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G^"* At Cincinnati, on the 4th, an Irishman
attacked an Amerioan wearing a " Koow-Noth
ing" hat. The latter killed the former, uaing
both a pistol and a bowie knife.
03^ At an annual meetingof the Washing
ton and New Orleans Telegraph Company,
held in this oitj, July 5th, Amos Kendall was
elected President; John E. Kendall, Treasurer;
and Daniel F. Clarke, Secretary.
0^" The New Hampshire Legislature will
adjourn sine die on Thursday, July 13th.
ruaravx slats bill
SPEECH OP H0N.THARLE8 SUMNER,
OF MASSACHUSETTS,
In the Senate of the United States, June 28, 1854.
f CONCLUDED]
Mr. SUMNER. I am obliged to my colleague.
The extract is in substantial conformity with
clear historic truth, which the Senator from j
South Carolina, in one of his oratorical effluxes,
has impeached. But the venerable Senator errs
yet more, if possible, when he attributes to
" slaveholding" communities a leading part in
those contributions of arms and treasure by
which iudependence was secured. Here are his
exact words, as I find them jn the Globe, revised
by himself:
11 Sir, when blood was shed npon the plains of
4 Lexington and Concord, in an issue made by
4 Boston, to whom was an appeal made, and from
' whom was it answered ? The answer is found
4 in the acts of Blaveholding States?animu opi
4 bunque pa rati. Y cs, sir, the independence of
4 America, to maintain republican liberty, was
4 won by the arms and - treasure, by the patriot
' ism and good faith of slaveholdinsr communi
4 ties."
Mark the language, sir, as emphasised by him
self. Surely, the Senator with his silver-white
locks, all fresh from the outrage of th^ Nebraska
bill, cannot stand here and proclaim " the good
faith of slaveholding communities," except in
irony. Yes, sir, in irony. And let me add, that
when this Senator presumes to say that American
Independence 44 was won by the urms and treas
ure of slaveholding cominuuit ies," attributing to
this element any influence deserving praise, and
not condemnation, he speaks either in irony or
in ignorance.
The question which the veteran Senator from
South Carolina here opens, by his vaunt, I have
no desire to discuss; but, since it is presented, I
confront it at once. This is not the first time,
during my brief service here, that this Senator
has sought on this floor to provoke a comparison I
between slaveholding communities and the "free
States.
Mr. BUTLER, (from his Beat.) You cannot I
quote a single instaface in which I have done it.
I have always said I thought it was in bad taste, I
and I have never attempted it.
Mr. SUMNER. I beg the Senator's pardon. I
always listen to him, and I know whereof I affirm.
He has profusely dealt in It. I aUude now only
to a single occasion. In his speech on the Ne
braska bill, running through two days, it was one
of his commonplaces. In that he openly present
ed & contrast between the free States and " slave
holding communities," in certain essential fea
tures of civilization, and directed shafts at Mas
sachusetts, which called to his feet my distin
guished colleague at that time, [Mr. Evsbktt,] I
and which more than once compelled me to take I
the floor. And now, sir, the venerable Senator,
not rising from his seat and standing openly be- j
fore the Senate, ventures to deny that he has
dealt in such comparisons.
Mr. BUTLER. Will the Senator allow me ?
Mr. SUMNER. Certainly j I yield the floor to I
the Senator.
Mr. BUTLER. Whenever that speech is read? I
and I wish thf Senator had read it before he
commented on it with a good deal of rhetorical I
enthusiasm?it will be found that I was particu
lar not to wound the feelings of the Northern
people who were sympathising with ns in the
great movement to remove odious distinctions.
I was careful to say nothing that would provoke
invidioas comparisons ; and when that speech is
read, notwithstanding the vehement assertion of
the honorable Senator, be will find that when I
quoted the laws of Massachusetts, particularly
one act which I termed the totiu quotitw act, by
which every negro was whipped every time he
came into Massachusetts, I quoted them with a
view to show, not a contrast between South Car
olina and Massachusetts, but to show that, in the J
whole of this country, from the beginning to this
time?even in my own State, I made no exeep- I
tion?public opinion had undergone a change, I
and that it had undergone the same change in
Massachusetts, for at one time they did not re
gard this institution of slavery with the same
odium that they do at this time. That was the
purpose; and 1 challenge the Senator as an ora- I
tor of fairness to look at it, and see if it is not so.
Mr. SUMNER. Has the Senator done? J
Mr. BUTLER. I may not be done presently; I
but that is the purport of that speech. '
Mr. SUMNKR. Will the Senator refer to his I
own speech ? He now admits that, under the
guise of an argument, he did draw attention to
what he evidently regarded an odious law of Mas
sachusetts. And, sir, I did not forget that, in
doing this, there was, at the time, an apology
which ill-roucealed the sting. Bnt let that pass. J
The Senator is strangely oblivious of the statist!- J
? al contrasts, which he borrowed from the speech
of a member of the other House, and which, at
hi* request, were read by a Senator before him
on this floor. The Senator, too, is strangely ob
livious of yet auother imputation, which, at the
very close of his speech, he shot as a Parthian
arrow at Massachusetts. It is he, then, who is
the offender. For myself, sir, I understand the
sensibilities of Senators from slaveholding com
munities, aud would not wound them by a super- I
fluous word. Of slavery I speak strungly, as 1
must; but thus far, even at the expense of my
argument, I have avoided the contrasts, founded
?n details of figures and facts, which are so ob- I
? ious between the free States and 44 slaveholding
communities;" especially have I shunned all al
lusion to Sonth Carolina. But the venerable
Senator, to whose discretion that State has in.
trusted its interests here, will not allow roe to be
still.
(>od forbid that I should do injustice to South
Carolina. I know well the gallantry of many of
her sons. I know the response which she made
to the appeal of Boston for union against the
Stamp Act?the fugitive slave act of that day?
by the pen of Christopher Oadsden. And 1 re
member with sorrow that this patriot was obliged
to confess, at the time, her 44 weakness in having
such a number of slaves," though it is to his
credit that he recognised slavery as a 44 crime." I
'Bancroft's Histery of United States, vol. 5, page I
*2.";) ' have no pleasure in dwelling on the hu- I
miliations of South Carolina; I do not desire to I
expose her sores; I would not lay bare her na
kedness. Rut the Senator, In his vannt for
44 slaveholding communities." has made a claim
for slavery which id ?o inconsistent with history, I
and so derogatory to freedom, that I cannot allow
it to pass unanswered,
1 his, sir, is not the first time, even during my 1
little experience here, that the same claim lias
been made on this floor; and this seems more
astonishing, because the archives of the country j
furnish such ample and undoubted materials for I
its refutation. The question of the comparative I
contributions of men by different States and sec
tions of the country in the war of the Revolution,
was brought forward as early as 1790, in the first.
Congress under the Constitution, in the animated
and protracted debate on the assumption of State I
debts by the Union. On this occation Fisher
Ames, a Representative from Massachusetts, mem
orable for liia classic eloquence, moved for a call
upon the War Department for the number of men
furnished by each State to the Revolutionary ar- I
mies. This motion, though vehemently opposed, I
was carried by a small majority. Shortly after- I
wards, the answer to the call was received from
the Department, at that time nnder the charge
?t General Knox. This answer, which is one of
the documents of our history, places beyond |
cavil or criticism the exact contribution in arms
of each State. Here it is:
Statement of the number of troop* and militia fur
nished by the several State*, for the support of the
Revolutionary war, from 1775 to 1783, inclusive.
<g "3 ?= ? ~ 13 "3 ^
?3, ? a . 2 ? ,
u c ; t* <? ? ? "? Cud
<v <u e. a ? c. ~ ? -a
-D O O ^ H o ? cd 2
Northicr* | S 2 J lr| ? s gVJ
States. * S * H ^ *
New Hampshire 12,496 2,093 14,598 3,700
Massachusetts 67,937 15,155 83,092 9,500
Rhode Inland 6,908 4,284 10,192 1,500
Connecticut 32,039 7,792 39,831 3,000
New York IT,781 3,312 21,093 8,750
Pennsylvania 25,608 7,357 32,965 2,000
New Jersey 10,727 6,055 16,782 2,500
Total 172,496 46,048 218,553 30,950
SotJTHBHN
Statics.
Delaware 2,387 376 2,763 1,000
Maryland 13,912 5,464 19,370 4,000
Virginia 26,672 4,163 30,835 21,880
North Carolina 7,263 2,716 9,969 12,000
South Carolina 5,508 - 5,508 28,000
Georgia 2,679 . - 2,679 9,930
Total 58,421 12,719 71,130 76,810
It should be understood that, at this time, there
was but lijltlc difference in numbers between the
population of the Sothern States and that of the
Northern States. By the ceusus of 1790, the
Southern had a population of 1,956,354 ; the
Northern had a population of 1,968,455. But not
withstanding this comparative equality of popu
lation in the two sections, the North furnished
vastly more men than the South.
Of continental troops, the Southern States fur
nished 58,421 ; the Northern furnished 172,496 ;
making about three men furnished to the conti
nental army by the Northern States to one from
the Southern.
Of militia, whose services are authenticated by
the War Office, the Southern Stutes furnished
12,719; the Northern furnished 46,048 ; making
nearly four men furnished to the militia by the
Northern States to one from the Southern.
Of militia, whose services were not authenti
cated by the War Office, but are set down in the
return as conjectural only, we have 76,810 fur
nished by the Southern States, and 30,950 fur
nished by the Northern; making, under this head,
more than two men furnished by the Southern to
one from the Northern. The chief services of the
Southern States, it will be observed with a smile,
were conjectural only !
Looking, however, at the sum total of conti
nental troops, authenticated militia, and conjec
tural militia, we have 147,940 furnished by the
Southern States,* while 249,*503 were furnished
by the Northern ; making 100,000 men furnished
to the war by the Northern more than the South
ern.
But the disparity swells when we directly com
pare South Carolina and Massachusetts. Of con
tinental troops, and authenticated militia, and con
jectural militia, South Carolina furnished 33,508,
while Massachusetts furnished 92,592; making
in the latter sum nearly three men for one fur
nished by South Carolina. Look, however, at
the continental troops and the authenticated mili
tia furnished by the two States, and here you
will find only 5,508 furnished by South Carolina,
while $3,092 were furnished by Massachusetts?
being sixteen times more than by South Carolina, and
much more than by all. the Southern States together.
Here are facts and figures of which the Senator
ought not to be ignorant.
Did the occasion require, I might go further,
and minutely portray the imbecility of the South
ern States, and particularly of South Carolina,
in the war of the Revolution, as compared with
the Northern States. This is a sad chapter of
history, upon which I unwillingly dwell, Faith
ful annals record that, as early as 1778, the six
South Carolina regiments, composing, with the
Oeorgia regiment, the regular force of the South
ern Department, did not, in the whole, muster
above eight hundred men; nor was it possible to
fill up their ranks. During the succeeding year,
the Governor of South Carolina, pressed by the
British forces, offered to stipulate the neutrality
of his State during the war, leaving it to be de
cided at the peace to whom it should belong?a
premonitory symptom of the secession proposed
in our own day ! At last, after the fatal field of
Camden, no organized American force was left in
this region. The three Southern States?animis
o/nbusque parati, according to the vaunt qf the
Senator?had not a single battalion in the field.
During all this |>eriod the men of Massachusetts
were serving their country, no* at home, but
away from their own borders; for, from the time
of the Declaration of Independence, Massachu
setts never saw the smoke of an enemy's camp.
A? last, by the military genius and remarkable
exertions of General Greene, a Northern man,
who assumed the command of the Southern ar
my, tyuth Carolina was rescued from the British
power. But the trials of this successful leader
reveal, in a striking manner, the wcakuess of the
" slaveholding " State which he saved. Some of
these are graphically presented in his letters.
Writing to Governor Reed, of Pennsylvania, un
der date of 3d May, 1781, he says:
" Those whose true interest it was to have in
' formed (Congress and the people to the north
' ward of the real state of things, have joined in
' the deception, and magnified the strength and re
1 sources of this country infinitely altove their ability.
' Many of those, who adhere to our parly, ?re so
' fond of pleasure, that they cannot think of ma
' king the necessary sacrifices to support the Rev
' olution. There are many good and virtuous peojtle
' to the southward; but they cannot animate the m
' habitants in general, as you can to the northward."?
Gordon's History of Atiurican Revolution, vol. 4,
page 87.
Writing to Colonel Davies, under date of 23d
May, 1781, he exposes the actual condition of the
country:
" The animosity between the Whigs and Tories
1 of this State renders their situation truly deplo
' rable. There is not a day passes but there are
' more or less who fall a sacrifice to this savage
J disposition. The Whigs seem determined to ex
' tirpate the Tories, and the Tories the Whigs.
' Some thousands have fallen in this way in this
' quarter, and the evil rages with more violence
4 than ever. If a stop cannot be soon put to these
' massacres, the country will lie depopulated in a
' few months more, as neither Whig nor Tory can
?live."
To Lafayette, General Greene, under date of
29th December, 1780, describes the weakness of
his troops:
"It is now within a few days of the time yon
1 mentioned of being with me. ' Were you to nr
1 rive, you would find a few ragged, ha If-starved
1 troops in the wilderness, destitute of everything
' necessary for either the comfort or convenience
' of soldiers." * * * " The country is al
' most laid waste, and the inhabitants plunder
' one another with little less than savage fury.
1 We live from hand to mouth, and have nothing
' to subsist on but what we collect with armed
' parties. In this situation, I believe you will
' agree with me, there is nothing inviting this
' way, especially when I assure you our whole
' force fit for duty, that are properly clothed and
' properly cquip|>ed, does not amount to eight
? hundred men."?Johnson's 1/ife of Greene, *?/. 1,
page 340.
Writing to Mr. Varnum, a member of Congress,
he says:
" There is a great spirit of enterprise prevail
' ing among the militia of these Southern States,
' especially with the volunteers. But their mode
' of going to war is so destructive, that it is the
' greatest folly in the world to trust the liberties
' of a people to such a precarious defence."
Johnson's lAft of Greene, vol. I, p. 397.
Nothing can be more authentic or complete
than this testimony. Here also is what is said
by David Ramsay, an estimable citizen of South
Carolina, in his history of the revolution in that
State, published in 1785, only a short time after
the scenes which he describes :
" While the American soldiers lay encamped,
' [In the low country near Charleston,] their tat
' tered rags were so completely worn out, that
' seven hundred of them were as naked as they
' were born, excepting a small strip of cloth
' about (heir waists, and they were nearly as des
' litute of meat as of clothing.'*?Vol. 2, p. 258.
The military weakness of this "glaveholding
community " is too appureut. Learn now its oc
casion ; aud then join with me in aiiiuKeautut
that a Senator from South Carolina should at
tribute our independence to anything "shivehold
ing." Tbe records of the country, and various
voices, all disown bis suggestion. Tbe Slate of
South Carolina,-by authentic history, disowus it.
Listen, if you please, to {teculiar and decisive
testimony, under date of March 20, 177!>, from
the Secret Journal of the Continental Congress:
44 The committee appointed to take iuto consid
' (-ration tbe circumstance* of the Southern States, and
'the ways and means for their safety and defence,
' report, that the State of South Carolina, (as rep
' resented by tbe Delegates of the said State, aud
'by Mr. lluger, who has come here at the request
' ot the Governor of the said State, on purpose to
'explain the circumstances thereof,) is unablk to
' rnuke any effectual efforts with militia, by reason
' of the great proportion of citizens necessary tore
' main at home, to prevent insurrection a morn/ the
'negroes, and to prevent tbe desertiou of them to
' the enemy. That the stale of the country, aud
' the great number of these people among Mem, expose
' the inhabitants to great danger, from the endeav
'ors of the enemy to excite them to revolt or de
'sert."?Vol. 1, p. 105.
Here is South Carolina secretly disclosing her
military weakuess, and its occasion; thus disown
ing, in advance, the vaunt of her Senator, who
finds strength aud gratulation in slavery rather
than in freedom. It was during the war that she
thus shrived herself, on her knees, in the confes
sional of the Continental Congress. Hut the
same important admission was made in debate,
on the floor q! Congress, .'!0tk March, 1790, some
time after the war, by Mr. Burke, a Representative
from South Carolina:
"There is not a gentleman on the floor who is
' a stranger to the feeble situation of our State,
4 when we entered into the war to oppose the Brit
' isli power. Iff were, not only without money, without
' an army or militdry stores, hut we were few in
?' number, and likely to be entangled with our doines
' tics, in case the enemy invaded us."?Annals of
Congress, 1789, 1791, vol. 2, page 1484.
Similar testimony to the weakness engendered
by slavery was also borne by Mr. Madison, in
debate in Congress.:
" Ever)- addition they [Georgia and South
' Carolina] receive to their number of slaves,
' lends to weaken them, and render them less capable
4 of self-deftnee."?Annals of Congress, vol. I, paae
340.
The historian of South Carolina, Dr. Ramsay, a
contemporary observer of the very scenes which
he describes, exposes this weakness:
" Tbe forces under the command of General
' Provost marched through tbe richcst settlc
' ments of the State, where are the fewest white
' inhabitants in proportion to the number of
' slaves. The hapless Africans, allured with the
' hope of freedom, forsook their owners, and repaired
4 in great numbers to tbe royal army. They en
' deavored to recommend themselves to their
' new masters by discovering where their owners
' had concealed their property, and were assist
' ing iu carry iug it off "?History of South Caroli
na, vol. 1, page 312.
And the game candid historian, describing the
invasion of the next year, says:
" The slaves & second time Jlocked to the British
4 army."?Vol. \,page 330.
And at a still later day,' Mr. Justice Johnson,
of the Supreme Court of the United States, and
a citizen of South Carolina, in bis elaborate Life
of General Greene, speaking of negro slaves,
makes the same admission. He says :
" But the number dispersed through these
' [Southern] States was very great; so great, as
' to rentier it impossible for the citizens to muster
'freemen enough to withstand the pressure of the
' British arms."?Vol. 2, page 472.
Surely, sir, this is enough, and more. Thus,
from authentic documents, we leam the small
contributions of men and the military weakness
of the Southern States, particularly of South
Carolina, as compared with the Northern States ;
and from the very lips of South Carolina, on
four different occasions, speaking by a commit
tee ; by one of her Representatives in Congress ;
by her historian ; and by an eminent citizen, we
have the confession not only of weukness, but
that this weakness was caused by slavery. And
yet, in the face of this cumulative and unim
peachable testimony, we are called to listen, in
the American Senate, to a high-Hying boast, from
a venerable Senator, that American independ
ence was achieved by the arms and treasure of
''glaveholding communities;" an assumption,
baseless as tbe fabric of a vision, in any way it
may be interpreted; whether as meaning boldly
that independence was achieved by those South
ern States, which were tbe peculiar home of
slavery, or that it was achieved by any strength
or influence which came from that noxious
source. Sir, 1 speak here for a Commonwealth
of just renown, hot 1 speak also for a cause
which is more than any Commonwealth, even
that which 1 represent; and I cannot allow the
Senator, with his silver-white locks, to discredit
either. Not by slavery, but in spite of it, was
independence achieved: Not because, but not
withstanding, there were 41 glaveholding commu
nities,'' did triumph descend upon our arms. It
was the inspiration of Liberty Universal that
conducted us through the red sea of the Revolu
tion, as it had already given to the Declaration
of lndej?endence its mighty tone, resonndiiip
through the o^es. "Let it be remembered,"
paid the nation, speaking by the voice of the
Continental Congress, at the rlose of the war,
"that it has ever been the pride and boast of
America, that the rights for which she has con
tended were the kiohts ok human natirkI"
Yet, sir, in this behalf, and by this sign, we con
quered.
Such, sir, is my answer on this head to the
Senator from South Carolina. If the work which
I undertook has been done thoroughly, he must
not blame me. Whatever I undertake, I am apt
to do thoroughly. Hut while thus repelling tbe
insinuations against Massachusetts, and tbe as
sumptions for slavery, I would not unnecessarily
touch the sensibilities of that Senator, or of the
State which he represents. I cannot forget that,
amidst all diversities of opinion, we are bound
together by the ties of a common country?that
Massachusetts and South Carolina are sister
States, and that the concord of sisters ought to
prevail lietwecn them ; but I am constrained to
declare, that I have throughout this debate sought
in vain any token of that just spirit which, within
the sphere of its influence, is calculated to pro
mote the concord alike of Stales and individuals.
And now, for the present, I part with the ven
erable Senator from South Carolina. In pursuing
his inconsistencies, and in ex(>osing them to
judgment, I had almost forgotten his associate
leader in the wanton and personal assault to
which I have been exposed?F mean the veteran
Senator fram Virginia, [Mr. Mason,] who is now
directly in my eye. With ini|M?rious look, and
in the style of Sir Forcible Feeble, that Senator
has undertaken to call in question my statement
that tbe Fugitive Slave Hill denied the writ of
habeas corpus; and, in doing this, he lias assumed
a superiority for himself which, permit roe to tell
him now in this presence, nothing in him can
sanction. Sir, I claim little for myself; but I
shrink in no respect from any comparison with
that Senator, veteran though lie be. Sitting near
him, as has been my fortune gincc I have been on
this floor, I have come to know something of his
conversation, something of his manners, some
thing of his attainments, something of his abili
ties, something of bis character?aye, sir, and
something of his associations ; and, while I would
not undertake to disparage him in any of these
respects, yet I feel that I do not exalt myself nn
duly?that I do not claim too much for tbe j?osl
tion which I hold, or the name which I have es
tablished, when I openly declare that, as a Sena
tor of Massachusetts, and as a man, I place my
self at everv point in comparison with that hon
orable assailant. And to his peremptory asser
tion that the Fugitive Slave Bill does not deny
tbe halteas corpus, I oppose my assertion, as pe
remptory as his own, that it does, and there F
leave that question.
Mr. I'resident, I welcome the sensibility which
the Senator from Virginia displays at the expo
sure of the Fugitive Slave Kill ii^ its true charac
ter. He is the author of that enormity. From
his brain came forth the soulless monster. He is,
therefore, its natural guardian. The Senator is,
I believe, ft lawyer And now, since he has
I allow a n disposition to meet objection* to that
offspring, lit uiust nut stop with the objection
fouuded ou the denial of the ha/tea* corpu?. It is
true, sir, if auything but slavery were iti qm o
tion, such uu objection would he fatal; but it is
not to be supposed that the partisans of an in
stitution founded on a denial of human rights,
can appreciate the projier cllicaey of tliat writ of
freedom. Sir, 1 challenge the Senator to defend
bin progeny; not by assertion, but by reason.
Let him rally all the ability, learning, "and sub
tlety, which lie can command, and undertake the
impossible work.
Let hiiu auswor this objection. The Constitu
tion, by an amendment which Samuel Atlanta
hailed as a protection against the usurpations of
the National (lovernment, and which Jeflerson
asserted was our "foundation corner-stone," has
solemnly declared that " the powers not delega
ted to the Uuited States by the Constitution nor
prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the
States respectively, or to the people." Stronger
words could not be employed to limit the powers
under the Constitution, and to protect the people
from all assumptions of the National Govern
ment, particularly in derogation of freedom. By
the Virginia resolutions of 1798, which the Sen
ator is reputed to accept, this limitation of the
powers of the National Government is recognised
and enforced. The Senator himself is under
stood, 011 all questions not affecting the claims of
slavery, to accept this rule iu its utmost strict
ness. Let him now indicate, if he can, any arti
cle, clause, phrase, or word, in the Constitution,
which gives to CougresB any power to establish
a "uniform law throughout the United States"
on the subject of fugitive slaves. Let him now
show, if he can, from the records of the Federal
Convention, one jot of evidence inclining to any
su< h power. \N hatcver may be its interpretation
in other respects, the clause on which this bill
purports to be founded gives no such a power.
Sir, nothing can come out of nothing; and the
Fugitive Slave Bill is, therefore, without any
source or origin in the Constitution. It is an
open and unmitigated usurpation.
And, sir, when the veteran Senator of Virginia
has answered this objection; when he has been
able to find iu the Constitution a power which is
not to be found, and to make us see what is not
to be seen, then let him answer another objec
tion. The Constitution has secured the inesti
mable right ot trial by jury in "suits at common
law," where the value in controversy exceeds
t wenty dollars. Ot course, freedom is not sus
ceptible of pecuniary valuation, therefore there
can be no question that the claim for a fugitive
slave is within this condition. In determining
what is meant by " suits ut common law," re
J course must be had to the common law itself,
precisely as we resort to that law in order to de
termine what is meant by trial by jury. Let the
Senator, it he be a lawyer, now undertake to
show that a claim for a fugitive slave is not, ac
cording to the early precedents and writs, well
known to the framers of the Constitution, espe
cially to Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and John
Rutledge, of South Carolina, both of whom had
studied law at the Temple, as a xuit at common
lavrf to which, under the solemn guaranty of the
Constitution, is attached the trial by jury, as an
inseparable incident. Let the Senator undertake
to show this, if he can.
And, sir, when the veteran Senator has found
a power in the Constitution where none exists
and has set aside the right of trial by jury in a
suit at common law, then let him answer yet
another objection. By the judgment of the Su
preme Court of the United States, a claim for a
fugitive slave is declared to be a case, under the
Constitution, within the judicial power; and this
judgment of the Court is confirmed by common
sense and common law. Let the Senator under
take to show, if he can, how such an exalted ex
ercise of judicial power can be confided to a single
petty magistrate, appointed not by the President,
with the advice and consent of the Senate, but
by the Court; holding his office, not during good
behaviour, but merely during the will of the
Court; and receiving not a regular salary, but
fees according to each individual case. Let the
Senator answer this objection, if, iu any way, by
any twist of learning, logic, or law, he can.
Thus, sir, do I present the issue directly on this
outrageous enactment. Let the author ot the
Fugitive Slave Hill meet it. He will find me
ready to follow hiin in argument, though I trust
never to be led; even by his example, into any
departure from those courtesies of debate which
are essential to the harmony of every legislative
body.
Such, Mr. President, is my response to all that
has been said iu this debate, so tar as it concerns
me. To the two associate chieftains in this per
sonal assault, the veteran Senator from Virginia,
and the Senator from South Curolina, with the
silver-white locks, I have replied completely, it
is true that others have joiued in the cry, which
these associates first started ; but I shall not be
tempted farther. Some persons are best answer
ed by silence ; best answered by withholding the
words which leap impulsively to the lips.
And now, turuing my back upon these things,
let me, for one moment, before I close, dwell on
one aspcyt of this discussion which will render
it memorable. On fontier occasions like this,
the right of petition has been vehemently assail
ed, or practically denied. Only two years ago,
memorials for the repeal of the Fugitive Slave
Bill, presented by me, were laid on your tabje,
Mr. President, without reference to any commit
tee. All is changed now. Senators have con
demned the memorial, and sounded the cry of
" treason," " treason," in our ears ; but thus far,
throughout this excited debate, no person has so
completely outraged the spirit of our institutions,
or forgotten himself, as to persist in objecting to
the reception of the memorial, and its pro|>er
reference. It is true, the remonstrants have been
treated with indignity; but the great right of
petition?the sword and buckler of the citizen?
though discredited by such conduct, has not
been denied. Here, sir, is a triumph of Free
dom.
OHHM'S HAIIi DIK.
The bent article eveT used, a* hundreJ* can testify
in thia city and surrounding conntry Read! till.
MAN'S LIQUID IIA IK DYE in*ta>itamon*/y chang
es the hair to a brilliant jet B/ari or glossy Broken,
which it p?rman*nt?does not stain or in any way in
jure the ikin. No article ever yet invented which
will compare with it. We would advise all who have
gray hairs to bay it, for it wiwr fayts.?Button Post.
Z. D. GILMAN Chemist, Washington city, Invent
or and Sole Proprietor.
For sale by Druggists, Hair Dresser!), and Dealers
in Fancy Articles, throughout the United States.
?KWI*<I MAt III** FOR ?A I, K CHEAP.
WK have deposited with us, for sain, one of Avery's
superior Sewing Mncbinea, and are authorized
to dispose of the samo as ? great bargain. This ma
chine is considered one of the best now in nse. We
annex herewith the recommendation of Home of the
principal wholesale merchant tail ora in New T ork city
Nkw York, July 30, 1853.
We, the undersigned, do hereby certify that we
have examined the " A very Setatnc Mucin nr." and
cheerfully recommend it for its simplicity, durability,
and especially for the pecnliar stitch made by it. The
stitch is original, nod in appcarance is like the most
perfect and handsome "back-stitching'' We have
thoroughly tested the strength of the sewing, and Are
satisfied that the stitch of this machine makes a
stronger and firmrr *ram thiin ram Ac mud, hy hand.
We take pleasure in recommending this Machine to
onr frienBs. and to tailors, seamstresses, and families
generally, throughout the country
Boughton A Knapp, Wholesale Dealers in Men's
and Boy's Clothing, li* Courtlandt st.
Lock wood A DuBoit, Merchant Tailors, 658 Broad
H. A Gould A Co., Wholesale Dealers in Clothing,
321 Washington st.
J. P. Hull, Mershant Tailor. 55.1 Broadway
Dickson A Pettus, Merchant Tailors, 523 Broadway.
Apply at the publicat ion office of I he National Em,
7th street, opposite Odd Fellows' Hall. March 2.
ATTENTION t
S0LDIRR8 who served in the varlona wars, and
sailora, or their widows or heirs, to whom ar
rears of nay, extra pay, bounty land, pensions, Ao.
may be due, may find it to their advantage to h*v?
their olaims investigated Address
A M (IANGSWRR,
Attorney and Agent, Washington 1? (I
Bounty land warrants bought and sold
\ IXII ERS TO THE METROPOLIS!
I)i,K 'IN.- visiting \Vashiugton, and in want Ot
i, . r Sbi.ux, ure inviteid to eall and uauiiue
Hiy ?1 > ?. ? Im li uuiii|>rurl M good an assortment ol
I.iiJkv, * Uoy?', Youth'*, Misses. and
Children's Shoes, an ouu l>r found in the city. Prior#
moderate. JOHN A RUFF, Penn tvnuut,
Jan il. Betwreon and 6th sts , Washing ton.
CHARLES, FKODSHAM'S
IMPROVED CHRONOMETER WATCHES
IN plain and hunting cases, of every variety of style
and aiie.
Ladies' Watches, of new and elegaut stylus, just
received from the manufactory of Charles Prodshain,
84 Strand. London.
Also, Watches from the most eelebratod London
and Swiss makers. For sale t>y
8. WILLARD,
Jan. J?d No. V Congress street, Boston.
INDIA RUBBER COMBS ? GOODYEAR'S
? PATENT.
WE have now a complete assortment of the India
Rubber Combs, of all kinds, wholesale and re
tail.
Five gross of Children's Hound Combs.
Five gross of the five patterns of Dressing Combs
PARKERS
May 3. Comb, Perfumery, and Fancy Store.
COMBS! COMBS!! COMBS!!!
JUST opening, a handsome assortment of Ihe latest
patterns ol French Tuck Combs, in shell and buf
falo. Also, ten new pattern shell and buffalo Dress
ing combs.
Bruskts ! Brushes / ! Hrushes ! ! !
Just opeuing, a very large and splendid assortment
of English, French, and American Hair Brushes, in
one hundred new styles, among v?hich are a few fine
ivory and butfalo bucks. PARKER'S
Fancy, Perfumery, and Couib Store,
May 2. under National Hotel.
NEW AND ELEGANt SILKS, EMBROI
DERIES, CLOAKS, &c.
THE subscribers beg leave respectfully to invite
the attention of the ladies of the city and vicini
ty to the following new and rich Hoods, which have
just been received, vie :
60 dresses extra rich Brocade Silks, for evenings
75 do. do. do. street;
25 do. do. Morn antique, watered;
15 do do. Mora antique, brocade;
It) do. do. black Brocade Silk;
12 do. do. flounced Brocade Silks;
10 pioces light-colored plain Poult de Soie ;
25 do. very rich plaid Silks;
25 do. Silk Illusions, for party dresses, all col's;
30 do. watered and plain real Irish Poplins;
150 new style Paris-trimiued Cboiuisottes A Sleeves,
in sets.
250 do. French embroidered Collars;
50 do. French embroidered cambric Chemi
settes and Sleeves, in sets ;
75 French embroidered Chemisettes and Sleeves,
trimmed with Maltese. Honiton, and Valen
ciennes Laces, very cheap;
150 purs embroidered id ml in and cambric Sleeves,
250 French embroidered llandk'fs a great variety;
300 pieces English and Frenoh Thread Laces;
25 velvet Cloaks, latest style ;
25 embroidered cloth Cloaks, latest style ;
25 plain and trimmed cloth Cloaks;
50 small Persian .Scarfs, for the neck;
50 long Cashmere Shawls ;
25 richly-embroidered white crape Shawls;
Together with a great variety of uew and elegant
articles appropriate to the season ; all of which we
aro enabled to offer at reduced prices, having taken
advantage of the advanced season to make our pur
chases. |Jan 2.| HOOE, BROTHER, A CO.
TII K CONFLICT OP AUKS!
BY UK. EDWABT) BKKCIIKK.
This Remarkable Work has reached its Fifth
Edition, in the brief space of Four Months !
A success unprecedented in Theological Pub
lications !
AN impression baa already been produced by thU
maniorly treatise, the moat protoand, wide
reaching, ;tnd permanent.
It is perfectly manifest to all competent observers,
that we are upon the eve of a theological discussion,
the most comprehensive, radical, and portentonn, (he
world has ever seen. To this discussion this book
leads the way, with a momentum irresistible. There
is not a question in Theology which is not destined
to come up for a new and thorough settloment in the
light of this final development.
All those who havo Theological doubts and diffi
culties should examine the solution this work affords.
Those who have no doubts, but who wish to study
the history of opinions in the past, and to keep pace
with the developments of opinion in the fntnre. will
grievously err if they neglect to make themselves fa
miliar with this book. It contains the reeds of the
thinkings and debatings of (be next hundred yeais.
The reception oi this work by the The logical
press of the country, )4| been significant. Kqually
declining to accept his conclusion, they do it on op
posite and contradictory grounds. One half of the
Theological press endorses the major premise of the
argument, and denies the minor. The other half bn
dorses the minor, and denies tbe major. And as they
are probably both ri^ht in their positive elemeot, and
wrong in their negative, the work has received a Vic
tual Endorsement of the most powerful kind
Af regards the ability of the work, and its claims
on the attention of all, the following extracts may
suffioe :
Prom the Pr in ret on Repertory?Old S< hoot Orthmlar
It is characterised by great ability, by an earnest
spirit, by frmnknes*, candor, and courtesy. It has a
spocial interest for us. Wk hail it an an ai.lv.
The author shuts his readers up to the choice between
Orthodoxy and the doctrine of Pre Existence.
From the Univer*aitU Quarterly and General #???
tfirm, Jan., 1854.
We have tbe novel spectacle of a man clinging
with a masterly grasp to all the fundamentals of Or
thodoxy, * * * yet dealing it a-blow beneath
which it reels.
It would be difficult to find within the limits of a
buudred pagee any treatise or easay that can com
pare in importance with this analysis (B. iv) of Or
thodox doctrines. l>r Beecher has struck npon the
right principle in his theory of typical interpretation,
in tbe fifth of Romans
National Era.
Tbis work has cauaed a great commotion among
the D D.'s in our land. It merits tbeir attention.
N. Y. Tribune.
Tbe most significant work on Theology which has
appeared of late.
in many respects, this volume is one of tbe most
curious, ax well as one of the most snggeetive, pro
ductions of modern American Theology.
PhxLulelpkitt Pre/byteruin Quarterly, New Ovhool
Able it unijneationably is.
We.stm?n*te.r Review, fin?land.
The " Conflict of Ages" is. in effect, a protest
against Calvinism by one of the leading Calvinistic
divines of New England
Ronton Can grr Rational tut.
A very unsafe book for hereriarchs to put into
the hands of either Universalist or Unitarian of real
and manly mind, accustomed to deep and serions
thought Whatever else he may be or may not be,
be will never be either an ancisnt Socioian or a mod
ern Univeraalist.
PHILLIPS. SAMPSON, CO.,
May 2ft. Publishers, Boston.
VAttA ; OR,THE CHILD OK ADOPTION.
12mo. Price Si.
IT is the history of an adopted child, and such a his
tory as must softnn the heart and awaken the jiity
of every reader. It l? a story and yet a sermon
Taking the little Karri l>y tbe hand, ami leading her
through tbe corridors of an eventful life, it leaves up
on the mind a genial and lasting impression, which
will prove of service. We hope to see it circulated
widely. ? Huffato E.rjrresi.
We predict for tt an immense sale, and venture to
announce tbe author as a worthy addition to the few
distinguished American anthers As a work of art,
we place it high Independently of any aim of plot,
the language is both cnaste and ornate, frequently
pathetic, often humorous. Tbe characters are drawn
with groat skill, and we can find originals in our mind,
who seem to be here carefully pictured?Nrmmrh
Daily.
A tale of exquisite pathos.? Watchman.
Written with remarkable spirit.? Prenbyterian.
The book will be found profitable in every pious
family?Christititt Ckronu/e.
A pure and evangelical spirit runt through the en
tire work.? Nrw York Observer.
Just published by
ROBBRT CARTER k BROTHERS,
New York.
117" This work will be sent by mail, postage pre
paid, to those who send us a dollar. May 31?At
K. V.. WA1.HOR4 * < ?>.,
WHOLESALE and retail premium ready mad*
shirt and collar manufactory, and gentlemen's
fnmishlngatore, No?. 7 and 9 North Sixth street, Phil
adelphia On hand a large assortment of sbirte, col
lars, dress atocks, gloves, hosiery, Ac., which we will
red at the lowest cash prices.
Shirts and wrappers made to order by measure
ment, and warranted to give satisfaction.
WM W KNIOHT
Jan 30-rim R C WALBORX
JOHN 8. MANN,
Attorn kit and counsellor at law,
Condors port, Potter county, Pmb. Jan. !!?
SERVANT WANTED.
GOOD W*gM will Im pmd to ? uoloied woman com
petent to do the work of a tfiuall Uuiily. Inquire
over Mr Eduionaton'n Shoo Store, 7th street, near K.
Jau. S?d3t
CAMERON'S
GKNERAL AGENCY and Iiuraranoe Office, 3 Co
lumbia Placo, (S door* north of Louisiana ?v?
uue,) Seventh street, (east wide,) Wiwbinntoii I' C.
Claim* before Congrats and th? different Depart
ments. Jail- l~l
ALBERT <i. HROWNE,
COMMISSION MERCHANT, and Agent of the
Boston lleuiu Manufacturing Company. (tangs
ot Kiggiug. and Manilla Cordage ; American, Russia,
and Manilla Hemp, for sale
Jan. # ?d3m No. 152 Commercial St., Boston
S WALK Kit, FORTH A IT PAINTER, ?
HAVING become a permanent resident of this
city, respectfully invites the public to visit bis
Studio and Uallery, in the ;id story of Miyor Morfit's
building, 4 j street, second door from Sbillington's.
May 18?eod7t v
TO THK CONSUMERS OF DRV GOODS
IVAo Seek their Supplies tn our Murlu-I.
ONE PRICE ONLY. Wo aro now in our NEW
STORE, which was erected expressly for us. We
think it tho most comfortable and host lighted store
room in the city; and with increued room, facilities,
and experience,'deemed quite Ample, we shall deal
largely in
IMIKBIUM AND 1)0)1 mil! DRY IJOIiDS,
of every style, all of the best qualities, and for which
we shall have out prirr. only.
Wo Hliall sell cheaiKjrthan we ever have done; and
in having one price only (which, in our opinion, is
tho only fair and equitable way of doing business) we
shall maintain our ?olf-respect, which is above all
price or success. Moreover, we expect to retain all
tho trade of those prompt custouieis who have made
their purchases of us for some years past, and doubt
loss we shall have a large accession of new customers,
who prefer to buy where o>u fair prirr only i% asLnl.
We feel that our simple word is requisite only to
satisfy our former customers that the one price sys
torn is the correct one, and to their advantage; and
wo do not hesitate to assert our belief that till candid
and intelligent persons will, after an impartial exam
ination of pricos, fabric, and styles, give a one price
store the preference. Those who are not judges ol
goods cannot fail to be impressed at once with the
manifold and vast advantages to the purchaser re
sulting from tho udoption in gootl faith of the outi
prier tyMr-m ; it necessarily insures low pricos lo Iho
purchaser, for it becomes absolutely necessary to meet
at the stuvt all competition that can be ottered in
prices.
Our scale of prices will be so low. and the profits so
small, that we cannot and will not sell but for the
rush or to customers who pay promptly. For those
who purchase very la'grly, or to sell again, reduc
tions will be made.
The public aro cordially and most respoctfully in
vited to call at all tiuios und examine our stock.
PERRY A BROTHER, "Central Stores,"
Jan. 2?d (Op. Centre Market,) Washington City
fcldridge'i Hill Hoarding School,
For Young Men and Boys.
rpilIS Institution is pleasantly situated, on a high
X elevation, in a healthy, well-improved, and high
ly flourishing neighborhood, Salem county, Now Jer
sey. The Summer Session will commence on the 22d
of the 6th month, (May,) 1854, and continue twenty
two weeks.
The usual branches of a liberal fnd thorough Rog
lirih education will be taught.
Term*.?$00 per session.
For circulars. Ac., addiess
ALLEN FLITCRAFT, Principal
March 8?.'lm Kldridge's Hill. Salem co.. N J^
lOUR Mom ICY
I WILL return, if you don't get one dollar's worth,
at least Also the best of references cau be giv
en, if required.
Ohi.y onk Dow la R, post paid, to M. J. COOK,
Crawfordsrille, Indiana, buys my new copyright edi
tion, containing a selection of the most of the follow
ing " Ways to MaiiK Monky,*' Ac. L. M E. Cook's
"All and More Together," Walton's 25, Bowman's
Weston's 5*, L F Dow's 70, Biglow'i 77, Ned
Dow's 100, the famous 110, 114 Long A Go 's, SU
vens's, Short A Co.'s, Dnval'i, Ooe A Co i. Ac., Ac.
Several of these are advertised to soil from $5 to
$75 each, and to yield from $.1 to $8, from $5 to $10,
and from $0 to $12, per day; and from 200 to 500,
and even to 1,000 per cent.--honest and easy profits,
with small capital Both sexes, and all capacities,
and especially students and young men, furnished
with employment.
You may think this is all humbug; yet, baling all
exaggeration, the simple information alone is worth
more than the price ol the hook to every man and
woman in the land. And, besides, 1 will do as I
said at first I will also send, gratia, to all purchasers
of the above, who request it, a fimb chahck?in
structions in a new, easy, and honest business, that
yields enormons profit*, with small eapital.
Money, properly enclosed, sent by mail, at
my risk.
ftp- Two copies, gratis, to those who will secure,
in sny weekly pater, ooe dollar's worth of insertions
of the above and this notioe, togethsr with a com
mendatory editorial notice thereof. I will send the
two copiee on my reooiving the paper publishing the
advertisement ^ ?L
THE CH (?K1M> OP THK ? HUHCHKK.
rnHIS Book contains the Articles of Fai'h of the
1 principal Churches in the United States, com
riled from tho authorised editions, by Rev. L D.
>?vis Any person can receive the work, free of ex
pense, by enclosing by mail, post paid, 50 cents, to
tho subscriber, at Cortland Cortland co., New York
June 1?. _ L D. DAVIS.
??THK WKXT HAS Jill IITKRATURK! "
UKIIU8 OF THK WEST, C1HCIHNATI. OHIO
COATE8-KINNKY, I
HOWARD DURHAM, j MU9r'
THE THIRD VOLUME OF THK OKNIU8 OF
THK WEST commences with the July number,
1854 This Periodical was established for the pur
pose of encouraging and introducing U> the publio
everywhere,
ORIGINAL WESTERN LITERATURE.
"The West has no litorature," was remarked by a
prominent speakor in a public assembly, not a long
tirno since The Weat fuit a literature- a literature
of her own ? fresh, bold, vigorous, ?n 1 beantifui?not
refined into stupidity, not degenerated into obsceni
ty?but looming up like her own mountaii s, fertile
as her rich soil, attractive as her blooming prairies
It has been Iho ohjeot of the Genius t-? gather in the
choicest productions of this literature, and lo send
thorn forth again, to encourage, to please, and lo in
struct. It is not surprising that the publie have re
gsrded this object with extraordinary favor-a favor
which ia evidenced by the remarkable huccess of the
Oeniua of tho Weat It Has elicited the attention
and admiration of cultivated minds in all port* of the
country. From South Carolina, from New Kngland,
from Oregon, from every quarter where it has become
known, there come eager calls for the Oeniua, ac
companied with words ol such enthusiastic commend
ation. (is may well excite in the editors, as well as
contributors, feelings of pride and pleasure
On the heels of this success, Mr. Durham, the pro
jector of this enterprise, is enabled to announce, for
the forthcoming vol* me.
NEW AND ATTRACTIVE FEATURES!
Foremost, he has had the good fortune to associate
with him Prof Coat*k Kinwkv, who has purchased
an interest in the Oenius, and will hereafter devote
bis whole attention to its pagss Among the poets
and prone writer* of the West, Mr Kkniv is con
spiouou* in the foremost rank ; and the enlistment of
his pon in the editorial department cannot fail to ex
cite a deeper and still wider interest in the minds of
tho reading public.
The typographical execution of the work has also
been improved, and so arranged as to afford a much
greater amount of reading matter, without any ad
vance in price
New and valuable contributor* have been engagod
whose contributions will enrich the page* of the new
volume
The proprietor* being now established in a print
ing office ot their own. it will be their ohioct to ox
tend tho circulation of the Oenius of the Weet every
where, and they earnestly solicit the assistance of all
who derive pleaKure from literature, and oeperially
of those who desire to cneoursge the growth of lit
erature in the West, which *hall command the respect
of tho world
The (I en in* of the Wost is published monthly, roy
al octavo form, thirty-two page*, superior paper and
typography, and handsome cover Each number i?
splendidly illustrated
Post muster* and other* arf respectfully requested
to act a* agent* in proeurlng subscribers Agents
sending five subscriber* will receive one copy one
year, true.
Terms $1 per annum, in advance.
QJ- Letters and communications msy bo adUrew
ed, post paid, to either of the editors, or to
0. S ABBOTT. Publisher,
(m,rnf Grnixs ofthr West, 141 Mmn *trrrt,
June Id. mr (7/irrw's H>>"k
A KM K ( HANt K.
I T NPARA LLKLKD and honest profit*, with a small
U capital ,i ?r particular*, addret*, post paid, Box
98, Crawford*ville, Indiana April 27- ot
THE UKEAT RED IMAGO Ni ;
OR,
I TH K MASTEK KEY TO POPERY
BY ANTHONY GAVIN,
Catholic trust, of Saragossa, Spun
BOOK AQEXTB WANTED,
TO Mil the work, whiub in now rrtdy, aud lurpMt
m in detail and interest any other work on the
subject of Popery evor issued The terrible revel*
tioris which it contain* will startle every ProltstaM
with horror, as coining from one who wa? a part ci
pator in the bloody deed*, and who ban bad the he*r
opportunity ever possessed by any man to unveil the
mysteries of the Great Babylon of Popery Finely
illustrated Address, immediately,
SAMUEL JONES, Publisher,
July 1?6td H?J Wasliiugtou street, Boston
TO BOOK AOKNTS AMDCOLroHTKHMt IN
ALL f AftTS OF THE UNITED NTATM.
1 AljA A UK NTH wanted to sellOUR PARISH
1 A great moral and religious work for
the Nineteenth Century. 462 pages, price $1 26
One thousand copies of thin work were sold the firtt
day of publication, and eight thousand copies wer?
nailed lor in less than one month. The publishers
feel justified in saying that no strictly religious ro
uiance has ever exceeded, if equalled, the popularity
of this work in so short a time.
For circular of terms, Ac , address
L.,P. CROWN, A CO., Publishers,
May 2fi. No. fti Cornhill, Boston.
BEEBE'S NEW YORK HATS.
SPRING Fashion ior 1854, with other new and
beautiful styles. A full assortment In store at
LANE'S Fashionable Hat. Cap,
and Gents Furnishing Establishment,
March 8. Peun. av., near 4 J street.
THK NEW HOOK KOK MHUMRK lOH HINTS
UNLESS we are greatly mistaken, this will prove
the best " Summer Book "of tho sen son ?(htei
da Hern hi.
Now ready, the Second Edition of
HILLS, LAKES, ARB FOREST STREAMS;
OK,
\ Tramp ill the l hatcaiigiiuy Woods.
One elegant 12mo vol., with illustrations Price
$1.26.
NOTICES OP THE PRESS.
The author of this book is the editor of the Albany
State Kfgint.nr, and among all our brother editors we
know of none of such rare fancy and humor in do
pictipg country lifo. Isaac Walton wonld have been
dollgbted to read such a book, and Christopher Norih
would be happy in iuhaling such good humored
sketches of country sports W? have rarely read
anything more instinct of life and fun, than this book,
or which is more appropriate to the season of sum
mer and rural life.? N. V. Express.
Reader,'you havo a rich feat before yon, in the
pages of this volume, which comes Uefoie you with
tuterminablo changes, magnificent groves, whose tall
trees huvo withstood the storms of a thousand years,
luxuriant gardens, fertile mesdows, quiet lakos and
running brooks, hills, valleys, and mountains ? a
multitude of attractions to inspire now, enlarged,
fresh thoughts, in the mind that is wearied with the
dull routine of our city life and dusty streets.?Phil
adelphia Courier.
It is so attractive, that ho who opens it, will reluc
tantly relinquish it, till he has followed the writer
over the hills, across the lakes, and among tbo forost
streams ?Rorhestrr American.
It is a charming book for company on a summer'
tour, and will hold a prominent place among the lux
uries of literature ? Troy Budget
All the lovers of the country and of country life, of
rural scenery and of nature in its wild grandeur, of
the sports of the forest and the stream, should buy
tbis book and read it.? Tioy Timet,
A book that will be greeted by sportsmen, and ea
gerly read by the lover* of romantic adventure. Such
readers will envy the author's happiness when they
find him pulling up the simple, uneducated trout,
from those secliMed lakes, tipping over the deer at
every shot; snuffing the fresh brasses of those old
primeval mountains arid bills, and listening to the
music of the wild, wild wood* ?Auburn Journal.
This is a charming volume. One almost IV els the
bracing freshness of the 'eke* and forests as he turns
over its graphic and sprightly pages. They aro ab
solutely so bewitching, that to read them is not to bo
oontnal without rusticating ? Philadelphia News.
His descriptions of the forest, the stream, the lake,
the meadow, the birds, and the blossoms, are spon
taneous gushes?warm feelings set to the simple mu
sic of Saxou words, Tho author has not only trav
riled among the scenes he paints so well l>ut ban tar
ried with tbem until he has found out all their se
crets.?Buffalo Express.
It is a book to keep awake even in summer after
noons and evenings, conveying one moetgtibly across
bills, lakes, and forest streams, an.I pointing out all
that is worth seeing or feeling Then is much to
warm up by wit., and to thrill by daring, in the book
and he who reads it and don't want to hie straight
off to the country, may?read it through again. and
sea bow mistaken a mao he is ?Boston Bes.
Copies sent by mail, post paid, on receipt oi
price ; or it can b* ordered thmugn suy Bookseller.
J. C DERBY. Publisher,
June 26. No 8 Park Place, New York
SEW LADIES' FASH I (JS ROOK
I^RANK LESLIE'S hmdirt' Lras*Jtt of Paris, Lo*
don, and New York Fashions. Published on the
first of every month, containing all the Newest Faal ?
ions in every department of Ladies' and Children's
Costume, Jewelry, Ornaments, Furniture, Ac. The
sue is large quarto, being twiro the site of the Pans
Fashion Books, is printed on superb paper of tbe
finest manufacture, uud profusely illustrated wi<fc
over On* Hundred Engravings; in addition to
winch, each part will contain a splendid C'oltnr.l
VlttU. alone worth more t?<an tho p'ice charged tor
the whole part Arrangement* have been complete I
in Paris, whereby the Newest Fashions wilt appear in
tbis work before the Paris Fashiou Book? are recti?
ed by the steamer. No 1 was issued on January 1st,
1854.
It Is by far the best Fashion Book issued in tbis
country We eordially recommend it.? N. Y Di-rti,
Times. Takes the highest rank among all journals < t
its class.--JV Y. Trtbunt This is a superb work ?
/mm/oh Trttnunnt. It, is the best record of the fash
ions now published. ?Huniluy Time*, P/ntadelp^i t
It contains all the newoet fashions, uud a coioied
plate of groat beauty ? Hieme Journal
One eopy, one year, , two do , $6 , four do , $4
On* copy of the Gasette. and one eopy of Har)*r *
Putnam s, or Graham a Magazinn*, oiio yenr, { V
Ofiee No. A John ?treet, and alt Booksellers in tbi
United States and Canada*. March 24.
DR. WESSELHOEET'S WA TER CURE
BRATTI.KRONOUmH, VERMONT,
ALL rumors to the contrary, contiuoes to reoeim
patients, for whose recovery and comf. rt the hi>
designed pledge themselves to spare no pains,
that they may maintain the fame ol the establish
merit. Its provisions tor hydropathic purposes
unrivalled, and its supply of pure, soft water is abn?
dant, cool, and palatatile at all seasons, witbont the
use of ice.
I>K E I. Lkwrmtha l? Resident Physician
Msa. F. WKsvu.MnKf t, Proprietress
March 24. ^ "
'STRAYED OR STOLENf
ON Tuesday night, Mav 23d, from the premises of
Henry Powell, in Mantua, six two tear old
Ste?rs. One large, rough made steer, grayish color,
with short tail ami ears, and long claws on the hind
foet Two red and white (spotted) steers, very fine
looking fur their age, but rather sin * II, and one of
them cross eyed "ne principally white, showing a
good deal of the Durham blood iu the neck and ear*
The other two rather inferior, one dark brindle, and
the other light red Any person finding such Steers
or giving information where they may hr found, shall
bo entitled to a liberal reward, by dropping a line to
A. U <K>ULT?. Hudson, Summit county, Ohio, or to
HENRY POWELL. Mantua, Portage county. Ohio
Hudson, May 30, ISM. June 9?2t
DR. MeLMK'X VKOIFI GU
AM other MEDICAL WITNESS
[?/- It is no small evidence of the intrinsic value
of this great Vermifuge, when even physicians, who
are generally prejudiced against patent medicine,',
voluntarily come forward and testify to its triumph
ant success in expelling worms. Read the following
Harrison viu.r, Siixi.rv Co., Ky ,
April I, 184V
I am a pract icing physician residing permanently in
this place. In the year IM4H, when a resident of 'ho
State of Miasouri, I became acquainted with thn an
perior virtues of Dr. McLauMfa Vermifuge. At some
more leisure wioment. I will send the result of an ex
periiaent I made with one vial, in expelling upwards
?f Vi?> worms. L. Oast**, M D
J Knld Co.
(f* Purehasers will please he careful to ask for
DR McLANRS CELEBRATED VERMinW,
and take none els*. All other Vermifuges, in oom
pari son, are worthless. Dr. Mcl<ane's genuine Ver
mifuge. also his celebrated Liver Pills, can now be
had at all respectable Drug Stores in the United
States and Canada 49

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