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for 111* National Bra. LEONARD WRAY. A EOMillCI OT MODUS HIIIOHT. By the author of " Ths Chrot\icle* of tht Bauiit," "Ths EmMauy:' " Ths YuU Lag," " PhiUp of Lutstia," \r. OUAP. XIV. Lisetle and Paul. ? You must go up a great ninny flights of stairs, before you reach the modest chamber in which Lisette thn embroidcrees sits, plying her needle. Like King David's sparrow, she in alone on the housetop. The house in which "he resides is situated in the Rue Blanche, quite at the end, and oloee to the barrier. It is nearer the open country, on higher ground, and the air there is purer than in the heart of the busy city. It is of wry unpretending ap pearance, and the approaches to it are by no means of the pleasantest. The porteiWs bus band is a tailor, and works on a kind of shelf fixed, or rather suspended, by some mysterious arrangement of staples and oords, in a corner of their small lodge, near the door. Their sleeping apart mint is a curious oontrivanoe to eeonomite space, and is formed by another combination of shelves roaohing across the fur ther end of the lodge, about seven feet from the floor. They attain it by means of a ladder. Its furniture is a mattress, laid on the boards, and its conveniences about three feet of space between it and the ceiling, and a cord, com nun (anting with the latch of the outer gato, which it lifts, on the principle of the bobbin mentioned in the tale of Little Red Riding Hood. The tailor's name is Fiammeobe, but ho is a mender of the Constitution, as well as of tattered gai meats, and professes opinions of a very deoided radioaj tendency. He has a " pronounced " predilection for u property in common,"but believes that "property" which does not belong to himself is " robbery." Madame Flammecbe is a person of military antecedents^ and of somewhat marital inclina tions. The tailor is her sixth husband. Her previous husbands, or, as she pleased to call them, her "foregoing," were warriors. Num ber One was a bombardier, who first lost an arm, and then bis head. Number Two was a grenadier. He was shot in a skirmish, in Spain. Number Three was a dragoon, whom she ^opposes to have been made prisoner by the English, bat who, not making his appear ance within a reasonable time, she gave up in favor of Number Four. He was a lancer, of whom the Cotsscks disposed in the retreat from Moscow. Number Five was a sapper, who was unfortunately blown to pieccs by the explosion of a"mine. Then the peaoe oame, and Madame withdrew from the military lina, and took to selling fried potatoes, in a s'all on the Pont Neuf. Flammecbe wa? first captiva ted by the orispnei-s of her potatoes, on which he used to speculate to the extent of two sous worth evety day; and soon after, by the bland ishments ot the lady herself. His proposals ware accepted, and the widow of the five war riors became the wife of what popular preju dice has reduced to a vulgar fraction of man hood. She has continued fcer savory occupa tion op to the present time. There is a bar raok not far off, and her cookery is in renown amongst the soldiers, who patron it a her ex tensively, chic fly on account of her former connection with various regiments, through her " foregoing." Her establishment may be ?aid to combine the principal departments of the oommiesariat, for aha also sails - wines and spirits. ^ In fine weather, she carries on tser bumoess in Iks opts air, tsSMi of tin house, on the causeway. In wet weather, and in cold, it is conducted under the large gate way. The immediate atmorphsre is always strongly impregnated with the fumes of boil ing fat. It is oontained in a large iron caul dron, set up on a charcoal fire, made in a tripe dal furnaoe. She is usually to be seen sliver ing and atioing potatoes Without ore in her hand, and her knife?like Paganini and his violin?she would be inomnplete. She enter tains polities as well as her husband ; but hav ing belonged to the ' old army," her notions are imperialist, and Bonapartist, as a matter of oourae. In person she is small, dry, and rharp looking, with a complexion very much lik6 that of a chestnut, from ezpesun to the sun and to tha vioiasiiudes of climate. She is generally attired in a cotton gown of a showy pattern, with a clean bibbed apron, and wears a red Madras handkerchief twisted around her head, frtm beneath the folds of which esoa|? a few stray curls of daik hair, now mixed with silver This is a remnant of oo qnstrr, quite pardonable in one who formerly rented her olaims to admiration upon the pro fusion of her c bevel ure. Leaving Madame Flammecbe at her ordina ry ooeupasion, and saluting her as he passes, a young man in a blouse makes his way up the ?x fl ghts of stairs, to Lisette's apartment He has inquired whether aha is at none, and re- , clived an answer in the affirmative It hss , just gone twelve, and he has apparently left work in the neighborhood, for his hands and fiaoe are covered with splashes of paint His appearance ia manly and preposaoasing, thongh his dark beard, whieh be wears snout, adds five or six veers to his real sge On vuaohmg the door of Lisette'a apartment be knocks gently. ^ " Coaae in. says the soft voice we know of: , i000* ?8D "WP* the invitation 'Ah, Paul,' exolaiass Lisette on seeing him The young man hss taken off bis cap on en taring. He approaches her with a respecif.il air, and, stooping over her as she sits ut the window at bar embroidery, kisses ber on ths JOTdmA. t&kei a oh air, and Mat down by ber side. There is a beautiful vi?w from the window, overlooking the hvtUt dt Mnntmnrtrt, and their windmills, and the plains beyond, in the direo tion of St Jhntt A flower atand oooupi^e the reoem in front of the window, and oon tains two or three pots of autumn fl >waring plants, now in full blossom. Amongst them is a small China rose, which appears to have received *p?ti*l atenticn It is in vigorous growth, and covered with buds m various stages of progrens rhrrn is a large cagn, on a table at one end of t?s room, fl ed op with neat boxes, and other conveniences for the inmates, most of whom however, are fifing in all directions about the apartment. They enme to Lisette when she esJIs them, which she does, now and then, ??naby name, and gm? tbem a tiny crumb ,, 1 P m ??d comer, wnh a cage all to himself, on the outside of whkh he i? parabed eon* qnentialty, arranging his nlo Jf1.* W ben be is in the mind - which hai. ft,* swemag?be snswers to of Coeo Hs bas picked ap a go.4 l*in lbs comae of hsi cbecqoA-ed . > Tfcese be Jerks up now and then, in ? randy, gattm-al tone. It naaaot be nailed a lu ? . wonW seam to be ever looking for warn, for he repeata the wards " to-morrow Ml ta iimua, mora often than any ethers: ' ancep? ? peculiar oath of a mild "b?r?oter "saorf Wen, ' whieb, literally Iran*' lated, ansae taered bhu, and nothing ehw ^asa are Lisette's household pals, including 7? Mifkbors tha sparrows who assem Ma la the goiter and en ber window,IF, in fl *?k?, and keep np a constant and qaar large fl > Mmm i In Isrpr, thongb Ml lofty In ^aoneealad ^Phs furnitnie Is of walnut, S? is ?ha fl.w, it is af red i of esrpet are set li i I the oold striking to the feat. There is also an arrangement of abelvoa, forming a book oa?e, and oo a usual! table at the head of the bed lie* a thick volume, oo whioh may be read, aumped in black letter* on the oover, the title, "La Bible" It would appear to have been recently used, for there ia a mark i% it. If the book ware o^auod, the mark would point to the "And there shall oome forth a rod oat of the stem of Jeeie, and a branch shall grow out of hie roots." The young girl has learnt to understand the meaning of the myaterioua parage, and has dwelt upon the promise it implies. '? It is kind of you to oome snd see me, Paul/' she saye to the young man, presently?"so unexpectedly,' too." '? One cannot be too kind to you, Lisette," he observes, gaaing tenderly at her. " I am cm ployed near here, and 1 thought I would just oome in to ask news of you." " I am better?muoh better," she said, in reply; l( and I hope to go on improving now. I shall be quito well in time " " To-morrow, to-morrow ! " interjected the starling, looking aorose at hi* mistress. "Ah, ah! jealous!" exclaimed the young girl. '? He has been sulky all the morning," she continued, addressing Paul. " Your arri val has put him on his better behaviour. He is as jealous as Othello." " ^acjpd blue! " said the starling. " Come, then, monster," said Lisette, holding out ber finger to the bird; "oome and make friende, ana then leave us alone.'' The dooile bird came at his mibtresa's bid ding, and perched on her fioger. She then allowed him to caress her lips with hie bill,and gave him a small pieoe of Bponge-oake, with whioh he immediately flew away, back to his oage. " I have often wondered you do not lose your pets," observed Paul, " for I have observed you do not seem to mind even leaving the win dow open, when thov are flying about" " I am not afraid," she replied. " They love me" And she smiled. The young man colored doeply. He had not thought of t( it,; yet it must ho so. What thing could love her and leave her? " You still work, then, ae hard as ever," he ?aid, presently. " How should I live, else ? " she answered " Fortunatoly, I have only the best work, and my necessities are few." '?To-morrow! 'to-morrow! tomorrow!" ohitned in the starling. " Do you hear what Coco says ? " asked the young man, somewhat gravely, " Sufficient to the day is the evil thereof," responded Lisette, oheerfully; thinking of the great Book. '? I know you are marvellously sustained," remarked Paul; "but that, notwithstanding your wise saws, Mies *'?be was now address ing her playfully ?" and your heedlessness about the future, you are ever saving, and put ting a trifla by againdt rainy days." '?We must not understand too literally, al ways," she replied, " the wisdom of the Scrip tures. I cannot help being industrious. It is a necessity of my nature. My real wants are very few, which is also another natural fail ing"?she uniled?and my embroidery is very well paid. There is the whole mystery." " Yes ; but pleasure, Lisette." '' And what may you call pleasure, Paul ? " she responded. " If you mean balls, tetes, spec tacle*, and suoh like, they have no attractions for me, in the first place; and in the seoond, my health and strength are not equal to dissi pation." " And all ia vanity," added tho young man somewhat saroasfceaily. ** Yen, Paul," she said, lifting her eyes to his faes as sbe spoke. " You do not see it, perhaps. You think me too serious, even, may be. But it is the truth, and I believe it" " That Protestant pastor has turned your brain, Lisette," retorted he, with a little warmth. " This religion ia all very well in its plaoe; but it waa never sent to make folks gloomy, and to deprive life of ita few consola tions She held her peaoe, and resumed her em broidery. It was an old theme. They did not see al<ke, and she did not feel disposed to pur sue the controversy. He addressed ber again : " But for your over-strained religious notions, I might have boen happy long ago I cannot bear to see you work, work, work, ever and alwaya "ork, work, work, and, as it seoms to me, without an object. I don't wish you to work 1 want to work for you. I can earn enough for both of us, and to spare " Lisette oontinued plying her nee>dle indua triously; but did not apeak does not a young motborlesa girl require a ^iroteotor ?" he cnotinued; "and what hotter, what more legitimate protector, except perhaps a brother, whom yon have not. or a father, whom you have, but" ' J**?'' Paul!" she ejaculated, looking up. ?Il? I not say a word about hiaa, .then," he said; but in the abeeaoe of these, what better protector can you have than a husband " proteot me against what ?" she a?ked quietly. "Against what?" why, against?against: do I know ' Are there not dangers to whioh eveiy young girl is exposed?" be answered, rather pettishly, " I bave never placed myself in the way of them, Paul,' sbe replied. " Againnt the ordi- ! nary dangers of life," sbe added. "I nquire j no other protection than that which Providence extends to all who trust ia his goodness and ? 1 merey." *? I know you have an answer always ready," I he went on to say. "You always seem to be i right, and that i? why I become angry and an noyed with myself when I oppose you in any ^ay. But, indeed, Lisette, I am very unhap py rhe tears stood in his eyes, though he lifted the sob that waa rising. Sbe looked up, and extended her hand, whioh he pressed, and oov ered with kisses. " you *0, Paul ? " sbe asked Yes, and do," he answered; "I am happy \ when I rt flsot that you love me, but wretohed when I find you always averse to beariog me apeak of, main age I then think you cannot love me; otbewwise ? " Paul, Paul," she exolaimod, with flushing ohoek and moistening eyes, "it ia better for both '<f as that we ahould remain as w* are." J 44 To-morrow?till to-morrow," said the star-] ling. Alton*/ There is that provoking bird ef I yours, offering his advioe, now," said Paul, half bot unable, notwithstanding, to re pruss ? smile '? Bui tell roe why vou always say it is better for us to remain sot" ?' Do not ask me, Paul, if you love me," ahe responded, gravely. Have I not been very ill, aad am 1 sure my term of life"?. "There, there! always that gloomy fore _ ejaaalated, interrupt) g her, yet fcmk ng anxiously at h?r frail figure, and pale, pais iaoe. " Do Dot, Lwctta, talk so, or yoo will drive me to something desperate Do you Lot ewntnss you fiaal better? Are yon not bet ter, too, ready ? " he added 'Sometime*," she amd , - but do not pr*? tns question now, Paul. I oonjure you." He ww she was affected, for the tears Ml laet on ber embroidery, and stis spoke with an U ? h" P*"** IWotly the addrnsa- | ea bin again. a to ilth*r%Te'y' 1,7007 asioti with those dangerou* men ia to me a dis ormrsging n fl*t?<m I tremble lest you ahould ne aoaipri missd in soma of thoas ouosairaetee whwh, we all know, are on foot, and whioh h.TC bfooght mi?r, u ph bat what do wemea understand auw? po.U^I-b.ezo^m.d " me seouted by my **j? Jy tLm. 3STin u-*. -??ld your ?.?. in r?p.ot of our ?or...g. ' A^Trut"obliges me to say it would n0^ **au!>" She replied, calmly, "but ^ would inorW-e my oontidenoe in you, and make me Relievo yo capable of a sacrifice for my Bake <? And do you doubt it, Lisette'! be asked. " Do it!" wan her reply. ? You Hbk me to betray my comrades, he Baid "mv bonor?nay, I will even Bay ou saia, my u?uu J> . fc _ut m? love common country. ^oumUHtnocpu j to this teat, Lieette, fur it would not be a lair one You know 1 am bound by an oath ? - I do not ask you to betray observed- "I only a?k you, for your own sake an well n for mine, to renounce your danger ous association with revolutionise. Will y ?pVoS.e"u. consider of *> h. mjM. ?Bu|, Linette. am I to have no promiao Iron y?" An"what would you have me promite you, ^*4To take me soon for your husband, Lisetto. To fix the day when I may call you mine, and L?der 1 b.? ???*"?. com m.?d vou to let me work for both ot us^ He had again taken her hand, which he ho now between both his own. He *p?ke earnest ly, and she felt that those words came heart. Nor did she prevent his oarryingher hand to bin lips, again and ft ceased speaking; neither did she opjgse kiBsine her on the forehead. But she said Singg only the tears feU faster, and she ""Heette, answer me," he said, after waiting some ceoonds. .. . i <? I will cc.nsider, too," she replied. He released her hand, and sheresumed her work. He stook ganng at her a few momenta, and then t-aid: ? "Lisette, 1 am going; good bye ? Good bye, Paul," she responded, smiling I as he withdrew, " good bye." forehead I Oooe more he kissed her on her lorebeaa, and then ho was gone. , ? nj ? Tomorrow! Till to-morrow ! exolaimed the stiftjpg, and flew from his cage to perch on Lis^ro's shoulder. WASHINGTON, D. C. SATURDAY, AUGUST 5, 1854. CLOSE OF TEE DAILY NATIONAL ERA. Supposing Congress would continue in see sion till the first of September, we announced in our Prospectus that the Daily Era won d be continued till that time, or longer, Bhould the session te protraoted beyond it. Oir wise legislators have done better than we expeoted; and as they, in effect, adjourned yesterday, we adjourn to-day/ With this number closes the Daily National Era./ The names of subscri bers will be transfcfrred to the lut of the Weekly Era, which they will receive till the first of Deoember next, and which will be more than an equivalent for the fraction due them for the numbers of the Daily they would have been entitled to, had it bean continued till the first of September. We need hardly eay that lbs undertaking b?!n m ooctfy one, involving ui m a pecu niary loss of between four and fife thousand dollars. Bat, we folly oounled the cost before we commenced, and have no diqweitien now to complain. Under the same circumstances, and with the means, we should do the same thing again. Indeed, so deeply are we im pressed with the importance of having a Daily Press here, at the seat of Government, to vin dicate the olaims and protect the interests of Freedom, that, were we a millionaire, we would establish permanently, and maintain at our expense, such a Press, making it complete in all itf department! and appointments. In onr judgment, it would be a greater, and more beneficent work, than to found a dosen col leges, rivalling Yale or Harvard in reputation and Influence. Meantime, we shall, henoeforth, devote our selves more assiduously to the WeekJy Nation, al Era, hoping, by the increase of its subscrip tion list, to repair in time the losses sustained from the Daily. DAILY PAPER AT WASHUfOTOH Dr. Bailey announces, to day, the cessation of the Daily Era. This, of oourse, ?u lo.be expected, a*, at the common cement, the publi cation of the Daily was only intended to be j continued during the session. The Daily ban fallen far short of defraying it* own expensee?much farther short of it, in- I deed, than was antioipated?and its pnblioa tion will not probably be resumed next winter, unless there be manifested a will to support it. i The question, then, is, Shall there be a daily paper, dev >ted to the Liberal Cause, in Wash ington ? There are four political dailies, all of whioh derive more or less means of support from the Government. All of them are Pro Slavery?three of them, intensely Pro-Slavery. Whatever else they may be, they are the or gan* of the Slave Power. That aristocratic power has thus four daily papers devoted to ito ! interests in Washington. Shall not the Peo j pie?the working masee*, the independent thinkers and voters among the professional and business men?have one! The popular movement now organising itself ; over the oonntry for practical resistance to the ; usurpations and aggressions of the Slave Power, i and fur the restriction of Slavery to State lim its and State legislation, and its final eradica tion by the constitutional action of the Pederal and State Governments within their respective spheres, most have a daily paper at Washing ton, or It cannot have the < fl uency it should. We throw out these hints for the oonsidera tion of the liberal press and the friends of Free dom everywhere, and hope that suoh an inter est will be awakened and manifested that Dr. Bailey may be induoed to resume the Daily at the next session. * COSORKff The House of Representatives met at ten o'clock this morning; and, after the Speaker bad signed a few bills, took a recess till one o'clock. The Senate convened at twelve, for similar purposes C0L0>ia*Ti0N.?The Virginia Colonisation rsts nsaic* toe tact that the heirs of a gentle man in Virginia, lately deceased, wish, in com pliance with Km wishes of chair testator, to asnd 18 negroes t<> liberie in November Th**e peo ple will netbe freed onl?si money f.j* their treoepoftaeflb oan be raised from private do^ cations They are appraised at (25,000 P W " E5PF f ? F? I PSOG&UI OF LLBJEBAI OflKlOSS IK IBS 8Q0TH. It u with great pleasuro that we record evi dences like the following, of the liberalising tendency of publio opinion in the Southern States. It will be observed, with much inter est, that a church for colored people in New Orleans, presided over by the editor of the New Orleans Christian Advocate, is oalled Uncle Tom's Church ; and "th? place is yet pointed oat, just in front of the pulpit, where St. Clare and Eva used to sit, and woep under the elo quenoe of the renowned era tor." The extracts, though loBg, will be full of in terest to every friend of hsmanity: " INSTRUCTION OF THE COLORED POPULA. TION OF NEW >HLEANS. "Fewperrons abroad, indeed, comparatively few of our own people at home, are aware of the efforts made in New Orleans fur the men tal, moral, and spiritual improvement of our colored people. Many ?f them are taught orally to repeat passages of Scripture, hymns, and oatoohisms; and tlese instructions are oarried on systematically, from week to week, and from year to year. VVe can point to many estimable ladies and gentluoea, who oould well afford to spend the preseit hot season at the North, or in Europe, or or the Lake shores, as thousands do, but who prefer to improve their summers, and especially their Sundays, in doing good at home. In this class-?a cla-s by no means small?those who dovote their efforts to the point of inducing our oolored population to attend on publio worship and to receive bib lical instruction, are worthy of speoial notice VVe have said muoh, at different times, in regard to publio recitations in our numerous educational institutions; but in none of them have we experienced a purer delight than when wo have seen scores of negro ohildren, neatly, and sometimes tastefully, olad ?their bright eyes and ebony faces presenting a marked con trast?all, as with one voice, responding, in loud and almost boisterous mirth, to the in struction* of their teaoher. " Muoh of what is learned?by the adult ne groes, as well as the ohildren?is in 'immortal verse.' The deepest lessons of practical theol ogy are sometime* epitomized, as all reading people know, in a star.z* or oouplet, or even in a mere line, from such Chriotiau poets as a Heber, a Wesley, a Watte, a Doddridge, a Steele, a Montgomery, or a Cowper. Indeed the vooal muiio of the negro churches and Sunday schools is their ohief attraction ; and the different Protestant denominations havo so adapted their measures to this peculiar feature tf the African intellect, as to blend instruction with pleasure?the improvement of the under standing with tne indulgence of emotional ex citement? the enjoyment of a weekly holyday with a stated growth in useful knowledge. "There are phases of this important Chris tian enterprise on which we should like to dwell?for example, the fact that wo are thus training in the South, among the genuine friends of the negro race, a corps of teachers, legislators, ministers, and other good citizens' for the Liberia Republic, confident that Provi dence will in due eeason prepare the way for a more general exoduB in that direction than our statesmen foresee; and another fact con nected is this, that notwithstanding the local laws discourage the teaching of slaves the knowledge of letters, yet there are many own ers who teach their own servants to read re garding the law as a dead letter, ao Ear as their own property is coooerned. We merely state a wall-knows fact, without taking any issue on the deep and intricate question, an to the expe d.?<,, of the praoUos. Bat, on these which are ?oa travel ted, *s yet, not only among our ottiaoas generally, but among different members af the same oommunions?we have not time or space to dwell. Suffioe it to say that not only in our city, but in Nitchrz, Mo bile, Charleston, and other large towns, and on the plantations generally, especially those owned by enlightened Protestants, thore are provided tha most ample endowments for the support of publio worship and religious train log for the negroes expressly. . Oar numerous readers of the four leading bodies?Methodists, Baptists, Episcopalians, and Pr?byterians? know that these means are vigorously employ ed throughout the Southwest for elevating the thoughts of the negro toward his Master in the skies, thus exemplifying the philosophy of the inspired penman, that the best way to render a servant faithful to his master, is to teach him the truths of revelation "When we first saw New Orleans, in 1836, there was, as far as we know, only one place of worship for the blaoks. It was in the little frame chapel, belonging to the Methodist Epis copal Church, on the lower side of Gravier street, a short distanoe below the site of the St. Charles Hotel. Of a Snnday afternoon, that building and the large yard in front would be alive with tha jauntily dressed womhippeis and their children. Now, there are numerous con gregations exclusively of blaoks, in different parts of the oity. That on Sf, Paul street ?here our worthy friend the editor of the New OrUani Christian Advwate regularly < fficiatee is known in oar annals as Untie lorn , Church. The plaee is yet pointed out. just in front of the pulpit, where Sx Clare and Eva used to sit, and weep, under the eloquence rf the renowned ors tor ; so, at least, our neighbor above mentioned tells us. We have witnessed some interesting scenes in thai house u Not far from the new oaaal, in the rear of the Protestant Cemetery, is a Baptist oolored church. A gray-haired, venerable oolored min ister has officiated there for mora than fifteen years. He informs us that his membership is eight hundred. Ia the rear of the f >urth die trtot there is a large oolored oburuh, of the Methodist order, we believe, whioh was built entirely at the expense of the oolored people At Dr. Soott'a church, Lafayette Square, it has beeo the custom for many years to gather in the basement a large Snnday school, both for adults and children, evsry Sunday afternoon; and, alter a half hour spent in instruction, there ie regular publio worship and preaehing Besides tlrua, it has been the oastom of the older c /iored members of that ohuroh to hold a sun rise prayer mooting in the basement, especially during the summer.'7 We find the following on the same subject in the South Carolinian. It will be seen with regret that the editor disapproves tho proposi tion to give literary instruction to slaves: TEACHING SLAVES In a notioe of the meet ng of the Bible Soci ety in Abbeville, the Independent PreM has the fallowing comments on an address delivered on the "ooaeiott. It is scarcely necessary for us to say that we differ entirely from the speaker. South Carolinian. "The Address of R A Fair, Esq, was an able one. He boldly took the position that it is the duty of slaveholders to place the Bible in the hand of iheir slaves, and have them taught to read it. This proposition firmed the basis of bis discourse The oommnn opinion. th%t ig noranca on the part of the slave ia neoegNary to the porpetuation of bis bondage and the pre vention of insubordination, be opposed, by maintaining that the Bible sanctions Slavery? teaches the relative duties of master and slave: that Heaven itself instituted the sy?tsm; and that intelligence, so far as ability to read the Scriptures ia concerned, is not incompatible with the perpetuation ?f the system; on the contrary, would suatain and strengthen it. He examined the objection, that if slaves were taught to read tha Scripture*, they would read other book* and papers, and hence be more ?abjsot to the inffiaenoe of rebellious instigators. To this he replied, if there ia aoy real dauger from this nouroe, let man tern guard their libra ries, as they do other property, from the pur loining of slavea. " But, leet we do Mr. Fair injuatioe by an at. tempted synopsis of hi* address, we desint. If the premises from whioh be argued be correot, hi* oonoluuiona would appear just. If Slavery be a Heaven-instituted system, it would seem that the light of Heaven, however effulgent it* beam?, could never undo its own work. If a sufficient amount of religion can be no incorpo rated into this learning and into the heart aa to give them the proper direction?in a word, if reading slaved can be made truly pioua alavoa, then there is little doubt that buoh a system would be productive of bappy result*. But there is a question wheiher, if the door be thu* opened by a knowledge of letters, evil might not rush into the heart, to tbe exclusion of good. Human nature is difficult of subnotion, even to divine power and influence. An acquaint ance with letters is an engine of vaBt power Cor evil as well as for good." Those who object to the education of slaves, on the ground that their enlightenment will tend to oreate insubordination, consult rather their vague apprehension?, than the facts of history. We appeal to the experience of every Southern man, if insurrections have not arisen almost invariably among the most ignorant plantation slaves. This we know was the case with tbe Southampton insurrection, which was the most formidable and bloody thfct has taken place in this oountry. We occasionally hear of attempts at insurrection In the Southwest, not among the more intelligent domestics or residents of towns, but among the benighted plantation negroes. The reasons for this are clear, upon a mo ment's calm reflection. The plantation ne groes, fiading, for miles around them, as far as their range of mental vision extends, that they largely outnumber the whites, natu rally conclude that a general combination with their fellow-sufferers on the adjacent estates will enable them to destroy the handful of whites they see around them, and divide the lands and houses among themeelvt?. But the more intelligent colored residents of towns, as well as domestic servants generally, who, by daily conversation with white men, acquire juster notions of tho relative strength of the two races, never entertain the idea cf achiev ing freedom by insurrection. They are able to see, in proportion to the degree of their intel ligence, the utter futility of suoh a scheme, and the sure destruction it must bring upon them. But this ia not all. The slave sympathizes with the master, and the master with the slave, in proportion to the intelligence of each. How strongly do moo, thirsting for knowledge, yearn for the society of those who ponsesa more than themselves! Few desires of tho heart are warmer and stronger than thip, which, in fact, is the secret of those warm attachment* which are occasionally found to exist between master and slave. Tbe eduoated slave not only loves the intelligent conversation of the master, but | is vain of displaying his own attainments; and the master ia proud of the attachment of suoh a servant. On the other hand, what repugaanoe do we not all feel, ia epita of the moat humane dispo sition*, for stolid ignorance and brutality. We turn away in diagust frOtn the face in whioh wo read no trace of thought or sentiment, however mnch it should awaken our pity. It is not tho black skin, and the woolly hair, whioh effdnd the eye, so much as the ooarre, unmeaning features, which have never been lighted up by a ray of intelligence, but rather deformed by the indulgence of none but gross appetites and passions. We will not aay that education has no ten doncy to bring about emancipation; but it will do so legitimately, by awakening stronger sympathies between master and slave, and by appealing to all tbe juater and nobler aonti menta in tbe whites as well as the oolored race. So far from alienating the oolored people, tho effeot of education, and of more humane and just treatment, must be to strengthen their at tachment to the whites. This ia illustrated in the history of slavery in this country. In spite of all obstructions, the oolored race, free and slave, ia rapidly improving in intelligence and character; and the rff<?ct has been to ban ah all apprehension of insurrection. Twen ty years ago, when tbe w Abolition agitation " j was a mere speck on the Northern horis >n, in surrections wero frequent, and the Southern People were in a constant state of alarm, lest their slaves might ri*e, and murder them while tbey wore sleeping. Now, when tbe " agita tatora" comprise tho great body of tbe North ern people, when tbe old political parties have been overthrown by them, not the slightest apprehension of inaurreotion is felt by the South. Is not this a most interesting fact, and should it not oonvinoe Southern m< n that they have nothing to fear from the education of their slavos, or from the * bugbear of North ern fanaticism T " Q, No*th Carolina Electioji.? In Wakl oounty, Whitaker and Rand, (Democrat*.) and J. Mordeeai, (Whig,) %ro elected to the Com mons. In this county, Diokory (Whig) gains 200. In Johnston oounty, Brsgg (Dem.) gains 50. Simpson county shown a gain of 200 fir Doakery. Fayetteville gives Bragg 229, and Dcokery 368 -*-a gain of 98 for Dockery. O^-The man, Gannon, who murdered hi* wife at Syracuse, on Monday, was foand dead in tho watch-house yesterday, from delirium tremens. (0?"' E. D. H irlbut, one of the oldest and most extensive merchants in New York, and Thomna Washington, of Jefferson county, Va., a grand nopbow of Genoral Wa bington, died in that city yesterday. Oua Brother."?Among the many new and bewtiful marhla memorials rcoently erect ed in the Congressional Cemetery, is one wbieh bears the inscription: *'Oua Brother? Georue A. Gardiner.'' It is As a title page to a volume ot serious reflection* oonoernit <i him who now sleep*, alike regardless of the world's censorions opinions and tbe ardent love of those who still hail him by the endearing name of " brother," and thus modestly though expressively assert relationship. Affection oould scarcely suggest a more tonohinar and eloquent inscription?"Our Brother."? Watk. Stnltntl The Boston correspondent of the Ntw York Journal of Commerce met at Littleton, M?nea shusetta, a young giant, named Henry D K m ball, twenty five year* old, feet, 11 inches ia height, and weighing 300 f ounds. VEIO or XHJt RIVgM ASD HABBOB *ttt The following message wu yesterday re ceived by the House of Representative*. Ite import was understood, but it was not read prior to the adjournment: Washington, August 4,1854. 1? the House of Representatives : I have received the bill entitled "An act , (Milking appropriations for the repair, preser vation and completion, of certain publio works heretofore oommenoed under the authority of aw It reaehea me in the expiring hours of the session, and time does not allow full oppor tunity for examining and considering its pro whiT'f0^ at length the reasons which forbid me to give it my signature. it belongs to that olass of measures which arc commonly known us internal improvements bv the General Government, and which, from a ?ery early period, have been darned of doubt ful constitutionality and expediency, and have thus tailed to obtain the approbation of buo oesHive Chief Magistrates. On such an examination of this bill aa it haa been in my power to make, I reoogniee in it oertain provwiona national in their oharacter and whioh, if they atood alone, it would be compatible with my conviction of public doty to ast-ent to; but at the same time it embraces others whioh are merely local, and not, in my judgment, warranted by any safe or true con struction of the Constitution. Fo make proper and eound diacriminationa between these different proviaiona would re qeire a deliberate dieouasion of general princi ples, aa well aa a careful aeruuny of details, tor the purpose of rightfully applying those principles to each separate item of appropria tion. "ublio opinion with regard to the value and importance of internal improvements in the oonntry is undivided. There ia a disposi tion on all hands, to have them prosecuted with energy, and to eee the benefits sought to be attained by them fully realized. fhe prominent point of difference between those who have been regarded aa the friends of a system of internal improvements by the General Government, and those adverse to such a system, haa been one of constitutional power, though more or Iesa oonneoted with considerations of expediency. My own judg ment, it is well known, has, on both grounds, been opposed to a "general system of internal | improvements" by the Federal Government | I have entertained the most serious doubts, from the inherent d ffijulties of its application as well as from past unsatisfactory experience' whether the power oould be bo exercised by the General Government as to render its use advantageous either to the country at large or effectual for the accomplishment of the obiect contemplated. J I shall consider it incumbent on me Jto pre sent to Congrias, at its next session, a matured view of the whole subject, and to endeavor to difiae, approximately at least, and acoording to my own oonvictionP, what appropriations of this nature by the General Government the greiat interests of the United Statea require, and the Conatitution will admit and sanction in case no substitute should be devised capable of reconciling d ff >renoce, both of constitution ality and expediency. lu the abaenoe of the requisite means and time lor duly considering the whole subject at present, and disouaaing auch possible aubstitute, it beoomes necessary to return this bill to the H?U'? of Representatives, in which it origina ted, and, lor the reaaona thus briefly submitted to the consideration of Congress, to withhold from it my approval. Franklin Pierci, A QUXBTXOB ABB AM ABVWSK. 1 " > P*-, August 1, 1854. S1*:.11 ourrent,7 reported here, tfftt Mr. Douglas, in walking the Btreets of Washington city, without atint denounced the clergy, with bitter curaos, for their protest "gainst the Nebraska bill. We are anxious to know whether Mr. Douglas ia guilty of publio profanity, as represented here." We do not know that Mr. Donglaa ia guilty of the offence charged. We believe that, so cially and morally, be is regardod by hia neigh bors aa no worse than other men, and aa not in these particulars meriting sooial odium. That hia pecuniary interests oommit him deep ly to the perpetuation of Slavery, is as far as we think it just and becoming to go, in com menting upon hia personal affairs; and into this matter we regard it aa the duty of hia nominal oonatituenta of Illinois to look with deep concern. Hia heart is where hia treasure ia. He ia of Pro-Slavery men one of the most ultra, and of statesmen seeking to promote the alave interest, one of the moat rccklesa and un scrupulous. We need seek for no other grounds upon whioh to condemn him. THE CJUHTHY WTO WHICH "SLAVERY CAlf HOT ENTEB " Tbe Weston (Missouri) Argue recently con tained the following advertisement: * Two Hundred Doilan Rtward?We are authorised, by responsible men in this neigh borhood, to offer the above reward f<>r the ap i prehension and safe delivery into the hands of the SqoattcrB of Kansas Territory, of one E i Thayer, a leading and ruling spirit among the Abolitioni'tM of New York and New England, recently appointed an a special ag^nt by the murderors of Batohalder, in Boston, to prcceed to Kansas, for the purpose of examining that Territory, and making selections of such por tions as will suit for the settlement of twenty thousand Abolit onit*?including, of oourse, tho nuLifisis of the Fugitive Slave Law, the res cuers of the slave Sbadraoh, and the murder ers of Batohelder, a U. 8. deputy marshal, in the discharge of his duty. " Said E i Thayer is a representative of the ' higher law doctrine*,' and deputed by tho wealthy Abolitionitts of New York oity, Boa ton, and other oities, to 'make way' for the Abolition paupers, thieves, and murderer*, who are to settle Kansas, fjr and in behalf of tbe worthy employers and oolleagues in iniquity of said Thayer. M Now, therefore, it behoove* all good oiti ?ens of KatiSta Territory, and the State of Mis souri, to watch the advent of thU agent of Ab olitionism ; to aritost him and doal with him in suoh a manner as the enormity of his crimes and iniquities shall seem to merit. Represent ing all tbe Abolitionists, hj consequently bears all their sins, and the blood of Batobelder is upon his head, crying aloud for expiation at the hands of the people "Wo would e^unMel modtnUion, bnt let him, ?aid Thayer, carry back to his ' Abolition con federate* of New England, such evidence, on his person, as will be an admonition ever here after for them not to meddle wi*h our peace, our institutions, and our rights under the Con stitution of the oountry. Watoh the move ments of Eli Thayer, and g>*? him a warm re ception !" Tbe following, from the Lynchborg (Va.) Republican, is a Mr sample of the comments of tbe Southern press upon this subject: "This is commencing in the right way, and but few if any Abolitionists will dare ftnter tbe Territory, well knowing as they do the oon ssquenees. ' But for Ike. Ordinance of 1787, the wl*le Sortkvfrtern Territory would have been tlave koldtng " Whilst in the free States population con denses, in the slave States it diffuses itself over ? greater apace, wad is always seeking new outlet*. Although the Northern States have reoeived immense aooossiuua to their population by emigration, and the Stoth comparatively little, yet we hate diffused oar population and oar inatitutioas over one-third more territory." From the Worocater Spy. nxmoM. The Legislature of Illinois, in 1853, paeaed a law prohibiting anf oolored man from en tering that State, upon pain of being sold at aaotion, to any one who would pay the most for hid eervile labor. This execrable edict, which was passed by the Douglas clique, in utter opposition to the sentiments of the peo Sle, is a nullity in the northern part of the tate, and has always been so; still, it remains upon the statute book, blotting and blurring the fair fame of the Commonwealth. Illinois seems, at last, however, to have looked scrioue ly at the portion to which Douglas and his minions have reduced her; and her citizens are now acting in a manner that -is not at all gratifying to "Stephen A.7' and hiB body guard. Cassius M. Clay, of Kentucky, and Mr. Codding, have recently been addressing the people of Illinois, and their speeches have been everywhere listened to by large assem blages of people, and received with the utmost enthusiasm. These indications of the popular feeling are not very gratifying to the postmas ters and other oonsumert of the public swill, and they sometimes valorously throw them selves before the current-, and trr to stem it; with what success they do so, the following, from the Cbioago Tribune, will show: "At Alton, there was the silenoe of the Sabbath hour, the streets deserted, no teams or people from the country to trade, for fear of the oholera, yet Messrs. Clay and Codding ad dressed an audience of fifteen hundred from the steps of the Madison Mill. The postmas ter, English, defended the Administration; and in doing so, was oompolled to claim the Ne braska scheme ' as a secret movement of Pierce and Douglas for the abolition of slavery ; and unless it was so, he would repudiate the Admin istration.' " At Quincy, Kimball's Hall was crowded to hear Clay in the afternoon, and Codding in the evening. The leading minds of this growing city were preseut at each of the meetings. Like success and great enthusiasm attended the gatherings in Iowa and at Rjok Island.7' We have information from a credible source, that a proposition has recently b*en made to the three nations, the Cherokees, Creeks, and Choc tawB, to form a State out of the territory occu pied by these semi-civilised tribes, admitting them as citizens. This proposal was aoompa nied by an offer to build them a handsome State House at the expense of the General Government, and to bestow certain other ad vantages. The offer came from the Superin tendent of Indian Affairs, and was sanctioned by the Executive of the Federal Government. The f.vident design was to form another slave State, as there are large numbers of slaves held by all these tribes. But the proposal was rejected by the Cherokee?, for the reason that it would place them upon the same level with other tribes not so far advanced in civilisa tion.?N. Y. Tribune. The Chicago papers announce the decease, in that city, on Sunday last, July 30, of S. Lisle Smith, Esq, a member of the Cbioago bar, and said to be one of the most brilliant orators of the West. / ?? MARRIAGES. On Thursday, the 31 in**., by tho Rev. Byron Sunderland, John C. Pehrick, of New York, to Mrs. America. Patio, only daughter of the late C >lonel Samuel Burche, of this oity. On Thursday evening, the 3d instant, by the Rev. Andrew G Carothers, Mr John Roberts to Miss Mart Elizabeth Peters, both of thia city. DEATH. Died at his residence in this oity, yesterd y morning, after a brief illness which be bore with Christian resignation, Dr. Bailey Wash ington, in the 67th year of his age. [BY HODBK'H PBCTTIHO TSLEO&AfB 1 TELEGRAPHIC JtMRBSPOtfDENCK FOR OAILT NATIONAL ERA. North Carolina Election. Raleigh, N. C, August 5.?Gen. Dockery, tbo Whig candidate for Governor, has certain ly been eieoted. SECOND DESPATCH. Richmond, Va., August 5.? Despatches from Raleigh, Wilmington, Fuyetteville, Nor folk, and other point* io North Carolina, show large Whig gains, le%\ii<n nu doubt of the elec tion of Dockery for G >vernor, by considerable majority. The Wbigs gain largely in the Legislature. From New York. New Yoke, Auoust 5.?General Barrundia, Minister from Honduras, is dead. The U. States mail steamer Pacific, with 113 passengers and nearly $1,000,000 in sj?oie, sailed to-day. Cote of Slave Piracy. Philadelphia, August 5?A man by the name o* Cant McDonald, of the Grey Eagls, who landed 600 slaves at Cuba not long ainoe, was arrested khis m iming, and taken before the United States Commissioner, on the charge of slave piracy. One of the witnesses (a boy) makes oath to certain facts, which are clear as to his guilt. The testimony in the case is progressing. Schooner Wrecked. Boston, August 5? The schooner J. H. Roeooe, from Cape Haytien, for Boston, went ashore on Cape Cod. Crew saved. Flour Mill Burnt, Sec. Philadelphia. August 5. ? Hawkins & Brother's Girard flouring mill, situated on North Ninth etroet, has been burnt. Loss, *30,000. It ia rumored that there has been another defalcation in the melting department of the mint A firm largely engaged in the West India trade has suspended. Cholera. New York, August5.?The Albany Trans enpt of this aifternooa says, that sinoe Wednes day there h tve been eighty-six oases of cholera, twenty-eight of which were fatal. From Nerv York? Cholera. New Yore, August 5.?-Total number of deaths in this city tor tbo week ending at noon to day, 1,133; frcm cholera, 286?93 of the latter were on Ward's Island. Philadelphia, August 5?Total number of death* in this city during the week, 468 ; from oholera, 88. . Philadelphia Sunday I mid. Philadelphia, August 6.?Mayor Conrad says that be will abide the decouoo of the Su preme Court, making tavern keeper* only lia ble to a fine of four dollars for keeping open on Sunday; bat will, ia every inetanoa, bind over the keeper of the houae when it ia disorderly.