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'-' " ' r- ... T i f 'J VOL. XVI. WASEONGTON, D. C, TUESDAY MOBBING, MAY 23, 1876. NO. Zr flu" " ir y lammal fc CAPITAL TOPICS. aura IN THE Mill DON CAMERON WAR MINISTER xE TAFT ATTORNEY GENERAL MR. PIERREPORT GOES TO ENGLAND MR. ROBESON KILLS A LIE THE STAB-CHAMBER COMMITTEE'S REPORT A Series of Ex-Parte Statements THE DEAD OF OUR ASYLUMS MEMORIAL FROM MR. CI.APP A RASCALLY EI-COXFEDERATE WlEfESS BRUHTJirS PICTURE OF JOHN ITTOH More Confederate Lies Hailed. The Secretary of the Navy says that the pnbll- f,"r ration by the Naval Committee of the Honse of , ,, . the testimony taken in Philadelphia, before giv ing him or the officers of his Department any Opportunity to state the true version of the affairs inquired into, is but one Instance of the unfair action of the committee. The testimony taken has extended overall the operations of his De partment for more than seven years, and has en tered Into the details of almost every transaction. The examination has been conducted in secret a session, in a manner to leave everything, as far as "possible, unexplained, without notice to anybody sought to be Implicated, and without aDy oppor tunity to repel any inference, and the evidence Is now published In detached parts, so that such ex planations as have come out in the course or the examination are cither not published, or havo no apparent connection with the matters they ex plain. lie says he Is ready and anxious to go before the committee whenever they will hear him; that he has been silent hitherto with the idea that the tctlmony would not be published until both sides were Ixard. but that now he thinks he has a right to demand a speedy hearing with open doors, so 'that the public can have his testimony at once, and the justification lollowas soon as possible after the publication of the matters complained of. He says that his business transactions with the Cattells, since be has been In the Navy De partment, have been Tcry few, and will be easily explained; that the circumstances of the Mon mouth Beach property were fully explained In the testimony of Mr. Alexander G. Cattell, taken two months since in Washington, but which has never been published. He says further that It will appear that Mr. E. G. Cattell's transactions were studiously con. cealed from him; that the persons with whom he carried them on were persons who were wholly twknown to the Secretary, and who never came In contact with the Department proper, and that the Secretary never cither gave, or directed, or recommended any contract or any favor of any kind to any one of them. Indeed, he says that It will appear that it was never his habit, in con ducting the business of the Department, to inter fere with the details ofeitrer contracts or pr.ces, leaving that to the proper officers, who are se lected as expects in these matters and with whom n by law belongs. ' He pronounces the statement appearing in some of the papers to the effect that the testi mony shows that the Cattells have paid him large sums of money which they cannot account for to be entirely false; that, on the contrary, the truth Is, and the testimony already taken shows that they never paid to or advanced for him since he came into the Navy Department any money which was not repaid by him, except the cost of tbe Mrnmouth Beach cottage, the repayment of which Is amply secured to them. ' The Silver Question was argued Itefore the Banking and Currency Committee yesterday by lions. If. 1 Banks and S.J Randall. Internal Bevenue Reform. The Ways and Means Committee will to-day near the advocates of internal reform on tho dls tilled spirits bills. The Question of Jurisdiction, In the Belknap case, has become so close a matter that neither side wants a test until all the proba bilities arc thoroughly canvassed. The Schenck Report, The House Committee on Foreign Affairs yes terday agreed to rejiort on the case of ex-Mlnlster I England Schenck. The report acquits him of tiny intentional iraud. but censures him for allow ing his official position to be used to give credit to the directory. Financial. The receipts from internal revenue yesterday were T708,e89.79, and from customs, 155,3.S.. The following were the balances In the Treas ury at the close of business vesterday : Currency, 110,422,813; special deposit of legal-tenders for re dtpption or certificates of deposit, 137,555,090; ooln, 1n.3e2.e9a: Including coin certificates. k27.ooi.Km- I .outstanding legal-tenders, 370,027,576. Judge Miller as the " Great Unknown." George Alfred Townsend writes to the New York Graphic that perhaps Judge Miller, of Iowa, now on the Supreme Bench, Is the dark horse. He is a man of exceeding power, will, sociability and learning. Miller Is, like Bristow, amative of Kentucky, a staunch Republican and the ablest jurist west or the Mississippi river. His character Is lofty, his person Is attractive and he is in the prime of life, a fine orator and accom plished. The Flagstaff Mine Patent. Ex-Senator McDonald, of Arkansas, testified yesterday before the Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department that he paid General William Sharer 3,000, which was paid by the latter to John Delano, chief clerk of the Interior Department. The object was to withhold the patent to the Flazstaff mine, adjoining the Emma rnine, in uian, unm iney asaea iu issue, lie said he gave the money to Staler, and did not know untjl the latter told him to whom it was paid. Brnmidi's Picture of John Fitch Mr. Ernmidl, the artist, has Just completed a picture of John Fitch, the original Inventor of the steamboat, over the door opposite the room of the Senate Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads. It represents "Itch at work on his model, which Is placed on a table, while a tool-cbe't Is seen on his refit. In the upper right-hand corner of the SIcture is a representation of the steamboat as evlsed by him, showing the large paidle-wheel py wnicn it was 10 De prupeuca. y Naval Orders. Lieutenant Commander A. H. Wright, ordered to assume the temporary command of the Michi gan at Erie, Pa. Commander James H. Glllii detached from the command of the Michigan and ordered to equipment duty at tho navy yard, New York, first or June next. Passed Assistant Engi neer Joseph H. Harmony from the Pensacola, at the navy yard. Mare Island, CM- with permis sion to go 10 his home. Pasted Assistant Surgeon Abel F. Price from the receiving ship Independ ence, Mare Island, (Cal.) navy yard, and placed I n fl leave. The Sew Secretary of War. Mr. J. Donald Cameron Is, like his lather. (Senator Cameron, of Pennsylvania, a man of great Titality, energy and deservtags. He 111 public spirited, strong In every essential to the proper conduct of the office, and cannot fall to make a orst-ciass secretary. He Is only forty- Khree years old, out has held In troublous times hIO fllum V. ...V 11V14UHU UCUU.I IU11HUJT, whlefi was in fact then a more Important and re. sponsible office than the War Secretaryship Is in times of peace. He is a man of business and very -canny. Bennion of Old Comrades. The Society of the Army of the Potomac, Gen ii Winfield S. Hancock, president, holds Its seventh annual reunion at the Academy of Music, i Philadelphia, Tuesday, the eth of June. The oration "will be delivered by General John A. DIx, and the poem by Mr. William Winter, of New York. Tho meeting of various corps be longing to tho Army of the Potomac will be held June S. The Society of the Army of the Cum berland, General P. H. Sheridan, president, and the Society of the Army of the James, General A. H. Terry, president, meet In Philadelphia June 0 and 7. Credit of the Awards. The President transmitted to the Senate to-day, in response to the resolution of that body or March 27 last, a report from the Secretary of State showing that at tho date of the resolution the Department had In Its possession to the credit of the awards of the United States and Venezue lan Mixed Con-mlsslon $31,4:0 in United States bonds, (5,073 In coin, ("69 in currency, and Xl,2f0 in London, being the amount of drafts received from the Venezuelan Government and sent there for collection. Secretary Fish also mentions that on the 28th ultimo he Issued an advertisement offering to distrtbuto eight per cent, of the sum awarded among the holders of the certificates, and adds that since that date the further sum of $13,058 has been received on the same account. Confirmations. The Senate In executive session yesterday eon firmed thefollowing nominations: Edwards Pierre pont, of New York, to be Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain; Alfonso Taft, of Ohio, to bo Attorney General of the United States; James Donald Cameron, of Pennsylvania, to be Secretary of War; John Pratt, to bo Secretary or the Territory or New Mexico: John S. Brakton, or Virginia, to be Con sul at Montevideo; John J. Redick. to be Asso ciate Justice or New Meilco; James it. Harden, to be collector or Internal revenue, Washington Territory; Benjamin F. Chambers, of Nebraska, to be register of the land office at Nlobra, Neb.; Andrew J. Evans, to bo United States attorney for the Western district of Texas; Nathan Golf, to be United States attorney for the District of West Virginia; Andrew M. Wheeler, postmaster at Danville, Va.; George M. Miller, postmaster at Applcton, Wis- and Seth W. Clark, to be Re corder of the General Land Office, vice C. W. Halcomb, resigned. The Cabinet Changes Views Expressed at the Capitol. The Capitol yesterday was at both ends and In the middle a scene of great political excitement, growing out of tho nominations of Mr. Flerre pont tor the Court or St. James, Mr. Taft for the Attorney Generalship and Don Cameron for the War Department. Either of these nominations would have created a sensation; but coming alto gether, a question as to why General Schenck was to be removed and Attorney General Pierre pont put in his place, why Hon. Alfonso Tart was to be made Atturney General, and their fitnesses for the offices, were left out of the question. The whole discussion was upon the question why Don Cameron was appointed. It was generally conceded that this was a movement In favor of Senator Conkllnz, because It was intended that through these changes the Republican delegates from the State of Pennsylvania were to cast their votes at Cincinnati In his favor Instead of In favor of Mr. Blaine, as was generally supposed tbey would. Columns of comment wero sent from here last night to the "Northern and Western reapers upon the changes. Exeunt Doorkeeper Fitzhujh. As will be seen by reference to another column. Doorkeeper Fltzhugh was yesterday wiped off tho slate by a resolution from the Committee on Rules. The effect of this li to put the position temporarily In the hands of the Sergeant-at-Arms of the House, but the disposition shown in the de bate was decidedly against the consolidation of the two offices of Doorkeeper and Sergeant-at-Arms. It was distinctly understood that this was to be a temporary thing. Mr. Fltzhugh and his son Fay were In the background all the time, the former feeling towards the last that he had made a mistake when he stated that be was "a blger man than old Grant." As soon as the resolution was adopted the candidates for his place were as numerous as blackberries, but the general verdict teemed to be that Mr. Patterson, of New Jersey. a clerk InMr. Adams1 office, and who was a prom inent man for the office before, holding fifty-two votes for Sergeant-at-Arms, was entitled to the place. If it becomes a question of strength and merit combined, Mr. Patterson will get it; ir there Is a disposition to avoid all canvass, It may be given to Mr. Jennings, assistant doorkeeper. The Blaine Bond Investigation- Chairman Hunton, or the sub-Committee on Judiciary, investigating the Blaine bond ease, asked permission of the full committee this morn ing to summon Joslab Caldwell from Europe as a witness. The committee declined to grant the request. A proposition was then submitted as to whether the sub-committee should take hearsay testimony. It was decided that the committee should, provided the persons from whom the hearsay statements originated were within the reach or a Congressional summons. Several Arkansas witnesses aro anxious to swear that Caldwell told them that he used bonds or the Little Rock and Fort Smith railroad to effect legislation in the interest of the road at Washing tou. It Is generally believed that Caldwell made off with a good many of the bonds and reported that ho had used them here In order to get a set tlement with the road, and that he diverted the proceeds of the same to his own use. The manl iest injustice of taking this class of testimony Is apparent, as Caldwell could not be brought here beiore the Cincinnati convention, and in the meantime air. maine's calumniators could circu late their scandals. Another Nice Witness. At last a committee or the ex-Conrederate House has reached a rascally witness who has got them Into trouble. They could stand Bell against Bab cock, Bluford Wilson and General Dyer; Marsh and Custer against General Belknap; JIM Lyon against Schenck; BIzgins statement that Presi dent Grant went through the key-hole to see him at midnight; the perjurer Sclye against Morey, and Johnny Davenport's showing or Democratic rrauds; but the climax seems to have been reached when the man Ferguson testified before the Louis iana special committee that most of the cigar Im porters of New Orleans, all Democrats, deserve the penitentiary on account of smuggling, bribery and forgery. The Louisiana committee is now very anxious to prevent their official visit to Louisiana, because of the effrontery of the wit ness they picked up, and begin to believe that not only are all the custom-house people In New Or leans honest, but they claim that the cigar Im porters are also honest. A number of the mem bers of the committee are beginning to believe that Selye, who swears he agreed to murder.com mltted uenurv. levied blackmail and la a. rnrrar may not be entirely reliable, though he swears against a Republican member of Congress. The Dead of Our Asylums. The bill introduced by Mr. Buckner yesterday for tho advancement of medical and surgical science and for the better protection of cemeteries in the District of Columbia, provides that the bodies of persons dying In any asylum, hospital, almshouse, jail or other public Institution In the District of Columbia, supported in whole or In part by the District ol Columbia or the General Government, or whose burial Is at the public ex pense, shall be turned over to designated medical and surgical institutions for dissection; provided that if the deceased makes a request not to be so turned over, or ir any or the kindred or friends of the deceased make such a reauest within twentv. four hours alter death, or It the deceased was Imprisoned for debt, as a witness, or on suspicion of crime, or a stranger or traveler, then the body shall be decently burled. The bill further provides for the decent burial after they have been used for anatomical pur-1-oses, and no such remains shall be unnecessarily mutilated or disfigured, and for every willful vio lation of the provisions of this act a penalty of not less than &200 nor more than (500 Is Imposed. The Board of Health Is to regulate the delivery of bodies for dissection, but none are to go outside the District, and any one delivering remains in violation or the act Is to be subject to Imprison ment not exceeding seven years. Army Orders. The leave or absence granted Capt. David S. Gordon, 2d cavalry, (Fort Fred Steele, Wyoming Territory,) Is extended two months. Leave or absence for ten months, with permission to go beyond the sea, is granted First Lieutenant Henry Scton, (Fort Fred Steele.) The leave or absence granted Capt, E.R. Ames,6th lnrantry. Is extended until October 31. 1878, and his resigna tion has been accepted by the President to take effect on that date. First Lieutenant James B. Quinn, corps of engineers, is relieved from duty under the orders of Cant. U. W. Howell, and will report In person to Major H. L. Abbott, at Wll let's Point, New York, for duty with the battalion of engineers. Leave of absence for two months, on surgeon's certificate ot disability. Is granted to Capt. O. W. Folter, assistant quartermaster, i Charleston, S. C) with permission to leave the lepartment of the South. Second Lieutenants James E. Macklln, company F, and Edward W. Casey, company I, of 22d infantry, will change positions. Leave or absence Tor eleven days is granted First Lieutenant Thomas J. Gregg, 2d cavalry, (Pittsburg, Pa.) A board or medical of ficers, consisting of Col. Charles H. Crane, f. slstant inrgeon general, Scrgeoas James Sim lnons and Dallas Bache will assemble In this city on the 21th Inst, to determine and report upon a question to be placed before It in papers to be transmitted by the adjutant general of the army. The Insane Asylum Investigation. The Committee on the Expenditures of the Interior Department resumed their Investigation ofthe management of the United States Insane Asylum yesterday. A letter was read from Miss D. L Dix, speaking or Dr. Nichols in very com rllmentary terms, and as a "benefactor of the unfortunate." She states that she has known Dr. Nichols In family and social life for thirty years, and as superintendent ot the asylum, in terested from principle, as well as ready choice, in the labor of his profession. When, therefore such a man Is charged with wllliul inhumanities' with sanctioning or permitting brutality and severe treatment of the helpless and dependent persons Intrusted to him for guardian protection and healing treatment, it is sare as It Is sure to say such charges cannot be sustained. The letter Is dated Western Pennsylvania Hos pital for the Insane, near Pittsburg, Pa., May 19 Miss Dlx not being able to be present, her letter was accepted as evidence. Mr. Voorhees, counsel tor Dr. Nichols, said that while they had still a number or witnesses they could examine, as well as a numberor patients who have been cured and their friends who would give favorable testimony, still he did not think ih,7.l.,.th.ey..wo5M. cal1 anymore witnesses, as he felt that they had met all specific-allegations and had submitted sufficient testimony in regard to the management or the asylum. He said tbey could be taking testimony pro and eon. Tor three months, and still not get out more facta. He said that If the committee Intended to hear any more charges against the asylum they would meet them. The comnUttee informed him that they would further examino Dr. Nichols to-day, and would decide by that time whether or not they would hear any more witnesses. The Hew Secretary of War. A dispatch received from Hon. James Donald Cameron, the new Secretary of War, last night was to tho effect that, while he fully appreciated theeompllment the President had conferred by ap pointing him as Secretary ot War, and by the Senate In so promptly confirming him, he was still in the doctor's hands. He said he would not be able to leave homo for several days, and that In the meantime he would decide whether or no to accept. Partisan Purity Compared. Tho Washington eorrespondentof theNcw York Timet says: "On February 0 the Senate passed a resolution requesting the Secretary of the Treas ury to inform the Senate what balances are on the books of the Treasury against public officers, the statement to embrace the accounts of all such officers or parties in which balances have accrued since January 1, USD- Inresponso to this resolu tion. Commissioner of Customs Johnson, by direc tion of the Secretary of the Treasury, has pre pared a statement showing the balances standing against customs officers and disbursing agents not customs officers. In submitting the tabulated statement. Commissioner Johnson makes the fol lowing explanatory remarks: 'In this connection, I deem It my duty to call your attention to the following facts shown by the statement men tioned: The total oollectlonfrom customs from Jan. 1, 1830. to June 30, 1850, (seo Flnanco Report, 1875, page 672,) weie tl,005,25S,e4.05; the outstanding balances from tho same time, $2,510,680.55. Cus toms collections from July 1, 1890, to June 30, 1875, 2,170,460,215.00; outstanding balances for the same time, $1,451,148.(2; from which deduct amount advanced to E. Fox, St. Louis, expended but account not yet adjusted, (1,025,0)0. leaving actually outstanding, tt2S.K8.82. The loss on the transactions orcustoms officers being, from 1830 to lteo, 23 in (10,000; from I860 to 1875, (19 in (100,000. Owing to the lapse of time, it is sup posed but little or the deficiency accruing prior to i860 will be collected, and the rate or loss given (25 in (10,000 may be considered as fixed, while of the deficiency arising slnco that time there Is every probalillty of so much being accounted for as to materially reduce the rate of loss for the period from 1(60 to 1875. viz: (19 In i100,000. I am impressed with the belief that no private business In this country has been conducted with so small a loss as that given for the first period, viz: (25 in (10,020, and when we con sider the loss during the second period. It seems Incredibly small, viz- (19 In (100,000, and Is con vincing evidence of the general efficiency and in tegrity or me omciais engagea in collecting tne vast sums Involved and paying them Into the Treasury. A similar examination of the facts firesentcd In the second statement gives the fol owing results: On disbursements from 1830 to I860, amounting to (2,755,113.12, the deficiency was (20,959.39, or (76 In (10,000; on disbursements from 18C0 to 1875, amounting to (2,423,625 91. the de ficiency was (1,319.45, or (54 In (100.000 (379.36 of tho (1,319.45 has been paid Into the Treasury since this letter was written, leaving this deficiency (940.09. This exhibit demonstrates that the same care and fidelity to the Government which was shown by customs officers in accounting for duties collected was also exercised In tho disbursements of Congressional appropriations by those having them In charge. Memorial of Mr. Clapp. The memorial of A. M. Clapp. Government printer, presented to the Senate yesterday by Mr. Sherman, and referred to the Committee on Privileges and Elections, sets forth the resolution of the House of Representatives under which the Printing Committee of that body has conducted Its recent Investigation, and states that the me morialist and his subordinates attendod as wit nesses and furnished to It a number of books which are necessary to tho transaction of tho business of the Government printing office, an 1 which the committee refuse to return. Tho memorialist further represents that the purpose of said committee seems to have been to cast censure upon blm, and that much of the testi mony takri relates to matters wholly outside of the scoj cf the Investigation directed by the xiouec oi jtcprescniauves. lie continues as ioi lows: "If It was the purpose of said committee to ascertain the truth in regard to the management of said printing establishment, they were alike unfortunate In their selection of witnesses and In tho manner or their examination. Many of the witnesses had been employees, and had been dis missed from said establishment for cause. These witnesses manifested the utmost willingness to state pretended facts calculated to throw dls- crrau upon your memorialist. Other witnesses were engaged in the business of printing and binding, and looked upon the Government printing establishment as being In the way of fat Jobs they might expect to secure should the Government depart from its present policy and return to the contract system of print Your memorialist further represents that tho treatment of your memorialist and his subordi nates and employees, while before said commit tee, was abusive and tyrannical, and when their answers, containing a truthful statement or facts, were not satisfactory to the committee, they were threatened with punishment for contempt ofthe House. The well-established methods or exam, lning witnesses In courts or Justice were departed from, and the rules of evidence which have been found by centuries of experience necessary to as certain truth and exclude error were constantly violated. And the committee has reported to the House a mass of stuff, consisting of hearsay, gossIp,specu latlon and opinions of witnesses based upon errors or fact, which L- as unjust to your memorialist as It Is Injurious to his reputation as an officer of the Senate. Mr. Clapp, alter expressing his belief that "Mr. Franklin Rives and other persons" have entered Into a conspiracy to give him the publication of the Congressional debates, which. If successful, would enrich Rives at the expense of the Govern ment, proceeds to state that the House committee on tho 24th ultimo Informed him that they In tended soon to close the casc.and allowed him less than three days to examine the testimony against him and produce other witnesses to rebut It. He asserts that this time was utterly insufficient for the purpose, and that, moreover, he was then ad vised by counsel that the House had no jurisdic tion to impeach, criticise or censure him, and that he ought not to mako an appearance at the time indicated. In conclusion he declares that ho is ready and able to vindicate his official character against all aspersions, and prays an investigation by some committee of the Senate. POLITICAL COHTErTTIONS. Complete List of the Dates of the State and Kational Conventions of Both Parties. The dates on which the National Republican and Democratic conventions are to be held, and the dates of all the State conventions charged with the duty of electing delegates to them, are given in the table below. Conventions yet to be held are printed In italics. It should be stated that the district delegates to Cincinnati from Maine, Massachusetts and North Carolina are chosen by district conventions; only the delegates from the State at large being selected at the time or In the manner here mentioned ; Alabama Republican, May IS and 24. Democratic, May SL. AHKAX6AS Republican, April 27. Democratic, June 14. CALirOKSfia Republican, April 26. Democratic, May 21. Cosecticxt..... Republican, Feb. 29. Democratic, Feb. 23. Delawabz. Republican, May 18. Democratic, June 13. Florida Republican, May 31. Democratic, June 2L Georgia Republican, May 3. Democratic, April 23. Iixixoia Republican, May 24. Democratic, June 2i Isdiaxa Republican, Feb. 22. Democratic, April 19. Iowa Republican, May 31. Democratic, May 17. Kasbab Republican, May 24. Democratic, May 18. KsaTrccr Republican, May 18. Democratic, May 25. Locisiaxa Republican, NtLj SO. Democratic, Jan. S. Maiste Republican, chosen by mem bers of Legislature. Democratic, June IX M artlasd Republican, May 4. " Democratic, May 3L MABSACBCSETTS-Republlcan, April 24. Democratic, Sept. 22, 1575. Michigan Republican, May 10. Democratic, May 24. Minnesota Republican, May 24. Democratic, June 1. MiBSiSSirn Republican, March 30. Democratic, June 14. Missouri Republican, May!4. Democratic, May 31. Nebraska Republican, May 21 Democratic, April 19. Nevada Republican, appointed by State Committee. Democratic, May 15. New IlAMrsHIBE.l?r;vo7fin, May 21. Democratic, Jan. 12. New Jebsev Republican, May 17. Democratic, May 2J. New Yobs Republican, March 21. Democratic, April 25. Nobtii CAitoUBA.Republlcan,appolnted by State Committee. Democratic, June 14. Onio Republican, March 23. Democratic, May 17. Oregon Republican, May 3. Democratic, April W. Pennsvlvania... Republican, March 29. Democratic, March 22. EnODE Island... .Republican, March . Democratic, March 16. Soctii CAROLiNA.Republlcan, April 11. Democratic, May 4. Tennessee Republican, May 17. Democratic, May 31. Texas Republican, Jan. 12. Democratic, Jan. . VianoKT- Republican, March 29. Democratic, June L, ViBOiaiA. Republican, April li Democratic, May 31. West Yiboisua.. Republican, May 11. Democratic, June 8. Wiscoksis- Republican, Feb. 22. ,T Democratic, June 7. National Republican, June 14. Democratic, June 27. Vineland BeriTtl. Vineland, N. J., May 22. The revival meet ings held by Her. E. P. Hammond are increasing in Interest. Yesterday a large meetlnz was held in the open air for unconverted people, and In the evening the Eev. Mr. Randall's church was packed with "professed" ones. The Rev. Mr. Hammond Is being assisted by Prot W, W. Bent, ley and the pastors of Vineland. ". OLIVER P. MORTON. A BEYIEW OF HIS PEOSPEOTS A THOROUGHLY SOUND REPUBLICAN MUST BE BROUGHT FORWARD Senator Morton Is Such a Man THE EFFECT1YE LABOBS OF HIS FRIENDS Senator Conkllng the Second Choice Special to the Alta California. WABHlHOTOlf, May 21, 1876. The Republican National Convention will con vene at Cincinnati in about three weeks. The 14th of June Is not now far off. Thenear approach of this Important event is having a marked effect upon the more discreet and wise men In the Repub lican party, who have heretofore kept aloof from partisanship and have abstained from expressing opinions concerning rival candidates, while tho political card players have been stocking their cards for the risky game of nomination. These men, who represent the reserve force and sound judgmont of the party, are now beginning to assert the control, which rightfully belongs to them. Tho friends of rival candidates, moved by personal considerations, and in some cases by the direct generalship of their ambitious Ieaders,have brought to the surface their individual strength in expressions of local preference, and It Is easy now to compare their relative merits. The great mass ofthe party will not consider THESE PERSONAL CONSIDERATIONS except so far as they determine the character of the great chiefs, and, while they will claim the honors to the party, with which each has endowed his political record, they will select the man who represents sound Republican principles, unites personal popularity with an unblemished record, and who will inspire confidence in his sate leader ship if made the standard-bearer for tho coming campaign. This sentiment unquestionably is the ruling one In the minds of the great reserve force, whose advice and counsel will Influence the action of the Cincinnati convention. It Is the expression that Is beard every day from tbo lips of men who are not without influence, yet who have not com mitted themselves to tho support of any special favorite. It Is less likely this year than It has ever been that the convention will be controlled by political tricksters, or that the contentions of the friends of Icadlngcandldateswillproducesuch antagonisms among delegates that harmony can be secured only by tho NOMINATION Or TTTE "OBEAT CHKlfOWH." The Republican party wonld cheerfully support either or the three most prominent chiefs Mor ton, Rlalne and Conkllng If nominated, and if, rather than concede the nomination to the ono who promises greatest success for the party, the convention should select a less prominent leader, the excuse for so doing would probably be only an old-time trick of political managers. The failure of two out of these three to' secure the nomination wonld not cause cither to suffer in his high position ot influence wltkln the party or In the estimation ofthe people. In the consideration or tho relative merits and strength ofthese three men there is practically no great political question at Issue, though local influences and personal popularity may be de bated with propriety. Your correspondent has discussed this subject wim some oi me most sagacious politicians in Washington, and. In expressing views concerning the prospects or the convention's action, desires to be understood as reflecting the observations of others as well as his own. The consideration which perhaps will weigh the heaviest when delegates come together to pre pare notes will be the great feature In the coming campaign, which Is now foreshadowed. It is gen erally conceded that the Southern States, with few. If any, exceptions, will fall under the control oi tne aoumcrn Democrats, wno indicate a deter mination to carry the elections at all haxards. Vio lent scenes are anticipated, and the "bloody shirt" may become a reality Instead of a figure of speech. If the Democrats are to succeed, they will owe success to the South, aided but very little in the North. This reflection will not be a comfortable thought for the great masses or the people, who are not ready yet to transler the Gov. eminent to a party which would be so strongly under ex-rebel influences. This feature alone de termines that the Republican nominee must tea TBOBOrOHLT-SOCSD KErCDLICAN, with a record that will Insure public confidence In his political predilections, with a personal charac ter above reproach, and associations that will in dicate his faithfulness to the party that elects him to office. There is only one great danger to be reared. A disposition has made itself manifest on the part of lealous advocates for certain candidates to risk the general result in the Northern States by placing too much stress upon the necessity of suc cess In a single locality. Insisting that a local favorite must be nominated who, though a strong man, may not have the elements of popular strength elsewhere, or whose too earnest advocacy may arouse sectional dlssatlsrtctlon. Part or this danger map come from unwise and senseless agita tion of the currency questlon,whIch would only re sultlndlvldingtheEustand the West. The situ ation is peculiar. While there are leading Demo crats in the West who favor inflation and farther demoralisation of the currency values, there are no leading Republicans In the west who ask more than a Just regard for their Interests on the part of the money lenders of the Middle and New England States. The West is composed largely of men whose properties are mortgaged to New York and New England capital. BCDDES AMD CSBEOCLATED ArrEECIATIOX Of THE M0NET3 which Western people have promised to pay is feared by them, and they regard such a result as an unjust discrimination by legislation In favor of creditors against debtors. They say that they are willing to pay what they have borrowed, but they wlshresumptlonofspecie payments to be so wisely guarded that depreciation of property values and the appreciation of debts may not suddenly cause solventxnen to become bankrupts. If the mnnnv. lending Interest should be permitted to appear to controlthe nomination at Cincinnati there Is dan ger that Western men might become demoralised by a sectional strife- Yet irdue consideration be given to this question, and Justice be permitted to prevail to the whole party, there is no danger that any man may be nominated whose success can mean injustice to the New England and Middle States. While there certainly is a con servatlvcandprotcctlveelementlntheRepubllcan yaiiy nuicu icnxB aggression, mere is no respecta ble Inflation strength or disposition to injure tho capitalist or the public credit. Fortunately for the good name and harmony of THE GREAT FARTT Or THE NORTH, the Inflation heresies and repudiation doctrines are almost wholly absorbed In the Democratic party. Nothing but Insane factious strife or idiocy can make the currency question a source of weakness to the Republican party except lnjudl clous local rivalry. This danger avoided, with a standard-bearer fully in accord with Republican principles and the record or their achievements, it is the confi dent belle! of the most clear-headed politicians that the North will stand up solidly against the threatened peril and disgrace of a Democratic victory won by Southern Democrats. The prospects of the several candidates for the nomination cannot be Judged by the fusllade of compliments which has been continually firing from one end of the country to the other. Theso complimentary allusions have their source In In. dividual observations, coming from men who have been guessing at wlshed-for results, and from un. equal pressure upon conventions, causing them to yield complimentary resolutions favorable to cer tain candidates. California Is an instance oi this latter observation. The only great certainty and feature or fixed Importance In the California con vention was the reconciliation ofthe BETCDLICAX AKD INDEPENDENT PACTIONS, reuniting the party after long dissension. The delegates are Iromboth parties, are unlnstructed and will probably vote for a Presidential nominee quite Independently and without concert. Yet California is courted among the States for Blaine, because the convention permitted his friends to secure the passage or a complimentary resolution Indorsing him, such as any State convention In the country might with propriety and Justice to him pass without an objection. The friends of Rlalne and Bristow hare been the most active, and under earnest generalship tbey have called out all the expressions or good will that could possibly be obtained. This indl cates that tbelr personal strength has been brought to the surface, and can be measured with some degree of accuracy; yet Dlalne, particularly, may have great strength to come from many other quarters, which are pledged first for one of bis great rivals, or fur somo local favorite, whose State has expressed no opinions respecting the more prominent candidates. Conkllng has the credit of being backed by able managers, bnt there Is no certain expression of popular will to estimate his strength by. There are many who think that the great contest will be between Conkllng and Morton. Neither or these men have, however, their strength so antagonised by personal reelings that they cannot harmonl susly unite. VORTON HAS THE HOST rOWZBrrL rolnntecr strength and tho greatest number of instructed delegates yet reported. The voice which comes up for him Is the most significant of (Treat party strength. It is noticeable that his interests are not directly antagonized by those of any other candidate. This Is owing to the fact that he has retted t)l? case with the peoplo rather than with political managers. Your correspondent has taken great pains to discover the secret of Morton's strength, but has looked in vain for any subversion or the popular will through Intrigue, political promises; bun. combe speeches, combinations, or the usual polit ical management of public sentiment. Tho senti ment in his case has managed Itseir. There are no secret movements with Morton. He can al ways be found, Is always accessible, and does not appear to have abated one particle in his close attention t o his public duties as a Senator So far as he is concerned his management appears to consist In delegating to his private secretary the lsbpr of responding to the great number of letters which he is constantly receiving from all Darts of the United States, which are so nraerouithat he can scarcely read the more Important ones, or find time to give Instructions as to responses. TBI nrDIAXU STATE CENTRAL COmtlTTEj Uadonhtedly ro Coin sJJl u effective work, for him, but there does not appear to be any clap trap nor any display of financial resources. The mest noticeable of their works Is the circulation In quite a modest way of a very interesting ac count of his political record, which Is more in the vein of an historical sketch than of a campaign document. The most significant feature In the progress of his candidature Is the absence of fair-weather friends and undignified solicitors In his behalf. The men who are working for him are long-time friends and sound, true Republicans all volun teers, without any indication of promise of reward. These things are too Important to pass by un noticed, and the people generally should under stand how the campaign Is being worked up. for on that depends very much the wisdom ol their final decision. Morton comes to the front with tbe enthusiastic and undivided support of his own great State. That is more than can be said of any other candidate without qualification. Maine undoubtedly gives a similar, but less for cible start for Blaine. In these times of popular unrest and disaffection it Is much to say for a pablle man, who has passed through many years of political strife, that he is most popular where he Is best and longest known. MORTON HAS SOT OUTLIVED BIVBELr, as many others have done, but is stronger than ever In the confidence of his own party without contending factions, and has the respect of politi cal opponents who are nearest and most sub jected to his political Influence. The Democrats of Indiana do not assail Morton's character. All these reflections will have some weight with the delegates at Cincinnati. The next striking feature developed by his friends is the almost universal support which comes up for him from the South and Southwest. Already about 200 vctesfbr blm can be counted with tolerable certainty on the first ballot. This state ment la made on tne authority or a leading Re--publlean Senator, who has given attention to the subject, and to be more exact, fixes tbe vote now certain at two hundred and six. Several State delegations yet to be appointed are claimed to be friendly to him. This volunteer vote in the South Is very significant, because there Is the battle-field where all tho candidates ought to be able to test their strength with fairness. In the North sectional and State Influences prevail for the first choice, while one candidate may have the good-will or all. It is Interesting to analyse Mor ion's source of strength In the South to determino whether It be also a reserve of latent strength in tho North. Tbe Southern Republicans are sealous advo cates of Morton, because he Is an tnscourRoxisiiio, fearless and untiring defender of Republicanism as It was Inspired by ouuiuu, mju as ii. nu icib UDuniEueu oy Lincoln. He Is not only bow, but has long been, consist ently and without taint or personal interest, tho one great protector of the liberties or freedmen, and ho Is also the conspicuous representative of tbe Northern idea which stimulated Sumner In bis great lire-work, and he Is tbe practical successor or Lincoln, who. In an administrative capacity, made the slaves free and placed the responsibility ol protecting them upon the Republican party. Tho Judgment ot tbe Republicans or tbe South has a great meaning, and warns the Republicans or the North that they are expected to be true to their own record and not to be ashamed of the work which once aroused their enthusiasm. It Is noticeable also tbatwbcro they are both best known and where their Influences aro sec tional tbe friends or Bristow are the friends of Morton, which Indicates that tho one great ele ment of Brlstow's strength reputation for purity of character applies tn the minds or tho people with equal force to Morton. THERE IS A CONSIDERATION ATTECTINa the prospects for the nomination of Morton which Is not so generally spoken of now that tbe con. test is one or faction more than of party. Yet tbe long-headed politicians speak of It seriously. Ifnomlnated, the question Is asked, which canal date will iurnlsh trom his own character and record the most material for the creation of popu lar sentiment! In other words, which name can be made during a campaign by rigorous campaign speeches to warm tho popular heart with the greatest lervort It is essential to remember that the people in selecting a leader are moved more through their hearts than through their intel lects, and with tho people the narration of deeds done and battles won for the peoplo and of lives devoted to public service without a suspicion of selfish Interest, Is that which wins popular ap plause; not promises, not brilliant expectations, not displays or intellectual prowess, when the wager of battle Is thrown down, with tbe uncon cealed Incentive of personal advancement. The friends of Morton claim that If nnmlnitnl he would be without enemies In his own party, and would arouse all its strength or action, not only by rekindling the pride that Is In It for the past, butby leading them with all confldenoeln his safety and ability. To conclude this rather extended review of the situation, it may be interesting for Pacific coast readers to note that l THE ANTAGONISM TO MORTON created by disputes on the currency question has entirely disappeared among the leading Repub licans, here from the Paclnc- States. This is not generally known. In fact, there Is a most cordial agreement. There Is scarcely a material point of difference In the financial views of the Pacific-coast Sen ators and Senator Morton, though he was at one time the apparent object of the most hostile oppo sition. In IMS Morton introduced a bill for the resumption or specie payments In 1S71. He made the first strong speech in favor of specie resump tion. In that speech he said: "The question to which I Invite the attention or tbe Senate to-day is whether such legislation maybe had and a plan adopted whereby the currency can be made good and the Government return to specie pay ments without producing a crash or great com mercial distress." At that time he thought the experiment could bo safely tried. The Senate difleredwlth him. Since then the panic or 1S73 has materially changed the situation; and, while he is positive In his utterances In favor of resump tion, with guarded restrictions to protect the people from distress, the views of Senators Jones and Sharon, freely expressed, scarcely show a shade or diUerenee, notwithstanding the hot dis putes ofthe currency debate. THE ONLY TOIlST Or DirrERENCE NOTICEABLE during this session was an objection on the part or Senator Morton to the proposition or Senator Jones to Issue a sliver dollar worth ninety cents in gold In redemption or greenbacks. He desired that the value of the silver dollar be made equal to tbe value or a gold dollar. This Is only an In stance oi how positions may chango in public de bate. Senator Sharon expressed to your correspondent t"w icgaru iur 4uunua, auu emu mai ne would like to see him President. Senator Jones, discussing the Presidential question, remarked, with a very pleasant allusion to Morton, that his name had the lucky termination In the last two letters which have been noticeablo In the names of so many of our Presidents, from Washington down. Both of these Senators aro delegates to the National Convention from Nevada. MR. CORHAU, THE SECRETARY Or THE SENATE, Is an advocate for Conkllng, but the other Call, fornlans here are as yet unpronounced. Senator Jones' first choice Is supposed to be for Bristow. The candidates for the vice Presidency are not easily estimated as to strength. The selection will depend upon the choice of the first name on the ticket. If Blaine or Conkllng Is nominated. It will undoubtedly Insure a Western man for Vice President. Morton might be coupled with William A. Wheeler, of New York, who Is one or the most popular men in the field, or with Hart ranft, or Pennsylvania. This Is all pure specula tion, and must be determined by future develop ments. One thing is certain, that the general sentiment is in favor of putting up a strong man for Vice President as well as for President, O. A. W. GREAT BBTTAIjr. Boating at the Centennial. New Yore, May 22. A cable dispatch says; "The Dublin University rowing club and the boat club have both decided to send representative crews to America to contest in the Centennial re. gattas. But the feud which exists between the organisations Is so strong that there is no possi bility of forming a combined crew. The only thing which Is now to be done is to decide which club will send the representative crew. You will, however, surely have an Irish crew at Saratoga and at Philadelphia, too." WISBLOW. Boston, May 22. A special dispatch from Lon don says : England's last noto abandons the ob jection to tbe surrender of Winslow based upon the British act, and relies only upon the treaty, arguing that the treaty give Implied stipu lation that the prisoner is liable for the extradita ble offense only. The Cabinet was surprised to find that some ofthe Crown advisers support Mr. Fish's denial ofthe Implied stipulations. WINSLOW WILL RETURN TO BOSTON IP RELEASED. Boston, May 22. The Evening Journal has authentic Information that Winslow, the forger, will return to Boston If released, provided assur ance Is given him that he will be treated leniently. Ho claims to be able to save his creditors the loss of nearly (100,000, and says many of the claims against him In bankruptcy are Illegal. MORE Or THE WINSLOW CASE, London, May 22. It Is understood that the Government will ask that Winslow be further remanded to-morrow, and as Baron Pollock is pot likely to mako any difficulty, thero is little prob ability of the prisoner's Immediate discharge. Indeed, the feeling Is growing up here among those interested in the case that the Government will not adhere to is present position, but will seek some other solution or the question than a refusal on its own responsibility to comply with the requirements of the treaty. Tho Pall Hall Ga zette, which' has hitherto strongly indorsed tbe position of the Government, in a leading editorial to-day of Secretary Fish's letter, or March 31, still maintains that the Government Is obliged to obey the municipal law In preference to treaty stipulations, but says the Government ought to take steps to refer to tho courts the question whether the Ashburton treaty is excepted from mo ujcriiuu pi me act oi isiu. in me last re sort, says the Pall MaU Gazette, It Is a question t not for law omeers, but for law courts, and there I are recognised means of railing It in latter for lueir urcmuu. iur uovernment will not be wholly free from responsibility to the United States until this question has been so raised and decided, EJCOLAND ASD SPAIN. Mr. John Simon, Liberal, will ask to-morrow whether the Cubans on board the Octavla at the time other capture by the Spanish haTe been re leased, and if not whether any steps hare been taken to obtain their release, since all on board the Octavla were protected by the British ttag. Mr. Disraeli, replying to a question, said It was1 true that the Government was unable to concur in tne proposal or the Northern Powers for the pacification or the Turkish provinces, and that It was impossible to publish the terms or the pro posal until It had been formally communicated to the Porte. Sir William Vernon Hareourt, Liberal, mem ber lor the city of Oxford, will to-morrow ques tion the Government as to whether, before the final release of Winslow, the house will have an opportunity to consider the correspondence be tween the united states and tbe British Govem- FORTY-FOURTH CONGRESS TBE llEHOfllAL FROM MR. CLAPP SENATOE BABHUM SWORN IN MB.- TDCXEB'S PROTECTION TO AMERICANS Page's Third - Term Resolntion II IS DEAD BT A LARGE MAJORITY Colonel Fitzhugli Summarily Bounced SENATE. Mondat. May 12, 1876. Tbe CHAIR laid before the Senate a communi cation from tho President in reply to a resolution ofthe Senate of March 22. Ordered to be printed and laid on the table. Mr. SHERMAN presented a memorial from A. M. Clapp, Congressional Printer, an officer of the Senate, alleging that ho had been unjustly treated by the House Committee on Printing. The memorial was referred to the Committee on Privileges and Elections, with instructions to in quire into the allegations, as Mr. Suebmax said they constituted a questlen of privilege. Mr. EATON presented the credentials of Wm. H. Barnum, elected as Senator from Connecticut to fill the unexpired term of the late O. S. Ferry, expiring March 3, 1879. The credentials were read and Mr. Barnum then advanced and took the oath of office. Mr. BRUCE, from the Committee on Pensions, reported adversely on various private pension Mr. WRIGHT, from the Committee on the Ju diciary, asked to be discharged from the further consideration of making Fort Smith, Arkansas, a military prison, so orucreu. The Senate then went Into executive session, and adjourned at b p m. HOUSE 0? BXFBESENTATT7B3. The SPEAKER laid before the House tbe veto of the President or the bill for the relief or O. B. Tyler and E. H. Luckett, and It was re ferred to the Committee on Claims. Mr. TUCKER of Va., offered a preamble and resolution reciting that it has been reported that violence has been done to Christians residing In the Dominions of the Ottoman Empire; THAT AMERICAN CITIZENS are residing In said Empire for purposes of com merce and otherwise, and requesting the Presi dent, if not Incompatible with the public Interests, to Inform tho House if he has any information as to the facts, and to state what measnres, if any, have been taken to preserve the lives and prop erty of American citizens. Adopted. Under the call of States bills were introduced and referred, as follows : By Mr. BASS.ofN.Y.: Bill to amend title 4S of the Revised Statutes and prevent the overload lng of vessels carrying freight or passengers. Also, bill in regard to docketing judgments so as to make them a Hen on real estate. By Mr. LEAVENWORTH, of N. Y.: BUI for relief oi Dr. Mary E. Walker. By Mr. HARDENBEBGH, of N. J.: BUI In re lation to letters patent. Also, bill to authorize the construction of a ped estal for a monument to Abraham Lincoln. By Mr. TOWNSEND, of Pa.: Bill fixing the amount of United States notes and national bank currency. ByMr.MAISH.ofPa.: BUI to authorize and require the Secretary of the Interior to supply at cost price the Surgical and Medical History ofthe War. Also, to authorize and require the Congres sional Printer to print and bind 6,000 copies of the surgical eausaltles In the navy during the late war. By Mr. HUNTON, or Va.: Bill to provide for the payment for rent of lands sold for direct taxes and occupied by the United States. By Mr. HOOKER, of Miss.: Joint resolution or the Legislature or his State in favor of aid to the Texas Pacific railroad. By Mr. GIBSON, or La.: Bill to resume cash payment by the Government ofthe United States. Also, to authorize the appointment of a commis sion to ascertain on what terms a treaty can be negotiated with the Empire of Brazil. By Mr. EVANS, or Ind.: BUI to Increase the fees of civil surgeons for examination of pension cases. ByMr.HARTZELL.or 111.: Bill to Improve theMIsslsslpnl river near Kaskaskla. 111. By Mr. BUCKNER, of Mo.: Bill to provide for tbe advancement of medical and surgical science and for the protection of cemeteries In the District ot Columbia. Also, bill for the relief of the Ammonlated Fer tilizing Company of the District of Columbia. Also bill for tho settlement or tax lien certifi cates Improperly Issued by the late government ofthe District or Columbia. By Mr. W1LLARD, of Mich.: Bill to incorpor ate the National Drove Yard Company of the AJisincb oi .uiuiuiiia. By Mr. HANCOCK, of Tex.: To authorize the establishment of steam mall service between the United States and Brazil. By Mr. PIPER, of Cal.: To amend existing laws In relation to taxation of savings banks. By Mr. SCHLEICHER, of Tex.: To mako Brownsville, Tex., one or the ports through which merchandise for Internal trade may be Imported. The SPEAKER then called up the resolutions upon which debate has arisen and which were laid over under the rules. The following, offered by Mr. PAGE, of Cal., on December 17, was taken up: Whereas the Constitution or the United States, as framed by the fathers ot the Republic, Imposes to limit upon the eligibility of any citizen to the office or President further than that he shall be native born and or a certain age and time or resi dence; therefore, he it rciolred. That In the judgment or this Hcuse the right or selecting candidates for the office of President can only bo lawfully exercised by the people under existing constitutional re strictions, and has never been delegated by the people to the House of Representatives or to any members of the same, and that any attempt by the House of Representatives to limit or forestall the public will on a question of such Importance is an Invasion of powers reserved to the people at large, to be freely exercised by them without any interference from anv legislative body whatever. Mr BLOUNT, of Ga., moved to lay the resolu tion on the table; and tbe motion was agreed to yeas 147, nays 82. On motion of Mr. FAULKNER, of W. Va, the Committee on Foreign Affairs was authorized to report on Thursday, the 25th Instant, after tbe reading of the Journal, In relation to Robert O. Sehenck's connection with the Emma Silver Mining Companr. ' Mr. BURLEIGH, or Me., rose to a TEBSONAL EXPLANATION, and had read some remarks made byMr.RANDALL on Saturday, In relation to the Klttery navy yard. In the course of which Mr. R. said that In the lazt Conirresa Mr. HntzjeioB had ehirrod abases at the Klttery yard, and therefore It should be abolished. Mr. BcRLEiri. aultted that there were abases, but that war no reason why the people of two States shonM be punish Ml by the abolition of the yard. Mr. BrRLiiGB thenofereda resolution direct ing the Committee on Ncval Affairs to Investigate any charg.-s or mismanagement of the Klttery yard. Adopted. The SPEAKER pro tea. presented the report ofthe Committee on Rules on the CHARGES AOAINST DOORKEETER riTZHCOK. The committee say that, as the whole matter was referred to them, they took up the questions affecting general character. The committee per. mitted the accused to produce all the evidence and papers he desired. 1. As to the charge of blackmailing a Federal officer In Texas, that was dlsproven, and the party who made the charge was not worthy of credence. Governor Davis, who is opposed to Mr. Fitihugn in politics, testifies to his unimpeachable charac ter while In Texas. Z. As to the charge of larceny and arson in Ken tucky, the committee took the statement of Judgo Durham, who was counsel for Fltzhugh on his trial, and Jndgo Durham says If he had been on the Jury he would have been compelled to ac quit. The committee bad no evidence to show that the verdict was not right. 3. As to the letter written in December last to a friend In Texas, the committee Inquired whether the letter showed that Fltzhugh was a man of such discretion and sense as to fie intrusted with the responsible duties devolving upon bunas Doorkeeper. As to tbe manner In wnieh the letter was made publlo the committee had noth ing to do. They give him the full benefit of the fact that he would not appoint to office the man who held the letter over him In terror. The committee then show the responsibility of the Doorkeeper's position, and say that the letter shows that he has not such a well-balanced mind as to properly execute his grave responsibilities. The letter Is foolish, and gives evidence of an un evenly.balanced mind, while the appointment of his son to a high position shows a violation of the rules ofthe CIVIL SERVICE. There is enough In the letter to show him unfit for ms omce, ana tne committee recommend tne adoption of two resolutions: First. That the offlcn of Doorkeener be vacated by the present Incumbent. Second. That the duties of Doorkeeper be de volved temporarily upon the Sergeant-at-Arms. ' The resolutions were adopted. On motion or Mr. BLOUNT, the House went into Committee or the Whole on the Naval ap propriation bill: Mr. Cltmer in the chair. Mr. WHITTHORNE offered as an amend ment the bill heretofore reported from the Com mittee on Naval Affairs reducing ta pay of naval officers and (nuttlCS tut promotion. It propctid to make a reduction In the navy to correspond with the reduction made in the- army. As at present constituted there was a great dis proportion, for there was at least one officer to every four men. His amendment was to make the officersttraform to the number of men, as well as to the number of ships. Mr. HALE, of Me., said this was the first time since the war that an attempt was made to strike at the navy, and gentlemen on the ether side must take the whole responsibility ol the action: Tho promotion and the pay was the only reward that could be given to the men "who rescued the flag dnrlng the late war. This is the only way that the blow could come, unless an at- iemitwjSBad; tSaboU;Ji jjj? v;t;,KJ tTO the gentleman from Tennessee had not had the hardihood to propose that. He did not believe the American people wanted these gallant men truck don. Mr. MILLS, of Tex., moved to amend by a pro visothat In paying all offieers below the rank of commodore 10 per cent, of the current yearly pay shall be added lor each five years' service. XT. WHITTHORNE, of Tenn, referring to the remarks of Mr. Hale, said that he had as much respect for the American nary as any man living, and he had none but the most worthy motives in proposing his amendment. But he legislated for tbe taxpaylsgfpeople, who must be protected, and not for a class. Mr. RANDALL thought the reduction should be made In the navy as well as In the army, for the number ofthe omeers to the men was ENTIRELY DI8rR0r0RT10NATK. Mr. HALE said that this was the first opportu nity offered to discuss the question of striking down an arm of tho military establishment, be cause the bill reducing tbe pay of the army was passed without discussion. Tbe people do not demand this reduction at alL The Committee on Naval Affairs had been perambulating all over tbe country in search of Investigation, and he had not found a scrap of evidence to show that the people anywhere demanded this reduction either of pay or of the number ofoffieers. Mr. BANNING, of Ohio, said that when the army bill was up he offered an opportunity tor discussion and none cared to avail himself of it. The reduction was a necessary act of economy. Mr. HALE, Who demanded the reduction t Mr. BANNING replied all the taxpayers of the country. The people from Maine, aa well as those from other sections, demanded the reduction. It is very cheap to assert that an attempt is made here to strike at the army and tbe navy. Gentle men on the Democratic side or the House had as much regard for the honor of tbe army and navy as the Republicans, and gentlemen should not find fault with this reduction on mere political grounds. These officers received good pay under the reduction, and much more than high civil offieers received. Mr. KASSON.of Iowa, said this was a direct blow at the defenses of the country, and it would slauzhter the officers worse than any naval battle ever slaughtered them. It was the most short-slgbted policy not to prepare for war in time of peace. Mr. HALE, referring to Mr. Baxninq's re mark i bat the taxpayers of the country all de manded reduction, said the gentleman had cer tainly not read the resolutions adopted at the LATE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION In Cincinnati. He found that a resolution In the majority report thanked the Democratic majority In the House for their efforts at economy. The minority report did not allude to the matter at all, and tbe minority report was adopted, so that the convention not only did not commend this In sane run after economy, but by Indirection snubbed the action ofthe Democratic majority. Mr. BANNING. Which report would you In dorsethe minority or the majority! Mr. HALE. I have never yet seen either a majority or a minority report of a Democratic convention that I would indorse. Applause on the Republican slde.J Mr. BANNING said the gentleman no doubt was right in that statement. Of course he would not Indorse what a Democratic convention did, nor would he Indorse the efforts or the majority here at retrenchment. He hurled back upon the gentleman tbe assertion that the country did not want the reduction. Mr. KASSON hoped the attempt wonld not be Insisted upon to tack this on to an appropriation bill, but let it stand upon its own merits. After further discussion. Mr. wifii-rirnnw'a amendment was modified, and then the whole amendment was rejected, so that the pay remains as at present fixed by law. When the clause In relation to navy yards was reached, Mr. LEWIS, of Ala, offered as an amendment tho bill lately reported from the Naval Commit tee retaining the yards at Brooklyn, Klttery, Charlestown and Norfolk for general purposes: retaining Mare Island and Pensacola as naval rendezvous; the yard at Washington for manufac turing purposes, and authorizing the recession or League Island and New London. ruir. ixJLLiiY.orra, made the point of order hat this was not in order, as It changed existing laws and was not In the direction of economy and retrenchment. Instead of economy It would be gross extravagance to sell League Island. Mr. LEWIS, of Ala., argued that it was In the direction of economy, as it saved the expenditure of millions of dollars. The CHAIR decided the point of order not well taken. Pending consideration the committee rose, and the House, at 6 p. el, adjourned. OEOBQIA. The Temperance Movement in the General Assembly-. Savannah, May 22. A number of Interesting reports were read at the session or the general assembly to-day. A communication from local temperance lodges, praying action In the cause of temperance, was referred, and will probably es cape discussion. The committee reported favor ably on establishing an Institute tor the education of colored preachers; the matter was referred to the educational committee. The committee recom mend a more rigid examination of candidates for the ministry. The discussion ofthoPanPresby. terlan council was renewed. The opposition was led by Rev. D. V. AjJger. orSoutu Carolina; and the other side byKevDr. Stuart Robinson, or Louisville. The discussion Is becoming excited; to-day Rev. John S. Park or Memphis, spoke In favor: also Rev. J. Rice Bowman, of Lexington, Va.: Rev. Dr. R. B. White, or Virginia; Rev. M. McAllister, or Mississippi; Rev. A. J. Hansen, of Georgia. Rev. W. W. Brinson, of Texas, spoke in opposition. The motion to postpone action on the subject of various presbyteries te be returned at the next annual session or the general assembly was voted down by a large vote. Discussion to morrow is limited to ten minutes. Dr. M. D. Hoge, of Richmond, closes debate In favor of the measure. A vote will probably be reached to morrow. FEANCE. Victor Hugo and Complete Amnesty. Paris, May 22. Debate on the amnesty ques tion was opened in the Senate to-day. The floor and galleries were crowded with members and spectators. Victor Hngo Introduced a motion fora complete amnesty, and addressed the Senate. He urged that under a Republic tho right of pardon was a prerogative of tbe Assembly. This" right should not be abdicated, and could only be exer cised In the form of an amnesty. He drew an elaborate comparison between the Commune and tbe coup u'etat. Napoleon's crime, he declared, was greater than that of the Commune. Yet the" magistracy swore allegiance to the crime or the Sd of December while it decreed transportation, the galley and shooting against the Commune. The Lour had come to stigmatize the coup d'etat by voting an amnesty full and complete. M. Hugo was listened to with deep attention, and at the conclusion or his speech was congratulated even by the opponents or amnesty. The Bona partlsts remained silent, M. Tolalne said the Government finds there Is nothing to reply to In M. Hugo's speech. Tbe motion was then re jected almost unanimously, about eight Radical Senators voting tor It. "WHISKY HATTERS. Progress of the Mann Trial More Arrests. Chicago, May 22. In the Munn whisky trial to-day Judge Doollttle addressed the Jury la be half of the defendant, Munn, and was succeeded by Hon. Robert Ingersoll, on the same side. Both of these gentlemen devoted themselves almost exclusively to the testimony of Behm, whom they denounced as a perjurer and deep-djod scoundrel. whose word nobody would credit under oath. Both arguments were powerful and effective. B. I F. Ayer will make the closing argument for the I prosecution to-morrow. ( ST. Lons, May 2.'. Supervisor Meyer and Revenue Agent Colony, assisted by two deputy marshals, seized four Illicit stills on Whitewater river. Cape Girardeau county, yesterday. To-day an armed mob appeared on the bank of the river, near Bollinger, and impeded the progress or the officers. There are seventy-five to a hundred more suns in mat section or tne country, and Col. Meyer will ask Commissioner Pratt for force suffi cient to enable him to break them up. The Excise law Enforced. New York, May 22. The Sunday liquor law was enrorced Dy the police yesterday, and some 600 persons were arrested for Its viola lion. Includ ing the barkeepers at prominent hotels, Gllmore's garden and other public resorts. Some ofthe Police Courts were opened for the disposition of the cases, and most ofthe offenders were released on ball. Erie's Third Bail. New 'Sort, May 22. Tbe Erie Railway Com pany announce that the laying of the third rail between Buffalo and Elmlra was completed yesterday, and test trains are run In both direc tion.! ever the entire distance to-day. The com pletion of the thl-d rail enables Erie to run nar row.iraage ears between all points or the West and Philadelphia without change. Strike on the Hudson. PorcHKEErsiE. N. Y., May 22. A special to the Eagle says the .operatives at Wappinger's Falls print works, at Haverstraw, have struck on account of a reduction of $i per week tn their wages. Garner ft Co:, the proprietors, will not come to any terms with them, preferring to shut down their works. Several hundred hands are out of work. Tire. Richmond, Va., 5:13 p. hl, May 22. A fire oe eurred at Beldsville, N. C, at 1 p. m. to-day, which destroyed Morley 4 Oo-'s drug store, Par rtih & Bros, grocery and two other buildings, in cluding the office of the Reldsvllle Xewt. Loss, nearly tlO.OOO; hall insured. The depot or the Richmond and Danville railroad at that point was In Imminent danger, but was saved. CABLE FLASHES. Madrid, May 22. Queen Chrtltlana has ar rived at the Escurtal. She Will come: to Madrid immediately, accompanied by King Alfonso. The Government has granted Carllst exiles a further but final delay of submissions. WiLHxxMSHAPEsr,May22. The German squad, run of Iron dads sailed to-day for the Mediterra nean. YiENNA,May 22. Count Festetlts, Count Oren. vllle and Herr,Trantmannsdorf have successively refused the appointment of Austrian ambassador at Paris. The latter expressed the opinion that It was Improper to maintain an embassy la a re- GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 'man m wife mm suicide DEAD SIDE BT SIDE IN BED THE VARIETY STORMS YESTERDAY ECHOES FEOM EAIEMOimT PAEK EXPLOSION IN A COAL PIT. THE METHODIST CONTERENCE CEUTJUHIJJLL HOTES. The Exhibits Being Eapidly Put Into Their Places. Philadelphia. May 22. The Russian depart ment has begun to put Its exhibits into place. Several fine samples of malachite mantels and vases were arranged this morning. The Chinese goods are being rapidly put into position. Some Tases and other porcelain articles prove to 'be badly broken. Tho attendance to-day appears larger than any day last week; the main building is well filled with visitors. Several excursion parties from New York and other cities arrived to-day. POOL BELLINO. Pbiladelphia, May, 22. By order of the mayor three establishments in this city where pools on base ball, horse races, billiards, te., were being sold were closed to-day. RACING) AT scrroLK pabe. Philadelphia, May 12. The races at Suffolk Park closed to-day. The first race was for tho 2:48 class for a purse of 11,200. There were sir entries, Billy Boy waa the favorite, but was withdrawn on account of bad starting. Lookout won the first heat, and Slow Go the next three. Time, 222f. zzitf, zs.y'xr.x. The second and last raco was free to all for a purse of SA000; 41.800 for the first horse, 900 tor the second and J0O for the third horse. There were three entries. Kansas Chief, Lady Maud and Nettle. Lady Maud was the favorite. The first heat was won by Kansas Chief, the second by Lady Maud, the third by Kansas Chief, the fourth by Lady Maud, and the filth and race by Kansas Chief. Lady Maud won second money and Nettle third. Time. 223, 2:2 227, 234. 22!V. BILLIARDS. The blUIard tournament was continued to-day. In the afternoon Rudolphe and Bessunger played the first game, the former winning 300 to 1; win ner's average, 111-19; loser's average, 8 1-9 The second game was between Sexton and Foster, tho former winning. COJ to S3: winner's average, 23 1-13; winner's average, 0 1-12. xu ijiq evening lue nrsi game was between J. Dion and Shaw, the former winning, 300 to 25, in five Innings; winner's average. SO; loser's aver age, S. The last game was between Gamier and Rudolphe; won by the former, 300 to 94; winner's average, 23 3-11 loser's average, 9 SJ. VISITORS TO THE GROUNDS. There were from 30,0:0 to 35.000 persons within the Centennial enclosure to-day. The paid vis itors on Saturday numbered 18,182. TheVewers' building, northeast or Agricultural Hall, is fin ished, and will be opened In a few days. THE BENDAT CLOSING. At the annnal meeting or the Philadelphia 1 lasses or tho Reformed Church, held to-day, resolutions were passed Indorsing the aetijn of ihe Centennial Commission In closing the build ngs and grounds on Sunday. METHODIST OENEBAL COTTFEBEHCE. The Newspaper and Book Interests of the Church. Baltimore, May 22. Bishop Merrill presided this morning In the general conference. The re port of the Book Concern committee, recommend, lng that the Southwettern Chriilian Advocate bo placed under the control and be published by tbe New York Book Concern as an official weekly paper, and recommending an annual appropria tion of $2,000 towards Ms support, was taken up. The minority report was also submitted, recom mending that the appropriation be tl.OOO. A lengthy debate followed the reading of the mi nority report, In which Judge Cooley, or Iowa; Dr. Edward, or Detroit; J. T. Uartzell, of Louis iana, and others took part. The minority report was disagreed to, after which tbe consideration of the majority report was laid over to allow Rev. Dr. Duncan, fraternal messenger from the Methodist Episcopal Church South, to take formal leave of the conference. Bishop Janes then presented Dr. Duncan, who briefly addressed the house, counseling tbe most cordial fraternity and Christian bearing between the churches North and South. His affectionate, and brotherly reception by this conference was deeply gratifying and would be appreciated by his church. The consideration or the report of the committee. In regard to tho Southwettern. Chrittian Advocate, was resumed, and after much discussion an amendment was adopted placing the management or the paper with the New York book agents, Instead or the book committee. The previous question waa then called and sus tained on the adoption or the report, the yeas and nays demanded, and the report adopted yeas 213. nayski Dr. Nelson, from the Wyoming conference, an nounced the death of Rer. Dr. George Peck, a brother of Bishop Peck, at Scranton, Pa, on Sat urday last, in the seventy-nlnth year of his age ana who had been a member of all the general conferences of the Church from 1S21 to 1STA Inclu sive. Appropriate resolutions of respect la honor ofthe services and memory of the deceased were adopted. A number or rapcrs were handed in, and, with out being read, were referred or ordered printed; alter which the conference adjourned until to- A STBANOE SUICIDE. A Man and Wife Found Bead in Bed. Wilmington, Del., May 21 Two persons, man and wife, utterly unknown here, have been board ing at the Black Horse hotel, in this city, for sev eral weeks. Tbey did not register, and though they mentioned their names the persons who heard them have now entirely forgotten what they were. Yesterday afternoon, as they had not appeared at breakfast or dinner, and did not an swer the calls of servants, their room was opened, and they wero found side by side In bed dead. Near at hand were a razor and a goblet with the dregs of poison in It, and In a bureau drawer were a partly empty laudanum bottle and a paper marked arsenic The presumption Is that on go ing to bed on Saturday night they took both the poison and laudanum. No clue to their Identity was found, but they appeared to be foreigners. The man was probably fifty, tall and stout, gray mustache, with light hair. The woman was younzer. and had somewhat masculine features. On her clothing were the Initials "A. G." TrntSrBLEACCIOEaT. Explosion in a Coal-pit. New York, May 22. A Richmond (Va.) dispatch says an explosion occurred Saturday at the Old Midlothian coal-pit, in Chesterfield county, resulting in the loss of eight lives and two men severely injured. There were only eleven men working In the shaft, the company being about to wind up their mining operations prepara tory to putting In a new fan tor the purpose of af fording ventilation. These eleven men were working at a depth of about 700 feet, and In a tun nel running horizontally about 500 feet in an easterly direction. It was at the extreme end or this tunnel, which was very poorly ventilated, that there haj accumulated a large quantity of foul ajr and gas, which caused the explosion. From subsequent investigations and indications it Is believed that one of the miners must have entered Into the region or this foul air with an open lamp, which Ignited the gas and caused the accident. The following are the names ofthe killed: James Carroll, foreman, white; Charles Holden, white, John Marshal, white, Thomas Golden, white, Robert Hall, white, Joseph Hend ler, colored, Wm. Morris, colored, Phillip Elliott, CABLSCHUBZ. He Speaks Highly of Bristow and Dispar agingly of Blaine. Chicago, May 22. Hon. Carl Schurz Is In town ttwiay. In conversation with a Tribune reporter he expressed very freely his views on the Presi dential candidacy. He considers Bristow the best man for the Republican nomination, because of his availability with all classes and parties. In cluding the Independent Reformers; because he has been the most active prosecutor of official frauds and corruption, with which the great masses hare no sympathy, and because throwing, him out would cast more or less odium upon the party. He considers Charles Francis Adams an excel lent choice, but thinks there is little probability of his becoming a candidate. He speaks of Blaine disparagingly as a candidate for the Presidency, because no lacks the record of a re former, which Bristow possesses. Mr. Sehure says the sentiment of the country is strongly for reform, and that the party which wins must do It on reform basis and candidates. VABESTT STOassC. ' Hailstones Get in Their Work. Cincinnati, O-, May 22. Special dispatches report heavy storms In various localities In tho Northwest during the past twenty-four hours, which have done considerable damage tocropj and property. In Clay county, Iowa, the storm was most destructive, and In Gayville, In the) same county, many nouses were torn down er wrecked. HaU-ston es from two to three inches in diameter fell In such quantity as to cover thes ground to the depth of four inches. A terrtflo wind accompanied the storm. In Lansing. Mich igan, the storm was severe and destructive. In, Sparta, Wisconsin, and Mendota and Roekford, inin the field; wertdelygvi and ranch, 0. rf.J i x