, that three story House on 17th street west,
next door to the Government Building, at the
corner of F and 17th streets.
Should the above pioperty not be sold at private
sale prior to the 15th ol May, it vill be sold on
that day at uublio auction.
Term* will be made favorable to the purchaser.
Apply to CH. H. WINDER,
Corner of 17th snd G streets.
March 20?SawtlftMay
1' > X'I'KA Ileavj-plated Tea McU, Albata
j Forks, Spoons, Arc.?M. W. Gait St Bro.
| hnve just received a beautiful assortment of?
Extra Plated Tea Sets, latest styles
Cs*tors, Cake Baskets, Card Trays, Ae<
Also, superior Albata Forks and Spoons.
The above are of the very best quality, sad un
usually low.
M. W. GALT 3c BRO.
One square (twelve linen; 1 insertiou .
" ' '? V u V
? >1 3 " 1 00
" I week 2 00
" 11 '"1 month 5 00
t^L. Uutiflei^ cards, not exuet'iliun ?ix iinv
tor not less than ?i* months. itiertMl ?t balipru*
Yearly advertisements subject in xper.ial ar
Long advertisements >tt reduced rates.
Religious, Literary, and Charitable notices u
aeried gratuitously.
All correspondence oa business must be prepaid
ff Picturesque, Historical, and Social; wiih a
Sketch of the Early Life of Napoleon, translated
frjm the German by Edward Joy Morri*. i'rice
*1 50.
Lectures on English Literature, (rom Chancer
loTennyson, by Henry Re?-d. I'rice $1 25.
Just published, and lor sal? at
KT HINTS.?Architecture, Sculpture,
r1. and Painting, by James Jackson Jarves,
author of History of the Sandwich Islunds, &c.
Price $1 25. , M
Waikna, or Adventures on the Mosquito
Shore, sixty engravings, by Sainuel A. Bard.
SI 25. ? . ,
The Heiress of Haughton, or the Mother s
Secret, by the autherof Aubrey Castle. Avon, &c.
Price 371 cents.
Just published and for sale at
July 21 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
man Printer.?The Workingmnii's Way in
the World, being the Autobiography ot a Journey
man Printer.
Classic and Historic Patriots, by Bruce.
Just published and for sale at
NEW BOOKS.?The Heiress of Haughfoii,
or the Mother's Secret, a novel, by the au
thor of "Emily Wyndhain," "Raven-Hill,' &e.
Price 374 ceiHa.
WA1K.NA, or Adventures on the Mosquito
Shore, by Samuel A. Hard, with sixty illustration-!.
Price $1 55. a ,
ART-HINTS?Architecture. Sculpture, and
Painting, by James Jackson Jarvi*. Price S1.VJ5
Just received.
Corner Pennsylvania avenue and lltft street.
Just Published, Grutls, the 20th Thousand.
Treatment, without Medicine, ol Sperma
torrhea or Local Weakness, Nocturnal Emissions,
Genital and Nervous Debility, lmpotemy, and
Impediments to Marriage generally. ?
Tbe important fact that the many alarming com
plaints, originating in the imprudence mid suhluiie
of youth, may be easily removed without Mrdicin*,
is, in this small tract, clearly demonstrated; and
the entirely new and highly successful ireatinenf,
as adopted by the Author, fully explained, l>y
means of which every one is enabled to cure him
self perfectly and at the least possible cost, thereby
avoiding all tbo advertised nostrums of ihe day.
Sent to any address, gratis and post free in a
sealed envelope, by reiuiit'iig (|?o?t paid) two
postage stamps to Dr. B. DE LANE\, 17 Lispe
nard street, New York City
Jau 19?law2ni*
TAYLOR & MAURY have the honor to
announce the completion of preparation* tor
the festive season. Iu addition to their o; . u ? r\
stock, (which has always been chftra?-teri;
elegance and variety,) they have received ?
A choice selection of beautifully illustrated .a.i
tastefully bound Book*.
Articles of" veriu," in Porcelain, Uronze, ?u.i
other manufacture.
Writing Desks, in papier mache and rosewood.
Card Baske s, Inkstands, Ladies Cabas.
Cigar Stands and Cases, Portemotinaies
Taper Stands, <fcc.
Together with a general assortment ol novelties
remarkable for a combination of the usetul with
the ornamental, at prices suitable to tbe artisan or
Book and Stationery store, near 9th street.
OrricK No. 292, Pennsylvania Avenue,
Corner of 10th street,over Savings Bank',
rpHIS CEMETERY Is laid out on the plau
? of the celebrated Greenwood ot New York,
and situated on the high ground, distant one and
a quarter miles north of the Capitol, North Capi
tol street, leading directly to the Gateway. This
company have received a charter Irom Con
gress, appropriatiag this ground for ever to burial
purposes, making a lee title to the purchaser, and
prohibiting all encroachments from legislation or
otherwise, which is of vast importance to those
who wish their dead to repose where they have
placed them ; for u has become a custom in all
cities when the burial ground becomes valuable
for other purposes, to sell it, and throw the dead
promiscuously into one large pit, and legal mea
sures cannot prevent it, as no titles are given to
tbe ground.
N. B. Office hours from 10 a a.,to 12iu, wher
pamphlet* containing the Charter, By-laws, and
a Map of the Grounds, and all otner informatior
can be obtained.
All orders left with Mr. James F. Harvy
410, 7th street, or any other undertaker, will be
promptly attended to. June 19 ?lv
Pianos and Melodeons tor Cash.
I_J ORACE WATERS, the great Music and
XX Fiano Forte dealer, 333 Broadway, New
York, prelering to ?hare a large per cent, with hi*
customers, rather than pay it to the sharer* ol
Wall >'teet, to raiae available menus to enable him
to stem the present tight times, oilers his immense
assortment ol elegant and warranted Pianoa and
Me tod eon* at a large discount fromlactory prices,
for cash. Hi* assortment ooinprises Pianos Irom
three of the largest and most celebrated Boston
manufactories; al?c. those of several of the best
New York makers, including the beautiful and
much admired lUrace Waters Piauos Irom bis
own factory, and Melodeons ot the best Bostou.
New Haven, New York, and Buffalo make-, af
fording an opportunity for selection* not to be hail
elsewhere Each instrument warrantee, .'second
hand Pianos at great bargains? prices from
t,, ?1?'<0. Masic snd musical inatruments of all
Linda. Dealers, teachers, and beads ot school*
supplied on the best terms Music sent by mail,
post paid. Geaeral and select catalogues ol nu
sic and schedule of fsclory prices of Pianos, Melo
deons and musical instruments forwarded to an^
address, free ol postage.
Sept 21?d3m
And Agents for "Kerr's" " ??w?s*sOld Rye
and P. Hanger's "Old Rye" Whisky, r^mmm
All letters promptly snswered.and order* filleo
Feb 20?3in
TOHN H. BUTHMAKN. Importer and
J Dealer in Wine, Brandy. Cigar*, Arc., Pen..
sylvania avenue, a>ulh side, between tl and fttb
streets, hss received a part of In* fall supplies:
Madeira, Sherry, Port, of vnnow* grades and
Cognac Brandy, pale and dark, from a very bigh
order to a fair article.
Scotch Whisky, Schiendam Gin, of superior
Jamaica Rum, Monongahela Whisky, extra
Caracoa, red and white, (Anisette oi Dussel
dorf on the Rhine.) Maraschino.
London Brown Stout.
Edinburgh Scotch Ale.
Champagne of Mumm's snd M?>ei*4t Chan
don's Imperial, Heidsieck Ac Co . Monsms, and
Moet Ac Chandon's Vertenay anil d- Kongement.
Also sparkling St. Peray, pink and white.
With an assortment ol Havana < utaM
Regalia El Ca?. Regalia la Villai.uevi
Ea la Chay, Venesulano.
Villanneva. Londres, Humos, iTo.
AI?o, a large sssortuient of Rhine Wine, (?oine
sparkling) and French Winn, red and while from
I tbe highest price to a fine Bordeaux table Wiae.
Dec 6
, ??
a trom a Family Journal. from
? j ihe French of Emilie Souve*irr, author of
Attic Pbiloaopher in Paris.
M ri. Jameson's Com mon -place Bo< >k of Thong his..
Memories, and Fanciea.
1 June 1 Corner 11th *t. nnd I'enn av

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