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Daily national era. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854, June 13, 1854, Image 2

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For the Nttloul In
liy ill* tmlhur uj " The Ckioiiir/e* of thr Kasti/r,'
" Tkf hiiiLisft/,'' " The l'w/e " Hhi/i/i of
Lutriiu," jfr.
CIIAP. Vir-ConcluJ?J.
The argument might have been pursued fur
1 her, lor it was growing in interest, had it i>ot
t*M6n suddenly brought to a close by the :ip
Piaranec of Mildml, who, la>.ng tier hand on
eonard's arm. attracted bin Attention. Kvery
one made way for the beautiful Amoiioaii girl,
who euid to her brother, in a low voice, trem
bling with omotion and torror?
" Leonard, dear Leonard, let u* go."
Her brother at once saw that something had
ononrred to disturb her, for her countenance
indieated uiuuh distress of mind. He therefore
slightly bowed to hid antagonist, intimating
that he hoped to have another opjsirtunity of
discussing ttie question more at length, and
withdrew with Mildred lo another part of the
" How beautiful ehe is ! " was the exclama
tion which roue from group to group, ?s the
handsome pair moved through tho brilliantly
lighted apartment* to a convenient rccess where
thrro wrs a vacant seat.
" Mildred, dear Mildred, what haa happen
ed .'" asked Leonard, aw Boon an they woro out
ol earshot of the company.
"I ha.n won Aim hero, Leonard,-' wan the
ha-t.y reply, uttered in a voice of anguish, and
accoriipariicd by a hurried but anxious glance
in the direction of the panning groups
'?Mark Avcling!" ejaculated Leonard. "1 m
pohsible. Von must b? mistaken."
'?Oh, Leonard," sobbed she, ''how could I
1m* deceived f Let ns leavo tho room, pray, lest
he should see us. '
" Hid ho not perceive you, then, Mildred?"
'? No! I was chatting with the Princes* Mb
thilde, about her oonsin and his extraordinary
adventures, when I hoard his name announoed,
and presently saw him enter. I took the op
portunity of the Prineefs's attention being ui
verted to the incident, to slip away to where 1
saw you standing. Kut do not let us remain,
Leonard, 1 tag."
" Dear Mildred," answered Leonard, affec
tionately pressing her hand, " Mr. Avcling has
no authority over you; nor. so Jong as I live,
shall he ever acquire any, with my consent."
" But, Leonard, dear Leonard, he has power
over von," replied Mildred.
"Not in this country, Mildred, to the extent
that would render his power dangerous to your
personal happiness or safety. I have never yet
evaded meeting him, under whatever circum
stances, and shall not rhun him now. Ttike
my arm, Mildred, and we will rejoin tho com
" Leonard, if you love tnc as a sister, if you
have any respect for my feelings, 1 beseech you
not to expoce me to the importunities of that
unfeeling unprincipled man. You know it was
against my inpst urgent entreaties you intro
duced me into the fashionable world of Paris,
and I now entreat you to conduct me home
and leavo ine hereafter to enjoy solitude and
my own reflection*.''
The noor girl's manner was bo earnest, that
Leonard could not refuse her principal request.
Besides, he feared tho couwquenoes of excite
ment, and pot-sibly a scandal in publio compa
ny. He therefore gently assisted her to rise,
and, taking hor arm in bin, prepared to lead
ber away. They were, however, compelled to
pass through the main body of the company,
and their appearance once more raised the
murmur of admiration which the presence of
.Mildred had before excited, and which was al- !
ways certain to follow her footetepe. It war*
now even more marked, for the trepidation of j
mind under which she was laboring had driven
the blood into her che< ks, and imparted a di z :
/.ling lustre to her large eye*, heightening her I
beaaty to a degree which sui prised even th<#e
who had most frequently seen her. Slowly,
however, they made their way through the
tbrougs gathered together in thoi>o elegant sa
loons, Leonard keeping up a vigilant scrutiny
of the company, with a view to avoid a oolli- ,
eion with the individual whoee unexpected ar
rival hud bo suddenly marred Mildreds plcas
Ttiey had to pass through one more saloon.
It was somewhat smaller than the others, and
refreshments were laid out there on a beaufet
Here the Princees Mathilde and Prince Louis
Napoleon encountered them.
u You are not going. Miss Wray,-' exclaimed
the Princess, laying her hand "on Mildred ?
beautiful arm. " It is oppreasively warm, J
know ; but, Uke an ice."
" My sinter wishes to take leave of you. |
madam, answered Leonard, bowing to bis
hostess ; " she im slightly indisposed.'"
" I would not detain you, of course," respond
ed the Princes*: " but I must introduce you to I
a compatriot whom you should know, Monsieur
Wray. Come this wav. Cousin," continued I
she, addressing Louis Napoleon. " permit me
to tekt Monsieur Wray's arm. and do you take
Min Wray under your protection, and intro
duoe her to Monsieur Aveling. who stands
jtmder, | perceive."
It was m v.iin to struggle against the force
of cftcumxtaiice* Casting an imploring look
upon bis siste"intended also to exhort her to
take courage Lsonard resigned Mildred to the I
Prince, and followed, rather than conducted,
hi* fair hr^tess to the l?caufet, where Mark
Aveling stood, delil>erately disjoeing of an ice. ,
. "Monsieur Avelinr," said the Prinrefa, ta
king tho lead t f the Prince. " permit me to in
troduce Mifs Leonard Wray, a countrywoman
of yours, who has, I assure you, quite eclipsed
our Parisian oiquettes. and who is likely to
drive o .r gallants mad, if *hc remain tho sea
Mm id Pane.
" And allow mrj* nirid the Prince, u to intrr
dune our brother to you, Mr. Ltconard Wray |
The aetonii-hment of Maik Ave!ing,on meet
ing with Mildred end Leonard under each cir
oumstanoes, would jiroHably have betrayed the
faot of their 'teing already acqoaintci, and of j
the extnU-noe of eom? unpleasant socrct be- j
tween th< m, hot he met the fleroe pit of
f*eon?r<l, irwifnd of the downcast, timid look
thiU Mildred oatit upoa him an the eurtsied
Hi* embarraiwrncnt, however, wae only mo- !
mentary, and bin ?elf-pn?rn*>ton only equalled
by that of Mildrtsd and Leonard ttaetnmlre* :
The lalnUtHKi with which he honored them
wae of the moat formal kind"! and wm aa atiffly
returned by l^onard, who, by a grest effort,
oontarivrd to pr?*efrve an unruffled exterior,
tfcengb af in wind prey to violent rage and fa.
dignatioo The introduction over, the Prin- I
earn added, ?idreewing the Prinee. and taking
bis arm?
" And now,oou*in, we will reeign Mis* Wrny
onoe mere to h?-r brother'* care, though I
doubt wfattir, with all km vigilance, he will
be able *> prsswei her fmm getting a bun band
in Pane, before very long "
go ?yfag, and prewfag Mildred * band ss
eke spoke, the Priaere* turned away, with her
gga^a, leaving (<eonard and Mildred face to
torn with Mark. Leenard felt bieeMtnr trem
Mr, fm sbe stood, leaning beavily pn b-? arm
tm sifpsr?, and not dariag fee look up, though
?ware that Ike eyes of Mark ware upon her,
ae well eit those * f the bjetaedpse* The pause
that ensued, though brief, wm painful and
e#fca>?rd,lx4 was brangkt tefcjftiM by Leon
ard's bowing silently to AidMr.and eompo
Wdlf withdrawing Willi the AgMReg Mildred.
ft?I'listl. haaeve* bad WSejr quitted th?
line" than Mark's as?1*4 Impassibility
left tutu Hie mmmmw wider went, a rap d
change, tin ning from pale to scarlet, and then
t.> pule again. Hid teeth and lips became
firmly compressed, and large drojiu of heavy
perspiration stood out from his brow. Sudden
ly, he dashed down the gluiM be hold, with a
I veheuienoe far from in koeping with the sober
rules of gentility, and, to the amazement of
those who had witnessed the recent incident,
rushed out aker the departed couple with an
alacrity quite transatlantic.
He overtook them in the vestibule; and so rap
id had been bin pace, that he even overshot them
a few paces:
" Vour pardon, Mr. Wray,"ejaculated he, in
Koglish, in a Hurried tone ; " but I was ho as
tonished to meet with you, and with Mus
Wruy, I fear I have been guilty of a breach of
oourtosy in not recognising you when you were
introduied. May 1 be permitted to tender an
apology 1 "
u None is needed, Mr. Aveling, so far as I
am concerned." replied Leonard, calmly;
" and I wiM also venture to Hay as much for
my sister."
?'But, Mr. Wray, Mr. Wray," pursued Ave
ling, following the young man and his com
panion, "Iwish to apeak with you. I have
Homothing of ini(Mtrtunoe to say."
'? Sir,'' retorted Lnonard, stopping short, and
confronting him, 1 desire to have as little to
do with you r? possible. The relation in which
we stand towards each other has long siice
bceu determined, and I do not desire to diH
turb it, save in ho far a* it may release me
from all oh' gation to you. 1 am your debtor,
but you have yoi'r security.. We will, if you
pTeasc, retain our mutual position, until I can
redeem the pledges which the improvidence of
my unhappy father, and the curse of a fearful
institution, have placed in your hand, as h
guarantee for the advances your father made
to mine. Sir. I wiBh you good evening"
So saying, Loonard hurried forward, leaving
Mark confounded, and standing like a statue
in the hall. He was aroused from bis abstrac
tion by a servant, who, addressing him in
Freucli, snid?
" Monskur, veut il sa voiture ?"*
"Eh! What! No! Yea! Confusion!" ex
claimed lie, all in n breath ; and rushed out
after Leonard, guided by the sound of rece
ding wheels, and utterly oblivious that ho had
left hat aod cloak behind him, and that it was
pouring in torrents.
* Does Monsieur want hi* carriage? "
TUESDAY, JUNE 13, 1854.
yVe have been for several days apprised of
an astounding imposition practiced upon the
country in the passageof the Nebraska-Kansas
Bill?the detection of which, we learn, is due
to the vigilanco of Col. Benton. Will the Peo
ple of the United States !>elieve that the Clay
ton Amendment, instead of having been omit
ted in the Nebraska-Kansas Bill, is at this mo
ment part and parcel of it?
When Mr. Richardson moved the Senate
Bill as a substitute for the Bill of the House, be
stated, distinctly and unqualifiedly, that the
Clayton Amendment, excluding foreigners from
the right of suffrage in the Territories, was
omitted. This was reiterated by him through
out all the proceedings; every speaker proceed
ed on the assumption that tho statement was
correct: only with this condition oould tho Bill
have passed the House. But we know how it
was pa?srd?no time given for examination or
amendment; all discussion, all amendment
choked off in Committee of the Whole, before j
the first section had been disposed of; the
whole bill forced through under whip and spur,
bJ a re.-kloss majority, overriding the rules of
the House, and their own Spcafer.
And now. what do we find"? This very Clay
ton amendment, substantially retained ! Here
it is in black and white, constituting the 22d
scction of the Bill?
?'Sue. 23. And be it further enacted, That
every free white male inhabitant above the j
ago of twenty-one ycaiH, who shall bo an act j
ual resident of said Territory, and shall jkjs- i
wess the qualifications hereinafter prescribed,
shall be entitled TO VOTR AT THK FIRST
ELECTION, and shall be eligible to any office
within the said Territory; hot the qualifica
tions of voters, and of holding < ffioe, at all
suhstquent elections, shall be such as shall be
proscribed by the Legislative Atsembly: Pro
vided, That the right of suffrage and of holding
offioc shall be exercised ONLY BY CITIZENS
provided, further, That no officer, soldier, sea
man, or marine, or any other person in the
army or navy of the United States, or attached
to troops in the ser\ioe of the United States,
shall be allowed to vote or hold tffije in said
Territory by reason of l?eing on servico there
Mind?r'nly at tho first election, will all
residents be pet mi Wed to vot.-. After that, the
qualification of electors shall be prescribed by
the legislative Assembly, subject, however, to
this restriction?that only citizen*, and those
who shall have gone through the regular prelimi
nary process of naturalization, shall he entitled
to vote or bold office; and also to this most extra
ordinary restriction, that all soch native, natu
ralised, and inchoate citizens, before they can
vote or hold office, most not only vote to sup
port the Constitution of the United States, hot
" the provisions of this act. '1
The complicated wickedness of this section
is astounding.
First: ^
The New York Post says:
" The declaration of intention referred to, is
that mentioned in the naturalisation acts, and
the oath to support the Constitution is that
taken at the end of a five years' residence after
a declaration of intention None but cftirnns
those who are born in tho countiy, or, by a five
years naturalization, have become citizens? ,
swear to the Constitution. The Judges who
will be appointed will unquestionably so hold,
aod exclude all others from the polls."
The Mint journal remarks :
" Hut the mnftt inmlting provision in thin po
tior, and the most itttoh-rfhle provision hi the
whole bill, ia that which ma Von it and the
Conatitution of equal sanctity ; which compels
every man who proeente himself at the poll* to
yot*, or n? a candidate Tor ofRoe. to swoar that
he will support the Nebraska hill; and which 1
rrqnrn him to devote himnelf to the propaga
tion of Slavery before he ia allowed to axerotn*
the inalienable right of firemen
" Thin ie the flrvt time an American oiticn
has ever been required to take an oath to sup- .
port an act of Congress: it is the first time
suffrage and <ffise were ever made dependent
upon such an uath ; it is the first time tho ex
tension of Slavery han been raised to the level
of a constitutional duty.'
Remember, tho clause lopcaling the Missou
ri Compromise, is the distinctive provision of
the bill?and every settler after the first elec
tion, will bo required to swear to support this
provision !
We again copy from the Post, to show
" The operation of this qualification will be
to exclude from the polls and from oflioe in the
'territories nearly every man who goes there
from the free States. It will dtsfranohUe
nearly every member ot every emigrant as?>
ciation that has jet been formed, and place the
entire political power of the Territory in the
hands of slaveholders, or slavery propagand
ists; for no others will or can take the oath
required by tho terms of this act.
'? It will also exclude from tho polls and
from office, for five years, every foreigner who
may rtach the Territory after the first election
''As the great bulk of tho future settlers of
Nebraska will be foreigners and emigrants
from the free States, it is obvious that, so far
from governing themselves, tho inhabitants of
the Territory will have comparatively nothing
to do with making or administering the laws
which they will be required to obey."
Hut this is not all. Toe provision of the act
that repeals the Missouri Compromise, extends
to tho Territories all other laws of the United
States. Now, among these, is the Law regula
ting Intercourse *?ith the Indians, which ex
pressly excludes foreigners* from the territories
occupied by the Indians. Tho section then pro
vides for tho exclusion of foreigners, not only
from the right of fcuffrage, but the right of feet
dement in the Territory. And naturalized citi
zens, together with those who have taken the
usual oath of intention to become citizens, before
they can vote, are required to swear support
to this provision ! that is, to swear support to
provisions that not only disfranchise foreign
settlers, but thrust them from the Torritory !
Waq ever a more stupendous imposition
practiced? What think the German citizens
and immigrants, who have been soothed with
the assurance that Clayton's amendment wa?
omitted? What thinks the majority which
violated the rules of the House, rather than
suffer full and oarcful investigation of the Bill,
which would have brought to light this gross
imposture? What thiuks tho independent
Press of the oountry, of a trick which, with all
its familiarity with legislative, corruption, it
never dreamed of? What think the good Peo
ple of the country of this oovort, insidious, com
plicate plot, for subjugating tho Territories
to the Oligarchy ?
Mr. Douglas, we learn, has gone to Chioago?
to explain the provisions of the Bill to his
frieuds*, to show how beautifully it embodies
the Prinoiple of Popular Sovereignty. We
hope the Telegraph wi'l carry tho forogoing
section to Chicago, in timo for him to explain
its meaning, and how it came to be where
it is.
? Unless, bearing a passjxnt from tho War De
partment, stating tboir object?and which is merely
temporary. The penalty far violating the act is
$1,000, and exclusion from the Territory.
The subjeot to which we have referred
has been under consideration among leading
opponents of the Nebraska Bill for some days;
and to-day, Mr. Maoe gave notice of a bill
whioh he intended to submit in relation to it.
We were so fortunate as to obtain a oopy, and
present it to our readerr We hope the atten
tion of the People will be aroused. They will
now understand why such hot haste was man
ifested in pushing the Nebraska Bill through,
without allowing amendments to it, or even
the reading of its sections in detail. When
our immigrant population is told that tho Clay
ton amendment is omitted, let this 22d section
be read to them.
A Bill lo explain nn<l define the mcnnltic ot certain
prevision* of thr art entitled 'An net toort-uni/e
the Territories of Nebraska anil Kansas," and to
repeal a part thereof.
'? He it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of America,
I in Congre's assembled, That qualifications for
holing ofiioeor exercising tho right of suffrage
in said Territories shall be the same at each
subsequent as at the first election, unless alter
ed by the legislative power of the Territory ;
and so much of the said act as restrict the
right of voting and holding oflioe in said Terri- I
tory to those who have made a declaration of
intention to become citizens of the United
States, shall not be construed to mean the deo- I
laration, and the oath auer five years' residence
ptescribed in the naturalization acts; but shall
be oonstruod to mean a declaration and oath
made in any court of record, when tho party
1 pleases, and at any time before giving the vote
or accepting the < nice; and so much of the eaid
aot as further rostricts the right of suffrage and
of holding office to those who will tnko an oath
to admit slavery in the Territory, by taking an
oath to support tho provisions of the said act,
?hall be, and the same is hereby, rapealed.
u8kc 2. And be it further enacted, That the
sixth Fection of tho Indian Intercourse Liw,
approved Juno 30, 1834, shall not be held to
be applicable to any of the torTit??ry included
in the Territories of* Kansas and Nebraska,
and which shall be open to white settlements.''
Fkckdom or Spkkcii in Virginia.? The
Lynchburg Virginian nt?trn that a young man
from one of the Northern State*, named Rioh
ard Norris. an employee on the Virginia and
Tennessee Railroad, ban hern held to hail, on
the ohargo of having publicly uttered wenti
ments of an abolition and inoendiary character
in one of the hotels of that oity.
We all know that "abolition and incendi
ary " sentiments in Virginia, are such as were
expressed by Thomas Jefferson, and in the Vir
ginia Legislature during the debate on Eman
cipation soma twenty-three years ago. In Rome
and Tupcany, Protestants may hold their own
faith, provided they have it to themselves, but
cannot worship publicly, and the circulation of
" herotioal" sentiments is forbidden under
heavy penalties. Americans, we know, are
suspeoted characters within the Austrian do
minions, merely booause they oome from a
Democratic oountry, and are obliged to be very
ciroumspeot in speech. Any puhlio utterance
of Demoeratio opinions would be deemed in ?
cendiary and seditious, and subjeot them to
arrest and punishment. Virginia and her sis
ter States of the Sonth adopt a similar policy
for the protection of their institutions. A
Northern man visiting the South, comes under
a system of CNpionage?bis nativity and educa
tion are prima facte evidence against him?if
he venture to utter his Anti-Slavery opinions
publicly, on a railroad oar, or at a hotel, he is
liable-to arrest, the name a? if he were in Aus
trift. Hurrah for Liberty and Union !
. The Administration papers point with oora
placenoy to the action of tho late State Con
vention of the no-called Democracy of Indiana,
it* fully endorsing the policy ot tho 1 resident
and Senator Douglw in regard to the Nebras
lea Bill. We all know how such ConventioDB
are packod and managed. The subordinates
of the Administration take careot tho primary
meeting* and pick tho delegates, and then tl.o
proceedings ??f the Convention are determined
by shrewd, active politicians n tho mterowt ol
the men in power.
The Indiana State Convention was doubtless
got up and managed in this way. It mot at
Indianapolis on the 24th ult..aud put tn nomi
nation Nehemiah Hay den for Secretary ot
State, John P. Drum for Auditor, Elijah New
land for Treasurer. J 0- BrwHT, who owns
a plantation of slaves in Kentucky, preu ? ?
(? rauam N. Fitch, who made his entree into
Congress a few years ago by the aid Aboli
tion votes, given to him on tho strongth ot a
pledge, publicly made in * riting, that if no one
would bring forward a bill to abolish Slavery
io the District of Columbia, he would, moved
tho following resolution; whioh, of course, was
^Ruolved, That Judge Douglas of the Uni
ted States Senate, is entitled to and receives our
hearty thanks for so ably advocating the prin
ciple of non intervention, as contained in the
Kansas and Nebraska bill, and that wo cordi
ally endorse the action of our Senators and
Representatives in sustaining the same.
The non-intervention so admired by r.
Fitch was the extension of all the laws ot the
United States to the Territories, and making
thein binding on their inhabitants, exoopt the
law for the protection of frotfcom and tree la
bor in all tho region north of 36 deg. 30 nun,
Among theoti.or worthies present were Lieut
Governor Wn.LARD and K. A. Hannegan. We
do not see the name of W. J. Brown, of ex.
SiHsakership memory, a most devoted supporter
of the Administration, but of course he was
The Convention adopted the following so
? R,solved, That the Democrat ot Indiana
fully approve of the principles of the act ex
tending tho laws of the Unitoi State* over, and
organising the Territories of Nebraska and
Kl^lWve</, That wo concur in the opinion
that it is not properly within tbo j.msd.cUon
of Congress to determine the provisions of the
Constitution of a State, farther than to require
that it be of republican form, but on the con
trary that the people do po ?ess the right and
power to adopt such form of Government rj
they may deem best suited to their views and
wants: and that this right should be recognised
as one of the fundamental principles of self
That this Convention is distinctly
opposed to that provision of the No^ra**
Kansas bill, commonly known as the
amendment, which made a distinction between
native-born and foreign inbabiUn^ who ma
be residents of the Territories^ and feel grati
lied that the efforts of the Democracy have
1 en suoce. iful in expunging that odious fec
ture from the act. .
" Resolwd, That intemperance is a great
moral and social evil, for the restraint and cor
rection of which legislative interposition is no
ocssary and proper; but that we caqpot ap
prove of any plan for the eradication or cor
rection of this evil, that must nece. ariljr result
in the infliotion of greater ones; and that we
are therefore opposed to any law ?P<?n h
subject that will authorise the searching for or
seizure, covfiwilion, and destruction of private
^PfoiZjved. That we regard all ??hUcf or"
ir animations, based upon the single idea of tem
perance reform, as dangerous to the
ty of our republican form of Government, by
withdrawing the attention trom the great pole
cat principles upon which it is founded, and
that we most earnestly appeal to onr MUm
Democrats, throughout the State, to adhere, in
the seleotion of members of tho Legislature, to
the practioe of ohosing such men as will mako
these great principles of Dem<vcratic policy, un
der the influence of which th;s country hr
been brought to its present elevated and pros
perous condition, paramount to all other con
siderations. , , ?? __
" Resolved, That the Democracy of Indiana,
Hill adhering to the Constitution of the Con
federacy openly and avowedly condemn any
organization, secret or otherwise, that would
aim to diirobe any citizen, native, or adopted,
of hie political, civil, or rcbgious liberty
We understand that this Convention,
controlled by office holders, office expectants,
and dependent* of the Administration, oould
speak authoritatively for itself, but not for the
Democracy of Indiana. We are inclined to
think that the great meeting held at Lafayette,
Indiana, on the 29th of May, to hear Daniel
Mace, one or its TVmonratic Representatives,
afforded a better indioation of tho sentiments
of the Democratic People of that State. The
Daily Courier of Lafayette, an Administration
paper, says of it:
? The meeting at the court hoo ln<t even
km srs
h ? n Ui in the ?itj for ? '"?? Th?
nnnrt house was crowded to overflowing, with
7political MdilMtioo? DemO
I'oth Hard and Soft, old fojy and pro
missive, Wbigs, Free So ?er*,and AbobtionisUi
Th^offioOTK Rod commits ??? 'L^?
crats, and all prominent men in tho party
As we laid, tome time time, the prrject or a
State Convention of true Democrat* of all
parties, to be held on tha 13th of July, is now
agitated in Indiana.
Mr. Maoe, Mr. Parker, Mr. Julian, and those
who sympathize with them, are, we presume
ready for aot:on. Let somebody put the ball
in motion. Indiana, with a little timely effort,
.may be woii over to tho side of Freedom. Her
vote stood in 183?, for Van Brren, 33,000, all
others, 41,000; in 1840, for Harrison 65,000,
Van Ruren, 51,000; in 1844, Polk, 70,000, all
others, 72,000; 1848, for Cash, 75 000, all oth
em, 78 000; in 1852, Pieroa, 95 000, all others,
It will be observed that at four of
the five Presidential elections, from 1836 to
1852, inclusive, the so-oalled Domooratio Party
of Indiana wai in the minority; and that its
majority at the last election wai only 7,000,
whioh was owing to the temporary subsidence
of the Anti-Slavery excitement, and the in
crease of the foreign vote, whioh was generally
thrown for General Pieroe.
In this period of Anti-Slavery agitation, and
when a large proportion of our naturalized
population boa Keeu alienated from the Party
in power by tbe Pro-Slavery policy of the lat
ter, it will be ott?y to overoome this majority,
by a wiee union of tbe Anti-Slavery dppoai
tion in Hie State. Let the Whigs, Independ
ent Democrats, and liberal Democrat* like Mr.
Mace, conoentrate their forces, and put down
the Hunker, Pro-Slavery Administration Par
ty. They oan do it, if they will.
We notioe in the Laporte Democrat, of Penn
sylvania, a Bigler paper, the report of the pro
ooodings of citizens of Sullivan County, in
Convention uaaembled, to oonsider the question
involved in the Nebraska Bill. Richard Bed
ford presided; fourteen Vice Proaideuts, and
live Secretaries wero appointed.
"The Hon David Wilmot was then called
upon, and addressed the meeting. His speech,
whion occupied iihout two bouri<, was a calm,
but forcible and masterly review of the whole
question. It abounded in facta and demon
strationa. and ovinced both tho ability and tbe
moral integrity of the man."
Tho Committee on Resolutions made their
report, from which we extract the following,
in relation to tbe great question of Slavery and
" Resolved, That we consider this question
naramount to all other political qtustiona now
before the oountry. We believe tbe time baa
come when true men of all parties should unite
to arrest the further aggressions of the slave
" Resolved, That we believe it right and ex
pedient that a'common movement be made to
place Pennsylvania in its true prosition on this
question, aud we here declare our willingnefs
to co operate with any movement to accomplish
this object.
'? Resolved, That we join in the recommenda
tion, already expressed, to hold a STATE
MASS CONVENTION, as early aa practica
ble, for the purpose of organizing the Jriends of
Freedom, and making their Mtion more effect
" Resolved, That a oommitteo of three be
appointed by the President, to address such of
the candidates on tbe State tioket aa have not
pubHcly expressed a full opinion upon this
subject, requesting them to atatc their several
opinions upon the questions involved in the
Nebraska and Kansas bills, as fully and dis
tinctly aa they think proper."
The editor of the People's Journal, Potter
county, Pennsylvania, in reply to a suggestion
of tho Era, says:
"We have done our beat to bring about
union of action among the opponents of Sla
very, aud shall labor to the same end still, al
though the favorable time for such action has
none by. * * * * * We hope tbat all
Conventions hereafter called for the nomina
tion of candidates, will be People's Conven
tions, and will embraoe all opponents of the
extension of Slavery, without regard to their
previous political connections. It is madness
to divide loager upon abstract idep~, while an
oligarchy of slaveholders is revolutionizing
the oountry, and will soon 'crush out' every
semblance of Liberty, unless Northern froemen
unite in to defence. Why not call a People's
State Contention, to meet in Harrisburgh, in
August next, and urge County Conventions all
over the State, of like oharaeter. If General
Larimor, George Darise. John W. Howe, Da
vid Wilmot, John M. Rood, John C. Kunkle,
or others of like stomp, would oall such a Con
vention. and reoommend such County Conven
tions, we should cipeot to see poor Hunker
ridden Pennsylvania redeemed from its degra
ded position at once."
By the way, we bear it stated, that the Dem
ocratic Convention of Mr. Dawson's district
has passed resolutions condemning the Nebras
ka bill, and instructing their representative
in the Legislature not to vote for Mr. Dawson
for Senator, should he be a candidate. That
gerftleman was one of tho immortal forty
nine who voted to throw open the Territories
of Nobrnska and Kansas to Slavery.
In Detroit, tho home of General Caw, who
wai d'strcescd by the introduction of tbe Ne
braska BiM, but had not tbe moral oourago to
opp< se it, a vast meeting was held on the eve
ning of the 7th instant, at the Court House, to
protest against the Nebraska outrage. Thn
Detroit Daily Democrat says:
" We have wjtne sed some of the largr ?t
gathering which have been held in the City
Hall for the pe t three years, and with the ex
ception of one, and that, the mect:ng in response
to the call to oonsider the school question and
city refo. jns, we have seen none that was larger
in number or ocoupied the ball more fully than
the one last night; neither have we seon any
meeting within tho same time that was more
orderly, or contained a more respectable body
of earnest, attentive, and intelligent men, be
longing to tho working c!as), to the merchant \
and to the several protetuions, than the gather
ing last night.''
Hon. Jacob M. Howard, Hon. Kingsley S.
Bingham, Stephen Bech, editor of the Michi
gan Volltthiol, a Merman paper published at
Detroit, and Hon. Mr. Chandler,addressed the
moeting, and their speeches woro received with
great applause: afuer which, a series of pnngont
resolutions was adopted, among them the fol
lowing :
u Resolved, That we hereby tender our hoart
felt thanks to the moraber of Congress from
this State who in good faith resisted this viola
tion of p':ghted faith and gross outrage upon
liberty and rights
" Resolved. That our Senators in Congress,
and th< *3 ol our Representatives who gave to
this moasure their support, have grossly mis
represcntsd tho wishes and betroyod the inter
ests of their constituents. Placed in oiroum
stances where they might have struck a signal
blow for liberty and right?, they have shown
themselves unworthy nf their high positions,
have forfeited the oonfidenoo of the people, and
exchanged enduring honor for the paltry fruits
of political subserviency/'
We hope that the State Mass Convention,
which was called some time since by tbe Cen
tral Committeo of Independent Democrats, to
take measures aga:nst the consummation of
the Nebraska in quity, and which was to meet
at Kalamazoo on the 21st instant, now that the
Bill has paseed, ?ill concert some plan to se
cure such a movement as tho friends of Free
dom have initiated in Ohio. Michigan oan
surely be placed on the right aide, for a health
ful feeling pervades the masses of her people.
K7" The Philadelphia Register has hcoome
?n afternoon paper. The editor hri labored
hard and ?ffl<ii*ntly, and we trust the friondn
of Freedom will reward him with a liberal
patronage, and mmtain his excellent paper in
it* fiitcro nareor of honor and nnefiilnem
The (Joorgotown (Ky.) Herald publishes
h tme *ile and bfasphetnons poetry, for whioh
itn editor ought to be indicted and punished
The Senale learned to-day that tho late
model Legislature of the free State of Califor
nia was really in favor of the Nebraska bill,
and its Senators and Representatives now
.know they were right in voting lor it! Mr.
Cass delivered hid sentiments on the insane
land bill ? and, by a singular coincidence, he
thinks just what tho President said upon that
subject, but does not think anythiug the Pres
ident did not say ! He is more explicit than
the President!
In the House, the bill regulating the pay of
postmasters, as amended by the Senate, was
panned; Mr. Stanton introduood a bill to re
store oivil superintendents to the United States
armories ; and, in Committee, Mr. Walbridgc
delivered a speech on,the Paoifio Railroad, the
formal consideration of which measure has
been postponed until the second Monday of
December next.
The subjects of her Britannic Majesty will
no doubt affirm that there is " a North !"
Look at the map of North America. Off to
the northwest there is a comparatively small
region of oold and sterile country, about 700
miles pquare, which belongs to Russia. Still
farther northward, on the east, are Greenland
and Iceland. Excepting these, all the vast re
gions of country north of the United States be
long to Great Britain, and are oalled British
America. They consist of four million squaro
miles of territory, or nearly three-fourths of a
million more than our States and Territories!
Tho improved and organized portions of the
territory consist of?
Square tniles. Population.
Canada - - . 400,000 . 1 842 884
New Brunswick - 28 000 200,000
Nova Scotia - - 19 000 300 000
Prinoe Edw'd Island 2 000 75 000
Newfoundland - 37,000 100,000
486000 2,517,264
These countries are important in extent of
territory and in population, but they aro great
also in their navigable rivers and lakes, in their
extent of seacoast, in their natural resources
of forest, minerals, and agriculture, in the ships
they possess, in their imports and exports, in
their revenue, in their ratio of increase, in their
intelligence and love of freedom, in the .size ?f
their cities, and in all their social characteris
And what is the political condition of regions
so interesting? Each Province has a Governor
and Council, appointed by the Qiieen of Great
Hritain, and a local eloctcd Legislature of very
limited powers, the whole being subject to a
Captain General appointed by tho Crown.
Those appointed ( flicers are not natives of the
Provinces, and the Provinces have no repre
sentatives in tho British Parliament, which
legislates for them.
Arc they satisfied with this condition of
things? They assuredly are not. Their dis
satisfaction is doep and universal. It is not
angry nor rebell;ous. Resentments toward the
mother country havo not been excited. Tho
feeling toward hor is that of respect, affectiou,
and gratitude. Vet arc tho Provinces nst ig
norant of their great disabilities and privations.
They spoak feelingly of them, and quaintly
enough of their wish to be annexed to their
mother country?thus indicating their desire
to become an integral portion of the realm, as
new States become an integral portion of this
Republic, and to be admitted to representation
in the imperial Parlisment. and to a national
existence. If this is not to be allowed them
as, indeed, it is not?they have alternative de
sires. These are?
1st. Annexation to the United States.
Id. The formation of a kingdom or confed
eration of their own.
To the former there are some objections,
one of which we cited yesterday, in an ex
tract from a spcoch of Hon. Joseph Howe,
Secretary of tho Provinco of Nova Scotia,
wherein he avowed its determined pur|Kwo to
never lend itself to the support of the institu
tion of Slavery.
To tho latter, important impediments are
also offered, ohielty in the iuaccessiblenoss
of the difforent provinces to eaoh other,
from the want of railroads and other improve
ments. Wo are of opinion, however, that
some (f these obstacles will ere long I* re
moved, and that a new political existence will
bo entered upon by these interesting provinces.
What that existence shall be, time and its
events alone can determine. C.
The orgauixation of tho new City Govern
ment took place yesterday morning.
In tho Board pf Aldeimen, Silas Hill, Esq
was elected President, and Robeit Clarke K q.
Vioe President. Tho Sioretary of tho former
Board, Mr. Middlcton, and tho messenger, Mr.
Kleiber, were oontinued in their offices.
In the Board of Common Counoil, Dr. A.
McD. Davis was choton President, tho election
of Vioe President being deforrcd. Mr. Rich
ard Barry was continued secretary.
After the preliminary organizations in each
Board, the Aldermen met the Council in joint
meeting, Silas Hill, Esq., in tho chair.
Mr. John T. Towers, after tho delivery of
an address, took tho usual oath of office.
A numerous assembly congregated in the
council-room, tj witness the ceremonies of in
Hta'lation, many of whom availed themselves
of the imitation extended by the Mayor to
the mem Iters of the two boards and his fellow
citizens, to meet him at his home.
"The KaMon (Md ) Gazette fttntcn that har
vest hand* have determined not to out wheat
tbil year for lem than two dollar* per day. A
*mall number havo already l>??n offered that
Mim, wh'oh of ootirM hri Tainted the idea* of
We trunt the idea* and the wageH of all may
he kept up. We rejoice in the high price* of
breadstuff* in thie country, not only becauoe
lands are thoreby enhanced in value, but be
cause labor ie aleo; and we nhonld cnaee to je
joice with the farmer, if heehould be unwilling
to let thn laborer rejoice with him. A harvest
hand in well worth, per day, the price of a
bushel of the wheat he garners.
Another Mi'rdrr?At New York, John
Marshal, a stable keeper, on Sunday night,
killed Michael Collamer, an employee, In a
quarrel about wages.
I>ANiKt,( a Model, for Youao Mkn. A series of Lec
ture*, by W. A. Scott, b. D.. at Now Orleans. N.
\ ork : Carter A Brothers. For wile by Gray A
Ballantyne and R. Farnham, Wusbington, D. C.
One vil., pp. 340 ocUvo.
Among the great men of the Scriptureti?and
they are the greater of all the manifested
grandeur of the race of man?David holds a
conspicuous place. The Jews rank him with
Moees; and there is a most wonderful recogni
tion of God's eminent commendation of his
character, while yet young, recorded in the
14th chapter of Ezekiel, 14th verso. Hie word*
by the prophet are these:
" Son of man! when the land sinneth against
me by trespassing grievously, then I will strotch
out my hand upon it, and will break the staff
of bread therooi, and will Mend famine upon it,
and will cut off man and beaut from it. Tnongh
these three men?Noah, Daniel, and Job?were
in it, they should deliver but their own souls
by their righteousness, saith tho Lord God."
Now, this prophocy wae made B. C. 594, A.
M. 3410, and Daniel at that time was a young
man, certainly not thirty years of age. So
early was he acknowledged to be a Prince in
Israel; and, groat as were the honors conferred
by Persian mooarcbs, his was intogrity unao
duoed, unbought, unterrifiod. Such was Dan
iol, whose charaotsr as a model man is here
presented to our young men lor their emula
These Lectures were delivered by Dr. Sootfc
on Sunday evenings, in New Orleans. They
are as interesting as a Waverloy novel, and we
hopo th's book may command a wide circula
tion. No library of a Christian Association, or
any other library association for young men,
ought to bo without it. Let a father put this
book into the hands of his son, saying, " Hero
is a man of political rank and fame, whose life
you will do well to oopy as u safe model."
Of the first Daniel we have often thought
i Milton must have been describing, when be
| eays?
"Faithful found
Among the faithless; faithful only he,
Among innumerable false ; uninovod,
Unshaken, unsoduced, unterriliod.
His loyalty he kept, his love and ?eal.
Nor number nor examplo with him wrought
To swerve from truth, or change his constant mind,
Though single.1'
If it were possible for our pnblio men, and
members of Congress, especially of -the free
States, to recover their lost faith that tiod was
on the side of Humanity, we might hope to have
some modern Daniels, but uever before. Men
of expediency and compromise may make set
ond rate Daniels, but they never stand firo. f
Tiik Pivink Character Vindicated. By Rev.
Moses Ballon. New York : Published by Redfield.
Ono vol., pp. 412. Sold by Taylor A Muury.
When we noticed the "Conflict of Ages,"
we were sure that work would make a con
vulsion in the world of Theology, and that it
must result in new combinations and new re
lations of views, consequent upon the course of
reasoning presented by Dr. Beecher. In this
we have not been disappointed, nor in the va
rious views taken of that work by men hold
ing standpoint* diverse and antagonistic to
' each other.
I The Prinoeton Review, tho organ of the
j Church of all Presbyterian ism, hails this great
work as " an ally " to orthodoxy. The Method
ists and Unitarians are quite as well pleased
with Dr. Becoher, as an ally of theirs; and,
though the volume at the head of this notice
affects to vindicate the character of God from
Dr. Beechor's work, yet it is clear enough, ho
is deligh'od with the book, for the reflex in
fluences it is to havefcto build up Universalism
in' place of Orthodoxy. Now, is it not a veiy
wonderful work, this "Conflict of Ages," by
j Dr. Edward Beccher, that it suits everybody
I and all borta of sects! Certainly, it is a book
easier read than replied to. And Mr. Ballon
OiU?n makes a grand flourish of words, words,
words! He is honest, no doubt, in thinking
his argumentation meets all the cane, and ends
tho controversy?a controversy which began
before the flood, and is likely to last to the end
of all thing*. The height of this great argu
ment has l?een attempted, in all ages, by men
who felt able to "justify tho ways of God to
man." But it is just now where it was when
Paul wrote his opistle to the Romans. *
Nothing can be more frank and honest than
tho manner in which he has put the oVjection
of the imaginary Jew, who acts, in his ninth
chapter, the part of the disputant of what
Paul has affirmed in relation to God's moral
government of the world?" Why doth he
yet find fault? For who hath resisted his
will? '?ver. 19. There it is! standing up
against the boavens like tho Peak of Teneriffe
out of the ooean, naked, severe, and sublime.
Paul'* reply is the only one he could give, or,
rather, that he did give: "Nay, but, Oman,
who art thou that repliest against God ? Shall
the thing formed fay to bun that formed it,
' why haht thou made ipo thus ? ' " Paul at
once put over him, as a shield, the Sovereignty
of God?"the Judge of all the Karth will do
right"?and here he re*ts, and there the dis
ciples of Christ havo l>ecn content to rest
amidst all the oontontions of oenturies. We
do not regret tho publication of the Conflict of
Ages, which, if it but wakes up tho souls of
men to tho oontcmplation of the great realities
of a future life, must work a happy influence
u|>on the oause of pietjr, and tho promotion of
the )>est interests of the world. What most is
to l>e dreaded is a torpidity of tho public mind,
which, oonoluJing a subject to be beyond the
reach of all intellootion, ceaswts thence to think
about it; and when men oeate to think, they
very soon oeaie to foel?and death ensues. Let
this enigma once more wake up the minds of
men to a now attempt at it* solution. It oan
not but result in the increase of the knowledge
of the Bible and the love of God. % f
Qj?*" Mr. Nelaon, American consul at Tnrka
Inland, after being fined #200 for an alleged
anHinilt upon a magistrrvto, ban been thrown
into prison for hi" refusal to pay a further fine
of $ 135. Ho bad predion* difficulties with tho
authorities, growing out of his resisting what
be regarded as illegal demands upon American
, vessel* trading at the Island.
Mr. Coonig. who is bearing for an arles'an
well at Mobile, has reached a depth of two
hundred feet, and having oome upon a stratum
of fine blue- olay, is fl ittered with tho hope
that his laltors are nearly oompleted.

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