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THE NATIONAL ltEPTTBLICAN: SATURDAY MOKNJNG. WAY 29, 1586.
3 THE CONGO CONTROVERSY, A LETT Ell TO SKCRHTAnY I1AYAIW OK TUB SUHJEOr. Mr. XV, V, Tlmloll, Livle Acont or tlio United State to tlio fitntca of the ConRo Association. Itcplic to Henry 1). Stanley) tlio Explorer. 603 Calm: FLomriA, Bubvo3 Atiibs, March, 20, 1880 Ho. T. P. lUTAnu, Sec retary of State, Washington, D. C Sir: By tho arrival of. tho American mall to-day I am In receipt of tho New York JTcrahl of January SI, which contains a letter from Mr. Henry M. Stan Icy, criticising In a most remarkable, man ner the ofllclal reports which I had the lionor to malto as agent of tho United States of tho Congo Association. I have no wish to enter upon n controversy with Mr. Stan ley, who rests placidly on tho liboral sup port from tho prlvato purso of his majosly tho klngof tho Belgians, and holds at com mand an Important part of tho press col umns of tho world, chiefly because- my duty was to tho government of tho United States, and not to Mr. Stanlcy.as ho appears to otsumo. To you, Mr. Secretary, as tho head of tho department which, honored mo with tho appointment, I beg lcavo to address mysolf lu this open letter in confront and answer tho statements, Innucndos, and misrepre sentations mado by Mr. Stanley, evidently for tbo purpose of keeping afloat tho Congo bauble, which he has found so pleasant and profitable, until ho shall be ablo to drain a little moro gold and glory from tho cotters of his majesty, and from a deluded public which ho beguiles Indark ways across a still darker continent. Ills majesty tho king of tho Belgians, out of pure and elevated motives, thought to build an enduring monument to philan thropy In equatorial Africa; and upon that dcslro Mr. Stanley has bulldcd In London a ?r!vato palaco, whero luxury abounds, ex ravaganco dwells, and a costly museum lias been crortcd, Into which will dwindle tho monument his majesty thought to sco rlso In Central Africa; and ft Is not strango, therefore, tbat Mr. Stanley should bo tin rmtlcnt with tho nttcranco of tho truth concerning tho case. Mr. Stanloy'a criticisms of my report are based on disconnected and garbled oxtrncts , therefrom, and when ho cau no longer do this bo has resort to personal detraction, which, however, falls to provo that tho Congo valloy Is the paradlso which he, un aided by tho Almighty, has mado. A causo which can only bo defended and debated by personal abuse- Is, from tho beginning, a lost cause; and Mr. Stanley Is so grossly guilty or tins mat no gentleman can dis cuss tho matter with blm; bencol am forced to address myself to tho bead of tho depart ment, which I havo had tho honor to serve, cnd.to whom only I am responsible for my reports, lam not blind, Mr. Secretary. I havo never found a Livingstone, nor havo I crossed a dark continent; but I havo trav eled wbero Mr. Stanley never thought of traveling; moro miles, havo endured as miny hardships, and I cannot yield tho cvldcnco of my senses to his gorgeous de scriptions, which aro unsupported by other evidence, and which bo has mado so often that I am not prepared to say ho does not sometimes think them true. In my reports to tho government I havo stated plain facta as they camo under my observation, and from rellablo oniclala of tho African International Association ; and you, Mr. Secretary, havo scon tho ovldcnco of iny statements. I thought this my duty, whereas Mr, Stanley and certain of his asso ciates thought I should servo thetr schemes. I might havo been blessed with tho smiles and approval of theso gentlemen bad I but Allowed Mr. Stanley to relieve mo from tho trouble of preparing my reports; Indeed, I fear I neglected a lino opportunity, for when I arrived In Brussels 1 was Invited to Chateau OIngcIom, tho residence of or TJnlted States minister, Henry 8. Sanford, whero was unfoldod beforo mo tho schema ot tho "(Ireat Soml-1'olltlcal Commercial Trading Company of, tho Congo" (capital toboroiscdln England), with the Intima tion that my fortuno would bo ossurodlf I should mako a prudent and pracllcablo re port in harmony with tho proposed scheme When It was known that 1 bad neuloctod so lino an opportunity, and bad made my reports on tbo basts off unadomod foots and unvarnished truth, I at onco Inhorlted the hatred, mallco, and vituperation ot Mr. Sanford and Mr. Stanloy, and press, cable, telegraph, and platform woro used against inc. --Minister Sanford was so good as to write mo, at tho samo tlmo, a letter of regret, that I had not allowed him to ex amine and revlso my reports boforo sending them totbodepaitnicni. This letter, with many others from Mr. Sauford, aro at your disposal. Let mo suggest, Mr. Secretary, that you Investigate tho subject, and ascertain Just 'why tho United States took such unim portant part In tho Berlin conference, and -why tho Congress of tho United States he camo sponsor for this so-called "Congo 1'rco btatcs," which. In fact, bad no ex istence. I know that ovcry gentleman Within the cxccutlvo and legislative depart ments of tho government who participated In tho consideration of tho Congo quostlon acted with tbo best Intcntlous and from tho purest motives. Tho Information upon ivhlch conirresalonal action was based camo from one man, und that man was tho lion. Jlcnry 8. Sanford, cx-Unltcd Statos minis ter to Belgium, Whllo bo resided In Wash ington, urging tho passage of the bill which cave recognition to states not In oxlstcnce, Els "bluo ribbon dinners" wcro the talk of lho town. I do not moan to Insinuate that nn American legislator can ba influenced liy a dinner; far from It. But I havo board tho ex-minister of tho United States de clare, tlmo und again, that ho wroto tho clauso about tho Congo which appeared In l'rcsldcnt Arthur's message; that bo sup plied all the Information to tho Department of Stato about tho Congo; that bo passed lho bill In Congress which gavo recognition to aetato having no oxlstcnce; and that bo brought about tho call for tho Berlin con ference Tho Information which you would obtain by such an investigation would at least make an Interesting chapter in tho history of Congo legislation. Can any ono believe for a moment that if Congo was as rich as It la reported to bo, It Tvould havo remained 300 years unexplored except by tho Portuguese, urttb knew ovory Inch of country south Ait the equator and west of longitude 18 east? Can you imagine, Mr. Secretary, that tho Eng lish, who explored tho valley of tho Congo in tho early part of tho present contury. would havo abandoned It If they had found tho great wealth clalraod for It by Mr. Stanley f Is it possible- that tho enterpris ing Dutch traders could havo romalnod 225 years at the mouth of tho Congo and uovcr beard of tho wonderful deposits of wealth st their very doors! Mr. Stanley wont down stream with tho current, llu could not tnrn back, lie raroly ever landed dur ing bis perilous voyage, and If we aro to tellevohlmhe had to light his way across mo uaric continent, xet no comes to mo sea with talcs which aro only equaled In tbo "Arabian Nights." I cannot deny but that, In tiart. ho states tho truth. Inavo onlv written lu general of tho country which 1 saw. But a distinguished. English oxplorer, Lieut. Cameron, of tho royal navy, who went to Tanganjka and tho Upper Congo, lead tho wonderful talcs of Mr. Stanley, nnd In a public meeting, held In Merchants' Court, Guildhall, Newcastle, l'eb. 23, 1BS5, Commander Cameron spoke as follows ; No doubt many of them had read what Mr. Stanley t aid in his speech at Manchester. Now lio thought tbat In that speech Mr. Stanley slrew n enmowliat btjthly.colorcd picture. Ho talked of so many millions of poonlo living In tho basin of Ike Congo. Ilo (Commander Cameron) knew there w as a very largo popula tion, but bo should not lllov lu bind himself down to figures, lfo had mado calculations on different data, and found Unit they varied so much lu the results that ho could not bind nlmsclf to any figure. Then thcro was tho tnianllty of clothing (ha ceople would wear. Then, oca!)), ho thought Mr. Stanley's calcula tions vi ere overdrawn. Attain, In puttliur don n tho exports ot tho Lower Congo at over J.OM.OOO pounds sterling- a vcar, Mr. Smnlcyhasgot Into error. Ho bad taken a few of the largest trad ing establishments, struck anavaraga between them and multiplied tbo result by tho total number of such establishments, glv tag a tra la or tho Lower Congo which was far In uxcoss of tbo actual fact. , ... Hut tho great odvantago of tho New Congo Btato to England lay In tho adoption of freo ttaJo. Mr. Stanley lu ono letter suld be hail oliored all this tn Lngland, and as England would not havo It he would oiler It tnsoiuooue else, meaning by thin son of language that he vould go to tho French prUormans and mako tbo bargalu with them. In tho samo strain ho lias been talking at Hamburg, Cologne, aud Jlcrlln, nnd had been asking for tho ''whole hearted Urnnan" to go and tako tbo trade up. Well, "the whole-hearted Gorman" had been taking lho Cameroon), and tho effect had been tbat tho natives rofuscd to havo anything to do with him. Mr. Secretory, I havo novcr staled, as boa bcon reported, that I would causo tho rulnct Jlr. Stanley, nor havo I aujrp;cslcd oven that 1 would create it sensation. I did stato to tho officials In tho Congo country that II I lived to cot out I would toll tho truth about tho country as I saw It. I havo In my possession to-day letters from many nf theso sntno officials, requesting mo to make an exposoof tho wbolo affair, ami other letters from tho samo Rcntlemtn thanking me for having told tho truth to tho king (meaning Loopold It),1 and for bavlng published it to tho world. I bad fio plcasuro to placo In tho hands of Col, Btraucb, president of tho association, an autographic letter from ona of tho highest ofllclnls In tho Congo, which letter was an appeal formcdlclnca, stores, and for doctors to attend tho sick, and I had later advice from tho author of tbat lettor thanking mo and saying that tlio Brussels pcoplo hid taken partial nollco ot the request, Mr. Stanley's statement as to the number of men who havo bcon employed by tho as sociation, and tho number who havo died, may bo correct, but, If so, it does not tally with tho Information which I received from tbo officials of tlio association. In my opinion, It Is as far from tho truth as Is his statement, published In tho latent book of romance, that tho CongO'statoa havo n tea frontago on tho Allsntlo of 80 miles, when tlio fact Is tboy bavo Just thirty-eight miles. Ho Is very careful not to spook of lho numerous expeditions, sont by various governments and geographical societies, which bavo boon completely annihilated. Ilo Is careful not to mention tho deaths of Dr. NachtlEol, IJout. Schultz, Dr. Comber, Mr. Craven. Mr. McMillan, Mr. Crulck sliank, Mr. Coudot, Mr. Foron, and many others sot connected with tbo association, but whose deaths were caused by tho bad climate ot tbo Congo. Thcro may bo many errors In my reports, but thowholcsalo charge mado by Jlr. Stanley that they aro gross exaggerations Is maliciously falso; and to you. Mr. Secretary, 1 havo demon strated that the exaggerations aro on tho sldo of tho gTeat oxplorer, who bos mapped out a country covering an area ot l,C00.0OO square miles, without over having left tuo rlv er which Hows through Its center. Mr. Stanley's writings aro romantic, to say tbo least, and bis "Across tho Dark Con tinent" and "Tho Frco Btatcs ot Congo, and How They Woro Founded," can hardly bo accepted as proof positive that ho Is right and I am wrong, slnc3 bis works aro openly denounocd by tho African explorers of character as gross exaggerations. I bavo never in any way associated the namo of bis majesty tho King ot Belgians, Col. Btraucb, Mr. Stanloy, nor any other person or potions directly Identltlod with tbo Congo scheme, with fraud, nor havo I represented them as "deluding tbo public with falso reports, ami enticing Innocent persons to incir uoom." i uavo, in uis charging my duty, stated tbo condition of affairs In tbo Congo as I found them; and as Mr. Stanley was tho father ot tho so called free' states, I Imagine that his ego tiara bos been wounded. " Ilia majesty tho king of tho Belgians said to mo that ray report simply continued tho Information which had como to htm; and bis majesty remarked In tho samo breath "that Mr. Stanley would never boappointed governor of the Congo." It Is all very well for Mr. Stanley to tell tho readers ot tho Now York Ilarald what ho might wrlto about. It ho wcro to wrlto less fiction and more truth, I should bavo some hopo tbat the Congo states might succeed under the wise and Judicious administration ot Sir Francis do Winton. I do not question tho wealth of the Upper Congo country. Other travelers do, bowover. I simply say that tbo country through which I travolod is worthless alter passing Vlvl, and that whlto men cannot live there. With money, Itls posslblo to build a railway around tbo rapids or even across to Zanzibar. But I ventnre to say that to tako out ono dollar's worth of produce by means of this road tbo cost would bo three dollars. Capltallstswlll, at least, Investigate beforo tboy Invest their money. Naturally, with tho personal guaranteo ot Leopold II, tho money can be raised, but never upon tho guaranteo of tho frco states ot the Congo, lias Mr. Stanloy ever beard of tho Dom Fodro IL railway ot Brazil, which was constructed by the Im perial government, and which runs to tha great rich coffco fields of tho Interior f Tha rat 150-miles, passes through' a. country which yields llttlu or nothing; yet boyond, on Ui8hlghlands,!ts riches aro uuparalloled. Two trains each day pass over this lluoln both directions heavily laden with provis ions nnd stores for the- intorlor and with cofTeo for export. Tho passenger trafllc, too, Is large. Yet this railway has novor been mado to pay Its running oxnenses. Docs Mr. Stanley expect better results from bis Congo railway r The names which figure In Mr. Stanley's list as baying served threo years In tho Congo country can bo very largely culled down. Mr. Tugman was thcro less (ban two years, and I carried him in my arms on board the steamer which took him to England, and, though 111 raj self, I nursed him back to life, Dr. Allard novcr went to tho Interior be yond Vlvl. Ho established tho pest houso near Bomn, and called It a hospital, from which very f ow ever cscopod nllvo after onco passing within Its portal, and from which Dr. Allard was compelled to ilea three times, taking rcfuco In tho salubrious climes ot Moesamcdes, in South Angola. .Mr. Lohr man was never on tho Congo oast ot Vlvl, and ho went with mo to VI vi for tha first time. His service was at Urontvlllo and In lho valley ot tho Qulllu, whero ho has lift a most excellent record. Soulcz, Mtclk, Shaw, Vnlcke, and mauy othors wcro in Europo when I left, broken In health. Mr. Stanley writes fervently ot tbo llttlu hand ful of bravo mou who did manago to pull through tho three ycarsof contract tlmo; but ho docs not refer to tbo hundreds of othors who, If nllvo to-day, aro helpless, hopoloss Invalids tho result of their engagement to servo tho International Association In this fever-stricken country. Nor doos bo men tion tho fact tbat 00 por cent, ot tbo mission aries who havo gono to this country bavo died, or, It living, aro invalids. Mr. Secre tary, I bav o tbo names ot every man who has entered tho servlca up to tho 1st of April, lb83, and tlio notes under tho head of "Whero aro they now 1" make a sad chanter In my memoranda of travel. 'lho suggestion that I was requested by tbo American minister in Berlin to leavo during tbo sitting of the conference Is falso, aud I need only refer you to- tho ofllclal correspondence on Qle In tho department. Mr. Saiiford.n&d'Mr. Stanley suggostod It. Thrj'ulu' not want mo thcro, yet It was only out of courtesy to tho American minister that Mr. Sanford was admitted to tbo con ferenco at all. He knocked loudly for three days beforo tho doors woro open to him. Ilo went thcro to advocate his pot "seml-polltlcal-commerclal" scheme. Do you not rtmembor how quickly, qulotly, and permanently bo was suppressed? Of tho munificent sum of $15,000 to which Mr. Stanloy refers, ho knows very woll that no such sum was used bv mo. To tho Como fund to-day thero Is a balauco of about JIU.OCO. Mr. Secretary, I proposo that you ap point two special agents and allow mo to namo a third, and let this commission go over tho samo grouud which I trav ersed. I will nav one-third ot tho oxnense. and If tho majority of tho commission do not sustain my reports In overy particular, I will pay It all. I will gladly bo tho pilot, and tako them step by step over the same ground. My own losses consequent to tho acceptance of tho Congo mission wero ilvo times greater than tbe entlro sunt votod bv Congress, yet 1 can stand a llttlo moro for tho sako ot tho vindication of tho truth and tho exposure ot pompous pretense. It Is an easy matter for you, Mr. Secre tary, to provo whether or not Mr, Stanley writes tho truth, when ho says that coal can bo bought to-day In tho Congo for $18,75 per ton. l'lcase send to tho Navy Depart ment and get tho vouchers for coat pur chased for the United States steamers Lan caster and Kcarsarge whllo they wero lying at too mouth or mo river, tuo prico pam was 5US per ton, and I heard of n small cargo having boon shipped for account ot tbo United States navy from Loudon which cost, laid down In tbo Congo, abovo $10 por ton. Mr. Stanloy characterizes tho statoment which 1 make that tho Congo traveler must wado through swamps as "an absurd un truth." I W Oiled through swamps waist deop In tbo dry season, and through ona terrible slough was gutJed by ono of Mr, Stauloj's most trustod followers, Lieut. Mullcr, and with Uupt. Houlez and a largo caruvuu, I swum two rivers, which should havn Imen bridged with some of tha lino tlmbor about w hlch Mr. Stanley raves, but which no one aau find. 1 saw and traversed about two miles ot Mr, Stanloy'a road, which bad been cut through stubbloaod small forest, bordering tbo river, but I was not ablo to find tho fifteen miles ot forest road of which ho writes. Ifaweomooi Mr, Btanloj'a wonderful mountains washed away in a day, leaving only pyramids of clay, towctlng to great heights. I bavo slated where solid grnnlto Is to bo found, but tho mountains which I saw wcro principally of crumbly slate, and tho "grim rocky mountains of tho Lower Congo," of which Mr. Stanley's book troats, aro few and far between. There art rocka and bowldcis, as I bavo stated, along tho river, but the mighty Congo baa, neverthe less, channeled for Itself k course through slate, which tbo photographs from Mr. Stanley's camera clearly depict. Docs Mr. Stanley mean to say that thcro are not mountains ot earth, of clay, ot slato? Again, Mr, Stanloy asserts that I havo never teen nakedness among tho natlvos of Central Africa. Had ho quoted corroctly from my report bo would bad glvon an ex planatory clauso. I lndoso herewith two photographs, one of ornalo and one of a female. Tho camera has been faithful to its work, and I ask you to search out tho illghctt nttlclo of clothlngt except tho ucaus ami urass rings wmen i uavo ue scrtbed, Other photographs I will fllo with tbo department for Mr. Stanley's inspec tion when he shall honor tho statos with bis presence. In tho United States mu seum, Washington, there-may bo seen many full-dress costumes of African ladles, anil which might easily bo inolosod lu an ordi nary letter envelope. Mr. Stanley writes n schools In tho Congo valley, and questions tho vcracltyof my reports on this subject) Ho refers par ticularly to l'alla Hollo, ami states that a Houtlthlng school exists thcro. It Is not truo. Tha school and mission honso which wcro constructed in l'alla Balla wcro do stroyed by tho natives while I was In tho country. The missionaries' havo mado ex traordinary efforts to teach a tow hoys, who havo been gathered nboiit. tha stations, but, to quota from my report, "I have yet to sco a Congo man, woman; or child with whom tlio missionaries havo mado auv progress." I bavo stated In my reports that beyond Liopoldvlllo explorations havo not been made, excepting along tho river and lbs branches, whereupon Mr. Stanloy, with characteristic promptness, proclaims It un true, and mentions tbe names of persons whom he claims havo oxplorcd an area ot -15,000 squaro miles between tbo Congo, Gordon Bennett, and tho Nladdl. Will you tako tho trouble, Mr. Secretary, to look at tho map, nnd follow north on tho longitude of Do Brazzaville? You will find aU'of tho country about which Mr. Stanley Is so par ticular to specify, west of thu lino laid down by me. I do not bcllova that 4,500 square miles of tho Congo valloy buvo over been surveyed. Tho dcscrlptlvo maps aro from Mr. Stanley's vivid Imagination. Mr. Stanley boldly asserts that vogota blcs aro grown sufficient for tho wants of tho employes. Under tha shade ot a trco In Klnchata a few radishes and potatoes wcro produced, nnd In tho cemetery near Vlvl Sir Francis de Winton tenderly nursed to maturity a few tomatoos, but, all told, a peck measure would easily contain thovcg etablcs grown In tho Congo valley. In many parts It Iseveu difficult to grow brush wood for fuel, and along tho upper river, whire Mr. Stanloy reports tho existence of vast forests, thu greatest difficulty Is expe rienced lu obtaining fuel for tho steam launches. In this manner I might go on to tho end of Mr. Stanloy's chapter, but what good can It do? l'rovcrb says "If you answer a tool niter ms own iouyyou araaptto unit into nis own way." i cannot maxo this application to Mr. Stanley, yet tho manner In which ho writes up tlio "great Congo country," and tho promptness with which ho rushes Into print whenover tho Congo Is seen through other and better oyos than his simple folly. Can )ou namo nn Instance whero criticism, unfavorable to Stonlcj's idea of Congo, has not been in stantly met with personal attacks from tho ficu of this great explorer? Tho sueges lou tbat I was too friendly with tha l'ortu guceo, and that I wanted to oroato n sensa tion, is as foul as It is false. I wlthol to bo just, and this is what Mr. Stanley cannot understand. Time will tell whether my ro Eotts will "pass muster" or not. I drow ut a mild picture, Mr. Secretary. Mr. Stanloy says that flvo Americans have been In the service of tbe association. Ho oven gives tbe names. Do theso names, with ono exception, strike ou, Mr. Secretary, as bcln k American ? Mr. Montgomery James, of Philadelphia, is tbo only American in tho service of tbo association. Ilo may bo dead for aught I know. I left him at Ieanghlla bclplcss, too tvoalc to bu carried to tho sea. Mr. Stanley never wanted an American In tbo Congo. Ho so declared most emphatically to tlio United Statos vlco consul general In London (Col. Mitchell) who bad corresponded with tho officials ot tho association with a view of entering tho service Tho trade ot tho Congo, about which Mr. Stanley raves, is tho trado of tbo coast be tween tbo equator and 13 south; tho sea coast and loDgltudo 13 45' east; aud my re potts explain minutely bow tho produco Is gathered, shipped to tho Congo, andthenco to Europo. Tho final summing up of tho work of tho Beilln conference pi oves conclusively 1. That England wanted nothing to do with the Congo, but that ehu wanted to bo let alono on the Niger. 2. That (lermany wanted nothing of tho Congo, but tbat sho did want Xaiulbir. 3. That Franco wanted only tho Nladdl Qulllu, which sho got; and 4. That Portugal wanted to bo let alono In tho country south of tbo Congo. The cloquenco of Messrs. Stanley and Pauford secured tho recognition of tho Frco Btatcs undir tho sovereignty ot Loo pold II ot Belgium; but as noon as this recognition was luutlo known thu chamber ot Belgium declared almost uuanlmously that Belgium should lu no way bocumo re sponsible fur tbo acts of her king In con nection with tho Congo, tbo sovereignty of which bo bad assumed only in bis prlvato capacity. , Mr. Stanley bos tried In vain to ralso capital with which to develop tho Congo. Ho has organized compaules for commer cial purposes, but all havo fallen, as did tho famous Manchester Trading Company, which took tho troublo to Iuvo6tigato beforo calling for funds from its subscribers. AH tbe reports of great loans for tbo Congo aro without foundation tn fact, and tho coun try remains to-day quite as Mr. Stanley found It, and so, In my opinion, it will re main for all time to como. Tho French missionary, Father Augouard, whom it was my pleasure to meet at Do Brazzaville, has recently publlshsd In tho jiMiont Lamoiiqucs, oi runs, an account ot his journey from Stanley Tool to tho equator. Ho states that "tho rlver-sldo tribes mako tho Europoans anything but welcome, and at many places lio was re fused both food nnd fuel." Ho further statis that be "was obliged to keep away from tho banks of tbo river lu order to avoid sanguinary encounters with tho na thes." Father Augouard assorts "that many oi mo stations nut uavo to oo evac uated." Dr. Lcnz, commander of tho Austrian ex pedition which has Just returned from tho Congo, bus reported to his government at great Icncth, the report being a flat contra diction ot tho rose-colored views presented by Mr, Stanloy. Hoadvlscshlscountrymen to keep away from tho Congo. Lieut. Wanncrns, of the Swedish army, Just from tbo Congo, reports In "Nya Dag light Allehanda," Stockholm, Jan. Vi, 1880s "The climate of tho Congo Is so bad that a European cannot llvo thero. Tho country Is rich far up tho river, but can novor bo made avallablo for commercial purposes." Charles Clialllo I .one, soldier, traveler, explorer, gentleman, who knows Central Africa thoroughly, delivered an address be foro a largo audience In Chicago Dec. 17, 1885. Ho was questioned as to tho correct ness of my reports, and bis reply was: "I know tbe Congo country well, aud agroo with Mr. Tlsdol, Ho has stated only tho Elaln truth. (ScoCblcago Evening Journal, lee. 18, 1885.) Lieut. Taunt, U. 8. N., who was to havo been my companion, but which plcasuro was denied mo by reason of unforscen cir cumstances, returned from tho Congo lu December, 1885, This gallant ofllccr con firms, In ovcry particular, my own reports. Ho reached a higher point on tho river than 1 did, and tho far Inland country ot which he writes so favorably Is a country which I did not see, tud about which 1 bavo not written, Ot theso far-tip countries I cannot speak; but I prefer to bcllcvo tho statements ot men or well-known experience ana un doubted veracity to thoso ot Mr. Stanley, who, as a distinguished African traveler writes mo, "is nothing If bo is not seusa tlonal." 1 bavo In my possession mora than 100 ltttcrsfromtmclcrs, missionaries, officials, and cmplojes ot tho African Association, confirming lu every particular my qwn views upon tho Congo, as expressed lu my reports. 1 havo nothing to subduct there, from. I have stated only fasts as they ap Iiearedtome, following closely tho lustruo tons which I bad tho honor to receive (rout your Illustrious prcdcccsor. My Idlest ad vices from lho Congo are up to Jan. SO; and whllo In somo places an Improved con dition of affairs Is reported, tho general lone of tholatcstlcttcrs Indicates n poslllvo apprehension nf Inability much longer to copo succififully with tho climate, tho na tives, and tho monotony of this useless pos section. To day tho cablo Informs mo that his majesty the king of the Belgians has ap pointed Do Brazza to bo governor general of tho Congo frco states. I congratulalo htm Upon tho selection. Yet my surnrho Is, nevertheless, great. In October, 18S5, when I was honored by his majesty with an audience, Mr. Do Brazza was character ized as a man without principle, and wholly unworthy of notice, or oven respect. His majesty was particularly sovcro upon Mr. Do Brazza, and enumerated many acts of perfidy, as reported to blm by Mr. Stsnloy. Lest this may bo denied, It may not be out of placo to stato tbat tho American mlulstcr, who presented me, was n wltnoss to tho denunciation of Mr. Do Brazza. At tbe samo tlmo.Mr. Stanloy was loud In his un complimentary comments about Dc Br.izzaj and you cannot fall to call to mind, tho excitement which was produced by Stanloy's somewhat famous speech, delivered at a dinner given In his honor at tho Hotel Continental, Paris. Do Brazza, with his usual good sense, exoused this as n postprandial speeeb, whero wlno had spoken, not tho man. I refer to this only by wsy of paren thesis, not wishing or Intending to vlolato any secrets, but to show you that his majesty tho king of tbo Belgians has changcdhls mind, and that now bu calls to his aid the man who, ot all othors, Mr. Stanley has most cruelly and bitterly as ailed. Certain It Is, and well It is, tho king has not appointed Mr. Stanloy to bo gov eroor- general of tho Congo, 1 regret that I am compelled to refer to this Inci dent; and I am sure bis majesty will par don mo, since ho himself has found out his mistake aud rectified It. Ho will find many moro, and I might point them out now, but I wish not to boon Informer, and, un less drlvcu to It, I cannot betray secrobs which his majesty confided to mo. You wcro kind enough, Mr. Secretary, to return to mo tbo many lottera which you had In your possession, aud whlUi con firmed mv reports. You remarked nt tbo tlmo that they wcro of too personal a na ture to be filed In the department, and that my statements had been fully coroboratcd. Self-preservation Is tho first law of nature. Thoso letters, with many others of later date, aro again at your disposal; and I court tlio mokt thorough Investigation as to my every net In tho matter ot my sorvlccs as agent ot tho United States to lho states of tho Congo Association. 1 regret that I was not lu tha states when tbo attack was made upou mo by Mr, Stanloy, that I might bavo answered blm promptly, nnd from documentary proofs, which are deposited In Washington, and which can do pro duced upon receipt ot a cablogram from. our department ucmanuing moai, ana which also will causo my speedy return to my own country, to which I am loyal la every thought and act. My defenso, If any thcrej bo needed, will bo mado among mv own pooplc. 1 do not bcllove that Americans want or should want an thing to do with Central Africa. If they do, I warn them to study wcu my reports ucioro toKing action ; auu it is my belief tbat only through tho recom mendations which I havo had tlio honor to BUbmlt can Americans over hnpo to gain a dcslrablo foothold on tho shores ot tho dark continent which I was sent to Inspect, and upon which I bavo conscientiously ro poitcd. Gen. Gordon, who gavo up his life In Khartoum, a eacrlflco to bis convictions, and that tho honor ot England might bo maintained, wroto of tho Upper Nile as fol lows: "Tbo Soudan Is a useless possession. Ever wa so, and over will bo so. Larger than Germany, Franco, aud Spain together, aud mostly barren. No ono who has over lived tn tho Soudau cau escape tho rcllee Hon, 'What a useless possession Is this laud I' Tew men can stand Its fearful monotony and deadly climate." Had thu brave Gen. Gordon applied theso words tn the Congo, no moro condeused or truthful description ot the country could havo been given than theso Hues Imply, I havo tho honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your oueuient servant, vv. r. iisnci,. Tennyson's "JUny Queen." Who knows but If tho beautiful girl whodlad i(i ouib lind been bleucd wltn Ilr. lierco's 'i'Mi orito Prescription" iho might have reipned on many another bright May day. Tlio "Favorite I'rccrlptlon" Is it certain euro for nil Ihoie disorders to which females aro liable. NOltTH CAHOLTNA NKW3 NOTK3. Ashovlllo has votod $100,000 for water w orbs, streets, and lights. Tho Western North Carolina Grape and Wlno Growers' Association has been or ganized nt Asbvlllo. A number of northern gentlemen havo purchased land near Ooldsboro', and pro- fioso establishing a deer park thero on a argo scale. Arrangements are being mado to consoli date all tbo car works and machine shops of tbe entire ltlchmond and Danville 8)6 tem of railroads at Charlotte. Mclvtn Price, tho Ncwbcrno man, who has been lu pin suit of his wife, who lately eloped with Tom Oirlosby, camo up with hir lu Pitt county. Ho took from her pos session Ills 0-ycar-o)d child and $100 In money, and then told her sho could go In pcaco wlthOglesby. Tho spinel, n now precious stone in tho United States, lias htm found In tho west ern part of North Carolina. Thu specimens found aro of an orungo color, very trans- fiarent and brilliant, und when held In tho Ightthey seem to contain all tho tiro that gives brllllanuy to tha tiro opal, Tho copper mines of (Iranvlllo nnd Per son bavo long attracted tho attention of geologists. Tbo district is from flvo to seven miles long from northeast to south west. 1 bo "Big American Mine," In Gran ville, Is ono mile from tho Person line, and two miles south of tho Virginia bonier. Tbo piohlbltlon campaign In North Ciro Una Is becoming lively, and as the 7th of June approaches, both sides aro showing great activity. A goou ueal ot innnoy is being spent, nnd groat efforts uro being mado to secure tbo colored voto. It la said that a greatnumbcrnf tho Knights ot Labor will voto for prohibition. Oranvlllols tho largest "gold lotf" to bacco producing couuty lu North Carolina, tbo average crop being over 1,500,000 pounds per annum. Tobacco In this couuty attains Us highest excellence. Tho tobacco planters of Granville havo, by assiduous practlco and the experleuco ot u generation, given a distinguished prominence to their county. Oxford Is ono of tbo most prosperous North. Carolina towns. It has a population of 3,000, Is ono nf tbo prettiest towns In tho stato, besides being ono of tho most pleas ant to llvo In. Being situated In tho contor of a fine agricultural country, where tbo production of tha cereals, of cotton, and tobacco Is combined In equal excclleuco In n rare contiguity, It has advantages that few others possess. In Transylvania county, N. C, minerals are found In considerable variety. Minos ot mica, gold, aud asbestos are being profitably vvoiked. In tbo mountain coves walutit, cberrv. asb. beech, birch, hlckorv. oak. maple, poplar, and other valuablo woods ore rounu in great pericction Labor, mostly white. Ts abundant, rellablo. and cheap. Deer, wild turkeys, grouse, ar trldgcs, and other gaino aro pleutltul. Fiults of all Uludsdo well, especially ap ples, which grow to great perfection. A jieldof fifty bushels to the tret) Is not un common, n t uor7o Yovmis PiiMi- vny offer tho linrost tuiily and tho greatest variety of brunJsof lliro null Juice lu tho city. . CITY ITiiMSt Ilowu-tni ijektai, AsHOcrvTiort, 211 Vour-a4jt:- nail ttrt-eiucirthwi'Ml, llireodoon.il uihol ptuni) ivwila avenue U. I'. Uowlaru, M. 1)., 0. 11. llowbuid, li. 1). 8., surgical, operative unit mrUmnlcal dentists. Kxtracilons. under ut troivk oxide, 60 cents earth tooth, and only SO cents i lira fur gas, vvhotbor ono nru number of ticth atoextraetcdattbusanioiilttliig lUvo aAmlnhturi d iiltroun oxldu to over 43.000 por sons. Artificial tc tn 57 per set. Gobi, aiual Cam, and while fllltiigs Instrted In lho but manner. All worx warrautod first cHss. "AiDMKitY lHluy Waooss. rrosh Alder, ney liuller churned every morning and deliv ered lu c pouud "Ward" prints, at Vi oonU per Eound, auo, cottage ohooso, 8 oenls pu ball: uttermllk. fi cent pr quart, and sweet mill at 6 tents per quart. bsxi, Bpnroryo whisky, tho bestoatha marker 'ortho price,! por gallan. 41 a quart, aud w events a pint, 23 cents a sample- bottle. Thorp, ms If ttreot norUtwostJ 7U.XY l'tini.K'ATlOXS. ET ncnorAR. rcnnuy Compnni. I'nlon Hqunrc. New Yoik. Iroia the hu'ilHhoM. UtetLtr Our young folk? , nnd old folks too .will bo Interested tn tboy read the June M AVctofflf. AmongJ lho able contributors Is Frimk It. Stockton, whoso Illustrated lec tures wi.ro lately so nretptnlilo to Wash ington. Information mid amusement, often both In one, ubouud In theso varied pictorial pages, HAItPnt'P. MONTHLY "MAGAZINE. Juno. IlAritr.l brothers, Ken Vorl;. l'rom tho publishers, It Is difficult to say anything to tho pub lic about ITarptr't, for all the Intelligent public Is fully Informed on tho subject. Only thoso who have not yet seen tho Juno number may bo assured that It equals or surpasses any previous issue, and tuis win be readily dciicvcu try accustomed readers of tbo magazine. Its rulo Is progress. the Krr.rno maoazinh of fokkiov 1 ni.HAI t'llli for June. Now Yurk, li It. 1 'i lion. From tho publisher, 45 cent. Alvrojs valuablo and varied, tho frWia for Juno ts moro richly freighted than over. Tl; attlela on Mozart alono Is of such ex traordinary Interest as to lio worth nuny times the cost of tho numlier. No need to potllculntlo Its other contents, fur tho sources whence they aro drawn, aud tbo Judgment and adaptability to our tlmo and country with which tboy aro chosen, Insure literary banquet of lho most pleasant and EOurUblug charactir. CI' Tltn nitlNK. fly Thomas Hood, With tho nuther'i original Illustrations on wood. Now York and London : tl. P. Putnam's bons. to cents, l'rom tho publishers. A republication, of course; ns tbo wittiest writer of England Is n gravo man now, "Poor Tom's n-cold." But his wonderful works llvo on, and will live, whllo gcnulna humor, sweetened by kindest heart, shall bo appreciated In tho world. And ot his Inlmltablo productions this, probably, may Lo ranked as chief. Tlio first edition ap peared December 1, 1830; tho latest, now before us, w 111 bo welcomed by somo wbo heartily enjoyed tho earliest, and whoso pleasure will bo rekindled from tho yet warm nshts of nearly half a century, whllo thousands, or millions, of new seekers ot de light, who havo heard of Its truo source, will batten hero to participate. Tbo "hypochondriacal uncle, with his scrlo-conilcal Infirmity," furnishes much of lho fun which Is always flashing among theso vovagcrs of tbo romantic river. Others, of course, "keep It up" othors, mnlo and female; ami, through Its groat extent, a plcasantcr Journoy were scarce imaginable. KlNel AUTIIUK. Not n lovo story. Dsr tho author of "John Halifax, Gentleman," ,U?. NivvYnrk. Harper it Ilros. ForsalobyU. A.Vvhllaker. A famous name, tbat ot tho authoress, recommends this book, but tbo declaration on lis tltlo page: "Not a lovo story," gavo us an alarming chill. Wo lovo lovo stories. Wo aro In tbe bloom ot youth; and, should ago bo our destiny, bcllcvo wo shall still lovo tbcm. Hut, despite our dread, wo bnvo perused "Klnrr Arthur." havo been Interested, profoundly Interested, ea, to tbo very "cud," and hereby do ndvlso all good pcoplo to follow our oxamplo and be elso delighted. Ficts aro Its foundation, extraordinary facts, ot American origin, Tho world has, from old time, becu elo quent on tho duties ot children to psrents; here the far moro momentous ones ot p ir cnts to children aro exemplified and power fully advocated. Any person who may bavo been Inconsldcrato has nowtho oppor tunity and privllcgo of learning what tho Heavenly Father means when Ho sends to earthly fathers and mothers tho high bless log and awful responsibility of a child. rASTANRKU. A novel. By Covbtavct. Tr.i imoiik Woouon, author of "Anne," "For tbo Major." ilo. New York: Harper A Brothers, l'or kale by U. A. Whltakcr. Many peoplu had beard of "East Angels" long beforo tbo story becamo a book; tor, almost from tlmo Immemorial, chapters ot It have been making monthly uppesranecs, llkotho moon, In Jfaipcr'i Magazine. But now hero It Is, In a tasteful voluuio of O'Jl pages, and all the world may know tho meaning of tho singular plural Isn't appropriate title. No celestial beau ties, with harps, aro to bo per mitted tbe poetical and pious Imagina tion. "East Angels" Is only a place, a very pretty ono in, or supposed to bo In, Florida; ur.il there, nnd elsewhere also, lu our ban ner of freedom land, tho amusing, pathetic, tender, and terrible Incidents of tho change ful talo occur. Wo don't proposo to tell tbo public, by an unsatisfactory abstract, cruelly anticipatory, any portion of tho plot: but wo do advise tho public, seeking tbo dear public's real good, to avali itself ot tho fullciijojmcnt presented by this volume. llAltDARA'SVAa.Mttr.S. ny JUhv LeNonoN Timuil, New York: Harper A. Brother), l'or vale by (J. A. Whltakcr. An American novel, very pleasant, with domestic scenes and plenty ot lovo It thero ever can bo enough of that sweet article. Wo greet, too, In this book, with high ac claim, tho large, clear print and white, sub stantial nancruf its nazes, nroviutr that the bcuev oltnt publishers havo no inclination to supply patients lor oculists. f-rroNn ankiml iTIT out of thu iiu- l!i:AU OF ANIMAL IMlCMUY-Dopart- iu) nt oi Agriculture, lor uie year itu. Wi shlnclou : Clo eminent Printing Office. This report consists of reports of various studious and ablo officers ot tho govern ment, being tbo result of their Investiga tions as to tbo condition of our live-stock Industry, particularly In regard to diseases Much Information Is furnished, ot mostlm portent character, which may conduce to tbo ercnerol welfare and cure nf such stock. Finely executed maps and colored plates nro given, tho former showing tho extent of mo niiictiu regions, ana mo muer mo ap pcarauccs ot vital portions of animals af fected. I.lterury Notes, liibllc Opinion of Washington, D. C, a fort night ago vent tbo question, "What I) tho pro) er relation of tha pulpit to tho labor prob Km," lotnohundredlritdlUKClcri;) men of nil denominations with a request lor their views. A v err largo number rcsixmOcd, and tho o;ilu li in thus expressed appear In this w cot's lvmo of J-ubltc Ophin, lnuy mako Intcrcytliij reading ut tbls time. Hclcnllnvs, who has written many itorlos for Jaiito's Jeiuij; Jop!e and who has pub llihcd six or seven bonk for children, malcos her debut this month as a novelist In a story entitled "Aspiration," It w 111 bo tsiurd on tho tftli by 1 homos Wblttaker, U and 3 lilbto House, h'cw York, l'-nf. Simon Novvcoub contributes to the cur. r nt Iseue of tho Imlqxmli n' the Hist of a serlu of articles on the "Labor ((uutilon," uldrmsed to tbo common scimu of tho common people. 1'rot. Nuvvfomli in one of thu remarkahlo men nf America, He stands ut tho head nf tho mathematicians of tho country, and is equally one ol lho most eminent uitrunonicrs, known ns an authority the w end ov er. Mr. Andrew Carnoule's now hoik, "Tri umphant Democraiy." published by entries Krlbncr's Hons, hew York, has iilrculy reuthed Us flllh edition, thoiuh It has not jit been out a month. IMItlnus will bo Issued lin inrdlunly lu J.iMlaml, lrauce, ami eioruiui), und Italian ami llurLttrlau triiuslntloas uro now prcparlug, A new volume on "Pouthorn California," by T.B.Vnn Jikt,bitlir known us"lhu Still Hunter" from hlsbnokof that title. Is noon to ho Ihtucd by lords, Howard tVMIulbort, Itls tlio ruullof twelve yeur' experience! in that oulhcru country, llu write Iroiu u full mini after cureliil oht-pruithm of thu climate, tho tcasous, tho mountain", valleys, ami streams, tbo flora ami fauna, the huntlnn ami tlahliu, tho farming and fruit ralklnir. Ibo vineyards and CRn!( m and their nroilllLtlons. thu cllmitu for Invalids ttnd nuuiUricu oilier feuturos of the limn sir. van nu"i:ru)uiosi)'io is well kuovvuby the r(ndiruf his other lmoks, "Thu Hill lluuur" mid "The lllllo, Itol, amlUuu In California," ami his ilisir'jttvo talont an I humor havo lu "8uuth"ru('alll'oniU" a capita held. (I.I110, cliilMLM) All article by Aiwlu Dilxvi, llhutrat it by Henry tjiiliilhiim und Alfred Dmtoii, v. Ut bu Ilia openliu paper In lho Juii'i CeMurn It U intltfed ".V. library ltamrb1. Alung t u lliamesfrom I'liUmiu tn Chlinlu" aullhi l'p-cr contains h ' tlnielj" irnii of eho uulvor t coiir-c. UM'ofthonin-tlnlercstlhi.'.vcliiiQ t unfamiliar, p.'rtuilta of llenjauilii riantillii is lho I no ' U'l of lliocelebmtuil 1'i.uicli snil iter. ilouiinn, wnieu :k ihiw 111 11m .M.t-oputpti Museum of New York. Kuijun Co hasiuido a ilruwlni liorn his butit. iLii.l VVhllUL-v'd lii- 1'iavlnc from the drifting will npp-arni tho iroulu-pleco. lllehard M Johiiiou, author uf "lholmkiborouliTrtle,"wil!hHVOuUi.irue tcilftlo stor, entitled "lho lluml 1 vetljiitu or Mr link I'iuker," a-coiiipaiiied by tbroo of Front,' huiuurou Uliutraltous All account or the "llotroat or tho Cont'd (rulo Uovcrumont" froai Itlchm ind, at tbo closoof tha war byonuof thoputv, aoein 'allied bya iiiperb portrait lu stool of Joll'erson lJuv it, vvbl bu a uuliiblo luturo of the !Uj i.inv ilf .inerhnn II tlniu rmJunC, Iron Otpre Pancroft.tho lilstiulnli, Re... de. ?o Hl.li; 1) 1, president of thu Massachusetts' Ulsto-I cal (-'orlely and Hon Charles K Tu-Vi'-nvt, our former inlnbtcr toeJieocv will be im'lj tbo prominent contributors lr B211 InruilT also discuss the piospicts olau early dlsnlu Hon of tho present constitutional sjsKm of Canada. VI11Q1XIA HTA'X'i: NKWS. Tlio coinine necment at Emory and Henry College will bo held on tbo 10th ot June. Mr. Harrison Etbsrcdge, "n well-known ctllzcti of Norfolk couuty, has been ad judged a lunatic. ' The convention of tho Knights of Labor will be held In ltlchmond 011 tho first Mon day In October next. Coal has been discovered near Wolf Trap, on tho Richmond aud Danvlllo railroad, aud woik will bo commenced at once. Tho 110th commencement at Hampden Sidney Collcgo at Farmvllle will tako placo on Juuo 0, tu 1 contlnuo flvo days. Iloauoko city has voted tfK),000 In bonds to tbo construction of lho ltoanoko South ern railroad from KoanoKo to Winston, N. C. ltcv, H. J. Hcman. nf Charlottcsvtlto, an eloquent young minister, has accepted n call to tbo pastorate ut tho Christian Church at Danvlllo. Itcv. Dr. W. W. Dennett has resigned tho presidency of liandolph Macon Collego at Ashland aud tbe samo has been accepted by tbo board ot trustees. A canning factory bas Just bcon opened at Dunnsvlllo, Essex county, cinplaylntr 100 bands. For somo tlmo to como they will bo engaged packing English peas. Tho city council of Danvlllo has votod $50,000 for a now Iron bridgo across tho Dan river. Tha work will begin as soon as tho bids and estimates aio received. The S3d day of October bas been uamod as tho day for la) Ing tho corncrstono of tbo Leo monument at Illchuiond. The spot selected for the monument Isou tho "Allen" property, lu tbe west end of the city. Tho South Atlantic and Ohio railroad, now in conrso of construction, w 111 connect with tho Norfolk and Western road, open ing up tbo resources ot tho hitherto almost inaccessible, but ono ot tho richest scctlous ot southwest Yirginlj. About 15,000 MoIIettliQll punches, which vvetu formerly used tu Virginia to register lho number ot drinks sold by thu liquor dialers, wcro sold nt auction tu ltlchmond last vv tck, and broughO cents each. They wero bought by a Junk dealer. Mrs. Mary Hamlin was burned to death on Monday night, nt Norfolk, In a houso ad joining tbo police station, by thu explosion of a can of kcroscno oil. Tho woman was tho mother of six children and no destitute that money bad to.be raised to bury ber. Tlio stato superintendent ot public schools, at ltlchmond. Is withholding tho money duo tho teachers. I-ast vear tho Bourbon Democratic treasurer and auditor Intercepted over $100,000 of tho frco school mouey, which act they denied uutll aftor mo state election. Tbo present season Is tho greatest ono for cabbago tho Norfolk county truckers havo ever seen. Mr. II. I). Van Wjck set out tha largest area in tho couuty. Ho put 1,500, 000 plants on his four farms, aud expects to market over 1,225,000 heads, which will make over 40,000 barrels, Mineral property In Wjtho county, which bas been (lull for some tlmo past, Is now looking up agalu and prices nro being re fused which would bavo been taken eagerly six mouths ago. Several Iron furnaces, among tbcm tuo Walton furnace, will go Into blast about tha 15th of June. IT. 0. Dulaney, ot Slicnandoa'i county, has brought suit in tbo United States court r.t ltlchmond for if 1000,000 damages against tbo treasurer of Shenandoah county and tho auditor of the stato for levying uu iiud Bell ing his cattle for stato taxes after bo had tendered coupons lu payment ot them. Clarcmont, on Jamca river, formerly ow ncd by the lato William Allen, and con taining about 12,500 acres, Is now laid out as a town, and Is a thriving ami growing placo. It lias a river front of six miles, and Is tho eastern tormlnus ot tha Atlautla and Danville railroad. Itls entirely a north ern settlement. Capt. Westvvood A. Todd, a well-known cltl7tu of Norfolk, who was an adjutant In Miihonc'a lulgado during tho war, acci dentally fell from n third story window at St. Vincent's Hospital on Tuosduy ulcht Inst und bioko both legs aud bo injured himself Internally that tils life ts de spaired of. There Is no money In thu treasury at ltlchmond to mu tho public schools with for tho ensuing ear, tho legislature having mado no provision tor meeting future calls, hence tho mouey now lu tho treasury re maining over from tha last appropriation and due tho teachers Is to bu retalued for political purposes. Mr. lllehard Poplar, who Is believed to be 11. 0 only colored Virginian who served lu tho confederate arm), died at Petersburg a few elaj sago and was burled lu tho confeder ate square In the old Blandford Cemetery. Dining tbo last years ot his life ho was takeucaro of b) tho surviving members ot tho 13th Virginia cavalry. Harrisonburg has Income one ot the great horse uiarlats of VlrglaU, from three tu tour bundled horses being suld every court day. Harrltnnburg is one ot the most thriving towns in tho stato, tho population being about 1,000, having doubled sluco lbTO, It Is on tho Valley railroad, twenty six miles from Staunton aud 103 miles from Richmond. Tho court of appeals at Illchuiond has decided tbat tho notes for premiums given by policy holders In tho Southern Mutual Insurance Company aro good, and that tho policy holders are bound for their payment. Thcro nro about lbV persons In Mrglnla who havo been given such notos, and they will now bo called upon to pay the same, withlutcrcst. Tho Richmond Theological Seminary for tbo Educatlou ot Colored Men for thu Min istry held Its commencement on Tuesday lust. Tho following w ero the graduates for the class of 16S0: William II. Brooks, lilcbmoud, Va.t Andrew J. Brown, Bell's Crofs Hoods, Va.; lleorgo W. Cabanlss, uicunioiiu, va.;nnurow d, e.;oiomu, liar lift's Postofllcc, Va.: Hiram Conway, Bos ton, Mass.; UljsscsS. U, Green, Fowullton, Va. Tlio (ruck trade at Norfolk Is Increaslug rapidly, and Is now about at Its height. To accommodate tbo business additional steamers have been put on. Four or five larco steamers leavo every day loaded with early potatoes, peas, cabbagu, cucumbers, squashes, beans, and strawberries, tbe bulk of the shipments going to Now York, Boston, and Philadelphia. Baltimore gets but llttlo, as tbo market Is always low and easily glutted. Tbo great natural bridgo or tunnel In Scott count), on the Hue ot tho South At lnntle and Ohio rallioad, Is thu most wonderful curiosity cast ot Sierras, it Is IS'i feet long, from 75 to I'M feet wide, and ot equal height. It comprises! 1 natural blldgcwlth an aitb of stouo over 100 feet thick, n cavo of wondrous beauty and grandeur, andu tunnel through which Hows the waters of Stock creek. Tha secucry all along tho lino Is beautiful and grand be joliI dcscriptlou. The Washington monument ou thocapttol square at lilcbmoud Is considered by goo 1 judges to bo ono of tho finest works uf art In tills country, Tbo euucstrlan statuu of Washington Is surrounded by 11 mi res of hemic slzo of Chief Justlco Marshall, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, tioorgo Mason, Thomas Nelson, and Andrew Lewis, and below these are six otlier figures em blematic ot llnanco, colonial times, Justice, revolution, Independence, aud tho bill ot rights, Most of llicsollguros wen designed aud exnutid b) Crawford. In 1857 Mr. Craw ford died, and tha uuHulshed work statues of Nelson aud Lewis ou tbu ullegor leal figures were executed by Randolph ltogtrs. Tho entlro cost ot thuinnniiiiiuut was f.'CO.fO.). All the statues are of broiue, nnd were cast at the royal foundry lit Munich. rtosi sllino fruit juUc, wholculi) and retail, l.lphonzo ( hiujs fimipan) herv nun IHIjlUlnleil Meh, Younri HlJoiurt a tree trial of thirty days ot ttie lite ul lr. lejo's ('UtbriUed Vulfiilo licit, wah elicira- m.'imry upplitiuco fbr tho sietlv nlltf 11ml punuanent cure of nervous dtbllltv, loin "f vitality and manhood, and all kuulrudlroiiblis, also for many otlu r llciuvs. liupleio ltt-loriiUoil lo health, vigor, and mail. hnoilKUuianlocd. Nmlsic la luoiirrel. lllui ttatid psiupliluts. with fuUlnfonnutloo, terms, &.e., rualled free by Hddreslnn Vollalu licit Uoiupuuy, 2Jartka.il, Mich. Colds? Coughs, Sore Throat, Cioup, mid Whooping Cough, nro r.ipldl) euieel by the uo of A) crN Chcrr) l'eilor.il. " For children nfllltlcd Willi Cold', Coti'ili-., Sure Throat, or Croup, I 1I0 not know of 1111) remedy Which w 111 givo moro sp:., ay icll-f thr.it ry Pectoral. ( have found It, nl.o, Invalu able In o.i-p-) of Whooping Cotuth." Ann Lovejoy, 1J31 Wmti'n st., Huston, Muss. I'rcpirf.l by J. C. Aycr ffi Co., Lowell, Mass. Avers Cter BEST TRUNK FOR $10 THAT WAS EVER SOLD! Lnrgft slrei, lenttior or ?lne entered, Iron bottom, liurd wood cleats, steel ctuiiip", nnd finished liialdn with muslin. " l'or $4. BO wo glvo 11 snirill lenttior or alne-coverod trunk, with iron bottom, linrd wood cluuto, nnd truy. l'or $30 wo glvo jou tlio host lland-miide, Nleklo-motiiitcd ltuciy lfnriiess ever oilercd fur tlio mutiny. Other (liinds of our uwii unit other makes nt oqunlly low prices TOPHAM'S, 1231 Pennsylvania Ave., N. W. Iazqat. Xotjvizs, w rN aiii: Hui'iiKsnTcnuitT of tiuT L TlllCT OK COI.UJIUIA. May 10, 1SSG. DW Maggie E. Yeogcr, pllir, 1H. Pamucl 1', Ycacer, dcfl. Wnl I, J 1pilty No. 0015. On motion nf tbo nlnlntltT bv VV. Preston Williamson, her attorney, It is ordered that tho defendant camo his appearance to bo en tered herein on or beforo thu first rulo day, oc curring forty dais after tbls date, olhemlso tho cause v ill lo procrcdod vv ith as in case of default! provided that, In addition to the no llco tu bo published In the n'u.hlnctou law lteporter, rut prescribed by tho rule, tho plant till camo a copy ut this order to bo inserted tvv lee a week (or four weens lu soma ono of tha dally uovTsnapers of Washington city. Tho ob ject of this suit Is loprociircadlvoroo a vinculo matrimonii from tho defendant on the ground otdc-crtlonoftlieplalntltl for moro than two years prior to Institution nf this suit. Wil. M. MUUKICK, A. J. A truo copy. Test: n. J. MEtOI. Clerk. 11V li. P. VY1I.UAMH, ASM. UlCrK. mj m-vvs-lw S1 Ul'HKME COl'ltT OK THK UNITED bTATia. Ko. SM, October term, 1BS3. ZcnosC. Bobbin,, .roeltaAg&K Edward':nolllns. Jr&l.iftKl8 Mr. John Seidell, of counsel for tho appel lant, suggested tho death or Edward A.Uolflus, the apiicllco lu this cause, and mot ed lho court tor uu order, under thu 15ih rule, to mnlcu the proper representatives In tho personality and In tho realty of tha said decedent, n tha premises, parties: Whereupon, Itls now hero ordered by tho court that, union thu proper representatives In tho personality and in lho realty of tho said IMward A. Holllni, deceavd, in the premises as aforesaid, shall voluut-trlly become parties within the first ten das s of the ensuing term of this court, tha appellant shall le eutltlcd to opeu tho record, and on hearing have tho decrco reversed, If It ba crrnucoin: Provided, however, that a copy of this order shall bo printed In soma now simper of Kuuemt circulation lu lho District of Columbia for thrco nicccsslve weeks, at least sixty days beforo tho iK-KluiiliiR of tho term ol tbu Supremo imrt then next ensuing. Aunt IS, 18SC. True copy. Test: JAMES It. McKENNEY. Clerk of tho Supremo Court uf tha United Htntcs. inyl.Stje'J -yr:rjA; BUY THE Swift's Spocific. I tmturr'a own rt iiiMjt, lrnule from rooU Kth end from ttio firr( ot UimuIh rtit aboiw tut rfpnmitri tle iuuliil of lis m muf iriure twenty yiiin uk". 11ir .ltiuni.il1 Iihi Ijhii era lutlly In irmlnif uiii U MliHMNrti InlMiminry tmw ihi ftty lo mj'iij) U itti1e litis Knit WtfrHlilft nioml Pin Mir rure rutin r, CnUrrU HirtifnU, humid, Ulier ...n-uiuuthm, uinl Moo. I Taint, I trmllinrj o oihu.ie, wlihuut ll.u ut of Mercury Ot 1'utilkll iniibwin siMunr co. Drit.tsffvl A'Unti, Oa LnatsMff3i cinan ASTUHIURE, tWi-itl!r relieve Ibr tmt Tl-lctit Rlljiok,! iuhI li'Ntirm cnt-rtirt ..l.l !... l..l i.. 'li.lt.1 iiil ln.thtlJ TUHChlnff tha liimvmnriiwct tu! untlia mriam, UtiHutwi tna ffB BC?& i-spwt'M on (ts, iuiu i a i . f ' y w wmm Jnnrii -mar rimuiN i kDllrt of lit lsis.ats.tl A trial citlr tbm ul pllrtl oi 1W lMrJlttp,dlrrtt nt ou r Til II if Trrt ;rrlwOr. -oHM,0t Iii--tu tr tf iu-!l Trw Tn li r. - B. i Umn . II- II tllllklHlt VI li irA4Tt nr lump, vr, ii w mrr n,i i nui,nia ti-avnu u ua "CHICHCSTER'S ENGLISH." alio Orixlnnl uutl Only Ueuillno. ff s- Ulwtjr. lloU.I t. HtqiraorworthltssInilLtlonl. I ll.i(.4l.lt la LADIEO. AtU )ur lruuUl br '(lilchrstcr r.iitU.ktwt 1... Boolhtr.or lu.ui4, i.itni.iw .u fur iillgul4 Icll" fcf rrlHnt tuiu I1AME PAPFH. l.lli..Ui-Cl..I.'.l 1k, " r iJBlbUuJI.ouui.re.rblUJtVl'- Eol.t l7 DrueuUtA eTcrywbrr. Art fcr "ChlekM. Ivi's luaUth' rtuujrwjrM riiffc TU. aavilur. Sunday Gazette rV$i fW'W DTaKgnBTOggfUa'sUivjj RSTHMA Pneumonia, Or Inflammation of tbo Lung, tuny, If properly treated, bo relieved mid cured by tlio 1110 of Ayvr's Cherry Pectoral. "I contra tcil n set cro cold, vv hlcli tlrratnprel rapidly Inlo l'iieimioiil.1. My pliyslclau tit once ordercel tlio use of Aytt's Cher- ry Pectoral, . and I do not licdtatp lo sny that tho prompt uo of this remedy mud in) life." II. A. Seiiiincs, Ijircdo, Texas. l'or Halo by nil Druggists, If IS W P U11LICAT1OXH,iV0. Harper's Bazar t J cut Vvnatucn, Contains- THE KIRHESS AT WASHINGTON, THItKK IM.USTRATIO.S3, WITH liESCKH'TIVK ARTICLE. OTIIEH ILLUSTRATIONS: His Father's Houso Orphans Tlio City of IMInlinrgli (Ontilile l'.ise) Ten Fashion Cuts Comics. For Sale by all IlookscHcrs and NcwsdoilcrJ. 10 CKNTH Vf.R COI'Y. HAiirmrs periodicals VEIl TKAll i Postage Frco In the United States and Canada. HAltlT.R'3 M.vrJAZINE. Si 01 HAltPEIt'B WEEKLY 1 0-) IIAHI'ER'H n.VZAIt 103 UAM'EK'S YOUNG PEOPLE - 2 00 HAlH'Elt'S 1-RANKLtN SlJUAEE LI- . BEAKY (Ono Number a week for 62 vrecVs) 10 03 HAHlTIt'S HANDY SEMES (Ono Num. bcr n week for f2 weeks) IS OO Index lo Hur cr't Magazine, 1 to 70. Svo, Clotl 4 0O HARPER & BROTHERS, N15W VOItK. SOME NEW BOOKS. Laud, Labor, and Law. Phillips tl W '1 rliimpbaiit Democracy. Caruecte 2 00 rtalhtiijsortbultcpublle. Hudson '.' OD lho Country Punier. lMe ICO The Lost Name. Mrs. Dahlsren 100 Soncs asd ballads of Southern People. Moore 100 Persia ; Thu Laud of tho Imams. 11 istclt. 1 SO l'raiiUIn Siiuaru aud beaslde Libraries as bmed. CHAPMAN'S, 1I1B 1T.NNSYLVAN1.V AVHVHli. Cheap Reading. BOOKS AT HALF PRICE. VehoeUUlout a Iuro'0 lot of good !0)ki for rcucmI reading, WiIchwo will sell a HALFl'ltlCT. A cood cIiaiico for gcttlaj ft supply of Sam mcrKiadluc. Wil. JiALLANTYNE Jfc SOX, 4sh si:vi:ntii hti(i:i:t PINE TAR MOTH PAPER ! NO.Ni: JIlSTTUXl. MII'.KIS l.AltOU AND STItONG. Wholesale und Itutall. 33. 3ivo:rcIso:.'i3 r.vi'ijit WAitiniousj:, BOB and 807 1 Ktrcet NnrtlnrMst.l POM CLAIR. Of I'OLllHJAl. KCO.VOMV 1 ) ifursholl. Triumphant Democracy, ny Cnrncitlc. I alor, I end, aud Law. lly W. A. Phillip, Principles of l'otltlrnl Kconomy. By N'ewej imb. VlnUttn. liy Mrs. Wl-tcr. lho I.o..t Name, lly Mrs. luhl.rcn. Uista. lly Uau. Tbo Mormon Ih-urpulton. lly Xlraaio. Miistiilus of the Mountains, lly Diuu. Pin ts and Problems, lly Cooke. Son and ballads ot tbu Southern I'cop'o. lly Moore Min.ulrsoflicn Sherman. KcwcdltlO'i. AOLNTb I OK J. D. ALliHs'S PUili.lOATlOSJ WM. H. MORRISON, 47.1 I'lSKX.l. AVJ1SUE. teama- So U vmau c im-i. u;tr iKwJ srovrfna CnUiirni t iMi'i iIj it, M i I MM FERRIS' W HSU PATEMT f s CORSET WAISTS lit nil nxem Ml k'iu-iiini 1 Commend ibom. Amc your mnrooMiifi ior I em. JUitnooCArr. m wm 'J&rXefe I f mm-''. utBwsk FEHRIS BROS., HanuPra Bl IVhllo St.. KtwYork. LLOYU'3 25-OKKT WASUIKQTOS KX I'ltESB. r.asirarre delivered to all parts of the city, rallrouds, steamboats, ia 1 iinilture, sewlm? niacblnes, type-writers, &e., careAilly removed. 'Iruuks taken tu any part of tho uottae vrliUout extra chamo. l'ersom rciuruiua; to tho city cau 1( avo their checks at either ofllco. TliLKl'llONlN0.473-S. Offlco t low 1' st. N. W. lltaach Ofllees : dtb. rum ii sis. N. vv basement Howard houso; DucVctt'a rbarmaey, cor. I'a. ay. aud Kid U N, W.s 6X O a. N. W.i Frank 1'ltier Ji Co., druggut, cor. East Capitol and stb sts. ft. E. JOUH 0. UAWLKY. tropiiolor,