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P,-l . ( , . . ?>?J * % l.U .*? A ? ? PUBLISHED EVEKY SATURDAY TEilVIS.?Subscriptions foi one year, #2 50 in advance, or $:t 1(0 if paid at the end of throe months. For six month*, ifft 50 in advance. Advertisements inserted at the usual rates. All letters relating to the pecuninry interests of the Pa per to be addressed, postage paid, to the Publisher, JAMES C. DUNN. All letters relative to the Editorial department to be di di reefed, nostage paid, to the Eilitnr of the Notice American. Those subscribers for a year, who do not give notice of their wish to have the paper discontinued at the end of their year, will he presumed as desiring its continuance until countermanded, and it will accordingly be contin ued at the option of the publisher. MORAL. LIMITS TO THE PURSUIT OF WEALTH. In tlie first place, then, 1 doubt whether this immense accumulation in a few hands, while the J rest of the world is comparatively poor, does not imply an unequal, an unfair distribution of the rewards of industry. I may be wrong on this point, atid if I were considered as speaking with any authority from the pulpit, I should not make the suggestion. Yet speaking as I do, with nol assumption, but with the modesty of doubt, [shall venture to submit this point to your consideration. It would seem to be an evident principle of hu-j manity and justice, that property and the means of comfort should hear some proportion to men's industry. Now we know that they do not. I am not denying that, in general, the hard-working man labors less with the mind; and that he is of ten kept poor, either by improvidence and waste fulness, or because he has less energy and saga city than others bring into the business of life. I do not advocate any absurd system of agrarian levelling. I believe that wealth was designed to accumulate in certain hands, to a certain extent; because, I perceive, that this naturally results from the superior talents and efforts of certain in dividuals. But I cannot help thinking, that the disproportion is greater than it ought to be. I know that it is said in regard to accumulation in general, that capital has its claims; but I can not help thinking that they are overrated, in com parison with the claims of human nerves and si news. Suppose that of a thousand men engaged in a great manufacturing establishment, ten pos sess the capital and oversee the establishment, and th# nine hundred and ninety do the work. Can it be right, that the ten should grow to immense wealth, and that the nine hundred and ninety should be for ever poor? I admit, that something is to be allowed for the risk taken by the capital ist. I have heard it pleaded, indeed, that he is extremely liable to fail, and often docs so while the poor, heaven help them! never fail. But it seems to me, that this consideration is not quite fairly pleaded. It is said, that there is a risk. But does not the capitalist, to a certain extent, make the risk? Is not his risk, often in propor tion to the urgency with which he pushes the bu siness of accumulation, and to that neglect and infidelity of his agents and workmen, which must spring from their having so slight a common in terest with him in his undertakings? The risks will be smaller when the pursuit of property is more restrained and reasonable; and when the re wards of industry are more equal and just. But I hear it said again, that "the poor are wasteful; and that to increase their wages, is only to increase their vices." Let me tell you, that poverty is the parent of improvidence and desperation. Those who hav been brought up in that school may very probably, for a while, abuse their in creased means. But in the long run, it cannot be so. Nay, by the very terms of your proposition, the abuse will cease with the desperation of pov erty. Give the poor some hope; give them some means; give them something to lean upon; give them some inter st in the order and welfare of so ciety; and they will become less wasteful, less reckless and vicious. Indeed, is it not obvious, can any one with Ill eyes open deny, that the extremes of conditio'! in the world, the extremes of wealth and poverty, furnish us with the extremes of vice and dissipa tion? And does not this fact settle and prove, beyond all question, thai it is desirable that accu mulation should be restrained within some bounds, on the one hand, and on the other, that indigence should be lessened? Whr>t is the state of the op eratives in the manufacturing districts of England? Only worse, than that of the idlers in that king dom, who are living and rioting up hi overgrown fortunes. Let the conditions of men approach the same inequality in this or any other country, and we shall witness the same results. The len d- ncy of things among us, 1 rejoice to believe, is not to that result, but it is, no doubt, the constant tendency of ptivate ambition. But I proceed to another point. In order to the rapid accumulation of properly, in all ordinary cases, a great expansion of credit is necessary. A man can not grow suddenly rich by the labor of his hands, and he must therefore use the property or the promises of others, in order to compass this end. Now, there is a question which I have never seen stated in the books of moral philoso phy, which I have not heard discussed in the pul pit, and yet it is a point which deserves a place in the code of commercial morality; and that is, how far it is right for a man to use credit?that is, to extend his business, beyond his actual capi tal ? I am sensible that it U extremely difficult, if it is not indeed impossible, to lay down any ex act rule on this subject; and yet it seems to me none less worthy of consideration. Certainly, it must be admitted, that there is a point some where, beyond which it is not prudent, and, there fore, not right, to go. Certainly, it can not he right, as it appears to me, for a man to use all the credit he can get. It could not be right, for in stance, that upon a capital of ten thousand, a man should do a business of ten millions. No man ought to trust his powers to such an indefinable extent. No man's creditors, weie he to fail, could be satisfied with his having accepted trusts from others in the shape of credits, which common prudence shall pronounce to be rash and hazard ous. There is a common prudence, if there is no exact rule about this matter; and the borrower is most especially bgund to observe it; and certain ly, every honest man, being a borrower, would observe it, if he did hut sufficiently think of il. The want of this thought is the very reason why I bring forward the subject. With regard to the rule, I have it as the delibe rate opinion of one of the greatest bankers in Europe, thai a man should not extend his huni new to more than three times his capital, and if it be a large business, to nol more than twice his capital. I do not say that this is the rule, though I have the greatest respect for the judgment that laid it down. I do not say that it is the rule, be cause I am advised on the other hand, by very competent judges, that tho rule must vary ex ceedingly with the different kinds of business which a man may pursue. I do not undertake, then, to lay down any par ticular ride, but I urge the claims of general pru dence. I wish to call attention to this point. I am persuaded that it is for want of reflection and not from want of principle, that manv have adven tured out upon an ocean of credit, where they have not only suffered shipwreck themselves, but carried down many a goodly vessel with them. It is said, that the Government have spread temp tation before the people, by adopting measures which lead to extraordinary issues of bank paper. It may be so; I believe that it is so; though this can scarcely be supposed by the most jealous, to have been a matter o( design. But grant that it be so; what I maintain is, that the people ought not to have yielded to the temptation, to the extent that many have done. The borrower, I hold, is specially and solemnly bound to be prudent. He is bound to be more prudent in the use of other men's property, than ofhis own. A man should be more cautious in taking credit, than in using capital. But 1 fear that the very reverse of this is commonly the fact. I fear that most men are more reckless when they use the means which credit gives them, than they would be in using their own absolute and fixed property. In small matters, we know that immediate payment is a check to expenditure. Why is it, but for this, that every petty dealer is anxious to open a credit with your family? He knows that your expen ditures will be freer, your purchases larger, and that a more considerable amount will be made up at the end of the year, because you buy on credit. But to look at the subject in a wider view; I know that some men do plunge more recklessly into the great game of business, because the game is play ed with credit; with counters, and not with coins. I have heard it observed, and I confess, that it was with a coolness and nonchalance that amazed me, that a man may as well take a good strong hold of business while he is about it, since lie has nothing to lose by it. The sentiment is mon strous. It ought to shake the very foundations of every warehouse where it is uttered. There ought to be a sacred caution in the use of credit. And although I cannot pretend to define the pre cise law of its extension, yet this I will say, that never till I see a man adventuring his own proper ty more freely than he adventures that which he borrows of his neighbor, can I think he is right. Let this great, and undeniably just moral principle be established; and I am persuaded that we shall at once see a wholesome restraint laid upon the use of credit. There is one further point to which I wish to invite your attention; and that is the practice, in cases of bankruptcy, of giving preference to cer tain creditors, who have made loans on that con dition. Now, I maintain, that no man ought to offer credit, and that no man ought to accept it, 011 that condition. The practice is abolished in England, and I know that there it is regarded af bringing a stain upon the commercial morality o this country. The principle is dishonest. It is treachery t the body of a man's creditors. He appeared befor them with a certain amount of means; and upo: the strength of those means, they were willing t> give him credit. Those means were the implie. condition, the very basis of the loan; without then they would not have made it. They saw that h had a large stock of goods; that he was doing large business; and they thought there was no dan ? ger. They depended, in fact, upon that visibl property, in case of difficulties. But difficult arises, failure comes; and then they find thatmuc'? or all of that property is preoccupied and wreste ! from their hands, by certain confidential pledges. If they had known this, they would have stoo 1 aloof, and therefore, I say, that there is essenti; 1 deception in the case. Again, lending on such a principle loses all ii < generosity, and borrowing is liable to lose all tli i prudence and virtue that properly belong to it. ] f a man lends to his young friend or relative, c i the sole strength of affection and confidence ti ? wards him, it is a transaction which bestows a grace upon mercantile life. But if he lends as a preference creditor, he takes no risk, and show s no confidence. For he knows, that the borrowi r upon the strength of his loan, can easily get pn - perty enough into his hands, to make him pe - fectly secure. And let it be observed, that in pr- - portion as the acquisition of confidence is loss n - cessary; in proportion, that is to say, as virtti and ability are less necessary lo set up a man in business, are they less likely to be cultivated; ard so far as this principle goes, therefore, it tends n sap and undermine the whole business characii r of a country. Nay. it is easy to see, that undt r the cloak of these confidential transactions, tl e entire business between the boriower and lend r may be the grossest and most iniquitous gamblin . Of course, I do not say that this is common. B t I say that the principle ought not to bo tolerate which is capable of such abuses. This principle, I think, moreover, is the vei y key-stone of tlie arch, that supports many an ovt > grown fabric of credit. And this observation h s a two-fold bearing. Much of the credit that s obtained, coulH not exist without this principl . That is one thing; but furthermore, I hold, th t all the extension of credit which depends on this principle, ought not to exist at all. It ought n< t, because the principle is dishonest and treaclu r ous. And it would not, because the first crei it which often puts a man in the possession of vi i ble means, is not given on the strength of con i dence in him, but on the strength of the seer it pledge; and then the after credits are based < n those visible means. Let every man that bornv :a tell, as he ought to do, ihe amount of hisconfidf n tial obligations, and many would find their ere it seriously curtailed. Ami to that extent, most ; s suredly, it ought to be curtailed. I have thus spoken of the spirit of gain as lia> le ?not as always being, but as liable to be, inc( 1 flict with the great principles of social and co i mercjal justice. I might add, that the manner, in which the gains of business are sometimes elu ig to, amidst the wreck of fortunes, is a powerful}. id striking illustration of the same moral danger. !e who regards no limits of justice in acquiring p o perty , will break all bonds of justice to keep it. And here I must carefully and widely dis* u iish. I give all honor to the spirit which many mong us have shown in such circumstances; to he manly fortitude and disinterestedness of men, who have comparatively cared nothing for them ;elves, but who have been almost crushed to the earth by what they have suffered for their friends to the heroic cheerfulness and soothing tenderness of woman in such an hour, ready to part with every luxury, and holding the very pearl of her life, in the unsullied integrity of her husband. I know full well, that that lofty integrity is the only rule ever thought of by many, in the p:iinful ad justment of their broken fortunes. And I know and the public knows, that if they retain a portion of their splendor for a season, it is reluctantly, and because it cannot, in the presentcircumstan 'ces, be profitably disposed of?and in strict trust for their creditors. But, there arc bankrupts of a different character, as you well know. I do not know that any such are in this presence; but if there were a congregation of such before me, I should speak no otherwise than I shall now speak. I say, that there are men of a different character; men who intend permanently to keep back a pari of the price which they have sworn to pay; and I tell you, that God's altar, at which I minister. shall hear no word from me, concerning them, but a word of denunciation. It is dishonesty, and it ought to be infamy. It is robbery, though it live in splendor and ride in state; robbery, I say, as truly as if, instead of inhabiting a palace, it were consigned to the dungeons of Sing-Sing. And take care, my brethren, as ye shah stand at the judgment-bar of conscience and of God, that ye fall not at all beneath this temptation. The times are times of sore and dreadful peril to the virtue of the country. They are times in which it is necessary, even for honest men, to gird up the loins of their minds, and to be sober and watchful; ay, watchful over themselves. Remember, all such, I adjure you, that the dearest fortune you can carry into the world, will not compensate you for the least iota of your integrity surrendered and given up. Oh! sweeter in the lowliest dwelling to which you may descend, shall be the thought that you have kept your integrity immaculate, than all the concentrated essence of luxury to your taste, all its combined softness to your couch, all its gathered splendor to your state. Ay, prouder shall you be in the humblest seat, than if, with ill-kept gains, you sat upon the throne of a king dom. I come now to consider, in the last place, the limitations to be set to the desire of wealth, by a sober consideration of its too probable effects upon ourselves, upon our children, and upon the world at large. And here, let me ask two preliminary questions. Can that be so necessary to human well-being, as many consider wealth to be, which necessarily falls to the lot but of a few? Can that be the very feast and wine of life, when but a few thousands of the human race, are allowed to partake of it ? If it were so, surely God's providence were less kind and liberal, than we are bound to think it. God has not made a world of rich men, but rather a world of poor men; or of men, at least, who must toil for a subsistence. That then must be the good condition for man; nay, the best condi tion; and we see, indeed, that it is the grand sphere of human improvement. In the next place, can that be so important to human welfare, which, if it were possessed by all, would be the most fatal injury possible? And here I must desire, that every person whose pur suit of property, this question may affect, will ex tend his thoughts beyond himself. He may say that it would be a good thing if he could acquire wealth, and perhaps it would. He may say that he does not see that riches would do him any harm, and, perhaps, they would not. He may have views that ennoble the pursuit of fortune. But the question is, would it he well and safe, for four-fifths of the business community around him to become opulent? He must remember that his neighbors have sought as well as he, and in a pro portion, too, not far distant from what I have sta ted. They have sought, and had as good a right to succeed, as he had. Would it be well that so general an expectation of fortune, should be grat ified? Would it be well for society, well for the world? Only carry the supposition a little far ther; only suppose the whole world to acquire wealth; only suppose it were possible that the pre sent generation could lay up a complete provision for the next, as some men desire to do for their children; and you destroy the world at a single blow. All industry would cease with the neces sity for it; all improvement would stop with the demand for exertion; the dissipation ol fortunes, whose mischiefs are now countervailed by the healthful tone of society, would then breed uni versal disease, and break out into universal license; and the world would sink into the grave of its: own loathsome vices. But let us look more closely, for a moment, at the general effect of wealth upon individuals and upon nations. I am obliged, then, to regard with considerable distrust, the influence of wealth upon individuals. I know that it is a mere instrument, which may, be conveited to good or to bad ends. I know that it is often used for good ends. But I more than doubt whether the chances lean that way. Independence and luxury are not likely to be good for any man. Leisure and luxury are almost always bad for every man. I krfbw that there are noble exceptions. But I have seen so much of the evil effect of wealth upon the mind?making it proud, haughty and impatient, robbing it of its simplicity, modesty and humility; bereaving it of its large and gentle and considerate humanity; and I have heard such testimonies, such astonishing testimonies to the same effect, from those whose professional business it is to settle and adjust the affairs of large estates, that I more and more dis trust its boasted advantages. I deny the validity of that boast. In truth, I am sick of the world's admiration of wealth. Almost all the noblest things that have been achieved in the world, have been achieved by poor men; poor scholars and professional men; poor artisans and artists; poor philosophers, and poets, and men of genius. It does appear to me, that there is a certain staidness and sobriety, a certain moderation and restraint, a certain pressure of circumstances, that is good for man. His body was not made lor luxuries; it sickens, sinks, and dies under them. His mind was not made for indulgence. Itgrows weak, effeminate and dwarfish, under that condi tion. It is good for us to bear the yoke; and it is especially good to bear the yoke in our youth. I am persuaded that many children are injured by too much attention, too much care; by too many servants at home; too many lessons at school; too many indulgences in society. They are not left ?stifficiently to exert their own powers, to invent their own amusements, to make their own way. They are often inefficient and unhappy, they lack ingenuity and energy, because they are taken out of the school of providence; and placed in oi.e which our own foolish fondness and pride have oiiiit for them. Wealth, without a law of entail J to help it, has always lacked the energy even to \ kcep its own treasures. They drop from its im | becile hand. What an extraordinary revolution in domestic life is that, which, in this respect, is present# 1 to us all over the world! A man, trained in the school of industry and frugality, acquires a large estate. His children possibly keep it. But the third generation almost inevita bly soes down the rolling wheel of fortune, and 'here loams the energy necessary to rise again. And yet we are, almost all of us, anxious to put otir children, or to ensure that our grand-children shall be put, on this road to indulgence, luxury, vice, degradation, and ruin! 1 his excessive desire and admiration for wealth is one ol^ the worst traits in our modern civiliza tion. W e are, if [ may say so, in an unfortunate dilemma in this matter. Our political civilization has opened the way for multitudes to wealth, and created an insatiable desire for it; but our mental civilization has not gone far enough, to make a right use of it. If wealth were employed in pro moting mental culture at home, and works of philanthropy abroad; if it were multiplying studios of art, and building up institutions of learning around us; if it were every way raising the intel lectual and moral character of the world, there could scarcely be too much of it. But if the ut most aim, effort and ambition of wealth, be to pro cure rich furniture, nnd provide costly entertain ments, I am inclined to say, that there could scarcely be too little of it. "It employs the poor," do I hear it said? Better that it were divided with the poor. Willing enough am I, that it should be in few hands, if they will use it nobly?with tem perate self-restraint and wise philanthropy. But on no other condition, will I admit that it is a good, either for its possessors or for any body else. I do not deny that it may lawfully be, to a certain extent, the minister of elegancies and lux uries, and the handmaid of hospitality and phy sical enjoyment; but this I say, that just in such proportion as its tendencies, divested of all higher aims and tastes, are running that way, are they running to evil and to peril. That peril, moreover, does not attach to indivi duals and families alone; but it stands, a fearful beacon, in the experience of cities and empires. The lessons of past time3, on this subject, are emphatic and solemn. I undertake to say that the history ol wealth, has always been a history of corruption and downfall. The people never existed that could stand the trial. Boundless profusion?alas! for humanity?is too little likely to spread for any people, the the atre of manly energy, rigid self-denial, and lofty ' virtue. Where is the bone and sinew and strength of a country? Where do you expect to find its loftiest talents and virtues? Where its martyrs to patriotism or religion? Where are the men to meet the days of peril and disaster? Do you look for them among the children of ease and indul gence and luxury? All history answers. In the great march of the I races of men over the earth, we have alwavs seen opulence and luxury sinking before poverty and toil and hardy nurture. It is the very law that has presided over the great processions oi empire. Sidon and Tyre, whose merchants pos sessed the wealth of princes; Babylon and Pal myra, the seats of Asiatic luxury; Rome, lader with the spoils of a world, overwhelmed by he own vices more than by the hosts of her enemie: ?all these, and many more, are examples of th? destructive tendencies of immense and unnatura accumulation. No lesson in history is so clear so impressive, as this. I trust, indeed, that our modern, our Christiai cities and kingdoms are to be saved from sue! disastrous issues. I trust that, by the approprij ? tion of wealth, less to purposes of private gratifi cation, and more to purposes of Christian philan thropy and public spirit, we are to be saved. But this is the very point on which I insist. Me \ must become more generous and benevolent, not more selfish and effeminate, as they becom ? more rich, or the history of modern wealth wi'l follow in the sad train of all past examples; an ' the story of American prosperity and of Englis'i opulence, will be told as a moral, in empires be yond the Rocky Mountains, or in the newly-dis covered continents of the Asiatic Seas! [ Dewey's Sermons. Napoleon.?I have never met with two mot characteristic anecdotes of Napoleon than tl,u following, which may be found in the'"Me moires du General liapp." Fesch was about l > remonstrate with Napoleon, one day, on the wr r in Spain. He had not uttered two words, whe \ Napoleon, drawing towards the window, asker, " Do you see that star?" It was broad day.- ? : " No,'' replied the archbishop. " Well, as Ion \ s I aloue can perccive it, I follow my plan, ai, I suffer no observations." On his return from tl i; Russian campaign, he was deploring with dee < emotion the death of so many gallant soldier , mowed down, not by the Cossacks, but by col and hunger. A courtier, seeking to put in hi> word, added, with a pitiful tone?" We hav ? indeed suffered a great loss." " Yes," rejoine I Napoleon, " Madame Barilli, the singer, is dead."?Genius of Liberty. A New Yankee Speculation.?A letter from Matanzns states, that gentlemen from th ? Eastern States have recently arrived there, wii i ?20,0(1# Chinese mulberry trees, which they hat * set out, and expect that the richness of the so I and the favorable climate will furnish an ir: - mt iise number of cuttings in the spring for tli i maiket; so that, if the present prices are ke t up, they will each make a handsome fortune. The House of Representatives of Michig; ? have instructed one *?f its committees to repct a bill for establishing a Slate Bank. I he C- ? lumbus Statesman says, that this bank is to hax no individual stockholders, but is to be own? I by the State, and controlled and conducted I v it. We think this an unwise project.? C'inci - nati Whig. . i'lOin lilt iVUiiutitu illicitly CHcci ? The Hudson's Bay Company.?The follow ing extract from an article in the North Ameri can Review for January, on the subject of '' Nautical Discovery in the Northwest," gives the reader some idea of the "gigantic monopo ly' known by the name of the " Hudson's bay Company "The lad is now thoroughly established, that the \rctic Sea encompisses the northern extre mity ol America. The Hudson's B iy Company, lor more than a century, was the great obstacle to the proper exploration of the Arctic regions of North America ^ or, in the pungent language of the Quarterly Review, ' from the moment this body of "Adventurers" was instituted, the spirit of adventure died away ; and every suc ceeding effort was palsied b) the baneful influ ence of monopoly, of which tin' discover) of a northwest passage was deemed the forerunner of destruction.' The.Northwest Company, after competing awhile with the Hudson's Bay" Com pany, drove the latter to a compromise ; and the result has been the union of the two associations, under the eorrupt character of the latter, and the formation of a si ill more gigantic monopoly, which, like the East India Company in Asia, has gradually extended its odious and usurped dominion over an immense region of Forth America, constituting a dn)geroU9 nondescriit foreign power, intruded among us under cover of the flag of Great Britain, which nation slum's ready to avow or disavow its acts, as the tide of circumstances may turn. This Company, we say?which we desire at all proper tim; s to hold up to the censureand watchfulness of the people' of the United States?has in later times been shamed into occasional acts of exploration along the Arctic Sea. It professes to have finished that which Parry, Ross and Franklin had all but finished. Messrs. Dease and Simpson, of the Hudson's Bay Company, have recently explored the little there was left unknown betwixt the mouth of Mackenzie's river and Behriug's Strait. And we may now aver?There is a Strait of Anian. That is to say, there is a water com munication (thongh more or less obstructed by ice) from the Atlantic to the Pacific, along the artic side of North America." "Credit to whom credit is due."?Drink ing shops in St. Louis.?From the investigations recently made by a committee appointed by the temperance society of St. Louis, it appears that there are in that city and suburbs 2ob places for vending intoxicating liquors?*205 retail shops, 51 wholesale, '2 distilleries, and 4 breweries;? that the amount of money daily received by each of the retail houses is $10, making the sum of $??2,050 per day, and $755,550 per annum, and this, too, in a city of 14,000 persons, men, vvc men and children, bond and free, beiugonly one retail shop to every OS inhabitants. [Mich. City Gazette. In Congress, Jan. 28th.?Mr. Jenifer, from the Committee for the District of Columbia, re ported a bill to provide a free bridge across the Eastern branch of the river Potomac, in the city of Washington. Also, a bill to incorporate the Washington Manual Labor School and Male Orphan Asylum Society of the city of Washington and District of Columbia. Also, a joint resolution, providing that from the first day of January, IS3f>, the physician to the penitentiary of the District of Columbia be allowed the sum of $61)0, as a permanent annual salary. Also, without amendment, Senate bill making an appropriation for the support of the peniten tiary in the District of Columbia. We are informed, upon the'best authority, that, on Monday morning last; the water of the lake on the American Bottom, opposite to this city, called the Grand Marias, covering more than one thousand acres, suddenly disappeared, leaving nine-tenths of its bed entirely bare. It has since filled up gradually, hut, on Thursday, was about one foot below its ordinary height.? The fish in the lake appear to have all been de stroyed, thousands of them being now floating on the surl'ate of the lake. While the water was out, a huge fissure was discovered in the earth at the bottom of the lake, extending from bank to bank.?St. Louis Gazette. A. Malay Massacre frustrated.?It is stated, that the ship Borneo, of Salem, recen tly arrived at Boston, brought the cook home in irons, and that be has been delivered to the cus tody of the U. S. Marshal. He is charged with having conspired with the Malays to capture the ship, in the same way that the cook of the Eclipse did. By an early discovery, the plan was frustrated. About $1,400, it is said, were stolen from the Borneo, before the discovery was made.?Star. The Lake Fisheries are beginning to exrite much attention, from their immense value, and the monopoly of them at present by the two Fur Companies, British and American. The species of fish caught are principally trout, salmon and white fish; and the quantity put up in lb37, from Lake Superior and other lakes, was 1-J.U00 barrels, of which 7.000 were from Superior alone. Total value, $1OS,OO0.? Vergennes T cr mauler. GENUINE BUFFALO OIL. tub HAIR t THE HAIR I THE HAIR I Thk greatest ornament to the hu man body is a splendid head of hair. It has recently been discovered that the genuine Buffalo's Oil is a sove reign remedy for baldness, prevent* the hair from coming off, promotes the growth, continues the luxuriance, and improves the beauty. It is far su perior to any jther animal or vegeta ble oil, and in case of fever, where the hair becomes dry and begins to fell off. there is no application more effectual in restoring us i*>auty and rendering, it in a healthy state. It Is put up at a low price, (37 cents) that all classes can have ac cess to it. None genuine unless put in up in flat botUee, with Hair Ou. U*i. I; pressed in the glass. Also, to nrfr veni imposition, it will be air rh_ the Proprietor, Wm' Brown, 481 Washington. i Biut Street, Boston. . cornet o* For saic at TOD^. N?v,._?4; ?'S Drug S, ore, lMOtiSSELIN" . Wathmgon City. " ? 8 " . "S,PK LAW US-Just received . * _ . Moufseiuies, 6A w-Jife, verv chean J?"'12 bkaulky&catKt.