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m$ YOL. XXVI. NO. 122. WASHINGTON, D. 0., SATURDAY MOllNING, APRIL 17, 188G. THREE CENTS. a M4-W-l-l'iW GLADSTONE'S LAND-PURCHASE BILL INTRODUCED. Unfavorable Comments riot to Kill the Ctnr Itestrlct.ng Chinese Ilrviul grntlon An Unconclllatory Itepty Denial from the 1'ope. Londoh, April 10. Mr. Gladstone pro pounded Lis Irish land bill to tho bousa of commons this evening. Thcrowas hardly any excitement attending thoovont com pared with tbo unprecedented enthusiasm which nttcndod the memorable procooillngs of yesterday week, when tbo homo rulo xncasuro was proposed. sir. OWdstono was greeted with loud ap- plauso as bo aroso to explain his bill. Ho Mid the aim of tho present endeavors of tho eovcrnment wns directed toward secur ing contentment among-the peoplo of Ire land and tbo permanent restoration of coctal order. Tho speaker' proposals would grvaiiy Deneiu me tenants or ircianu, nut tho landlords were tho principal object of tho measure, although lie thought that many of theso landlords wcro most hostile to the government's policy. At the outset tbo spcakcrwltbed to mske the most emphatic denial that It was bis In tention to ask tho Scotch and English to run any pecuniary risk on account of tho landlords of Ireland. Tho history of Ireland was ono long In dictment against Its land owners. Azrarl&n crime bad originated and Increased under tbs absenteeism of landlords and raising of rent as their expense, wbllo away from Ire land Increased. Oppression married to misery bad a hideous progeny. Crime bad Incn endowed with vitality to perpetuate Itself and hand down Its miserable lnherl tenco from generation to generation. Eng land was not clear of responsibility, for tho decds of Irlshlaudlords were English deeds. "With tbo power In our hauds, wa havo looked en and done nothing." After tbo union abseuteelsm becamo genoral. Na tional sentiment ceased to haven benell clal Influcnco on tho relations batwocn landlord and tenant. The union Itself was obtained against tbo sense and wlshol every class by wholesale bribery and un blushing Intimidation. Tbo land act was Intended to go Into effect on tbo same day on which the homo rulo bill would becomo opcrattvo. It could not go on without tho operation of the other, which would pro- 1 Ide a legislature in ireiai u to appoint stat utory authority to deal with tho landed es tatesand not between vendcrandpurcbaser. The purchases would bo matloY'rough tbo Issue of 180,000,000 of 3 per ceiL, Stock Issued at par. Theso low Irish consols might, with tho consent of the treasury, bo commuted for stock of n lower denomina tion. If tho stock could not bo Issued forthwith, scrip of equal value would ba Issued for the same purpose. Tbo act was to glvo tho landlords tho option to sell out under Its terms. Its enactments wcro con fined to agricultural holdings, and did not Includo mansions having demesnes and woods. Tbo state authorities acting be tween the peasant and the land owner, would purchaso the laud from the latter rind put tbo peasant In possession as abso lute proprietor, subject to an annual rent chargo until the total payments equaled tho purchase money. Tbo stato would not forco tho small oc cupiers to become proprietors. In districts where the population was congosted the state would havo tbo power to decide whether expropriation of tho toe-crowded lauu snouiu uo compulsory, rtotiouy ex cept tho Immediate landlords wonld havo tho option to sell to the incumhrancor, and then bo must sell by foreclosure and not at en option for himself. Applications to sell would have to be made by nil tbo tenants os an estate, and all theso applications and sales would bo registered. Twenty years' rental would bo a normal purchase. In exceptional cases twenty two Years' rental -would mako n purchase. Applications for salo would not bo received after March 81, 18'JO. Ten millions of pounds of the stock would be Issued during 1887; '20,000,000 In 1888: 20,000,000 In 1653, and 30,000,000 In each of tha tho two succeeding years. Mr. Gladstones statement of Iho pro visions of his land hill lacked completeness and clearness, and evokod uo enthusiasm from any final ter, even the Parnollltes re maining silt nt during Its delivery. In the coureoof his remarks the premier said: "I urn strongly Impressed with the belief that HIsDotposslble for parliament to acoJrs any adequate Idea of "-C measure except on ft "''.'So Inspection of It.)' Following Mr. Gladstono Mr, Chamber loin read the Icttor which ho sent to Mr. Gladstone tendering his resignation as a member of the cabinet. In conclusion Mr. Chamberlain sold he was not an Irreconclll able opponent of Air. Gladstone's policy. If the land proposals should bo sufllcteutly modified he would be happy to be relieved of tho duty of continuing his present at titude of opposition. Mr. Cbsmborlalu'a speech made ft Croat Impression, Tho Scotch liberals hold an informal conference and decided to sup port Mr. Chamberlain unloss the loan was reduced to a sumsufllctent to assist la tUe purchase of only the smaller holdings. From opinions gathered In tho lobby of the house pf commons, It Is learned that tho conservatives bollove the amount which the land bill proposos to expond In timing out the landlords will not be cnoujhto cover tho proposed purchase. Tho Irish members are divided lu their opinions on tbo subject. Borne are willing to pay for tbo rlddantu of tho landlords, but the majority consider that eight or tou years Is a long enough time lu which to complete the purchase. Many radicals ore pleased with the reduc tlou of the sum, and consider the security good. Others consider the amount oxtrav ogant, and predict that the bill will not pass In Its present form. ' London, April 17. Tuo Standard refer ring to the land purchaso bill says: "It Is absurd to Gay that Mr, Gladstono unfoldo J bis oy;n p!ou. It was a mere shadow of his own conception. But oven la tho reduced form,' H Is enough to startle a matter of fact economist. Tho Irlth Timet believes that tho bill will fall, Ibecauso It will not bodily hand over tho ownership ot tbo land to those led to expect It ai the retnlt ot a revolutionary operation. Tho Valla AVifi says: Mr. Farnell thinks the terms of purchaso too favorablo to tha landlords and too onerous on tbo tenants. Mr. Chamberlain's quostlon, "Will tho tenants pay!" Is therefore an anxious one, and the answer Is ot vital Importance. PLOT TO KILL TUB 0ZA.1I. Bt. I'nTEiisnuitu, April 10. Tho son of a general has been arrested for comnllclty In tho recent plot to kill the czar with dyna mite. At tbo time this conspiracy was dis covered tho Cr had arrangod to go to Novo-Tcherkask, tho capital of tho Don Cossacl.s country, for tho purpose of pro eeutlue his son, the Grand Duke Nicholas, to the Cossacks as their chief. Tbo report that tho nihilists Intended to tako ndvau tsce of tho Journey to assassinate tho empeior was at first regarded as Incredible, but. Investigation thowed a stato ot allalrs in connection with tho plot which com pelled the authorities to advise the czar to remain away from tho Don. Tba father ot tha joung mauarrosted, unable to bear tho disgrace brought upon the family by the arrest of his son, at tempted sulcldo. DENIAL MOM TUB rOl'K, Home, April 10. Cardinal Jacobtnl, iinpal secretary of stato, has authorized the omlon Tabltt to declare that tho state ment that the popo had ordered tho sacred congregation on extraordinary ecclesiasti cal affairs to study tho Irish question In view of Mr, Gladstone's homo rule bill, was without any foundation whatever. IIE8TM0TION OF CHINESE IMMIdlUTION. Ottawa, Ont April 10. Secretary of State Chaplain to-day Introduced In the bouse ot commons a bill to restrict and regulate Chinese Immigration Into Canada. It places the admlnlstiatlou of the act ot last session In the bands ot tho customs deportment, and provides for a system of registration, with lines nnil penalties tor In fractions. Chlucso births, deaths, ana de partures from tho country will lio regis tered. AN trftCONCIMATOIlT nErLT. Atiibns, April 10. Tho chamber of depu ties lias voted all tho bills for military preparations. Tuo minister of war has resigned. Tho eovcrnment bas sent an unconclllatory reply to tbo nolo of tho powers. Insisting upon tho execution of tbo Berlin treaty. news ritoM iiikold dominion Incitement Over tho llrndt- Itosolu lions Hope for Olnvorliis Deslro for tho 1'oolklllor Local Option De-, rented. lticrtMONti, VA., April 10. Col. J. D. Brady's resolutions Introducod In tho Kouso of Representatives at Washington la ref erence to Virginia, her debt, bor position toward tho general government, &c, has caused tbo greatest oxcltemont among tho liourbons. who do not understand tho pur- poio Col. Brady has In view. As the thief sees an officer In every bush so tho bourbons sco an avonglng pop ulaco moving to attlko down their usurping bond which rules now by fraud In the stato of Virginia. In Col. Brady' move tho bourbon officeholder tears there Is something that may aid In securing tha Republican party that ascendancy In tho stato It Is entitled to. Gov. Leo's attention was called to It by an Interviewer, but he could only say that Col. Brady was not tha author of tho "movement," and that Sen ator Mahouo was In favor of tho fund ing bill of 1871. This Is about tbo result ot Gov, Leo's romarhs. Everybody In Virginia who knows au) thing on tho subject, knows that Gen. Mabono never favored tbo funding bill of 1871, but, On tho contrary, has always op posed It. Tbo most acuto bourbons of tho state sec, or think they see, In Col. Brady's resolutions a change of baso In tho Repub lican party of tbo country as regards their ficsltlon towards tho Republican party ot Ids state. They clalmthat the Republican rutty will now mako the effort through Congress to help Virginia out of her dire distress with a view to increase tho Repub lican voto here. Tho Democrats credit tho United States Senate with this entirely new "movement." Tho Impression has gone abroad that tho court of appeals will allow T. J, Cluvcrlus, who stands convicted of tho murder ot Lilian Madison, a now trial, or rather that tho court will decide that the corpus do llctt was not nroven In tho court below. .Counsel for the condemned man relied largely on tuis point iu mo case in tuo imf argument. Somo of tho Judges of tho supreme court havo visited tho placo where tho dead body of tho woman was found, and examined the surroundings. Cluver lus's brother was In tbo city this week, and Is hopeful of bis brother's fa to. The state officers aro now advertising tho names of persons who offer to pay taxes In coupons. Tho result ot this will be a suit fordnmagcsln tbo United States court. There Is a universal deslro among scnslblo mm of Virginia for the lmmedlato appear nnco of tho "fool-klllcr." Tho Virginia annual African Methodist conference has been In session here for two days, with Bishop Turner, of Goorgln. and Bishop Wayman, of Maryland, presiding alternately. There Is a full delegation of lay and clerical members, and tho reports from tho various circuits are encouraging, go far the proceedings havo been of a routine cnaractor, LOCAL OrTlOS rHVEATED JSXOITEUINT INCI1KJUISO. Tho election on local option In Botetourt county, Va., to-day resulted In a majority of SOT In fnvueof erantlng a license for tho sale ot liquor. The first city to vote on the same question will ho Fredericksburg, where the election will bo held on the 23d Instant, and on tbo 20th Richmond and I.jnchburg will vote. Tbo excitement In this city Is dally Increasing. Both "wet" and "dry" people aro working vigorously. SISXATOU 1'AMfE HEl'LIKS. Uo Clinrnctorize.t the Action of tho Columbus Committee as u Fnrco. Senator Tayno J estcrday, lu answer to an Inquiry as to his views ot tho report of tho Columbus Investigating commlttco, said: "Tbo labor ot tba commltteo has ended In a magnificent fcirco, as I supposed It would. On tho 22d of January I addressed the fol lowing lei ta tho commltteo : Hon. Thomas A. Cow oit.t, "Chairman Mr: As one brauib of the general assembly lias ap tainted a special commlttco. ot which you are thuchaliraan, lo Invostlgnto tho conduct of the Democratic caucus, which, In January, U14. nominated a caudldato for United Stato senator, and as the multor Is thus raised to toe piano of respectability and placid In thargo of Intelligent and honora ble gentleinen, t propone to glvo It appropriate attention. For myself I Invito nud challenge tbo most thorough and rigid scrutiny. My prlvato corrcspoudfnee and brokn of account will bo cheerfully submitted to your Inspection If you aeslro It. I only In sist, lu case any testimony Is given which In the slightest degrcu Implicates me, I may he n Horded au opportunity of appearing beforo the committee. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 11. B. Payne. In a reply to this, under datoot Jan. 25, Cbaliman Cowglll tald that, "If in the prosecution of this Inquiry any tostlmony tending to Inculpate you In any docrea with any questionable transaction bo re ceived, I assuro you that your request to appear before tbo commltteo In such event will bo most cordially and fully acceded to." I havo received no notlco or Intimation that thcro was occaslun tor my appoarauco, nor has tbo commlttco asked for my books or prlvato correspondence. Tbo Investigation appears to havo taken tho widest rango, aided by tho authority and now era ot tho IIouso, rumors and tbo faintest gossip, hunted down and tracod to their source, as a If tho majority ot tbo com mltteo orb the ctandld, upright, and honor able men they wore assumed to be. they must have found "no testimony tending In tW least degree to Inculpate mo with any questionable transaction;" and hero, so far as I am concerned, I may for tho prosont liwrn Dm mutter, lint tha committee nro- fessedly sought causo for oxpelllng four members of the llousofor bribery, but were compelled to completely oxoncrato each ouo or tucm." Columhus, Onto, April 10. Considera tion of tho Investigating committee's report was resumed lu tho house this morning, on a motion to pestpono to Thursday next tor tho purpose of printing tho evidence. Tho motion was defeated, as was also that to substitute tho minority for the majority re port. Tho majority report was adoptod by n nnrtv vntn. tnirnther with iho resolution ordering the same to bo forwarded to tho United States Sonato for consideration by that body. lilcolovt's Report on the 1'nnainii Canal. New Yoiiic, April 10. Hon. John Hlgo low, who, with M. de Lesscps and as tho delegatod riprcscntatlvo of the Now York Chamber of Commerce, Inspected the ronuma canal, has submitted his report In which ho describes the geographical conditions opposing and favoring tbo pro jected canal, aud details tbo obstructions ut various points. Tbo Inundations from tho Chagrcs river Is cited as the most for midable tiouhlo to tho engineers. A mon strous dam to hold tbo oer(lov Is regarded as the most feasible remedy, Mr. Blgelow declines to hazard a guess whether the canal If finished will bo ro muncrallvo to stockholders. As to tlmo of completion, Mr. Blgelow says i "It would be uhout as eafo to predict tho quarter lu which the wluds will bo Betting next Christmas day at St. Vetcrsburg as the time w hoq tha canal will be finished or what H will tost." Senator Jnokson'a Successor, Nashville, Tenn., April 10. Oov, Bato bas Just appolntod Hon. W. O. Whit thorno to succeed ITowell E, Jackson oa United States senator from Tennosseo. Col, Whltthorno served several terms lu tho House of Representative!, and was chair man ot the commltteo en naval affairs, FREEDOM FOR ALL MEN. EMANCIPATION DAY CKLKIIRaTED BY TWO rAilADES. T.nrgo Turnouts und Thousands or I'eo llo on the Streots-Nelllier or Them Itevlewetl by the President At Lin coln rark-Incldents'or the Dny. Tho twenty-fourth anntverstry celebra tion of tho emancipation of colorod slaves In tho United Rtatos yesterday was a gor geous display, although tho petty squab bles between tfct two factions which pa raded, robbed It of tho dignity that tho recognition and appreciation ot tho best citizens would bavo lent to It. Thcro was no compromise, and a person who went out to seo both parades, as every colored man, woman, and child, and n good many white ones did, had to keep his oyes open. Tho dull, leaden clouds in tho morning locked ready at any moment to spill wator, and tho Chaso and Carson followers on getting out ot bed folt rather lugubrious at the prospect of getting their fancy regalias and stovepipe hats wet. As the tlmo drew near for tuo procession to format their re spective starting points and no rata fell tho emancipationists became eager lo get In line. Ton o'clock was tho tlmo and Twelfth street and Massachusetts avenue was tha placo for the assembling ot the Chase "wing." A lonely horacmin was there, and bo looked as If ho bad mada a mistake. While wondering what bo would do with himself a squad ofmountod poltco arrived. Then come at Irregular Intervals the marshals and aids, gaily decked with sashes and rosettes, and their horses wero handsomely caparisoned. It was long aftor 1 o'clock beforo the bead ot the procession started from Twelfth street and Massachusetts avenua with Chlof Marshal Charles Marshall at tho head. In tho lino wcro chariots, and soatcd In mid air wcro tho queens surrounded by their mslds. The order ot tho procession and route wcro carried out with slight excep tions as published. Whllo trreat orenara- tlons wero going on at tho Chaso rendez vous thcro was excitement among the marshals ot tha Carson "wing" lu arranging their procession. Chief Marshal Georga Washington's principal aid did not get to Twenty-first and L streets, tho starting place, until noon, although 10.30 o'clook was tho hour fixed. It was 3 o'clock when the chief marshal shouted, "Forward! March!" Tho route was long, and every Inch ot the ground down was faithfully trod on. In the procession was tbo boat W.C. Whltney.gayly festooned with flags and (lowers, aud four chariots with queens and maids ot honor. The military occupied tho post ot honor nnu rnarcncu wen. At l utceniii ana -h streets the rival factions passed la sight of each other, but not near enough to came any clash. W. Calvin Chass was In lino with bis narado aud looked tha chieftain. f Ferry Carson did not turn out, but when tho ncau ot his parade turned into I'ennsyl vamn avenuo from Fifteenth street ho drove up In his buggy and took a look at it, and then reviewed It afterward from the hotel. Bofi "wings" passed tbo white houso and found themselves barred out. Tho Chase crowd took In tho north west and southwest sections of tho city, and at G80 o'clock It disbanded, bclleWng that It had taken tho cake as an emancipation day parade. The Carson "nine" did not reach Lincoln Park until 5 o'clock. For hours crowds ot col ored people had stood In tho park and when the bend of the column reachod there It was discovered that tho bodv and tall ot It had gotten tired nnd broke off short. Tbo military marched In front ot the speakers' stand ou South A strcot, fol lowed by tho other organizations In line, and a long Und ot carriages containing the speakers opd others wcro bunched. President W, II, Barker called tho usacm hi a eo to order: Rev. R. II. G. Dj sou offered prajer. Tho National band then plaved an air, and kept It up between tho speeches. Mr. Bsrkcr lu a few words alluded to the day. King Sanks, ot Baltimore, made a long speech. Ho had a deep voice, and claimed that the day must como for tho colored man to have what was right or Jast or there would bn no peace. He used big words. Hons. Robert Smalls and Jamos E. O'Hara made excellent addresses that wero rapturously applauded. It was long after 7 o'clock beforo the speaking was over and tho parade dismissed. No troublo occurred, aud tho few llghts.whtch occurred after tbo procosslous were among tho crowds that followed tho bands. Among many of tho colored peoplo great dissatis faction was heard thai the day was disgraced by rival turnouts. Both processions, as far as numbers are concerned, wcro looked upon as poor ex hibitions of the day's Importance. A con federate flag was raised on tho (lag staff by mistake on the armory for uptown colored company. It came down very rapidly. At Vermont avenue and L street a buirgy run Into the bind lcfrs of a Tennallvtnwn mar shal's white horse, it was a mixed mass for a tlmo of horse, buorcrv. nnd l'iiv Iran- flings. Tho pioneers of tho Chase faction, n their excitement to ho looked at( ran over a colored boy named William Da vis at Thomas's circle. It Is said that he cannot live. Robert C. Powell, one ot the marshals, was arrested for, driving oyer a boy named Matthows. and ono of a pair of horses belonging to T. J. Nash, ran away at tho corner of Sixth and N streets, toll ou tho curb, knocking his brains out. Tbo Washtngtou Cadet Corns, Under com msnd of Ma. O. A. Fleetwood, did not parade, deeming It Inadvisable to tako either side, as the President announced thit' be would not review either. The Cadots turned out afterward, and mado a very good display. Tho two "wings" approached each other near the Botanical gardens but refrained from disturbing each other, aud peace reigned supreme. i ' LABOlt TltOUBII.S INQUIRY. Another Committeeman Appointed I'rolinble Method of Conduotlnc tho Investlentlon. Chairman Curtlu called together yester day afternoon bis select commlttco charged with an Investigation ot too labor troubles. Thcro wns a general Interchange of views as to the proper method of conducting tha Inquiry, but as Messrs. Craln aud Stewart, twoot tho members, wero absent no con clusion was reached. Speaker Carlisle added Hcprcsentatlto Burner, of Missouri, as a member ot tho committee. Mr. Hums, who Is nrobablv inoro directly interested lu tho Investigation than any other member of tno committee, nam to a reporter yesterday afternoon! "I should think tho commlttco would want to con sume" all of next week In consultation and defining tho scope of Its work beforo cutcr luc upon the taking of testimony. Wo will want to consult persons well versed la tha law and methods ot tho work beforo us and understand Just how tar wo can and will go." "Do you think tho tostlmony will bo taken In this oltyl"' was asked. "Ob, no," replied Mr. Burns. "I ekoulil think tbo whole commlttco would go west, then subdivide and cover tho field as ran Idlv aa nosslblo. Tho testimony oturht 10 bo taken whoro the troublo exists, and then all members of tho commltteo could sea tho situation and understand It perfectly. It Is ay opinion that no testimony will bo taken beforo week after noxt, and that It will all or nearly all bo secured where tho riots aro." Messrs. Parker and Outliwalto received these suggestions very "favorably, and It Is not Improbable that they will bo adoptod. S ' "" I'owderly Itefuses to Talk. SciiANTON, Pa., April 10. It Is under stood that a meeting ot tho leading Knights ot Labor will ba held hero In a tow days, but Mr. Powdcrly refuses to say anything about It. Seiiutr Sheriff Shot Dead. Fobt Wo.vTn, Tux., April 10. W. D. Douglass, deputy sheriff ot Faunia county, wiw shot (Icaa hero to-day. MAirnisATiNa Tin: cmxr.sE. Dr. Tntinngo Locales ttie Troublo, l're illcU tha Chluose Will Clot tho Itleht of SufTrngo, nnd Sugcests Iteearutrue tlon of Our Ideas, New Yoke, April 10. Rov. Dr. Talmago addressed a largo audience lu tho Brooklyn Tabernaclo to-night as follows t The recent rough treatment of an ambassador from China on his arrival at BinFrancl-co and tho arrangement this wock, announced by tho Associated I'rcs-, that COO.OOl Chlnes3 are to be Imported to Mexico from their natlro land, Is reviving tho Chinese dhcuulau. I seems to mo It Is time now dcllboratsly to aik ourselves whether we can afford to maltreat China. Supposo you nut the question clear down on the financial basts. China It tha richest country In nil tbo eaith. It has ruby nnd amcthist nnd porphyry and agito anil lnpli, lazuli and turquoise nnd cmoraldaud cr)Eiai. enoiitru precious siuoca in uiiiui tuo four walls of Heaven. 8bo has gold and silver ami Iron and lead and coprmr waiting for tbo cellar door of her mountains to be thrown open. Hho has rosewood and camphor and ccdat and cypress and varnish trees, and ebony and Ivory enough to mako tho cabinet wnro of all imloni. She bos wheat and barley, and tho mamrns nnd tbo pineapple and tho cocoaimt. and rloo enough to make puddlncs lor all tba earth, and tea enough tcjcrrcih all nations. Tbo ibrnt of her pcopio to come hero Implies our right to go there. It will not bo many rears beforo thoro will no an mtnr Americans m China at thoro aro Chinese in America, and tho question all over China n 111 be, "Must tba Americans cor' If, when ft man muit ride In au oral -rant wngbu for months to cross to tho 1'iiclllo coist. many went, do jou not think Now Yorkers and I-ooz Islanders will at to China when thoy ean go thcro In fivo weeks. If they aro fully persuaded of thn treasures of that great land. Tbcrjls already a number of Americans and EugUsh msr chants there, somo or them by tho Immorality of their lives outdoing nud ou't-matchlng tha nailvo heathenism. Theso settlements In China of merchants from nil parts of Christen dom nro rapidly augmenting. It Is tho will of Frovlitcnrolbnttha whole world shall bo on wheels or afloat, and tho nations nregnlnzto movo north, inovo south, movo cutsNannvo west. Tho 000,000 this week engaged tocimo to Mexico will lie outnuraborod hy tho emigra tion of Americans to Chlua. Tho nations aro to Intermarry, and fir down In tho future men will have tho blood of fifty nations In tbolr arteries, aud thcro will ba on all tbo eaith only ono great union one great nation on five continents. A grand homogenous, great hcertod, Rtl-c.lnnted, lire zoned, world-ciiclrrllng.Cbrlallnn nation. Thoy broko to pieces at tho foot or llabel; thoy will come togtther at tho foot of tha cross UmPir the trtsdowof the ono thoy were confounded; under tho lead of tbo other they will ba har monized. Oar rulers at Washington nnd our nclsbboni of Fan Franrlsoo and our fellow cltlztns of Brooklyn and New York need to re construct and gosiielizo somo of their notions of the Cblncro. ''Ob, but I don't like tho way Ihtydrvt'," cryoutngrcalmanypooplo. What root in you refer to tho Chlncso queuo. Hen ismln Franklin wore ai queue. John Kan wk wOro a queue. Your great grand fathers worcquuies and any thing that Wash. Irttcn and FranMiu. and John HancncK and jour anrcMry did must havo been eminently irspcctable. Ilctldcs that Chlncso apparel Is Aftnit, trrtAtFft. lis rt uttjirtl Ivxcnrl tit A ssts npton ts nnnavnl IIUII USUI V IUUI'at, ailI3-.lt wj 4 list I iv lt USJltt vis Have you lorgottcn the crlnollno moiutroilttos of twenty-flvo scars ago, the coal scuttle boa nets ot your grandmother's, the silver kneo buckles of your grandfathers, nnd how, at different times In this country, Ihoro has been an elaboration and an overtopping and ap palling mystery of womanly head nttlro that ought to mako us lenient In our criticism of Mongolian consplcultlet, I rati iiliow you sciclmcns of maicullno oud feinlne costume any lino ancrnoon on Madison Square, bo twecn 2 and I o'clock, that will eclipse nay nrurdlty of Chinese wardrobes. We tc In this for the Chinese dross Is a t art of their religion and In other things th it a man's religion Is to be iuterlcred with In bit country. Do ynj think that tlu lti'guenols, orlhe l'llgrlm futhcrs,or tho pa triots of the resolution would lino contended liberty In Ibis country If they had known tholr descendants would In any romcct lntorfjra with Independent religious belief? If this ts they ula lor civiusttion nnu roujrions rrmmiinifnt continues to stand It will bo ba- ran to nllko defended aro tho Joss honus of tho Chinese, tho cathedrals of the Unman Catholic, the meeting housos of tho Quakers, nnd tho ihurchcs of tho 1'rcshytcrUns. Do sou stent ri'o to make n cholco between re lla on nbUhlnsuUi and (tones a man because of tho color of his blIii, or the length of hU hklr.or tha economy of his habits, ou tha oao hand, and it Paganism which patiently ou tlines n'l this, working right on until doath comes? If you want to i.avo ma mako n ebnlro between such a religion and such a psunnl'm, I n Rise mo paganism. "Hut," say uiany,"tho. Chinese nro not to ba countenanced In this country, nnd this new path for their entrance through Mexico oujht to bo blocked beciu-o Ibcywlll not spend tho money tbev make hero In America, but will send It all back to China," What a fAlH;ln ono year lu Han l'mnchco tha Oilnciopnld rent fur residences aud Tor wash homes filUO.CXIO. "Anuld not wo oonlder that ycarlr addition to tho woilth ol Brooklyn worthy of consideration? Hli years ago tho ChlncM) In America paid JU.'OO.OOO customs lu one year. It rnwt bo far beyond that now. Hut (hoy are s tld to be disloyal to our Institu tions boenmo thev demand that alter death their bones bo sent homo to Chlua. If you end I were at badly treated in Brooklyn) as Ihc Chinese have been treated In K.roo of the rltles or Oicgon and Catt'orala, hi d In tomo of tlio cn-tern cltlns, wo would uot want to bo burled u llliln 3,000 miles of whore the Indignity had been enacted. We would arguothnt If they treat us so badly whon wo have arras to strike back, how will they treat us when wo nro powcrUss? Tho prcssnt law that forbids tho Chlncso coming to this coun try Is un-American and n(iod-derylng law, and will yet be erased. If Congress does not re peal It tomo way that wo oo nut exp.'ct God will lnlorpose. Tho law that shuts out tho Chinese will havo logo down beforo long. It will heat o and rock and fall on tho dem agogues who built II, and on tho nation who fosters It. and ou tho community that Is too cowardly to denounce It. ... I will tell you plainly whero the trouble Is. The Itcpubllcan party nnd tho Dci.ioers.tlo party both want the doctoral votes of Calif r nln in tbo presidential elections In order to get that voto It Is necessary to l oppoied to the Chinese. Heucu both parties put Into their platform nn antl-Chluoso plank, and loth panics by that act mako themselves dos plonblonhd Inramous. Tho political parties still do anvlhlng for rotes. When tha Clitnose get the right of aullVagu In the United States, andtbey will get It eventually as sflro as God Is Hrongor man tuo uovu. uom parties win begin a courtship or theso foreigners and tho Itcpubllcan party will try to raiko out that thry always dldloto Chinese, and the Porno emtio party will try to prove that thoy had a till rooro prolonged adectlon for the Mongo lians, and some or tho cbloilalus on both sides will go around with an opium plpo sticking from their poeket, nud hair colled Into at lctstn faint ouggcttlonofn queue. Mot wait ing for tho reconstruction of political parties nn tbo subject nfjusllco and humanity, lot ui reconstruct our Ideas by tho gospel that touches that 03d hath made of one blood alt nations that dttcll on iho faco oMhc earth, and hath determined tha times before appointed, and Iho bounds ot their habitation." (lenevn Award Importnnt Report. Senator Wilson, ot Iotvn, from the lull rlary committee, reported favorably to tho Senate yesterday tho bill which passed tho House somo weeks ago, to provldo for closing up tho business end' paying tho oxpenses of the court of commissioners ot Alabama claims, with an amendment pro vldlnc for Increasing the principal sum ot tho Geneva award by the amount ot all tho Interest received thoroon by tho United States, although that Interest was received on bonds ot tho United States. 11AIMVAY XOTK3. Mr. llllt, of Illinois, mado an Ineffectual attempt to oiler an amendment to tho com mittee ainendmont relatlvo to thousoofthe Chicago and Great Western railroad tracks. Ac., by nnn-compctlng roads so as to strike out tbo words "uon-cooipctlng," Tbo Central TralHo Assoclatlbn has decided to contliiuo tho present rato on grain from Chi cagoionow loric aiiu cenm, icat mi muraiu on provisions at 30 cont. No change In pas senger rates was mado. Iho cutting by Clil cago and Allantlo Is still under cobsUleratlou. Tho IIouso yesterday, on motion of Mr. Worthlngtou, of Illinois, pissed a Benatoblll to provlda for the ascertainment of the market -lOluo of ctrtulu property In tho city of Chi cago, and to nuthorlzo tha Secretary of tho Treasury to fell nnd cnuvey said property to the Chicago and Great Western Hallroid Com pany, Tho annual report of tha directors of tho Atchison, Topeka, and Hanta Fo llallrnvl Company shows that, Including tho prollt from tho main lines, land sales, Ac., the gall era! rf-Bulttof thovear show ft net aurnlus fir ll or ei.t-.ll.SJl; tons of freight carried oio mile, C07,763,MO; number or passengers carried ono mile, 1W,1W,1. The American Trust Company's application for a receiver for tho Toledo, Columbus, aid boutheru railroad charges that last November when there was an cnbrt mado to extend tho road to tho coal fields, Qonoral Manager Brown eniercu inu) a compact wua inu uoiumuus, Hocking Valley, and Toledo, and Toledo and Ohio Central roads to prevent such extension. Therefore tho bill prays foe an Injunction against Brown, A Hltir.I.IANT WOMAN. Something AliontlCato Field, nr Work, nnd tho ".Mormon Monster." There aro fow better known women In this country than Miss Kate Field, whoso plcturo Is given abovo, aud her brilliant accomplishments mako her a universally admlrotl one. Gifted with A striking pres ence and strong Intellectual powers, a keen sense of humor and originality, sho Is at once a brilliantly forcible thinker and talker, and a womanly womau. Her wholo life can almost bo said to havo been devoted to study, aud her Indlscrlmlnato appreciation bavo elevated her to tho front rank of eminent women ot tho lime, and mado bcr Judgment on politics, the fashions, and kindred topics well worth careful consideration. Tho most pleasant placo Miss Fluid over entered was, sho eays, tho Mormon Theater at Salt Lake, tho result of an accdlent, and by that accident Miss Field was enabled to study tho condition ot her sister women, with such profitable results as to make her argument against tho "Mormon monster" of the most vital Importance. Almost everybody who roads newspapers Is ac quainted to some extent with Miss Field's cllorts In this direction, aud nouo can fall to appreciate them at their full value Sho bas facts to 'sustain an assertion a raro accomplishment In women and In her fight against the Mormons she has used them with diplomatic skill aud telling Judgment, Then too on matters of fashion sho bas tbo lead. Approving good uxercise among women and indulging herself liberally, sho appreciates a good foundation upon which to bato a healthy life. Then sho knows Just what to wear and how to wear It. In ventive In matters of dress she Is ot Infinite valno as a model. Her worth as a scholar finds recognition among bright minds, and ncr eiouucnco manes ner a popular acquisi tion to tno icciuro piatiorm ana puipit, ana according to scholars sho speaks the purest English spoken In this country. Iu dlscusslug bcr gifts tbo other night sho said to a trlcud : "Ob, you think, then, I evolved what you persist In calling my 'elocution' from my Inner consciousness f Ills Is not so. I bellovo most emphatically In blood. Both my father and mother wero actors, bclonglug to what to-day Is called tbo natural school. I owe to tbcm tho In heritance of an acuto oar, a dramatic In stinct, and a horror of ranting. I owo to Charles Dickons, Charles Fochtor, and Adelaide Rlitorl lessons In tho only art ot speaking titVuro. Listening, when VPry young, to t'icto great artists ulgbt after night was equal to a liberal education. Insensibly, but none tho less surely, they produced a irent cTfcct upon ins. 'Be nat ural, be natural, be natural,' was the only rulo laid down by ray doir mother, whose speaking-voice was music." TIIK l'AN-KLKCriHC SCAN'DAI.. l'rogross of tlio InvesllcutloUj-Atlor-noy Oeneral Garland to He Ilxiimliied Next Wednesday. Gen. Bradlev T. Johnson, of Baltimore, president and attorney for the Washlugtou Telephono Company, was beforo the tele phone Investigating commltteo yesterday, lltn. Johnsonstvoro positively that no cer tificates ot stock had been Issued to uny officer of the government. In reply to questions by Mr. Ranney the witness said ho bad becu acquainted with Attorney Oenoral Garland, Secretary La mar, and Solicitor Goods for n number ot jenrs, but what thoy had to do with this Investigation ho was at a loss to know. If Mr. Rnnucy wautcd to Inquire Into his range ot acquaintances ho would add that ho had a limited but pleasant acquiluUnco with President Cleveland. Mr. Rauncy reminded witness that tho resolution did uot Include President Clove land. Witness dissented. The resolution, ho said, Included tho executive part ot tho government distinctly, Mr. Itanney remarked that M wltniss had mentioned the uamo of the President ho would ask If he (witness) had ever had au Interview with tho President In relation to tho eovcrnment suit. "None In tho world," responded tho wit ness. E. J. IIenkle,of Marjland, a stockholder, director, and cenoral acent of tho Wash ington Telephono Company and Its licensee tue aiaryianu uompany, was tuo next wit ness. Mr. Hanney called for tho stock books of tho eubcoinpany, but the wltuess roplled that as the subpoena called only for such books and papers as concerned government officers, and as no government officer was related to that company, ho bad not aud would not produco them. Tho committee at this point adjourned till Monday, when Attorney. General Gar land will appear for examination. m The Educational Dill. Tbo Iilalr educational bill camo up before two committees of tho IIouso yesterday, and gavo rlso to a lively dobato In both. In the commlttco on education tho bllfilamo up as a special order, but a motion to fur ther postpone Its consideration was carried by a vote of 8 to 4, which Is regarded as a final Indication of tho disposition of tbo commlttco toward the measure Bllll, as one of tho advocates of tho measure ralsod tho nolnt that tho committee was not treat ing tho minority with courtesy In thus sum marily disposing of tho bill, tho members reconsidered tho voto and took up tho first section, pending tha consideration ot which tho hour of 13 was reached and the com mltteo adjourned, lcav Ing the bill unfi nlshed buslmss to bo taken up at noxt Friday's meeting. In tbo labor commlttco tlio proceedings, whllo not so positive lu their nature, wcro more anlmatod. A decided opposition to tho bill In Its present shapo was developed at tuo beginning or tuo eessiou. .Mr. uan Icl, of Virginia, offered a resolution pro viding tor tho appointment ot a subcom mittee of three to which tho bill should bo referred, with Instructions to report a substitute making an appropriation ot tho proceeds of tho sales of public laud to tho states for educational purposes. Beforo nMimi rimld hn bad unon tha resolution. Mr. James, ol etv iorK, raovou mat tuu bill bo reported favorably, but tho motion was lost by a voto of 4 to 0. Mr. James then endeavored to havo tho bill reported back without recommendation, but tho commlttco adjourned without action oa his motion to that effect. Mr. Craln, of Texas, who Is among tho opponents of the Blair bill, will, ou Mon day Introduce In tho House, a bill looking to the application to educational purposes ot tho ptorcedt ot tho sales ot public lauds. K. of I Division Suspended. HrmsoN. Mass.. April 1, The oxccutlvo board of division 80, Knights ot Labor, has suspended tbo local lodge, as Is alleged, for Insubordination. Tho Hudson liuights aro blghlv Indignant, Tho lodgo numbers 700 members, WO LEGISLATIVE LIGHTS, PORTRAITS AXD BKETCHF.S OF RKPRE SLNTATIVKS UOMGIS AND BAKER. Tho Ilurd Contest nnd the Victory A Ilrllltnnt lleoord ns Lawmaker Mr. llulior's Kxcellent Kocord as n Itepiibllcnn. Iho decision ot tha IIouso of Representa tives In tbo contested coso of Frank II. Ilurd against Jacob Romcls, for a seat la Congress from tho tenth Ohio district, makes Mr. Hornets n, conspicuous figure at this time, and tho RnrunucA presents an excellent portrait ot htm. Tho seat was given to Mr. Romels at tho beginning of tho I10X. JAC011 110MEI3. session, but Frank II. Ilurd, who repre sented the tenth district for several terms, contested his right. Ilurd Is one of tho leading frco-trndcrs ot tho country, and claimed that bla defeat was due to tho efforts ot a strone protoctlvo clcmont In the district. Tbo Houso awarded Mr. Romels tbo seat by au overwhelming majority, nud the actlou Is generally Indorsed throughout th country. Mr. Romcls, while a now member, Is a popular and hard-working ono. and fosseescs marked ability as a legislator, lo was born In Welsenbach, Bavaria, In 1835, and camo to this country In 1817. He was engaged In tho shipbuilding and rail way business for a number of years. Uo wns elected to tho board ot alderman ot Toledo, which is his homo, In lS74,aud was ro-electcd In 187G. Ho was president of tho board lu 1877. Uo was elected mayor of Toledo In 1870, and re-elected In 1881 aud 1683. Ho was elected to the present Con grcss as a Republican, receiving 17,003 votes against 17,3C0 for Frank It. Ilurd and S03 votes for Rawlc, prohibitionist. Among me strong aituougu quid worn Ing Republican members of Congress thero HON. CIIAIII.r.l S. llAKr.1l. Is cono more respected and admired than Representative Charles Simeon Biker, of the thirtieth New York district. Mr. Baiter Is n deep thinker and eloquent talker, nnd although tbo present Is bis first term In Congress bo has mado his way to tho front and may well bo looked upon as tt coming leader. Mr. Baker Is a native of tho state which bo so oblj represents, and has been Identified with the great Interests of Now York for many tears. lie was born at Churchvlllo. Mon'roo cottntv. In 1899. Uo taught school and studied law, and was ad mitted to tho bar In 1S0O. Ho bas prac ticed with brilliant success over since. Ho served In the war with honor, aud was wounded at tho first battlo at Bull Run. Ua was n member ot tho boird ot supervisors ot Monroe county, and a member and subsequently president of the Rochester board of educa tion, wns a member of tho New York stato assembly In 187U-'fcO-'S'J, and was a member ot the slate sonato In 188l-'85. Ho was In duced to run for Congress last yoar, and was elected, receiving 10,783 votes against 1D.4W1 voles for II. S. Grconloaf, Democrat, and 1,073 votes for D.G. Weaver, prohibi tionist. s Tbo Permanent Imposition. Tbo weekly meotlng of the Exposition cxccuUvo commtttoo at Wlllard's last night was a very enthusiastic one, owing to tha presenco of a delegation ot ten ot tho mem bers of tho board from Baltimore, repre senting tho merchants and manufacturers of that city. Among those present woro Gen, Felix Agnus, of tno Balttmoro Ameri can; Mr. McShane, tbo celebrated bell manufacturer; Mr. Blond, secretary ot tho Merchants and Manufacturers' Association; Mr. Powell, a prominent merchant: Mr. GUI, of the HcnoTea Company; Mr. Dixon, Mr. Dulauy, Mr. Hood, president ot tho Westeru Maryland railroad, and others. The object of this Joint meeting was to In form tbo Baltimore gcutlcmen of tho past action ot tho executive commlttco, tha present status ot tho project, and tho plans and purposes for tho future. They heartily Indorsed tho project aud cordially volun teered to support It In every way possible. Speeches wero mado by sevoral gentle men ot tlio executive commltteo and of the llaltlmoro delegation. Tho foundation was thus laid for co-operation of the two cities lu tho promotion ot tho Exposition work. i NOTES l'HOM TIIK CAPITOL. Tho Houso commlttco on military affairs hat reported favorably it bill to pension men on esecd in constructing and operating telegraph ltifes during tbo war. The Senate adopted a resolution oll'ered by Mr, Deck appointing Mr, George to tho mem bership or tho bennto commlttco on tha judiciary lu tbo place of Mr. Jackson, resigned, Senator Kvurts Introduced a bill to appro prlato f A0O0 for tho erection at Stony Point, N. V.. of a monument to commemorate tha historical events which occurred thoro during tho War of the Revolution. Ihn Renam rommoreo commltleo renortod favorably a bill making it a misdemeanor, punltlmblo by lino anl Imprisonment, to do posit dirt, sand, or other 11 ko matter In tbo tidal v atcrs of New York harbor. On motion of Senator Beck, tbo Sonata adoi ted a resolution railing on the Secretary of nr to transmit to the Bonato tho official report of Llcnt, Henry T Allen, of tho 2d cav alry, ot his explorations of certain riven lu Alaska. A bill authorising tho President to advaneo Cblcl engineer Oeorgo W. Melville, U. 8. N., ono grade, with tho relative rank or com mander, lu recognition of his services In nigntiltlng nnd conducting tha search for tho Jianuttlo Arctlu expedition, was Introduced by fct uator Cameron. Serious charges nro said to havo been filed beforo the benato commerce commltteo against W. b. llancroft, nominated to be collocior of customs at l'oit Huron, Willi., and a momber of that commltteo Is given as authority for tho ktatcnicnt that tils rejection Is certain unleis the President wlthdrun' thg uomluaiiQa, mm S5vsi wSK-T""'B"f AT-t'OTIIKlt VICTORY. Tlio Nino From Jersey City 1'ofontcd by tlio Nationals In nn Interesting Contest Tho Osino To-Ilisy and Itetult of I'xlilhlllons lllsowliere. Tlio Jersey City nlno made tbclrflrst ap penrnnco this season yesterday at Capitol Park and created a very favorable Impres sion as to their merits as ball playors. Tho homo nlno defeated them by tho score of 0 to 1, but It was n very pretty exhibition of ball playing that tha 800 pcopio witnessed, nnd well repaid them for their visit to dpi Itol Park. Tho weather was cold and chilly and not at all auspicious to good playing, but despite that fact both nines played the game for all It was worth and wero Ilbor nllv applauded by tho spectators. Tho Jersey City toam went first to the bat and mado a run. O'Brien, tho first striker, started off with a good baso hit, stole second, and camo homo onCorcoran's single over second base. Tho Nationals did not have such good luck In their first Inning and did not succeed In getting a man around the bases until tho fourth In ning, when thoy mado thrco runs. Carroll, tbo first man to face TIernan, reached first baso on O'Brien's oxcusable error. Baker was thrown out by Corcoran to Latham, Crane and Knowlcs wcro given their bases on called balls, and while tbo excitement was at fever heat, and thrco men on bates, Gllllgsn enmo to tho bat, and after waiting patiently for a ball that suited him, drove tho sphere far out In loft field for a doubla bagger and thns brought all threo men lu, hut was left ou third, as tho visitors retired tho side before ha had an opportunity ot getting home. The Nationals also mvlo a run In the sixth Inning; which wit etrnod on Crane's bit for two bases and Gllllgsn's thrco bagger. In tho eighth Innlug, tha homo representatives scored two runs on bits hy Carroll and Baker and errors on the part of Murphy and TIernan. Thia ended tbo run getting, as nolthor sine scorcu iiiercaucr. tuo pitcuiug ami catching of both battsrlct was up to the highest mark, and Carroll creatod a parted storm of applause In the fourth Inning by catching a fly from Rccclus's bat after a nam run, aim on wuicn piay ue turneu a double sumersault after catching It, but still held on to the bill for dear lite. This was tho most noteworthy feature ot the game, although a fine catch of a high fly was mado by Knowlcs, that Is worthy of mention, Gllllgan, however, captured tha hetrtt of tho audience present by his clever bitting and catching, and will hereafter bo tho pet of tho baso ball enthusiasts. Today tho Jersey City nlno wilt ntraln play tho Nationals at 1:20, and a rlose gamo may bo expected. Fretl will pitch for the visitors and Barr for the Nationals, and It tbo weather Is fair a large audtouco will no doubt be present. Tbo full scoro follows : INNINGS Nationals 00030102 x 0 Jersey City ......... 10000000 0-1 ljirned runs Nationals, 1; Jersey City 1. Tlirec-baso hit Gllllgan. Two-baso hits Gllllgan, Crane, and Latham. Ptolen bases Nationals, '.'; Jersey city, 1. First bass on errors Nationals, 1; Jersey City, 3. First base on balls Hy TIernan, 3. Double plays Na tionals, 1: Jersey City, 1. I! ft nn bates Nt tlnnalt, 4; Jersey City. 7. Etruek out Uy Shaw. 12; by TIernan, s. No wild pltchoi or passed balls. Time of game, 1 hour nud W minutes. Umpire, Otreus. oami-.s HAEUtirnE. Alrhlladelphla-Athlctlo.3; I'hlladclphlt 1 At Charleston, 8. c Atlanta, 6; Charleston, 'i. At Mnroti, Go. Macon, li Memphis, a. ai uauimore iiammoro, v; notion, .. Till: N15Vv APl'OINT'UI'XTS. A Committee Walts on Mr. Wilson In the Interest ot the Union Soldiers. Messrs. J, B. Burke, Charles P. Lincoln, W. S. Odell, and J. V. Viual, ot tho Na tional Veterans' Rights Union, called on Marshal Wilton on Thursday aud asked his reasons for removing six ex-Unlou soldiers. Tba committee state that they said to Col. Wilson i "Col. Wlloon, tho commltteo of the Vet erans' Rights Union understand that you have discharged live ex-Uultm soldiers who wcio capablo and efficient, and for no camo except that they wcro Republicans, and tho sixth cx-Unlon soldier discharge 1 was for cause?" "That Is true, and I have put Democrats, who wero efficient men, In their places," ho rt piled. "Did you know tint sections 17.11 nnd 17Ki, Revised Statutes, und tho act ot IS7U required jou to rotnln cx-Uolot soldiers when reducing tho force, aud to glvo prefer ence to ex-Uulon soldiers lu making ap pointments?" Col. Wilson repjted that bo did not know nny thing nhout that: his allien did not como under thu clt II servico law. "Ho had al ways been a Democrat; ho had worked for the party twenty-flvo years. Ha tilled the vacancies with Democrats, and did not know whether tho men that ho had dis charged wcro soldiers or not, nor whether tho men ho nnoointcd wero soldiers. Tho commltteo Informed Col. Wilson that It was not th cro to represent Republicans or Democrats, but the Veterans' ltlzhts Urlon In tho Interest of ox-Union soldiers and tailors honorably discharged from tho service. The commlttco requested nnd urged Col. Wilson to consider tho matter ot reappointment of tho fivo worthy ox-sol-dlcrs from the standpoint of tho commit tee, as representatives ot me veterans Rights Union, ana tbo requirements of the law. This Col. Wilson did not agreo to do. ino commlttco tucniuiormcu mo mar shal that It would be their duty to report tho fads to the President ot the Unltod States. The commltteo also stated to Marshal Wilson that ho had appeared to discrimi nate against tho ox-Unlnn soldier lu mak ing appointments on his force, lu this, that bo bad discharged therefrom every ex-Unlou soldier and tilled their places with those who bad no record ot military or naval servico under tbo United States. Virginia, Midland Lensed to the lllch inond nnd Iinuvlllo ltullroiid. At Aloxandrla, Va., yesterday tho prop erty of tbo Virginia Midland Railroad Com pany was formally transferred to tho Rich mond and Danville Ral'road Company, under a Icaso ot ulncty-nluo years, by Col. John McAncrney, vlco president In chargo ot tho Virginia .Midland Company, to Col. A, S. Butord, president ot tho Richmond and Danvlllo Railroad Company, In tho pres enco ot L. B. Thomas, general manager, Mnj. Pcj ton Randolph, Col. Andrews, su perintendent ot tho Midland road, ami others, Printed notices ot tho lease aud transfer wcro Issued tonll tho officers and emplojts of tho Virginia Midland road and Its connecting Hues. Tho officers ot tha Richmond and Danvlllo road formally took possession under tho lease. It Is stated that tbe road is leased for Its fixed chaigcs and uct earnings, that It, the Richmond and DauvllloCompany guarantee to pay 0 per cent, per annum on tho Mid land mnitcragcs, amounting to $13,50O,O0J, aud glvo the net earnings over operating expenses to the Virginia Midland stock holders. Col, McAncrney says tho Icaso Is very f av orabh considered by paitles Inter ested In thn Midland Cnmnanv. as It will eunblo that company to have Its road nut In first elnss condition to meet Its growing business and to erect proper stations and jtlto II o peoplo along Its lino facilities, which the havo not heretofore onjoyed. Tho W. I,. I, O. l'nlr. Thofalrcommlttce of tha Washington Light Infantry met last evening. Donations wero leported amount'ng to $150 cash,ot which W. W. Corcoran gave $100 and Goorgo E. Lemon $D0. Hwas decided that tho hour tor tho fair to bo open Bhould bo from 7:3) to 11 o'clcck. Tho drill room of tho armory last avtriitng presented auntquonppcarauco, .11 ,1... I...II.. --n-... ..(,- ... L-....1I.1. 1.11 ui, tuu uuulmq iuit:ociiiuiu uu .uiiiau ul lage ot olden time now being built. This work has already cost $500, The Weather. Indications for Washington nnd vlclulty Cloudy weather with showers, slightly warmor, Thermometry readlngs-S a, m., 43 0; 7 a. m., 41.0 11 a. m., 4S.0"! 8 p. m., 010; 7 p. m., 61.0; 11 p. m., W.0j mean tempera ture, 49.0! maximum, 67,0; minimum, 43.0 mean relatlvo humidity, 91.0; total preclplta Uou,,W Inches, THE IltlOill'll OF HIS RACE. A MASTERLY OIUTIOV BY HON'. FIIEO. DOUOL.VSS. The I'mnnclpatlonnnd Advancement of the Mew Cltltens A 1'rlendly Presi dent Ulsordorlr Celobristlou An American Gladstone Wanted, When Hon. Frederick Douglas! rota t(J deliver his oration before the Chase celebra tion at tho Israol U, M. K. Church last even ing tho church was woll filled with a repre sentative colored audience and a number ot whites. Beforo tho orations tbo secretary ot tho raocllng read letters ot regret from Senators Logan and Sherman, Hon. John C. Fremont, and others, and a committee reported resolutions which declared that tbo tlmo had como when tbo celebration ot the emancipation ot slaves should ceaso by means of parados, and that such com memorations In tho future be held at a sultablo church or hall, whero speeches would bo delivered; also that tho responsi bility of the failure to secure harmony be longed to tho "other bolters." Iu opening tho meeting Cbalrmsn J. M. Gregory said : Lapiis ANn acfTMuirst For ratar y-tt" prior toluol tho friends or frec-Iiui, wjclur tho promlncnco slatt-ry ha I acquired ucotui or lis exlslcnco at the capital or tho nation. At 1 tho evil Intlucnce which It neCiiiiaTlly oxirled upon legislation, sought In vain bypoilllont and other measures lor Its abolition In fte tils trlct of Colombia. It h as not, however, till tho national conscience, bognn to bo quickened by tho reverses of our nrmlos, nud legislators to rrnllze tbo dangers which ihrcatencl the Ufa of tbo nation, that the canto conld ra liter suf ficient strength to gain a ho.irln? In Cmtnss. On tbo 10th or December. lrGl, Mr. Wilton, of Massachusetts, Introduced lntothiScna'o a bill pros Idlng lor tho lmmedlato ointnclpntlos of slaves In ibe lilslrlct upon tha payment to tho owners of 1300 for each slave. As was to bj expected the bill was antagonized by pro tins ery men In tha Kona'.o mil llous. They fenred that the mensuro proposed wts ttn entering wedgu for tho final overthrow of thilr pet Institution In tlio south. Ai tubiequent events proved their fears ttere uot nttboic foundation. Nothwltlutindlng the bitter op position which the bill encountered, It pastel both houses nf Congrass In lest than four months I mm Its first Introducti iu i'l tho H-nate. and was approved oy the President ot tho loih of April, Just tttcniy-lo.ir yean ng to day. The debates on this anl kindred questions makes mcmorahla thoscoud session or tho thirty seventh Cougrosi, and they nro of so cial interest ticciuisa thoy Indicated a now de parture In the lino or argument pursued by northern statesmen. They based their argu ments for emancipation, not upon grounds of expediency, but thu great principles of right and Justice. 1 ho Importance of this net must not be over looked, It struck tho tbacklas from tha limbs ol 3,000 human beings nnd placed them la tho rnntfi or lrrcmon. It took avvav tlia shana which slavery bad brought upon tho nalio ill capital, lint this was not all. It ctavalod tha nation In Its own eves and lo tho eyeiof tha civilised world, nnd roused n feotlu or pa triotism nnd pride. It called forth an expres sion from tho national legislature, mil n majority of the members by solemn vote nr rnj cd themselves on tho sld; or emancipatl n nnd liberty. In opposition to slaver) anl op pression. It was the fonrunner or tha great emancipation proclamation that proclaim tlon vt hlch rooro than nil his other nets m ikes the name of Abraham Lincoln secure tj alt posterity. In our rejoicing ou this occaslsn woshoJld not forget to hold In Kratoful remembrance tho men wli&o voles secured tho passagu or tha bill, ami cspcclall) Its author, a man who by hltvtorks proved hlmseUn friend of tha op pressed, Hun. Henry Wilson, the benefactor of tho District. When tbe emancipation bill bocamo aim In UU thero were U.uoo colorod people lu the District or Columbia, 12,000 of whom wcro free and tho remainder slaves. Ihey main tained eljht schools for tho education or thalr children, oud wcro tho owners or twelve churches which i-osi about 875.00). With tio Inert ao or imputation camo thu dcmiud for more churches, mi thn. to day they havo ctghty rhurcbra and missions lu the District, ilanv ol tho chmihis ftro cry valuable anj locate on somo of tho principal streets nudnvenujt, tho new Metropolitan Church alono b'liu val ued at gis,uij. ttmler thu old svstem the word "coloro 1" an 1 cared opios!te tho mime of each colored per ron paying taxes on tho books or tha collector oflaxrs. Now, no such distinction Is made, and mire arc no data from which tho number pa) lug taxes amouu colored icltlreus cm bn tlcnullcly known. From Information re ceived at the tax nnico. IJinUoth.it thero nro nboutlfOrersoni with property assessed Indi vidually ut f 1,000. tnu ntscsscd valuUlonof real otate In thli District being two thirds f actual tosh valuation. It will bo quite lit I.eopIrK wlih the facts to say that two of our citizens have acquired property valued ut SKsl, MM each, two nt 75 OO), slxnt SiVWO, fifteen nt tJ0,(S)0. twenty at aio.cxx), nnd tlftr nt M,0). mnkluglntbo aggrcgntont least a. mlllioi of dollars, I am positively assured that tho In-creiL-a In tho v aluatlou ot property ow nod by colored men slnco emancipation Is IU") per cent. This, wo think, Ls n most creditable, showing for our property Interests. or the 15 ooo colored peoplo In tho District at the time or emancipation thero weropropor tinnutf.lv moro skilled camenters and maims than nmt lu a population or 70,00). Hut labor has becomo more diversified. Wo nre now en gaged In uiutt! lu which wo had no ex iieilcnco beforo tho war. In 1MI a colored lawyer tun a per-onaga unknown lo tho na tional capital. Now half a dozen colored lawyers nicccs-fully practice their prorosslon In tbo courts or the District. Then we had ni Phjsltlans, regular graduates or modlcal schools; now a doren or more follow the prac tlco of medicine In tho cities of Washington and Gt orgelott n, and aro recognized at men of skill and ability by the profession. Ono of tbeso physicians, with his assistant. Is In cunrgo oi tuo i rct-'iiiiivu s uusmuii. uuuui tuu inrgttt and most successful hospitals In tho country. Oovernmtnt employment tends to keep out many from somo buduess occupations In which Iho people 111 other largo cities en Etgo, but this disadvantage, If disadvantage It !u considered, operates no mora against iu than ngnlmt other churns. 1 ho greatest progress made, howovor, and that which Is necessarily the first In order or time nnd Importance, has been In matters of education. The schools bavo Increased from 8 to 174, with an averngo attendance or U.OO) children, giving einpln) meat to more than Iff) teachers. Twiivo of tho school houses lu which tbeso schools aro conducted nro anion:; tho largest and most convenient school build ings In tbo District, Too much cannot ba said In praise of tbo teachers, supervising princi pals, superintendent and trustees, ror it Is by their combined cftorts largely that tbo schools have attained lhatdegrto of excellence for which tleyare knoivn. Hotvnrd University and Wajland Hainluary, placed on heUhts commanding beautiful views or Washington, are among tho results of emancipation, Ihcso Imtltutlousgrow out of tho necessities of tho times to meet Iho wants of colored youth for higher nnd professional education. It Is proper that wo should iako rrldo In our schools and Institutions of lennung, ror they nro tho chief Instruments through which our children nre to rccelv e the traliilug tt hlch w 111 I't Hum to properly discharge tho duties that will alttmard devolve upon Ihein us incn nnd women nnd toclevntotho racotoan equality ot dev clq uicnt at.d enlightenment with other peoples. Wo ollen hear tho question asked, "What aro wo to do with thu Americanized negro" Articles have appeared In newspapers, pamph lets, and maguzlucs Riving what tho author regards as n proper solution of tha nejro prob lem, so-called. But l ask why should thcro bo a negro problem nny more than a problem for any other class ot thu American people" Wo need not go far to keck tlio answer. It Is round In the fact that In certain parts or our country Iho people nro not vv llllng to recclvo tho negro Into full fellowship and to grant blmtho civil nnd polltlcnl rights enjoyed In common by other citizens. Ihey tako from htm the meant or elevation and then reproach him with In feriority, They would rejoice to rid tho country of his presence by colonization, but teeing the tiller hopelessness of tho coloniza tion scheme, they leek lo lutlauio the publla mind against hlra by constant nppoals to tho low nnd narrow preludlcct entertained by cer tain classes nf tho American people, "hen tho SOO colored citizens from Clot eland visited President elect GarlloldatMoulor.hosald la ro I lytolhonddrcss lo which ho had given respect ful attention, that ho did not proresstobo more of a friend to colored men than hundred, of others, but ho wat In fnyor of giving, and. so for as It wns consistent with tho duties ot his otllie, would glvo them oiiiwrfunilv to achlovo success for Ib'.msilves, Thli It all wo utk to day. This Is nil ho can reasonably ask. Glvo us fair play, equal opiartunlty, aud vvowlll w ork out our own destinies. Ten stars ago In tbts city on tho occasion of thoiinvelllngorthaFreedmen's Monument lu memory of Abraham Lincoln, an oralnont dlvlno, after congratulating tha orator of tha day upon his masterly portrayal ot tho charac ter or tho martyr President, turned to Gen. Grant and saldt "There Is but ono Frederick Douglass," This distinguished citizen, this orator vtbo paid tho eloquent tilhulo to thj memory of Mr. Lincoln on thu occasion re ferred to, tho Hon. Frederick DouaUts, will now address you. At tho conclusion of Dr. Gregory's ro f&uli Mr, Dguglaj)- etepnoa. to tUg boat of, j tunl&ttc.