Newspaper Page Text
w -m-a ;.'
rVar --" iCpiSi -.- 'Vj'TV.'"-"--- -.'rV'J". 'aa:'.":",. ' -.4 i4 V I s v IT it lAA VOL. XVI. WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 6, 1876. - - - . i?rpubl.r,m. NO. 190. II N. 3 ir v$ i1. '13 DAY OF. DAYS. ? UHBTE FAIREST DADGHTER ; QUEEKOFA HUNDRED YEARS TMtESHOLD OF ANOTHER AGE TEAOING A OENTtmrS PATH CELEBRATING INOEPENDEKCE DAY A NATION'S FESTAIi HOUK GL0B1CUS FESTIVITIES IN THILADELPHIA WORDS OF ELOQUENT ORATORS EOKGS OP 8ILVER-"VOICED POETS CESTESMAl DAT IS TUE DISTRICr CELEBRA11CN BY ELKST INHIBITAHTS THE CITY COVERED WITH BUNTING INTERESTIKG EVENTS OF THE DAY PHILADELPHIA. The Great Centennial Jubilee. PiiiLAmLrm . July 5. The celebration of the ITentenmal annlverary here j esterday was of the must lnteretlng character, loth In its military and its literary features, to say nothing of tho spectacle of the legions of the lookers on and the holiday garniture of the streets and buildings. The day opened with the ringing of bells and -chimes throughout the city and the firing of tbo national salute In Fairmount Park. At 8 a. m. the military parade and review took place, tal lowed at 10 o'clock ly ceremonies in Independence square. The troops were nniEwm n GE2.EUAL ahecVa. To the right of General Sherman, opon the plat form was Prince O-car, of Sweden, and on his left Secretary Cameron. The following persons Also had places on the stand General Salgo, of the Japanese Centennial commission; Col. Marin, of Spain: Mr. John Fernle, of England; Captain Ulncr, Lieutenant Houshitz and Paymaster A. S. Drink, or the Swedish frigate Balder; Captain Ankarksona and Lieutenant Pase, of the Swcd. ishnay Governor Connor, or Maine, with his full stalf: GoirnorLippitt, or Rhode Island; ex Governor Biglcr, of Pcnnsy lvanla; ex-Lieutenant Governor Cox, of Maryland; General Hawley, president ot the Centennial commission. There "were alto upon the platform a number of foreign Centennial commis'oners aLd military and natal officers. Among the features of the parade was THE CLTE3MAL LEGION, which was organized expressly for tho occasion, and Is composed of a company from each of the thirteen original States, as follows. Fayette rllle Independent Light Infantry, North Caro lina; Boston Light Infantry, Massachusetts; "Washington Light Infantry, South Carolina; State Fenclbles, Pennsylvania; New Haven Grays, Connecticut; First Light Infantry Eegl ment, Rhode Island; Old Guard, veteran bat tallon,New York: Norfolk Light Artillery Bines, Virginia; Clinch Rifles, Oeorirla; Amoskeag Vet erans, New Hampshire: detail of loo men from the Filth Inramry, Maryland; Phil Kearney Guards, New Jersey; American Rifles, Dela ware. The commemorative exercises of the day were held in Independence Square, and at 10 o'clock every available spot In the square and on the streets was crowded with people. A stand with eeats for 4.000 invited guests bad been erected.and at 10:15, when the ceremonies commenced, it was entirely filled. The members of the Japanese Centennial com mission were among the first to take their places on the platform. THE ARRIVAL OF GOVERNOR JIATES and General Sherman and Lieutenant General .Sberidan, soon alter, was the signal for great cheering. Among the other distinguished per sons on the platform were Governor Carroll, of Maryland; Governor Begley, of Michigan; ex Govemor Noyes, of Ohio; lfe Dr. Somervllle, Scotland; Governor Llppltt, -or Rhode Island; Governor Axtell, ot New Mexico; Bishops Howe and Simpson, together with the gentlemen who participated directly In the proceedings of the day. At 10:15 o'clock General Hawley called the im mense assemblage to ordt-r, and an orchestra of two hundred musicians, under the leadership of Professor Gilmore, opened with the granl over ture, "The Great Republic," arranged for the occasion by the composer George F. Bristow of New York. While the music was In progress a shout of en. thusiasm signalized the arrival of the Brazilian Jimperor, Dom Pedro. He came directly to the front of the platform, and acknowledged the cheers of the people by raising his hat, and then returned to his seat. At the conclusion of the music General Hawley advanced to the stand and delitcrcdashort ad dress of welcome. MR. FERRl'S ADnrES. He Introduced as the presiding officer Hon. T. W. Ferry, president pro tempore of the Senate, who was greeted with applause. He spoke, com mencing as follows Citizens of our Centennial: The regretful ab sence of the President of the United States casts on me the honor of presiding on this eventful oc casion. Much as I value the official distinction, I prize much more the fact that severally we Iiold and snccesrully we maintain the right to the prouder title of American citizen. It ranks all others; It makes office, unmakes officers and creates States. One hundred years ago. In yonder historical structure, heroic statesmen sat and gravely close between royal rule and jwpular sovereignty. Inspired with the spirit which anl- . mated the Roman sage who In the midst of Mars Hill declared that of one blood were made all na tions of men, these continental 6ages rc-schoed in .Independence hall their Immortal declaration that all men are created free and equal. He closed as follows Nations succeed eaca other in following the example of this republic, and tho force of American institutions bids fair to bring about a great reversal of the source of political i power, when that period shall come Great Britain, so magnanimous in her presence on this .-auspicious era, will then. If not before, praise the events when American independence was won under Washington, and when freedom and equal ity or races were achieved under Lincoln and Grant. The singing of tbe hymn "Welcome to all Na tions" rollowcd, after which the Declaration of Independence was read by Richard Henry Lee, ofVirginla. TH&OR1GI3AL DECLARATION The original manuscript of that document was i tnought furward by Mayor Stokclcy, to whose are ltthad been entrusted by the President of the Vnlted -States. It was placed upon the speaker's stand facing the vast multitude In the square, and forflve minutes the vicinity fairly rang with cheers, finally, quiet being restored Mr. Lee read the Declaration In a clear, ringing voice. The reading was frequently interrupted by cheers its some patriotic sentiment would be heard. Following the reading of the Declaration came the s S .GBEETINO PROM BRAZIL, a hymn for the first centennial of American inde ikendence, composed by A. Carlos Gomes, of Bra. xiLilt the request of his majesty, Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil. The announcement of this -wrtlonof the pro gTatnsaewas recelicd by th assemblage with ,. every manifestation of favor. The Emperor rose 3 to his feet with tfce rest of tho distinguished per - cottage present, and listened with great atten tion. -i Bayard Taylor then recited the national ode, composed by himself, as follows : San of the stately day. Let Asia Into the shadow drift. Let Europe bask In thy ripened ray. And over the severing ocean lift A brow of broader splendor! Give light to the eager eyes Of the land that waits to behold thee rise; Tbegladness of morning lend her. With the triumph of noon attend her. And the peace of tbe vesper skies! For lo! she cometh now "With hope on the lip and pride on the brow. Stronger, and clearer, and fairer. To smile on the love we bear her. To live, as we dreamed her and sought her, Liberty's latest daughter! In the clefts of the rocks. In tbe secret places, We found her traces; On the hills. In the crash of woods that tall, We heard her call; When the lines of, battle broke We saw her face In tbe fiery smoke; Through toil, and anguish, and desolation. We followed and found her With the grace or a virgin nation Ai a sacred zone around her! Who shall rejoice With a righteous voice, far heard through the ages, if not she? For the menace Is dumb that denied her. The douLt Is dead that denied her, And the standi acknowledged, and strong, and tree! Ah, bark t the solemn undertone Oa every wind of human story blown. A large, divinely-molded fate vOttet Uoni the right ud purpose or a State, An.1. In it! plan subline Our eras ot the dust or Time. lhefar-otl yesterday ?! power Creeps back with stealthy feet. Invades the lordship of the hour. And at ovr banquet takes the unbidden seat, Vn malt unchronlclcd and silent ages Before 11 e Future first begot the Past, Till History dared, at last. To write eternal words on granite pages: Frim Egypt's tewny drill, and Assur's mound, And where, eplilted white and far. Earth highest yearns to meet a star, .And man his tomltood by the Ganges round txn trial heads, of old millennial sway. And still by Ntn pale splendor crowned, Chill as a oorjKc-Ugnt In our full-orbed day, In ghostly grandeur rise And sa - through stony lips and vacant eyes : "Thou tlrart asscrtest freedom, power and fame, Deolnre to us thy claim !" On th--hores or a continent cast, Strc won the Inviolate soil Ey loTS'ot heirdom or all the past And faith in tbe royal right of toil. She planted homes on the savage sod; Into the wilderness lone She walked with fearless feet, In her hand the divining-rod. Till t he clns or the mountains beat With the hre ot metal and force or stone ! She set the sjieed or the river-head To turn the mills of her bread; She drove tbe ploughshare deep Through the prairie's thousand-centurled sleep; To the South and West and North She ca led Pathfinder rorth. Her tail hint and sole companion. Where tho Hushed sierra, snowy.starrcd, Her way to the sunset barred. And the nameless rivers in thunder and roam Channeled the terrible canyon ! Nor paused till her uttcrraut homo Was built, in tbe smile or a softer sky And the glory of beauty still to be. Where the haunted waves of Asia die. On the strand ot the world-wide sea ! The race, in conquering. Some fierce Titanic joy utcunquestknows; Whether in icins ot sertor king. Our ancient blood beats restless in repose. Challenge or -Saturc unsubdued Awaits not Man's defiant answer long; For hardhhip, een as wrong. Provokes the level eyed, heroic mood. Ihls forherseirshcdid; but that which lies. As over earth the skfir. Blending all lorms in one benignant glow, Crow ncd conscience, tender care. Justice that answers every bondman's prayer. Freedom where Faith may lead or Thought may dare. The iHincr of minds that know, l'as-ion of luarls that ftel, Purchnscd by blood and woe, Guarded by fire and steel, Hath she j-ccurco? What blazon on her shield, In the clear Century's light Shines to the world revealed. Declaring uoblcr triumph, born or right? Foreecn in the vision or sages. Foretold when martrs bled. She was lorn ol the longing ot ages, B the truth or tbe noble dead And thcallh ol tbo living Ted ! No t loud In"fler lightest eins Frets at remembered chains. Nor shame or l-undaire has tniwcd her head. In her form and lectures still 1 he uiiblenchfng Puritan will, Caalicr honor. Huguenot grace, lhc (Quaker truth and sweetness. And the strength ol tho danger-girdled raco Of Holland, blend In a proud completeness. From the homes of all, where her being began, She took what she gave to nan: Justice that knew no station, Belief, as soul decreed Free air lor aspiration. Free for ludeiH.ndent deed! v She takes, but to give again. As the sea returns the rivers in rain, And gathers the chosen or her seed From tho hunted ol every crown and creed. Her Germany dwells by a gentle Rhine; Her Ireland &ecs the old sunburst shine; Her France 'pursues some dream dl ine; Her Norway keeps his mountain pine; Her Italy waits by tbo western brine; And, broad-based under all. Is planted England's oaken-hearted mood. As rich in lortflude As e'er went worldward from the island wall! Fused In her candid light. To one strong race all races here unite: Tcnirms men in Iter-, hereditary focmen Forget their fword and slogan, Jcith and clan: 'Twas glory once to to a Roman; She makes It glory now to be a man ! Bow down! Doff thine ironlan crown! One hour forget The glory, and recall the debt: Make expiation Orhumbler mood. For the pride or thine exultation O'er ierll conquered and strire subdued 1 But hair the right is wrested When victory yields her prize, And bair the marrow tested When old endurance dies. In the sight ortbem that love thee, Bow to the Greater above thee 1 He lallcth not to smite Tho Idle ownership or Right, Nor spares to sinews fresh from trial, And virtue schooled In long denial, The tests that wait for tbee In larger perils of prosperity. Here, at the Century's awful shrine. Bow to thy Father's God, and thine ! Heboid ! she bendeth now. Humbling thcchaplct of her hundred years: There Is a solemn sweetness on her brow, And in her eyes are sacred tears. Can she forget. In present joy, the burden of her debt, t nen lor a captive race She grandly staked and won The total promise of her power begun, And bared ber bo-om's grace To the sharp wound that inly tortures yet? Can she target The million graves her young devotion set. The hands that clasp above From either side. In sad, returning love? Can she forget Here, where the Ruler of to-day. The citizen ofto-morrow. And equal thousands to rejoice and pray Beside theEC holy walls are met. Her blrtli-cry, mixed of keenest bliss and sorrow? Where, on July's Immortal morn Held forth, the People saw her bead And shouted to the world: "The King Is dead, But lo! the Heir Is born!" When fireot Youth, and sober trust of Age, In Farmer, Soldier, Priest and Sage, Arose and cast upon her Bapti-mal garments net er robes so fair Clad Prince In Old-World air Their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor! Arise! Recrown thy head. Radiant withblesslng or the Dead ! Bear from this hallowed place The praj er that purities thy lips. The light or courage that defies eclipse, rlhe rote orMan's new morning on thy race ! Let no Iconoclast Invade thy rising Pantheon olthe Pat, To make a blank where Adams stood. To touch the Father's sheathed and sacred blade, Spoil crowns on Jeflerson and Franklin laid. Or wash from Freedom's feet the stain of Lincoln's blood! Hearken as from that haunted hall Their voices call : "We lit cd and died for thee : We .greatly dared that thou might'st be ; So, from thy children still We claim denials which at last fulfill. And freedom yielded to preserve thee free! Beside clear-hearted Right That smiles at Power's uplifted rod. Plant Duties that reqnlte. And Order that sustains, uion thy sod. And stand In stainless might Above all self; and only less than God !" Here may thy solemn challenge end, AU-prct Ing Past, and each discordance die Of doubtful augury; Or In one choral with the Present blend, And that half.heard. sweet harmony Or somet hing nobler that our sons may see. Though poignant memories bum or days that were, and may again return. When tby fleet foot, O Huntress or the Woods, The slippery brinks ol danger knew; And -aim the eyesight grew That was so sure in thine old solitudes, ii stays some ricner sense Won from tbe mixture or thine elements, To guide the vagrant scheme. And winnow truth from each conflicting dream! Yt in thy blood shall live Some force unspent, some essence primitive, To seize the highest use or things; F-or rate, to mould thee to her plan. Denied the rood or Kings, Withheld the udder and tbe orchard-fruit!, Fed tbee with savage lrults. And forced thy harsher milk from barren breasts or man! O sacred woman.rorxn, Ol tbe first !cople's need and passion wrought No thin, pale ghost or thought. Bat fair as morning and as heartVblood warm Wearing thy priestly tlar on Judah's hills; Clear-eyed beneath Athene's helm or gold; Or from Rome's ce -tral seat Hearing the pulses or the continents beat In thunder where her legions rolled; Compact or high heroic hearts and wills. Whose being circles all The selfless alms or men, and all fulfills; Thyself not free so long as one is thrall; Goddess, that as a nation lives, adu as a nauon uies, That for her children as a man defies, And to her children as a mother gives Take our fresh fealty now! No more a cblertalness, with wampum-zone And feather-cinctured brow No more a new Britannia, grown To spread an equal banner to tbe breeze And lift thy trident o'er the double seas; But with unborrowed crest. In tblne own native beauty dressed The front of pure command, the unflinching eye, thine own! Look up, look forth, and on! There's a light in the dawning sky: The clondi are parting, the night Is gone: Prepare for the work or the day! Fallow thy pastures lie And tar tby shepherds stray, And the fields of thy vast domain Are waiting for pure seed Or knowledge, desire and deed. For keener snnshlne and mellower rain! But keep thy garments pure: Pluck them back, with the old disdain, From touch of the hands that stain! Bo (hall tby strength endure. Transmute Into good the gold of Gain. Compel to beauty thv rnder powers. Till the Country oicomtng noun Shall plant, on thy fields apart. With the oak or Toll, the rose of Art! Be watchful, and keep ns so : Be strong, and fear no foe: Be Just and the world shall know I With the same lore love ns as we give; And the day shall never eorae, That finds uj weak or dumb To Join and smite and cry In the great task for thee to die. And tbe greater task, for thee to live! Bayard Taylor. The poem was followed with the grand trl umphlai march, with the chorus, "Our National Banner," by Dexter Smith, of Massachusetts, alter which the orator or the day, William M. Evarts, or New York, was Introduced, and was the recipient of loud and continued cheers. MR. KYARTS ORATI05. Mr. Evarts clearly, eloquently land tersely de scribed the causes, direct and Indirect, that led to the Declaration or Independence, paying a glow ing tribute to tbe statesrav'.H-e- qualities of tho signers. He passed on from that period to the present, and depicted a golden future. The orator spoke of the prodigious growth of wealth In the country, which marked its prog ress, and the development or knowledge iu the then concluded his eloquent effort as fol lows: "THE BREED AKD DISrOSITIOS" or a people. In regard or courage, public spirit and patriotism, are, however, the test or the'. working of their institutions, which tho world most val ues, and upon which the public safety most de pends. It has been made a reproach or demo cratic arrangements ot society and government that the sentiment or honor and orprlde in public duty decated In them. It has been proresscd that the fluctuating currents and the trivial perturba tions of their public life discouraged strenuous endeavor and lasting devotion In the publlo ser vice. It has been charged that as a consequeoco the distinct service of tbe Slate suffered, offioe and magistracy were belittled, social sympathies cooled, love of country drooped, and selfish affec tions absorbed the powers of the citizens, and eat into the heart or the commonwealth. The experience or our country rejects these speculations as misplaced and these rears as Illu sory. They belong to a condition of society above which we hate long since been lifted, and toward which the very scheme of our national life pro hibits a decline. They are drawn from the exam ples orblstory. which lodged power, rormally, in the people, hut left them Ignorant and abject, un furnished with the means or exercising It In their own right and for their own benefit. In a democ racy wielded by tbe arts, and to tho ends of a I atrician class, the less worthy members of that class, no doubt, throvo bv the disdain which noble characters mu-t always reel ror methods or decep tion and insincerity, and crowded them from the authentic service of the State. But, through the period whose years we count to-day, TnE filtUATEST LESSOS OF ALL is the preponderance or public over private, of social over selfish, tendencies and purposes in t he whole body of the peoj)!c,and the insistent fidel ity to the genius and spirit or iwpular institu tions, or the educated cusses, tho liberal profes sion, and tbe great men ol the country. Tle qualities trafuse and blend the hues and tirlucs or the manifold rays of advanced civilization into a sunlight of public spirit anil fervid patriotism, which warms and irradiates the life of tbe nation. Etces of publicity as the animating spirit and stimulus of society more probablj than Its lack wll' excite our solicitudes in the future. Evtntho public discontents take on this color, ami the mind and heart of tbe whole ieojile ache with anxieties and throb with griefs which have no meaner scope than tbe honorand the s-ifcty orthe nation. It Is quite certain that the present day shows no such solemn ahcorplion In the exalted themes or CONTEMPLATIVE IMETV, as marked the prevalent thought of the people a hundred years ago; nor so hopeful an enthusiasm for the speedy renovation of the world, as burst upon us in tho marvelous and wide system of vehement, religious zeal and practical good works. In the early part or thcnlnctccnthccntnry. But these fires are less splendid, only because they arc moro potent, and diffuse their heat in wcll.formcd habits and manifold agencies or bene ficent activity. Thcytraterse and permeate so ciety iu every direction. They travel with the outlasts or civilization, and outrun the caucus, the convention and the suffrage. The church, throughout this land, nnheld bv no iolitical establishment, rests all the firmer on the rock on which its founder built It. The great znas of our countrj mi n tMlay, find In the Bible tic Kihlo In their workshop, the Bible In their scl, the BlbleSn their households the suffi cient iitsons of tho fear of God and tho love or man. which make them obedient servants to tho free Constitution ot their country, in all civil dutic, nnd ready with their lives to sustain It on the fields or war. Andnowatthe end of a hun dred years the Christian ralth collects ITS ttORblltrERSTIIROCOHOCTOl'RLAXD, as at the beglLning. What hair a century ago was hopefully prophesied for our r.ir ruture goes on to fts fulfillment: "As the sun rises on a Sab bath morning and travels westward from New foundland to Oregon ho will behold the countless millions 'assembling, as ir by a common Impulse, In the temples with which every valley, mountain and plain will be adorned. The morning psalm atxl tbe evening anthem will commence with the multitudes on the Atlantic coast, be sustained by tbe loud chorus or ten thousand times ten thou sand In the valley of the Mississippi, and be pro longed by the thousands or thousands on the shores or tbe Pacific" The care and zeal with which our people cherish and invigorate the primary supports and delcncex ot THEIR OWJ BOYEREIOSTr have all the unswerving force and confidence of Instincts. The community and publicity of edu cation, at the cliarce and as an Institution or the State, Is firmly Imbedded In the wants and the desires of. the people. Common schools are rapidly extending through the only part or the country which had been shut against them, and follow close uiion the footsteps of Its new liberty to enlighten tho enfranchised race. Freedom or conscience easily stamps out the lirst sparkles or persecution, and snaps as green withes the first bonds or spiritual domination. The sacrod oracles or their religion the people wisely held in their own keeping as the keys ot religious liberty, and reluse to he beguiled by the voice or the whest charmer Into losing his grasp. Freedom from military owcr and the mainten ance of that arm or government In tho people; a trust In their own adequacy as soldiers, when their duly as citizens should need to take on that foim of service to the State, these have gained new force by tbe experience of foreign ami civil war. and a standing army Is a remoter possibility for this nation. In its present or prospective great ness, than In the days or its small beginnings. But In THE FnEEDOJf OF THE TRESS, and the universality orthe suffrage, as main tained and exercised to-day throughout the length and breadth or the land, we find tho most conspicuous and decisive evidence or tho unspent force orthe Institutions ot liberty and tbe jealous guard ontsjirlncipal defenses. Ihesc Indeed are great agencies and engines orthe people's sover eignty. They hold the same relations to the vast democracy ot modern society that the persua sions orthe orators and the persunal voices or tbe assembly did in the narrow confines or the Gre cian States. The laws, the customs, the Im pulses, and the sentiments of the people havo given wiilcr and wider range and license to the agitations of the press, multiplied and more fre quent occasions for tbe exercise or the suffrage, larger and larger communications of Its fran chise. The progress of a hundred tears finds tnese proaigious activities in tneir lutiest play Incessant and all powerful Indispensable In the habits of the people, and Impregnable In their af. iectlons. Their public service, and their subordi nation to the public safety, stand In their play upon one another and in their freedom thus maintained. Neither could long exist In true vigor in our S stem without the other. Wlthout.the watchful, omnipresent, and;indom ltable energy orthe press the suQrage would lan guish, would be subjugated by the corporato power or tbo legions or placemen, which tho ad ministration of tbe affairs or a great nation Im loses upon It, and fall a prey to that "vast patronage which," we are told, 'Mlstracted, cor rupted, and finally subverted tbe Roman Repub lic, on me oiuer nanu, 11 me impressions 01 ine prcssui on tbe opinions and passions ol the people found no settled and ready mode or their working out, through the frequent and peaceful suffrage, the people would be driven, to satisfy their dis pleasure at government or their love or change, to the coarse methods or barricades and batteries. Wc cannot, then, hesitate to declare that tbe original principles or equal society and popular government still inspire the laws,llve in the haMts orthe people, and animate t heir purposes and their hopes. These principles have not lost their spring or elasticity. They have sufficed for all the methods of government In the past; we feel no fear for their adequacy In the ruture. Released now from the tasks and burdens or the formative period, these principles and methods can be di rected with undivided force to the every-day con duct of government, to the staple and steady virtues ol administration. The feebleness of crowd ing the statute-books with unexecuted laws ; the danger of power outgrowing or evadfng re sponsibility; the rashness and fickleness or tem porary expedients; the constant tendency by which parties decllnelnto factions and end In eon spiracles; all these mischiefs beset all govern ments, and are part or tho Hfo of each generation. To deal with these evils the tasks and burdens of the Immediate future the nation I. BEDS KO OTHER RESOURCES than the principles and the examples of our past history supply. These principles, theseexamples ol our fathers, are the strength and the safety of our State to-day: "Morbut anliquit. Hat ret Ro vlcna, rfrilove." Unity, liberty, power, prosperity these are our possessions to-day. Our territory is safe against foreign dangers; its completeness dissuades irom further ambitions to extend It, and Its rounded symmetry dlscturages all attempts to dismember It, No division into greatly unequal parts would be tolerable to either. No Imaginable union of Interests or passions large enough to include one half the country but must embrace much more. The madness of partition Into numerous and fee ble fragments could proceed only from the hope- J less aegrauaiion oi me people, ana wouia form but an incident In general ruin. The SDlrlt of the nation is at Its highest Its triumph" over the Inborn, inbred perils of Its Con stitution has chased away all fears. Justified all hopes, and with universal Joy we greet this day. We have not proved nnwortby of a great ances try; we hare had the virtue to uphold what they so wisely, so firmly established. With these proud possessions of the past, with powers ma tured, with principles settled, with habits formed, tbe nation passes, as it were, from preparatory growth to responsible development of character and TTTE STEADY FESrORXAICCZ OF DUTY. What labors await it, what trials shall attend It, what trlnmpbs for human nature, what glory for itself, are prepared for this people In the coming century, we may not assume to foretell. "One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh, bnt the earth abldeth forever," and we reverently hope that these our constituted liber ties shall be maintained to the nnendlng line of our posterity and so long as the earth Itself shall endure. In the great procession or nations, in the great march of humanity we hold our place. Peace Is our duly, peaca it our policy. In its arts, Its labors and its victories, then, we find scope for all our energies, rewards for all our ambitions, re nown enough for all our lore and fame. In the aBfuit presence of 19 many nations, which, by their representatives have done as the honor to be witnesses of our commemorative Joy and grat ulatlons, and in sight or tbe collected evidences or the greatness or their own civilization with which they grace our celebration, we may well confess how much we rail short, how much we have to make up, In tbe emulative competitions or the times. Yet, even In this presence, and with a just deference to the age, the power, the greatness of the other nations of the earth, we do not fear to appeal to the opinion of mankind whether, as we point to our land, our people and our laws, the contemplation should not inspire ns with a lover's enthusiasm lor our country. TIME MAKES SO FACSES In his march, even while I speak the last hour or the receding Is replaced by the first hour or tho coming century, and reverence ror tbe past gives way to tbe Joys and hopes, the activities and re sponsibilities or the future. A hundred years hence tbe piety of that generation will recall the ancestral glory which we celebrate to-day. and crown It with the plaudits of a vast population which no man can number. By the mere circum stance of this periodicity our generation will be In the minds. In the hearts, on the lips of onr coun trymen at the next Centennial commemoration In comparison with their own character and condi tion and with the great -founders or the nation. What sball they say or us? How shall they esti mate the part we bear in the unbrokenline oi the nation's progress? And so on. In tho long reach of time, forever and forever, our place In the sec ular roll orthe ages must always bring us Into observation and criticism. Under this doublo trust, then, from the past and for the future, let us take heed to our ways, and, while It is called to-day, resolve that the great heritage we have received shall be hsnded down through tho lohg line of the advancing genera tions, tbe borne or liberty, tho abode or justice, the stronghold of ralth among men, "which holds the moral elements or tbe world together," and or ralth In God, which binds that world to His throne. Upon the conclusion or Mr. Evarts' oration the Hallelujah chorus from Handel's "Messiah" was performed by the orchestra and chorus, and the ceremonies wero then concluded with the singing or the doxologv, the "Old Hundred Psalm," in which tbo entire assembly Joined. After cheers for Generals Sherman, Sheridan and Hooker, and the Ooveno'S of Ohio, 31 chl gan, Kentucky and New Jersey, and lor Dom Pedro and Mr. Evarts, theaudlencc gradually dispersed. Grand Dinner in London. In London the day was celebrated by a grand dinner at tbe Westminster Palace hotel, under the auspices or the American legation. A large and distinguished company or citizens or the United States and their English friends were present. Toasts to the health or President Grant and Queen Victoria were rcccited with applause and with music The sentiment, "The Day wo Celebrate," was responded to by tho Rev. Mr. Thompson; "Tho Press," by Mr. George W. Smalley; "Our Mother Country." by Mr. Henry Richard, M. P.: "The City or London," by the Lord Mayor; "The Army and Navy,"by Maj. Gen. Crawford, or tho United States army, and "Tbo newly-appointed Minister or tho United States," by Mr. Pierrcpont. Extracts from Bay ard Taylor's ode, wLl hwas rccltel at Philadel phia, were read. Letters in reply to invitations wero read from Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Gladstone, the Duke or Argylc, Earl Granville, Lord Houghton, the Earl or liot-eberry, the Earl of Derby, Dean Stanley, Mr. John Bright, Mr. Motley, tbo his torian, and Mr. Hugh CbiMers. Among the gen tlemen present were uoi. nonraan, i;oi. uneese brougb, Messrs. Tom Hughes, Rnssell Stlrges. J. S.Morgan, Hugh McCulloch. S. Endicott Pea body and Gen. S. P. Hcintzclman. The Day in New York. New York. July 5. New York celebrated the Centennial Fourth of July with a public meeting and an oration by Rev. Dr. Storrs, of Brooklyn, reading of the declaration by George VandenhofT, meetings or the Tammany and antlVTammany societies, he. The Day in Baltimore. Baltimore, July 5. In Baltimore there was a general display ot patriotism, most ot tho celebra tion, however, ttelng In the form of suburban gatherings, the chief of which was the meeting nt Drnld Hill park, where an oration was deliv ered by Gen. Charles E. Phelps and a historical sketch by Col. J. T. Scarr. Baltimore city never wore so much gala decoration as on this Fourth or July. Some of tbe streets were brilliant from end to end. Tbe decorations on Baltimore street wete conspicuous for variety and beauty. The Fourth in Alabama. MoirraouESY, Ala., July 4. At daylight a salute of thirteen guns was fired from Capitol hill from a thirty-two pounder. At 8 o'clock a procession of military and firo companies and citi zens formed, and, after marching through the streets, halted at the stand prepared for tho speakers. Prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. Petrle. The Declaration of Independence was read by Nell Blue, the oldest citizen of Montgomery, and the only survivor of those who voted for delegates to the territorial convention which adopted the constitution under which Alabama was admitted Into tho Union In 1810. Ex-Governor Wattsde llvercd a patrWitle-oratlon. -The crowd then dis persed. At 12 o'clock a salnto ot thirty-seven guns was fired, all the church bells In the city wtre rung, and tbe engines olthe various railroads and tho fire department united their shrill whis tles to the patriotic jubilation. To-night there was an Immense display or fireworks and shooting and cheering throughout tho city. Selma, Ala., July , 9 p. m. A largo Demo cratic meeting was held at Shelby Springs, Bibb county, wlilctt was addressed by Governor Hous ton and General Morgan. The post office here was decorated with United States flags. Virginia's Welcome. KiciiMOsn, Va July 4. Tho observance of tho Centennial Fourth was more general throughout Virginia than any since It 60. In Richmond the celebration was begun at midnight last night by the firing of 13 guns tar the original States. At sunrise 38 guns were fired lrom tho Capitol grounds for the present States of tbe Union. The United States and Virginia flags were hoisted on mei;apiioi iorine nrst time on ine 4tn or July In sixteen years. AH shipping In the dock and river displayed an abundance of bunting. Tho streets presented a deserted appearance, picnics, excur sions, barbecues, private parties. Sic , being the order of the day. There was no military or other parade. At Lynchburg the day was more generally ob served than any similar occasion since the war. There was no formal demonstration In the city, but numerous addresses and barbecues In the neighborhoods adjacent. UnttcdStates tlagsand portraits ofllayes and Wheeler are displayed at the post office. At Danville the 4tb was generally observed as a holiday, but there was no public demonstration. Last night there was a ratification meeting or the nomination of Tlldcn and Hendricks. Col mel T. S. Flournoy and others made speeches. At Staunton thedaywas ushered In with drums beating and bells ringing. At Petersburg the day was celebrated by a na tloral ralnte at sunrise and sunset. The Guards (colored! also paraded In honor of thedav. No orations or sermons; all quiet. Tho observation f the day was more general and enthusiastic man ever since me war. Norfolk, Va., July 4. No Fourth of July since the war has been so generally observed by the people or this city and Portsmonth. Thou sands of people went down to Fortress Monroe to witness tbe pyrotechnic display there to-night, and an eager and Interested crowd now throng the wharTes here, witnessing the fire works thrown frcm tho United States monitors lying at the naval anchorage. The Declaration of Indo- iendence was read in the town of Berkley, and udge Watts delivered an oration to a large crowd. Other Points in the South. Savaxkah, Ga., July 4. The day more gen erally observed than for the past sixteen years. There was a parade of military and civic socle les, and a citizens' gathering at tho Park parade grounds, where a short address was delivered by Col. A. R. Lamar, and the Declaration of Inde pendence read by Capt. Robert Falllgant. A grand gathering was held at the Schuetzen park this afternoon. A centennial tree was planted with Imposing ceremonies, addresses, &c Fire works were abundant. The day passed without accident or trouble. CnARLESTOjr, S. C, July 4. The day was ob served here by universal suspension of business. The military part ot the celebration was confined to the colored people, who had a parade and read ing of the Declaration at tbe Battery gardens. About 8,000 persons were present. Including crowds of colored people from adjacent Islands. C11ATTAH000A, Tehx., July 5. The Centcn. nlal Independence day was observed here yester day by tbe grandest celebration ever witnessed south of the Ohio river. The chief features wero a procession a mile lonirat dawn bvtho "Hnrrf. bles," and a procession in the forenoon fully a mile and a hair long, comprising societies, local and visiting firo and military companies, and a large number of wagons, carrying historical and Industrial representations, closing with fire works and fine tableaux of the principal events of the Revolution. It is estimated that over 10.000 strangers were in the city. Fortress Momioe, July 5. The Centennial Fourth was duly celebrated here yesterday. Col. Woodfln, governor or tho Soldiers' Home, near Compton, fired a national salute last night and midnight, and bad a brilliant display or fire works. General Barry, commandant or the fort, bad a salute fired at sunrise and sunset and a na tional salute at noon, while at night there was a beautllul display or fireworks from the parade ground. The Hygela hotel was filled with visit ors, among whom were Senators Thurman, la gan, Frellnghuysen and Stevenson, and Repre sentatives Page, Piatt and others. Is Germany. Berlin, July 8. The American residents In this city held a banquet yesterday afternoon at the Engllschen Haus, (Hotel), In honor of the Centennial Fou.hi of July. Mr. J. Bancroft Davis, the American Minister, presided and made the Inaugural speech. He concluded by proposing the health ol President Grant. Rev. S. Fay pro. posed the health of the Emperor of Germany. Unrted States Consul Krlessman proposed the toast "American Citizenship." in the evening there was a grand soiree at Minister Davis's resi dence, which was followed by tableau Tlvants representing revolutionary scenes. STCTTaanDT, July 5. Salutes were fired yes terday at noon by the Americans here. In honor orthe Fonrth of July. A meeting of Americans to tbe number of two hundred was held at the Museum, at which Consul Potter presided. The Declaration of Independence was read and the hymn of "Jnbilee" anng. Mr.Hantoul.orsiass., spoke upon the ties connecting Germany and America. A dinner, at which the usual toasts were drank, and a ball followed. British. Good-Will, Lokdox, July fc All the leading British Jour nals express good.will to America on the occasion of the celebration y f her Centennial "failure." Geneva. Geneva, July 8. The Fourth of July was cele brated here yesterday by a splendid champagne luncheon and hall at the National hotel, which was attended by three hundred guests. Speeches were made by United States jllnlster Rublee, Consul Upton and Revs. Bacon, Cbeneviere, Rl bollet and Westall, tho last three speaklog for Switzerland, France and England respectively. Dublin. Dcbliw, July 8. A grand demonstration took place In the suburbs of this city last evening in honor of the American Centennial. Thirty thou ssnd persons were assembled, with American fitgs. Mr. Pamell, member of Parliament for Meath, addressed the meeting. In the coarse of bis remarks he referred to tho Eastern question, when the crowd cheered loudly for Russia. An address to President Grant was adopted. Centennial Greeting from Emperor William, At half past ten o'clock Mr. Cadwalader, the acting Secretary of State, presented Schlozer, the German minister, to the President, for the purpose of delivering an autograph letter of con gratulation from the Emperor of Germany. Mr. Schlozer, In presenting the letter, stated that he was Instructed by his majesty to deliver, upon the Fourth day of July, to the President in person, an autograph letter of congratulation upon the occasion of the Centennial anniversary, and wished to add his personal good wishes for tho United States. The President briefly replied, assuring him of his satisfaction In receiving this evidence of good feeling on the part of his majes ty, and that his kind expressions for tho United States were fully appreciated, and that the letter should be properly acknowledged. The letter Is dated Berlin, Junes. 1879, signed William, and countersigned Von Bismarck. It speaks oithe great good that has resulted from the friendly relations or the two countries, and expresses the sincere dcslro that tho wclfaro or the United States and the friendship of lite two countries may continue to Increase. IH THE D1STBICT. How the Day Was Observed. The one hundredth anniversary of the natal day ot American Independence has come and de parted, and to-day the dwellers In "the land of the free and the home of the brave" find them selves launched out upon the second century. It was reasonable to predict and expect that Tues day would not only become a general holiday, but that the citizens of every hamlet, village, town and city would give attention to It, and those who had never participated before unite with them In making the demonstration of such a characters never to lose Its hold upon the memory oi man. Whllo other cities, not exceeding this In popula tion, began long since to make preparation for the proper observance ofthe day, the work here was dilatory and flagged for want or the requisite propelling power. It was thought abroad that this, THE CAPITAL OF TnE XATIOJT, which was about to enjoy Its ono hundredth anni versary ol liberty, would become tbe scene or ex tensive demonstrations and be tho place or at traction on that day. But while the District Com. mlssloners made a feeble effort to secure the con sent or Congress to expend 41,903 In fireworks, that the District might testiry Its appreciation or tbe event, the economical House of Representa tives thought otherwise, and refused a permission they ought to have rejoiced at possessing the op portunity to grant. As a consequence, there was no public display here or any description, and all that was done Is due entirely to the loyal reeling and pride or the eltizens or this community. Ere the last hours or tho Id of July had ran out the welcoming sounds of tho anniversary observance could he heard on every side. At midnight, with the Incoming of tbe all-Important day, camo the sound of ringing church bells, firing of cannon, and noises from other explosives too numerous to mentlcn. Ere nightfall many business houses and residences had put on a gala attire, and were not only docoratod with the emblem of the country' nationality, bnt banner, streamers and flags of other nations, all commingled, were made to join In and aid In giving color and t olee to a nation's jubilee. ' Hardly had the gray dawn given way to the roseate hue that betokens the rising sun before the cannon. In its heavy, thunderlnir tones, an nounced "the day we celebrate." This stirred the sleepers Into activity, and Young America, ever alive to celebrate, out doubly so now, was quickly on the street, armed wi;h ammunition sufficient to arouse all the drones that preferred the bed to early rising. It was so use tryixo to seek repose. Nature's balmy restorer had been summarily banliMd, and -no-persnaslon would cause her to return. Nothing was left but to think hard words agatnst the boys, and rise and put on your clothes. The morning was a strong indication of what the day would be; those who predicted a hot one found the thermometer ranging In the nineties. The city was uncommonly quiet, and very much depleted of its populace. The numer ous excursions. Dlcntcs. and attractions elsewhere received a large portion of attendants, and, as a consequence, the streets were thinned of pedes trians, thus giving the town a Sunday appear ance. The chief attractions or the day were entertain ments at the Congregotlonal church. Oldest In habitants' Association, at Ford's Opera House, and at the Metropolitan M. E. church In the evening. .tT:)S a heavy storm passed over this city, closely followed by a heavy shower, which was accompanied by short and quick flashes.'of light. Ding and tetrlnc thunder. The rail of water, al. though brier, cooled the air, and thereby was a welcome and refrcshlngvisltor; but It knocked all the beanty out orthe decorations and -flags that icu minutes previous uoaieu pro'.aiy in ine breeze, and clung to the houses am' staffs as lim pid and soaked rags. It would be Impossible to bavea Fourth of July celebration without a fire, accident, fight, or dis turbance of some nature, and while it is a cause for rejoicing that the number this year Is less when compared with the previous years, It Is to be regretted that some of the affrays aroota se rious nature, and one if not more Is likely to even tuate in murder. At night, although the ardor of the yonths was dampened considerable by tho rain, still they had a fire-work display in which the older heads took an active hand. In some parts of the city the pyrotechnics were very fine and the exhibition excellent, but good as they were It did not sat isfy those who had counted on witnessing a dis play gotten np by the city authorities. A fuller and moro detailed account of theday and the ac cidents connected therewith will be found below: Decorations. The decorations throughout the entire city and display of bunting excelled all anticipations, and those persons remaining at home enjoyed the op portunity of seeing tho most extensive and thorough exhibition of patriotic love of country that this community has ever made public. The demand tor flags, streamers and colors, not only of this but of every nationality, far exceeded the supply, and to this fact many that would have united In the house. adorning project were com pelted to stand aloof for want of material to as stst them In carrying their desire into effect. Some had been making active preparations be fore, and possessed an abundance of bunting with which they completely hid from view the walls ot their business places and dwellings. Those an--able to procure flags, banners, &c, for want of the necessary wherewithal, went to tbo extent of their means, and while the appearance of their houses was neither as rich nor as beautiful as others, still the displaying or even the solitary flag betokened that the heart was right and pos sessed the true spirit. They came In for a just share of tho kind words and compliments be stowed upon the appearance ofthe city and pop ulace. It was generally remarked, however, that while private enterprise had done so much to add to the glory and Importance ofthe occasion, pub licly there was not the slightest demonstration worthy of applauding. The nation's Capitol had a single fiag waving over each sldo above t he chambers of the Senators and Members. Tho other public buildings made a similar display, but beyond this they had nothing to Indicate that this day differed from any other In Govern mental consideration or should receive any extra notice. The heart or the people seemed to out throb In patriotic Impulse that of Its nation. Where there was so much showworthy of atten tion It Is difficult to particularize, but there were some places. In beauty and arrangements, that exceeded others and aro deserving of more than a passing notice. THE HOST COKSFICTOCS DECORATIONS OF THE DAT were the station-houses, and while some exceeded others In attraction still they all looked pretty. The officers of several of the precincts had en. tered Into a quiet competition botweer, themselves as to which station should excel In Its decoration and they worked like beavers to attain the de sired end. Some of them did not strive to be elaborate In their work, but contented themselves with neat devices that would reflectthelr sentiment and the day of Jubilee. With others It was more exten sive, and being done In superior style will bear a detailed description. The two taking the lead, and upon which the spirit or rivalry appjars to have settled for the battling out orthe contest,were those of tho Fifth and Sixth precincts. They re ceived universal admiration and praise and were visited and Inspected by hundreds of people. m THE FIFTH FRECISCT STATION Is located on Tenth, between D and E street! northwest, and was profuse In its decorations. A large American flag was hung over and around tbe balcony, and flags of all nations were sys tematically arranged In the windows. They were relieved by shields and smaller American flags. A large portrait of Washlngtra and a framed copy of the Declaration of Independence were const leuouily displayed. A stand or arms was placed in the balcony In tbe rear of the portrait or the "Immortal George." Evergreens and flowers were lavishly displayed and added considerable to the beautl. ful seenle effect, which was heightened at night by a flood of light, produced by innumerable Chinese lanternsrand a circle of lights around the lamp-poit In front ofthe building. THE SIXTH FBECTSCT 8TATI0X Is on Massachusetts avenue, between Ninth and Tenth streets. There was a large American flag stretched across tbe front of the building, and two large flags suspended from the gable ends. A row of small flags wero arranged along the root. as Prominent on the facade was a canvas painting orthe "Old Liberty Bell," over which were the words "Centennial" and "Liberty" In evergreens. Under It was the legend. "May the fires ot liberty roortb Face. FORTY-FOURTH CONGRESS ffiCBBACK KEBATE IN THE SENATE ADOPTION OF THE EESOLUTION post omen appbopeiatioh bill THE CONFERENCE BEFORT AGREED TO CENTENNIAL FiSOLUTI&N IN THE SENATE GENEVA AWARD IN THE HOUSE SENATE. Wednesday, July 8, 1875. Mr. WRIGHT, from the Committee on Claims, reported a number of private bills, which were ordered to-be placed on the Calendar. Mr. MITCHELL, from the same commute, re ported a bill for tbe relief of Elizabeth Carson. Passed. Mr. LOGAN, from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported House bill to regnlate the Issue of artificial limbs to disabled soldiers, sailors and others. Placed on the calendar. Mr. SHERMAN Introduced a joint resolution declaring that the Senate and House of Repre sentatives, in Congress assembled, IN THE NASE OF THE TEOFLE, thank Almighty God for his safe guidance through the century just closed, and acknowledge their dependence upon His divine will; and, whereas, to George Washington, first In war, first In peace and first In the hearts or his coun trymen, and to his compatriots orthe Revolution, much Is due; therefore tho two bodies, in the name orthe people, will completo the monument to his memory. In the city ot Washington, and tbe Committee on Public Buildings or tbe two Houscsare directed to reiiort the proper legisla tion necessary to carry this Into effect. Adopted unanimously. Mr. COCKRELIj. from the Committee on Claims, reported a bill to pay tbe widow or James K. Polk for supplies rurnlshed the army, and asked Its present consideration; but objectien was made, and the bill was placed on the calen. dar. Mr. WRIGHT Introduced a bill to amend sec tion one or the act or May 12, 1S84, granting land to tho State of Iowa for the construction of a railroad In that State. Public Lands. Mr. HAMLIN called up the House bill amend ing the Post Office code In relation to straw bids , and It was passed. On motion of Mr. WRIGHT, the House bill for the relief of Glldcroy F. Hardy was taken up and passed. Mr. CONKLINO called up tho bill for tho re lief of Daniel Wormcr, of Albany, N. Y. The amendments reported by the committee were adopted and the bill passed. Mr. COCKRELL called up the hill for the re lief of Ellsha E. Rice. Passed with amend ments. Mr. HOWE called up the bill to encourage and promote telegraphic communication between America and Asia, and It was considered, amended and passed. Mr. WEST called up the conference report on the POST OFFICE Arr-ROrRtATION BILL, and explained to the Senate the character or the new legislation embraced In the bill as reported from the conference committee. Mr. SHERMAN said It had been stated that the House bad taken the ground that unless tbe Senate would consent to change existing laws that had been approved by tho President and both Houses or Congress, the House' would not consent to the appropriation ot morey, and an attemot had been made to show that heat one time stood In the same position. He wished, once for all. to deny that he ever oceupled such a position. That would be revolutionary and destructive of the Government, In 1358 a clause was put in the army appropriation bill that no part of tho money should be used to enforce the so-called laws of the Kan sas Legislature. There was no legislation, he said effected, but thts was merely a clause giving direction to the appropriation. Tbo Kansas Legislature was considered Illegal and revolutionary by tbe House, and hence the Insertion ofthe clause. He referred to the debates at tbe time, and quoted Mr. Hunter and Mr. Fessendenln the Senate to show that it was not regarded as a change of any existing law. On the appropriation bills of 1851 he took the position that the House was tho proper body to limit appropriations, and he held to mc same views now. Mr. SHERMAN argued that it had been the practice for either House to offer special legisla tion In an appropriation bill, but ir tbe other House rejected It to Insist upon it as a condition upon which the apptoprlatlon bills could be passed was revolutionary, and he asserted that It was upoa this theory tbe appropriation bills had been passed; the House attempting to engraft new legislation on the bill withdrawing the ob noxious legislation without attempting to coerce the other body. Mr. MORTON called for the regular order, THE riKCKDACK RESOLUTION. Mr. WEST made the point of order that the conference report bad priority. The CHAIR said It had been the practice or the Senate, but there was nothing In the rules that gave It priority. Mr. DAVI& moved to postpone iho regular order, and continue the consideration or the con ference retxirt. Mr. SARGENT said ho was surprised to find that the Senate had no rule by which conference reports had no precedence over other business. He reminded the Senate that the impeachment trial camo on to-morrow, and would occupy at least the remainder or the ten days daring which the apnronriatlons are extended. Mr. MORTON said he was not surprised that there was no rule which gave one committee of this body any privileges over another committee. Mr. 1NOALLS said that ho should voto to give Mr. Plnchback his money when tho proper time came, but he had waited two years and a hair, and ir he got It he would lose nothing but the interest, and if he did not ho would bo no worse off. The motion to postpone was agreed to yeas, 31: nays, 8. Those voting In the negative were Messrs. Becce, Craoix, Harvey. HiTcncocK, McMil lan, Mortox, Mitchell and Suersias. The conference report was then agreed to with out division, and the Plnchback resolution came op as the unfinished business. Mr.SAULSBURYresumod his remarks, which were Interrupted by tho adjournment on Mon day. A long discussion tallowed. In which Messrs. Edih-kds. Coxkliso. Merrixov. Frelixohuv- ses, WRionT, Eatoit, Withers, Dawes, Sher. xiae, Wadleioh, and Alcorx participated. Mr. MEBR1MON offered a substitute for the resolution to pay Plnchback 45,000 tar expenses In contesting the seat. The substitute was rejected yeas 10, nays 21. Those voting In the affirmative were: Messrs. Cockrell. Dawes, Kelly, McCreery, Mo DorvALn, Merrimox, Norwood, Saulsbcry, and Withers. Mr. EDMUNDS offered an amendment that In cases of disputed claims to seats In the Senate hereafter arising no other or greater sum shall be allowed to the defeated claimant than shall seem to the Senate just, and no allowance shall be made to any Senator tar a period earlier than his election or appointment. BYKES AND 8EOAR- Mr. WITHERS offered an amendment to make the allowance or pay and mileage to F.W. Sykes, or Alabama, and Joseph Segar, or Virginia, from the beginning ofthe term to the time their claims were adjudicated. The amendmenuwas afterwards withdrawn. Mr. SPENCER then offered an amendment to allow F.W. Sykes ray and mileage from the com mencement of the term to the adjudication of his claim by the adverse action of the Senate. Adopted. Mr. WEST offered an amendment allowing W. L. McMillan and John Ray pay and mileage for the unexpired term ending March 4, 1173, for which they were contesting claims to the seat made vacant by the resignation of Wm. Pitt Kel logg. Reference to the report on these cases showed that the committee recommended the payment to them or their actual expanses only. Mr. WEST withdrew his amendment with a view to Its reference to the Committee on Elec tions. Mr.MERRIMON moved to recommit the reso lution, with instructions to ascertain what the ac tual expenses of the claimant were. The motion was rejected 14 to 24. A motion made by Mr. MORRILL, of He, that when tbe Senate meets to-morrow it be at 11 o'clock, was agreed to. In order to anticipate the court, which meets at 12. After inrtber discussion, the resolution was agreed to yeas 2?, nays 11. Mr. LOGAN offered a joint resolution granting ten days leave of absence without loss or pay to the employees of the Government printing office who desire to visit the Centennial Exposition. Ordered printed. And then, at (l p. m., the Senate adjourned to 11 a. m. to-morrow. BOUSE OF BXFBESEHTATTVES. OnmotlonofMr.STEVENSON.ofllltheHouse took up and concurred In the conference report providing for the repaying or Pennsylvania ave nue. Mr. CLARK, of Mo., called np the Senate amendments to the bill Imposing a penalty for the transmission of obscene matter through the malls, and the amendments were concurred in and the bill passed. On motion orIr. SEELYE, of Mass., the Sec. retary ol the Interior was directed to report whether the Indian trust fund had been invested In securities other than bonds of the United Stales, by whom such investments, if any, were made, and requiring a detailed account of such other securities The House then relumed consideration of the OEXITA AWARD BILL, and Mr. CAULFIELD addressed tbe Home. At the -conclusion of Mr. Caclfield's speech Mr, LORD demanded the previous queitlenon the bill and amendments, with a view of final ac tion. Alter the previous question hsd been see. onded, Mr. Lord, having an hour to close debate, Slelded to Mr. Trcxra. Mr. Hale and others for tscnsslon. Mr. Tvckib desired to offer an amendment, transferring the whole case to the United States Supreme Court for adjudication. The first amendment, requiring claims to be filed with the Court or Alabama Claims within six months alter tbe passage or the act and ex tending the jurisdiction or said court until July, lSii, was agrcea lo. The neit amendment, striking out the claims or the third class for sums actually paid for In. dm iroperty destroyed on the hign seas Dy Confederate cruisers, was also agreed to. Pending further consideration. Mr. HOLMAN. as a privileged question, called up the report of the conference committee on tbe rOST OFFICE APPROPRIATION BILL. Tho report was read. Mr. holmas then explained It, and said that as tbe bill went to the conference there was a difference of over $3,000,000 between tbe two Houses. The Senate made concessions amount, ing to over $2,C00,O0O, and the Honse to over two,. Ouu. The bill as it is recommended by the con. ference committee appropriates over J3 1,000,0 JO. The three main points or difference were with reference to compensation or postmasters, rail road transportation and third-class matter. The tconierenco had effected the best compro mise possible on th'rd class matter. . For the "Star".mill routes the amount appropriated was over te00,00O. With regard to railroad transpor tation the Senate wanted to appropriate a sum In gross and pay the same as last year, butlt was finally agreed to reduce the price to be paid ten per cent, below the rate now fixed by law, and this was an adequate compensation. The estimates called for ten and a hair million dollars for tbe railroad servlce,and theamountapproprlated was ai.t72,lta below the estimates. As to third class matter the Senate proposed the present rates and the House proposed the old rates on printed mat ter, but the postage on printed matter is left as at E resent. As to general results the appropriations ythls bill are i,S71,o00 less than was appro, prlated lor the postal service last year. While the conference report did not reach a result which the country had a right to expect, yet the con. elusions were such as he thought the House should assent to. The compensation to railroads was not as low as it should have been, but it was thought that the commission authorized by the bill would be able to recommend a much greater reduction next winter While the bill was not aseompletely in the lino or retrenchment and reform as it might have been, yet It has put a check upon extrava gance, and In a year or two the reductions can be made mnch greater. Thus the first bill or tbe new century, which had just passed Congress, would show a sincere effort to reduce the expenses orthe Government. Mr. CONGER, or Mich., Inquired whether the bill affected the law In relation to the CIRCULATION OF NEWSPAPERS in tho counties where printed. Mr. HOLMAN replied tbit that law was not changed In the least. Mr. CONGER had another question to ask. He wanted to know If this, the first bill of the new century, did not restrict the use of the malls to the American people. Mr. HOLMAN said it did not in any degree. Under this bill tbe people would have as good mall service as they ever had before. Mr. STONE, or Mo., said tbe bill was not ac ceptable to blm. and did not carry out that spirit ot reform which the whole country demanded. There was entirely too much money expended, and he did not think the conference committee on the part or the House bad carried out the reso lution or the St. Louis convention which directed the Democratic House to adhere to retrenchment and reform. Mr. HOLMAN reiterated his statement that the bill was ,In the direction or reform, although It did not fully meet bis views; but it was the best that could be obtained. The conference report was then agreed to. The House resumed consideration of the Geneva award bill. The vote was next taken on the substitute of fered by Mr. Lawrence to sell any bonds In which the award had been Invested, and to turn tbe proceeds Into the Treasury as a trust, and the amendment was reje-ted yeas 59, nays 109. Without further action the House, at 5:15 p. m., adjourned. CURRENT CAPITAL TOPICS. The Galled Jades Wincing. There Is a flutter around the Internal Revenue Bureau of the Treasury Department that seems to have grown Into a general desire for martyr dom since poor Yaryan has been martyred.. With almost one accord tbe clerks seem to say, with musical exclamation, "Do me so, too, fol do rol da," One prominent officer says he was appointed by President Johnson, after the death or Lincoln, and was recommended as a Democrat. Another says that be was appointed by tbe same Influence that caused tho hanging of Mrs. Sorratt, and Is proud. A large number say they are Rcpnbllcans, but opposed to President Grant. Singular as It may seem, the whole gang of bar-room boasters and disgraced applicants tar promotion are still walk ing time In doubt as to whether they should be men and assert their rights, or cringe and hang to the skirts or power. The manly tblngfor sev eral people up there to do is to hand In their resig nations, and say they cannot, In Justice to their manhood and opini ns, hold office under such an Admfntstratton. It might distress the boardlng-honse keepers, hut they ought not to mind a little thing like that. They don't usually grow serious over such an affair. But they are for Bristow and reform, and it Is a pity that they should draw salary from such a vile source as they claim their supe riors to be. They also (also Is a good word) feel quite discouraged to think that the Confederate House did not grant them a Centennial leave of absence. They also growl at the warm weather and the price of railroad tickets, and the luck or tbe scamp, Yaryan, who got several thousand dollars' worth ot free advertising In the copperhead news, papers. They also think it strange that every jtepuDiican isnoi a sworn enemy oi president Grant. They also think that every enemy of President Grant should stay In office. There are a large number of manly sentiments expressed In the Internal Revenue Bureau, and It seems a wonder that while the men who utter them ex. press disdain and contempt for President Grant, none ortbem die and all do otherwise than resign. Leaves otabsenco and SDeeial Indulgences seem to be the necessities ot these patriots, and their tlmo seems to be divided between neglectlnz their work, getting leaves oi absence with pay and abusing their superiors in office. Ex-detective Yaryan is expected to take the stump in Indiana and tell lies In the Interest or Tllden and Hen dricks within three weeks. The Appropriation Bills and the Kew Secretary. The conference committeo on the legislative, executive' and judicial appropriation bill has practically agreed upon a basis or settlement of disagreement between tile two Houses upen the bill. This very effectually opens tho dead-lock. The army, consular and diplomatic, Indian and sundry civil appropriation bills will probably be compromised and passed by Wednesday next, and Congress will probably adjourn on the 15th. There Is nothing ol great national importance to do outside or the silver bill, which Is now In con ference. The tariff, Internal revenue and bankrupt act amendment bills are to go over till next session. The Geneva award bill may possibly be got through. The question or the repeal or there, sumption act Is to be settled in the Committee on Hanking and Currency to-day, at least so far as that committee Is concerned. In view of these probabilities. Senator Morrill has decided to ac cept the Treasury portfolio, and will take charge to-day or to-morrow. Tho agreement upon tbo legislative, execu tive, and judicial appropriation bill, necessitates a considerable reduction of force rather than or salaries, and the question or reduction will be one orthe first with which the new Secretary will have to contend. Mr. Morrill Is a stiff, hard-money man, who fol. lows directly in the line or financial policy adopted years ago by President Grant, Ho Is In favor of a low-rate, long-running bond In the pro. cess of rundfng the National debt. Ex-Secretary Bristow on Whisky Franda. Ex-Secretary Bristow arrived here yesterday to testify before the House Committee on Whisky Frauds In St. Louis. He will be heard to-day. THE LOUISIANA COHVEHTIOrT. Close of Its Labors The Nominations. Cpeclal to the National KcpnbUcan. New Orleans, July 5. The Republican State convention concluded Its labors to-day. Wm. Hunt, a native and leading lawyer at the bar, was nominated Attorney General. George Johnson, a native, was nominated auditor. Mr. Johnson Is the present auditor, appointed by Got. Kellogg to fill a vacancy. Gov. Kellogg was placed at the head of the electoral ticket, and his administration heartily Indorsed. The entire State ticket Is acknowledged to be a strong one, and is an undoubted victory throughout for the present State administration. The party Is united and confident as never before. THE COUKXS. Equity Court Judge Wylie. Small vs. Algler et aL J. A. McConnell ap pointed trustee. Winders vs. Hulse. Ratification of am"'oO report. Carr vs. Carr. Appearance of absent defendant ordered. Ellsworth vs. Ellsworth. Appearance ot ab sent defendant ordered. Bell vs. Bell et aL H. D." Beam appointed trustee. Connecticut General Life Insurance Company vs.Phelan. Appearance of absent defendant or dered. White ts. Steamer E. Morris. Leave to peti tioner to unite In libel. Keese vs. Bradley. Confirmation of auditor's account. Gorley vs. estate of. Decree confirming probate proceedings. Coburn vs. Crocker. Order quashing certiorari. Bnrnstlne vs. Plant. Terry and Flocker's Judg. ment ordered paid. Richardson vs. District of Columbia. S. V. Noyes allowed to Intervene. Assignments for to-day: 1,2, 3, 6,, 7,8,9,10 and 11. Circuit Court Judge Humphreys. This court wilt meet to-day at 11 o'clock. Only appeal eases will be heard. Mr. Miller, a Chicago whisky convict, undoubt edly told the truth when asked bythe Jndge if he had anything to say before being sentenced. He said that he had not corrupted the Govern. ment officials, bnt had been corrupted by them. A negro preacher, In translating to his hearers the sentence, "The harvest is over, the season Is ended, and thy soul is not saved," put It, " Do corn has been cribbed, dere ain't any more work, and de debbll Is still foolin' wld dls community.'1 THE WAR IN TURKEY. REPORTS OF SEVERE ENGAGEMENTS HOTEMEISTS ON THE TURKISH BOEDEE TUEKS bepobt a sebviah deteat SERVIANS CAPTURE A TURKISH STRONGHOLD THE POETE COLLECTING HIS TBOOPS The Great Powers will cot Interfere TUEKEY. Neutrality ef the Northern Powers. London, July 4. The Berlin correspondent of tbe Daily Telegraph,ia a special telegram to that paper says : "I am able to state that the northern Powers have forwarded to England most satis, factory assurances in regard to the war. They express a determination to remain completely neutral, and evince a strong desire to localize the struggle." AUSTRIAN CONFERENCE. Reichenan, Austria, July 5. The Austrian, and Hungarian Ministers will hold a conferenee here In the latter part of the week on the mili tary precautions necessary for the protection of the frontier. INSURRECTION. Cologne July 4. A special dispatch to tha Gazette says an Insurrection has broken out be. tween Fisch and Sofoa, In the rear ofthe Turkish: army. ON THE DANUBE. Viena, July 5. The Porte has officially in formed Austria that she will abstain from naval operations on the Danube. A XONTEXEGRIX DEMAND. Rasusa, July 8. General VIskotltch, com. mander ofthe Montenegrin army, has summoned the fortress of Ylobuk Korgenltch to surrender. The garrison refused. Reinforcements will bo sent from Treblnge. M. Jomne, the Russian consul general, has left Ragusa tar Montenegro. FROM PESTH. Pesth, July 8. The Minister of tho Interior has Issued a circular holding the authorities strictly personally responsible for the prevention or machinations agatnst Turkey. THE POLICY OF NON-INTERRUPTION. Paris, July 8. A councilor the Ministers has discussed the eastern news. It is thought that all tha European Powers will adopt policy of non-. Interruption, to which France is unalterably at. tached. THE TORTE'S NOTE. Constantinople, July 5. Several of tha Powers, Including England and Russia, have re plied In terms of approval to tho Porte's note an nouncing that the luakish troops should lnvado Servla It they were attacked. SUCCESS CLAIMED FOR THE TURKS. London, July 5. The Turks claim farther sne cesses over the Montenegrins, near Podgorttza, where It Is stated the Montenegrins lost Sou men. Sclavonic ailvlces, on the contrary, claim that tho Turks have been defeated fn every encounter thus far. Raousa, July 5. Gen. Mouhkta Pasha has transferred the command of the Turkish army ta Mehmed All, and gone to the Servian frontier. A SERYIAN VICTORY. London, July 8. A special dispatch from Bar grade to the Echo, says the Servians have cap tured tbe Turkish outworks near Bellna, andL that the town of Bellna Is on fire. THE TURKISH VERSION. Constantinople, July 5. The lollowing dl. patch, dated July 3, has been sent to the Turkislx representatives abroad: "The Servians attacked, the camp at Urkub, a town southwest or Diss a. After five hours' hard fighting tha Servians re treated, leaving 500 dead on the field. Near Re Una the Turks were victorious In several encoun ters, killing 200 and wounding 400 of the enemy." DEFEAT OF THE SERVIANS. Constantinople, July 5. The 3d of July tha Servians attacked the Imperial troops encamped on the plains of UrkaD. After an engagement of more than five hours the enemy were repulsed, leaving 80O dead on tbe field. Our soldiers cap tured a great many rifles. On site of Bellna, at the different engagements they had with Ser vians, our troops bave also been victorious. They captured prisoners and a large quantity or rifles, and Inflicted losses amounting to about 200 dead and 400 wounded. In all these engagements out? losses have been comparatively small. TROOPS FROM EGYPT. Constantinople, July 4. Troopsare expected to arrive from Egypt In a day or two. Several regiments were to embark at Alexandria yester day. THE OREEXS PEACEFUL. Vienna, July 5. The Greek Government has assured the Porte of Its pacific sentiments. This assurance is given in consideration ofthe antici pation of assistance from Greece, mentioned la the manifesto or Prince Milan. RUSSIA PREPARING. London, July . Tho Standard's Berlin dis. patch says Russian officers sojourning at Bohe mian watering-places have been ordered to return immediately to their regiments. RUSSIA ACTIVELY ENGAGED. London, July e. The Times' Berlin corre spondent says: Intelligence has been received here that General Tcbernayotf has turned tha Turkish flank at Nitzch, and. Is marching on Sophia by way of Plrot. He has already occupied Patanka. Tbe remaining portion of the Russian navy in the Black sea Is preparing for active ser vice. Arms and ammunition are continually ar riving in Servla, via Russia and Roumanla. TCHERNATOFF'S VICTORIES. London. July 4 A Berlin dispatch to tha same journal says there are well authenticated and uncontradicted reports that Tchernayoff has gained several victories, and is making uninter rupted progress. Telegrams from Pestb, on tho other hand, represent that Osman Pasha threat ens TchernayofTs line or communication. Tha insurgent leaders at Kazara. have proclaimed Prince Milan Hospadara of Bosnala. The Daily Telegraph'! Berlin correspondent states that private advices from Bucharest Indi cate that within the last fortnight Russia has sent considerable reinforcements to Bessarabia. Austrian troops are concentrating near Agram, in Croatia, and reinforcements have been ordered to Dalmatia. BULGARIAN INSURRECTION. London. July . A dispatch to the Russian telegraphic agency repcits that the Bulgarians oi the Widdtn district have risen against fh. , Turks. CUSTER'S DISASTER. A Terrible Battle with Indians. Salt Lake, July 8. A special correspondent or the Helena (Montana) Herald writes frost Stillwater, Montana, July 2, as follows: Muggins Taylor, a scout for Gen. Gibbon, got here last night direct from Little Horn river. Gen. Custer found the Indian camp of twenty-five lodges on the Little Horn and Immediately attacked tha camp. Custer took five companies and charged the thickest portion of the camp. Nothing is known of the operations of this detachment only as they trace it by the dead. Maj. Reno com manded the other seven companies and attacked the lower portion ofthe camp. The Indians poured In a murderous fire front all directions, besides the greater portion fought on horseback. Custer, his two brothers, nephew and brother-in-law were all killed, and not ona of his detachment escaped. There were 207 men buried In one place, and the killed are estimated at !00, with only 31 wounded. Tbe Indians sur rounded Reno's command and held them one day In the hills, cut off from water, until Gibbon's command came in sight, when they broke camp In the night and left. Tbe 7th cavalry fought; like tigers, and were overcome by mere brute force. The Indian loss cannot be estimated, as they bore off and cached most of their killed. Tha remnant of the 7th cavalry and Gibbon's com mand are returning to mouth of the Little Horn, where a steamboat lies. The Indians got all tha arms of the killed soldiers. There were seven te:n commissioned officers killed. The WHOLE CUSTER FAMILY died at the bead of their column. The exact loss Is not known, as both adjutants and the sergeant major were killed. The above la confirmed by other letters, which. say Custer met a fearful disaster. ANOTHER ACCOUNT. Salt Lave. Utah, July 8. The Timet dis patch from Boseman, Mon., July 3, 7 P. M says: Mr. Taylor, bearer of dispatches from Little Horn to Fort Ellis, arrived this evening, and re ports the following: The battle was fought on the 25th, thirty ot forty miles below the Little Horn. Custer at tacked the Indian village or from 2,500 TO 4,C00 WARRIORS on one side, and Colonel Eeno was to attack It on tbe other. Three companies were placod on a hill as a reserve. General Custer and fifteen officers, and every man belonging to the five companies, were killed. Beno retreated under the protection of the re serve. The whole number killed was 318. Gen. Gibbons Joined Reno. The Indians left the hauls ground, which looked like a slaughter pen, as it really was being in a narrow ravine. The dead . were mnch mutilated. The situation now looks! serious. Gen. Terry arrived at Gibbon's Camp on ik steamboat and crossed tha command over and accompanied It to Join Cutter, who knew If was coming before the right occurred.. LleuterA - ." ant Crittenden, son of General Crittenden, WJJ' mavu& iuv iitvu. An officer of the first Frjr -wudsdi banquet In 1MT which his tnce been armnalljirj celebrated. Every guesf must be at least eighty? years old. I V r' W n- JUL n V IVwl v rj fC, I y .