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The national Republican. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1866-1870, April 06, 1866, Image 1

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Immense Mass Meeting
IN support or
Xho Speakors All Lincoln and
Johnson Mon.
Sptfthti bj- U. !. nanhtl Coodlsf, Ex-Got. John-
itoa, of Pa., Gen. John 1. Swift, of Hut.,
Hon. Edgar Covin, C. S. Senator, and
Cen. Crttn riarSmlth, t Kj-.
The Resolutions Unanimously Adopted
tSfre Satoal pttMirtoiL
NO. 110.
Te OflleUl AdTrtlMUoCaUth HUeewtlve Department! ef the tTonrerwment ewe, Pabllehed In thla Paper by AMthrttro.f TUB 1MIKS1DKHT.
The mass-meeting of the friends and sup
porters of tho administration of President
Jouxsox, held In front of the City Hall last
erenlnjr, was one of tho largest, most oraeriy
and enthusiastic ever witnessed in this city.
Lonir before the meetlntr was called to order,
the number of persons who had collected
around tho building had swelled to thousands.
By nine o'clock every vacant spot within
hearing was occupied. On thfe sidewalks and
at the windows of tho neighboring buildings
were many ladies. The Marino Hand, under
Trof. Scila, occupied a portion of the portico
and performed many excellent pieces.
The speakers stand was on the portico of
tho west wing of tho City Hall. On the
columns of the portico was alargo star, com
posed of gas jets, illuminating tho entire
space In front. At half past seven o'clock
the meeting was called to order by Hon.
Gresx Clay Smith, M. 0., who nominated
for President Judge I. B. Gooding, United
States Marshal for tho District of Columbia.
Mr. Goodixo, on assuming tho duties of
tho chair, spoke as follows :
I expected to ssy a few words at the opening of
thlsmeetlnglnregenltoliipurpoiei, anain regard
to tho great question! now agitating tho pallia
mind. For the first time la my life I am glad to
nddresi an aadltneo of tho people composed largely
of tho people of tho District of Colombia. Bat I
suppose 70a are like other people In our oountry,
and prelum. Dg that I am addressing a loyal and
patriotic audience, I ihall detain 70a for a few mo
ment! until other abler and mora emtnenMnen shall
be vresent to add re 11 jot. j
.... . L
In other 0171 toe people 01 id 11 country nan
boon divided Into political parties; bat we bare
llred to aee the day when old thing! hare patted
away and all thing! hare become new.
Where parties hare had their day In the early
history of this country, there was an old Federal
party which llred for awhile, bnt pused away
from the stage of action Subsequently we bad a
jKtl'nel Whig party, nnder the leadership of the
-7taeandilrIeUe Umhmt Cut, of Kentucky.
Cfteers. That party too bad Its day. Itfonght
long And bard, bnt It also,, like the old Federal
party, passed away and has gone gone the way of
all the earth. It was succeeded by the Know
Nothing party, which rose as a thing of a dayi bat
soon passed away. That was sneeeeded by the
Republican party, which had tt day, bnt It too
bat passed awayi for when Fort Sumter wee at
tacked, I know not bow It was In this District) but
I know that away out West In Udlana there was
no looger any Republican party. The great mass
of tbepeople there came forward and patriotically
threw down their party trganliatlon and Invited
the co-operation of all Union men and of all men
who wonld stand by the Bag against the rebellion
and unite upon a common platform In support of
the Unions and we formed a Union party,
X am happy to say to thU audience to-night that,
though humbly, I was an actlre member of that
great Union party that carried on the war to sup
press the rcbellioi, ana net oome well niga to re
storing tblt Union not quite : there Is a little
more to do. and I propose to talk about that di
rectly, I want to lay, now, a few words about the
Democratic party. It had a longer life, It clung
to life with greater tenacity than tho others,
though it had 1U trials and Its troubles but that,
although It outlived the other parties, has pasted
away. Inside that old party there wore two classes
of men 1 one secessionist!, the other unionist!, I
had tbe fortune for many long years to aid In
holding up the old national Democratic banner.
I itood by that old party while it stood by tbe
country : T stood by It In many of its political
battles, and I am proud to say to thlt audience
that I had the honor of supporting Brimis A.
Douolas In I860, at tbe gallant 1 tender d-bearer
of that old party. Applause.
I only refer to these things, my fellow-cttlieos,
for the purpose of saying on this occasion what I
said a few moments ago, In carrying out the
Idea that alt the old parties have bad their day.
We hare bad a great rebellion In thlt country.
I am not going back to-night to travel orerall that
ground. Borne of you hare differed perhaps on that
subject) perhaps you bare differed with me. It
hat been my fortune, however, to believe that the
Government of the United Statet had the right
to suppress a rebellion against Its authority, I
atlll believe It. It was my good fortune to believe
that no Elate bad a right to secede but If It at
tempted to secede and resisted tbe authority of the
Government, that Government owed It to Itself and
to Its people to enforce Us authority egalt.it seces
sion, against nulllfloatloo, and against rebellion.
When the war broke out our Congress deolared
what vii tbe objeott of the war 1 that It wet not-a
war to take away the rights of the southern people
that It was not to destroy rlghtt that existed In this
nation, but tt wet to maintain the authority and
the jurisdiction of the Government of the United
6tatet. You recollect the resolutions passed by the
Senate and IIqusc of .Representatives of the Con.
grass of tbe United Statet. Tbe armies of the
Union after four long yean of deadly strife were
victorious 1 and I am happy to-night to be able to
ay to this rut audience In the city of Washington
that the old flag of our fathers wares la triumph
over every foot of American toil. There Is no re
bellion to-night In arms against our Government.
Every State and tbe people of every State are in
ful operationto acknowledged by the Executive
authority of tne Government. I know of bat one
Utile thing In order to hare all the States on the
track running smoothly, to hart peace and bar
mony throughout all onr domain. Thlt little thlog
It tho admltalon of .loyal members to Congress,
Whan this ti done the whole Job It accomplished;
That U rery easily done. All that Congress bat to
do Is, when a loyal man comet op duly elected and
returned, and applies for admission, to say to html
Welcome, brother) wo are glad to iee yon oome
back Into tbe Congrett of the Union. That It all
that It needed to restore our Union.
It ll not necessary, X apprehend, to make terri
tories out of all theie States and govern them by
military power for the next forty, twenty, or ten
yean. We do not need any great herculean work
on the part of Congrett. It ll a rery plain and
rery simple thing. When Iti member! oome from
the Stale of Tenneuee, Congrest hat but to admit
Its loyal delegation who are here and whose loyalty
no man disputes) and 10 In regard Jo the other
States of the Union as loyal member! are tent up.
If tome man uks me, would yon admit Jell. DavU
toaieat In Congress? X tay: No, no, no. But I
.would admit them at fast at they oome from every
dlitrlct U Ue country which tends up here loyal
men to Congress.
Fell owc til sens, X em not pleasing all of yon, nor
do I expect to. I do net know even that I am
peaking the sentiments of all who hear me. X am
hero to tpeak my Individual sentiments. X hold
that It It our duty to recognise tho loyal men from
every Bute and every district In thlt Union. But
tome gentlemen lay President Joimos hat gone off
tbe traok that be bat left the Union party, un
that subject I propose to make a few remarks. In
the first place I d til re to ley that President Jon
soh knows not what I propose te lay to-night, nor
hare I ercn studied what I Intend to tay myself?
but I will give you my views upon thlt subject at
they come up In my mind. It It charged against
President Jo h it so that he hat violated bit oath to
the people of thlt country; that he vu elected at a
Union man, but that he has not kept hit faith.
Let ui Investigate that charge for a moment. 1 am
here to lay to-night that no man can put bit linger
upon nny clause of the platform of tbe Union party
of 1884 which Abdbxw Jo h ion bet violated. I
know what that platform wat, for X had the honor
to bo one of the Bute elector! la my own Bute,
and of eanrasalng my own State, and of canvassing
the entire SUte of Indiana In support of Lurcum
and Johksou in 188.
In that national platform I found nothing against
the admission of loyal member! to their eeati In
Congreti. No man thought at that day why we de
aired That they ihould be admitted to their seati In
Congress. We kept Tennessee men In two years
after the rebellion commenced, and they were In
rlted by President Lmcolk, In bis Emancipation
Proclamation, (o tend up their members to Con
gress, and premised that whenever a district should
tend a member to Congrest It ihould bo exempt
from tbe operation of the proclamation freeing the
negroes. Some gentlemen at thlt day do not re
member that. Fresldent Jotissoif.they tay, bat not
koDt faith. I ask In what particular ? What
principle of onr platform , which declared that tbe
war wat not to subjugate the people or destroy
States: not to take away the rights of the Southern
people, but to rsitore tbe Government of the United
State, ever alt Itt territory T What principle of
that platform his he violated T Ttie great object
then declared et the war we hare accomplished by
tbe aid of onr gallant soldiers and sailors In the
army and nary, who fought the battlei of the coun
try, not for radicalism, but for Union, for patriot
Ism, for the restoration of the Government of our
fathers. Loud cheeri.
Did any gentleman who advocated the election of
LmcoLir and Joan son, and who spoke by authority
to 1664, pretend to And any platform or negro suf
frage T lilt there? Can any man put Ml fluger
upon It? No I It Is not In tbe Union platform.
Certain gentlemen, since the rebels bare laid down
their arms, tlnce they hare returned to the support
of tbe authority of the United States, since they
hare besn conquered, since they have cried:
" Enough, enough) we yield op the fight we ac
cept your termsj" since the rebels hare done that,
they demand further condition! and further terms,
These men lay, keep faith with certain colored
gentlemen. X tay keep faith with everybody) keep
faith with the soldier of our army, What did we
tell the soldiers when we were calling npoo them to
rally around tbe flag Wo told them It was not a
war for party purposes; It was a war to tare our
country) to put down the rebellion; to restore the
Union. It was upon that pledge, contained In the
declaration! of Congress, that onr own soldiers left
their wires, their little ones, their homes and their
firesides, and went Into tbe army, taking their Utcs
In their bands, and suffering, bleeding many of
tbem dying upon the battle-fields ef tbe country
for the Union, for the perpetuity of this Govern
ment, for the restoration of the Union of their
fathers. Enthusiastic eheori.1
I iay keep faith with the soldier. Wo told the
soldier what he wat fighting for. I am for carry
ing that out In good faith. And we told not only
the soldier, but we told U to the people at
home, at the ballot-box, In the campaign. The
Democracy, at.tbey oalled thtmttlrei, Untie mute
and Copperheads, hare charged upon ut that we
fought, not for the flag, not lor the Union, but to
free the negroes. We denied It) we repudiated It,
we said the flag of our country and tho Union of
our Government wat what we were fighting for, we
said tbey lied. Certain gentlemen now say they
told the truth. Laughter and applause. I
do not. I atlll believe Asainiu Lis col- was
honest In what he said to Ho rn.cn Obislet.
Now, when I hare spoken long enough, X hop
ome man will pull my ooat tall and let me an
nounce the neit speaker. Laughter, and cries of
"Go ahead !' "go ahead '"J
Gssatir, you know, undertook to lecture L15
cglx. lie thought Father Absiham wat entirely
too slow juit as they now iay of Jons ion. He
thought he was not fully up to tbe measure of radi
calism. Father Asjubam said to him, In reply;
My dear Horace, If we can have Union without
freeing tbe ilavet, I will do it; If we can lave tbe
Union by freeing every tlare, I will do that) or If
we can save tbe Union by freeing part, and keeping
part in slavery, I will do that." Did he not say
so? "Yes, yes,1' and cheeri. And do you not iay
that LiacoLR was tbe greatest man who ever llred?
Was be not as pure and pat riot to at ever llred?
Yet, If Likcolv were to lay inch a thing to-day,
they would call him a "butternut" and copper
head. Great laughter, and orlet of, "That's the
Now, then, my fellow-cltliens, there are other
lubmliiloo to the Constitution and laws of our men to ,pthhcre to-olgnt. It wm not my pur
common country. Tbe President of tbe United p0BC to address you In anything like a systematic
States hat Isiued hit proclamation declaring that
the war la orer, and so far as lies In his power re
storing tbe Government of tbe United Statei end
the people to all their lights under the Constitution
and laws of the land 1 with the exception perhapi
of the little State of Texas, which li fast traveling
on the road to the same result.
Borne men say there Is a great problem to solve
la restoring this country. I ice no great difficulty
on this tubjeot. The Statu are all alive, thank
God! There Is no dead State la the Union. Tbiy
art aiirt, with thiu fitats uortramsati la moon
iDeech. but merely to iay a few wordi for the pur
pose of filling up the time until othert ihould be
here to address you.
Now, then, a few words more. I lay keep faith,
not only with the soldier, but with the voter at
home, keep faith with tbe soldier's wife, and with
tbe soldier's orphan child. We told that wife when
the yielded up her husband with tears to go to bat
tle for the life of hii country, that her husband was
going to fight In a good oauie) to fight for the
old start and stripes, the old flag of our fathers. X
!, this, kep filth Wit tht foUIsr, with till
soldier's child and with the Government Itself, with
that Gorernment which pledged Us honor before the
world that the war was not to be a erutadc against
tbe South) not to Interfere with her domestic Insti
tution!. Bnt these gentlemen iay mey propose to
keep faith with none of these people, that there Is
another clasa of people tbey want to keep faith with.
They propose to keep faith with those Amorfeaol
of African descent, of whom yon hare heard.
Laughter and cheers.
Wei', I propose to keep latin wua mem 100.
Whet did our Government promise tbem? We
promised them, not at the beginning of the war
but durieg its progress, their freedom. Wo lUrled
out to put down the rebellion without freeing
tbem, but before the war wai closed we laid
slavery li 10 vitally e rip pied, wounded, and Just
dragging Its careen along, that we will take Iti
life aad put It out of tho way. I told tbe people
of Indiana that, If we were luocessful, we would
not leave a stare between Hell and the Wabash.
Now, than, to-night, I am glad to announce that
the flag of our fathert waves over a country In
which there Is not a tlare. All men are free,
thank God. We hare kept faith with them, la
glrUg them the freedom we promleed thenu. Cn
any man say we promised more? Can any man
tay that we promised nnlrenal(iufi"rage? That
we promised political equality? Our Government
promised no such thing. Itfpromlsed freedom,
and freedom we bare, not only by tbe emanclpa.
tlon proclamation, but tbey hare more effectually
secured It by the act of Anoasw Jomtsoir,
whom these men denounce. (Great Applause
Avdbkw JoaKiojf, who telegraphed to the con
vention at South Carolina to past the constitu
tional amendment, and It was done. Amdbbw
Joistori who telegraphed to Mississippi that he
desired them to adopt; tbe constitutional amend
ment, and It wat adopted. It It that constitutional
amendment which guarantees freedom forever, and
tt wai pot Into the Constitution by tbe good offices
and potent voice of that old veteran and patriot,
Asdeew Junasos, of Tennessee. Enthuslastlo
cheering. Now, then, my fellow-cttlsens, I have
talked long enough. It Is my business to preside
over this meeting, and not to do tbe talking,
hare tbe pleasure to introduce to yon Ex Governor
Johritok, of Pennsylvania.
arisen ornx-novsaxoa johmtobj.
Fbllow-Citiisks: I have not the vanity to be
lieve that I can say anything within your hearing
to-night that will enlighten your judgment, Are
your purposes, elevate your patriotism, or make
yon better eltlieni of the Republlo than you are at
present. I take It tor granted i am nere 10 nigm
to address a body of Intelligent men who wlih to
hear from those that do presume to address them,
plain statements of facts, with plain argument! to
lupport the position! they may assume, and to ap
peal to those within whose bosomi are deeply Im
planted the love of constitutional liberty, tbe ex
ercise of the powers that they may possess, to pre
serve that liberty Intact and secure forever.
Fellow eltlieni, we are now, I my say.approech
lng another of those crises that sometime! occur In
tbe affairs of our country, I have passed unfor
tunately through Mreral of them myself. I have
rery frequently heard It proclaimed that we were
Just on tbe verge of destruction end death, and yet
I believe I itand before you to-n.giu a pretty uir
piece of evidence that I am a in man at all events,
fCrleeof "Ye, that'e eo," and laughter. But
that we do occasionally approach a crlili In our
Dolltlcal affaire there can be no doubt. When our
Government was in Iti childhood, a trials, If I may
be allowed the term, fell upon Is and tho people
They were told what? Why, by those wbo held
high position! of trust among them members of
your Congrws that there wat a government estab
lished by your eonssnt which held powtrt that
were beyond your control that there wat a gor
ernment formed by Intelligent men that the same
body of eltlieni could scarcely alteror if they did,
It must be through certain Instrumentalities.
That party, felt ow-olll sens, determined to build up
a national government, at tbey called ll a power
and force that would reach to the ntmoit xt re nu
tlet of your territory and control and subvert, If
necessary, alt powers lodged In your local legisla
tion, and In your local governments. It wai called
tbe Federal party) and X will say here of that de
funct party defunct In name that It was highly
reipec table In tbe character of tbe men who com
posed it, from the faot that they were bold In
trowing the opinions which they did entertain.
The people, my fellow-cltliens, undertook to iay
that that waa not the kind of Gorernment they In
tended to establish. Tbey aald, and they main
tained before their fellow men, that they bad
founded a national Gorernment of limited, nicer
Ulned, written down and well-defined powers; and
that all powers that were not 10 expressly set down
In the Constitution were re 1 erred to the States, be
longed to the people the mi elves. A majority of tbe
American people, tbank God, met that criiis, and
met It In the spirit of freemen, overturning tbe
wretched and miserable dogma that wai thus at
tempted to be let up to control tbe destlnlei of this
Without detaining yon wlin an examination 01
the entire history of our native land, suffice it to
ay that by that victory It wa! declared that there
were certain right! tbat belonged to tne ciaici aau
which the States bad tbe authority and power to
exorcise. That doctrine prevailed, and your coun
try was growing great, wat extending Its bounda
ries, wat extending Us Influences, wat giving tone
and character to tbe Institution! not only of thli
but of other lands, until In an unfortunate hour
some men undertook to preach the doctrine that
lying wltbln the limita of those State right! waa a
power which wai capable ofdliaolvtng tht Govern
ment Itself, If those rights were Infringed upon.
This wai a most fatal mistake, and so tbe result
of the recent rebellion bet proved. It would have
been strange, indeed, If those who framed this great
Government had placed within that Government
the seedi of itt own destruction the power to
murder Itself
Ai you conquered tbe original error that would
place power In the General Government, over and
above your State Institutions, by reason, by argu-
ment. br jour continued political action, so when
these failed to overcome tbe other heresy that of
secession, rod conquered It by the power of the
bayonet, and placed tbe glorious old banner of a
united and universal land, 10 high above the itorms
and wares of faction that we may well look for it
to erer ware In triumph there. Applauae.
Now. fellow-cltlsens,we are told by tbe mm who,
above all others, ought to best know the Presl
dent of the United States-tbat the war Is at an
end. Applause. And let me ask you, Is It not
so ? Ii there a single hostile gun pointed against
the flag of our common country to-day ? Ii there
a single drum that beat! to marihal any armed hosti?
Tt there any reslitanoe te tbe power of tbe National
Gorernment anywhere to-night ? Is there a flag
floating throughout this wide land anywhere tbat
Indicates boitlllty igalnat the glorious itari and
stripes, tbe emblem of our power and nationality ?
Grieicf "No," "No," and applause You are
right. Then why ihould not the President of the
United States, whose iworn duty It was to see the
laws executed, and who to that end sent armed
foroei to put down the rebellion, when that rebel
UoaUd beta mtchid, and. trail rsiUtwct wu
no more to be met with, Issue his prtHemetlon and
Speak to the people God Almtghtyl truth, that
there li no rebellion against this GeTerameot to
night T Kotheilaitlo applause.
But It it said It is not quite time for mat as yet.
Now, we nied to hare In the West, when I wm a
younger man by a great deal than I am now, a very
efficient mode of settling these matter!. When two
men disputed they generally pulled off tbelr coats
and went to blows, and when 000 of them hallooed
enough, why everybody lathe crowd said: "Ob,
now, there's enough) left dipp thlt thing at once."
Laughter. But If the man poretatoll in striking
his combatant after he had cried "enough," the
crowd rushed In, and, laid. "No; lei hare fair
play) none of this.' Loud laughtoraai! applause.
Now our brethren down South hate been mbi
taken and they hare been whipped, wep whipped
In my Judgment, and hare cried "enough." It t
manly to go further and lay, "Sir, let's whip them
orer agloi d strike tbem now tbat they are
down and trample them In the dtut,'t Well now
le."t pass on. The President It not Ignorant of the
rarloui matters patting through your Congrest j
and let me tay Juit here that I hare great respect
for your national Congress. I do not know 70ur
President more than I hare beeTftfttroduced toblm
on one or two occarions, and never spoke twenty
words to him la my life. I know many of your
members of Congreei, and I know mtny of tbem to
be highly estimable gentlemen. They were tentto
this Congress to perform a particular daty) and I
trust they are performing that duty at they under
stand It. And while there In the performance of
tbat duty I am willing to sustain them at a branch
of the Gorernment) bnt whenever they step be
yond the line of that doty for the purpote of making
unjust altaoks upon a co-ordinate branch of the
Government, I am opposed to suitaliilng tbem.
Loud applause.
What do they do ? They pass an act, and the
President of tbe United States, In tbe exercise of a
Constitutional power, refuses his auent to It. I
roted for Anoaxw Jon mo jr. I voted for him on the
platform that was made at Chicago, because I
thought It wu a very good platform) and 1 roted
for him on the platform that was made st Baltimore
for the tame reason. We thought we were not bod
off for platforms; there was enough In them, any
how, Laughter
Now, my fellow-cltliens, I say here to-nlgbt, fear
lessly, that Ahdeew Jo a iios, your President,
itandi precisely on the platform that was made for
him by the party that nominated him at Ueltlmore
Enthusiastic applause. He sUndi on precisely
the lame platform that Congress made for you and
me by their resolution, that thlt war, at tbey call
It, waa prosecuted for the purpose of putting
down the rebellion against the laws and re
storing this Union. Let those Congrett men, many
of whom roted for that resolution, go te their own
record and they will find tbey are either by tbelr
actlooi to-day lying to tbelr constituent! or they
were thtn. "That's 10," and applause. So, fel
low-cltlsens, I iay they were stating to the people
what tbey wanted the people then to believe,
What was It? Why tbat this war wu undertaken
to put down the rebellion, to restore the suprem
acy of tbe laws, and to maintain Inviolate this
Union and to preserve the nationality of this peo
ple. There Is tbelr resolution. You can read It
cause they cannot agree among themselves on any
one subject. Laughter. Why they hare thirty
or forty propositions to amend your organlo law
tho Constitution of your country, nnder which yon
hare llred some eighty or ninety yean, Thlt tm
maculate Congress hss been 10 long In session) to
long away from their constituent,- that tbey hare
toet their Integrity to a great extent and their
straightforwardness, and become well versed la the
tricks of the trade hence the nnmerout pro peel
tlom for amendment.
Suppose all are accepted, why we will then hare
to resolve those who are In Congrest Into tome
kind of a court I do not know what you might
call Itto expand the Constitution and to do
nothing else. It will take a lifetime and, more
than a lifetime, It will take half the Hfe-tlme of the
nation before they can get the rarloui clauses of
b ivonimuiion expounuea to weir own lauiiao
tlon, If Ihty make no more progress than they hare
been makjog In settling these questions for the lut
fire months. Laughter anLapplauio.
Is It fair, Is It Just) It It manly, for these gentle
men to pour lA their speeches, day after day, and
hoar after hour, at the expenre of the people for
the purpote of prostrating one solitary man, whose
patriotism Is undoubted, whose fidelity to your
Union hu stood shocks tbat probably would tbake
off many of them from the platform ? A man who
hu nerer faltered to the performance of any duty
whatever, and who It to-day a better advocate of
the righti of all men, without regard to color, than
those who are finding moat fault with him. Ap
plause. And yet the great Industrial Institutions
and Interests of the country are made to suffer j and
your local legislation it all forgotten.
The whole business of Congrest fer the put four
months appears to hare been to endearor to con
struct out of a non-conitructlon committee some
kind of a itructure tbat would bedevil tbe Presi
dent and the people. Loud laughter and applause
1 uid not come to tots city to-day, fellow-c iti sens,
with any Intention of making a speech to you to
night. During the coming canvass I purpose mak
ing tpeecbea throughout my State In favor of the
policy of tbat stern patriot at the other end of the
Avenue, and If he only adheres to the position
which he Is now maintaining, I will guaranty
tbat the people of Pennsylvania will sustain him.
Loud and prolonged applauae. We have no Idea
of not doing so in my bumble Judgment. Re
newed applause. If I am again to put on my po
litical harness, which I supposed I bad taken off
altogether, and again atump my native State, I will
do It with pleasure tc maintain tbe true principles
or this uovernment, to secure the rights which may
Jaitly belong to all the people of every race and
color, and above ell tbe constitutional right of the
Executive of my common country. Loud applause.
Let me say another word In conclusion. I heard
a learned gentleman making a speech the other
day, and among things he laid that there wu noth
ing looked to centralisation of power on tbe part
of Congress, but there waa an effort to eitibliih a
one man power on the part of the Executive. Well.
all I have to say Is, that the Executive takea a
strange mode of doing It. I am not rery shrewd,
but If I were going to create a power within myself
to control this Uovernment, I would never object to
signing lb Freed man's Bureau bill, by which I
would hare had tbe appointment of some 500,000
men to rally aroaod Itt standard-bearer, the now
tainted and I m mortal LucoLn. War came; war.,
with Iti stern demands upon the oltlien; war, with
Itt service of blood and loll and danger) and with
harder fate than all. Its long farewell to home and
Iti comforti; Its laddest parting! with loved ones
tbat thlt world has erer aeen; and with "six hun
dred thonsand more," I took my gun, a trapped on
my knapaack, and followed the atar-llt flag wher
ever It led tbe way.
Before I started I made np my mind what this
ar wu forj In what Interest, and fur what purpose
it wu waged. I found that by the moat solemn
declaration of Congress) by every proclamation of
our g. id and wise Preeldent) by tbe undivided sen
timent and understanding of our people that It was
to defend and maintain the Constitution and all
lawa made In pursuance thereof, and to preserve the
Union with all the dignity, equality, and rights of
the several States unimpaired, and that u soon u
tbeie objects were accomplished, the war ought to
cease." If any other motlre influenced those who
administered this Gorernment It wu withheld from
the men who enlisted In the service. If any ulte
rior object wu lo the hidden design! of the nation,
It never llred la the noble hearts of those who
marched to the hostile plains of the South. Any
other disposition of these great erenti will prove a
gigantic and unholy fraud, Insulting to the memo
ries and lo dlarespect of the herolo devotion of thoee
gallant men whose bodies are strewn from tbe Po
tomac to the Bio Grande, but whoso spirits bare
gooe to swell the ranks of tbe God of Battles. In
tbe fall or 1804, during tbe lut Presidential can
111, on a two month' leave of absence In the
great 6tates of Pennsylvania and New York, I gave
my exclusive time to advocate tbe election or Abra
ham Lis co li andAsoaiw Jouxios, on a platform
hlch resolved that there should be no 'compro
mise with rebels except such u may be baaed upon
an unconditional eurrender of their boitlllty, and a
return to their flrst allegiance to the Constitution
and lawi of the United Statei." In thai referring
to myself It Is to prove that I have a right to speak
here this evening u a Union man and u a Union
soldier. I fought against the political Innovations of
American slavery when many ofthepreaent radicals
were In oloae communion with the old Whig and
Demooratte parties. Wlthevoryforwardstepoftbat
great uprising against tbe surrender of this land
to the demands of slavery I have been Identified.
I have been la iti forlorn hopes, In Its mightiest
usautts, In itt overwhelming victories,- in every
oontest my aid hat been freely giren to It) and
nnder tbat glorious and victorious Union banner
which waved over me In tbe martial campaigns, and
floated proudly in tbe lut national canvass, I
sUnd to-night without a change of principle or
without one fear of defect. I stand here, however,
claiming and demanding that tbue solemn pledges
made to the people tkail fo reiWnW. I sUnd here
to-nlgbt, and In rery truth we can say, "all is now
quiet along tbe Potomac." Yee, thank God, no
cloud of dust borers orer any advancing columns,
no martial tenia whiten yonder hills, no boom of
cannon ushers lo tbe hour of deadly strife; no sad
procession of death comes back from tbe fierce com
bat with tbe foe' Thlt calm April night your
"eagle towera" unmolested over every foot of
American soil, and no traitor lives to day whodarea
to lift hi a Impious hand for the pbyilcat deilruc
for yourselves Now, then, fellow-oliliens, you I egents to asiut its in carrying out my news. Hor I tn of lWl grt4t Government.
rm. I wouia a cuaer nave reiuivu 10 uga in urn iviguia 1 v0t oalj
rUBliflnKI) DAILY.,
fe palliated every morelig (Stadsya exeepted) by V.
J. KtTEf A k Co , JT. fill -tlalk ttreet,aad It riraUhel
to eaeecriberc (by earrlen) at TI eeste per saoata.
Mall labeertbere, $1.00 per auaua $100 fer ate
noilhi j aad $100 fer tare Heaths, laearialy Ste 4
eario. Tire eeplee one year, $M.O0.
Blaile eeplee, $ eeate.,
lajablUktd every Friday morales 1 One eery eae year,
SI 00) Three copies oae year, $3.00 1 Tea eeplee ae
year, 1S 00.
find these resolutions and you find thlt platform,
Where hu your Preeldent departed frou. either?
He bu not done to to any particular.
Fellow-citlieni, permit me to say that I am here
to-nlgbt standing before an audience of strangers,
aad I beiitate not to lay that no man ever ad
dressed you wbo was more conscientiously an op
ponent of slavery than the humble individual who
addresau you. I stood lo my State the opponent
of tbe Institution of slavery, when probably there
were twenty poll tt el ana In tbe State who stood
alongside of me. What, then, did I stand the ad
vocate of? Tbat the Btate of Pennsylvania would
Interfere with the Institution of slavery, ai It ex
isted In the State of Maryland or Virginia? No,
fellow-cltUeni, 10 help me God, I never urged such
a measure, because I bad taken an oath to support
our Constitution. I stood there end said, Let
slavery go no further than It wu. When your
new Territories are thrown In to tbe market I want
tbe lands to be cultivated by freemen. I want free
Institutions to overshadow your Territories u they
oome Into the Union, and not what I believe to be
an Institution that was calculated to retard tbe
prosperity of the people that of slavery." To
that extent I went, and no further. To that extent
I am here to-night to go, and no further.
Now, fellow-cltliens, one of the Incidents and
events of this war wu necessarily the destruction
of slarey. It wu the cause, the. main and pow
erful motive tbat produced the war, and each party
tells you so, from the North as well as from the
South. Your Southern men will tell you that It
wu abolitionism In the North. Abolltlonlim of
what? Slavery. That produoed the war. While
tbe men from tbe North wilt Ml you that It
the power of tbe slave Institution. Let whoever
mey be right In this matter, (and, of course,
believe tbat those In the North are right,) none
can deny the fact tbat slavery waa the cause of
tbe wart and, being the cause or tbe war, wben
the war for Its maintenance felled, then slavery
fell, and all within the bounds of this great
Union became free, without regard to color or
race. Itwu a glorious consummation when tho
banner of freedom hung orer this entire laud, al
though It wu tbe Inoldent of a war
Now, hu the distinguished patriot at tbe other
end of the avenue, Andrew Johnson, In a single In
stance, or In any manner attempted to arreat Ita
great progress of human liberty. Cries of " No,"
'No." I have felled to see It If be has I bare
failed to see la hla entire action anything but a full
and entire concurrence in tbe events that have
happened, and which are rapidly hurrying ua
on to be a united, I trust, as we Inevitably inuit
be, a great and powerful nation. Loud applause
Now, fellow-cltliens, tbe President vetoes another
bill; and here I know you will purdon me for the
egotism tbat may be connected with tbe relation
I am uked as a party man to vote against tbe
President'! veto. I em oalled upon rote In favor
of all the prlnotplos of the fugitive sieve law, wben
lo, I went through the entire State or I'enuaylvanle,
from county to county, pleading and begging tbe
people never to unite or agree to a law which, lo
my Judgment robbed the State of Pennsylvania of
all authority over her Judicial, over ber eieout.u,
and all other officers, and which gave to a paid
commissioner the liberty of putting a man, who
happened to he darker in color than I was, into the
publlo prisons, and no Judge dare laiue a writ of
habeas cor put tot the purpoie of taking him out, for
the aole purpoie of Inquiring whether he wu a
slave or not. Against that Iniquitous law I raised
mv voice as I raise my voice, If I understand it.
against the elrtt right! bill, which Is now being
debated lo tbe Senate or tbe united mates to-day,
aud for which no man who feels that bis State
ought to be Independent will ever cut a rote.
Loud and continued applause.
I hare no doubt that thli same power would
drive your President away; but where would tbey
drive him ? Tbey cannot drive him off the Balti
more rla t form, beoauso they can't lUnd on It
thimithei. JLanghter and spplause- Tbiyoan
sot Wti Urn Into tit lupport of uj ami are, be-
bill, as I would by tbat bill have bad tbe appoint
ment of commissioners to act as official agents to
aid me In my designs.
No, fellow-oltlteni, that Is not the way a man
would proceed to build up a "one man ' power. He
deliberately throws Iheie things, which would ma-
materially aid him, away. He says; "I do not
want your patronage, go away, you cannot tempt
me to a wrong to tbe Constitution by your patron
age. I will stand by the right, appealing to the
people, to whom I hare never appealed In vain, to
sustain me. If tbey desert me now In my old age,
In tbe exerclie of the high duties tbat I hare been
called upon to perform, I shall lay down my life
willingly, u I will all obligations that they have
placed upon me, In adherence to what I believe to
be (uit and right" Cries of "Good," and ap
plause. Tbe speaker, after thanking the audience for
their patient attention, retired amid great applause.
dispatch raoic now. x, w. baud all.
-The following dispatch was read by the Chair
man, from the President of the Union National
XmiiA, Maw Toax.
Hon. Orten C(i Smith, it t'. , Washington, D, C.t
If I do not get back, say to the meeting, for me,
that I endorse fully the objects of tbe meeting.
The poller of Prettdcnt Joaxson waa the policy of
Mr. Lixcolk and the policy of the Union party at
the laet Presidential election. There Is neither
palliation nor excuse for this war on Tub Pbbsi-
DEM'. Ill WILL OUTLIVE IT. I believe bll policy
Is right, and embraces tbe only constitutional mode
of settling our difficulties, and I wilt do all In my
power to sustain It. A. W IUsdali
irEBCH or obit jobs l, iwirr.
We hear a good deal said about torles, and trai
tors and copperhead, In these days, concerning
certain prominent members of tbe Union party,
and everything that Is rery bad and devilish Is Im
puted to President Johuion and bll supporter
within that organisation .Now, my fellow.oltlsens,
I don't propose to pais for a tory, and I have not
been reckoned much of a copperhead ; and yet I do,
with all my might, mind and strength, sustain the
statesmanlike and patriotic policy of the President
uf tbeie United States. I give to It no uncertain
or questionable sanction j but I bold to It with tbe
loe which a patriot should feel for his country,
and tbe unibaken felth which a Christian has for
bis creed All I have learned from tbe fathers and
founders of this Government compels me to do this,
all 1 hare In common with my comrades striven for
In the wild conflict of battle t all of human happl
neia and human dignity that I bope to transmit to
my children , all, all of glory and grandeur which I
see in vision la yet to clutter around my nation's
future, la bound up and Interlinked with (he tuocess
of tbat policy.
For fourteen years I bare been in active jolltl-
odl Hie, and every aiplratlon or my )oulh, every
act of my luauhood has been to place tbe Adminis
tration of the American Gorernment "oponly, ao
tlvety and perpetually on tbe side of freedom "
That has been tbe phlloiopby of my politic al
course. To realise It, lo the year 1853, I went
among the hills and valleys of aj native New
England to advooate tbe cause of the ma Wor whom
I then voted the Hon. John P. II a ta Tor Presi
dent of tho United btates, Ae a member of tbe
Legislature or tbe State in which 1 was born, I op
posed disqualification and di.tloctton before tbe
law beoauso of color. I plead for tbe removal of
a Judge, for whom I had the highest personal con
sideration, because In my opinion heneedletalyand
lllegslly, ai an officer of the State, lent hli willing
co-operation to reduce to alatery a man on the lull
of Musachuselta, In that nine body 1 voted, in
1855, for the Hon, Ilisar Wilioi, end In 18)7 for
the Hon. Cuablei Sum sir, as Senators of tbe
United fctatei. In tbe historical campaign of
I860, in one hundred and twenty of tbe towna and
cltlei of tbe EaaUrn, Middle and Western states,
Not only bu the din of warfare been huibed and
Its desolating ravagea been aUyed) not only have
the opposing armlee been disbanded and tbe rebel
llous communities conformed their local customs
and their municipal laws to tbe result! of the late
war) but the fetal doctrine of secession, and the
prime and controlling oauieofall our troubles have
been laid forever In the dust. State rights and
slavery, the twin demons that threatened our fair
domain of liberty, have gone down under tbe blow a
of civil war never to reappear. Now we uk wby,
after order is restored throughout our borders, when
no living man aiialls thlt Gorernment) when every
lasue pertinent to the struggle hu been carried far
us, when tbe only danger to a perpetual Union, the
fallaoy of State sovereignty, bu been abandoned,
wben all tbe fetters of tbe bondman are forever
tundered and no chain clanks around tbe limbs of
unwilling alares, wben more than tbe wisest statet
man ever foretold or tbe most ardent dreamer ever
hoped for hu come to ut; when by tbe highest
olTcIal promulgation peace hu been proclaimed,
whj is It tbat the sole object of tbe war and the
paramount duty of peace, the restoration of the
Unior It stilt unaccomplished ? Tbet is the ques
tion at this time we aik In all candor, and no true
or abiding peace will rlilt our beloved land until It
tt answered, and answered right,
We do not uk why the teit oath Is not repealed,
for neither tbe President or any member of the
Union party require the disabilities to be taken off
from tbe chief Instigators or principal participants
of the rebellion. We do not uk why Jefferson Da
rts, and the five hundred other leading civil, mill
4ary, end diplomatlo abettors of treason which tbe
President bat filed for trial, and u we trust for
doom, are atill unarralgned, because the Chief Jus
tice of tbe United States hat eettled tbat question
by a refusal to sit In court upon tbem. We don't
ask why tbe Democratic party It not restored to
political power, for we know that tbe people hare
little Inclination to boitow that organisation again
with the control of tbe Government, and will not
do so, If the Union party proves faithful to Ita
truits, and is capable of administering Ht power for
tbe honor of the whole country, and tbe common
good of all its Inhabitants.
Hut we do uk wby it Is that eleven States In the
attitude of complete submlselou to the laws and
Constitution of tbe land, whose Htate government
are In exact conformity to otery demand which the
war created, and whose people In no way and man
ner Indicate hostility or opposition to the govern
ment, are silll unrepresented In the national legis
lature? Why is it that they are still compelled to
obey laws In which tbey have no tolce In making9
Wby are they stilt governed In a way wholly re
pugnant to our American system, and why Is the
power of the sword eterolied, wben the sword has
been ibtatbelf Tbe answer Is plain, there can be
no other, it Is because radicalism will bar tt si
Radicalism assumes tbe right, and eierclces tt, of
denting with the eleven revolting btalcs It did
during tbe war, and as though tho war still con
Now, in this matter the radicals are either right
or wrong If they are right, then tbe Preeldent Is
wrong, and we are all wrong In supporting him, It
It uieleM to honttfugglt with this subject any
longer Tbe radicals and the President cannot
both be correct In their positions One or tbe other
it unsound Which is it' On the decision of that
question brings all our future. If Congress was
right In 1801, when It aald the war ought to ceue
when the Constitution and the laws were main
tained, and the dignity and the equality of the
States were preserved unimpaired, then the radi
cals are wrong now in not stopping the war at thli
true. No man will maintain that this war hu
tnded while tbe rights of legtilstlon are withheld
from eleven Statei, and military rule ii extended
over them. If tbe American people were right In
conditions hare been most ompUteiy obUlnedU
If tho course purrued by us In tho war ought to pre
vail la peace, then-the radical Is right. If eight
millions of people, engaged In tho ordinary aroca
tlona .of life, occupied In fields of Industry and en
terprise, nurturing no open hoetllitr, plotting do
scheme of disruption to the supreme authority,
are to he dealt with la the tame vindictive tptrlt.
with tbe lame Iron rule of subjection, and with tho
tame strong band that wu meted out when armies
were mustering and conflict wu general, then tho
radical Is right.
To me there seems to he a difference, and no
slight difference, between a rebel with a musket
fighting to destroy this Gorernment, and a eltlien
who solemnly avows his determination to ho faith
ful to Its lawi and yield to It perfect obedience.
The radical tayi he It the tamo man sow that ho
wutfaou. X deny It, X lay be It sot In arms
against the Gorernment. I say he Is not fighting
your flag. I iay he Is not iwayed by tbe same Im
pulses, designs or motives. I say hie lateretU are
with yon and not against yon. He hu no prospect
In this world that Is not allied with youn. X main
tain tbat he ti m different as two men can be, and
to treat him In both oases alike is abhorrent alike
to civilisation and Christianity, If our radicals see
bo difference In the condition of affairs, when Lis
at the head ef a rebel army moved on your capital.
and tbat same General In elUaeni' dress, with a
surrendered iword, obeying the order of a Congres
sional committee, and appearing In Wuhlngton to
teatlfy on tbe subject of reconstruction, then we
can inform tbem that the people of this country do
see a difference, and will demand that the legisla
tion of the land shall recognise It. Seeing tho
right as " God glret me to tee tbe right," the radi
cal programme Is fraught with evil and mischief to
tbe oountry
Tne denial or representation to tbe Hon them
States settles nothing now, and can never settle
any point la dispute. It cannot settle the financial
problems of the country, and It cannot Battle tho
suffrage question. Both these problems can only
be determined with wisdom and propriety In a
united country. Erery danger and difficulty which
Is'urged against representation and restoration, It
augmented tenfold by non-representation and non
reitoratlon. It prevents ua from having one
country j It disturbs your commercial and Indus
trial, re'atlona.erery mechanic In his shop, erery
merobant In his counting-room, erery farmer In his
field, delves, labors and plant with lest reward and
with leu certainty. By thlt wicked and Incompre
hensible delay we are postponing tbe groat day of
national untty and fraternity, forwbloherery loyal
cttlien prayed, and erery soldier went dowa to his
bloody grave, to secure. We must lire with tho
Southern people u friends, or forever u enemies.
Which ihall It be? If u enemies, then bid rare
well to all your proud hopes of the future, to all
your eberiihed prospect of a happy and prosperous
nation, for no peace can come to yon on those
terms, except the peace which would find yon or
they buried lo a universal sepulchre.
Erery reason presented against the admission or
recognition of the Southern Statei will bo ai ratld
ten years or twenty yean u they are to-day If
we ere erer to bare a union of hearts and union of
hands, a union of lakei and a union of lands, It Is
time to commence the work In good fallh. Unless
ttje eight mllllona of Southern people are hereafter
to be endowed with tbe privileges ana snare in tno
opportunities and glories of tblt Republic, then
thla "wu it a failure, " aad tali American Uovern
ment It a mockery. Tbat Is tbe terrible conclusion
of radicalism, and I resent and repel It u an Amer
ican, as a soldier, and as a member of the Union
parly. Under the specious pretexts of derotlon to
the Union the radicals are hindering Its true des
tiny and halting Itt sublime march. With a special
anilety for the security of the future they aro
doing their ntmoit to mir Itt prospects and blight
tts Immeasurable chances. With pharisaloal pre
tension of ultra loyalty they are madly delaying the
proudest consummation of a loyal nation. Radi
calism Is
"UkMbo bat or tadlan brakes,
Iti plaloae faae Ibe wound It aiakee.
Aad eaolblnx Uu the dreamer's pal a.
It drtokihU life-blood from tbe vela M
Among the horrible tortures which thssabrtdled
license of tbe French Revolution In Iti taturnalla
of revenge developed, wai to bind some living rlc
tlm lo the deed body of friend or foe and cut tbem
together to the flame or tbe billow. So radicalism
would lash and Interlock eleven "dead" States to
thli living and vigorous Republic, and fling uj, thui
chained, to the unceuing flames of political hatred,
and to thea raging seal of political discord. We pro
test that such an Inhuman fate baa neither tho
sanction of religion, humanity, or American states
mania t p. Against, this harmful policy we must
make unrelenting opposition. Your emblem of na
tionality wares undisputed over every Inch of Amer
ican territory) thirty millions of cltiiem render tt
unrercrrcd fealty, conflicting system! of labor no
longer clash either In Interest or prejudice; labor,
free, unrestricted, compensated labor. Is u univer
sal as the boundaries of our empire; and by Itt
genial and Irreplttible Influences all our problems
are to be solve 1, and our great destiny Is to be ao
cotopliihod Loyalty hat not for fifty yean meant
ro much and itrovo for 10 much u it doei at this
moment throughout the length and breadth of this
land Let ui have, then, peace In earnest, peace
wltbin our hearts, with tbe laying down of the
weapons and Irapleroenta of war; let us also lay
down Its Individual animosities, Itt appeals to pu
ilon, its unfriendly language, and Its eoelal rage.
Let ut give our efforts, our voices, and our rotes,
to sustain tbe President In bis attempt to admlols
ter over the whole country Instead of on iml of tt.
Let us net er retire from this contest until thirty
six stars shine out with lustre from tbe spotless
aiure of our flag. Let us stop making disorganis
ing and disturbing platforms, and putting up bravo
Union captains to run tbem through on their
personal popularity. Let ut try titles with the
radicals for the Union party. Wo itand by the
eolomnly Altered purposes of the war. If those
objects were sacred enough to die for, tbey are
sacred enough for thoao who hare survived the
vtrife to live for and uphold to-day. Wo itand by
tbe arowrd principle! of the Baltimore plat
form of lbfll, if It wai good enough theo, It
if gond enough now. If anybody hu left
the position then taken, It li not President John-
aox or bis friends, but tbo radicals. If anybody
bu, or Intends to abandon those greit principles
for which we fought and voted, it Is they, and not
01. We hold to tbe felth which bu outlived tbo
storm of battle and the fiercest contention of par
ties It Is our felth to-day, and we are not to bo
swayed from It by "any wind of doctrine." When
thla Uauela fairly made up we will sweep tho
uhes clean " When the radicals hare Ibe courage
to make an open aud distinct light they will go to
tho wall In every 6uto In thli Union. Let Ucm
make but one campaign on tbat "line," and they
will never be beard of hereafter In history. Aboro
all, my old comrades In tho Union ranks, don't ha
afraid of belngalfed names. Don't be alarmed at
tbe cheap dodge of attempting to fasten upou you
the oflenilve epithet of "oopperhead," Ten years
of my life I had hurled at me the rather nn pie want
appellation of "long-heel" and 'freedom-ihrteher.'1
I have lived lo lee freedom triumph and every slave
BiaklQa tba ultimatum of peaca, dajwnd upoo tha
untndar of uoiUUtlaa, and tha raturn to allajlauo. I .MvMUrf. .d m, v..,, ,... lnM, .va.
to tha aitant of mj ahlUlj I uphald tha ataadatd on tha put of tha 6outh, th.n tha radloal li wroo now.
0fUBijo.bUapjt7, bMiaohlBf 07 oountry. now la not HittrUf praotloal siui whin thou lira jaan o tha JUntrltu joonla aAt Into J

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