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Jtor tk* National Itn LEONARD WRAY. ABOMilCX or MODISH HISTOHY. By the author of " The Chnmirlr.? of iht ti.isttl*," '? TV Embatty," " 7'A? " Philip of Lutetui," iff. CHAP. XCI-Coneludsd. Mildred buried ber fooc in he.- haudd, aud became muoh agitated. Leonard rose, and. croeeing over to where she sat, laid his hand on her head uffcotionately, and whispered, "whether ?>he had not batter withdraw?" But she declined, almost peremptorily. " I am aorry to cause Mademoiselle pain,7'* Maid Gaetano, in hie very softest voice. " 1 hope Mademoiselle will do me the justice to admit that f exf reaued a wieh to speak to Mon sieur Wray alone." "My sitter, Monsieur," remarked Leonard, "is always moved when this subjeot is under discussion. 1 need not allude more particular ly to the reason. As you have Men the mort gage deed, you will be acquainted with the peculiar position in which she stands in rela tion to it. Thnak God," he added, with ear nestness. a tear glistening in his eye as he spoke, " thank G Jd wo are not now in our own country." ' " 1 would assure you, Monsieur,resumed the attorney, "that whatever may be the pow er of your laws, under such extremely delicate circumstances, they do not reach to France; and that even if they did, ( should not desire to onforoe them. It in painful for mo to see Mademoiselle suffer, especially as I cannot avoid making further allusion to her. Permit me again to suggest that t-he bhould leave us to settle this business out of her presence." "I do not .desire it, sir," said Mildred. "I will stay. Being a party interested," she ad ded, wirb a bitter 6mile, and a painful attempt to maintain her firmness, " 1 have a right, in this country at least, to learn how I am to be disposed of." Gaotano bowed, and went on. " If Monsieur can, conveniently"?ho laid stress on this word?" pay the amount, it may obviate a traasaotion to which I would not willingly, I assure you, be a party." "I am bound at onco to tell you, then," an swered Leonard, "that it is utterly out of my power." He turned very pale as he said this, but claeped his sister's hand more tightly. " ft grieves me to hear it," responded the at torney. " I have already had an offer made to me for tho property; a highly advantageous offer, 1 may say; and as this is a pure matter of bcs'.nees with me, I must, of oourse, close with it, unlets Monsieur can redeem the mort gage within the prescribed term In fact, thiB clause appears to have given additional value to the deed." The attorney thrust his leng fiogers into the breast pocket of his coat, and taking out a slip of paper, unfolded it, and read its oon tents. It was drawn up in English, and intimated " that on euoh a day?blank?he, Gaetano Pelligrini, &c., had given due notioe to Leonard Wray, &o., and others, whom it might concern, that on such other day?blank?a certain mortgage on oertain property enumerated and set forth in the deed aforesaid, would be fore closed, in accordance with the agreement therein specified, application in due form hav ing been mhde for tne repayment of the amount of the mortgage, and dotault made," &c. " You will permit me, Monsieur," ha added, 10 French, u to insert the present date." This yar institution of ours has got power ful long arms," that's a fact,'1' exclaimed Grit. "It's ail fair, and lawyer-like, but it ain't right, somehow. What are you going to du, Leonard?" Leonard did not notioe the question, save by a slight siga of disapproval, but deliberately placed aptn and inkstand before the attorney. Gaetano held up the pen between himself and the light, as if from habit. It did not suit him, apparently, for he took out his pen-knife, and nibbed the pen, before he dipped il into the ink, qaite in a business-like manner. He then inserted the date, and drying up the wet iifk with his long fiogers, which he wiped on his hair at the back of his head, examined (he date, to be sure it was correct, and handed the paper to Lsonard. " Everything is in order, now," ho said, " and I shall await your reply." "I have given it to yon, Monsieur," answered Leonard. "I eanuot pay the claim." " Perhaps Monsieur has a friend," suggested Mm attorney. "lama stranger in Paris," replied Leonard, " and know no one to whom I could apply for so large a sum."* " It is a pity," remarked the attorney. " I should, perhaps not have taken the liborty to intrude on Moosicur, had I not understood from my ciieot, Monsieur Aveling, that you had some particular scruples on tho subject of the disposal of this property, which I felt anx ious to (wove that I respected. There are pecu liar circaLostanoes connected with this oaso, whioh excited my sympathy, permit me to say. 1 find Mademoiselle, for instance, positively valaed : positively valued!"?be teemed to think it neoeesary to repeat the word?" at so muoh money, and as though the young lady were an article of merchandise. Hat, sir, th.s is infiamous!" The attorney struck the right chord. Leon ard bad regarded him up to that moment a* a oold man of business, and not 0ver-s0Tupu lous. In fact, be had estimated bin at nearly his jdBti valoe. He now felt asbamod if him self for having so wronged him; he even thought be ought to apologise to him. For tuaately he did not allow his generoos impulse to carry him so far. * It is infamous. Monsieur," said ho: "it is damnable. But that is the law, and those are the institutions of our country." " And I find, too," resumed the lawyor, "tbe right of property in Mademoiselle carried to suoh an extent, that her money value?-pray, pardon me, Mademoiselle, for using a business expres?oo, and receive it as my opinion that I regard your being valued at all, in mere money, as an insult?that her money value," ho went on, turning now to Leonard again, "hM been dedncted from the amount of the mortgage, and beoomes a debt personal, f??r whioh her brother and lejal owner is liable; and thie, because she ha* left her country on a continental tour. It is atrooiou*, this?really atrocious!" ? ' It is only tbe law, and fll institution," ob served Leonard again. 141 find, too," continued tbe attorney, ' that by a strange obanoe, a fatality, I have acqoir ed a right to dispose of Mademoiselle as I may see and only requiring, to perfect it. ttei she should he in America. Now, ! say, I utterly refn?e to recognise any such right!" Ho said thia in peit?et sincerity, for, io the then position of the parties, no iiuoh right existed, lie had examined the point attentively, before he went Ifceve. But it was quite ss well for Ifldrsd that they were not just then in Charleston ??You will, however," observed Leonard, 11 transfer all your rights to the party who is, all uuiw'sinod yon tu say, about to become a purchaser of my property." " Undoubtedly," answered Polligrioi, work ing Ml Sogers unoomfi rtably at tbe table, wfioh they eimpH to he trying to clutch; 'hat that is only the law. I have nothing to do With that. I ha*c aaasntsJ a* property, what the lav deolsaes to be property; aud frlMtunr rights Mm law gives me. I transfer with the property in virtue of whioh those rights exist." ! Good elavebolding logic thin, though Gattano wan do slaveholder; find Leonard could not controvert it. " But, Monsieur," resumed the attorney, " 1 am a man, and I have a conscience; aud there fore I have oome to submit to you a proposi tion that may possibly nieot the difficulty in 1 whioh you are placed. In a word, I ee<- that by foreclosing this mortgage, and disposing of the property to the party we have alluded to, ' your honorable intentions towards the credit ors of the Ontate?or let me say, more correct ly, the creditor?will be defeated, and also your benevolent views with respect to tho clave* on the plantation. I know your sentiment*, Monsieur Wray, and honor them. You do not desiro the mortgage to be foreclosed, because you know it will cause muoh misery, the sepa ration of families, and possibly consign your slaves to somo harsh master. I repeat, Mon sieur, I honor those noble sentiments ; and the proof is, that if you will merely lodge this mortgago doed in my hands, as a collateral se curity, 1 will accept your own personal bond for the amount of Monsieur Aveling'rf claim." 1'akon by surprise -by so unexpected an an nouncement, no wonder Leonard impulsively gracped the long, wiry fingers, unable to utter a word of acknowledgment, and that Mildred sobbed till the hot, joyful tears, relieved her over-charged heart. Grit alone stood unmov ed, ohietiy because ho did not understand the cause of this sudden ohange, and partly be oause he was not particularly impressionable. " Say nothing, say nothing, Monsieur Wray," remarked tho attorney, rising and taking his hat. " You have a fortnight to consider of my proposal. Till then, we will leave matters as they are. Mademoiselle, I am your very hum ble servant. Monsieur," to Grit, speaking now in English, " 1 have the pleasure to make you my bow." Ho would not wait to hear what Leonard wished to say, but hurried out, leaving him on the landing, still begging him to remain and receive his thanks. And so the wob was *pun. For the National Bra. AN EVENING KEVEKIE. BY MARY CI.EMMKR AMES. This they call a Winter night, But it does not seem like one ; For tie kisses of the sun Still are lingering, warm aud meek, On the ruddy, burning cheek Of the blushirg Western sky. Softly up the deep on high, Sails the Moon, the bride of night, Clothed in vostments pure and white. O'er yon battlement afar, Leans the peerless evening star ; Softly waves her golden hair, On the bosom of the air; Brightly gleams her jewelled crown, As she leans a-gazing down, From that terrace in the sky. Star of night! thy flashing eye Wakes the throb of strong desires; Stirs again the smothered Ares, Song once kindled in my breast, Till they burn, and cannot rest. Not where gleam the village lights, Not with these poor village sights, Will my wandering spirit stay ; Far away it soars, away! Here I stand on Danube's plain, 'Mid tho fallen, 'inid the slain. See, the fierce Turk's flashing sword ; Hear, the fearful battle word? Look! the gathering ranks they come ! Not a heart beats now for home, Not a hearj breathes forth a sigh, For the loved for whom they'd die. Every passion of the breast, Lives in this, whioh knows no rest, As it breathes the fearful cry, f Give us death or victory !" See, the snow grows red with gore; See how fast they fall and die; Wounded, gasping, dead they lie; Yet I hear the fearfal cry, " Give us death or liberty?" 'Mid the dying, 'mid the slain, On the distant battle plain, Not alone, I hear the cry, "Give us freedom, or we die." No, in this my own bright land, Here, where Freedom's spotless hand Reared the shrin*s of liberty. Here, I listen to that ery; Here I hearken to the moans. To the sobs, the prayers, the groans, Of the slaves who pray to God, As they bleed beneath the rod. Here are m?n of craven hearts, Men of treacherous, subtle arts, Men who act a traitor's part, Who, at base Ambition's mart, Fain would sell this blood-bought land? Give it to the Oppressor's hand. Not content that bondman sigh, Toil, and weep, and bleed, and die, In the South, they'd spread the pall Of oppression over all? They would have its dark folds rest O'er the fair, untrodden West. Tell mi, shall this ever be ' That my mournful ryes shall see Slavery's Upas shed its light O'er thi^t Eden of delight ? Where those radiant heavens beam, Where those silver rivers gleam, Oo those green and snnny plains, Shall tae stave hew down in chains7 Men of valor, men of might, Ye who wrestle for the right, Ray that" this shall never be." Join the strife for liberty, Till glad hymns of victory, Till the pecan? of the free, From the darkest spots of earth, Rise to hail bright Freedom's birth ! KnowletviUe, N. Y., 1854. Q^-H. M. AidUon, a worthy man and sealou* and efficient laborer in the tcmperanoe otaM, who has of la*e year* conducted a Tem perance paper at Cleveland, Ohio, hat thereby become no deeply embarrassed that hla friend* have found it necessary to oome to hie aid, by making contributions of from five to one hun dred dollars, to ware him from total pecuniary ruin. This th?y have done as far aa they were able, bat they dwire furthor aid to the extent of 91,000, and ask such ai are disposed to ? unite with them to communicate with T. C. Sev^tacee, Esq., Cashier of the Canal Bank at , Cleveland. A Goon SaKTiMtur.?A Baltimore corres pondent of the National Era aptly says: " ff the Union is to be preserved, which God grant it may, to be worth preserving, it most be a Union of free men with free principles, and a corresponding practice. ' Faith without works ie dead.'" (jy A French war steamer arrived at Nor folk on Wednesday morning, the 19 th, from Havana. She brings intelligence that the whole French fleet, consisting of six or seven v?sis, may he expected there in a few days, to repair and refit. [yjr- Mr. Jams* Elliott Is authoriiedto receive and receipt for iubscriptionn and advertMemenu tor the Dally ;in<l Ibe Woekly National Eia, in Ciaoiu ! nftti and vicinity. 1 WASHINGTON, 1). C. THURSDAY, JULY 20, 1854. VIKGIKIA. I hero is ft spirit of inquiry abroad in Vir ginia, from which wo antioipate good reaulte. Amid ftll the rant and declamation with which the press and politicians are inundating the pooplo on the fruitful themes of " Southern Rights," and the beauties of the peculiar insti tution, thera is evidently a strong and growing under-current of thought, which points to the true source of the political and social evils and embarrassment*) of the South. It is only yes terday that we felt called upon to expose the baseless grounds on which the Itithmond ift ,jutrer congratulated its readers on tbe posses sion of tbe institution of Slavery. We might have saved ourtelvos the trouble. The same paper, as well as the Examiner and Whig, have teemed with articles for a week past, which exhibit the ignoranoe and poverty of the State in the strongest light, and point to the free States as affording examples ot well-di rected industry, and consequent wealth, in or der to awaken the emulation of the people. They have not hesitated to tell the truth, though not the whole truth. Whether they imagine the GoddofS to be deformed, and ap prehend that an exhibition of her in a Btate of nudity might frighten away her worshippers, or whether it is feared that her bright ness might dazzle the eyes, we are unable to ?ay. Certain it is, they deem it expedient to dipguiee her fair proportions. Of this wo make. no complaint. In tbe present feverish and ex oited state of the Southern mind, it is perhapB well to insinuate truth through the modium of a press in sympathy with the people, yet suffi ciently enlightened to peroeivo the neoeBsity of some radical ohango of policy. ?? Among the hopeful indications of a return ing sense of reason in Virginia, is . a long Re port, made to a publio meeting, which we find in the three leading papers of Riohmond, and which we presume will be 'generally copied by the press of the State. The meeting took plaoe in Buckingham, an interior oounty. The Re port is said to be from the pen pf Colonel Hub bard, whom the Examiner pronounces "a model old Virginia gentleman." The follow ing paragraph pets forth the object of the meeting, and is followed up by a large mass of statistics, intended to show the value of commerce and manufactures, and illustrative of tbe poverty and ignoranco of the slavehold ing States: ?' Whereas this State has undertaken, and partly perfected, the greater portion of her ex tensive Bystem of internal improvement: In 1853 we had in operation 624 miles of rail road, and 610 miles in course of construction : Our'canals, though unfinished, are of great value and extent: Those improvements were not projected with a view alone of affording faoiftties in getting our own productions to market, or of inviting within our borders the produciions of neighboring States; but the great controlling motives were, to develop the resources of tho State, to enlarge our com merce, and to increase our shipping, by aug menting our exports and imports. Thus our system of improvements was designed to ad vance all the great interests of the Stato. The development of our agricultural and mineral wealth has heretofore baen our ohief consider ation. But our commeroial and shipping in terests are of equal importance, and cur im Erovements are so far advanced, that it now ecomes us to use our best efforts to givo an impulso to them/* The Report quotes the tables faorn the Cen sus, in which is set forth the value of land in tho several States, 4 as illustrative of the en riching tendency of commerce." This table shows an average valuo of $25 35 per acre in the "commercial States," and of only S5.46 in tho agricultural States. Tho latter are all slaveholding, the former all free, except Lou isiana and Maryland; which, by tho way, are the lowest in the corassercial list, eioept Michi gan, a now State.' Upon this table the Report comments at length, and makes numerous comparisons of free with slave States, (Jesig nating them as commercial and agricultural.) greatly to the disadvantage of the latter. Next ccnies a statement of bank capital and cirouUtion, from the report of the Sooretary of tho Treasury, exhibiting, of course, a contrast, very disadvantageous to the South. Tbe wri ter observes: "Our existing commeroial de pendence upon the North has converted our b,inks from independent State institut ons into provincial banks, because they are, by the laws of oommerce, appendages to Northern trade, worked as auxiliaries during its flood tide, and as subordinates required to bear an undue proportion of all money pressures.-' After extended comments in tbe same vein upon banks and kindred topics, the writer gives a table of exports and imports, with a view of showing the backwardness of tbe agri cultural or slave States. He argues justly, that the exportation are the natural basis of foreign trade, and that since the South or agri cultural seotion makes the exports, it should make the import* also, to a great extent. Then follows the tables of tonnage of tho several States, showing equally to the disad vantage of the agricultural, or slavo States? this, notwithstanding tho fact that the South abounds in tbe best lambor, which is growing ncaroe in the North. Tbe Report winds up with a string of patri otic Resolutions, in which the members of tho meeting declare their purpose to patronise Vir ginia importers, Virginia mechanics, and Vir ginia literature, in preference to that of all other oonntries. The latter, in partioular, i* tbe hardest penance which the Report enj'rins, and may be oalled the " self-denying ordi nance.'' A serios of articles in the Enquirer, signed " A Farmer," advances visws and presents facte similar to those of the Report, and the edito rial* of the Richmond papers appear to en | dorse them heartily. We regard it as a hope ful sign of the times The speoious falsifications of fact by which El wood Fisber for s time de ceived the South, are now seen hi their trno light, and are openly discarded. It istrne that in moments of intense seetional bitterness tho editors and orators of the South fall baok upon Fisher's fallacies, but the comet now sets in au oppoute direction: and intelligent men u:e coming to f?ee that it it) Lett to publish the plain truth to the people. 11 they oover it over with the veil of error, utill the solid eubstanoe beneath cannot fail to make itself felt. To admit and expose in detail the ignoranoe, pov erty, and inferiority of the South in all the art* and comforts of life, compared with the North, and to impute such results to anything el he than Slavery, will deceive the common sense of nobody?at leant, no eomiiunity. G. COKOIXM. In the Senate, to-day, the bill to eatisfy the creditors of Texas van postponed, and the Homestead bill was taken up and debated, chiefly on a motion to postpone it until the second Monday in December. In the House, a message from the President, with the accompanying correspondence of our Commissioner with the Government of China, 1 was referred and ordered to be printed. After somo time spent in desultory debate, upon sev eral propositionH, the debate upon the Army Appropriation bill was rc,8tirucd and oontinued in Committee of the Whole. HON. Mtt. GILLETTE. We rogrefc the necessity that has compelled us to delay the publication of the speech of this gentleman, a part of which wo this day publish. After perusing it, every candid reader will acknowledge that Mr. Toucey has, in bis own conduct, afforded the most ample testi mony to the hollowness and hypoorisy of the plea of " Popular Sovereignty," advanced by him and the other contemners of the popular will. An Important Enterprise.?We regret that we have not Bpace for the prospectus, an nouncing that the Executive Committee of the Now York State Temperance Society bavo prepared a series of twelve traotB, adapted to the present nocetwities of the Temperanco cause, which they desire to place in the hands of every family in the State, previous to tho November clootion. The series will be enoloBed in paokages, containing one of each; and for ty-two of these packages, making 504 traots, or 2,016 pages, will be wrapped in a bundle, and sent, poet paid, to any part of the United Statep, for one dollar. They are not local in their character, but are adapted to every lati tude that is cursed with the liquor traffio; and it is hoped that their circulation will bo as general as the evil they aim to remedy. Naturalization.?Orestes A. Brownsor, the Human Catholic journalist, is said to have come out in favor of what is called Nativ ism;" but the Pilot, a Roman Catholio news paper, appears to hava preceded him by the publication of the following paragraph: " Would it not be well to naturalizo all re spectable Catholic emigrants as soon as the laws will permit, and tken, in order to chcok mate the German, French, Italian, and Irish, imported radicals and anarchists, to ogree to an alteration of the naturalization laws f ' Q3?"" Tho lifeless body of Mrs. Reed was yesterday found in the canal in this city. Sho had left an almost wholly illegible note, to ox plain the causo of her desperation and suicide Her husband is a stono-outter, and she had kept a boarding-house. If we have heard cor rect accounts of thiB affair, the fate of thia poor woman demands our deep sympathy, and the ciroumstanoes loading to it should ex cite the hearty indignation of every kind and generous man. Thomas Francis Meagher, of the Citi zen, assailed James A. McMaster, of the hrte matit Journal, in the public streot, in New York, on Tuesday last. McMaHter, who got all tho bruiser, fired a single shot at his assail ant, but without effect. Both wero held to bail. The provocation was a personal attack upon Meagher, in the oolumns of the Journal. q^?A school of superior claims to the con fidence of parents, in which children and youth of both sexes will be received and edu cated, has boon established at Porth Amboy, New Jersey. It will commence a sessiou on the first of Ociobar. Address Theodore D. Weld, Belleville, New Jersey. The rumored defalcation of the Presi dent of a Boston bank, as montioncd by a New York paper, for S70,000, is pronounced untrue. Marshal Gallagher arretted at Cleve land, on Tuesday. Charles Lamartine, a wealthy Frenchman, and keeper of a saloon, (^roggory, we suppose) It is alleged that ho has been engaged for several years in manufacturing and vending American quarters, and counter feiting two-dollar bills of the bank at Pots dam ______ (jy Two men were arrested in Baltimore, yesterday, and held to answer, for beating thoir wiv?* Their names are Martin Bock and William Donohue. Have they in Baltimore a punUhmcnt adequate to the case ? 03^- The " Establishment^' of the Smithso nian Institution met on Saturday last; present all the members eave the Chief Justice of the | United States and the Mayor of Washington. Ths President of the United States presided over the meeting. The usual election of an honorary member was postponed to the next app intod meeting, Oatober 31st. The Sccie tsrj's report was received and read ? Int. Volunteers. ? The New \ ork National Democrat says: * We understand that a full-dressed and ap parently well drilled corps of negroes was out some few days since, numbering about seventy muske1*. They wore accompanied by one of the whi-e bands." IwniANA.?Hon. Smith Miller, one of the fol lowers cf Douglas from this State, has been nominated for re-oleotion. A Nkoro Patriot.?The Charleston Met cury of a late date, chronicles thedeathin that city, on the 17th inst, of "Captain W.I liamson,' a fiea man of oolor, at the great age of on? hundred and thirteen year* j 'n i long life of industry, be accumulated a suffl : cient fortune for the comfortable support of j h<m?elf and wife. The latter survive him, being over eighty years of age. ' hs\ Mrrturm says of the Captain, that, "during the war of the Revolution, be asmsted in throwing up the lines fir the defence of the eity, (Charleston,) and was an ardent lorn of his oountry. m CONNECTICUT ON THE NKBBA8XA BILL. I SPEECH OF HON. Mil GILLETTE, OP CONN. In the Senate, July 6, 1854. Mr. GILLETTE. Mr. President, I present to the Senate a acriea of resolutions which have been passod by tbo Legislature of Connecticut. | I ask that they may ba read, laid upon the table, and printed. The Secretary read the resolutions, and the Senate was addressed by Mr. Toocir. Mr. GILLETTE. Mr. President: I fe#l deep ly embarrassed in appearing before the S bo ate in a position of unavoidable antagonism to my honorable colleague ? but under a cense of duty to the State wh:ch i have the honor in part to represent, I must ask the indulgence of the Senate a few momenta, while I notice some of the remarks which have fallen from hia lips on this occasion. As antipodal as are our re spootive positions on lho great question of the age and country, I trust that, for the honor of our common State and the dignity of the Sen ate, we may always be on terms of kindly in tercourse. I do not intond, on account of any contrariety of opinions, to beoomo unmindful of tho courtesies and propriotiod which appro priately belong to Senatorial no Ices than to civilized life. I do not rise, bit, with any wish or intention of invalidating anything that my honorable colleague has offered, any further than he has implicated others in his defence So fur from it, I am willing, nay, doeirous, that he should have tho full benefit of ail ho can say, legiti mately, in extenuation of his course. 1 have no heart to aggravate, by any word or deed of mine, tho embarrassments of his position; and had he conducted his defence without assail ing the honor of our oommon State, which, it seems to me, wo are alike interested to preserve and defend, I should have been silent. But, sir, I feci that tho charaotcrof the State of Connecticut is deeply involved, and I should be lalso to my convictions of duty and derelict to that good old Commonwealth, if I should sit mute and pasaivo when her honoris assailed that Stato which stood second only to Massa chusetts in the revolutionary struggle?that State whose history is radiant with so muny illustrious names, and which has been a human hive, sending fjrth swarms of her adventurous and cultivated children, to lay the social found ations of new regions, and mould their insti tutions by odiication, virtue, and freedom?that State, of which tho greit historian, Bancroft, a citizen of Massachusetts, has said: '? I here is no Siate in the Union, and I know not any in tho world, in whose early history, if 1 wore a citizen, I could find more of which to bo proud, and less that 1 should wish to blot" That State, sir, to which the late Mr. Cal houn, in a spetoh delivered on this floor, in February, 1847, said, with a magnanimity worthy of his great name: "It is owing mainly to the States of Connec- j ticut and Now Jareey, that we have a Federal \ instead of a National Government?the best Government instead of tho worst and mcst in tolerable on earth. Who are the men of these States to whom we are indebted for this excel lent form of Government? 1 will name them their names ought to be written on brass, and live forever. They were Chief Justice Ellsworth and Roger Sherman, of Connecticut, and Judge t'atterson, of New Jersey. The other States further south were blind ; tbny did not see the future. But to the ooolness and sagacity of these three men, aided by a few others not so prominent, do we owe the present Constitu tion." Vou will exouso mo. then, sir, for indulging a little State pride, and feeling Bcmowhat sen sitive when the honor of that Stato is assailed. I shall detain tho Senate but a few moments. I shall not enter into abstract questions, or indulge in pettifogging subtleties; but f-hall only attempt to disubuse the character of the S;ate of the aspersions which have been cast upon it, that it may bhino forth in its native effulgence. It may not be unprofitable, in the first place, to inquire, what is the cause of tho disagree ment between my honorable colleague and the State which wo represent? Why has this un happy difference, to use no stronger term. arisen between a sovereign State and one of its representatives on this floor ? It is one of the bitter fruits of the latest great peace meas ure which was to settle all agitation for all timo in this country. It had its origin in the overthrow of tho Missouri Compromise. This is the pestilent box out of whioh it sprang. I will state tho facte as briefly as possible in re lation to this matter. Toe proposition to violate the publio faith by the abrogation of that Compromise, thus breaking down tho last barrier against slavery to all the Territories of the United Sta'es, and leaving them wide open to its dark inunda tions?^Territories which had been declared forever free by what was considered, at the timo. to te a Bolemn and irrepealable compact start lei the good*poople of Connecticut from their t>luml>er? and rallied them to the polls at their late State election in April, and the bal lot boxes rang out their indignant11 No." This was the great issue in that election, and never was there a political resolution in any State more oom pie to and signal. It was attended with no storm of popular excitement. It was conducted with remarkable moderation and calmness. Hardly a leaf trembled in the breexe. It was the uatural, spontaneous op rising of the people, to avert a great impending calamity, and save themselves and their coun try from its disastrous consequences. Outside of the pale of tho Governmental < flicials, there was hardly a voioe of dissent. The result sir. was what we should naturally expect. Both branches of the Legislature were overwhelm ingly opposed to the odious measnre. Soon alter oonvening, early in the month of May the subject woe brought op, and resolutions presented, deolaring it to be violativo of tbs public faith, destructive of mutual oonfidenee. subversive of the fundamental principles of natural justice and threatening the stability of this Government; and they instructed their Senators, and earnestly requosted their Repre sentatives, to oppose it by all honorable means and to the last extremity. These resolutions passed the House by a vote of nearly three to one, and in tho Senate with only a single nega tive. R Now, I submit to the consideration of honor able Senators, wh.ther there was ever a fairer fuller, more explicit and authoritative expre* sion of the popular sentiment of any State, any where, at any time, on any question ? The Legislature expressed tho sentiments of the people of Connecticut on that momentous ques Uon. There was hardly a disoordant note from any quarter of the State. These resolutions duly forwarded to Congro* The di ead ed Kill soon oame from the Houer. with an amendment, for tho final aotion of tho Senate and what did my honorable colleagoo ? It is known lo the Senate and the country On the memorable night of the final vote, a few mo ments l^fore the question was put, he arose in his seat, with characteristic deliberation, and informc'l the Senate that be was under instruc tions to vote against the bill, but he had deter nurfed to disobey the instructions of an Aboli aT /, Legislature, and vote for the bill A beautiful exjsjsition of the doctrine of "popu lar sovereignty," by one of its distinguished advocates! Hardly had the last word for popu lar sovereignty in Kansas and Nobraska died away upon his lip-*, before ho arises in the i enato Chamber, tho popular ftovareign ty of his own State as an Abolition Whig sov ereignty, and assunios autooratie sovereignty in opposition and defianoe of the popular sov ereignty. This, Mr. President, is a simple and unvar nished statement of the case. Never was there a fuller, fairer, more explicit and authoritative expression of the popular will; and I leave it for others to Bay whether there ever was a mure audacious and oontemptuous violation of j public sentiment. Insomuch as the good old Demoorutio doo [ triuo of the obligation of the representative to obey the will of his constituent*, has been dis honored, I have nothing to say. 1 leave the i honorable Senator with Jefferson and hii con I stituente. But my honorable colleague has eeen fit to i take sanctuary in certain other acts of the Legislature, some of which he gravely says they did pass, and some of which he also says they i did not paeg; thus arraigning the Legislature of Connecticut before the Senate, not ouly for sins of commission, but also for Bins of omis sion. Now, sir, I am unable to see the perti nency of these matters to the question before us?bow the cnaotment or non-enactment of good or bad laws by tho sovereign authority of a State, can justify its representative in diso beying positive instructions to vote against a bad law here in the Senate, unloss it hus come to pacs in there lattor times that, contrary to Scripture, the eervant is greater than hiB mas ter. 1 am yot to learn whether the Legislature of Connecticut is guilty of wrong-doing fur en acting Buch laws as ic in its wisdom thought best. Tho honorable gentleman has commented upon some acts which the Legislature did not enact, aud upon eome which they did, among which be g>?ve particular prommencc to an " Act for tho dffjnee of liberty." Tbia, in his judgment, conflicts with tho Fugitive Aot, lor the safety of which he is alarmed. Now, sir, I would not do the injustice to my honorable olleaguo to compare myself with him in legal science ; but 1 have given some attention to the law to which he has taken exception, since I paw it heralded through the country as "nulli fication," and I have not been able to discover anything in it that seeds to oxoite the appre hensions of tho most vigilant sentinels of tho Fugitive Act. I have cjnsultcd several emi nent civilians in relation to it, all of whom have assured me that it conflicts with no law cf tho United States. And 1 think 1 can safe ly challenge those who assort to the contrary to produco the proof. [to bk concluded to-mohkow.] SPAIN. General O'Donnel, the reported leader of the revolutionary party in Spain, was once the Captain Geueral of Cuba; and, if wo orr not, his feelings toward the United States are not of a character to give encouragement to the idea of the possession of Cuba, should ho come into power. The accountB of this movement reoeived by the Niagara are contradictory and unsatisfac tory. From tho statements published by tho Gov ernment, in the accounc of their defeat, the insurgents numbered 7,000, of which 2 000 were cavalry. Tho insurrection is as yet en tirely among the military, who demand the immediate dismissal of the Ministry and the Qaeen's favorites. Great anxiety is felt as to the part that Generals Narvaez and Sereno will take. It is considered on all hands that the insurrection is formidable, and it depends upon accident whether tho insurgents or the royalists are triumphant. ITALY. Letters front Italy say that the allianco of Austria with France and England has greatly dampened the prospects of the revolutionary party in Lombardy and the Roman States. This should have been looked for. The friends of freedom hoped for an opportunity of making a successful dcm< nstration duriug the great struggle in the East; but, whenever the Governments of Europo are acting in concert, the people of Burope aro likely to suffer. ALL GOES WELL DT IOWA! The elections are to be beld next month. "The citizens of Winneshiek county met at Deoorah Jjly 4. The Nebraska iniquity was strongly condemned. Philip Morse presided. Winneshiek county has been organised only three years, has a population ot 6 000 souls, and oan, at the least possible estimation, poll 600 votes at the approaching election. '? At a meeting of the Whigs of Polk county, at Fort Dos Moines, reocntly, resolutions were adopted approving the platform of the 8t?te Convention, and endorsing the nominees of the State ticket. Special attention wm paid to the case uf Messrs. Dodge. Jones, & Co. " la Delaware and Buchanan counties, Whigs, Democrats, and Free-Soilers united in the nomination of an anti-Nebraska Union candidate f>r representative to the Legiblature, rhomas A. Turner. '? A Democratic anti Nebraska meeting has been hold at Burlington. Anti-Nebraska reso lotions were adopted by the Linn County Dtm ooratic Convention for the nomination of county offioers." A writer to the Tribune, from Davenport, a: * There is a cheering prospect of viotory next month, which will lay Augustus Keen Dodge (oow in the United States Senate) in his poliii oal coffin. He vot?d to make slavery possible in Kansas and Nebraska, and, by his pander ing to the South, is regarded as a mere tool in Congres?. The people are disgusted with the franked speeches with which he loadd the mail*; and, if men do not find their way to the Legislature by oonoealing their opinions, he is doomed. "Senator Preston, an able Democrat, who will have a vote in the case, is his foe in ad vance. '? The Loo County Democracy have nomina ted a ticket adverse to him; and we are told that Gove, of Iowa Citv, nominatod as his snp porter, is againtt the Nebraska bill, and docs not conceal his opposition to Dodge. "Wo have strong hopes of tho election of Thofington and Clark to Congress. G. W. Grimes, in his canvas* of the State for Govern or, is making a decided impression." AUSTRIA AND THE 1URKISH PROVINCES The news from Europe contradiot* ihe state ment so positively made, that Russia liad en tirely evaouated the Turkish Principalities on the Dannbo. She withdraws her troopH.it ap pears, from Wallachia, leaving the Danube open to Austrian commeroe, but retains pos ccssion of Moldavia, which runn northward, a sort of peninsula) far into the RufKian empire So far ae the evacuation has taken place, it seems, strangely enough, to have been in oom ? pliauce with the ?nmmoM of Austria, as if the ; two countries were yot on terms of good noigh , borhood. Beyond this oonoession to the domands of Austria, which is all that he considers to be reasonable, the C?ar refuses to go. He if will ing to divide the spoil# of tho war. Take WaM lachia and the Danube, he sajs to Austria; 1 will content myself wifn Moldavia and the Pruth. We shall see whether Austria will attempt i to drive the Russians from Moldavia. To us it appears much more likely that ebe will be aatitnad with what Russia so liberally allows bor. The new arrangement places Wallachia beyond the power of the French and English to recover for Turkey. It is an much severed, for aught weoan see, from the Turkish empire, as if it had still remained io the possesion of Russia, and in all probability will nover be re stored.? N. Y. Eoe. Post. CONGRESS. THIRTY-THIRD CONGRESS?FIRST BKSSION. In the Senate, after our report oloscd yes terday, Mr. Clayton, iut a test question on' tho Home stead bill, moved to lay it on the table; and it was decided in the negative, as follows: Yxas?Mssara Badger, Bayard, Benjamin, Brodhead, Butter, Clay, Clayton, Dawwn, Dixon, Evanp, Portt'ndou, Fibh, Fit*pat rick, Foot, Houston, Hunter, Mallory, Mason, Ntfr ris, Pearce, Pratt, Thompson of Keutucky, Toombs, and Toucey?24 Nays?Messrs. Adams, Allen, Atohidoo, Hell, Bright, Brown, Cosh, Chase, L)odg<> of Wis consin, Dodge of Iowa, Douglas, Geyer, Gil lette, Gwin, James, Johnson, Jones of Iowa, Jones of Tennessee, Petti t, Rockwell, Sebas tian, Shields, Slidell, Stuart, Sumner, Walkfer, and Wcller?27. Senate, Thursday, July 20, 1854. Mr. Stuart introduced a joint resolution cm firming certain entrias and locations of i*ili tary land warrautain Mich'gan. The resolution was explained and passed, v The Chair laid before the Senate a commu nication from the Treasury Department in ro sponee to a resolution of the Senate calling for information respecting the marine hospitals in the United States. Referred and ordered to be printed. Mr. Badger's resolution rescinding tho rule that requires Friday of eaoh week to bo devo ted to (he consideration of private bill-, was taken up and adopted. Mr. Hunter moved that tho Sonato proceed to the consideration of tho civil and diplomatic appropriation bill. Mr. Gwin urged that tho Homestead be taken up, and that it bo disposed of iu ono way or another. After some further debate, Mr. Huator with drew his motion. The Senate thc-n proceeded to considor the bill for the satisfaction of tho claiir.s of the creditors of the late Republic of Texas. After some debate, tho bill was postponed. The Sonate, on motion by Mr. Walker, pro ceeded to consider the bill granting a home stead of one hundred and sixty acres to actual settlers. The question ponding was on the amend ment proposed by Mr. Mason, excepting from the operations of the act the land northwest of the river Ohio, and ceded to tho United States by the Commonwealth of Virginia, for tho pur poses of the general welfare of tho United States. Mr. Mason supported it, and Mr. Badger opposed it. Air. Toucey opposed the bill. Mr. Bayard then moved that the bill be postponed to, and made the special order for, the Bcoond Monday in Docember next. The motion to postpone was debated at length; Messrs. Bayard, Butler, Badger, Gwin, Clayton, and Dixon, in support of it, and Messrs. Stuart, Walker, and Brown, in opposi tion to it. House of Representatives, July 20, 1854. The Speaker Btated that tho first question in order was a motion to lay on the table a motion to reconsider the vote by which tho bill to ohango the newspaper postage regula tions bad been laid on tho table?upon which motion the yeas and nays had been ordered. Mr. Wheeler withdrew these motions. Mr. Jones, of New York, by consent, re ported back from the Post Office Committer the Senate bill for the relief of Thomas C. Nyo, a mail contractor, with a recommenda tion that it pass; and it was road twice, and committed to the Committee of tho Whole. Mr. J.>nes, of Now York, from the Comuuttco on the Poet Office and Post Roads, asked that that committee be discharged from the further consideration of several memorials asking do nations of publio lands, to aid in the construc tion of certain railroad', t3 bo used as mail routes, upon oertain prescribed terms; and that they bo referred to the Committee on tho Publio Lands. Mr. Olds defended the propriety of tho for mer reforenoo. Mr. Letcher and other gentlemen rustainnd the application of Mr. Jones; and a protracted debate followed, in which the facts were devel oped that the memorials were of as recent date as the 17tb of July ; and that the opportunity for the Committee on Public Lands to make a report had passed by. It ep^eured to be honco inferred, by the om>cneut? of the former rrfer em e, that that reference was an adroit expedi ent to get the memorial and the b<ll dosirod by the memorialists before the House. Mr. Hunt addrsjod the H..use on the sub ject, and, though his constituents were inter ested in the success of some of the meu-ures urged by the memorialists, he thought tho ref erence to the PustOffi '.c Committee was irregu lar; that oonfl.cting action would ensue there upon, and that the direct was the only wiito policy. A me*8sge was received from the President, transmitting, in response to a resolution of tho House, the correspondence cf the oomm'uvaon er of this Government with the Government of China. The morning hour having expired, the abovo subjcct was passed over, and Mr. Oids, from the Post Office Committee, reported the usual bill establishing post rout*#, and attempted to make a statement in regard to it, when Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, objected. Mr. Olds thereupon wished to withdraw the report; to which Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, objected. A number of cor,Hioung motions were mado by several gentlemen ; and, finally, one by Mr. Vventworth, of Illinoi*, to recommit tho bill, was pending, when The House resolved itself into Committao of tho Whole on the state of tho Union, and re mimed the consideration of the Army Apjrro priation bill, (Mr. Wrigh', of Pennsylvania, in the chair) The debate in Committee related to tho pro posed sals to tho city of St. Louis, for the pur posts of a park, of the United States property upon which tho arsenal near th it city is lo o?ted. Mr. McMullcn opposed the proposition, on the gionnd that tho property was worth more than the sum proposed. Mr. Bishop Perkins said be did not oare to demand the utmost farthing for tho value o(* the land. The city of St. Louis contained one hundred thousand inhabitants. In half a cen tury it would contain halt a million. It was a glorious thing to aid that oity in providing a vast park witnin its limits. Publio lands were disposed of for lens worthy purposes, without strict reference to the price rcoeivod. In reply to a question, Mr. Perkins said that if he knew the land to bo woTth half a million, he would vote for giving )t to the oity of St. Louis for one-fourth of a million. The amendment proposed by Mr. Benton, Igranting the land to St. Lotus lor ? quarter of a million was substituted, on motion of Mr. Preston, by Mi amendment directing the salo of the property at publio auction , which was finally agreed to by tho Committee, and ordered to be reported lo the Houn.