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WASHINGTON, D. C, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 8, 1876.
' " Vfc
IE ARRIVAL OF Ett PEDRO
THE EMPEROR AT THE ARLINGTON
MOVEMENTS OF THE PARTY YESIEBMT
HE ASCENDS THE DOME OF THE CAPITOL
VISIT TO THE OBSERVATORY
His Imperial Majesty Star-Gazing
D. l'cdro J' Alcantara, Viscount of Horn Rctlro,
arrived in the city yesterday morning at 10
o'clock, '.bj the Baltimore and Potomac road,
where ho was met by the Brazilian Minister with
his carriages, and the party wee immediately
driven to the Arlington. The Johnon house, ad
joining the Arlington, had been prepared for the
royal guest, and soon alter being ensconced in
their quarters the party partook of breakfast A
newly-Hedged rcinirtcrof the Xatio2al RKrun
xican, never having interviewed royalty, and
with a desire to keen our citizens informed of the
movements of sodisiininilshed a visitor, proceeded
to the Arlington At tho entrance ol the John
son house he (the X. F. K ) was met by two fine
looking gentlemen, whom he took at first, from
their Oriental complexion and distinguished pres
ence, to be members of his Highness' suite.
Learning that they were "gentlemen in wait
ing," detailed bj Air. Rocssellc to attend to the
royal apartments, the rcjiorter. removing his hat,
ventured to ask If the Einperor was at home. K-3-ceivmg
no satisfactory respone. the X. F. R.
hinted that he desired the Information for the
public, to be heralded through the streets in the
morning by the Natioal Rlfuhlican boys.
At the mention of said newspaper a change came
o'er the countenance of the "irentleman in wait
ing." "Oh, 'reuse me, sah. No, sah, de Etnprum
lent in yet. sah: but his secumtary, he's upstairs,
sah will you have yo' card sent up, sah?'
While waiting for an audience with the secretary,
the N.F.R. interviewed these two accommodating
hotel attendants, from whom he learned that
eight rooms, including all on the nrt and second
floors, were occupied by l)om Pedro and suite, very
little change having been made in the rooms
aide lrom scrubbing the hearth, draping the
mirror oer the mantle with the American and
Brazilian flags, wcef!ng the fltior of the dining
room ard adding everal additional cork-screws
to the royal sideboards
While taking notes as to the number of straps
upon the rojal trunks, to give to a curious public,
the second "gentleman in waiting' informed the
reporter as a private citizen, and not In his
capacity as a newsgiver that " Lat 'ar Emprum
he can cat-now 1 tell e He done took a niece
of sweetbread, as big a yer two hu suah, to
day, and took um in at two bites: and dc way he
does go for roas duck, now, am a caution." From
this the reporter inferred that the Emperor's di
gestive organs were in good condition, which the
public will be pi eaed to learn. Receiving an In
vitation from Ills Majety's secretary to walk
into his chamber, the X. F. R. was met In a cor
dial and friendly manner by a small, intelligent
looking gentlemen, with dark side-whiskery and
hair and black ej es.
Upon introducing himself he found that the
secretary, although be had traveled In this coun-a
nj L-ciurv, couiu ?: uuij iir xai;;ii?u, inuugu
sufficiently good to make himself undeietaod.
With true Oastillan politeness he introduced the
reporter to Mr. James T O'Kelley. one of the
Emperor's suite, and then ordered up wine and
cigarettes. From the secretary the N. F. R. re
ceived the startling information that "Ze Dom
Pedro d'Alcanlarr, he very fast man." but when
the secretary added, "an' he make ze most of
he's visit to ze Capltolc," the reporter erased
from his note-book "EmjKiror exceedingly fast in
his habits," and inserted in lieu thereof, "Emperor
improves ever) moment of his tiine--St. Matt-,
High Mass, Capitol.'' fee.
As the Interview progressed, the reporter
learned that the royal iarty consisted of His
Imperial Majesty, Arthur T. de Mercedo, Dr.
Carl Herring, James T. O'Kelley and himself,
besides one private attendant, Pedro Paiva, and
Soon after breakfast the party attended High
Mas at St Matthew's church, and after lunch
were driven to the Capitol, where they were re
ceived and escorted through the building by Ser-geant-at-Arms
French The Emperor was so
pleased with the Capitol that he insisted upon
iroing to the very top ol the dome, where he went
into ccstaclcs over the view.
From the Capitol the party proceeded to Ar
lington, halting for a moment on their way thither
to admire the National RErrnncAN bulldin?,
the Emperor observing that if his visit to the city
was not necessarily soUmited he would be pleased
to pay the office a visit
Arriving at Arlington, the Einicror manifested
great Interest In the Lee mansion, and aked
many questions regarding General Lee and the
historj or tne mnneion. Then, strolling through
the cemetery, the astonishment of Ills Imperial
Majety at the great number of graves gave way
to bewilderment, when a prevaricating guide in
formed him that the soldiers buried here had fal
len In a skinniMi near the hou-e, but if His
Majesty pleased, he would conduct him to a ceme
tery a few miles down the river where reposed
the bones of all sU'ers killed in a large battle.
On their return from Arlington the party
stonped at the Observatory, wht-re they were re
ceived with the high consideration due the rank
of so rojal a gueet
The Emiieror being desirous of testing the
power of our new and magninceut telcscoite. the
int-truinent was adjusted so as to give Hi High
nets a view of the moon, but his exclamation of
attonisluccnt ujion placing his c) e to the Instru.
tnent caused an investigation, and it was found
that & mistake had liccn made in its adjustment,
there apt-earin:r uMin the face of the moon, in.
rtead ol deep vallej s and high mountain ranges,
ths startling Information, 'teamed oysters in
every style sold here."
It was- found that instead of pointing toward
Luna, the inttruincnt was on a dead level with
the sign of an oyster saloon in Alciandrla. L'jion
their return to the hotel, the Emperor, ex
pressed himself highly delighted with the
National Capitol and its surroundings, stating
that the Capitol wa without doubt the ui-ist
magnlhccnt building he had ever seen. He was
especially pleaded with our broad streets, shade
trees, and could not but express hl fondness for
the good things the table- of the Arlington were
He desires that the title Emperor shall not be
applied to him, but he be known only as D Pe
dro d' Alcantarr. He is an carlv riser, generally
being up and dressed bv 5 o'clock, breakfasting
at 9. He has, during'his stay In this country,
driven outlmmedlately after rising without losing
a moment's time He is making his visit to the
United States a study, and not merely a pleasure
trip. It was his eaneet desire to stop at Iienver.
Colorado, upon his return from California, but
want of time defeat ed this pet scheme.
The royal guest will remain at the Capital un
til Tuesday ev ening. and judging from what lie
has seen of the many attractions our public
buildings and other places of Interest atford in a
day, he will leave nothing unseen. To-day he
visits the Smithsonian Institution, but has not
decided uon the other places he will visit during
The visit of the Emicrorto this country ia hur
ried on account of the health of the Empress,
which Is very ioor Her physicians say she must
reach Germany earlv in July to receive the ben
ehtsof the baths and water at one of the cele
brated water cures In that country
The Emjieror hat graciously accepted an invi
tation to be present at the performance of the
Vokes Famllv at the National theatre to-night,
where he and his suite will occupy boxes.
Decoration of Soldiers' Graves.
Governor Hartranlt. commander-in-chief of the
Gran' Army or the Republic, In general orders
No. 11, appoints Tuesday. May 3), as Decoration
Day-for the graves of deceased soldiers of the late
war. He adds "In this Centennial year, when
each true patriot hopes to see the proofs of peace
and good will, and wc meet as a united people to
commemorate the events connected with the
birth of our nation, the memories of our dead
comrades, whose lives were required for the es
tablishment or that peace, should be very near
to our hearts, and command our choicest offer
ings." Point Lookout for Disabled Volunteers.
At the late meeting of the board of managers
of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer
Soldiers, the lioard having heard the report of
the commute on the proposition of Mlsl. P.
llaker, ; to donate to the National Home
the Point Lookout property. It tras
V.eiolred, That the loaru will accept said proi
erty whenever presented to us, with a clear, title
for the use of the home. If the donor shall oiler
It with any restrictions, the l-oard will reter the
offer to Congresss for power to accept It with
those restrictions, I r Congress shall so direct
Another snccessrul exhibition of Lay's torpedo
boat was had off Oicscboro' Point on Saturday,
In presence ofa board or naval officers and others.
Lieutenant Iiradrord manipulated the kegs by
which the movements of the "fish" were directed.
There will be a further exhibition of tins destruc
tive affair on Saturday next at the Navy Yard, to
which the public will be Invited. The method by
which tbej"devl'-fish" is prowl led by carbonic
acid gas and controlled from the shore by electric
wires has already been described in thtse col
umns. Adjournment of the Supreme Court
The Supreme Ccurt of the United States will
meet this morning at 11 o'clock for the delivery
of opinions In cases now before them, after which
they will adjourn for the term.
Trade Difficulty in Troy.
Trot, May ".Last evening a non-union
moudler named Alexander, and a friend named
Mills, not a moulder, were set upon in the street
by union men and took refuge In a drug store.
U Wiethe police were taking them to a place or
safety they were again set upon by a nob of union
men. armed wltU stones and brickbats. Alexan
der shot one of his assailants, mortally wounding
him. The police station where they were quar
tered was surronnded nearly all night by a riot
ous mob, who threatened lynch law.
COLORED fUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Compact History 1818-1876 Comparative Ee-
sults for Cue Month of April -Eesult of
Not the least among the valuable Information
contained, in Prof. Barnard's special report (1S68)
on education Is that which particularly relates to
the efforts made by the colored people of the Dis
trict of Columbia In acquiring education. Tho
work being a valuable one, and the copies limited,
wc have, in order that justice may be accorded our
colored citizens, prepared from It a concise and
compact statement of the past, and present It
with the present condition of the schools for col
ored children in the cities of Washington and
Georgetown. Prof. Barnard justly says, "that
the struggle or the colored people of the District
of Columbia In securing for themselves the means
of education furnishes a very instructive chapter
In the history of schools. Their courage and rcso
tion were such, in the midst or their own great
ignorance and sfenuous opposition from without,
that a permanent record becomes an act or jus
tice to them."
THE FIRST SCHOOL AND SCHOOL-HOUSE
built expressly for the education of colored chil
dren was erected In 18 -7 by three men born and
reared as slaves in Mar land and Virginia
George Bell, Nicholas Franklin and Moses Liver
pool. It was a good, one-story frame building,
and stood upon a lot directly opposlto to and west
of the house in which the mother of Daniel Car
roll, of Duddington, then resided, and where the
Providence hospital now stands. It wasopened by
Mr. Lowe, and continued In successful operation
for several years. TheccntusoT 1M)7 shows that
when this school was opened the rrec colored
population numbered only -TJ4, while, on the other
hand, the while population or more than 4,000
residents had the year before but two public
school-houses. The school took Its name rroui one
or Its founders and leadingsplrlt, and was known
as the "licll" school.
SCHOOL OF THE RESOLUTE BENEFICIAL SOCIETY.
The "Boll" school, after being temporarily closed
and used during the interval as adwclling-housc,
was again rc-opened for educational purimses in
1818 to accommodate an association organized by
the leading colored men of the city for the spcclhc
purpose ol advancing the education er their race.
The announcement or the opening of this school
appeared In the Daily National Intelligenc r,
August 12). l&ls, and rends as follows: "A
school founded by an association of rrco people
or color or the city or Washington, called the
'Resolute Beneficial Society,' situated near tho
Ilastem public school and the dwelling or Mrs.
Fcnwlck, is now ojcn Tor the reception of children
of free i-cople of color and others that ladles and
gentlemen may think projier to send to be in
structed In reading, writing, arithmetic, English
grammar, and other branches of education appo
fcitc to their capacities, by a steady, active, and
exiwrlcnccd teacher, whoso attention is wholly
devoted to the purines denrrlbcd. It is presumed
that free colored famillcswill embrace the advan
tages thus presented to them, either bv subscrib
ing to the lund or by sending thcirchildrcn to the
"An Improvement of the Intellect andmoralsof
colored youth being the object or the institution,
the iatronage orbencvolcnt ladles and gentlemen
by donation or subscription is humbly solicited in
aid or the fund, the demands thereof being
heavy, and the means at prccnt much too lim
ited. For the satisfaction of the public, the con
stitution andartlclcs ofthcassociation arc printed
and published. And. to avoid disagreeable oc
currences, no writings are to be done by the
teacher tor a slave, neither directly nor indi
rectly, to serve inc purpose oi a siavc, on any ac
count whatever. Further particulars may be
known by applying to any of the undersigned
officers: William Costin. president; George Hicks,
vice president; James Harris, secretary; George
Bell, treasurer; Archibald JohnKin, marshal;
Fred. Lewis, chairman of the committee; Isaac
Johnson and Scipio Bccns, committee.
"It is manifot in every sentence that an apology
was deemed nccesary lrom these poor iteople for
presuming to do anything ror opening to their olf.
springs the gates or knowledge, which had been
barred to themselves." This sehool remained with
an ordinary attendance or fitly or sixty pupils for
several years. The rlrst teacher was Mr. Pier
pont, ot Massachusetts, who, after two or three
years, was succeeded by John Adams, a shoe
maker, and the Jirtt colored man lcAo taught in
(Alt Diiricr, and who, after leaving this school,
opened another, in IKS, near the Navy Depart
ment MH HEXRY rOTTEE'S SCHOOL.
The third school for colored children in Wash
lngton was established In 1S0J by Mr. Henry Pot
ter, an Englishman, In a brick building which
stood on the southeast corner of Seventh and F
streets, opposite where the Post Office nowstands.
He continued there several years and had a large
school, moving subsequently to what was then
known as Clark's row, on Thirteenth street west,
between G and H streets north.
MES. HALL'S SCHOOL.
During this period Mrs. Annie Maria Hall
started a school on Capitol Hill, between the Old
Capitol and Carroll row, on First street east Af
ter continuing with a full school for ten years
she moved to u building on A street, close to the
Capitol. Some years later she went to the First
Bethel church, and alter a year or two moved on
E street northbetween Elcvcntti and Twelfth
streets west, and there taught many years. She
was a colored woman, and had a rcsitectable edu
cation, which was obtained nt schools with white
children in Alexandria. She taught for over
twenty-hvc years, with uniform success.
M11S. HAltV EILLIMJ'8 SCHOOL
was the nrrt school for colored children In
Georgetown. She opened it In 1810, In a brick
house on Dnnbarton street, lietween Congress and
High streets, and remained there until the win
ter of 1HW-2L when she came to Washington
and opened a school In a houcon H street near
the Foundry church, owned by Daniel Jones, a
colored man. She continued teaching till falling
hcalth.'aycarorsoberorc her death, (1820,) com
pelled its relinquishment Her school was large,
it being patronized by the best colored families of
AVa-liington. Henry Potter eceeded her In the
Georgetown school, ami alter him Mr. Shay, who
subheiiucntly came to Washington, and for many
jears had a large colored school In a brick build
ing known as "Round Tops," In the western part
ol the cftv, near the Circle, and later removed to
the Old Wc?tcrn Academy building, corner or
Seventeenth and I streets. He remained thcro
till about 183), when he was convicted or assisting
a slave to his lrcedom. and hent a term to the
penitentiary. Mrs. Billings had a night-school,
in which she was greatly assisted by Mr. Monroe,
a Gov eminent clerk. About the time when Mrs.
Billings relinquished her school, In .IScrj or 1823,
THE SMOTHER'S SCHOOL noCSE
was built by Henry Smothers on the corner ol
Fourteenth and II streets near the Treasury De
partment He opened his .-chool in Washington
in the old coriioration school-house built in 103,
and was known as the Western Academy When
the new school-house on Fourteenth and H streets
was finished his school, numbering at times as
high as no, took possession or the new building.
He taught about two tears In the new butldlng,
and was succeeded by John W. Prout In 15. The
school, under Prout, was governed by a board or
trustees and was organized as a "tree school,"
and so continued two or thrte years The school
was large, av craglng lai. Mrs. Anne Maria Hall
was the assistant teacher. It relied mainly ror
supjiort ujion subscription, twelve anda hair cents
a month only being exacted rrom each pupil.
The school under Mr. Prout was called
the "Columbian Institute." It was in the Smoth
er's school-house that the first Sunday school. In
183, was lormed, and continued for several years.
The Fifteenth Street Presbyterian church ulti
mately sprung from this school organization.
THE SUXDAY SCHOOL
was an extremely important means or education
among the colored people. It was the Sabbath
scnot i mat taugnt xne great mass oi tree colored
leople their knowledge about schools allowed
them In those days, and prominent among the
falthlul workers were Lindsay Muse, John
Brown, Benj. M. McCoy, Mr. Smallwood, Mrs.
Charlotte Norrls and Slby McCoy. They had. In
the successor of Mr. Prout, a man after their
jobs r. COOK,
who assumed charge of this school In August
1834, giving bimscll wholly to study and the bus!
ness or education. His school numbered quite a
hundred scholars In winter and one hundred and
fifty in summer. He had been engaged in hli
work one year when the storm which had been
gathering for some years under the discussion of
slavery ov er the country at large burst ution this
District "The Snow riot." as It was commonly
called, occurred In September, 1835, and is an
event that stands In the memory of all colored
people who lived in this community at that time.
The rioters swept through the city, ransacking
the houses of prominent colored people. Nearly
all the scbool-hcuses were partially demolished
and furniture totally destroyed. The colored
schools were broken up, and it was with the
greatest difficulty that the churches were saved.
The rioters sought especially ror John F. Cook,
who, however, through Iriends, made his escape
irom the city.
They marched to his scltool-bousc. destroyed all
the books and -fumlture"nd partially destroyed
the building. Mr. Cook went to Columbia, Penn.
m Irani l, opened a school there and returned
to his home ia August, 1833, and re-o'icncd his
sebcol, whlcli, under him, had. In 1B34, received the
name of "Union Seminary. ' He resumed ais
work witn broad-and elevated Ideas of his busi
ness. This Is clearly seen In the plan of his Insti
tution, which embraced printed annual announce,
ments and programmes or his annual exhibitions.
The course of study embraced three vears, and
there was a male and female department Mr.
Cook was not only active In watching over his large
school, ranging from 100 to 150, but was likewise
active In the formation of the "First Colored
Presbyterian church or Washington." In 1841
be attempted to turn his seminary Into a high
school, limited to twenty-five or thirty pupils, ex
clusively for the more advanced scholars or both
His plans were not put into execution for the
reason that there were so few good schools in the
city for the colored people at that period that
bis old patrons would not allow him to shut off
the multitude of primary scholars who were de
pending upon his school. His seminary, how.
ever, continued to maintain Its high standard
until he surrendered op his work In death, which
took place March ZL 1855. After his death the
sehool fell Into the hands of his son, John F.
Cook, (present collector of taxes,) who continued
It till Jiar, 1U7, when it passed to a younger son,
George F. T. Cook, (present superintendent of
colored" schools of Washington and Georgetown,)
who moved It from its olS home, the "Smother's
House," to the basement of the Presbyterian
church In the spring of ISSi, and maintained It
till July, 18W. n
John F. Cook, jr., who had erected a new
school-house on Sixteenth street In 13U, again
gathered the school which the tempest of war bad
d srersed and continued It till June, ISST, when
the new order of things had opened ample school
facilities and the teacher was called to other du
ties. Thus ended the school which had first been
gathered by "Smothers" nearly forty-flre years
ago, and which had been continually maintained'
with less than one hundred pupils, and for the most
part one hundred and fifty, the only suspension
being the year of the snow riot and the two years
which ushered In the year. In addition to the
prominence gained by the rather and sons In an
educational light, the daughters aro equally de
serving of honorable mention. The elder, Mrs.
Mary V. Batcher, is principal or the Stephens
school building, and Is not only a fine scholar,
but a splendid disciplinarian. A visit to that
building, containing as It does over eight hundred
children, will be sufficient to convince all who
doubt woman's power In governing large bodies
that such things arc possible. The other daugh
ter. Miss R. Josephine Cook, Is doing splendid
service in grammar No. 1, John F. Cook (named
after her rather) school building.
In addition to those mentioned, who have con
trnnitcd much toward the education or their race,
are Miss Louisa Parke Costin, James Enoch Am
bush, Father Vanlomcn, Maria Uecraft, Miss
Myrtllla Miner tho history and work or this ex
cellent woman would make history In Itseir, the
"Miner" fund, which has done and Is still doing a
splendid work In educating the colored people in
the higher studies, is the best evidence of her In
dustry and thoughtfulncss Miss Arabella Jones,
Miss Mary Wormley, Mr. Calvert, Wm. Thomas
Lee, Margaret Thompson, Mrs. Mary Wall. Ben
jamin McCoy, Nancy Grant, Mr. Nuthall, Fanny
Hampdon, Charles II. Mlddleton. Robert Brown,
Mr. Talbot, Mrs. George Ford, Thos. Tabbs, Dr.
John 11. Fleet, John Thomas Johnson. The first
movement for a free public school originated with
Jesse E. Dow, who. In 1848 and 1849, was leading
member of the Common Council. The workman
failed, but the work succeeds. Rev. John Morgan,
Alexander Cornish, Richard Stokes, Margaret
Hill, Alexander Hays, Joseph T. Maon, Thomas
II. Mason. Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher, Eliza Ann
Cook, Anna E. Washington, Elizabeth Smith,
Rev. Wm. H. Hunter, Isabella Briscoe, Cnarlotto
Beams, Rev. James Shorter, Miss Jackson, Mrs.
Charlotte Gordon and David Brown.
In addition to the above, the rcllcr societies con
tributed In 18Q1-1868 largely towards educating
the masses thrown into the District by reason or
the rebellion, regular organization being formed
under the auspices of Stale and other associailons,
falthrul men and women laboring earnestly and
well for the poor, despised race. Prominent among
them were Rev. H. W. Picrson, Rev. George
Shearer, Dr. Lorenzo D. Johnson. Mr. A. M.
hpcrry. Rev. 1). H. Nichols, Rev. J. W. Alvonl,
Mr. A. E. Newton, Miss Sarah L. Damn and Miss
Mann. The good work Inaugurated by these and
many other people and the fine results accom
plished by thein formed the nucleus for the splen
did schools now in operation in this District for
runLic scnooLS asd leoislatio?.
The abolition of slavery In the District or Co
lumbia took effect on the 16th of April, V2, and
on the 'Jlst ol May, a little more tnana month
later. Congress passed an act requiring "ten per
centum or taxes collected rroin persons or color hi
Washington and Georgetown for the purpose of
initiating a system of primary schools, tor the
education or colored children,'' residing In these
cities. This act made the boards of trustees or
the white schools custollans or the funds arising
both from this tax and from contributions, tho
two runds, however, to be kept separate. The
friends or colored schools In tho District "enter
taining solicitude as to the execution or this law
In good ralth by the trustees, communicated their
apprehensions to the friends of the cause In Con
gress, and on the 11th of July Congress passed
another act, creating a board of trustees for col
ored schools for Washington and Georgetown.
This hoard consisted of three members, and were
aiqiolnted by the Secretary or the Interior, for
the criod or one. two and three years, Daniel
Breed, Zcnas C. Bobbins and S. J. Bjwen being
the first appointees as trustees.
THE FIRST COLORED TCnLlC SCHOOL
in the District was opened March 1, 1161, In the
Ebenezer church, with Mlss Emma V. Brown,
(principal Sumner building) teacher. The school
commenced with rorty lupll, nnd under tho ex
cellent management oi Miss Brown soon Increased
to one hundred, with continued applications. The
first school-house for colored children was built in
ll4, on O street, between Second and Third
streets, Capitol Hill, which subsequently gave
away. In 1871, to the splendid school building
known as the Lincoln building. Second and C
streets. The continued progress made by thesj
schools are exceedingly gratifying, and the result
appended, for the month of April, 1870, is conclu
slvc that the schools arc well managed and aro
worthy of the support of the friends of tho colored
rate, and that as long as separate schools an
maintained on account ol color tne colored peopi
should be allowed, and protected In, the manage
ment of the schools set apart for their children.
Numberof schools, 21; whole numbcrof different
pnpils, 1,148: average number enrolled, 1,128; aver
age number In dally attendance. 1,103; percentage
ol attendance, V7.7; cases ol tardiness, 15; percent
age or tardiness. .003; cases or corporal punish
ment, 4; cases or suspension, 4; days teacher ab
Number or schools, 19; whole number of differ
ent pupils, 1,095; average number enrolled, 1,077;
average number In dally attendance, 1,05:!; per
centage or attendance, 93 cases of tardiness,
t; percentage or tardiness, .0001; cases ol corporal
punishment, 11; cases or suspension, S; days
teacher absent, 26, (sickness.)
Number or schools, 14; whole number or differ
ent pupils, 777; average number enrolled, 741;
ercentagc of attendance, 97.8; cases of tardiness,
10; )iercentage or tardiness, .CO 13; eases of corporal
punishment 7: cases of suspension, 6; times
teacher tardy, 2; days teacher absent, 6.
Numler oT schools, 15; whole number of differ
ent pupils, 885; average number enrolled, 82);
average number In dally attendance, 804; per
centage or attendance, 8; cases or tardiness, 3:
percentage of tardiness .uool; cases of corporal
punishment, 8; cases or suspension, 1.
Number or schools, C: whole number or differ
ent pupil, 349; average number enrolled, 33.;
average number In dally attendance, 33); per
centage ol attendance, D7.7; cases or tardiness, 2;
percentage or tardiness, .0002.
' Whole number different pupils, 109; average
number enrolled, 106; average number in dally at
tendance. 109; pcrtentage or attendance, PC; cases
of tardiness, 1; percentage of tardiness, .0OJ2.
The number or schools In all the districts are
76; whole number different pupils, 4,343, an In
crease of 2 over the same month In 1875; average
number enrolled, t.2, an Increase or242; average
nnmlfcr In dally attendance, 4.123, an Increase ol
277;perctntage of attendance, V7.9,agatnori; cases
of tardiness. 36, a reduction of 153; percentage of
tardiness, .OJW: case ofcorpreal punishment 32,
a decrease of.CO cases; cases or suspension, 17; a
ui-creuftooi D ca-ei; limes icacner taruy, x; days
teacher absent, 39.
The districts for general excellence stand in
the order given Percentage of attendance. Sec
ond, Fourth, Third, First and Filth; percentage
or tardiness, Second, Fourth, Fifth equal. First
ami third equal; corjiorcal pnnlshtncnt. First,
Fifth. Third, Fourth and Second, suspensions.
Fourth, First, Second, Filth and Third.
The spelling contest held Friday afternoon for
the medal resulted as follows: Second primary
gradeCarried by Primary No. 1, First district,
Miss M. L. Lawrence, teacher; suecessrul com
lietltors, Ellio Branson and Carrie Brown. First
primary grade Primary No. 1. First district.
Miss C. A. Jones, teacher; Mary Pavne. Eighth
grammar grade Grammar No. 3, First district,
Miss C. A. Patterson, teacher; suecessrul pupil,
Miry Wayman. Seventh grammar grade
Grammar No. 2, Third district Mrs. M. E.
Tucker, teacher; successful pupil, William Young.
Firth grammar gradeGrammar No. 4, First
district. Miss Alice M. Parke, teacher; successful
pupil. Adelc Hughes Fourth grammar grade
Grammar No. 1, Fifth district, Miss A. T. How
ard, teacher; successful pupils, Betsey Pryorand
Sarah Coakley. Third grammar grade Oram
mar No. 1, First district. Miss L. P. Matthews,
teacher; successful pupil, Mary Champ. In the
second primary and tourtn grammar grade thcro
was a tie between two pupils, which will require a
contest between them to decido which shall re
ceive the medal.
The history or the past and present or the col
ored schools ot the district as presented are both
interesting and Instructive, showing as It does ths
remarkable progress and advancement made by
the colored people In acquiring and imparting ed
ucation. Too much credit cannot be given Super
intendent Cook for the able and efficient manner
In which he discharges the rcsjionslble duties de
volving upon him as superintendent. To film,
more than any one man, are the colored people
Indebted for their splendid and nearly perfect
school system. In the discharge of bis duties he
has the hearty co-operation ol the colored gentle,
men composing the subbpard, together with a
corps of ficient lady teachers.
THE BELT LIKE.
Annual Meeting of the Stockholders.
The stockholders or the Capitol, North U Street
and South Washington Street Railway Company,
held tholr annual meeting last Saturday morn
ing. Mr. S. It. Bond, president, read his first report,
which embraced the construction, equipment and
operations or the road up to the end of the fiscal
year,. April 3o, 1876, showing the length: or the
road to be a little overfnve miles, with a complete
double track, except on O -street. The cost of con.
strnctlon. Including nrarly $20,000 for paving, has
been 77,70224; cost of equipment. Including 21
cars and 73 horses, 29,735.2; cost of ground, con
sisting of 36,000 square feet, and depot, stables,
blacksmith shop, harness, etc (2X663.40: sala
ries and miscellaneous expenses, 49,745.11. Total,
ii37,S46.04. The first car was run upon the road
Decembers, 1875. Receipts from sale or stock
have been 118,920, and there Is now due on stock
4,080. Receipts from passengers have been
416,212.89, and the running expenses 414,000, leav
ing a net profit of about 1,700.
The following directors have been chosen for the
ensuing year: George "A. Mcllhenny, Charles
White, It F. Fuller, C.C. Glover, Edward Tem
ple, J. D. Clary, and B. H. Warner.
First Presbyterian Church.
In a bright spring day nature rejoices. With
a full congregation and the chink of silver coin In
the collection gave also more subjects of rejoic
ing. In giving ont a large number of notices for
the ensuing week, Dr. Sunderland took pleasure
in mentioning the benefit concert of our former
soprano singer, Miss Zadlo Jones, on Monday
night at Wlllard hall, notwithstanding R was a
little out of the usual order so to do. He also
notified all interested that next Sabbath morn
ing he should preach upon the subject, "The
character and office of Christ," In answer to sev
eral Important questions communicated to him
from an eminent lawyer In the city. The morning,
discourse was upon God's great love for his chil
dren. Before the -communion seventeen persons
Joined the church.
The evening services have been arranged ac
cording to the "new departure." The choir have
consented to furnish music with the congrega
tion. In accordance with the requests or the pas-'
tor and elders of the church, and the evangelist
melodies stir to the Inmost soul with the influence
or praise and Inquiry meeting! at close of r
I FORTY-FOURTH CONGRESS.
THE RIGHTS OF A PRIVATE CITIZEN
ME. COMLLNG'S QUESTIONS
WHO WUali ANSWER THEM ?
ME. JEHEES ON THE OONSTITnnON
ELOQUENT SPEECH 01? JUDGE HOAR
Belknap's Impeachment Demanded
Satdrdat, May 6, 1576.
The CHAIR laid before the Senate a commu
nication from the Secretary or the Treasury rela
tive to tax collected, &.c, on savings Institutions,
which was read and referred to the Committee on
The consideration or the articles or Impeach
ment was then proceeded with, after the usual
proclamation was made by theSergeant-at-Arms.
The minutes or yesterday's proceedings were
Senator CONKXINO then propounded the
following questions :
1. If two persons guilty of crime In office ccaso
to be officers at the same time, one by removal
and the other by resignation. Is one rather than
the other subject to Impeachment afterward ; If
a distinction between the two cases exists, please
2. Is a private citizen liable to Impeachment
under the Constitution or the United States?
ir his having previously held an offlco distin
guishes him In this respect lrom other citizens.
Id case trace the distinction to the clause or tho
,'onstltution, or to the principle In which It Is
Senator MITCHELL, propounded the following:
The Constitution provides that when the Presi
dent olthe United States Is tried on Impeachment,
the Cbler Justice shall preside. Supposo a late
President were Impeached for high crimes and
misdemeanors committed while President, and
presented at the bar of the Senate lor trial, who
would preside, the Chler Justice or the President
01 the senate T
Mr. Manager Kxott. When the Senate did
me the very great kindness to adjourn yesterday
1 WAS SUFFZKINO. INTENSELY
rrcin a very painful affection of the eyes, with
which 1 have been afflicted for some time. I am
sorry to say that I find myself in no better condi
tion this morning. Br an arrangement between
my colleagues and tho counsel who is to conclude
this argument, I ask the privilege of the Senate
to conclude my remarks on Monday, Inasmuch as
the argument will not be closed before that time,
and that in the meantime my colleagues who de
sire to be beard may proceed. If there Is no ob
jection to that arrangement, I hope It will be
mauc, as it wouia dc a matter 01 consiueraDie in
convenience for rac to go on at this time.
The PRESIDENT pro ten. The Chair hears
no objection to that arranircuient.
Mr. Manager Jexks then addressed the Senate.
He premised by saying that he considered that
the questions which had been propounded would,
to a treat extent, be discussed In the bodv of his
argument. He said the resolution on which this
discussion Is progressing Is the following:
"That the Senate proceed first to hear and deter
mine the question whether W. W. Belknap, the
respondent, Is amenable to trial by Impeachment
for acts done as Secretary or War, notwithstand
ing his resignation of said office; and that the man
agers and counsel in such argument discuss the
question whether the issues or f-ct are material,
and whether the matters In support of the Juris
diction alleged by the House of Representatives
In the pleadings subsequent to the articles or Im
peachment can be thus alleged if the same arc not
averred in said articles."
There are two main propositions Involved in
this resolution; first, whether the Senate, not
withstanding THE ItESIOXATlOX OV THE DEFENDANT,
can take Jurisdiction of this cause; and, second,
whether the facts surrounding his reslgnatlonare
pertinent to be considered with reference to the
effect of that resignation. As a general answer
to this, we would say that any and every case
should always be adjudged upon Its Own standi
Ing, because you can seldom, ir ever, find two
cases that are strictly analogous. You cannot
determine the effect of this resignation without
Inquiring concerning all the facts and circum
stances surrounding It- As was stated by tho
learned counsel fur the defendant yesterday, the
fact whether it was coloraDle or not might be a
pertinent question. The fact whether It was
lonajtde Intended that It should be really an exist
ing resignation, or whether It was only a tempo
rary resort to evade this proceeding, might be a
material question. Whether It Is charged that
that Is so or not does not affect the relevancy of
the consideration of all the racts attending It; but
you must Judge every case upon Its own merits,
ond whatever facts are essential to arrive atacor
rect conclusion In that case should be taken Into
orthe second portion or this propo'itlon, which
Is concerning the collateral Tacts, I shall say but
little. If anything-, more than this: It has been
considered by the chairman or the managers; he
has advanced three or four propositions in support
of tho view that it Is material to consider all the
surrounding facts. One of those- propositions Is
that In law there is no Traction of a day. Ho has
cited authorities to establish that; that was the
general rule, that in law there Is no fraction of a
day. This being the grjeral rule, an exception
was Introduced by the honorable connsel for tho
defendant, that is, th-.tir It be necessary to sub
serve the purposes c. justice, a court will consider
the Tractions or a diy. Then the matter stands
thus: As a rule, courts will not recognise the
Tractions oTa day; but as an exception, IT It bo
necessary to subserve the purposes oT justice,
they will recognize the Tractions oTa day. Hence,
when the counsel cited those authorities to 'show
that they would consider It as an exception. It
was essential to show that It was necc'sary to
Euuz-coeiucpuriiocesoi justice to nring nis case
within the exception. And there he lea oH.
1 Mr. J. then proceeded to discuss at length tho
IMPEACHMENT CLAUSES IS THE COXSTITUTIOX,
and the constitutional aspects oT the question of
Jurisdiction. The power to disqualify the holding
i omce uoes noi, per c, involve removal lrom
Trots office and such a construction put upon the
Constitution Is erroneous. He maintained that
the intent was that the party should be an officer
nt the time when the act was committal. If tho
House should have chosen to Impeach General
Jackson they had a right to do it. Mr. J. quoted
copiously from authorities. Including an opinion
given by Judge Black when on the bench that
the dismissal or a military officer had not the
effect to stop proceedings against him lor acts
committed while In tho service. This respondent
has not fulfilled all the rcsponslblltles for the dis
charge or his dntles, and until he has he cannot
be absolved from the consequenccsorhlsacts. In
the course or his remarks, Mr. J. held that Sena
tors and Congressmen were not Impeachable, be
cause they were not civil officers or the United
States, senators were officers oT the States and
Congressmen were officers orthe people.
He maintained that the act or resignation could
SHIELD THE BESrOSDKST,
and characterized his act In withholding tho true
condition of affairs from the Executive as infamy.
He (Mr. J.) did not blame the Executive, because
it was the perfidy or the defendant that Induced
the acceptance of his resignation.
Whtn Mr. Jexks concluded, at 2 p, m., the
Senate took a recess or twenty minutes. On the
expiration of the recess Mr. Manager Hoar ad.
dressed the Senate, and said the question was
whether W. IV. Belknap, whose criminality was
admitted, was to escape punishment by setting up
this pita or want or jurisdiction, and whether the
Senate was to be shorn or hair Its power In Im
peachments, the power to disqualify from holding
office. The decision or the Senate now, whatever
It may be, will be binding upon Its successors now
and for all time. He commented on the views
and the writings ot Adams, Jefferson, Franklin,
and others or the fathers, and said we must look
to them Tor the construction to be put upon the
Constitution. In the constitution or Virginia.
written by Jefferson, It was expressly provided
that the Governor and other civil officers should
be liable to Impeachment after they were out or
office. He did not think the number of
who would commit crimes in office ever had been
or ever would be very large, and therefore there
was nothing alarming In the apprehension of tho
learned-counsel on the other slue thatrtha time
oT the Senate would be taken up In the trial of
offenders IT Jurisdiction was arrested in this case.
Mr. H. was also unable to see the evidences of
popular excitement so much dilated upon by the
counsel. It was preposterous to Imagine that
seventy-four of the first citizens of the Republic
would be so swayed by popular clamor and ex
citement that they could not decide justly and
fairly whether the late Secretary of War had re
ceived bribes from post-traders Tor a series of
The army and the navy of the country were
considered as the spotless branches or the service.
The standard orthe soldier was higher than that
oTtheclrllan. Conduct unbecoming an officer
and a gentleman was sufficient enough to dis
grace him. Therefore, when the head oT the War
Department was guilty of bribery It Is enough
to debauch the whole service. What must a
cadet think who received his diploma from a
8ECKETAKT OF Wait
whose hands were tilled with bribes? He re
plied at some length to an argument of Mr. Car
penter, and expressed his wonder that any one
could nut the construction upon the constitu
tional debates laid down by Mr. Carpenter. Mr.
II. held that In all the debates In the convention,
there was no question at all as to the power 01
Impeachment nelng as unlimited as It was Eng
land, with the single exception of the President.
Mr. H. commented on the career of John
llulncy Adams and the .unjust storm of popular
Indignation that raged around him on his retire
ment from the Presidency, and quoted from Mr,
Adams' declaration, that so long as the breath of
life was In his body he held himself liable to Im
peachment for any acts committed by him while
he was In the Presidency. In reference to his
own (Mr. H.'s) remarks In the House, the Im
peachment of which bad been quoted by Mr. Car-penter.-Mr.
H. explained that his remarks went
to the propriety oi calling the previous question:
and what he asked for was delay, in order that so
grave a subject might be properly discussed.
Some who now were listening to him would r:
member that at that very time he expressed hU
opinion that no doubt Misted lchli mind as to ths
Mr. SARGENT propounded the query that
there are now several members of the Senate
who have been In the past civil officers of the
United States. Are they liable to Impeachment
ror crimes alleged to have been committed in
Mr. Hoar. They are.
Mr. SARGENT then propounded the question,
then what becomes of the coml y between the
two Houses on which the manager has laid so
Mr. Hoar said
HO KTEW OV HO COMITY
between the two Houses which could prevent the
House entering this chamber after a guilty man.
If Gen. Belknap had been elected Senator from
Iowa, and after he had taken his seat these acts
of bribery had been discovered, then the House
could and would have demanded that he be
brought to the bar of tho Senate to answer for his
crimes. The destruction of the power to Impeach
Is the destruction of the power of the House to In
stitute the Inquest, and consequently tho de
struction orthe protection or the people.
He claimed to have established that tho his torr
or the formation or the Constitution, the opinion
of the best authorities, the letter of the law and
the objet designed to secure, all combine to force
a dismissal of the plea that Is set up here deny
ing jurisdiction, lie did not stand here as the ac
cuser of Mr. Belknap, or as the representative or
the House, hut he stood here to demand the rights
of the people, guaranteed to them by the Consti
tution. In reply to the statement that slanders
were rife, he, be said, let the slander or innocent
men be met by guileless and unstained lives, but
let corruption and bribery be punished with the
full force of the law.
Mr. H. concluded as follows: I have thus, Sen
ators, very Imperfectly performed tho duty as
signed to me by the House of Representatives. It
has been a dnll argument of a dry question of
law: Your decision, like every decision affecting
permanently t he power and authority or the Sen.
ate,is t reach in its consequences to a period very
far distant In the future. But I am much mis
taken if there be not a very deep and present pub
lit Interest In this lsne.
My own public llfo has been a very brief and
Insignificant one, extending little beyond tho
duration of a single term or Senatorial office; but
inthatbrleTperiod I have seen five judges oT a
high court oT tho United States driven from
office by threats of impeachment for corruption or
maladministration. I have heard the taunt, from
friendliest lips, that when the United States pre
sented hcrsclT in the East to take part with the
civilized world In generous competition In tho
arts or I lie, the only product or her Institutions In
which she surpassed all others beyond question
was her corruption. I have seen in tho State In
the Union foremost In power and wealth four
judges or her courts Impeached for corruption,
and the political administration or her chler city
become a disgrace and a by-word throughout tho
world. I have seen the chairman oT the Commit
tee on Military Affairs In the House, now a dis
tinguished member of this court, rise In his place
anddemand the evpulslon or Tour or his associ
ates for making sale of their official privilege oT
selecting the youths to bo educated at our great
military school. When the greatest railroad oT
the world, binding together the continent and
UXlTIXd THE TWO GREAT SEAS
which wash our shores, was finished, I have seen
our national triumph and exaltation turned to
bitterness and shame by the unanimous reports
or three committees or Congress two or the
Hcuse and one here that every step or that
mighty enterprise had been taken in fraud. I
hareheard in highest places tho shameless doc
trine, avowed by men grown old in public office,
that the truo way by which power should bo
gained In the Republic Is to bribo the people with
the offices created for their service, and the true
end for which It should be used, when gained. Is
tho promotion of selfish ambition and tho gratifi
cation oft personal revenge. I have heard that
suspicion haunts the footsteps of the trusted com
panions oT the President.
These things have passed into history. The
HaDam or the Tacitus of the Slsmundl or the
.uacauiay.wno writes tne annals or our times,
will record them with his Inexorable pen. And
now, when a high Cabinet officer, the constitu
tional adviser of the Executive, flees from office
before charges of corruption, shall the historian
add that the Senate treated the demand or the
people for its Judgment of condemnation as a
farce, and laid down Its high functions before the
sophistries and Jecrs-of.the criminal lawyer?
Shall he speculate about the petty political cal
culations as to the effect on one party or the
other which induced his judges to connive at the
escape of tho great public criminal? Or, on the
other hand, shall He close the chapter by nar
rating bow these things were detected, reformed
and punished Dy constitutional processes which
the wisdom or our fathers devised for ns, and the
virtue and purity of the people found their vindi
cation in thejnstlco of the Senate? Applause In
The Senate, sitting, In trial, then adjourned till
11 o'clock a. m. Monday.
The Senate resumed Its legislative session, and
HOUSE OF EZPEXSZNTATTVES.
TV1 f ft.!) .fff "Wrw vw nmTwfTto,-
JohxV. LB Motse, recently declared elected
from the Third Illinois district, vice Farwell.
Mr. HURL.BUT, or 111., from the Committee on
Military Affairs, reported a Joint resolution au
thorizing tho Secretary of War to loan tents and
camp and garrison equipage for the use of tho
veterans of the war of 1S12 and of the war with
Mexico at the Centennial Exhibition In Philadel
Mr. OAUSE, of Ark., Introduced a bill to grant
additional lands to the State of Arkansas for
school purposes. Referred to the Committee on
Mr. OUNTER, of Ark.. Introduced a bill pro
viding for the disposition of tho Hot Springs res
ervation, in Arkansas. Private Land Claims.
Also, reported a bill for the relief of B. F. Bev
erldge. Indian Affairs.
31 r. GIUSOX.ofLa., Introduced a bill toamend
the act establishing school-ships approved June
S 1ST4, so as to extend Us provisions to the ports
or Wilmington, Charleston, Savannah and Mo
The recular order having been demanded.
The SPEAKER said that was the unfinished
business pending at the adjournment yesterday.
Mr. HOLM AN made the point or order that
yesterday was private bill day, and hence It was
the private business only for a following private
The SPEAKER sustained the point of order.
The House then went Into Committee of tho
Whole on the PostUfflce appropriation bill, Mr.
SrnisGKit, oT 111., In the chair.
Mr. Holuas continued his speech, which was
Interrupted on Thursday last, discussing princi
pally the question of transportation, and advoca
ting the payment to railroads per lineal foot of
space. He read a letter from the Postmaster
General, In support or this manner or payment.
Rererrlng then to the general reductions pro
posed by tho bill, ho argued that all could be
made and the service oTthe country would not
suffer In the least, nor would any section be at a
disadvantage. One of the greatest sources or re
duction would be In the matter or the contracts,
and the clause of the bill relating to that met the
approval of Mr. Tyncr. the Second Assistant
Postmaster General. There was no prospect of
cutting down the service, as had been charged by
this bill. r
With regard to the matter or speed, he con.
tended that it would not be decreased bv reason
or this bill. The railroad companies did not ap
prove of the bill because It did not 'give them as
much money as they thought they should have.
They were willing to be paid for space and speed,
but wanted more money than the committee was
willing to allow.
At the conclusion of Mr. Holvax's remarks,
tho committee proceeded to consider the bill by
Mr. WALDRON moved to amend by making
the amount form all depredations and special
agents co,WJ Instead of tllO.oou, and read a letter
from the Postmaster General to the effect that
the amount recommended by the committee was
The amendment was rejected.
The compensation to postmasters was Increased
300,000. making the amount 3,8oa,ooo.
When the paragraph was reached providing
that hereafter the free delivery system shall not
be established In cities or less than 40,000 inhah.
Hants, and may be continued only In cities of not
less than 40,000 where now establlsed by law,"
Mr. MUTCHLER, of Pa., made the point of
order that It was new legislation, and did not,
upon its face, tend to retrenchment. He sub
mitted that If retrenchment did not appear upon
the face of the clausal t was not germane.
Mr. BANKS, or Mass., sustained the point of
order, and argued that there could be no reduc
tion by the recommendation orthe committee, as,
tr tne letter-carriers were abolished, there would
necessarily be an additional expense for Increased
accommodations In the post offices of the cities of
less than 40,000 inhabitants. There would be
more clerks to be employed to distribute the
malls at the offices, and hence an increased ex
pense. In deciding the question the House must
take the clause upon Its lace, and must not look to
argument and speculation. This bill proposes a
change of the law of the land, and to make It
germane It must show a clear and explicit reduc
tion of etpenditnres.
Mr. RANDALL, ot Pa , was not aware how
the committee could determine what
would be a reduction, except by an
examination of past facts. Now the fact
etands that for the year IS" the cost of the lettei
carrier system was greatly In excess of the re.
celpts. The committee proposes to prevent a re
currence or that state of things.
Mr. BANKS said that did not determine what
the future probable expense would be.
After further discussion,
The CHAIR (Mr. SrnisoER)sald two or three
cities of bis district would bo affected by this
firovlso, but he hoped to divest himself of all feei
ng. He overruled the point of order made by
Mr. Mctchlzr on the ground that it was re
trenchment, as it practically reduced the number
Mr.MUTCHLER then moved to strike out the
entire proviso. He believed In retrenchment, but
not where It directly affected the people, and the
committee would find that when this bill passes
they have punched the heads of the people, and
not or the office-holders.
Pending further consideration, the committee
rose, and the House, at 6.10 p. m., adjourned.
Zion Wcslev Susdav School.
The thirty-sixth anniversary of the organisa
tion of the Zion Wesley Sunday school was cele
brated yesterday afternoon in1 that church, on E
street southwest, between Second and Third.
The exercises consisted of singing. Prayer, and
reading of the annual report ot the school, which
showed that It was In a good condition. Mr.
Henry Piper, president of the Sunday School
Union, was present, and delivered an Interesting
address. Speeches were also made by Mr. Solo
mon Q. Brown, of Unlontown, and Rev. William
P. Ryder. The several Sunday.eehools of South
Washington were present.
Everybody will doubles! attend the interesting
meeting this evening at Lincoln Halt Tho Rev.
Theodore L. Cuyler, D. D., ol Brooklyn, one or
the most eloquent pastors In the ''city of
churches" will peak, and addresses will be de
livered by Dr. E. M. Oallaudet and Rev. George
A. Hath Go early If you want a seat," and by
your presence asjJrt a worthy cause.
OTHER SIDE OF THE STORY.
CUSTER AXD CLYTO COMITTEE
FALSE RUMORS SENT ABROAD
OrnCIAL STATEMENTS CONTHiDICTINS THEM
Different View of the Corn Business
GEN.HAZEH'S OOSITEOTION WITH IT
Small Letters from Great Men
The following letters knock down two or three
falsehoods which have lately received some cur
rency because they appeared In the testimony of
that man of remarkable Imagination, General
George A. Custer:
W asiiixotox, D. C April 23. 1878.
General P. H. Shertttaa comutatuling Military
JUelllun of the Mlntourt. Chtcnga, lit.:
General: The New York Tribune ot to-day
contains the following article :
"General Haxen, recently returned from his
visit to Mexico, Is to spend a little time still at
the East, and then Is to return again to his old
command. In Dakota. It Is not supposed, how
ever, t hat he can be kept there much longer. He
was exiled for fonryears because or his Indiscre
tion in ex posing the post-tradersnlp business In
187V, and now that the War Department haspassed
Into the hands of a man who does not regard that
as a crime, tnere Is a chance that he may be given
a rest. The General Is one of the handsomest, as
he Is one of the most gallant and accomplished
officers of the army. Himself a fervid Republi
can, he Is the son-in-law or the Democratic War
wick of the West, Washington McLean."
Similar statements bare been made elsewhere.
I respectfully renuest that you will Inform me or
the reasons which Induced the designation or the
Sixth Infantry (General Hazcn's regiment) for
transfer Irom the department of the Missouri to
the department of Dakota.
Yours, very rcspectTully,
Wm. W. Belksaf.
FALSE RCX0R3 ASD FAUE EVIDENCE CORRECTED.
, Headers. Military Div. os- Missouri, )
Chicago, Illinois, May 2, 1 s.j.
Cen. W. H. Bdtnap, WatMngton, D. C:
General : Your note oT Inquiry of April 2),
I made out a mil statement of the orders and
directions given for the transfer of the Sixth In
fantry, Cot. Haien's regiment, from the Depart
ment of the Missouri to the Department or Da
kota, and forwarded It to the Adjutant General
of the army on the 27th ultimo, for the Informa
tion or tho General oT the army, and for such
other purposes as seemed to him best, to correct
the raise rumors and raise evidence which I have
seen published. j
I have yet to learn that you had anything to do
with ordering that regiment, and I have been re
luctant to believe that Col. Hazen would have
started or countenanced such false rumors as to
tho motives for the movement.
P. 11. Sheridas, Lieutenant General.
the cobs transaction.
Adjutast's Gexebal's Owice, )
Washisotos, May 4, 187tJ. (
Cen. W. ir. Belknap, Washington, 6. C-
General: In accordance with instructions of
the Secretary oT War, to whom your communica
tion of the JKth ultimo was submitted, I have re
spectfully to transmit herewith copies of papers
recently received from" the Department of Da
kota relative to the corn transaction at Fort
Abraham Lincoln, referred to In CoL Custer's tes
timony before the Committee on Expenditures of
the War Depart ment, and also copy oT correspond
ence transmitted at the same time relative to the
assignment orthe Sixth Infantry to the Depart
ment or Dakota, except such portion thereof as.
has been heretofore furnished you.
Under the Secretary's Instructions, copies of
all these papers will also be furnished the Com
mittee on Expenditures of the War Department.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
E. D. Towksexd, Adjutant General.
"eszral sheridas's letter.
Headquarters Militar v )
Division of the Missouri, i
Chicago, April 27, 1879. 5
mt s n Tan-.. ..... aiffiifniiif
General, V. ti. A.
Sir: For the Information oT the General of the
army, and for any other purpose which may seem
best to him, I respectfully forward the circum
stances and investigation connected with the corn
transaction at Fort Abraham Lincoln, Dakota,
concerning which Lieutenant Colonel George A.
Custer, 7th cavalry, gave some testimony a short
time ago before the Committee of Congress on
Eipenditurcs of the War Department,
It Is shown by these papers that the corn was
received at Fort Lincoln on the orders of Briga
dier General Terry, commanding the Department
or Dakota, alter a thorough Investigation of the
I also forward herewith the orders and corre
spondence connected with the assignment of the
6th Infantry, of which General William B. Hazen
Is the colonel, to the Department of Dakota,
reference to which Is made In the same testimony.
on 00111 incso euDjecis 1.01. busier was in error,
and, as there Is some reflection on army adminis
tration In this command, I trust only to set It right.
These papers are not Intended to do any harm
to Col. Custer, hut to correct the errors he seems
to have committed In his testimony published to
Very respeetTully, your obedient servant,
P. 11. Sheridan, Lieutenant General.
Headquarters Aiuir, )
Washiotox, April 20, 1878.
Respectfully referred to the honorable Secre
tary of War lor such us as ho may deem proper.
W. P. Sherman, General.
letter rnoM general terry.
Headquarters Department op Dakota, I
St. Paul, Minn., April 2S, 1878. J
Adjutant General Military Divition of the Mil.
Sin: Within a few days past I have seen the
full reiiort of the testimony given by Brevet
Major General Custer to the Committee of the
House of Representatives on the. Expenditures oi
the War Department In reference to certain corn
delivered by the contractor at Fort Abraham
Lincoln in August last- General Custer states In
his testimony that his report to me was forwarded
through the proper channels to the War Depart
ment, and that the order to receive the corn origi
nated from that Department. General Custer
has, in this respect, misapprehended the Tacts In
the case. The matter was never brought to the
attention of any authority superior to myseir. Tor
It was believed that to dispose or It was entirely
within the province of a department commander,
and lrany error has been committed tho responsi
bility lor 11 rests entirely ou uie.
The transaction was fully inquired Into here,
ana ov evidence given unuer oatn it was snowr
conclusively, 1 think, that no fraud has been
committed or attempted. To make assurance
doubly sure, however, before payment was made
to the contractors they were required to give am.
fdc bonds to Indemnify the Government In case
rand should be subsequently discovered. After
seeing General Custer's testimony, I Imme
diately directed copies of all the papers relating
to the case to be prepared. I now forward them.
They give a complete history of tho transaction,
and to them I invite attention.
1 am, sir, very respectfully your obedient ser
vant, Alfred H. Terrv,
Brigadier General commanding.
The remaining papers are very voluminous, and
completely refute, as the letters above show,
every charge made by General Custer concerning
that transaction which Improperly Involved Gen
eral Belknap or any other official. So much for
the corn transaction.
somethino as to the banishment.
Tho story told by General Custer In his testi
mony as to the "banishment" of General Hazen
to Fort Buford, Dakota, by Secretary Belknap
meets with ample denial, as the following will
On March '25, 1S72, General Sheridan wrote to
the War Department :
"The duties which the military will be required
to perform In the Department of Dakota on ac
count of the progress of the Northern Pad tic rail
road and the spread of the frontier will. In my
opinion, make It necessary to give to General
Hancock a few more troops. On the
presumption that there will be peace In the De
partment of the Missouri, I think I might ven
ture to transfer one regiment of laTantry Irom that
BLOn April 1, 18?A the Secretary or War, through
the adjutant general, declined to comply with the
On April 7, 1872, General Sheridan repeated his
On April 11, 1S72, upon a report of the Quarter
master General concerning tne appropriation for
transportation. Secretary Belknap authorized
the transfer of a regiment not designating the
one to be selected.
teltorax ritOM general sheridan to general
Brigadier General 'John Pope, Commanding
Department Mittouri, Fort Learenuorth :
I will be obliged to take one of your Infantry
regiments for the line of the Northern Pacific
Railroad. Hope you can spare It without Incon
venience. P. H. Sheridan, Lieutenant Genera!.
By telegram dated April , 1S72, General Pope
Informs General Sheridan that he can spare a
regiment, and that the record of regiments would
make It the 8th (General Hatcni) or.Uth.
By Special Order No. 31, Gen. Sheridan on April
18, 1672, orders the eth Infantry to be transfcrred.
By General Order No. 7 General Pope, on April
S, directs tho movement to be made.
By Special Order No. 77, SL. Paul, May 1, HT2,
General Hancock, commanding the department
orDakota, directed the regimental headquarters
and six companies orthe Sixth lnfantary to take
post at Fort Buford.
Prior thereto. General Sheridan, on April la,
1S7Z, wrote to Secretary Belknap, as follows:
EUEBtDAir TO BELKNAP.
Dear General Belknap: I trans,
ferred the Sixth infantry, from Pope to Hancock:
It was its detail In the record of. service with the
other regiments In the department or the Missouri.
Six companies ont will .go to Bafor, relieving
the Seventh, now there, which will go' to the
Gallatin Valley, In Montana. The remaining
four companies of the Sixth will, bo on the ad
vance survey of the Northern Pacific railroad for
the rammer. t
Yours, truly, P. H. SHXRtDAN,
Lieutenant General. ,
"One by one the 'falsehoods fall." It re-
mains to be seen whctherClymer's committee,
which, prompted by General Custer, gave these
Talie statements to the. country, wlllpubllsh the
refutation of them which Secretary Tart has for
warded to the committee, and whether the New
York Trthunt and other papers which have
been deceived into publishing the raise stories or
General. Haines Imagined banishment into exile,
will manfully retract a statement which has no
Services in the Different Churches.
Services were conducted In an Interesting man
ner yesterday at Ryland Chapel, Rev. E. D.
Owen. The morning service was one of special
success. Rev. James Y. Bates, presiding elder or
the Newburg district New York, conference, and
delegate to the general conference, filled the
pulpit, and preached a most brilliant discourse,
being one of great spiritual benefit. Alter the
sermon an invitation was extended for application
for membership, which resulted In twenty-two per
sons being admitted Into membership and five on
probation. The sacramental service was then ad
ministered, and was received by a large number
During the present month the pulpit will be
filled by members orthe general conference. Rev.
Mr. Hallday, D. U, of Indlanopolls, is announced
to occupy the pulpit nest Sabbath.
The evening service was well attended by a fine
and respectful audience to listen to the Iiev. Mr.
NORTH CAROLINA (X. P.) 5IIS3ION.
The spiritual Interest at this charge is steadily
on the Increase, being shown at all the ser
vices, which arc conducted by Mr. J. E. Wolfe In
an evangelist manner, and Is productive of very
good results. Yesterday services were conducted
throughout the day. In the evening a children's
meeting was held, Mr. Wolfe addressing the
children in a few remarks, using as his subject
Christ, and basing his remarks upon Luke vlll:18.
Ho went to some length upon the conversion of
children, showing evidence of their conversion.
After the meeting an Inquiry service was held,
with favorable results.
Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings chil
dren's meetings will be held, commencing at 5
ivaugh x. e. cnuncH.
In accordance with previous announcement, the
pulpit at this church was filled by A. F. Chap
lain, D. D., of the M. E. church of Hestonville,
Philadelphia. Artcrthe opening exercises, Mr.
Chaplain read a selection oT Scriptures Trom
Romans, vilL and then preached rrom the text,
Romans, vlil:2. He delivered a very Impressive
and Interesting discourse upon the stronger or the
two principles, sin or Christianity, and drew a
very striking contrast of the superiority of the
latter. The Sacrament was administered after
the sermon by the pastor, Rev. J. A. Deale, as
sisted by the Revs. Merrick and Hawley, and was
received by a good number orpartlcipants.
Death of Hr. Joseph McFarland.
It Is with proTund regret that we have to chron
icle the untimely demise of Mr. Joseph McFar
land, which occurred at his residence In this city
on last Saturday morning. He had long been a
sufferer from general debility, superinduced by
exposure and haniwork incident to his profession
as a Journalist, and, although possessed of an In
domitable will, the successive attacks of hem
orrhage, Trom which he suffered a Tew months
since, hastened his end much sooner than was ap-
Erchcnded. He was In the thirty-sixth year of
Is age, and very early In lire commenced his
career on the Philadelphia Inquirer, removing to
this city about about ten years since to fill a place
on the editorial staff of the
DAILY 1IORNINO CHRONICLE,
then owned by Col. Forney. He continued on
that paper until the same was sold, after which
he became a resident correspondent of several
leading newspapers of the country, among which
may be mentioned the Philadelphia Pren, Phila
delphia Evening Telegraph and Boston Globe.
He was the correspondent of the latter paper at
the time or his decease.
Mr. McFarland was a graceful and prolific
writer, or quick perception, and possessed to a
large degree the faculty of gathering news
through the large acquaintance which he had
amongst the leading men at the capital. His
forte was not confined to any particular class of
newspaper work, for he was as much at home
editorially as he was with the reportorlal pen.
He was warm and constant In his friendship,
possessed a genial nature, and enjoyed to a large
degree the confidence and esteem oT all who
knew him. He was a kind husband and parent,
and his greatest ambition was to make "home"
the recipient oTall the fruits or his labors. For
ney't Sunday Chronicle thus alludes to tho happy
qualities of the deceased journalist:
"We knew him well, better perhanshan anv of
etel4 asstxNatf s and Inr ewr mtereour3e with
him we generally round him rully up to the stand
ard of men as the world makes them, ready to re
ciprocate the obligations of life and to deal fairly
with all Its requirements. He will be missed by
his associates, and by none more so than his
family, for whom we feel the deepest sympathy In
this sad dispensation for the loss of one so early
taken from them, and to whom they naturally
looked as their hope and support for many years
to come. The same wlso Providence, however,
that now so sorely afflicts them will. In Ills own
good time, give them strength to understand the
wisdom ot the sorrow that now hangs over their
Ills remains will be Interred at Oak Hill ceme
tery on Tuesday next.
Music at the President's Grounds.
Last Saturday afternoon the open-air concerts
for the present season were Inaugurated at the
President's grounds, and the attendance was
much larger than was anticipated when the
sbortneess of the notice of the commencement Is
taken Into consideration. The grounds had put
on their coat of green, and were in excellent condi
tion, while the weather was all that could be de
sired and favorable for tho occasion. Probably
the suddenness of the heat made many feel op
pressively warm, but beyond this there was
nothing to detract from the pleasures of the after
noon. The band was forty-four pieces strong,and
rendered the programme with their usual excel
lence. As the summer comes on these evening
firomenade concerts will be extensively patron
ted, and It will neither be an uncommon nor
curious sight to see the lawn south of the Execu
tive Mansion thronged withgentlcmen and ladles,
enjoying a pleasant stroll and entertained at the
samo time with choice and fine music
Overpaid Contractors to be Sued.
Governor Dennison returned to the city lat
Saturday and resumed his duties as a Commis
sioner. The District Commissioners have addressed a
communication to Assistant District Attorney
Blrney requesting him to make careful examina
tion orthe testimony taken by the Committee of
the House of Representatives on tho District of
Columbia In relation to any alleged overpayments
made by tho late Board of Public Works or ol the
board of audit to Albert Oleason or others, for
contract work or claims arising out or the same;
and If sufficient proof be found of any such over
payment to immediately enter suit to recoverany
and all such sums so overpaid and Inform the
Commissioners of his action In the premises.
The Empire State.
The regular monthly meeting of the New York
State Republican Association was held Saturday
evening at Gonzaga hall. Hon. R. H. Duell pre
sided. The usual monthly reports of officers were
submitted, showing a very prosperous condition
of affairs In the association. The campaign com
mittee made an exhaustive report, Indicating that
the committee was actively engaged In the work
of the campaign. The sociable committee re
ported upon the sociables of the past season, and
thanks were returned to the committee for their
able administration of the affairs intrusted to
On motion of Mr. W. G. Ebbltts, the name of
Hon. Alexander Bayne was placed on the roll of
honorary members. The following gentlemen
were elected to active membership: Ira E. Cole,
Thomas S. Shoomaker. S. W. Tail, George W.
Shoulstcr, and D. L. Pitcher. Funds were appro
priated tor campaign purposes, and after a few
addresses by members of the. association an ad
journment was made.
Literary and Musical Entertainment.
The entertainment given at the Eastern Presby.
terlan church. Eighth street northeast, on Friday
evening last, was a complete success, and was lis
tened to by a very large and IntelllgcncaUdtencc.
The lecture by .Professor J. B. G.-Baxter was
very instructing. The musical part or the pro
gramme was rendered by Miss Bettle Goodrich,
who has lost none of her sweetness of voice, Miss S.
A. Lathlm, Miss Lulie McGIll, Miss Mattle
Davis, Mr. G. H. Idlllbrldge, Mr. J. S. Powell,
and the choir orthe church, all or whom acquitted
themselves with great credit- The recitations or
of Miss. Annie D. Ware seemed to surpass even
her former richly-merited reputation as a
reader. Nearly every piece on the excellent pro-
?;ramme was enthusiastically encored, attesting
he high merit orthe performers.
Shame and Crime.
Saturday afternoon the body of a dead male
colored infant was found In a sewer-trap, corner
of Third and P streets northwest, and Uken to
the Second precinct station by Officer Clarke.
The coroner held no Inquest, deciding that death
was caused by neglect at birth.
About 9 o'clock on Saturday night a colored
woman, named Margaret Jeddy, alias Beverly,
left her lnrant,flve months old. near the mouth
or the Eighth street sewer. In the county. The
woman was detected by a man ta the neighbor
hood, and arrested by Officer Pfaff, who also took
chargeof.the Inftnt. The woman said when ar
rested, that she Intended to get rid of the Infant.
The babe has been placed In competent nanus.
Two Excursion Trains to the Centennial.
The Baltimore and Ohio road affords tho loir
rate ot ti for the round trip to Philadelphia, and
tickets good for three days.
First excursion train leaves, at & p.. m. Tuesday,
running through at express speed.
Second excursion train leaves Wednesday
morning at 0:18, running through to the Centen
nial grounds without change of ears, and In time
for the inaugural ceremonies at 108) a. m.
If a low rate of fare will induce a large crowd,
he Baltimore and Ohio will certainly have one.
A MOHAMMEDAN MUSS.
A CHRISTIAN GIRL SEEKRC PAGANISH
GEEEZS COME TO THEBESCUE
THE PRINCE AND BESMAN CONSOLS KILLED
MEK-OF-'fTAE MOVHia ON SOLOMCIA
THE STORM KIXG REICXIXOIXTiTEWEST
GHEAT FIRE IN WTTiTiTAM3P0Rr
French and German Consuls Murdered.
London, May 7. A serious riot took placo
In Solonlcla. European Turkey, on Saturday,
between the Christians and Mahometans.
The trouble arose from the fact that a Christian
girl wished to become a Mahometan. She was
forcibly taken Trom her Turkish friends by tho
Greeks. During tho riot the French and Ger
man consuls were assassinated by tho Mahomet
ans. Further disturbances are apprehended.
At last accounts tho authorities had taken no
measures to protect life and property) and no ar
rests had been made.
A FRENCH JIAK-OF-WAR JIOVISO TO THE RSSCTE.
Constantinople, May 7. It Is stated hero
that the bodyoTChristianswho attempted to tako
the would-be convert from the Turkish quarter of
Salonlcia acted at the Instigation of the American
consul. Fighting between the Christians anil
The French and German consuls went to tho
Mosque, and were killed by the exasperated Ma
hometan populace, notwlth'tandlng the efforts of
tho Governor to protect them. A. frigate left
Constantinople to-day for Salonlcia, with Eehrlf
Pasha, who has just been appointed Governor oC
Salonlcia, a Turkish commission. The second
dragoman of the French embassy and the Ger
man consul at Constantinople are also on board
Punishment of the guilty has been ordered, wlitr,
a publicity befiting the gravity of the crime. A.
French man-of-war left Constantinople, Immedi
ately on receipt of the news, to protect the lives
and interests oT French citizens and the honor of
Terrible Storm in the West.
Leaverworth, May . At 32J o'clock this
morning a dense black cloud was seen in Vho
western horizon, and a Tew moments after a sharp
breeze came up from the east, which continued;
not over a minute, when there was" a dead calm
and the rain, which had been Tailing beforei
ceased entirely. Then began to be heard in a dis
tant roaring of the coming tornado, and In a mo
ment more the wind struck the city, and It seemed
for a time as If everything above ground was
doomed to destruction. Just as the hurrieano
struck the city came a blinding flash of lightning,
followed by a crash of thunder, that made tho
earth tremble. This, with the terrific roaring of
the wind, which cannot be likened to anything
but itself, the creaking and groaning of the trem
bling buildings, the cresh of failing walls and
timbers, made an exhibition of the fury of tho
elements, which those who witnessed It will
never desire to see repeated. The wind cloul
was funnel-shaped, with the small end down. Is
moved with an oscillatlngnotion, from west to
east, rebounding like a bombshell, and scattering;
ruin In Its pathway wherever It struck the earth.
The loss to the city and county cannot be le5
than (150,000, and may reach a quarter ot a mil- -.
A RAOINO TEMPEST.
Kansas Citt, May . There has bean an al
most uninterrupted and unprecedented rain fait
here during the past two days, causing much;
damage and delays to railroads. None or tho
ten roads centering hers sent out trains this morn
ing on time, and no trains arrived cxeept on tho
Missouri Pacific, North Missouri, and Fort ScotC
roads. The Hannibal and St. Joseph road Is
blocked near Cameron, and passenger trains aro
held at Liberty. There Is a serious break In the
Missouri Pacific, between here and Leavenworth,
near Pomerov. and also in the Council BluSs
road near Parkvllle.
The Kansas Pacific Is Interrupted by a wash
out on the Atchison. Topeka and Santa Fe rail
road, near Desota. The entire railroad traffic at
this plaee has been delayed and Interrupted Tor
the past twenty-four hours, and It will be several
days before the usual order of things is restored.
A serious land-slide occurred on Bluff street, br
which the railroad track was covered and all
communication between tho Union depot and tho
railroad bridge was cut off, which necessitated
the transfer of passengers by busses. The dam
ago to private property and streets Is already
great. The rain ceased at 3 o'clock this after
noon, and It Is now clear no serious damage to tho
wheat crop Is reported. There has been no such
storm In this region for fifteen years.
TEE METHODIST CONFERENCE.
Something Concerning Book Concerns.
Baltimore, May 8. Bishop Harris presided at
tho opening of the Conference this morning. A.
communication rrom the bishops was read, ex
pressive of pleasure and gratification at the man
ner In which the fraternal messengers from tho
last General Conterence had been received by
the General Conference of the Methodist Episco
pal Church South. The paper was adopted and
ordered published with the address of the bish
ops. Rev. J. Lanahan presented a communica
tion signed by certain members or the Methodise
Church in this city, which was referred to tho
committee on book concern without being read.
The paper treats of tho management of several
The concluding portion of the paper presented
by Dr. Lanahan in the conference this morning' la
reference to the book concern having been sentto
the Associated Press, the following is furnished
to the press by the parties whose signatures aro
attached: "The statement of the insolvency of
the Western Methodist Book Concern at Cincin
nati contained In the memorial presented to tho
General Conference through Dr. Lanahan, and
given to the Associated Press, is utterly untrue.
Its assets are S03,2.73 in excess or its liabilities.
Its net profits the past four years were W,8S8.03,
and the concern Is unembarrassed. Its business)
has been constantly supervised, and its assets and
accounts carefully examined and estimated by tho
committee of three business laymen appointed by
the last General Conference, viz., Amos Sblnkle,
James A. Kllhreth and R. A. W. Bruchell, whoso
separate report fully corroborates the report of
the book agents. Signed by Hitchcock and
Walden, agents ; Amos Shlnkle, Robert F. Queal,
Charles W. Rowland."
Who Received the Bonanzas.
Baltimore, May 7. In December last the pro
prietors or the Baltimore Weekly Sun offered
$1,200, In graded prizes, for six stories. In re
sponse two hundred and six stories were received',
and the committee to decide on the merits of eadx
have made the following awards: First prize, $500,
to Mrs. Marian Stockton, of New York, for "The
Great Wheel;" second prize, 275, to Miss S. W.
Hubarvi, ol Buckingham county, Ta., for "Two
Sides of a Question;" third prize, 4200, to Miss
Julia Magruder, of Winchester, Va., for "A
Regularty Nice Girl;" fourth prize, 100, to Miss
Fannie M. Kyle, of Albemarle county, Ya tor
"The Lost Will, a Tale or Amherst;" firth prize
t7S, to Mrs. Sklpwlth H. Coale, or Harford
county.MdTor "A Frcakor Fortune? sixth prize,
50, to Isaae E. "Pearson, or Westminster, Md.,
for "Dane Leroy's Revenge." The names of tho
writers were withheld from the committee until
after their decision.
Great Eire in Williamsport.
ErjiiRA,N.Y., May 7. A special to the Ji
rentier, from Williamsport, says aSre broke out;
there last night about 8 o'clock-lnthe lambee
yard of Barrow b. Company. Coal oil was used
to start It, having been spread profusely In that;
part of the yard. It burned until one o'clock this
morning, after destroying all the piles on about
twenty acres of ground, and comprising at lease
eighteen millions of feet oTmanuractured mmber.
Hebard fc Smith. loss 05,O3O, Insurance 50,003.
Barrow fc Company, loss 125,000, Insuraneo
tlOUCOO. Beaver Mills Lumber Company, loss
SS.0U0. Insurance S,!Ou. B. H. Taylor, loss 0,00O,
insurance tso,ooo. The Cattaurlssa Railroad
Company, loss about 10,0M In railway tracks.
A banquet was given Friday night on board tho
steamer Amcrlque, In Havre, France, In honor of
the French, Belgian and Russian Jurymen for tho
Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia,-who aro"
passengers on that vessel. M. Du Sommerard,
the French general commissioner, In a speech,
drank to a happy voyage, concluded with an Invi
tation for all nations to meet at the Paris Exposi
tion in 1S78. Several other speeches were made.
The Amerlque sailed yesterday for New York.
The Council General of Tours .have voted 30j to)
send a delegation orworkmen to Philadelphia;
The last general meeting of the Women's Cen
tennial Union was held Saturday afternoon. The)
report of the treasurer showed that the totaE
amount collected In New -York for the.-woineo'S'
pavilion at the Centennial Exhibition was (S3,H1.
or this aiT,Ton has been paid in cheeks to tho
treasurer of the Women's Centennial fund, t2,000)
has been expended foe banners, and tl,000 was re
mitted to Philadelphia- leaving a balance fox tea-
tangent expenses 01 $1, tor.
, OPZ31NO OT- TBI CXStTXTSTAX
Philadelphia, May 7. It haVing" been ges.
erally understood that no raa but invited guests;
could-witness the opentnfr ceremonies ol the .Ex
hibition, the WnternrlaUsJ of nasee-stat
that all perrons w 111- bo jmnUjed at --.
Wednesday next, a il paytsejrt l U required
fee, M cents.
, v -..