Newspaper Page Text
For the National Kra THE MB&ASKA BILL-NO 3 (concluded] Had tho principle* of juatioe and brother "<J (ind one would think that gruliltule also might have some place, seeing that the Pit grim* were preitened through their first wiuter ouly by Indian ho-pitahty) iulluenced our con "?MJt, even oh uuich an they have that of the ?Spanish race, we should long ago have had In dian Territories organined, Indian States ad mitted, and should now two their '? representa tive men " in b ??h Uouson of Congress Their good faith, their honesty, their native dignity and habitual regatd to decorum, would be in valuable elements in a l*>dy of men who have theil- " ten million " corruption fuodH, their "Tex?? ?crip" in their pocket*, their hand* employed in tearing treaties and contract* and often in tearing each other's eyee > Where a grea?, cultivated,' and powerful community treatH a weaker race with cruelly contempt, or even neglect, it marks that rao. an the prey of the unprincipled and inhuman. I here are vast number* who have at lx>Mt only conventional o< nsoienoeu, and are ever ready for any deed of darkness, which in tolerated or neglected, much more if it is applauded and rewarded by hucIi a community. The worst ?i lined, in such a state of society, Hit pretty lightly on that description of conieicnco*. This to the ground work of the wrong? and woes in flicted by th e notion, and under the Hhadow of i* power, upon the Indians. The nHtion in therefore rct.pons.blo for them; and if there be a just God, his jufetice cannot deep. To preserve them from a class of men whom I have endeuvored to desorihe, but to whom language strives in vain to do juntico, law* have teen pa^ed by ihe United State?, and likewise at an early period by tho Colonic and separate State* But if Nebraska and Kansa* should be organized by an act repeal ing, or, in fresher and daintier phrase, "super if ding" tbo-c laws, and a great ru.*h of rogues and ruihan* should ovorwhelmn the ex posed native*, or rather deniaens, whom our own choice and convenience, with new and solemn guarantee* of protection, so lately planted there, tho author of the bill would very coolly say " | did oot legislate any rogues and ruffians into the territory. / ?aid nothing aluwl Hum. I Jelt it to the people, upon 'the great funda mental, Democratic principle of self-govern ment,' to decide whether it would have them or not; and he is ' a calumniator,' and 'a fa'si her of the record,' who says that f let them id :iii<J (vtuolihlied ttieni there." .1 9r ""I'f**? that the law against stealing ?hould be omitted, or, having been already en acted should he related iu the Territorial law; I presume it will not I* disputed at leant by any Southern man, that there would be a last immigration of hoi no thieves to that land of promise. But Doeglo* would say, " I did not legislate them into it;" and Cass would re peat, in hi* gravest manner, ?I am 4ro?ely impressed wtlh the op,not,, that a great charge has been going on in the publie mind and in my otrri," ?''and that doubt* are resolvinc them wive* into oonvictions," that th.re is no power to legislate over thieves, or horses, or ?***, or anything else within tho Territories, except some sections of land. I might pursue the illustration through the catalogue of crimes. Upon the principle which UongUs adopts in his bill, and maintains in hw jaw me-dimn *po?ch and letter, the whole hideous crew might 1-e allowed to taka sar.c tuary and set op business in Nebraska, and ordera Tor cutting throats he " executed with neatnes-i and despatch," and nolssly be to blame or responsible for it " Tboa eaifw not my I dij it; never thake lbT fey loeki at me " In the very fact of letting in Slavery. Mr. Do ugh* does indeed lot in the whole family of Mooie* Slavery originated in war, and Is a mutton of the Mate of war. It tempt* and justifies the cornum-don of most of the out rages and crimen of war. It most therefore bd maintained by warlike instruments, Wohd?Ut- ro0*h f?r plunder WiU? eosscienre wide iw belt." The patrol sytlem of the slave States em tSl * "t*ndm* ?rmT, Of Which the North know, nothing It authoritca the killing or maiming of any negro, colored person, or slave lound abroad ,n the night, if h0 resists or at tempts to evade on arrest ft antbnr*?s break of'th * b.a,"Utioa" ",??,s nny hour and ^ T'h the tt!,d ?? *rre,t and Hag an unlawful number ' of slave* eav U !* ?upetfbious to ?y, that any tr,fle of pror*rty, whioh a slave ThiL wVK V\i 7 or comfortable thing wh.ch the slave has mat.iifootured by th? sacrifice of nee.lf.il rest, and laid by for future 0-e of wifr. husband, or little one*, is r,B8d'th<^ warrhe^ by tho low T 1 who oouip?*o tho patrol*. A woman ? venerable and Iwloved mother slave, nearly ninety y, ars .4,1, has carefully saved a little ?am, U her funeral-" the patr.dleni" capture i?, aod nobody quirt us that it ie lawful pri*. ? JZ midnight irniiitiiHiM wpg* a i^ilboo of mo, her. and daughter, are death' Z"i I? kW' j"'1 '*W ,n?ke?, 11 death ki lift ? hnnd in their dsfeoee, it is not to he sup^w.1 that the act* of the burglars will bo confined to the purges which the law pi man i?ero in do r?le and degrading outrago on lb. of the slave, il it works Domjory t? the righte or servi. e of the mss ?w, Which this army may not commit all over th. ^ u T rVt,rf> lroP,,nilT- Hut. in troth, tibe authority and mastery of all whites, wheth ,,T"T "U?' *mr7 little l? s-> than thai af the j*tnds, provided it be not > r.'w T'* ?f ,hft intrr^t w in der ogatiou of the rights the owner There are law- all the slave States agair.*t ?il^ !',* ???P* in some cs-e-, ZSI! . T of mod?"-afs correction." or hea.^d "exen!pates himself by his owaoath But the great legal disahilify im ?P<? all slaves, of testifying against any bite pera.<n rei.ders these laws, such as they ?re s^d would render any laws, bowewr just ?J?d wise, for their proteetiim. very nearly a mTbJrTn Hf ki,,inK ITthl Wh r*'idinK or Wyoming d.me ' W t0 "bow whllt can be A miMtor in the State of Georgia took hin elate down cellar. and there, with the aid c?f the family phvwoian, tlnyrd him alive The Weaee wae, that ho did to a vkite per mm, with the ermnetit. and douhtWn at the invito lion of that pern m, what white men nr<> oon Mantly doing nil nwr the date country to Mack women, with or without their nonnent. Tho written hielory of our raee fu nimbi * butane authentic inwtanco of a nintilar atro oity, end (.'hr^endom can noareely rofrain final nhnddenng at the namn of the perpetra tom Id i hie day, notwithntanding their recent pmerowty to n? Hungarian*, and a present ?MM whioh three-fourth* of ChrMrndom k. gentleman from the State of Maine npent mreral week* rime yearn ago, in tho State of Virginia; and a oom pitmen tary dinner wan jpfun him by a eeleet party at a public bou*e While they were at table, a waiter, m pan-dug It tureen of gravy, npnet it on a gentleman n fcaek. He rone Ir< >m the table, and, by a blow m Mm head with a Madeira battle, laid the imlMr dead. The body we * removed, the MMMM Snieh?Ml their entertainment, and MM hmnte'de wan put in the bill. Mr. 0<wgl*n ban put it, and all that in kin dred to it, la hm Mil, by pntting Sla/ery there. Chartee Jimm Fa* tampered regulating Ma verv to regulating u.urder; and John Weeley, rv. ?5?"- ?r ">?"'rirx" Sl.?. ry, pr.n..?.oo?J it "lh? .urn of ?? ??!<? *7 7 F Strikk, but Hka*. nies ' WASHINGTON. D. C. WKDNKSDAY, JUNK 7, 1854. ARGUMBHTS AMD V0TK8, MOT THREATS The Louiavi'.lo Journal aud other Southern prints that opposed the passage of the Nebras ka BiH, now that it is consummated, labor to assuage the Northern agitation aroused by it They publish extracts from Northern papers | claiming that, after all, the Bill does not ma terially damage tho interests of the free States, and from Southern papers, denying that slave holder* have gained anytlvng mlmtantial from it. Wo uuderHtand all tH*. They fear that the People of the froo States may be driven to trample under foot tho old parties, tho instru ment of tie Slate Despotism, and organize against it* usurpations; and all their habits shrink from the terrible exoitement they sup pose would necessarily resiflt. While appreciating their love of peace, we j would remind them that no peace is worth I having whch is purohancd by the sacrifice ol | justice?no peace can be honorable, stable, or ! bemlioent, which is secured only by habitual concessions lo the demands of a tyrannical In terest. Thoy must judge for themselves of tho policy that l*?k suite their circumstances? they cannot judge for the North and West. The People of the free States havo been out raged, and they wore oraven and foolish not to resort to tho ballot-box for redrew. ' The more violent of tho Northern men, nays the Journal, will be for waging a general warfare against Slavery, ho far an they think they can ?i<? so without palpably transcending the limits of tho Constitution. They II be for c.xcV ' in all their section of countiy every n in the next Congress who is not pledged >o most thorough hostility to Sla very; thry will be for restoring, if practicable, tho Mil-Houri Compromise restriction to Nc bri-ska and Kansas; they will be for the appli cation of the Wilmot Proviso to every 1 orritory heieafter admitted into the Union, no matter what its latitude or longitude ; they will be Ik* the abolition of Slavery in the District of Co lumbia; and they will be for the modification I and emasculation of tho Fugitive Slave Uw I by cutting out all suoh of its provisions as tend to give it the sMghte t effioaoy. ' Now, we hardly need say, that if a party, intent on such purposes, shall so far succeed at the North as to obtain the power of control in Congress at anv future time, the Union will be seveicd. If the people of the North, who are a numerical majority of the Republic, shall, on account of any real or imaginary provocation, use i heir power in a mauner manifestly- injuri ous or insi lting to the South?if they shal< ex creisc it tauntingly or wantonly, the South *ill rx.t hesitate to di- wive the existing partner ship be the ooMequencee what they may. The Slaveholders have gone to tho extreme of the Constitution, and beyond it, for Slavery, and the Uuion was not ducolved ; but, should the North go to the extreme of tho Constitution, and not beyond it, lor Liberty, the Union will in evitably be dissolved ! The Slaveholders have done what thoy had no right to do, and the Union was not shaken : should the North undo what they havo done, tho Union goes to rivn !! Four hundred thousand potty despots have everything their own way, and the Union is safe : if two millions of voters in tho North and West eomo to tho conclusion thai they shall uot liavo their own way. hut yield to the will of the majority, the Union is blotted out!! What docs all this moan ? Simply tb"'??that the Union of these States is founded upon Sla very; that its great uw is, to minister to the l?enefit of Slaveiy ; that its guiding principle ought to be, tho will of the Slaveholders; that supremacy is thoir right, subordination tho duty of all non-slaveholders. I his is tho plain, unmistakable position of the Lon'sville Jour nal. As a matter of fact, the Slaveholding Oligar ohy have waged " a general warfare "for Sla very, excluded from Congress every man not pledged to the nxwt thorough support of it, sent men to Cmgrem, who, in difianee of the will of the North, and in the faco of a solemn com pact, have repealed the Missouri ComproirW It has broken down every safeguard against Slavery in every Territory of the Union; enact, ed and maintained Slavery in the District of Columbia, and forced upon the free States a Fugitive Slave Act, in derogation of the guar anU*>? of the Constitution, of the sovereignty of the Statee, of the Principles of the Common Law, and of the olaims of Humanity. And yet the free States have submitted, without dissolv ing the Union. Now, when it isprop<?*?d that they shall, through the ball.it box, poaoeably install in power a Party which shall take pre cisely the reverse action, undo what the OIL, garohy ha - done, and place this Federal Gov ernment aa much on the smIo of Freedom as it ha* been on tho side of Slavery, the Journal denounces such a policy as insulting, injurious wanton, and tells us that on its consummation ? the Sonth will r.ot ketitaU to diuaivt the erint ing farlnvtkif, l>e the consequences what they may!" Well, a'l we have to say is th'm : Beforp Ood and man, had we the power, this day would v* subject the Oligarchy to the teat?this day give them an opportunity to execute that pre cise thront. There are some tremulous people wh<'in the language of the Journal may intim kUte; but th? groat majority of Northern and Western voter* regard this stale or? of Die union with utter contempt. It in not the ap prehension that that impossible deed will bo done by the South, which prevent* them from Adopting the oonrse of action *o ruinous in the i judgment of the Journal, but simply the em harraesmenMi growing out of their division into hostile political organirationn, which have hith erto subordinated the great imrac* of Liberty to minor consideration*. Let the Journal lay thin to henrt: if we can once sucoecd in over | coming these embarrassment-*, in breaking down old political (combinations and animoei tins, no childi?h fears of what slaveholder* may or may not do, will deter us from pot ting the Oligarchy ont of power, and placing them under ban, just an much ae Anti Slavery men now .arc nnder the ban. This question of political ascendency, Mr. Journal, is to be settled by hard argument and hard voting; and if the slaveholder* ho outvoted, they will have to submit, or do worse. A* to Dieunion, our ootemporary ha* evi dently not studied the *ubjeot. So long ae tlie ?laveholding Claw can govern the Wlug and Democratic Parties, control the organization | ot Congress, dote/mine the legislation of the oonntry, fill the Presidential chair, govern the Territories through the Executive Power, oom nuind the Treasury, Army and Navy, and die tate our foroign policy ; in a woid, hold thirty one States subject to it* will, and une them lor its aggrandisement, it will .no more dissolve the Union, than give freedom to its slave*, or set fire to its plantations. But, suppose this condition of things should coase?suppose the subject States should re cover their independence, the subject People, their power: that the non Nlavehotders should him coed in overthrowing the slavoholdiug dynasty, in obtaining the oontrol ol the Fod orul Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary, of the Treatury, the Army and the Navy, de termining both the domestic and foreign policy of tho Government, what then ? Certainly, the Union would no longer be cherished by the Slaveholders as the great in strument of their ambition; it might, indeed, become a source of discontent and appreben sion to them ; b?t; tho question would be, could they afford to dissolve it 1 Itecol'ect, tliey would be out of power, and divested of the patronage and consequence which Power always confers. They would have no allies in the free States, and in the slave States would have to encoun ter rivnl interests, brought into life and embold ened by an Administration jtervaded by the spirit and controlled by the ideas of Liberty. What could they do? How wor'd they set about the work of Disunion ? Where would they begin? How much of Maryland, of Delaware, of Virginia, of Kentucky, of Tennessee, of Mis souri, of Louisiana, of Texas, could they carry with them? What would be tho motive to Disunion? An outrago upon their honor? How could their honor bo outraged by two millions of voters assuming that control of the fredoral Government, to which they are entitled undor the Constitution ? If four hundred thousand Slaveholders may control the Federal Govern ment, without outrago to the honor of the marees of the People, two millions of non-Slave holders may do the sama, without outrage to the honor of the Oligarchy. Would they dissolve it, for the purpose or carrying forward their schemes of territorial and pol'ticnl aggr?nd:ienient ? How could they execute suoh schemes, thrown solely upon their own resources? Where would bo their shi| b. their money, their men ? Spain, unaided by France and England, could then easily re tain possession of Cnba, and Mexico might defy their power. Their gigantic project of a bound less Slave Empire would bo extinguished for ever by a dissolution of the Union. If neither honor should demand, nor ambi tion find its advanta^ a d"solution of the Union, certainly no ( inieal interest would be promoted by it. Their peculiar system of labor would require lree trade with the North, just as it now doei?, and tho development of their resources would need just as much of Northern capital. Tho Union, no longer an instrument of their ambition, no longer subser vient to their schemes of national aggrandize ment, would still be necessary to their security and their economjtal interests. Only in one event could thero arise a motive Btrong onough to impel Disunion, and justify the act. 1 hut would be, should the non flaveholding Inter ests of the country, controlling the Federal Government, usurp unconstitutional power over the rights of tho SlaveholJing State*:? then, honor, pride, and the instinct of self-preserva tion, would arouse and justify a spirit of resist ance. MKET1NG OF II INI ST EES IN BOSTON. June 1st, a large number of Ministers of variour denominations, met in Boston, at the rooms of the Tract Sooiety. The Rev. Mr. Dexter stated, that a free interchange of opin ion among clergymen, on the subject of Sla very, was deemed of special instance at this crisis. "The venerable Dt. Lyman Beecher re minded tho clergy of the present day, that in tho days of the Revolution the mininters of Cod were found on the side of Freedom; and that to the position they occupied, and to the moral influenoe they exercised then, the achievement of our national independence was, in a great meagre, due ; and counselled nrn i inters of Christ to speak lioldly in this neason of our distress, and be unHinchingly for Lib ortv, and against Slavery. ' Dr. Edward Baecher followed Professor Stowe, and propo?*d that a committee of threo. five, or seven, bo chosen to consider and repoxt on the religious and po'itical bearing-* of the question nnder consideration, vix: the passga of tho Nebraska bill, and the spirit of Slavery Propagandism whieh it evioced. &c. After spirited remarks from several ministers, " The motion to appoint the eommitteo was now put, and o-irried in vnimounly ; and Rev Drs Cleveland, Edward Beecher, Rev. E N 1 Kirk Rov H. M. Dexter, R-sv John Pierpont, Rev. Mr. Walot-tt, and Rev. Rufos Clatk, were appointed." The disonseion was further continued, nntil ??The committee cam* in and reported the following preamble and resolutions: ?' Whereas the recent action of Congress has made a new crisis, threatening the vital interests of froedora; and whereas it is of the highest importance that the relations of cler gymen to this whole subject be clearly settled; therefore, " Resolved, That, in the sense of this meet ing. it is expedient that the clergymen of New England ntfet in oonvention, to consult and to determine their duty in the present exigency. ii Revived, That a committee of seven he appointed by the Chair, to nominate a perm* nent committee of twelve, to co-operate with the clergymen of ell denomination*, in carry ing into effect the foregoing; resolution. "The following gentlemen were selected to oompoeo the committee of twelve, provided for in the above resolution: "Rev. J. Pierpont. Rev. J. W. Olmstead, Dr. K. Beecher. Dr J P. Cleveland, Professor C. K. Stowe, Dr. W. T. Daight, Rev. H. M. Dex ter. Rev. S. Woloott, Hev. K N. Kirk, Dr. E. B. Hall, Rev. R. W. Clark, Rev. Dr. Alvan Pond. u It was resolved that the clergy of all tho religious denominations be invited to partici pate in the movement; and it was suggested that every church be requested to send to the Convention at least six lay delegates and the pastor of the ohproh. " The Convention, after some fcrther desul tory discussions, dissolved. The session lasted two hours and a quarter, and was one of the most interesting meetings of the week. There wm entire unanimity of sontiment in the Con vention, and a spirit was evinced whioh was refreshing to the heart of every genuine lover of his country?every Christian philanthro pist." THJt UTTLIMKNT OF KAH8A8 AMD NEBRASKA. The Territories of the Union are now the b-.ittle-ground of Freedom. Wo need hardly my, that the reason a?*igoed in the Nebraska Kannas Kill, for the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, v v.: that the Anti-Slavery re Htriution imposed by it was superseded by the legitilation of 1850, virtually annuls any and every compromise whioh hat) been supposed to secure United States territory south of 36 dog. 30 niin. to Slavery. The Hettlers in auy Ter ritory must decide for themselves whether they will allow one uian to own another, or not. Let uh try the priuciplc, and push the ool6niz<i tion of all our Territories by free working men. Let the hatdy Germans pour into Western Texan, and hold it sacred against the intru sions of slave labor. If we are to behove the accounts that reach uh from the Wert, the tide of emigration if flowing rapidly into Kansas Much excitement prevail*, it in reported, among tho Indians, fearful of trespaut-ers upon their lands. Had Congress passed the Nebraska Bill a year ago, and bad the Government provided, as it ought to have done, for tho purchase of ho much of tho lands us tho Indians wore willing to sell, no such danger would now impend. We tiud the following in the Weston (Mo ) RepiMir.au, of M ay 25th: " He (the Deputy Marshal) has also received direct orders from tho Department at Wash ington to proofed immediately to tho Territory, and notify all sottlois not licensed to rema:"i thero to leuve at once. If not, by being thiiH notified, he is authorized to call on the com manding officer a( Fort Leavonwortli to furnish hiin with a sufficient force to remove them. He Mill visit tho upper portion of the country in a few days.7' This docs Dot look muoh like respecting "Squatter Sovereignty," but that ?'Sovereign ty " will be very apt to take care of itself. Of course, the Slavery Propaganda are busy. They will hardly neglect to use the advantages they have seenred by repealing the Missouri Compromise. They have set their hearts upon Kansas, and dotermined to make a slavo State of it. Says the Washington correspondent of the Richmond (Va) Enquirer: " If hue a fair chance in the argani zulion of the Territorial Government, there is but little doubt, not only of its becoming a slave State, but a rich one. It is not at all to be wondered at, that the South should have dfsired tho repeal of the odious restriction, apart from the injustice of it." It must bo reoollec'eJ that Slavery already exists as a fact, in Kansas, under tho auspices H?f a mission of the MethodUt Church South, and that Mr. Johnson, belonging to that mis sion station, has been counselling with the Propaganda in Washington during the struggle whioh has just closed. The probability is, that Jofferson Davis, the active Pro-Slavery leader of tho Administration, will do what he can to keep free settlers out of the Territory at the point of the bayonet, until the emissaries of Slavery have time to oarry their plans into ef feot. The Philadelphia Register says: u Men of shrewdness, ambition, and political experienoe, have been engaged by the Slave Power to go to Kanea*, for tho purpose of se curing political influence among the settlers, ?nd betraying them into the hands of tho South. One of these tcoln of desjtotism is John C. O'Neill, late consul at Belfast, who returned not long since from Ireland. Afior a short visit to Washington?where his devotion to Slavery and * * * won him tho oonfidenoe of the managers?he is preparing to go to Kansas. It has leaked out that he gree with a large amount of funds, and instructions to looate lands for settlers, and also with tho premise of tho Ad ministration that he shall be returned as one of the first Senators from the new State. H;s chief pursuit will, of course, be paving tho way for that promotion.'' The Emigrant's Aid Association must lose no time. The Propaganda have the officials and resources of the Government at command. Lot us soe whether tho President and the Slave Power will prove too much for the People, in practical as well as /rgu/ufitw action. C0NQRE8S. The Senato is not in session to-day. in the House, a proposition to assemble at II A. M., instead of 12, was set asid? by an objection, but will come up hereafter. Several speeches were made in Committee of the Whole. The attendance was small. " Tho recent riotous demonstration in Boston ' has awakened throughout the South an intense feeling of indignntion, and has suggested to men of sober judgment tho ncessity of some measure of retahntiim, and of protection for the fnture. * * * It is plain that n new and glorious destiny awaits tho South, and beckons us onward to a career of inde pendence. Shall we train end discipline our energies for the coming cri?i?, or shafl we con tinue the tributary and depondent va^a's of Northern brokers and money-changers? Now is the time for the Sou'h to begin in earac.it the work of self-development. Now is the time to break asnnder the fetters of commercial subjection, and to prepare for that more com ptete independence that awaits us '' Ritkmnnd Inquirer. Passing over all else in tho foregoing, we will simply point to the declaration that the Southern People are "tho tributaries and de pendent vassals of Northern brokers and money-ohangorsthat the work of "self-de velopment" has not yot been begun in the South ; and that the South is bound by " fet ters of oommcroial subjection." If the oharges here made against the .South by the In quirer are truo, it all proceeds from Slavery alone. The people of the South are inferior to no people in the world. They are a noble people, and oapable of every noble work. They aro only oppressed by Slavery. Remove that from them, and they wi'l riso in might and power. But the resotutitm will not do; the Mt'.ANw must bo need. Pot away Slavery Prop agandists, and Slavery itself. Who did it, and How was it donr??The Pittsburgh Daily Ih.ipatck saja: "There is a feeling of degradation in the re flection that n free white people of nnward* of seventeen million*, with an electoral eoffrage of Romewhere about three mi'lions?two and a ha'f millions, at leant, of which may be reckon ed on the mde of Freedom?have been conquer ed in (Jongresi by a population of fire million*, three millions of which are negroes, with a white suffrage of lew than seven hundred thou sand! But infinitely more humiliating and degrading in the recollection that the South hen gained the day, not by her own power, but by 1 aid and comfort' of Northern ' . We ekip the very hard words need, and oon , our heartily in the sentiment expremed without them. The North?which now i,??is awaking! I.ITBBAKY NOTICE Discourses aho Savings or oiir Lord Jrsus . Ciihist, illustrated in a Bene* of Expositions. Bj John Brown, I). D.. l'rofowor of Bxegetieal Theol ogy to the United Presbyterian Church, Edinburgh. In 2 voir, |>p. 64B and 6?V. New York: Carter A Brother*. Sold by (tray A Hallantyne and Kohert Karnham, W a*hington. We have otnfully examined them volumes. Tbey are worthy of the reputation of the au thor. His work on the Epistle to the Galatians we had the pleasure to present to the notioe ol the readers of tho lira Home time since, and we hope that notice may have led to the purchase of that admirable hook. To such, we need oulysuyof this work, that it is another like contribution to the hotter knowledge of the Word of God. The great question is, *' What think ye of Christ ? " On our answer to this question hangs the destinies of the present and U10 future. We are what our principles, mo tives, actions, make us to bo; and our actions, motives, and principles, in their highest and happiest development, are wrapped up in our faith in Jusuh Christ. It is a union, one and inseparable, now and forever. In these days of rationalistio theology, it is desirable that works fitted to meet the skepticism of philoso phers, (" fa'?ely so called/ ) should bo in the hands of all Ministers of the Gospel especially, and in the hands of all who<te tastes lead them to read Commentaries on the Scriptures. " A personal Deity is the soul of natural re ligion ; a personal Saviour?tho real living Christ?is tho bouI of revealed religion." "The Faith of Christ" lies at the foundation of a true Christianity. And this work, for beauti ful presentation of the teaching* of Christ; en forcement of hjp precept rich, various, and learned illustrations of the text, is an example of tho advance mudo upon like works of the la?t contury?the pious Matthew Henry, the leaden-hoaded dullness of John Gill, and the sensible Thomas Soott; and all 00mmentators in English, with their "firstlys," "secondly*," ' hence learn," "practical remark, 1, 2, 3." Dr. Brown's Expositions have nothing of this weary routine ; all is fresh, bright, and vari ous ; and the critical disquisitions on the text, which annoy plain people in reading Clarke's Commentaries, and others, are here a)} brought together at the end of the soveral divisions ot tho book; so that what is addressed, to the English reader is in the text, unbroken by these " stones of stnmbling and rooks of of fence." it is from no wish to sell a book we write this notice, but that all to whom Christ is precious, and his words precious, may be led to put this book into libraries or upon a book shelf, where it will be at hand to aid them to a inoro pure and perf< ct realization of Him who spako as never man spake. These words of life, which, however wide and high the human soul may ktretch in the growing greatness of man as an intellectual being, will ever be the living fountains of purity, of gentleness, of good ness, and of truth. f Small Pox ?Wo see it stated that the Brit ish Parliament has passed an act, making it a finable offonce in every parent or guardian who negleets to have his or her child vaccina ted, within four months after its birth. This is well; but it doos not go far enough. Every child and adult should be vaooinated at least once, to test tho virtue of the previous vaccina tion. A regulation coercing the observance of this duty would be folly as just as that requir ing homes to he built in a safe manner, or noisome nuisanoes to be removed Slaves in Washington City.?The assess ment of taxable pro, erty, this year, puts the valuo of the slaves Iftre at $299,265. Many of these are owned in Maryland and Virginia, and are hired here. By returning them to their homos a day before (he expiration of their year of scrvioe, 11 send them back again the second day after,their owners avoid forfeiting them to freedom under oi-r laws. Diplomatic Affairs. ? The Washington correspondent " Inspeetor " of the Now Vork Courier and Enquirer} telegrapbod to that pa por, on Monday, as fo'lows: ?'Lord Elgin and Mr. H;nks depart to mor row. The fishing and reciprocity treaty is ft* lv arranged, subject to the deciHion of tho Provincial Congress to assemble at Montreal. We admit, doty free, ooal, lumber, and grind stones. over which most d'scussion has taken place. "Official despatches from Mr. Soule state that, in addition to the remission of tho fiie on the Black Warrior, tho Spanish Government acc.?rds to steamers of that line a'l the privi leges and exemptions of British mail steamers. '? Euglrnd and Fritnee hav? demanded of Spain 24,000 m-'n,for the occupation of Grecce and of I'atosiino. Spain refuses uncondition ally. " England denies, officially, that she he* ten dered either ships or m?n to protect Cuba against the United S'atjs, or to promote tho Africanization thereof. "Official despatches from Mr. Gregg only state that violent discussions hai% taken place in the Sandwich Islands, about annexation to the United Ktitea. He ha< mado no treaty ; but, as 1 advised you one ywirngo, ho will make one as soon as practicable." I.aw and Oidrr.?At a moment when the peoplo of Boston are receiving the denuncia tions of the South, beoause thej have given anj trouble whatovor, to persons who were per forming an infamous office in their midst, para graphs like the following, from the Savannah Sentinel, may be fcqnd from day to day in sl moet every Southern paper : ? "Settling in Nehra?ka-Kansas, we learn from the Gazette and other souroos, in going on rapidly. Hundred* of claims aro already to kep up opponite St. Joseph, and a meeting of the settlers held. Not a day pomes but new additionH are made to tho number. The Indian agent has iwued a proclamation against trw passing on Indian lands, but little he>d is paid to it ; Ike ' work gor.? bravely on.' Nor do the hardy pioneers seem to fear the ' cold steel of the bayonets' with wlroh they i|ere threat ened last fall. Impatient of the unreasonable delay of the Government in extinguishing In dian titlei and organising the Territory, the people have determined to take Ike matter in their own hands. Tho appropriation was made more than a year ago, and t*me enough elapsnd for something to he done. The mat see are now on Che more. It ii m wo predicted. Nor can the movement he arret'ed." Qjp"* The Uiobmoad Examiner has on arti cle on u the end of the Boston Slave Case" The beginning has scarce been seen yet. The end is further off than that of the sea-serpent! It will be a mighty end when it comes, and great events will come with it. IBS ELECTIONS. Sk> far as heard from, the late popular Eleo tions have not been relished by the Adminis tration. Mr. Letcher has been so muoh dis pleased with the citizens of Wanhingtoil, as to desire to have a Government supervisor or in quisitor at each voting place, hereafter, and has accordingly taken a step toward the de struction of the ballot-box and the introduc tion of the Virginia mode of voting?a mode by whioh the influential and wealthy may ex ercise a very potent influence over thoir poor neighbors, tenants, and debtors. Being iu fa vor of u Popular Sovereignty," as it is reoog nised in the Nebraska bill, Mr. Letcher has of oourtie taken no atop toward ascertaining the desires of the People of Washington on this Bubjeot. The people of Washington, by a vote of two to one, a year ago, dcolared their desire to have their charter so altered, as to empower the oity authorities to prevent the sale of intoxioating drinks withiu tho corporation limits; but a Congress in favor of " popular sovereignty," on the Nebraska-bill principle, has paid no heed to that request. Perhaps it has not been car ried rightly before them. Who oarried the Nebraska subject befuro them? When, and how ? "Slavery, we say frankly, is a neoowity of our situation: if it did not exist, no one would dream of creating it."?New Orleans Bee. This is an approach toward truth, and of course an approach toward the consummation of justice. If the people of tho South would only oome to an understanding upon the opin ion here indicated, there would then be a ohance for them to be redeemed from Slavery, the necessity of its continuance being tho only point involved in futurediscussions. Its propa gation where it does not exist, and is not ne cessary, would of oourse be abandoned. ? ?????? " Ex-Governor Smith, of Virginia, is said to havo applied to the President, to send more United States troops to Boston. The President declined, beoause no troops were disposable,, but reiterated his determination to have the law carried out."?Richmond (Va ) Mail. The next time a Post-office is openly robbed, and its letters-are broken open, in South Caro lina, or a " Junius" is imprisoned, or a Hoare forcibly expelled for desiring, by legal means, to protect Freemen in Charleston, Mr. Smith may be gratified in such a r quest. But it must be during a future President's terra. Several of tho newt papers of New York, Ohio, Connecticut, MassacbuHetK and other non-slaveliolding States, are cxhortrng the peo ple of those States to forget all distinctions of Whig and Democrat' and unite in one great party of resistar ce to what they call tbo en croachments of slavery. No matter what the advocates of such a movement may pretend to think or to wish, the purpose of all such of them as are not too stupid to have a definite and intelligible purposo ?s to destroy the Union. A rope's end might do than good, whether ap plied to their backs or to their necks. Louisville Journal. The Journal can well spare a rope's end at present. All the accounts we bear from its neighborhood indicate that it has got to the end of its rope. Having run into the mire in tbo Ward murder affair, it has taken the back track on tho Slavery quet>tion to get to the sunlight of popular favor and patronago again. QjF* The special attention of the people of the United States is invited to the future of tho Northern, honorable gentlemen who have sup ported the Nebraska bill. Their constituents and tho President they have served will reward them, after their several fashions. Observe, and see how they will do it! Cholera has appeared at Nashville, Tenn., oausing sixteen deaths in two days. A num ber of fatal opses of tho same diseaw also took place last woek at Cincinnati. In New York oity, Inst week, there wcte twelve fatal oasos of cholera, besides five of cholera infantum, twelv.i of cholera morbii?, seven of diarrhoea, and six teen of dysentery. One hundred ca ns of chol era were under treatment a few days ago at the New York Quarantine, and on Sunday, the ship Charles Crocker arrived there from Liverpoui, which had thirty-one deaths on board of cholera, during the voyngo. Uniformity of oolor in dress is the rage iu Paris. OONURKSS. rMIRTV Til IR P HONOR I BS FIRST SCSSION. House of Representative*, June 7, 1854. Mr. Houston asked leave to proscnt a resolu ti<m, requiring the House to assemblo daily at II A. M. after Saturday next; which was ob jected to. Mr. Dick naked leave to intrnduoo a resolu tion, directing the Committee on Naval Affairs to inquire into the expediency of establishing a Navy Yard on some one of the Northern lakee. Objection was made. The House then wont into Committee of the Whole on tho Paoifij Railroad bill, (Mr. Ro cook in the ehair) Mr. Stanton, ot'Tennessee, said he won'rt not take up the time of the Committee; hut would simply declarc h;a approbation of the bill. Mr. Bridge* sa?d no was opposed to tho bill on oonHtitutional grounds, and asked leave? which was granted?-to publish his speech. Mr. Hendricks spoke briefly in opposition to the bill; and then entered into a dinoiiMion of the various land bills before Congress Ha ex Crossed himself ft* opposed to the State distri ntion, and as not altogether in favor of any specific plan before Congress. He would pre fer selling tho lands to actual settlors, at cost? about twenty-two cents per acre?and giving them titles at once. Mr. Disney spoko at length in opposition to " Bennett's Land Hi'l," finishing the Bftcecb, as ho stated, that he had but halt deliverod three or four weeks ago. This spoeoh was elaborato, argnmentive, and sustained by copious quota tion>. He argued that tho oonduct of tho Govern mont, with respect to the publio domain, had ever been that of a proprietor having due re gard to tho promotion of tho most. rigid coon omy and evon-handod justiee. The principle of equandering the domain with a lavish hand, or dispensing it without recompense, whs new, and annuthoriited aliko by c >n-<tituti<>nnl authority and sound policy. Mr. Chandler said be folt a doop interest in the sabjcct of the I'acifij Railroad bill, but thought this wss not the time to discuss it; nor would he discuss the question of platforms of parties. He would direct hia attention to two bi'*s beforo tho House, in relation to the subject of postage. Mr. Chnndler proceeded to review the his tory of reoent legislation on this subject, and it* effects in increasing the transmission of let ters, papers, and pamphletM, and in depleting the funds of the Department. BY THK MORNING'S MAIL. One Week Ijater from Eurojtri Halifax, Junk 6?Tbe steamer Niagara arrived here thin afternoon, bringing Liverpool dates of May 27th. > Austria had not yet awn hum I a decisive at titude. The Conference at Vienna had been resumed, on the b*-is heretofore laid down by the Western Powers. Prussia was apparently acting against Rus sia. The Russians were preening tho siege of Sili?tria with \igor, and fears were entertain ed that the Turks oould not hold out much longer. Liverpool, May 27?Tho cotton market is unsettled. Prices have declined fully %d, and nearly >?d. on some grades. Breadstuff* opened with a fair demand, but closed dull at a decline of Is. per bbl. in flour, 6d. per quarter advance in corn. Tho London money market was tighter, but oonsols bad advanced to 89%. Philadelphia Election. PHn.APEi.rHlA, Junk 6.?'Tho first election for oity officers under the reoent act of con solidation was held to-day. It is conccded that the Hon. Robert T. Conrad, Whig and "Know Nothing,"- is elected Mayor, and (soao Hazle huret, of the same politics, is elected Solicitor, Jnhn N. Henderson, Whig and " Know Noth ing," is elected Comptroller. Know Nothing Victory. Kingston, N. Y., Junk 6?The first elec tion under the new charter, to-day, resulted in the sucoess of the 11 Know Noth'-ugs," by a large majority. Destructive Fire at Philadelphia. Philadelphia, Junk 6.?A largo four-story warehouse on tho wharf, abovo Aroh street, running through to Water street, was burnt this morning, and its ontirc oontouts nearly de stroyed. 6. W. Ridge way & Co., on the wharf, had n large stock of oils?lots SI2,000?fully insured. There whs also stored 330 hales of cotton, owned by C. P. Rolf, valued at $18 000, and fully insured. Tho stock of Kino paint, be longing to Messrs. French & Richards, on W ater street, was destroyed, but all fully in sured. The side walls of the building fell, crushing tho whole mam down to the tiist floor. For tunately, no one was injured. New Hampshire Legislature. Concord, N. H., Junk-6.?Tho Lcgislatnro meets here tomoirow, and considerable excite ment exists rs to tho eleotiou of officers. The Democrats have nominated Francis R. Chase, ofC in way, for Speaker, and K. A. Hibhard and A. S. Marshall for Clerks. The vote was unan imous. The Free Sudors nominated Mason W. Tap pan, of Bradford for Spoaker, which the Whigs will endorse; and the Wh'gs will probably nominate S. O. Adams for Clerk. The Fugitive Slave Riot. Boston, June 6?The examination of the parties arrested for being engaged in the Fu gitive Slave Riot wr < continued to-day. Bishop, Stowell, Jaokson, and Mormon, were fully com mitted, without bail, for tho murder of Batch elder. BrovtJ and Wesley were held in $3,000 each, for, riot. Cluer, Home, and Hopewell, wero discharged. Thompson and Robinson wore held for a further examination. Death of a Member of Congress. Wheklino, Junk 5.?Hon. J. F. Snodgrass died very suddenly to-day, at bis residence in Parkersburg. He represented tho 12th dis trict in the present Congress. I BY HOUSK'fl F&1HTIHG TELEGRAPH | TELEGRAPHIC CORRESPONDENCE FOR DAI I.Y NATION A I. KRA. Philadelphia Election. r Mil. a Delphi a, June 7.?Conrad (Whig, Na tive, and Know Nothing candidate for M ?yoi) elected by 8,000 majority. The whole ticket of Whigs and Nativoe is elected, hy a large majority, and both branches of the City Council*. Democrat* completely oleaned out. SECOND DESPATCH Phii.adki.phia, June 7?In twenty wards, Robert T. Conrad, for Mayor, has 9,000 ma jority; Isaac Hazlchnrst, tor Solicitor, 12,000 majority; and John A. Henderson, for Comp troller, 8,000 majority. In all but four ward*, the Democrat* elect eleven Reformers, three VV big*, and forty-three member* of the (Council; and a Select Council of seventeen Whig*, four Democrats, tuid ou'e Keforinor. (I'hi* i* ambiguous.] Baltimore Race*. Baltimore, Junk 7 ?The race* arc I n gel attended here to-day. Tho Oerrnan Turner leave thi* evening. Ohio River. VViirrlino, June 7 ?Tho water in the Ohio at thi* point in six feet; at 1'ittHhurgh, ti??< feet. Arrival of the Arctic. New York, Junk 7.?The steamer Arctic ooming up through the Narrows. The Arctic's JWws?One Day hiter\ New York, Junk 7, 21^ I*. M.?A protocol has been signed by the representative* of the ftinr Powers, a verting their determination to maintain the integrity of the Turkish Kmpiie. Austria and Prussia Will doinand the evacua tion. Proclamation in Regard to the Brooklyn ' Riot. New York, Junk 7.?The Mayor of Brook lyu ha* irtHued a proclamation forbidding in terference with the right* of ci'>z*n* to meet peaceably together for public worship. It also forbid * all processions to and from plaei s of public worship, and all orowds, &ii, under penalty of prompt arrest. Markets. Baltimore, June 7.?TIio hteamoiY news depresses breadstuff*. Howard Streot flour held at $8.87 ; City Mills at $8.62?-no buyers. Wheat declined?<ale* of 1,200 bushel* red, at $2.03a$2.l0; white, a*$2.10a *2 15f Coin sales of t,000 bushels white, at 75 a 76t^ oonte; yellow, at 80 oents. Pennsylvania rye at $1.15. Oats?sales at 62 oents; Maryland, at 5.'> a 58 oente. Philadelphia, June 7.?The market is dull, and breadstuff* are depressed. Nkw York, June 7.?Flour duller and un settled; sales of 3 500 barrels State at $9.12 ; Southern at $9.50 to $9 158. Wheat declined ; sales of 6,000 bushels red at $1 95 to $2 ; (?en esseo at $2 45. Corn?sales of 30,000 bushels mixed at 73 cents; yellow at 78 to 79 cents. Cotton doll and declining. Stocks unsettled, and ?lightly better. em Opinion of Nebraska. Charleston, June 5?The New Orleans Bulletin ?ay*: " If there is a Southerner south of Mason and Dixon's line disconnected with polities and partinanship, who has oared one straw about the termination of the struggle, we have yet to Inarn his name. In the South all has been indifferenco and apathy: in the North fanaticism and ferooity. Which Mo tion is the gainer ? Kitber ? We think not.