OCR Interpretation

Daily national era. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, June 07, 1854, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053546/1854-06-07/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

For the National Kra
Had tho principle* of juatioe and brother
"<J (ind one would think that gruliltule also
might have some place, seeing that the Pit
grim* were preitened through their first wiuter
ouly by Indian ho-pitahty) iulluenced our con
"?MJt, even oh uuich an they have that of the
?Spanish race, we should long ago have had In
dian Territories organined, Indian States ad
mitted, and should now two their '? representa
tive men " in b ??h Uouson of Congress Their
good faith, their honesty, their native dignity
and habitual regatd to decorum, would be in
valuable elements in a l*>dy of men who have
theil- " ten million " corruption fuodH, their
"Tex?? ?crip" in their pocket*, their hand*
employed in tearing treaties and contract* and
often in tearing each other's eyee >
Where a grea?, cultivated,' and powerful
community treatH a weaker race with cruelly
contempt, or even neglect, it marks that rao.
an the prey of the unprincipled and inhuman.
I here are vast number* who have at lx>Mt only
conventional o< nsoienoeu, and are ever ready
for any deed of darkness, which in tolerated or
neglected, much more if it is applauded and
rewarded by hucIi a community. The worst
?i lined, in such a state of society, Hit pretty
lightly on that description of conieicnco*. This
to the ground work of the wrong? and woes in
flicted by th e notion, and under the Hhadow of
i* power, upon the Indians. The nHtion in
therefore rct.pons.blo for them; and if there be
a just God, his jufetice cannot deep.
To preserve them from a class of men whom
I have endeuvored to desorihe, but to whom
language strives in vain to do juntico, law*
have teen pa^ed by ihe United State?, and
likewise at an early period by tho Colonic
and separate State* But if Nebraska and
Kansa* should be organized by an act repeal
ing, or, in fresher and daintier phrase, "super
if ding" tbo-c laws, and a great ru.*h of
rogues and ruihan* should ovorwhelmn the ex
posed native*, or rather deniaens, whom our own
choice and convenience, with new and solemn
guarantee* of protection, so lately planted there,
tho author of the bill would very coolly say " |
did oot legislate any rogues and ruffians into
the territory. / ?aid nothing aluwl Hum. I
Jelt it to the people, upon 'the great funda
mental, Democratic principle of self-govern
ment,' to decide whether it would have them
or not; and he is ' a calumniator,' and 'a fa'si
her of the record,' who says that f let them
id :iii<J (vtuolihlied ttieni there."
.1 9r ""I'f**? that the law against stealing
?hould be omitted, or, having been already en
acted should he related iu the Territorial
law; I presume it will not I* disputed at leant
by any Southern man, that there would be a
last immigration of hoi no thieves to that land of
promise. But Doeglo* would say, " I did not
legislate them into it;" and Cass would re
peat, in hi* gravest manner, ?I am 4ro?ely
impressed wtlh the op,not,, that a great charge
has been going on in the publie mind and in
my otrri," ?''and that doubt* are resolvinc
them wive* into oonvictions," that th.re is no
power to legislate over thieves, or horses, or
?***, or anything else within tho Territories,
except some sections of land.
I might pursue the illustration through the
catalogue of crimes. Upon the principle which
UongUs adopts in his bill, and maintains in
hw jaw me-dimn *po?ch and letter, the whole
hideous crew might 1-e allowed to taka sar.c
tuary and set op business in Nebraska, and
ordera Tor cutting throats he " executed with
neatnes-i and despatch," and nolssly be to
blame or responsible for it
" Tboa eaifw not my I dij it; never thake
lbT fey loeki at me "
In the very fact of letting in Slavery. Mr.
Do ugh* does indeed lot in the whole family of
Mooie* Slavery originated in war, and Is a
mutton of the Mate of war. It tempt*
and justifies the cornum-don of most of the out
rages and crimen of war. It most therefore
bd maintained by warlike instruments,
Wohd?Ut- ro0*h f?r plunder
WiU? eosscienre wide iw belt."
The patrol sytlem of the slave States em
tSl * "t*ndm* ?rmT, Of Which the North
know, nothing It authoritca the killing or
maiming of any negro, colored person, or slave
lound abroad ,n the night, if h0 resists or at
tempts to evade on arrest ft antbnr*?s break
of'th * b.a,"Utioa" ",??,s nny hour
and ^ T'h the tt!,d ?? *rre,t
and Hag an unlawful number ' of slave*
eav U !* ?upetfbious to
?y, that any tr,fle of pror*rty, whioh a slave
ThiL wVK V\i 7 or comfortable
thing wh.ch the slave has mat.iifootured by
th? sacrifice of nee.lf.il rest, and laid by for
future 0-e of wifr. husband, or little one*, is
r,B8d'th<^ warrhe^ by tho low
T 1 who oouip?*o tho patrol*. A woman
? venerable and Iwloved mother slave, nearly
ninety y, ars .4,1, has carefully saved a little
?am, U her funeral-" the patr.dleni" capture
i?, aod nobody quirt us that it ie lawful pri*.
? JZ midnight irniiitiiHiM
wpg* a i^ilboo of mo, her. and daughter, are
death' Z"i I? kW' j"'1 '*W ,n?ke?, 11
death ki lift ? hnnd in their dsfeoee, it is not
to he sup^w.1 that the act* of the burglars
will bo confined to the purges which the law
pi man i?ero in do r?le and degrading
outrago on lb. of the slave, il it works
Domjory t? the righte or servi. e of the mss
?w, Which this army may not commit all over
th. ^ u T rVt,rf> lroP,,nilT- Hut. in troth,
tibe authority and mastery of all whites, wheth
,,T"T "U?' *mr7 little l? s->
than thai af the j*tnds, provided it be not
> r.'w T'* ?f ,hft intrr^t w in der
ogatiou of the rights the owner
There are law- all the slave States agair.*t
?il^ !',* ???P* in some cs-e-,
ZSI! . T of mod?"-afs correction." or
hea.^d "exen!pates himself by his
owaoath But the great legal disahilify im
?P<? all slaves, of testifying against any
bite pera.<n rei.ders these laws, such as they
?re s^d would render any laws, bowewr just
?J?d wise, for their proteetiim. very nearly a
mTbJrTn Hf ki,,inK
ITthl Wh r*'idinK or Wyoming
d.me ' W t0 "bow whllt can be
A miMtor in the State of Georgia took hin
elate down cellar. and there, with the aid c?f
the family phvwoian, tlnyrd him alive The
Weaee wae, that ho did to a vkite per mm,
with the ermnetit. and douhtWn at the invito
lion of that pern m, what white men nr<> oon
Mantly doing nil nwr the date country to Mack
women, with or without their nonnent.
Tho written hielory of our raee fu nimbi *
butane authentic inwtanco of a nintilar atro
oity, end (.'hr^endom can noareely rofrain
final nhnddenng at the namn of the perpetra
tom Id i hie day, notwithntanding their recent
pmerowty to n? Hungarian*, and a present
?MM whioh three-fourth* of ChrMrndom
k. gentleman from the State of Maine npent
mreral week* rime yearn ago, in tho State of
Virginia; and a oom pitmen tary dinner wan
jpfun him by a eeleet party at a public bou*e
While they were at table, a waiter, m pan-dug
It tureen of gravy, npnet it on a gentleman n
fcaek. He rone Ir< >m the table, and, by a blow
m Mm head with a Madeira battle, laid the
imlMr dead. The body we * removed, the
MMMM Snieh?Ml their entertainment, and
MM hmnte'de wan put in the bill.
Mr. 0<wgl*n ban put it, and all that in kin
dred to it, la hm Mil, by pntting Sla/ery there.
Chartee Jimm Fa* tampered regulating Ma
verv to regulating u.urder; and John Weeley,
rv. ?5?"- ?r ">?"'rirx"
Sl.?. ry, pr.n..?.oo?J it "lh? .urn of ?? ??!<?
*7 7 F Strikk, but Hka*.
nies '
The Louiavi'.lo Journal aud other Southern
prints that opposed the passage of the Nebras
ka BiH, now that it is consummated, labor to
assuage the Northern agitation aroused by it
They publish extracts from Northern papers
| claiming that, after all, the Bill does not ma
terially damage tho interests of the free States,
and from Southern papers, denying that slave
holder* have gained anytlvng mlmtantial from
it. Wo uuderHtand all tH*. They fear that
the People of the froo States may be driven to
trample under foot tho old parties, tho instru
ment of tie Slate Despotism, and organize
against it* usurpations; and all their habits
shrink from the terrible exoitement they sup
pose would necessarily resiflt.
While appreciating their love of peace, we
j would remind them that no peace is worth
I having whch is purohancd by the sacrifice ol
| justice?no peace can be honorable, stable, or
! bemlioent, which is secured only by habitual
concessions lo the demands of a tyrannical In
terest. Thoy must judge for themselves of tho
policy that l*?k suite their circumstances?
they cannot judge for the North and West.
The People of the free States havo been out
raged, and they wore oraven and foolish not
to resort to tho ballot-box for redrew.
' The more violent of tho Northern men,
nays the Journal, will be for waging a general
warfare against Slavery, ho far an they think
they can ?i<? so without palpably transcending
the limits of tho Constitution. They II be
for c.xcV ' in all their section of countiy
every n in the next Congress who is not
pledged >o most thorough hostility to Sla
very; thry will be for restoring, if practicable,
tho Mil-Houri Compromise restriction to Nc
bri-ska and Kansas; they will be for the appli
cation of the Wilmot Proviso to every 1 orritory
heieafter admitted into the Union, no matter
what its latitude or longitude ; they will be Ik*
the abolition of Slavery in the District of Co
lumbia; and they will be for the modification
I and emasculation of tho Fugitive Slave Uw
I by cutting out all suoh of its provisions as tend
to give it the sMghte t effioaoy.
' Now, we hardly need say, that if a party,
intent on such purposes, shall so far succeed at
the North as to obtain the power of control in
Congress at anv future time, the Union will be
seveicd. If the people of the North, who are
a numerical majority of the Republic, shall, on
account of any real or imaginary provocation,
use i heir power in a mauner manifestly- injuri
ous or insi lting to the South?if they shal< ex
creisc it tauntingly or wantonly, the South *ill
rx.t hesitate to di- wive the existing partner
ship be the ooMequencee what they may.
The Slaveholders have gone to tho extreme of
the Constitution, and beyond it, for Slavery, and
the Uuion was not ducolved ; but, should the
North go to the extreme of tho Constitution, and
not beyond it, lor Liberty, the Union will in
evitably be dissolved ! The Slaveholders have
done what thoy had no right to do, and the
Union was not shaken : should the North undo
what they havo done, tho Union goes to rivn !!
Four hundred thousand potty despots have
everything their own way, and the Union is
safe : if two millions of voters in tho North and
West eomo to tho conclusion thai they shall
uot liavo their own way. hut yield to the will
of the majority, the Union is blotted out!!
What docs all this moan ? Simply tb"'??that
the Union of these States is founded upon Sla
very; that its great uw is, to minister to the
l?enefit of Slaveiy ; that its guiding principle
ought to be, tho will of the Slaveholders; that
supremacy is thoir right, subordination tho
duty of all non-slaveholders. I his is tho plain,
unmistakable position of the Lon'sville Jour
As a matter of fact, the Slaveholding Oligar
ohy have waged " a general warfare "for Sla
very, excluded from Congress every man not
pledged to the nxwt thorough support of it, sent
men to Cmgrem, who, in difianee of the will
of the North, and in the faco of a solemn com
pact, have repealed the Missouri ComproirW
It has broken down every safeguard against
Slavery in every Territory of the Union; enact,
ed and maintained Slavery in the District of
Columbia, and forced upon the free States a
Fugitive Slave Act, in derogation of the guar
anU*>? of the Constitution, of the sovereignty of
the Statee, of the Principles of the Common
Law, and of the olaims of Humanity. And yet
the free States have submitted, without dissolv
ing the Union. Now, when it isprop<?*?d that
they shall, through the ball.it box, poaoeably
install in power a Party which shall take pre
cisely the reverse action, undo what the OIL,
garohy ha - done, and place this Federal Gov
ernment aa much on the smIo of Freedom as it
ha* been on tho side of Slavery, the Journal
denounces such a policy as insulting, injurious
wanton, and tells us that on its consummation
? the Sonth will r.ot ketitaU to diuaivt the erint
ing farlnvtkif, l>e the consequences what they
Well, a'l we have to say is th'm : Beforp Ood
and man, had we the power, this day would
v* subject the Oligarchy to the teat?this day
give them an opportunity to execute that pre
cise thront. There are some tremulous people
wh<'in the language of the Journal may intim
kUte; but th? groat majority of Northern and
Western voter* regard this stale or? of Die
union with utter contempt. It in not the ap
prehension that that impossible deed will bo
done by the South, which prevent* them from
Adopting the oonrse of action *o ruinous in the
i judgment of the Journal, but simply the em
harraesmenMi growing out of their division into
hostile political organirationn, which have hith
erto subordinated the great imrac* of Liberty to
minor consideration*. Let the Journal lay
thin to henrt: if we can once sucoecd in over
| coming these embarrassment-*, in breaking
down old political (combinations and animoei
tins, no childi?h fears of what slaveholder*
may or may not do, will deter us from pot
ting the Oligarchy ont of power, and placing
them under ban, just an much ae Anti Slavery
men now .arc nnder the ban. This question
of political ascendency, Mr. Journal, is to be
settled by hard argument and hard voting;
and if the slaveholder* ho outvoted, they will
have to submit, or do worse.
A* to Dieunion, our ootemporary ha* evi
dently not studied the *ubjeot. So long ae tlie
?laveholding Claw can govern the Wlug and
Democratic Parties, control the organization
| ot Congress, dote/mine the legislation of the
oonntry, fill the Presidential chair, govern the
Territories through the Executive Power, oom
nuind the Treasury, Army and Navy, and die
tate our foroign policy ; in a woid, hold thirty
one States subject to it* will, and une them lor
its aggrandisement, it will .no more dissolve
the Union, than give freedom to its slave*, or
set fire to its plantations.
But, suppose this condition of things should
coase?suppose the subject States should re
cover their independence, the subject People,
their power: that the non Nlavehotders should
him coed in overthrowing the slavoholdiug
dynasty, in obtaining the oontrol ol the Fod
orul Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary,
of the Treatury, the Army and the Navy, de
termining both the domestic and foreign policy
of tho Government, what then ?
Certainly, the Union would no longer be
cherished by the Slaveholders as the great in
strument of their ambition; it might, indeed,
become a source of discontent and appreben
sion to them ; b?t; tho question would be, could
they afford to dissolve it 1 Itecol'ect, tliey would
be out of power, and divested of the patronage
and consequence which Power always confers.
They would have no allies in the free States,
and in the slave States would have to encoun
ter rivnl interests, brought into life and embold
ened by an Administration jtervaded by the
spirit and controlled by the ideas of Liberty.
What could they do? How wor'd they set
about the work of Disunion ? Where would they
begin? How much of Maryland, of Delaware,
of Virginia, of Kentucky, of Tennessee, of Mis
souri, of Louisiana, of Texas, could they carry
with them? What would be tho motive to
Disunion? An outrago upon their honor? How
could their honor bo outraged by two millions
of voters assuming that control of the fredoral
Government, to which they are entitled undor
the Constitution ? If four hundred thousand
Slaveholders may control the Federal Govern
ment, without outrago to the honor of the
marees of the People, two millions of non-Slave
holders may do the sama, without outrage to
the honor of the Oligarchy.
Would they dissolve it, for the purpose or
carrying forward their schemes of territorial
and pol'ticnl aggr?nd:ienient ? How could
they execute suoh schemes, thrown solely upon
their own resources? Where would bo their
shi| b. their money, their men ? Spain, unaided
by France and England, could then easily re
tain possession of Cnba, and Mexico might defy
their power. Their gigantic project of a bound
less Slave Empire would bo extinguished for
ever by a dissolution of the Union.
If neither honor should demand, nor ambi
tion find its advanta^ a d"solution of the
Union, certainly no ( inieal interest would
be promoted by it. Their peculiar system of
labor would require lree trade with the North,
just as it now doei?, and tho development of
their resources would need just as much of
Northern capital. Tho Union, no longer an
instrument of their ambition, no longer subser
vient to their schemes of national aggrandize
ment, would still be necessary to their security
and their economjtal interests. Only in one
event could thero arise a motive Btrong onough
to impel Disunion, and justify the act. 1 hut
would be, should the non flaveholding Inter
ests of the country, controlling the Federal
Government, usurp unconstitutional power over
the rights of tho SlaveholJing State*:? then,
honor, pride, and the instinct of self-preserva
tion, would arouse and justify a spirit of resist
June 1st, a large number of Ministers of
variour denominations, met in Boston, at the
rooms of the Tract Sooiety. The Rev. Mr.
Dexter stated, that a free interchange of opin
ion among clergymen, on the subject of Sla
very, was deemed of special instance at
this crisis.
"The venerable Dt. Lyman Beecher re
minded tho clergy of the present day, that in
tho days of the Revolution the mininters of
Cod were found on the side of Freedom; and
that to the position they occupied, and to
the moral influenoe they exercised then, the
achievement of our national independence was,
in a great meagre, due ; and counselled nrn
i inters of Christ to speak lioldly in this neason
of our distress, and be unHinchingly for Lib
ortv, and against Slavery.
' Dr. Edward Baecher followed Professor
Stowe, and propo?*d that a committee of threo.
five, or seven, bo chosen to consider and repoxt
on the religious and po'itical bearing-* of the
question nnder consideration, vix: the passga
of tho Nebraska bill, and the spirit of Slavery
Propagandism whieh it evioced. &c.
After spirited remarks from several ministers,
" The motion to appoint the eommitteo was
now put, and o-irried in vnimounly ; and Rev
Drs Cleveland, Edward Beecher, Rev. E N
1 Kirk Rov H. M. Dexter, R-sv John Pierpont,
Rev. Mr. Walot-tt, and Rev. Rufos Clatk, were
The disonseion was further continued, nntil
??The committee cam* in and reported the
following preamble and resolutions:
?' Whereas the recent action of Congress
has made a new crisis, threatening the vital
interests of froedora; and whereas it is of the
highest importance that the relations of cler
gymen to this whole subject be clearly settled;
" Resolved, That, in the sense of this meet
ing. it is expedient that the clergymen of New
England ntfet in oonvention, to consult and to
determine their duty in the present exigency.
ii Revived, That a committee of seven he
appointed by the Chair, to nominate a perm*
nent committee of twelve, to co-operate with
the clergymen of ell denomination*, in carry
ing into effect the foregoing; resolution.
"The following gentlemen were selected to
oompoeo the committee of twelve, provided for
in the above resolution:
"Rev. J. Pierpont. Rev. J. W. Olmstead, Dr.
K. Beecher. Dr J P. Cleveland, Professor C.
K. Stowe, Dr. W. T. Daight, Rev. H. M. Dex
ter. Rev. S. Woloott, Hev. K N. Kirk, Dr. E.
B. Hall, Rev. R. W. Clark, Rev. Dr. Alvan
u It was resolved that the clergy of all tho
religious denominations be invited to partici
pate in the movement; and it was suggested
that every church be requested to send to the
Convention at least six lay delegates and the
pastor of the ohproh.
" The Convention, after some fcrther desul
tory discussions, dissolved. The session lasted
two hours and a quarter, and was one of the
most interesting meetings of the week. There
wm entire unanimity of sontiment in the Con
vention, and a spirit was evinced whioh was
refreshing to the heart of every genuine lover
of his country?every Christian philanthro
The Territories of the Union are now the
b-.ittle-ground of Freedom. Wo need hardly
my, that the reason a?*igoed in the Nebraska
Kannas Kill, for the repeal of the Missouri
Compromise, v v.: that the Anti-Slavery re
Htriution imposed by it was superseded by the
legitilation of 1850, virtually annuls any and
every compromise whioh hat) been supposed to
secure United States territory south of 36 dog.
30 niin. to Slavery. The Hettlers in auy Ter
ritory must decide for themselves whether they
will allow one uian to own another, or not.
Let uh try the priuciplc, and push the ool6niz<i
tion of all our Territories by free working men.
Let the hatdy Germans pour into Western
Texan, and hold it sacred against the intru
sions of slave labor.
If we are to behove the accounts that reach
uh from the Wert, the tide of emigration if
flowing rapidly into Kansas Much excitement
prevail*, it in reported, among tho Indians,
fearful of trespaut-ers upon their lands. Had
Congress passed the Nebraska Bill a year ago,
and bad the Government provided, as it ought
to have done, for tho purchase of ho much of
tho lands us tho Indians wore willing to sell,
no such danger would now impend. We tiud
the following in the Weston (Mo ) RepiMir.au,
of M ay 25th:
" He (the Deputy Marshal) has also received
direct orders from tho Department at Wash
ington to proofed immediately to tho Territory,
and notify all sottlois not licensed to rema:"i
thero to leuve at once. If not, by being thiiH
notified, he is authorized to call on the com
manding officer a( Fort Leavonwortli to furnish
hiin with a sufficient force to remove them. He
Mill visit tho upper portion of the country in a
few days.7'
This docs Dot look muoh like respecting
"Squatter Sovereignty," but that ?'Sovereign
ty " will be very apt to take care of itself.
Of course, the Slavery Propaganda are busy.
They will hardly neglect to use the advantages
they have seenred by repealing the Missouri
Compromise. They have set their hearts upon
Kansas, and dotermined to make a slavo State
of it. Says the Washington correspondent of
the Richmond (Va) Enquirer:
" If hue a fair chance in the argani
zulion of the Territorial Government, there is
but little doubt, not only of its becoming a
slave State, but a rich one. It is not at all to
be wondered at, that the South should have
dfsired tho repeal of the odious restriction,
apart from the injustice of it."
It must bo reoollec'eJ that Slavery already
exists as a fact, in Kansas, under tho auspices
H?f a mission of the MethodUt Church South,
and that Mr. Johnson, belonging to that mis
sion station, has been counselling with the
Propaganda in Washington during the struggle
whioh has just closed. The probability is, that
Jofferson Davis, the active Pro-Slavery leader
of tho Administration, will do what he can to
keep free settlers out of the Territory at the
point of the bayonet, until the emissaries of
Slavery have time to oarry their plans into ef
feot. The Philadelphia Register says:
u Men of shrewdness, ambition, and political
experienoe, have been engaged by the Slave
Power to go to Kanea*, for tho purpose of se
curing political influence among the settlers,
?nd betraying them into the hands of tho South.
One of these tcoln of desjtotism is John C.
O'Neill, late consul at Belfast, who returned
not long since from Ireland. Afior a short visit
to Washington?where his devotion to Slavery
and * * * won him tho oonfidenoe of the
managers?he is preparing to go to Kansas. It
has leaked out that he gree with a large amount
of funds, and instructions to looate lands for
settlers, and also with tho premise of tho Ad
ministration that he shall be returned as one of
the first Senators from the new State. H;s
chief pursuit will, of course, be paving tho way
for that promotion.''
The Emigrant's Aid Association must lose
no time. The Propaganda have the officials
and resources of the Government at command.
Lot us soe whether tho President and the Slave
Power will prove too much for the People, in
practical as well as /rgu/ufitw action.
The Senato is not in session to-day.
in the House, a proposition to assemble at
II A. M., instead of 12, was set asid? by an
objection, but will come up hereafter. Several
speeches were made in Committee of the
Whole. The attendance was small.
" Tho recent riotous demonstration in Boston '
has awakened throughout the South an intense
feeling of indignntion, and has suggested to
men of sober judgment tho ncessity of some
measure of retahntiim, and of protection for
the fnture. * * * It is plain that n
new and glorious destiny awaits tho South,
and beckons us onward to a career of inde
pendence. Shall we train end discipline our
energies for the coming cri?i?, or shafl we con
tinue the tributary and depondent va^a's of
Northern brokers and money-changers? Now
is the time for the Sou'h to begin in earac.it
the work of self-development. Now is the time
to break asnnder the fetters of commercial
subjection, and to prepare for that more com
ptete independence that awaits us ''
Ritkmnnd Inquirer.
Passing over all else in tho foregoing, we
will simply point to the declaration that the
Southern People are "tho tributaries and de
pendent vassals of Northern brokers and
money-ohangorsthat the work of "self-de
velopment" has not yot been begun in the
South ; and that the South is bound by " fet
ters of oommcroial subjection." If the oharges
here made against the .South by the In
quirer are truo, it all proceeds from Slavery
alone. The people of the South are inferior
to no people in the world. They are a noble
people, and oapable of every noble work. They
aro only oppressed by Slavery. Remove that
from them, and they wi'l riso in might and
power. But the resotutitm will not do; the
Mt'.ANw must bo need. Pot away Slavery Prop
agandists, and Slavery itself.
Who did it, and How was it donr??The
Pittsburgh Daily Ih.ipatck saja:
"There is a feeling of degradation in the re
flection that n free white people of nnward* of
seventeen million*, with an electoral eoffrage
of Romewhere about three mi'lions?two and a
ha'f millions, at leant, of which may be reckon
ed on the mde of Freedom?have been conquer
ed in (Jongresi by a population of fire million*,
three millions of which are negroes, with a
white suffrage of lew than seven hundred thou
sand! But infinitely more humiliating and
degrading in the recollection that the South hen
gained the day, not by her own power, but by
1 aid and comfort' of Northern ' .
We ekip the very hard words need, and oon
, our heartily in the sentiment expremed without
them. The North?which now i,??is awaking!
Discourses aho Savings or oiir Lord Jrsus
. Ciihist, illustrated in a Bene* of Expositions. Bj
John Brown, I). D.. l'rofowor of Bxegetieal Theol
ogy to the United Presbyterian Church, Edinburgh.
In 2 voir, |>p. 64B and 6?V. New York: Carter A
Brother*. Sold by (tray A Hallantyne and Kohert
Karnham, W a*hington.
We have otnfully examined them volumes.
Tbey are worthy of the reputation of the au
thor. His work on the Epistle to the Galatians
we had the pleasure to present to the notioe ol
the readers of tho lira Home time since, and we
hope that notice may have led to the purchase
of that admirable hook. To such, we need
oulysuyof this work, that it is another like
contribution to the hotter knowledge of the
Word of God. The great question is, *' What
think ye of Christ ? " On our answer to this
question hangs the destinies of the present and
U10 future. We are what our principles, mo
tives, actions, make us to bo; and our actions,
motives, and principles, in their highest and
happiest development, are wrapped up in our
faith in Jusuh Christ. It is a union, one and
inseparable, now and forever. In these days
of rationalistio theology, it is desirable that
works fitted to meet the skepticism of philoso
phers, (" fa'?ely so called/ ) should bo in the
hands of all Ministers of the Gospel especially,
and in the hands of all who<te tastes lead them
to read Commentaries on the Scriptures.
" A personal Deity is the soul of natural re
ligion ; a personal Saviour?tho real living
Christ?is tho bouI of revealed religion." "The
Faith of Christ" lies at the foundation of a
true Christianity. And this work, for beauti
ful presentation of the teaching* of Christ; en
forcement of hjp precept rich, various, and
learned illustrations of the text, is an example
of tho advance mudo upon like works of the
la?t contury?the pious Matthew Henry, the
leaden-hoaded dullness of John Gill, and the
sensible Thomas Soott; and all 00mmentators
in English, with their "firstlys," "secondly*,"
' hence learn," "practical remark, 1, 2, 3."
Dr. Brown's Expositions have nothing of this
weary routine ; all is fresh, bright, and vari
ous ; and the critical disquisitions on the text,
which annoy plain people in reading Clarke's
Commentaries, and others, are here a)} brought
together at the end of the soveral divisions ot
tho book; so that what is addressed, to the
English reader is in the text, unbroken by
these " stones of stnmbling and rooks of of
fence." it is from no wish to sell a book we
write this notice, but that all to whom Christ
is precious, and his words precious, may be led
to put this book into libraries or upon a book
shelf, where it will be at hand to aid them to a
inoro pure and perf< ct realization of Him who
spako as never man spake. These words of
life, which, however wide and high the human
soul may ktretch in the growing greatness of
man as an intellectual being, will ever be the
living fountains of purity, of gentleness, of good
ness, and of truth. f
Small Pox ?Wo see it stated that the Brit
ish Parliament has passed an act, making it a
finable offonce in every parent or guardian
who negleets to have his or her child vaccina
ted, within four months after its birth. This
is well; but it doos not go far enough. Every
child and adult should be vaooinated at least
once, to test tho virtue of the previous vaccina
tion. A regulation coercing the observance of
this duty would be folly as just as that requir
ing homes to he built in a safe manner, or
noisome nuisanoes to be removed
Slaves in Washington City.?The assess
ment of taxable pro, erty, this year, puts the
valuo of the slaves Iftre at $299,265. Many of
these are owned in Maryland and Virginia,
and are hired here. By returning them to their
homos a day before (he expiration of their year
of scrvioe, 11 send them back again the second
day after,their owners avoid forfeiting them to
freedom under oi-r laws.
Diplomatic Affairs. ? The Washington
correspondent " Inspeetor " of the Now Vork
Courier and Enquirer} telegrapbod to that pa
por, on Monday, as fo'lows:
?'Lord Elgin and Mr. H;nks depart to mor
row. The fishing and reciprocity treaty is
ft* lv arranged, subject to the deciHion of tho
Provincial Congress to assemble at Montreal.
We admit, doty free, ooal, lumber, and grind
stones. over which most d'scussion has taken
"Official despatches from Mr. Soule state
that, in addition to the remission of tho fiie on
the Black Warrior, tho Spanish Government
acc.?rds to steamers of that line a'l the privi
leges and exemptions of British mail steamers.
'? Euglrnd and Fritnee hav? demanded of
Spain 24,000 m-'n,for the occupation of Grecce
and of I'atosiino. Spain refuses uncondition
" England denies, officially, that she he* ten
dered either ships or m?n to protect Cuba
against the United S'atjs, or to promote tho
Africanization thereof.
"Official despatches from Mr. Gregg only
state that violent discussions hai% taken place
in the Sandwich Islands, about annexation to
the United Ktitea. He ha< mado no treaty ;
but, as 1 advised you one ywirngo, ho will make
one as soon as practicable."
I.aw and Oidrr.?At a moment when the
peoplo of Boston are receiving the denuncia
tions of the South, beoause thej have given anj
trouble whatovor, to persons who were per
forming an infamous office in their midst, para
graphs like the following, from the Savannah
Sentinel, may be fcqnd from day to day in sl
moet every Southern paper : ?
"Settling in Nehra?ka-Kansas, we learn
from the Gazette and other souroos, in going on
rapidly. Hundred* of claims aro already to
kep up opponite St. Joseph, and a meeting of
the settlers held. Not a day pomes but new
additionH are made to tho number. The Indian
agent has iwued a proclamation against trw
passing on Indian lands, but little he>d is paid
to it ; Ike ' work gor.? bravely on.' Nor do the
hardy pioneers seem to fear the ' cold steel of
the bayonets' with wlroh they i|ere threat
ened last fall. Impatient of the unreasonable
delay of the Government in extinguishing In
dian titlei and organising the Territory, the
people have determined to take Ike matter in
their own hands. Tho appropriation was made
more than a year ago, and t*me enough elapsnd
for something to he done. The mat see are now
on Che more. It ii m wo predicted. Nor can
the movement he arret'ed."
Qjp"* The Uiobmoad Examiner has on arti
cle on u the end of the Boston Slave Case"
The beginning has scarce been seen yet. The
end is further off than that of the sea-serpent!
It will be a mighty end when it comes, and
great events will come with it.
Sk> far as heard from, the late popular Eleo
tions have not been relished by the Adminis
tration. Mr. Letcher has been so muoh dis
pleased with the citizens of Wanhingtoil, as to
desire to have a Government supervisor or in
quisitor at each voting place, hereafter, and
has accordingly taken a step toward the de
struction of the ballot-box and the introduc
tion of the Virginia mode of voting?a mode
by whioh the influential and wealthy may ex
ercise a very potent influence over thoir poor
neighbors, tenants, and debtors. Being iu fa
vor of u Popular Sovereignty," as it is reoog
nised in the Nebraska bill, Mr. Letcher has of
oourtie taken no atop toward ascertaining the
desires of the People of Washington on this
The people of Washington, by a vote of two
to one, a year ago, dcolared their desire to have
their charter so altered, as to empower the oity
authorities to prevent the sale of intoxioating
drinks withiu tho corporation limits; but a
Congress in favor of " popular sovereignty," on
the Nebraska-bill principle, has paid no heed
to that request. Perhaps it has not been car
ried rightly before them. Who oarried the
Nebraska subject befuro them? When, and
how ?
"Slavery, we say frankly, is a neoowity of
our situation: if it did not exist, no one would
dream of creating it."?New Orleans Bee.
This is an approach toward truth, and of
course an approach toward the consummation
of justice. If the people of tho South would
only oome to an understanding upon the opin
ion here indicated, there would then be a
ohance for them to be redeemed from Slavery,
the necessity of its continuance being tho only
point involved in futurediscussions. Its propa
gation where it does not exist, and is not ne
cessary, would of oourse be abandoned.
? ??????
" Ex-Governor Smith, of Virginia, is said to
havo applied to the President, to send more
United States troops to Boston. The President
declined, beoause no troops were disposable,,
but reiterated his determination to have the
law carried out."?Richmond (Va ) Mail.
The next time a Post-office is openly robbed,
and its letters-are broken open, in South Caro
lina, or a " Junius" is imprisoned, or a Hoare
forcibly expelled for desiring, by legal means,
to protect Freemen in Charleston, Mr. Smith
may be gratified in such a r quest. But it
must be during a future President's terra.
Several of tho newt papers of New York,
Ohio, Connecticut, MassacbuHetK and other
non-slaveliolding States, are cxhortrng the peo
ple of those States to forget all distinctions of
Whig and Democrat' and unite in one great
party of resistar ce to what they call tbo en
croachments of slavery. No matter what the
advocates of such a movement may pretend to
think or to wish, the purpose of all such of
them as are not too stupid to have a definite
and intelligible purposo ?s to destroy the Union.
A rope's end might do than good, whether ap
plied to their backs or to their necks.
Louisville Journal.
The Journal can well spare a rope's end at
present. All the accounts we bear from its
neighborhood indicate that it has got to the
end of its rope. Having run into the mire in
tbo Ward murder affair, it has taken the back
track on tho Slavery quet>tion to get to the
sunlight of popular favor and patronago again.
QjF* The special attention of the people of
the United States is invited to the future of tho
Northern, honorable gentlemen who have sup
ported the Nebraska bill. Their constituents
and tho President they have served will reward
them, after their several fashions. Observe,
and see how they will do it!
Cholera has appeared at Nashville, Tenn.,
oausing sixteen deaths in two days. A num
ber of fatal opses of tho same diseaw also took
place last woek at Cincinnati. In New York
oity, Inst week, there wcte twelve fatal oasos of
cholera, besides five of cholera infantum, twelv.i
of cholera morbii?, seven of diarrhoea, and six
teen of dysentery. One hundred ca ns of chol
era were under treatment a few days ago at
the New York Quarantine, and on Sunday,
the ship Charles Crocker arrived there from
Liverpoui, which had thirty-one deaths on
board of cholera, during the voyngo.
Uniformity of oolor in dress is the rage iu
House of Representative*, June 7, 1854.
Mr. Houston asked leave to proscnt a resolu
ti<m, requiring the House to assemblo daily at
II A. M. after Saturday next; which was ob
jected to.
Mr. Dick naked leave to intrnduoo a resolu
tion, directing the Committee on Naval Affairs
to inquire into the expediency of establishing
a Navy Yard on some one of the Northern
lakee. Objection was made.
The House then wont into Committee of the
Whole on tho Paoifij Railroad bill, (Mr. Ro
cook in the ehair)
Mr. Stanton, ot'Tennessee, said he won'rt not
take up the time of the Committee; hut would
simply declarc h;a approbation of the bill.
Mr. Bridge* sa?d no was opposed to tho bill
on oonHtitutional grounds, and asked leave?
which was granted?-to publish his speech.
Mr. Hendricks spoke briefly in opposition to
the bill; and then entered into a dinoiiMion of
the various land bills before Congress Ha ex
Crossed himself ft* opposed to the State distri
ntion, and as not altogether in favor of any
specific plan before Congress. He would pre
fer selling tho lands to actual settlors, at cost?
about twenty-two cents per acre?and giving
them titles at once.
Mr. Disney spoko at length in opposition to
" Bennett's Land Hi'l," finishing the Bftcecb, as
ho stated, that he had but halt deliverod three
or four weeks ago. This spoeoh was elaborato,
argnmentive, and sustained by copious quota
He argued that tho oonduct of tho Govern
mont, with respect to the publio domain, had
ever been that of a proprietor having due re
gard to tho promotion of tho most. rigid coon
omy and evon-handod justiee. The principle
of equandering the domain with a lavish hand,
or dispensing it without recompense, whs
new, and annuthoriited aliko by c >n-<tituti<>nnl
authority and sound policy.
Mr. Chandler said be folt a doop interest in
the sabjcct of the I'acifij Railroad bill, but
thought this wss not the time to discuss it; nor
would he discuss the question of platforms of
parties. He would direct hia attention to two
bi'*s beforo tho House, in relation to the subject
of postage.
Mr. Chnndler proceeded to review the his
tory of reoent legislation on this subject, and
it* effects in increasing the transmission of let
ters, papers, and pamphletM, and in depleting
the funds of the Department.
One Week Ijater from Eurojtri
Halifax, Junk 6?Tbe steamer Niagara
arrived here thin afternoon, bringing Liverpool
dates of May 27th. >
Austria had not yet awn hum I a decisive at
titude. The Conference at Vienna had been
resumed, on the b*-is heretofore laid down by
the Western Powers.
Prussia was apparently acting against Rus
The Russians were preening tho siege of
Sili?tria with \igor, and fears were entertain
ed that the Turks oould not hold out much
Liverpool, May 27?Tho cotton market is
unsettled. Prices have declined fully %d, and
nearly >?d. on some grades.
Breadstuff* opened with a fair demand, but
closed dull at a decline of Is. per bbl. in flour,
6d. per quarter advance in corn.
Tho London money market was tighter, but
oonsols bad advanced to 89%.
Philadelphia Election.
PHn.APEi.rHlA, Junk 6.?'Tho first election
for oity officers under the reoent act of con
solidation was held to-day. It is conccded that
the Hon. Robert T. Conrad, Whig and "Know
Nothing,"- is elected Mayor, and (soao Hazle
huret, of the same politics, is elected Solicitor,
Jnhn N. Henderson, Whig and " Know Noth
ing," is elected Comptroller.
Know Nothing Victory.
Kingston, N. Y., Junk 6?The first elec
tion under the new charter, to-day, resulted in
the sucoess of the 11 Know Noth'-ugs," by a
large majority.
Destructive Fire at Philadelphia.
Philadelphia, Junk 6.?A largo four-story
warehouse on tho wharf, abovo Aroh street,
running through to Water street, was burnt
this morning, and its ontirc oontouts nearly de
stroyed. 6. W. Ridge way & Co., on the wharf,
had n large stock of oils?lots SI2,000?fully
insured. There whs also stored 330 hales of
cotton, owned by C. P. Rolf, valued at $18 000,
and fully insured. Tho stock of Kino paint, be
longing to Messrs. French & Richards, on
W ater street, was destroyed, but all fully in
The side walls of the building fell, crushing
tho whole mam down to the tiist floor. For
tunately, no one was injured.
New Hampshire Legislature.
Concord, N. H., Junk-6.?Tho Lcgislatnro
meets here tomoirow, and considerable excite
ment exists rs to tho eleotiou of officers. The
Democrats have nominated Francis R. Chase,
ofC in way, for Speaker, and K. A. Hibhard and
A. S. Marshall for Clerks. The vote was unan
The Free Sudors nominated Mason W. Tap
pan, of Bradford for Spoaker, which the Whigs
will endorse; and the Wh'gs will probably
nominate S. O. Adams for Clerk.
The Fugitive Slave Riot.
Boston, June 6?The examination of the
parties arrested for being engaged in the Fu
gitive Slave Riot wr < continued to-day. Bishop,
Stowell, Jaokson, and Mormon, were fully com
mitted, without bail, for tho murder of Batch
elder. BrovtJ and Wesley were held in $3,000
each, for, riot. Cluer, Home, and Hopewell,
wero discharged. Thompson and Robinson
wore held for a further examination.
Death of a Member of Congress.
Wheklino, Junk 5.?Hon. J. F. Snodgrass
died very suddenly to-day, at bis residence in
Parkersburg. He represented tho 12th dis
trict in the present Congress.
Philadelphia Election.
r Mil. a Delphi a, June 7.?Conrad (Whig, Na
tive, and Know Nothing candidate for M ?yoi)
elected by 8,000 majority.
The whole ticket of Whigs and Nativoe is
elected, hy a large majority, and both branches
of the City Council*. Democrat* completely
oleaned out.
Phii.adki.phia, June 7?In twenty wards,
Robert T. Conrad, for Mayor, has 9,000 ma
jority; Isaac Hazlchnrst, tor Solicitor, 12,000
majority; and John A. Henderson, for Comp
troller, 8,000 majority.
In all but four ward*, the Democrat* elect
eleven Reformers, three VV big*, and forty-three
member* of the (Council; and a Select Council
of seventeen Whig*, four Democrats, tuid ou'e
Keforinor. (I'hi* i* ambiguous.]
Baltimore Race*.
Baltimore, Junk 7 ?The race* arc I n gel
attended here to-day. Tho Oerrnan Turner
leave thi* evening.
Ohio River.
VViirrlino, June 7 ?Tho water in the Ohio
at thi* point in six feet; at 1'ittHhurgh, ti??< feet.
Arrival of the Arctic.
New York, Junk 7.?The steamer Arctic
ooming up through the Narrows.
The Arctic's JWws?One Day hiter\
New York, Junk 7, 21^ I*. M.?A protocol
has been signed by the representative* of the
ftinr Powers, a verting their determination to
maintain the integrity of the Turkish Kmpiie.
Austria and Prussia Will doinand the evacua
Proclamation in Regard to the Brooklyn
' Riot.
New York, Junk 7.?The Mayor of Brook
lyu ha* irtHued a proclamation forbidding in
terference with the right* of ci'>z*n* to meet
peaceably together for public worship. It also
forbid * all processions to and from plaei s of
public worship, and all orowds, &ii, under
penalty of prompt arrest.
Baltimore, June 7.?TIio hteamoiY news
depresses breadstuff*. Howard Streot flour
held at $8.87 ; City Mills at $8.62?-no buyers.
Wheat declined?<ale* of 1,200 bushel* red, at
$2.03a$2.l0; white, a*$2.10a *2 15f Coin
sales of t,000 bushels white, at 75 a 76t^ oonte;
yellow, at 80 oents. Pennsylvania rye at $1.15.
Oats?sales at 62 oents; Maryland, at 5.'> a 58
Philadelphia, June 7.?The market is
dull, and breadstuff* are depressed.
Nkw York, June 7.?Flour duller and un
settled; sales of 3 500 barrels State at $9.12 ;
Southern at $9.50 to $9 158. Wheat declined ;
sales of 6,000 bushels red at $1 95 to $2 ; (?en
esseo at $2 45. Corn?sales of 30,000 bushels
mixed at 73 cents; yellow at 78 to 79 cents.
Cotton doll and declining. Stocks unsettled,
and ?lightly better.
em Opinion of Nebraska.
Charleston, June 5?The New Orleans
Bulletin ?ay*: " If there is a Southerner south
of Mason and Dixon's line disconnected with
polities and partinanship, who has oared one
straw about the termination of the struggle,
we have yet to Inarn his name. In the South
all has been indifferenco and apathy: in the
North fanaticism and ferooity. Which Mo
tion is the gainer ? Kitber ? We think not.

xml | txt