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THE Mill MITOML BKUeLICAK-SUPPLEllIENT.
TrmemLlm WASHINGTON CITY, D. O., THURSDAY DFC.5, 187 H ItirOHTOP TUB roTMASTF.H OBN. KRAL. eranhcri and tha mp, ai brought up In eoe- " lth the United Kingdom ol Ortt eeiilre edltlone, hare been distributed to Britain and Ireland, Oermanr, France, Bel. UrtlsfmKmT rffi'JSiwJornHiiIow., and Missouri, l nearly com. the mount sported I for 1571 The postage ..r.vMIMr'?..!1 J Hwotuiurceo- .... , ,r M-,in- .mhV..tn infnnU I , on letter sent exceeded the Dostsrss on let- ru mil 11 ctiLinn iv 01. r or ma ic a-iiuu i i 1,. in 1(1 ,1.. .,tl.a. uOAAnu M OT7,0IY. and tfao expenditure 14,SW. 101 OS The Increase of revenue for the year ltd over the year 1873 over the year 1871 tu tl,878,380lH,orD37 per cent, and the In i re of expendllnre t3.208,UB8.W, or 030 percent , showing a. net Increase of expen diture of t,707 28. The Increase In rev enue for the Tear 18TI oxer 1870 was 13,030, OtS 72, or in OS per rent , and the increase of xpcndltnre for lSTJovcr 1870 wu fH,30Q, JtM OH, or 14 17 per cent. The Increaw in revenue for 1873, compared with 1871, wm Krcatcr than the Increase for 1871, compared with 1870, hy 0,7n 18, and the Increase of expenditures for 1873, compared with 1871, wm greater than the Increase for 1871, com pared with 1870, he tl,m831 78. If, In addition to the ordinary rerennea, the Department I credited with 1700 000 appro priated for the transportation of free matter, nnd ihe amounts drawn and eipendod for sub sidies to steamship line, It will appear that the deficiency provided out of the general Treasury for the year 1873 la fS17JI.W, agilnst 3,028,or8 00 for the year 1871. The accompanying report of the andltor fully aoti forth the detalla of the financial operation of the Department. The estimated expenditure for the year ending June 80, t8T4, are . I30,M,1 Tie revennes, estimated at 10 per rem. incrro iurr last rear Intimated rerenne from money-order business T"stlmated Increase In revenue consequent on the Intrndnrtlon ot postal card. H,fll9,?t f4,t,B0H i y..i.iMMii The foregoing Mtlmatea do cot include the the folio win if special appropriations In the natnre of subsidies: Formal! steamship service between Ban Fran rlsoo and Japan and China inoo,noo 00 For special subsidy for like service, under sectlona i and of the act approved Jane 1, 1ST, from Octo ber 1, ISTft, to June 10, 174 . 178,000 00 Fnr mall ateamRhln service between the t nlted States and Braill 150,000 09 For like service between Rsd Fran cUro and tht Sandwich Islands 78,000 00 leaving a deficiency of Total , jsstnsa of the deficiency appropriated for ih venr 1170. there was unex pended June so, wi.the sum of n,ow,ooo 00 n me amount appropriate mr ist i, there waaanexpeuJed at the close of that year Amount appropriated for the year n;t A. toUl of 1 There wm drawn during the iMt UHe.ai Veal, VI MJU ealUVHea1 UUCA" ended at the close of the jesr 1 870, for payiaeuunn account of ton,iM mi 8,03fi,03 00 l,M9,SS3 00 Of the amount eppronrt ated for the year ts't, for payments on a tonntof that Tear Of the "mount appropri ated tor the year n;z, 1,061,700 oo nronrlatlona undrawn T.ltfi,06 00 There wm also carried to the "sur plus fund" of the general Trees ury. of the deficiency appropri ated for 1870, and not needed. f,811,M 00 Learlng In the general Treasury, undrawn, the sum of. 4,no4,o 00 There wm also In the hands of the Assistant Treasurers of the I'nl- ted Stales a balance of 8M,4 08 Making the total amount available for payment of IndebtedneM to JuneM,mi 4,7W,oioe Against which there are chargeaMe sundry unliquidated accounts, es timated m followsi For balances to foreign coun tries itiT,wooo For mall service nnder contract not yet re torted 411,03ft lit Mall service still unre Pgnixeil lsn,jno no n ftniintA nf d1trlhntlon Mans of other States will t taken In hand as fMt as practicable, to as io enenu mo oenenis oi mis Tcrj n'ruun auxiliary to the work of the Department riMra and redaction. The amonnt of tinea Imposed npon eon tractors and deductions made from their pT for failures and other dellnnnenclea for the laM year was tU3,S81 47, and the amonnt re mitted dnrlnir the same period wm ,M9 31, tlons g(K),033 JO, M apicara fmm the f()llow Inc recapitulation i Amount of flne ti WS 01) amonnt of deductions H,414o, tout, tM,- 381 47; amount remitted, ) 23,9 31 1 ml amount, 900,033 20. MAIL-HAOB, I-tJCaf, AKU KIIK A table Hormndod to this renort extillilts In detail the number, description, and cost of mall-heif, locks, and keva purchased and issued durlnf the year 1 he total namler of new mall-las procured and put In service wm 77,670, of which 03,213 were tised for transmission of printed matter, and 13,48 for lcttcrmaii 'iheroet was fw,iwci iue number of locks of the new kind purchased was 6,000, at a cost of 13,800. Of old Iron mnll-kevs, 4,000 were pmrhaaod, at a roet of frfOO The cost of repairing mall-Iocka wm 91,330.30 The total amount expcndet for mall-Iocka and keys was (4,830.30 innoron mails. The transmission of through mails between the Atlantic and Pacific comU was grettly Interrupted by snow blockades west of Omaha durlnjj portions of the months of December, January, February, and March last. The number of dara on which no malls ware re ceived at Ban Francisco from New York was. In December, 19, in January, 2. In February, 23, and In March, 10. The average time oc cupied In the transit to San Francisco from New York waa, in December, 314 hours 13 mlnntea, in January, 373 hours 17 minutes, la February , 407 hours 40 mlnntea, and In March, lot horre 3 minutes. Only 11 malls out of 5 from New York were carried ttirou&h to San Franilscoln schedule time In Decern ber.only 3 out of (W In January, none out 83 In February) and only 41 out of 71 In March. The number of days on which no malls were received at New York from San Francisco wm, Id December, 18, In January, 31, In February, 10, and In March, 9 The at erase time occupied in the tranntt to New York from San Francisco waa, In December, 206 hours 41 minute, in January, Wi hours 13 minutest in rohniary, 433 hours 80 min utes, and In March, 189 hours M rolnntos. Only 3 mall out of 33 from San Francisco were carried through to New York In schedule time In December, none ont of 38 in January, only 3 out 10 in i ebruary, and only 13 out of 31 in March The average time occupied in the transit for the whole period from October, 1HT1. to Heiitemher. 1873. was. coin i west. 310 hours 33 minutes; colnc east, 197 hours 43 minutes Excepting tEio four months specified, the number of malls conveyed to Ban rraneieeo irom rew iora irmn wnoer, 1S71. to Sentemher. 1873. Inclnahe. wm NW. of which fill were carried through in schedule time, and f7 behind timet and, excepting those four months, the numlwr of mills con veyed to New York from Saa Francisco, from uciooer, ion, 10 oepicmwer, 101-1, miiuinr, waa 911 nf whlrh JHA w,rA pnrr!d through in schedule time, and 33 behind time The Bveratre time ocenmed In the transit, except' 7. : " .c: . j.i.. 1 l tA iiuc ine miir luuunia, wm, nuiua wck, mi !!, 74 ft in leaving, after settlement of alllla Mliuea to June 9 187, a net Ul anceof deflttency appropriations The nnmber of adhesive postage stamps Issued during the ytar wm 041,433,070, representing tin,SW,W 00 lnnitsl enveloiMta. nlaln.aa.1..IW0. representing l,C3,l w) Humped envelopes, M reqieat, 4AJ6,000, representing l,l,flW 00 NewsDanerwranDersLH.bM.tao. re n- resenting 176,18J CO The whole nnmber of stamps, stamped envelopes, and news per wrappers was 6.n,880t880 of 10 agf rcgaio vaiur 01 t 9 07A AM no The numlicrof packages of postage stamps ltwt in the malls during the jear waa ten, representing ij.hi, ami ni siampeu enveitiM'B none, itclqg much Icm than losses from simi lar delinquencies in 1871 and prevloua years co"tha,ctb. There were In the service of the Depart ment on the 30th of June, 1673, 5.M4 contrac tors for the transportation of the mall on public routes. There were at the close of the year 3C3 "special" ofllces, each with a mall carrier whose pay from the Department I not al lowed mexctiHl the net postal ield of the office Of public malt routes in operation there wrrf 7.330, aggregating In length 231.TI8 miles, In annual transportation 114,0t44.3) utile, and in annual cost 12,373,304 Adding Hie compensation of railway post olflee clerks, rout agents, mall-route messengers, local agenta, mall messengers, and baggage mas ters In charge of registered packages, amount ing to fj,3O0 944, the aggngate annual ctut nil 14,779,306 The service waa divided m follows. Railroad route! Lena-th. 37.911 miles, an- uuU transportation, 03.4U1.74U miles, annual 1 ost, tu uu, 771 aoout iu au cents per rone Steamboat routes Length, 18 800 miles, annual transportation 4 3u5,430 roilea, annual toeL 779.803 about 18 10 renU Pr mile. Other routes, on which the mails are re quired to bo conveyed with "celerity, cer tainty, and aeTirltyiH Length, 174.W7 mllis, annual transportation, 48,184,137 miles, an nual cost, 280,OJ8 about 11 cents per mllA. There waa an IncreMe over theprccedlng year In length of routes of 13,039 ml'es,4n annual t ran porta t Ion, 7.411.5JS mile; and In cost, l.OU.bGO Adding the Increased cot for railway poet office clerks, route, local, and other agents, 8)3:11,418, the total increase tncostwuvl.374,280. The railroad routes have !een Increased In length 8,077 miles, and in cost, 777,7W Ah earning the increase catwed by the readjust stent of rates for Uie year ended June SO. 1872, to be the same m that shown In Table F for the year ended September 30, 1872, via, 354,803, the expense for new railroad aerrlce may be set down at fU3,037, being an are rage roet of $V3 30 per mile per annum. rnoQuzaj or Tin bthtem or HitimoAit HAlIaERVICK. An Interesting table, compiled from the an nual reports of the Department, is presented herewith, ahowlmr the amonnt of railroad inaU-eerrlce, and the coat thereof, In succes sive years, from the commencement ut such service In 1830, to Jnne 30, U73. Ihe report for 1833 shows the annual transportation on railroad and steamboat routes combined The length of railroad routes wm first reported to tie V74 mllce at the close of the year ended Jane 90, 1837 The length la 1873 wm 37,911 rallee, an IncreMe of W.U37 mile In thlrtv five years, being an average of over 1,611 mile per annum, Tho largest In length fnr any one year wm for 1873, belnff 8,077 mill The first report of the annual cot of railroad rontea, nncomblneil with steamboat mates, wm 531,753 on tho 4th of November, 184. The cost In 1873 wm 0,503,771, showing an increase of 5,971,019 In twenty-seven years, and an average Increase of over 331,148 per annum Tho largest Increase In cost for any one year wm for 1873, being 777,793, BBAUJU8TUBNT Or PAT 0N KAILHOD ROUTE Table E, presented herewith, exhibits re turns of the character and amount of the inaileenlce on railroad route Jn the States of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and Ohio, obtained with a view to the readlustment of the rates of iv on am h rnutea In those States for the new contract term commencing 1st July, 1873 The tat to contains returns, alao, from railroad routes in other SLateH. submitted by the proprietors thereof, as the basis for the adjustment or readlustment of their cninocuaallon The readjustment of rates on old routes and the adjustment of rales on new .routes f ouudt d on tuene returns, are enown 10 taoio r, in which It will be seen that the rates were In creased on 80 and ducnued on 14 old, and fixed on 19 routes, and that the net excels of the present over the former amount of annual pay Vr readjustment Is 354, 815.94 Tuennm (erof new railroad routes put in operation within the year ending June SO, 1873, wm 110, on which, at a general rule, temporary rates of compensation were fixed, not exceeding the maximum (50 per mile per anuumj a lowed bv law to roads of the tidrd or lowest tlMS. with the nndetandlng that the pay should afterward be readjusted, If necessary according to the grade of the service, to bo shown by the usual returns The IV nen route Included in table V are extMWllona to hours 11 minutes; going eatt, 171 hours 10 minutes. The average time for the wholo of the preceding year was, going west, 173 hours, going eMt, 109 hours 4) minutes Excepting the period, therefore, during which the route WM ODiirucioa vy biiut, inert? ia mi iiiuq venation mm year irnm ma urgrca ui rrgu larlty notM in previous reports. Particulars Indicating the cliararter of the service between San Francisco aud other cities than New York on the Atlantic side will be found In the throngh-mall tables appended horeto, from the olllco of the Second Altant Postmaster (lenernt A change of the through-mall route between ashlngton and New Or'eans was made la May laiit, so as to run. after passing Cleve land, Tennessee, via Dalton, Georgia; Cetera, Alabama; Montgomery, Alabama, and Mo bile, Alabama. Instead of Chattanooga. Ten nrsee. Grand Junction, Tennessee, and Can ton, MUsUslppl A decrease of 83 miles In the length of the route wm thereby obtained, and the tables show a gratifying Improve ment In speed and other particulars. The number of malls carried through to New Or leans from Y axhlngton, by the old route, In the seven months from October, 1871, to April, 1873, Inclusive, was 313, In the average time nf 81 honra and 51 mlnntesi whcreM in the succeeding five months, IV) malls were carried through, ny tne new route, in me average time of 71 hours 41 minutes gain of 10 hours 8 mlnntes. The shortest time, going south, by the old route, in tho first seven months, was 70 hours 50 minutes, in the suc ceeding five mouth, by the new route, 00 hours 30 mlnntea a difference of U hours 30 minutes. Of tho 21J malls going south by the old routo in the first seven months 101 warn carried thrnuirh Inethedulo-tlme and 31 behind time, whereas of the IV) malU going south by tne new route in tne succeeding nve moniua, liv wcro curncumruujjiiiu puvuuic lime and 31 behind time In the first aeen months going soutn iy tne oip route un maus nra niu uJ vi ilium uciutti uiim. & 11111 was rolscarrliHi, and there were 20 days on which no mall arrived at New Orleaus from Washington' In the sua ceding five months, going by the new route, 3d malls were mis carried, and there were 20 days on which no ten received from the same conn tries In the sum of 30,77033, being overl, per cent of the aggregate amount. The postages collect ed in the United States amounted to 819 244 1X1, and In Europe to (484 009 71 1 the excess of collections in the United States being 334, 034 53, or 33 0 per cent, of the entire postage receipts from Fnropcnn correspondence. i uiDiwnng me year lot wim ino year 1871. the rate nf Inereaan In Ilia total tinmtMte of letters exchanged with foreign countries waa 20 ir cent , and the rate of Increase In the amount of postages thereon was 7 Vfl per lent Ihe Increase In the nnmlr of letters exchanged wttb European countries wm 21 3 per cent., and the Increase of postages thereon amounted to 10 4 per cent i lie toiai weignt oi maus exenangea during the year with European countries was 1.040.- 089 pounds, (over KM tons;) the weight of letter correspondence lelng 851,90Ti pound, and of prlntel matter and sample 1,388,7m IHiiiiiua. itie BggmKnie weignt oi mans sent to uropowM 813,989 pounds, and of mails received from Europe 820,700 pounds The weight of letter correspondence sent to Eu rope wm 180.H80 pounds, and of letter cor respondence received from Europe 103,719 pounds The weight of printed matter and samples sent to Europe wm 037,803 pounds. and of printed matter and sample received i rum curupo ixv wsi pnunaa The cost of the United State transatlantic mall eteamrtilp service for the year 1873 wm 320 301 70, being IncreMe of 40,103 31 over the cost of the same service for the year 1871 The payments made to the respective steamship lines conveying malls to Lurope, recehliur the sea pontage as full compensa tion for the service, were m follow, vlxt The Liverpool and Great Western (Williams A Galon) line, for 53 trip, from ISewYork to Queens town, t03.803 67; the Inman Hoe, for 07 trips, from New York to Queenatown, 08.901 17i the Hambunr American Packet Companr, for W) trips, from Now York to iiymouin ami iiamourg, ana aiso rorcon veylog malts from New Orleans to Santander, Hnalu an. I Ifa.H l... lAiMM the North German Lloyd, of Bremen, for 70 trip, from New York to Southampton and urn men, nu iito ior conveying maus irom Baltimore and New Orleans to Uremen. tiQ.- 319 95, the Cunard line, for 50 trips, from Ttaatnn tn I tvunwinl !! (ISO W. ( (Tana. Kan line, for 63 trips to L'rerpool, J.9T1 08, the Baltic Lloyd line, for 0 trips, from New York to Stettin, W 03 Total, 320,301 70 The United States pontages on malls con DJOU K BIIU II Kill HID I? IUUI7,, illllllll. Panama, South Pacific, llellxe, (Honduras,) Nora Soot la, Newfoundland, and Bermuda amounted to 137,415 31, and the cost of the sea conveyance thereof wm 81.719 27 Ihe United Stales postages on malls exchanged with Brazil, Japan and China, the Sandwich Islands, New Zealand, aud Australia, by means of the subsidized lines of direct mall steamers, amounted to Trt.9i5 23 The total cost of the United States ocean mall atnm1iln Arl(v fnr tli rr 1HTJ I In cluding $Ti5 000 paid from special appropria tions for steamship aerrlce to Japan and China, to Brazil, and to the Hawaiian Islands) was 1,027.020 97 Contracts for the conveyance of the malts from New York to European ports, copies of TTllltll BID IIIIITJICU, UIT lUTU CStHJUItHl KIIU the Liverpool and Great Western Steamship i ompany ior me eunesaay a raau irom new ered, oR58,130t newspapera delivered, 4,017, 015; letters collected, 1,829,719; amount paid carrier. Including lnc'dental expense. 33, 042 33, postage on local matter, 149 23l 15. The following table shows the nnmber of employee! In the Poet Office Department i also thennmberof postmasters, contractor, clerks tn poet offices, ronte agent, railway poetal clerks, andotber officer In service on the 90th Juoe, 18T2, respectively i Departmental offi cers ana empioycce ia,i rofimasiar wuv ral, li 3 Assistant Postmasters General 1 superintendent of foreign malls tl superin tendent of money-order office . 1 chief of dl vision of dead letters 1 chief clerk or Depart ment; 4 chief clerks of bure-iua i 319 clerks, laborcre. watchmen. Ac Total 1871, 331 18731 t'oetmaster General 3 Assistant Post masters General 1 1 superintendent of foreign malls i 1 superintendent of money-order of fice 1 1 chief oT division of dead tetters 1 1 chief clerk of Department; 4 chief clerks of bureaus) 331 clerks, laborers, watchmen, Ac Total 1873, 340. other omcors and agents t 1871 su ut 9 potmMtrai 7,280 contractor! 8,439 clerks In post offices , 1,419 letter-carriers ; 0H4 route agents i 313 railway jmstai clerks i 103 man route messengers t 62 local agents, 53 special airents. Total In service 1871. 43.031 ibTi 81,803 postmMteni S.'tW contractors, 3,7M cierxa in post oiuce t 1,4 J icuer-cnrners i im route agents; 043 railway postal clerks i 140 mall route messengers i U local agents; 59 special agents Total In service 1872, 44,033. KXADJCaTUBHT Or POiTMASTtRa' lALARIBa The second section of the act of Juiyi, 1904, dlrecu the PostmaMer General to re view and readjust the salaries of all postmas ters once In two years, and In seclal caeca as much oftener as may te deemed expedi ent In accordance therewith, the salaries of 31,803 postmajtsrs hare been reviewed and readjusted for two years from Jnly L, 1873 The salaries m tbns readjusted make a yearly aggregate OI fT,wu,iH. toe eiuiDiisnuiDn. of new ofllces and the readjustment tn special case will InereM the amount somewhat during? the current veer. and. as onlr 5.53- 000 was appropriated for this purpose for the yenrenaing duneou, iojj, n auuimmni aiua will be Mked for to meet the deficiency DEAD LETTERS. The nnmber of letter, domestic and for eign, receded at the d-ad-letler office during the last year was as followsi Iomsttc letter cia-teu as orainary, jivuh, urup, (, 804. nnmallatJe, 879,824, hotel. 31,403, fictitious. ILIfKA. reentered. H.1S2. re turned from foreign countries, 83,433 Total domestic letters, 3 IMU14 foreign letters, 21i (100 hoi niimler. 4.241.874 Of domestic letters not registered. 11,83$ contained money amounting to 'lOiy-SOti, In sums of one dollar and upward, and of the registered letters, 1 271 contained 7,083 52 making a total of 17,109 letter, containing 07,27153. Of the-c, 14,193. containing the sum of 17,979 50, were delivered to the writers or itcrenns addressed. 2.402. contain ing 8,017 23, which could not be returned to tue owners, were men ior rcriaraauou; anu 3 010, contalnlog f 0 J93 03, were outstanding or on hand awaiting dlipoltIon The nu n tier Inclosing sums less than tl was 14,400, containing 4 2J0 93, of which 10 710, con taining 3,303.23, were delivered to the writers or pcrnons addreaeed, and 3,070, containing "W7 70, ere out-tandtng or on hand for dis position. Tho number of letters containing bank checks, drafts, deeds, .tc , was 19 019, of the nominal value of 1,320,300 38, of which 18 313. of the nominal value of 3,103003 45. were nelU ered to the owners, and 1,332, of tno nominal value oi wu,SjWy were oui- of 3,09783, or 1743 per rent , la the pay UIBDM. lang of rreentei others of a highly commanding Mica and order of transmission; and the vast telegraph Itself sufficient, after meeting atl profit of character, especially ihne which relate to the and irretporiMrt Influence of telegraphic expenses, to pay the Interest on thoporchail atea. the fxtreme value of which the magnetic tele imnsgers over the pres of the country moner, provide for all necessary annual t- with Switzerland nf Octntter exchange of money-orders, were coticl February 2:1, 1872, by which tho rales of I standing or filed for reclamation York to Queenstown and Liverpool; with the! Thennmberof packages and letter con Hamburg American Packet CompanT for the1 talnlng Jewelry, books, and other property. Thursday's majl from New York to Plymouth was 8, 4 VI, of which 5,408 were delivered, and mall arrlod at New Orlean from Washing ton The nnmber of malls carried through to Washington from New Orleans, by the old mute. In the seren months from October. 1871, tn April, 1873, inclusive, wm J I J, In the ai erage time of cX) hours 38 miuntee, whereas In the succeeding five months, 159 raalU were carried through, by the route, la the average time of 08 hours 58 minutes a gain of ll hours 40 minutes. The shortest time in the first seven months, going north, by the old route, was T4 hours 40 minutes. In the succeeding tire mouths, by the the new route, 01 hours 10 minutes a difference of 11 hours 80 minutes. Of the 313 malls, going north, by the old route, In the first seven months, 144 were carried through In schedule time and 08 behind time, where of the 15'J malls going north, by the uew route, In the succeeding fire months, 141 were carried through lu schedule time and 18 be bind time. In the first seven months, eolmr north, by the old route, 08 malls were half a day or more behind lime, and there were 43 days on wuicu u uiuu iimicum aiuiu- ioq i ram now urivaua. tu mo uvmcuiuit mo months, going north, by the new route, 10 mn.Ha wars half a dav or more bemud time. and there ere 10 daya on which no mall ar rived at WMhlmrton from New Orleans. The average time, taking both route to pe in r, ior tne wooie periou, irom uciooer, 1871, to September, 1873, Inclusive, was, go ing south, 77 hours 39 minute, going north, 75 nours 38 minutes; against an average for the preceding year, by the old route, of 63 hour 49 minute, going south, and S3 hour 1 minute; going north a gain for the present and Ilambunr , with the Oceanic Steam Navi gation Company for the Saturday' mall to Oueenstown and Liverpool; and with the North German I loyd, of Bremen, for the Saturday' elood malls from New York to tne continent oi Europe, via Boutnampton Each of these compnnlo reecho the ca postages on the malU conveyed a full com pensation for the service, and the contract with each exptrc on tbi 31st of December, 187J, when It I hoped that the sailing-days of the respective transatlantic steamship lines can be so adjusted as to secure the dispatch of malls from New York to Europe on each week-day by steamers of approved speed. The contract for the conveyance of an ad ditional monthly mill on the mall steamship route oeiwtcn oan i rancisco ami iapan anu China, authorized by the act of Congress ap proved Jnne 1. 1872, hM been a ward oil to the Pacific Mall Steamship Company, of New York, the contractor fur the existing monthly service, the bid of that company for the per formance of the maul red service, at a com pensation of VX).(Q0 per annum, being the only one received under the advertl-cment U-uedbytbis Department A copy of this contract Is annexed. A new contract has leen executed with the Tacitlc Mall Steamship Company, contractor iur mo man stcamsnip service iu japan aim China, under the stipulations and provisions nf the aits of Congrets approved February 17, 1803, and February 18,1807, which dU chnmea and release from future resoonM- blllty the sureties for said company under the previous contracts, executid the lolhof Octo ber. ISIiO. and the 20t U of March. 1807. iHCtluly. and substitutes now sureties lu their stead fhl contract contains all the it nulallon and conditions of the two con tracts prcwouaiy executed, ana wa maae at the remieat of said companr. fur the sole ol- Jett of accepting new sureties and releasing ino original sureties irom lurtucr responsi bility, m they hare retired front the manage ment and direction of the company A copy uiereoi is Hereto nnncxeu I respectfully renew the recommendations road In my report of last yt ar for an Increase of serrlco from monthly to semi monthly trips on the mall stcanwhlp route to Brazil, and also for a moderate subsidy In aid of tho establishment and maintenance of an Anurl can line of mall steamers between San r ran cisco and New Zetland and Australia, by way of the Hawallau Islands A postal convention has been eoncludcd with the Klngderu of Denmark, a opy of which 1 appcaded, establishing, from Janu ary 1, 1873, a reduced International postage of 7 esnts twr sin 'le rate on letters exchanged with that kingdom, and moderated charge on print of all kinds, pattern and sample of merchandise. Similar postal tonventlona have been agreed upon with the postal ad ministrations of tin kingdoms of Saeden and norway, anu now awau lormat execution These conventions will estat llth a reduced in ternational letter noataia of 9 cants rxr slucte rate to Sweddn nnd 10 tents per single rate to Norway A second additional convention has been concluded with Switzerland, establishing a regular exchange of correspondence, In closed malls, at reduced postage rates, by the route through Germany, via Bremen or Hamburg, a 2.083 were filed for reclamation 1 lie number containing pnotograpn wa 43,093, of which 33,981 were delivered, and 10,113 were filed The nnmber containing receipts, bills of lading, Ac , w as 20,932, of which 25,013 were delivered, and 1,940 were Olod. The number containing pontage and revenue stamp, and articles of small value, waa 38,370, of which 32,601 wero delivered, and 5,402 were filed remalled to the writer, wm 1.529.707. of which 1,310,507 were delivered, and 319,300 were returned to the oftlc and destroyed The number tn which tho writer' name and local addrM wro omitted, or were Illegible, nnd of letter containing clrcutar, Ac . and consequently dentroyed, was 2,394 571. Of tli nnmallable letters. 312840 ere de tained for iMMtage, not bcinz prepaid m re quired by law They wero either wholly un paid, were not prepaid one full rate, or were stamped with Illegal or revenue stamps, 03, 337 w ere misdirected, the pot office, Slate or some necessary part of the address being omitted, and 4,011 had no address whatever Iho number of annllcatton for dead letter wm 7.159, and In 3 283 cases tho letur were found and forwarded to tho apj llcant or owner. The amounts dcpoelted In the United State Treasury wcrot ior unclaimed dead Utter money during the year, 72'jy, for proceeds ofsaluof wute paper during theyear, 13, ftbo.13, for proceeds of sale of pout route nuipa, 703 31, for proceed of sate of old car- put. tko 1 1, tout! mwceuancou, n m a, tulal deposited during the year, 11,04 22. POSTAL UONKT-OBOEB BVBTKU The number of money-order post offices In operation dnrlnir the last veer was 3 413 On the 15th ofJuIr. 1872. 324 additional office were established aud ouo wm discon tinued, so that the hole number Is now 2,773. The number of domestic money orders issued during tho year waa 2.57340- of whit h the aggregate value was ?43,515,'G3 73 The uumbcr of such order paid wm 2 50A330, amounting in vaiueiot,,u.Jlo.) os, towniru Is tn Iw added tlie amount of orders repaid to tho remitters, J77,339 09, total of piyments, 43,419,014 97; execea of Imucs otr ptv ments, 90,887 73 The ainouut of fees or commlsalons re ceived from tho public by postmaster for tho Issue of money orueri wm -,: uu. Ihceo transactions exhibit au Increase over 1871 of 10,331,414 09, or about 15 per cent ,tu the amount of orders issued, of 0,893,308 60, or about 13 1-0 per sent , In tho amount of order paid, nud of M,-0161, or 16 per uent , lu the amount of foes received The average amount of the money order issued during the last ) ear was tl8 85, being 03 ccuu less than the avt rage of the preeed lng j ear in opy of vi hkh 1 annexed Tli I over tlie Drecedlnz year of A hour 10 min ute going south, and 0 hours 23 minutes go ing north Prior to October, 1871, the through malls from WMhlngton to Clmlnnatl were con veyed principally via Columbus, Ohio, the average time occupied lu the transit being about 13 hours 30 minutes Durlug the year ending with the month of September, 1873, they were conveyed wholly via Parkeribnrg, West Virginia, the average time occuiled lu Mm imiihU tie In it SU boura 45 mlnntea. Tne turongu mail mines uue uicuuonvu exhibit many other Interesting fact con nected with tbe transmission of mulls on a numurot trie leaning ami inon iinjtorinui routes ui ii. niPRcnATmM The nnmlr of complaint of missing leltera dnrlnir (he veftr waa 4.KW. of ft hkh 3.IMJ5 V, ere registered and 2,503 unregistered, containing bond, draft and currency to the nomlnul amount of SJ33.470 84 Of reirlstcred Utters 839 were act oiinted for. and only 173 have been retried as actually lost The n main Ing cases are In the hands of special agtnu for investigation. For violation of the noslal law S. 190 Mr- sou have been arrested, of Mhom 09 hate been convicted and sentenced to different de gree of punishment, and of Ihe remainder some have btou dbxhaitMl aud others are awaiting trial. auiLwiT roT orricts. Railway post office continue to ret eh e the special attention of the Department, and the Improvement effected during the past j'ear hM been most gratlfjlng, blnce the 30th of June, 1871, this brautli of thoaervUe ha been lartrelv extended 1- l-tit n..a. i.a.. i... .. esublishe.1, with an aggregate length of 2,WO mile. Ibe da.11 aervln hB t .... '. 0,094 mile, and the annual service 3,234,310 VVrt 'iV... ? HW-7--e appointment of 130 additional poBtal clerks, of various grade, at an anuual cot of tin an t-i.i- b- ..-"' jented In the appendix, with the report ofthe Second Abslstant Postmaster OenuraL show tho exact condition of every Hue of railway poet office on the 30th of June last, lofcther with the Improvement aud appolntuient made during the preceding year VOBXION MlIt-9 Tbe total number of letter exchanged dur ing ma year wuu lurvigu i-uunum wa dL liua.&OO, an locrea of 1 000,503 over the nxmi bar raoortad for 1871 Of this number 12 rr. . 0W were sent from and 11,W8,4W were re Doatal conventions with Fcnadorand tlie Argentine Republic, referred to In my last report, bar been ratified by the Governments of thoe conntrtes, respectively, and tli rati fication thereof exchanged at Washlagton Copies of these conventions ar hereto au nexed. A Doatal contention with Newfoundland. reducing the International Utter-pontage to 0 cent, ha been concluded, a copy of which is aonexcfl Darius' mv administration. Imnrovcd rntal conventions and arrangement have been con cluded with Uie leading commercial countries ui avurupa auu Ainuricn, csiauiisuin yrvuiijr reduced postage-charges on cuntfpomleh.ee with atl parts of tho (Ulltzrd world Franco Is the only commercial country of prominence lit) which any serious difficulty has been en countered In effect lug a reduction of postage and othorn lso Improt ing tho conditions of in ternational mail communication I hate the satisfaction to state, however, that the nego tiation) with the French government give promiie of the early touclimlou of a postal convention, flilnir the slimlo rate, of Interna tional portage at 8 cent (40 centimes) per 10 grammes, anu proviuiug ior ino cxiuange oi printeu papers ui every aiua uiMn siuisirc tory terms Tbe draught of thla contention has been definitely agreed to by the French director of oosU. and has been submitted for tho approval of tlie minister of tlnanio Its ront lus Ion will nmce our postal communlca' ttous with all part of the world on a most autantageous looting, icuviug muu iu im uc rjimnllslied bv treatv for some time to eoine. n lth respect either to clieapuoas of rite or lacilllic OI postal iiue're-uurrr ArPOlSTalENTS The report of thw appoint mt'ut oQIce eliows the following Number of post file e estab lished uiirluu tne ytnr, J ,u.t, nuiuucr uisiou tlnti. .1 hKvTiuna-e. 1 818. number In oin,ra- Hon on June 30, 1871, 30 04; number In Iim whole ntimtier of duplicate orders drawn wm 13,7, of which 13,57J were Is sued to replace original order which had been lust, or failed to reach their destination Indue time, by reason of imperfect or erro- imnin innrau or ciimiira tn uhifd a rciiuiuLB Oue hundred and thirty-three duplicates we-rc la Ueu oi oraers rcnucrcu mtaiiu oocause nu. presented for payment before tbe expiration oi one J car nuur ui. hu iuuovdu hois iu rlaee of order Invalidated lv more than one Indorse menl 1 here were 4,803, or almost 55 per cent, more duplicate Issued last year than during tbe previous year. A considera ble jMirilon 01,1ms largo incre-aae is iu u hv trlbuted tnlhedestruillonor defacement of money order by the great fire at Chicago. Tbe receipt and expenditure of the do mestic money-order st stem, m adjusted and reported by the auditor, were as follows, tlz Udcelpta, fees received for money-orders Is sued. J30 285 00 1 amount received for pre mium on drill, 313 74; Total ri5Q,4W 40 Expenditures, commission to postmasters and allowance for clerk-hire, 4J24.525.99, allowances fur postmasters remittances lost In transmission by mall, t3,bejl ; incidental extne for stationery and fixture, 10,131 -04911,3310.1. Fxcess of receipts over pondtture, 103,977 77. Th aboia avces. and also the further sura of (337,410 80, being the total of profits which nate accrueu iruiu .u epuraiiuu ui iuc mniievtrder avatein f roui November 1. 18tH. to June 30, 1873, have been duly placed to the credit of the Treasurer of tho United States, fnr Dim nlci of the Post-Omxe Department. In pursuance of the prot Ulons of see lion 43 of tun aci oi tiuiiv o, joi Durlnir the iat tear the acjrecate amonnt of eurpui funds deposit wl by tbe smaller offices In tbe larger wm 30,548,039 97 Iwuuty of them) remittances, ainnnnting to 4 018, were reported as lost In transuilMlon by mall,4ln le, by 7,003 53, than the los-cs of the Previous tear Drafts on the pott t master at New York to the amount of 4,193,521 were drawn by cer tain postmaster whe receipts from the salo of order occaslonallv or habitually fell short .ritiA nmit rt'iulred bv tbein to nav order on present st Ion Postmasters InthoPaeltlc (Stales aim lerniojirn, nuuiuuim iucuhcmti at any time In want of assistance to make Ihdr moncorder payments, were, nioii ap plication, supplied with the rcoulslte funds by either the postmaster at San I ranelsco or the operation on June 30, 1873, 31,80,1, numlier to iKiatmasier at Portlaml, Oregon, at was most be fllltd by apiKiintmcnt oi iiw ric-nicni, i LUutenlenttotiie applicant iuresHctiurotii 1 300, number to Ik) filled by appointment of the Postmaster licuerai, jimiui Appointment wer made during the jesr , On resignations, 4,091, on removals 039 on change of natni and eltos, lO1, on death of pew tin asters, 838 on establishment of new post Dices, 3 703, tot il HpiHilntmcnls, 8,2t) numterof cusesaettd on during tho ye-ar, 9,410. , , 1 he numlier nnd aggrcgnti nmpt nsallon of special agents, route agents, imttl ruute inis Samrera. rallwuv tMkat-ollUa derk and lotul ag-mta, InservUedmlug tlie tear ended June 30, 173, wcrei 59 siH-elal agent, 108,735 704 i-oute ageuu, 737 830, 140 mail ruule messengers, 89,910, OU railway jtort-utllee vlerk, 812,600, 93 local agent, Wi,ii tot tl wmptnttoo. Cl.878,801 Ibe fre-dUvry sysum has bn In opera tion durtiify th. j- i mi... t.u ...i... lived In the United Slate. ii.aAVi.el? 'Z'WJ" ... u..--w u. .u. P..u- Th. number f lettr. (.Ingle rate) ex. ' ,u, NnubeV " " t rrSf.i'Iia n ,t.n. In Iballtilt.! HULtaa mid F.nrniwan t-.t .7,yr.wl."u.eporfUr, i 4J, U eelved in the United Slate. Tb number of letUrs the rule, the proprietor having preferred to changed in the United StaUe wd European, Ultor dslivere. over the number reported for 1871 30,027, tomaeiuw the trans portatlou of the mail ' mail, wo 17,083.999, an Increase of 8,509,U9 llvered Oo',7SrSuVeT .'f,.wllr eullMtadL 115.117.3Jli wtthnnt a fixed compensation, leatlns thi rata at pay to be afterward dstermhivd ue morihur to tka irrod of the aervle wnBV.vmrt'rs uim 1 US7 25. The preparation and publication of post 1 amount reported for 1871 foal mapa bav ba eontlnuad dnrlnir tho Th artrrcuratc ainoant laud, The total postages ou the letter exchanmd amonnt paid carrlsr lhVdii!? i.m uli li .. ttllh foreign eouutrlMamouuted to l.btl, pus. kaas.vfiSrSJ uJliiwi 257 25, an locreo of IV3.WJ0 98 ever it 907,351 $,""iVi ? on locAl matter, (mnlfiiilon Iho umouut reiulltcM for this iwriHwu bv the fonncr postmaster was trJ,- '. .. .. i i. i.ii.. ai4 ,uo ioi, mm uv iii inim j. . Of the. whole of orders paid, vlx 2 503,310, It wa auegeltliat pajmeut of ft.1 was fraudu lentlv proeurtd through forgory of the payee s signature, or by fale preteUMB, being at Itie rate of one fraudulent pattnent In every 77, bis pavtut uls L n Iur the authority g'vt n to the Postrais tcrddierd by sttitun UUuf ilia act approved JUlie H, l"lJ, IIIB iiiuijcj-iuuci PiPiriu !.. on the nth oi JiUV last, eaienueu io leu oi tbu slHllons or sub ihisI nltli-js uf ttio city of New luik, seleited with a view to nubile e out entente, und to three at Boston Irom thit data to the elose of tbe quarter ended bcmeuiU r JO, 1873, the stalloiu of New lork lasiird oiders to tbe amount of tUJWlT, nnd paid orders to the amount of 9M9.0 it m.m it.i.toii si itlon the issue during the tame time vter 9 5U 70 aud the pajuieuu e07v'l , . it,. 0lr,rr. Mitu amount In currency deuo- Itetl with the postmasurrs in thi country to be trensiuitted by international pottal orders reduction of existing rate of postage, and for the introduction of other needful rufonus, I know ol no measure more entitled to favor able action than the above-mentioned House bill now pending In the Senate. I therefore feel that! canuot too strongly nrge Its pa sage Immediately after tho reassembling of Congress lOSTALTELEORiril lis compliance with the provision of law requiring the Postmaster General annually to fix the rate for official telegraphic dl-patche I Issued an order, dated the 29th of Juno. 1873, one section of which retained the pre uuu-ij-cBiBim-iiru. rate ior orumary leie grams, rlx , one cent per word for each dis tance of two hundred and flftv miles, or frac tion thereof, to which rate no format objec tion bad been made by tbe telegraph com- The rates established In 1S71 for sltmal sen vice messages having been objected to aa too low by the estern Union Telegraph Company, by whom the greater part of the service wa performed, I again availed myself of the ex- Sirlenced counsel and assistance of llrlgadler encral Allert J Myer, chief tgnal olficer, and Hon William U biting, specially retained aa Assistant Attorney Oeneral, with authority lo represent tho United State In the negotia tions with tho telegraph companies. ine western union company conienneti, first, that tbe signal service messages, which, to be effective, repilre simultaneous trans mission through, special circuit at certain times, wore not covered by tho second section of tho act approved July 21, 1800, entitled "An ac. to aiu iu toe construction oi i eirrann lino, and to secure to the Government the use of tho same for postal, military and other purposes, ana couia oniy oe sent oy special arrangemant, second, that the understanding under which tho company had been trans mitting such reports wm not intended to be continuous, but wm terminable at the plea nre of the company at the end of a year from the 21th of Mav. 1871. when the comoanv gave formal notice that It would discontinue tbe service unla a higher rate ahould be allowed therefor On both of these point I took the opposite ground, malntalulnjr tbe right of the Govern ment to require the transmission of the wcatbef report nnder the act of 1800, and also asserting the permanent character of the Msent of tbe company to thla coiutrocUon of the law In view, however, of the represen tation of the company m to tbe Insufficiency of the compensation previously allowed, and acting on tbe recommendations of General Myer and Mr Whlilog, I advanced tbe rate for signal service message from two to three cents per word for each circuit over which they might pau, In accordance with the plan Ol ine cuici signal ouicrr Grave dlfilcultie have arisen fmm time to lime between the Goternment and certain of the telegraph companies, w bleb bare declined, and still decline, to furnish such facilities a are deemed essential to the perfect success of the signal service In my opinion, a Goternment telegraph af ford the oulv safeguard airaiast tho continu ance of such evils bile the embarrassment consequent on the altitude of tbe telegraph companies toward the Government demands considerations which point to the adoption of a postal telegraph a a measure of Immediate public necessity When, through the Morality of Congress, the first telegraph Hue had been constructed, and tbe partial aucces of the Invention dem onstrated, tlie Question arose whether the Government ahould purchase the patent or relinquish to private partltstbe line which It had built Tu reason why the Government bould assnme control of thi new mean of transmitting Intelligence were forHbly set forth in tarlou letter of the Inventor, and In a report of the Way and Aleana Committee f tne House oi representative. This report, (No 187, second eesslon Twenty-eighth Congress, after enlacing upon tlie wisdom of the policy which led the founder of our Government, "devoted a they ar known to hate been to the power and Importance of the State, and jealously apprehensive of the undue preponderance of the Federal branch," to 'engraft on that branch a power go great, so growing, so pane tratliur and pervading m that of the post I office system, and aUudlnj to tbe extension oi mat power uy mo buuliuu ui au tue more rapid and Improved method of transmission which had been Introduced since, the adoption of the Constitution, continues t 1 Dut, though not anticipated or forwecn, these new unl linrrrfUd modes were a clearly within the purview of the Constitution a were the older and less pcrfoct one with tthlch onr ancestor were familiar The eniue principle which Justified and de manded the transference of tbe mall, on many eblef routes, from tho horse-drawn coach on common hlghwnv s to steam Impelled vehicle on land and water. Is equally potent to warrant tbe cnlliug of the electro-magnetic teleirrauh In aid of the ikmH orllce in dlscTiariru of It great fuue lion of rapidly transmitting eorrrsuumiriu'e mm luiniinuu Ana again "Should tbe arrangement Into which he (the inventor) may find it uecessarv to enter with l rlvate Individual or associations stlim- lato est lu.lv e rights In their fator, it I inanV fest how greatly Goteruuicut and people would lie at their mercy Having In their hand the monopoly of such a medium f tn telllgence on tbe important Hues, they could make such use of their advantage over the Government and the community as would at length enable ihom to exact their own term a tue price of tbelr surrender of their exclu sive riiihli for tbe truth cannot be too often repeaiea, or tooueepiv imprvsseu, in relation to this subject that thepoople will neter tub nilt long to the mischief and discredit of tlie public post being outstripped by any private inouupuiy ur nvautiaiuue ut nuaiorer tu under acomniou representative republic could lo expected to take place throughout such : Immense liotimt That doubt can nu longer evlt It hns lccn resolved and put an end to forever by tbe triumphant success of tbe elec-: iro-ni ague tic teiegrapn oi rroiessor .-Horse, as already testcil by the Government ' Owing tn the slowness of the put lie to recognlx the advantage of tho new Inven tion, and tbe doubt cast on the feaslbllltr of ll operation over long distance, tbe course recoiii meuueu ny tue committee waa noi ad "led. and the line, built and for some time maintained at Government expense, wa turned over to tbe holders of tbe patent Since that day tbe above prediction have been jrroduallr epproachlni reallxallon. and many evils, unforeseen by the committee, have grown up under corporate management o( the leirgrupu system If tho en ecu of rivalry between the tele graph and Hie mall upon the revenue of the I "Out office hare not been serious. It I due alone to the liberal management of the latter a compared with that of the companies, a management which, since the Invention of the telegraph, hM reduced the rates of postage from taeniy-flre to three cent, and Increased tan-fold tne correspondence of the country. The natural policy of private companies Is to extend facllltle slowly and only to profit able points, to let their btulo augment gradually, and to reap large profit from a email number of messages, while a Govern ment system, managea in ine interests oi toe ropU pumice exactly the opposite course lad the policy of the poet office bee adopted by the telegraph companion, or had the Gov ernment held to the eld rate of postage, the telegraph, Instead of now transmitting one fiftieth part Of the annnal correspondence of the country, (collecting thrfr one-third of the entire expense of the post office establish ment,) would probably transmit at least one tenth The profits required of private enter prist would not bare permitted such a course- Hut improvements In tetegraphy nnder It bj no mean certain thatlnfutnre the telegraph will not to a very great extent supersede the mall as a means of correapond enen The Introduction of the duptex trans mitter, doubling the capacity of lines for through buslnc, and of the rfast" or auto matic system, by whlth one wire can temade to do the work of slxj the probable simplifi cation of the fac-lmlle system of Caselll, by which an exact copy of anything that can be drawn r written may be Instantaneously made to appear at a distance of hundred of mile from the original, and the counties other application of electricity to the trans mission of Intelligence yet to be made, must aooner or later Interfere moat serlomly with tho transportation of letters by the slower mean of the post. Meanwhile, the Immediate defect and abuse ofthe teleirraph call loudly for reform The st stem Iim grown up with and by the siue oi rauroaoB. ana n&s naiurauy uirccicu Itself to profitable and easily accessible dis tricts ll har followod the march of civiliza tion, and not. like the nost office. led the van It ha waited for certain remuneration before advancing without attempting to educate the people through lis use to tn appreciation of Its advantages On the contrary, It sptrlt h js been too often Illiberal and un progressive A glance at the telegraph map of the country shows targe district totally unprovided with tc ftrraniii! facilities, ana mauv important place with post ofilce In their business cen tres uepcnacm upon tne uuujihk ruinnw station for the mean of telegraphing The tariff are exorbitant, unequal and complex, supplemented iu some cue uy enormous charges for local dallverv. and resrulated en- r. ;" t; -;.-i ''.- 1 - lireiy oy ine 1 lensuro ui mo ruuiiiiuw iu thi connection I ask attention to the table (Telegraph, 3) appended to this report It ha been carefully compiled from statistics kindly furnished me by tno International Bu reau of Telegraph lu Europe, by the direc tor of the different national bureaus, by Mr George Saner, an American gentleman resid ing in Europe, who hM made the subject of goternment telegraph a special atudy, and by the officer f several of the American companies, to all of whom I desire to express my acknowledgments. The table show that, with a cost per mile for construction and enntnment much lower here than in Jlavarla, franc, QcfiAt Britain, Italy, and the average of Europe, and about equal to that In Belgium and North Germany, Biifi wiin . Year it ciucuin irei iiiiiu ut nut which will compare most favorably with that of the countries mentioned, the telegraph In this country collect an average of TO cents on each message, against an average of 10 cents in jlBTSris mm omnium, m ,', 39 In Great Krltaln, : in Italy, -a in uermanr, and 38 In Europe generally. On tho conti nent, the minimum tariff I for twentr words. inMnitinir ajidreaa and alirnature ("which are estimated together to aterage seven wordsi) in the United Kingdom it is tor twenty worn-, exclusive of address and signature! while in the United States tho addres and signature are excluded, nnd tea word only allowed The table (Telegraphs, i) jglve a compari son of telegraphic tariff In Europe with those In tho United State m regards distance, showing the lowest average rate per mile on 33 me-sago sent from W ashlngton to points east of the Mississippi river to he higher than the highest average rate per mile abroad (that in Russia,) and the average rate per mile on W messages here to be from one and one half to four time as high ft those of Kurope, not withstanding the greater Distance in mis country ine same taoio aiso uiiiu uiob ummj .mb Inemmlliv and dbtciimluatlntr character of tmcrlcae tariffs, m opposed to the generally uuirorm rate 01 turop The unliortn system dm recently ueen However tintust mar be th SnSPlflon that lenatrma an.l ,-MA.iatl in wnnr tht t hose oontrolllog the telegraph make use of principal, eteo at the greatly redoewl Ihe Information pMsing over their wire, It rale whlrii prevail In foreign rAonlrlee. w 11 probably rooilnue to impair public con-1 W bile the limited data now at my commanjl fldenee In Oil mean of correspondence m will not permit mo to give detailed estimate, 1 mg a It remains In the naodsofperaon en- my Information on tbe subject 1 sufficiently gaged in commercial pursuits The bu1ne I accurate to enable me to lay before you th community, from whhh In thi country by following general plan riefnr It can ln far the larger part of the telrtfrajhlc patron clal-orated. It Is neccMary that I should bn age Is derived, will certainly t-o more reluc- autliorl'c.l to appoint the appraiser prot ldel - """ " MtTw nrw iwhw '' 1 " " ine acior ioisi, ami, in ewioiiion inercio. than to officer of Uie flnvernmant W' the tatter, however, to have the same motive for scrutinising messages, the vast amount of business under a low Government tariff would render llmnch less practicable. The tue of ciphers, now frequent among business men, Iim to some extent nentrallwd the danger of tbe divulge men l of secrets) !mt theso cannot lrt used on every otcaMon In commercial transactions The sendtnir nf free messnire not onlv Im pose a large burden upon the paying public, but leads to conieonencce, which I need not here discuss, more dangerous In proportion 10 ineir extent, man tnose wnicn spring irom the abuse of the franking privilege of the post office About 7 per cent of the entire ' The f. il low Ing paragraph of the report must business men controlling them 1 theenonnons shown that tbe erren-e of acquiring acorn I now bo read wlih tciillar Interest 1 and damremu extent of tbe free-m? nrhanit-r.i..rtr. tinH.artianhnfne. It appeara f rorn the acoompanylng report The committee might easily add to the business the dlserlml nation ttweo the and that the system, nre acquired, can b- if the Auditor that, af tee oavment of all net- Views .n1 arirtimrnla which they have now bie.sfes of different rnatotner. both aa lo tninir(t m aiira tmm ih Mlnii nf th v Ural uus owuzeriana on ton bxcubmik u monsr-oraer auring tne year, a net pre f2.A4A.AQ .upnad J, (h ITnlteil filatei . , . . ... . .... ... i - rnsniMnrnn Tint ta nf tn nrmnm krnun wniin or in mo rmerireociea oi war. aid for gold fond to meet balances due I Rid Its singular adeptcdnes to render our wltxerland. havlmr amounted to onlf i8fi 00. "ystcm of irovernment easily and certainly of which t30.ll were commission to post maintainable ovor the Immense rpace f rom masters, and 57 7 Incidental expense Tho 1 tbe Atlantic to tbe Taciflc which nor territory total cost of premium on payment of gold over Doubt hM been entertained by many balance wn 0,005 30. palrlotte mind how far Ihe rapid, full, and Adilltlonal article to the postal convention "oroiijiii iniermniunicaiion m tnougnt anu it 13, 1807, for tbe "Htiigriico so necessary 10 a people living conrtuue! coni mission for tho bwue of International orduf are simplified Formerly each postal admin istration charged, In the first place, it ordi nary domestic rate for the Issue of an inter national order, and then deducted, at It dis patching exchange office, one per cent, from the amount of tho order to meet the cost of exchange. Finally the exchange office of tbe paying country made a further deduction from tbe order, as a charge for payment, equal to the amount of Us ordinary domestic fee At present a single fee only I charged, which I paid by the remitter, and each postal department pays to th other one per cent of the total amount of order whhu it Issue The rate of the commlnston for the Issue of order In Switzerland I fixed at two per cent , gold value, and In thi country at two and one half per cent In eurrency A copy of the convention making tlicso modification accompanies this report ja ino ibi 01 uctooer, lin, tne system ior the exchange of money order letwoen the United State and the United Kingdom wa put Into operation. From that date to tho close of the fiscal year the amonnt of order Issued In this conntry for payment In the Uni ted Kingdom wa )77.430 08, and the amount of order from that kingdom paid hero w a 1X1810 83. The fee received amounted to 33, 400.64, and the om paid for commission to postmaster, clerk hire, and Incident!! ex pense, was 0,833 85. In purenance of the provision of a posUl convention concluded at Berlin July 23, 1871, a copy of which 1 hereto annexed, tho ex change of postal money order between the United State and the German Empire wa commenced October 1, 18T3 MiBCELLANEorj rruijcift. PHtVIieOE In my three pre v ion report I have ur gently recommended the Immediate and un conditional repearof the franking privilege The experience of the past year has strength ened my conviction that Its abolition Is abso lutely necessary to an c tilde nt, economical and vigorous administration of onr postal sys tem Hy reference to a special report mate to CongreMOu tbe 12th of January, 1871, It will appear that the actual cost of free matter. If ennrgeq wiin tno regular rates el postage, wm then t3,&t3 ,337 TJ aunnally Ourlng tho lite Presidential canvas, tbe quantity of such matter wa largely Increase!, and I think It safe to y that the free matter carried during tho past year, if taxed at ordinary rale, would havo yielded a revenue of three and n half millions of dollar, a sum larecr than the entire deficiency of tho year Iu addition to mo neavy iom 01 revenue thu indicated, Sreat lnoontenlen.ee wm experienced from erungemrnt and delay In the regular and prompt transmission of the. malts pmml hv ,uu iuiiiiniki biuiiuiii ui irea uinucr iiirowu. unueniy, ana witnont notice Or system, nnon the postal routes of the country Tho dofiys aud lrregularltie wholly chargeable to this cause hare been the subject of many com plaint during the past year At the last ses sion nf CookTress, a bill PMsed the House of Representatives, by a vote of 131 to Si, for tne unconditional repeal of the franking privilege, but reached the Senate too late for action before the adjournment If It bo deemed desirable to reduce the public expendi tures by removing tbe constantly increasing burden Imposed upon tbe TreMury by the irnuaing pnvuege, ana it ii do consiaerea a wise measure of administration to make the postal service as nearly a practicable self mus preparing tne way ior tue telegraphing of the country I done without apparent remuneration The discrimination between the message of different customer consists, first. In the transmission of "commercial news In ad vance of Its regular order for distribution among subscriber, to the delay of the mes sages of those, who do not patronise the "commercial new bureau," although of tbe same or an equally Important class, and, see ond, In unequal charge for equal service, from which Injustice a portion of the newipe per press 1 the chief sufferer The relations of tbe telegraph to tbe press are necessarily of a very Intimate character Tbe pnbllcatlon of telegraphic items tmlng become at an early day a large and essential part of tbe bnslness of newspaper, arrange ments were soon made for their collection and transmission Press association were formed, with agencies at all Important new ceatre, and by co-operation were enabled to secure the transmission nf tbelr dispatches at rate which, though hardly le profitable to the companies than those for prlrate mes sage, were still exceedingly low when divided among the several newspaper In addition to their associated dispatches, manr of these papers received "special, " for which Ihe tel egraphic charge were also somewhat lower man tne orumary lanu For mutual advantage and protection against competition, an exclusive character wa given 10 inese arrangement, ine news paper agreeing not to rmtronlre or encour- t.V .rSruvik!UII II11CW, UUU .tic Cirial l.fll- panle agreeing on their part to charge higher raw ior --special 10 paper not oeinngiug to the associations, but at the same time re talnlng control over the Msoclated papers hy refusing to enter Into permanent or long con tracts with them The result of thi combination has been the repression of newspaper enterprise, the asso ciation requiring In ome cases a unanimous vote for the admission of a new member, and the rate for "special" to non-aoclatlon paper being o high a to prevent, In many cases, their establishment The Immediate Interest of the associated paper have led man of them. In conjunc tion with the telegraph companies, to appose a Government telegraph I am satisfied, how ever, that the press generally would derive such great benefit! from the change that even those papers to which the sale of dispatches 1 a source of actnal revenue will gain rather thanloe by It The great majority will halt with Joy a relief from their dependence upon the telegraph companies, without which relief thev never can be entirely free The Department could not, of course, at tempt to regulate the membership nt press m soclatlon. It could, however, abolish the distinction In charge between association and outside paper with, regard to special dl . Patches. Looklnir noon the ores m the irreat agentof popular education, the Government would make a liberal reduction In It favor from the tariff for private messages, and would measure inecnarge Dy ine wnra aone, wnetner for a single paper or an Msoctatlon. Tho rate, 11 is uopoo, won in txt o low a to per mit a free uo of the telegraph by all The renting of special wires by the press would oe rncoiirafreu The consideration above noted have long appealed to Congress for the establUhment of a postal telegraph. The importance of the meMura has been urged from all point of view by State Legislatures, by board of iraae. nv commercial convention", ov ine in- alevat4nt pre, and by private person, many ot wnom nave neen prominently identi fied with the practical working of the tele graph in thi and other countries The legis lation of Congre, which had previously been confined to the liberal encouragement of the telegraph In private hands, wa directed, after the close of the rebellion, toward It as sumption by the Government M part of the post-office establishment Strenuou opposi tion wm manifested to this proposal Tbe rcMoui alleged against It adoption were prin cipally 1 That the teleirraph was essentially a Pri vate Interest, and should not be controlled by Government, especially In a republic. 3. That under our political ststem a Gov ernment telegraph would be a dangerous In strument m tue nanus 01 inn party in power, adopted In Canada, and a tariff of twenty-five cent established tnruugbout tue imnunion, with hla-blv satisfactory result, as will be seen by reference to th statement of the pre- euteni 01 ine Montreal acirgrapu vuiui'aujr, (teiegrapn, n,j ior wnicn 1 am inuauicu 10 itia linnnrahi Postmaster General of Canada The complex and uncertain character of our rate, necessitating somettmea a personal visit to tbe office, aud frequently a lengthy computation to ascertain tne cost, 1 aisq,one of tlie greatest obstacle In the way of the ex tended ue of the telegraph A uniform or Implo and well-known rate of charge per mit the use of letter-boxe or other place f deposit The table (Telegraphs, A) Illustrates the ex tent to which Uie rate to large rltle In the United State are burdened with delivery charge, which often double the cost of a message addressed lo point very fr within the free delivery of th pott office Tbe abo lition of thi delivery charge tn England by the Government ha produced a most salutary effect Hut nerbao the irreaiesl at 11 of the Ameri can system. In this regard, 1 the utter luck of restraint upon the compauie m to their charge. When tho "exclusive right," or patent, referred to tn the report above quoted tinlnvi. it wm believed that competition would afford a remedy for the etll which were eten then oppressively frit by those who had oct aslon to use tbe telegraphs LvtmLs. however, have shown tbl belief to hav e been unfounded Although now compa nies have from time to time sprung up to di vine tne prouu ui ten Kraiwj, iuev uio Km erally proved short lived, and their reduc tion 01 isriuusts ewwo uut iuipu(j auu within narrow limit Tbe vast extent of the line of the compauie now consolidated nnder tue name 01 me western union iim enaoioa thein to reduce rate between place reached tv tne opposition to a itoint wnicn naroiv en ables the latter to meet expenses, without seriously Impairing their own revenue. In credible m It may appear, tbe olllclal state ment of the W eatern Union Company bow that their average receipt per message bu been lucrcawd eleven ccut, or nearly M per cent, sluce 1807, notwithstanding tbu un doubted reduction of tariff between import ant points vtuemer tni is nue to me aug mentation of rate lie t ween otltce not rcachud by competition, or to some other cause, I do not kuow Not only hM competition thus failed to af fect the great uiui of tli telegraphic biui uesa, but, In addition, there are evidence of a combination between the competing partlc which has recently resulted In au advanco of rates between points reached bv the wire of both Ihe table 1 Icleirrapu. 71 ir ve a few s pet I men of rati In operation previous to ana aiuco tue 11 01 tiay, inrt, wuien were fixed by u-creeinent Utwcvn coiupanle for merly rival Tbe movement 1 erfcily natu ral, and, from tht companies standpoint, jus tifiable, for it cannot lm expected that a tariff which U perhaps highly profitable looue com pany wlllpuy, un a divided business, tbe more lncreMlng It patronage, aud permitting it to scrutinize and detay the message of the op position 3 That Government management, thouirh more expensive, would bo le elllcleiit, and mat ine puouc would not ie o wen served tberehv 4 That the cost nf the postal telegraph would te more than the finance nf the coun try would permit, particularly If, a wa claimed. It could not be made self-supporting Tlie drat three of these objections were not deemed sufficient to counterbalance tbe ad vantage which the proposition offered It wa contended, and with effect, that the busi ness f telegraphing wm nttantlally the am m letter-carrying, and that no reason tould be advanced lu favor of governmental management of Uie one which did not apply with vquol force to the other; that the Incor poration of tbe telegraphs with the 1'ost Ofilce would not at first add largely to the number of official, and that tbe technical training and experience which these officials must have In order to perform their d u tie at all would preclude tuelr selection for political reasons, that the simple precaution of timing the receipt, transmission, and delivery f mes sage would prevent their delay, and that ineir aecrecv rouia ne Menectuaur iruaraea by Government under restraint of law m it eter has Wen by private parties, that the same motives for efficient management exist on the part of salaried officials, whether iu ine employ ni lueuovernmemor 01 awiaeiy extended corporation, that the people could exert a much greater Influence on a Govern ment Department, through Congress aud through the press, than they can upon a com pany managed in the Interests of iu stock holder, notwithstanding the legal responsi bility of tlie latter, that the consolidation of competing line and tho removal of the unices Into the poet office would cause a large re duction In the expense of management, and that tbe employment of one staff for loih postal and telegraphic service at perhaps two third of tbe stations, beside further reduc ing the expense, would enable the Depart menttopay ltler salaries than are now re ceived by either clM of employee, and secure greater efficiency Ihe fourth objection, supported a itwa v ...i..i- .li- ,.. ;.. .' i. uj siaiunii-a t-iaiiuiiig to muw mat gov e ru le actor 1MHL ami. In aritllllon tnereto. that a commission should l appointed, to) consist of three member, conversant wttli the subject, to examine tho different system of telegraphy, and tn prepare a scheme! for snbmlMion to tenures with the report of tba appraUcrs. cikhi me eniorcement ni tno an 01 1 the United Slate will come into possession. of some 75,000 miles of telegraph line, carrv Ing about 100 000 mile of wire. Upon tha supposition, however, that If the Cf unpen le not now operating nnder the act shall decline to accept lis provisions. It will be necessary for the Government lobnlld line of It own covering their territory, I have made the fol lowing estimate, to Include the lota! facili ties 01 an tne companies, m shown in tne ta ble, (Teleirrapbs, 8,) vlt, 77,000 miles of Una and 105,000 mile of wire Tit majority of line In thi conntry havo been bnllt very cheaply, their entire cmt, In cluding patent, bring probably mnch 1cm than ttOOOOOOO. In fact, the pole havo been erected In many case entirely without cost to the telegraph companlea, by tlie rail road along who tracks they are bv.llt. But should It prove Impossible for the appraUere to ascertain thi cost for each of tbe compa nle. the mm for which the Government could duplicate the existing system Is easily deter mined Data In possession of this Depart ment show that many line har been lately built, probably not of the beat quality, but fully np to the average standard, for not more than f 113 per mile of slngle-wlr line, and tilO per mile of additional w ire For equip ment an allowance of (5 per mile of lLueie ample W ere all the wire to be strung at tba same time, m they would be If tho present system were to be duplicated by tho Govern ment, the cost would probably be much 1cm. The cost of a new system, equal In extent l the present, would, at the above rates, bet 911,880,000. Many nf the wire having, bow ever, lieen In use for a long time, the apprais er would probably ded net largely from thi amount on account of deterioration, t ut tba sum so deducted, at least, would hive: to l paid out for reconstruction It may be proper instate that 011.1 of tha companies has advanced the theory that Ibe Government should purchase, not only It tel egraph lines, property, and effects, but also tne good-will of it bnslness, baaed on present and prospective profit. A It I difficult to see how mere good-will can l brought before the appraisers under the law m It stand. It Is, perhap. unnecessary for me to discuss at much length the merit of thla claim. It ha not hitherto been thought neccuary for the Government, In undertaking enterprise In wnicti private parties arc aiso rncngru, euorr to acquire the lacllltle of such prlrate parllea or lo compensate them for their los on ac count of it competition Up to the t ear 1800, the Government wa certainly at liberty t compete with telegraph companies, a It now doe with bank aud express companies In It money-order buslnce and parcel-post If. then, m claimed by this company, the act of imia oouna tne uorernment do; to enter ino telcirraoliie field for fire rears, and when It did enter to buy out the existing line Instead 01 no lining a more periect system 01 n owo, the granting of these and the other conces sions contained tn the act ought to have Im proved th position of thu Government, In stead of making It worse There wm nothing compulsory lwt the act, It acceptance by ihe compnnle wm purely voluntary It looked toward a future postal telegraph, set a time after which the com panic mlirut expect to ee one established and offered inducements, which it soera were suffick-nt, for the companlc to agree to yield up tbelr facilities upon the expiration of the time designated. The numne r In which the llrltisb Gotern ment recently acquired tlie telegraphs cannot )e cited m a precedent for tlie I nlied State. there wm no ucn previous agreement tween Her Majesty Government and the companlc of tho united Kingdom, a con tained In our act of 1800. The British Gov ernment offered to nay twenty year profit, and, the companlea having accepted tbe pro position, the sitting Parliament sanctioned It iiau uie compauie ecn earning percent, which U a. fair retnrn to British capital on a reliable home Investment, the price would have simply equaled the cost of their line it tnrncu out mat tncir proute were nearer 15 per cent 1 but the new Parliament, with some opposition, sustained tbe agreement. auu autnonzcu tue expeuuimrp. it must uu rememlered, however, that tho Hrlttsu Gov ernment ha always derived a revenue from It pot office, and naturally took a commer clal view of the acquisition of the telegraph the argument wm uiai 11 ine nronts werr higher than wm expected the Government would get so much more for Its money, and the sooner the purchase wa completed tbe lictter The comprehensive, energetic, and careful managemeet of Mr Sudamoro and hi associate ha enabled the llrltUh Govern ment to realise tbl view Without the data to he acquired by thn commission tt bleb. I have asked to be appoint ed, I cannot givejtn accurate cut t mate of tho addltlqatal faclhtltc which will tie necessary to meet the increase of business on existing route, or tbe exact extension which should bo undertaken to point not now roached by tne telegraph ttitu luorou-tu reconstruc tion, however, the use of Improved Instru ment, and the separation of potal from rail way wire, tne capacity 01 existing routee may, wlihont doubt, 1 doubled Certainly will this be the case If, a Is anticipated, tha additional message Induced by low tariff are largely of a social character, sent out ot busi ness nonrs, aua jienuuiiug a mum equal dis tribution of buslne throughout the day and night An increment of SO message per day Iwtween any two office will, at an average receiptor 33 cents, yield (1130 per Tear of 300 working dats, which will pjtup OOmlleA nf additional wire, at 930 per mile, and leave )180 for additional expenses. A business nf 40 messages dally, 'JO each way, will yield t&lkV), sufficient to build a single-wire lino 35 miles, at )130 per mile, (luclmLTngflUpermlle for additional expense away from railroad,) leaving (710 for icrilcg and expense. Whenever, therefore, sueh an iucreaa take place on a circuit already established, or such a hiulne can be predicted cf au office away from the line, the above exten sion will be Justified There are undoubted ly large district and important point a than doubled expense of two. cten if tho capital lnvesii d In the oppobllloii system could afford to wait for It dividend until the Hoe the consideration of this proposliloi Gotcrnmei mental tolegrat b in Europo were nut self supporting, weighed strongly against lmme- aiate action on ine proamnion ior a postal telegraph lo thi country ih abuse of the existing erstcm were, however, deeply felt Relief therefrom seemed to be offered In 1806 by a new company, called tho National, which sought to ottaio from Concres certain valuable franchises, and proponed in return to transmit Goternment dispatches In advance of aud cheaper than those of private partlc, aud lo submit lo a proviso resertlng the right uf Government to sirp iu at any time aim taae us lines at ail appraincu vniue In the cousU uvnvicii ui a iuvn in iiiium ciovcruiueiie telegraph still predominated It wa dee Ided not to restrict the prltilegc asked for by the National Company to that nnranliatlon. and they wore freely offered to all companies w ho vuubv to aee-cpt tue terms 01 me act inn frovuion tn the original draught d-ilanng liat tbe Government might purchase tbelr Hue at any time wm altered o as 10 make It uerativa auer uie expiration 01 nre tears It value a a check on the companies wa thus utterly lost, and It intent w a chamied from the exertion of a perpetual control over private Interests to a notification that, after a certain date, tbe Government inlirhl assume tne management 01 wnat was manuesiiy con sidered a public business and to the ex nre slon of a wllllngnesa to acoulro tbe necessary uncuiuprj uii'rviur tair iirim irom com panies already possessing it. In preference to purcuasin auu e reeling new macuinery . . in rtwii-rind w u tt& t7D VJ and lo of revenue will oo-oprat with, tba coin- KTwE. ml.l! la ". .. ajr "m Plalnl. Bud .mterlnE, of IU. pDU to do whnt I?!. nlri Inrlliii m.nl her. wai tU Wl 35, w.r UlUr done at once, namelj to nVU.L fVQ M. r lJ 8 r q. , In U ., Ua ranch el the pest em were so vxteudud a lo secure a fair share of iiiilrniia ru Uhlle as I have stated. I bellere that lm- waa &l onca L cental t,v tb Ua.tino- .,.. proved mean of transmission will eventually I pan!, of whom the following are now ope render tbe telegraph a formidable rival of tb I rating tbelr line ubjt tolls provision mall, which ll tauuut be without large reduc I Western Union, International. International tlous iu tariff, I am conviuced by experience Ooean, Northwvateru, Missouri River, Atlan that these Improvements will be adopted too tic and Pacific. Paclfl and Atlantic, lrl lowly to meut the nceliie of tbe people, Western. IraoUio, Uuuthern and Allan Us, ana national The time having now come, In my opinion, r hi and that, whatever tbe raus may be, the wires will be practically coutrollvd by oue copora ttou bo long m they remain In private hands The gradual reduction lu rate, If ever mode, will, therefore, be more than couuWrbalanoed by the growth of tbe evil attending the management of the telegraph by a i mate monopoly Among these evil may be tlaued the po. ilkle abuse el the wtrv fer peiteaaleads ky Hie act was final) v passed In that shape and approved on the 34th of July, 1800. It wholly unprovided with telcicraphlc facilities. but I cannot at preaent Indicate them with accuracy The present system extend u 0,1 OJ different point, with about 000 branch office. At perhaps 1,000 of tht so, principally mere railroad station, there are no post office. Should It not be found expedient at any of these latter office to open poet-offtce, the Department could secure their use to thu public by such arrangement v 1th the rail road m prevail In Eurupe In Great -(aIo, according to Mr Scudainore' report, thcra are 1,807 railway stations pen to the publla for telegraphic buslne, aud 8,891 postal telegraph station t but the railway office transmit only 7 per cent of the messaj-e Wtlle, therefore, these office must h counted among the telegrapldc faculties, their receipt and their cost aUo will always bo small. It hM been broadly, but 1 think proix erly, stated that th transmission of letter. telgram, or other correspondence, should not be considered tu Itself m a proper ourct of revenue The tax on correspondence ought to rpreent merely the actual cost, and tha mall aud telegraph should be need m freely m possible tn stimulate other source of rev enue Should the postal telegraph be adopted the Government will probably stait with a bualnes of 1000,0U0 message Alter tha thorough renutallun f tbe line, 1 bettera tbe tariff can Imj adtantagvously reduced to an average of 30 cent throughout tbe United State A a minimum such a tariff would bn too high I rbould, therefore, be In favor of adopting a simple graduated tariff, hexed upon well-known geographical dltUlon. To lav ut such a tariff In accordance w lib. the cm tabllahed course of bualoe would be part of the lator of the commission for whose ap pointment I ask K afforded the necessary upportnnlth by the compauie they could pt rform tbl work and at the same time learn what new facllltle, If an, were llktly to Im licet ary The experience f Swlticrland at..! soma other conutrlc show that k reduction of CO per cent In tariff was followed hy an Increasa of 100 per cent. In business In Great Britain, except for porterage, there wa no redaction In rate for more than half of th buslne, . reduction of 83J per cent on IhrcotJentha of the message, and on the retnaiuderafedm. lion of t per ccut Under these clxcuiu stauces the message nearly doubted In twu tear. In the communication from the president o Ibe Montreal Telegraph tompauy addressed to Hon Vlexander Campbell, Postmaster Geu- eral of tbe Dominion of Canada, under data, of aah October, 187J, before referred to, It U tatedthat "Ullevlog that tbl )tem(t'ar-. enttal aud distance rates,) waa erroneous, I with tbe concurrence of the directors, com uieuced a gradnal aud ury cautious reduction. In the rates, uud fuund that every .educltou un'Uui umivnff i uutmcH mu.cn morat than the reduction and Increased expeue KMnl.li An.lln.1 . i......7. i" wb.u lb. Uncllt. ol a Ooemin.nl l.lrlnh ,m." ",7 ,".,'"" iV? ' "f!5?..Dr proTl. it. b jilniM of lb rear l&Ott abc-ed m. tbal .bouUb.Kur4tolb.peU.le UUihiTr.Ua lloo from 'j .ar lo year tut ai aiaralaatlou of tbal adnnug, .bould U l.Len ol lb. ororl- ,. kutoite ol lb. rear 1SC .bo-id mdYbii emu ot mi. aci, aua luunceot iom. or aa , nearly W) per cent ol ourlolal rei-lpn wai nu. va v inu tiuarut a uw vur WUJV Uoq.io each a ooarw baitcg, 11 la balleTadi brn fall, aatwarad, It eulj reualiie t e Ihirtlirt f Tbl and th dleourairmnt of An- i rnnoaa.l eppodtlon line induced me to adapt a nnl feraehargeo. u oonu lor tea wtrtU acd. I