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The native American. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1837-1840, December 21, 1839, Image 4

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WINTER THOUGHTS.
Who hath ordained the chains,
That binding streams End lakes, su?, < tiding all
TIm ciystal rills that flow through veins of herb.
Ami plant* and tree ; all but the crimson streams.
And >welling floods that rush successive through
The beating'h-vart, and heave the pulse of life ?
K'eii now, what fower withholds the piercing frost
From freezing; up these veins, to bid i.o more
To ebb and flow the purple streams within ?
Let that Almighty Power, which '? Thus for ceir.e ;
Appioach no farther," said, b?i one fefcoit hour
Withheld ;?each tree end plant and rent, vny more?
Each limb and trunk ai.d pulse that teem with ii.e,
From the minutest atom microscopic eye
Can see, tc towering elephants and men, would burst;?
And this fair world no verual notes would hear,
Nor cheerful song, nor voice c'iviue of man.
No emblematic resurrection mom
Would dawn upon n busy world, or light
The paths or dwelling-; of a living race.
From Alexander's Weekly Messenger.
LINES ON A WITHERED ROSE BUD.
KY CATHARINE II. WATERMAN.
Lilille tender, drooping flower,
Why thy crimson foldings close?
Erigh tlv worn 1'jr one shoit hour,
Dying then?an infant Rose.
Beauty's'eyes wee beaming on thee,
Reauty's smiles did o'er thee play,
? B..t nor eye, nor smile hath won thee,
From thy premature decay.
No?the spt-ll of death was round thee,
dullness nipt each blushing leaf,
But the shaft that cam? to wound thee,
Had the power to bring relief.
Tiny who knew thee in thy morning,
Do not know t|ieu in thy night,
They who hailed thee whilst adorning
Scorn thee in thy early blight.
Liko neglect from those we cherish,
Likf cold words from those we priz^.
Time hath taught thy leaves to perish,
As the heart in silence dies.
I implored the hand to yield thee.
That but plnck'd thee for thy bloom,
And with kindly care I'll shield thee,
Withered flowret, in thy gloom.
Thou hast pr.st from those who lightly
Held thee in thy days of pride,
They who .herish'd thee while brightly
Thy young leaves with bloom were dyed.
Mourn not th?*o, pale slumbering flewer, ?
Thou art cil ed so soon away,
Life at best, is but an boiir,
Hurrying on to quick dceay.
A DECLARATION.
That man that hatli a tongue, I say, is no man,
If with his tongue he cannot win a woman.
S/takspearf.
Joatham Jenkins, in his Sunday's best, sat one
evening twirling , his hat, at the house of Mr.
Twiatlvtou. It whs about nine o'clock in the
evening, and Mrs. Twistleton had judiciously
retired to her appai tment, while Tibitha Twis
tleton, sat up to lie ir what Joathem Jenkins had
to say and rake up the I ire after he had taken
his learp.
Joathem had been thinking over fine speeches
which he meant to utter when opportunity
should be given by the withdrawal oi' the old
folks. But when that opportunity came, the
woids would not come. The fine speech stu< k
in his throat and he twilled his hat more indus
triously than ever. But Tibitha Twistleton had
more presence of mind, and after enjoying his
embarrassment for awhile, she opened her mouth
and asked him w hat tr.ade him so dumbr
" Upon that hint he spake." Any thing was
better than nothing to break the ice; and that
being now effected by the considerate remark of
his charmer, he thus began :
" I say Tibita "
" Well Joathem."
" I've eomc here to night "
" I see you have."
" To inform you that?that?some how or no
tber "
"Very likely Joathem."
" I don't know how it is "
" Nor 1."
'? It's very queer any way, and I feel rather
sheepish "
?' Bah I"
"Darn it! Tibitha, I lore you! And now
it'* out."
"And you feel very much relieved, I dare
say !"
"I do, 1 swow, feel shockingly relieved; I
feel as if a fifty-six wa* oIF my stomach."
" Poor fellow ! was your love heavy
"I guess vou'd "think so if yos knew the
weight on't. It pressed me down like a nig'.ii
mare."
" Well, Joathem, I'm glad to hear of your for
tunate deliverance. Bui's growing late, and
mother told me to cover up the fire."
"Oh don't think ol the tire now., just as I've
broke the ice. I've a world of hue things to say
to you."
" What are (hey ?"
"I havn't told you half my lovr? yet."
"Oh I thought y ou'ii had it all out."'
*' I love you like pizen I dn indeed, Tibitha."
" That love must he fatal,"
"It will be fatal to n.e if you don't marry
ine."
" Fudge! Joathem don't be a fool. Go home
let me cover up the fire?that's a good It I
low,"
" Won't you have me then r"
"I can tell yon better Joathem when you |
come to he a man."
" Aim I a man now, Miss Tibitha, I'd like to
know r ' said Joathem, rising with ppijit an<J
putting his hat on hi< In ad. ? " If t aint a mnn
now, and a whole hog one too,, 1 think it darn
btrauge,"
"As to the hog prtil thm-'s no dispute about |
i\" said Tibitha, coveting up the last brand in
the ashes.
" Well -if that's the way you tie at.me, Tib,!
you may go to grn>% and gi t a husband where!
vcu can |nr whnt 1 <are."
"Thank you Joalhetn. Now go home like c
good boy, and teli your ma not to let you stay out'
nighU. Vou may gel loM."
Joathem pressed his hat on his head harder |
thnil cvir.and telling Tib, ns lie c.ilhd her, tha'j
die tuiglit go to the l?i?1 for ail him ; he lelt
the house-?givirg one proof at h ast contrary to
the Shakspearcmi rri#tio, that a man may be en
dowed with a tongue; and vet rot be able to use
it bo as to win a womati wiihu!.
ADDKt'.Srf,
J) literal before tie f !'>?? 'tim- h n Lueevpi, July 4,
I MID. fly J< Im 'Jad, j PulrlibliCtl by the
request of the L; c< u:.n.
IIebpkgtcd AiuiKNt:; and Fki.i.ow Mcji
PKKfi :?From what has alitady been >aid thi'
nvorliiiig) it is alnu f t aufeifluow A r mi to make
ty remarks; but having been appointed, in
injunction with those who ha\*e already ad
ressed you, it \\iil be expected that I, in com
? ilianco with the requisition of the Lyceum, will
make some- remaik#, however feeble, that may
be pertinent to this cceasion.
Notwithstanding sisty-th^ee years have pass
ed since the achievement of the independence of
the United States, her citizens assemble this
day, as on all previous anniversaries of that great
event, to commemorate it; nor will time ever
render trite a subject, so prolific with interesting
events, a< these connected with the commence
ment and consumatiou of the independence of
out country.
The political separation of the colonies fiom
the mother country is acknowledged a new era
in the history of the world. The circumstances
connected with that epoch are calculated to in
fjiiie us with the love of our country ; and cause
us to cherish the names of those who purchased
its liberty by their perils, their valor and their
blood.
When the founders of this nation expatriated
themselves from their paternal home, that they
might enjoy the free exorcise of conscience,
which was deprived them in the old world, they
had to brave the perils of the wilderness, the
wild beast, and the savage. In these tiles where
now stand costly edificies, and spires reaching as
it were into Heavm's ethereal vault, then stood
the forests of centuries; under w hose umbra
geous boughs the wild beast grazed leailes.-ly,
and the Indian roamed the undisputed loid of
the forest.
It were injustice, on an occasion like the pre
sent. not to bestow a passing" tribute to the me
mory of those v* ho acted such an important pait
in theRev.olutioH?of that galaxy of nu teors t hat
streamed in light amid the cloud which ovei hung
the colonies, "portending overthrow to l]t>gln;id,
promising hope to the colonies." *A tnong these was
one whose escutcheon, unlike that of either Al
exander or Napoleon, free from the slain of
rapine and cruelty.
To him was consigned the carrying out of
the work
" Ut those who fiamcii in high debate
The immortal league of love that hinds
Our fair broad empire state by state."
And alter faithfully discharging the duties,
reposed in him by his country, anil achieving
the independence of his country, retired to the
peaceful shades of domestic trmupiilitv, followed
by the approving voice of his fellow citizens.
The pati iots of the Revolution acted upon the
sentiment, that,
"'Tis liberty alone which gives
The flower of fleeting life,
It lustre and perfume,?
And v\e are weeds without it."
? They were resolved lo root out the weed ol
despotism, that tyrants had rared to maturity,
jiikI plant the flower ol libei tv. Oratory will
surround their memory with ali the graces oil
diction, and pot try will stivw over their mauso
leums all her flowers ol' song. Their name*
have already been carved on the pillar of fame,
where tiny will remain, until the end of time.
And since the demise el' the last ol' the signers
of the Declaration, the grand and aw ful scroll, to
which w as a/fixed the names *nd destinies of a
Hancock, a Jefferson, and a Carroll is not rolled
up forever, and deposited under the alter of lib
erty, where it w ill remain as long as our country
subsists.
The last of the signers has long since been
" gathered to hiss fathers;" nothing now remains
of that fire, which "danger kindled and action
fanned." But while we are offering up praises
to the great and illustrious of our own land, let
us not forget those who left their native soil to
fight in our sacred cause. Among those was one
from the "sunny vine hills of Fiance," another
from the "green plains of the Emerild Isle"?
and another from the snowcapped mountains of
ibe dreary north. The first waS reserved to
w itness the mighty results of that great struggle ;
but the two last died on the battle field, ere they
knew their blood would fertilize a " land of free
dom or of bondage." They are gone but they '
are not forgotten.
" Though time in his pitiless course has spared
riei.tht r exalted nor humble; though he has sap
ped the foundation of empires; prostrated king
and princes, and laid nations in ruin : though he
revel amid the trending dust of ruined nations,
and view with delighted eye those statues w hich
have knelt submissively before his tcrriflie
glance, still he is unable to wear from our me
mories the recollection of our glorious sires."
When they launched the ship of the Revo
lution from (lie Li.d of despotism she had many
storms to encounter; but they faithful to the
charge entrusted to them, and under the nu
spicious f>!ds of the star spangled banner, an
chored her s.ifely into the harbor of Libert) ;
and so long'.is the broad stripes and bright Mars
of that flag wave over the land, they are an.em
blem, with '? not a stripe erased or polluted, nor
a single star obscured" so long will prosperity
and happiness smile upon our country.
AN ACROSTIC A L ENIGMA.
I AM CO3IP0SKD OF 1(5 LKTTEtlf,
My 1 3 I ?: 14 is usual with gouty old gentle
men.
Mv "<1 5 4, is whit woodman do.
My ?J 0 8, is a slippery fish.
My 4 3 H 8, is * rercptxcle for wat-r.
My 5.10 0, is the most ancient dame on record.
My 0 S V, is the name of a celebrated divine.
My 7 I'? I, is a kitchen utensil.
My b li 1*2 1 1, is much sought after by frugal
house wives.
My JJ 0 12, is n mono>\ liable delightful to an
ado.ring swain.
My 10 5 I v! 1*2 -i 8, is f?.un l upon the waters.
My II JO i) is an fVeign en.
M) 12 4 5 10, i*> a st;oilja/.yer.
My 13 l'i 11 >2 2, is a gallant but persecuted
nation.
My 1 I lo I 14 3 1G, is a cutaneous disease.
My 1") 12 5 10, is reviving.
My 10 i 15 I 1 I, is the name of a distinguished
member of Congress.
The solution mav be found in the first letter
of each line which forms an acrostic. An an
swer is requested. ELIZABETH.
" ENIGMA. ~
I am a wohl of 12 letters:?My 3 7 0, is a
river in Europe. My 7 1 10 5, is a town in
Asia. My 2 5 8 7, is a river in South America.
My 5 10 b 12, is a mountain in Europe. My
5 2 0, is a cape in the United States'. My 10 0
0 3 r 2, is a (Ify in Europe. My 8 7 8 9, is a
town in Africa. * My 8 7, is a river in Europe.
My 10 5 12 12 5, is a town in Asia. My I 2 3
1 5, is a country in Asia. My 12 8 5 11 2, is a
country in Europe. My 10 IJ i) 0, is a fcro
?eious animal. My 12 1) 5 8, is a useful article.
My I Ml 0 5 12, is a man's name. My whole
is the Capita! of a state in the United States.
Dec. 5th, 1889. R.T.J.
MR. bUKLEY'S REPORT OF A VISIT TO THE WESTERN AND THE
SOUTH WESTERN STATES, TO PROMOTE THE CAUSE OF AFRICAN
COLONIZATION.
Philadelphia, Nov. 20th, 1830. To the Board of Directors of the Jlmcr
icun Colonization Socicty.
Gentlemen :?Having returned early in October, after an ribsence of
several months, from a tour of effott to advance the interests ot the Ameri
can Colonization Society in the Western and South Western States, 1 have
the honor to submit the following Report.
1 left Washington for Wheeling on the 10th of January. Much interest
was expressed by the citizens of the latter place in the object of the Socie
ty, and after two addresses to large public meetings, a subscription of be
tween seven and eight hundred dollars was obtained, ol which some five
hundred dollars was pledged to the cause by four generous individuals.
The auxiliary Colonization Society which had long slumbered, was aroused
and reorganized, and the Protestant clergy, and the citizens ot every reli
gious and political creed, were disposed to give their vigorous support to
the Society.
In Ohio, public addresses were made (generally to large and attentive
congregations) in Zanesville, Columbus, Granville, Newark, C htllicothe,
! Xenia, Springfield, and Dayton, and in all these places the sentiments ol
I the people were found favorable to the cause. Inactive Societies were ex
: cited to new effort, and associations organized where they , had not existed
[before. From several of these towns, the Parent Institutions has annually
j for several years past received contributions, and these, will probably be in
| creased. A generous and enthusiastic attachment to the Society has been
'exhibited by individuals in this region of Ohio, and entire reliance may be
i placed upon their zeal an 1 energy to augment its means and extend its influ
j cnce.
j After due preliminary measures, and a large meeting in the Hall of the
| Stale Legislature at Columbus, attended by many members of th.it body,
.?the State Colonization Society of Ohio was reorganized in conformity with
j the provisions'of the present constitution of the American Society. 1 he
i managers then adopted measures to secure the subscriptions to the Society,
as well as to encourage the formation of auxilary societies in all the coun
| ties of the State, and induce the clergy generally, to take up collections in
i aid*of tfw cause on soino Sabbath near the Fourth o( July.
I:i nearly all these places subscriptions were commenced, but as I visited
them in the depth of winter, and my stay was necessarily short, they were
left incomplete, with assurances from ihe friends ol the cause, that every
thing possibly should he done to increase the funds ol the Society. J wen
. ty-five hundred dollars was regarded as a low estimate of the amount to he
I expected, during the year, from the plaees already roused, anil I am happy
I to perceive, that the sums already transmitted from Xenia, Zanesville, and
Granville, well correspond with this estimate. The numerous true hearted
friends of the Society in This part of Ohio, need but direct their exertions
for a da\ or two to its interests, to fulfil every expectation which their ex
pressed purposes of action have awakened. Wt* might remind them, that
their contributions could at no time he more beneficial than at present, but
cannot believe that arguments or appeals ire required to secure their reso
lute and liberal co-operation to advance the cause.
Oil my arrival at Cincinnati, I ascertained that the scheme of Coloniza
tion had attracted, for several years, but little.- attention, and excited little
sympathy ; while the Ohio Anti-Slavery Society had fixed the seat of iis
operations there, and was attempting through a weekly press, and by numer
ous powerful instrumentalities to win public favor and excite opposition to
the plan of Colonization. General opinion was in favor of this plan, I u t
the popular mind was neither well informed of its merits, nor wanned with
zeal lor its success. A few intelligent and liberal friends stood ready .to de
fend its principles ar.d contribute to its funds, but discussion and excitement
were indispensable to arouse the mass of the community to a sense of their
importance.
? Averse as I am, at all times, to engage in public controversy, in such cir
cumstances I deemed ii my duty to accept a proposal from the Ohio Anti
Slavery Society to engage in a debate with their representative, the Kev.
Mr. lilauchard, and to defend the character and proceedings of the Coloni
zation Society against his attacks.
Tire debate was continued during three hours a day for four days, in one
of the largest churches, which was crowded with the intelligent citizens of
Cincinnati and the surrounding country. At the close of this debate a vast
assemblage of the friends of the Colonization Society expressed by resolu
tions their confidence in its views and policy, organized themselves into the
Hamilton County Colonization Society, and determined to raise two thou
sand a year fur two years in support of the cause. The entire amount for
the first year was in the course of a few days subscribed by the generous
citizens of Cincinnati, most of which has since been remitted to the Society.
This bright example was not without effect, and the citizens of Louis
ville (Ken.) who have long been disposed to give their countenance to tiic
enterprise of the Society, resolved in a large public meeting and with entire
unanimity to raise, if practicable, in that city, four thousand dollars. In
the course of a few days, three thousand dollars were subscribed, and five
hundred additional, on condition that the sum originally proposed should be
completed. It was understood that the amount thus raised should be ap
plied to aid emigration from Kentucky; yet more than fifteen hundr'd dollars
have been already remitted to the Treasurer <:f the Parent Institution.
From Louisville 1 proceeded to Mississippi, and at Natchez had the
pleasure to confer with the manager of the Slate Colonization Society. At
a public meeting of this Society, the subject of the relations which should
in future exist between the Mississippi and Parent Society, was fully dis
cussed, and resolutions adopted which will, doubtless, at the next annual
meeting of the Mississippi Society, effect an entire union between it and
the American Society. The Mississippi Society engaged some three years
ago, in concert with the Louisiana Society, to plant a Colony on the Afiican
Coast. The bequest of the late James Green, Esq.-(amounting to about
830,000,) ivas generously devoted by those intrusted with its management
(James Kailcy, Esq. of Adams county, being principal executor) to this ob
ject. Mr. Railcy, alter placing under the protection of these Societies a
number o: slaves, destined by the will of Mr. Green to freedom in Libe
ria, by noble and persevering personal effort secured a subscription of near
ly $30,000 (including ten thousand from the bequest of Mr. Green) payable
in equal sums annually for five years, from the wealthy planters in his vicin
ity. 1 o the project of founding a new Colony, the exertions of the Rev.
R. S. tiuley have been earnestly directed, and the settlement at the mouth
ol the ri\er Sinoe in Liberia, has sprung into existence under the philan
thropic care of these Societies. The Louisiana State Colonization Society
expressed at its public meeting in New Orleans, every disposition to unite
with the parent Society on the terms of its present constitution, and to con
cur in every measure of good to the cause both in this country and Africa.
1 he heat of the season, the absence of wealthy friends of the Society,
the subscriptions already made and in part only paid to sustain the se ttle
ment of Sinoe, and more than all, the great if not unexampled derangement
in toe finances ol the South western country, especially in Mississippi,
rendered it exceedingly difficult to attempt, and impossible to execute any
plan ol increasing largely the funds of the Society. Nine hundred sixty
seven dollars and twenty cents (including $259,74 given by the citizens of
Vicksburg) was received on new and old subscriptions in New Orleans and
Mi/js^sippi, and about one thousand dollars subscribed at the meeting of the
Louisana Society, in sums of ten dollars ?annually for ten years. Cut it
was worse than in vain to urge collections in communities suffering tn all
their interests and pursuits from a disordered currency and heavy pecuniary
mislortunes. Among the citizens of Mississippi and Louisiana exists a
sincere and ardent attachment to the cause of Colonization, and from no por
tion ol the Lnion may more munificent donations be expected on the return
of prosperous times.
Among the most important objects of the writer's mission to the South
\\c.->t, was to examine into the condition of the estate of the late Capt. Ross,
of Mississippi, left by his will in trust to the Society, and do whatmightbe
deemed necessary and practicable to secure an able defence of this will
against attacks which it was understood would be made upon it before ihc
legal tubulin's ol that State. 1 he best legal .counsel has been secured in
this case, an.! there is good reason to believe that the benevolent purposes of
the test,lor will be sustained.. Justice and humanity, and it is belived also
the policy of Mississippi herself, can be shown to demand the execution of
'his will. The opinions of tho late Judge Crawford of Georgia, and of Judge
Caton of Tennessee, stand rccordad in evidence of their deliberate judgment,
that the laws prohibiting emancipation in the Southern States, should be
limited to the territories of those States, and cannot inhibit the removal of
slaves, at the will of their masters, with a view to their cr.fr; iichisoment in
countries beyond the jurisdiction of those laws. It is' not to be imagined
that the high minded people of the South will impose bonds inexorable upon
the freedom of .their own reason arid conscience,"and shut up with their own
hands every avenue which Providence may open for tho exercise of thtir
best and kindest affections. The friends of the Society are aware of the
magnitude of the interests involved in the will of Capt. Ross, nor will they
fail resolutely to sustain the principles of right and benevolence which re
quire the execution of all its provisions.
It was evident on my arrival at St Louis, that the attention of that enter
prising and fast rising city had not recently been directtd to the objects of the
Society, and that from want of information in regard to the proceedings and
micccts of the Society, the public mind was I ut too infemohle ;p ii> rooms
upon their benevolence. 'I he crowded audience picecut at the first meeting.
held in aid^of the society, expressed a decided approbation cf it? plan, m si
were ready to co-operate in its execution! The amount contribute d ; < .
St. Louis was 6080,80, and would have been greater, but tor heavy r? ? m ?
biliiies recently assumed by a portion of the Christian community i t
erection of a church.
A Colonization Society for the State of Missouri, was formed, and reso
lutions passed to organize subordinate associations in all the Counties of
the State. The astonishing growth and prosperity of St. Louis, and the
energetic benevolence of her churches, will not allow ua to doubt her fu
ture liberal support to the Society.
The inhabitants of Alton, Illitn.is, were prepared to assist, to the extent
of their means, the cause, but sad reverses in fortune during the last threo
years, forbid large donations. About three hundred dollars were collected
and subscribed, strong resolutions were adopted in favor of the Society at
a large public meeting, and the ablest citizens stood forth as its advocates.
Few places have done more, in proportion to the population, for schemes
of benevolence, than Alton.
The popular sentiment in Illinois, as far as I could ascertain, is with the
Society, and the well directed and efficient efforts of Porter Clay, Esq., the
disinterested agent of the cause, have advanced and must still more power
fully advance the interests of ihe Institution. At Jacksonville, Springfield,
Ottawa, and Chicago, many citizens manifested a disposition to promote the
objects of the Society by their donations. The amount received from sev
eral individuals at Chicago was 680,02.
To the intelligent citizens of that wide and wonderful region of the
Union through which I patsed, the question relating to the condition and
prospets of our colored population are deeply interesting and matters of
daily thought and discussion. The majority of reflecting men consider the
scheme of African Colonization unexceptionable, patriotic and benevolent,
capable of indefinite enlargement in its execution, and meriting not private
charity only, but the patronage of the States and Federal Governments. They
feel that the present agencies employed in this work, are inadequate to the
consummation of the great ends proposed, and desire to see movements
which shall truly correspond to the grandeur of the entcrprize.
The policy of separate State action has few advocates in the West or
South West, nor is it necessary to add atrength to the convictions now felt
by the enlightened and active friends of the Society, of the vital importance
of union in the prosecution .of its enterprise both in this country and Africa.
To accomplish vnion, it ts known, was the constitution of the parent Soci
ety amended at its last r.nnivessary. In the writer's opinion, any sacrifice
short of that of moral principle should be mutually and cheerfully made by
the members, agents and ollicers of this Society, to render this union en
tire. While the wild and savage regions "of Africa are thrown open, for
he exploits of our benevolence, the sternest rebuke of Providence would
be deserved, should those who stand on the threshold of that land and view
its missions, waste, single handed their energies, or war upon each other,
when summoned as by a Divine voice to extend over the worst forms of
vice, superstition and barbarism, the triumphs of civilization and Christian
ity.
The employment of able agents, in different sections of the country, ac
quainted with human nature, as well as with the principles, policy and suc
cess of the Society, is iudispensible', perhaps, to preserve animated and ac
tive in the pdiilic miiul, that sympathy and zeal which alone can supply the
means for the execution of its purposes. The duties of agencies are not
less difficult than important, and should never be entrusted to incompetent
hands. The whole strength of the Society rests in public opinion, and this
is seriously alleeted bv whatever awakens associations of respect or disre
spect for its character. The habit (if American Christians of contributing
to benevolent Societies, mostly under the excitement produced by argu
ments and appeals in their behalf, though much to be regretted-admits of no
sudden remedy.
It may be well to consider, whether the time is not near, when for the
removal and support of emigrants in Liberia reliance must be had mainly
upon the means of the free people of color, and on provision made by be
nevolent individuals in the South for those by them liberated, and on such
agricultural and commercial resources as by a wise administration in Liberia,"
may be developed and made subservient to the philanthropic views of the
Society. The Ctlabli'hment and good management of a regular line of
packets, already commenced through the energy ami liberality of Judge
H ilkeson, General Agent of the Society, in the purchase of the ship Salu
da, promises effectually to bring, at frequent intervals to the observation of
all classes of our countryman, the products of the Colonies, and prove how
rich and vast, may become, at no remote day, the advantages of African ag
riculture and commerce.
The recent work of Mr. Buxton, member of the British Parliament, on
the African Slave Trade, showing to the world the appalling fact, that at
this moment this most cruel and detestable commerce, exists to more than
double the extent, whether regard be had to the number of its victims or their
miseries, than when Clarkson first sounded out its enormities in the ears of
Christendom, and expressing the deep convictions of the author, that by the
policy now pursued it cannot be suppressed, and that the remedy is only
to be sought in Africa herself, in the developement of her commercial and
agricultural resources, the awakening of her dormant energies, and the con
version, by new incentives to industry, and the arts and influences of civ
ilization, of her population to innocent pursuits and legitimate trade, must
powerfully impress the mind of England and America in favor of African
Colonization. The views of Mr. Buxton on this subject are but a republi
cation of those from the first and uniformly maintained by the friends of the
Colonization Society.
As tbe result of all my observations and inquires in extensive towns, daring
the last four years, through nearly every portion of the Union, and especially
during a recent journey of many thousand miles in the western and south
western States, my confidence in the practical wisdom and greatness of the
cause of African Colonization remains not only undiminished, but (if that
were possible) has been strengthened, and from the agitations of conflicting
opinions on the subject of slavery, I turn to this peaceful but effectual
scheme of good to two races of men and two quarters of the globe. It is
a scheme worthy of the aspirations of our free people of color, anxious to
redeem their rat e?worthy of American patriotism and Christianity, and
fraught with the blessings of knowledge, liberty and immortal hope to a
country submerging in ruin, and covered by the dragon wing of dispair.
Indeed in view of the good to be effected, and of evil to be vanquished
by the policy of African Colonization, a good embracing future ages and na
tions, an evil too dark and enormous for language or imagination to portray,,
it is astonishing that any heart should be untouched, any hand unmoved
with vigor to sustain it; that the young, the manly, the aged, should not
crowd forward as under one divine impulse of charity and compassion to its
support; that the hand of beauty and refinement should not be stretched forth
with gifts and offerings ; that all our churches should not throw wide open
their doors that the cry of perishing humanity may be enforced by the sanc
tity of religion, and mingle with the voice of our supplications before the
Throne of the Great Father of mankind; that our legislative assemblies
should not raise as one man, and forgetting all selfish views, and political
strifes, respond to the piteous appeals of bleeding and broken hearted mil
lions and tbe demands of eternal justice; in fine, that this nation, exalted
by the Providence of Almighty God for an example to the world, and blest
with means of beneficence unprecedented in the history of nations, should
not interpose her po'wer, and if need be expend her treasure, to save a con
tinent Irom war, and barbarism, and from intolerable chains and ruins.
And will not the friends of this scheme utter boldly and perseveringly
their opinions?will they not with overcoming faith, with zeal and energy
which can suffer no defeat, urge the claims of their cause upon all the Gov
ernments of the Union ?
While frequent and uneeessary changes in the management of any So
ciety are to bo avoided, and no injury greater can be inflicted on it, than
cjuselesslv to weaken public confidence in those intrusted with such man
agement, and while in the opinion of the writer, the Colonization Society
has suffered" little if any less from its friends than its enemies, having incurred
the loss of credit and great consequent embarrassment from the errors and
irresolution of those w ho, before the country, stood pledged to sustain tho
one and guard against the other, and while the integrity and general wisdom
of the managers, who for improvident expenditures prior to the year 1831
have been censured, admits ol satisfactory defence. I with pleasure acknowl
edge the great merit of those who strive to cast off every incumbrance from
the institution and exalt it to unexampled prosperity. Such dese'rve, in their
endeavors, the co-operation of all ; truth and justice being left witnesses for
their predecessors. The reputation of the founders and fathers of the Com
monwealth of Liberia?men who through dark years ot trial gave their
days and nights t:> defend its feeble existence and ge.ard its moral as well as
physical life, is IV.r above impeachment or reproach. Surely it is enough,
lor the present active friends of the cause to complete what they so well be
gun sin-; share in the honors of the final triumph. Let them persevere in
- J oris as during the past year, and they must win the best rewards of
benevolence :md . ee Africa redeemed and enriched by their philanthropy.
An organization well mature/! and energetic, leaving the officers of the So
ciety to execute their appropriate work under due responsibilities, without
interference or embarrassment, -with method and consistency, with prudence
and the wisdom of meditation and experience, is indispensable to the sta
bility of it* . haractcr and tbe fulfilment of its vast and beneficent design.
1 have the honor to be, Gentlemen,
With the highest respect,
Your friend and serv't.,
R. R. GIJRLEY

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