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SATURDAY, SEP r. 2, 1837. ?CB COlNTHI AlWATS RIOHT?HUT, II1GHT Oil WXOIt, ouh rnv?mr." We have long been of ihe opinion, that the antients were in many respects, far more advanced than our selves in wisdom prac'ical, as well as iheoieiical. Amongst other things, in the code of laws, as given by that wise Legislator af.d Philosopher, Solon, to the Athenians, we find, that, a citizen who remained neutral on public and political subjecls, was considered an enemy of the state, and why was it that this arti cle was recommended, and finally adopted by the people? It was because the great law giver, and the patriotic inhabitants of Athens were of opinion, that a citizen had no right to withhold from his own coun try that assistance which all owe to the land that gave them birth, and the institutions, that affords them pro tection, because they thought that in times of excite ment and peril to remain an indifferent and listless spectator, was injurious to Ihe interests of the state, first by the subsiraction of individual strength and in fluence from the contest, and secondly, by the bad ex ample which, the conduct of an apathetic citizen wave to others, because in the last place they believed, that the only and leading reason why bad, and designing men, could obtain the ascendency, and mislead the crowd, was that those citizens who were real lovers of the state, withdrew gradually from public affairs, in disgust, or fatigue, and by so doing made way for the factious and unprincipled. These reasons and ar guments which were received as good and convincing in the olden day, may be applied with equal felicity and success in the modern. For let us review? Eve ry one will agree with us that, all men by the accident of birth owe an original allegiance lo their native land. It follows then, that there is a superior, a binding, and co-existent power which may compel a citizen, where he has the means, to aid that country whan it needs his ser vices. He has no right, when called upon, to refuse; if a true patriot, he must sacrifice domesiic tranquility for the public weal, for had not our illustrious sires, been also of opinion, that the good of country, was superior to every person-1 consideration, hid they, through a fear ?<f deranging their home comforts and enjoyments, and bringing upon them and theirs the vengeance of a powerful king, not entered upon the struggle against oppression, never would this fair conn try have been blessed as she h and has been, never would we feel ourselves called up in to celebrate the deeds and merits of those men, who thought with So lon, that apathy and indifference in lime of public ex citement ever unworthy of true patriots,'and ou -lit to be forbidden to those who hope or as;,ire ufier good government. It is equally true, lb it each member of a community possessing some influence, great or con fined, as the case may be, and power in proportion, his absence from public deliberation, or action has its in jurous effects either direct or the contrary, aid that the advance of his country's gord is retarded in propor tion to that aid which he did not afford, a rain. we are all well aware of the effect of example, we all well knew that whenever a man (Jf any weight, in the com munity either politically or socially, withdraws him from government, or from public affurs, that in addi lbnei? 11,6 i,,j"ry d0n* t0 1,15 n;UlV(J ">y his own many^ndTom elimr^.^Lr/o^'^^^^SLT;! m.?del, and m accordance with the views and opinions of their patron, believe thai they too have tha right to be equally indifferent and inert. All our readers'must al once discover, what a door for the entrance of abuses this doctrine must open, and how hostile this aceommo "ng and temporizing policy must also be to the true spirit of our glorious Republican Institutions. Were it followed out in its premises and conclusions, the re sult inevitably must be, that all in the land, have an equal right to refuse their aid to government, that each one would be jusl.fiable, because his domestic enjoyments are as ample as he can desire, and the e ects of certain political movements reach him not in his retirement, in shrinking from an active part in puhl.c concern?, and consequently doing nothing for that order of things, to which he is indebted even for those domestic pleasures, and to which he owes what is more priceless stil, Liberty, social and politi cal. Let us one and all scout this unhealthy doc trine, let us unite in the pledge, that we will do al! that comes within onr power for the interests and pros perity of our own dear land, looking upon those who stand listless and indifferent, when great moral revolu tions are;n work, as mere political drones, who in most cases, were it not fnr the bad example which they give, could not by their absence from ihe arena make themselves noticed or regretted. If we rcfWt in addition to ihe above considerations, that good and patriotic men by absenting themselves from active no luteal existence, or at least from a partial intercourse with the same, give so many opportunities to those who are influenced by sinister motives to .rather pow er into their own hands, wo must fee! ourselves still more convinced of the bad effects of the doctrine, or it is a fact, that whenever the upright do retire rom offices of truuUnd emolument, eilher as lerjsJat0,s or as executive agents, under the mistaken idoa that things are bad beyond cure, and that it would be a matter ol ind.fference to the country whether they retired or not, immediately those are sent lo our le,.is I..... hall., are plaeed in ??r ?X(,culjve -h have been so ?*?,?? ??j. crowd, and .he So?d, a?d the pal,io,ic MO lo oppose or to crash Ihfm. I,et a|, on this grave consideration, for it is well wnnhv r onr thoughts, let all reeiove it a, an orthodox and healthy doctrine, that noeitizen, he he liamblc or orc?t be he ?eh or poor, naturalized or naiive, ,lils when called upon either by the dircet veiee of'hls country, or by the complexion or exigencies of the time, ha, to refuse whatever he may possess of h " r ?f ?' "ccomplishiitents, L, 'hos1? "ccasions wherein his ,o?| virl may indeed be put to the te?, hut the advauiageiol which, are often times, honor and success. Shame on the grovelling mind that does not foster some hopes of future reputation, some dreams born of of audible ambition. To such, a patriotic apppal would bo a waste of words, but to those who feel an interest in political affairs, and who hope perhaps to he active sharers in them, to such we exclaim?citi zens, if you wish to preserve your institutions, if you wish to confound the unprincipled and designing, pnt your shoulders to the wheel, fix your thoughts upon the subject. Say not, as do many, that because you feel not as yet the evils, you have therefore nothing at slake in the contest, but prove yourselves real republi cans of the right school, by punishing those who have donn yon an injury, and rewarding thoso who have wished and done you well. And among other things, forget not, as you value the rights of freemen, to sup port by word, dead and example, ih? Ntli*# Auisriwu Association, which for good and holy purposes has been called into being. PROROGATION OF PARLIAMENT. According to the English papers lately received in this country, the ceremony of the Prorogation of Par liament must have been an imposing spectacle. So high was public expectation, that all the avenues lead ing to the House were crowded with ladies anxiously waiting the hour for admission. The ladies were all attired in deep mourning with plumes of black feathers, which, contrasted with the state robes of the Peers, and the brilliant costumes of the foreign ministers and am bassadors, gave tr> the House very peculiar and "trill ing appearance. The speaker having addressed her majesty, in the prescribed form, professing the pleasure of the House of Commons at her succession to the throne, and their determination to preserve their fidelity unchanged, and having entered into a rapid enumeration of the acts of the last Parliament, and concluded by a hope, that an act to apply the sum of 5,000,000/. out of the consoli dated fund to the service of the. year 1837, and to ap propriate the supplies gianted in this session of Par liament would meet the Royal approbation. Ilrr majesty then read in a clear and unfaltering v< ice. her speech. as prepared by her ministers. She thanks them for their condolence up >n the death of his late majesty, and for their expression of attachment, and promises to respect law and the interests of the kingdom in her administration, and concludes by placing confidence in the wisdom of Parliament, the affections of her people, and divine protection, for a happy and beneficial reiirn. The speech was enthusiastically received ; and ihe Lnrd Chancellor then said?"That it is her majesty's will and pleasure, this Parliament be prorogued to Thursday the 10th day of August next, and Parlia is accordingly prorogued to Thursday the 10th day of August next. In a'day or so, our Congress will meet in its extra session, to take into consideration prave and all im portant matters, with which the dearest inteiestsof the country are concerned. The members are arriving in considerable numbers, and it is to be hoped, that on the opening of the two houses, the seats will be all occupied, and that each tnan will be found ready at his post. As a neutral paper we do not express our particular expectations or wishes touching the course that Congress in its wisdom will think proper to adopt, but we indulge in the hope, that every thing will be done for the best, and the country be alleviated from the burdens that oppress it. We also hope, that whilst a proper warmth and energy will be exhibited cn the exciting questions which shall come under con sideration. our Members and Senators will make them selves respected by their countrymen for their gentle j manly language in d"hale. and their politic\1 modera I tion. As citizens of Washington we all shall have reason to rej -ice a*, this extra session, as besides the attraction for strangers to visit us. and the consequent activity and spirit in society and business, we will also have it in our power to enjoy the society of the Mem bers, and our time agreeab'v and usefully in attend ance on the debates. It is truly ridiculous to see the tone of some of our respectable daily prints upon the subject of the 44 Ameri can feeling"?no sooner had we made our appearance, than cold water-was pntm-? ..... ? a ic were noticed abit. it was bv extracts of some of our mis cellaneous matter, and all because these dignified gen tlemen were lost, that the country should be dis turbed. They deprecated agitation, as the Tories of England deprecate the demand for freedom of Ireland? 44 Oh, don't touch the subject gentlemen, you will agi tate the people !"?agitate the people ! Why these very Editors have been revelling in all manner of political and personal malice. They have attacked the fairest reputation in the country; belied the no blest principles of liberty and the constitution ; and from one en 1 of the country to the olher, have had a royal ti^er monopoly of the passions of the 14 good people." They have exercised the savage right, of exciting the American mind upon topics that may bring them in money ; and as soon as an independent press dares to speak the sentiments of American devo tion to liberty^ it is frowned down by these traitors to truth and recreants to the country. OPPOSI TION TO THE NATIVES. Wo published a statement in our last paper of the number of Germans spread through the United States, showing that the whole country seemed to have been divided into cantonments of these people, for such pur poses as their future schemes might direct. Since then we have received a St. Louis paper, giving an account of the establishment of a p iper there iti the German language, in which the proceedings of the Native American Association in this city are as violently op posed as the weak side of our enemies will permit. From this it will be seen that foreigners are not mere ly seeking a place of refuge from the pretended oppres sion at home, but that they are teally organising a plan of conquest, by which, in their dreams of speculation and glory, a new continent is to be transferred by stratagem to the masters and servants of the old world. It must not be supposed by the American peo ple. that because there is no open declaration of this object', that such is therefore not their design?for a system so ungrateful, and fraught with so much dan ger to those who are to be the actors in it, will neces sarily be conducted with that deep caution and secre cy which will conceal the motives of the agents, while it gives presage of success to their efforts. That there is a combination in Europe to pull down the fair in stituti >ns of this country will be seen ere long; and that the subjects of kings are at work for that end, will be clearly d-monsirated by the violence and desperate resistance of these men, whenever the American peo- I pie shall undertake, through their representatives in Congress, to secure the hiithrights of the country to I the natives of the land, arid to placc the politics and I government exclusively in the hands of our own peo pie. V\ e publish to-day, a translation from De la Marline, by an accomplished fiieml. We need hardly call the attention of our readers to tho glorious and pathetic hurst of christian eloquence, displayed in the piece. We extract the following fr'm the New York Mer cantile Advertiser, as it i3 the first intimation we have received of the roport: A correspondent of tho Star, under date of Liver pool, July 25, says: " Information has just arrived,.per railway, that Sir ft. Peel is dead. I know he has been very ill, but can not ascertain if indeed h?* has died." We sincerely hope the report is incorrect. As a statesmen and debater, Sit Robert Peel was no ordi nary man, and his death would be a national misfor tune, one which we should record with sincere re gret. We gladly iuaert Jer~c>'tf uoiuaiuaicniioo, first, cause we agree with theauthor, and secondly, because to our mind it i? the production of a sensible man, and able writer, from whom we hope to hear fuither. We have just received Mr. White's Southern Mes senger for August, which wears its customary genteel form, and by its bill of fare, we have much reason to anticipate quite an intellectual feast in its perusal. New Orient,s.?We are sorry to learn that the Yellow Ferer, announced some days ago to have ap peared in that city, is nn the increase. This information is derived from the New Orleans Bee, under date of the 25th of August, which states also that the cases which have lately occurred have been very violent and unusually fatal. We insert with pleasure the following complimen tary notice from the National Intelligencer of the 30th instant: We are glad that the institution of Baltimore has selected our old friend, but still a young man, Dr. May, to preside over its surgi'-al Department. We do not think the intelligencer ban said too much for his mental capacity, while it has not said enough of bin amiable and gentlemml v deportment in private li fe. 44 We are gratified to learn tliat Dr. John Fheokr ICK Mav. of thi* city h 16 been elected. t?V the Trus tees of the University of Maryland, to fill the vacancy of professorship of Surgery in that institution. We are glad that the merits of our, fellow-townsman have been so justly appreciated in a neighboring city, abounding with professional talent, as to have obtained for him this flattering distinction, which must he the more gratifying both to himse'f and his friends, from the hi'jh character of the gentleman bv whom it is confer red. Young Dr. May's fine natural endowments have been so highly improved by study, both in the schools of Europe and his own country, that he has probably no profess! ?nal superior, of his age, in this country ; and we are confident that the trustees will have abundant reason to be satisfied of the judiciousness of their selection." C O M M U N I C A T I O N S. COUNTRYMEN, RELY UPON YOURSELVES! It is upon the mechanics of tins country, and upon men who live by their own exertions, independently of public service, that we must mainly rely for suc cess. in our own efforts to repeal the laws of naturali zation, and in the establishment of a national charac ter. Politicians are proverbially corrupt, and the (ear of losing popularity, or of failing in some speculation, in which the increase of population h an ingredient, will always be rnotivps sufficient to seal up iheir lips, whether to the prejudice ir honor of their country, they care not. li is the in^uenee of these mercenary feelings, that corrupts the finest principles in private life, and in public duties, perveits the legislator fr m the cause of his country's good, to the meretri cious cravings of self, in'erest and personal advance ment. F lom such mfm who ma'ce tho acquirement of pub lic office their trade to serve their own end*, we can expect nothing, and as the great bulk of the people, who are nearest at hand to t;ike part in this straggle for native rights, are the mechanics and men who live by their own industry, we must necessarily look to them, as the immediate source of our present strength and future success. It has been said by a foreign writer, that all the great wmks in this country, whether in improvements '?r politics, are accomplis! ed by the efforts of individ "ruo s ,,;uio uiiblic opinion, without any aid from men in power. This remark is true, and its veri ty proceeds from the peculiar cons~??iction of < ur gov ernment, in which every citizen is indirectly, an active compo.ient; and the administration of which govern ment is rather tolerated in the name of the people, as a necessary evil, than honored or admired by reason of tho.-e who administer it. Power therefore, is always with the pet pie, and they may be said, to be the work ers out, of their own salvatton. h is through them that old evils are-eradicated, and new ones avoided and no matter who exercise tha legislative or Execu tive functions, they give a tone to the or.e and a sanc tion or reproof to the other. It is public opinion which eventually regulates all things here, and the vain states man, wlni counting on his late election, acts to day in the pride arid fulness of his success, against the voice of the people, will find himself in a short sea son, transfeired to the retirement of piivrite life, with the obloquy of faithlessness stamped upon his name. Puolic opinion therefore, is the lever that acts upon all things iri these United States, and neither Presi dents nor legislators, statesmen or politicians can es cape it. 1'hat the voice of our countrymen, is not merely in favor of repealing this law which in a few years puts the alien upon a footing with the native of many gen erations but absolutely dtnmnda that repeal, is evi dent:?for there is not an uubought paper in the coun try, not a patriot, looking to his country's honor, not an uncorrupfed native, any where over this wide l.'.nd, which does not, and who does not proclaim loud and earnestly the wish, the great desire, that this law which brings down the high rights of the native to th? low, ambition of the adventurer of every clime, should be wiped off and obliterate from our statue book If public opinion then demands this who shall resist? The weak politician, who leaving the land-marks of honor, gives up the desire of creating a national char acter, for the sake of pleasing a faction, 01 some local band of naturalized politicians, in vain exhibits his empty efforts against 1 lie thunder of the public will. The experienced legislator who has before hand num brrcd the strength of parties, submits to the popular voice, and the pure uncompromising patriot whether in public or private Iif??, obeys the honorarable impul ses of nature, and joins the peoplo in the resistless: who then shall oppose? Is it the naturalized citizen, and the alien, wanting more in this country than they could claim at home, and se.'kiug in all their combinations, processions, flags, mottoes, and devices to build up the prejudices of their own nations against us? It is, and to th^se may be added, some few of our own land, who for their own purposes assume the cloak of pretended philanthrophy, and jnin these enemies to rob us of our birth rights. I hese adversaries are therefore known and visible enemies, the subjects of other powers, with the very impress of monarchy upon them, and endeavorimr to swell their ranks by promises of profit or popularity to some of our delude.! countrymen. It behooves us therefore to keep up this line of demarcation, which they themselves have drawn with their Banners of St. Andrew, St. George, and of Erin, so that hereafter and always the oitizon may be distinguished from the patriot, and their frail efforts to resist the public will, " that aliens shall always be aliens in our country, " he as weak as the impotent, murmurs of the South wind, against the thunders of Olympus. AMKRICANUS. Pur itic Nativ* AmertMn. T he following it from one of our old and most res pectable mechanics: Mr. Editor-? I wish t1 propose a few questions to all who profess to love onr co intry, and the privilege so. cured to us by our republican form of government.? 1st. Is th? ro danger to be apprehended from foreign influence? 2d. How is this danger to be averted? 3d. By whom shall it be donn? 4th. When shall ir be done? 5th. In what i> aimer shall it be done? I suppose it will be admitted by all reflecting- minds who have taken a proper view of the subject; that there ia danger from foreign influence. It then becomes a question of great importance. In the second place?? how is this danger to he averted? ami so far as my own reflections have led rue to conclude upon the sub ject, it does seem plain, ihat the most likely way is in prevent this influence from preponderating in our coun try, in the choice of our legislators and executive offi cers. This brings us to the third inquiry, by whom shall this be done? most certainly by the lovers of our country, and of our form of government. I lie fourth question, when shall it he done? and most certainly the answer to this question is, when ii can be done with the least trouble, and with the most certain suc cess. Then surely the sooner it is done tho better, for there is more strength to perform the work and much less to opposse us in its performance, as it ia veiy evi dent, judging from the past, what the future will be; but, in the fifth place, with regard to the manner in which it is to be done; this is a matter ot great im portance, and sh1 uld he carefully examined; ii should he done constitutionally and rationally, without in fringing upon the rights, natural, civil, or political of any. What aie the natural rights of mankind, hut the freedom of choice, when that choice does not infiiuge upon ihe rights of others? What are tho soci.il rights of those who are concerned? In the case of our laws andourcountry.it is the right of everyone who is born under our tree government to see that obedience is paid to oui laws, and ii is his right to receive their protection. By these lie has secured to him li s civil, religious, and political pn vjl?'ges. Ii is tin- natural right of all to seek, bv th? best meatls presented to them, happiness or enj >yment agreeablo to the dictates of their own reason or understanding. Then it will be seen that, in the exercise of their natural and social rights, tho people of these United States havfc, for the better protection of their privi leges, adopted a constitution, and. by this constitu tion, relinquished for the time being a part of their rights, in order moro fully to enjoy peace and comfort in those which they retain; i>Ht they have still retained the right to call back and ayain possess what they gave away for a time; they had the natural right to say. when this constitution was adopted, that no foreigner should he permitted to cnme among us, and if lie did come, that, lie should not exercise the privileges of a citizen. They, however, in the plenitude of this bene volence. gave foreigners civil, religious, and political nrivileges after they should be among us a few years; hut most certainly the right to give, implies a light to withhold; then, if the people of these IJnited States see or believe they are in danger, at least fioru granting foreigners political privileges before they have been here a sufficient time to he dives'ed < f foreign influ ence. have foreigners a light to complain? On the con trary, ought not every m in who is coming to this asy lum of the oppressed, rejoice that he set s the disposi tion manifest in the people of the United States to per petuate our institutions, and save them from foreign aggression, aftd especially so, when, in being permit ted to come among us; even under political restriction, he can greatly better l.is.cnml? tion in a civil and religi ous point of view, and secure to his posterity a fbll share in all that, is dear. If there are native individu als unacquainted with the arrogant pretensions arid claims set up by foreigners, and who from sympathy, or social relations hesitate to curtail their [ rivi!eges, such persons are to he regarded by us with great ten rierness: hut if theie are others fullv acquainted with iUi> spirit of monopoly in foreigners, and who. for the I sake of some emolument held under the influence of a foreigner, will keep themselves under cover, professing friendship to the causc of American rights, and vet have not the courage or principle to come out boldly in its cause, then such individuals, unless they repent them hastily of their sin, and bring forth fruits meet for repentance, snou*n in-?? M-orse than open enemies to cur institutions, and when they are Iniind out should be held and marked as such. It does seem to me that now is the time to press onr claims before the American people, whose right it is is say whether we shall remain anv lon</er under the influence of for eiynes or n' t. and that, all u ho aie really lovers nf our countrv shuold^come out and say, the country n'irs; the institutions are ours, and our children shall have them after, we are gone. In my remarks, I do not in tend to reflf- t. upon one individuals who may he now here, and has become a citizen, and*who has hereto fore, and does now, so demean himself as to render him worthy. I hope, sir, that some person better qual ified than the proponnder of the question*above will let us have the proper answers that should be given to the in. W. For (lie Native American. Mr. Eoitor: A great diversity of opinion exists in country. as well as in all others where the press has been established, in reference to what should hp thev spirit which i< lo preside ovpr it, lo thp tone which it ought. to assume. Each and evpry onp of thp reading community has his ppcnliar notions on the subject, and low and despised indeed must that journal be, which does not creatp its own cofprie of snpporlprs and ad mirprs VI hilst some advisp a morle.it. subdued, and tpmppratp spirit, others, on the contrary, approve one that is hold, personal, and sarcastic?whilst some be lieve that the "real desideratum in a public journal is the collecting and promulgation of current news, po litical, social, and commprcial, others would exact from an editor variety tikI oiigina'ity, a fresh and upvpi pnding repast of litprary and scientific matter; in a word, wcrp the vexpd Knights of the Quill to hear all the advice or instructions of our readers, their tasks would in verity he mos! difficult, from the clashing na ture of the public will. As did Pr- crustps in times of old. thpv would place thpm on the iron couch, and to day finding them too long, to-morrnw too short thev would lop them off a limh. or stretch them out until the proper length should he obtained. TIip proppr, the only course as we think to he adopted by an editor who hopes to arrive at any thing like permanent and solid reputation, is to follow resolutely his own plans, to dis renrar' thp clamors or complaints of this or that, party, and modestly though firmly to give his own opinion to thp world, therp to meet with the reception it deser ve". It is to us the cause of some indignation, some what allied lo contpmpt, to obsprve with what a dic tatorial air cprtain journals volunteer to " shakp thpir ambrosial locks" and make us tremble with a frown, who make it a practicp. as it would appear, to crush any spirited attempt in their contemporaries to p|*vatp a new bannpr, undpr the folds ol which they are to fos ter and protect doctrines which as yet have not hpen complptply mooted by the people?assuming to them selves the gift' of prophecy, the vision of thp spc ond sight, thpy promise us defeat and discredit, arid because forsornh we do not range oihspIvps in party ranks, and sing lo-paeans to a spt of mpn, abusp, mis representation, or left-handed notice, are to he our por tion, and we are to he awed into silence by the supe rior brilliancy of their presence. Such journals forget that often the mo ives which really actuate theiri in their ciusade against any moral revolution which must be sooner later accomplished are made naked to the public eye, and that the misrepresentations and slan ders which they teem with against their young and da ling brethren in the end must recoil upon themselves when the hour of retribution has arrived. Let thpm and these, whom it concerns, cnce for all, well under stand, and we say it because we know you well, Mr. Editor, that your editorial career, ho it brief or pro traded, succpssful or unsuccessful, will be one free from party feeling, above threats, insensible to inter ested flattery, and devoted to the benefit, as far as in you lies, of the whole country, and nothing but the whole, to the guardianship of our free inst tutions, by all means, lawful, honest, and constitutional. Convinced as we are of the propriety of adopting an elevated, and at the same time moderate tone in the management of a public print.it strikes us that energy of thought and style, boldness of speech, and a proper degree of personal and professional indepondo ce, when public abuses demand thf castration of your pen, ought lo be cIhj objects of your constant efforts, and that to affect a morbid mildness when events are being enacted on the stage of politics, it is as ill-timed as it is ridiculous. No one can be more aware of the good effects of moderation than ourselves, but at the same time all must agree with us that causes do arise in which to apply it in an act of weakness and folly, an act which puts in jeopardy the best interests of the siate, lor when the limes a e unhinged, and the public press is to be converted into th? n>ouih-pie<-e of the public will, when men, in whose hands power for good rule has been vested, abuse their tf'.st*, and oppress those from whom that power proceeds, the indignation of an angry people must be heard aright through their organs, in such intensity and energy of lone, that the unfaithful rulers may feel ii in I heir chairs of state and tremble ai the voice. There is no incompatibility in Ihe union of mildness ami eumgy, o| a proper respect foi Ihe opinions of others and a firm, independent ad hesion to our own, and in so doing, we have often ii is true to appeal from the piesent to the future, and sub mit lo calumny and hate, but fortunately for our peace, have a still small voice in out heart of hearts, a faith ful monitor within, that cheers us up when in tempo rary sorrow a:id disgrace, and lells us in accents sweet er than the gush of the fountain to the parched wan derer in the desert, that we will deserve well of our country. It is fiom an err meous idea of public opin ion, that many if not must of the faults of your cdito rial bre hren take their birth. It is too generally imag ined that the expressions of sectional feeling or caprice, <>f party love or hatred, of contemporary blame or ap pl iuki?, is that of public opinion. As to ourselves, w? entirely agree with an able waiter in the U iliimore Chronicle. and copied thence into the Intelligencer of Sept. 1st, IstrJO, when lie observes? ? i'ari of the new generation must consult and reason together before any derision ought to he exalted into the fame of public opinion?hence it is perfectly manifest that uumeiica! force is not puhlic opinion. Can 'he acts of the igno rant. the clamorously thoughtless, the mere bodily la borers, the idle, the. totally reckless, and desperately abandoned, because unite.-! with, and led on by, a few ot the m"St wealthy and enlightened, be the result of anv Opinion at all? ?ecrtainh/ nut of llieir own. On the other hand, ought the opinion of a snail minority, how ever wise and virtuous to he rerrirded and deferred to as pub'ic opinion? No. A morally great, as well as numerical anil physical maj.nity, should bo composed of a poition of -.ill classes, exelud:ng always the mere ly sensual'and idle among the rich and the worthless, and ferocious among the poor." Thus it would seem that those whose duty it becomes to minister to Ihe public, have no light task to fulfil, they have to gratify tastes?forever clashing,and even whilst the welcome voice of commendation ij making mu?ic in their hearts, the startling and harsh accents of abuse and misrepre sentation as certainly aiise to mar the enjoyment, and to rrcal to their minds the responsibilities and peril* of their position. Under such circumstances are edi tors to be schooled in opposition to conscience, when in such a Ii?r!it they view the subject, or rather do they not. hold on in the1 even tenor oj* their way. benefiting their fellow-citizens, even though it he against their will, and although, like ourselves of the association, perhaps, reasonably counting upon powerful and hon est support at ptesent from tho*e who may think with them, still building their best hopes upon the future, when the reform *.vbioh they toil to produce shall have regenerated the land? To conclude, however, these remarks upon a subject which affords such a fine arena for tin* political and moral essayist,'we revert to the more direct topic of discussion, and basing the few additional observation? we may find it expedient, to indulge in. on the fact a* stated in the London Mor ning Herald, our as-umetl task shall have been for the pirsent accomplished. It is there stated " that the reason why the French newspapers rank lii2her nominally than the English, (and we would and than many of the American,") is that they are free from those disgusting personali ties which so much disfigure the English journals, and the elTects of which, by being liberally cast upon each other by the conductors, and as liberally retort ed, is to lower the credit and reputation of the press in general.'' This explanation of the causes why the English press is inferior to the French in that respect, would hold equally good as regards our nvn, for we say it niorr In sorrow than io ang^r, .that many editors amongst us seem to be entirely ignorant ot that, simple process by which they can unite moderation with de cision, disapprobation with genteel thought and style. We -diould all be aw are that with these wlvse good opinion it is worth our while to giin. such language is unceremoniously condemned, that only such as are perverted by the jaundice of fiction, bv personal hatred, and bad breeding, approve, whose go<>d opinion no hon est. man would give a farthing to secure. Let 11s then bring our remarks to art end, by assuring the public, what cannot he too often repeated, that all personality, or nngentlemanly language, should be discirded from our paper, and shall as reward beg the privilege of passing by with contempt any such that may he level ed against our patriotic association. I speak in the plural, because I feel confident I speak for the whole. BOSTON. For the Native Ai'ericnn EMIGRANTS. "Almost every ship that goes to England carries hack a. lot of emigrants who were disappointed in their ex pectations of finding America a land " flowing with milk and honey." Mr. Koitor: From the above extract from a New York paper, it will he seen that some of the adventu rers from foreign lands are occasionally returning in disappointment to their own homes, i rejoice at this, and hope the tide of immigration will set as strongly hack upon the shores of Europe of their own people for the next twenty year? as it has upon our coasts for the s mm period past. Those however who return are unfortunately for us only the better portion of those who come?men. per haps, of some trade or known occupation, and whoso ties upon society at home are strong enough to save them from being new wanderers in quest of fortune. They therefore act under the better impulses of con science, love of country, old attachments, an I na'ion a! feel in and hast mi to av >i I t'ir> prostitution of their faith to a strange government, which in their hearts they cannot, as is required of them in order to he en tirely Americat s, leel for under all circumstances in preference to their own. Those who remain, out of the vast bodies who are continually lighting upon us, like the locusts upon titn plains of Egypt, to despoil the green spo's which providence has left for our wants?are for the most part itinerants through life, men who rove here, and would rove any where, to change the hurthen which the proper restraints of society impose upon them, for the supposed licentiousness which is tolerated under the name of liberty. These men belong to no class of artisans, artists, or trades, hut are merely as a for eign papet term-< them, 14 inhabitants" of one coun try's frontiers through the domains of another. I speak this not to re pro \ch any man, or set of men, as individuals, but to show that the value of our l?ws of naturalization, made for the oppressed of other gov ernments, when oppression existed, is now almost ex clusively enjoyed by men who have nothing to com plain of hut a want of capacity, by defect of early hah its, and being brought up to no trade, of how to turn themselves to any account among their own country men, and therefore throw themselves loosely upon the liberality of a new nation, that their burthen and con dition may bo lost on the general prosperity of the people. I would ask, what number of these strangers add to onr mechanic trades?to our revenue, our capital, either of money or science?few, very few?the ma jority of them are hewers of wood and drawers of wa ter, who tako ihe place of our citizens in the humbler grades of labor?who congregate in cities and towns.