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THE NATIVE AMERICAN.
[CO.MMTTXICATF.D ] Paris, Octobf.r 29, 1838. I trust that the information and pleasure which your readers will receive from the perusal of se-j lect fragments of the fugitive productions of French literati, will be an ample apology for my intrusion upon your columns. It is my present intention to translate for your sheet, as occasion and time allow, whatever may strike me as adopted to in terest an American public; and, with that view, I commence with the letters of a living 1' rent h w ? ' ter, who enjoys a high rank among, the "homines des lettres" of his own land, and is favorably known as a shrewd and observant writer o.i Spain. The letters of Ad Guerault, on Italy, are now be ing published in the Journal des Debats, and th one which I have selected for the present commu nication, will well reward an attentive perusal. fours, etc. J. C. Brent. LETTERS ON ITALY. BY AP GCEBAT7LT. Translated for the Native American. Venice, Sept. 26, 1838. Venice has been strong and powerful, but is so aio longer. And why be astonished? Is not hers the common destiny of all human things, Is ' not history rife with ruined empires and nations in decay? And is it not a fact well known, that lift. strength and power, have been measured out to nations as well as to individuals? 1 hat when r. people have accomplished their allotted time, they must perish, and that die sovereignty which has passed from them, must be transmitted to a raci younger and more worthy of empire than them selves! Where now are Ninivah and Babylon, Tvre and Carthage, and so many other cities oi old, so powerful, formerly mistresses, like \ enice. of the commerce and navigation of their epochs, and whose sites the learned of our days, after r. thousand profounJ commentaries and ingenious conjectures, are not even certain ol having discov ered? Venice lias suffered the same fate?why be surprised at the result ? I confess with all due humility that this philo sophical explanation does not, in my opinion. give a satisfactory reason lor this slow agony ? which extinguishes, by degrees, every vital prin ciple in Venice, which dries up the sources o' prosperity and activity, and which decimates tin population in such a way, that it has beeii calcula ted that sixty years would make Venice an unin habited heap of stones, a ruin such as the inunda tions of the barbarians left behind them in their wars of exterminat on. This violent and complete death of ati entire people, was possible in the da\ > of antiquitv, when, next to civilized Italy, stood barbaric Germany, when the lights of civilizatioi transmitted by tradition, or through rare anil per ishahle manuscripts, might, perish or be lost in a ^ warlike cataclysm, and replunge for ages a nation | into its primal darkness. But at present, amid the incessant exchange of ideas and knowledge, j with this proxirnit" and perpetual communication , of all civilized nations, how explain the absolute j death of a people? Most, assuredly I can conceive how the nationality of a people can perish; I can understand the effects of conquest; I can imagine how several small republics may lose their names by merging them in an association more ex ten-1 sive; I understand the fall of the republic of Ve-! nice, a fact common-place and natural; but that the city of Venice should die-* that its riches: should perish, that its population should decrease so as lo threaten a speedy failure, that its palaces should fall into rniris, that the Inst remnants ol old patrician families should be reduced so low as to receive per diem from Austrian charity the, alms of a Swansigger (17 French sous) without, another aristocracy rising on its ruins, without j the commerc ial commonality ever having conceiv ed the idea of elevating itself in its place, without Austria ever having dreamed of profiting by its conquest, is what appears to me difficult to com prehend. If nothing were at stake for Venice but; a change of possession and domination, is not all j Italy at hand to give us similar examples? Genoa also, the rival of Venice, V.us fallen from her rank as a sovereign republic; but Genoa, a Piedmon tese citv, is vet one of the most flourishing ports j of the Mediterranean. Milan and Florence afford us similar examples. And Holland, which held for a time the sceptre of the seas, which balanced the maratime prowess of England, which strug ' gled victoriously with the fleets of France, Hol land, too, has it not fallen from its olden power? Holland has fallen, but is not dead; she lias no longer the supremacy of the seas; but she encou rages commerce, is rich, nourishes her inhabi tants, and keeps her rank among navigating na tions. Whence then proceeds this sad exception in the case of Venice? Whence this complete! annihilation which has spared nothing, which has stifled even hope in the bosoms of its inhabitants?) Whence comes it that this city which is dying, i ; . and which is aware of its situation, makes not an effort to escape its destiny? Whence comes it that the vessels which enter its port, return well laden without having left at Venice a ton of mer-i chamdise, and without a voice beintr sent forth lrom this sepulchre, to invite the solicitude of go-1 vernment to a position so much to be regretted? j The discovery of the Cape of Good Hope, is! the leading cause, justly assigned by common j consent, for the decline of the republic. The! commerce of India, which until then had crossed Asia over land, and of which the Venetians were the factors and porters, flowed into the new chan nel opened by the daring genius of Vasco <h Gama. About the same epoch, Columbus enlar ged the world by the addition of an entire conti nent. ami the Mediterranean, which, until then, had been list? whole commercial world, dethroned ,bv the Atlantic and Indian oceans, occupied only secondly place in mercantile speculations, j. ;00n Canth.t und Cyprus escaped from Venice. '1 'he Petoponcsns. the conquest of which had Uien the last effi.^t of-its power, is taken from it at the b'.igitmin" of the seventeenth century, by the peace of Passa-ovitz. Thus deprived of its re nts ining posaessioas in the Mediterranean, Venice, kn ?wing no longer how to occupy her vessels, became discouraged; *he merchants who hail ven tutvd their capitals in nnriHiuio commerce, with drew them by degrees. s-nd bought landed estate* on the continent. When a c.'v 1 rented ::s is Ve tiice* and whose strength consists navigation, deve'es'itself to agriculture, it is e'enr 'hai all i? ?) \ost. I" effect it is c ell known with what W General Fonep'j-1e effarrd from the politic} I chart thin republic of old, so powerful. It offer, d no resistance it co?f*t?e'l -i'rejfconqncr'.'d from i!ir beginning. The hotly still remained, but the soul had long departed. Venice had as yet her fleets, soldiers, an arsenal; yettdl was nothing' hut exte rior display; the heart was wanting* and she ex haled her last siohs in the arms of the young Ge neral of the French republic. It is not this political death of Venice which startles us. This power of fourteen centuries had for a lonsr time attained its final developments. She had long acquired fabled riches; and whilst on the one side she enfeebled herself with plea sures, on the other, the political power, the soli citude of public matters, being concentrated in a too small number ol lamilies, there was nothing to keep alive the feeling of nationality in the lower orders of society. There were intrigues, but 110 parties; there were 11011c of those passionate strug gles. where character imbibes a new energy, and the life of a nation is entirely renewed. This aired cotirlizan, exhausted by'the abuse of every luxury, died suddenly, leaving her inheritance to the first occupant. The republic was dead; the city, the port, the maratime position still existed. IIow came it that in the energetic "hands of Napoleon, Venice re mained buried in its sleep? How came it that this great man, who gave life to so many things, did not succeed in communicating to Venice one spark of his devouring activity? IIow happened it that Austria, which succeeded to lus power, allowed this inanimate body to crumble into ashes? Why ditl she not endeavour to engraft a new Venice 011 the steril trunk of the one that was departed? Such is the question which naturally suggests it self to the mind. For now the days of the glory of the Mediter ranean have returned; the Cape of CJood Hope is no more a rival to be feared by her; the commerce of India is disposed to return to its ancient chan nel more and more every day; and the industrial movement which is propagated along her coast, opens continually new fields for the activity of her sailors. All the ports of the Mediterranean are prosperous; and withoutdwelling upon Marseilles, Leghorn, Naples, has it not Trieste near to its srates, which proves by the rapid increase of its riches, that it is not necessary to go out of the Mediterranean in seaich of fortune, and that there are yet treasures in Oriental commerce? Whv should not Venice be a rival of Trieste? Whv may it not serve as an entrepot to all the Eastern coast of Italy? Why does she not assume the same attitude as respects Milan, as Trieste assumes with the coasts of Illyria? Is there a natural and absolute impossibility oronlv a dilficuty, that may be overcome? At Venice, as well as in all the rest of Italy, the French domination has left traces of its pas sage. The palace which fronts upon St. Marc, the garden which is at the end of the quay of Sclavoniaus, and the beautiful street which leads to it. are due to the care of Eugene Heauharnais. Napoleon also thought of re-establishing the mar atime importance of Venice; hut the incessant wars which he was forced to support against the English, and the blockade by their fleets of all the ports then under our dominion, opposed an invincible obstacle to the success of his plans. Nevertheless Mr. do Prony was instructed by the Emperor to draw up a projet for the melioration .md enlargement of the port of Malamocco, one of the three ports of ancient Venice, which, from the last days of the republic to the present time, has remained almost chokcd up with sand, and most difficult of access; the celebrated engineer, as it would seem, did draw up a plan which the stormy character of the epoch, and finally the fail of Napoleon, prevented from being carried into effect. Since then, nothing has been tried, and 'he old infirmities of Venice have only been ag grivated bv the lapse of lime. \V ithout alluding any more to the moral, causes which, render the resurrection of Venice so diffi cult, it would be necessary, according to the opi nions of the most intelligent inhabitants, to intro duce several important modifications in the mate rial and administratory condition of the city of Venice. i nus,Deiore ;\n. a commodious and sale Harbor should be made of the three which she possesses, Malansocco, Ohioggia, and tlie S'u'.o; there is not one in good condition; all three are encroach ed upon by sand liars, or so difficult to approach, that vessels fear the attempt. Some years back '.hs Austrian Government desired the revival of Napoleon's projet; examinations into the state of the port of Malainoeco, were made bv order; it is said even that these examinations were sent to Paris for the purpose of being submitted to Mr. de Prony; but for some time past, it has not been heard of, and in a country where the liberty of the press does not exist, no means is known of stimulating the slowness of the administration; it is necessary to practice patience.L The freedom of the harbor, which was granted Venice as a favor, has proved unfavorable to her agatnst common expectation. With the few for tunes and small consumption at Venice, it is front her relations with terra firma that most profit should be expected; she receives merchandise free from duty, but when she wishes to introduce them on the continent, endless formalities and the slowness of Austrian custom-houses must be en dured, so that the privilege is rather a burden than of use, and it is the general desire that it should be abolished. In line, Venice is separated from terra firma by about two leagues of marsh; and this isolated position, iii connection with the state of its har bors, is the most serious obstacle to every serious attempt at regeneration. In the days of Venitian splendor, this insulated position did not ofler the same inconvenience; Venice, in fact, did not em ploy its mercantile fleets for provisioning the icoasts of Italy alone; the Venitians were the actors of all the Mediterranean commerce.? Charged with the transportation of the merchan dises of the East, from one end of the .Mediterra nean to the other, the situation of their city had but little influence on the profits?which they claimed on commission. At present, as she has been completely supplanted in her lucrative func tions. V en ice has only one method of becoming use]id and rich, and that is to serve as an entre pot and point of transportation for Lombardv and i Tyrol; and it is easily seen what an immense disadvantage to her is her isolated position. Once disembarked at Venice, the merchandise, to be landed, must be transported in lighter boats; the expenses of this process are enormous. Venice, in a word, is not a port of the coast of Italy, it is not the outlet of the produce of Lombardy, nor the ncces3ary intermediator of oriental com merce; it is siinplv a city situated in the midst ofj thi'sea. which produces nothing, which imports! 1 from the continent its bread, wine, meats, wood, j I and even its water, and n hich has nothing to give in exchange; it is a ciiv of householders, who i cmrnme their capitals?a ritv. in fine, entirely artificial which has heen enabled to live and phiit" with extraordinary splendor by a miracle of v a:ul by nvms of t!i? important share! \ which it took in the affairs of the commercial world; but which, at ptescut, deprived of the re sources which it had without, and abandoned to its own, is drowned a few steps from land, and will be nothing more than a nest of owls iu iifty years, if it be not permitted her to lean upon the continent and take a foothold. It must be observed, to the praise of the Aus trian administration, that there is a serious inten tion of establishing a rail-road, which starting from Milan, will extend even to the very centre of Venice by meant of a causeway carried through the marshes. The plans have been matured and the subscriptions filled up; and it is thought that the works will soon be commenced. Neverthe less, (who would believe it?) this event, so impor tant in itself, does not seem to excite much ex pectation. It is said that the rail-road from Mi lan will bring to this place a greater number of travellers; that when in six or eight hours a space can be thus gone over which now occupies four teen, more strangers will arrive, and this is a subject of congratulation, for strangers are the life'of Venice. It is the stranger who supports all the industrious classes of Venice, to wit: the innkeepers, guides, gondoliers and guardians of the public monuments; the more there are of them, the better for the city; as to the future prosperity of Venice, all the world may hope for it, except the Venitians. They assert, and with reason, that when the rail-road is finished, in order that commerce should return to Venice, the ports should be restored; supposing these works to be concluded, they admit as a possibility that stran gers might come thither to enter into business; but they do not seem to believe that they will ever be tempted to such a step. A lethargy so profound is hardly to be credited. But what else must we expect? This people have been for ages kept aloof from public concerns by an aris tocracy jealous of its power; the immense riches scattered about among the population, tire facility of life, and the cheapness of every thing, and, above all, the love of pleasure, have caused them, from times long past, to indulge the habits of voluptuous indifference. The Republic dead they fell, for too brief a period, into the hands ol an energctic and creative government, but whose projects wera paralyze;l by a inatatime war, and the preoccupations of an existence completely military. To Napoleon, to France succeeded Austria, a conservative government, fond of tra dition, but little favorable to brilliant efforts, to every thing which tends to be elevated, to every thing which passes the ordinary standard. Con formably to the spirit of Austrian policy, this old agonizing city, exhausted, to which life only could be restored by heroic remedies, has been subjected to a decisi\ e regimen of warm water. The young men might have been collected to gether, spurred onwards, stimulated to study to apply themselves to the useful sciences, their expiring patriotism reallumed by making them understand that their efforts would concur with those of their government to the resurrection of their country. Instead of this system which would have made men, it has been deemed suffi cient to apply to this Slate the common process, that process of which I spoke lately, and which, at Milan, fixes upon Austria, in spite of its ad ministrative perfection, the aversion and hostility of all thinking people. Commerce at Venice is not possible as at Milan. What, then, is left to the young men of that city? They may enter into the administration, and if they have the patience to p:iss through tlie endless gauntlet of the hierarchy, they may ex pect, between fifty and sixty ycare, to arrive at some modest post which is scarcely sufficient for the support of their families. Or perhaps they may cultivate the sciences. But for what pur pose? It is a trade in which one perishes with hunger, in a country where the government does not affect the learned. What, then, is to be done? Well, then, they must be resigned to their lot, and, for the moment, go io the Lido and dance on the green turf with the young girls, with the certainty to-morrow of doing like so manv others, and asking alms of strangers, or of receiving from government, if of good family, a pension of seventeen sous by day. This is what is done, and is the reason why population decreases, palaces fall into ruin, and why the creation of a rail-road, and the digging of a port, will not suf fice to the re-establishment of Venice, if means be not discovered at the same time of stimulating the intelligence and ambition of the rising generation. A new Nose.??Rhinoplastic Operation.?Sci ence repairing the ravages of Quackery.?If there were any thing to illustrate the triumph of medical science and of surgery over empiricism, it is the second successful operation just perform ed at 13oston hy Dr. J. M. Warren, on a young female of Maine, for restoring to her an artificial nose quite as pood, if not better probably, than the one she had, that had been carried off entirely with all the fleshy part down to the bones, by an impudent Quack, (since dead,) of VVaterbury, Maine, singularly enough named Nason, (quasi Nasus, nose,) by applying some virulent caustic in the form of poultice, to which the credulous pa lient had submitted to to (jet rid of a small pimple She was an object of disgust, and came to Dr Warren for relief. He abraded the edges and surface of the wound, and brought down a trian gular portion of skin from the forehead, (detached except above the nose,) and twisting the same so as to present the inner bleeding surface to the bones of the nose he attached it by sutures. It is kindly uniting by the first intention, having the nostrils well formed and trimmed, so as to make a perfect deception arid most useful nose foreverv purpose required.?Ar. Y. E. Star. Good News.?An uninterrupted'line of rail road from this city to Washington, will now, we rejoice to announce, be opened to the public about January first; the link from Jersey City to New Brunswick, and on to Trenton, being entirely completed. The whole route from Washington will thus lie made in seventeen hours; the mail leaving in the morning and arriving before mid night. The public have for some time enjoyed this beautiful road, as far as from Jersey City, op posite to us. to New Brunswick, and a better road, or more elegant, commodious cars, are no where found?thanks to Messrs. Sykes and Ha zard, the engineers.-?A*. J". E. Star. The brig Argyle, Codman, at Baltimore from Kio, was fired into accidentally by a British brig of war, supposing her a slaver. Noonchurt. AT. r. E. Star. A Government Defaulter.?A joint committee appointed by the Legislature of Mississippi to ex? amine the books and accounts of the late Auditor of the State, John II. Mallory, have reported him a defaulter in the sum of $54,063 00?X. 0. True .'hir ri AFFAIRS ON THE FRONTIER. From the Philadelphia Gazette. General Brady.?A "sympathizing" meeting has been held in Detroit fornhu purpose of assail ing anil denouncing this veteran. The Buffalo Commercial Advertiser justly re marks that the name of Hugh Brady is connected with some of the most glorious events in our country's history, and a whip should be put "In every honest Land, To lash the rascal naked through the world," who thus ventures to assail one who has the hon orable scars of a hundred well-fought fields. The execution of Vom Shoultz in Canada should carry with it a solemn' and admonitory lesson. For his death, no blame is chargeable to any but those who deceived him. Had a Cana dian headed a band, and visited the States with the same acts and object, the laws would have hung him speedily. Von Shoultz, who died, it is presumable as a fearless spirit, bred to sol diership and peril, should, acknowledged the jus tice of his fate, and wished that it might he re garded as the merited fruits of a mad anil most deceptions enterprise. "My last wish to the Americans," he wrote "is, that they may not think of revenging my death. Let no farther blood bp shed , and believe me, from what I have seen, that all the stories that were (old about the suf ferings of the, Canadian People were untrue." Thus perished on the glacis of Fort Henry :i man who was made the dupe of poltroons and speculators, and thus assisted to deceive others in his turn. His bitter feelings on the scaffold may be well imagined; the awe of approaching death mingling with unuttered execrations upon those who pushed him to that ignominous exit; the pride of manhood struggling with the softness of repentant feeling; and so he went down to a taint ed grave; what denunciations are too deep or heavy for the villainous plots which end in scenes like these. We are not disposed to tarnish the fame or to disparage the character of the dead, nor to mani fest any insensibility at the solemn scene now ex hibited by the deluded prisoners under the Cana dian gallows; but there is one sentiment expressed by the Pole in the above, " My last wish to the Americans is that they may not think of revenging my death," at which we could not repress a smile, that he should suppose that under the circum stances, this country would consider him of suffi cient importance to avenge his death, or, in other words, to wage war with Great Britain. If by Americans he only meant those who are influenced by the same delusion that he was, we incline to believe that they, instead of avenging his death will find enough to do to preserve their own lives. On Monday the following prisoners were tried before the Court Martial at Kingston: David Huff, from Montgomery Co., N. York, a Dutchman, aged 24. Michael Frear, from the State of N. York, aged 24. Emanuel Garrison, from Vermont. Leonard Delino, Jefferson County, N* Y., aged 25. Culver S. Clark, from Franklin County, N. Y., aged 48. John Cronkhite, from Oswego County, N. Y. William Stebbms Jefferson Co., aged 18. Peter Cranker, Jefferson Co., a<jed 18. Duncan Anderson, Livingston County, N. Y.. aged 48. David Gould,State of N. York, aged 21. James Pierce, Oneida Co., N. Y., aged 19. Hunter C. Vaughan, of Sacketts Harbor, son of Captain Vaughan, of the U. S. steamer Tele graph, is in his 20th year. On Tuesday morning came on the trial of four British subjects, viz: James Cummings an Upper Canadian. John Thomson, from Northnmberlandshire, England, aged 49, formerly a private in the 03th Regt. James Tnglis, Paisley, Scotland, aged 30. Hugh Colquhoun, from Ireland, aged 25. A letter dated near the mouth of White River in Arkansas, gives the following painful account of a remarkable conflict with a bear: There was one of the deepest tragedies here two evenings ago that I ever heard of. Mr. Har ris, the landlord in whose house I am now slay ing, went up the river to drive some cattle to a Mr. Kean's. On the way, he and Kean saw a very large bear, which they shot twice, wounding him mortally but not killing him. They then fol lowed him with their dogs, and when they came to where he was, Mr. Harris went into the cave to get another chance to shoot him. The bear was behind a tree, and Mr. Harris and the bear met. Harris shot him the third time, but did not kill him. The bear caught him by the hamstring and bit the large artery in two. Kean who was loading another gun, ran to him, not being more than ten steps oil", with his butcher knife, to stab the bear, that now had Harris under him, but when he was aiming the blow the bear saw him, and leaped at him. Kean sprang back, and Harris jumped from under the bear, rati fifteen or twenty feet and fell. Kean said 'are you hurt?' 'Yes, I am killed,' was his answer. Kean then jumped between Harris and the bear, as the latter was rushing to another attack, and luckily sl ct him the fourth time through the body which weakened the animal much, though lie still fought with the dogs for some time. Kean ran next to Harris, saw his haggard countenance, becked him to speak, but the prostrate man expired in an in stant. Mir. Harris has left five or six childien and his poor wife.? Hon (on Daily jtdv: Louis Napoleon.?A London paper states that Prince Louis Napoleon on leaving Mannhein, on the 16th was most warmly greeted by the inha bitants, who had been made aware of his having arrived there the night before. A great crowd ihrongcd the staircase of his hotel, and surrounded his carriage; and, as the letter from which we take this intelligence states, cries of "five VEm pereur"were uttered by several persons present. Mr. Judson, the claimant of the Pea-Patch Island, which keeps the river and State of Dela ware in a ferment, has entered upon that "dispu ted territory," and by virtue of the U. S. Marshal for New Jersey, and a writ of-habere facias pos sessionem., has taken up his quarters thereon, un til the State of Delaware, who ceded the island to the United Stales, shall, by a writ of habere fa cias ijeciionem, dislodge the incumbent.?.V. I'. E. Star. 0 > ?hp "Jf'th inst. a terrible explosion occured on board the steam boat Augusta, near Vi ..?tburg : many persons were Killed or drowned. A RIVER ON FIRE. It can no longer be doubted that the AIab?iruan? are waking lip, as it will appear, by the following article, that they have succeeded in setting thtir principal river on fire : The Tombxgby Jiiver on Fire.?While Mr. J. M. Cooper was prosecuting the removal of McGrew's shoals, after boring to the depth of 375 feet, his auger tonldenly dropped and entirely dis appeared. In the spaceol several moments a deep hollow sound w. s heard, resembling the rumbling noise of distant thunder from the chasm helow, and at the same instant gushed forth from ihe shaft thus made, a clear, transparent, oleaginous sub stance or liquid, which boils up very similar to a boiling pot; and which, owing to the sluggishness of the current, has gradually diffused itself over the whole suiface of the river. A quantity has been collected, and upon application of fire, it is found to burn equal to the present sperm oil. To gratify curiosity and make further tests, fire has been applied to the oil on the water, and the whole surface of the river is now burning, emitting a flame of most beautiful appearance about six in ches high, and has already extended about half way down to Fort Stoddard ; the reflection of which upon the horizon at night, presents a most sublime spectacle, far surpassing in grandeur and beauty of appearance, the aurora borealis.?Mo bile Journal. Murder.?On Saturday last, a Coroner's in quest was held over the body of Joseph Roberts, for a long time a resident of this place and vicini ty, who was stamped to death the evening previous, by a man named John Rocky, at a drunken dance, held at the shantee of Nehemiah Dillon, 17 miles below town. The wretches who were engaged in the "frolic" with a savage indif ference, iolled the body into a corner, and without throwing a covering over the senseless clay, con tinued their hellish orgies for hours after the mur der. Yicksburg may be pointed at for hanging her gamblers, and the name of St. Louis be utter ed but with shuddering, because of her burning to ashes a negro murderer; but in neither place have they ever first murdered, and then hour after hour danced over, around, and upon the body of their victim. We hope that the extreme of pun ishment may speedily overtake the principal; and that those who were present may meet that scorn and indignation from the public they have so large ly earned and so richly merit. Rocky has not as yet been taken; there are, however, persons in pursuit of him.?Zanesville Visiter. feyPosr Office Impropriety.?Our copy 1 ?f the N. Y. Courier, received from the Post Office this morning, was much mutilated, by hav ing several articles (probably the most interesting and important) cut. out. This must have been done in the Post Office, and is a serious and high offence, for which the perpetrator is amenable to heavy penalties. As well might they rifle the contents of a letter.?Cin. Whig. Execution Deferred.?We learn from a gentle man just from Watertown, that five of the Patriot prisoners who were to have been hung on Wed nesday last, had been temporarily respited.? Only three (Shoultz, George and Abbey) had yet been executed.?Albany Journal. Speaking of the outrage perpetrated at Ilarris Inirg by the mob which forced the Legislative Halls and drove the Legislators out of them, and of those persons who excuse, if they do not justi fy, such an atrocious outrage, the Boston Journal well observes, that "a justification of such unpa ralleled scenes of disorder is far more alarming than the rebellion itself. It shows that a worm is knawing at the root." Three casks of gunpowder, shipped as coffee, were lately landed in Vicksburg from the steamer Augusta; bein<r part of the cargo of the ship Pow hatan, of and from New York. They were con signed to John Fountain, of the former place, and shipped in his presence at the latter city! This system of shipping a combustible article under the denomination of "hardware," "coffee," (fee., we apprehend, will not be checked, until fearful consequences result from it. In the present in stance, the "casks of coffee," after being tranship ped to the Augusta, were placed near the fires, thus endangering the lives of all on board, for the paltry consideration of a few dollars increase in the freight!?N. O. Adv. This unprincipled and villainous conductought to be reprobated and punished. Honesty.?A certain poor widow, one winter's clay had consumed her little stock of wood in pro viding a scanty meal for her children, without knowing where she could obtain more. She put her children to bed soon after, and sat shivering over a handful of embers in full view of a large woodpile, belonging to a rich and hard-hearted neighbor. The thought entered her mind that she could take a handful of this wood and the owner would never miss it. After many struggles she concluded logo after her neighbor had pone to bed, and get a handful that she might prepare her children some breakfast. She went and picked up the wood, but the thought of stealing so over whelmed her, that forgetting where she was, she spoke aloud, 'Have I come to this? Must I steal? Oh, I cannot steal, but if I don't I must freeze.? But oh! I can't steal!' and throwing down the wood, she walked away. She went home and went to bed. The rich man stood in his door and heard all the poor woman said, and it soften ed his heart. Early next morning he sent eight loads of wood and other articles, telling her that she was welcome, and adding, 'you fairly beat the devil out of me last night.'?Evansville Journal. JAMES B. CLARKE has opened? 50 pieces French and British merinos, all qualities and colors 10 d<>. ladies' cloak cloths, most desirable shades It) do. new style cassimerc9 80 do. cassinures, all prices 25 do. super. French and English calicoes, new styles 20 do. super, white, colored, and domestic (lanneis 20 pairs Whitney and riband-bound blanket3 50 do. 10 4, 11-1, and 12-4 rose blanki t^ 100 do. Mackinac, duffil, and point blankets, for servants 100 do/., silk, cotton, worsted, mohair,,and lamb's wool hoisery (including an assortment of misses and children's) Also, shawls, gloves, stocks, umbrellas, Canton flan nels, and doeskins, plain and hem-stitched linen cambric handkerchiefs, laco veils, bead reticules, cotton fringes, lamb's wool shirts and drawers, &c. &c. Also, 1 1-2 case fine Florence braid bonnets 11-2 do. colored English do. 1 1-2 do. do. American do. Also, an excellent assortment of ladies' fine slippers and walking shoes, of superior quality. The above, together with any other conds in the sub scriber'* line, he will sell as low. if not low r. than the same qualities can l>e bought elsewhere in the District. Nov. 21?flt.