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mtionm awfc was a . f VSS . ' VW !l! VOL. XX NO. 25. WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 2f, 3 87!). FTKTY n'' S PER MON'i tl. THE LATEST FROM MAINE. Unblushing Effrontory or ho Con splrators. Governor flnrcolon rillorlod by Iot 31. Mor-rlll-A Tent Applied to Ills Fronds Which Ho Cnunot Kscnpo Illegal ity of Proceeding Shown by Onos. A Now l'lino- In tho Cimo Presented, At ucsta, Mn., Dec. 24. Considerable Interest Is attracted ly Die two Items In Ihls morning's papers to 0110 somewhat neglected phase or tlio- counting entente. Hie FitslonlsH havo but seventy eight certificated Representatives elect out of 101. If three of these tan to gotten rid or the Republican members, by unanimously Absenting themselves, enn prevent n quorum from coming irszetlicr. This leav es a perilously tiariovv margin, ir tho House should bo broken up lu tills way Hi president of tho tennto would bo Acting Governor. Alt till' may not conio to pass, but It Is possible mid tho Kuslon lenders aro watching their mon pretty closely. Gentlemen who arrived from tho East tills forenoon toy that Mr. Sproul.of Vcazte, no matter what his opinion of tho count out, will go no iiirincrintiii to voioiotcnu up we names or Davis slid Smith for Governor, but will otherwise net with KuslonlsU. Hut they nlrosoy tho Eastern Dem ccratsaro ccttlnir a Mttlo anxious About the " i quorum idea." Although tho president ,( iiiu icnmu wouiu uu ituvernor, u initjit bo Impossible to till Ilia other Stnlo olllccs And thooto a council. Notwithstanding tho Snvagc Dexter resolution la.it night, nud In -spite or tho bitter speeches nindo clsowhcro lu Iho East last evening, It looks ui thouith the nllcmpt lo prevent tho organization of tho house ashlulcd would bo the extent to which the opposition will bo tarried. A Loiter from Hon, Lot M. Mm rill, Avousta, Mb., Doc t4. Tho lollowlnglotterwas sent to Governor liarcelon to-day by Hon. Lot M, Morrill: l.A...,.. 1v T..Ak.S A, To llli Excellency, Alotito daictloii, Oournor at .Maine ' lcnnnotba mistaken In thinking that, In com mon with All Rood citizens, Your Excellency mint deplore the existing condition of public tonllmeiit in this Stnlo to-day. Two great nolltlnal imrtl... embracing In their ranks tho cntlru population of uie muie, are urougui lino angry relations, pro duclng bitter personal animosities and possibly hading to scenes of violence. Viliat Is tho origin of this extraordinary condition of aflalrs seen for tho tint Uino lu Maine? It la because, unhappily, lor tho first tlmo In Mniito n great political party and all the members thereof leel dissatisfied with tho modo In which tho return), of tho recent election havo tieen counted and declared, Possibly thcr may bo lu error, but 08,000 citizens of Maine who voted against Your Exccllcncj lit tho September election do not feel that tho actual result of that election lias been proclaimed. Even granting that all these mon aro In error, Your Excellency cannot but see that It is a very serious matter to leave a scuta of wrong rankling In the mliidii of so many good citizens, who have at heart as sinecrclv as Your Exeullatitiv pah liave tho peace, good order and happiness of soolcly. Your Excellency cannot fall to perceive. moreover, uiai uie counting oui oi unrry-Foidi Republican members of the legislature elected op Iho faco of lliu returns Is an event sure lo provoke Irritation, excitement and anger. The Republican I any claim to have elected by tho official returns CO out of 182 members that compose tho senate and homo. The counting out of one third of tho cntiro number that the Republicans bcllcvo they havo clcctod is certainly txtraordlnary, as Your Excellency will admit. I am not now asserting that Your Excollency may not have good rea- tons lor louowing mis course, nui i rospcctnilly submit that )ou can do a most valuable and honornblo servlco for tho State and for vouiaelf by adopting a measure that will satisfy ivciy citizen of the btato of tho reasonableness and Justice of YourExcelloncy's course. Your Excellency Is the onlv Individual In tho world that singly and alono can command tho prompt opinion of tho Supremo Judicial court. Tho Constitution itlves you powor to rcqulro that opinion on "Important ques tions of law" and upon "solemn oc casions." lucre aro surely Iropoilant questions of law pending, and certaliil this It a ".oleum occa sion," so that If that greut provision of tho Constitu tion wero ever ncednil 11 would Hum to bo at this moment of liuJitlmablo valuo. I begalsnto remind Your Excellency that In questions of like import which Iiavo amen In limes paitto perplex jour predecessors tu tin) Executive chair, the habit hus been uniform and general to appeal to tho court for the truo Interpretation of tho law. At no tlmo, 1 bellevo, has it es er been charged that 8ii a question of this character the toutt has ren erod a decision tinged with a iinitKan fooling. Tho recent decision of Mr. Justice Virgin Is a frcA illustration of bow llttlo tho political bearings of a question Influence tho decision of our supremo judicial tribunal. It Is In the pow er of Your Ex. collonoyto rcstoro peaco, order, unlet and good feeling lo tho Mate nnd all Its Inhabitants by ask- Jug the opinion of tho Judges on each law point nvolveJ. On tho variation of the court from Iho faco of tho official returns thero ate precedents for recalling tho summons to n senator or representa tive elect when erroneously Ismail, and in the caso nf tho fivu disfranchised cities no summons has jot been sent to anyone. Even If thero woro a question as lo strict, legal right to leoall nccrlltl cate of olection, It Is not doubted that tho decision or the courts vvotild at oucocau'o tho member not CQtlllcd to a seat to retire and the ilghtful member to bo at ouao admitted. T lie Judgment of tho court would thus settlo by Just umplrago. as it was de signed to sclllt, tliu ombarrasslng and dangerous questions under consideration. I nddross Your Excellency not limply is an individual, anxious for the peaco and good order of the Stato, but as chairman of tho commltteo of tho Kcpubllcau purly, all of whom aro desirous, above all things, to uvold every poulblu disturbance of public tran quility and to reconcile popular discontent. Very tuspcctfully yours, Lor M. Morkii i. Chairman, d.o. Gurcelon's VlUiilur Iloinousti nted, Acoi'tTA, Me., Doc. !M Thefcloctraon of Veb etor and Lisbon bavo had lutcrvlows with the Gov cuor rolatlvo to a cliange In tho certificate ot elec tion from tlioso towns. The certificate wasgh en to u Democrat, on tho ground, as has heou already statod, that tho thrco names appended to the dec Ions were all signed by one person, The select men bavo now mado oath that each signed lor himself, and that all Iho othor formalities were firopcrlv compiled with. 1 ho selectmen seem con Idunt that tho ccr'.lllcato of election to Mr. Ileal), Democrat, will be recalled, and that a now ono will bo ordered to lsiuo to Thomas, Republican. riottlnir of tho t'usiuiiUts, UANOon, Deo. 21. I etlors hayo been sent out by Ebon X. lTlisbury addressed to each of the fusion members elect ot the loglslaluie, and also to thoso who hayo been countod In by the Governor and council, colling upon them to assemble at Augusta on the Saturday preceding tho lint Wednesday lu January, to ai rungs for the assembling of tho legislature. Tlis aiccnbuoUStHto Commltteo. AbOUBTA, Mt, Dec. 2-1. A full meeting of tho Ureeuback btato Committee was held tonight, F. ll.Uovo presiding, Delegates were appointed lo tho .National Convention, which meets in Wash. iimton, January 8, those at largo being Congress iitu 0, W. Ludd and J, II. Mutcli mid bolon Chase. Gm colon's Iiifmny Applitiiilod, 1 Ilesolutlons wero passed Indorsing iho action of tho Uoveruor ami council, deohului; full Louldcnco lu them and believing llivy had it counted the vote honestly, 'ihoy denounce, tho uttciaucea of llepubllcau politicians In publlo meetings and tho utterances agalml Ihc cxoculh o (Upurliucnt of the Btato as an Insult to tho Governor and council and ft disgraces to the Elate as woll as to the patty. They ex press tho opinion that tho Republicans r.nj in a minority lu the State, and that n laige sialotltj of them would havo been members m tho oppo sition hud It not been lor extensile bilbos end tho vilest Intimidation at the polls. They vlow with ihamo and Indignation the humiliating spectacle of Malna United States Senators cu'Ugodlu routing tlie oommutilty to n Ute of violence that threalons noianu uioousiieu.auu conuemn as tho greatest criminals Incur midst thoho men who, having lu ?! aln oorrunted the ballot box. now anner.l In tho power of revolution. A Curious fuse In tlio Supreme Court. Aeato Involving soma novel points of law lias Iutt been submitted ou brief in Iho buprcnio courl. teenies on a writ of error from the Circuit courl of the Eastern Dlstilct of Arkansas, lu November, 1873. there died lu Chicot county, lu thai btato, ono Ellslift Worlhlngton, who had been beforo tho war u llch, slave holding plauter, whoso usallli was estimated at fjiOQ.ooo. A short tlmo nilor bis death suit was biought by Miutha W. Mason, a colored woman, loiccovor the sum of tlOO.OOO front the ndtrtlnUtratorsof Worthlugton's estalo, for ser vices alleged to Imvo been tendered said nothing ton for managing his household affairs for tlilitcen jcarfl. The plaliillfT in her charge lot forlh that (ho was the natural daughter o? Worlhlngton, Iter mtdliar liaviug been a slavo on ono of liiJ planlatlonsi Ihat her father, having no family ol his own. treated her as If khelind been Ills lawful child, and intrusted her almost sxclu Mvsly with the charge of his bushiest motion, that lu 1K8 ho placed her at Oberlln college, Ohio, to l,o edueatod, tUut alter remaining thero tovcial jouts alia returned voluntarily to said vYoilhlng ton, with whom she continued lo remulii until iih death, that loi all lids tertlec Worlhlngton had on wn nreeslulii piomU H )euid Iter baud somely In his will, even tolhc extent of leavlngher iwo ciuiro plantations, valued at Hint itmoas iiigti as32oO,000,but ho died suddenly beforo carrjlug out his plans, and henco suit was brought through her counvel. General Albert l'lke, to recover tlio Amount named from the estate, When tlio case camoto trial In Arkansas Ibn Judtrn fhnraed Iho Jury that when Colonel Wortlilngton voluntarily wuh mo piainuu into ino state ni unto ami piaccu hcrtheioat fchool, the constitution and laws of that Stalo immediately dissolved tho relation of master and slave previously existing between Colonel Worthlngton and tlio plalntlO', nnd tlio plaintiff became a free woman, and could never Ihcrcaltcrbo claimed or held by Colonel Worth Ington as his slavo In vlttuo of his previous owner ship nf her. Nor did the subsequent return of tho plalntlfl from Ohio to Arkansas affect her rights as a frco woman acquired under tho laws ol Ohio. The Jury brought lu a verdict of 12,0CX) for tho plaintiff, Senator Uarlaml, of Arkansas, who de fended Ihojult and now oppoais as counsel fur plalntins In error, excepted to tho Jury charge In his brlof ho denies all material allegations of Mailha Mafonrtslo any contract or agreomoiit or obligation of said Worthlngton 10 pay her any sum of money for so-called sen Ices, and contends that her manumission could only date from tho repeal or abrogation of the law of tho Stale roeognlrlng slavery, wherein she was a rcsldout at tho time, and that, under the law of slavery existing In Arkansas no right of family heirship connection, descent or distribution could exist, and Any subse quent mauumisslnii or emancipation under any law could not confer tipnuany slave any such right. The Senator suys in concluding his brlel : 'Giv ing a slavoa comploto and thorough education, embracing muslo nnd drawing and dancing, did not flee tho slave under the Arkansas law, and that Hid law of emancipation had lo bo pursued." The casc.ls likely to provokomtich comment and discussion, SUXlXa bTATJSTlVS. The ArrniigomouN Mndo by Supoi Intondcnt Walker. Tlio census statistics, or the production of gold and silver have novcr possessed any value, but have nluajs been erroneous and misleading. In lSfiO, actual returns wero obtained from only 2,202 "mining establishments," with a product or only Si7.513.170. and cstlmatisvsnm limilnnf thnnrnrtiiot ofo.OtiO from which no returns wero received. Of ino --T,oi3,i7u actually returned, sio.iWKM belonged to two establishment lu Bail l'ranclsco county, Cal.. employing but rifteeu men, nud pay ipg but 310,110 annually In wages. Tlieso must havolxicn simply lcllnlug and Assaying ofllccs, and llierclure the remainder, I17,U78,170, represents tho uclual product accounted lorout nl a total product ofSL'i.OOO.OOO. Although special eflorts wero made to obtain nccurato statistics for the census of 1870, only 80,I5J,M2 wcru reported out of a product amounting to tuT.O.O.'joo. This showed tho wnrlhlessncs? of such an lnnulrv matin bv thA ordinary enumerators of population. In order Ihat the milling statistics of tbo coming census iingm ucausiacoiy Aim vniuauio, a complcto un derslaudliigaud ngrrement were leached bctticcu Superintendent Walker and tho recently-created lluieau ol Geological Purvey, nnd the sclcntlfio di rection of Iho Investigation Into tho gold and silver mining of the country was undertaken by tho Hon. Clarence King, director of tho Geological Survey. Tho administrative charge ol the work rests with tho Census Olllrc, Parties havo been In the Held slnco Jiilj Bov eral or the principal mining regions of tho est have been brought under Investigation, and tlio superintendent feels assured that it Is al ready put bejond doubt that that portion of the reports of tho toillh'cenms which deals with the gold and silver product will bo of the highest au thority. A complcto economical survey of tho mines of tho United Slates which produco tho pro- lous metals cannot fall, especially at this tiino, to bo of Intciest and value. Experts will also canv ass tho Whole Held of nrndlictlmi of iron. Pftnnnr. lniul. the other non-proclous metals, and coal. Agent have been at work In this field slnco September, the sclonllllc direction ot tho Inquiry having been undertaken by Professor R. Purapclly. Cultivation of Sorghum. Dr. Coll) cr, tho chemist of tbo Agricultural De partment, has Just returned from New England, whither no went In regard to tho sorghum and cornstalk-xugarprojcct. Ho mado several addresses beforo laigo meetings of farmer, and reports that there Is already a widespread Interest lu New Lug land In tho new movement. He thinks that about 200 farmers In that section of the Union will experi ment In sorghum culture and sugar manufacture on a small scalo next j car. Dr. Coll) cr claims that his experiments havo demonstrated that an aero of sorghum will produco as much sugar as an aero of tlio best sugar-cane, with tins great Advantage for tlio enighum, that tho latter plant can bo grown from Maine to Call, ferula, nud flora Minnesota to Texas, while Iho sugar cauo can only bo succorully culttv atcd In n portion or Louisiana. Again, sorghum may 'bo giotvn with as much certainty as Indian corn. In regard to cornstalk sugar. Dr. Collycr said that tho plant Is probably ouo-lhlrd Iom valuable as a sugar plant than sorghum, but Is still susceptlblo of ery profitable working. "In fact," ho said, "our farmers havo been throwing away about two thirds oriliovAluo of their corn crop for the last hundred) ears." Rpcilnl Census Commissioners. The collection oflhn statistics of the 2,500,000 or 3,000,000 farms In tho United States by special offi cers w ould lnv olvo a vast lncrcaso of Ilia cost of tlio census, and theso fuels can, In general, be intelli gently collected by tho enumerators or population. Hut tho occurrence of the census alTords an admir able opportunity for securing cortaln largo classes of facts relating to land sj stems, labor sv stems, modes of culturo, applications of machinery, S.C., in agriculture In addition lo tho statistics of crops produced, vvhioh cannot fall to be of great Interest and value. Several special Investigations of wldo ran co havo been undertaken lu this De partment. Tbo subject of cotton cultuie has been Intrusted to l'rofustor E. W. Hllgard, of the Uni versity of California: that of tlio production or ceroals to Professor W. II. Ilrovver, or the Sheflleld Scientific School of Yalo College; that of for. estry to I'rotcssor C. S. Sargent, or Dtookllue, Mass ; that or orchard fruits, tobacco and hops, to J, It. Dodge, of Washington, 1). C , and lliatofmsat production lu lha grazing Stales and Territories to Clarence Gordon, of Hewburg, N. Y. Professor Hllgard Is assisted bv several eminent agriculturists and geologists. Several States aro being traversed for the purposes of tho most thor ough and exhaustive Investigation of the condi tions and methods of the culttv atlon of cotton j et undertaken by any government or association. Mr. Gordon has been lu tho Held since July. Ciovvdlnrrluto the Cities. In 1700 oiio-tlilrtlclli of the population of tho United Slates lived In cities of S.UUO inhabitants and over: In 1800, ono tnciuy-llfthi lu 1870, a Utile over one-ftrih, and at that tiino tho Inhabitants of cities munboiod In all 8,071,875. It will not bo surprising If 12,000,000 of persons or a full quarter of tho popu lation aro found lu cities of 8,000 Inhabitants or over In 1880. Such city communities aro mado subject lo vital conditions widely different from those or the population gcuerallv; when such vast numbers exist In limited areas, statistical Inciulrlcs caube punmed among them which It would be very dllllcuU to extend ovcrtha whole country j anil tho existence of a city indicates tho presence of manufacturing and commercial enterprises, which especially rcqulro careful nnd technical tientment In a census. For these reasons lhA ci. lnctlon and co ordination of the social statistics of cities for tlio tciilli census nss been Intrusted to Colonel George E. Wsrlug,Jr.,of RhoJo Island, who has already gallic-rod a large amount or ua torlal. Bmreudor uf Oubiin Insurgents, A telegram from Havana has been received by the Spanish Minister stating that "tho so called Colonel uucrra surrendered to-day at Holguln w lth Iho 1111) -ono men composing his command." a iioiiniiim: uroitr. Murder by Two Young School fllrls. CllsCiNNATr, Dec. 21. A dispatch to tho Enquirer from Hagcrttown, Did., states Hint a murdor, which occuned near a country school-houte between Centrevllle and Williamsburg two vveoks since, has Just come to light. Two school girls, nbout fifteen jears old, daughters of wealthy parents, were tx polled from tho school for bad treatment of a schoolmate of tho samo age, named Miss Kates, While the latter was ou her way homo after school they assaultod ligr, ono knocking her claim "lth a baseball hat. and lliu oilier jumping cu her and breaking three or her ribs, Miss Ka'H managed toeiavvl n short distance to her hou.r, an.l died soon after commutilcalliig the fuels U h.r mottioi. According to teport the purciiu of tM assailants went to tho murdered girl mother and persuaded her by a bribe of 13,000 to keep Ihc affair tocut. The facts, how over, halted nut through school children who wltiuMcd the assault, and have created much ex citement. f TIM I'WII!!WIJ,l,V,V, Score lit 11 o'clock T.nst Might, Nrvt York, Deo 24 -r-Teiiiaoreoftho pcilciUInns Iclt the track to-day, Tliroujliouttbeiliy Hurt, Iho colored pcdeslrlsn, kont ahead of l'ubr, but lu the aveiilng the UUr shot lo lbs frost, and led bis competitor four mites. At II c'clcclt tin score stood! Fabor, 8J mllVi. TIa.it. ill: ICiohne '.'o, Hrlody, 2C9. Hughes, MfeOflrljn.MDiFllrgorald, Sap, I.owerr.ltA, it Ditle.iit, Csjopana.SMj Ylnt.Sie, Olloon, illO, I.afxniia, ua, llUnatilt. Ill; regram, HI, Clow, 2tO, llnfraiifi, ill. flllderl MS: Russell. W9. II. Pauohoi. atlsHammaker '.II, Williams. Ui, MahontT, 31S, Jlollneaux, 170, Ilennuiij , 100, need, 'li; K II. Dulls, 81, Jlrodle, ;I2 Matthew a, 200, ltvan.217, II Howard, 219, Uto, 'ill, aud MoKoe, 216, TATTLINGS OF THE WIRES. Brief Paragraphs for tho Breakfast Tablo. Kdlsnn Depressing tlio Ons Stocks A I.cnp rrom tlio Nlngnia Hinpousloii Ilrlilgo Cold Wcnthor In tlio West-l'n- cldo Uallrond Trains Dalnycet right With is Dlood. hound Crimes, Xic, necllne InGnsStocU. Nkw Yonit, Deo. 21. Fifty shares of tho Manhat tan Uas Light Company woro sold at auction to day at 1H against 143' j Ian sale. llonds Ordered Hold. Al 1UNY, Doc. 21 Justlco Westbrook has dlrcclod Receiver Russell, of Iho Now York Rix-rennv Sav. Ings'bank, todlsposo of stxty-tlx S1,000 bonds of iuv Qiiuu ui ArKuuvas. The Drugging Oaramon. TotioNio, Ont , Dee. 21 Hanlan sajs ho will wait two weeka longer to hear from Courtney. Ho seems disposed to row him lu April If arace cannot bo arranged before that lime. A Suicide's r.enp. NtAcunA Fams. Dec. 21 A gentleman about sixiy j ears ot age, respectably urcsscu, supposed to boS. A. Hikes, of Kctmcdyvllle, N-Y Jumped from the now suspension bridge this alternoon Into tho tlvcr below. The body has not been round. lco In the Mississippi Itlror. Cincinnati. Dec. 21. Advices from fit. fmls rn. port that city ice-bound, with the Mississippi river irum incro locairo uuuavigauio oecause oi ico. Here thero has been ho sign of Ice In tlio Ohio, vTiueii, luriu enure jcugin, is irconna rising rap Idly. Trains llclrtjod by tho Cold. Oodfn, Utah, Dee. 21 Wo have hail unprcoo dcntcdly cold weather lu this section tlio past two dav . Tho thermometer stood 12 below zero hero this morning, whllo cast, west aud north It was ai0 below. Thero Is not much snow bore, but tho trains aro delayed by the cold. A I.ottory Acont Admitted, Louisville, Ky., Dec. 21. In tho esse of the Commonwealth against tho agent of Simmons A Dickinson, a test ease on a number of Indictments loroperaiiiiginoiienrycOiiego jmcry grant, uie jury in ino uircuu couri ucro mis morning ac quitted tho defendant. Successful Illghvvny Itolibeiy. St. TAllf.. Dec. 21. A ppcclal dispatch from W'nrlliliiff. Minn .sav s: "Lester C. Turner, a mer chant of sloux rails, was sot upon on coming out oi an omnouso aujoimng a jioiei uy iwcxmcn, who kiiocacu mm uowrv nuu rouucti nun oi gi,ouo, which lie had jnst received as proceeds of tho salo of his business. Tho men wero traced a short dis tance by railroad, but wero finally lost traco of." Knllrond Arbitration. Ni w YonK. Dec. 24 Tho Board of Railroad Ar bitration havo At last agreed UDon Dorccntaees of cast-bound freight to bo allotted to seven roads leading irons, rcona oastwaru. uy tins decision rates from all other Western elites will bo stiongtli cued and their maintenance Assured and all causo ol cutting ot rates completely removed, 'ino arb 1 trators havo decided that the l'eoria division shall commenoo on January 1. and the Peoria lines havo agreed upon a Joint ngent who Is to put tho pool into encci upon mai oay. Dofnultlne Hank Officer Sentenced1. Milwaukee. Wis.. Dec 21 Charles a. Ilossn. lato bookkeeper at Alexander Mitchell's bank, was arraigned at tho Munlclnal court this mornlmr. chargod with embezzlement, plead guilty, nud was ecutencod to two years In the House or Coricctlon. 'Iho amount of defalcation will probably never ho Known, as tno uank ottieiais decline to make any statement for the nubile Information, but it Is iron. orally believed to havo been considerably over 3iuu,uvu, Aiuioiign mo inaiciinont amy cnargos tlio abstraction of a few thousand. General Oi nut's Visit to his Mother. Niw YonK, Dec. 21. General Grant, accom- fiaiitcd by his son. Colonel Fred, Grant and Iho nttcr's wife, arrived In Jersey City at 10 30 o'clock this morning. Tlio Genoral caiiio to visit his mother and other relatives. Mrs. Grant resides at No. 532 I'avonla avenuo with tlio Corbln family. The General was met nt tho depot by rovoral of his relatives, and Immediately pruccoded lo the homo on I'avonla nvcnuo, where ho vvas received by his mother. After passing sovoral hours with his menus ue returned to rniiaueipnia, Tlio St, T.ouls Ons Controversy. 8r. Louis. Deo. 21. llvordor of .TihIl-o Adams. orthe Circuit court, Socrates Neuinaii, rei elver or tho St. Louis Gas Light company, this alternoon turned over all property, books, accounts, profits, etc , oxceptlng tCO.OOO moved, until a final settle ment, belong nc to that company, to Rulus J. Lock- laud, Its president. Ono Item of profits, realized since tho builnois has been In tho hands of tho re- n.t, no ia .OlVinnn l. IT.Wn.l Dlnln. fn,., via., aa... bonds. Mr. Neunian was appointed agent of the company, until tno uoaru oi directors cioet onicors, A Hiutal Kxhlbltlon. Cincinnati, Dec. 24. A St. Iuls dispatch saj s a terrible fight took place near llioro In an old stable on Monday evening between a Siberian blood hound and I'atsy Itrenuan, a pugilist, for 8200 a siue. i no man was viuionous uuer a ui.guniug light of forty llvo minutes, In which his shoulders and arms were terribly lacerated by the dog's teeth. Tho bloodhound bad Ills lioavy lips lorn on, anu was so uauiy mainicu uiai ne uica wiinin annour. j no police are uusy uunung up an con ccrnod In the brutal oxblbltlon. Itnllivay btntlstlcs. ritiUPElJlllA. Dec.24 The fullowlng staleraent or business oi an lines oi ino rcnniyivonm rail, roadcastof I'iltsbnrtrandErlo for Nov ember. 1878. as compaied with the same month in lb78 shows an increase in gross ruruuig oi oido.s'io, an nicreaso in expense or 817U.C97 and a deercace In net earnings of 813,801. Tlio oloven months or 1870 as compared with the samo period lu 1878 show An Increase lu irrosseainlmrsol 82.131.010. an lucicase lu exmmces or t lot5,2J7 and an Increase In net earnings or SI8J.G7D. All Hues west ot ITttsburg and Erie, for me eleven montiis oi ib, j snow a surplus ov er ua. billtlesoriil,C8,215. being a gain over tho same period or 1878 or J617,i07, A Mutiny Summarily Quelled, Nfw Youk, Dee. 21. The captain or Iho Italian bark Francisco Donovaro. which arrived here to day, slates that during the voyago Irom Navarro a terrible mutiny occurred. He said: "My bark Is irom savona anu is owned uy iisuan owuors. vn board I had a couplo or bad fellows as sailors, named Grfirorlo I'edro Ircu. of Hollo, and Antonio Aredundo, of Jianllla. Ou the Mil Inst., bolh tbeso seamen mutinied whllo changing the watch al midnight, intending to kill all hands and tako pos session of my vessel. They killed tho cook, Sebas tian Aqiiaromc. tlio boatswain, Antonio Mutchlsla; and wounded the mato and one man. With my crew I quelled tho mutiny and killed the muti neers. Their bodies were thrown overboard," A Cold Wuva In Mlniiosotu. St. 1'aul, Minn., Dec. 21 The sovcicst weather experienced lur years prevails 10 nay iiirougnout Iho Slate. Alfct. Vincent, near tho British line, tlio spirit tlicrmoniclorstaudsObbelow zero, at Crooks ion ihftiherinomcterstands fJ6below zero. utGraud Forks W, and at lliccklurldge 30"'. These places aro In the lieu mver vuuey, aim inecoiuwavo teems to have come from tho llrillth possessions. In tho eutle-ru and southern portions of the State the w cather Is milder. In St. 1'uul the thermometer did not fall lower than 16 below zero. An unusual amountof snow has delajed the tlulns ou all tho roads, some trains on the Southern Minnesota aud Northern I'aclfio being ubandoiud lattulgnt. All the (rains from the Win aro late lo-ulghi. Disappointed lliiizlllim Immigrants. Nkv. Yohi;, Dco.21 Tho steamer Giaf Illsmaiek, from illo Janeiro, has biought to this city uino ties llttile llusslaus who had emigrated to llruzll ou tho representation of a commission appointed lliieo years ago lo Investigate the piospects of the coun try. 1'ctcr Jacob, lilt wlfo and tluee children are among the number. Jncub sajs ho iv as Induced to tell nil his properly lu llunlannd emlgrato lo the province of Kto Grande, which lie found barrou and rocky and fit lo produce only black beans, which tho Russians did not know haw to mho. Jacobs mother in-law, who lives In Ellis lotiuly, KaiifSi, lit) written to advl.e him to lake his family titers, and hs will do to tvllh some help from tho eosiinbslouers The other four Rasilnua vrenl out to iluzll to teett employment In uiiu factories, but could Cnd none, and had spent all theli money, UnpiccoOoiitcil Cold on tho 1'iiclllo Coast, Ban Fhamisco, Deo. 21 I'oi Iho past two da) s the weather throughout the 1'acllle blopo lias been unprecedented!)' cold. Iho hurhor of Victoria, Vatieouvar Island. Is frozen ovei. Thero is A meat deil ol floating lco lu I'lUAt bound. Navigation ou tho Upper Columbia and Wllllnuetlo meis Uai been suspended. Live stock In Eastern Oregon and Northern California Is suluiHngsorcrcly. Tho temporature ranges In tlio vallojsof California from 20 lo 30 above zero. There was skating at Modesto, in uienan joaquiu v auey, mis morning, iruunas sdtnlned considerable damage lu some local Itloc, but the Arrlculliiral prnrpeels are very favorable generally at I'rosner Creek, on the Ccntial 1'aclflo railroad, Just beyond the California Hue. The ther mometer mis morning registered ;w ueiow zero. In thlscitv this morning Ice formed ttrmiff eiiiiuah to hear tho weight of a man, In some cases water- pipes nero irozeu, Importnut I.lfn-Insurnnco Decision, Ciscinnati,Dcc.2I In the United Stales District courl this morning Judge Dlodgott dismissed Iho petition of Cook, assignee In bankruptcy of the l'rolcctlvo Life Insurance Company, for an awen. ment upon about In.OOOpoltcj'-holdcrs to pay some sixty death losses, amountlnir to ovot $324,000 which had nov cr been assessed bv (he company, Ho held that tho mutual contribution plan adopted by Iho company was an anomalottl nnd Illusory ono, nud an experiment oulslda of tho beaten ialhsliflife Insurance, nnd those bonellolarles, In whose behalf uie asscssineui was asKeu migni wen navo auiici paled the contingency which has arisen. Tho court could not assume to mako Ilia UKSCssmcnt vvhlcli tho company ought to hayo made, since todosi) would bo Incqultablo and would Impose upon tlio policy-holders? burdens for which they could now dorlv o no equivalent, the company being dead. Tfils decision applies to the following policies: Old A, new A, the 11, tho D n and the commercial league branch of the company, A School Hook Cisso Decldod. 'CoLUStnt's, Ohio, Dec 21. Tho Supremo Court has decided the caso of the State of Ohio. In rela tion to Charles T. Flowers, against iho board of euucaiiou oi i oiuinnus ana omers, urougui to on tain a writ of peremptory mandamus lo compel tho defendants to use Harper's geographies In tho publlo schools, and the writ was granted. The board of education adopted Harper's geogiaphles ou August 12, and ou Auguit 20 reconsidered Iho motion by a majority vote only, Tho statute and rules or Iho board require a voto or tluec fourlhi of all tho members fn chaneo text-books within three scars after adoption. Tho points of uie uccisiou wero mai me ncsiou oi tliu ooaru ou August 12 was tho legal adoption or Harper's geographies, and that tlio rosolutlon of rcconsidcra Hon passed August 20 did not alTccUaid adoption, anil that no subsequent action of tbo board had nf. fected said adoption. The teal nlalutllH In the caso were II. W. Derby ft Co., uf this city, agents lor xinrpcr. i uu pupuiuuvo nui ueen anowca lo use geographies lu the schools for four months. i'j,oou is iitn onio. Its Tilhuttiiles Very Largely Svvnllon, Cincinnati, Dec. 24 Heavy rain yesterday and to day bas been general all along both tides or tliu Ohio river, and tlio prospects aro that llicievvlll be a Hood, '1 lie river has risen nine feet here during tho past twenty-four hours, lit Kentucky tho rain of to-day Is said to be the heaviest lu thirty jenrs, and much damsiro has been dono nlorurtlin Mi ic ing river by Iho sudden rlso. The Llttlo Miami river Is very high. A bridge over Walnut creek on the Da) Ion A Southeastern railroad will washed out by a sudden Hood. Reports Aon; points up the Ohio river ludleato that there have been heav y ralus cv cry where. Tho Dig bandy river has risen ton reel in twelve hours, nnd tonight Is ris ing et tho ra'o ol a foot an hour. Large quantities or ttav es, lumber and logs 'that wero collected ou the banks or tho UlgSaudaru floating down tho river, ontnlling much Iom, Reports from the headwaters of tho Ohio indicate a rapid riso there, bo that what Is known aj, Iho coal boatslngoal Pittsburg is assured for to-morrow letting out the largest coal vessels thutarciuscd. The rain hero is freezing as 11 lulls. . s vlvu ujiiziw ham uy. A Now Tilck of the Tinile Exposed. Cincinnati, Dec. 21 Four cur loads or bleached barley arrived here jcMorday Irom Chicago for ono or our breweries. An Inspector has Just examined the grain and round that It had been "sulphur ized, ' by which process nu Infcilor article vvas given the appcuranco of superior barley. A re l)rter of tho Ouulle has been Informed by good au thority that thero Is In Chicago a largo bleachcry fortho preparation of llilssulphurlzod barley. Ono consignee refused to accept the lot that arrived j ester day, and It remains at be depot Subject to tbo seller's option. TllV UOltJ.D'.t rATlt, X Speech on tho Subject by Bocictnry blier mun. Secretary Sherman while In Now York v Isltcd, on Tuesday night by Invitation, tho cxecutivo committee of Die proposod W orld's Fair, ami, being Invited to gl e his Iovs upon the propriety ot tlio undertaking, cald: Mu. 1'KFsiDiNT isd Glntlumfv: As you All know, this Is to mo a surprise, party. I am very glad lo hear that progress has been made toward thu holding of a Worlds Fair lu this great city only three or four years licuco. 1 have not been unob servant of the steps that have bocn takon by you from time to lime, and 1 have watched with Inter est all that has been published lu the papers, anil am now glad to hear such n favorable account of yourelloits T ho "World's Talr" of modern times commenced, I believe, with tlio gieat London Fair In 18o7, They have boeu much Improved upon since that time. The French Exhibition of 1867 I had the plcnsuro to attend. It vv as to mo not only a surprise, but A wonder, for I saw tho productions or nil nations and tho representatives of all peoples under the same roof, exhibiting tbolr hauuTwuik, comparing their Industries and exchanging their products. Lverblnce that tlmo I havo been 1m- Eres'cd with the great valuo of theso grand cxhl ltlons. Our own Exhibition iu Philadelphia was n remarkable success, not only lu tho valuo anu Ihe number or tho contents, but lu tho character and reprcsontatlvo valuo of our own exhibits. Tlio value of that exhibition can nover be estimated thoroughly. 1 havo myself heard many gentlemen who had their products ou exhibition cay that their products were being largely sold lu ioiclgti oouulrlos where they woro not known bofore. 'the agricultural Implements manufactured lu Ohio aro now- sold in all quarters o the globe. They nro sent to Austria, Hungary, Australia, Russia and tho different countries or Europo and South America, so that the Interior State of Ohio is now selling its products In all the civilized countries of the world. Tho City ol Philadelphia has gained enormously from tho results of the Exhibition. New York Is tho natural place In this couutry for one of those ex hibitions. It Is Ihe city of our commerce, where pooplo of our ow n country and of all otber nations exchange works and merchandise, or tbo twelve hundred and odd millions or foreign commerce, more than three quarters conlered here In thlsgreat cltv.Youpaytlircc-quartcrsof all thecustoms duties, aud It Is, therefore, natural that In this great c-ontroof commcrco one of Ibeie great exhibitions should bo held. There vvas at one lima between Now York and Philadelphia some little Jealousy perhaps that la too strong a word-some rivalry of feeling. 1 do not think thero was any occasion for It. New York contributed to the success or our great Exhibition probably more than Aiir other three cities or the coutluent. Now , ir you should carry out ) our resolution, Philadel phia vv 111, I hav e no doubt, respond heartily to your call for co-operation. This country ot ours is peculiarly adapted to such n fair, becauso our pro ductions lire moro varied tbanthowof au) other nation. Our population Is greater than that or any civilized Christian country, with the excep tion or Russia, We have already surpasted Iho population or Iho old Lmphoof 1'rante and Ihe great German Umpire of modern times : but w lieu joti comparo our productions to thoso of other countries It will be seen that there Is a still greater dlvortlty. We surpass them in every itspect. Wc produco more gold aud silver than all the European countries Our plains are already lcgtnnlng in send forth tbclr vroducts, and om capacity for raising cattlu is not equaled by any country except llruzll, and we can do it cheaper than tlioy, Uy our cheap pilces, by Iho savings and economy mndo necessary by live jears ot hard times, we are rivaling all tho countries or Europe, W e make cotton aud woolen goods, and cvon com peto with thorn lu tho manuiacluru or silks. Our coal fields aro unrivaled. England used to boast that with hsr coal tho could control all the manu factures of thu world, and so she did, but now wo aro compcllng with her lu siipnl) Inglho vrorld w lth fuel. Oiirmcausoftrauspcrtauoiihareii.rieascd. It hnnu shnvvuthatwheiitmtiv bo carried vi lth reason ahloprotltatthoraluofcnc lielfccntferton umlle VVeliaVrUUW user ou,"w luiiu.ui lauwuy, i ling- lug the pioduclleiis of every port and of eveiy country to New York Hero incseroaen mint bavo their outlet, so that If )dn look st tho condition of oui country, liscommeric,lh manufactures, its uit- unveiopuu returnees nuuuiunw is niuuic-nu nll'oid tolinvo tbo greatest exhibition of modem Hints (Applause.) In order to accomplish this beneficial lemlt. jou must make It ns .Nillonnl as ih. Knilon liseir. mi that every lown mnv havnibn sam'oliiterettlultsfiiccesvasthecli) of Now Yoik You mutt mato u aito uuuiiuuuiiui, u tuni over) laud and ever) ellineinu) be ici resented nud shun thili pioducts. .,.,. Wo may almost hepototee theihi) when Now Yoik will bj the Empire City ol tbo world, when tlio finances ol all nations shall seek lliiougli her llieli exchange hvennowit l rapid!) becoming to SuuFrauclscoandlbeWcstlsLceiniliigtheekarlim' house fui tho trade of china and Jupi n, and (nil forula and San I lunchco must mie-nrll) make llicii exchange Willi New Yoilc, I b-h-vc ilwt in the future thu money power of Iho woihl will be heio In this city of New Yin It, Uieio is nothing which wo may not hope, for In Iblieounlrj of ours, Asa matter of cour e I can huvo llitl" lidlucncc in ) our movements or success, and can only n Jint I vv lth yon lo go ahead with nil the c u-rg) that ) mi earn Into any oilier enleipiite, nud let iih ha , y mo blggetl show la lu woiWi M'HUusv. THE B0RUSS1A DISASTER. Fivo More of tho Ill-Fated Crow Roscucd. Impiobnblo Story of tho Owners of th Ves sel Hut Little Hopes for the Milp's l'ns smiitcrs orCiovv Suffering; of Iho Iteseiiod A Sleep of Sixty lUghl Hours-Other DIs nstious Wrecks, Sc. Further Delnlts at the Disaster. Lonpot, Dec. 21 Iho owners of tbo steamor Ilorus-slu allege that they bellevo tlio vessel is still afloat, as tho is built with water-light compart ments, and that shelf Mill In Iho truck of American vetrels. They alio allcgo that they nro hopeful concerning tlio crew nnd panengcr.. The third ofllcer's boat vvas the last to leav o tho ship Among the oilier boats vvas a largo boat containing twenty Spaniards nnd tho mate's boat, containing thirteen persons. These, when last seen presumably by Ihe third olllcer's boat weio doing well. Tho third olllcer mado an unsuccessful attempt to low another bout containing tvro men. T bo crew nf Iho steamer, when Iho boats left, wero building rails, The wind was then blowing a gale. It Is to bo remarked that Iho foregoing account Is colored by tbo usual desire of the owners to make Ihobostof everything. laterand reliable-advices by telegraph from Liverpool represent Ihat nothing really new concerning tho disaster can bo ob tained. It Is asserted at the otllrc or tho agent that tho captain did his duty manfully. The name of tho bark previously mentioned as having live ad ditional turvlvnrs oflbc dliavtcr ou board, was not obtained by tho tug. The bark was spoken oil the Snllca Islands, and sho may bo two or Uireednys gelling lu unless tho Is towed. In his statement the third olllcer of Iho Horussla lays that After the large boat containing Spaniards, mid tho malo's boat containing thirteen persons, lmd left Iho Ilorussla,A life boat, containing two of tho stovvaids of tho steamer, got adrift, lie was sent after this boat by the captain, and took chargo of It, taking his own boat. In which Ave men vvuie ten In tow, but Iho boat whs swamped and nil ou board were drowned. Tho Ihlrd officer ciulcRv on d to uf aln reach tlio HoriiMln, which was fast sink ing, but was unable to make heracalnst the wind. and ho was ultlmalely cnmi died to Abandon the nttempt. At tho lime this occurred there were Hill tluco boats wltli tho Boru'sln. Tbo Itescued Hpinil irds. London, Dcc,21. Ihuhnrk Futdr. has arrived at Liverpool with llvo Spaniards, who were saved from Iho Hortusla. Owing lo their Inability to epe ik English It Is illflipiilt lo get from them n con nected narrative or tho terrible hardships tboy havo undergone- 1 bclr boat before it Iclt the llorustla contained besides the Spaniards thu mato and threo women, but no sooner was the boat lowcn d than It was partly stovo bv knocking against the steamer. '1 he mato nnd the women nrcordlugl) retiirned lo the wreck, but the Spaninrds pmtly staunched Iho hole In the boat with somo clothes, and, their rope breaking, they were enstoir Irom tho steamer. Tlicy had some provisions, but none ofthem knew nnj thing or stainnnihlp. For fire da) sand six nights they wero lusted about, suffer ing terrlblv. when the) wero obsi rved bv the Ger man bark Fuldaln latitude .13 13' north, longitude 2"i -fewest, fhcyknow Homing of lbs bio of tliu Iloriuslo. A Sleep of Slxty-olght Ilnuis. LiVFRrool, Dco.21 Thecalialnof the Fiilda re ports that on tho 7lh Inst ant he picked up a boat, lu which wero five Spaniards. The rescued men slept uninterruptedly for sixtj-clght hours. Up m being questioned tbey stated that they had Joined tlio lloriUAla at Coruiiua. Thev also stated that Iho i aptalu of tho Dorustla gav o the order to lower tbo boats. Ihey report that (hey stopped the hole In their boat with n pair or oil (Liu trousers. Crew oT mi Abandoned Ship Saved. Fai mouth, Deo. 21 A cutler has landed hero from a bark. Captain McMillan and three men belonging to Ihe IlritlklrslilpKiirniehee, from New York ou November 10 for AnJIer, vvhlcli was abandoned lu a sinking condition on November 22 lu latitude thlrty-olght degree, north -longitude sixty-four degrees vest, All on board wero res cued b) thothlp Seminole, Captain Holnios, from New York, November 20, for San Francisco. Tbo oilier members of thocicw of the Kutruclico re mained on boaid the Semlnolo Oilier I) siistioiiH Wrecks. The loss of the llorussla will recall to thomlnils nf many persons the innie uolablo shipwrecks or icccntjears. Among thotc which havo occuned wllhln tlio last three jears the fullowlng may be mentioned' The Hnmburg-Aracrlcan steamer Fomraeranla camo Into collision with the Welsh bark Mocl Lilian about mldnlgiit of Nov ember 25, 1878, dur ing a fog, and went ilow noil rolkcttono. Sixty-live llvcswcru lost. In September of lhetnmo)ear, au excursion steamer, tho Princess Allco.w as run dow u In tho Thamci, aud nbout GOO lives were lust. The German Ironclad Grosser Kurfimt, whllo sicamlng III tho Dritlsh Channel, camo Into collision with tho Konig W lllielm of tho same squadron, on May 31. 1878, and went down almost Inimcdlatolj'. Over 300 lives were lost In this disaster. Ono of the most singular disasters of modern tlmos occuned off the Isle of Wight on the 2 lth of March, 1878. During the Afternoon tho Ilrltish training ship, Eurvdice, an old wooden sailing-vessel, vvas seen by tlio pooplo en shore tailing quietly along under full sail. Within a few-moments the sky clouded ov cr and a drtv Ing snow storm set in. Tho clouds soon passed, but tho Eur) dice was not In sight, Tho driving wind had caught her tails and cap sized her, and of the 311 or 821 perrons (mostly bo)s) on board, .only two were saved, Ihe steamor Metropolis, with 260 passougors aboard, was wrecked on Currltuo'c Beaclw-N. C Jauuarj', 1878, and nearly 100 lives were lost, faho was bound from Philadelphia to llruzll, and nearly all of her passengers had been engaged to work upon a new railroad which American con tractors were building. T he Testel became A com plete wreck, Tbo United States Shin Union ran ashoro near Oregon Inlet, N. C, on November 21, 1877, during a storm, nnd became n complete wreck, Niiict)-sixulUccrsand men wore lost. rc-rllous Iixpeilenc lu n Onto. The escape of the Ilrltish India ttcnmshlp El Dorado from a hurricane In the Iliyof Jliscay tin co weeks ago was almost miraculous. Thero wero nine!) -live passengers on board when tills terrible storm arose. All tall was taken In, hatches were battened down and dead-lights closed. W hen tho hurricane was at Its highest the Lascars abandoned their posts in despair, leaving the management of Ihe vcael entlrel) to tho lew Europeans. At this tiino one of the ventilating bhalis vvas carried away, and water poured Into tho engine-room and sloke hulo, drowning out all Hie tires, und, or course, stopping Iho engine. The decks of the vessel weio flooded by every vrnvo, even tho poop deck being swept, and, with no means of Head) Ing her, the ship was In oxtremopeill. Eveiy eflorl lo rally the ctew having failed, Captain Kerr culled up Ihe pas ttoger". Their bedding was taken lo stop the leaks, but with slight success, the saloon hnv Ing beoome flooded. The officers informed tho male passengers that with tho help of all hands Ihe ship infisht fits tavod. 'ibouirli most were tufrerlnirfioin ten-sickness, the icspoute to the cull was near!) unanimous, nor was uiciu uny pniuu uiiiuug this ladles. Passengers formed Hues from the upper dock to iho engine and stoke nolo, balling with buckets. With no food ex cept an occasional biscuit moistened with brandy the passengeis kept at tbolr task through out thu night. Two gentlemen tuccmuud to oinausuon, uiidono snw aar so uisuucii) as to quit his J ost' to )iepaic himself foi what iliould happen." when lliu watcis appeared to be gaining, the work wasun.cdoli In illume, hut with lotiirn lug hope singing wiu heard Exccji fui au occa sional moment to allow Of a change or places in a ritih to a saloon, which alto required to be balled out, the hours pasted In uuweniied toll In llute changes several pas'cugers were twepl oil their feet, und (wool thootlUert wtie disabled Iho wind thioughout tho daj did not abate butthctu was no rain Late tliu next night it na. found possible to relight somo of the fires and a dankc) mulno wnt. worked During lliu nlcril there vveiu occasional lulls, and b) the morning Iho cngli cs weic Klin motion. jvo jsxcvsi: ion jti:iu:r.i.io.v. Alfvur.dui II, Stephens' I'm mer Views, 'Iho following is an extract fioni the tnceeh of Aloxundcr II. tlephens, Vlce-Prctldeiiiof ihe Con. rulcraio Mates, iieiivcicu in the tecestiou conven tion or Georgia In Juiimir), HOT . This ifpntKeicitlonl once tnlreti can never bo rn. called, and nil the baneful conKqucnicj that mutt lenow win resi on uie ruuveiiunii iui nu euiuing lime, Wl en wo niul our postcill) thall see our lovely Smith datulfitid b) lliodeiuun urwnr, which this act ol jetin will Inevilabl) Invite and call fid ill. when oui green t'c ds uf waving harvests thall bo trodden (Town L) the mm Jeious soldier) and llciy (urof win sweeping oei our laud, our lenipli's ol Jtutke in Id lu tisbes, all tho hoiroin and dcinlttildiisuf war upon us who but Ibis couun lion will ho held usponslble for II. and who hut (a; that .hull glv i his vote fui this unwise and ill-lluicil me.iiuio tl.u'l bo held to ill let account for IhU Su'ildnlucl by tlie piikom generation, nnd prob bbl) rurtvd and uMiralid by postetlt) in all emu lu.' tuui , Inr thu wide and dctoltilliig ruin Hint will liievitib!) lultow Hilt act jou now propotu lo pi tetiate l,iu ...luii ietj u aul consider for n m uncnt whan s u c an five Hull will even flatM jouir tvui In annul tuouh" tv-wliat rfabonsjmi laugivcto join i iow lullucrt m tbo calamity Hun. it w in ' i u, What ioosd it inn viiiftivotu tbousdiousciriLeeiuthtoju ny il I llieywiUkg tho calm nnd dcllberato Judges lu Iho enw, mid lo what causo, or ono overt nil, ian vou point on whllitoro"tthoileaorjusllfUtilloh7 What right Inslhc North atssllcilT What Interest ortneHoiiin lias been Invaded? W hat Justlco has ix en denied, o-what claim rounded injustice and right lias hppn withhold 7 dm flnvnfvou lo dav iininnoue giveriiiucnlnl act of wrong dollbcrately and pur posoly done by (ha Government at Wash Ington of which tlm South has a right to complain 7 I chal lenge tho answer. On tho other hand, let mo show Iho facts of which I wish jou to Judge; 1 will oui) stale facts which are clear and undeniable, and which now stand as records authentic In the history or our country. Whcnwc or tlie South demanded the fchivrt trndft nr Ibn Imimrlnltnn of Africans fortho S cultivation or our lands, did Ihey not )leld tlio uum iuc iweuiy jeans I stiioii iiu iibusji. iui i. tuii-t-filths rcpreseiitatloii in Congress for our slaves. Was 11 not granted? When wodcrnnuded the return of nny fugitive from ltitlce,or tho recovery of thoto persons owing labor or allegiance, was It not In corporated In Iho Constitution, nnd again rati fied and strengthened lu Ihe fugitive slave law or 1M0 When we asked that moro territory should bo added, that we might spread tho In stitution of shivery, havo they not yielded to our demand. In giving Iioulslaua, Florida and 'lexas. out of vvhlcli four Slides have been carved, and ample territory for four more toboaddtd Indue time, Ifyou, by Ihls unwise nud Impolitic net, do not dislroy this hope, nud perhaps by It lose All, and haic jour hist slave wrenched from jou by stern military rule, as South Aincrlea and Mexico were, or by Iho vindictive decree of unlvrisul emancipation, which may reasonably bo expected to follow? Hut what havo wo to gain bv this proposed change of our relation to tho Oeneinl Govern ment? wo havo uiwajs nan tno control or it, andean jet, ir wcieninln In it, nud nro unllelas wo havo been. Wo have had a majority of Iho Presidents chosen horn Iho hoiilh, us well as Iho control nnd innnnirimiiiit of most of thoso chosen from tho North, Wu havo had sixty venrs of souineru l'lesiucnis to iiieir iweuiyiour, iiius con trolltigthe Lxccutlvu Dcpailincnt. "o or tlie Judges of tlie supremo court, wu havo had eighteen from the South and but lev en from tbo North Al though nearly four-llfilis of tlio Judicial business has arisen lu the Iree Stales, jet n majority of tbo court has alwu)s been from tho South. This wo Imvo lcqulicd so ns to guard against any Interpretation of the Constitution unfavorable to us. lu like manner wc have been equally watch ful to guard our liitiicstlu Iho legislative branch of Government. In choosing the presiding presi dents (pio. ftmOor the Senate, vie have had twenty four to their eleven. Speakers of the Douse we have lad tweutj-llirco und Ihey twelve. Whllo the majority of Rcpicscnlntlvcs. from their greater population, have nlwa)s been from tho North, yet we have so generally secured tlio Speaker, bccAiise he, to n ureal extent, tha cs and controls tho legis lation ot the countiv. Nor have we had toss control In every other De partment of the General Government, of Attorut j Generals we have had fourteen, while the Noilli have had but live, or Foreign Ministers wo havo had eighty-six, and they had but llflj -four. While three-fourths of the business vvhlcli domauds diplomatic agents abroud is clearly Irom the frco States, from tlicir grcator commercial Interest, jet wohavuliad the principal embassies, so as to se cure the world's maikebi for our cotton, tobacco and sugar ou the best possible terms. W o liavohad a vast majority of tiiolilgber ulllccis nf botlinrrny aud navy, while a larger proportion or tho soldiers ami sailors uoru drawn from the North. Equally soofcleiks auditors nud comptrollers filling the Executive Departments, 'ihe record shows for the last fifty jean Hint uf the SlOJO thus employed, we bile hud more than two-thirds of thu same, while wc havo but one-third of the white population or the Republic. Again, look at niiolhur Hum In which weliMCA great and vital Inicrcvt that or revenue, or means or supporting Government From iillleial documents wo learn that A fraction over three-fourths of the revenue' collected for the support of Government has uniformly been rutted hum the North. IMuse now while you can. nud conlemplatocnro fullyuud candidly theso Important Items. Leav Ing out of view fur tho present tbo couullcta millions ofdollais jou must expend In war with thu North, Willi tensof Ihoiiwinds of jour tons and brothers tlnlii In bittlo nud ntleicd up as sacrifices upon tho altar of j our ambition and for what I Is It for tho overthrow ol tho American Government, estab lished by our common ancestry, comc-nled and built up by Ihcli sweat nnd blood, nnd founded on tho broad principles of right, Justlco and human ity And as tttcn, I must declare here, as 1 have illicit done beluro, and which has been lcpcatcd by the grcatett and witentofstiitesineii nud patriots in this and other lands, that it Is the best and freest Government, the most equal lu Its rights, tho most Just In llisvdeclsluns', the most lenient lu lu meas ines, and the most insplilug lu Its principles to elevate the racoot men, Hint tlio sun of heaven ev er shono upon Now, ror you to attempt to ov er throw sucli a Government us tills, uuassailed, is the height of madness, loll) nud wickedness. Kg SOVTIl OAIWLIXA Um edeemtd I'ludges of Ihe Ilome-Iliilo Chin. OronorToiiN, s- & December 18, 1870. 7b fi lilltor vf TUi Xallonal Republhan . Sin: Permit me through tlio medium of jour Stalwart Journal to make known to )our many rendrrs tho truo status ol urbilrs In South Carollnautidurthodomluatlonortlio "home rulers' elan." Tho peoploor tho country are already aware of me llioue llirougll which iue piuic-b hi cuuiii Caro lina, Mississippi. Louisiana and Florida, and other of the Southern btates, bnvo I ecu wrested out of the hands or tho majority and placed uuder tho sway of Iho "chivalrous Whlte-Lliiera and tissue bullot ogres." The Democrats In the memorablo canvass of 1670 went to the extreme by their fair promises, all ol which has passed off like Danquo s ghost Their zeal In the cducutlonal Interests of the colored race was then unparalleled : thuy fairly outdid the then dominant parly with their profuse amount ol promises. Among tbolr many hobbles were ' that tliu fiee-school sjstem should be built up to tho hlghrtt ttaudard , that thu schools should or would te kept ror nine months In each j ear," Now, Imvo tlili and a mjrlad of other like prom ises bten kept? Visit tb Staleol .South Carolina and see for joiuself Instead of nine mouths, the school term has dwindled down to three. Visit tho bspltal, where was wont to bo llio State Unlversllj, where colored youths as well as whites were In training under Republican rule, bee what hus be come or that Institution, It is gone, so far as the negro Is concerned, "where the woodbine twin elli." I have rebenrtcd but little In regard to tho mis deeds of the Democrats, as I am conscious that Ihe country already knows theinnii) grievous wrongs under w hlch Iho poor negro Is subjected. I hall w lth delight Ihe Idea that has been formed In tomo of the Southern Slates logo West, where their rights, liberties and lives will bo protected We Arc almost lo A unit In favor or making tho exit. There is bill ono more j ear for us Inbouth Ciun Uua unless equal tights is guarantied ui at the ballot box. This Slate Is overwlielmlupl) Republican, and well do our oppressors know it, and that Is one nf their man) reasons for tampering with tho elec tion slid bulldozing Republicans, lor without the-o means tl c Inst vestige of their Inhuman rule would bo swept out nl thu borders ot tho buite, I alterly a great deal has been said legardlng thu laiidldatcor Iho Republican parly for tho Presi dency. Among lliu many I romlneut characters named, furemo tare thoso of the illustrious Flvssiis S. Grant, thou James II llUIno and John Shermnii. Ihe teiitimcnt hero is almost unnulmous in favor or the I'jrmer, tno next cnuiie iieing mat dlatiiigtii.licd leader, James 11 lllaliie, Vurj llttlo Is known of tlio "meat tccietnry" only by the olllte-hnldeis. Hut either of the former candidates would be hailed Willi applause, and (hero would be a full voto cut In IholeSO canvass, With a fair count the Statu will go Republican bejond cavil oi doubt 1 f the Northern Republicans will only glv o us a helping hand nud station it few batteries on this fortress, we thall demolish the fort of the Home llu'cit and W hlle-Llntrs forever. A COI OUI I) Rlll'DIltAN The Appeal oT I.njnl IttpilhlU Milt. To Ihc Editor of Tlie .'vafioiiiif J.'ipuiVffnri . Sin' I notice In jour hsno ollhe lllh Inst aunrtl clc.touchliig upon the v lew s oftome of Die Northern Hi publicans, who atsort tlicie Is a glowing convic tion ihat It Is 'love's Iibor lost" to attempt id cum nnj of the Southern btates, or si euro eveun slUL'lo elct torn! v oto til tho South at tho election lu leso 1 desire, far mjtelfaud thousands upon Ihimtaudsoltiuo, pine nud lojal lunilcd Itcpubli cans of Iho South, to say that such n marks are veij discouiagiug tuns, who havo been ttiindlug, our cjes turned lo tlio North, hoping ami waiting Willi anxious henitt lor br'ghtor tidings. Wb) should out Irleiidsnt tbo North Indulge In such cloum) icnimkt? Hnvo wc not donu our dill) In tho past llnvowo uotridlkd nud come to ihe fruit even tlinu wu hnvo been called iipm " Have wo not endured nil tho hardships that could be liupued U ou n t cople by tllle club, midnight assassins, portecctlnn, nndballol-box shilling, often foncd lolcave lumfl) nud homef Have net (he lawtol iho laud beviiopunlj and wantonly vlo lated In older lo oppress lit? Foi tills devollun lo pnnclplowhatiepl) do uc re ceive imm these wlio iliould be fi lend us? ' I eve's labor 1M" I w h.li to Mi) to tho Reublleaut of Iho North that we need their tiino and labor, and not only jhete, hut their personal presence and all the fislilaiKo that Hies cjii dto nt Do not tor- taku ut Inour hour ol ndvoreilt but stand by us even m ire iniiij man in oui ua)s oi protpiruj Aie V7e t" be lor akeir because wo ncni,ivoii over I -ir f 'slu lv" i let N irllicm llipubllcnus thin s i i lv ofus n d our Mtiitul II llur fis tts inciunj baucidcdsooiiii than nuw expected - in ui. 'n o neioie nc i.ii.goncu. lUlbJUSHCC HFFrlA FflRFfiN MFiJC Us.'lL.IIHL. lUIIU kill IlLlMO. Arrival of a British Mail From Hoar Calm!. Osncriil Iloberta' Troops SiilTollng From Cold noil i:xpusitre 1'iench Minister ial Colllpllc.lllou-.M. tVuddlng tun Will Nut Fin m ts Cabinet Shivery Dobrtto ill tho Spnulnli Curios, ve. FnTo Arrlvnl of .Hulls Troin Cnhiil. Lonivjv, Doc. 21. Tho mail bags from Cabul havo arrived at Jagduluk, the bearers being harm lessly fired at en route. huflVrlngs of tbo Ilrltish Troops. I-ondov, Dec. 25. The ytimtlanlt I.nhoro dis patch sajs: "General Roberts rcorts that his troops are sufrerlug from overwork, cold nna ex posure," A South Afrlcmi Ohio Complelml. I)Nrov. Dec. 24. The cable of Ihc new tele grnph Hue which It to otn for business to-morrow bxlwccn Aden In Arabia and South Africa touches Zanzibar, Mozambique. Dclugoa bay and Unban, und connects with tho land lines In South Africa. The rato will bo $2.16 per word from Ixjn don. , Trench Political Troubles. I'Ams.Dec. 21 The IltpuUlipit Erancalte and tha lilx havo published articles which nro calculated to caue serious concern, as they can only be re garded ns giving ovldcnce of the existence or n serious illflerence between the views of I'rosldcnl (Ircvy and thoso of M.Gambetta. Thoartleloof the J?e;iiiWf;ue Drancalic Is regarded ns a plain In timation that M. (inuibcttn Is ready to take olllco. Tho liic stales that thero Is no crisis at All, And that thero Is nothing to do but appoint A successor to Id. I.ero)cr. Ihe JtU is l'lcstdcnt Oruvy's orgnu. Anotlinr Kffurt in be .Mndo To-dny. losnov. Dec 2. The Timci' Farls dispatch, dated Wednesday midnight, rnjs. "Several mem bers of tho old Cabinet met lo day and unanimously resolvod upon presenting a proposal to M. Wad (lliigtou that, as tlie maintenance or reconstruction or tlie old Cabinet Is Impossible, and M. Wadding ton or M. Say taking tho rrcmlershln being out of the question, M. De Freyclnet should form a Cabi net. M. Waddlugtoil was deputed to acquaint I'rosldcnl flicvy with this decision. At 11 o'clock: to-night the situation was unchanged. M. De Frey clnet not having been summoned. Thero Is every reason to bellevo, however, lliat M. De Frejcinrt w III be summoned for the third tlmo to-morrow to submit A list or names already determined." Change or Auslrhsu Itopicnentiitlvea. ts London. Dec. 2.1. Tho DaUu A'uo' l'esth corrn. spohdcul hears from a good authority that Count i.udon, mu Austrian Minister ut Madrid, win suc ceed Count y.lchy at Constantinople, and Ihat Count Ralnoky, Austrian Ambassador nt Copen hagen, will succeed Karon lAhgcnaii at St. Peters buig. Ilolh of tin su appointments are said to have a ipeclal significance. Abolition Hill Approved by the Spanish Semite. MAiuilD.Dec. 21 Ilia Senate today approved thu bill fur Ihe abolition of slavers in Cuba. In this Chamber of Deputies the bill vvas road the llrtt time, aud a cotumittue was appointed, to report upon It, Iltunhui Official Clmnge. St. ITTEKsnurn, Dec. 20 Tho Vcilomottt an tiouncea that l'lluceDoliroruukl. (Jovernor-Cteiieral of Moscow, Intends to resign on account of 111- noaitn. General ignallctl and Count Schouviilolr arc mentioned as iHitslble caudldaks lor tho post. War Jtcports Denlml. I.ONPOS. Dec 2i The Datlu AVics has been ris. quested by the l'eruv Ian Minister to stnlo that there Is no foundation for Ilia icpurt from u Chilian source, published In the New York llnahl, that a sesoiuuuii iiau urokcuoui in .vioqucgua. 'JlOIC grams irum Lima, received by the I'cruvian liga Hon at London, via I'anama, December 21, do not mention such a revolution. JVfO.V VUJIA, JJfTortof Ihe Himiilsh Crisis. New York, Dee. 21. A letter from Hav ana sayi: " T he ministerial crisis lu Spnlu has made Iho least Impression here lu Cuba, where the greatest Inter est In It should have been felt. This lndltTerenco to the fall from pow er of the man whose aspira tions havo been the hope of Mils island for the last two jears llndsexplanallon In the peculiar chain of events which llrtt raited General Maitlnez. Campos lo Iho highest position In bpaln, and aftcrwurd. v Isibly undermined his power. The Slav c-holders and unprogrotslro Spaniards never liked Uenetal Campos on account of his liberal splilt. and be cause they wuro bitterly opposed loull reforms, and now, although It has beou olllclalli' stated that thu change of ministry docs not Imply a change of policy or Iho government, the conservatives! seem to think that their own cherished ideas will be can led out lu Iho proposed reforms. Senor Ro mero Robledo, who figured prominently during the ministerial crisis. It a son-in-law of tlie lately deceased fccuor Zulueta, who wus ono of the rlchitt and most Influential Spaniards of Iho conservative type on Ihls Island, and It is probablo that Romero Robledo has been well Instructed with regard to tho views or the In Influential Spaniards lu Cuba. As a proof of how the conservative element has drawn renewed couragofrom the return to power of Cauovas del t'aktlllo It mu) bottateil that Ihls week forty slaves w ore sold lu this city at S0J lu gold each, lluth .Mm tinex Campos and Cunovas del Castillo profess the tame principles, both belong lo Hie same patty, and the only point upon which tboy differ is the manner In which peaco should be secured to Cuba. While Ocncral Campos was preparing his schema of rcrorm ror Cuba lor presentation lo the Cortes some of tin chlers of the former Insurrection re turned to the llsld and violated Uie treaty of Kao Jon. 'Ihls was a terrible blow to Campos, his suc cess became doubtful, and It was necessary to take up arms again, One of the circumstances which most contributed to sustain the political prestige of Martinet Campos was the glory ol havltiK pnol lied Cuba, but (lie fact that the insnr. rection had broken uut auuw weakened tli? moral liilhienco necessary to him in order to control the ministry ami Cones. Thu cllect vvhhh tho ministerial change ma) havo on uie condition oi eumi win appeal later out nut it would appear lmposslblo that the once promised reforms should bo withheld Irom the uuuule. who are jet patiently walling for Ihciu. T ho Cuban Sugar Ci op, Hav ana. Dec. 21 A Mnluurss paper has called attention to an Insect, hcrotnloro unknown lu Cuba, w hlch Attacks tho augur cane 111 such a man Del that n few dh)s will tuRlco to destroy tho nlant. This insect has made lis nnnenrome In tins sugar fields 111 Uie district of llembn. It Is found in cxunuruinniy jiiiiuut-rs urncuin uie leaves which cover tho lender cane, and aluvekt the lat ter bvnbsoiblng the lulco at the points of the osue. and as Iho cane grows and the leave fall off the Insect goes lo Iho uppei Joints, leaving upon tho parts It abandoned a very while spot, ltdoeanot pcriuraiu mu enne, uui urswi me juice m sucii a manner thai It hiiallv kills the nlaut. Tho naner calls the attention uf planteis to this destructive Insect. Tho Art nf Elocution. The art of elocution Is of mure service lu ordl. nary life than must people Imuglne. It is generally billeved Ihat actors nnd publlo tueukers are tho mil) ones who need take any trouble with acquir ing tbo art. One of tho greatest accomplishments Is Iho abllltv totpcak. rend or recite easily nnd gracefully II not arllttleally. There Is no ono let ter nticu 10 leneu mis nu innu .sir, iiwaia c;. Tovvnsriid Mr. Townsend Is himself au elocu tionist of inio ability, and he understands bow to teach to that an) one can learn. He Is now giving lutittittloiisiit No 1113 Ninth street northwest, and tlieicUno one who will nut have reason to believe Hut Ids time has been profitably spent If he placet hliuteir under Praftstor Towneuds Instructions forathoit tlmo. CAnr.r.svAitKs. CAinn. Dor. 21 Oordou 1'a.sha left Masaownh on tho Jut instant lor Cairo. I oniion, De c. JS. T ha Board or Trado hai oi dered au Inquiry Into Uie loss ol tho llorussla. Lomwin, Dec VI tjueeu Vktorla has contrib uted i.O0 to thu Duciiets ol Jlarlborough's Irish relief Hind Lnsnov. Dec 23. Thu latest bulletin fi mi Cannes, dated lliu 22d InMiuit, ttatM tliiilihocou dlllon 01 the Empress ol Russia ts Improved IlHiLiN, Dec. Jl In vvill-lnfoimed clrclei lu St. l'nterkburir It Is rumored that If the (Var v Isils Dor iiu and Cannes Ihe Cairowltch will bo appointed legem. 1 VhhUKA flllC ! lMJIAUY, A csrtrldee liielerv nt Oucbee has been decided noun lor Iho Canadian lullllla. nud au OQiicr has been tout to England for the uetessar) mnuhtucr). William M FI less, llio nicriliaut t hllnrltliiopist of New oik, wlllulio his tenth thrlttuitiKt dinner to tho newtbojs or that ell) to da), At the Ncnt bo) i.' Home k light occurred yesterday morning In a low variety salocii uu third nvenue New ocktbo iweeu Henry Wilson n ng aud dance mini, and 1 dtvttld bcaukn a Ii r denier. In which tut lumcr wasituttwlee Hip uah thofate, Uothuicr. MCtcliUoiicalC'l.