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(sT ui 1 V .linfiinii iicimbliraii faltaml WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAKCH 24, 1875. NO. 102. VOL.XV. TILTON-BEECHER SCANDAL BESSIE IS THE IIASDS OF fCLLEETOX. BEACH GALLANTLY OFFERS PIOTECTM CCRrAIN LECTDKES OX ECONOMY. ELIZABETH MEEKLY PROMISES AHENDRIENT. Ventilation of tbe Details of Household Affairs A Slight Confusion or Dates Frequent Locking Dp and Scolding of Elizabeth by Her X.elge lord. Crost-Exanin&tion of Bessie Turner. New York, March 23. Tbe number of specta tors In attendance at the Beechcr trial this morn ing was greatly lessened fromthatof the previous day. Airs. Tllton was accompanied into the room by Mrs. Field, Sirs. Shearman and Bessie Tur ner, and took her seat side by side with her mother, Airs. Horse. Fire minutes alter the fci'Ur Theodore Tllton bustled into court, and was closely followed by tbe defendant and his wire. KlTe minutes after Mr. Caldwell led Miss Turner to the stand and her cross-examination was con tinued. She testified : I did not tell Mrs. Morse cl tbe story of TILT03 ATTEirTTlSO MY RCIW. I trick Mrs. Tllton told. I did not tell Mrs. Put nam the story voluntarily. She questioned me about it some seven months after 1 went there. The first time I ever heard Theodore TUton's s orfes against his wife was tbe day we arrived frim Marietta, In the parlor. 1 recollect the first time he made the charges. The first time Mrs. Tllton left tbe house was on account of tbese stones. The second time occurred a day or so alter our return from Marietta. I had not at that time heard of the troubles with Bowen, hut eould not swear to this. 1 could not say ir 1 was asked that question before the committee. Mr. Fullerton read that question from the bok containing the witness testimony. In which she was asked that question and replied yes. Wit ness continued- li 1 said that then it must tuvo bus so. I leU Keyporton account of dislike of Mr Silas Tilton Tor me. 1 neTer was accused of telling lalsehocds while 1 was there, and did not threaten to make myself sick. 1 remember LITTLE PAUL'S DEATH. I thick it was after a month's slcknes. 1 do not remember If Mrs Tilton went away after Paul's death. I think Tllton's visit to my room In 1S88 was after Paul's death. I remember the occasion of Tllton's conversation with his wile, in which he said "You have brought this girl on to as agaiost me." These were bis exact words. I could not say if 1 told this to the committee. Tbe witness was handed the volume containing her testimony before that body, and asked if on that oecasUn Ehe use these words Witness replied: This Is not the expression 1 used on that occasion, but I told the committee of It, as It was in my mind then. I may have used the word testify before the eomm'ttee. During Mrs. Tllton's illness In December, 170, Ehe was attended by Dr. Stubbs; sbc was cursed by Mrs. Mitchell, who left before Mrs. Tilton recovered; Mrs. Tilton did not leave her bed for two weeks. THE TWO LETTERS counsel read yesterday were In my trunk. In locking over my letters I came across these two. 1 was friendly with Tllton after he entered my room in 1S63. 1 was not angry with blm lor eom itir Into my room on that orciston, but was angry when he put his hand on my neck. 1 did not then think that ho had any improper design upon me; J only thought eo a.ter 1 was In Marietta. In 1(70 1 bad some conversation with Mrs. Tllton. I le:t fcr Steubenville In January or February, 1671, and wrote a letter to Tllton. I don't think he answered It. I wrote him one letter, I think, on May 24, from Marietta, and I think only one. Witness was asked if she wrote a letter from Steubenville to Tllton, consulting him with ro ll gard to AS OFFER OF VARRIAOE she had received. Ex-Judge Porter objected, en the ground that the letter Itself shculd be placed In evidence, un less testimony was given to show it was lost, Mr. Fullerton said be did not wish to Introduce the letter, as it containt-d the, name of a third party. Judge N ellson ruled tho question as being too broad, and called for tbe production of the letter. Fullerton then asked: Did you write to Tilton of your offer of marriage 7 1 never was married, said the witness. The question was repeated, and she said: "He wrote to me first about It, and I answered the letter." Mr. fullerton asked: Did you tell him of your cfler ot marriage or consult him. This raised another argument. Defence claimed it called for tho letter. Tbe question was ruled out. Witness then testified, after being handed the letter for examination, that this was the one she wrote him. He wrote to her first and this was tbe answer. She also testified 1 remem ber the time there was A woman's eiobts jseetiico at Mrs. Tllton's. There were present Miss Anthony and Mrs. Stanton. Think they had a chairman pre siding, but do not remember that any papers were read or reports receired from committees. I thought Mrs. Tilton bad something to do with them. I remember several of tbese meetings being held, and know of some of them being held in Tiitcn's absence. I think some or Beeeher's people came to tbese meetings, perhaps Mrs. Harriet Beecber Stowe, but I could not say for certain. I was present on one occasion when Tllton asked his wile to stand away from him as he did not want any person to make comparisons. This was cot said in very loud tones; when they were standing near the folding doors. When be said this he put his head near her ear. He bad to stoop because she was not so tall. He said "ELIZABETH, DOK'T STAKD KEAR HE I don't want any comparisons made; tbe contrast is too great;" I do not remember If 1 stated In my direct examination tbst Tilton said, "Stand to one side;" I did not tell this story belore tbe com mittee; I did not do so because 1 did cot think of It then; I first told tbis story to Mr. Shearman and Mr. Porter, but have not mentioned It since: I saw Tilton bang pictures In his night clothes on two or three occasion"; I cannot give tbe dste: It was In tbe night tint, in tbe upper hall; I was in bed, and remained there till he nung them; I do net remember how old I was then; 1 was in bed with the children; on one occasion Mrs. Tllton was in bed, but at the other times I do cot know where she was; I remember Mrs. Tllton calllngto him to go to bed, and wanting to know what he was hanging pletcres for In his eight clothes; I wondered what possessed the max, trotting around in his night-clothes. 1 remember speaking of bis wandering about the house, look ing for a soil bed. Mrs. Tilton accompanied him, 1 think. 1 only remember this but once. Witness was asked If she had cot slated, on her direct examination, that Tllton was In the habit ef going around In his night-clothes looking for a soitbed. The witness then replied : "He was In the habit of going around in that way." Some nights, said the witness, he would sleep in the front bed rooms ana sometimes in tne Dack bed-rooms; that was what I meant by his changing his bed. On the night I mentioned In particular he had been in every bed in tbe second and third stories. When he came to my room, in the second story, I went to tbe third story with Carroll. He then came up there, and I left and went down to the one I arose irom first, Mrs Tilton accompanied her husband, carrying a pillow in her arms. When I left the tbircCstory bed-room they were just preparing .to go to bed. He finally went to bed in the room adjoining mine, in the second story. On closer erres-exsmlnatlon witness corrected herelf in saying he nad slept In all the beds In tbe house. She said be did cot sleep In the front bed-room on that occasion. She said In the morn ing I saw blm in one or the third story bed rooms. 1 remember when Tllton remained out all eight. Cannot remember the year, but it was belore little Paul's death. I remember speaking of an occasion when he reproved Mrs. Tilton for both ering him about the servants. 1 think he con trolled the affairs or the household In a certain way. He used to talk to servants, and if they did cot please him he caused Mrs. Tllton to discharge them. I cannot think of any Instance of this kind. Tbe occurrence or Tllton locking his wife In the room took place In the years 1867, "OS and '88. Tbe witness was asked If she was sure tbese were tbe years. She stated 1 went there in 1838, and It was about a year after that I noticed Tll ton's cnklcdnecs to his wife. Mr. Fullerton repeated tho question, and asked for a direct answer. Ex-Judge Porter objected and accused counsel for prosecution of insulting the witness. Mr Beach and Judge Fullerton warmly dis claimed any idea of sueb a thing. The last question and answer were then read oy direction ol the court, whlcb ruled that the latter sentence of the answer should be stricken out. The witness then continued: I have known him LOCK HER 1ST TBE BOOK OVER A DOZEW TIKES; on one occasion for three or four hours; when he locked her up on these occasions he was always in the room; I wish to correct a statement about little Paul's death; I said in July It occurred, but it was on tbe 25th of August, 1808, and when I wen to tbe house It was after 1 left Mr. Downs; Mrs. Tilton, said tbe witness, was only locked up in tbe second-story bed-room for two or three hours; I was generally up in the sitting-room or sometimes down stairs; I think this was In "ST, possibly In the winter; the other occasions were 1807 and 1868: Tilton was a publle lecturer; he was away sometimes in the early part of the winter; he used to read articles to her and subject them to her criticism, but 1 do cot know that he read his lecture to her; when she was locked up It was a scolding lecture he was giving her for his voice was raised very loud: on one occasion I went to the door and knocked; I heard Mrs. Tllton saying, "Dear, 1 will make every dollar go as far as I can;" tbe tears were running down her cheeks; his face was very red, but he kept it averted from zoe; on that occasion 1 heard Mr. Tllton's voice raised ic an angry manner;! could not tell what h was sayinp; 1 knocked at tbe door i" .' ' - opened; Mrs. TILTOTWAS SOBDISn AKD r . .) I remained thereabout filt.cn a. dies. riey bad been there for three or f-. - b jurj i u - was in the afternoon, after lunch, alx" it . .ui-pjt one o'clock. When Mr. Bates wag tuere n another occasion, Mrs. Tilton was to-aed up ia this occasion Tllton was standing by the ti'irenu I to cot know how mttr feet from tbe door he was Sir. Bates was there In tho evening ol ia-u. He came to supper and left at cine. They went to the room after he had gone. 1 followed them upstairs Into tbe front sitting-room, and they went Into their own rooom, where they stayed seme time. I was up and down stairs while they were in tbe room. They were In there about three or four hours. I did cot go to bed until they came cut. Doseni of times Mr. Tllton had l oerioexeaup; ! AT LEAST TWO OB THBES DOZES TIKES, but It may have been more. 1 am sure it was three dozen times. When I said over a doxen times I meant that It was more than a dozen. The witness was questioned with regard to her statement or ever a dozen times. If she meant three dozen times. Counsel on the other side objeeted, and some legal quibbling was engaged la. The question was allowed, and the witness stated: I had in my mind that It was a good many times. I thought that saying over a dozen times would be as good as saying three or four dozen times. I have catted these occasions, which I remember very distinctly, but I also remember other occasions. Another time a young lady was there. In either of these years. HE LOCKED HEB UP In the afternoon three or four hours. I heard him talking to her in a loud and angry tone or voice. I was in tbe sitting-room, and remained there until they came out. Another occasion was when she was tick in December, 1870, when he eame in and said he was a ruined man. He was locked up fc the room then two or three hours.when Mrs. Mitchell was in the room. The day after this he was locked up with her also. I do cot think I can particularize any other occasion. The witness was asked about one ot the former loeklnge-ur, but counsel on the other side objected on the ground that the evidence given on cross examination could cot be resumed again, and a lengthy argument ensued. The question was finally allowed, and witness said: When the door of the room was opened to my knock, they re mained inside. Mrs. Tilton closed the door and Mr. Tilton remained by tbe bureau, but did not say a word to me. Mrs. Tllton kissed me and said she would forgive me for something wrong I had done that day. 1 remember Mr. Tllton say ing at breakfast one morning that Mrs. Tllton was one of tbemostselfish women thateverllvod. This Is the only time 1 remember his saying this. When they were at the meal KR. TILTOH HELPED HIXSELP liberally off a plate, and passed It to Mrs. Tilton, Sbe said help the children, and Florence re marked, mamma, you are very unselfish, and ho said sbe was one ot the most selfish women that ever lived. I saw Mr. Beecber at the bouse sev eral times. He called as a great many other friends called. Ilethlmrnononeoecaslon. 1 think 1 recollect or bis having brought some flowers. I think Mrs. Mitchell was there then. 1 do cot remember tbe time when he put the baby to sleep. 1 never recollect Mrs. Tilton going out with Mr. Beecber. 1 do not remember her going with him to see his picture taken. Tbis Ellen Dennis I spoke or is dead. Sbe died while I was at scbool. When I returned from Marietta she was Installed as housekeeper and mistress. Mrs. Tilton was tired when she returned from Marietta, but she was HOT ILL THAT DAV. Nr. Tilton met her at the cars and kissed her, and we all got In the carriage and eame to Brook lyn. When we came to tbe house Ellen Dennis and Susan B. Anthony wero tbere. The latter went away after breakfast. Miss Dennis acted very strange to Sirs. Tllton, but there was no trouble at tbe breakfast table. I think I stated to tbe committee that tbe trouble occurred at the breakfast table, but 1 was mistaken. 1 round out mv mistake about two weeks ago. when I was ! at Mrs. Morse's. 1 was able to recall tbe time or this difficulty by thinking It over in my mind. I Mrs. Tilton left the dinner table crying and went ! into the parlor, where sbe played a plaintive air uuuicunuu oud rciuaiuou Ml uio priur tur some time. The first thing which occurred was, I rushed into the room and said he should not Ill treat Mrs. Tilton for my sale. HE THEN KNOCKED KE SOWS, and apologized by saying I bad tripped and fallen. He then asked me if I had oharred him with attempting to ruin me, and I slid he knew it was the truth. Mr. Tilton then said, pointing to a lounge, do yon see that red sore. Time and time again have I seen Elizabeth and Henry Ward Beerher having sexual intercourse upon it, and also on a red chair which be pointed oat. He also said that Elizabeth was In the habit of hav ing her legs fondled by men; that she thought he was as bad as she was. lie then took me up stairs and told me tbe same story over again. He mentioned also Dr. Denham's, Mr. Bates' and Mr. Uvlngton's names as parties who had sexual Intercourse with Mrs. Tllton. He said LITTLE TABX WAS NOT HIS CHILD, and that of them all, he only claimed his daughter, Florence. He also stated about having told m,nrfmt a h. tl.rf Mr Mnn thl,,fn. an4 1 she placed her band on his head when he was kcceling, and said, "What a magnanimous mas you are1" The words I used before the commit tee, when telling this story, were, I think, "Com mitting adultery with tbese three gentlemen." The book containing the testimony was given to witness, and she stated that she bad told the committee or the charges against these three gentlemen. The witness resumed : When I was la the room with him he told me he saw Mrs. Tilton with Mr. Beecber. (After a long pause.) I am not sure that Mr. Tllton said his wire confessed this to him. 1 have a faint recollection about tbe word conlessed, but 1 do not remember who used It, I am cot trying to avoid telling whether 1 recol lect It or not. I cannot remember whether I told the committee Mr. Tllton said Mrs. Tilton had conlessed to blm ber criminal intimacy with Mr. Beecber. If I said so to them I must have been mistaken. Adjourned. Freight Arrents. ZZZ Chicago, March 23 1 he general freight acents of tbe trunk lines held a meeting. here to day, and decided to maintain rates on eastern bound lrelgbt, Ac agreement to do so was signed by all those present. Including the agent of the Baltlmoro and Ohio road. FeoLtylvacia Railroad Election, Philadelphia, March 23. Tbe annual elec tion for directors of tbe Pennsylvania Kailroad Company was held to-ttary. Tbe directors chosen by a committee appointed at tbe annual meeting were elected, theto being no opposition, PEKS0NAL. Secretary Robeson Is absent at tbe North for a few days. U.S. Grant, jr., who has been spending a few days In London, has left that city for a tour cf Scotland. Capt. James Mltchel, son of John Mltchel, wbo lelt Liverpool before tbe death of his father, has arrived in New York. Hon. J. W. Garrett, president of tbe Baltimore and Ohio railroad, is at the Grand National hotel, Jacksonville, Fia. Acting Secretary Conant represented the Treasury In the Cabinet meetlngyesterday lntbe absence of General Brlstow. The extension or leave or absence granted First Lieutenant Joseph H. Hart, Twellth infantry, has been extended three months. Senators Morton, Boutwell, Spencer and Burn sides, and M. Blum, from Alsace and Lorraine, had audience with tbe President previous to the meeting of the Cabinet, THE COURTS. Supreme Court of the United States. Tcesdat. March 13, 1879, On motion of Hon. Francis Kernan, lion. Sam. Bell Maxey, ol Paris, Texas, was admitted to practice as an attorney and counselor of this court. On motion or Mr. Jos. Casey, Clinton Lloyd, esq., or Washington, D. C, was admitted to prac tice as an attorney and counselor or this court. On motion of Mr. Thomas Wilson, Myron H. Beach, esq., of Dubuque, Iowa, was admitted to practice as an attorney and counselor of this court. No. 47. (assigned.) David Bailey et al., appel lants, vs. The Pacific Kailroad Company et al. The argument or this cause was continued by Mr. 11. A. Clover and Mr. B. A. Hill, or counsel for tbe appellees, and concluded by Mr. Geo. F. Ed munds for tbe appellants. No. $28, (assigned.) John M. Bailey, late col lector, ex., plaintiff in error, vs. The New York' Central and HuJson Blver Kailroad Company. The argument or tbis cr.use was commenced by Mr. Solicitor General Pnllllps, of counsel for the plaintiff in error. Adiourned until to-morrow at 12 o'clock. Circuit Court Chief Justice Caitter. This court was engaged as follows yesterday: Searie vs. Corporation or Washington, This li an action for services in preparing the Morrison bnliding for the use or tbe old District govern ment. The case was begun and occupied the day, but was not concluded. Adjourned. Auxiliary Law Court Judge MacArthnr. Tho rase of Shoemaker vs. Paul engaged the entire time ol this court yesterday, and was not concluded. Adjourned. Equity Court Judge HacArthnx. This court was engaged as rollows yesterday: Segar vs. Segar. Order to issue commission to take testimony. Manson vs. Paulson. 'rder approving trus tee's bond. Shoemaker vs. District of Columbia. Order to certliy case to the General Term. Hlekey vs. Morsell et al. Order for possession on behalf of mortgagee. Neatberstonbangh vs. Nutt, Order of reference of cause to auditor to state account. Gunton vs. Zanzlnger. Order of reference to auditor. Newton vs. Ford. Order extending time to take proof". Blake et al. vs. Hlne et al. Order continuing injunction, and directing the auditor to report In cumbrances. McBlair vs. Boyle et al. Order for preliminary lntunctlon. Duane vs. straining. Order taking bill for confessed. Jackson vs. Norment. Order for the taking ot proof. In re. petition of T. B. Bryan. Order substi tuting A. S. Worthlngton for Bryan as trustee. Moffett vs. Stewart. Order overruling de murrer and ot reference to auditor. Police Court Judge BneLl. In this court E. Solomons was charged with disturbing an audience; fined tlO. Thos. Wll. Hams and Walker Williams, loud and boisterous to officer, fined $lo each. James Mitchell and George Smtthson, loud and boisterous, $5 each. Itssc Taylor, throwing stones In the streets, 15. James Thompson, Black Jim and Thomas Young. "lcUnt Tom," sent down as vagrants. Alice Mocbooee plead guilty of assault, $5. Frank Jordan, stealing water bucket, $10. Lewis Doric, plead guilty of stealing a set of reins, $30 or sixty nays in jail. George Gains plead guilty of stealing a horse collar, 130, or sixty days. Jas. Wr'cb. stealing pair or shoes, $30, or sixty days, Sebastian Buck, assault on Henry Beem, $5. Ha'l'( Green, stealing clothing, $30, or sixty lavs. Henry Addison plead guilty to carrying a razor; fined 20. NEWS FROM OTHER LANDS. DON CARLOS CONDEMNS CABRERA. CAHEBA LAMING TO 1MJCE DE3ERTI0H3. HUSH QDISTI01T Hf PA-RT.TAmTTMT. WEST IKDIES AND SOUTH AMERICA. The Burial or John Mltchel Tho Bus alan Emperor Loses Confidence In Gen. Kaufsman's Tarnish Policy Through the Efforts or an American Diplomat The Ttevlrnlists In London. YEHEZTJELA, The Army Disbanded Peace Be-estaolished. Hataka, March 23. Yen xuelan advices to the 16th Instant are to the effect that the President has dlsbauded the entire army. Peace and quiet have been completely re-established, confidence Is being restored and business is reviving. BU8SIA. General Kaufmans in Disgrace Through Schuyler's Report. Lokdox, March 21, 5:30 a. m. A special dis patch to the Daily Kewt from St. Petersburg re ports that General Kauffmann has lost the favor or the Czar, In consequence or Mr. Schuyler's re port concerning affairs in Turkestan, and that tbe Russian Government has rejected tbe Gen eral's plans of reorganization in Central Asia. CANADA. A Commercial Treaty with the Sandwich Islands Wanted. Ottawa, March 23. In the House last eight a resolution declaring the expediency of securing a commercial treaty with the Hawaiian Kingdom was carried. Tbe Premier said the Government fully appreciated the importance of securing such treaty, and would do all they could to obtain one. HAYTI ADD SAN DOMINGO. Peace Between the Republics Haytien Loan. Jackel, Hatti, March It, vtaH avaic a. Presi dents Domlnque, of Haytl, and Gonzales, of San Domingo, have held an amicable Interview on tbe frontier. Peace between tbe two republics is be coming more firmly established. A Haytleu commission has gone to France to negotiate a loan of twelve million dollars, in stead of three millions, as heretofore stated. spaesT Pon Carlos Condemns Cabrera Movements of Cabrera Polo and Bods, Hit Adherents. IlAYOSBE,March23. Don Carlos has Issued a decree declaring that General Cabrera has for feited his former honors, and that he shall be de livered Into tho hands of a military tribunal for trial ir he falls into tbe hands of the Carlists. Pabis, March 23. The L' Union says Admiral Polo and General Roda are the only Important adhesions to Cabrera thus far. Saktakdsb, March 23. General Cabrera Is expected here on Wednesday, en route for Mad- Losdow, March 21. The Paris correspondent of tbe Tines telegraphs that General Cabrera has organized a staff of 20 Spanish officers, at Biarritz, for the purpose of communicating with the Carlists and obtaining adhesions to his pro gramme. Members of tbe staff enter Spain every day. Tbere is no doubt that the prema ture publication or Cabrera's first manifesto de claring for Alfonso greatly marred tbe success of tbe movement. It Is rumored that Mendirl has deserted Don Carlos and arrived at Bayonne; also, that Lesarraga has been arrested on sus picion oi treason. QBEAT BRITAIN. The Irish Question in Parliament Fnneral of Hitchel. LoaDOx, March 24, 4.30 a. m. In the debate In the House of Commons last night, on the bill for tbe amendment of the peace preservation act, the Home Rulers opposing tbe bill contrasted the prevalence of crime in England with the peaee fnlnesa ot Ireland. Sir Edward Watkin retorted that tbe English people do not welcome Ameri can conspirators among them, but are conspicu ous for their loyalty and law-abiding disposition. He said if the Irish woeld renounce the leadership of stump orators, and adopt Industry In place of political agitation, the necessity for exceptional legislation would cease. Mr. Disraeli pointed out tbe concessions con tained In tbe bill, and appealed to the patriotism of tbe Irish members, asking them not to agitate tbe country by an opposition to tbe bill that must be mule. At the conclusion of the debate the bill passed on Its second reading by a vote or 204 to C9. The funeral or Jonn Mltchel took place to-day at Newry, Ireland. His remains were bnrled In a church-yard. A great crowd was present, but quiet was preserved, notwithstanding that ex citing placards had been distributed. Losdok, March 24. It is estimated that over ten thousand people attended the funeral of John Mltchel at Newry yesterday. The Nottingham spring handicap to-day was won by Munden, but he being disqualified. It was given to Castle Wallan, who came In second. Lohdov, March 24. At the meeting held by Moody and Sankey last night. Dean Stanley and sixty angllcan clergymen occupied seats on the platform. The proceedings were opened by Rev. Wm. Conway, canon of Westminster. In the House or Commons, last night, O'CIery, member for Wexford, gave notice that after the recess he should offer a motion In favor of tbe recognition by Great Brltian or the belligerent rights or the Carlists in Spain. BOUTH CABOLllTA. Election of a Comptroller General. Chablestow, s. C, March 23. Tbe Legisla ture to-day elected Thomas C. Dunn, Comptroller Generator the State. Dunn la a Northern Repub lican, who was eleeted to tbe State Senate by the Conservatives. He was chairman of the Reform Republican executive committee In the last eam- Ealgn, and Is generally respected by all parties i the State. The Legislature adjourns sine dfe on Friday next, SPELLING MATCH. The Schoolboy! Defeat tie Editors and Typos. Boston, March 23. Music-hall was crowded to Its utmost capacity to-night to witness a novel contest between fifty boys selected from theblgber schools of the city and fifty editors, reporters, pro fessors and typos, selected from the various news papers. In an old-fashioned spelling match. The contest was spirited throughout, and finally nar rowed to one on each side, when a typo mis spelled "eonferrablo," and the match was awarded to the boys. m Jay Cooks & Co.'s Estate and the Syndicate. Philadelphia, March 23. Tbe banking firms comprising tbe celebrated syndldate, of which Jay Cooke & Co. were members, for negotiating United States loans last spring, put in a claim against bankrupts or 1255,453.58 In gold In their hands on account of tbe syndicate. It appeared that the syndicate held tbe sum, representing; the profits arising from its transactions, of which shares Jay Cooke & Co., ana Cooke, McCalloch & Co. were each X22.e28 Cs. lid. gold, and that these two bouses were Independent. The ques tion arose whether tho syndicate could prove for tbe full amount of $255,433.53 or only the balance left after deducting the syndicate profits ol 415, 175.15. The register decided In f.vorof the latter proposition, and In exception to his report It was taken Into the 1'nlted States District Court, and to-day Judge Cadwalder confirmed hit ruling. Coal Scarcity in Poughketptie. PornnKEErsiz, ft. Y., March 23. Owing to the prolonged winter and Increasing cold the coal supply In this city Is exhausted, and there Is a panlo In the coal market. Hundreds were turned away from the coal yards yesterday and to-day. Dealers have been able to procure but little coal at Newburgh because or the flood dis asters, which have carried away bridges, putting a stop to the running or coal trains to tide-water. Harder and Suicide. Lowell, Mass., March 53. In this city this afternoon Mrs. Sarah Low was fatally wounded by her husband, Chss. J. Low, who fired two shots from a revolver Into her head, and then killed himself with a remaining charge. Mrs. Low was a domestic In a boarding-house here, and had left her husband. He killed her be cause she refused to live with him. Mrs. Low was alive at the latest accounts, but cannot re cover. Attempted Assassination. Locisvillx, March 23. A special to the Courier-Journal says an attempt was made to assas slrate the James brothers, wbo turned State's evidence against the county Ku-Klux, while upon tbe witness stand In the court-room at Klkton to-day. The attempt was unsuccessful. The assailants escaped, and the officers were In hit pursuit of them at last accounts. The Vineland Shooting Case. Vhtelaxd, N. J., March 23. Carruth Is still Improving. The ball in its passage disturbed the optic nerve. It Is thought that his sight maybe Impaired. The doctors have slight hopes of his recovery. The excitement Is subsiding. Landls seems to have tbe sympathy ol a great many people. CONNECTICUT CAMPAIGN. Eepubliean Campnrts Burn Brightly En thusiasm for Grant, Sheridan and Civil Bights. tfipeclal to The National Republican.) New Have, Coax., March 23. The campaign here Is now under full headway, Hon. JallutC. Burrows, of Michigan, and .General MeLane, of' Arkansas, are doing yeoman service In the cause. The people turn out in targe numbers to hear them wbenevertbey speak, and manifest great enthusiasm. The patrlotls fires of Republican ism are lighted throughout the State, Liberals and Prohibitionists are returning to the fold, be lieving that their votes In the coming (1001100 should be given In favor of liberty and equal rights. The speeches of these gentlemen at New Haven, Hartford, Norwich, Manchester and other points were enthusiastically received, and their mention of Grant, Jewell and Sheridan loudly cheered. The Skies are bright, and with a full vote victory Is certain. PlJlrTDISHMURDES. A Young Widow Strangled With Sand and Gravel-stones. Boston, March 23. Last night the body or Mrs. Mary Bingham, a widow, aged about thirty, was found in the cellar or her mother's residence. East Boston, under circumstances which Indicate that she was brutally murdered, although the matter Is at present Involved in mystery. The face was fearfully bruised, and presented a sick ening appearance. The mouth was filled with gravel, which was placed in so solidly that a Snlle was required to remove It. In the wind pipe there was found a large stone, which was with difficulty removed. There were several euts on the back or the head, with one or two in Iront and under the chin. Therewerealso marks on the neck as If she had been choked. Tbere were spots of blood on the floor and wall. Indi cating a desperate struggle. An Investigation will be made. Investigation Into the mysterious death or Mrs. Bingham at East Boston; last night, establishes beyond doubt the fact that she was murdered. The last seen or her alive was when she went to answer the door-bell, and It Is supposed she then admitted her murderer, a. lamp was found in the cellar, and as a villainous-looking man had called two doors above nd gained access to the cellar on tbe plea of examining the water pipes, it Is supposed thes-iroo mai was guilty of ber murder, and that Mrs. Bingham Innocently ac companied him to tbe cellar to light his way. Sbe is known to have had money on her person, and as this was taken, as well as tonr rings from her fin gers, the murderer evidently Intended robbery as well as a baser c ime. In which be seemed to hive railed. TEE SOUTHEBN TOHNADO. Frightful and Sodden Destmotion. AroraTA, Ga., March 23. The path of tbe tornato was from two to six hundred yards wide. The cyclone was of a cylindrical shape and traveled with fearful velocity from north to south The front cloud was black as night and a half mile hlgb; the rear was Illuminated by a bright light; It traveled nearly due east, veering a little to the north devastating Camak. The tornado seems to have divided, one portion going east by north and crossing the Savannah river above and below Augusta, both provlnj: equally destruc tive, laying waste everything In their track. Huge trees were broken like reeds, and in some Instances carried three quarters of a mile. The tornado was preceded by a dull heavy roaring as or heavy artillery in the distance. It spent its greatest fury In about three minutes. An eye witness says the senses were utterly deadened and appalled. There was a crash, a roar, and the ming ling of a hnndred terrlfio and unearthly sounds. Houses were demolished, and noble oaks that had withstood the storms or a century were snapped in twain. A wall of distress comes up from the devastated district, embracing eight counties In Georgia and two or three in South Csrollns. The destruction of property is Immense, and the list of killed and wounded appalling;. m The Stookris Case. Nzw York, March 23. The jury in the Stock vis Inquisition' rendered their verdict this even ing. They find that the death of the deceased arose from the phlegmonous Inflammation of the arm, caused by Internal disease contributed by softening of the brain, and that death was hastened by exposure in the station-house; that sufficient precaution was not exercised by tho medical attendants; that the system now preva lent In the damnation or prisoners by medical men during confinement is a defection, and that the whole management on Blackwell's Island with regard to the reception or prisoners and attendance is Irrational, and the treatment. In I many respects, degrading, which demands a tnorougn investigation ana reform; tne amuavu or the officer of tbe arrest, and the commitment by the magistrate were based on insufficient eviaecce, wiioout any apparent cuipaoie neglect; that more care should be exercised In the dis crimination of prisoners; that a verbatim de scription or missing parties should, in every in stance, be forwarded over the police wires, and finally recommending that competent surgeons be appointed to earl. Police Court for the pur pose of examining all necessary cases. Smallpox. Fall Hivee, March 23. There ft much excite ment here In consequence or an unusual number or smallpox cases. m BRIEF TELEGRAMS. The fsilure of Wm. Pryor & Sons, Halifax, N. S., is announced. The striking miners of the Delaware, Lacks wanna and Western Railroad Company have concluded to go to work, Tbere Is nothing new from the Ice gorges ol the Delaware and Susquehanna rivers, but con tinued freezing and fears for the future. Sudden thaws may cause a repetition ot recent disasters. The Celtlo club of Philadelphia held a meeting last nlgbt to consider the best means of paying a tribute to the memory of John Mltchel. Com mittees were appointed, to report at a future meeting. 'Manchester, N.H., March 23. There Is a solid body ot Ice from Amoskeag falls to Hookset over four feet thick. The Merrlmao river in this vicinity has not been open this winter. There Is a large body of snow on tbe ground, and the froit In some plsces la five feet deep. The long contin uance ot cold weather causes fears of a sudden thaw and breaking up of tbe Ice, which would re sult In great damage. The mercury rell to lodes-, below zero here this morning; at Lancaster 29 be low: at Martin's Ferry IS; at Nashua 13; at White field 13, and at White River Junction it below. Bismarck and the Church. To the Editor of the National Republican. Sib: Your correspondent, ''Veritas," has made another attempt to excuse the persecuting policy or Bismarck, by saying, "The question naturally arises, to whom do the German people owe their allegiance to the head or the Government or to tbe Pope? This Is the question now agitating Germany," &c. The answer to this question should cot be difficult for these wbo profess to love the truth. It has been given over and over again, and la simply this: The Catholic Church, the Pope, the bishops and clergy and tbe German Catholics all declare that tbe Catholic subjects of tbe German Empire owe allegiance to the Im perial Government in eitil maiteri, and to the Pope, as supreme bead of their Church, in tpir itual staffers. As Bismarck has proclaimed him tetr pope in ecclesiastical affairs. Interfering with the spiritual concerns of the German Catholics, they not oily have a right, but they are bound to disregard this assumption of authority. In my first answer to 'Veritas" 1 enumerated tbe un just and wicked laws, by the enactment of which he has sought a pretext for his stupid and shame ful tyranny. "Veritas" has not alluded to the impudent injustice or these laws, although they Involve the real point at Issue. In Prussia, It Is true, there is a union or Church and- State at least so far that the clergy ef the different de nominations are paid by the State. Now, as there Is not a particle of difference between the priienl civil status or the German Catholics and that which existed prior to the definition of the dogma of Papal infallibility, there Is not a shadow of reason for withholding Irom the Gathotto bishops and their clergy their accustomed sala ries; but to Intimate that tbese ecclesiastics are deserving or such treatment, or are "fomenters or Insurrection," became they do cot bend the kpeeto Baal, by recognizing his holiness Bis marck as supreme authority In questions of faith and morals, is an aberration of mind and an abuse or language which it Is Impossible to compre hend. We shall pats over several erroneous state ments of "Veritas," together with his fancy sketch of St, Bartholomew, (as having nothing to do with the main point,) and we beg leave to Inform him that he is singularly unhappy In ac cusing tbe Church or "seeming to disregard the. declaration or the Saviour that his kingdom was not or this world." The Oathollo Church, as may be learned from all her authoritative affirmations and from the teachings ot her theologians, recog nizes the broad distinction between the spiritual and the temporal power. She holds that each It supreme in Its legitimate sphere: but the King dom or Christ having been established on earth, for the express purpose of regulating the senti ments and actions of men In order to their eter nal salvation, must necessarily extend over the whole moral movement of humanity. There Is no medium between this doctrine and the denial or God; but "Veritas," In his enthusiastic admi ration or German orthodoxy and Justice, or rather In his strange hallucination. It bold enough to tell ns that Christ should be banished rrom this world altogether, and that, although hi com missioned bis apostles and their successors to ? reach tbe Gospel to all cations, and to govern he Church, promising to be with them all days to the coBtummauOB of the world, this It all humbug and moonshine, and that this sublime apestolio mission no longer belongs to Christ's ministers, but after eighteen hundred years that the Church has existed this mission has fallen upon tbe deputy shoulders or Bismarck K Co. I We may well exclaim with the Roman orator or old, "O tempore, O mores," and we may even ask with tbe Roman Governor or Judea, "Quid est Veritas t" on the recommendation of the Prime Minister, Queen Victoria has granted a pension ot X200a year to Mr. Wood, In recognition of his labors at Ephetnt, and the distinguished service rendered by him to science and history by the discovery or the site of the Temple of Diana, and by the ac- Suisitlon for the British Museum or a most valua le collection of sculptures, architectual marbles, and Greek and Roman locrlptlont, in obtaining which results his health hss suffered permanent injury. CURRENT CAPITAL TOPICS. INTERESTING NAYAL INTELLIGENCE OPEEATMS OP THE HEW TOBACCO TAX. THE PRESIDENT INDORSED IR THE SEHATL TEAS AS D NATS UPON STATE BIGHTS. JJniy or tbe Txteutlre to Preserve the Peace, Maintain Law and Order and Protect tbe Urea of Cltlaens est Home asa "Well aa Abroad Revenue and Finance Confirmations, Ac. Mrs. Jewell's Receptions. The usual Wednesday reception of Mrs. Post master General Jewell wilt be omitted to-day, and that on next Monday, the 31st Instant, will be the last of the season. Confirmations by the Senate The Senate, In executive session yesterday, con firmed the following : Postmasters J. H. Glen denlng, at Fort Smith, Ark.: H. Dwlgbt Cutler, Stillwater, Minn.: John B. Watson, Pulaski, N. Y.; Henry S. Glover, Macon Court-house, Ga. Eevennes and Finances. The following Is the financial exhibit of the Treasury at the close or business yesterday : Cur rency, IMSt.SSl; special deposit of legal-tenders for redemption of certificates of deposit, $13,293, 000; coin, 480,099,483; Including coin certificates, t23,325,C0O; outstanding legal-tenders, f3S0,TU,9O0; ulernai revenue receipts, flB2,2S2O0; customs revenue, 669,20t: national bank notes receired for redemption, $1,054,993. The Railroad Bonds. The Attorney General has Instructed the United States district attorneys fOr Kansas, Iowa and Boston, Mass., to bring suits against the Sioux City and Pacific railroad In tbe snm of $21, 104.42; Union Pacific railroad, $1,040 0SSr29; Kan. sas Pacific. $308,830.10; Central Branch Union Pa cific, $47,197.39. In his letter of Instruction to the United States district attorneys who are charged with conducting the suits tbe Attorney General, after citing the law providing for the collection of moneys due the United States from the Pacific Railroad Companies, and the demands made by the Secretary of tbe Treasury upon tbe com panies and the evasion or refusal of the latter to pay up, says: "In accordance with the requirements of law I havo to request that you will proceed with all eonvesient dispatch to institute in the Circuit Court of the United States or your district the necessary suits and proceedings against said rail road company to collect the amount certified by tbe Secretary of tbe Treasury to be due tbe Gov ernment for the five per centum or Its net earn ings provided for by the act approved July 1. 1832, or by any otberact or acts In relation to said com pany. It Is my desire that yon report to the D--partment when you have Instituted the proceed ings and keeD me advised or all subsequent ac tion taken by you, and rrom time to time the coct uiuou oi uo suiis." The Tobacco Tax, The following letter was sent to Senator Dawes yesterday : TBIlSlTtr DlPARTMEtT, ) Office ok Internal Revenue, WAhilinQTOX, March 3, 1875. ) Sir: It Is held by this office, as well tn relation to distilled spirits as to tobacco, ac, and consistently as to both, that the Increase of tax, by sections one and two of the act of March 3, took effect at tbe first moment or March 3. The ruling that section two of tbe above named act of Nareh 3, 1879, "to further protect the sink ing fund," tux, which Imposes the new rate of tax on tobacco, cigars and cigarettes took effect from the first moment of March 3, the day on whleh the act was approved, Is one that this office was obliged by the law itself to make. On this point I would respectfully request your attention to the Inclosed copy of a letter addressed to Hon, J. J, Bsgiey, under date of the 18th Instant. In support of the doctrine of , that iettarj beg leave, to refer yon to an opinion of the honorable At torney General, dated the 10th Instant; also, to the decision of the United States Supreme Court In the case cf Arnold end others vs. The United states, 9 Cranen 104; to tbe case of Matthews vs. Zane and others, 7 Wheaton, p. 164, and to the case in re. Wetmaa tn tbe United Stales District Court for Vermont, reported In 20. Vermont Rep. p. ess, in whleh last case It was held that tn a question as to the time when a law takes effect there are no parts or divisions or a day. The day Is to be Included because there being no frac tion of a day the act relates to the first moment of tbe day on whleh It Is done, and as If It were men aone. w " w w 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully yours, J. W. Douglass, Commissioner. Eon. HinryL. Daica, Untied States Senate. Naval Intelligence. TXA3SIT Or VEICUS OBSERVERS. Lieutenant Commander Ludlow, commanding tbe United States steamer Monongahela, under date of Cape Town. South Africa, February 10, 1875, reports to the Secretary of tbe Navy, as rol lows: "1 have the honor to report the arrival, on the sixth Instant, of the United .States steamer Monongahela, nnder my command, at this port. The Monongahela left Royal Sound, Alogueler Island, on the 12th of January, 1875. All your orders in relation to the transit observers cave been carried out in every particular, and 1 have Lieutenant Commanders Kyanand Train, Passed Assistant Surgeon J. H. Kidder and the three photographers or the party on board, with the'r baggage, stores. Instruments and the natural history specimens in good order and condition." ACCIDEHT TO CAFTAIIT THOBJfTOX. "Captain Jas. S.Thornton was In command until the 14th or January last, when a severe ac cident befell this gallant officer, which has placed him off duty and has necessitated sending him to tbe United States, via England, with a medical attendant, his clerk, Mr. Williamson, and his steward, T. A. Sarace. "On the morning or January 14 Capt. Thornton was in his usual health, and white glancing over the chart spread out on tho arter-cabin table tell violently backward, lu consequence of a heavy lee-roll and lurch of the ship. He was Imme diately assisted to his feet, when he expressed hlmieif as not hurt, though very much shaken up. His back, however, struck against the cabin bulkhead and a brass book nsed to hold back a door. Unfavorable symptoms were developed later In tbe day, when he was placed In a cot, and his name entered on the sick list as unfit fordnty. Still more unfavorable physical sumptoms were developed subsequently, together with great mental aberration, which continues to the present time. This Is also accompanied by great bodily weakness. I delayed ordering a survey on Capt. Thornton until after my arrival at this port, ex pecting to find the United States steamer Ply mouth here. No otber vessel of war of the United States being la port, and It being necessary to get the Captain to some quiet hotel on shore, I ordered Surgeon Hoebllng, Assistant Surgeons Kidder and Waugh to hold a survey on him. Capt, Thornton and partv will prob ably leave here on the 25th of this month by one ot tbe mall steamers, unless a further delay Is necessary on account or Capt. Thornton's health." THE FACIEIC eQUADEOB. Advices received at the Navy Department re port the United States steamer Portsmouth at Honolulu February 22, rrom which port she was going to tbe.west coast or Mexico. The commanding officer of the North Paciflo station. Rear Admiral Almy, has brought offi cially to tbe Navy Department tbe gallant eon duct of Navigating Midshipman Arnot Hender son, or Her Majesty's shlpTenedoo, la an effort to save from drowning William Wilson, an ordinary seaman ot the Tuscarora, who fell from aloft Into the sea on tbe evening or January 2d at Honolulu, Midshipman Henderson, on seeing the sailor rail, Jumped overboard from the Tenedoo and swam a distance or one hundred yards, and was engaged untll'almosr exhausted fn diving for tbe Dody. Wilson, In falling from the foretopmast cross trees, struck his bead on tbe Iron ratline. His body was recovered and burled the next day. JTATAL 0BDES3. Ordered Passed Assistant Surgeon M. D. Jones, to the Naval hospital, Washington, D. C Detached Midshipman George F. Emmons, from the Powhattan and placed on sick leave; Surgeon Daniel McMurtrle, from the Ashueiot, Asiatic station, on the reporting or his relief, and ordered to return home and report arrival; Passed Assistant Surgeon Wm. S. Dixon, from the Naval hospital, Washington, and to the receiving ship Independence at the navy yard at Mare Island, Cat.; Passed Assistant Surgeon M. C. Drennan, from the navy yard. New York, and ordered to the Ashueiot, Asiatic station, per steamer. 1st May next: Passed Assistant Surgeon Charles U. Uravatt, from tbe receiving-ship Independenee end ordered to the Yantle. Asiatic station, per steamer, 1st May next; Passed Assistant Surgeon Parker, from the Yantle, Astatls station, on the reporting of his relief, and ordered to return home and report arrival. SENATE. Called Session. Tuxsdat, March 23, 1875. Mr. ANTHONY repeated that ha should ask the Senate to-day to remain In continuous session until the resolution before the Senate IS EETZBE3CI TO LOCISIASA was disposed of. Mr. LOO AN submitted a resolution, author izing the clerk of the Committee on Military Affairs to remain on duty during the adjourn ment, In order to prepare articles or war, to be submitted to Congress on Its meeting In Decem ber next. Adopted. Mr. JONES, of Fie., who was enUtled to the floor on the Louisiana resolution, said that, look ing at It In any point of view, he denied tbe power of the Senate to pass sny such resolution. As to the action ol the President in Louisiana, he did not consider It of such a nature as should com mand the approval of the Senate nor of the country. This resolution. In .bis opinion, was, nnder the circumstances, a most extraordinary one. The Senator from Indiana Mr. MoetosJ had argued that the action of the President was binding upon the Senate. If this Is true, why is the Senate asked to approve of the action taken by the President! He commented at some length on the affairs of Loulslsea and the Federal influence therein. Mr. WALLACE said the resolution proposed by Mr. FaxLixonuYaaar was. In efiect a carte bunekt for the future. Ths amendment offered by Mr. Autdobt eliminated this etrte tlanehe for the future. He looked upon the last resolu tion as a recognition er the doctrine of paternal government. He repudiated this doctrine right on the threshold. We wanted no paternal gov ernment in this country. It may be that In the shadowy future there will -be a government In LeuiE'sna rcoogntsed by the people ot that State difierent from this Kellogg government, and does this resolution mean that the President is to con tinue to uphold this Kellogg government against the consent or the people! Ho asked, also, whether the riCTJLIAB TVOBDIKO OF THE MSOLCTtax was set intended to pave the way for the admis sion of Pinchbeck next winter! The manner In whleh the resolution was shaped read like an army order. 'Whenee came the power of the Sen ate to pass such resolution? We are allowed to grone in the dark as to what the purport or this resolution Is. The question has been asked, but no answer has been vouch safed on the other side. He (Mr. W.) eould not hope) to present anything new in the Issues in volved tn this question; be would have much pre ferred to remain silent. Bnt the grevtous de flections from the great doctrines of civil liberty, which are the very base of the foundations of our Isstltutlois. are such that tr he could only at tract the attention of but raw to It, he felt that he would be justified In speaking. He main tained that the troops had been used in Louisi ana in violation or law, as there was neither do mestic violence nor insurrection In that State. This Is an Indorsement ot kind obedience to a complicity with a void order issued by a Federal Judge. He commented on the retusal or the President to give a hearing to the citizens or New Orleans, refusing through a supercilious subordinate the right of petition, and this from the msn who sits In the chair once occupied by John Qulncy Adams sits refusing to American citizens THE BACHES RIGHT Or MT1TIOS. He said now the Federal bayonet controlled a portion of tbe country as extensive as tbe entire original limits of the Union. The course of Con gress toward the Southern States was ruinous to tbe whole country. It was like building a wall around a portion of the Southern portion of the Republic, and destroying the markets. In his own great State of Pennsylvania the coat, the Iron and the lumber laid in piles at the minis, at the romances and at the saw-mills. The busy in dustry of tbe Lehigh and the Schuylkill were no longer heard; and now the people were becoming convinced that this prostration waa largely due to tbe Federal bayonets in the South and violations of the rights of the people there by tbe Federal Government. The people of the North never asked that the people of tbe South be allowed to control their own affairs. Give them a chance to grow rich; takeaway the Federal bayonets from the throats or the people or the South, and re store prosperity to tbe land. On the other hand, ir these fraudulent governments tn the South were upheld the revenues of the country would be decreased, and the business Interests of tbe coun try prostrated. Mr. THURMAN said this resolution brought forward by the chairman ol the caucus Mr. As thost used the whitewash brush very freely upon tbe President, This was a new doctrine ap proving the action of the President in eulorcing tbe laws or the United States. It was his swom duty to enlorce the law. Those wbo voted for this resolution voted In effect that Kellogg was the lawful Governor of Louisiana, and the Legis lature which elected Plnchback was the legal Legislature or the State. How any man, not be lieving Kellogg to be Governor and not believing the Legislature which elected Plnchback the legal Legislature, could vote for this resolution snrpsssed his comprehension. Some of those on the other tide might think It would ELECT THB WEXT PRESIDENT, but he thought it the thlnest gruel ever poured down tbe throat of a sick patient, Tbe question being on the amendment of Mr. Wbtte, he modified it to read as rollows: Betoltei, That the use of tbe army or the United States to enforce the unwarrantable and void order of Judge Durrell, Issued on the 6th of De cember, 1872, directing the marshal to seise the building occupied as a State-house for the assem bling or the Legislature of Louisiana, and theem Sloyment of United States soldiers to invade the all ortbeHouse of Representatives or Louisiana, and to eject therefrom persons claiming to be members thereof, are contrary to tbe spirit of re publican institutions, and cannot be approved by the Senate or the United States. The vote being taken on the amendment of Mr. WBTTE,Jt resulted as follows: ATM. Johnson, Tenn., Randolph, Jones,ofIia.t Saulsburr, Kelly, Stevenson, Kernan, Thurman, McCreery, Wallace, Maxey, Whyte. ?orwood, Wiuiexa-ZL. Rayard, Boxy, Caperton, Cockertll, Cooper, Davis, Dennis, WATS. Allison, rcrry.MIch., Morrill, of Vt., Anthony, Frelinghuysen, Morton. Beolb, Hamilton, Paddock. Boutwell, Harvey, Patterson, Bruce Hitchcock, Koberison, Cameron, Wis., Howe, Sargent, ChrUtlancy, Ingatls, Sherman, Conkllng, Jonei,ofXev., Spencer. Cragln, Logan, wadlelgb, Dorsey, McMillan. West. Kdmunds, Morrlll.of Me., Wlndom 3t. Messss. GoROOsr, Mesbixov, Johsstov or Vir ginia, McDosald and Kabsou, who would have voted In tbe affirmative, were paired with Messrs. Bdrsside, Hahlih, Coeoveu, Ooleset and Cakebos of Pennsylvanla.who would have to ted in tbe negative. Mr. OHK1STIANCY, In easting his vote, said he did not recognise the resolution or Mr. As thohy as a recognition of the Kellogg govern ment further than as one In tbe actual exercise of governmental power tn Louisiana, without refer ence to the qnestlon of Its rightful origin or legal validity, and in no way Involving the propriety of Us establishment; second, that It approves the President's action so tar only as directed merely to the protection of that government and tbe peo ple of that State against domestic violence and civil wars, and to the enforcement of the laws of the United States, without approving any inter ference of the military with a legislative body, or In the CREATION Or A STATE GOYEB3XEXT, such being, as It seems to me, the most natural and obvloas sense or the language, and the sense In which It can be most naturally understood by the people. While 1 adhere to the principles and conclusions which 1 announced here In my re marks on the 12th Instant, and whlcb I here adopt by reference without retraction or qualification, and whllo I hold that a recognition by tbe Senate or by Congress or a government thus Instituted en give it no greater validity than It had In its Inception, still, as domestic violence and civil war, which may lead to a complete dissolution of society, are not the best remedy for getting rid of even an Illegitimate government, 1 can approve the action of tbe President, directed to the human purposes mentioned In this amendment or substi tute offered by the Senator from Rhode Island. And believing the recognition of this government for this purpose and to this extent Is Justifiable under tbe peculiar circumstances cow existing In that State, until by a fair election a more legiti mate government can be Institute!, I can rote for tbe resolution In tbe sense I hare here at tributed to it. But In the enlarged and odious sense attributed to It by some or the speakers on the other side I cotjld hot vote roB IT, and I must deliberately stow my conviction that In such enlarged sense, or In any sense which would accept the validity of the action by which that government was originated, sefup and put in power, It could not receive the votes of a ma jority of this body. The question then being on the substitute of Mr. Akthoxt, Mr. THURMAN moved to add as a proviso that nothing herein contained is meant to affirm that said Kellogg Is dijure Gov ernor or Louisiana, There were Senators on the other side who had over and over affirmed that Kellogg was not the de Jure Governor of Louis iana. Heaee, he supposed they would have no objection to vote for this proviso. Mr. EDMUNDS. I shall vote against this pro viso because It obscures thesense of the original resolution and raises a negative pregnant, as lawyers call It, in another part of the ease. Tbe proviso was rejected ayes 24, nays S3. Mr. THURMAN moved a further proviso that nothing herein contained Is meant to affirm that tbe Legislature whleh assumed to eleot P. B. S. Flncbbsck Senator was the lawful Legislature of Lbulsl'ns. Mr. EDMUNDS said he should vote against this for the same reason as he had already stated. The proviso was rejected yeas 21, nays SI, Mr. THURMAN said he would still give an other chance, and moved a further proviso that nothing herein contained Is meant to approve the military Interference by the United States troops in the organization of the Louisiana Legislature on the 4th ot January last. Rejected yeas 24, cays 32. The affirmatives on these three provisos were made up of tbe Democratic Senators and Mr. Hamilton, ot Texas. The question was then taken on the substitute ofMr.AsTBosr.as follows: Retolrtd, That the action of the President In protecting the government of Louisiana, of which W. P. Kellogg Is the executive, and the people or that State against domestlo violence, and In enforcing the laws of the United States In that State, Is approved. I Mr. ROBERTSON said he should vote for this resolution because he approved the action or the President in protecting the people of the State or Louisiana raOX DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, but In so doing ha did not mean to Indicate his ap proval of tbe legality or the Kellogg govern ment. The substitute was then passed, as follows: Allison, Ferry. Mich.. Morrill, Vt,, Anthony, yrelmsbujien, Morton, uootweil, Harvey. Paddock. Bruoe, mtchcock, Patterson. Burnside. Howe, Robertson, Cameron. Wis., Ingalls, Sargent, Cbrlstiaacy, Jones. Nev Shermaa, Conkllng, Logan, Spencer. Cr?gln, Jlelillfan, Wadlelgb, Dorsey, MltebeU. West, Edmunds, Morrill, lie, Wla.lon-33. ATS. Gordon, Randolph, Johnson, Tenn.,8aulabary, Bayard, Booth, Jones, Fla., Ktevrnson, Caperton. R'u'' i?.:""" cockrell, e""n- SSUlc, Cooper, MeCreery. WIte. Davis, Maxey. . Wlthers-2J, Dennis, Norwood, The pairs were as announced on Mr. WnrTx'a amendment. ... The resolution, as amended,was then adopted ayesS3,noes24. ... On the final vote Mr. Booth was recorded In the negative. Mr. Hakiltok did not vote. Leave was granted to the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, Contingent Expenses and Printing to sit during the recess. The Senate then, at 4:80 p. m., went Into exeen tlve sesslon,acd at t p.m. the doors were reopened, and the Senate adjourned. OH ! MINE UNCLE FULTON. HIS "OLD CURIOSITY SHOP." HUHAH HATTJBE A2JDIT8 MHISTEBS SCENES AT A PAWNBROKER'S. TBE RICH ASB LOW THS OLD DID BTEW. Tbe Beasoxs at Thing Washington' Piano Tad. Lincoln' Violin Santa Anna's Saddle Falae Hand and Artificial Leg Old liver- Weddinsr Presents Fast Women Singular Carl- '- .slUes A Bride's em Sow Basin ess Is Bone. The plain, unvarnished expertenses of every day life the hard facts that go to make up the figures and scrolls In actual existence, hare for every one a potent Interest, There Is little or the beauty ol Ideality and small room for the play of Imagination In a question so vital as that pertain ing to the purchase ota loaf of breaiLand inability to answer the question has, more than once, pricked the creations of fancy,dlssolved high-born notions of love, and covered, as with a pall, the bright and glowing hopes of youth. There are many kinds of bread, however, besides that which sustains human life. Tbere Is the bread which feeds human vanity and love ot display. Inhuman and beastly appetites, the desire for gain and the desire to relieve distress. It Is all purchased alike with money, all-powerful, alt-conquering money. The possession of money Instantly corn mauds the article needed, and so terrible the need olten is that quick and painful sacrifices hare to be made to obtain it. It Is this fact that led to the establishment centuries agone, way back, lor that matter in pre-historic times, Is all the large cities, of the rATVTlBROKXB'8 BUSINESS. The people of our time are familiar with It by its numerous signs and by actual acquaintance with Its nodus operandi, bnt no more so than they who populated all the old cities of the world. The business was necessary thousands of years ago, and It Is necessary cow, for humaa nature does not change. It ts quite possible that persons engaged In the business often take great advantage of customers, but on the other hand, they are very often losers. As in everything else, the pawnbroklng business has Its grades. There are the generous, square dealers, proverbial for honesty and fairness, and who do a large business, and the small fry, who. In some dingy corner, do a mean business In a mean way. It the business is at any time and In any way conducted tn obscurity, tt Is always for the reason that It Is In obedience to the popular notion of pawners that It Is a little disgraceful to be seen going Into a pawnee's office. In rare instances It not a disgrace to bepoor.and if a man or woman lsseenoing business in aneh an establishment, it is a pretty sure si t 'hey are embarrassed, temporarily at lea. can possibly avoid it. It is not a gwe . , .dvertlse poverty. Poor people are under r . scriptural indict ment. "From him that hathnot shall be taken away even that which he hath," the Bible says, and all poorpeople know that In this particular at least the Bible Is awfully true. That bit of In spiration, however, was given to the world to re mind It or the bounty of Heaven, and that If mankind were all properly disposed, tbere need be no such thing In the world aa absolute want In any partimlar. It was with such thoughts as these that one or The National Rxpcblicah'b writing staff wended his way yesterday for a visit to SOBEST rCLTOH'S, No. 311 Ninth street, and the following descrip tion of what he saw and heard In that fameus establishment will be interesting, painfully so to some, no doubt. Mr. Fulton's establishment Is famous for Its business record. During the twelve years of Its existence here It has steadily ad vanced In the estimation of the community as a place where generous and fair dealing may be ..sailed upon, aa a place where faith la kept, where secrets' are Inviolate, where grace Is extended, wkere the utmost latitude la given to pawners, and where one feels. If a pawner, that he has with himself on the records a great and noble atmy of martyrs. In fact, there Is very little or restraint felt by the haiituet or this establish ment. Department clerks, ladles and gentlemen hare so often unavoidably met there; so many persona In mourning weeds have repeatedly sought Its friendly aid; so many business men have gone thereto transact negotiations, and there Is such a variety ot business carried on in tbe place that "mine uncle" Fulton's omnium jatkerum Is rather a popular resort than other wise. It would fill a good-sized volume to tell one half of what there Is to be seen tbere. for the col lection embraces everything, from the cradle to the coffin. Among some of them ARE RARE BOOKS. One Is a New Testament, .Vorum Teiiamentum, twice as large as "Webster's Unabridged Die tlonary," printed in 1609, and in seven different languages. It Is most venerable In appearance, and must have cost an Immense amount or labor. Old as It is the state or Its preservation la perfect, and to the antiquarian It Is an Invaluable treas ure. It la valued by Its owner at3,000. Then there is another one entitled "A Summary by Way of Premise of the Dark Proceedings of the Cabal at Westminster Preparatory to the Mur der of His Late Sacred Majesty," and printed In London in 1M7. This Is a rare and valuable book, and without doubt the only one In tbe country. There Is an edition or 1821 or "Isaak Walton:" tbe first editions of Emily Taylor's works In 1825, and "Old Acts or Parliament" of 1732. containing Information of value touching the American colo nial dependencies or the crown. Besides these there are many elegantly and most expensively bound gin books, such as were once ChrMmas, wedding or birthday presents, sad whlcjpnard fortune would not permit to re main with their once happy recipients. The shelves are filled with complete sets or standard works scientific, historical and fictitious. There they are covered with dust, weeping with negleet and longing to be used. A book, however poor In matter and. homely in Its dress, hates to be neg lected. They know something or their power to Instruct and cheer, and thedlm recesses of a pawn broker's shop are moat uncongenial to their tastes and habits. There ought to be a society to pre vent cruelty to books. TBS SPIRIT Or WASHISOTOS Is everywhere tn the country animating people to virtue, but the piano ha loved Is at Fulton a. It seems a little strange that a relis so valuable, an instrument which once made music at Mount Ver non for the distinguished heroes of the Revolution, should meet a fate so inglorious: but such Is the fact. Washington's piano waa raffled oft some eight or ten years ago at a soldiers' fair, held on Louisiana avenue, tor MOO. it was won by Mr. , of this city, and by him. In turn, left as a filedge, and the time for redeeming It having ong since passed away. It Is now Mr. Fulton's property. It is a curious old instrument, and valuable only tor the historical and sacred associations connected with it, TAD LIHCOUt'8 TIOLIST. Another curiosity at Fulton's Is Tad Lincoln's violin. There are fifty, perhaps. In tho estab lishment, seme of them Intrinsically quite valua ble; but this oue has associations which ought to command Its purchase. Tad was a great favorite with every one at the White House during his msrtyr-rstber's Presidency, and was signally be loved by his parents. His little violin he could play passably well, and often used to amuse his father with it. Tad sickened and died, and deep melancholy settled over the Presidential house hold. In disposing of his things he gave this violin to a faithful servant, and for some ca'ise It has found Its way to this pawnshop, where It can be seen. JOE KILLER'S GOLD-HEADED CASE: the fsmous Joe Miller famous for his Jokes and songs and talent as an actor. He was a boon com panion, the light and life or the circle he hap pened to bets. His book or Jokes Is entirely fa miliar to all readers, and many or the current Jokes to this day are the offspring or Miller's pro lific brain. Years ago his friends in Philadelphia made htm a present of a gold-headed cane, all suitably Inscribed. He valued it very highly, and with great pride would show it to his friends. During his last visit here he became Involved, could not pay his hotelblll, and among other per sonal effects left this cane. It passed from one to another, until now It has its Utile niche at Ful ton's. It Is not without honorable company, though. Many gold-beaded presentation canes are there with It. Want is no respecter of pres ents. It compels the sacrifice of tbe most prized articles we may nave, but somehow these gold heads remind one of the great people buried at Westminster. You walk reverently among those tombs and muse on fallen greatness and the humble condition of kings and queens and nobles; so these gold-headed canes are so many monu ments or the sad rate or statesmen, orators and generals and benefactors, and the greit men to whom they were given. Their inscriptions are so many epitaphs, and the obscure place where they are set up reminds one of that oblivion their once proua owners have reached. WEDDISO rXESESTS AID OLD SILVER. or such things there are enough at Fulton's to set np a respectable Jewelry store- Two or three Sears ago there was a happy wedding In Wash igton. The bride's presents oonslsted of silver dishes, baskets, knives and torka, ladles, rlags, castors, cups, (to. They were valuable, and the bride's given name was esgrared on most of them, with the date of her marriage. Her honey-moon had hardly passed Into the ehamher of the dying year when grim misfortune com pelled ber to pack them up, one by one. In their original boxes, and to kiss them a long, long adieu, fbr such pledges are rarely redeemed. In this department there are many old solid silver sugar bowls, trays, tankards, cake baskets, tea sets and cups, some of them are very old and of rare workmanship and design, and In England and Germany and France once graced the tables or ancestral calls and baronial castles, and descending through the line or succeeding Retentions, have at last found their way to a place whete tbey have no redeemer. Such artlces are kept and kept, till patience ceases to be a virtue, and are then sold lor old silver, but Its putlty is sueb that It commands the very highest market price. Then again. Just now. It Is very tashlonable to own old sliver. The more antique the better. It Is all the rage, and cus tomers for it are numerous1. This fever Is tn great part the result ef the aaxlety on the part of many people to have as much old silver as pos sible during the coming Centennial celebration. Spread out on a table, tt makes a family look ancient and respectable. SABTA A3SA'S SADDLE. Tbe sadsie used In the last Mexican war by Santa Anna Is also on exhibition at Fulton's. It Is of most elaborate workmanship, and ta valued at $700, being heavily trimmed with gold and sil ver, and finely embroidered. It Is, or course, of the Mexican pattern. Its history can not well be told without disclosing the name of the unfortunate gentleman who had to part wtth It,' and while on the subject of soldiers one Is pain fully reminded of their distresses by the things they have left in pledge. There are hundreds of swords, pistols, guns and muskets which tbey have disposed of for a little money and hare never redeemed, and never will. There is at least a small cart-load of splints, used tor setting broken legs, and patent fastenings, which they have parted with, aad It was notiong ago that an old soldier walked Into the place and offered his false hand as a pledge for a small sum of money. It was a worthy hand, too, that was ouco In the place of the raise one. It did noble work In de fending the Union during the war, but he loft It on one or our bloody battle-fields, and this falsa one was a most painful reminder ol the true one. The Inanimate thing eould not work, aad It most minister to the wants or the body, and so It was offered tn pledge, but of course refused; but the refusal was aaeaapanled by a suitable present. One or the ladles In charge was s good deal startled not long sinee by an ex-Southern soldier coming in and asking what he could get roa BIS AHTIVICIAL LEO. After an examination he left It In pawn for fif teen dollars. Not long after he redeemed It, and again and again aad again he returned, getting the same sum for his leg each time. One day he left It, it seems, for the last time, and now It Is laid away among the curiosities of rubbish. TBE LACE BAEDKESCBIErS, For some reason people who have lace hand kerchiefs have a mania for pawning them. For all practical purposes an ordinary one may suf fice, and It Is, perhaps, lor this reason that ladles In destitute circumstances are willing to part company (as they suppose for a little white) with mere ornaments, we saw fire beautirul ones, worth 100 apiece, hut there are any quantity of them on deposit. There Is a most melancholy story In connection wltbthe-nve referred to, A gentleman well connected In the city had been traveling In foreign lands and the far-off Isles of the sea. In China he purchased for his wife these curiously wrought and expensive handkerchiefs, together with several other presents. Receiving news or his wire's sickness, he hastened home, but too late to receive her dying blessing. His Immediate funds were exhausted, and the expenses of the funeral were on his hands. First, a sum of mosey was raised on the handkerchiefs. They could not be redeemed, and his exigencies demanded more money. Then tbe sacrifice of his dead wile's wardrobe commenced, and one after another of her valuables were, from time to time, parted with, and while all substantial nope of ever getting them back may as well be gtvenupt, still every opportunity la atlorded for so de sirable a consummation. Not long ago AS AJTCIE3T DAXE came with a whole bundle of things to get some) money on, and among them was a pair of little shoes, which had been worn by a Revolutionary officer when he was a babe. Tbey are of quaint workmanship and a great curiosity. In the collection of shoes and slippers there ts much of history and old-time fashions. In look ing them over one Is easily convinced that the Revolutionary matrons had longer and narrower feet than ladies now have. Numerous pairs of slippers are exeeedtnglycarrow and long; being preserved as family relies they have, at leasv been put to practical use In raising money. With the relics Is the chemise worn on her wedding day by Madame . That was a gabs day In her life. The solemn ceremonials of her wedding were attended by the most distinguished In the land seventy years ago, but to-day the chemise she wore is for sale. ''Truth is stranger than fiction." There Is in the store A TORTOISE SHELL COJJB fully one yard broad and most elaborately carved. It is valued at $275, and It has the proof with It that It is more than one hundred and twenty fire years old. In this same collection there la a palr of shoes worn when a noted lawyer of this city was a baby. They are over fifty years old, ana as acurioslty commanded quite a sum. Near by there are two magnificent meerschaum pipes, beautifully carved and so heavily mounted with silver that they are valued at $740 a piece, aad customers are ready to take them at that enor mous price. TBS STATUE or DR. 3EWXAS. This Is one of the valuables In the establish ment. It ts a fins likeness, and the expression and vote are ejeellent. Itwasmadabyasenlptor or this city, tils effects were seised, and the statue, worth fully one hundred dollars, was bought In at a mere song. It is probable, how ever, that ft will be placed among the Lares and Penalealn the house of an ex-Mayor ot this dry. There are quantities of Indian relics, and among them some ancient tomahawks, curiously Set most barbarlcally wrought; and these, with le old-style coats, buckles and dresses, form a most singularly interesting collection. There is FAIR or GOLD SCISSORS two hundred years old. They have always been something wonderful In tbe family or the ladr who lelt them, and who ts now enjoying tbe hos- Sltallties or Providence hospital, or else she Is ead. She had her old silver and ring set with aqua-marines. She was the widow or an old naval officer, and these trinkets often enabled her to get the wherewith to keep sonl and body together. There are In one collection a most curious sssortment of articles manufactured In the Antrum state prison. Among them tortoise shell combs, and In a place, by themselves. Is the com plete wedding outfit, dresses, jewelry and all, wbleh a bride from one of the oldest and best of the distinguished houses ot this country has parted with from time to time, and time will yet be given herto get them back. A whole novel, founded on fact. Is Included In this little list of family history, but it Illustrates the foolishness of some women to such a degree that It would be too palntul to tell the story. THE WATCHES A3D RIXHS. At Fulton's yon can buy any kind of a watch from $1 up to $700. They are of all kinds and all manufacturers, and tbe rings diamond, emerald, topas, pearl, turquoise, amethyst and of every Erecious stone certainly make a rich collection; ut those mest carefully housed, the ones the owners "never will part with." are the carefully s aied up wedding r ngs. and those that belonged to "mother." Iftnere is anything that strains woman's heart In the way of a sacrifice. It ts the giving up a wedding ring er a mother's dying gift, but then necessity otten requires It, and with tearful faces the pledge the sacred pledges are turned over for money. It Is no use to harrow up unpleasant memertes by telling why this is so by pointing out the errors that led to it. WHO rATROSIZE. It requires but little examination to determine that It is not poverty which compels most of the business at this Institution, nor Is It largely de pendent upon the extravagance and rolblesof 'fast women." The mala business ts from the h'gberand better classes of society, and from men In business who must have money on tbe Instant, and rrom ladles who must keep up the "outward exterior" at any and all sacrifices; from those who invent no "strange stories" or frame excuses "old as the hills" waen they go la to do business, but from those open and above, board, and make no "mince meat" ef what they are about. These are good customers "short credits and long friends ;" yet If yon should pawn your old hat to-day they woold not care whether yon ever came for It or not. When a thousand were col lected a ready sale for them Is always open, and so with everything, even to a set of artificial teeth. Not long ago a person left a set, and his excuse wss that, not being able to get anything to eat, tbey were of no use to him. After he got his meney on them and had ordered a dinner he couldn't eat It for the want of his teeth ; so his last estate was really worse than his first. Very valuable dega are frequently left tn pawn. Tho poor dogs cant understand thenonsense, and they cowl at a fearful rate, and these scenes or part leg and redemption are really often very affect ing. The pawnbroker's shop is a little world of It self, but when one ts conducted on the fair, high toned, honorable principles ol Fulton's It Is robbed of more then hair Its terrors. Any one Interested In this article personally will notice that only general facts are referral to. Names are not mentioned, and they couldn't be If desfrable, for, as said before, the secrets ot the establishment are as Inviolate as the repose et the dead. Not half the cariosities are described, but enough to give the reader ah Insight Into a permanent and most honorable Institution. Curs for the Potato Bug. The following letter, addressed to the Govern ment, has been translated at the Department ef State and furnished for publication. In the hope that the suggestions contained therein may prove useful to the people of the country. The letter is as follows: "Being mnch grieved at the injuries which have been done in America by the Colorado pctato bug, I desire briefly to state my experience, hoping that what 1 have to say may prove really beneficial. During my long experience about forty years as a cultivator or tbe soil I have fre quently been annoyed by the depredations or In sects, but have always succeeded In putting a stop to such depredations by a free use of common salt. It will be round an excellent plan to 3rinkle the plant with a tolerably strong sola, on or salt afewhandafnl In an ordinary-sized watering pot. The plants absorb the stlt, and the Insects or worms are destroyed, or at least do no more harm. If a rag be tied to the end or a pole, and then saturated with a solution of salt, ft may be used to great advantrge tn destroying; caterpillars on trees. "The proper way Is to use the rag so as to sprinkle the branches on which the caterpillars are with the solution, and presently the destruc tive creatures will tall to the ground like rain; moreover, tr a portion of the trunks of the trees are washed with this solution the trees will be kept free from eaterplllers. It will also be found very useful to sprinkle the roots of grape vines with this solution. "Sincerely hoping that I may hear that the use of salt has been found serviceable tn destroy ing the American potato bag, I subscribe myself, very respectfully, your obedient servant, "AXDREAS FRIDERER, "UeserkshauptmannschartKlattens, lets te post, Nenmark tn Bohmen. "Plass, Bouxjiia, Feb. 10, 1573." The new postal cards are to be ofa violet blue tint. The border and all directions as to where sndhowto write name and address will bedls. rensed with. A monogram termed of the letters 'U. S." will be printed on the card In black Ink. This will be on the upper left-hand corner, across which will be the words "Postal Uard." The vignette Liberty, with her luxuriant tresses hanging down her back and confined bv a cap adorns the upper right-hand corner. The new cards will be dentlcal In size with the 0M.030S.