. - - i.
The National Republioajst.
yOL. XXI. NO. 93.
WASHINGTON, D. C, TUESDAY MOBKCsTGr, MARCH 15, 1881.
TRYING TO ORGANIZE.
BLUNDERING OF THE BOURBONS.
Ihe Attempt to Capture the Senate by the Hide
Bound Democracy Knds in Failure Up to
the Present Time The Reg
When the Senate met yesterday, Mr.
Allison presented the credentials of J. W.McDill,
as Senator from the State of Iowa; and Mr. Saw
der those of Angus Cameron, as Senator from the
State of Wisconsin. The credentials having been
read, the gentlemen appeared and took the oath
Mr. Tendlcton called up the resolution previ
ously offered by him, relative to the reorganiza
tion of the Senate committees, and made a lengthy
Mr. Bayard called attention to the fact that the
Senate had been convened by a Republican Presi
dent not at the request or representation of the
Democratic members of this body. The President
had performed the functions of his office and had
tent in nominations. Promptly, without hesita
tion, the Senate had confirmed the Cabinet ap
pointments; but other nominations had been sent
to the Senate and should be acted upon. If the
Republicans could show that they had a majority,
the Democrats would readily, without hesitation ,
without filibustering, hand over the power which
they had exercised for two years. He hoped
the Republicans would not think so badly of
tbeir Democratic colleagues as to say that they
were chattering about the organization of that
tody forafow poor days or weeks. What had they to
rain from the control of the Senate for the next
ten days? Money? Nota farthing. Power? None,
out to confirm the nominations of a Republican
President. Referring to the proposition that the
Democrats should withhold a number of votes
equal to the number of vacant scats on the Repub
can side, he thought it rather dangerous to stretch
the rules of amity so as to agree to count as mem
bers who are not and may never be members.
Tli'is was no change which was proposed ; it was
timply a continuance of power.
Mr. Allison here interposed a motion for an ex
ecutive session, which was supported by the Re
publicans and opposed by the Democrats, and
finally rejected by a vote of yeas, 35; nays, 37.
When the name of Mr. Mahonc was called there
iras a silence of expectancy, which was broken by
a confuted murmur on the floor and applause in
the galleries as he voted in the affirmative with
Mr. Conkling then took the floor, and spoke at
SYMPATHY FOH RUSSIA.
The debate was at this point interrupted by Mr
Morgan, who offered the following resolutions,
which were laid upon.the table :
Whereas the Senate or the United States of
America, now convened in special session, has
been informed of the death, by unlawful and in
human violence, of His Majesty the Emperor Al
exander II., of Russia:
Kcso'vri, That the Senate unites its voice with
that of all civilized peoples in denouncing assas
sination as a means of redress for any grievances,
cither real or imaginary.
Btftfwl, That, remembering and cherishing
with satisfaction the relations of genuine friend
ship that have always existed between the people
and the governments of Russia and of the United
States, to the strengthening and maintaining of
which the late Emperor has earnestly contributed
his great influence, the Senate extend to the gov
ernment and people of Russia its sincere condo
lence in this sad, national bereavement.
R&olrtd, That the Secretary of the Senate deliver
a copv of these resolutions to the President of the
United States, with the request that he communi
cate thesamc to the Russian government.
Mr. Yoorhees offered a resolution calling on the
Attorney-General for the names of deputy United
States marshals appointed in the State of Indiana
to attend the polls at the election held in that State
in October last, and other information relative
Mr. Hoar objected, and the resolution was laid
aside for one day under the rules.
THE DEBATE KESUMED.
Mr. Hill, of Georgia, then took the floor to con
tinue the debate, and in the course of a lengthy
speech, during which a colloquy occurred between
himself and Mr. Conkling, references were made
to Mr. Harris and Mr. Mahone.
Mr. Harris saM he regretted that the Senator
Mr. Hill had thought proper to dignify the mis
erable ucuspaper twaddle in regard to his (Mr.
Harris') political position. There was not a Demo
crat or Republican in the country who knew him
who ever doubted what his political positions
ti ere. The matter was unworthy of further notice.
Then followed a rcmarkablo tilt between Messrs.
Mahonc and Hill.
Mr. Logan drew a parallel between Hill's flatter
log treatment of the Senator from Illinois Mr.
DaIs and his severe handling of the Senator
from Virginia, and said that the difference was at
tributable to the fact that the former, who never
was a Democrat, and was not to-day, and who was
elected from a Republican State, was voting with
the Democrats, while the latter was not He de
fended the right of a man to change his political
opinions, citing, as an example, the Senator from
Georgia himself, who was once a Whig. He (Mr.
Logan) did not know that the Senator from Vir
ginia would act with the Republicans; but he re
spected him for telling the Senate and the country
that he was tired of the Bourbon Democracy The
gentleman Mr. Hill had charged the Senator
from Virginia with acting treacherously to his
constituents, and had made the most severe ar
raignment of him.
Mr. Hill I did that only after the Senator from
Virginia had arraigned himself. I had not men
tioned his name or his State.
Mr. Losan What right has the Senator to dic
tate to the gentleman from Virginia as to what is
his right course?
Mr Hill I have not undertaken to do so. He
can do as he pleases. But when he acts as a pub
lie man I have a riEht to my opinion of his public
acts. There is not in my heart an unkind feeling
toward him. I would, if I could, rescue him from
the inrainy into which others arc trying to pre
ciiutarc him. There is no man in this body whose
whole soul gi.es out more in earnest to protect the
Senator's honor than mine. I would rather lose
the organization of the Senate, and never have a
Dimocratic committee here, than have a Virginian
soil his honor. Applause. I do not say that the
icnator is going to do it. But I see
the precipice yawning before him. I
tee whither potential influences are leading
him. I know the dangers just ahead. I would
rest uc him if 1 could. Men in this country have
a right to divide on national issues and on local
issues ; but no man has a right to be false to a
trust. Whether the Senator from Virginia wiU be
guilty of it or not it is not for me to judge I will
not judge; but I will say, if he votes as you (the
Republicans) want him to vote, "God save him,
for lie is gone" Gentlemen (addressing the Rc
publicant), you in your hearts respond to every
word I am uttering when I say that you would
despise treachery, and you honor mo to-day for
making au effort to rescue a gentleman, not from
treachery, but from the charge of it.
Mr. Mahonc (rising) I cannot allow the gentle
man to make any such insinuation.
Mr. Hill, of Georgia I make no insinuation.
Mr. Mahone You do emphatically, aud an un
MP.. HOAR'S BRILLIANT SPEECH.
Mr. Hoar expressed his emphatic indignation at
the degrading exhibition which the Senator from
Georgia had made. It was the first time in the
Politics of the country when a Senator had
undertaken (in advance of the act) to deUvcr a
lecture to his peer, and to inform him that, if he
did a certain tiling, it would be degrading and
treacherous. It was none of the business of the
senator from Georgia how any other Senator
should cast his vote. No slave-master or plantation-overseer
should crack his whip over Ameri
can Senators. Applause. The utterances of the
-cnator from Georgia were an insult to the repre
sentatives of the American people. That gentle
man lad been chosen as a Union man to a
State convention, and had cast a vote which
had carried Georgia into rebellion, and from that
day to thishe had learned nothing, either of con
sistency, or constitutional duty, or of propriety of
Personal behaviour. Applause on the Republican
iide. The gentleman had undertaken to draw a
comparison between the position of the Senator
from Illinois- (Mr. Davis) and that ol the new Sen
ator lrom Virginia, with much honeyed commcuda
wa of the former. The Senator from Illinois had
bera dectcd by the Legislature of a State which
bad an average Republican majority of from
M.000 to 100,000.
Mr. Davis, of Illinois The Republicans were
not ;n a majority in that Legislature. They were,
Kumerically, in the plurality, and it was the Ludc
pendcuti and the Democrats of that body who
t'taed me to the Senate.
Mr. Hoar The peplc of Illinois were then, and
arc iiuw, Largely Republican. I am not criticising
me Senator from Illinois. I should deem" it un
worthy of me to do so. He has thought it his duty
to cast his vote for the Democratic organization of
this body, although (as he has informed us) it
was repugnant to his taste and his judgment in
many particulars. The Senator from Virginia who
owes his seat to a State which cast 81,000 Republi
can votes and 31,000 Independent Democratic or
Readjustment votes, ns against 90,000 Bourbon or
regular Democracy votes, will vote (if he docs so)
lor an organization that commends itself to his
taste and his judgment. That is the only
difference between the two Senators. And
that is the logic of the Senator from Georgia.
Laughter. There are Democrats in the South
who mean to vote down the men with whom they
differ, but who do not mean to assassinate them.
There are Democrats in the South who mean to
Uvc in a Nation, and not in an aggregate to petty
provinces any longer. There are Democrats in the
South who do not mean to live any longer in the
grave-yards and among the tombs, whose face is
toward the morning, and on whose brow the rising
sunlight of the future genrations of this country is
already beginning to be visible. Of such Demo
crats the avant courier has already reached the
Senate Chamber after long waiting and yearning.
The Republicans of the North desire to stretch
forth a friendly hand. That desire is inspired by
no miserable ambition for office or for political
victory, but by a spirit of patriotism which loves
the South fully as much as it loves the North. It
is in the spirit of a united, not of a divided coun
try ; it is in the spirit of the future, and not of the
past; it is in the spirit of Union, and not of sec
tionalism, that we are holding out our hand to
those brave and noble Democrats of Virginia
whose representative took his scat to-day on this
Mr. Cameron, of Pennsylvania, moved to go to
executive business. Rejected yeas, 35 ; nays, 37.
He then moved an adjournment, which was also
defeated 31 to 37, Mr. Mahonc voting with the
Mr. Ingalls proposed that, by unanimous con
sent, the question of organization should be post
poned till Thursday, when all the seats of Sena
tors will be filled.
Mr. Pendleton, while not authorized to give con
sent on the part of his own side of the Chamber,
deprecated the idea of making the question one
of physical endurance.
Mr. Voorhees expressed the idea of going on
with the organization of the committees at once,
and offered to be one of two Democrats who would
withhold their votes so as to make up for the two
Republican votes that were absent. He defended
the Democrats of the Senate from the charge of
desiring to gain control of the organization of the
Senate by taking any mean advantage. In con
clusion he moved an adjounmcut.
Pending the vote, the resolution of condolence
with the government and people of Russia was
taken up and adopted unanimously.
The Senate then (at five o'clock) adjourned.
Judge Pardee's Nomination.
Hon. Don A. Pardee, whose nomina
tion for the vacant circuit judgeship iu the South
was sent to the Senate yesterday, was educated and
had practiced in the common law prior to his resi
dence and practice in Louisiana. He was for twelve
years presiding judge of the second judicial district
of Louisiana a court of Mghest civil and criminal
jurisdiction. He was the Republican candidate
for attorney-general in 1S79, and a member of the
constitutional convention of that year. Among
the recommendations for his appointment were
the following: Both Senators and aU the members
of Congress from Louisiana, two hundred lawyers
of New Orleans, including several ex-justices of
the Supreme Court, all the professors iu the law
college, nearly all the bank presidents, and three
hundred merchants, the president of the Chamber
of Commerce, many citizens, all Federal officials
except the United States attorney and marshal,
and all the leading colored men of New Orleans.
Besides these he had recommendations of leading
Republicans from Texas, Mississippi, and Ala
bama. Among the Mississippi indorsers were Sen
ator Bruce, ex-Scnator-Pease,and ex-member Mc
Kee. To aU these were added the names of many
citizens throughout the circuit, irrespective of
White House Callers.
Callers at the Executive Mansion yes
terday were as plentiful as usual, but only a few of
the throng were successful in obtaining an audi
ence with President Garfield. Among the latter
were Attorney-General MacVeagh, Colonel Tom
Scott, of the Pennsylvania Railroad; Senators Hill,
Lamar, Jones, and Teller, and Representatives
Peele, Carlisle, White, Acklen, Cannon, Willitts,
Aldrich, Davis, Farwell, Manning, andBelford.
The Russian Minister and Hon. George Bancroft
also had a short interview with the President last
evening. A reception will be given Thursday
evening to the Judges of the Supreme Court, mem
bers of the Senate and House of Representatives,
and ex-members of the last House, at which the
presentations will be made by Chief-Justice Waite
and Vice-President Arthur, for their bodies. Who
will look alter the Representatives is not known
but probably this duty will devolve upon the ex
Speaker. Mr. Kilboum's Anniversary Party.
A dinner party was given last evening
at Wclcker's by Hallet Kilbourn to several resi
dents of Washington who five years ago yesterday
accompanied him to the common jail of the Dis
trict of Columbia. His incarceration was ordered
by the House of Representatives for Tef using to dis
close to an inquisitorial committee of that body
his personal business and private papers. In
view of his contest and the recent unanimous
judgment of the United States Supreme Court, de
nying the power to Congress or any other body to
Imperil the liberty of a citizeii without due pro
cess of law, the occasion was one of congratula
tion to those who were originally impressed with
the faith that justice would ultimately prevail.
Increasing: Its Circulation.
The National Metropolitan Bank, of
New York city, yesterday deposited with the
Comptroller $1,000,000 in coupon bonds -for the
purpose of increasing circulation. The bank is
entitled to seventy-five per cent, upon its capital
of 53,000,000, or 52,250,000 circulation, of which
amount it hashad but 550,000 since January 13.1SS0,
until to-day, when it was increased to 5500,000.
There is still due the bank 51,750,000 more circula
tion upon its capital. There has been about
SSOQjOOO national bank circulation forwarded by
the Comptroller of the Currency during the last
three days, including the amount sent to the Na
tional Metropolitan Bank. The aggregate amount
was divided among eight national banks.
The Jcannctf c Search.
A board of officers, detailed by the Sec
retary of the Navy, and consisting of the follow
ing: Admiral John Rogers, president; Captain
James A. Greer, Paymaster A. G. Kenny
Surgeon J. H. Kidder, Lieutenant Com
mander H. C. White, Lieutenants William
P. Randall and A. G. Berry, convened at eleven
o'clock yesterday at the Navy Department for the
purpose of selecting the detail of officers and men
for service on the proposed Jeannette search expe
dition and arranging the necessary preliminaries.
It is believed the work before them will occupy
the attention of the board for several days.
Colored Republicans Indorsing 3Iauone.
Siccial to The Republican.
Petersburg, Va., March 14. The State
convention of the colored Republicans of Virginia,
held here to-day, was largely attended. Resolu
tions were adopted opposing the nomination of a
straight-out Republican ticket next tall, and
calling upon all Republicans of this State to sup
port the Rcadjuster candidates for governor and
other State officers at the coming election.
Senator Mahone's speech in the Senate to-day
In answer to Ben Hill's tirade is the topic here to
night, and he is applauded onaU sides for his
manly defense in support of his position.
The District Advertising.
The Commissioners yesterday received
the following opinion from Judge Lawrence, First
Comptroller of the Treasury: "Your letter of the
10th instant asking to be advised whether the pro
visions of the act of Congrcssto regulate the award
and compensation for public advertising in "tho
District of Columbia, approved January 21. 1SS1,
apply to the advertising of the District govern
ment, is received. In reply you arc informed that
said act does not apply to advertising for the Dis
trict of Columbia, and it does not therefore modify
the provisions of existing laws relative to such ad
vertising." Swift Justice.
St. Joseph, Mo., March 14. Greenville
MisserviUc, of Cape Girardeau, who had eloped
with the wife of the president of that place, was
met yesterday at Darlington, thirty miles from
here, and shot dead by the wronged husband.
The Armistice to the Boers.
London, March 14. Mr. Gladstone, re
plying to a question on Saturday, stated that the
government had instructed General Wood to pro
long the armistice if desired by the Boers, and to
give time for au answer to the ISth instant.
MAH0EE SCORES HILL
GEORGIA'S SENATOR SQUELCHED,
After Doing Nearly All the Talking in the Senate,
He Is "'.Set Down Upon'' by the Virginia
Mr. Mahone, who occupied a seat on the
Republican side, advanced to the edge of the area
fronting the Clerk's desk, when Mr. Hill had. fin
ished, and proceeded to reply to him. That gen
tleman, he said, had manifestly engaged in an
effort to disclose his (Mr. Mahone's) position on the
Mr. Hill I do not know what your position is,
and. how could I disclose it ?
rjj Mahone The gentleman has assumed, not
only to-bcthc custodian here of the Democratic
party of the Nation, but has tried to assert the right
to speak for the constituency which I have the
privilege in part of representing here, ne has
done so without their assent. Addressing him
self directly to Mr. Hill and advancing toward him.
I owe you, sir, and I owe those for whom you under
take to speak here, nothing. Marks of encour
agement on the Republican side and in the gal
leries. I come here'like a Virginian, notto repre
sent the Democracy for which you Mr. Hill stand.
I come with as proud a claim to represent that
people as you to represent the people of Georgia, won
on fields where I have fought with you and others
in the cause of my people and of that section in
the late unhappy contest. That contest, thank God,
is over; and, as one of those engaged init, and
who has not, here or elsewhere, to make an apol
ogy forthe part he has taken in it,. I ray that I am
not here as a partisan, nor am I here to represent
that Democracy which has done so much injury
to my section of the country. The gentleman
undertook to say what constitutes a Democrat. I
hold that I am au infinitely better Democrat than
he. Laughter. He who stands nominally com
mitted to a full vote, and a fair vote, and an honest
ballot should sec that they can be had in the State
of Georgia, where
TISSUE BALLOTS ARE FASHIONABLE.
Applause. I serve notice on thatgentleman that
I intend to be the custodian of my own De
mocracy. I do not intend to be run by the gen
tleman's caucus. I am in every sense a freeman
here, and trust to be able to protect my
own rights and to defend those of the people whom
I represent; certainly, to take care of my own. I
do not intend again addressing Mr. Hill directly
that you shall undertake to criticise my conduct
by innuendoes. I wish the Senator from Georgia to
understand just here that the way to deal with me
is to deal directly. We want no " motions of dis
covery " to find out how I am going to vote. Ap
plause on the floor and galleries, which was repri
manded by the Vice-President. I regret that so
early after my appearance here I should have found
it necessary to obtrude any remarks on this body.
I would prefer to be a little modest. I would
prefer to listen and to learn. But I could not feel
content, after what has passed to-day, to sit silent.
Thcgcntlcman Mr. Hill by all mauncr of insinua
tion"!, direct and indirect, has sought to discover
who the Democrat is that may choose to exercise
his right to cast his vote as he pleases, and to dif
ferwith the gentleman's caucus. Hesecmstohave
forgotten that I refused to take part in a caucus
which has not only waged war upon me but upon
those whom I represent; that has presumed to
teach the people of Virginia honesty and true De
mocracy. Yes, sir, addressing Mr. Hill, you were
duly notified that I took no part or lot in your po
litical machinery, and that I was supremely indif
ferent to what you did. Laughter on the Repub
lican side. You were notified that I should stand
on this floor representing, in part, the State oj
Virginia Certainly the Legislature which elected
me did not require me to state that I was cither a
Democrat or anything else. I suppose that the
gentleman Mr. Hill could not get here from Geor
gia unless he said that he was a Democrat any
how. Applause and laughter. I came here with
out being required to state
TO MY PEOPLE WHAT I A3I.
They were all willing to trust me. j
was elected by the people, not by the Legislature,
for it was an issue in the canvass, and no man was
elected to the Legislature by the party with which
I am identified who was not instructed to vote for
me for the Senate. The gentleman has been
chasieing all round this Chamber to see if he can
not find a partner somewhere. He has been looking
around, occasionally referring to another Senator to
know exactly who that Seuator was who had the
manliness and the boldness to assert his opinions
in this Chamber free from the dictation of a Demo
cratic caucus. I want that gentleman to know,
henceforth and forever, that here is a man who
dares stand here and defend his right against you
and your caucus. Loud applause.
IIILL AGAIN ON THE FLOOR.
Mr. Hill again took the floor, ne hoped tfefit no
one imagined he intended to make any per
sonal reply to the remarkable exhibition which the
Senate had just witnessed. Laughter. He had
certainly said nothing to justify the Senator from
Virginia in charging him with making an assault
upon him, unless he was the one man who had
been elected as a Democrat and was not going to
vote with the party. He had never seen that gen
tleman till a few days since, and had not the
slightest unkind feeling toward him. ne could
only understand the gentleman on the principle
that " a guilty conscience needs no accuser." Ap
plause and laughter on the Democratic side. He
had not mentioned the Senator's name or State.
He had only asked who the Democrat was'
that was expected to vote with the Republicans,
and, to his astonishment, the Senator from Virginia
said that he was the man. He had not said any
thing offensive to the people of Virginia, but he had
said that the people of no section of the country
woalcLtolerate treachery. He had said that there
were thirty-eight Senators who had been elected
as Democrats. Did the gentleman deny it? Would
he say that he was uot elected as a Democrat? He
said he was not required to state that he was a
Democrat, and in the next breath he said that he
was a better Democrat than himself (Mr. Hill)
Addressing himself to the Republicans. I com
mend him to you. Take good care of him. Nurse
him well. Laughter. How do you like to have
among you a worse Democrat than I am?
Mr. Conkling On, no; not a worse, a better.
Mr. Hill (scornfully) Oh, a better. Then my
friend from New York Mr. Conkling is a better
Democrat than I am.
Mr. Logan He could not well be a worse one.
Mr. Hill Never before has th ere been such an ex
hibition in the Senate, where a gentleman shows
his Democracy by going over to the Republicans.
I will not defend Virginia. She needs no defense.
She has given to the country and the world and
humauity some of the proudest names in history
She holds in her bosom to-day the ashes of some
of the noblest and greatest men that ever illus
trated the glories of any couutry. And I say to
the Senator from Virginia that neither Jefferson,
nor Madison, nor Henry, nor Washington, nor
Lee, nor Tucker, nor any of the long list of great
men whom Virginia produced ever accepted a
commission to represent one party and came here
and represented another. Applause on tho Demo
Mr. Mahone (who had returned to his seat on
the Republican side) Do I understand you cor
rectly as saying that I accepted a commission
from one party and came here to vote for another
Mr. Hill I understand that you were elected as
Mr. Mahonc (imperatively) Answer the ques
tion. Mr. Hill (with provoking coolness) I say that
you were elected as a Democrat, and accepted your
commission as a Democrat
Mr. Mahonc (persistently) You said that I ac
cepted a commission from one party, and came
here to represent another party.
Mr. Hill (impcrturbably) I said that that will be
the case if you vote with the Republicans. You
have not done it yet, and I say you will not do it.
Mr. Mahone (impatiently) I want to say (if it is
not out of order here) that if the gentleman under
takes to make that statement, the statement is un
warranted and untrue.
Mr. Hill (composedly) Was not the gentleman
acting with the Democratic party, and was he not
elected to this body as a Democrat? (With a
fiercer tone) Answer that.
Mr. 3Iahone Quickly, sir, quickly. I was
elected as aReadjuster. Do you know what Re
adjusters are? Applause and laughter on the
Mr. Hill I understand that there are in Virginia
" readjustins"Democratsand " debt-paying "Dem
ocrats; but,as I understand, UicyarebothDemocrats.
We have nothing to do here with that issue. The
question of the Virginia debt is not to be settled
in this Chamber. I ask the Senator again, was he
not elected to this national body as a member of
the national Democratic party ?
Mr. Mahonc No. Are you answered now?
THE MURDERED CZAR.
An AOcctins Scene The Xw Knler Xotcs
of the Anamination.
St. Petersburg, March 14. Dr. Dvonia
chine, who was among the physicians first sum
moned to the Czar, immediately fetched the neces
sary instruments for amputating the legs, which
were held by the flesh only, the bones being
broken. Blood flowed copiously from the lace
rated wounds. India rubber bandages were ap
plied first to the right leg below the knee and
then to the left. The Czar's right hand, on
which was a glove, was"fonnd-to be greatly
lacerated. His marriage ring was broken to pieces
and driven into the flesh. The surgeons tied up the
severed arteries. At length, under the iufluence
of sulphate of oxygen and ice, the Emperor opened
his eyes, and respiration, became more apparent.
Chaplain Bjencr availed himself of the interval of
apparent consciousness to administer the sacra
ment, and for the moment some hopes were en
tertained of the Czar's life; but a minute
or two afterward his heart ceased to beat.
During tlie .final flicker of life the mem
bers of his family surrounded his bed. The
arch priest recited prayers for those in extremes,
all present kneeling. The spectacle was heart
rending. Colonel Dorjiby is confined to bed, but
is not Ecriously injured.- Tho number of persons
injured by the explosion is greater than was at first
supposed. Several havesince died.
The police had difficulty luprotecting the second
assassin from the fury of the. crowd. One of the
Czar's legs was shattered to 'the top of the thigh,
his abdomen was torn open, and his face injured.
The surgeons declare that amputation was impos
All the officers of tho guard, civil officials, and
court dignitaries met to-day at the Winter Palace
to take the oath of allegiance to the
new Emperor. When all were assem
bled the Emperor and Empress' and im
perial family issued from-ithe cabinet, where
the dead Czar lay. In passing through St George's
Hall, on. the way to the chapel, the Emperor
stopped before the guard of honor and said, with
emotion, " I should not like my son to ascend a
throne under such circumstances as the present."
IheAgeiice Ruise says: "At half-past three p.
m. a salute fired by the cannon on the Fortress
announced the conclusion of the ceremonies con
nected with the accession of Alexander III. to the
throne. The space before the Palace was covered
with people When the Emperor -and Empress
passed through the crowd, on the way to the Kazan
Cathedral, amid deafening acclamations."
Kotca of the Assassination.
All the courts of Europe have sent tele
grams of condolence to St Petersburg.
It is reported in London that the
Prince of Wales will go to St. Petersburg to attend
the funeral of the Czar.
The first bomb thrown with the inten
tion of killing the Czar made a hole in the road
four feet deep and four feet wide.
Eussakoff, who threw the first bomb,
has been a student during two years at the Mining
Academy. The second bomb-thrower has been
arrested. He is also a young man.
In the British House of Commons yes
rerday Mr. Gladstone gave notice that he would to
day move an address to the Queen expressing
the sentiments of the House relative to the assas
sination of her ally, the Emperor of Russia.
The Emperor William, the Imperial
Princes, Prince Bismarck, and the diplomatic rep
resentatives attended a funeral mass at the chapel
of the Russian Embassy yesterday iu Berlin.
At a meeting of the German Reichstag
yesterday, Herrvon Gosslcr, the president, referred
to the horrible event which deprived the German
Emperor of a beloved relative aud a faithful friend.
The House unanimously agreed on a vote of con
dolence. Handbills have been issued and arefin
circulation among the representatives of the com
mune and socialistic theorists in New York for a
meeting to sympathize with the Russian Nihilists
and rejoice in the death of the Czar. It is to be
held in a hall in the Bowery to-night.
The Crown Prince of Germany, Fred
erick William, Prince Frederick Charles, Prince
Albrccht, General Count Von Moltke, and General
Baron Von Manteitfl'el, who are all honorary field
marshals in the Russian army, will attend the
funeral of the Czar. "
The Cologne Gazette publishes a tele
gram from the Russian frontier, dated one p. m.
Sunday, stating that the police on the previous
night made several domiciliary visits iu search of
a political criminal. The police had lately dis
covered traces of a plot against the life of the
The Herald of St. Petersburg states that
the Czar was warned against attending the parade
whence he was returning when killed. After
alighting from the shattered carriage the Emperor
approached Roussakoff and ordered his removal.
General Mclikoff announces that only one assas
sin has been captured, but that the police have
made numerous arrests.
Requiem Services in this City.
A grand high imperial requiem mass in
commemoration of the death of Alexander II., the
Emperor of Russia, will be celebrated at four
o'clock to-day at the residence of the Russian
Minister, M. Bartholemei, No. 1013 Connecticut
avenue. The parlors of the embassy have been
fitted up as a Greek chapel, one end being occu
pied by an altar, heavily draped with crape, and
bearing all the accessories for the solemn service
of the Greek church. The Rev. Father Bjerring,
pastor of the Greek church in New York City,
will officiate, and is expected to arrive
here this morning, accompanied by the
Russian consul-general. Invitations to be present
at the memorial services have been extended to
the members of the diplomatic corps and their
families, the President and Mrs. Garfield, and the
members of the Cabinet, with the ladies of their
Assassination in VIrelnla.
"Norfolk, Va., March 14. At dusk on
Saturday evening, as Thomas McPherson, William
Old, William Whitchorst, and a man named Fisher
were leaving Princess Ann Court Housein a wagon,
they were fired into from an ambush on the road
and William Old was instantly killed. A second
shot struck Whitehorst, who died almost immedi
ately. The other two barely escaped. The mur
derers have not been discovered. The murder is
said to have been the result of law difficulties in
which McPherson was the principal and the oth
ers witnesses. The apprehension of the assassins
CAUCUS AND COMMITTEES,
What 1Vas Done by the Republican Sen
ators The Committees.
A caucus of the Eepublican Senators
was held yesterday morning and agreed upon the
following Senate committee chairmanships: Fi
nance, Mr. Morrill; Appropriations, Mr. Allison;
Commerce, Mr. Conkling; Judiciary, 3Ir. Ed
munds ; Privileges and Elections, Mr. Hoar ; For
eign Relations, Mr. Burnside ; Military Affairs, Mr.
Logan; Naval Affaire, Mr. Cameron, of Pennsyl
vania; Agriculture, Mr. Mahone; Post-Offices and
Post-Roods, Mr. Sawyer; Public Lands, Mr. Plumb;
Indian Affairs, Mr. Dawes; Pensions, Mr. Teller ;
Claims, Mr. Cameron, of Wisconsin; Manufactures,
Mr. Conger; District of Columbia, Mr. Ingalls
Patents, Mr. Piatt, of Connecticut; Public Build
ings and Grounds, Mr. Kellogg; Territories, Mr.
Saunders; Railroads, Mr. Rollins ; Minesand Mining
Mr. Hill (Colorado); Revision of the Laws, Mr. Mc
Millan; Education and Labor, Mr. Blair; Civil Ser
vice and Retrenchment, Mr. Hawley; Printing,
Mr. Anthony; Library, Mr. Sherman; Rules, Mr.
Ferry; Contingent Expenses, Mr. Jones (Nevada);
Enrolled Bills, Mr. Frye; Improvement of Missis
sippi River aud Tributaries, Mr. Mitchell ; Trans
portation Routes to the Seaboard, Mr. Harrison.
The chairmanships of the Committees on Private
Land Claims, Revolutionary Claims, and En
grossed Bills, which, under the Democratic con
trol of the Senate, have been accorded to the Re
publicans, will now in turn be offered to the Demo
crats. Another caucus was held immediately after the
adjournment of the Senate yesterday, but on ae
countofthe lateness of the hour the completion
of the lists for committee membership was de
ferred until this morning. The Republican mem
bership of the more important committees as ar
ranged yesterday, though still subject to change
to-day, is as follows :
Finance Messrs. Morrill, Sherman, Ferry, Jones,
of Nevada, and Allison. Appropriations Messrs.
Allison, Logan, Dawes, Plumb, and Hale. Com
merceMessrs. Conkling, McMillan, Kellogg, Con
ger, and Miller. Judiciary Messrs. Edmunds,
Conkling, Logan, Ingalls, and McMillan. Foreign
Relations Messrs. Burnside, Conkling, Jones, of
Nevada; Edmunds, and Ferry. Privileges and
Elections Messrs. Hoar, Cameron, of Wisconsion ;
McMillan, Sherman, and Frye.
The Xctv Minnesota Senator.
Minneapolis, March 14. A dispatch
from St Paul to the Evening Journal says Governor
Pillsbury this morning appointed General A. J.
Edgerton United States Senator to succeed Mr.
Windom. The new Senator left for Washington at
A GREAT CROWD TO WITNESS THEM.
An Evcr-To-Be-Rcrucmbcred Day Among the Solons
Some of the Incidents of the Debate
Graphically Described Tho .
Monday, March 14, will go down in the
political records of the Republic as one of the days
when history was made. Perhaps no more dra
matic scene has been witnessed on the floor ot the
Senate than that which occurred yesterday, when
the defiant Democracy of only a few months ago,
through its chosen spokesman, the Senator from
Georgia, gave its last impotent and despairing
shriek and sought in vain as the dark waters of
defeat closed over it to convince the country' which
had confided to its hands a power which it had.
abused that its death was due to the treachery of
one of its own, rather than to the true cause its
manifold sins against light, reason, and common
One entering the Senate side of the Capitol, even
though a perfect stranger to the conn try and its cus
toms, could haveseen ataglancc yesterday morning
that something unusual was about to happen.
Groups of men in earnest-conversation were to be
seen about the corridors, while every nvenue of ap
proach to the galleries was crowded with people of
a class who never seek the halls of legislation
except upon occasions of great interest.
The Senate was to meet at noon, and before
eleven o'clock every scat in tho gallery had been
taken and hundreds of disappointed patriots
were standing outside in column hoping in vain
that some one of-the seated would tire of the at
tractions of the scene below and give way to new
comers. The hope, however, proved a vain one,
for those who had secured the coveted scats early
had too high an appreciation of the historic drama
b,eing enacted below to leave until the close of the
TIIE QUESTION TO BE DECIDED.
The question to be decided was one "that had
agitated the political world since the election of
last fall placed the power of deciding the political
complexion of the Senate in the hands of one brave,
brilliant, intelligent citizen, on whom the privilege
of representing the Stite of Virginia had been
conferred by the voice of a vast majority
of the citizens of that Commonwealth. Re
duced to plain English, the question read:
"Will William Mahone, the mau who waged the
manful war against the crusted cruelty of ages
and broke by his brave blows in behalf of human
liberty the power that had, up to that time, crushed
out all freedom of thought, all independence of
action, and all else that makes an American birth
right a thing to be valued, at the supreme
moment of his life, permit himself to be driven
from his purpose by the browbeating of the Bour
bons or the blandishments of the reactionists.
Those who knew William Mahone had no
doubts of the position he would assume in the
organization of the Senate or the politics of the
future. Not that he had given pledges, but that
his record showed him to be a man of both sense
and consistency. Knowing this, they knew the
course he would take. Among the people who
knew this.wc may bay, and foreshadowed the result,
were some persons connected with this newspaper.
The Republican doesiot pride itself on the pos
session of the gift of prophecy, but it does think
that it can sometimes casta commen-sense horo
scope, and is strengthened in this belief by the
events of yesterday. But to return to thescene atthe
Senate. After the galleries had ben packed to their
fullest capacity, including even the sacred seats
set apart for the newspaper men, which were, as
usual on occasions of this kind, largely occupied
by volunteer correspondent, who write for glory
and perquisites, and only come out strong when
they see a good opportunity to usurp the places set
apart for men who have work to do. The space be
low begnn to fill up rapidly.
All of the Senators were there, of course, and it
was curious to note the difference between the
Republican and Democratic sides of the Cham
ber. The Republicans wore the air of winners,
while on the Democratic side there seemed to be a
shadow of a doubt deep enough to amount to
almost the darknesss of conviction that they were
about to be beaten on their last game of bluff.
THE CEOWDED SENATE.
They gathered in groups, and wherever the
group gathered the gloom deepened until that side
of the Chamber wore a funereal aspect, very
touching, especially to the Senate employees,
whose tenure of office depended wholly upon the
power of their patrons to retain possession of the
pelf. Members of the House, ex-members and ex
Senators, Cabinet and ex-Cabinet Ministers,
and in fact everybody else entitled to
the privilege of the floor, crowded in
until all of the scats were filled and a solid line ol
humauity walled in the circle of scats occupied by
the members of the body and the more distin
guished of their guests. The ladies' galleries
were bright witli the beautiful colors of the pre
vailing fashion, and for once even the diplomatic
gallery' was filled with members of the resident
Senator Mahone entered late, and, after greet
ing a few friends, quietly took his seat on the Re
publican side. As soon as he had done so
a murmur ran over floor and galleries, and there
was a general craning of pretty necks to catch a
sight of the little man upon whose action so much
The first business in order was the presentation
of the credentials of Senators McDill and Cameron,
who were sworn and took their seats. Then the
ball was opened bya motion on the part of Senator
Pendleton to call up his resolution for the reor
ganization of the Senate committees. Mr. Pendle
ton defended tho action of the Democrats in one of
those orations of his which "smell of oil," and in
the courss of his remarks took occasion to say that
the proposi tion that certain Democrats should with
hold their votes on the question of organization
had not received the sanction of the majority and
would not be entertained by that side of the Sen
ate. In the course of his remarks "Gentleman
George" so far forgot himself as to refer to certain
meetings of which he had heard, where cham
pagne and satisfaction had constituted the chief
attractions of the occasion.
Mr. Bayard followed iu one of his weary word
weaving efforts, when Senator Allisonjbrought the
test, for which everybody had been waiting, by a
motion to go into executive session. On this mo
tion Mr. Mahonc voted for the first time, and when
that vote fell, on the Republican side the question
of the plucky little Senator's attitude was no longer
a question of doubt The motion was defeated,
and then Mr. Conkling took the floor and pro
ceeded to carve Pendleton and castigate
the Democracy in his usual artistic but
rather cruel style. The Senator from New York
was never in better form, and certainly never
before had a more appreciative audience assembled
to enjoy his matchless eloquence. Even the Demo
cratic Senators enjoyed his exqusite railery, and
Senator Pendleton, toward whom most of his shafts
were directed, smiled at the skill of the archer
while wincing under the pain of his barbed shafts.
THE GEORGIA BLUNDEIIBUS.
When Conkling had finished, the blunderbus
from Georgia, Ben Hill, took the floor, and for the
space of three-quarters of an hour proceeded in
his vigorously awkward way to arraign some one
whom he charged was likely to betray the trust
with which he -had been intrusted by the Demo
cratic party, and by voting with the Republicans
place the control of the Senate in the
bands of that party. While he did not
mention Senator Mahone, everybody knew that
all of his shafts were aimed at the gentleman from
Virginia, and, in consequence, at each fresh out
burst of awkward vituperation there was a con
centration of the gaze of the audience upon the
spot where sat the little General from the Old Do
minion. All wanted to see how he would take it,
and the question, " Will he reply?" rose to hun
dreds of lips at once.
It was soon answered by the gentleman in per
son, who, as soon as Mr. Hill sat down, moved
quietly to the open spaccinfrontoftheclerk's desk,
and, addressing himself directly to Mr. Hill, pro
ceeded to give the great bluffer such a dose of de
fiance, wit, and sarcasm as astonished everybody,
and no one more than the man against whom it
was directed. When Mr. Mahone advanced to the
front there was a general movement of all on the
floor toward him and arustlcof rising people went
over the galleries. As he made point after point
and hit after hit, the applause on floor and in
gallery broke out again and again, and when he
sat down there was a rush of people from the Re
publican side to his seat, and hand-shaking and
congratulations were the order of the hour.
One of the first to heartily congratulate the
new Senator was Senator Conkling, whoso
enjoyment of the speech was made mani
fest during iLs delivery in a demonstrative
way quite unusual with the stately gentleman
irom New York. Hill came backagain, and, in the
fight that followed between him and Mahonc, was
floored nearly every time by the quick-witted man
from Virginia, who in one short hour took his
place as one of the shrewdest debaters on the floor.
Up to this time everything had gone on in a good
humor, but when .in the close of his second ha
rangue, Hill reiterated his charges of treachery,
the gentleman from Virginia could .stand it no
longer, and, rising, he calmly but pointedly said:
"This must stop." There was alimmcr ofgore in
the atmosphere that gave the Senator from Gcor -gia
pause, and in the parlance of the populace, he
took water at once.
Senator Logan then took up the cudgel in behalf
Of the Virginian, and, after piling Hill's treacher
ous rebel record high upon him, gave way to Senator
Hoar, who, in the keen and polished style of which
he is such a consummate master, fairly flayed the
Georgia Senator alive. Mr. Hoar's speech was the
finest effort of the day, and his peroration has sel
dom been eqnaled by anyof the orators whe have,
in the past, made the Senate of the United States
famous wherever the English language is spoken.
This about ended the grand intellectual combat,
and, after a little further skirmishing, the Demo
crats, seeing that the -game was up, consented to
au adjournment, thus takinsr the first step toward
the surrender, which is certain to follow to-morrow,
or the inevitable defeat which awaits them
when the Senate shall be full next Thursday.
Wherein Ho Excoriates In a Caustic Man
ner 3Ir. Pendleton, of Ohio.
Mr..Conkling, on taking the floor in the
Senate yesterday, said: A Frenchman had
written: "He accuses who excuses." Who had
cast any imputation upon the Senator from
Ohio Mr. Pendleton or upon any other Senator?
That gentleman appeared to be fleeing when " no
man pursueth." 'lie must think that that speech
had been made for effect beyond the galleries of
thisChamber. Theyneedcdnovindicationhere. It
must therefore be either because of a feeling
that some explanation of what had been done was
needed, or because of a feeling that some Jmpres
sion might be made.on the country by such a dis
course as the gentleman's, that Senators on the
other side were moved to justify positions which
had not been assailed. He referred to the Demo
cratic caucus as an ecumenical council, which at
last had wearied of the question how the inde
pendent party of the Senate was to be captivated.
It had become weary of arranging the machinery
which was to force the gentleman from Ulinois
Mr. Davis to walk by the wheel of the Demo
cratic chariot After it had exhausted the resources
of statesmanship it came in with a report which
was defective in some regards. For instance, it
had put both Senators from Ohio on
the Judiciary Committee In order that
the great State might not only be the
land of the law, but the law of the land. It
seemed to him that nothing could be more unwar
rantable, more lacking in utility, or more scant of
propriety than for the Republicans to consent
to the organization of the Senate against the con
stitutional majority of the Senate, to the end that
that organization might be overturned on Wednes
day or Thursday next. It seemed to him that
such a proceeding would be not only beside the
purpose, but beneath the dignity of the Senate.
He might say, in reply to the gentleman from
Ohio, that the suggestion as to withholding votes
had not originated on the Republican side of tho
Chamber, but had come from a Democratic Sena
tor, who was able to vindicate for himself the judg
ment he had formed. When the gentle
man from Ohio should read the speech
which he had just made in the Record, he would
be likely to remark that the Democratic party and
the needs of this occasion could have been rescued
from destruction without going quite so far. The
Senator bad talked about meetings which had
been held by Senators in the Capitol, at which
champagne and satisfaction had been the argu
ments employed. He had no knowledge or suspi
cion as to what the Senator referred, but it must
indeed be a flagrant instance which would bring
the Senator to his feet to make comment. He (Mr.
Conkling) knew of no meeting, either in the Cpai
tolorat any man's dinner table, where either
champagne or satisfaction (still less both
of them hunting in couples) had appeared
in any sense iu connection with this sub
ject. It might be due to various considerations
that the Senator should not put afloat
a vague and somewhat injurious statement He
thought that the Senator would probably see fit, at
least, to fix some limit, if not some qualification,
to such a remark as he had made. He trusted
that the Democrats would allow the Senate to go
into executive session or to withhold two votes on
the question of organization. It would be im
measurably more to their satisfaction afterward if
they pursued that course than if they proceeded
in amethod quite beside the purpose, not likely to
save time aud not likely to preserve the character,
decorum, and prestige of the Senate.
They Give rt Up.
Senator Voorhees said last night that
he would be one to withhold his vote, and thus
permit the reorganization of the Senate to go for
ward as agreed upon by the Republicans. It was,
the Senator said, now clearly demonstrated that
the Republicans would, in a few days, have the
constitutional majority, and therefore it would be
foolishness on the part of the Democracy
to waste time in a fight against tfie inevitable.
Senators Groome, Garland, and others on that side
entertain, it is understood, similar views, and,
therefore, it may be pretty safely predicted that
the Senate will be reorganized on a Republican
basis without further delay.
The renomination of Stanley Mat
thews for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
was the subject of considerable comment among
Senators yesterday. Opinions as to his confirma
tion by the Senate varied, but the impression may
be said to have generally prevailed that this time
Stanley has a pretty sure thing on a scat on the
The impression that Sergean-at-Arms
Dick Bright is to be left the one spared monument of
the mercy of the Republican reorganizes of the
Senate grows fainter and fainter as the hours go by.
William C. Akers has been appointed
postmaster at Hytcr'S Gap, Va.
Lourie B. Eexrode has been commis
sioned postmaster at Valley Centre, Va.
The national-bank notes received for
redemption yesterday amounted to $171,000.
Eobert S. Blagg has been commis
sioned postmaster at Chapel, Braxton County, West
A new post-office has been established
at Wallens, Lee County, between Joncsville and
Blackwater, and William P. Smith made postmas
ter. Most of the national banks affected by
Secretary WIndom's recent decision will go to
work getting back their circulation in the regular
A new post-office has been estab
lished at Chapel, Braxton County, W. Va The
post-office at Bird Hill, Carroll County, Md , has
The Comptroller of the Currency has
called upon the national banks for a report show
ing their condition at the close of business on Fri
day, the 11th day of March.
The Comptroller of the Currency has
called upon the national bauks for a report show
ing their condition at the clcsc of busiucss on
Friday, the 11th day of March.
It is announced semi-officially that
Senator Arthur P.Gorman will resign the presi
dency of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Com
pany at the end of the present fiscal year of that
corporation, June 1.
President Manuel Gonzales, of Mex
ico, has sent a cable dispatch to President Garfield
cougratulating him upon the inauguration of the
submarine cable that unites the telegraphic line
of the two nations.
The Secretary of the Treasury yester
day received from an unknown person, in au en
velope postmarked Washington, D. C, the sum of
S12. The money was deposited into the Treasury
on account of " Conscience."
The internal-revenue appointments
yesterday were: Jasper M. Griggs, Samuel A.
McSheeuy, Alexander B. Tanner, storekeepers and
gaugers for the second district of Kentucky; Wiley
M. Hay, storekeeper for the second district of Kcu
tucky. The Post-Office Department has di
rected that the mails for Southern California and
intermediate points be sent over the naw route,
via Tucson, Arizona, Doming Station, and Rcucon,
the railroad connection? between those points hav
ing been completed.
Internal Revenue Collector Young at
Raleigh, N. C, reports by telegraph to Commis
sioner Raum that he captured the illicit distillery
of Yager Brown in Chatham County, on Satnrday.
He also seized tho tobacco factory of It R. Holmes,
near Frankliuton, at the request of Revenue Agent
CONKLING AND HILL
CONUNDRUMS BY THE LATTER.
A Shower of Questions by tho Georgia Senator, Dnrx
lug which lie Gets Greatly Excited, and
Tries to Answer Them Himself
When Mr.Hill, of Georgia, took the flooi
tocontinue the debate he said it had been asserted
several timestbat within a few days theRepublicam
would control a constitutional majority of the Sen
ate. He believed that when every scat should be
filled this Senate would be Democratic as it was
now. If he wa3 wrong in that belief, he had been
deceived. If the Senatorfrom New York had been
correct in his statement, he (Mr. Hill) had been
deceived. He owed it to himself, to the country,
to those with whom Tichad bean associated, to state
distinctly why he said that the Senate would con
tinue to be Democratic when all the seats were
full. If he was right the Senator hadliad no right
to say that the Democrats were seizing
Mr. Conkling (interrupting) Won't you wait and
Mr. Hill The Senator is-anxious that we should
wait I assume that every Senator yet to arrive
will be Republican; but, when full, how will the
Senate itaud? That is the question. The Senate,
when full, consists of seventy-six members.
Thirty-eight members of this body were sent here,
commissioned to sit here as Democrats. They hold
no commissions that were not given to them as
Democrats and by Democrats. That thirty-eight
amounts to precisely one half of this Senate. One
member of theSenatc Mr. Davis, oflUinoI, was not
sent here as a Democrat, but was sent here by
Democratic votes; and, in words of high and lofty
patriotism and fidelity to trust, he, on Friday, an
nounced that he should be true to the trust which
sent him here, and which he agreed to fulfill. Tho
Senator from New York has stated that the Repub
licans wiU have a majority.
now! how! who! who!
How has that been accomplished? It has
not teen accomplished by the people or by
the Legislatures of the States. How. when,
by whom has that wonderful coalition been
accomplished by which somebody, sent here
as a Democrat, has been seized no, I will not say
"seized" in imitation of a similar remark made
by Mr. Conkling, and one which elicited laughter,
but " taken and carried off" by the Republican
party. Who did it? The Senator from New York
did not; and he did not respect any one who did.
I know him too well. Who did it? Who hasbeen
taken and carried awny? Why is it that we have
no right to act on the assumption that thirty-nine
members are not still Democrats? I say they are,
and I stand here to vindicate the honor, the in
tegrity, the fidelity to State, people, aud principle
of all the thirty-nine who were sent here as
Democrats. I deny that any one has proven
treacherous to his mission or falsified the commis
sion that lies upon your table. When the Senator
intimates that somebody is false, the Senator does
injustice to that somebody.
Mr. Conkling I interrupt the Senator to deny
what the Senator has said. I have neither stated
nor implied that anybody was to be false to any
Mr. Hill I am not charging you with that
Mr. Conkling I understood the Senator to say
that I had implied or charged that somebody was
to be false. I think it fair and just, without being
generous, that the Senator should allow me to say
that my implication and belief is that everybody
is true, and that therefore somebodpbas to be true
to the opposition to a reigning element in this
country opposition to which sent him to this
body. That is what I mean.
Mr. Hill I was not astonished at the interrup
tion, the manner of it or the length of it ; but
have said what the Senator will not dispute; that
there are thirty-nine members of this body elected
by Democratic votes and sent here as Democrats.
Mr. Conkling I do deny it
Mr. Hill The records of the country must settlo
that with the Senator.
Jlr. Conkling They will settle it.
Mr. Hill I say that the whole world knows that
there are thirty-eight men on this floor elected as
Democrats, and one who was elected by Democrats
Mr. Davis, of Illinois. -Where, then, have I mis
represented ? If that be trne. Democrats who wero
elected as such arc not faithless to the constituents
which elected them. You (pointing to Mr. Conk
ling) will not have a majority when the Senate is
full. So far from charging the Senator with being
party to an arrangement whereby one man chosen
by a Democratic Legislature shall vote against the
party who sent him here, I acquit him of it.
What would be insulting to him he will not re
spect in others. Continuing, Mr. Hill said that ho
did not blame a' man for a chaugc of opinions;
but be contended that it was his duty to give no
tice of that change to the persons with whom ho
had been associated. No Democrat had given such
notice to that side of theSenatc, and he (Mr. Hill)
therefore assumed that no such change had oc
curred. He denied that any one had the right to
accept a commission from one party and cxecuta
that commission in the interest of another
party. Manhood, bravery, courage, fidelity, mor
ality, and respect for the opinions of mankind re
quired that, whenever a man had arrived at tho
conclusion that he could not carry out a trust
which had been confided to him, it was his duty to
return his commission and tell his constituents
that he had changed his mind. He did not believe
that a single one of the thirty-eight men elected as
Democrats would hold in his pocket a commission
conferred by Democrats and, without giving notice
to his constituency, to his associates, would exe
cute that commission in advocacy of the adverse
party. Who was it that was charged? Whom of
the thirty-eight did the Senator from New York
rely upon to vote with the Republicans?
jir. hill gets excttxd.
Mr. Conkling rose as if to reply, and Mr. Hill
paused as If to allow him to do so, but he merely
left his scat and addressed some words to the
Vice-President, while Mr. Hill continued his
speech in an excited manner: No, gentlemen, he
said, you are deceived, end you will be disap
pointed. I vindicate the character of American
citizenship. I vindicate the honor of human na
ture when I say that you will be disappointed, and
that no man elected as a Democrat is going to help
you organize the committees of the Senate. I do
not say so because I know it I have no personal
information ; but I will stand here and affirm that
no man who has been deemed by uny constituency
in this country to be worthy of a place in this
body will be guilty of that treachery- How is
the Senator's majority to came? The papers
said this morning that there were two or
three Democrats who wonld vote with tho
Republicans, referring to Senator Harris and my
colleague Mr. Brown. 1 know now that tho
whole thing is absurd. How mauy have you one ?
If you have but one you have only half. I sup
pose you count on the vote of the Vice-President.
That has all been arranged, has it? Mr. President,
I will not blame you if you vote, and vote accord
ing to the sentiment that elected you, according to
the principles which you avowed when you were
elected. I deuy.mysclf, thcrightof the Vice-President
to take part in organizing the Senate; but I
shall not make the question. If you have but ono
the vote will be 33 to 33. Who is that one? Laugh
ter on the Republican side. Who is that one? re
peated Mr. Hill, iu a loud and excited tone
of voice, who is ambitions to do what no
man in the history of this country has ever
done to stand up in this high presence and
proclaim from this proud eminence that
he disgraces the commission he holds. ApplausO
in the galleries. Who Ls it? Who can it be?
Laughter, while every eye is turnedupon Mr. Ma
ho ne, who is seated among the RcpublicansJ Do
you addressing the Republi cans receive him with
affection? Do you receive him with respect? Is
such a mau worthy of your association? Such a
man is not worthy to be a Democrat Is he worthy
to be a Republican ? If my friends from Illinois.
Kansas, and New York Messrs. Logan, Plumb, und
Conkling were to come to me, holding Republican
commissions in their pockets, sent here by Repub
lican Legislatures, and were to whisper to me that
they would vote for a Democratic organization, I
would scorn to accept their votss, and I would tell
tlicm that if they came, they would be exjclled
with ignominy from the ranks of the party. And
why do you bid us to wait? If all who wero
elected as Democrats are to remain Democrats,
what good will waiting do you? You will still bo
iu a minority of two the same minority which
you arc iu to-day .
Officials in Prospect.
Captain Sam Gedney, of the District, is
an applicant for supervising inspector of steam
ers of the Third District Captain Sam is notoaly
an old steamboat captain but a Hrst-closs chief en
gineer. What he doesn't know about steamboats
isn't worth talking about
Some of the colored citizens are to hold a mass
meeting this evening for the purpose of indorsing
John T. Johnson for the marshalship of the Dis
trict Mr. C. A. Ware, of Iowa Circle, is supported by r,
number of the most prominent business men oi
the city for the place of United States Marshal,
should there be a change.
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