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THENATiQKekWJJ&IOiW JUTH 0 ABYWTsltt.. Qaiun lartl iiri.,.l.i.iM.U.hiliHM On KttM, h lay IIIIHI.IIIM t N Oaeee.aaJre, art Jays, .,, i, mi I M Oaeemare, six days,,...... ..! IN Irery olfcet day eTrtisemeaU, M ft test tliltloaal. TwlseawBBks4vBrUaBstMl, eeat additional. Idlterlel aotlcet M eeata pw Uie, eeah lassr tloo. Leoal aotleet It testa jet 11m, esse, laser' tloa. XI, M Hiee or leee eoaetllelo a eaaere. Advertisements shoeld b handed In by twelve o'clock, ra. It A A t,HOAJ- B ALTIMORS AND OHIO HAILAOAD. WAaaixaTOt. Dm. 3. IboS. Trains kilwMi WA3IIIH0TO.1 and HALT1. MOHC, aad WA8UlHJTO!I AMD TUE WMT, an now rna aa follows, Till TOR BALTIMORE leave dally, eaeepl Sunday, att 2), tOO, aal 11.1 i a. la , aad J 00, 4 39, 7 SO and 8.00 p.m. FOR ALL Wit STATIOHl. Leave dally, except Suadey, at e SO a. u. and 3.00 v to OR riUKCIFAL WAT KATIOKS, Tit: TJladeusburf. Beltsvllle, Lenrel, Annepolle Janctlon, and Belay Boose, leave el I W and 8 00 a. m. , and S. 00 and a 30 p. m. dally, except bun- "7' TOB AHKArOLIS Leave at 6 SO and 1.00a.m., and l.Hj m. dally, except Bonds. Ho train to ar Cram An napolis on Snodsy. OK SUHDAT. . FOR BALTIMORE. Uave at 8 00 a.m aad ., 7.90 aad 00 p.m. FOR WAT STATIOB8. -1 a Leave ti 00 a. m. aad 3 00 r m" - FUR ALL TARTS OF TUE WEST. Lean dally, eic.pl Bandar, at 7 SO a m, and 0 00 p m. On Bnniiaj, at 0.00 p. m. only, eoanectlnf at Helsy autlos wllb. tralna from Baltimore ta Whoellof, rarkersburg, Ac. ...... Throuia tlcketetolhe Weeteaabe bad at tba Waibiniton Station Ticket Office at all bonra In tba day, aa wall aa at tba aaw offiea In tba Amer ican Talcirrapb Bolldlni, Veeeaylveala avenue, between Fonr-aad-a-balf aad 6Utb streets. For How York, Philadelphia, and Bo.ton, aaa advertleesneat o( "Throngb Una. ' W, r. BMITa, Haatar of Transportation. L M. COLE, General Ticket Agent. fJKO. 8. E001CTZ, Agent, oc30 it Waablngtoo. V-OTICE TO SOUTHERN TRAVELERS. TUE OLD AND DIREOTTlNE ENTIBELT COM PLETED. STAGING ENTIRELY DI6CONTINDED. M UlLEfl snollTBB AND 3 HOURS QUICKER THAN BT ANlUOTUtli EODTK. TWICE DAILY. On and after MONDAY, Sepfmber S3, tbe old aad favorite line from WASlllNaTON.TlarRED- EltlCKSBURO, to RICHMOND, will be JOB TWICb DAILY, (8ondaynlghle excepted,) aa fol- Tbe fast and commodlone atearaer KEYT'ORT, Captain Frank Holllng.bead.and CVANDER BILT.CnptalnA L Colmary.wlllleaTetbewbarf, foot of Btxtb street Wasblngloo, twice dally,(8BB. j.. .i.i. .v.fit..v at 7 a ra . and 8 4a v ra . rri.lB, at Adola Creek by 10 W a. m , aad IXSo Em., and tbence by tke Richmond, Fredericks org. and Fotomee Railroad, now entirely com plated, to Richmond, arrlvlnctbere alia) p. ta , -..i.nA. n. .iranllnff .ranle tlmefor dlnlaeln Richmond, and making connections with tbe Ulcbmood ana rcwiiouri uuuu v. ..- i .. .. Hni. .mi Llw if lvt.r.harf. Tne steamer leaving Washington at 8 43 p. m , arrtvee lo Richmond at 3 20 a. fa , affording am ple lime for breakfa.t, aad connection with ike hlebmoad and Daavllle tralae for Danville. Va , areen.boro S.lltbnrT, Cbarlolw, Raleigh, Ooldiboroagb, and Wilmington, a. v , ana COn'oUNDAY8 leave WA6DINOTON at 7 a. m. only, and arrive In Richmond at 3.13 p. m. Bsirraca checked throngb to Richmond from New York, fblladelphla, Baltimore and Walk lagtoa, and accompaaled by throngb baggage TbVongh tlckeufrom N. York te Richmond 817 00 .. . " 1'bllU'a " IS CO n " " Baltimore " 10 00 i " WaablagtOB " IM t Baltimore to Fred'g.. 6 00 W.. bin. Ion " 4.21 esooBDCxaMTBaocaHTicaars FromWublogtontoRlcbmoBd. 300 " . Fredericksburg .100 Tea be procured In New Vork at No 229 Broad way. and at Courllaod .treet ferry. In Pblla-Je-pb" at tho depot of the PMl.delpbla.WII ulngtou aod Baltimore R.llroad Compaoy.Broad and Prime strwle In Baltimore, at tbe Camden Btatlon of tbe Baltimore aad Ohio Railroad Com pnur. In Wa.blBiloo, at tbe Company'.offlce. it the corner of I'eun.jlvanla av.au. and blith street, aad on bo.rd tbo Potomac iteainboata PaJeoger. leavlag New York at 7 and Is u.j Cand7 V ta , Pbllaaelpblaat 1.13 p m.(DAY,J and 11 14 P.m (NIGUT.) and Ualllmore at 3 .10, 4 23, aad t p m, 3 S3 and 4 SO am., arrive In Washington at 4 2", 6.50. aad 7.43 p m.aad J and 6am, In amnio lime to make eoaneetloue forltlchmoudandlbeSontb. llmulbu.es and B.gK.ge Wagons will le In readlne.s to convey pa..enger. and baggage be tween depola lo Richmond ........ l-a-senger. bylble Lino pace by daylight stout Vernon, and may have an opporlnully of vlsltlag several baUle-lelda near fr.derlcksbarg, by " iTCV-'i WehMke from N.wYork Pbll adelpblaT aad Balllmora lo Wa.hlngton.where It will be met by the baggage masters, of this Has. llrc.kf.it aod .opper on board or steamers U,C"' OaO. MATT1NGLY, -uperlnlendenl, Wa.hlnglon, D.O. W. D. 01LKKRSON, Ageal, 7 Wasblnglou, D C. P1IILADELPUIA, WILMINGTON, AND BALTIMORE RAILROAD. TIMB TABLE. Commenelog MONDAY, December Htb, 1881, train, will leave depot, corner ef Broad etreet and Washlnnton avenue, as follows - Exrresa Train at 4 03 a m , (Mondaye ex eeoted.) for Baltimore and Washington, slopping "P Wilmington, rerrp.llle. Uavrd.-Orace, Aberdeen, Ferryman's, and Magnolia. War Mall Train at 8 13 a. m , (Sundays . cepteJ,)(ot Baltimore, etopplng al all regular stations' connecting with Delaware railroad at Wilmington for Mllford, Sallsbnry, and Intarms. "Sp'SS'tJal. at I,!.., (banday. . canted,) for Baltlmoreand Wasblngtoo, stopping at Cheater, WIlmlagloB, Elkton, Perryvllle, and llavre-de-Grace. Expre.. Train at 3.80 P m., (Sundays . eepted,) for Baltimore aadWashlagton slopping si Wilmington, Nswark, Elkton, Northsasl, Perryvllle, Uavre-de-Oraca, l'erryman and jPlghl Kxprss. at 11.18 P. m. for Balllmora and Wa.blngton, etopplng at Chester, (only to take Baltimore aod We.Moglon pa..engere,) Wilmington, Newark, Elkton, Northeast, Tar. rvvllle and llavre.de-Orace. I'asse'ngere for Fortress Moaroe will take the "' ACCOMMODATION TRAINS-Stopplag al all stations DStweou rmu.i .- .....-. Lave Philadelphia at 11.00 a. m., 4.00, 4.80 and 10 00 p. m. The 4 00 p. an. train cennecle with Delaware uaiiroao lor tm. ." ,uw .. . ...... ...Hah. meoi""?1vv. . .,,H..i,u, m owi Leave Wilmington ....- . .. -.., "thROBOU TRAINS FROM BALTIMORE -I,.',. Wilmington at 12 m. , 4. 21, 8. 31 and 44 P CUESTER FOR PHILADELPnU-Leav. , Cb.j. tar at 8.14, 10.14 a. m., 12.38, 3 13, 4 61, 7.20 "' MP' " SUNDAY TRAINS. Siprsss Train at 4 03 a. m for Baltimore and Wasblngtoa, stopping at Wllmlagton, Perry Tllle, Uavre-de-arace, Aberdeea, Perrymaa'e and Magnolia. . n , Night Exprase at 11.14 p m. for Baltimore and Washington, stopping al Chester, (for Balti more aad Washington passengers Wilmington, Newark, Elkloa, Noith-Ea.l, rerryvllla and Uavre-de-Oraea. Accommodation Train at 10 p. m. for Wll mlniton and Way Stations BALTIMORE FOB PHILADELPHIA. Leave Baltimore at 2.1 p. m , stopplag at navre-de-Grace, Perryvllle and Wilmington. .... ....... .i Xlkton and Newark fto lake n... eeagerefor Pblladelnhla and leave ra.aengere from Waeblagton or Baltimore,) and Cbeelar to leave paaaeagera from Balllmora or waiuiag- '"Leere Wllmlngtoa for rblladelpbla al 8.30 ,- FROM BALTIMORE TO PHILADELPHIA. Leare Baltimore 8 ilea m., WayMalli 1.10 p. m , Exprsse, 4.23 p. i ,Wy Train; 6. S3 a m. axprss.i e. r ' " U11NH FOR i , Eirrii, KilN8 FOH BALTIUOKK Lsava Chester at 8.67 a. m., 1 60 and 11.60 Leaya Wllmlagton at 4 IS, 8. 40 a. m. , 1 26, a. 68 aad 12. 23p. m FREIGHT TRAIN, with paassager ear at tached, will leave Wilmington for PerryTlUa ul latermedlate sUllona at 7. 66 p.'m. Jaall a J". KENJIIY, Bupertateadeit. VOL. VI. MA (liUOAUH. GREAT PENNSYLVANIA ROUTE 10 m I01ID AMD WEIT, FOCR DAILT TRAIN9. WINTER SCDSD0LE: OH AND. AFTER KOVEUBXB 20, ltU, tralna Trill ton aa followa : LeaTe Wash'n. Leave Balto. Kxpressatatl 1.30a.m. 000a.m. fait Line 8.10a m. 11.11'p.m. PltubnrgbandErleEx..4 40p.m. 7 SO p.m. Plttib'gb and Elmlra Xz.7.30 p. m. 10.00 p. m. TWO TRAINS ON 80HDAT, Leaf log Waeblagton at 30 and 7.30 p. ra 8UEPINQ CARS ON ALL NIODT TRAIRg. LOW FARE AND QUICK TIME. "OeealrWtaroath from' Balhmora to Pitta- onraa. Enter aimira. witnont cnanae. JUTTqt Tlckete and any Information apply at the ofllee of the Oraat Peansylvaela Ronte, cor ner Pennerlvanle arcane and Blztb etraet.nnder National llotel, and Foorteeatb elreet, corner of reaneyivanieaveaae, oppoeito wniaree' uotel, rveeaiBgtfiH. j. a, vvntnai, Bnperlntendeat N. C. R. R. E.J.WILKIN8, Faaaengerand Ticket Afrent, JHO. OILLETT, Paaeeager Agent. noXO-tf 1864 AERANOBMENTB m NBrT YORK LINES. THE OAMDlaT AND AUBOY AND miLADBL. FHIA AND TRENTON RAILROAD COMPA NIES' LINES. FROM PHILADELPHIA TO NEW YORK AND WAT PLACES. FROM WALNUT STREET WHARF AND KSN8INQTON DEPOT, . WILL L1ATI Aa FOLLOWS, rut Fare. At 0 a. m., TlaCamdaa aad Amboy- C.and A. Accommodation 81 26 At 6 a. ra. , yla Camden aad Jersey City- New Jersey Accvminodalloa... 3.23 At 8 a. m. , yla Camden aad Jereey City Mornlag Express.....,,, 3.00 At 8 a. ra., Tie Camden and Jersey City 2d Cteae Ticket 1J At )L a. m., Tla Kensington aad Jersey City Express t 3.00 At lata , via Camden and Amboy C and A. Accommodation 3.23 At 2 p. m. , via Camden aad Amboy 3. and A. Express 8 00 At 3 p. m (fvla KeasUgtoa and Jersey City Waablngtan and N. Y. Express.. I 00 At 6j p. m., Tla Kenslagton and Jereey City Evening Mall 8 00 Atlllp. m. , Tla Kensington and Jereey City Southern Mall 3,00 At IU (Nlirbl. via Keaslnitoa and Jersey city southern Expreae S.fyO At 0 p. m. , via Camden and Araboy Ac cemuoiallon IfrolEht and tasseBier:l 1st class ticket 2.23 2d clase ticket 1.30 Tbe I 13 p. ra. Erasing Hall aad tbe 1,30 (.light) 8oolb.ru Express will run dally, (all otbere, Sondaya excepted.) PHILADELPHIA AND HEW YORK LINES. Leave Walaat etreet wharf at 6aod8a. m., 13 m., and 2 p. m. Leave Kensington Depot at 11. II a. m . X8S, 4 voendo 43p m., and 12.40 a. m. (night.) Tbe 8 43 p. m line rune daily ; (all others, bandaye excepted. ) NEW TORK AND PHILADELPHIA LINES Leave fool of Barclay etreet at a. la. and 3 p. m. From foot of Cortlaad etreet at 7, 8, aad 18 a. m , l'i m. , 4 and 6 p m. , and 12 night. Tba 6 p. m line rnne d. Ily; (all otbere. Sua Jaye excepted.) W. II OATZUEIt, Agent, Philadelphia aad New York Llaes Pstl.iD.lPUU, Dec 23, 1803 de31 JQj't: WINTER ARRANGEMENT. 10ir PENNSYLVANIA CENTRAL RAILROAD. TWELVE DAILY TRAINS. On .nd .fi.r MONDAY. October 18.1183. Iralne will leave tbe Union Passenger Depot, corner of Wa.blngtoo and Liberty streets, riltsnurgn, ra , aa follows: DAY EZPRE98, dally except Sunday, at 260 a m, .topping at Johnstown, Consmaugb, Galllt sen, Altoons, and all principal .tattoos, and mak ing direct connections at Harrisburg for New Yurk. Baltimore, aud Wasbtnuton. aad at Pblla- I delpbla for New York, Boston, and Intermediate ALTOONA ACCOMMODATION, dally except Sunday, al 6.60 a m , stoppiog stall regular sta tloae between Pittsburgh and Altoona, and mak ing close connection wlin irslas onine moiaaa Branch.We.t Pennsylvania Railroad, Kben.bnrg andCreon Itallroad.andllollioay.burguraucn. PlTTbBURQII AND Llllh MAIL, dally esc.pl Sunday, at 7 60 a m, stopping only at Cone- intvutrh.aallltisa. A.UrOUt.. fttid lt prlutipftl btei tlon, Uftlalns tilreet connection at llftrrtbarff for Wtjw Tork. IlftUttaor. unJ Waablngtoo. MAIL ACCOMMODATION, daily (except SvlD ii7) at 11 40 a. u , topping at all Ft-guUr u tloB between IMtt-bargaod Ilarrlabur;, raaktoar eunncctloo with tralna on tbe Ebeaaburg and Crfiaon rallruaJ a nil Hollldayiburf railroad PIllLAUELVIIfA KXrnESd.dallatiUp in , topplpj; at LaUobe, BUlravllU Interaectlon, Jebnitown, Conemauifb, OaUltier, Attuona.Hnub Ufdon, LevfUtown, Mifflin, Mtwport. Mry Tllle.IIarrlibarfr.Lancaiter, and Downl&fttoHn, At llarrUburg dlritct onnectton ar made for New Tork, Baltimore, and Wrtihlnston, and at rblladelpbla for New York, Boiton, and Inter mod I ate point. HleepiO car run tbroagbon tbU tratu from llttiturtr to Pblladelphla and Baltimore. nd to Hew York b th Allontown route jmiNRTOWS ACCOMMODATION. daVlr Ex cept Banday) it 431 p m., -topping at gular tatlone between lltttborif and Conf tnantrb, and connecting at BlalravUU Intertocllon witU tralna on tbe Indiana Branch and Wet l'enayl,ala rail road . VAST LINE, dally, except Bandar, at t 30 p m., atoppUff only at Conatnaagh, aallltien, Al toon a, Huntingdon, Lewi(Uowo(MltDlB, Newport, UarjaTllle. Barrtebnrg, Mlddletown. Lancabter, and Downlngtown, making connection at Mar rlabnrg for New York, Baltimore- and Wanting, ton, and at I'blladelpbla for New York, L.atoo and Intermediate point Steeping care rnn through In tbla train to Philadelphia and to Now York on the Allentown ront. Flrat Accommodation Train for Walt'a Stattou leaven dally (except banday) at 0 30 a m beoond ACCOmntoaauon iram iur nu oiev iinn ij.wiim Hsiiw (Axcsjot fiandtT. at 9 49 a m Third Accommodation Train for Wall'a Station leavea dally (except sauaayj up m Fourth Acenmraodatlon Train for Wall'a Eta Hon letavea dallr (flicept Banday) at 0 W p m. Accommodation for 1'einn btatlon, atopplog at all atauone between nttaourjfu ana ruau, a 10 SOp m. .. . TbvCnorch Train learea Wall'a fetation every Sunday at 9 06 a in , and arriving la Plttabargn at 10 03 a. ra Returning leaf fa i'ltuhargb at t 12.50 p. m , and arrive at Wall'a Station at 3.00 p. m, Returning Tralna arrive In ItttabargUaa followa i Mall " laatLla 200am. Flret Wall'a Station Accommodation. 0 20 a m Penn AccommodaUon..,. 70a. m 8cond Wall'a btatlon Accommodation (Mm John-town Accommodation 10 05 a, m, Plttaburgb k Erie Mall UM p m. Baltlinoro Expreae l2?pIU Tblrd Wall'a Station Actommodatlon 2 05 p. in. Philadelphia Bxprea 230p m. Fourtbwall'a Station Accommodation flOOp ra Altoona Ae Ann. mod all on and Lmltrrant 10 90 p. ta. An Agent ef tbe Excelalor Oinolbue Companj will paaa through each train be for reaching tba depot, take apchecka and deliver baggage to any Sart of tbe city Office No 410 Ptfon etreet, open av and nlnht. whare nil order for the move ment of paaaaogere and baggage will receive proinpi autjauian Baltimore axpreae will arrive with PMladel phlaexprea at 130 p. m. on Monday NOTICE In caae of loaa, tbe Company will hold tbemaelvea reiponalble for peraonal bag gage only, and for an amount noiexcMdlng 1100. W. II. BECKWITH, Agent, At the Pennsylvania Central Kail road Paanngr UUon, ea Uittxtj aad WaaUagtoa atteeU. WASHINGTON, D. The Official Advertlaeaneuta of all the EieeutlT. Deprtrtmente of the Gortmmtiit ara Published KtiUAr- supiciiAoi:. . f ' Bpaaah of Hon. Geo. 8. lloutiTdl llaieacliueetla, Iloforo tlia National Equal Bntrrag-o Association of ... ...... i "j ia..."M..ii. . it.. ,.,. I Har""ici by 1 J ' Leii Conjrss- slonal Repoi'ter. ' ' I At the meeting of the National Equal Suf-1 fr. A...nl.ilnn In tk. TTnlirln OhnrKh irago Association, in toe unitarian vnurcn, last eveniDg, Id tbe Absence of the President of the AiiocUtlon. D. M. Ktt.8cr, Esc) , was called to the chair, and Introduced to the audience Hon. Gho. S. Boot will, ofMmi. chasetti. who delivered the foil owing address, I hope not, ladles and gentlemen, to trouble you at great length! it leut to loare tou time and patience to listen to what will bo said by our friend who will speak after I have cloned. I understand that to-day there has been eome sort of vote taken In this city, but I know not whether in tho neighboring city of Georgetown, on the, question whether the colored mo Die shall enjor the rieht of suf. frage-tn this District f am always disposed to listen to tno win oi id people, to consult their ladffmentj. and sometimes, even in matters of grave legislation, I would to some extent be gulden ny meir nrejuuices. i think, however, It should be borne In mind by those who dwell here permanently or for temporary purposes, that this DUtrlet was set apart as tbe eeat of Government, and made by tbo Constitution of thecountrveub- ject to tbe exclusive control of the Govern ment of the country, and that whethor or not all men shall Toto here is a question wnica aof s not even aa inucu cuueeru iuoso who live here as it does those whom I imnio- dlatoly represent, and that in tbe decision of this question those who represent tho coun try Are very likely to act upon the opinions which they understand are entertained by the country; and, furthermore, that the opin ions expressed here are no guide, or even counsel or suggestion, to those who are en- trustea wltn tne aamimsiratten oi pumto affairs, who hold It first of all, In concluding the great contest we have carried on for four years at such great sacrifice, that the only proper consummation would be tbe reoognl tlon of the equality of all men before tbe law, and to seo to It that here, at the Capi tol of the nation, the example Is set of that just recognition of alt races of men which Is declared as well in our declaration or inde pendence as in that great charter of human rights on which Christian civilisation for eighteen hundred years has depended. I mean to-night to epoak rather generally of the right of suffrage. If I shall ooeupy so much time as I antici pate on that quostlon, I cannot even apply the propositions I shall attempt to lay down to tho existing affairs of the country. It Is said that the right of suffrage Is not a natural right. Possibly, you will think, on consideration, it Is of very little Importance whethor It be a natural right or not. If it be not a natural right, then I take It that It is not in any senro more the right of a white man than of a black man. IAp- f'lause And if it ben natural right, then t is equally the r.Rbt of the blnok man as of the white man. Renewed npplauso. I think, to the argument, it Is entirely im material whethor it be a natural right or not. I suppose if we ootujider merely those nat ural rights which are personal, thoy are hardly mure than the right to breathe, the right to exist, the right of locomotion, but there are other rights which may not be nat ural .personal rights which are not less im portant than those which are natural per sonal rights Tbe right of suffrsge may not be a natural right in the sense of a personal right, but I think it Is a natural social right the moment thst society exists, and the ex istence of soctoty Is in obedience to natural law, from vthlch no portion of the human raco, not even barbarous nations, not even wandering tribes, not even nomads of the desert, have ever been able to escape I thin! you must agree on reflection that whether the right of suffrage be a natural right or not, it Is a right which no man who bos once enjoyed It will ever willingly yield np lie will rather inert flee bis own life, he 'rill sacrifice his property, ho will facrlfice possibly everything ho holds dear except the existence of his family; and if this right be such to us who have enjoyod it, it is only on the gravest considerations nmt for the most urgent reA'ons we aro justified In with holding it from others. I think if you will consider society you must agree that it is not the Individual man, not the woman, not the child, thit is the element or unit of society, but it is the family. I start then with tbe proposition that fam ily is the element of society, the unit of the State, and not the man, not tho woman, not the child. When you conildor the existence of the family, and when you consider the ex istence of more families than one, you have then a guide for the personal rights, not merely of tho head of tho family, but of all tbe members of tho family. Now con sider society in any aspect you please, and it I perfeotly plain, if family be an element of foclety in all the circumstances which con cern the fortune and welfare of society, fam ily has the right of judgment and expres sion, and that Is not the condition of the mombers of one race, of one color, or of one class, it Is the common right of humanity wherever society exists. Wherever the fum Ily relation Is known and recognized on all questions which affect tho fortunes of indi viduals, on all questions which affect the for tunes of tbo family, the family has the right of judgment and 'the right to express that judgment. Applaure ) Now, then, when I say the element of so ciety and the unit of tbe State I the family, and that the family has the right of judg ment, and tho right of expressing that judg ment, I have laid the foundation for the ex ercise of the right of suffrage, for everything to which suffrage tends, which its power guards, which its authority creates, has ref erence to tho protection of the Individuals of families, in their relations, In their property, In their rights, in their liberties of every sort. Now there must bo an oxprestrfon and mode of expressing tbo opinion of the family And here possibly I may come upon delicate ground. I hope there are no reporters here lo night none who will report in my own Mate and lu my own district what I say on tbls particular branch of the subject. Nor should I approach this particular part of the dlsousilon if it were not often said if you al low negroes to vote, of course women and children ought to vote. Well, In this mat ter of voting I aocept the logto of truth, to whatever result it tnuy lead Applause X think I can oiler, or at least 1 fthall offer tbe reasons which are satisfactory to mysolt, why both women and children should not vote First, as regards children, there Is in na tureand nature teaches us tbe truth in all these matters a law which no people can oreroome, that in the exUtenoo of the human being there Is a period of infancy, a minor ity, an Incapacity to guard and oontrol indi viduals In affairs,, but there is a j eriod when this minority is overcome by years, by dis cretion, by the attainment of majority as we call it, that Is, tho orloJ of 111 when, ti C, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 22, 1805. oorilliiK to the ordinary court of hntnan renta, the Individual l able to Judge for hlmtelfof thota matterl whloh concern him pcraonally, and consequently In reference to mattora which concern hli fellow-nian. As to the tertod when minority ceases, the law niust necessarily bo arbitrary. In some Ore- ' States It wa slxteeni with ua It Is twenty one. It It Immaterial where the limit ' flxed, to you admit there It In nature this P" between minority and majority, and ,. ., . . , . , - ,v, M0I11, ... -- 4 o - - -- rr limit snail De esuoiisneu oy law. iiu act- tles the matter, U seems to me, for children. Ai regards women, tbe policy of tne law, accepting the teaohings of experience, is this that in the houte, In the family, there Is but one opinion. Such Is the general faot. It Is not the opinion of the father, of the husband merolyi It Is not merely the opinion of the wife and mother; It Is not the opinion of the children, but It is the result reached by the Influence of the domestic rule of the family. It is a result reached by the expe rience, the judgment, and observation of alL Now, then, you may say I know the ex ceptions exist the ro is even In tbe family a difference of opinion on public or private matters. Very well; be it ao. These aro exceptional cases. The wisdom of the law, doubtless, is this, that so sacred Is the house, so to be respeoted by the law is the family, that whorever a difference of opinion exists, there Is no means for the expression of that opinion. It is wise ta the law. Now, then, If there be but one opinion In the family, as a general thing It Is the wlso nollcy.of the law. as tbe result of the experi ence of all ages, that where a difference of opinion exists ills better lor tne lamtiy mere should bo no mode of expressing that opin ion, men tne question arises, by wnom shall this opinion be expressed? I think nature again teaches us that tho man who, by the law of nature, which no community haseter been able to overcome, is the de fender of the family, whose life ts to be jeop arded In Us defence If circumstances re quire It, is that member of the family who is to give expression to the judgment of the family, and you will see that If there be but one opinion In the family, inasmuch as the object of voting is to ascertain its judgment, the multiplication of these by allowing women and children to exercise the right of suffrage adds nothing to the political power of the State any more thnn it would in tax- atlon. Instead of assessing the tax upon the family, upon the father, you assessed the same aggregate upon the Individual membtrs of the family. So, if there bo but one Judgment in the family It needs but one rotco to express It, Now, what logical results follow from this? It would happen, and very properly happen, if wo aocept the logic. thatnhere the woman is left as head of the family she should bate a oice in expressing the opinion of the fam ily on publlo affairs. Applause That was the case In Hungary during some portion of tho existence of that nation, and certainly there can be no objection to it. Another thing would happen those men who would hao no families would bo kept from tho ballot-box. Laughter and ap clause. My only solution of that difficulty ts tnat to ere is reasonable presumption some time or other they are to become the heads of families, and tney snould be properly at tepdlng to tboir political, duties be fori;. There are two other classes of person excludod paupers and criminals and you see at once the reason for It Now, when you hare proceedod thui far, It yon aooept the argument which I hdfe sub inittcd, I thick you see that it is diffloult t go beyond and say for what reeson you shall exclude the hoad of a family from expressing too judgment oi tne family on publlo nllalrs We hate In this country, as you know, ex cludod four millions of people who are col ored and of African dosoent. They hare been absolutely excluded lu the slave States where they were hold In slat ery, and very generally excluded tn tbe free States I should like tt Unro any person just at this point offer an good reason why, now that this people art ireo, are made a part of. society, are to br protected lu their personal rights, tbey should bo tleprhed of the privilege of participating in the Government. Is color a reason why n man should not participate In the Government of his country ? Is race a reason ? We have recehod from abroad thousands and tens of thousands of men, and after they hate re malncd here according to tho judgment of tho law a sufficient tlmo to justify the inference that thoy Intend to mako this country their home, to support nnd defend it, we accept them as citizens with the full power of citizens Now, when wo haro amongst us three or four millions of persons, native born, are we to exclude them from all partlclpntlou In this Government on account of color alone, for no ronson except color What is there in that inlluence' I suppose those who object to to their enjoyment of the elective franchise would say, No, It in not on account of color, but becauco these men nre colored men we Infer their incapacity to exercise properly tbe elect. e franchise. Now what inlerence U to be drawn from that A pretty large part of tho human race are colored neonle The Chinese, all the inhabitants of tbe Ulandi of the Kast Indies, tho ancient Scythians, all the people who lived on the north of Africa, and the coast of the Mediterranean wero ool ored people The Phoenician, who not only navigated the Arabian set, but in the antt-hfstorical agos almost passed round the Cape of Good ifonu Into the Indian ocean and the Inlands of tho Indian sea men who probably rlslted this contlncnt,were not white people There fore, you can infer nothing from the foot that a man is oolored m tu bis capacity. As regards the threo or four millions of colored people on mis comment, wnen we consider they hate been in servitude during many generations that they have been de prived of all privileges, een the privilege of olf-educatlon, nothing whatever Is to bo inferred from thefact of their color. I hae obsened that those people who are most strenuous in ruining the adnnioment of other persons aro ltio.se wno apprenend in distinctly, though tbey would not care to exhibit, If those other persons are permitted opportunities to make progress they will como into competition with themset.es Ap plaufe. I think the white race of this coun try, if they are that superior race they claim to be, and I am one of those who be lieve they are, on tbo whole, much superior to the Muck race, at any rate with the expe rience and education they have, nearly thirty millions strong, and with no more than four millions of colored pvople, they ought certainly to be willing to accept the contest on eual terms If we are beaten, if they make more rapid advancement than we aro able to make, I think we ought, gracefully as we can, to ylol 1 tho superior ity to them Applause It Is an imputa tion upon the white race, and that man who fears the elevation of the cotorod race lest bo oome to an cnuulltv with the white man. I apprehend instinctively feela he is not that superior being ne wouia nave oiaer men think be is Applause But the exercise of the elective franchise I no evidence of the equality of men not tbe least It is not the least evidence of the equality of men anymore than tbe sen Ice which a man performs in tbe jury-box. You look at twelve men in the panel and do )ou iiiiCi, because tht'y ksppeu to bo la the lu title Paper by Authority of TIIIC jary - box together, tkey arc all aouaj f When you tea wltnett after rittneii oalled upon the itand, occupying the eame plaoo, to gtra tei- tlmony of what they know of the matter In Issue, do you Infer that those witnesses ara alleaual? Tou Infer nothing of the klml. You only Inrer that their serrlces In that particular capacity are essential to the ad- ministration of tho law, and that it all yon Infer Now when jou, giro erery man the right to Tote, It It no ground for Inferring ih...., lj.l,l.l.,. .l i ...k ,i, ." - .- f... n . V.HW, in any particular, nut only tnat me services of these men at the ballot-box are essential to the proper administration of the law. 't he right to rote Is not a right merely, It Is aumy; Decaute, wnen a man nas a place in society, when by the Constitution of the i Government under which he lives authority Is derived from the consent of the governed, H Is his duty as well as his right and privi lege, to go to the ballot-box and express his opinion on publlo affairs. ine essential difference between our Uor ernment and the arlstocratlcal and monarchi cal governments of Europe Is in the fact that by theory, If not yet In practice, our Govern ment Is a popular government, while theirs Is In a greater or less degree exolusive. There- lore, lorwnai reason are we to exclude any portion of our oltliens from the practsoe of the electlre franchise7 Whenever we do It, whether It be In a largo or small degree, we ad mit our theory of government Is wrong, and theirs Is right. Our theory Is, that the whole people aro better and wiser and stronger than a minority, however large. The theory of tneir governments is, mat tne wnoie people are not to be trusted with the administration of affairs that some, for one reason or an other, are to be excluded. Do you not see, If you are to exclude men for any reason ex cept crime or dependence on the publlo for support, if you are to exclude men for one reason, when you commence there Is no Hue upon whloh you can stop? Is It not the old organic theory of monarchical governments, Inkftnach as tho mats of the people were not to be trusted, power must be put Into tbe nanus or ine wisest or b rarest to be round amongst them? Now, it is said, and I como to my own State of MasEAohmetts it is not often Mas sachusetts Is called In any particular to aid those who are for llmltlm? the rights of man: one rally her distinction has been that she lias advanced as tar and as fast as possible I upon the road which leads to the ameliora tion nod elevation of tho whole human race, applause, I but In our State, It is true, we have a provision tn the constitution, adopted ten years slnoo, by which persons under sixty years or age whooometo the ballot-box must be able to reaa tne constitution and to write There aro, Indeed, many reasons for a pro vision of this sort; but I think, upon care ful examination, they are reasons which will not bear the test of scrutiny. The effect, undoubtedly, of such a provision would be to induce persons, who might otherwise have remained in ignorance, to acquire a knowl edge of reading and writing, I wilt say here, for I do not mean to be misunderstood, I do not particularly object to such a provision, but I task you as friends of tho country that every man.without regard to qualification or condition, shall be admitted to the ballot-box. Vnd what I ask is. that when you mike n provision which I" ibe right of anybody to exercise tne eiowTrw tranonise.u snail do a rjrovistoo which applies equally and alike to Ul men and of every race Applause If tt bo true, as I suppose It lo, that there are thousands and tens of thousands of white nen In the eleven States recently In rebellion evho cannot read and write, I cannot undor--tand how tbey aro qualified to go to the ballot-box and rote for ReDresontatlres to Congress and electors for President and Vice President, and those men who are black men ind who aro no more ignorant than their white brothers are denied tne privilege . AnnUuio 1 That id iiolltlcal locio which 1 tan not understand, but I think you will And on examination that the ability to read and write, or tne absence of ability to read and write, is not a reason for exclud Ing a man from the polls. What we want is representation based upon public judgmont It Is better men should be I canned, it Is better men should be wise, it is bettor they should be honest. It is the duty of uorcTumont and Individuals to do whatever may be done to promote these things, but after all, when you begin to say that A shall uot vote becauM) he does not know as much as 13, on the next occasion 11 may be ex eluded because he does not know as much as C. and so on to tho end of tho alphabet, until you hare placed all power In one man becauso ho Is wiser than others. That is the essence of aristocracy, of monarchy, ot Governments opposed to democracy. It is not deemed that men are equally wlso or learned or hon est, bnt after all thst the wisest and best government is obtained by taking tbe judg ment of nil men, wise and ignorant, learned and unlearned, and accepting the results (Applause.! Now, then, this war has demonstrated two propositions which wo all shall do wen, I think, to bear In mind that this Govern ment is wiser and stronger than any other, The wisdom of the Government was first and chiefly, I say with due respect to those who have administered public affairs in legisla tive and executive departments the wisdom of this Gorernment in this great crisis was primarily the wisdom of the people. They anticipated the necessities oi ine cao inoy Haw more clearly in States remote front the theatre of war what was necessary than even tbey who were entrusted with the adminis tration of publlo affairs here Applause It was true, as early as November, 1680, before the result of the presidential election had been obtained, or tbe eleotlon Itself had then taken place, that men In the various and remote soottons of the country anticipated distinctly the events upon which the country was about to enter 1 hope tt may be recorded and remembered to the courage of the people of the country that they anticipated tbe necessity of the procla mation of emancipation longbeforeanyio.ee went out from this capital Applause 1 And, so I say now, while we who are entrusted with publlo affairs, may stand here and deliberate, and move cautiously first In one direction and then In another the great body or tbe people are moving wun a step precise and Irresistible to tbe result which thor see Is the necessity of the condition In which the couotry is placed the granting of the rigiu or mannoou, toe rigiu oi sun rage, to tour minions ot coipren people, wno nave ai ready been emancipated Applause 1 I say this Government has been proved stronger tban any other, and chiefly In this, that because the meat moss of the people tn the North, from tbe fact that they and their lathers through generations had part In tbe Goernment, that It was their Government. v oluntcered for the defence of the Union Do you suppose that tn 1'ngland, In France, or tn Austria, or anywhere else within the limits of the civilized countries of the earth, two or three millions of men would have volunteered In defence of the country ? By no means; but the old men and the young men of this ooun try rallied to the support of the Union be cause they felt it was their Government, be cause they felt tt was their work which wus threatened by traitors and rebels, and there fore they perilled their Uvea for Its defence Applause j NO. 22. PnKglDISST. And Itwatchlcflrdaa to thefact that anl. renal tuffrnga eileted In the North and that It did not exlet In the 8 uth.ne ara Indebted for the trlamchaot conclusion of the war, Applause If there had bean no suffrage, If thta four millions of Mick neonla In tho eleren or flfteon Southern Slatea of this Union had been free and endowed with the eleollre franchise, possessed power and had part In the Government of the South, and had entered with their matter! In thlt con- ,.., .i.. ii,. Tft- .. li..,ll. .r ,1,. .. K.uv -UV VH.WU .. .u.vA... V - ltepubllc, they would hare euooeedN. Ap plause.1 Our power was In the universal rlsrht of the Deonle to narllclDate In the Gov ernment of the country. Applause. Their weaknesswas in iboiaclineitney uad denied to one-third of their people the right to par tlclpate In the Government. Therefore I say a popular gorernmenussirongerioananyoiner. Jt is founded tn the rights and affections of the people, and It will be upheld and defended by their lives. Applause And If there be any such thing as Immortality of a State, it must be In tho fact that the State Itself Is founded in the immortal rights and is pi ra tions of the people, the right of eaeh indi vidual to nis own mo ana bis own liberty to participate In tho Government under which he Ihes and which ho Is bound to defend. Applause. l do o not say what tho country chooses to do. I do not know what Us opinions aro on this question of suffrage. I know inferences are drawn from certain events, from elections which bare taken place, that the people are opposed to negro suffrage tn the South; but I know, as well as I can know anything of the foture, that the people of tbls country aro ultimately, and at a time not far distant, to reach the conclusion that they hare no safety for the future except In demanding and seourlnf for tbe colored people of tho South equal rights with the white people of tbe booth. I Applause. J Tf au wtli nardon avktmrle nersonal remt ntscenoe, as a sort of offset Incidentally to what I hare said about the right of women to rote I hope no ladies will go away with the Idea that I mean to disparage their influ ence, and I hope what I say now will atone tor any inference thoy may nave drawn irom what I hare said. In 185ft t was gotng from this etty home wards When In tbe State of Delaware the train was thrown from the track. It was tn the month of August. Nobody was Injured, and, as usual, nobody was to blame. Laughter and applause. The passengers gathered in little squads, and as It was before the elec tion they began to talk of political matters. I fell In with a company ot gentlemen cnteuy from the South, one from Georgia, and one, I think, from Texas Some were for Mr. Fillmore, whom, you will recollect, was a candidate, and some were for Mr, Buchanan, of pleasant memory. Laughter. The dis cussion went on. but I took no part In tt. After a time they proposed a oanvass to see ' how the gentlemen gathered tn this little knot would rote, borne voted lor Air. nil. more, some for Mr. Buchanan; and when they came to me I said quietly, L would rote for Fremont. Applause. That produced a little stir among these gentlemen, and, un luckily for the country, It so Interrupted the oanvafs that we do not know to this day how it stood I Laughter. J The gentleman from OeorgiaseeBaed very much disponed to prets the coorersatton, and especially upon the publlo sentiment of the North, to know how we were I saw the sort of people I had to deal with, and thought I would not move forward In the expressions of my opinion rapidly, but after a time I said quietly, we are to beat yqu by and by, I do not know when. Said this gentleman, how did you come to this conclusion? I replied, you may assume any opinion you please, you may asaume tbey are all for Mr Buchanan or all for Mr Fillmore, still the renult in the near future Is that we are golog to vote against tho Institution of slavery, and I come 10 thai conclusion irom tueaa prciancs- urai, the clergy and churches of the North are ery (rfnera.lv acalost slavery, Tbe schools, al though they do not teach politics, still the influence oi our system oi cuuoauuu ii al together In favor of human liberty. Lnst and chiefly, tbe women of the North are all against nero slavery. Applause To-day I say the samo thing, hat the same Influences are at work In the North tn favor of juuice justice to the btaok man as well as to the white man. There are men, I doubt not, In tbo North who have never claimed, and who would not perhaps to their friends admit, that they were controlled by these opinions and sentiments, yet who ear nestly and reverently believe that this war, with all Us sacrifices, is a just punishment sent by Heaven upon this people for the great sin of slavery, which Is but one form of Injustice, and who mean, now they have waded through this bloodshed, have seen their sons and husbands and fathers fall be ninth the nower of tbe rebellion and by the handB of treason, to clean tbe garments of the country from the foul stain or injustice of every form which can be ascribed to the nation tn its political character. Applause. It needs no eye of prophecy, this being the case, to penetrate the future to see what Is before us, and it will turn out, whatever men may ndiie, whatever doctrines they may en tertain tn tbelrhearts, that any arrangement or compromise or apparent settlement ot this business upon any other foundation than that of justlco will not stand. Applause. I ask you, gentlemen, and I ask the coun try whether, consulting prejudice, whether by Infatuation against color, whether con trolled by anf ncertatn Inference, four mil lions of people are to be decided unworthy to nartlclnate in this Government ? I ask them whether we are now to adopt a policy by which they will render rebellion and insurrection, war and bloodshed throughout the slave States, certain in the future ' Does any man suppose that tbeso tour millions of people, one hundred thousand or a hundred and fifty thousand of whom hare been In arms for tho defence of this Govern ment and this country, who bare been taught the rights of war, who know the power of organization, who know their rights and the means by which tbey are to be de fended does any one in his senses supposo that these four millions of poople are quietly to submit to any arrangement to be made here by which they are to be deprived of their rights as men, doubling as tf ey do In every twenty. three years, soon to be eight, and soon after to be sixteen millions does any one suppose there are any means by whloh tbey can bo made loyal to the Government of the country, except by a tree, just, ana gen erous concession to them of their rights at ones? Applause. Those who ask us to pursue a policy by whloh these people are to be deprlvod of all share In tbe government of the country ask us to consign these eleven States to civil and social war for an Indefi nite period of time There can le no security rgr lire there can be no security nr yrup. perty among them 'Iho part of justice is the only part of safety I have spoken longer.perhaps than Is well, only one thought remains beside whloh I care to present It has been said this is a while man's country You will reoiember that the President himself In a speech to tbe oolored pooile a few months ago repudiated that idoa, and I think there will and can be nothing In bis life or the life of any man of which posterity will be more preud than, the TeTBATIONAlV-RBFUItlCAN mi daily kkTi6lfr nmnltttlirtk pslUkii irery aftiri'si (faa-iyi ttHi) ly W, it MfA4Co,(Io.lU Xlitk meet,) til Is faralakei to ear sikseriberi (by .farriers) Al is eeat per laeata. MaU iBissrlbers, &M per aaaittf M.W for six months; aad II. ff three nwatliJ.U va riably la advance. Blagleeop1es,9ceats. , Taa Wsixlt Natiosal BnwtOAir le pub It.btd tftrr Jiiday saeralsrt Oae eopy one roar, tl, Three copies one year, eo.w; iew eopte one year, ItiV 00. -k fact that tbe President of tbe country at tblf time gave no countenance or support to to unjust a doctrine as that. I remember when Kossuth rlstted the country, and for the flrtt time addressed the people ef Msssaehu setts at Faneutl Hall, aud told tbetnwbo bad assembled tn thsjCradte of Liberty to1 listen tu him, tbey should not say American lib erty, but liberty to America. Said be,, "Liberty Is Liberty as God is QodV Ap plause. Bo I say this Is not a white man's country, it is not a black man's country, It U not red man's country; It Is a country which by Divine Providence has been preserved daring centuries for us, with all Its fertility and re sources, where we might create aad build homes and corernment founded upon Chris tian clrllltatlon. This ii a country for so it was willed to whloh should come all peo ple whom God has chosen to place upon tbe earth. Applause lie Is, In some form or other, an enemy of the human race who claims this as tbe white man's country or the black man's country. It Is tbe country of man, set apart and dedi cated by the Supreme Ruler of tbe world. To 09.11 us who are now expecting and about to enter on the enjoyment or restored Union, for the first time to announce that this Is a white man's country ts tbe basest Ingratitude. If suoh were our opinion wt should, two years and more ago, before we tnrtted men of another eolor to participate with us to Jeopard and sacrifice their lives In defence of the couotry, we should haro declared when It was free and restored it shouldbe a white man's oountry Applause. It does not He tn our mouths after we hare accepted the blood of these men, after they have stood in the ranks and upon tbe field of battle In the place of your fathers, husbands, sons, and brothers, now that they have fallen and sleep the sleep of death, and their bones bleach upon the plains of the South, to say that this is the white man's cuuntry. They have earned in the noblest manner and with tbe largest sacrifices, the right to call this their country. Applause GElXIElTAr, IIOWAItD'S imroiiT. Since the close of the war, the operations of the Freedmen's Bureau hare been looked upon with the greatest interest. Its affairs are conducted for the most part by soldiers, who hare now to devote their attention to the things which mako for peace, and at their head was the emioent Christian soldier tho II at block of America Gen. How ard. Ills report wilt be read with great tn terest. As we hare gireo, from time to time, full reports of the proceedings of the Bureau, we now submit but a brief abstract of the official dooument; On entering upon the duties Df bU office, six months ago, the Superintendent Informs us that he divided tbe Bureau Into four di visions, vtt: one of lands, a second of records, a third of financial affairs, while the fourth constituted the medical department. Eaoh one of theso divisions are successively taken up and treated in the report. The act of Congress approved March. 1&0S, which estab lished the Bureau, provided that tt should hare the superrlrlnn and maangtmsot of abandoned isnaa wi. i. lauaa -rja their owners or confiscated by the Govern rnunt There are now. we are told. ln'pO session of the Bureau 768,040 acres of soeh lands, 161. .31 acres are cultivated by the freedmen, 143,2'U are unculttrated, while 464, U40 acres have not as yet been classified Believing it to be not oniy a just poucy, but tbe policy decided upon by the Govern ment, Gen Howard refused tu return any estates to owners who could apt show a "constant loyalty, punt and present a. loy alty which could not be estatflibel by the mere production of an oath of allegiance or amnety ' This oourFe did not meetwltb the a proral of the Preaideut, who gave ao tlce that a pardon, either by special warrant or the provisions of his amiscsly proclama tion, entitled the party pardoned to demand aud receive Immediate restoration of all his property, except such as ba been actually sold under a decree of confiscation, In accordance with thee orders the Sea Inlands along the coast of South Carolloa and Georgia, which hud been ctpcoially set apart tor the fieedmen by Genorsl Sher man, were restored to their owners. Tbe total number of acres thus far surrendered amounts to 88,170 In New Orleans, prop erty to the ralue of $800,000 has been re stored, while one-third of all that held In North Carolina has been given up. Under tbe head of Bccurds, Gen. Howard states that rations weie Issued by the Bu reau In August last, to 67.3C0 whites, 00.M7 blacks, and 123 Indian, total of 148,120. Tbe whole number of rations Issued during the month of September were 1,400,644. The expenditures of tho Bureau have amounted to $478,363 17 The total amount received, Including funds on hand January 1, Is $007,396.28, leaving a balance on hand of $313,796 62. This, however, Includes a largo nninnnt of fundi held in trait for colored soldiers, which is to be returned to them It is estimated that the amount required for the expenditures of the Bureau for the fiscal year commencing January, 1866, will bo $11,745,050. Some three millions of this estimated sum is put down to the head of "sites for school houses and asylums." Now, although It would be most desirable to haTe the freed negroes educated, the General Government cannot take upon Itself the labor and ex- penso or giving them alia "scnoonng,'- un der the head of "justice," tbe General con tlnues "It would seem best to have some provision of law extending tbe United States jurisdiction to the freedmen, while tbey re- s ft aft. 1 .. Vaaa.linAVl'a main waraa oi ine uovermueu v- -United Ctatea Coortt to eiist fur a term of yeara would be a verj effective Instrument to relieve the'e people from the Injustice In tident to ft forKed emancipation, 1 mean on the part of those who have fought gintt emancipation, and aro too full ot prejudices anl Ignorance to belleie In freedom lu hit concluding remarks, den. Howard makes numerous suggestions, and eipretset tbe hope that the Bureau will still be con. tlnued, adding -I nrralj belleie that the tame just Ood that eonduoted ue to freedom will to continue to direct ne that wo shall be able to keep the pledge we have made, that that freedom shall be a substantial reality." The letter or den. (Irani to the President on the temper of the South tuggestt. at an economical measure, that every officer on dutv with troopa In the Southern States be made ui;entB of the Frcedineo'a Bureau, and thus save the eipeme of separate salaried agents Whatever may be hit individual views In regard to the manner of carrying It ont, the Lieutenant General agreel with Oen Howard at to the necessity of a policy looking to lb. protsction of tbe Ireedmcn, for he lays in li letter " It cannot be eipeoted that the opinions held by men at tbe South for yeart can be changed In a day And, therefoie, the freedmen require for a few yean nl only ewt to protect mem, oui tno ioBien ii or those who will live them rood counsel. I Ma on whom tbey can rely " I aai Jonn llaocumM la diamaUiing "Out Ha. toal frteaa." ?