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frttt3U8nKPDAn,Y, ; 777 8:::5:&v.ji":":":"""n::::l THE NATIONAl REPUBLICAN PUBLI8I AdV.rtiVJ.'.'t? "SV"-iw " qi L"voboBit.a. St.."r "'laebee la dlaaeUr.a.d ... . JAMS J Cl'ABltt. PROPOSALS POjR BBWBnT" r..p..r. win u ,V' ''.0.'"V'1 i im o'clo,m.,o. ruio iVWV'r,lf"leulll I elreej 'aorta, .AiHfsoia, for a.lldla, lower w.l, toaoaeeilt .''I ed Seveotk flmu Toe inn wll' CTT."," J" ; aiiwi araei. Itf will berbr 12 "! I teres I lie l.alde dlaaie- be le.ldi bolt l, lb. wuii tin la.bae Ia Iblekaeee l Id! bottom r ? " ??' "Ul teameaee at Ibe li. Ill wlUlk..i'" "w,i, litiM, ui raa .iral. Bidder. llUMwtt. Mw.r. A,Tk"i",V. ','. " ,l"' foot for tbo "' .Jt,l,;i,,,'"',Jlett.vaU.aaeBd IIIM, "" i?Ef;l H.l,r M """ reafaaalble tit ell ' ?.o.1m. Ki "" "r1" ' " !"' "7 seel. T if J!IH . " Ik wort. wir,l " T,U1 ' CHIlMloiit .Mb. roink "' Jims j omrBiLL. ConailMlour rosrtk Wftrl. T. B BXOWJT,' AuUtiil ConBluloaira. Jnilln rii-wrai PnorosALs pon laying watkb Witoi'i Ornci, Ctrt Bitu ) c.i j i. ""iiMtoi, linn, Im I 4T "1 ropoalli for Uj if witor Bulai wut bo to. SKI4 "nul'.f V"' , A i"lT.Tk.nib. S: " " niidiri win ilia iplfj oa tbi iiTloM.aa ?li i l'h""leu' " bondid ai follow!, Cllf ciail, 114 WMt ol Boitb itrool wooht ib?i?.TbD.d?,5 ""'"'' "'' .:-...k.?oi:;;t?;i.v...v"" ' " ihJifXB!S?iil0.l'-,,B T HK" tnlalM all Ibil rort or l.d.klij.1.,. ' tbiaaalailb TvloniM .lad Ibo EUt4 urMCa, u.iaB ." "" willtta apoi Ibni n. it 1 f,rn,i .k 'toolorj bold ail womrilT will Va m.alttd from a rrun wltb when tbi coatraiu abitl b uido. HdiU XICIUtD WllUcn.kl.ror. PK0P0SAL8 FOR SEWEH. bfAToa'a Orrroa, April t, IMS. BIltED rXOrOlaU will bo raooliod br Ibo lod.f. laod aalll 11 'lock m , oa rBIDIT, tbi Ink dir of April .l. for Ibo balldlat o( a TbraWoot Biinl Sowjr, (luldi i dlauiur ) ibo Willi Io U alii lioboo la IbUhaoii, a I ilrool Bonk, bolwooa Foimoitb llrool t"?.S".,"i"" ". ' ool wlik ki nwor low balldln Ii l-ounooilb UrMl, la lonrdiin wllk Ibo ipproiod Jolr tt, 1KU, K bin Hia-kolu aal bU.ci.l.p. wllk L.l.r.1 Sowori from a.ak oonora u ikoOuimlaoloaoraollUriMuiSotoid wirdi n dlroct. ' Blddon will Dili ibo prlca p u. tool for Ika J,.Kl',,.' !".", f".."""1 '" ' ' Lilorili, J...! I""" '!."'" '''. foirlktbai williipoi dm to ba rwpoiilbla for all damiiM dooo to ru or w Mat plpai, u WW mora foji r ,, , tka apoVlta- reMtMi. '''o.lof tka6orporuloatdoio,li .i."?Jl0M ''J tba oBaa of Ika Conmli. ! !! ..y SI"'-"u ,T,rT "r bolwooa 10 o'alo.k lift 8UII 1.jJsj " '" J(ia til Viacllail miabaiUi aaad bid. JOHRW.DT'b "r.1!!?" " "i. ;?. arALDiitu, ConmU.,, goooad Ward. OBO W. BI008. z.m r.Kiaa, Aialilial Comnlailaaara. apt did TJ NITKD (STATES MILITARY RAIL- KOIDB. Ornci or Auiariirt QeiBTitMiiTift, WAiMixtJTOir, D 0 .llreli27. IBM tIALSD r0rO6AL8 will U rclT4 atU II -V CIOCK M BOOB, TUUUtI, Il 17t OhJ OX AptU Btxl, for W4 tout good 4fllb KilLEOAD IRON, Uld ob IrMkeoaMoUBf U Norfolk dVtUnbmrr rJlronl with tbo b4ttorl aad fiotvtok rtvUraU tt Baffolk, BlddartwUl lUU tho prio por toa la eith (or th ivii mi uuait-B,BpiBH. BOB 110I (O DOIBCIBOO 7lHW-2340ton.or f0o4 43lb. ti.lL Ib UtCk UUIbv irom RlchmoBd, rr4rkkibBrjr Bid rotomu raitrotd, M A4lft CrMk io Tub Dtim Wltkrf Blddon will Hili tbo Prtc por toa 1b cub for th ''- "BBor, af.iH.ua VAftiia 10 ! clodtd. Wopoikla tboald b kadoMod "Bid for BaUroM (, ana aaarHov, io IB Daaoriliaoa VM , U L. BOBIKgOIf. mhr-taiflt BtI Brif 0.a.a4 A.U.M, p0108ALB FOR 8EWER, atATOa'aOrrica, . . WAIMIltrjTOJf, A pi ne, iwa SEALED rR01OIALa will h. r.Mt.tl ts tts. .Ja., ilfc-u.J nntU IS o'elockk, m.,oa WKDHE8UAT, April 18, 1808, for tbo bnlldlof of a two-foot barrol Bowtr. (laildo dlawotor,) tho walla to bo nlao laoboa la thick. u. oa U ataroot arth, from Voortooath to yiftooath tvtmt wt, lo coaaoet with tho Hwtr oa Foarlooath irovtwHiaiBMooraaaeo witb iao act approved Ottu lortM, 18M, tohkTO oaa tnaaholo wboro thoeommli MlfMJ.r of lb. EeaaA Wkrrf m Atwrt llddariwlll ataxia th. nria. mr llaaal aa! It. Mwor aad naaholo, which ahall laalado all oxcava. lloaa, , Ato , Ibo aoaooatfal blddar or blddara to bo ipv(iuit ivr .11 a.m.foo oobo to ft or wator pipaa. vi aaa.ad bj tho alamoaU, aad aajr acctdoata caniol U tbo rooitrnctloa of tho work. Tbo rlffht to dMill.. tar ap .11 nrnnniiN kA.IJ 11 V. doamadfor tho lataraat of IhoOorporatloa to do to, ta roarvad SpocUcatloaa caa bo aaaa al tbo offleo of tbo Commit' loner of ImproTaraaaU jtj daj from 10 a m to 13 m . or at oar tluo by calllai oath comnlootoaar of tho Bfennd ward Ifoao bat practical moebaalc nood bid JA8 W 8PALP1RQ. Uomotiailonar Soooad Ward, JO HH BIUUittA, U HEE8E P9 d AaatttaalComnluloBora. s ALE OP HARD BREAD. floalad srottoaaia i4nii..i. m v j..k.i. oOio, oa WBHtiiiSDiYj ,,. B,IDHDAY. of oiab "ki'r" ibo airplaa 111BD BUBAD it Ibli Dapot. T5 !!!" ' Ul boiinf Mf (SO) pomda aiab,aad la joodi)il'yPagordar All P artbiaaa will ba dallvarad oa board of lraaa F(r'a WUbootoipooi ta Iba parcbiaar 0 propoiilaracalTadforlaiatbaatwaolj(K) Bolai, loo tboiiaid (1,000) polido rajmait riqalrio oa aotlflaitloa of aocoptiaea of bid la OoTaromant faoda. l'ropoitla aboald bo oadoriad "Propoaila for Uard Uraad," aid addraaaad 10 Jllilta CDBKY, dall If Coloial lid 0 . V OrriCE SEOnETAUY DOAUI) OF BBALTB, WliHltnTot, D 0 , April 0 1800 Tbi foltowlo. la Ika llit of JSitiiacaa daolirad by tka Hoard of Uaillb i Da I Ciroaaaai. Daad I lib. or Offal of Wk, naipa af Ojilir Skill! Offala from Bitlboro Italia aad Sllatklar Douaai etiioait or itlll Walar la foadi, Mirakai, Bawrra, rr CaTlari, Araaa or Vialla oalbtablaa. Fool Low ITooiaa or Cow rani, Fool rrlrlaa lid llot Htyaa. Foil Pratnlaai. Allaja. and Outtara, ud Fool filiofbtar Hooioa Ooeajrlo. Vagitablaa aid Fralti of ararr daicrlplloi, ill AaluilSubatiiaoi.wbatbaraatlraor Iboio portloaa tbaraof lot aaad li food wblab raaf ba tkrawi aal. All Aifaia, Kabblab, BbaTliri or Bafoaa Bibataaeoa of air Iraaa, oecipailoa, or baalaaaa wblab uav ba j ralailclat to pabllo baalth Flllb, Hoap Boada la Toola, Draliiia from Dra llouaaa. or Soap Faelorlai floriaioloff al lariawlthaiiadara, Fiacaa. or nr otkar Cooutlooa Dlaaaaaa. Ilonaaaoruulldloiaorparlloaalkaraof la a itata of dttapldatlaa or dacaf, aodllfarllff tka llfaa aid prop aitr of Iboia la Ika tlclollt. 0 It DOVI, bt D, apll 3t Baoratarj Hoard of flaaltk w BAPPINQ PAPER FOB BALE AT tka onca of tba nitloaal BapibUaaa. VOL. VI. Th BPUBOH ov HON. THOMAS N. BTILWELL, OP INDIANA, ON' BECONSTEUCTION. Delivered In the Ilon.e of Reprt cutatlTCB, Februnrr D 1800. Tho Homo being In tho Commlttco of the w bole on the state of the Union Mr. STILWELL said i Mb. Oiiumuki From the 14th datfof April, ie)01, whtn tho American Har wai """a on at ttt Sumter, until the surrender of General Lee and Ma whnln urnvhifln,. era! tirant, April 9, 185, the pcoplo of viBTt.ii 01 me oi&ic. in wis union were in armed rebellion against tho national Got. eminent. It wa the proclaimed object of the rcoWo to eut tho threads of national Ufe, tod sever the bonds of political Union. It was tho proclaimed object of the na tional Government to maintain its rightful authority over theae Rtale. In ,., Ii. laws ahd protect Its flag over CTcry foot of mi. ti.uciy cnuuueu lerriiory; to marK and punish rebellion as a flagrant crime; and to brlnp: back tho deluded masses to a Union which for nearly eighty years had spread orer them tho raantlo of peace and pros perity. ria ins.. That the public mind might be clearly In formed of the issuo involved; that no one might enter the army on either side under misapprehension; that when the battle was ended and peace again restored, there should be no doubt or cavil in regard to the objects of tho war, Congress, speaking In the name of the nation, passed, on the 23d of July, 1861, by a nearly unanimous vote, tho fol lowing resolution: ''That this war U not proiaealad apoa oar tart In aaj aplrlt or oppreialoo, nor for anr parpeab of eonqoait or ittbjogatloo. nor porpon of ova rtbrow lngar Intarfarlng with tba rights or titabliihad tnHMotloDl of thoaa Ctatea, bat to dafand aod nalotalo tba aapnmaoy of tba Conitltatlon and alt lattamadaln ponaaneo tharoofand to praaarta tba Union wltb all tbo dlgollr, iqailltjr, andrlgbli of tho lararal Btataa no)mpalrd( that aa loon at thoia objaots ars soooaapllihed tbo war ontht to oaua." ITS 0BLI0AT10RS. Thero Is not in tho whole history of legis lation an act of greater solemnity, or a cow tract more binding. Am I Wrong hi calling it a contract? Did it not pledge tho national faith to every ono to arms, that v, hen he should capitulate, tho rights of his State and of self-government should be preserved to his children and kindred, even though ho might suffer the penalties of the lawf Did it not pledgo thtt national faith to every Union man in tho southern States, that, if he would stand fast to the Govern ment, all his rights should be protected, and when peace should come, be fully restored to him! Did it not pledge the national faith to every man who enlisted In the service of his country, that no love of power, no lust of conquest, no military subjugation, shoVild enter into tho purposes of tho wart bul that it was waged merely to prcsrrvc, not tg Oc stroy Oovernmrntt Have not thoj0 m tfl0 BOuthern States who have beer;, true to their allegiance amid the mo. Dittcr persecutions known in tho annals of history, who havo seen their dwellings burned and their fields desolated, and who have fled to their mountains for refuge, and raised the Sag on their summits, no claim to tho fulullment of this pledge? Have thorn at the North, who rushed lo iho battle-field to preserve national unity and restore na tional iraicmirr.no ngnt to insist on too ful fillment of this pledge, without which they would have remained at hornet lias not tho nation itself a right to demand on this floor, and everywhere, that its plighted faith and its Eacrcd honor, uliich have BUrviVcd the storm of revolution, shall not perish in tho halls of Its own Uaoitol? It is said, I know, that one Congress Is not bound by tho acts of a previous Congress, and that what was done in 18C1 is not bind. mg in 18G6. Can this be so? Is tho rtfciW ui vim uuuuuai mini to pay money moro binding than when ft was mado to preserve Government and protect liberty? Is tho mU lionslre, who stays at homo and lends his money, a moro favored creditor of tho nation than ho who shoulders his musket and goes to the field under tho solemn fledge That oiaio institutions snouiu survtto trie shock of battle? National faith is essential lo no. tlonal life. It is the cementing bond of union, tno nooicst attribute or government, and tho virtue nearest allied to the great source of omniscient Wisdom ahd lustico. This resolution adopted in tho first year of President Lincoln's administration, shaped ins policy and was the guiuo or his public life. All his act. had reference to it; under it ho declared that to save the Union (that is, to preserve the States) was the first and great dutv. To this evcnrthini! was made subservient. If It could be dono by protect ing slavery, then slavery was to bo protected. If it could best bo dono by destroying sla very, men slavery was to do uestroyeu. iieuce, his administration was simnle. straightfor ward, and consistent, and it is n matter of record that this policy received tho unani mous support oi uis i'auinet. Ills address to tho people of Washington on the 13th of April. 18C5. the last nubile act of his life, was the most studied, compre hensive, and perfect of the many papers which he has left for the instruction of pos terity. It recapitulated all tho principles laid down in tho resolution, and gate to it a practical and tangible form The system was perfect in all its parts, and complete in all its details. Tho time for practical applica tion had come, and that application was about to be made by him, when the hand of the assassin deprived tho nation of its head, the Constitution of its wisest defender, and tho Stato governments of their truest friend. lly tho action of our institutions the re. sponsible duty of carrying out theso meas ures devolted on tho Vlco President, An drew Johnson. Hero a wide field of ambi tion was opened to tho now President. Ar mies were to be employed or disbanded, old States proscribed, or new ones brought into existence, tho policy of the old Administra tion was to be continued, or a new policy adopted, andMo all remember how the na tion held its breath while theso questions were under advisement. At length the decree came forth that tho policy of Abraham Lincoln was to be con tinned, that tho resolution of July 23, 18C1, which had fonned the platform of the war, was also to be the platform of peace ; and that those who had pinrred their faith on the solemn declaration of Congress, were not to be dissauDOinted. The South immediately showed signs of national life. Industrv.anuarentlvdead.be- gan to revive), confidence, which had been WAsniNGTpN Omclrt AdftrtlmmU f Ul th KxoewUTt tost, returned with a bold step; 'and hope, Which was about to erpiro; was again lighted up In the iiearts of the people. Tho north felt that their labors had not been in vata; that they were again to have a whslo country, a united country, and that the blood which had been ahed on many battle-fields would but cement and preserve our Union. Congress had laid down tho rule. Presi dent Lincoln had Interpreted It, ahd Presi dent Johnson accented the Interpretation and followed it. How earnestly he has la bored to carry forward this great work i bow many great cUlficulties have been Interposed tOvtt North and South, to Its final accom plishment) how party Strife has at last come in unbidden. oVth in tho hour of tho nnlion'a greatest peril, to thwart the holy purpytrbs of Jjnlon and fraternity, I need not stop tl aay. That tho matured plans of President Lincoln, faithfully carried out by President Johnson, will finally bo accepted by the American people, is my firm belief and earnest hope CotSllli Bines the opening of tho session of Con gress many new theories of reconstruc tion have been put forward. For tho past four years the Ingenuity of the legal profession ha employed Itself in demonstrating that tho Union of the States is Indissoluble; that the Constitution has conferred no power either Oh the Supreme Court, on Congress, oh tn several States, or on tne pcopio or trie States to break tho bonds of its authority and release the people from their allegiance. We had supposed this to bo a political attorn. After four years of bitter ttrlfo we had hoped that tho bond of our Union, after it had been bathed In tho blood of a half million of patriots, would nover again bo called ih qtiwltbn. But, Mr. Chairman, in this wo aVo mistaken. The argument ttr the gifted and eloquent gcnllemah from Ohio, Sir. Shellabarger, dc Ilrered In this Hall on tho 8th of January, goes to prove that there is a ipower Within tho- GoTernmcnt which can destroy it, and that .that power has been successfullycxerted. He has labored to provo that a noble Union of thirty-six States has been shattered In pieces, and that eleven of those States, broken and dismembered, aro now drifting on thp. billows of revolution like tho hulks of a fleet disabled and scattered by tho storm. And, sir, by what train of argument has ho reached a conclusion so opposed to the na tional Instinct and Ihtt convictions of the public Judgmebt He has soarched the law of nations to find tho definition of a State, m It lives in the family of nations an independent soverelgn-ty,co-equal, existing under certain conditions, Arm nnaapaslnr, pnpfaln attit..,n. nil iLh. sir, has applied that definition to the State's of our Union the Stales of a constitutional Government, In which each derives its char acteristics and its attributes not from the law of nations, but from a written Constltu Hon defining and limiting tho powers of each and all. and markinir with nprtinnV thail lomt and several duties and their mutual re lations. His whole argument, based on his ueumiion oi a Btalc, tbfrerore Talis lo the ground, for tho argument cn ippliy only to what is covered by tie definition, apd hence it entirely Inapplicable to States as they exist Wider out form of government. ADHIIllOM or STATES AHD THABO1! The ecntlcman from Ohio has bestowed much learning and labor on the question of summing statu into tne union, ana lias Sointed out very clearly tho antecedent con itions of such admission, liut, sir, does all this show that the rights which are conferred by admidsion can bo forfeited afterward? Docs It show that a State can go out of the Union aa well as into it ? 'Treaion agalnit tba Unttad Btataa shall oooilat in lavjlog war agaloat thanr, br in adbarlog to tbilr onimlai. glrtog Cham aid and ootnfort."t-Wifu. raa, on. 3, ue 8. Docs this apply to Individuals or to Stales ? Tho ne jt paragraph answers the Question : "No paroo ahstl 1 oonvlctad of traaioa nolau en tba Uillmony of two wltnoual to tba lams orirt sot, or on oonfwilon la opon eoart.11 Now, sir, tho Constitution gives no defini tion of treason as applied to a State. It Is tho treason of tho individual which tho Con stitution defines anil Tor which it prescribes a punishhient. This, sir, is both the letter and the spirit of the instrument. In neither a paragraph or a line of that instrument is there any allusion to the expulsion or punish ment of a State. The person or individual Is alono referred to, and tho State, as sUcb, is in nowise held responsible The Uo eminent has retained in its own hand the povcrand right to punish treason. Having dono this, would it do just to hold a State responsible Vrhcn its citizens commit treason? Can Con gress Impose such responsibility?" WBATTB. Cosim&TlOM flUABARTIKS "Tba Uoitad btata iball guaranty to anrj Stato In tblt Union a rapoblloan form of govarnmant, and ahall protaot oaab of tbam agaloat IotbiIod, and oa application of tbo Laglalatora, or of tba Ex eotlra, (whan tba Laglalatora oanaot ba oonranad,) agalnit domntlo violanoa "CoHififufioM, art i, ice d. Now, sir, what does this article of the Con stitution guaranty ? A republican form of government. To whom does It guaranty it? To every Stato in this Union. Does it guaranty it to States out of tho Union? Certainly not. This power, therefore, can only be exercised by Congress over States in the Union, and not over States out of it. In fact, sir, tho Constitution never contemplated the case of a Stato going out, or being out, of the Union. Gentlemen on this Door havo labored, with milch astuteness and learning, to show how a State may go out of the Union, and that, under their way, eleven of the States hat e actually gono out. I beg leate to remind those gentlemen, with great respect, that although the modo is somewhat novel, the principle Itself is not new. It Is tho samo princlpio which first ap peared in tho celebrated resolutions of I'M, which was revived under the name of nullibV cation by John C. Calhoun in 1830, and cul minated in secession in 1661. It lytlio same t icious principle which has scducid tho hearts of a portion of our people from their alle giance, to government, which has trampled on our flag, which has bathed our land in blood and filled our homes with mourning. I had hoped, sir, that four years of war, and such a war, had wiped out forever from the public mind ei ery thought of nullification, secession, and disunion, and that wo had emerged from tho bloodtlcontest with but cUto natural pulsation, that the States "are ono and in separable, now and forever." The gentleman from Ohio has been at great pams to show that tho Government has a rightto treatevery individual of aStatc :rymaivi(iuaioi aoiaic lion as a public enemy; guilty of treason and ishlp, while the Const!- tnat nas been in re oeuion as a that is. adludiro him dcDrivo him of citizens' tution expressly provides that no person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act. or on confession in open court." What, Mr. Chairman, would be the practi cal operation or this new doctrine or ton structive treason: of detlarlnir that whenever by fraud or violence a State government crrv, d. c, Saturday morning, DrwrtmBU f tka GwTornmo.it m PblUk.t H should be Interrupted or overthrown the (nbole people within IU birtlcrs, as a body, should be treated at riublio enemies and be yond the protection of the GeneraSKovem ment Would it not at bnce trflofer the allegiance of every citizen from the national to tno State government, and effectually de stroy our entire system ? When the itorms of tumult and civil discord should rage, would Iho affrighted citizen fly to the flag of hi country only to be told that his State liad rebelled and that he himielf wal a traitor ? What herved tho arms and Inspired the hearts of so many true patriots In the South during the recent struggle ? It was the con viction that citizenship could only be lost by inmviuuai acts anu not lorieuca oy toe acts of others. It was the conviction that the air they breathed was the atmosphere of the whole nation, and that when the storm had passed It would again be pure, invigorating, iiu ueacciui. I know of no people, In any age or coun try, who adhered to their alleiiance with greater fidelity, met danger with more de termined bravery, who oDercd up their lives more cheerfully, ahd bore 'the flag of their Country through fiercer storms thantlie Unioh men nf th flmith. Anitrmv .TnhrlhnH In n speech to the peoplo of KnoiVlllc, thus de scribes inair condition t 'Ur eoutryman 1 my fasart yaarni toward yon, 1 I am ono of yon. I havo ellmbad voodar moontaloB, rook rlbbad and glowing In looihlob. ia whola Korgaa, in wboio caTlrnlyoor aoni, hnntai Ilka laaaatli bavs fallan to rita no moro I do not ipaak ct lhaao things to draw voir taan It la not tho lima for tian, but for blows I ipaak of tbam that I may fit yoor arms for noeonqaarabla fight. And I ipaak of ,tham bteaoro tba moootaln iiomi to Ulk to toll My hoars Is among tbo moun tains, ltd, though It Ii not far away, 1 caooot go to It It la tbo pUeo wbora 1 mat and lovad bar who Ii tha mothar of my thlldran. Do I not lova tba mountain! 1 And if llbarty Is to aspire. If fraadomlt to bo daitrojad, u my eountry In all lta length and breadth la to tramblo baoaalh tbo Oppratior's tread, let tho flag, tho dear old flag, tha last flag, be planted on yon rocky helgbta, and opon it let tnero ba this loilrtpUon l 'llaro II the end of all that Is diu to thshelrl ind siered to tho meraer ef man I" Tho doctrinojof tho gentleman from Ohio treats theso men as public enemies, and deems them to havo forfeited their political rights. And indeed, sir, his doctrine has re ceived somo sanction from tho action of the House Itselr. The time, however, must come, and that soon, when we shall bo brought fate to fafcb bh all these great ques tions. We must decide whether those who were members of Congress during the most critical period of the rebellion, (including the President himself.! who went home ind en countered all its furies, and ha,o come hack ith certificates of election, arc to bo ad mitted, or are to be shot down, as rebels, at the door of tho Capitol, not by the bullets of tho enemy, but by the votes of Congress. WBSB BSrsilSITATlVSS I.OVLO SB AbBITTSO Ttnmr-lliftlpltr HflhV Ihn Iwl lloHr ellrtffnHn,. of the rebel armicB, the President had to ac cent the civil surrender of the people. Tho session of Congress had Just terminated, and they would not reassemble until December. The Cabinet, the legal ndvigcrs of Mr. Lin- coin, were at tncir post, and tne I'rcildent solicited their counsel and aid. All that Congress had asked, as conditions precedent to reconstruction. Was tho adohtloh of I lie constitutional amendments which they had passed. I tlunk it llllist be ailrallted that after these had been accepted, in good faith, no subsequent conditions could justly be im posed. The, President, hokever, acting in the trtlo spirit that had governed Ins prede cessors, went eten beyond what he or Con- conditions which Cohgress had prescribed tho utter repudiation of the confederate debt in ail its forms, and a full guarantee to the African race of entire equality v, ilh the, whites in all matters affecting personal liberty and civil rights. My sentiments on these matters ore fully stated in tho following resolution nhlch I had the honor of presenting to this House oh tho 19th day of December: 'ifirofia. That whan tho people who hare been In rebellion agalnit the Government havo submit ted to tbo lawi of tbo United Btataa, adopted .repub lican form ofgOTernmeot, repealed the ordinance of leoeillon, paaied tba oonatltutlonal amendment for ever abollablog llarery, repudiated the rebel debt, and palled lawi proteotlog the freedmao In bli liberty; tbo repreientatlTel of thoio pebpto elected to Oobgrctt, and havlog received th.lt certlDcatee of election from tbelr rerpectlre Qovernorr, ahould bo received at member! bf the Thirty Ninth Oontreri when tbey iball take the oath preacrlbed by too lait Coogriu, known as the teat oatb, with out delay." Under such conditions, when they aro complied with ill gbpll faith, Mr. Chairman, I am ready to voto for the admission imme diately of all loyal men who come here and take the prescribed oath that "thev hate never voluntarily assisted In the rebellion " nat power, sir, nas a right to exclude sucn representatives ? If the rights of one man cannot be taken away by the misconduct of another, the loyal citizens of every Statu of this Union have an equal right to he repre sented here. And when, sir, the subject lias been fully considered, I feel that that ri(,ht will be cheerfully and speedily accorded QUI tonal.. B.I..TI0.1 Arc there not, Mr. Chairman, stronc mo- thes arising out of our foreign rclutlons that should urgo us to harmony, fraternity, and union? Without theso we can ncter ho great, wo can never bo strong. No sooner had tho echo of tho first gun fired at humler reached the British isle, than the old lion shook tho dew-drops from his mane and be gan to growl. During tho entire struggle, a rumbling sound ran tnrougu me entire British empire, indicating a wish to strike us if the happyraoment should arrive. Priva tcerB were fitted out under tho very eye of the Government to prey upon our commerce, insulting paragraphs appeared in all their public. Journals, protection and sjmpathy were extended to rebels by public meetings and on all public occasions, and we wcro in debted for the preservation of peace to our great strength and tho bravery of our troopH m the field. France, our ancient ally, and who went witn us, sine by side, tnrougu tne Revolution, also Bought to profit bv our misfortunes, snd sent an army to Mexico to overturn a sister republic ami cstabiisu tlicro a monarchy, in direct hostility to the policy of our Government, proclaimed to the world forty j ears ago and followed implicitly by every Administration to tho present time. Now, sir, with a knowledge of these factB, indicating a settled purpose abroad to profit by our divisions at home, is it wIbo to foment civil discord and divide In interest and senti ment this irrcut nation, which should be bound together by all tho ties which can unite a pcopio i ooariNA.csa T he finances of a nation aro alike tho ev idences ofltsgrcatneBs and the foundations of its power. ISo subject engages so earnestly tho attention of a statesmun as how to make labor most useful and productive 'Iho southern States areeanabla of nroducintr at tho present moment, by a rightly adjusted april 14, isoa. In thla Pmpor by Awtbort ty W TUB pnRllDEHT. syitem of labor, four million bales of cotton per annum, which at present prices would be worth 800,000.000; add to this $100,000, 000 for fico ahu tobacco, and wo havo an an nual amount, at nrescnt prices, fnr fhrr-e .r. tides alone, of one third of our entire nation al debt ow.Mr.ChalrmanJnstcad of bring ing these people back into tho Union, en- couraging and developing their Industry, rnakihgthemagoiha part of the Gorcm lrlet,l ahd obliging them lo Cohtnbhle their full share In the payment of the national debt- there an m.n rin IMa Aha, vhn annM expend 850,000,000 annnally for the poor gratification ofkeeplng them out of the Union for four years longer. Wo have been light ing for four years to bring them back into tin, uuiuu. Anu now, sir, is mil ou,UUU,U0U to be furnished ? It is to ba enller-btrl hv the tax-gatherer from the honest laborer of lOO -NOTUL. la it worth whlla In ,priR-n ia much for passion and resentment? Is it not better to calm sectional strife, to heal the wounds of the nation, to absorb in the cur rent of a healthy public sentiment tho dis loyalty which jet bursts from a few hearts as tho mighty river carries the httlo rills which Issuo from the mountain side ? .L.etlV. v.-ertKa-l In regard to tho subject of elective fran - cnise, i agree with the President in his mes-l sage, wmen sayst " .Then, at the fint movemeot toward! lndepud once, the Coograiloftk. foiled Btataa Inatructed tho literal Btatee to Initltut. government! of tbelr own, they left eeeh Btate to decide for llielf tbt conaiuonl lor tbo enjoyment or tb blectlt. frin obli. ' I heartily concur In He abovei ahd believe that the reirulation of the electivA franr-ruiA in all the States, and the qualifications of electors ociong to ine stales each lor itself, and are subjects in which Congress, under me uonsutution, nas no right to interfere; the policy of the President on this, as well as on many other subjects, was to preserve the Government as he found it, and not to make a new one, Iho Conitltution of the United States having referred the matter of suffrage to the States, and Invested them with tho ex clusive power over it, and it was not coni-S-tent for tho President to interfere with a pre rogative so expressly conferred upon them, and so long exercised by them. I ttill not. Mr. Chairman, pursue this sub ject further. I rejoice in the great good wmcu ine recent contest nos produced. 1 hope wo may reap all its legitimate fruits. I hopo it will make us a great and united peo ple, Viith one language, one heart, one des tiny. I rejoice, sir, that the African race has risen to the condition of freedom In the dispensations of Providence, the nation laid its hands on the boned captnes and they sprang to the dignity of freedom. It touched their sightless eyes and they opened to the morning light of perpetual liberty. At the beginning of the contest they appeared to be the orphans of Providence! at its rlnsn lhf-v were tho wards of the Republic. Under Providence, tho guiding legislation of Con gress, and the wisdom and justice of those tncy iivo among, mcy aro now to go forward to their final destiny. Storting as men, with Kericci cqaiity ucioro tne law, they will soon ecoine an important part of the body poli tic. Time will wear awav preiudice. and soon reconcile all parties to the new condition of things. Mr. Chairman. I am hopeful of the futtiro. The Constitution, as it stands, is the bond of perfect unioh ahd the guarantee of Innumer able blessings to this people. Under It v,c havo grown to a great and powerful nation it seems to mo to emoracc witmn us amnio folds every Stato and every individual of each State, whether ho be rebel or loyal; and mat it nas lull power to punisn tne ene anu protect the other. I hope, sir.tliat in settling tho grave question beforo us, ve shall keep within the bounds of this great charter of our liberties, and that no consideration of party adrantoire or political pon er v ill sw crt c us from the line of duty at a moment so crit ical. If this bo so, too futuro presents no difficulties. Tho eleven cchpseil stars will puss froln under tho shadows which now ob scure them, and return to tho pure light of a restored and happy Union. Geoboe Wilkiss Kendai u "ex-Santa Pu prisoner," writing toa friend in this city from Kendall county, Texas, under date of March 4, 1866, says: "1 am alive, ahd think that if tho last strugglo for existence was now upon me, thoso standing close around would find that I had the strength to kick smartly; in other words, for ono of my years I am hale, healthy, and hearty, tough as a broiled owl, if you will, and do nut claim age in any work before me, from lifting a saw-log to jumping a rail. I have rudo health, a clout constitu tion, a cl-'iir conscience, a good set of lungs, and the tools u ith which 1 slatted out in life head, hands, and sound limbs generally, and In the general flipping up of coppers, I still think, by judicious thumbing, I can oc casionally turn up heads perhaps oftener than many men ol my )cars, and I'll always flip fiir Although waxing closo upon three score jears, I do not, as I said before, claim ago of any man can shy an omnibus as ljuick us a rat-terrier in siiort, am acute. Of tho futuro hosats. "I hopo to bo able to make enough to provide liberally for m family, trust that thero will alwajs bo bread and cheese in the cupboard when tho chil- Iren are hungry, and blankets enough on the bed to keep them comfortable when they aro cold and in tho way of education I shall stnvo hard to see that they uro not as destitute as some. In iome re spects they aro alieady tolerably well ad- anceu, mey can an reuti, wruo nnu speak English, French and German, and can all work. I ain now in treat v with two vounir men from Massachusetts to take rav sheen on shares for tho coming eighteen months If wo conclude tho contract,! hopo to bo ablo to take ono ot tho steamers Irom ew ur leans to Litcrpool about the lBt of net Au gust, remain on the other side somo three or lour weeks, comeback in a Cunardir to Bos. ton ubout tho last of September, bhiko hands wltb jon all, and gel Homo bj tno m oi No vember. Oflote jears I havo taken to hunting tur kej s with a vim and a relish, brought home two 22 lb gobblers fat, tender, Juicy andde licious three nights ago, which 1 had tumbled into off the Cypresses on the liandalotipe, by moonlight. I wisli I could send jou a speci men, jou would talk turkey for threoweeks " tlotton Foal. Prtservatioi or Friscoe bv Means or IARAmiE. Vohl coats the picture with a saturated solution of parafilne in benzole, and when tho solvent has evaporated, washes the surface with a very soft brush Parafiino has tho advantage over other greasy matters of not becoming colored by time. Dtmler't Journal nml Bulletin tie la Socitte IViim. uyiif, (le , Fib 1866 A similar solution, we may add, has been used in Kngland for the preservation of photographs Chemical B.?- 1 AVus. no. 117. Speech of Hon. Andrew Btewnrt, of a'ennB Ivnuln. At a recent meeting of citizens adhering to thollepublican party, held at Unlontown, rennsyirama, tne lion, axdbiw Stbwaiit was chosen ihainnan, and, upon coming for ward, delivered the following speech, amid great enthusiasm : Mr. Stewart, on reconstruction, said that the last Congress had adjourned without adopting any plan, leaving tne 1 resident to adopt one or his own. lie did soa plan just and generons to the South, based "on tne great centraridca oi loyalty" loyaityto the Constitution and the union. None hut loyal men, he said, could be allowed to hold office, or participate in the Government. He f 'resumed Congress would admit none but oval men. This plan was sanctioned br his enlightened Cabinet; it worked hko charm; it gave tho President immediatcand absolute control of the Southern people. He issued his edicts; they were obejea. He required them to repeal their ordinances of secession ; thev did it. He required them to ratify the abolition of slavery: to abolish It in tin ir State constitutions ; to repudiate their rebel 8,ate debts; to give tho frccdmenthcirrlghts. "owever uistasteiui, tncy urn it. Aided by his Immense patronage, and cxactimr loraltv as the only condition of Executive favor, the President was fast building up a loyal Union party in mo nfutn, strong enough to keep down the cut-throats and fire-eaters without the expensive aid of a standing army or Freedraen's Bureau. " In this state of affairs the present Congress met. Certain talented, bold and adroit men, hostilo to the Prcsidcht. threw themselves Into tho lead, dexterously introduced antago muic resolutions, not to onntj tn Dut Keep out all the Southern States and people, loyal and dislojal, alike thus virtually corning out the object of secession itself. Without debate they promptly called the aj es and noes, compelling the Republican party to vote with (Vietoi or With the Democrat; thus forcing tho oartv into a false nosilion. from which they must in some way escape, or the party and the country be ruined. These Northern fanatics, with the Democrats, are now making icinf efforts the one to Aiot and the. other to coax tho President out of the Republican party. They will fail. But suppose they succeed? What would be the condition of the country? Thus hostilo and exasperated. Congress would reject all meas ures of the President and ho would veto all theirs. Thns the legislation of tho Govern ment woflld be brought to a dead lock, and of course Congress had better adjonrn and go home, and then what? Then should tho con troversy continue, the Republicans could not of course unite with men who would divide the party, and of course would select others uncommitted, dividing the country, perhaps. Into threo parties, the Democrats, the liadi calt and the great Johnson or Constitutional party, standing between the two extremes. and rallying to tncir Bianu.ru uw guou uuu true men of all parties to savo the country. And mey win save it; mey win oo aucccssim because right, the majority will go right in the end, if not, the fountain of power being corrupted at its source, republican Institutions must fall. Mr. Stewart said he had served several years in Congress with Andrew Johnson. He knew him well, and he never knew a firmer, purer, or moro patriotic man; a man who. bv his talent and unaided efforts, had raised himself by regular steps from the very lowest to the highest position in the world. lie nan gooa sense nnu goon principle, nu instincts are all right, and he can't go vcrong. You can neither drive or seduce him. He saw this tried in the Senate when the leaders of the rebellion, having failed to seduce, un dertook to denounce nun as a traitor to the South; but ho turned upon them like a lion on so many curs, and by an outbunt of in dignant, withering, ond overwhelming elo quence, actually drot o many of them from their seats It was on this occasion he said : Wprn I President 1 would arrest ou. try you, and If cohvicted, lo help me God I would hong you," and certain gentlemen have lately discovered that he retains a Httlo of this old fire still. But It is to be hoped that these difficul ties will soon be healed and harmony return, and that the Republican party will again be uniteii, ahd all parties ugaln vie with each other in npplanding the President, as they did on tho reading of his message at the opening or the present session a ming mat neeet bMore occurred in this country; ond when the flurry u oter the denunciations of tho ultra men in tne norm win serve io strengthen tho President with tho Southern people, who go by tho " rulo of contrary," with these mm, and thus essentially aid him In bnngihjr them back into the Union. Thus all may turn out for tho best in the end Tlicro is a Providence in alt tbihgi; "there is u di lmty that bhupes our ends, rough hew them as wo may " Wo buw dark ond lower ing clouds during the war. Wo sec them now Hut God and brave men saved the country then, and God and good men will sate it now. HonrilluK lit Waiihiun;toii. A humorous correspondent of tho Provi dence l're, who calls himself KlihuT. Burt, has a clet er hit at hotel rates in Washington! where he makes it appear he resides at pres ent during a "spell" of office-hunting. He sa)8. "When I larst writ to you I w as putting up at a fust-class hotel, but 1 had to leuto lu a double-quick meter, the prices was so high I went into that house with high and buoyant hopes, and I came out clean busted, and my flftcen-dollar watch is hanging now on a nail over the cashier's desk. '1 ho fol lcring bill which I rcsco ed may git o J ou some slight Ideo how It is that tatern keepers pay such heavy inciim taxes I intend to bring my Klihu junior up to kee p a Wash ington hotel He s got many of the quallfi shuns for the nosi.li. being sassy, arrogant. brassy, blustering, and bullying. Ho could kick a pore man and fawn upon a rich con tractor with ckwil alacknty. But here Is the little bill Mr Etlka T Burt to Serece, Qrebill Co , Dr Board nd room II day.) lis oo IT.a of room furallori (aura) SCO Fire (ailra) 0 00 Oaa (iln) loo Uae of bad olotboa (ailra) ISO Prlak 0 00 P.a of tabtao at raoili (oslre) 100 lUlaittold "DoB't'kiow1 (.Bin) SO H.lif told Caa't aay" (extra) OO ( arrtlal bif sate to aad from room (oztra) S so Prtrilrseof aplltooae (elln) 1 00 Add lea per ceat for eaak I S3 "I pade that bill although it reduced me to thptMmiatninnrv. and then left the house. entertolnlng no animosity toward the public spirited propryetors thereof, for I knew that sum men must live, and havo their small niiAtilBi jvtft fn el nmnll IB. I1 1 " 1'iuui nu "" ""' raw wAwviw.f. w.-rr.r.rniv b rsalllked every er'.lar (la.diyo exee-ited) by W.J t. (tratAH C, 111 Birth etreot, end U firaleaad, I. eabeertbero (a? aarrleraj .1 71 eoatc pat SM.IV Mill aibeerlt-era, tS.0) per liail HOO far etc Hatha aad It 00 for lira, raealka, aeartalf-f out-' Mace. Tito copied ..I year, 930. 00. t Stagta eeptoe, S Mate. TUT WXIXLT JIAT10JIAL BITOBLiCAH U pibtUkad every Friday monUff l Om mrr 7 tl 00 Three loplaa ... year, 0.00 1 Tea eeplee m. yaar.HSOO. -u.no.va 'WAR. UOM04 Up, brolhroi, opt Tno wofl,t la not Bo bad u torn would uaka It) Althoog h wa tilt a rtobWn lot, Tba pUw of UU eta kroak Itf Aad wheat -a im of amUr frtth , 1Th!U appla bloom aod blaaalog ehantaf, VTIII fooii rvplttt tbt thlitla growth Ana bittar DnuaitDTTiM Tor Ufa' m Hold, a foodlj Sold, Whart iklU aod long oadaaTor Can mako tbo barm. wIMtrnaaa Aa Edtn borer forort r Wbortrar re aown bide yon go, D prompt and firm to followj Ka'or bollj a booM on Ago'i mow- Tradition li bat hollow. WHh ejea that aoror ahu Iho light, Eren thoofh It ihow yoar pait mlMhaaeof. Ride down tho phantom brood of night With troopi of gallant faaelee. For l.tVa" a fight, a itobbora fight Wbero fcopo and lYoah ondearor Can orereomo the botU of Car, Fortrtr and fortrer. Should torn beta yon In opon Some bleak and Ion el r mountain,, Ne'er ilgh for tho foraknlain, . And ilIowhadd fonntaicr Bat, on tho lightning ihlrered top,f Learn of tbo eagl telf rollaneo. And Jot tha whlrlwlndi. aa tbej drop, Hear down jonr bold defiance. Tor life i a fight, a gallant fight. Where heart and itrong endeaTof, Shall win tho palm and wear tho pain Forerer and forerer Berlfgod In Want'i deaplied retreat, v And with reeonroo bat icant, FIloa orer half jott'd Hko to eat. Tba man may think you're plenty: 'Twaa thai the Qoth wu drtren from Borne, And 'tie a maxim broadly Roman, WhaU'er tbo teara that fill at homo, Laugh load boforo yoar foemaa For life's a elege, a long-drawn liege, A flare, protracted trial, Whor fate forerer gWao th palm To hop and lelf-denlal. Should tfaoeo you friended In dlitreo Fergt yon 'til tho fashion Ne'ar let them know their worthleitaei a Had power to mot yoor pasiionj Bo eocl, and imlle the war of Ufa Again may plaeo yon far abor them, And, vhould yon ebaoce to meet tn atrife, Then ptore how much yon lor them 1 For life 'a a fight, a TarylDr fight, Dofeat aod victory blended Though Wrong may tilamph for awhile, Right wlna r all la ended ! Should abe who ahared yoar Samxner lot Now than yoar oold oareuea. Oh, blame her not oh, hart her not ! 4 Bat loooe her golden jewel She nerer loved, no power on earth Can ehang a woman' true alloc 1 1 on, Nor Li the bafgard falcon worth A moment' aad dejection. Forgot her frailty In the fight. Where brain and bold ndaTor, Still win at will a eUangtlea crown ForTr and forerer ' Avoid the fralUea atiife of creed, Yoo cannot tarn or guide It j Lot Heaven award the victor' meed, , And Frleit with Prleat decide It 1 Believe that Life U fleeting breath, B juit to man and lovo yoar neighbor, And take thli ritual for yoor faith "Truth, Temperance, and Labor"1 And thai th cloada of wrong that veil Th heaven of life will aever, And the palm be his who wear th mail Of Faith and firm Endeavor, o. a. ii. JV 1. Cttttin. A Typo After Pollard 11. r. Ilackman, late manager of tho CitV- en newspaper of HIchmond, publishes tho roll owing aauress -to toe pumic mruugu the column" of the Richmond press. It ex ilains itself: II. Rives Pollard, the editor of the Rich mond Examiner, sees fit to asaoil me as tho leader of tho Southern gentlemen who left lils employ because unwilling to submit to an exaction made upon them for a reduction of thdr hard-earned wages. Mr. Pollard's ability to deal in personalities is too well known to need comment here. As to my importuning him for a situation, I hare only to say mat x appucu to mm oa i wouia .u nnv ntttP mnn titid veau PTTiTilft Pli. tlfil tit it lbtor, but because he needed my services. and 1 ouvuincu pay miyjfrrunw i uiu, anu ho more. 1 would not condescend to notice at all this base attack upon mo wero it not that it might be miscontrued by my friends and tho public; and I do not feel inclined to have my character impugned by nny one. Mr. Pollard makes great pretensions to patriotism and a love for the South, and Lnonrt nt mi aa a Xorthern man. Let tho I community judge between us. Pollarfl, bora . i 5-..11 M J.J.. -11 it.,. ana rcareu on auuuwm bui, uuriug u .u Revere ordeal through which the South has) Must emerged .'smelt the battle from afar," lJ . "a J.A t 1... hknewk ftAAr" anu, ai u uuio uuuukc, u uu uwiuu-iivvi, urged the Southern legions on, keeping his own person at a sale distance from tho implies of death. On tho other hand, I, a perfect stranger in the South, came hero in May, 1861, and en tered tho Southern army, participating in all the great battles with tho Army of the Po tomac, being twice wounded, the scars of which aro still visiblo upon my person. At tho battlo of Gettysburg I was taken prison er, and lay in tho loathsome prisons of tho North eleven months. Leaving an impartial public to judge be iween us, I hero drop the matter, and will Jtyo no further notice to anlbing emanating from the above source. An 1.x CoNrxDBRATOrriCTAL at VTobk John II. Reagan, formerly tho rebel Post master General, is now on his own farm at rort Houston, near Palestine, Texas. In a private letter of his, which has just found its way Into one of the New Orleans papers, oc curs tho following notable paragraph: I havo ono white man and seven freedraen at workj have planted some fmit trees and ihrtibriprv. and most of mvveeetable garden and Irish potatoes, and bedded out my sweet potatoes, and planted thirty Ave acres of corn, and hove as much more ready to plant, ha.e sowed twelve or fifteen acres in small gram, and shall plant about thirty-five acres of cot ton. I am orchardist and gardener myself.and when not engaged at this, or in the necessary superintendence of the frcedmen, I work on tho farm constantly with my own hands, and can do as much work with comparatively aa little fatigue as any of them. I make fence, grub, and pile and bum brush, plough, Ac, and am us thoroughly bronzed aa other laborers. ..,,.--1I-B, Pressed Chicken. Roll tho chicken with the giblets until tho bones can be easily filled out. Then season to taste, with salt and pepper, (a little thyme is a great improve menl), and mince quite fine; after which put it in a dish or pan, with weights enough upon it to press it firm: set it away to cool, and uVinn liimo.1 A.it ft mftVpB a nice SidO UlStl , ten v.. ti-tuvu w. ew . - . 1 for dinner, or relish for tes.