Newspaper Page Text
One important result which will flow from the suc cess of the Native American Association will be the formation of a national character. What constitutes national character? That individuality of language, habits, thought, action, and fraternal love which char acterise every nation and tribe'of people, but the peo ple of the United States. That complete bond of union,*that perfect unity of purpose, which distinguish every section and division of mankind save and except these States. The love of country is deeply imprinted on the heart of every human being?struggle as he may to shake it off-, it still clings to him?wander where he will in search of a new country, new friends, and new attachments, his heart, true to its first love, yearns for those he has left behind, and its most devout aspirations are breathed for his native home. Indeed, the more distant the land of his choice from the land of his birth, the more hopeless the chance of returning to his own country and his own kindred, the more in tensely dues the love of home and of country burn in the bosom of the emigrant. It is right that it should be so. It is'an inefacoable law of nature, and cannot be evaded. Even the wretch who is cast off by his country for his crimes is obedient to its mandate?, and his last virtuous impulse is aroused into action by na tional reproaches?44 Oh! Jerusalem! Jerusalem! when I forget thee, may my right hand forget its cunning," is not more the sentiment of the Jewish prophet who uttered it than of every man who breathes. Why, then, do I not say that the people of these States are not imbued with this holy spirit? Ilave they not the same natural impulses a8 other men, and are they not governed by the same law of human na ture? Surely they are, and the natives of these States sepafete and distinct from the mass of the foreign population, are not meant to be embraced in my ex ception. It is the heterogeneous compound of Dutch, Irish, English, French, Spanish, Polish, Swiss, and Italian?the incongruous mixture of " Turk, Jew, and Atheist," that excludes the very possibility of forming the great features of the national character in the United States. No common principle of action per vades?no common object occupies the thoughts and desires of such a mass of contradictory elements. In the multiplicity of strange habits and strange ton?ues, the outline of the American character are with difficulty distinguishable; and the native American has some times reason to doubt whether he is in his own cr in a foreign country. How often have we witnessed the enthusiasm with which 44 Erin go brah!" and the "Marseilles Hymn" have been caught up and reechoed in our Theatres, whilst the notes of the national an thems of 4tHatl Columbia!" and 44Star Spangled Ban ner!" have fallen coldly and almost unheeded upon the ear. These things should not be so, Mr. Editor. We should love our ?wn country and our own countrymen better than the country and countrymen of others. We must cherish our national pride, national customs, and national institutions, or we shall never attain to na tional character. We must become one people, pursue one object, and be governed by one impulse, if we de sire to assume a distinctive place amongst the nations of the earth. To accomplish this, we must not hesi tate in a course so obviously indispensable. We must say to the tide of emigration which now threatens to overwhelm us, 44 thus far shalt thou go, and no far ther!" Having erected barriers to the dangerous in flux of foreigners, in a generation or two the foreign ingredients now here will be fused into the mass of the American neoiile. and our descendants may feel that when the American people are spoken of, every tribe under the sun are not embraced in the designation AMERICAN US. Mr. Editors I will thank you to endeavor to pro care, a list of all the foreigners employed by the Ge neral Government, and a statement as to when they were naturalized, that is whether before or since they became fnftambents, also the places of their birth, and the compensation they are receiving-, with the names of the different officers who appoint them. CORRECTOR. We will cheerfully comply with the above request provided, our friends in the different departments, will transmit us the best information they have on the subject. As this is a public mafter, there can be no indelicacy in giving the date, are therefore we hope we shall receive the desired statements in time for our next publication. ?d. Mr. Editor: The following anecdote of Dr. Fianklin is so well adapted to the present times, that I hope you will give it a place in the Native American. "During the administration of Sir Robert Walpole, the transportation of convicts to this country proved a great grievance. Dr. Franklin wrote to the Minister the thanks of the colonies for the mateinnl care of Bri tain to the country, so strongly manifested in this in stance, and as a satisfactory proof of American grati tude, sent him a collection of rattlesnakes, which he ad vised him to have introduced into his Majesty's gar dens at Kew, in order that they might propagate and increase?assuring him that they would be as beneficial to his Majesty's English dominions, as the British crmvicts were to America." Here, we have the sentiments of the great Franklin; the wisest man, perhaps,"" the world ever knew?ap probatory of the principles of our association; expres sed in |he stongest manner possible. Yet, the Jllbn ny Argus sayg these principles, which Washington and Jefferson, and Franklin approved, are "detestable."? This is a "democrat" for you, with a vengeance! P. CURRENCY OF VEGETABLES.?The Nor wich Courier tells us that a traveller was recently stopped at a toll-gate in Connecticut by the inability of the good woman in charge to make change. He asked the lady what he should do. She could not tell, uuless he would consent to take something which she had to sell. "O yes," said he, "I will take any thing." lie handed her the bill, and after a short absence in the house, she returned with a large quantity of catnip, cumfrey, mint, mayweed, motherwort!), and other me dicinal herbs neatly tied up in bunches, which she de posited in the gentleman's carriage, and he drove off We are pleased t? learn, says the New York Mer cantile Advertiser, that the ship Virginia the Liver pool Packet of the 24ih i3 carrying out as many emi grants as she can accommodate, and that as many as can raise the means are preparing to return to avoid the suffering and privation to which they must eventu ally be subjected by remaining. We say we are pleas ed, for it will have a tendency to counteract the delu sion unfortunately so prevaileth in England and Ire land, of the demand for labour in this country. And tbey will hereafter place no dependence on the lying hand bills circulated through the United Kingdom by which they have been deceived and impoverished. The question " why printers do not succeed in busi ness as well as brewersl " was thue answered, "be cause printers work for the head, and brewers for the stomach; and where twenty men have a ritomach, but one has a head. " WASHINGTON. SATURDAY, AUGUST 36, 1837. " ouh courrHi?uwiu hiuht?hi>t, uiuht oh wkong, och couNTnr." * We beg leave to thank those of our Editorial breth eren who have paid us a complimentary notice?not to return our thanks, would imply a want of gratitude foreign to our character. Our paper will continue on its course, despite the false accusations made agninst it, by interested and venal presses. Professing no party bias, and feeling none, save that natural to a true Amer ican, who of course must feel an interest in the coun try, we have been attacked by a party press. Once for all, we deny any such character, and defy our ene mies to point out any sentence in our paper that can be tortured into such a construction; and, if advocating an American feeling in this country, (which we believe is still on the American continent and called the United States) is to run counter to the policy of this or that party, all that we can do is to leave it to our country men to decide whether our party should not be the pre dominant and orthodox one, and all these in opposition heretics to the cause of liberty, honor, and the coun ty. It is pretended by our opponents that we are anxious to establish'the system of expost facto laws, and to overthrow the rights secured by the Constitutiwn of the United States to the naturalized citizen. This is all idle subterfuge. Those persons who use this argument against us, are insincere, and advance it but to disguise their deep rooted prejudices against any and all at tempts that Americans may make to assert their rights of possession to the country. We emphatically say, once for all, that we are for abiding strictly by the letter of the constitution in this and every other particular. Some foolish knave has attempted to ridicule the idea of possession to country as set up by any nation?but had the writer of "Pat-Riot," which was paraded by some old subscriber in the National Intelligencer a few weeks back, reflected for one brief and rational moment upon the subject on which he professed proficiency and brilliant wit, he would have discovered that to be born politically to a land constitutes the rights of na tivity. We will explain to this modern Solon. Our fathers were not the possessors by a long line of ances try to this country. They had no deed to the continent of Noith America, but they came here and bought the territory of the Indiana, o[ asserting the right secured by the direct providence of heaven, manifested in ci vilization and Christianity, took possession of the rich and fertile fields, benefitting themselves thereby and not injuring the Indians. The cloud of the revo lution broke upon the" horizon?it darkened along the coast, and the storm of foreign tyranny broke in upon their peaceful homes. The revolution was enacted? the bloody drama in which Washington played the saviour of a mighty race, was carried out and the cur tain fell, between the sanguinary throne and the land of freedom, forever and forever. Then dawned the era of possession. Then we commenced ownership by political and dear won rights. Then our fathers re ceived their deed, and we are claiming under that in trument of glorious achievements?under it we are pre tending and daring to say, "This is out country, we have a right to dictate to our guests what they shall comply with ere they are permitted to take their final seat among us." The foreigner'has as much right to ship uporrTum as'to prohibit his admittance at all. The right and the power are both in our hands. He is a petitioner. He and I (we speak in a case) are not parties to a suit. We are the grantors?we have all power?he is a mere supplicant?but it is useless to pur. sue the self evident proposition an y farther. Human reason has one indomitable enemy, human prejudice, and until the elements of good and evil cease to be two, and as long as the latter lasts in all controversy, we must expect this opposition to our creed. We have heard foreigners boast, since the organiza tion of the Native American Association, of their supe rior, and in our opinion, super-human attachment to this country. Men, born in other countries, whose nightly prayers are offered up to heaven for the land where rest their fathers bones, and sleep perhaps forever, the be loved objects of their first affections. They boast that they love this country with more ardor than the native to the land itself! Preposterous and far-fetched hy pocrisy. They may love the land that feeds them, but they cannot forget the bosom that gave them their first maternal nourishment. The heart, riaes up in op position to the idea, and as it is all a matter in which the heart is concerned, the repugnance of nature ob tains the victory, and the affections go back on the long voyage to the dear "Old Country." The brogue never leaves the tongue of the Irishman ?the accent never departs from the Frenchman, and the real Dutchman will forever make you smile with his curious bur of the English idiom, and the York shireman, dreaming of his native land, murmurs in his sleep the beloved word of "ome"?the h, he never can pronounce. If from the "oily" tongue the forms and sounds of idiom cannot be erased, can the heart and the intellect give up more readily their more permanent impressions? No! It is against nature. "The shivering tenant of the frozen zone, Bolilly proclaims the happiest spot his own." We remarked in another place that we were native possessors of ibis countryr by the right of the revolu ti -1. Our fathers contended for freedom, and at the same time for the permanent and entire fee simple possession of the soil. A few foreigners fought on our side?very few in proportion to those who fought against ns. When the war was ended, did not these foreigners sit down under our " fi<r and vine tree and ! enjoy the fruits of victory?" Have not two genera tions passed away since those eventful times, and are not their grand children natives in spirit, bone and blood! Unquestionably they are. Then their rights are paid to them in equal proportion to others who contended in the struggle. The claim of gratitude is satisfied?the debt cancelled between them and this country. Hutshall it follow, that because twenty Irishmen or more died on our fields?because a hand ful of Poles or Englishmen watered with their blood the tree of liberty, that wo shall in a phrenzy fit of gratitude invite all Europe tj partake of our Govern ment? The idea is preposterous. We see in fancy the lazar-houses of Europe, and we hear the low chuckle of the poor inmates, when they think of the hoax they are playing off upon us. Gratitude forsooth. Gratitude to the.Banclified dead imparts a holier obliga tion. Gratitude to George Washington dictates that we should treasure up his farewell address in our hearU, and take to our deep and earnest ^consideration his solemn warning against this very evil of foreign influence, which is crushing down our energies. EXTRA SESSION OF THE 25th CONGRESS. As the extra sep^ion of the new Congress convenes, on the 4th of September, thai is, next Monday week, we have inserted below a copy of the President'3 Pro clamation authorizing that act of the Executive in a call of the Senate and House of Representatives to as semble at the Capitol to deliberate on"great and weigh ty matters." BTT THE PRESIDENT or THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. A PROCLAMATION Whereas ?Mat and weighty matters, claiming the consideratio^^M||^X;ongress of the United States, form an extr^^^^^Voc?asion for convening them, 1 do, by these p^^^Happoinl the first Monday of Sep tember next, foTCR^meeting at the city of Washing ton; hereby requiting the respective Senators and Re presentatives then and there to assemble in Congress, in order to receive such communications as may then be made to them, and to consult and determine on such measures as in their wisdom may be deemed meet for the welfare of the United States. In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the [l. 8.] United States to be hereunto affixed, and signed the same with my hand. Done it the city of Washington, the fifteenth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, and of the independence ofthe United States ' the sixty-first. M. VAN BUR EN. By the President: John Forsvth, Secretary of State. We call the serious attention of the public to the nervous and powerful communication, signed P, in another column! Our principles have been attacked by newspapers, supposed to be high iu influence with the democratic party, and if our correspondent is read, it will be seen how easily the honest truth can shame down the libels and slanders of unprincipled attacks. We do not envy the Editor of the Argus his feelings at reading the remarks of our correspondent. We shall order a paper to be sent to him with a fingermark to call his attention to the communication. He shall have no excuse for not reading it, save the apology of fear. The " Madibonian" has made its appearance., It is neatly printed, and rumor speaks of its editor as an ac complished gentleman. Its tone, and character have given rise to much conversation in tho political circles of this city. We have only to express a wish that while it appears the organ of a party, it will bend its bow in behalf of the country at large. The people are sick of whining hypocrites and arrant demagogus. Let us have the age of reason and calm discussion. One wordkto our friends. The Native American is the vehicle of patriotism and intended to work out the great Y^jeets of national justice, and in no event shall be made the channel of personal pique. We have re ceived a communication retorting on "Washington" a correspondent in our second number, in which the writer thinks his feelings have bean wounded by that communication. The. allusion to a native architect in "the piece signed "Wasington" is to our eyes, very vague, but in order to prevent further misunderstanding we must insist upon an exclusion of all bitter personal reflections from our columns. The native American architect,whom ourcorreapou dentin reply to "Washington" thinks has peen injured, we know and cordially estee m; he lias high talents, and his genius is an honor to the country. For the future, nothing shall be inserted that will outrage our own personal sense of delicate courtesy, which we owe to our fellow men, and our object can be ?Ui\U?e.dJbX.4i?Gl'^l'><T ?vrinciulps,witV,|l| indulcrjnrr in inutfc personal piques, which weaken tiie cause advoca ted, and lower lh^ paper that consents to be the vehicle of the abuse. When we obtain a copy of our countryman Willis's new Tragedy J3ianca, we will enliven our readers with extracts therefrom. Those "specimens" that have been given to the public, evince a high talent and place Mr. W. on the pinnacle of poetic reputation. From the New York Mercantile advertiser. GROSS OUTRAGE.?A gentleman came yester day to the Mayor's Office, and complained that an Irishman had lately brought t,o a hovel in Madison street, from Perth Amboy, eight men and women, all of whom he alledged were most dangerously sick there of the plague called the Ship Fever?and all in one room!!! All these persons were introduced contrary to law, and we learn that the Mayor proceeded forth with to require prompt justice in the premises. IMPORTANT. This is a mutable world, and all things thereon wax old. The tailors have decreed, in their great wisdom, that straps shall no longer be worn to pantaloons. The most direful consequences are to be apprehended from this measure. The legs of our slim dandies, thus let loose, will take flight, and run goodness knows were.?N. Y. Times. FRONTIERS.?The Mr. Greely imprisoned in the Frederickton (Nf. B.) jail for trespassing upon Mada waska (disputed territory) lands, has been released by , the request of the President of the United States? Sir John Harvey, the Governor of New Brunswick, acceding to the request. Six companies of the 1st infantry, from Fort Craw ford, arrived at Jefferson Barracks on the 21st tilt, and four companies of the same regiment from Fort Spel ling on the 19th, that the whole regiment is now con centrated at Jefferson Barracks. A Court of Inquiry will be convened at Athens (Tenn.) on the 25th instant, to examine into the trans actions of Brigadier General J. E. Wool, and others under his command, in reference to bis and their con duct in the Cherokee country, so called, as set. forth in a letter from His Excellency the Governor of Ala bama, dated July I, 1837, addressed to the Secretary of War, and in the joint resolutions of the Senate and House of Representatives of that State, approved June 30, 1837, which accompanied the said letter. The Court will consist of Major General W. Scott, Colonel W. Lindsay, and Major M. M. Payne; Lieut. W, C. I)ellart, Judge Advocate. THE BUCKEYES. In Hebron, Ohio, there ate two sisters, one. of whom, 15 years of age, weighs two hundred and eighty pounds?the other is 17 years of age and weighs three hundred and twenty pounds. CROPS ON THE EASTERN SHORE The Snowhill Sontinel of the 15th inst. says:?The season is every way favorable for vegetation. The rain which has fallen so abundantly, will be ample for the latter corn, and that crop may now be considered made. The appearance of the country is splendid. The fields and the forests give every evidence of a fruitful sea son. And so delicious a temperature of weather con tinuing during a whole summer, we have no recollec tion of. AGRICULTURE of MAINE. It is estimated by an agricultural gentleman of Maine, that the product of wheat in that state this year will be about 1,001), 000 bushels, nqual to 320,000 bbls. of flour. Last year Maine imported 150 bbls. floui, and this year she will probably have a considerable amount to export. The Zanesville Ohio Gazette says that wheat in that place is selling at 1$ per bushel arid Flour at $(] per barrel. Several gentlemen "down east," have' formed them selves into a company, to obtain what relics they can from the wreck of the first American frigate ever built, viz: the Warren, 32 guns, wrecked at Penobscot, in the revolutionary war. A man named Gambril was killed in aiding the po lice to break up a nest of disorderly negroes at An nopolis, and his negro assailant (Wayson) is in jail. 0 SPORTING IN WISCONSIN. The gunning season is close at hand when sports men may take lo their guns. The Woodcock are now in prime order, and may he "bagged" without any in fringement upon the "game laws," or the imputation of "poaching." The young pheasants and Prairie hens are also well grown, and in fine condition. The kind ness of friends enables us to speak from experience, having been recently favored with a lew brace from their well-stored bags. Deer will become abundant as the Indians leave us. They may be regarded as fully in season from the first proximo, and several days since we could not conscientiously refuse a part of a line saddle of venison presented us by a friend?it proved delicious, though, in sportsman's tongue, it was not killed "secundum fiirmam stututi," or, according to the "rules and regulations of this here thociety." Par tridges, Pidgeons, and Turkeys are very plenty, and will soon be "fair game." Bear and Klk some dis tance hence, may also be found. We could make the mouths water of some of our eastern epicurean friends, by a bare enumeration of the many good things, in the fish and fowl line, with which we are blessed, were we so mischievously disposed, but we are too amiable for that, and will no further otfend in that way than by telling them a word of our prairie hen, of which we suppose them to know but little, but which we beg leave to assure them is one, if not the chief of our delicacies, and will balance their canvass backs and their oysters: The prairie hen, then, is no less a dis tinguished bird than the pinnated grouse or heath hen, some few of which are found on Long Island, some part of New Jersey, and the northeastern part of Penn sylvania, and which are so highly esteemed, that they readily command in the New York Market from $8 50 to $5 per brace. They are nearly the size of a common barn fowl, and in the fall of the year become gregarious, and are found in large flocks. In summer they go to the prairie. They become excessively fat, do not ily far or fast, and are easily bagged. Their habits are different in some respects from the northern bird of the same kind, and in consequence ther*? is a difference in the color of the meat and its flavor, but they are certainly no less delicious on that account. Come here this Fall, bring your gun along, and your pointer, if you have one, and we'll show you how to do up the prairie hen.?Ter. Guz. July, 3. SOUTH AMERICA. The Pennsyl vanian states that General McAfek, Charged' Affaires to New Gran ada, has arrived at Philadelphia from Bogota, which place he loft on the'20th June, at which time peace and tranquility prevailed in that Republic. It is also stated that he has obtained an appropria tion from the Congress of that country, for their por tion of Colombian claims, settled in 1829, due to some of the citizens of this county. The Convention with Venezuela, as to the settle ment. of the preceeding claims, as well as for the pay ment of the foreign and domestic debt, has also been ratified by the Congress of the three Republics, Ve nezuela, New 'Granada, and the Equator, into which the Republic was divided, and it is exj eeted commis sioners will meet in the month of December next, when all claims will be heard and ad justed. Funds are also provided to pay the interest on ihe five and three per cents, by New Granada. From an officer onboard the North Carolina, in a | letter dated Valparaiso, May 14th, we learn that the officers and crew had a pleasant time ai Rio de Janeiro, during there three weeks' stay in that port, were hos pitably entertained, and their noh'e ship greatly admir ed. So large a vessel had never been seen there before, and it was "not disagreeable, or perhaps unprofitable, to astonish the natives with such heavy batteries and numerous decks. The English Admiral was in a small razee, much over-topped by the American line-of battle ship; and a couple of British regiments, most of them Irishmen, on their way to Ceylon were pre sented with a spectacle altogether striking to them. Mr Lovimosoff, the Russian Minister, who was for merly attached to the Kussian Legation at Washington, and much attached to this country; Mr. Hamilton, the British Minister; M. de la Hosier, the French; M. Mari, the Belgian; the Chevalier t'rytz, the Danish minis ters, and others, extended civilties to Commodore Bul lanl and his officers. Alter leaving Rio, the North Carolina w?s but 49 Ko/t n'Ktinn tKonfo In V?1 nprnon. without icebergs or extreme cold; the?thermnmetor not below 30, although theship was driven to a high south ern latitude, f>0 degrees, she behaving admirably, and proving herself as fine a sea boat as ever was built, perfectly easy and comfortable, and so remarkably healthy, that Cape Horn could not be doubled under more favorable circumstances. The United States sloop of war Vandalia, Commo dore Thomas Crabb, arrived at Pennsacola, on the 12th August, from Vera Cruz, from which port she sailed on the 3d August, Mr. Robeit Greenhow, a pas senger in the Vandalia, who had been despatched by our Government, with important communications for that of Mexico, left the city of Mexico on the 30th of July last, at which time all was tranquil throughout the interior as far as publicly known. Santa Ana was quietly residing at Manga de Clavo, near Vera Ciuz. Mr Greenhow relates that when about to leave Jala pa, at 3 o'clock on the morning of the 2d instant, a violent earthquake occurred; which, on his arrival at Vera Ciuz, lie learned had caused much danger to the city and produced the utmost consternation among its inhabitants, many of whom took refuge on board th<) shipping in the harbor. The shock was felt on board the Vandalia, about which it occasioned much agita tiou of the water. There has been a mutiny among the npgroesat Trin idad, but it was soon put down. A few lives were lost. SPANISH LAWS.?The law for the abolition of tithes was adopted in the Cortes on the 24th of June, by a majority of 112 to 31. By this law, the Treasu ry will lose 60,000,000 of reals per annum. The University of Athens was opened by KingOtho, on the 15th of May, but not one student had presented himself for admission. DEATH of a CARDINAL.?His Eminence Or dinal Peter Francis Gallefi. Bishop of Porto hud Ci vita-Vecchia, Sub-deacon of the Holy College, etc. eel, died at. Rome on the 18th June. 'He wa3 born at Gresene, in 1770, and was raised to the purple by Pius VI IT. Tho Faculty of Yale College have conferred the honorary degree nf Master of Aits on our worthy fel low townsman Dr. Foltz, of the Navy ACCIDENT.,?We leain that the Hon. John Rug oles, U. S. Senator from this State, was very seriously injured, a few days since, by the falling of a portion of a bridge?and that it is not probable be will be able totake his seat in Congress at the opening of the ex tra session.? [Poitland Advertiser.] UNIVERSITY 0/ VIRGINIA.?The visitors of this Institution convened on Thursday last and during their sessions, the vacancies occasioned by the death of Dr. Magill, and the resignation of Dr. Warner were filled by the choice of Dr. Griffith of Baltimore, as professor of Medicine, and Dr. James S Cabel of Richmond, now in Paris, as Demonstrator of Anato my and Surgery. Dr. Cabell graduated at the Univer sity of Virginia a few years since; we understand he will be here to attend to the duties of hfa appointment in October next. There were 202 deaths in New York laet week?21 by consumption?11 measles. BALTIMORE CUSTOM HOUSE BONDS.? We learn that the number of bonds, which have laid over at the Custom House in Baltimore, between the 10th of May and the 20th of August, is two hundred and six?and the amount due on these is one bundled and ninetv-nine thousand, five hundred and forty-one dollars and seven cents. Suits on lhe3e bonds have been postponed until the first of October next, THE BANKS.? From the suspension of spccie payments up to the first of the present month, the loans of the banks of Philadelphia have been diminished one million neven hundred thousand dollars, and their cir culation decreased about one million five hundred tnousand dollars. i Strike umnnff the Sultan's bnatmr.n.?Th# oarsmen r>f the celebrated Turkish caicks at Constantinople, tiave struck against the monopoly of the ste imera, ply ing among the villages on the Bosphorus. The Divan ' were forced to issue an order, by which nil good mus selmen were expected not to goby infidel steam! Alas, dooi Fulton! E ven the sleepy Ottoman is roused lo rebellion by the fire of youi genius. * A Minister from Austria, it is reported, is about to be despatched to this country in the per9on of Baron Marshall, lately Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the court of Brazil. The minister of Peru in a letter to the secretary of state, pays the following merited compliment to Mr. Larned, the late charge des affaires to that republic. ?'His excellency pays a sacred debt, in acknowledg ing, in an authentic form, to the government of the United Stales, that Samuel Larned, the lant charge d* affaires near the government of pwru, fulfilled, with the most laudable, ability the functions with which he has been invested; and that he carries with him, 011 his return to the country of his birth, the strongest esteem and the most sincere affection of the govern ment, and of the inhabitants of the confederation. "The undersigned hopes that the minister addressed will make known to the president of the United States this testimonial of the fiiendship and gratitude which Mr. Lained has secured to himself in tire discharge of his duties." A Smyrna paper mentions that a firman has been de livered by the porte to Gen. Cass, American minister at the Tuileries, for a passage up the Dardanelles for the American frigate United States. After a stay of some weeks in Constantinople, General Cass will con tinue his journey into Syraand Egypt. It was thouqhrt at Smyrna that this diplomatist has a political mission. His journey is called a tour of inspection. We learn from Montreal that the French Minister Plenipotentiary to this country, M. Pointois, and M. Saligny, Secretary of Legation, are 011 a visit to Canada. AN AMBASSADOR IN A MEXICAN PRISON. A correspondent of the New Orleans Commercial Bulletin, writes as follows from Matamoras, under date of the 31st July: "The magnanimity shewn by the Texian Govern , ment in releasing all the Mexican prisoners in Texas has been but poorly reciprocated on the part of this go. vernment, in their treatment of the Texian prisoners now confined in the quarters of this city. Among the number of prisoners taken on bnaid the Texian armed schooner Independence is the Hon. W. H. Wharton whose situation is truly deplorable, and it would ap pear as if this government had singled him out to wreak their vengeance upon. Since his arrival at Ma tamoras, he has been confined in a very small room, bristling with the bayonets of his guard, without the possibility of seeing the light of heaveji, except through iron grates?denied the privilege of writing or com municating with any one except his guard?dependent upon his own resources for his daily food, not having been offered this last by the government?half de voured by the fleas, half suffocated by the heat, con tinually plundered by the guard, denied even medical aid when sick, his regu'ar rest entirely destroyed at night by the horrific screams of the sentinels within :i few feet of his bed, render his situation miserable in ihe extreme. IMPORTANT NEWS FROM TEXAS. From the Testis Tcleg'-aph. Houston, July 15, 1837. Since the paper of lliis week went to press, much important intelligence has been received, which we hasten to lay before our readers in the form of an. extra. Hcxrtr, July 4, 1837. 1 stopped the. other day two Mexicans, formerly re sident citizens of this place, who came heie to trade, and look after their stock. They fled from this place ihe moment it was abandoned by the Mexican Armv, They are now from I.oredo; they stale tlhat the. Mexi can army has retired to the interior; that civil war is laging there, and that the force in Loredo amounts to 100 cavalry and 60 infantry. H. W. KARNES, Col. commanding. OapUThompson, who has just ariived in this city, confirms the above statement reWmu to the Mexican army. He thinks the armies of Mexico will hereafter limit their campaigns against Texas to the vicinity of Matamoras. Gen. Cos arrived at. the BrazoS San I a go, just before Capt Thompson left; the General spoke in ihe highest commendatory terms of the generosil}' of our citizens, and declared that Col. Wharton should he released on his arrival in Matamoras, or he would no longer consent to hold a commission in the Mexi can aimy. Capt. i hon pson has brought with him the most sa tisfactory testimonials of the sincerity of his intentions in espousing our cause. I he prisoners who were con fined at Matamoras all unite in bestowing on him the most lavish praises for his generosity and untiring ex ertions in protecting them from insuit, and in procu ring (or them every comfort and convenience in his power. The following letter concerning him will be read with interest; he has many others of a similar import. . Matagorda, July \th, 1837. To the people of Texas.?Favored by the interposi tion of a Divine Providence, we the nndersigned, on the night of the 2fith June last, succeeded in making our escape from the hands of our enemy, among whom we had been detained prisoners of war, and have just landed at Matagorda. Upon our arrival we learned that Captain T. VV. Thompson, formerly of Mexico, had preceded us about three days, and of whose de parture from the Hrazos de Santiago, we had every pre vious knowledge; he having fully acquainted us with his purpose of q .itting that service several weeks since, and moreover his intentions of making us the compa nions of his flight. From unforseen but uigent neces sity, he was compelled to leave sooner than he antici pated, without being able to give us any information of his precipitate movement. But praised be God! we also have been enabled to effect our escape, and rejoice at it most that we thereby have it in our power to hear our full testimony to the untiring kindness and atten tion that we, as well as the rest of the officers and crew of the Independence, received from Captain T. W. Thompson. Hut for Ills < xertions in our favor, our con dition would have been wretched and well righ insup portable; by his interposition we weie allowed every liberty usual for prisoners of war; and countenanced by him, all the rest of the Mexican officers wero in duced to treat us with courtesy and respect. For these services and attentions he has acquired our eternal gra titude and friendship, and We feel unbounded pleasure in thus publicly subscribing to his worth as a man, to his merits and skill as a naval officer, confidently trust ing that our fellow citizens will, by every means in iheir power, bestow on Captain Thompson that respect and gratitude which his generous and noble conduct towards their unfortunate countrymen so richly deserve. GEO. WHBELRIGHT, Capt. Texas Navy ALBERT M. LEVY, Srrgeon Texas Navy. Port of Galveston, July 13, 1837. To the Hon. Secretary of War. Sir:?The United States sloop of war Boston, Fred. Engle, Esq., com mander, came to anchor olf this post on the 11th inst.r at 4 o'clock, P. M. Reports that she left Vera Crux on the 1st inst., bound to Pensacola. Lieut. Moore, Purser Southlaw, and Midshipman Rutledge, came off and spent some hours on shore; report that the Mexicans refuse to^iegotiate with the United States until she revokes ihe recognition of the independence of Texas; reports Col. Wharton in Matamoros, on pa role of honor, and that he will be released on the ar rival of Gen. Cos. The schooners Invincible aud Bru tus were off Caippeachy banks when last heard of. AM ASA TURNER, Col. commanding. We learn from a late English paper, that there has been J51 sealing vessels fitted out ftQtn Newfoundland the present season, of I0,fi48 tons, and carrying 2,!)00 men. f l?KVAIJ<;ifN, Clipper, 1-eecher nud Meeder-? . Hhs on hand and will al? ay ? keep * litrg# itipply of the iiest Sweedish Leech;*. He can be found at hII hours at hi* i*e*ideneu on 9th rivet, three door* north of Penn*ylvanm Avenue, nearly opposite Gunton'* Drug Store. |tl| 20?y AfjRGTs Lottery ami Kxch'inge Office, 5 l)oor* .? east of the National Hotel, Pennsylvania Avenue j where lie keep* con*tantly on limit) a fine selection of Tick el*, in all the various Lotterie* now drawing under the man agement of I). 8 Gregory, k Co. All order* promptly attended to.