Newspaper Page Text
WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAKCH 24, 1875.
BESSIE IS THE IIASDS OF fCLLEETOX.
BEACH GALLANTLY OFFERS PIOTECTM
CCRrAIN LECTDKES OX ECONOMY.
ELIZABETH MEEKLY PROMISES AHENDRIENT.
Ventilation of tbe Details of Household
Affairs A Slight Confusion or
Dates Frequent Locking Dp
and Scolding of Elizabeth
by Her X.elge lord.
Crost-Exanin&tion of Bessie Turner.
New York, March 23. Tbe number of specta
tors In attendance at the Beechcr trial this morn
ing was greatly lessened fromthatof the previous
day. Airs. Tllton was accompanied into the room
by Mrs. Field, Sirs. Shearman and Bessie Tur
ner, and took her seat side by side with her
mother, Airs. Horse. Fire minutes alter the
fci'Ur Theodore Tllton bustled into court, and was
closely followed by tbe defendant and his wire.
KlTe minutes after Mr. Caldwell led Miss Turner
to the stand and her cross-examination was con
tinued. She testified : I did not tell Mrs. Morse
cl tbe story of
TILT03 ATTEirTTlSO MY RCIW.
I trick Mrs. Tllton told. I did not tell Mrs. Put
nam the story voluntarily. She questioned me
about it some seven months after 1 went there.
The first time I ever heard Theodore TUton's
s orfes against his wife was tbe day we arrived
frim Marietta, In the parlor. 1 recollect the first
time he made the charges. The first time Mrs.
Tllton left tbe house was on account of tbese
stones. The second time occurred a day or so
alter our return from Marietta. I had not at
that time heard of the troubles with Bowen, hut
eould not swear to this. 1 could not say ir 1 was
asked that question before the committee.
Mr. Fullerton read that question from the bok
containing the witness testimony. In which she
was asked that question and replied yes. Wit
ness continued- li 1 said that then it must tuvo
bus so. I leU Keyporton account of dislike of
Mr Silas Tilton Tor me. 1 neTer was accused of
telling lalsehocds while 1 was there, and did not
threaten to make myself sick. 1 remember
LITTLE PAUL'S DEATH.
I thick it was after a month's slcknes. 1 do not
remember If Mrs Tilton went away after Paul's
death. I think Tllton's visit to my room In 1S88
was after Paul's death. I remember the occasion
of Tllton's conversation with his wile, in which he
said "You have brought this girl on to as agaiost
me." These were bis exact words. I could not
say if 1 told this to the committee. Tbe witness
was handed the volume containing her testimony
before that body, and asked if on that oecasUn
Ehe use these words Witness replied: This Is
not the expression 1 used on that occasion, but I
told the committee of It, as It was in my mind
then. I may have used the word testify before
the eomm'ttee. During Mrs. Tllton's illness In
December, 170, Ehe was attended by Dr. Stubbs;
sbc was cursed by Mrs. Mitchell, who left before
Mrs. Tilton recovered; Mrs. Tilton did not leave
her bed for two weeks.
THE TWO LETTERS
counsel read yesterday were In my trunk. In
locking over my letters I came across these two.
1 was friendly with Tllton after he entered my
room in 1S63. 1 was not angry with blm lor eom
itir Into my room on that orciston, but was angry
when he put his hand on my neck. 1 did not then
think that ho had any improper design upon me;
J only thought eo a.ter 1 was In Marietta. In
1(70 1 bad some conversation with Mrs. Tllton. I
le:t fcr Steubenville In January or February,
1671, and wrote a letter to Tllton. I don't think
he answered It. I wrote him one letter, I think,
on May 24, from Marietta, and I think only one.
Witness was asked if she wrote a letter from
Steubenville to Tllton, consulting him with ro
ll gard to
AS OFFER OF VARRIAOE
she had received.
Ex-Judge Porter objected, en the ground that
the letter Itself shculd be placed In evidence, un
less testimony was given to show it was lost,
Mr. Fullerton said be did not wish to Introduce
the letter, as it containt-d the, name of a third
Judge N ellson ruled tho question as being too
broad, and called for tbe production of the letter.
Fullerton then asked: Did you write to Tilton
of your offer of marriage 7 1 never was married,
said the witness. The question was repeated, and
she said: "He wrote to me first about It, and I
answered the letter." Mr. fullerton asked: Did
you tell him of your cfler ot marriage or consult
him. This raised another argument. Defence
claimed it called for tho letter. Tbe question
was ruled out. Witness then testified, after being
handed the letter for examination, that this was
the one she wrote him. He wrote to her first and
this was tbe answer. She also testified 1 remem
ber the time there was
A woman's eiobts jseetiico
at Mrs. Tllton's. There were present Miss Anthony
and Mrs. Stanton. Think they had a chairman pre
siding, but do not remember that any papers were
read or reports receired from committees. I
thought Mrs. Tilton bad something to do with
them. I remember several of tbese meetings
being held, and know of some of them being held
in Tiitcn's absence. I think some or Beeeher's
people came to tbese meetings, perhaps Mrs.
Harriet Beecber Stowe, but I could not say for
certain. I was present on one occasion when
Tllton asked his wile to stand away from him as
he did not want any person to make comparisons.
This was cot said in very loud tones; when they
were standing near the folding doors. When be
said this he put his head near her ear. He bad
to stoop because she was not so tall. He said
"ELIZABETH, DOK'T STAKD KEAR HE
I don't want any comparisons made; tbe contrast
is too great;" I do not remember If 1 stated In my
direct examination tbst Tilton said, "Stand to
one side;" I did not tell this story belore tbe com
mittee; I did not do so because 1 did cot think of
It then; I first told tbis story to Mr. Shearman
and Mr. Porter, but have not mentioned It since:
I saw Tilton bang pictures In his night clothes on
two or three occasion"; I cannot give tbe dste: It
was In tbe night tint, in tbe upper hall; I was in
bed, and remained there till he nung them; I do
net remember how old I was then; 1 was in bed
with the children; on one occasion Mrs. Tllton
was in bed, but at the other times I do cot know
where she was; I remember Mrs. Tllton calllngto
him to go to bed, and wanting to know what he
was hanging pletcres for In his eight clothes; I
what possessed the max,
trotting around in his night-clothes. 1 remember
speaking of bis wandering about the house, look
ing for a soil bed. Mrs. Tilton accompanied him,
1 think. 1 only remember this but once.
Witness was asked If she had cot slated, on her
direct examination, that Tllton was In the habit
ef going around In his night-clothes looking for a
The witness then replied : "He was In the habit
of going around in that way." Some nights, said
the witness, he would sleep in the front bed
rooms ana sometimes in tne Dack bed-rooms;
that was what I meant by his changing his bed.
On the night I mentioned In particular he had
been in every bed in tbe second and third stories.
When he came to my room, in the second story,
I went to tbe third story with Carroll. He then
came up there, and I left and went down to the
one I arose irom first, Mrs Tilton accompanied
her husband, carrying a pillow in her arms.
When I left the tbircCstory bed-room they were
just preparing .to go to bed. He finally went to
bed in the room adjoining mine, in the second
On closer erres-exsmlnatlon witness corrected
herelf in saying he nad slept In all the beds In
tbe house. She said be did cot sleep In the front
bed-room on that occasion. She said In the morn
ing I saw blm in one or the third story bed rooms.
1 remember when Tllton remained out all eight.
Cannot remember the year, but it was belore
little Paul's death. I remember speaking of an
occasion when he reproved Mrs. Tilton for both
ering him about the servants. 1 think he con
trolled the affairs or the household In a certain
way. He used to talk to servants, and if they did
cot please him he caused Mrs. Tllton to discharge
them. I cannot think of any Instance of this
kind. Tbe occurrence or Tllton locking his wife
In the room took place In the years 1867, "OS and '88.
Tbe witness was asked If she was sure tbese
were tbe years. She stated 1 went there in 1838,
and It was about a year after that I noticed Tll
ton's cnklcdnecs to his wife.
Mr. Fullerton repeated tho question, and asked
for a direct answer.
Ex-Judge Porter objected and accused counsel
for prosecution of insulting the witness.
Mr Beach and Judge Fullerton warmly dis
claimed any idea of sueb a thing.
The last question and answer were then read oy
direction ol the court, whlcb ruled that the latter
sentence of the answer should be stricken out.
The witness then continued: I have known him
LOCK HER 1ST TBE BOOK OVER A DOZEW TIKES;
on one occasion for three or four hours; when he
locked her up on these occasions he was always
in the room; I wish to correct a statement about
little Paul's death; I said in July It occurred,
but it was on tbe 25th of August, 1808, and when I
wen to tbe house It was after 1 left Mr. Downs;
Mrs. Tilton, said tbe witness, was only locked up
in tbe second-story bed-room for two or three
hours; I was generally up in the sitting-room or
sometimes down stairs; I think this was In "ST,
possibly In the winter; the other occasions were
1807 and 1868: Tilton was a publle lecturer; he was
away sometimes in the early part of the winter;
he used to read articles to her and subject them
to her criticism, but 1 do cot know that he read
his lecture to her; when she was locked up It was
a scolding lecture he was giving her for his voice
was raised very loud: on one occasion I went to
the door and knocked; I heard Mrs. Tllton saying,
"Dear, 1 will make every dollar go as far as I
can;" tbe tears were running down her cheeks;
his face was very red, but he kept it averted from
zoe; on that occasion 1 heard Mr. Tllton's voice
raised ic an angry manner;! could not tell what h
was sayinp; 1 knocked at tbe door i" .' ' -
TILTOTWAS SOBDISn AKD r . .)
I remained thereabout filt.cn a. dies. riey
bad been there for three or f-. - b jurj i u - was
in the afternoon, after lunch, alx" it . .ui-pjt one
o'clock. When Mr. Bates wag tuere n another
occasion, Mrs. Tilton was to-aed up ia this
occasion Tllton was standing by the ti'irenu I
to cot know how mttr feet from tbe door he was
Sir. Bates was there In tho evening ol ia-u.
He came to supper and left at cine. They went
to the room after he had gone. 1 followed them
upstairs Into tbe front sitting-room, and they
went Into their own rooom, where they stayed
seme time. I was up and down stairs while they
were in tbe room. They were In there about
three or four hours. I did cot go to bed until
they came cut. Doseni of times Mr. Tllton had
! AT LEAST TWO OB THBES DOZES TIKES,
but It may have been more. 1 am sure it was
three dozen times. When I said over a doxen
times I meant that It was more than a dozen.
The witness was questioned with regard to her
statement or ever a dozen times. If she meant
three dozen times.
Counsel on the other side objeeted, and some
legal quibbling was engaged la.
The question was allowed, and the witness
stated: I had in my mind that It was a good many
times. I thought that saying over a dozen times
would be as good as saying three or four dozen
times. I have catted these occasions, which I
remember very distinctly, but I also remember
other occasions. Another time a young lady was
there. In either of these years.
HE LOCKED HEB UP
In the afternoon three or four hours. I heard him
talking to her in a loud and angry tone or voice.
I was in tbe sitting-room, and remained there
until they came out. Another occasion was when
she was tick in December, 1870, when he eame in
and said he was a ruined man. He was locked
up fc the room then two or three hours.when Mrs.
Mitchell was in the room. The day after this he
was locked up with her also. I do cot think I can
particularize any other occasion.
The witness was asked about one ot the former
loeklnge-ur, but counsel on the other side objected
on the ground that the evidence given on cross
examination could cot be resumed again, and a
lengthy argument ensued. The question was
finally allowed, and witness said: When the door
of the room was opened to my knock, they re
mained inside. Mrs. Tilton closed the door and
Mr. Tilton remained by tbe bureau, but did not
say a word to me. Mrs. Tllton kissed me and
said she would forgive me for something wrong I
had done that day. 1 remember Mr. Tllton say
ing at breakfast one morning that Mrs. Tllton
was one of tbemostselfish women thateverllvod.
This Is the only time 1 remember his saying this.
When they were at the meal
KR. TILTOH HELPED HIXSELP
liberally off a plate, and passed It to Mrs. Tilton,
Sbe said help the children, and Florence re
marked, mamma, you are very unselfish, and ho
said sbe was one ot the most selfish women that
ever lived. I saw Mr. Beecber at the bouse sev
eral times. He called as a great many other
friends called. Ilethlmrnononeoecaslon. 1 think
1 recollect or bis having brought some flowers. I
think Mrs. Mitchell was there then. 1 do cot
remember tbe time when he put the baby to sleep.
1 never recollect Mrs. Tilton going out with Mr.
Beecber. 1 do not remember her going with him
to see his picture taken. Tbis Ellen Dennis I
spoke or is dead. Sbe died while I was at scbool.
When I returned from Marietta she was Installed
as housekeeper and mistress. Mrs. Tilton was
tired when she returned from Marietta, but she
HOT ILL THAT DAV.
Nr. Tilton met her at the cars and kissed her,
and we all got In the carriage and eame to Brook
lyn. When we came to tbe house Ellen Dennis
and Susan B. Anthony wero tbere. The latter
went away after breakfast. Miss Dennis acted
very strange to Sirs. Tllton, but there was no
trouble at tbe breakfast table. I think I stated
to tbe committee that tbe trouble occurred at the
breakfast table, but 1 was mistaken. 1 round
out mv mistake about two weeks ago. when I was
! at Mrs. Morse's. 1 was able to recall tbe time or
this difficulty by thinking It over in my mind.
I Mrs. Tilton left the dinner table crying and went
! into the parlor, where sbe played a plaintive air
uuuicunuu oud rciuaiuou Ml uio priur tur
some time. The first thing which occurred was, I
rushed into the room and said he should not Ill
treat Mrs. Tilton for my sale.
HE THEN KNOCKED KE SOWS,
and apologized by saying I bad tripped and
fallen. He then asked me if I had oharred him
with attempting to ruin me, and I slid he knew it
was the truth. Mr. Tilton then said, pointing to
a lounge, do yon see that red sore. Time and
time again have I seen Elizabeth and Henry
Ward Beerher having sexual intercourse upon it,
and also on a red chair which be pointed oat. He
also said that Elizabeth was In the habit of hav
ing her legs fondled by men; that she thought he
was as bad as she was. lie then took me up
stairs and told me tbe same story over again.
He mentioned also Dr. Denham's, Mr. Bates' and
Mr. Uvlngton's names as parties who had sexual
Intercourse with Mrs. Tllton. He said
LITTLE TABX WAS NOT HIS CHILD,
and that of them all, he only claimed his daughter,
Florence. He also stated about having told
m,nrfmt a h. tl.rf Mr Mnn thl,,fn. an4
1 she placed her band on his head when he was
kcceling, and said, "What a magnanimous mas
you are1" The words I used before the commit
tee, when telling this story, were, I think, "Com
mitting adultery with tbese three gentlemen."
The book containing the testimony was given
to witness, and she stated that she bad told the
committee or the charges against these three
The witness resumed : When I was la the room
with him he told me he saw Mrs. Tilton with Mr.
Beecber. (After a long pause.) I am not sure
that Mr. Tllton said his wire confessed this to
him. 1 have a faint recollection about tbe word
conlessed, but 1 do not remember who used It, I
am cot trying to avoid telling whether 1 recol
lect It or not. I cannot remember whether I told
the committee Mr. Tllton said Mrs. Tilton had
conlessed to blm ber criminal intimacy with Mr.
Beecber. If I said so to them I must have been
Freight Arrents. ZZZ
Chicago, March 23 1 he general freight
acents of tbe trunk lines held a meeting. here to
day, and decided to maintain rates on eastern
bound lrelgbt, Ac agreement to do so was signed
by all those present. Including the agent of the
Baltlmoro and Ohio road.
FeoLtylvacia Railroad Election,
Philadelphia, March 23. Tbe annual elec
tion for directors of tbe Pennsylvania Kailroad
Company was held to-ttary. Tbe directors chosen
by a committee appointed at tbe annual meeting
were elected, theto being no opposition,
Secretary Robeson Is absent at tbe North for a
U.S. Grant, jr., who has been spending a few
days In London, has left that city for a tour cf
Capt. James Mltchel, son of John Mltchel, wbo
lelt Liverpool before tbe death of his father, has
arrived in New York.
Hon. J. W. Garrett, president of tbe Baltimore
and Ohio railroad, is at the Grand National
hotel, Jacksonville, Fia.
Acting Secretary Conant represented the
Treasury In the Cabinet meetlngyesterday lntbe
absence of General Brlstow.
The extension or leave or absence granted First
Lieutenant Joseph H. Hart, Twellth infantry,
has been extended three months.
Senators Morton, Boutwell, Spencer and Burn
sides, and M. Blum, from Alsace and Lorraine,
had audience with tbe President previous to the
meeting of the Cabinet,
Supreme Court of the United States.
Tcesdat. March 13, 1879,
On motion of Hon. Francis Kernan, lion. Sam.
Bell Maxey, ol Paris, Texas, was admitted to
practice as an attorney and counselor of this
On motion or Mr. Jos. Casey, Clinton Lloyd,
esq., or Washington, D. C, was admitted to prac
tice as an attorney and counselor or this court.
On motion of Mr. Thomas Wilson, Myron H.
Beach, esq., of Dubuque, Iowa, was admitted
to practice as an attorney and counselor of this
No. 47. (assigned.) David Bailey et al., appel
lants, vs. The Pacific Kailroad Company et al.
The argument or this cause was continued by Mr.
11. A. Clover and Mr. B. A. Hill, or counsel for
tbe appellees, and concluded by Mr. Geo. F. Ed
munds for tbe appellants.
No. $28, (assigned.) John M. Bailey, late col
lector, ex., plaintiff in error, vs. The New York'
Central and HuJson Blver Kailroad Company.
The argument or tbis cr.use was commenced by
Mr. Solicitor General Pnllllps, of counsel for the
plaintiff in error.
Adiourned until to-morrow at 12 o'clock.
Circuit Court Chief Justice Caitter.
This court was engaged as follows yesterday:
Searie vs. Corporation or Washington, This li
an action for services in preparing the Morrison
bnliding for the use or tbe old District govern
ment. The case was begun and occupied the day,
but was not concluded. Adjourned.
Auxiliary Law Court Judge MacArthnr.
Tho rase of Shoemaker vs. Paul engaged the
entire time ol this court yesterday, and was not
Equity Court Judge HacArthnx.
This court was engaged as rollows yesterday:
Segar vs. Segar. Order to issue commission to
Manson vs. Paulson. 'rder approving trus
Shoemaker vs. District of Columbia. Order to
certliy case to the General Term.
Hlekey vs. Morsell et al. Order for possession
on behalf of mortgagee.
Neatberstonbangh vs. Nutt, Order of reference
of cause to auditor to state account.
Gunton vs. Zanzlnger. Order of reference to
Newton vs. Ford. Order extending time to
Blake et al. vs. Hlne et al. Order continuing
injunction, and directing the auditor to report In
cumbrances. McBlair vs. Boyle et al. Order for preliminary
Duane vs. straining. Order taking bill for
Jackson vs. Norment. Order for the taking ot
In re. petition of T. B. Bryan. Order substi
tuting A. S. Worthlngton for Bryan as trustee.
Moffett vs. Stewart. Order overruling de
murrer and ot reference to auditor.
Police Court Judge BneLl.
In this court E. Solomons was charged with
disturbing an audience; fined tlO. Thos. Wll.
Hams and Walker Williams, loud and boisterous
to officer, fined $lo each. James Mitchell and
George Smtthson, loud and boisterous, $5 each.
Itssc Taylor, throwing stones In the streets, 15.
James Thompson, Black Jim and Thomas
Young. "lcUnt Tom," sent down as vagrants.
Alice Mocbooee plead guilty of assault, $5.
Frank Jordan, stealing water bucket, $10. Lewis
Doric, plead guilty of stealing a set of reins, $30
or sixty nays in jail. George Gains plead guilty
of stealing a horse collar, 130, or sixty days. Jas.
Wr'cb. stealing pair or shoes, $30, or sixty days,
Sebastian Buck, assault on Henry Beem, $5.
Ha'l'( Green, stealing clothing, $30, or sixty
lavs. Henry Addison plead guilty to carrying a
razor; fined 20.
NEWS FROM OTHER LANDS.
DON CARLOS CONDEMNS CABRERA.
CAHEBA LAMING TO 1MJCE DE3ERTI0H3.
HUSH QDISTI01T Hf PA-RT.TAmTTMT.
WEST IKDIES AND SOUTH AMERICA.
The Burial or John Mltchel Tho Bus
alan Emperor Loses Confidence In
Gen. Kaufsman's Tarnish Policy
Through the Efforts or an
American Diplomat The
Ttevlrnlists In London.
The Army Disbanded Peace Be-estaolished.
Hataka, March 23. Yen xuelan advices to the
16th Instant are to the effect that the President
has dlsbauded the entire army. Peace and quiet
have been completely re-established, confidence
Is being restored and business is reviving.
General Kaufmans in Disgrace Through
Lokdox, March 21, 5:30 a. m. A special dis
patch to the Daily Kewt from St. Petersburg re
ports that General Kauffmann has lost the favor
or the Czar, In consequence or Mr. Schuyler's re
port concerning affairs in Turkestan, and that
tbe Russian Government has rejected tbe Gen
eral's plans of reorganization in Central Asia.
A Commercial Treaty with the Sandwich
Ottawa, March 23. In the House last eight
a resolution declaring the expediency of securing
a commercial treaty with the Hawaiian Kingdom
was carried. Tbe Premier said the Government
fully appreciated the importance of securing such
treaty, and would do all they could to obtain
HAYTI ADD SAN DOMINGO.
Peace Between the Republics Haytien Loan.
Jackel, Hatti, March It, vtaH avaic a. Presi
dents Domlnque, of Haytl, and Gonzales, of San
Domingo, have held an amicable Interview on tbe
frontier. Peace between tbe two republics is be
coming more firmly established.
A Haytleu commission has gone to France to
negotiate a loan of twelve million dollars, in
stead of three millions, as heretofore stated.
Pon Carlos Condemns Cabrera Movements of
Cabrera Polo and Bods, Hit Adherents.
IlAYOSBE,March23. Don Carlos has Issued a
decree declaring that General Cabrera has for
feited his former honors, and that he shall be de
livered Into tho hands of a military tribunal for
trial ir he falls into tbe hands of the Carlists.
Pabis, March 23. The L' Union says Admiral
Polo and General Roda are the only Important
adhesions to Cabrera thus far.
Saktakdsb, March 23. General Cabrera Is
expected here on Wednesday, en route for Mad-
Losdow, March 21. The Paris correspondent
of tbe Tines telegraphs that General Cabrera
has organized a staff of 20 Spanish officers, at
Biarritz, for the purpose of communicating with
the Carlists and obtaining adhesions to his pro
gramme. Members of tbe staff enter Spain
every day. Tbere is no doubt that the prema
ture publication or Cabrera's first manifesto de
claring for Alfonso greatly marred tbe success of
tbe movement. It Is rumored that Mendirl has
deserted Don Carlos and arrived at Bayonne;
also, that Lesarraga has been arrested on sus
picion oi treason.
The Irish Question in Parliament Fnneral
LoaDOx, March 24, 4.30 a. m. In the debate In
the House of Commons last night, on the bill for
tbe amendment of the peace preservation act, the
Home Rulers opposing tbe bill contrasted the
prevalence of crime in England with the peaee
fnlnesa ot Ireland. Sir Edward Watkin retorted
that tbe English people do not welcome Ameri
can conspirators among them, but are conspicu
ous for their loyalty and law-abiding disposition.
He said if the Irish woeld renounce the leadership
of stump orators, and adopt Industry In place of
political agitation, the necessity for exceptional
legislation would cease.
Mr. Disraeli pointed out tbe concessions con
tained In tbe bill, and appealed to the patriotism
of tbe Irish members, asking them not to agitate
tbe country by an opposition to tbe bill that must
At the conclusion of the debate the bill passed
on Its second reading by a vote or 204 to C9.
The funeral or Jonn Mltchel took place to-day
at Newry, Ireland. His remains were bnrled In a
church-yard. A great crowd was present, but
quiet was preserved, notwithstanding that ex
citing placards had been distributed.
Losdok, March 24. It is estimated that over
ten thousand people attended the funeral of
John Mltchel at Newry yesterday.
The Nottingham spring handicap to-day was
won by Munden, but he being disqualified. It was
given to Castle Wallan, who came In second.
Lohdov, March 24. At the meeting held by
Moody and Sankey last night. Dean Stanley and
sixty angllcan clergymen occupied seats on the
platform. The proceedings were opened by Rev.
Wm. Conway, canon of Westminster.
In the House or Commons, last night, O'CIery,
member for Wexford, gave notice that after the
recess he should offer a motion In favor of tbe
recognition by Great Brltian or the belligerent
rights or the Carlists in Spain.
Election of a Comptroller General.
Chablestow, s. C, March 23. Tbe Legisla
ture to-day elected Thomas C. Dunn, Comptroller
Generator the State. Dunn la a Northern Repub
lican, who was eleeted to tbe State Senate by the
Conservatives. He was chairman of the Reform
Republican executive committee In the last eam-
Ealgn, and Is generally respected by all parties
i the State. The Legislature adjourns sine dfe
on Friday next,
The Schoolboy! Defeat tie Editors and Typos.
Boston, March 23. Music-hall was crowded to
Its utmost capacity to-night to witness a novel
contest between fifty boys selected from theblgber
schools of the city and fifty editors, reporters, pro
fessors and typos, selected from the various news
papers. In an old-fashioned spelling match. The
contest was spirited throughout, and finally nar
rowed to one on each side, when a typo mis
spelled "eonferrablo," and the match was awarded
to the boys.
Jay Cooks & Co.'s Estate and the Syndicate.
Philadelphia, March 23. Tbe banking firms
comprising tbe celebrated syndldate, of which
Jay Cooke & Co. were members, for negotiating
United States loans last spring, put in a claim
against bankrupts or 1255,453.58 In gold In their
hands on account of tbe syndicate. It appeared
that the syndicate held tbe sum, representing;
the profits arising from its transactions, of which
shares Jay Cooke & Co., ana Cooke, McCalloch
& Co. were each X22.e28 Cs. lid. gold, and that
these two bouses were Independent. The ques
tion arose whether tho syndicate could prove for
tbe full amount of $255,433.53 or only the balance
left after deducting the syndicate profits ol 415,
175.15. The register decided In f.vorof the latter
proposition, and In exception to his report It was
taken Into the 1'nlted States District Court, and
to-day Judge Cadwalder confirmed hit ruling.
Coal Scarcity in Poughketptie.
PornnKEErsiz, ft. Y., March 23. Owing to
the prolonged winter and Increasing cold the
coal supply In this city Is exhausted, and there Is
a panlo In the coal market. Hundreds were
turned away from the coal yards yesterday and
to-day. Dealers have been able to procure but
little coal at Newburgh because or the flood dis
asters, which have carried away bridges, putting
a stop to the running or coal trains to tide-water.
Harder and Suicide.
Lowell, Mass., March 53. In this city this
afternoon Mrs. Sarah Low was fatally wounded
by her husband, Chss. J. Low, who fired two
shots from a revolver Into her head, and then
killed himself with a remaining charge. Mrs.
Low was a domestic In a boarding-house here,
and had left her husband. He killed her be
cause she refused to live with him. Mrs. Low
was alive at the latest accounts, but cannot re
cover. Attempted Assassination.
Locisvillx, March 23. A special to the Courier-Journal
says an attempt was made to assas
slrate the James brothers, wbo turned State's
evidence against the county Ku-Klux, while
upon tbe witness stand In the court-room at
Klkton to-day. The attempt was unsuccessful.
The assailants escaped, and the officers were In
hit pursuit of them at last accounts.
The Vineland Shooting Case.
Vhtelaxd, N. J., March 23. Carruth Is still
Improving. The ball in its passage disturbed the
optic nerve. It Is thought that his sight maybe
Impaired. The doctors have slight hopes of his
recovery. The excitement Is subsiding. Landls
seems to have tbe sympathy ol a great many
Eepubliean Campnrts Burn Brightly En
thusiasm for Grant, Sheridan and Civil
tfipeclal to The National Republican.)
New Have, Coax., March 23. The campaign
here Is now under full headway, Hon. JallutC.
Burrows, of Michigan, and .General MeLane, of'
Arkansas, are doing yeoman service In the cause.
The people turn out in targe numbers to hear
them wbenevertbey speak, and manifest great
enthusiasm. The patrlotls fires of Republican
ism are lighted throughout the State, Liberals
and Prohibitionists are returning to the fold, be
lieving that their votes In the coming (1001100
should be given In favor of liberty and equal
rights. The speeches of these gentlemen at New
Haven, Hartford, Norwich, Manchester and
other points were enthusiastically received, and
their mention of Grant, Jewell and Sheridan
loudly cheered. The Skies are bright, and with
a full vote victory Is certain.
A Young Widow Strangled With Sand and
Boston, March 23. Last night the body or
Mrs. Mary Bingham, a widow, aged about thirty,
was found in the cellar or her mother's residence.
East Boston, under circumstances which Indicate
that she was brutally murdered, although the
matter Is at present Involved in mystery. The
face was fearfully bruised, and presented a sick
ening appearance. The mouth was filled with
gravel, which was placed in so solidly that a
Snlle was required to remove It. In the wind
pipe there was found a large stone, which was
with difficulty removed. There were several
euts on the back or the head, with one or two in
Iront and under the chin. Therewerealso marks
on the neck as If she had been choked. Tbere
were spots of blood on the floor and wall. Indi
cating a desperate struggle. An Investigation
will be made.
Investigation Into the mysterious death or Mrs.
Bingham at East Boston; last night, establishes
beyond doubt the fact that she was murdered.
The last seen or her alive was when she went to
answer the door-bell, and It Is supposed she then
admitted her murderer, a. lamp was found in
the cellar, and as a villainous-looking man had
called two doors above nd gained access to the
cellar on tbe plea of examining the water pipes,
it Is supposed thes-iroo mai was guilty of ber
murder, and that Mrs. Bingham Innocently ac
companied him to tbe cellar to light his way. Sbe
is known to have had money on her person, and as
this was taken, as well as tonr rings from her fin
gers, the murderer evidently Intended robbery as
well as a baser c ime. In which be seemed to hive
TEE SOUTHEBN TOHNADO.
Frightful and Sodden Destmotion.
AroraTA, Ga., March 23. The path of tbe
tornato was from two to six hundred yards wide.
The cyclone was of a cylindrical shape and
traveled with fearful velocity from north to south
The front cloud was black as night and a half
mile hlgb; the rear was Illuminated by a bright
light; It traveled nearly due east, veering a little
to the north devastating Camak. The tornado
seems to have divided, one portion going east by
north and crossing the Savannah river above and
below Augusta, both provlnj: equally destruc
tive, laying waste everything In their track.
Huge trees were broken like reeds, and in some
Instances carried three quarters of a mile. The
tornado was preceded by a dull heavy roaring
as or heavy artillery in the distance. It spent
its greatest fury In about three minutes. An eye
witness says the senses were utterly deadened and
appalled. There was a crash, a roar, and the ming
ling of a hnndred terrlfio and unearthly sounds.
Houses were demolished, and noble oaks that
had withstood the storms or a century were
snapped in twain. A wall of distress comes up
from the devastated district, embracing eight
counties In Georgia and two or three in South
Csrollns. The destruction of property is Immense,
and the list of killed and wounded appalling;.
The Stookris Case.
Nzw York, March 23. The jury in the Stock
vis Inquisition' rendered their verdict this even
ing. They find that the death of the deceased
arose from the phlegmonous Inflammation of
the arm, caused by Internal disease contributed
by softening of the brain, and that death was
hastened by exposure in the station-house; that
sufficient precaution was not exercised by tho
medical attendants; that the system now preva
lent In the damnation or prisoners by medical
men during confinement is a defection, and that
the whole management on Blackwell's Island
with regard to the reception or prisoners and
attendance is Irrational, and the treatment. In
I many respects, degrading, which demands a
tnorougn investigation ana reform; tne amuavu
or the officer of tbe arrest, and the commitment
by the magistrate were based on insufficient
eviaecce, wiioout any apparent cuipaoie neglect;
that more care should be exercised In the dis
crimination of prisoners; that a verbatim de
scription or missing parties should, in every in
stance, be forwarded over the police wires, and
finally recommending that competent surgeons
be appointed to earl. Police Court for the pur
pose of examining all necessary cases.
Fall Hivee, March 23. There ft much excite
ment here In consequence or an unusual number
or smallpox cases.
The fsilure of Wm. Pryor & Sons, Halifax, N.
S., is announced.
The striking miners of the Delaware, Lacks
wanna and Western Railroad Company have
concluded to go to work,
Tbere Is nothing new from the Ice gorges ol
the Delaware and Susquehanna rivers, but con
tinued freezing and fears for the future. Sudden
thaws may cause a repetition ot recent disasters.
The Celtlo club of Philadelphia held a meeting
last nlgbt to consider the best means of paying a
tribute to the memory of John Mltchel. Com
mittees were appointed, to report at a future
'Manchester, N.H., March 23. There Is a
solid body ot Ice from Amoskeag falls to Hookset
over four feet thick. The Merrlmao river in this
vicinity has not been open this winter. There Is
a large body of snow on tbe ground, and the froit
In some plsces la five feet deep. The long contin
uance ot cold weather causes fears of a sudden
thaw and breaking up of tbe Ice, which would re
sult In great damage. The mercury rell to lodes-,
below zero here this morning; at Lancaster 29 be
low: at Martin's Ferry IS; at Nashua 13; at White
field 13, and at White River Junction it below.
Bismarck and the Church.
To the Editor of the National Republican.
Sib: Your correspondent, ''Veritas," has made
another attempt to excuse the persecuting policy
or Bismarck, by saying, "The question naturally
arises, to whom do the German people owe their
allegiance to the head or the Government or to
tbe Pope? This Is the question now agitating
Germany," &c. The answer to this question
should cot be difficult for these wbo profess to
love the truth. It has been given over and over
again, and la simply this: The Catholic Church,
the Pope, the bishops and clergy and tbe German
Catholics all declare that tbe Catholic subjects
of tbe German Empire owe allegiance to the Im
perial Government in eitil maiteri, and to the
Pope, as supreme bead of their Church, in tpir
itual staffers. As Bismarck has proclaimed him
tetr pope in ecclesiastical affairs. Interfering with
the spiritual concerns of the German Catholics,
they not oily have a right, but they are bound to
disregard this assumption of authority. In my
first answer to 'Veritas" 1 enumerated tbe un
just and wicked laws, by the enactment of which
he has sought a pretext for his stupid and shame
ful tyranny. "Veritas" has not alluded to the
impudent injustice or these laws, although they
Involve the real point at Issue. In Prussia, It Is
true, there is a union or Church and- State at
least so far that the clergy ef the different de
nominations are paid by the State. Now, as
there Is not a particle of difference between the
priienl civil status or the German Catholics and
that which existed prior to the definition of the
dogma of Papal infallibility, there Is not a shadow
of reason for withholding Irom the Gathotto
bishops and their clergy their accustomed sala
ries; but to Intimate that tbese ecclesiastics are
deserving or such treatment, or are "fomenters
or Insurrection," became they do cot bend the
kpeeto Baal, by recognizing his holiness Bis
marck as supreme authority In questions of faith
and morals, is an aberration of mind and an abuse
or language which it Is Impossible to compre
hend. We shall pats over several erroneous state
ments of "Veritas," together with his fancy
sketch of St, Bartholomew, (as having nothing
to do with the main point,) and we beg leave to
Inform him that he is singularly unhappy In ac
cusing tbe Church or "seeming to disregard the.
declaration or the Saviour that his kingdom was
not or this world." The Oathollo Church, as may
be learned from all her authoritative affirmations
and from the teachings ot her theologians, recog
nizes the broad distinction between the spiritual
and the temporal power. She holds that each It
supreme in Its legitimate sphere: but the King
dom or Christ having been established on earth,
for the express purpose of regulating the senti
ments and actions of men In order to their eter
nal salvation, must necessarily extend over the
whole moral movement of humanity. There Is
no medium between this doctrine and the denial
or God; but "Veritas," In his enthusiastic admi
ration or German orthodoxy and Justice, or
rather In his strange hallucination. It bold enough
to tell ns that Christ should be banished rrom
this world altogether, and that, although hi com
missioned bis apostles and their successors to
? reach tbe Gospel to all cations, and to govern
he Church, promising to be with them all days
to the coBtummauOB of the world, this It all
humbug and moonshine, and that this sublime
apestolio mission no longer belongs to Christ's
ministers, but after eighteen hundred years that
the Church has existed this mission has fallen
upon tbe deputy shoulders or Bismarck K Co. I
We may well exclaim with the Roman orator or
old, "O tempore, O mores," and we may even ask
with tbe Roman Governor or Judea, "Quid est
on the recommendation of the Prime Minister,
Queen Victoria has granted a pension ot X200a
year to Mr. Wood, In recognition of his labors at
Ephetnt, and the distinguished service rendered
by him to science and history by the discovery or
the site of the Temple of Diana, and by the ac-
Suisitlon for the British Museum or a most valua
le collection of sculptures, architectual marbles,
and Greek and Roman locrlptlont, in obtaining
which results his health hss suffered permanent
CURRENT CAPITAL TOPICS.
INTERESTING NAYAL INTELLIGENCE
OPEEATMS OP THE HEW TOBACCO TAX.
THE PRESIDENT INDORSED IR THE SEHATL
TEAS AS D NATS UPON STATE BIGHTS.
JJniy or tbe Txteutlre to Preserve the
Peace, Maintain Law and Order and
Protect tbe Urea of Cltlaens est
Home asa "Well aa Abroad
Revenue and Finance
Mrs. Jewell's Receptions.
The usual Wednesday reception of Mrs. Post
master General Jewell wilt be omitted to-day,
and that on next Monday, the 31st Instant, will
be the last of the season.
Confirmations by the Senate
The Senate, In executive session yesterday, con
firmed the following : Postmasters J. H. Glen
denlng, at Fort Smith, Ark.: H. Dwlgbt Cutler,
Stillwater, Minn.: John B. Watson, Pulaski,
N. Y.; Henry S. Glover, Macon Court-house, Ga.
Eevennes and Finances.
The following Is the financial exhibit of the
Treasury at the close or business yesterday : Cur
rency, IMSt.SSl; special deposit of legal-tenders
for redemption of certificates of deposit, $13,293,
000; coin, 480,099,483; Including coin certificates,
t23,325,C0O; outstanding legal-tenders, f3S0,TU,9O0;
ulernai revenue receipts, flB2,2S2O0; customs
revenue, 669,20t: national bank notes receired
for redemption, $1,054,993.
The Railroad Bonds.
The Attorney General has Instructed the
United States district attorneys fOr Kansas, Iowa
and Boston, Mass., to bring suits against the
Sioux City and Pacific railroad In tbe snm of $21,
104.42; Union Pacific railroad, $1,040 0SSr29; Kan.
sas Pacific. $308,830.10; Central Branch Union Pa
cific, $47,197.39. In his letter of Instruction to the
United States district attorneys who are charged
with conducting the suits tbe Attorney General,
after citing the law providing for the collection of
moneys due the United States from the Pacific
Railroad Companies, and the demands made by
the Secretary of tbe Treasury upon tbe com
panies and the evasion or refusal of the latter to
pay up, says:
"In accordance with the requirements of law I
havo to request that you will proceed with all
eonvesient dispatch to institute in the Circuit
Court of the United States or your district the
necessary suits and proceedings against said rail
road company to collect the amount certified by
tbe Secretary of tbe Treasury to be due tbe Gov
ernment for the five per centum or Its net earn
ings provided for by the act approved July 1. 1832,
or by any otberact or acts In relation to said com
pany. It Is my desire that yon report to the D--partment
when you have Instituted the proceed
ings and keeD me advised or all subsequent ac
tion taken by you, and rrom time to time the coct
uiuou oi uo suiis."
The Tobacco Tax,
The following letter was sent to Senator Dawes
TBIlSlTtr DlPARTMEtT, )
Office ok Internal Revenue,
WAhilinQTOX, March 3, 1875. )
Sir: It Is held by this office, as well
tn relation to distilled spirits as to tobacco, ac,
and consistently as to both, that the Increase of
tax, by sections one and two of the act of March
3, took effect at tbe first moment or March 3.
The ruling that section two of tbe above named
act of Nareh 3, 1879, "to further protect the sink
ing fund," tux, which Imposes the new rate of
tax on tobacco, cigars and cigarettes took effect
from the first moment of March 3, the day on
whleh the act was approved, Is one that this office
was obliged by the law itself to make. On this
point I would respectfully request your attention
to the Inclosed copy of a letter addressed to Hon,
J. J, Bsgiey, under date of the 18th Instant. In
support of the doctrine of , that iettarj beg leave,
to refer yon to an opinion of the honorable At
torney General, dated the 10th Instant; also, to
the decision of the United States Supreme Court
In the case cf Arnold end others vs. The United
states, 9 Cranen 104; to tbe case of Matthews vs.
Zane and others, 7 Wheaton, p. 164, and to the
case in re. Wetmaa tn tbe United Stales District
Court for Vermont, reported In 20. Vermont Rep.
p. ess, in whleh last case It was held that tn a
question as to the time when a law takes effect
there are no parts or divisions or a day. The
day Is to be Included because there being no frac
tion of a day the act relates to the first moment
of tbe day on whleh It Is done, and as If It were
men aone. w " w w
1 have the honor to be, very respectfully yours,
J. W. Douglass, Commissioner.
Eon. HinryL. Daica, Untied States Senate.
TXA3SIT Or VEICUS OBSERVERS.
Lieutenant Commander Ludlow, commanding
tbe United States steamer Monongahela, under
date of Cape Town. South Africa, February 10,
1875, reports to the Secretary of tbe Navy, as rol
lows: "1 have the honor to report the arrival, on
the sixth Instant, of the United .States steamer
Monongahela, nnder my command, at this port.
The Monongahela left Royal Sound, Alogueler
Island, on the 12th of January, 1875. All your
orders in relation to the transit observers cave
been carried out in every particular, and 1 have
Lieutenant Commanders Kyanand Train, Passed
Assistant Surgeon J. H. Kidder and the three
photographers or the party on board, with the'r
baggage, stores. Instruments and the natural
history specimens in good order and condition."
ACCIDEHT TO CAFTAIIT THOBJfTOX.
"Captain Jas. S.Thornton was In command
until the 14th or January last, when a severe ac
cident befell this gallant officer, which has
placed him off duty and has necessitated sending
him to tbe United States, via England, with a
medical attendant, his clerk, Mr. Williamson,
and his steward, T. A. Sarace.
"On the morning or January 14 Capt. Thornton
was in his usual health, and white glancing over
the chart spread out on tho arter-cabin table tell
violently backward, lu consequence of a heavy
lee-roll and lurch of the ship. He was Imme
diately assisted to his feet, when he expressed
hlmieif as not hurt, though very much shaken
up. His back, however, struck against the cabin
bulkhead and a brass book nsed to hold back a
door. Unfavorable symptoms were developed
later In tbe day, when he was placed In a cot, and
his name entered on the sick list as unfit fordnty.
Still more unfavorable physical sumptoms were
developed subsequently, together with great
mental aberration, which continues to the present
time. This Is also accompanied by great bodily
weakness. I delayed ordering a survey on Capt.
Thornton until after my arrival at this port, ex
pecting to find the United States steamer Ply
mouth here. No otber vessel of war of the United
States being la port, and It being necessary to
get the Captain to some quiet hotel on shore, I
ordered Surgeon Hoebllng, Assistant Surgeons
Kidder and Waugh to hold a survey on him.
Capt, Thornton and partv will prob
ably leave here on the 25th of this month by one
ot tbe mall steamers, unless a further delay Is
necessary on account or Capt. Thornton's health."
THE FACIEIC eQUADEOB.
Advices received at the Navy Department re
port the United States steamer Portsmouth at
Honolulu February 22, rrom which port she was
going to tbe.west coast or Mexico.
The commanding officer of the North Paciflo
station. Rear Admiral Almy, has brought offi
cially to tbe Navy Department tbe gallant eon
duct of Navigating Midshipman Arnot Hender
son, or Her Majesty's shlpTenedoo, la an effort to
save from drowning William Wilson, an ordinary
seaman ot the Tuscarora, who fell from aloft Into
the sea on tbe evening or January 2d at Honolulu,
Midshipman Henderson, on seeing the sailor rail,
Jumped overboard from the Tenedoo and swam a
distance or one hundred yards, and was engaged
untll'almosr exhausted fn diving for tbe Dody.
Wilson, In falling from the foretopmast cross
trees, struck his bead on tbe Iron ratline. His
body was recovered and burled the next day.
Ordered Passed Assistant Surgeon M. D.
Jones, to the Naval hospital, Washington, D. C
Detached Midshipman George F. Emmons,
from the Powhattan and placed on sick leave;
Surgeon Daniel McMurtrle, from the Ashueiot,
Asiatic station, on the reporting or his relief, and
ordered to return home and report arrival; Passed
Assistant Surgeon Wm. S. Dixon, from the Naval
hospital, Washington, and to the receiving ship
Independence at the navy yard at Mare Island,
Cat.; Passed Assistant Surgeon M. C. Drennan,
from the navy yard. New York, and ordered to
the Ashueiot, Asiatic station, per steamer. 1st
May next: Passed Assistant Surgeon Charles U.
Uravatt, from tbe receiving-ship Independenee
end ordered to the Yantle. Asiatic station, per
steamer, 1st May next; Passed Assistant Surgeon
Parker, from the Yantle, Astatls station, on the
reporting of his relief, and ordered to return home
and report arrival.
Tuxsdat, March 23, 1875.
Mr. ANTHONY repeated that ha should ask
the Senate to-day to remain In continuous session
until the resolution before the Senate
IS EETZBE3CI TO LOCISIASA
was disposed of.
Mr. LOO AN submitted a resolution, author
izing the clerk of the Committee on Military
Affairs to remain on duty during the adjourn
ment, In order to prepare articles or war, to be
submitted to Congress on Its meeting In Decem
ber next. Adopted.
Mr. JONES, of Fie., who was enUtled to the
floor on the Louisiana resolution, said that, look
ing at It In any point of view, he denied tbe power
of the Senate to pass sny such resolution. As to
the action ol the President in Louisiana, he did
not consider It of such a nature as should com
mand the approval of the Senate nor of the
country. This resolution. In .bis opinion, was,
nnder the circumstances, a most extraordinary
one. The Senator from Indiana Mr. MoetosJ
had argued that the action of the President was
binding upon the Senate. If this Is true, why is
the Senate asked to approve of the action taken
by the President!
He commented at some length on the affairs of
Loulslsea and the Federal influence therein.
Mr. WALLACE said the resolution proposed
by Mr. FaxLixonuYaaar was. In efiect a carte
bunekt for the future. Ths amendment offered
by Mr. Autdobt eliminated this etrte tlanehe
for the future. He looked upon the last resolu
tion as a recognition er the doctrine of paternal
government. He repudiated this doctrine right
on the threshold. We wanted no paternal gov
ernment in this country. It may be that In the
shadowy future there will -be a government In
LeuiE'sna rcoogntsed by the people ot that State
difierent from this Kellogg government, and does
this resolution mean that the President is to con
tinue to uphold this Kellogg government against
the consent or the people! Ho asked, also,
riCTJLIAB TVOBDIKO OF THE MSOLCTtax
was set intended to pave the way for the admis
sion of Pinchbeck next winter! The manner In
whleh the resolution was shaped read like an
army order. 'Whenee came the power of the Sen
ate to pass such resolution?
We are allowed to grone in the dark as to what
the purport or this resolution Is. The question
has been asked, but no answer has been vouch
safed on the other side. He (Mr. W.) eould not
hope) to present anything new in the Issues in
volved tn this question; be would have much pre
ferred to remain silent. Bnt the grevtous de
flections from the great doctrines of civil liberty,
which are the very base of the foundations of our
Isstltutlois. are such that tr he could only at
tract the attention of but raw to It, he felt that
he would be justified In speaking. He main
tained that the troops had been used in Louisi
ana in violation or law, as there was neither do
mestic violence nor insurrection In that State.
This Is an Indorsement ot kind obedience to a
complicity with a void order issued by a Federal
Judge. He commented on the retusal or the
President to give a hearing to the citizens or
New Orleans, refusing through a supercilious
subordinate the right of petition, and this from
the msn who sits In the chair once occupied by
John Qulncy Adams sits refusing to American
THE BACHES RIGHT Or MT1TIOS.
He said now the Federal bayonet controlled a
portion of tbe country as extensive as tbe entire
original limits of the Union. The course of Con
gress toward the Southern States was ruinous to
tbe whole country. It was like building a wall
around a portion of the Southern portion of the
Republic, and destroying the markets. In his
own great State of Pennsylvania the coat, the
Iron and the lumber laid in piles at the minis, at
the romances and at the saw-mills. The busy in
dustry of tbe Lehigh and the Schuylkill were no
longer heard; and now the people were becoming
convinced that this prostration waa largely due to
tbe Federal bayonets in the South and violations
of the rights of the people there by tbe Federal
Government. The people of the North never
asked that the people of tbe South be allowed to
control their own affairs. Give them a chance to
grow rich; takeaway the Federal bayonets from
the throats or the people or the South, and re
store prosperity to tbe land. On the other hand,
ir these fraudulent governments tn the South
were upheld the revenues of the country would be
decreased, and the business Interests of tbe coun
Mr. THURMAN said this resolution brought
forward by the chairman ol the caucus Mr. As
thost used the whitewash brush very freely
upon tbe President, This was a new doctrine ap
proving the action of the President in eulorcing
tbe laws or the United States. It was his swom
duty to enlorce the law. Those wbo voted for
this resolution voted In effect that Kellogg was
the lawful Governor of Louisiana, and the Legis
lature which elected Plnchback was the legal
Legislature or the State. How any man, not be
lieving Kellogg to be Governor and not believing
the Legislature which elected Plnchback the
legal Legislature, could vote for this resolution
snrpsssed his comprehension. Some of those on
the other tide might think It would
ELECT THB WEXT PRESIDENT,
but he thought it the thlnest gruel ever poured
down tbe throat of a sick patient,
Tbe question being on the amendment of Mr.
Wbtte, he modified it to read as rollows:
Betoltei, That the use of tbe army or the United
States to enforce the unwarrantable and void
order of Judge Durrell, Issued on the 6th of De
cember, 1872, directing the marshal to seise the
building occupied as a State-house for the assem
bling or the Legislature of Louisiana, and theem
Sloyment of United States soldiers to invade the
all ortbeHouse of Representatives or Louisiana,
and to eject therefrom persons claiming to be
members thereof, are contrary to tbe spirit of re
publican institutions, and cannot be approved by
the Senate or the United States.
The vote being taken on the amendment of Mr.
WBTTE,Jt resulted as follows:
Johnson, Tenn., Randolph,
Allison, rcrry.MIch., Morrill, of Vt.,
Anthony, Frelinghuysen, Morton.
Beolb, Hamilton, Paddock.
Boutwell, Harvey, Patterson,
Bruce Hitchcock, Koberison,
Cameron, Wis., Howe, Sargent,
ChrUtlancy, Ingatls, Sherman,
Conkllng, Jonei,ofXev., Spencer.
Cragln, Logan, wadlelgb,
Dorsey, McMillan. West.
Kdmunds, Morrlll.of Me., Wlndom 3t.
Messss. GoROOsr, Mesbixov, Johsstov or Vir
ginia, McDosald and Kabsou, who would have
voted In tbe affirmative, were paired with Messrs.
Bdrsside, Hahlih, Coeoveu, Ooleset and
Cakebos of Pennsylvanla.who would have to ted
in tbe negative.
Mr. OHK1STIANCY, In easting his vote, said
he did not recognise the resolution or Mr. As
thohy as a recognition of the Kellogg govern
ment further than as one In tbe actual exercise of
governmental power tn Louisiana, without refer
ence to the qnestlon of Its rightful origin or legal
validity, and in no way Involving the propriety of
Us establishment; second, that It approves the
President's action so tar only as directed merely
to the protection of that government and tbe peo
ple of that State against domestic violence and
civil wars, and to the enforcement of the laws of
the United States, without approving any inter
ference of the military with a legislative body,
or In the
CREATION Or A STATE GOYEB3XEXT,
such being, as It seems to me, the most natural
and obvloas sense or the language, and the sense
In which It can be most naturally understood by
the people. While 1 adhere to the principles and
conclusions which 1 announced here In my re
marks on the 12th Instant, and whlcb I here adopt
by reference without retraction or qualification,
and whllo I hold that a recognition by tbe Senate
or by Congress or a government thus Instituted
en give it no greater validity than It had In its
Inception, still, as domestic violence and civil
war, which may lead to a complete dissolution of
society, are not the best remedy for getting rid of
even an Illegitimate government, 1 can approve
the action of tbe President, directed to the human
purposes mentioned In this amendment or substi
tute offered by the Senator from Rhode Island.
And believing the recognition of this government
for this purpose and to this extent Is Justifiable
under tbe peculiar circumstances cow existing In
that State, until by a fair election a more legiti
mate government can be Institute!, I can rote
for tbe resolution In tbe sense I hare here at
tributed to it. But In the enlarged and odious
sense attributed to It by some or the speakers on
the other side I
cotjld hot vote roB IT,
and I must deliberately stow my conviction that
In such enlarged sense, or In any sense which
would accept the validity of the action by which
that government was originated, sefup and put
in power, It could not receive the votes of a ma
jority of this body.
The question then being on the substitute of
Mr. Akthoxt, Mr. THURMAN moved to add
as a proviso that nothing herein contained is
meant to affirm that said Kellogg Is dijure Gov
ernor or Louisiana, There were Senators on the
other side who had over and over affirmed that
Kellogg was not the de Jure Governor of Louis
iana. Heaee, he supposed they would have no
objection to vote for this proviso.
Mr. EDMUNDS. I shall vote against this pro
viso because It obscures thesense of the original
resolution and raises a negative pregnant, as
lawyers call It, in another part of the ease.
Tbe proviso was rejected ayes 24, nays S3.
Mr. THURMAN moved a further proviso that
nothing herein contained Is meant to affirm that
tbe Legislature whleh assumed to eleot P. B. S.
Flncbbsck Senator was the lawful Legislature of
Mr. EDMUNDS said he should vote against
this for the same reason as he had already stated.
The proviso was rejected yeas 21, nays SI,
Mr. THURMAN said he would still give an
other chance, and moved a further proviso that
nothing herein contained Is meant to approve the
military Interference by the United States troops
in the organization of the Louisiana Legislature
on the 4th ot January last. Rejected yeas 24,
The affirmatives on these three provisos were
made up of tbe Democratic Senators and Mr.
Hamilton, ot Texas.
The question was then taken on the substitute
Retolrtd, That the action of the President In
protecting the government of Louisiana, of which
W. P. Kellogg Is the executive, and the people
or that State against domestlo violence, and In
enforcing the laws of the United States In that
State, Is approved. I
Mr. ROBERTSON said he should vote for this
resolution because he approved the action or the
President in protecting the people of the State or
raOX DOMESTIC VIOLENCE,
but In so doing ha did not mean to Indicate his ap
proval of tbe legality or the Kellogg govern
ment. The substitute was then passed, as follows:
Allison, Ferry. Mich.. Morrill, Vt,,
Anthony, yrelmsbujien, Morton,
uootweil, Harvey. Paddock.
Bruoe, mtchcock, Patterson.
Burnside. Howe, Robertson,
Cameron. Wis., Ingalls, Sargent,
Cbrlstiaacy, Jones. Nev Shermaa,
Conkllng, Logan, Spencer.
Cr?gln, Jlelillfan, Wadlelgb,
Dorsey, MltebeU. West,
Edmunds, Morrill, lie, Wla.lon-33.
Booth, Jones, Fla., Ktevrnson,
Caperton. R'u'' i?.:"""
cockrell, e""n- SSUlc,
Cooper, MeCreery. WIte.
Davis, Maxey. . Wlthers-2J,
The pairs were as announced on Mr. WnrTx'a
The resolution, as amended,was then adopted
On the final vote Mr. Booth was recorded In
the negative. Mr. Hakiltok did not vote.
Leave was granted to the Committee on Public
Buildings and Grounds, Contingent Expenses and
Printing to sit during the recess.
The Senate then, at 4:80 p. m., went Into exeen
tlve sesslon,acd at t p.m. the doors were reopened,
and the Senate adjourned.
OH ! MINE UNCLE FULTON.
HIS "OLD CURIOSITY SHOP."
HUHAH HATTJBE A2JDIT8 MHISTEBS
SCENES AT A PAWNBROKER'S.
TBE RICH ASB LOW THS OLD DID BTEW.
Tbe Beasoxs at Thing Washington'
Piano Tad. Lincoln' Violin Santa
Anna's Saddle Falae Hand and
Artificial Leg Old liver-
Weddinsr Presents Fast
Women Singular Carl-
'- .slUes A Bride's em
Sow Basin ess
The plain, unvarnished expertenses of every
day life the hard facts that go to make up the
figures and scrolls In actual existence, hare for
every one a potent Interest, There Is little or the
beauty ol Ideality and small room for the play of
Imagination In a question so vital as that pertain
ing to the purchase ota loaf of breaiLand inability
to answer the question has, more than once,
pricked the creations of fancy,dlssolved high-born
notions of love, and covered, as with a pall, the
bright and glowing hopes of youth. There are
many kinds of bread, however, besides that which
sustains human life. Tbere Is the bread which
feeds human vanity and love ot display. Inhuman
and beastly appetites, the desire for gain and the
desire to relieve distress. It Is all purchased
alike with money, all-powerful, alt-conquering
money. The possession of money Instantly corn
mauds the article needed, and so terrible the need
olten is that quick and painful sacrifices hare to
be made to obtain it. It Is this fact that led to
the establishment centuries agone, way back, lor
that matter in pre-historic times, Is all the large
cities, of the
The people of our time are familiar with It by
its numerous signs and by actual acquaintance
with Its nodus operandi, bnt no more so than
they who populated all the old cities of the
world. The business was necessary thousands
of years ago, and It Is necessary cow, for
humaa nature does not change. It ts quite
possible that persons engaged In the business
often take great advantage of customers, but on
the other hand, they are very often losers. As in
everything else, the pawnbroklng business has Its
grades. There are the generous, square dealers,
proverbial for honesty and fairness, and who do a
large business, and the small fry, who. In some
dingy corner, do a mean business In a mean way.
It the business is at any time and In any way
conducted tn obscurity, tt Is always for the reason
that It Is In obedience to the popular notion of
pawners that It Is a little disgraceful to be seen
going Into a pawnee's office. In rare instances It
not a disgrace to bepoor.and if a man or woman
lsseenoing business in aneh an establishment,
it is a pretty sure si t 'hey are embarrassed,
temporarily at lea. can possibly avoid
it. It is not a gwe . , .dvertlse poverty.
Poor people are under r . scriptural indict
ment. "From him that hathnot shall be taken
away even that which he hath," the Bible says,
and all poorpeople know that In this particular
at least the Bible Is awfully true. That bit of In
spiration, however, was given to the world to re
mind It or the bounty of Heaven, and that If
mankind were all properly disposed, tbere need
be no such thing In the world aa absolute want In
It was with such thoughts as these that one or
The National Rxpcblicah'b writing staff
wended his way yesterday for a visit to
No. 311 Ninth street, and the following descrip
tion of what he saw and heard In that fameus
establishment will be interesting, painfully so to
some, no doubt. Mr. Fulton's establishment Is
famous for Its business record. During the twelve
years of Its existence here It has steadily ad
vanced In the estimation of the community as a
place where generous and fair dealing may be
..sailed upon, aa a place where faith la kept, where
secrets' are Inviolate, where grace Is extended,
wkere the utmost latitude la given to pawners,
and where one feels. If a pawner, that he has
with himself on the records a great and noble
atmy of martyrs. In fact, there Is very little or
restraint felt by the haiituet or this establish
ment. Department clerks, ladles and gentlemen
hare so often unavoidably met there; so many
persona In mourning weeds have repeatedly
sought Its friendly aid; so many business men
have gone thereto transact negotiations, and
there Is such a variety ot business carried on in
tbe place that "mine uncle" Fulton's omnium
jatkerum Is rather a popular resort than other
wise. It would fill a good-sized volume to tell one
half of what there Is to be seen tbere. for the col
lection embraces everything, from the cradle to
the coffin. Among some of them
ARE RARE BOOKS.
One Is a New Testament, .Vorum Teiiamentum,
twice as large as "Webster's Unabridged Die
tlonary," printed in 1609, and in seven different
languages. It Is most venerable In appearance,
and must have cost an Immense amount or labor.
Old as It is the state or Its preservation la perfect,
and to the antiquarian It Is an Invaluable treas
ure. It la valued by Its owner at3,000. Then
there is another one entitled "A Summary by
Way of Premise of the Dark Proceedings of the
Cabal at Westminster Preparatory to the Mur
der of His Late Sacred Majesty," and printed In
London in 1M7. This Is a rare and valuable book,
and without doubt the only one In tbe country.
There Is an edition or 1821 or "Isaak Walton:"
tbe first editions of Emily Taylor's works In 1825,
and "Old Acts or Parliament" of 1732. containing
Information of value touching the American colo
nial dependencies or the crown.
Besides these there are many elegantly and
most expensively bound gin books, such as were
once ChrMmas, wedding or birthday presents,
sad whlcjpnard fortune would not permit to re
main with their once happy recipients. The
shelves are filled with complete sets or standard
works scientific, historical and fictitious. There
they are covered with dust, weeping with negleet
and longing to be used. A book, however poor In
matter and. homely in Its dress, hates to be neg
lected. They know something or their power to
Instruct and cheer, and thedlm recesses of a pawn
broker's shop are moat uncongenial to their tastes
and habits. There ought to be a society to pre
vent cruelty to books.
TBS SPIRIT Or WASHISOTOS
Is everywhere tn the country animating people to
virtue, but the piano ha loved Is at Fulton a. It
seems a little strange that a relis so valuable, an
instrument which once made music at Mount Ver
non for the distinguished heroes of the Revolution,
should meet a fate so inglorious: but such Is the
fact. Washington's piano waa raffled oft some
eight or ten years ago at a soldiers' fair, held on
Louisiana avenue, tor MOO. it was won by Mr.
, of this city, and by him. In turn, left as a
filedge, and the time for redeeming It having
ong since passed away. It Is now Mr. Fulton's
It is a curious old instrument, and valuable
only tor the historical and sacred associations
connected with it,
TAD LIHCOUt'8 TIOLIST.
Another curiosity at Fulton's Is Tad Lincoln's
violin. There are fifty, perhaps. In tho estab
lishment, seme of them Intrinsically quite valua
ble; but this oue has associations which ought to
command Its purchase. Tad was a great favorite
with every one at the White House during his
msrtyr-rstber's Presidency, and was signally be
loved by his parents. His little violin he could
play passably well, and often used to amuse his
father with it. Tad sickened and died, and deep
melancholy settled over the Presidential house
hold. In disposing of his things he gave this
violin to a faithful servant, and for some ca'ise It
has found Its way to this pawnshop, where It can
JOE KILLER'S GOLD-HEADED CASE:
the fsmous Joe Miller famous for his Jokes and
songs and talent as an actor. He was a boon com
panion, the light and life or the circle he hap
pened to bets. His book or Jokes Is entirely fa
miliar to all readers, and many or the current
Jokes to this day are the offspring or Miller's pro
lific brain. Years ago his friends in Philadelphia
made htm a present of a gold-headed cane, all
suitably Inscribed. He valued it very highly, and
with great pride would show it to his friends.
During his last visit here he became Involved,
could not pay his hotelblll, and among other per
sonal effects left this cane. It passed from one to
another, until now It has its Utile niche at Ful
ton's. It Is not without honorable company,
though. Many gold-beaded presentation canes
are there with It. Want is no respecter of pres
ents. It compels the sacrifice of tbe most prized
articles we may nave, but somehow these gold
heads remind one of the great people buried at
Westminster. You walk reverently among those
tombs and muse on fallen greatness and the
humble condition of kings and queens and nobles;
so these gold-headed canes are so many monu
ments or the sad rate or statesmen, orators and
generals and benefactors, and the greit men to
whom they were given. Their inscriptions are
so many epitaphs, and the obscure place where
they are set up reminds one of that oblivion
their once proua owners have reached.
WEDDISO rXESESTS AID OLD SILVER.
or such things there are enough at Fulton's to
set np a respectable Jewelry store- Two or three
Sears ago there was a happy wedding In Wash
igton. The bride's presents oonslsted of silver
dishes, baskets, knives and torka, ladles, rlags,
castors, cups, (to. They were valuable, and the
bride's given name was esgrared on most of
them, with the date of her marriage. Her
honey-moon had hardly passed Into the ehamher
of the dying year when grim misfortune com
pelled ber to pack them up, one by one. In their
original boxes, and to kiss them a long, long
adieu, fbr such pledges are rarely redeemed.
In this department there are many old solid
silver sugar bowls, trays, tankards, cake baskets,
tea sets and cups, some of them are very old
and of rare workmanship and design, and In
England and Germany and France once graced
the tables or ancestral calls and baronial castles,
and descending through the line or succeeding
Retentions, have at last found their way to a
place whete tbey have no redeemer. Such
artlces are kept and kept, till patience ceases to
be a virtue, and are then sold lor old silver, but
Its putlty is sueb that It commands the very
highest market price. Then again. Just now. It
Is very tashlonable to own old sliver. The more
antique the better. It Is all the rage, and cus
tomers for it are numerous1. This fever Is tn
great part the result ef the aaxlety on the part of
many people to have as much old silver as pos
sible during the coming Centennial celebration.
Spread out on a table, tt makes a family look
ancient and respectable.
SABTA A3SA'S SADDLE.
Tbe sadsie used In the last Mexican war by
Santa Anna Is also on exhibition at Fulton's. It
Is of most elaborate workmanship, and ta valued
at $700, being heavily trimmed with gold and sil
ver, and finely embroidered. It Is, or course,
of the Mexican pattern. Its history can
not well be told without disclosing the name of
the unfortunate gentleman who had to part wtth
It,' and while on the subject of soldiers one Is pain
fully reminded of their distresses by the things
they have left in pledge. There are hundreds of
swords, pistols, guns and muskets which tbey
have disposed of for a little money and hare never
redeemed, and never will. There is at least a
small cart-load of splints, used tor setting broken
legs, and patent fastenings, which they have
parted with, aad It was notiong ago that an old
soldier walked Into the place and offered his false
hand as a pledge for a small sum of money.
It was a worthy hand, too, that was ouco In the
place of the raise one. It did noble work In de
fending the Union during the war, but he loft It
on one or our bloody battle-fields, and this falsa
one was a most painful reminder ol the true one.
The Inanimate thing eould not work, aad It most
minister to the wants or the body, and so It was
offered tn pledge, but of course refused; but the
refusal was aaeaapanled by a suitable present.
One or the ladles In charge was s good deal
startled not long sinee by an ex-Southern soldier
coming in and asking what he could get
roa BIS AHTIVICIAL LEO.
After an examination he left It In pawn for fif
teen dollars. Not long after he redeemed It, and
again and again aad again he returned, getting
the same sum for his leg each time. One day he
left It, it seems, for the last time, and now It Is
laid away among the curiosities of rubbish.
TBE LACE BAEDKESCBIErS,
For some reason people who have lace hand
kerchiefs have a mania for pawning them. For
all practical purposes an ordinary one may suf
fice, and It Is, perhaps, lor this reason that ladles
In destitute circumstances are willing to part
company (as they suppose for a little white) with
mere ornaments, we saw fire beautirul ones,
worth 100 apiece, hut there are any quantity of
them on deposit. There Is a most melancholy
story In connection wltbthe-nve referred to, A
gentleman well connected In the city had been
traveling In foreign lands and the far-off Isles of
the sea. In China he purchased for his wife these
curiously wrought and expensive handkerchiefs,
together with several other presents. Receiving
news or his wire's sickness, he hastened home,
but too late to receive her dying blessing.
His Immediate funds were exhausted, and the
expenses of the funeral were on his hands. First,
a sum of mosey was raised on the handkerchiefs.
They could not be redeemed, and his exigencies
demanded more money. Then tbe sacrifice of his
dead wile's wardrobe commenced, and one after
another of her valuables were, from time to time,
parted with, and while all substantial nope of
ever getting them back may as well be gtvenupt,
still every opportunity la atlorded for so de
sirable a consummation. Not long ago
AS AJTCIE3T DAXE
came with a whole bundle of things to get some)
money on, and among them was a pair of little
shoes, which had been worn by a Revolutionary
officer when he was a babe. Tbey are of quaint
workmanship and a great curiosity.
In the collection of shoes and slippers there ts
much of history and old-time fashions. In look
ing them over one Is easily convinced that the
Revolutionary matrons had longer and narrower
feet than ladies now have. Numerous pairs of
slippers are exeeedtnglycarrow and long; being
preserved as family relies they have, at leasv
been put to practical use In raising money. With
the relics Is the chemise worn on her wedding
day by Madame . That was a gabs day In
her life. The solemn ceremonials of her wedding
were attended by the most distinguished In the
land seventy years ago, but to-day the chemise
she wore is for sale. ''Truth is stranger than
fiction." There Is in the store
A TORTOISE SHELL COJJB
fully one yard broad and most elaborately
carved. It is valued at $275, and It has the proof
with It that It is more than one hundred and twenty
fire years old. In this same collection there la a
palr of shoes worn when a noted lawyer of this
city was a baby. They are over fifty years old,
ana as acurioslty commanded quite a sum. Near
by there are two magnificent meerschaum pipes,
beautifully carved and so heavily mounted with
silver that they are valued at $740 a piece, aad
customers are ready to take them at that enor
TBS STATUE or DR. 3EWXAS.
This Is one of the valuables In the establish
ment. It ts a fins likeness, and the expression
and vote are ejeellent. Itwasmadabyasenlptor
or this city, tils effects were seised, and the
statue, worth fully one hundred dollars, was
bought In at a mere song. It is probable, how
ever, that ft will be placed among the Lares and
Penalealn the house of an ex-Mayor ot this dry.
There are quantities of Indian relics, and
among them some ancient tomahawks, curiously
Set most barbarlcally wrought; and these, with
le old-style coats, buckles and dresses, form a
most singularly interesting collection. There
FAIR or GOLD SCISSORS
two hundred years old. They have always been
something wonderful In tbe family or the ladr
who lelt them, and who ts now enjoying tbe hos-
Sltallties or Providence hospital, or else she Is
ead. She had her old silver and ring set with
aqua-marines. She was the widow or an old naval
officer, and these trinkets often enabled her to get
the wherewith to keep sonl and body together.
There are In one collection a most curious
sssortment of articles manufactured In the
Antrum state prison. Among them tortoise shell
combs, and In a place, by themselves. Is the com
plete wedding outfit, dresses, jewelry and all,
wbleh a bride from one of the oldest and best of
the distinguished houses ot this country has
parted with from time to time, and time will yet
be given herto get them back. A whole novel,
founded on fact. Is Included In this little list of
family history, but it Illustrates the foolishness
of some women to such a degree that It would be
too palntul to tell the story.
THE WATCHES A3D RIXHS.
At Fulton's yon can buy any kind of a watch
from $1 up to $700. They are of all kinds and all
manufacturers, and tbe rings diamond, emerald,
topas, pearl, turquoise, amethyst and of every
Erecious stone certainly make a rich collection;
ut those mest carefully housed, the ones the
owners "never will part with." are the carefully
s aied up wedding r ngs. and those that belonged
to "mother." Iftnere is anything that strains
woman's heart In the way of a sacrifice. It ts the
giving up a wedding ring er a mother's dying
gift, but then necessity otten requires It, and with
tearful faces the pledge the sacred pledges are
turned over for money.
It Is no use to harrow up unpleasant memertes
by telling why this is so by pointing out the
errors that led to it.
It requires but little examination to determine
that It is not poverty which compels most of the
business at this Institution, nor Is It largely de
pendent upon the extravagance and rolblesof
'fast women." The mala business ts from the
h'gberand better classes of society, and from
men In business who must have money on tbe
Instant, and rrom ladles who must keep up the
"outward exterior" at any and all sacrifices;
from those who invent no "strange stories" or
frame excuses "old as the hills" waen they go la
to do business, but from those open and above,
board, and make no "mince meat" ef what they
These are good customers "short credits and
long friends ;" yet If yon should pawn your old
hat to-day they woold not care whether yon ever
came for It or not. When a thousand were col
lected a ready sale for them Is always open, and
so with everything, even to a set of artificial
teeth. Not long ago a person left a set, and his
excuse wss that, not being able to get anything
to eat, tbey were of no use to him. After he got
his meney on them and had ordered a dinner he
couldn't eat It for the want of his teeth ; so his
last estate was really worse than his first. Very
valuable dega are frequently left tn pawn. Tho
poor dogs cant understand thenonsense, and they
cowl at a fearful rate, and these scenes or part
leg and redemption are really often very affect
ing. The pawnbroker's shop is a little world of It
self, but when one ts conducted on the fair, high
toned, honorable principles ol Fulton's It Is robbed
of more then hair Its terrors.
Any one Interested In this article personally
will notice that only general facts are referral to.
Names are not mentioned, and they couldn't be
If desfrable, for, as said before, the secrets ot the
establishment are as Inviolate as the repose et
the dead. Not half the cariosities are described,
but enough to give the reader ah Insight Into a
permanent and most honorable Institution.
Curs for the Potato Bug.
The following letter, addressed to the Govern
ment, has been translated at the Department ef
State and furnished for publication. In the hope
that the suggestions contained therein may prove
useful to the people of the country. The letter is
"Being mnch grieved at the injuries which
have been done in America by the Colorado
pctato bug, I desire briefly to state my experience,
hoping that what 1 have to say may prove really
beneficial. During my long experience about
forty years as a cultivator or tbe soil I have fre
quently been annoyed by the depredations or In
sects, but have always succeeded In putting a
stop to such depredations by a free use of common
salt. It will be round an excellent plan to
3rinkle the plant with a tolerably strong sola,
on or salt afewhandafnl In an ordinary-sized
watering pot. The plants absorb the stlt, and
the Insects or worms are destroyed, or at least do
no more harm. If a rag be tied to the end or a
pole, and then saturated with a solution of salt,
ft may be used to great advantrge tn destroying;
caterpillars on trees.
"The proper way Is to use the rag so as to
sprinkle the branches on which the caterpillars
are with the solution, and presently the destruc
tive creatures will tall to the ground like rain;
moreover, tr a portion of the trunks of the trees
are washed with this solution the trees will be
kept free from eaterplllers. It will also be found
very useful to sprinkle the roots of grape vines
with this solution.
"Sincerely hoping that I may hear that the
use of salt has been found serviceable tn destroy
ing the American potato bag, I subscribe myself,
very respectfully, your obedient servant,
"UeserkshauptmannschartKlattens, lets te post,
Nenmark tn Bohmen.
"Plass, Bouxjiia, Feb. 10, 1573."
The new postal cards are to be ofa violet blue
tint. The border and all directions as to where
sndhowto write name and address will bedls.
rensed with. A monogram termed of the letters
'U. S." will be printed on the card In black Ink.
This will be on the upper left-hand corner, across
which will be the words "Postal Uard." The
vignette Liberty, with her luxuriant tresses
hanging down her back and confined bv a cap
adorns the upper right-hand corner. The new
cards will be dentlcal In size with the 0M.030S.