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National Republican. (Washington City (D.C.)) 1872-1888, January 26, 1875, Image 1

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NO. 53.
lrorc-l infra or tbc Iloar Committee
Associated Press Agent Draw
it SI lid Testimony Taken by
Ihla Committee is of no Ac
count Tbc. Dcmorrola
Anxlon. for n Com
promise. The President tent to the Senate yesterday, in
further respoct e to Its resolution or inquiry, sm
other large mass of manuscript copies of corre
spondence relative to disorders In Louisiana. The
correspondence dates hack to October 2, 1871, and
begins with various cypher telegrams, sent by
General liccry to the War Department, la which
he expres es strong disapprobation of Major Mer
rill's action in making affidavits against citltens
ol SLrtvepcrt, under which they were arrested,
Emory informed Merrill that he considered his
personal appearance as prosecutor a departure
frcm established rules of the service and. mis
chievous in Its tendency. Merrill thereupon ex
plained that his action was dne te the fact that
no citizen could bare made these affidavits, ex
pt at the risk of his life, and submits sundry
voluminous reports detailing; the lawless condi
tion of a'lairs In the lted river region. Merrill
says, under date of Shreveport, October 23. "No
civil authority cr machinery of any kind, local
State or national, has for a Ions time existed
here, -iatl the community was fast drifting into a
state where any uncontrolled lunatic could set a
match to the mine. My action was taken to set
civfl functions xroinc and restore respect for civil
law, ahd to remind the community
Tliee reports being all before the Department,
Adjutant General Townsend telegraphed to .Mer
rill, December T, 1874, through the headquarters
r the army, that the Department considered his
scilcn lu'iincd by the circumstances. The pipers
next comprise a lone; report from General Eoiory
ecncernini. Lieutenant 'Hodgson's arrest by the
eivil authuritles lor cutting telegraph wires and
varieus reports o! subordinate officers, giving de
tails ol the disorders and massacres inColtaxand
Coushatta parish. &c Emory subsequently re
ort bisection, detailing Lieutenant Colonel 11.
A. Morrow to proceed to the Red river regienand
make a thorough examination of the condition of
affairs. Un November IS, 1S74, Adjutant Cieneral
Towr.-ena telegraphed General Emory as fol
lows '-If the troops In New Orleans still occupy
the Mate house, it is desired by the Iresldcnt
that they be transferred to the quarters they are
to occupy for the winter. Are there any in the
Mate. house t" General Emory replied the next
day -Trio troops moved as directed. It will
lightly Increase estimated expenses fer quarters.
While in the Stale-house strict orders were ob
served not to Interfere with the free Ingress or
gress of citltens or with State affairs.''
On the 15th of December Emory telegraphed
"to tbc Department as follows :
representing opposing parties differ oa vital
questions Eaen avers against the other crime
of such enormity that in the presentexcllcd state
ol tiie public mind violence Is Imminent. On the
occasion or the 14lh September 1 was informed In
a dispatch dated September 15, that tbe Presi
dent uirec'ed you to say previous orders are not
to be observed. In consequence of which my
order to Col. Brooke to recognize Governor Kel
logg was revoked, and an interregnum Inter
vened. To avoid lurtber misunderstandings in
the Impending disturbance, which may happen at
any moment or may not occur nntil after the
meeting or tbe Legislature In January, I ask to
be Inlormed If tbe lostructior.e or your dispatch
of September 18 are to be considered In force, or
tr I am to await the result or another application
Irom Governor Kellogg to tho President." To
this Adjutant General Townsend replied, De
cember It), as rollows- "The President directs that
you make arrangements to
and have It understood that yon will do It."
On December' Emery telegraphed, "Since my
dispatch ol yesterday Information comes which, I
think, justifies the conclusion that personal vio
lence and armed conflict will not b. used by con
tending parties to settle the pending political
troubles in this city."
Under date of Shrevepert, December 11, 1874,
Lieut. Col. Morrow makes a brier report ol his
Investigation In that vicinity, in anticipation ot a
longer report, which, he eayt. be will write out
subsequently. Alter stating that
In that vicinity, he says: "An arrangement has
been made between the United States civil au
thorities here and certain prominent citizens,
under which It Is more than possible that there
will be no further calls Icr troops to act as a
fcut to marshals. If this shall follow Irom the ar
rangement referred to, the army will be released
from a must unpleasant and onorous duty, and a
great cause of local Irritation will be removed.
As to the general condition ot affairs In tbe
I reserve my opinion nntll I have had fuller op
portunity lor forming; but this much 1 may say it
is not such as to give any ground ol apprehension
on the part of tbe commanding general of serious
disturbance of any kind, at least at present. It
Is not to be disguised, however, that local dls
turbsnees ot a serious character may take place
In the event of the returning board, now In scssloa
at New Orleans, ruling out the votes of parishes
lor mere technical reasons." He goes on to say
that the universal sentiment there is
wonld be entirely justifiable to secure to the peo
ple a change ot lucal administrators, to which
they claim to be entitled a the result or the late
election. Lieutenant Colonel Morrow con
tinues' "in all 1 have said. It is Important to un
derstand that, so far as vclates to the United
States, there is not the slightest disposition to op
pose the General Government; but tbe opposition
to the state governmext Is determined and ex.
pressed, and will manrest llseir in open violence
whenever and wherever it asserts itself."
On tbe '-'4th or December, Lieutenant Colonel
Morrow, then In New Orleans, submitted a de
tailed report or his Investigation, its main con.
elusions are tbe same as Lhofe aboro given in his
skeleton report. He expresses his opinion
frcm Alexandria, Golfax and Nachitoches, and
need not be increased at any other point to com.
pel obedience to the laws of the United States,
i bough be adds: "Troops will required, however,
Jn nearly every section of the State to sustain the
state authorities
does not give some relief" He says he is aware
ol the tact that the l'edcral LrooDS have not been
ordered into parishes except on .requisition of the
civil authorities, but recommends that stringent
orders be given to officers to exercise caution, and
not to lurnlsh ptittt except in .cases where the
marshal unaided has tried to rerve his process
and failed, and has made applications to the citl
ices for proper assistance and been retused. This
he believes to be
and. II strictly adhered to, fewer demands will be
made on the military. He says the general con
dition of affairs on the lted river Is bad. Kespect
and icgard lor the General Government are ex
pressed by all classes of people, but tbey also ex
press qen contempt and defiance of tbe authority
of the state government. This dissatisfaction
and discontent affect all departments or business,
and tho -whole aspect ol the country has a look of
poverty andseglect. The law has fallen Into dis
regard and disrepute, and the juices are openly
charged with corruption. United Slates deputy
marshals -have cse4 United States soldiers In
cases where there was no necessity lor them, and
in some parishes have discharged their duties In
an unnecessarily
Colonel Morrow gives the following as his desp
erated convictions: "The present State govern
ment cannot jsalntsln Itself In power a tingle
hour without the protection of Federal tr.opi,
and even with this protection they will not be
able to collect taxes and perioral the functions of
government. Tne State government
has not the confidence or respect of any portion
of tbe community." Furtlter on be says: "If the
expressions of the people are to be believed, aid
1 do believe them, there Is a very
under the protection or the Constitution or the
United States and enjoy the blessings or the
National Government, lint there Is no disguis
ing the fact that the .protection afforded by the
Federal administration to the government or the
promt state Executive Is the cause or bitter
Veronal and political reeling In the breasts of
nineteen twentieths of the white inhabitants of
Injrwardlng this report (December 27) Gen.
)Emory.rays "For nearly two yeare thecondl.
itlonei affairs has been very precarious, and the
JSitatejcavcrnment has constantly ihurtu Itseir
the .dUuaUtlii of the situation In which it it
planed. TsJt state or things is dally rrowlng
worse. and J.eommend the ibjct to serious con
sideration. The million or tbe army to keep
peace, without tho power ornmorlnr. tho closes
which disluib.it. hat, I think, been carried as far
at practicable; tod I therefore rjipectliillyrecun
mend that. If it can be done, tharowtri of tie
.military commander te greatly increased, of
Chat tome other rataiure fee retorted to to obtain
rfae desired and.
Ueneral Sherman xjtkes tbe following indarii.
ar LoL(H, Mo.. Jan. 4, i;j. I
ThV) paper It mot: raspectlully forwarded to
ilie Secretary of War rrlth requett that he iat
salt it lor the perusal or the President, I keosr
t,l uoofflterof Col. Morrow's rank who It better
nullified to tpeak and write of matters like this,
and hit cptcioni are entitled
TO finiAT tOtltDESATimS.
I prefer! to hart) tome knowledge of the people
ol iLit lection, Unth while and black, from a loig
mldtPCP 1PCPK Ifccm before tbc-wirinil sev
eral vlsltsslnce: tut I shall rot Intrnde my opinion
In the confusion in which the subject Is now en
velope'. W. T. Sbetoi in, General.
Congressional Committee.
New Orlkass, Jan. 25. The Congressional
fVimmltten tm ttlll 1nTRtfom.tfnr the action or
I the returning board. The evidence to-day was
about the same at that given before tbe tub-committee.
Messrs. Whltaker. Arriyo and others
i were examined, and the secretary of State wat
required to furnlth the papert that were before
the returning board. The McEoeryltes have
again proposed to submit the 1872 election to the
I arbitration of the Congressional Committee.
. Sneaker Kahn dMR nnt talleve that the Kepacll-
cans, ir tbey had power, would submit to tho
plan proposed by the caucus resolution of the
Conservatives, that tbe Congressional Commltteo
now in New Orleans take the returns and deelare
who wero elected to the Legislature.
The Eeratorial Situation Carpenter's Srienis
Confident of Success.
Mili ackee, Jan. 25. Tbe nomination of Gen.
Bragg, by the Democrats lor United States Sen
ator, was with tbe understanding that he shall
withdraw 11 a coalition can be formed with the
tolting Republicans. The friends or Carpenter
are confident that no combination can be organ
Irrd that will defeat his election.
Chicago. Jan. 25. A special dispatch from
Marilinn TV1 tn tlt Tim mti thn f?fnatnnal
opposition to-nlght nominated Gen Edward S,
Uragr. of Fon du Lac on the first ballot, '.no 1
voto standee Uragg S7, it. t. urton t'-L, j. c.
sican l. liragg's nomination was then made
Tin Senatorial Contest harrowed to Johnson
and Brown Convention Declared Adjourned
amid the Greatest Excitement.
NisnviLLE, Jan 25. The two Houses of tbe
Legislature met In joint session to-day and pro
ceeded to take the furty-nlnth ballot Tor United
States Senator, with the following result: John
son, 42; Bate, 40; Ewlng,"; scattering, 2 neces
sary to a choice, 49. Tho fiftieth and fifty-first
ballots resulted as follows: Johnson, 44; Bate, 47;
Ewlng, 7; scattering, 2. The fifty-second ballot
was as rollows: Johnson, !45; Bate, 48; Ewlng, 7;
Greed, 1. Tho Clty-thlrd and last ballot was then
taken- Johnson, 44; Bate, 40; Ewlng, 9; Greed, 1.
Gov. Brown was then rc-nomlnated. Gen. Bite
was withdrawn immediately alter the renomlna
llon or Brown. Amid tbe greatest excitement
and contusion on tbe floor and applause for John
eon and Brown in the galleries, tbe President or
the Convention declared It adjourned, and or
dered tbe Senators to return to their Chamber,
and leit the chair.
As soon as crder was re-established the House
wascalled to order by Speaker Bond, and ad
journed until to-morrow.
The general opinion is, that tbe race, which is
narrowed down to Johnson and Brown, will be
decided on tbe first ballot to-morrow. Tbe friends
jf both parties are sanguine ol success.
Biotocs Condcct of a Senator An Officer Fired
Tallahassee, Jan. 25. The Senate met to
day at 10 a. m., no quornm present, and all the
llepublican members absenting themselves for
the pnrpose of preventing one of their number
from being nnseated. Tho sergeant-at-arms,
with assistants, who were appointed temporarily
by the President, and were instructed to arrest
the absentees and bring them before the bar of
the Senate, and proceeding in this duty, one of
tbe assistants was fired on by Senator Parlln, of
Pentacola, who alleges, however, that he was
first tired on by Assistant Sergeant-at-arms.
Lengle. Three shots were fired, but nobody was
hurt. Considerable excitement ensued, and the
matter was reported to the Senate. A resolution
was offered, calling on Governor Stearns to fur
nish military aid to compel the presence of the
absentees, but the resolution was voted down by
a vote of 4 to 3, and a .ommlttee appointed to In
vestigate the whole matter.
Balloting fur United States Senator, to suc
ceed Gilbert, commences to-morrow. The Legis
lature ol Florida has been In session for twenty
days, and but one bill hat passed to a second
Orapo Growing Ko. 4.
In the outtet of this number I wish to present
tno following, on preparation and condition of
soils, Irom agricultural reports by Pror. Wm.
Saunders, at being eminently proper for not only
grapes and fruits, but all other crops, as Is well
"The physical or mechanical condition or tbe
toll. Its relation to airand water, has not received
that attention Irom agricultural chemists which
Its Importance demands. They have devoted
their Investigations almost solely to Itt chemical
constituents, seeming to lose sight ot the fact
that the permeability of lie soil to atmospheric
Influences Is of more Importance than tho most
approved manures, if the money that has been
expended upon artificial manures during the last
twenty years bad been devoted to drainage, euo
s oiling and trenching, the products ol tbe coun
try wonld have been vastly Increased.
"The toll performs various offices t. wards
growth of plants. It serves at a basis In which
tbey may fix their roots and sustain themselves
In position; It also supplies Inorganic food during
all renoQS oi tneir arowth, and mar be looked
j uian as a laboratory In which many cbemlcal
changes are taking place, preparing the various
ainus oi iooq wnicn it is uesunoa lo yieiu 10 mo
growing plant, Analytes have shown that In
most soils the presence of alt the constituents of
the ashes or plants may be detected, though in
variable proportions. But the mere presence of
certain substances In tolls does not Insure produc
tiveness, for it has been shown thit crops have
failed even in soils possessing all the mineral In
gredients required, because, although present,
tbey were not In a sufficiently soluble state to be
available. Thus In wet, clayey soils, although
containing enough of plant food, the water pre
vents Iree access to the decomposing Influence of
the atmosphere, and crops perlth; not because of
a deficiency of raw material, baton account of the
1 rocetses lor Its preparation being arrested.
"This leads us to the foundation ofall improve
ments ot such soils, viz: draining. It Is a remark
frequently made by those having no experience
that draining must be worse than useless In a cli
mate where summer droughts are among the
urcatcst calamities against which the cultivator
has to contend. All who have witnessed the
effects or draining need not be told that, even In
soils not particularly retentive, draining, In con
nectlon with deep culture, will secure a more
ample and lasting supply or moisture In dry
weather and maintain a growing vegetation
during tbe most severe droughts. Draining in
creases the capability of the toil Tor absorbing
ln.Isture; all soils have their certain absorbing
properties: like a sponge, they absorb until their
pores are filled, and only the surperfiuous water
tbat cannot be taken up passes throagh the drains.
"Draining Is only the first step towards Im
provement. The soil must be deeply loosened
and pulverized, either by subsolllngor trenching.
Either process will be beneficial, and circum
stances will decide as to which is to be adopted.
Trenching Involves a thorough reversion of the
soil, of more or less deptb, according to Its nature
and tbe purposes for which It is to be used. Sub.
soiling is merely a loosening or stirring up of the
Immediate subsoil without reverting Its position.
When the ground Is Intended for a permanent
crop, such as fruit trees, grapevines, &c, trench
Ing may be adopted. Tne top surface or good
soil will then be placed where the roots will bo
Immediately benefited by It, and the crude tub
toil brought to the turface, where It can be en
riched by the aid of manures and the ameliora
ting processes ol cultivation.
"tin the other hand, If tbe ground Is to be Im
mediately cropped with small seeds, as In soma
portions of a vegetable garden, a finely pulver
ized surface Is necessary, and few tnbtoflt cai
be made available or reduced to that conditio l
while in their crude state. Subsolllng will, la
such cases, be most advisable, and trenching can
be executed as crops will admit of the operation.
"The first process, then, towards ttcuring a
profitable depth or toll 1s draining: next break
ing Into the subsoil, taking Into consideration
whether. In view or tht crops to be cultivated. It
will be most Immediately profitable (of nltlmite
profit tbere Is no uncertainty) to trench It at
once, or merely breakup and loosen the subsoil,
admitting water and other fertilising agencies to
penetrate, and by a gradual trenching Improve to
the required depth. When all this has been sit
Ishctorily accomplished, manures can be applied
to the greatest advantage and failures from
droughts almost entirely obviated."
Mr. Saunders has been a careful and conscien
tious experimenter tor many years, under va
riety or circumstances, In Europe and America,
with almost every species of fruits and plants;
hence growers can accept hit conclusions and
etatementt with mucn nfety, and especially la
the matter or preparation and adaptation or tolls
for plants; and nothing can be more essential than
draining, subsolllng and stirring the toll to let la
air and moisture.
The proper pruning, training and care or grape
vines Is or tbe greatest Importance to secure pror.
liable success. Directions In the Agricultural
Report for 1859 and subsequent years recommend
high, locte, lotmy tolls In which land, gravel or
stones predominate, and a dry tide hill at best.
The best manures are vegetable and leaf mold for
growth of vines. Then for perfecting best rrnlt
mineral manures and lime and ashes are best.
The most luitiblej time to prune Is In rail or win
ter, when the vine li dormant and not growing
and most dry. After two yean old cut away ail
but two canes, with two to four buds on a cane,
and train sp to trellis or stakes. Clean cultiva
tion, with plough or hoe, and tome crop like com,
cabbage or the like lor the first two or three
years, or till tht vine bat come Into full bearing;
then one grass crops, cireiully mowed, will be
good, keeping toed clean close around the roots
of tbe vines.
N. II. If the ground bat been ploughed or
trenched properly lo necessary depth, there will
be no danger of disturbing the roots with the
ploutb, and no trouble from drouth or mlldtw.
This bntinett of cultivating and pruning and
training the vine it a nice and lmmrtant hn.L
re if, only perfected by practice And experience,
iratthitwllldo it. At the end. ef the first an
lamn tbe canet may be all cat dowa to tbe lowest
sod or eye. and then lightly covered with Dne
llran or cbsIT to prevent eviporitWn; and the
second, year's cane or vine will bear a s03i yield
or grip,', having tbe vine tied unto asvike or
trelliit sn.4 the more folds;, the belter. It will
be wist to- cut away a pirtof thecluiterr, and
tbln oat grsrv t on the claitert, to get the lirfi.it
and finest Iroi". and prevent exhaustion of top
young vines, There are many ways and authori
ng on ttli point K' different ivrlt and loeilltiet.
New a from Sonth America. Mexico ana
the TVcat Indies Excitement over
the Expulsion of tbe Bisters
or Cunrlly The Revolu
tion its Tcneancla
Terrific Storm in
Tbe Eill Creating a Senate Passed its First
Paris, Jan. 25. The bill for the creation or a
Senate passed Itt first reading In tho Assembly
to day 512 yeas to 188 nays. The Left and Legiti
mists opposed first reading.
Censure of tho Government Eejected 3ari
baldi Beceived with Cheers.
Rome, Jan. 25. The Chamber or Deputies to
day rejected a motion censuring the Government
for the Vlllaruffl arrests.
General Garibaldi was present at to-day's sit
ting. He was loudly cbeered on taking the oath.
Eticred Convention Between Carlists and
Paris, Jan. 25. Information has been received
from Madrid that a preliminary parley wat held
between tbe Carlists and Alfonslstt on the 23d
Inst., when tho basis of a convention wat agreed
to, the ratification of which on both tides Is proba
ble. There Is a rumor that Laqara, the British
Minister, will soon be withdrawn from Madrid.
It is reported tbat be does not conceal his llepub
lican sympathies.
Progress of the Bevorntion.
Laouayra, Jan. 10. Reports from the Interior
are contradictory. It Is reported that President
Guzman Blanco has left General Marques In
command of the army at Barqulslmlto, and Is on
Us way back to Porto Cabello, with tbe Intention
of making a naval attack on Zoio, (Coro.) The
rebel General Coltna Is reported to have retreat
ed to Churuguara. Outside of the districts occu
pied by the insurgents tbe republic remains tran
quil. HAYTI.
Conflagration Extra Session of the Assem
blyCannibalism. J ackel, Jan. 10, via Havana, Jan. 25. A con
flagration occurred heie December 27. Three
hundred houses were destroyed, and the loss Is
estimated at (000,000.
An extra session of the Haytlen Assembly has
been called at Port-an-Prlnee,to ratify the treaty
between San Domingo and Hayti.
A black who was brought to Jacmel from tho
interior, oa tbe charge of cannibalism, has been
tried and convicted, and will be execute 1 In a
few days. When arrested he had In a basket the
bead of a victim who teemed to have -been only
recently killed.
Excitement Over the Expulsion of the Sisters
of Charity.
City or Mexico, Jan. 18, via Havana, Jin.
5. Several Sittert of Charlty.'who have reached
Vera Crus on their way to France, have been
brought back to this city on a charge of carrying
off a young Mexican girl against her own consent
and her parents' wishes. The girl has been re
turned to her family. She testifies that the Sis
ten Intercepted and withheld ber correspondence
with her parents and lorced her to go with them
out ejr the countrT.
Tho women of Guanajuato have issued a pro
test against the expnlsion of the Sisters of
Charity, bitterly denouncing the Government for
tne aet, and-reproaehlng the uien'Wlm -eupport It.
The strike of tbe workmen In the Hidalgo
mines has ended.
A Mosquito Canard The Surve7 of Panama.
Panaxa, Jan. 29. The newt tbat the King of
Motqultoet wat about to protest against a canal
through Nicaragua passing through his territory
without hit content has excited much Interest
The United States surveying party to explore
the nature of the route between Panama and At
plnwill for a canal, arrived at the latter port on
the 14th, per steamship Acapulco, and will com
mence their labors In a few days.
The United States tteamer Fortnne tailed on
tbe 11th Instant for Jamaica.
Advices from La Paz, Bolivia, to tbe 24th ult,
state that a terrific thunder storm had occurred
there. The lightning Injured a large number or
houses and killed many persons. A revolution
had also taken place. Ibe military pronounced
In lavor or Senor Quentln. The troops all got
drunk and went through the streets firing at
random, right and left, killing several persons.
The Steamer Faraday Disabled Terrifle Gale
Bright'! Speech.
London, Jan. 25. The direct United States
Cable Company steamer Faraday, Instead of
coaling at Woolwich, will proceed to a Scottish
port for repairs. She can hardly start ont again
to try and pick np her cable oB the Newfound,
land coast nntll the settled weather of next spring
or early summer.
A terrific sale, accompanied by storms of ralo,
has prevailed on the British coast for two days
past; Innumerable casualties totalling craft are
LoitDON. Jin. 25 530 a. m. John Bright ad
dressed his constituents kt Birmingham last
night. He said the present Government had
never done anything, and never intended to do
anythlnc unless tbey were obliged to. The Scot
tish churches only could be united and tree when
disestablished. The remainder or his speech is
principally against the connection of State and
Church In England. He pointed to the divisions
among the clergy and bishops, condemned ex
cessive Church revenues, appointment of clergy
men by private patronage and the sale of livings.
The Church of England alone among the Proles
tact denominations furnished numerous converts
to Rome.
In conclusion he did not ask hit hearen to de
clare for disestablishment. He wonld only ask
them to consider the question as reasonable be
ings. He declined to enter npon an agitation to
htsten disestablishment, bnt that would be a
great day for rrcedom. Protestantism and Chris
tianity which would tee a full and free disestab
lishment or tbe Cbnrch. Mr. Bright, la the
course of his remarks, pronounced a glowing
eulogy on Mr. Gladstone. The meeting closed
by unanimously adopting a voted confidence In
the distinguished tpeaktr. It It estimated that
the audience numbered upward of 13,000.
A great billiard handicap tournament, the first
played In England on the American system, be.
gan here last night, William Cook, champion
of England; John Roberts, Jr., Joseph Bennett,
Loult Kilkenny, S. W. SUnley, and all leading
English players participate in the tournament.
The Dean Forest miners have ended their
strike by accepting the terms oflored by the mas
Vicksbnrg Still Unhappy HnrJcr of an Ital
ian. Vicssnuno, Jan. 25. An Italian, Antonio
Vacaro, wat found dead In hit doorway onSunday
morning, having been murdered for money, It It
supposed, by negroes, a number of whom were
teen In hit saloon a short time betore hit death.
The deecated It tupposed to hare had (3,000 on
hit person,
The leellng against the proposition to compro
mise tbe Sherlffilty matter by taking Crosby's
bond and putting In a deputy It to Intense that
the protest has been abandoned. Tbe people will
recognize nobody but Flanagan it snerltf until
forced to by the military, and declare emphati
cally against tbe compromise looking to tne ro
lnitatcinent of Crosby.
A fire at Browniboro', Ky on Sunday, dr.
tlroyed tlx buildings, including the hotel.
Tucker, Bard fc Co.'s ibtp-chandlery, Brooklyn,
was burned jetterdiy morning. Lost, $3,000.
A collision on the Old Colony railway, Mast.,
Injured tereral ptitengeri yetterday, but none
At a public meeting last night at Hartford,
Conn., 120,000 wat raited toward! rebuilding St.
Patrick's church.
A frame house near Quebec wit burned yttter
day, coniumlng a mother and eight children.
The father or the family wat alto ttrlomly
Baker Bros, a Co. have contracted to ralie the
brig Sabra, ashore on Currituck beach, and dr.
live; at Norfolk, VaM for (3,000. The vtnil It
foil or water.
The annual meetings r tbe Evangelical All!,
tnce and Young Men's Christian Allocution
were held In New York lilt night, tht latter
being addressed by the Vice President. The old
officers wera re-elected.
The a.orge Washington bank, of Corning, a
private Institution owned and controlled by Geo.
W. Pittsnon, wat tilted and eloted by the therm
on Saturday, The liabilities are (100,030. bnt
ibe protLtcti for uttltmeot are unknown.
Continued Cross-examination of Monlton.
New York, Jan. 25. The TUton-Beeeher trial
wat resumed to-day, In the pretence of tbe uiuil
crowd. Monlton resumed the stand. Mr. Shear
man stated that they had gottheorlglnal eharges
at printed In WoodXull 4- ClaJIWt WttUy on the
2d of November, 1872, and from which he read ex
tracts. Mr. Shearman read a few clauses, when ex
Judge Fnllerton objected to that portion of the
article Inculpating three parties Tllton, Beecher,
and Monlton. This article, counsel argued, wis
only a promulgation of the doctrines of Mrt.
Wcodhnll, and he did not tee why It should be
admitted In evidence. Mr. Beecher tald that II
thlt article wat read It would raise tide Issues,
and the only object In reading this paper, he
thought, was to introduce aceaiatlsns against tbe
plaintiff and the witness on the stand.
Tte court decided tbat the article should be
read, subject to hit decision, paragraph by para
graph. The portions relating to Mrt. Woodhnll's
vlewt ol tbe marriage relations were rated out by
the court, who ttlgraatlied them as "atrocious
sentiments." An exception was taken to the rul
ing by the defence. The "plitolscene" was read,
and wat allowed to remain In, Counsel read a
statement made by Mrt. Woodhull, la the article
which let forth In regard to Theo. Tilton that he
wee no vettal virgin, and this was rulod out,
Mr;. Woodhnll's endeavors to get Mr. Beecher
to preside at the Stelnnay Uall meeting were
alto ruled out by the court. Mr. Shearman stated
this wat alt he had to read. The cross-examination
of Monlton was then continued by General
Gen. Tracy. I heard tbe most part of Mr. Til
ton's true story read. It was prepared In the
latter part of December, 1872; 1 do not remember
If the story wat presented as an answer to tho
Woodhull charges; this statement was not pub
lished; council lor the defence called for this
paper, which they tald was In the hands of the
prosecution, but ex-Jndge Fnllerton tald It was
not in their hands, having been destroyed.
Witness continued : 1 remember that portion
or It only which bore on the relations or Mr.
Beecher and Mrs. Tllton; I do not think the
statement contains the letter of contrition, but It
may have contained a portion ont; I do not know
If this was Introduced as a portion ot the charge
ol Mrs. Tllton against Mr. Beecher; I do not re
member ir Mr. Tilton In that statement eulogised
his wile for the delicate manner In which sho had
resisted the advances of ber pastor; Tllton seemed
always willing to make a statement which should
protect bis wife from tbe charge of adultery"; I
remember tbe publication or Tilton's letter to his
"complaining friend;" this was published with
out my knowledge; 1 do not know that It brought
' nn an pmerirnrv in thn rflRe; It was the fmbieet
of an Interview between Beecher and myseir, but
I do not remember tbat he said he felt called
upon to deny the charges in this letter.
Witness was handed a letter which he said he
never saw before.
Ex-Jndge Fullcrton asked to see the letter, to
which Evarts retorted tbat It was not in evidence.
Ex-Jndge Fnllerton Insisted that the letter
should be shown to him.
Mr. Evarts said It would be produced In evi
dence again, when the Court said that Fnllerton
could then see It.
The letter vr.lten by Tllton to Bowen, reciting
the charges prererred by the latter against
Beecher, was shown to witness, who continued : I
do cot remember reading this, but may hare
been told of It; 1 do not know how the press got
hold of this letter, aad I bad nothing to do with
the furnishing of It to the papers; I asked
Tllton how It came to be published, and ne said
he did not know. This publication brought oa
another emergency and caused great excitement.
1 think I saw Beecner about It, I think thlt was
published on April 20, and Beecher gave me the
(5,000 tor the use of Tllton on May 2. I do not re
member how toon it was after the publication of
this arUcle tbat I had a talk with Beecher about
money. I had several Interviews with him about
money, but 1 think the last one was Immediately
belore 1 received It. 1 never recollect hearing
Beecher say that Tllton was talking about him.
1 never heard a rumor that Tllton was talking
about Beecher. Witness was shown a letter which
recalled to his mind on one occasion of he artng
of tbe rumors against Beecher. He did not re
member hearing of It on any other occasion.
Another letter was shown witness, which he rec
ognized as hit antwer to a letter from Bcecheron
Sunday morning, June 1, 1873. Some ot the words
were underscored, which the witness thought was
cot done by him. Tbe letter was read, telling
Beecher that he could stand If the "whole case
were published to-morrow."
Tbe witness continued: The tripartite treaty
was published prior to the writing of the letter
on the SOth of May. On the 2d or June, Beecher
published a card exculpating Tllton from being
the author or Bowen's charges. This card was
agreed upon In my study, on tbe Sunday night
before. I beard on the Saturday afternoon pre
vious that Tllton was about to publish bit card,
and on Monday I learned he wat not going to
publish It. Thlt wat after Beecher had announced
his Intention ol resigning, and Tllton had been
told of bis determination. That card was not
published. The drift or the card published Jane
2 was prepared by Tllton, but was altered some
what before publication. The card dated June 25
wat drawn np In Delmonlco's, In Chambers street,
when Tllton, Mr. Carpenter and myself were
present, I dictated thlt letter.
Alter recess Mt niton resumed his nlaea on the
wltarM fund. He-wathand.dal.tur byTraoyv
jiaeaju:a saw iuib ictier lu mo laucr pars Ol
December, 1872, alter tbe publication of the letter
to "the complaining rrlend;" 1 think It was left
with me by Mr. Tllton.
The letter was read by Mr. Shearman, and
wat written to Monlton by Mrt. Tllton, declaring
that she wat Innocent or the Impure crime lm
puled to her, and acknowledging her filth in her
hutband not making these charges against her.
The letter wat offered In evidence.
Ex-Jndge Fnllerton rote to correct a mistake,
which he said be made during the morning ses
sion, when he stated that the "true story," as it
wat railed, had been burnt. He desired now to
say that there were tome fragments of It left,
Gen. Tracy asked the counsel for the prosecu
tion for the original copy of Mr. Monlton! state
ment, which caused some delay, during which
the witness continued: I dictated it to Tllton, aad
copied It from what Tllton had written.
The long report, which was drawn up by Til
ton lor the Investigating committee, wis then
read by Mr. Shearmen, which the wltnets said
wat drawn up at hit home, when Tllton, Gen.
Tracy and himself were present.
Wttnest continued: I went down to the door
with Tilton and ,old him to get reconciled with
his wife. This report was submitted t. me next
morning or the morning after that; Tllton and
his wife I nnderstcod then 'remained together
of my long statements were published after
Btecher's statements. 1 think the draft of the
Cnt one was prepared before Beecber's was pub
lished; I do not recollect having expretsed vio
lent hostility to Beecher after the publication or
hit statement; I may have expretsed hostility
Tiuicnuy iow.ru mio; i never mreaienea mm in
the presence of Wallace Caldwell or Augustus
Stoirs within tbe past three months; I may have
expressed myself in terms of hatred toward
Beecher to United States District Attorney Tcn
ney ; I do cot remember calling Beecher a liar, a
cheat and a libertine; I do not remem
ber saying tbat 1 would crush Mr. Beecher
or drive Elm out of Brooklyn; I may have
tald that be ought to be driven out. but ir soldo
not recollect It; I may have told Wm. A. Barber
tbat Beecher Is a perjurer and libertine, as he Is:
I never threatened any persons who should ap
pear sgalnst me on this trial; 1 do not remember
telling State Senator Jacobs tbstlt there was any
Investigation Mr. Beecher would come out all
right, nor do I remember laying tbat when the
whole truth wat known Beecner would prove to
be an Innocent man; I remember having a con
versation with Mr. Archibald Baxter alter the
publication or the Woodhull charges. In which,
after being pressed by him, I told him I thought
the stories were untrue, and that Mr. Beecher
wai a pure man; 1 had another Interview with
Baxter, In which I told him that Beecher was not
guilty or these charges, and I gave Mr. Baxter a
very high opinion ol him; I think I gave him an
Idea tbat Mr. Beecher had not broken the Sev
enth Commandment; I know Edward A. Bidden;
he Is c member of the Produce Exchange; 1 spoke
with him on the subject of tbe Woodhull charges;
I may have told him the story was untrue, but do
not remember raying that there was not a word
of trntb In It; I know Mr. Drake, who It also a
member of the Prcdue Exchange, but do not re
collect telling him that these charges were ad d
mast of old womin'a ttorles. I had a conversa
tion with him, but I do not remember what I said
to him. I know Wm. B. Barber, also a member
of tbe Produce Exchange; I had a conversation
with him, but net er said, "Mr. Beecher Is as purs
a man as ever lived." I had a conversation with
Kenben N. Roper about the charges; 1 gave him
the Impression that Mr. Beecher wat pare of
these charger. 1 know Henry J. Stndley, but do
not remember telling him it was a d -d slander
aaalntt Mr.Beecher; never remember having any
talk with him on the subject, 1 never remember
talking with Ctat. H.Cadwell on the Woodhull
rcsncal, after Its publication. I know Assistant
Pastor tialllday slightly, and may hare talked
with bim on November 23, 1872; I conveyed to him
the impression tlat Mr. Beecher wai guiltless: 1
think I tald to him It wat a d d thame for the
deaconi to be dls gin g Into this scandal, when It
was settled between the parties.
The court then adjourned.
Dnrlng the entire morning session the Eirl ot
Rtsebcrry sat on the bench by the side of Judge
The wire of Earl Carnarvon is dead.
Francis Desk, the Hnngarlan statesman, It
hopelessly il.
King Kalakana pasted through Ozden on his
way Weitward on Sunday.
Judge Masstel B. Field, formerly Aislttant
Secretary of the Treasury, died In New York on
The Navy Department It advised or the death,
at bit residence at Eiston. Pa., on the 234 Inst,,
of Lieutenant Horatio P. Wilson, United States
Senaton Hamlin, West, Conkllng, Boreman
and Jones, and Representatives Blame, Coob,
Banning, Lewis end Wilbur had conferences with
the Presidiat yesterday.
E. P. Champlls. esq , deputy collector or ens.
tomt at New Orleans, La., and Fred. H, Whlt
aker, esq., of New Orlsnns.are la the city on
busmen connected with the Treasury Depart
mint, According to "La Nature," Dr. Hibel hai re
cently arrived at the conclusion, artir mature
ttndy, that gnano bedi are not made of tht ex
crements of lea bird t, ai has been hitherto tup
poitd. Chtulcil treatment hai disclosed an In
soluble residue composed of foull spongi and
marine plants and anlmalenln. Habit's opinion
li that gnano li made of foull remains, of which
tht organle matter hat been transformed Into a
sllrogenlsed inbsianes, while the mineral con
itlluenti hart remained nnaltered.
The livings banki la Maine shaw an fncreait
cl dtpcilti dnrlng the pait ytar of 1,(00,009.
Polaris SnrvlTOrs Cbaneea of Plnen
back Centennial Aflaira The
Cadetahip Mining Claims
Heal Fisheries) Finances
Whisky on Band,
Etc., Etc.
Financial Attain.
The receipts from Internal revenue sources yes
terday were (548,538.49.
Seeds for the Destitute.
The President has approved an act of Congress
to enable the Commissioner of Agriculture to dis
tribute seeds to the sufferers by tho grasshopper
ravagtt In Kansas.
The Seal Fisheries.
Mr. Lewis Goldstlne, or San Francisco, it in
tbe city and will remain during the session. The
object or his visit is to fight the contract of Gen
eral sillier for the Alaska teal fisheries.
Nominations by the President.
The President tent the following nominations
to the Senate yesterday: Isaac N. Keeler, sur
veyor of customs, Albany, N. Y.; R. W. Fltx
hugh, collector of customs, Natchez, Miss.
Professor of English History.
Mr. Pierce, orMassachusetts, has Introduced a
bill In the Honse giving to the Professor of Eng
lish Studies, History and Law at the United
States Naval Academy tbe position, rank and
pay of a Professor of Mathematics In the navy.
Mining Claims.
The Senate Committee on Mines and Mining at
their session yesterday agreed to report favorably
the bill authorising the Issue or patents to mining
claims to foreigners or foreign corporations who
had purchased mining claims of citizens prior to
the act of May 10, ISi'A
Whisky in Bond.
On the 1st ol January, 1878, there was in bond
la tbe United States 11,7:0,533 gaUons or whisky,
equivalent to 821,137,310 drinks. The market
price Is about (1 per gallon. At ten cents a drink,
this quantity vtlthout dilution will yield there
tiilcr (82.113,731, a profit of six hundred and fifty
per centum.
Eon. E.B. Butler.
This gentleman Is fully vindicated In reference
to hit connection with the much-talked or Sugg
Fort claim by tbe conclusion arrived at by the
War Claims Committee of the Honse, after fully
examining tbe papen la tbe case, tbat they
would not ask lor any Investigation or Mr. But
ler's connection with tne matter.
Increase of the Army.
Mrt Thornburg, or Tennessee, has Introduced
In tbf House of Representatives a bill authoris
ing the President at his discretion to Increase the
number of enlisted men In any companies of the
regular army to one hundred men per company
for cavalry, and eighty-five for Infantry or artil
lery, provided the i aggregate number or en
listed men In the army shall at no time exceed
35,000 until otherwise authorised by law.
The Cadetship Sale.
The Houte Committee on Naval Affairs has
unanimously agreed to submit a report exonerat
ing Congressman Stowell of the charge of having
sold a naval cadetship through the agency of
Graham, and received one thousand out of the
seventeen hundred dollars which Graham ob
tained from Dr. Beatty, the stepfather or the boy
Schoelcralt, who received the appointment on
the Elimination of Stowell.
Harbors and Bivera.
The Committee on Commerce has been busily
engaged for a few days upon the bill making the
appropriation! for the Improvement of harbors
and rivers, and It will be reported at an early
day. The sum estimated Is about (10,000,000,
nearly (1.500,000 less than last year. It is, how
ever, probable tbat at least (500,000 wUI be added
whcajtls considered In tbe House.
Internal Bevenne.
The House Committee of Ways and Means will
tc-day take up the preparation of a bill, in accord
ance with the message of the President, for an
increase of revenue. It It probable that they
will recommend tbe restoration or all the teu per
cent, reductions of 1872, as well as the restoration
otthe duties upon tea and coffee. No change will
be made upon the tax on spirits.
The Sng-g Fort Claim.
The House Committee on War Claims, which
has been Investigating the Sugg Fort claim, has
tent copiet of the evidence taken before It to all
the parties interested. Including Third Auditor
Rutherford and General Sblras. The probabili
ties are that their connection with the matter
will prove an expensive one to botn tbe gentle
men named, as It may celt tbe Auditor hit poll,
tloa and defeat the pending nomination of Gen-
eraianiras lor commissary general,
Alabama Outrages.
At tbe request of th'e.mtnorlty, the House Com
mittee on Alabama Outrages hare summoned
Senator Merrlmon, of N. 0., and Senator Gordon.
ofGa., to appear before them and testify In the
cue. It It expected by tbe Democrats that Mr.
Merrlmon will refute the testimony of Mr.Hester
and Mr. Gordon will "go for" for that or Mr.
Peekham. Probably before they get through
they will find that they have reckoned without
their host.
The Louisiana Senatorship.
The Senate Committee on Prlvllegesand Elec
tions held a session yesterday morning to consider
the case of Senator-elect Plncbback, of Louisi
ana, whose credentials were referred to them a
few days ago. The subject was generally dis
cussed, out as several of tbe members were ab
sent no final conclusion was reached. It Is gene
rally understood thattwo reports will be submit
ted, tbe majority recommending tbe admission of
Mr. Plncbback on his original credentials.
The Polaris Survivors.
The bill for tbe relief of the survivors ol the
Polaris, which passed the Senate yesterday, pro
vides that the Government shall pay to such sur
vivors, tbelr widows or minor children, and In the
order named, a sum of money, la addition to that
already paid, equal in amount to one year's pay,
which each wonld hare been entitled to respec
tively If continued In the service, and that (300
each tie paid to Joe Eberblng and Hans Hendrlek,
Esquimaux, who rendered valuable assistance to
the Ice-floe party rescued April 30, 1873.
Post Office Appropriations.
The Post Otaee appropriation bill, which was
reported to the House yesterday, appropriates In
all the turn of (37,521,381. The estimates called
for (30,082,534 ; to tbat the amount actually ap
propriated it (1,538,173 lesi than the estimates.
The committee recommend an appropriation to
the Pacific Mall steamers for carrying the malls
under the aet of 1185, but they recommend the
repeal of what it known at the tubildy aet of
joix, khu vimcs. is now ueiug luvesugaieu oy tne
Ways and Meant Committee.
Captain C. C. Adams.
The Louisville Commercial, speaking or the pro
motion of Capt, Adams to be assistant clerk In
the Treasury Department, after enumerating
tbe positions which he previously filled with
credit, says: "There are few men In the civil nrr
Ice of the Government superior to Capt, Adams.
Possessing rare Intelligence, good Judgment,
clerical abilities of a high order, and withal high
Integrity and sense ofduty, his services In any
position are valuable, and It would be difficult to
tied a man In Washington more capable or more
worthy or the high confidence with which he Is
regaided by the prominent officers of tbe Govern
ment. He bat made hit own way In the world
unaided, and his success must be at gratifying to
hlmtelt as it is to hit many friends here and else
where. May good fortune abide with him."
Bare Liberality in Contractors.
In June last a contract was awarded toFalr
btnkt & Co. to furnlth all the tcalet required for
the use of the Treasury Department and Its various
offices throughout the country. The company at
the time agreed to furnish the scales at a redac
tion ot fifteen per cent, from the regular price
list. About three months slnee Fairbanks & Co.
notified tho Secretary of the Treasury that In
consequence of a recent reduction tn the price of
some of the materiel used In the manufacture of
scales they could afford to oomplete the contract
at a further reduction or ten per cent., making a
teltl reduction of twenty-live per cent, from the
regular price list. The offer or further reducilon
was accepted with thanks, and the work or fur.
Dishing the Department with tcalet at the re
duced rate It progressing satisfactorily.
Jtalakana in Plaster.
The Smithsonian Institution hai inccetded In
obtaining a striking representation, la plutervof
tho head of King; Kilikiua. The mold was
made by Mr. Clark Mills, of Jickion-stituo ce
librlty, who performed the delicate operation of
making the cast at the Arlington hotel, the king
suffering no Inconvenience at all during the pro
ceil. His Majesty It readily racognlied tn tbe
flatter copy, ind to striking Is tht resemblance
bat he orderia it reproduced In marble, provided
a rii marble could be obtained for the purpose.
This specimen will form an Interesting and val.
nablt addition to the new entomological mnmo
of the Institution, which already possesses rtpre
itntatlvti or teveral other of tht races of men,
among them the Indian of North America, the
Esquimaux, the Japanese, the African, as., and
which It It expeeted will at no distant day en
brtce examples cUll the modern tribes of men.
To the student ol entbology this will be a very
Important future of the museum, as well as to
those specifically engaged In the study or erant
ology. This museum already possesses by far the most
complete collection of implements ot North Amer
ican aboriginal manufacture extant, and one
which is extremely rich tn unique illustrations of
the stoie and other aget. This collection Is
constantly being added to from all parts or the
country, while objects from the Old World are
from tune to time being received which serve for
the comparative ttudy of man.
Soldiers' Bounty Lands.
Petitions numerously tlgned praying amend
ment of the homestead law to as to authorise
wonnded soldiers to enter upon and Improve one
hundred and sixty acres or the public lands by
proxy are being presented by Congressmen on be
half and at request ot their constituencies.
Remonstrances in printed form from Vir
ginia, West Virginia, New York, Michigan
and other Statet are coming to Con
grtn opposing the restoration of the
duties on tea and coffee, as well as any revival of
Internal taxes, because such action would make
living more expentlve and add to the general
distress, and the petitioners therefore pray for the
repeal of the ten per cent, reduction of duties on
foreign goods, made by the act of 1872, which they
tay hat been alike lejurlout to tbe people and the
publie Treasury. They hold it to be the true
policy of the Government to Impose such duties
npon foreign trades as will lighten the burdens or
our own people and tend to reserve the home'
market for the products of homeindustry.
The Mississippi Levees.
The President tint to the House yesterday the
report of the board of engineers, appointed under
the act or June, 1874, to Investigate and report
a permanent plan for the reclamation of the allu
vial basin or the Mississippi river subject to inun
dation. Tbe report is voluminous; it will make
about 125 printed octavo pages. The commission
says: "The foundation of the report rests upon
the Invaluable surveys and Investigations or
General Humphreys begun In 1850 and continued
until-UW, and the further contributions to this
subject contained In hit official reports ori8M and
Additional data has been obtained upon subse
quent floods and the results or more recent experi
ence in building levees. The only want of In
formation that now exists is In regard to tbe exact
configuration of the land and water to enable ex
act and proper location of levees to be made, and
the commission estimate that the necessary hy
drographlcal and topographical surveys will oc
cupy three yean and cost (300,000. They recom
mend a present appropriation or (180,000 ror this
purpose. The result or the surreys can be made
available and the work commenced In the con
struction or the levees without waiting the com
pletlcn or the surveys.
General Humphreys Indorses the report of tho
commission, and In view or its Importance recom
mends the printing or 10,000 extra copies ror cir
culation In the region to directly Interested In the
The Southern Maryland Bailroad.
Bills have been Introduced In both Houses of
Congress to aid in the construction otthe South
em Maryland railroad, by a guarantee of its
bonds by the United States. This measure de
serves, and will no doubt receive, the earnest con
sideration or Congress. It furnishes a line of
rapid communication to the ocean at alt seasons
or the year, and In that respect, as well as afford
ing dose connection with tne military posts and
navy yard at and'near Norfolk, will be of great
advantage to the Government. As a line of
cheep and npid transportation at all seasons of
tbe year It will undoubtedly prove or great ad
vantage to the Industrial Interests or Washing
ton. The present effectual blockade or this city
by Ice, and the large fleet oi vessels lying la the
lower Potomac, unable to reach their destina
tion, thus paralyzing every branch of business,
presents an argument that cannot fall to have its
effect upon Congress. The single fact that this
road will furnish at all seasons or the year unob
structed access to the seat of Government would
seem to establish the propriety and wisdom or
granting the aid asked. The great advantages
resulting from Its construction to tie merchants
and to every Industrial pursuit within this Dis
trict renders It the duty ot every citizen to urge
Its psssage by every proper means. There can
be no risk in granting this aid, as the guarantee
Is not to be given nntll the road Is completed and
In running order thus all the safeguards are
thrown around It to prevent the possibility or
loss. It Is to be hoped, tor the interests ol this
District, individual as well as governmental, that
the measure will be adopted. Yesterday's t'cin
ing Mar.
Reciprocity with Hawaii.
The reciprocity treaty with Hawaii may soon
beaded on. Justice to thePaclflo States and
Territories demands prompt action on the part of
the overnment to secure the Influence In these
islands which their position makes so Important
tout. AreeentpublleatlonortbeHawallan. immi
gration Society thowt that every effortor the
Hawaiian Government to induce immigrants to go
there hss railed, owing to tbe superior attrac
tions to emigrants to California ana Oregon, and
that out of a present population of less than
55,000 there are over rorty yean of age, disabled
by disease or under fifteen yean, over 38,003,
leaving only 15,C30 persons between fifteen and
forty years ot sge, Including females about one
hall, and that the annual decrease Is almost two
per cent., or 1,100 per annum.
Under these circumstances It Is evident that
.withnnrttrirr to hostile tn ihem thermustsaotu
tcft nutiunB nibu aouio oilier rower un
less we enter Into fairer relations with them, and
thus retain the Influence we now possess there.
The treaty.lt Is said, proposes to admit their
sugars Iree of dnty In exchange for tbe free ad
mission of all American manufactures, coal,
lumber, breadttufis, ae. New, as the Increase
every year In tbe consumption of sugar on the
Pacific coast Is larger than one hair the whole
mportatlon from the Sandwich Islands, It will be
teen that In less than two years our revenue from
tugarton that coast will be as large as It is now,
even with Hawaiian sugar coming In free of duty,
so that the question of revenue Is small. It cost
our Government last year 45,000,000 to watch
Cuba on the mere expectation or trouble with
Spain, and if we compel the islanders to seek
alliance with any other Power, or allow any naval
Power to get a foothold, then we shall be obliged
on every occasion, when war teemt probable, to
keep a largo force on the Padfle to protect our
commerce there. Tbe protection Interest should
certainly be tallsfled with on arrangement which
gives them protection from competition tn Ha
waiian markets, where their manufactures will
pay no duty and all others be tubject to duty.
Every consideration of statesmanship and wise
policy are In favor of a treaty at toon as possible.
The Coming Centennial.
The Centennial Committee of the House vlsltsd
Philadelphia on Saturday last for the purpose or
Inspecting the progress of the Centennial work.
The committee Is composed or the following gen
tlemen: Messrs. Wm. D. Kelleyol Pa., Joseph
R. Hawley of Conn., John G. Smith of Ohio,
Green bury Fort or 111., Charles Clayton or Cal..
Erastus Wells or Mo., Pierce it. IS. Young or
Ga.. John T. Harris or Va, Ellsha D. Standllord
or Ky., and John A. Kasson of Iowa. It was ac
companied by Messrs. Charles O'Neill, Leonard
Myers and Samuel Randall, Representatives
Irom Philadelphia. At the headquarters of the
Centennial commission, on Walnut street, ex
Got. Blgler.or tbe financial board, presented a
statement ot the progress of the work and called
attention to what the General Government should
assume In this undertaking.
General Uawlcy also made some suggestions,
end tald that the Government would require
more room for the exhibition of articles from its
teveral departmenti than could be spared, and It
would be advisable to direct the attention of Con
gress to the Importance of erecting a separate
building for that display. From tbe Patent
Office models of machinery would be selected
marking the various stages. From the Treasury
coins and various Issues or currency. From tho
Wtr snd Navy Departments guns and projec
tiles. The Land Office has tuffldent material to
make an exhibition or Itself. The character of
our lands, capadty of toll and nature ol climate
would be of vatt interest to people Interested lu
Immigration at well at advantageous to mauu.
ltctures. Tbe Indlin Department might have
teveral lodget or Indians with their weapons of
wtr and of the chase. This and more was con
templated by tbe Government Departments, and
he believed that Congress should appropriate the
means to erect a building In which a suitable ex
hiblton might be made. Ir it was not done these
Departmenti would have to redaee the amount
or space now asked ror.
The committee visited the rntnn!l rranTiiit
and buildings, accompanied by Director General
Goshorn and several offlcen of the commission.
in me evening iney were tne guests or Mr. Geo.
W. Childs. The committee returned to Wash
ington on Sunday night.
Pacific Mail Inquiry.
The Investigation Into the Padfle Mall subsidy
was resumed by the Committee or Ways and
Means yesterday, with Mr. K. B. Irwin on tho
stand. He was bnt questioned as to the charac
ter or the services of Mr. H. G. Fant, and stated
that tbey were general, that tbere wat no de
tailed understanding between them. He then
read the list or those to whom be had paid money
and explained what service they had rendered.
SnerrlH. Moran and Ingham were to generally
use what Influence they had in fivor of the tub
ildy. It wat an important point to watch and
indicate and promote tbe best means to hare the
bill passed, when It failed la the House and
went over to the Senate, tt was Important to know
whether It would be best to have the House con
cur lu the Senate amendment or non-concur and
have the matter go to a conference committee.
They looked to this branch of the ease.
Witness wsi here Interrupted by the appear
ance of Gen. Garfield, who ttated that the Appro
priation! Committee wat ready to report the
Scitsl appropriation bill, and It was desirable to
ave the views of tbe Ways and Meant Cimtnlt
tee at to whether or not they should abrogate tht
clause granting the tubildy.
The committee agreed to consider the tubject,
andafterwardt concurred In the proposition, and
it wat reported to the Home aad patted.
The witness, resuming, stated that Sherlll, Mo
ran and Ingham frequently brought hla lists of
the House marked in blue and red colon, and
dotted, indicating how members would probably
vote, until they (the lists) had tht appearance or
having had the smallpox and national poison com
bined, Mr. Carmick. who was employed, bored
him to death, and witness employed bim to keep
awayibawas afrlsndof Stockwell's, and Stock
will told him (wltnttt) to employ him. Ex Oov.
Randall, who wit employed by witness, kent htsa
advised of everything that wit going on, and rre-
ouentlv conferred with him. John W. Farn.r.
jonn w.
who It not here to iptak for himself, wai em
ployed by order or Stoekwell; 1 dont know what
he old; I waited on Forney and told him Stock,
well had ordered me to employ htmt hewn ex.
eeedlnglr reluctant about the matttr.and laid he
did not desire tbe employment, I paid him (25,.
000, tht price he asked, which was not only to pay
him for whatsvtr tirvlcts he might render, but
alio for hit reluetanett hi was not to render any
particular service) he at one time asked for a tin.
van of the Hit of the Home as it stood on the
measure. Aftir looking at it he handed It bacc
to me and said: "I don't know that I can do any.
thing." Stoekwell peremptorily directed me to
(leeFourtb Pace,
Discharge or Irwin The Republicans
Bcfnse to Inaugurate tne Measures
Necessary to Expedite Business
Tbe Ilennepcn Canal Bill
Made a Special Order Tne
Civil Bighta Bill Wound-
ed In tbe Bouse of
lis Friends.
MONDAY, Jinuiry 3S, 1873.
The Secretary of the Senate, Mr. Gorham,
called the Senate to order, and read a letter from,
the Vice President, dated Saturday list, stating
that on account of Important engagements, he
woullnot be able to be In attendance at the ses
sion of the Senate te-day.
election or rnzsiDENT rno TEarORE.
Mr. BOUTWELL thereupon offered a resolu
tion that Henry B. Anthony, or Rhode Island,
be declared President pro fen. Agreed to, and
Mr. Anthont then took the chair of the pre
siding officer.
On motion, the Secretary or the Senate was di
rected to inform the President or the United
States and the House ot RepresenatiTes or the
selection of Mr. Anthony as President pro ten.
Mr. MORRILL, of Me., presented the creden
tials of Hannibal Hamun, re-elected Senator
from Maine for the term commencing March 4,
1875, which was read and placed on file.
Mr. FRELINGHYSEN presented a memorial
or officers who served as fleet engineers In the
United States navy during the late war, claiming
that they had been unjustly discriminated against
underact of June 30,1884, and asking that the
law be amended to apply to fleet engineers as
well as to fleet captains. Naval Affairs.
Mr. SARGENT, Irom the Committee on Mines
and Mining, reported with amendments Senate
blllAulhemlng the Issue of patents to mlnlsg
claims In certain eases.
Mr. WRIGHT called up House bill ror the Te
ller of Alexander Birch. Pasted.
Mr. ROBERTSON presented Joint resolutions
of the Sonth Carolina Legislature, atklng an ap
propriation or (100,000 ror the improvement or the
harbor of Charleston; which were read. Com
merce. The Chair laid betoro the Senate a communica
tion from the Secretary or War, In answer to Sen
ate resolution ot the 11th Instant, tracimltting
copiet of correspondence relative to
which was ordered to be printed and referred to
Committee on Privileges and Elections.
Mr. SCOTT, from the Committee on Railroads,
made an adverse report on the bill to Incorporate
the Anglo-American Mutual Company.
Mr. PRATT, from Committee on Pensions, re
ported adversely on sundry private pension bills.
Mr. LEWIS presented memorial asking aid to
the Washington and Ohio railroad. Transporta
tion. Mr. INGALLS, from the Committee on Pen
sions, reported favorably on private pension bills.
Mr. FENTON Introduced bill to amend the
tteambeat aet or March 18, 1855. Commerce.
Mr. ALCORN pretented petition of Frank
Moore, or Wathington. Claims.
Mr. HAMILTON, of Texas, Introduced a bill
making an appropriation to carry Into effect cer
tain treaty stipulations with the Creek Indians.
Indian Affairs.
Mr. FREL1GHUYSEN presented petition of
citizens of New Jersey praying for the repeal of
the ten percent, tariff redaction or 1S72. He said
he believed the granting of thlt petition would
Increase the revenue and give activity to our
tlugglsh Industries. A protective tariff, while
giving prosperity to the people, also Increased the
revenues of the country. He was glad of the rec
ommendations made by the Secretary or the
Treasnry, coming rronfso worthy arepresentatlve
or tho West.
Petitions asking the re-enactment of the ten
Sr cent, reduction, and remonstrating against
e renewal of the dnty on tea and coffee were
presented by Messrs. SCOTT and CAMERON,
from citizens of Pennsylvania; by Mr. MORTON,
from citizens or Indiana; by Mr. DAVIS, from
dtlxeoi or West Virginia; by Mr. FENTON,
from clUsens or New York; by Mr. JOHNSON,
from citizens.. r Virginia, and; by Mr. CHAND--LBtJV-frcn-estlrent
of MleJlz aUosHwska
were referred to the Committee en Finance.
wis then proceeded with, and the Committee en
Naval Affairs being called, the following bills
were, on motion of Mr. CRAQIN, disposed of
House bill to provice ror enlistments In the navy.
Indefinitely postponed.
Senate bill to amend the act of July 17, 1882, to
provide ror the better government of the navy ot
the United States. Passed.
Senate bill ror tho reliefof the survivors of the
Polaris. Amended an passed.
House bill authorizing the President to nomi
nate Holmes WlkotT an assistant aurgeon In the
navy. Passed.
House bill ror the relief of the ownen or the
tteamer Clara Dodson. Discussed and referred
to the Committee on Claims.
Mr. FERRY, or Cona, from the Committee on
Patents, reported adversely on the bill explana
tory or section twenty.flve or the act to revise,
consolidate and amend statutes relating to pat
ents and copyrights, and the bill wat Indefinitely
Also, Irom the same committee, favorably on
the bill declaring tbe moaning of the act of March
V, 1SC8, In relation to a patent tor Induction appa
ratus and circuit breakers, which was placed oa
Mr. PRATT, from Committee on Publie Lands,
reported favorably bill granting right or way over
public lands for construction or a wagon road In
Salt Lake connty, Utah Territory. Passed.
Mr. MORRILL, or Vt,, Introduced bill to es
tablish an education fund, and apply a portion of
the proceed! of
and to provide for the more complete endowment
and support of national colleges tor the advance
ment oi scientific and Industrial education, which
he atked be printed and lie on the table. llegave
notice that at an early date he would submltsome
remarks on the bill.
The unfinished business being the resolution of
Mr. ScHunzon the Louisiana question was taken
up, on which Mr. Johnston, or Va was entitled
to the floor. He referred to the action of the re
turning board, and said It had made a return of
109 members out of tbe 111 who composed the Leg.
lslalure. The other five memben held certificates
from the committee or election! and had as much
right there as sny or the other members. The
President had not informed the Senate, as re
quested, why the army had been permitted to In
terfere In the organization or the Louisiana Leg
islature. The President hid reallv nnt tha nm.
under the control or Kellogg, and KeUogg's or
ders were the President's orders.
The Kellogg Legislature had seated men in I
place or those ejected by the military, and these i
men thns seated had no right In the world to
teats. Why did not tha President have them nnt
out? They were there in defiance of all law.
7 he presence of troops In the South wat the
Keatest came of discord In that section. The
tsldent.ssCommander.tn-Chlcfofthe army and
navy.wat bound to obey the Constitution and laws
of tbe United Statet and to instruct his generals
In the South to obey the law, and It they did not
know the law he should teach them. The Presi
dent declared in his message that if error had
committea oy me army, it was error on tie side
of good order and the maintenance of law. Was
It to maintain law that the President had under
taken to decide who were the memben or the
Louisiana Legislature? Was It to maintain law
that the army was directed to obey the orders of
Kellogg? ir this was law, he would like to
know. Mr. J. also severely criticised the use of
troops In the contest for the office of sheriff at
In concluding, Mr. J. tald the people or the
Sonth were loyal to the General Government,
snd had no thought whatever or resisting Its
authority. All that they asked was to be let
alone, as tbe other States were, to control their
own affairs.
Mr. PEASE presented Joint resolutions of the
Mississippi Legislature,
and of General Sheridan. Laid on the table.
On motion of Mr. EDMUNDS, leave was
S ranted the Committee on the Judiciary to sit
mint? the session of tbe Senate.
Mr. PEASE referred to the strictures passed
upon tbe tetlon or the President. Now, when
the Preildent had tent In a calm and dispassion
ate account or what really took place. It ap
peared tbat he had Interfered on the side of lib
erty against anarchy, on the tide of law against
lawlessness, and to protect the rights of the ma
jority s gainst the Invasion or a lawless minority.
He beldthat the President had no other alterna
tive bnt to set as he had done. Kellogg was the
it ftela Governor, recognized as such by the
courts and by every one .lie. Congreis had taken
no action, and the Preildent could pursue no
other ecune than tht one he had taken.
Mr. P. then reviewed at length the scenes at
tending the organisation of tha Louisiana Legis
lature, and denounced the action of Wilts and nil
tnodatei at a conspiracy to overthrow the law
ful State government, and eharaotarlsed them as
a riotous mob, endeavoring to ride over tht con.
tltutlon of Louisiana and her statute laws. He
held that no criticism eould Justly attach to tha
action of the President or of Governor XeUogg.
He read from tht report or Mr. Scants on the
South, made in 1183, and tald things wire grow.
Ing worse ilncethtn. The icceiHon Democraey
of the South In their new movement mtantl tha
renewal or their Statet rights doctrines and
Thelrplan was to get control of tha flltttn Statu
of the South, and then, with two or three North
ern Slatet In thtireontrol.tbty would make the
whole nation bow down to thim, at Utiy did la
ilaviholdmrtlmtt. '
Undsr the political teachings of tha Senator
from Mlieouri Mr. Scnuul his State had been
turned over to the secession Democracy, and that
Senttor would now have tha whole South turned
over to tba White League banditti. Tha old Kn.
Xlux organisation and the White Leagues were
the lame, and yet these murderers and assassins
had their apologists on the floor of the Senate to-
Mr. THURMAN asked the Senator to name
the apologist on this floor for murderers and as
sassins. Mr. PEASE said perhaps he should qualify his
statement. He had not heard a Senator in his
place apologise for murder and assassination, but
when Republican Senaton spoke of these crimes
Senators on the other side made light of them,
and said it Is your Judicial outrage mill gotten
up for political purposes. Without concluding
Mr. P.jraTe way.
Mr. SHERMAN submitted a Joint resolution
authorizing tho President te appoint a delegate
to the
to be held at Rome. Foreign Relations.
The Senate then adjourned.
Thlt being Monday, the Speaker, in the morn
ing hour, proceeded with the call or States and
Territories for bills and resolutions, for reference
only. Under this call the following were among
others Introduced and referred to the committees
Indicated :
By Mr. WILLAKD, of Vt,: Resolutions or the
Legislature of Vermont In relation to redprodty
of trade with the Dominion of Cicada, Com.
By Mr. HARRIS, or Mass.: Bill to refer to the
Court or Claims and the Supreme Court ol 'the
United States the question of the termini points
of the Central Padfle railway. Judiciary,
By Mr. FIERCE, of Mass.: A bUl to regulate
the studies at the Naval Academy. Naval Af
fairs. By Mr. BUTLER, or Mass.: BUI to establish
snd Territories, and to regulate tha transmission
or Intelligence over the same. Post Offices and
Post Roads.
By Mr. KELLOGG, of Conn.: BUI to amend
the bankrupt act. Judiciary.
By Mr. WOOD, of N. Y.: Joint resolution or
the Legislature of New York, relating to the
Improvement or tha Harlem river. Commerce.
By Mr. ARCHER, of Md.: Bill to aid la tha
construction of the Southern Maryland railroad,
and for other purposes. Railways and Canals.
Also, bill for the rellerof Dr. Joseph L. McWll
Hams, of Blacklston Island, Md. Claims.
By Mr. LOWNDES, of Md.: BUI for the Teller
or Daniel Mumma, of Washington county. War
By Mr. RANSIER, of S. C.: Joint resolution
or the Legislature of South Carolina, relative to
the deepening ol Charleston harbor, and asking,
aid. Commerce.
By Mr. FlNCK,f Ohio: Resolutions or the
Ohio Legislature in relation to the expulsion of
members of tbe Louisiana Legislature by the
military. Judiciary.
By Mr. WILLIAMS, or Ind.: BUI to Incorpo
rate the National Union Telegraph Company.
Post Ofilces and Post Roads.
Also, bill for the construction of a fire-alarm
telesraph. In the District or Columbia. PubUo
Buildings and Grounds.
By Mr. STANNARD, or Mo.: BUI to allow
bolting cloth to be imported Iree ot duty. Ways
and Means.
By Mr. WELLS, or Mo.: Bill to establish a
branch mint at St, Louis. Coinage, Weights
and Measures.
By Mr. DONNAN, of Iowa: Bill to fix the In
spector general's department la the army. Mili
tary Affairs.
By Mr. NESMITH, of Oregon: Bill for the re
lief or certain holders of checks drawn on the
First National Bank ofPortland, Oregon, by the
judge or the courts or Wathington Territory to
pay certain Judicial expenses. Appropriations.
By Mr. HOGANS. of W. Va.: BUI to Incorpo
rate the Capital City Fire Insurance Company ot
the District of Columbia.
Also, bill In relation to assessments In the Dis
trict of Columbia.
Also, bill to amend the aet to Incorporate tha
Washington Market Company. All or which
were referred to the District Committee.
ByMr.CHIPMAN.otD.C: Bill to secure the
title to certain real estate in the District of. Co
lumbia. Also, bill In relation to the naming of .streets In
Washington. District of Columbia. ?"
By Mr. MILLS, or Texas: BUI to establish a
port orentry at Houston. Texas. Commextf).
By Mr. STORJI, of Pa.: Bill to prevent per
sons employed In the Patent Office from prosecut
ing claims In said Department. Patents.
On motion Mr. DAWES,
but not from attendance as a witness.
Mr. HAWLEY, or 111., moved to to suspend
the rules as to permit tbe Committee on Rail
ways and Canals to report House bUl No. 145, ror
a canal to connect the waters ot Lake Michigan
and the Illinois, Mississippi and Rock rivers, and
that the same be made the special order for
Wednesday, February 3, after the morning hour.
The resolution was agreed to 179 to 63.
The bill wai then reported by Mr. HURL
BUT, of 111, and ordered to be printed and
On motion or Mr. STARKWEATHER, tha
Senate amendment to the fortification bUl was.
agreed to.
Mr. CESSNA, or Pa., moved to so suSDend the
rtOasvasutpateareMiuttour that tire rulerof the
House or Representatives be so rar suspended
during the remainder of the present session or tha
Forty-third Congress at to prevent the Speaker
from entertaining any dilatory motion pending
the consideration or any public bill or Joint reso
lution, orof any motion to bring, or the result or
which will bring, before the House for action any
bill or Joint resolution, and this order lhall apply
to amendments offered In the House of Repre
sentatives, and to amendments offered to House
bills In the Senate.
Mr. RANDALL, of Pa., made the point of or
der that no notice had been given of the intro
duction or the resolution.
The SPEAKER said notice was not required
tor a suspension or the rules.
Mr. ELDREDGE, or Wit., Inquired why not
tuspend all rules at once, and deprive the minor
ity of all power?
Mr. RANDALL tald this was a proposition to
open the Treasury to all manner of schemes for
Mr. CESSNA said that was an unfounded
statement. He objected to further debate.
Mr. MERRIAM, or N. Y Inquired If the reso
lution would not deprlvo the minority of tbe
power of resisting subsidies and other schemes of
Mr. CESSNA laid tt did not affect tnbsidles.
Mr. KASSON said It seemed to bim that this
resolution would cut off the privilege of making
Mr. SPEER, or Pa., required ir Mr. Cessna
did not offer the resolution in obedience to the
Mr. COX Inquired ir it would not be better to
suspend all rules and go home?
The previous question on the resolution was sec
onded by a vote or 120 to 80.
The resolution was then rejected yeas, 150;
nays.es two thirds not vatinictn tbe affirmative.
Tho vote in detail was as roUqws ;
Hazel ton. Wis.
llazelton. N..I
, Raineyv
E. it. Hoar,
Hyde, M
31 art in.
JIcDlll, lows,
Parker. Mo.,
, ji&nsier,
Koblxuon, Ohio.
bayler, Intl.,
Scudder, N. J.,
Smith, Pa..
Smith, N Y.,
St. John,
Thomas, N. C,
Thomas, Va,,
Thorns on,
Tow zuend,
Ward, 111.,
Ward, N.J.,
Wll'lams, afass ,
Williams, Ind.,
Williams. MIcU.,
Williams, Wis.,
Kotlcr, Mais.,
B.tlir, Tenn.,
Clark, N. J.,
Cobo, N C,
t ooo, nan.,
Fret man,
Harris. Mass.,
Hawley. 111.,
Hawley, Coun.,
Adams, Foster, Perry,
Archer. Biddings, Phelps,
Arthur, Uloter. Pierce,
Ashe. Gunter, Potter.
Atklnt. Hale, Me.. RandaU,
Manning, Hale. X. Y., Read,
Heck, Hamilton, Koniles.
Bell, Hancock, E. H. Roberts,
Betsy, Hints, 8a., Rots,
KUnd. Harris, Va , Siyler, Ohio,
Blount, llncher, Sener,
Bowen, Hereford, Slow,
llrltht, llerndOD, Smith, Va.,
Bromberg, llolman. Smith, Ohio,
Brown. llnnton, Southard,
Boekner. Kasson, Spear, ,
llDfflnton. Knapp, Sundeford,
Burchard, Lamar, Stephens,
Uurleljrh, Lamlion, Stone,
Caldve'l. leaeh. Storm,
Clark. Mo., Lowndes, Swann.
Clymer. Lnttnll, Vance,
Comlngo, Mttee, Waddell,
Cook, McLetn, Wells.
Cox, Merrlam, Whitehead,
Creamer, MUllken, Wbilthorne,
Srlttenden, Muls. Wlllard, Vt..
rvsslind, Morrison, Wlllard, Mich.,
Dsrrall, Neat, Willie,
Hewitt. Netmlth, Wood,
Iiurhim, Niblick, Vonng, Ky .
Kdiedge, O'Brien... Young-, Ul. -38.
Flnck, Parker, N. H ,
On motion or Mr. SMITH, of Ohio, the rules
wera to impended as to mike It In order that,
pending the consideration of the Post Office ap
propriation bill, it thall be tn order to offer an
amendment to repeal to much ot tht act of 1871
at authorises a contract with
for carrying the United States maUt.
Mr. NEOLEY.orPa., from the Committee on
Commerce, reported a bill amendatory of the ace
lor tha construction of a bridge across the Missis
llppl river at St. Louis. .
Pending lu conildtraUon, air. WELLS, or Mo.,
moved to adjourn.
The motion wat rejected.
Mr. WELLS tald the reason or his opposition
wit that it wat tha State of Missouri against a
private corporation.
(lee Third Face.)
I 4-

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