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lunmivL a Anciiftw hi 9TOWI-R!WJ(B WABUINQTON, D. O. W. J. MURTAOB CO.. rUBUBHXRB 'Vtf.'aursooit hditob ,., i mm hi mm ro b imuiuu Lteeou WeaaUftea, OeteWlO, IW4, HT WBOLI L1II SII1LX. Bl DIBIGTID rowiKDi nxsiRTina-Tni wtoir, ivd KAKIBO IT, IS TBI TBOTVt ilDIULUR ESSE OTTnlTUUf, MBKASalfTLT TBIK. -aroa.W JomnotWeuMnffton, April KHa, IMA. -. "IT II TIME TH1 4MEB1CA1I PEOPLl nODLD BITAUatITT()'DHDR8TAND THAT rtlASOK It A CBim HOT II RErE.IOI HOT 19 AIOEE BUT THAT TBXASOII IS A CRIME, AKD BHO0LD BI ESTEEMED AB tUCB AKD rOSIIIlBD A8 BUCH" Aroasw Joi.eoi, PmidnU of IA. UUml fcxtes April JO. IKi I -show, mi wno nil bees xaaAaED id iniU COHIPIRACUK, WHO HAS FIRXD Tiros ovk mo, wlio has aivxi in. ETHtTCTIOtll TO TAKE OOH TORTS), AJTD CCS TOM BOOHS, AKD ABSEBALB, AHD DOCK TAHDg, AstDl WILT. SHOW YOBATKAITOR. KB I PBKMDKgr OF Tltt BTITED ITATE8, I WOULD DO AS THOMAS JtTYtH- ton did in isml wrrn aaror burr, i WOULD IIAVE THEM. ARRESTED, AKD, IF COSV1CTED WITH IS THE MKABIKa AKD roPE of the coMBTirrmos, bt the BTKMIJIL OOD I WOULV EXECUTE TUEtt ' Imn JeSJiraoir, ! Hi UmU-l tlatu Snots Mere id. 1801. AUiUtttrtnltUlaf to tit iBbicrlptlon of, or alrrtULDf In, lb HirtnuoAB hoali t id drMkod to tlto paUUbtrt, u aboro iillotttn oroumtiBlcvtloBi lBteodcirorpab lUfttloB, or la oaf wsj nlftUag to th odltorlol fepvtmsatof thspapsr, t bo old b oddrotiodto tho tdltor, ai abort. ToOoaEKiroiDirrr. Ho aot!o an botabaa o( amoajiaoaa aommaaleatloaa, Wbaterer li UUaltl'oTlairUoa mail bo ootboaUoatod by Iho aano and addrtti of th writor cot rily for pabtlaatloo, bot a a (oaiaaty of Us food altb. Basis, aad otbt r eorrspoadsti will gMttlr bll(o tbo FaMItfatr aid tbo Id Iter br eonplr 1a wltb tbo aboro loggMtlon. VTt caaaoistadrtako to ritara raloctod ton .irJvUoti TCKSDAY: ,...:i...MAKC1I IT, 1806, PIIKSIDENTIAE. RKCKPTIONS. Wo are authorized to say that henceforth o&lj en reception eaoh week will be given at the FreaMentlal Mansion. The ladiee will receive alternate Fridays, from 1 to 3 p m. There will he erenloff receptions al ternate Mondays, from 8 to 10j. m.coro menetog this evening TIIK rJIKSIDEITM LEVEE. The Executive Mansion waa in a blase of light and agreeable excitement lait evening, on the ofcaalon of the President' first public levee. Therooma were not only crowded, hut the character or the rMtore asrabll to pay their respects to President Johisij wsj a strong upliiuenl to him. Near! all the memberi of the Cabinet, with their families, were present, with many Congressmen and otheri In high official station, and a host of distinguished people from every aectlon of the country, as well as from the city and it8 Immediate vicinity. United States Marshal Ooonma made the presentations to the President In the Blue Kootrj. Mrs PlTTen- sox and Mrs. 8tQvr.fi, daughters of Prosi dent JomiQsT, were also present, and re celved their friends gracefully Daring the evening excellent mtiie was discoursed by the Marine Sand JAY COOKE AND TUB SEVEV THIRTIES. "A noted phUsnthropist. of whs practi cal benevoleooe Oil Dial makes honorable mention. Is aatd to have made a handsome fortune by taking eare of a charity fund Mr. Jay Cooke, to whose keeping the na tional lean was en trusted by the Oorern inent, became so much enamored of the sub Ject that he hired an abU-bodlod Bohemian, of facile pen and easy conscience, to prove that national debts were national blessings The .Bohemian earned his money, but the rubtio continued incredulous Thus writ, In the Klehraoad Titter, a Bohemian of the eeeeth sort, and therefore a hungrier Bohemian than any ever employed by Mr. Jir Cooke, and he goes on to de scribe, with the most poignant envy that a hungry Bohemian oould feel under the cir cumstance, a house which Mr Cooxtt has chosen to order bis architect and carpenters to build. Now It strides us that with seven thirties at par It ill becomes an "able bodied Bohemian" of the ex confederacy, whose bonds are as valueless as the bonds of their late slaves, to rail at Jir Cooke. Our stven-thlrtiel are at par to-day. We have quoted them at 100 lately, and whether a national debt Is a national blessing or not, the labors of Jat Cooke A Co in raising the loans required to preserve the Govern uent were a blessing to the nation and de- serve to be well rewarded. The appreciation of oar bonds, both at home and abroad, shows how well Mr Cook a and his partners understood not only the de tails of finance, but the temper anl the faith ef the American people, as well as their re sources The fact that lntiteof the ad verse criticism and warning prognostications of those who were faithless among the faith ful, our promises to pay are already held at par, la a prouuer compliment to Mr. Coosa than any Bohemian of the Fouth could pay hi IIAKKIl DltfMISSKI). This morning Judge Fisjibk, of the Su preme Court, D C , delivered an opinion In the case of L, O Bakbk, sustaining the de murrer of counsel for the defendant, and BAKSBwas dismissed. TflB Monroe (La Intdhgeneer snys that an Immigration soqlety ought at once to be organised in (bat section The requisite quantity of laborers Is not In the country, even If every negro should desire to go to work, and should labor as well as before the war. There are not more than half as many laborers la the two parishes of Ouachita and Moriboiue'ae are wanted now, and for an other year th won will be itlll moreitrl pail ftlt. tf&Sft Notice. C WS-atteVniTO rOSTP01tKB ' it will see; frem the' fellow, ouVJst 2 ... KLii.-J- L. L j n Hi t-7 rjwoanoaaneat. that the w6oid faaaa.saet- lag a( the front of the city llali has'' beta postponed .IUlseXAaTlU wATtQX.il TJltQlCLCB, LCB.) ne. to TwiLrra strxxt, WAtoroTosD.C. March Z7.iMfl To (As Pioi(c: The mass-meeting announced to take place under the auspices of the National Union Club, at the City Mall, In this lty, on Wodnesdayteronlog, March .28th, li post poned until further notice. By order of the Executive Committee Wu, Tbobf. Corres See 11 "3T TBLaOBAPU. Hew York Market. Naw Year. March 27. Cotton doll and unchanged. Flour quiet. Wheat dull and unchanged. Corn unchanged. Beef steady. Pork and Lard buoyant. Whisky dull. Daittmore M&rketa, Baltimorc. March 27-Tlour iteadr. Wheat steady. Corn dull white 70, yellow 69a?0. Oats firm Provisions dull and nom inal. Groceries heavy. Whisky $2 20. Tho Canadian Volunteers M out an a l, March 37. At a meeting held ? Yesterday to raise funds to provide for tho amities of volunteers on duty, about fifty persons were present, wno suDScnoea iz,ouo for that purpose It is supposed that there wut be no cU acuity in raiitog xiu.uou. f a tine Dlaaetere. Fobtrkss Moibom. March 27. The schooner Llsxle Law ton. from New York for Charleston, 8, C, sunk on Chi ncote ague shoals on Sunday morning, and went to pieces. One seaman was drowned. lne steamer fatapeoo, from nam more for New York, has put Into Norfolk, leaking. Mevrepa portal and Theatrical Knter prtee. Cm cm vat i. March 27 Tho Entutrer company has purchased all the property on Vine street, between the Gaxettt office and Moxart Gardens, on whloh they will erect a magnificent opera houte.with printing offices In the rear. From the Pacific Coast Political Ex c Item cut In Oregon Got, Glbba In m Passion Fah Fbarcisco, March 20. The steanfer Pacific, from Portland, Oregon, with $100,. 000 In treasure, has arrived. The Republicans called a meeting at Port land to endorse President Johnson, when Governor Glbbs, who was present, arose and denounced the meeting as a meeting of Cop- per needs, ana ue, wun omen, man ieu. Prom California Another Earth quake Saw Frai Cisco. March 26 One of the most severe shocks of an earthquake since tnat or uotooer jest occurred to-day at noon It was also felt at Santa Crux, Ban Juan, San Jose, Stockton, Sacramento and Gllroy At the latter I lace only Is any damage re ported. Dates from Arisona to the 16th Inst, state that the Indians are still Tery troublesome Mining operations are reported as very pros perous in Arisona. Arrived, ship Valparaiso, from Baltimore The Case of the Steamer Meteor New York, March 26, The case of the steamer Meteor, the alleged Chilian pi It a teer. was up to day on exceptions, and Mr Forbes was examined. A Severe Duel at lxlns(tnf Ky. Lexiygtox, March 26 A duel took place at daylight this morning, near this place, between Joseph Desha and Alexander Kern brougo. At the second fire Kembrough was shot through both hips. Plre at St Paul, Mlnucaota. St Pai ., Mint., March 26 Four wooden buildings on the corner of Fourth and Roberts streets, consisting of shops and saloons, were burned last night. The loss amounted to $8,000, which was fully In sured. Counterfeit era Arreateil LocmiLLE, March 26. Four Italians were arrested this morning with $11,000 In counterfeit bills, of all descriptions, In their possession Lotiitvirtr. March 26 The Italians, ex cepting Tago Moutalba, engaged In the sale ot counterieit iractionai currency, were bound oi er by the United States Commis sioner to-day. Prom Mexico New OnfEARB, March 26. Matamoras advices to the 19th Instant have been re ceived. Two engagements had taken place at Poras, Northern Mexico. The Liberals, un der Narsngo, were defeated by Gen. Douay The Liberals, reinforced by General Fre aro, afterwards attacked the French under Barou Lubrlar, who was killed One hun dred of his men were captured General Douay was afterwards besieged In Poms church with fifty men, but held out till he was reinforced. Baron Lobrtar and bis company were re cently stationed in JJaiamoras, ana mere was great mourning among the French In that eitv In consequence of the disaster. The Southern Express at Brasot was robbed or 97d,UUU The steamer Crescent was searched at Gal veston. Tin Second Comptroller of the Treasury has decided that the claims against the Gov ernment of persons domiciled In the South ern States before and during the war, now presented for payment, are not lawfully en title! to liquidation. He thinks that the laws of natloos, and of Congress, and the decisions of the Supreme Court, justify this opinion Mn II dob is, of Cincinnati, has sold the pale&t of his telegraph to France for 200, O00 f, and to Italy for 120, 00 Of, and Is on the point of concluding another vrj profita ble arrangement wltb Russia. He Is reaping a richer harvest from bis Intention than Prof Morse, who received but 400, OOOf from all the European Governments together. In addition to the emoluments which Mr Hughes gained In Russia, the Ciirbas made hlin a Knight of the Order of St. Anne. The Commissioner of Internal Revenue has decided that " the marble slabs need In the manufacture of furniture may be de ducted Irom the finished article, provided a duty had been previously paid thereon. The cost of glass plate may also ne aeauetea irom the value of the finished looking-glass It too tax had been paid on the same.' The decline In the prices of domestlo and foreign manufactures elnoe the commence ment of the year li from 25 to 30 per cent , and the extent of the losses sustained by Im porters and jobbers may be Inferrod from this. Cotton has met wltb a still greater decline, and a good many article have fallen MliutAOptT cent. H important DEATH OP SBltATOR FOOT. I OeTTeadtraand lb a whole country .will be deeply pained to learn that Solovom Foot! uniiea cieiesreenaior worn ormont, uiea ihinoTiungailnjSj ojoloek. .Thus has death within a fewWontbsVejnJeVed from ni two members of the highest branch of the National Legislature, belonging to and tap. resenting tho samsr-fitate.-and -commanding for themselves and their. constituency the highest respect. ' Mr. Foot was born In Cornwall, Addison eountrr Vermont, In November, 1802, and was graduated at MtddUbury College, In that State, In 1819. .ne taught in Tarlou? acad emles and college, nntll 1821, when he waa admitted to the bar at Rotlnnd, where ho has since resided. He -was eent to the State Legislature for three consecutive years from 1836, and also ln1847. He was Speaker of the House for his last three years of service In that body. In 1835 he was a member of the State Constitutional Convention, and was elected to Congress In 1842 and 1841. At the elose of the last term, declining re election, he renewed his profession, but was chosen to tho United Stales Senate In 1850, 1856, and 1862. He was also president of the Brunswick and Florida Rati ro id Company, of Georgia He was a clear-headed and well-read law yer, and his varied abilities and manifold good qualities gave him great political In fluence at home and In the national council. Deliberative and judicial rather than argu mentative, his mind was always fully made np when he came to act upon legislative subjects, and he was consequently decided In bis advocacy of measures he had resolved to support. Mr Foot was no less distinguished for the kindness and urbanity of his manners than for his dignity of bearing durfng his long Senatorial career, and no face will be more sorrowfully tnlised la that chamber, where he and his late colleague (Mr. Cot lamer) had made tbemselres so thoroughly respected and so greatly beloved. PEN, PEMClt. AND 8C1SSOU9. The cotton crop In Algeria Is magnificent. No stook board in New York on Good Fri day. Horolclv dates of the 6th nit. state that the eruption of the great volcano has ceased. A DEArr snow storm prevailed at Halifax yesterday. Hratt rains have fallen on the upper Rod river, and navigation Is excellent. The Hon Geo. Chamber, an ex-Judge of, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, died Sunday at a Tery advanced ago Toe losses by the great fire In Cincinnati foot np $1,751,000, besides the damage to business and throwing persons out of em ployment. Tok, did you ever eat a guinea hen?1' "No, oan't afford it. Common fowls at a dollar apiece are dear enough for me " A sikole transportation company In St. Louis has made engsgemeats for 3,000,000 pounds of freight to Montana Territory. Tuere Is a great deal of sickness prevail ing In Lexington, Kentucky spotted ty phoid fever and pneumonia. Retorts continue to be received of damage to the levees by the high floods from the upper Mississippi. Tff r cotton self ores hare been stopped by military orders on the Red river, and the staple Is coming In egsln The story that Gen Grant Is about to make a voyage to Europe In a naval vessel Is dented all round. Creekt operationputting one's face upon the currency of the realm without proper authorisation. W.ktbr Is lingering In the lap of spring with a vengeance. Oh, how It lingers, and bites one's fingers ' Sohx people wonder that nnder existing circumstances the price of milk In London has not risen. But the rinderpest does not affect the cow with an Iron tall. IIarvct BADiriELn A Co-'a wood en ware factory, at Cleveland, Ohio, was destroyed by fire Saturday night. Loss $150,000, which Is only partly Insured. Tite official statement of the Secretary re specting tbe special census pf Colorado, taken a year ago, shows that the population was then over 40,000 It la estimated to be at lent 50,000 now. At a conference held In New York yester day, of the presidents of the Trades' Union, a resolution wss prted favoring tb,e calling together of a National Convention of Trades' Unions. Ih the Txas State Convention, an ordi nance has been adopted providing for the ap pointment of a commissioner by the Govern ment, to proceed to Washington and repre sent definitely the action of the convention. R. B. Hall, of Louisville, Ky., has taken the contract to complete tbe 11 miles of tbe Southern Pacific railroad between Shieve port and Marshall, making a continuous ag gregate of 62 miles of road. Ik the Supremo Court of Pennsylvania, yesterday, Judge Woodward delivered a decision In the ease of Malt by va The Reading and Columbia Railroad Company, that railroad bonds held by non-residents are liable to State taxation. Mlse 7 eld a Ilarrlfon'e Concert Miss Harrisqr's second eonoert, given at Metxerott Hall last evening, was not as fully attended as It would have been bat for the President's Leree, but the singing gave great satisfaction to a critical and refined audience. This young lady possesses a remarkable voice, ranging as it docs naturally and with ease from a full contralto upward through mezzo soprano to tha regular ;oprano it will ba readily understood that such a voice, well cultivated and under eontrol of aq In telligent and most sympathetic musician, It capable of produolng wonderfully pleasing effects In the concert room. Miss Ha.rrisor possesses a fine figure, a band so me and ex. presslre face, and aha eomes before tbe an. dience with a look of self consciousness and confidence which, without any appear ance of eftprt or affectation, immediately Inspires bar listeners with an assurance that she is mli4rt of the muslo she Intends to sing Her voice Is fresh, melodious, and sympathetic, and ber Intonations true Her singing was received last evening with rap turous applauHt Miss Rosa Coonn and Mr. Edward Seouist, who assisted her, were warmly received! and Mr. Maas presided at tba piano like an artUt. J was truly a cap Hal eonoert, MUASUUmi HI --'- - , ltIA2li, t.iTTTt JTkl Message &pm -the President. VETO OP TUB "civir, RIGHTS BtLt." Tli. "Cirll Itlgktl" Bill w.l returned to th. Senate this afternoon with a meipeg. from the Preitd.nt, ilatfnf 'hit. olVjltonl thereto. It II aj follow.: " To tU Bnatt qftSi UnUtJ Statu; , I regret that the bill whleh ha. t pawed both Howe, of Congreii, entitled' "An aet to protect all p.nona In the United Blatei In their elf 1 rlhU,.and fnrnlih )h. mean, for th.lr rlndicatlen,'1 eonlm proelilon. whfoh I eannot approve, coniijlentlj with mjienfe of datj to the whole people, and mj oUIga tlons to the Conitlttitlen of the" tTnlted State.. I am therefore oonitnlnedto" re turn It to the Senate, the home In whloh' It originated, with tor objection, to It. heoomn log n law. Bt the Ant lection of the bill, all penoni horn In the United States, and sot .object to an foreign power, excluding Indian, not taxed, ar. d.clarad to be cltliem of the Uni ted State. Ihli provi.lon oopr.hend. the Chlneie of the PaclSc State., Indian. Inbjeot to taxation, the people called Oypslei, a. w.ll a. the entire race designated a. blaelu, people of eoler, negroet, nulaltoei, and per eon. of African blood. Brerr Individual of theie racei, born In the United State., I. bv the bill made a oltlien of the United States. It doe. not purport to declare or confer anv other right of cltliemhlp than Federal oltl renehlp It docs not purport to give these classes of person) any tialitl a. cltlten. of State., except that which ma remit from their itstui a. oltlien. of the United Btat... The power to confer the right of State cltl icnihlp It Just a. exclusive) with the several State, at the power to conf.r the right of Federal elttiensblp I. with Congress. The right of Federal cltii.nthlp thua to be oonferred on the s.v.ral .xoapted race, be fore mentioned, Is now, for the first time, pro- poled to be given by law. If, a. I. claimed by many all perion. who are native-born, already are, by virtue of the Constitution, citizen, of the United State., th. passage of the pending bill cannot be necessary to make them such. If, on th. other hand, such per sons are not oltlsens, a. may b. assumed from the proposed legislation to make them such, the grave 'question present. Itself, whether, when eleven of the thlrty-slx Stales are ton- represented in Congress, at this time It Is sound policy to make our entire colored pop ulation and all other excepted classes citizens of the United States? Four million, of them harejust emerged from slavery lotofreedom. Can It be reasonably supposed that they pos sess tl e requisite qualifications to entllje them to all the privileges and Immunities of cltl an. of the United States? Hare the people of the several States expressed such a conviction? It may also be asked whether It Is neces sary that they should be declared citizens, In order that they may be secured in the enjoy ment of elvll rights? Thoso rights proposed to be oonferred by th. bill, ar., by Federal a. well as State laws, scoured to all domiciled aliens and foreigner. ren before tbe comple tion of the process of naturalization; and It may safely be aisumed that tbe same enact ments are Bqfiel.nt to give Ilk. protection and benefit, to tbos. for whom thl. bill pro vides .pedal legislation. Besides, the policy of the Government, from 1U origin to the present time, seems to hare beep that persons who are strangers to, and unfamiliar with, oar institutions and oar laws should pas. through ac.rtaln probation, a.t the ind of whloh, be fore attaining the coveted prize, they must give evidence 6f their fitness to reoelr. and to exercise the rights of cltlsens, as contemplated by the Constitution of the United Etates The blll,ln effect, proposes a discrimination against Urge numbers of Intelligent, worthy and patriotic foreigners, and In favor of tbe negro, to whom, after long years of bondage, the avenues to freedom and Intelligence have now been suddenly opened 'H. mast of ne cessity from his previous uqfortunate condi tion of sorvitudo, be less jnrqrm.a as to tbe nature and character qf our institutions than he who, coming from abroad, has to some extent at Unit familiarised himself with tbe principles of a ROttrnmtnt to whloh he vol untarily entrusts "life, liberty and the pur suit of happiness' Yet It 1. now proposed, by a single legislative enactment, to oonter the right, of cltlsens upon all person, of Af rican descent bora within the extended limits of the United Statel, wbll. perion. of foreign blrtb, who make oar land thoir homo, must undergo a probation of five years, and can only then beoome citizens upon proof that they ar, of "good moral character, attached to the principles or the Constitution of the United Etates, and well disposed to tbo good order and happiness of the aame." The first section of the bill also contains an enumeration qf the rights to be enjoyed by these classes, so made cltlsens, "In every Stat, and Territory In file Unlteo; States ' There rights are: "7" i&eke and enforce contracts, to sue, h. parl,s, and give evi dence, to Inherit, porchase, lease, sell, hold and convey real and personal property, t' and to have "full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for tho .ecurlty of person and property as Is enjoyed by white cltlsens." So, loo, they ar, made subject t-o th, same punishment, pains attd penalties In ooniuion with white citizens, and to none others Tho. a perfect equality of tbe white and black races Is attempted to be fixed by Fed. erallaw, In etery Stat, of th. Union, ov.r the vast field of state tarlsdlctldn covered by these enumerated right.. In no qne of tbeso o,n any State av.r eierpls, any power 01 aisonmineuou Between iu.uii.f.ui races In th. exercise of Stat, poloy ov.r mat ters exclusively affecting lb. paople of each State, It ha. frequently been thought expe dient to discriminate Utwepu tbe two races, By the statutes of some of je State., North ern as well ai Southern, It tl enacted, for In stance, that no white perion shall Intermarry with a negrq or mulatto, Chaucsllor Kljft says, .peaking of th. blacks, that "marriage, between thsra and the wtjljei art forbldden EXTRA w . ! -T-rri w-riTi -r x I - r-r.-T: t ti-w w M.:--w-r mtuuuammmmtef U Karia fu.l. wfc. eAavarv de. not exist, and liey .prohibited,! all U "aUvehefdlngtate'arld when not i absolutely eontrarrtoitaw, neyar nvasuas m girded ! is ! ofreso.f.gtnrtpabllod.co. I do not say this bill repeals State Taw. Or tho .abject of marriage b.tween th. two races, for as the whiles are forbidden to In. Urmarrywlthonlacki, th blackrcan enlyT,taei.l(rlflqhUaets a. th. white, themselves ar allowed to make, and there for, cannot, uod.r this bill, enter Into the marflag eoniYect 1.lti th whlte..""rilC this d!scrlmInatton7however, as an Instance of the StaleoHo'ee'to 'discrimination, and to tnaulro whether. If Oonxrec, can abrogate all State law. Of dleorlmlnatlon between the" two races, In th. matter, of teal estate, of iults, and of contracts generally,' Congress may not also repeal th. Btat. laws as to the contract of marriage between the two races? Hitherto over subject embraced In the enumeration of,rlghts contained In this bill, has been considered ai exclusively belonging to th. States. They all relate to the Internal policy and economy of the respective States. They ar. matters which In each State con cern the domestlo condition of Its people, varying In each according to Its own peculiar circumstances, and th. safety and well being of Its own cltlsens. I do not mean to say that nP " these subject, there are not federal restraints, as, for Instanoe, in th. Stat, power of legislation over, contract., than Is a federal limitation that no State hall pais a law Impairing th. obliga tions of contract. and as to crimes, that no Btat. .hall pan an tz y( facto lawf and as to money, that no State lhall make anything but gold and .li ver a legal tender. But when can we find a. Federal prohibition agaln.t th. power of any State to discriminate, as do most of themt between aliens and cltlsens, between arti ficial persons called corporations, and natu ral persons, In the right to hold real estate? If It be granted that Congress can repeal all State law. discriminating b.tween whites and blacks In th. subjects' covered by thle bill, why.lt may be asked, may not Congress repeal In th. .am. way all State law. dis criminating between the two races on the eubjects of suffrage and office ? If Congress can declare by law who shall hold lands, who shall testify, who shall have capacity to make a contract In a Stale, then Congress can by law also declare who, without re gard to color of race, shall hare the right to sit as a juror or a. a Judge, to hold any office, and, finally, to rote "In every State and Territory of tho United States." As respects the Territories, they come within the pow.r of Congress, for as to them, the law making power is tbe Federal power; but as to the States no Itmllar provisions exists, vesting In Congress the power "to make rales and regulations" for them. The object of the second lection of the bill Is to ofTurd discriminating protection to colored persons In the full enjoyment of all the rights sscured to them by the preceding section. It declares "that any person who, under oolor of any law, statute, ordlqance, regulation, or cqstom, shall sahjeci, or cause to b. sub jected, any Inhabitant of any State or Terri tory to the deprivation of any right secured or protected by this act, or to different pun. Ishment, palus, or penalties on account of such person havln. atf any1 time been held lu a oondltlon of1 slaver ot Involuntary servi tude, except as a pontshment for .rime where of the parly lhall hare been duly convicted, or by reaion of his oolor or race, than Is pre scribed for tho punishment of white persons, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction, shall be punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dollarp, or Imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both. In the discretion of the court," This section seems to be designed to apply to some existing rtr future law of a State or Territory which may conflict with th. provisions of tbe bill now nnder consideration It provides for counteracting such forbidden legislation by Imposing fin. and Imprisonment upon the legislators who may pas. auch conflicting laws, or upon the officer, or agents who shall put, or attempt to put, tbem Into exeentlon It means an ofQclal offence, not a common crime committed against law upon th. per sons or property of the hlack race Such an act may deprive the black man of his prop erty, but not of the ri&ht to hold property. It means a deprivation, qf t,h,t right. Itself either by the State Judiciary or the State Legislature It is therefore assumed that under this section member! of State Legis latures who should vote or laws oonfllotlng with the provision) of the bill) that judge, of the State court, who .hould render Judg ments In antagonism wltb Its terms) and that marshals and sheriffs who should, a. ministerial officer., execute processes, sanc tioned by State laws and Issued by State Judges, In .zeoatlon of their Judgments, could be brought before other tribunals and there subjected to floe and Imprisonment for the performance of the duties wh,lch such Stat, laws might impose. The legislation thus proposed Invades the Judicial power of tho State. It says toevery State ooart or judgei If you deolde that this act Is unconstitutional. If you refuse, under tha prohibition of a 6tate law, to allow a negro to testify, If you hold that over such a subjeot matter the Statelaw Is paramount, and "undercolor" of a State law refuse tho exercise of the right to th. negro, your error of Judgment, however conscientious, lhall lubjeet you to fine and Imprisonment I I do not apprehend that the conflicting legtsla tloo, which the bill seems to contemplate, Is o likely to occur as to render It necessary at this time, to adopt a measure or such doubt ful constitutionality. In the next place, this provision of the bill seemi to be unnecessary, as adequate Judi cial remedies could be adopted to secure th. desired end, without Invading the Immunt tlea of legislators, alwaya Important to be preserved In the Interest of publlo liberty, without assailing the Independence of the Judiciary: always essential to the preserva tion of Individual rights, and without Im pairing the emelency of ministerial officers, alwaya necessary for the maintenance of pub llq peace and order. The roraedy proposed by this section leemi to be, In tbli respect, not only anomaloui but unconitltutlonal; for the Constitution guarantees nothing with oertalnty. If It does not Insure to the several State! the right of making and executing lawi tc7 regard to all matters arising within their Jurisdiction, subject only to tbe re strlctlon that In eases of conflict with the Constitution and constitutional law. of the United Stat.s, the latter should be held to be the supreme law el the land, Tha third seotkra aires th. District Court! of th United States exclusive "cognisance 6f aU'erimeVanAffewes -committed agelMi 'Utfeetlrurberions whVare uented or eannot ehJbre. In th. Court! or Judicial tribunals of th Btat. or locality where they may be any of luTxighlOeeufol imflxrot- thl BfiteC tlon." Th. eomtru.tlon which libera given to the second section li itrengtb.ne'd by this third lection, for It makes clearwhat kind Mdenfalnl1 'deprivation of the rights secured by thrflrst'iectlon was In content platlon. It Is a denial or deprivation of inch right! "In th Court! or judicial tnom nali 'of th State ' It stands, therefore, clear of donbt that th offence and the pen alties provided In tbe second section ar In tended for the Stat Judge who In the clear exercise of hi functions ai a Judge.not acting ministerially, bat judicially,, shall decide contrary to this Federal law. In other words, when a Stat Judge, acting nnnn a nnaatlnn InTOlvtasr a conflict between a Etatalaw and a Federal law, and bound,' aocordlng to nis own judgment ana responsi bility, to glv an Impartial decision between the two, comes to th conclusion that the Stat law li valid and the Federal law I. In valid, he must not follow the dictate, of his own Judgment at the peril of fin. and Im prisonment. The Legislative Department of the Government ot th. Unlt.d State, thu. take, from the Judicial department of th States th sacred and xcluslvo duty of Judicial decision, and converts the Btate Judge Into a mere ministerial officer bound to deold aooordt&g to th will of Congress. It li clear1 that la State! which deny to penoni whose right! ar secured by the first section of th. bill any on of those rights, all criminal and elvit cases affeetleg them, will, by the provisions of th third section come under the vxelustv eognlsanee of ih. Fed ral tribunals. It follow, that If, In any State which denies to a colored prson any on of all thos rights, that persoh should oommtt a crime against th law! of th Btate, xonrder, arson, rape, or any other orlme, all protection and punishment through the courts of the State, are taken away, and he can only be tried and punished In th Fd oral courts. How Is the orlmlnal to be tried? If the offence Is provided for and punished by Federal law, that law, and not the State law, 1. to govern. It la only when the offence does not hsp pen to be within the purview of Federal Taw that the Federal courts are to try and punish him under any other law. Then reeort Is to bo bad to "tb common law, a. modified and changed" by Stat legislation, "so far as the same Is not Inconsistent with the Constitu tion and laws of the United States." So that over this vast domain of orlmloal jurlspru" dence provided by each State for the protec tion of Its own oltlsens, and for the pontsh ment of alt persons who violate Its criminal laws, Federal law, wherever It can be made to apply, displaces State law. The question her naturally arlsei, from what source Cougresi derives the power to transfer to Federal tribunals certain olasses of cases embraced In this section ? Th Consti tution expressly declares that the Judicial power of the United States 'shall extnd to all casss In law and equity arising nnder this Constitution, tbe laws of the United States, and treaties made, or1 which shall be made, ' under their authority; to all oases affecting ambassadors, other pnblle minister, and con suls, to all cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction, to controversies to whleh the United States shall be a party; to contro versies between two or more States, between a State and citizens of another State, be tween cltlsens of different States, between citizens of tbe same State claiming land under grants of different States, and between a State, or the citizens thereof, and foreign States, cltUens, or subject. " Jl.re th Jadloial pow.r of th United Slates Is expressly set forth and defined; and the act of September 21, 1789, estab lishing the Jadloial courts ot the United States, in oonf.rrlng upon the Federal Court. Jurisdiction over easel originating In State tribunals, la careful to confine them to the classes enumerated In the above recited clause f tU Constitution. This section of tho bill undoubtedly comprehends oases and authorise the exercise of powers that are not, by th Constitution, within the Juris diction of the Courts of th United Etatea. To transfer them to those Courts would ho an exerolse of authority woll calculated to excite distrust and alarm on tbe part of all the States, for the bill applies alike to all of them as well to those that have as to" those that have not been engaged In rebellion. It may be assumed that this authority Is incident io the power granted to Congress by the Constitution, as recently amended, to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the arti cle deolartng that "neither slavery nor In voluntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof tho party shall havo been duly convicted, shall exist within the United Btates, or aoy plaoe subjeot to their jurisdic tion " It cannot, bowerer, be justly claimed that, with a view to the enforcement of this article of tbe Constitution, thsre Is at pres ent any necessity for the exerclss of all the powers whloh thli bill oonf.r. Slavery haa heed abolished, and at present nowhere exists within the Jurisdiction of the United States, nor hai there been, nor Is It likely there will be an attempt to rerlte it, by the people or th States. If, however, any anoh attempt shall he made, It will then become the duty of the General Qov.rnm.nt to exercise any and all Incidental pow.r. necessary and proper to maintain Inviolate this great oonstltaltoual law of freedom. The fourth section of the bill provides that of&eere and agents of the Freedmen's Bureau shall be empowered to make arrests, and also that other officers may be specially commissioned for that purpose by the Presi dent of the United States, It also authorises Circuit Courts of tbe United States and the Superior Courts of tho Territories to appoint, without limitation, Commissioners, who aro to be oharged with the performance of yitaii Judicial duties. The fifth section empowers the Commissioners so to be selected by tbe courts to appoint In writing, under their bands, on or mor suitable persons from tlms to time to execute warrants and other processes described by the bill. These nu merous offlolal agents are made to constitute tyort of police. In addition to the military, and are authorised to summon jiotit roni rpdif, and even to call to tbelr aid inoh por tion of -the land an J naval force, of th. Uni ted Stat.., or of th mllltla, 'as may b. ne. eassary to the performance of th duty with Which (bey ate charged,'' Thj extraordinary power. ,tuK f jitM I red upon agents Irresponsible to th Govern ment and to th people, to when number th I discretion of tbe Commissioners Is the only j Halt, and In whose hand, inch authority ralgbl b made terrlblo .ngln. r wrong.? tlon of th laws, er believed to be adaqoivt for every .mergeriejnwhleb oaa oeeir la tltn ci peace. If It should prove otherwise, Con gross can at any tlm amend those' laws In su'en manner as, while suoservlng the pupUej welfare rot t jeopard the rights, letereeU, and liberties of ..the peoples Th seventh section provides that a ft. of len dollar! shall tie paid' 'to'each Coirjmla- ! loner lnrevery eale brought before hltu, aod a fee of rtt dollar to tils "deputy ,"or depu ties, "for each person: he or they may erroat . add take before' any sneh Commissioner," "with such other fees as majf b deemed rr sonabl. by .uch Comm!sslonr," "in general for performing such other duties asiraay b. required In the premises." All these foe! are to be "paid out ef tb Treasury or fhst ' United States,1' whether there la a eonvlo tlon or not; but In case of conviction ihtjj . are to be recoverable from the defendant II seems to me that under the Influence of rush, temptatloni oad men might convert any law, however beneficent, tnto an lnilrnmont of persecution, and fraud. By the eighth section or theblll the Unit ed Statea conrte, whleh alt only In on. place tbr White cltlsens, must migrate, with th. Mrtr shat and District Attorney, (and necessarily with tbe Clerk, although h. Is not men tioned) to any part of th district, upon Ih. order of the President, and there hold a court "for Ih pnrposo of the more speedy arrest and trial ot persona charged with a violation of this act;" and there the jodge and the cm eers of the court mast remain, upon tb order of th President, "for the time therein designated." The ninth section authorizes the President, or such penoo.u he may empower for that purpose, "to employ such part of the land and naval forces or tbe United States, (rrrof ' the mllltla, ai shall be necessary to prevent the violation and enfbroe ihe due execution of this act." This language seems to Jmlj a permanent military force, that ts to be el ways at hand, and whose only business U to be the enforcement of thli measure over th vait region whero It li Intended to operate. I do noi propose to pomtder the polloy nf this bill. To me th details of the bill see fraught with evil. The white race and th. black race of th South have hitherto lvod together nnder the relation of master asd slavecapltal owning labor. How,suddenl, that relation Is ehenged, and, a. to owmu ship, capital and labor are divorced. Thoj tand now each master of Itself. In tbli new relation, one belog neoessary to th other, there will be a new adjustment, whleh both are deeply Interested In making harmonious. Kach has equal power In settling th Urme, and If left to the lawi that regulate capital and labor, It Is confidently believed that tb will satisfactorily work out the pr-" Capital, It Is tru, has roorelntetll" labor Is never so Ignorant as n stand Its own Interests, not t value, and pot to see tha' that value. This bill ( ment. It Intervenes be. labor, and attempts to settle q llttcal eoonomy through the age no,, ous officials, whose Interest It wllf foment discord between the two races, for as the breach widens their employment will continue, and when It Is doled their oocopa tlon will terminate. In all our history, In all our experience na a people living under Federal and State law, ' no such system &a that contemplated by th. detail! of thli bill has ever befor been pio poi'jil or adopted They establish, for th aeourlty of the ooloredrace,iafeguardi which go Infinitely beyond an that the General Government hai ever provided for tho whlta race. In fact, the distinction of race and color Is, by th bill, made to operate In favor of the colored, and against tbe white rare. They Interfere with the municipal legislation of the States, with the relations existing ex clusively between a State and Its cltlsenij or between Inhabitant, of the earn. State in absorption and assumption of power by th General Government whloh, If acquiesced la, must tap and deitroy our federative system of limited powers, and break down the bi r rters which preserve the rights of tue States. It Is another step, or rather stride towaru? centralisation, and the concentration of .U legislative powers in the National Govern ment. The tendency of the bill must be to resuscitate tho spirit of rebellion, and to ar rest the progress of those Influences which, are more olosely drawing around tho State the bonds of union and pcaeo. My lamented predecessor, In his proclama tion of tho 1st of January, 1663, ordered and deolared that all persons held ae slaves wltbln certain States and parts of States therein designated, wore and thenceforward should be free, an 1, further, that the Bxecutlr. Government of the United States, Including the military and naval authorities thereuf, would recognise and maintain the freedom of such porsons This guarantee ha. been rendered especially obligatory and .acred by the amendment of the Constitution abolish ing slavery throughout the United States. X therefore fully recognize tbe obligation to proteot and defend that olaas ot our people, whenever and wherever It shall become n oessary, and to the full extent oooipatlbl. with the Constitution of the United State!. Entertaining these sentiments, it only re mains for me to aay, that I will obeerfuily co operate with Congress In any measure that may be necessary for tbe protection of th. civil rights of the freedmen, as well as tho of all other classes of persons throughout the United State., by judicial process nndor equal and Impartial laws, In oonformfty with tbe provisions of the Federal Constitution. I now return the bill to tbe Senate, and regret that In considering the bills and Joint resolutions forty-two In number which have been thus far submitted for my ap proval, I am compelled to withhold my as sent from a second measure that has received the sanction of both Houses of Congress. Akubcw Jonasosr. WiauiHoroi, D. 0., Starch 27, llil A NATiosat. ranrrls organizing In Telss, with Unionists for loaJere Ex.Gorernor K. M. Pierce, an unconditional Union man dor. Ing the war, appears ai candidate for Gov ernor. iKiiarUL Banana Rxcairn To-Div,. 543,133,01.