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For th? National Kra. HOLLYWOOD. BY AtlCK CAB ICY. C1IAP. II?Continued. M I said yea, though I had never aeon a ool leotion before; and, drawing a chair near mine, he turned them over, pointing out the various delioate shades, and detcanting, lor my amuiw ment, on the beauties of ntttmregenorally.^^ M It vu simply from a habit of politeness, and he would h*vo shown them to M?rtha with aa muoh pleasure, I have no doubt; but the oivility aroused the indignation of Miss Pinohum past endurance, and, putting the apron from before her eyes, she bent over little Harry, Bobbing and moaning at awoful rate. " 1 Any fatal symptoms, nurse ? asked Mr. Richards, still turning the flowers. it Miss Pinohum was too muoh affeotod to xeply; but she cried the louder. l''She is very much attached to the boy, Mr. Richards said, ajpologetioally; 'she has been his nurse from infancy, and was his moth er's before him, I believo.' "'You are quite mistaken, Mr. Richards, replied the lady, looking terribly outragod; ' 1 am not a thousand years old, sir!7 " ' No, Misa Pinohum, not a thousand years old;' and the Btnile and the emphasis seemed to indicate that she was about as nearly a thou sand years old as women lived to be. "'Well, 1 don't care anything about my ege,' said Miss Pinehum, wiping her eves; 'but I was not bigger than that little girl (indica ting mo) when you were married ? 1 know that.' . "'Very well,' said Mr. Richards, twirling his chain, as before, and as though the subject were to be dismissed; ' 1 confess I am not ob servant of the ladies' ages, unless I have some particular interest in them.' " '1 would like to know wbm^Aavo done, that makes me so hateful to^^?kaid Misd Pinohum, softening her look of Saignation to one of reproach. "'Really, nurse, I don't understand your mood to-night; you have certainly been very faithful?been all I oould wish you to be. " 'There it is again?just aa if I ever said I wished to be anything 1 wasn't' "1 No, Catherine, you never saul so, certain ly;" and Mr. Richards crossed one leg over the other knee, and smiled oomplaoently. "' If poor little Harry's mother had not said to'me, almost the last words she ever spoke, she wante<f me to take charge of the baby, I would go right out of this house, stormy night as it is?I would not stay hero to b6 talked ao to.* "'All this long controversy amounta to nothing; I prefer declining it; worn down as 1 am with watching and auxiety, the little rest I can have is grateful.' "' I don't know how you expect others, who don't rest at all, to keep up forever;" and Miss Pinehum looked aa though she were the most injured woman in all the world. "'You would do well to avail yourself of Misa Halstead's kindness?we will call if you are needed, and you surely require sleep;' and Mr. Riohards went to the window, and tapped softly on the Bash, with his finger-ends. ?I approached the bedside, and added my entreaties that she would try to oompose her self but she wculd not hear of it, and putting ma back, said, while there was breath in little Harry's body, ?fre would not desert him. 'Don't make that noise,; she continued, ad dressing Mr. Richards, 'but.go down stairs, and bring up a little wood, or your own child will die with the oold.' " The gentleman rung the bell, and directed some addition made to the fuel, and resumed hie old seat in the corner, qnite forgetful of Misa Pinohom's existence, apparently. u' Are you going to sleep ?' atked that lady, turning sharply round. "' Not at present," wan the quiet reply. ? ' Well, then, what are you going to do ?' u' la there any service I ?an offer ?* w 4 Have you bought that carriage we were talking about?' inquired Miss Pinehum, ab i speak of a carriage? No matter, howeveT, I have not bought one.' ??J don't know what I asked for, I don't care,' Mim Pinohum said, testily;' ' I don't suppose I should ride in it twice in my life. "Mr. Riohards made no reply to this last olisorvation, but turning to me, talked with seeming interest of the neighborhood, the country round about, its agricultural advan tages, the oharaoter of the people, and the like. While we were so engaged, there was a loud ring at the door, and the next moment a heavy step was heard ascending the stairs; the door opened, and a tall figure, oompletely enveloped in black, stood before us. M 4 You are Henry Richards, unless I am very much mistaken,' she said, (for the visiter was a woman.) advancing toward that gentleman, 'and my name is Wilkinson?I am a widow? my hu?band has been dead two years; I never took off mourning and never will, the loogest day I live. My husband was a carpenter? be worked at this very house, some. I wondeT what's become of the man that first built it? ho waa as sour-looking as vinegar?some al lowed be wee love-cracked, and some allowod maybe he had killed a man sometime, and was taking on about it, for he never made himself do way sociable, among us here?never visitod nobody?he went down the river at last. Well, how ie your little boy ? I heard he was siok; Self brag -is poor recommendation, but I can miss with anybody in tbe village ; 1 am a wid ow, and have had experience, and I have oome to go to work, and do whatever is to be done; and, la me, there is always enough to do where one is siok : twenty well, are no more trouble than one eiek, so they say, and 1 believe it's a fact?in my husband's last illness (I havo l>een a widow two years, now) it seemed to me that aay boose was just as upsidodown as it oould be?I am a good housekeeper, and I was wexed till I was nigh about craay. You must be lonesome here?a little good company will be rewiving. But just let me tell you how I got sheared as I waa coming here, to-night. You aee I'd been all tbe afternoon to Mr. Goodman's donation party; there waa a nrnnbor there? some I didn't expeot to see, and there were some expected that didn't oome ?It always will ba so, you know, Mr. Rioharda^-well. I waa there, and along in tbs evening, whan the msa began to oome tor their wives, (I don't oare about men's eeoiety any more,) I just puta my bonne* am, and home I goes, and I no sooner gets there, than word comes to me about your little boy being BO dreadful bad; and I thought about your being in a strange plaoe, and all, and I just ruts on my things agfin, but I had . not taken them off, and I starts for your house Of oonrfe, I takse the nearest way, and that brings see right across Halstead's fields, (this Cfe father.) and I was a leetle mite afraid, t 1 didn't let on, and Luoretia?that's my little girl?quite a little girl she is, Mr. Rieh arcU, she says to me, she says, " Mother, en't you afraid," just that way, tbe little thing says to isi trl say* I, "What would I be afraid 0f Bj ahadder f" and Lueretia laughed, and ?aid I was always funny; and, in fact, when I am well, I am of ae lively a turn as you will flad-*rell, I gete pretty well along, and I be gt-m |a kWUh that good Inok will have it, and thai 1 ant a going to see no sign of tbe bull, hot aO Ike time T knew I would aee him, for Pll he hound you oould not cross a thousand acre fieU. if there was a bull on it, but that Wd M him tearing up the ground some wham * and mm enough, just as I oomss into the big holler, in the pastor-ground. I sees him beUovna*along lilt* everything Thinks I, if ? no use to torn back, for ho will ohane mo, ten to one; ho I turns ?lowo my *kirt over my pet ticoat, for bull* bate red as they do pisen, and I kwjw right along, all of a tremble, and just ai I gets opposite, the great ugly sarpent turuod bit* head sideways, till one of his horns almost touched the ground, and his big eyes rolled at me, and when 1 thought 1 wan clean by, he up with hiti tail, and he gave my clothes such a hidtw ! Dear sakes. it's a wonder I'm alive ; I wouldn't cross that field again, not if you would give me a dollar! 1 wouldn't. 1 am a widow, and not much to care to live for, but 1 don't want to be skeered to death by a bull when 1 do die.' [to bb continued] WASH IN GTOND. C. TUESDAY, JULY 18, 1854. THE TREATY OF RECIPROCITY. The letter in relation to this subject, from the pen of Hon. (ierrit Smith, whioh we this day publish, will doubtlc&s arrest the goncral and respcotful attention of our readers. HON. KB. CHASE. Of the speech of this gentleman, to whioh wo this day give place, wo have only to say that, in its broad philanthropy, in its genuine patriotism, and in the enlarged views of states manship it reveals, it ib characteristic of its author. We commend it to the careful pcru Bal of every render. CONGRESS. In the Senate, to-day, an important memorial was presented by Mr. Sumner, and, in connec tion therewith, an important concession was made by Mr. Bonjamin, to the effect that he could not defend the violation of the Constitu tion by the imprisonment of free citizens of one Stato for no other crime than simply going within tb? limits of another State, ft may be also remarked, as worthy of note, that Mr. Clay, of Alabama, has at length obtained the much coveted notice he has sought at the hands of Mr. Sumner! The Homestead bill was fur ther discussed in the Senate to-day. In tho House, Mr. Phillips made an unsuc cessful effort to introduce a bill to extend the jurisdiction of tho Territory of New Mexico over the region obtained by the recent treaty; the bill to regulate the rates of postage was discussed, and laid aside; and the Army Ap propriation bill was dobated in committeo, n resolution having been previously adopted, closing this debate in two hours after its com mencement. POLITICS AND CHRISTIANITY. The New York Tribune says: " An upright man need no moro ' backslide from the pulpit into Congress' than from New England into China, (or Sodom,) should ho be sent thither as a missionary. A true soldi* of the Crow ought to be willing to grapple with the hardest cases of impiety and iniquity; and where could he find ha?er than in Con gress? And, besides, an evangelist need not stop preaching beoauee elected to Congress, any more than an editor need stop writing. Let him lift up his voioe every Sabbath in rep robation of current sins?he can be sure 'to get tho floor' on that day, when he might struggle a week for it in the House, and not obtain it." We regard a minister of the Gospel an neither more nor less than a man and a citizen, and we regard all lawa and usagas excluding him from even the fullest participation in the act ive, useful duties of life, as the shadows of su perstition ?till lingering among us. It is no doubt true of the ministerial officc, as it is of law, mcdioine. carpentry, or shoe making, that he is the more offiaient in its pur suit who devotos himself exclusively to it; and, so far as the Chinese rule, of binding men and their descendants to afciven pursuit forever, is relishable in this oountry, so far is there perti nence and force in keeping ministers, lawyers, doctors, carpenter*, and shoemakers, out of tho political arena; but no farther. "The filthy mire of polities" is a Senatorial phrase; but it is not a true phrase, exoept where filthy and miry Senators make it so; and where they do, the f reeence of puro and good men is needed to elevate the character of tho place, and to save tho republic from tho evils of its profliga cy and oomrption. We assert a well-known truth, wbon wc say, that in the Capital of this nation, among its honored legislators, oaths, imprecations, and blasphemies, are horribly redundant; that true dignity and elevated morality aro laughed to soorn; and that good and virtuous men of the Republic very generally decline to contest for positions in the midst of mere worldly, reck less, and vindictive men. Oar remarks are not of universal applica tion in either Honse of Congress; but the de gree to which they are applicablo should arouse the attention of the country, alarm the just, the mora], and the religiou*, throughout tho land, and induce a prompt and thorough reform through such means as have been sug gested by ths New York Tribune. C. j THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM I* HEW YORK. Responses to the call for a State Convention at Saratoga Springs, on the 16th of August, are ooming up from the people. We notice that a preparatory meeting was held at Penn Yan, in Yates county, on tSe 7th instant, Jas. Cooley presiding, and S. B. Ayres, Secretary. It wm here resolved that? " VVe approve of the obiocts set forth in the oftll for a State Convention, emanating from the Executive Committee of the New York Anti Nebraska Meeting held in that city on the 13th of May last; and that a committee of seven bo appointed by this meeting?to consint of E. H. Jones, C. C. Shopsrd, J. Ellsworth, C. V. Bush W. S Briggs, C B. Brace, and W. D. Souior? to prepare and issao a call for a Mans Conven tion ot the eitizons of Yates county, to be held at the Court Houso, in the village of Penn Yan, on Saturday, August 5, at 2 o'clock P. M." -? # Another Overissue Fraud?It appears that Edward Crane, President of the Vermont Central Railroad, was one of the subscribers to the stook of the Nunbury and Erie Railroad, Pennsylvania, and upon the faith of whioh the city of Philadelphia issued bonds for ths first million of subscription, ths ordinance authori sing the subooriptioa requiring that a similar amount should first be obtained from private Mlworibsrs. The discovery of this fraud, it is said, will suspend operations upon ths road, as the sooond subscription by tho oity cannot now J be paid. TH* PEOPLE'S CONVENTION IH JHD1AHA The State Con volition was held at Indian apolis on the 13th instant. On the preceding evening a vast preliminary meeting of citizens and visiters was held. Some of thdw prcbont, the Journal say, wo recognised as those who, in yearn past, had been the most active and influential numl>er8 of the Democratic party. Others had been in the habit of attending Free Soil Conventions, and others had always been present at Whig gatherings. Jacob P. Chapman, Esq., was called to the Chair,.and John L. King, of Madison, appoint ed Secretary. Schuyler Colfax, Esq , Colonel H. S. Lane, Mr. S. S. Hording, Judge John W. Wright, and R. A. Riley, Esq., ably addressed this preparatory meeting. At an early hour on the morning of the 12th, tho people commenced pouring into the city. Never before had so many men met there to attend the deliberations of a Convention. The officers were? ' President?Thomas Smith, of Ripley. Vice Presidents ?Samuel Howe, Samuel Par ker, L. Rrigham, J. P. Millikan, S. Nation, Or. Ritohey, Hon. 0. P. Davis, H. L. Ellsworth, L. M. Trusdale, A. J. Powers, and J. M. Conwell. Stcretaries?M. C. Garber, S. G. Matthews, James Wilson, G. B. Jooelyn, R. A. Riley, and Dr. Arnold. The President eaid ho had been a Democrat all his life, and ho was no loss a Democrat now than heretofore. No man had a right to say that tho repoal of the Missouri Compromise was a Democratic measure, so far as the sen timents of a majority of the Democrats of tho free States wero oonoerned. They were op posed te it. It never had been submitted to them, and thoy had not given, and never would give, their sanction to it. Forty-throe of tho Democratic mombcrs of Congress, out of the eighty-nine members from the free State*, only, had voted for it. What right had any party man to say that it was approved by the ma jority of tho Damoorats from the free States ? It was not true; and those DemooratB who now sustain the repeal are faotiously opposing the wishes of a majoiity of their party. Bishop Ames, being proeent, was invited to address the Throne of Divine Grace, which he did in the most feoling and appropriate man ner. Colonel Henry S. Lane's defence of the glo rious Declaration of Independence from the foul aspersions of Pettit, the editor of the Journal says, was the finest specimen of terrible denunciation ho has listened to for many years. Rev. George B. Jooelyn, a Methodist minis ter present, was called out, and for the first time in his life mado a political speech. His defence of his brethren was complete and tri umphant Hon. H. L. Ellsworth stated that he had boen a member of the Democratic Convention of the 26th of May, but he differed thon from the anti-Democratic platform, and he was not bound to support it. Capt. John A. Hendricks made a sound and argumentative speech against the repeal of the law restricting Slavory in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska. Ho deolared himself at not only opposed to the repeal, but in favor oi its restoration at tho earliest possible mo ment. He is a Democrat, bnt repudiates the prinoiples attempted to be laid down by the leaders of that party at the 24th of May Con vention. His speech was enthusiastically re ceived by the immenso crowd. Ex-Governor Bebb, formerly of Ohio, now of Illinois, being discovered present, was Ipudly callod for. Ho responded, in a speech full of humor and argument. He declared that no man in Congress, from Ohio, who had votod for the repeal of the Slavery restriction, would ever be re eleotcd, and he believed such would be the result in Illinois. There was a mighty up rising of the people, all over the free States, that would sweep from political exifctence every traitor to Froedom. Tho resolutions were as follows: Resolved, That wo arc uncompromisingly op pored to the extension of Slavory ; and, farther, that we utterly doprccate and repudiate the platform of principles adopted by the self-styled Democratic Convention on (he 24th day of May last, endorsing and approving the Kansas-Ne braska iniquity. Resolved, That we will waive all former party predilections, and in oonoert, by all lawful means, seek to place every branch of the Fed eral Government in the hands of men who will assert the rights of Freedom, restore the Mis souri Compromise, and refuse, under all cir cumstances, to tolerate the extension of Slavery into Territories secured to Freedom by that Compromise. Resolved) That wo regard intemperance as a great political, moral, and social evil?a legiti mate subject of legislation ; and that we are in favor of the passage of a judicious, constitu tional, and efficient Prohibitory Law, with such penalties as shall effectually suppress the traffic in intoxicating liquors as a beverage. Mr. Julian, from the Committee on Resolu tions, made a minority report, the adoption of whioh he enforced by a spoech of considerable length. He dopreoated any desire to produoe disoord in the proceedings of the Convention, and had, very properly, presented his resolu tions in the disoharge of what he regarded as his duty. They were laid on the table. The Nominating Committee reported the | ticket selected by them, whioh was unanimous ly concurred in, as follows : PEOPLE'S TICKET. For Secrt tary of State? E. B. Collins, of Dear born county. For Auditor of State?Hiram E. Talbott, of Patnam county. For Treasurer of State?Wm. R. Nofsinger, of Parke oounty. For Judge of Ike Supreme Court?Samuel B. Gookins, ot Vigo county. For Superintendent of Common Schools? Prof. Caleb Mills. Messrs. Talbott, Collins, and Nofringer, are Democrats; Messrs Gookins and Mills are Whigs. They are all men of undoubted moral char acter, and of unquestioned qualifications for the offiocs for which thejrhave been nominated. Indian Thohsmcb in Texas.?New Orleans dates of July 17, state that a large body of fn* dians from Mexico are marching into the inte rior of Texas, oansing considerable apprehen sion and excitement; that no effioieot troops were thero to oppose them, and that the people are oomplaining of the inactivity of General Smith. Petitions for his removal, and the ap pointment of General Harney to theohief ooa mand, are in circulation. H0JIK4TEAD BILL. SPEECH OF MK CHASE, LN THE SENATE. Wednesday, July 12, 1854. Oa motion by Mr. Wai.kkr, tbe Senate, as in Committee of the Wholo, resumed tho con sideration of the House bill " to grant a homo stead of ono hundred and sixty acres of the public lands to actual settlers "?the pending quostion being on the amendment of Mr. Clay ton, to strike out the sixth section, which is in the following words: "Sec 6. Aud be it further enacted, That any individual now a resident of any one of the States or Territories, and not a citizen of the United States, but at the time of making suoh acquisition for the benefit of this act, shall have filed a declaration of intention, as required by the naturalization laws of-the United states, and shall become a oitizen of the same before the istuanoe cf the patent, as made and provi ded for in this act, shall be placed upon an equal footing with tho native-born oitizon of the United State*.'' Mr. CHASE. I desire to submit a remark or two, and then to oifer an amendment, with the view of perfecting the sixth section, before the motion to strike out shall bo taken. I do it at this time, because, if tho motion to strike out shall not prevail, and the section is retain ed, no motion will afterwards bo in order to amend it until the bill is reported to the Son ate. I oannot agree with the Senator from Iowa, [ Mr. Dodoe ] that all amendments are inexpe dient. I am, on tho contrary, in favor of rea sonable and proper amendments. Suoh amend ments will not endanger the final passage of the bill. I have no doubt that the Homo will oheerfullj agree to such amendments as oom mond themselves, by their obvious propriety, to its approbation. But, sii^ if it should be other wise, and bencficial amendments made hero shall be rejected in the House, it would be Suite in the power of this body to recedo, and ius save the bill. It may not bo the pleasure of the Senate to amend tho bill at-all. Io that case I shall still vote for it, not as a perfect measure, but as one commended by oonsiderations of humanity and policy, of sound expediency and liberal justioe. I shall propose no amendment, there fore, with any unfriendly purpose towards tho bill. I do not regard it as perfect??far from it. I do not know that any Senator entirely ap proves it. But if I can get no better bill, I shall vote for this; beoause it carries out, to a certain extent, that great principle of publio policy firet announced in this Chamber, per haps, by the late Senator from. Massachusetts, [Mr. Webster,] to whom tho Senator from Michigan [Mr. Cabs] referred yesterday, but whioh found it first practical, zealous, and per severing advooate upon this floor, in the Sena tor from Wisconsin. Of that policy I heartily approve. When first announced, I declared my adhesion to it. I persovore in it to-day. I regard the publio lands as the estate of the people, and Congress merely as a trustee. The people aro the cestuis que trust?the t^ne ficiarics of this ostate, and the whole duty of Congreiss is performed by such a disposal of the lands for the benefit of the people as an upright disohargo of the trust requires. To devote a portion of these lands for the bonefit of the indigent ineace in the several States I regarded as a reasonable exercise of the trust rjwor vested in Congress by tho Constitution, therefore voted for the bill making provision for that unfortunate class. I regard the grant of limited portions of these lands to actual set tlers as a wise and beneficent exercise of the samo trust power. I shall therefore voto for this bill. And now, sir, I wish to say a few words in reply to the observation which fell from the Senator from Mississippi, [Mr. Adams] Ho says that immigrants from other lands ought not to share the benefits of this measure. They have rendered no services, he alleges, to the country, and therefore havo no olaim upon tho bounty of tho Government. There would be force in this argument if these grants could be regarded as rewards for services performed; but then the argument would exolude from the benefits cf tho bill all, whethor natives or for eigncrs, who have not rendered actual sdrvicee to the public. The bill proposes no grants upon considerations of this nature ; the argu ment, therefore, if good at all, is good against the whole bill. But it iB not valid at all. These grants are not rewards for services rendered: they form part of a system of disponing of tho publio land. They are for tho benefit of the whole people represented by the Government, as well m for tho individual grantees. The publio lands may be regarded, under one point of view, as a vast quantity of unemployed ma chinery in the possession of a great capitalist. It is capable of producing enormous wealth, but is idlo and nnproduotive for want of hands to work it. It i? tho business of a wiee capi talist to bring his machinery into use. It is tho part of a wise Government to bring the public domain into cultivation, to develop its hidden wealth, and r.dd its treasures to the general resource* of the country. Kvery set tler upon the public lands, under the provis ions of this act, in tho oourso of tho five years which must elapse boforo he can obtain a pat ent, will more than nay for the land he occu pies in tho shape of duties upon goods oonsum ed, or by the contributions which his labors 1 furnish to the wealth and Btrength of the ooun *7- . . And now, sir, if these public l>cnefits consti tute a valid reason for these grants to actual settlers, that reason applies as strongly to immi-. grants coming into the oonntry after the pas sage of the act, as it does to those already here. There is no substantial reason whioh commends itself to ths judgment of a statesman for Any such discrimination. There is a sound and suf ficient ground of distinction between oitiaens in faot or in intention, and aliens who do not design to become oitizens, bnt no reason at all for any such distinction among immigrants who do intend to booome oitisens The scotion aw it stands, draws a line between immigrants already arrived and immigrants to arrive here after. Those who arrive to-day are to have the benefit of tbe act: those who arrive to morrow, if tho bill in the mean time should be come a law, will bo excluded from its benefit. Can anybody ats<gn a sensible reason for such a discrimination between (if I may be allowed to ooin a phrase) tho ante-venients and the post-venients. Sir, th.o principlo for which I oontend now, of non-discrimination betwoen d flerent classed of immigrants intending to beoome citizens, was sanctioned in tbe recent Kansas and Ne braska act. I congratulated the country at the time upon the recognition of the right of all fuoh immigrants, without distinction, to tbe elective franchise. I was glad to witness that breaking down of old prejudices against immi grants coming into this country, which led to a nearly unanimous vote in this Chamber in favor of retaining ths olause whioh allowed them to vote in the Territories. That voto reoognised no suoh narrow and illiberal dis crimination as this bill now makes. It went upon a sound reason. It allowed all to vote after declaration of intontion, and taking the oath prescribed by the aot It exoluded none, whethor arrived before or after the parage of the aot. It made no distinction between those who might, and those who might not, sxeicise the right of suffrage, except tbe distinction be tween those who should manifest a disposition to beoome citisens, and a readiness to qualify themselves for the exercise of the elective fran chise, under the provisions of ths act, and those who might not be ready to become citizens, or so to qualify themselves. I do not say that I approved the qualification required. The oath to support the provisions of an act of Congress, though not unprecedented, ought not, in my judgment, to be required. I speak only now of the principle of discrimination. I approve the principle of that bill, so far as it refused to discriminate between immigrant* on the ground of difference us to date of arrival in the oountry. 1 desire to have no such discrim ination made in this bill. I want no discrim ination upon any principle which will not ap rove itself to a sound, just, and logical mind. huve, therefore, prepared an amendment, which, if adopted, will remove from the bill those words whioh deny its benefits to after oomere, and will secure its equal operation in favor of all immigrants who intend to bcoomo citizens of the oountry. It is not necessary fur me to say anything at thiH stage of the discussion in respect to the extension of the benefits of this bill to immi grants. But 1 may be allowed to remark, that I do not see that any harm has, as yot, resulted to our oountry from foreign immigration. That some immigrants, and, possibly, some clauses of immigrants, have rendered themselves obnox ious to a public sentiment, justly jealous of the introduction of ecolesiastical influenoointo our politics, may be true. But the general masses of tho immigration are liable to no snoh impu tation. They are represented in every depart ment of your industry. They aro engaged in your oommoroe, in your manufactures, and in your agriculture, bomo of them represent the national sovereignty abroad; others of them worthily and honor it bly represent the sover eignty of States upon this floor. The immi grants, whose oause I plead, are as intelligont, as worthy, as useful, and as respeotable, as any other portion of our population. Far from greeting them upon their arrival on our shores with the harsh and odious discrimination t f this bill, I would bid them all weloome, and re ceive them as brothers. By the manifestation of a gonerouB confidence, by a fair, manly, hon orable treatmont of them, 1 would endeavor to convince them of the expediency and nooessity of divesting themselves, as speedily as possible, of their foreign character, and of putting on, with the rights and privileges, tho sentiments also, of American citizen*. Thus, sir, I would Amerioanize them by generosity and justice. Once Americanized in mind and heart, tho most jealous mind need entertain no apprehen sions of evil from their coming among un, and sharing in all our privileges. I will now submit the amendment whioh 1 have indicated. The PRESIDING OFFICER. That amend ment will not now be in order. The yeas and nays have been demanded on the amendment of the Senator from Delaware. Mr. CHASE. Let my amendment bo read for information. It was road. It is, to strike out the words ,:now a resident of any one of the States or Territories, and," and to insert between tho words "but" and " at" the wflrd " who;" bo as to make the sixth section road : " That if any individual, not a citizen of the United States, but who at the time of making such application for the benefit of this act, shall have filed a declaration of intention," &o. COL. CAtSIDS M. CLAY. This able and manly champion of freedom has been invited to Illinois, to address the peo ple on the subject of Slavery. On the 4fch inst. he addressed a large assembly, consisting of thousands of the people, without distinction of party. lie spoke for two hours and a half, and. commanded the profound attention of all present. His able speech appears at length in the Chicago papers; and it is singular that its leading thought, though expressed in different language, and illustrated differently, was al most identical with that which pervades the fine oration of the Rov. Mr. Chapin, delivered on the samo day in the Crystal Palace at New York. They eaoh attempt to expound the leading idea of the Revolution. Mr. Chapin calls it the American Idea, and defines it to be the inestimable worth of every human being. Mr. Clay, after denying that the more Decla ration of National Independence is a reason for perpetual rej jicings, says: " What was it, then, characteristic and peculiar in our na tion's birth, to justify pride and exultation ? I answer, that it is the great principle of the equality of man?the idea whioh had been battling for 1,700 years against every sort of opposition, and whioh was first eliminated and put in operation by the declaration of our in dependent." Mr. Clay was to address the People of Illi nois and Iowa, as follows: "July 7th, at Ottawa, in the afternoon. "July 8th, at Hloomington, McLean county, at such timo and place as the pcoplo shall ap point, after the arrival of the morning train of oars from La Salle. "July 10th, at Springfield, probably in tho State House, as above. " July 11th, at Alton. "July 12th, at Quinoy. ' On Friday, July 14, at Burlington, Iowa. "On Saturday, July 15, at Davenport, Iowa " On Monday, July 17, at Rock Inland. "On Tuesday, July 18, at Jolief, Will oo. "On Thursday, July 20, at Kreeport, Ste phenson county. " On Friday, July 21, at Rock ford, Winneba go county. "On Saturday, July 22, at Elgin, Kane oo." We antioipate much good from this tour of Kentucky's noblest son to the free and generous Northwest. . G. Henry Weighorst, (captain of the Mount Vernon Guards, a German volunteer oompany in Baltimore,) on Sunday night oaosed the death of his wife by striking heron the head with a lighted oamphene lamp, which broke and burnod her so that she died on Monday. The wretched scoundrel is in prison; but the lager beer and brandy are still abroad, and busy at their work. "We begin to indulgo the hope that sound constitutional democratic principle* will yet be triumphant in New York."?Wash. Sentinel. So do we. Unsound Democratic principles have hitherto been the principal currency. The Free Democracy are now, and will here after tx, in the asoendency! "Judge Dooglat's ?Xff*ition [at Philadel phia] of the rrinciples of tho Nebraska bill was, if possible, m?re lucid and satisfactory than any yet given by him Wa%h Sentinel. The thing was oettainlf very possible; but we do not think ll?d Judge accomplished it. He spoke of the sovereignty of the peopi.k; but defined it as comporting with ths institu tion of Slavery. IUDDEX DEATHS New York, Jult 17.?R. B. Blunt, Esq, District Attorney, died yesterday at Lebanon Springs. Roma Angn?ta M**on, (late Wheatly,) died at Oyster Ray yesterday. Kx-Judge Merritt of this <rity, died yesterday of oholera CONGRESS. THIRTT-THIRD CONORKBB?FIRST SESSION. Senate, Tuesday, July 18, 1854. Mr. Adams moved to take up the bill grant ing a pension to tho widow of Jamos Batch el dor ; but objoction was made, and the bill was not taken up. v Mr. Sumner prosentod the memorial of the Pennsylvania Society for the promotion tf the abolition of Slavery. Thin wu the Society which eujoyed the confidenco of Washington, and ranked among it* member* Boojamiu Franklin and Richard Rush. This memorial was signed by itu eminent President, Dr. Wis tar. Tho memorial remonstrates against the injustice and unconstitutionality of the Fugi tive Slave Aot. They oall attention particu larly to the tenth section, which declare* the reoord, made up behind the back of the al leged fugitive, conclusive evidence of slavery; and that under this section a oolored freeman of tho North may be sent into slavery, notwith standing he may be able to produce the mo9t positive evidence of his freedom. The memo rialists ropresent this to bo no imaginary ease. The papers accompanying tho memorial 6howed that, in the case of Davis, tho alleged fugitive was hont to Georgia as a slave, not withstanding tho most undoubted evidenoe of his froedom. Mr. S. then said that tho danger whioh this provision threatened, the liberty of the free man, was sufficient to demand its repoal. It was a maxim of tho common law, that jt were better that ninpty-nine guilty men should es cape than that one innooent man should suffer. He urged the importanca of carefully guarding tho liborty of tho humblest citizen. The Sen ate had marked its appreciation of this prinoi pie, by honoring Captain Ingraham for his pro tection of one man. Mr. Clay said that the Senator had quoted a maxim of tho common law. But there was a maxim of the fathers of Israel equally true, " that a dog will return to his vomit." He said he was tired of hearing the repetition, day after day, of tho hackneyed phrases indulged in by the gentleman. Mr. Sumner Baid that ho was prepared at all times to meet anything said here in the course cf argument. He was ready to meet any man who kept himself withiu tho rules of order and debate, for Buch a man was his peer. But that man who did not keep within the rules of order and dobate was not his peer. Mr. Dawson explained the facts of the oaso of Davis, and deuiod tho correctness of the statement, accompanying the memorial, of the facts of the onse. He depreoatcd at length these discussions and agitating allegations be tween the people of the different sections. Mr. Rusk objected to the reception of a letter Accompanying the memorial, and containing charges grossly false against the offioers of tho Government. The letter was read. Mr. Bayard said he knew the writer of the letter. He had prosecuted him, and obtained large verdicts against him, for aiding slaves to escape. He would not believe any statement made by the writer of that letter on the subject of slavery. Mr. Sumner explained how the letter had come into hia hands, and withdrew it. Mr. Benjamin interrogated tho Senator as to his views of the constitutional obligation to return fugitivo slaves. Mr. Sumner said that, beforo answering that question, ho desired to auk another. Was it constitutional to seize freo oolorod citizens of Massachusetts, throw thom into prison, with out any charge of crime, and upon the failure to pay certain jail fees, to be sold into absolute slavery ? Mr. Benjamin said such acts were not con stitutional. Mr. Sumner then asked, would tho Senator vote for an act of CongTees to secure to those oolored citizens the rights guarantied them by the Constitution ? Mr. Benjamin said this was an unusual couree. He wanted an answer to his question, and was himself interrogated. Mr. Sumner said the Senator would have to answer that question, aod he would then an Bwer the Senator. Mr. Gwin moved that tho subject be laid on the table, and it was agreed to?yeas 37, nays 14. The Homestead bill was again taken up. Mr. Stuart introduced his proposed substi tute. Mr. Weller addressed the Senate in favor of giving to aotual settlers a portion the public iand at a low cort. He also discntsed Know nothingism,and aoti-foreigneri?m, and denoun ced Jhom both as unjust. Mr. Benjamin followod in opposition to the bill. House of Representatives,^18, 1854. Tho Speaker announced the business first in order to be the bill regulating tho rates of postage on newspapers and periodicals. Mr. Korr, from the Committee on tho Poet Of fioe and Post Roads, by general consent, report ed a bill for tho relief of Thomas K. Glonn, (for the correction of an error of the D.-partmont, certified to by the Postmaster General;) which was passed. Mr. Phillips anked the general consent to his introducing, from tho Committeo on Terri tories, a bill declaring tho southern boundary of Now Mexico to extend to the southern lim its of the territory recently acquired from Mex ico under the Gadsden treaty. Ho stated that the territory was without law for its protection and government. Mr. Chandler asked if this boundary oould not bo definod. Mr. Phillips was understood to say that tho treaty settled that, and the terms used wero dtfinito enough for the present purposes. Mr. Peckham objected to ^io reception of the bill. Mr. Davis, from tho Committee on the Dis trict of Columbia, asked consent to bis report ing the Senato bill for the incorporation of the National Hotel Company of Washington City Mr. Walsh objected. Tho bill regulating postage was taken up. Mr. Olds said he did not i-ce tho gentleman from Virginia |Mr. MoMum.?] in his seat; and as he had nothing further to say on the subject of this bill, he would demand tho pre vious question. At tho request of Mr. Washburne, of Maino, Mr. Olds withdrew his demand. Mr. Washburne opposed tho bill. He con tended that the Post Offioe Department was a self-sustained establishment?that the servioe it rendered to tho Government was at least equal in value to any apparent defioiency. Mr. Gen-it Smith oppoped the bill also, and thought that private enterprise could aocom plish the servioes now rendered by the Govern ment, and that they should be left to that moans of accomplishment. He illustrated his argument at length. Mr. Kliot, of Massachusetts, abo opposed the bill. Ho regarded it as one of the most misohevious bills of tho session, and adapted to throw obstacles in tho way of the intellectual progross of the ocuntry. Nothing but tho strongest necessity, he said, should induce an increase of postage on papers and books He thought the idea that the Post Offioe Depart ment should be self-sustained was not more reasonable than that any other Departmont should be self-sustained. Mr. E. spoke at groat longth, and entered into an elaborate examination of the subjeot. At ten minutes past twelve o'clock, (tho morning hour having expired,) Mr. Kliot was interrupted in his remarks, and the House pro ceeded to consider the Senate bills upon tho Speaker's table. The bill grunting the right ol way U) tho St Louis and Iron Mountam railroad through the arsenal, magazine, and Jefiereon Barru^lt tracts, as amended by the Senate, was taken UPMr. Orr spoke in opposition to tho bill, and affirmed that the publio property would be materially injured by the purposed road, anil that, were the land and improvements owned by individual*, raanv thousands of do. ars would be demanded for tbo privileges asked. # Mr Orr paid he would seek an opportunity, after other gentlemen had spoken, to move to lay tho amendments of the Senate, and, aK a oon sequence, the bill itself, upon the table. Mr. Carothers replied at length, when Mr. Benton moved to go into Committee ot tbe Whole on tha state of the Union, (at ten minutes before one o'olock ) Mr Houston moved tbat the debate on tho Army Appropriation bill be closed in two hours after tho Committee shall have resumed consideration. Adopted. ... (Mil The House then went into Committee, U?r. Wright in tbo chair.) and roeumod tue consid eration of that bill. , Mr. Barry spoke in opposition to the amend ment proposed by Mr. Stanton, relative to tho superintendency of armorios. (BY HOUSE'S PBIHTIHa TELEGRAPH | TELEGRAPHIC CORRESPONDENCE FOR DAILY NATIONAL ERA. Four Days Later from Eurojte. New York, July 18 ?'The U. States mail steamer Franklin, from Havre, July 5th, with j three days lator intelligence from Europe, went ashore yesterday morning, at Morrishes, on Long Island Sound, forty milos west of Mon i tauk Point, at the end ol Long Island. According to tbe most reliable circulars, the Liverpool breadstuff^ market it dull, and prieoa of R jur, wheat, and oorn, have receded. Flour has declined from 6 J. to 1*. Some ciroulara state breadstuff's havo ad vanced, but the above statement may be con sidered most correct. The Liverpool cotton maikat waH active and very ilrm; sales of the last throo days, 20,000 bales. Fair Orleans is quotod at cva ; lair Uplands at 6%. . The London money market is stringent j money tight. Consols are quotod at 93^. The Liverpool provision market was quiet? transactions limited. Tobacco firm. Coffee, sugar, and molasses, steady. Rice unchanged. The report that the Czar had replied to the Austrian BummonB,and bad consented to evac uate tbe Principalities, is believed to bo incor rect. It is now stated, from sources believed to be reliable, that tbe Czar's reply has been re ceived, and tbat ho refuses to evacuate the Principalities in answer to tbe summons ot Austria. ? _ It is also stated tbat tbe Prussian Govern ment had received from Colonel Monteufel, who was s 'nt to St. Peteroburgh with a des patoh to support the summons of Austria, in formation indicating marked coldness on the part of the Court of Russia towards both 1 rus sia and Austria. . . . Russia, it is believed, is now determined to resist the Allied Powers, as long as shei has a rouble to spend, or can raise troops to fill tho ranka of hor armies; to rorifit till tho last man is killed, and tho last rouble spent. The Russians, having retired from ,w lo chia, have determined to make a stand in Mol davia, in tho northern part of tbe Turkish ter ritories, to defend the line of tho Screth, and not cross the river Pruth. , ? A collision between tho Austrian and Rus sian forces in Moldavia was momentarily ex pected. , , The Austrian commander in-caief bad pro ceeded to the seat of war, with oiAir# to insiat upon tho immediate evacuation of Moldavia by the Russians. This course on tho part of Aus tria has inspired tho Western Powers with more confidence in the intentions of Austria. On the 29th of Juno, tho Anglc-Frenoh (loet was lying before Cronstadt, and it was believed that on the following day a general attack would bo made upon tho fortress. Greece? On tbe 18th of June, the Turkish troops attacked the Hellenic volunteers, com manded by Hadji Petrcs. After a conflict of three hours, tbo Greeks wore completely routed, leaving a n,Mm j bor of their killed and wounded on tho fiold ot battle, together with their guns, baggage, ate., which wore captured. Tho Greeks, to save themselves, took flight into the mountains ot I Aerapha and Olympus, in tbo intonor. Spain.?A military insurrection headed t>y O'Donnel, had broken out in Spain, aooounts of the re?ult of which are conflicting, and not reliable. . . f One account states that the garrison ot Madrid fraternised with the insurgents, and that four thousand hud marched out in the direction of Toledo; that Madrid was covered with barricades ; that O'Donnel was threaten ing an attack upon the palaco; and that an immediate abdication of tho Queen was pro P?On the other hand, the Palrie declares that telegrapbio despatches have been nooiyed which put a d.fferent construction upon tbo Whole affair, or tmeuUy that the Government has amplo strength to erush the present insur rection, and that tho rebels, after having been defeated by the Government troops, marched to Toledo. . ? . ? All accounts, however, ogToe that Spain is in a detracted state, and that this movemeut of Gen. 0 Donnell is but " the beginning or tho end." Markets. Ntw York, July 18.?Tho New York, Philadelphia, mid Baltimoro markets, are slightly firmer uuder the steamer's nows, but as jet very littlo done. ttF^The United States steamship Princeton, which sailed on tho 8th inst., on a sea voyage to test her machinery, roturned to Now York on Sunday evening. The trial, it is said, was entirely satisfactory. Emigration to Kansas.?Tho editor of tho Western Missouri Reporter, who reeeutly made a tour through the Territory of Kansas, gives a glowing description of tho oountry, and says that settlers are pouring in from all direotions. A CHARMINU BOOK. LATELY published, in ono beautifally-ornamented volume, 44o, Storios for Alice. By a Mother. With four exquisite designs printed in three tints. Cloth, 75 cents; or riehly colored, $1, and with gilt sides and edges, $1.26. Thi* new book for children is written by a lady, daughter of one of our most enterprising and promi nent merchant*, who has long been known as a writer of very attractive powers by a large oirele of friends in this city, amongst whom her poems have circula ted in manuscript. A Itheir urgent request, she has given them to the publics in this beautiful volume, and we foel sure every young person Into whose hands it inay fail will be as delighted and ft harmed as the many who have already obtained it While so pleasant a treat and so improving a book can he af forded to children, no parent should longer let them be without it. Lately published ? Little Susy's Six Birthdays: Flower of the Pamily ; Week's Delight; Mary and Florence; Leila on the Island ; Leila at Home; Leila In Rngiand; The Wind Spirit aid the Rain Goddess; Legends of Brittany , and many other new books for ohu<lren,at HAZARD'S, Feb. 27. 178 Chestnut st, opposite Masonic Ilall. CROCK KR, McKUNK, * ROBINSON, Attorneys and counsellors at law. Ollioe Nos. 24 and 26 in Read A Go's Post Offlcs qulldlng, Sacramento. April 1.