Newspaper Page Text
THE WATlONAli UKPUBIJOAIS : SATOKDAY MOIUUNG. MAY 29. 188H.
4 HIE NATIONAL lffiilffl Dolly (exce.,.t BunJay) una Wwkly, Ut THE NATIONAL tlEPOnUO VN 0 UP V " W'AsniioTO-c, 1). C. Tnr. IIAI1.Y Is rrM to subscribers by carrier for Fifty tvnts n month. ltv wiill, itoism I rfiuM, one year I" J His niviitM ,S. Tnrrt moiiii ii;; tine month .......... ; ;' Korslun nnJ Consular lMltlon (free of post scfirer ictir 50 a on rnyiitlv ItiTurlBlily In ndiinrr. Buiiinlfl) Kdltlon, by carriers ami by mall, 91 M) per year, In advance. TncVrrKi.T,ltliftll llie news of ths Capital, Iiifntinntlonof till sorts obtnlnrd, when possible, for tuUitllon wlihuiit cliitrxc upon application. HrlKtnl manuscripts cnnnnt lw returowl. Itenilttnnitii other than by postal innnsr orasrs, bunk ilmfti, or e hecks to tlm ncder of tho Nmloiui lietmbllinn Company always nt eon ler'e risk No ticeli Is for subscriptions returns,!. The lte on the nipper shows when siibscrlp'lnn expire' Adertlerwlii Imve not made or renewed time contracts w 111 be charged monthly card rates. Till: NATIONAL ItM'UuXlUAN COMPANY, E. V. FOX,l'iirinivr n Mvsivorn. SATl'UDAY. MAY 20. AintinAinentM AltiArnit'i Jcnnnlo Winston. TnrMANAXASI'ASonAMi lMhst.AOhloav. Fort the pnrpo'o ol extending tho tnfluenco of thoNATiovAL RrrcnUCAN during tho con gressional campaign of 18S0 wo will send tho eight page Saturday Virginia edition to an address for six months for fifty cents. At this low prlco thcro can bo no clubblug rates. . lloritnoNUM It losing Its toenail hold on Old Virginia. Tub Interior Department delights In paradoxes. Black Is white, and Sparks never sparkles, m Tnn month of rotes Is tho tlmo selected for tho death and burial of tho Morrison lilll. It will bo a mouth of thorns to tho free trade fanatics. Fhvsk Htimwlll try to get nominated for Congress again this j ear, but his chances liavo been Impaired by his effort to capture n scat to which ho had no claim. If tho Ileptibllcnn managers will lcavothe back gate open tomo dark night and put a little provender In tho back yard, tho Mug wumps will como home. If so, "all will bo forgiven." Covmns closes out tho twcnty-flflh week of tho session to day In superb stjlo It Is doing Its best to Insuro tho election nt a llcpubllcan House this jcar. Such work Is patriotic. OiEOMAiuuniNE, for n greasy, slippery substance, has maintained Its position In tho )louto of Representatives for the past thrco days as If Its main constituents were shoe maker's wax and coal tar. "Wiiciii: are our statesmen?" Inquires tie Philadelphia Times. It tho Tunis refers to statesmen of the Democratic persuasion, we will simply remark that ono of tho thrco died at I'tlca a few weeks ago, ono Is non living at Cirajstonc, aud tho other Is at his licmu In Ohio. "riiciiiBM Ci.nvnt.VM Is not a meteor, but a steady luminary," says ono of his ad mirers. Wo havo no unpleasant remarks to make on this eulogistic outburst, but It occurs to us that President Cleveland Is decidedly meatier than almost any ono of bis predecessors. Now THATtho President has vetoed four more bills, perhaps ho can llnd ritflleleut leisure la tell w hither It Is tho mother or d ituhtor whom he Is golut; to marry. CMiwiu Jmirii i. v hose business Is It nnyway outsldo of the limited elrclo composed of tho contract ing parties, their near relatives, ami coufl Initial frlnidt? Mil. (ioiumt desires It stated that liccau. eels tho copvrlght of his review of Mr. lllalue's book, so that newspapers through out tho couutry may feel at liberty to print nuy portions of it. Ho has been luduccd to do this by the suggestion that tho correct ness of his statements tannot well bo dis cussed by Mr. lllalne's friends unless they can bo allow cd to thus rcprodtico what ho has written. LvsiiCostMMiosKit&rviiKs Is continually In trouble. Trny migrant. It would bo nearer tho truth to say that Mr. Sparks Is continually lu situations that would bo allllctivo to almost any oilier man. But none of theso things worry Sparks. Ho has got so accustomed to having his decisions reversed that lie tvould feel slighted and coldly neglected If his dally reversal did not como In on schedule time, Tub lorty-ntnth Congress need not wait un. til July 1 to adjourn. Us record is nlre-ady mado up. A grateful country eagerly imutts an opportunity to welcome Its members back to private life. Chicajo Aim. Tho welcome, In some Instances, will bo peculiarly emphatic. Perhaps tho futted calf villi not bo killed, but there will boa good showing of lum aud eggs, with tho eygs left out. "What constitutes a hog?" Inquires a contemporary who ought to know all about It. Wo do not profess to havooxtcnslo nnd arturato knowlcdga of tho subject but It strikes us that a Democratic cou. lrrcssmnn who has threo sons and ono daughter In ofllec, aud Is dally dogging tho heads ot tho departments to get a place for his mother-in-law, comes as near beluga Log as any biped can. Wo hopo ho will not bristle up when ho sees this nlco notleo, though wo expect ho will give us a cold (.boulder, and wo don't expect him to stop larding tho tiles of tho department cor. rldors In his anxious quest for that "ap pointment." Tiirrcluctonco with which tho Republican f-enate confirmed Gen. Kosecrans standi out lu glaring contrast w lib tho readiness with which the tame body confirmed the appointments of Mosby nnd Longstreit a few 5 cars ago. if. Zuuts Ibbt-Uirjiutch. Tho friends of Gen. Kosecrans could not manifest their friendship In anymore proper manner than by maintaining a discreet ellcnco about his confirmation. Bvmpathy for an old soldier was ult that pulled him through. Senators remembered that ho had fought for tho old Hag and shut their ohs to facts that would otherwise havo been fatal. e The kulfo Is often used as n toothpick by son ntors, nnd a half hour rarely passes when uno or mere may not bo seen touching tholr tcuth with tho cold steel of tho ponkulfo.-tYiiWuwJ JjiaJtr. This mistake Is not unnatural for a novice. Old reporters and correspondents under stand that It Is tho habit ot certain senators to swallow knlfo-bladcs when .they preparo to tako part In debate. Their cutting re marks and Inclslvo stylo show tho advan tages ot such a diet. When they learn to cwallow tho other part of tho knlfo they will bo ablo to haudlo a subject with max imum ability. TliEitEnro Bomo very shrewd Democratic politicians In tho great northwi tt who con fidently bcllovo that Mr. Voorhces ought to Mart n presidential boom; but the senator will probably object loanj thing llko pro llouences In so serious a business. Tho fact It tfco mil boom U now virtually oj- ciipjitiK tlio wholo roitil, crowding tho btiomlcls of Carlisle nnd HnnJnll ni;altist tho fence mill making things dlsogrcoable for I ovcry posslblo competitor. Jiew York will undoubtedly namo tho head of tho Demo cratic ticket, ami Tammany, relnvlgoratcd as tho organization appears to be, will, In all probability, dccldo tho cholco of New York. Tammany Is solid for Hill at this date, but tho nomination Is moro than two years off and President Cleveland has been on' deck less than II ftccit months. Lots of things nro likely to happen beforo midsum mer In '8M. Tho Wholo Truth. Our t steemtd neighbor, tho i W, In n re cent article exhorting its party friends In the House to do something for tho Ameri can navy, makes this pertinent admission! Tip 1 c perfectly faudld, It mm! bo admitted that up lo this time tho Dcmorrntlo party lit Congress has not been primarily responsible fornti) cTpcrdlltire of J ubllc money toward rtlulldlngtho navy. This admission was certainly "candid," co far as It went; but It was by no means tho wholo truth. It was, perhaps, as much of that article asour neighbor could reason ably be expected to employ In an exhorta tion to Its party, but It was not enough for tho uses of current history, Tho truth Is that tho Democratic party as now con stituted nnd represented, not only "has not been primarily responsible," Ac, but It has bitterly and even savagely antagonized every effort the Republicans havo mado toward naval reconstruction. Tho $2,500,000 appropriation of 1&"3, which has now taken shapo lu tho Chicago, lloston, and Atlanta, was resisted nt every step In Its progrcsj through tho Houso by tho then Democratic minority under tho nctlvo personal leader ship of tho then nnd present actual leader of that body, Mr. liandall. So far as our memory serves us, but two of tho Democrats on tho appropriations com mittee In that Congress favored that appro priation or had an) thine to say In Its be half, cither In committee, or on tho door. Theso wcro Hen Lel'cvroand E.John Hills. All the other Democrats on tho commlttco opposed It vehemently as did also Mr. lian dall, who was not a member of tho appro priations committee In that Houso. Again, tho $2,000,000 which Mr. Whitney now has In hand whcrowllh to build four moro vessels was given to him by tho Re publican Senate of tho last Congress In tho form of nu amendment to tho regular naval bill as It como from tho Democratic Houso of that body. Of courso this was done after tho result of tho presidential election had been announced; so that wo had tho remarkable spectacle of a Republican Scnato forcing a Democratic Houso to give a Demo cratic administration money to build naval vessels with. JLIho fact Is tho Democratic party In Congress, with a few Individual excep tions, Is Instinctively hostile, to tho wholo American shipping Interest, both naval and commercial, and blindly committed to tho Ilritlsh Interest In that regard. '1 lils fact Is so notorious that It has ceased to exclto remark, and has passed Into a matter of course. If they could get In a proviso not merely author lzlg, but requiring, Secretary Whitney to buy his shlps-of-w ar In England, all tho free ship Dimocrals In Congress would voto millions for new vessels without a mur mur. Hut tho laws and traditions of tho republic Inflexibly prohibit such nu outrage upon national decency and patriotism, aud for that rcasou tho Anglo. Dimoernts of tho Houso aro naturally op posed to tho reconstruction of tho American navy. It Is understood that Mr. Randall himself favors appropriations tor new ships, reserving tho right to opposo certain features of Mr. Herbert's bill. But with tho inception of Mr. Herbert, Mr. Sayre, and tho other Democrats belonging to tho naval committee Itself, every frco trade aud free ship Anglo-Dnnociat lu tho Houso who will voto for Dunn's bill to destroy American chlpbulldlngwlll also voto against Herbert's bill to revive tho American navy. That Is tho wholo truth of the matter, and our neighbor missed n brilliant opportunity when It failed to tell it. It Is not all Improbable that whatever ap propriations Secretnry Whitney may get for ucu ships will bo glvcutohlm by tho Ho publlcau Senate, In splto of tho Anglo Democratic House, now as heretofore If ho doesn't get It In that way ha Is very likely to go without any. Thu Democratic party cannot servo tho national Interests of tho United fetalis and promote tho schemes of the English shipbuilders at tho same time. In tho futuro a Republican Scnato may conclude that a Democratic Houso and n Democratic administration should have suf llelent sense to ask for. necessary appropri ations and let them determine the amount, as they havo a facility for making up any want ot calculation by a deficiency bill. The l'rcitftinfr Finnnclnl Problems. It Is a difficult task for us to take a hopo ful view of the flnanclal and Industrial con dition of our country or of tho commercial world. As long as the present storm Is gathering lu iho financial sky, tho valuo of gold gradually appreciating, and tho valuo of tho commercial world's other mcasuro, sliver, constantly decreasing, when meas ured by human labor or Its products, wo can hardly hopo for real prosperity. This world-wldo unsettllug of all values was mado posslhloby the partial attempts, mado since 1871-'T4, to discard tho use of tllv er as one of tho measuring money metals and giving It tho far less monetary duty ot acting merely as a medium ot exchange, but having Its own vnluo measured hv gold. As much as tho sliver question has been dis cussed, this special phase ot It, that gold alone Is the metal on v hlch this heavy stress Is laid, Is not fully grasped. Tho persistent unwillingness of tho cxccutlvo branch of our government to recognize tho coined silver dollars as full, honest, and expedient money In settling any government coin ob ligations without consulting tho will of tho creditor Is our first grievance. Our second serious ono Is that this same department refuses to utlllzo tho powers now granted by law, to doublo tho monthly use ot silver by Increased coinage. Tho administration, In hostility to tho wishes of tho majority of Its owu political party lu Congress ; In hostility to tho wishes ot a probable majority ot tho peoplo ot tho country, Insists on disparaging silver to tho extent of Its ability. With tho prlco of wheat, cotton, nnd other products so low as to almost dlscourago tho pro ducer; with tho labor market In n turmoil, and Congress embarrassed with Its pressing, regular duties, preventing much desired Ilua11cl.il legisla tion, tho responsibility ot tho Exccutlvo becomes greater. It Is In the power of thu Exccutlvo alono to produce a profound financial result, bettering tho con. Ill Ion of our cntlro country, simply by tho usu ot his authority In ordering tho mints to run to their full capacity In tlio, coinage of silver and to uso tho sliver already coined as tho law permits. All that Comrrcss seems ablo to do at present Is to sco to It that tho peo plo aro abundantly furnished with ono, two, and flvu dollar sllvor certificates for con venience lu utilizing this sllvor. Let theso thrco things bo dono and the prlco ot prod uce and labor will advance, and tho eutlro commercial world will feel tho stimulus. 'I hey, seeing us stand by silver, In all probability will abandon their present un wlso und disastrous policy of discarding It. Tho necessity of tho times Imperatively ilcmntiil prompt action Ate wo equal to tbo emctgc&ej t vVny can wo not tako a fiwlm'.a stops forward, leading tho other nationally ouroxuinplor The Money (Jut-Minn In Kunipii. Mr. Sampson S. Lloyd, for many years a prominent member of tho Kngllsh parl'a u ctit, writes to tho Philadelphia I'resi of lhc2?lh concerning tho situation of the In dustrial aud commercial alTitlrs of droit Jlrllalnns follows! "I never romembe-r a tlmo In my forty-flvo jcirs' commercial iXcrlctico when trade In this country was so generally depressed and unprolHdhlo as It now Is." This, remember, Is the stato ot affairs In frro trade (Ire it llrltatn. Uoth (libit and flrenfell, ox governors of tho Rank of England, men of cmln'nt flnanclal reputation, ro echo this cry nnd mark this disparagement of silver as tho main causo of these troubles. Kmlle Do Laulcjo tho eminent Belgian economist lu an elaborate nrtlclo in tho May number of tho Contenijiorarij Magitstne, on "Tho Economic Crisis aud Its Outset," toys that "It has already lasted ten years ond Is becoming yearly moro and moro acute." Dr. Otto Arendt, a prominent economist of Germany, speaks of this dis paragement of silver as the causo "which has brought such unspeakable misery upon tho world." Is It not nonsenso to think that wo can set tle the labor troubles of ourcountry whllo wo permit gold, tho metal that measures tho valuo of all labor, to cct dearer and dearer day after day, whllo our Exccutlvc,who has tho power to check this advance, smites serenely at tho threatening wreck and ruin around us? Bo assured tint tho silver question Is at tho bottom of our labor question! Tisdel-Stnnley. Wo print this morning tho clahorato reply of Mr. W. P. Tlsdcl, written In Ilucnos A)rcs, on tho 50th of March, to tho attack of Mr. Henry M. Stanley, published In tho New York Jlcrald of Jan. 21. It Is n very Interesting and Instructive paper, and ap pears Tor tho first tlmo In thoISATiovAL ltr.iTiiLlCAN. It Is qulto evident to us that Mr. Stanley Is llko tho man who bit oft moro tobacco than bo could chew when ho mado tho attack upon Mr. Tlsdcl. Ho has roused tho lion In his path, Mr. Tls dcl Is known to us as n gentleman ot tho highest character and sound business judg ment. In performing his duty as agent of tho United States, ho mado a report tint disturbed tho speculations of Stanley nnd Sanford, which mado them his enemies. As a practical question between tho dlvcrso reports of tbeso gentlemen concerning tho Congo country, tho Department ot Stato adopts and believes tho report of Mr. Tlsdcl as truthful, In which tho National Kb publican fully concurs. A memorial signed by William M. Rur- w ill, of New Orleans; Robert C. Wood, of Louisiana; S. C. Cobb, ot Pcnsacola, nnd D. McRac, of Arkansas, to Postmaster Gen eral Vilas, upon tho marltlmo Interests of the gulf states and tho Mississippi valley, Is a most Important paper In tho Inter est ot commerce. Tho document Is teeming with facts that should aw akin this dcad-and allvo administration to tho necessities of tho peoplo ot tho south ern states, It states that tho gulf front ports aro tho gates through which tho re ciprocal commerce should bo conducted be tween tlio United States and tho tropics. It represents that tho commerce of tho United States with the countries so situated amounts to about two bundled aud fifty millions. The memorial demands tho benefits ot direct communica tion, and that tho Interior west shall not bo compelled to conduct its tropical cports over eastern ways and around distant and dangerous coasts at au enhanced cost of tlmo, freight, and Insur ance, aud to tho dctrlmcut of Its own longi tudinal transportation by rail and river, which would bo tho proper carriers of their tropical traJo by way of tho gulf ports. What tho country needs Is a chaugo re form. It requires statesmanship. To get It tho south must send Republicans to Con mess. Tub ladles In stately council assembled In tho hospltablo mansion houso of Gen, Washtiigton havo a clearly defined duty to perform. It Is even moro Important than tourists having their photographs taken, that they havo an opportunity and facility of purchasing a luncheon. Visiting tho tomb ot the father o( his country Isjnot of necessity an occasion of fasting, aud It It is rendered so, practically, thcro will bo fewer people to mako tho penitential pll. grlmago hereafter. A well equipped, well conducted refreshment room could detract nothing from the dignity ot the surround ing scenery, and Its establishment would bo proof posltlvo to tho great American pub lic that tho ladles ot tho Mount Vernon As sociation desired Its presence nnd con sidered its comfort. Gen. Jiack ought to cast the 8100 a month out of his own pocket before ho becomes so proudly virtuous. After that ho may speak m ono hav lug clean hands and n pure ncart. M'lmlwg luliUig-nur, Gin Black Is totally and Irremediably disabled, and Is tborcforo notoriously unfit for tho position lu which maladministra tion has put him. He should contlnuo to draw his pension, but should do so In tho seclusion befitting a pitiful wreck. This is tho view which wo know is entertained by tbo judicious friends ot this gentleman. IIo was, as wo llko to remember and repeat, a gallant soldier, a bravo and truo defender of tho old flag, but he Is now past useful ness, and his Influential friends should sco that ho Is retired. The London Dally A'ctu says that England nnd America will fight tho fisheries caso on Iho legal principles so dear to lxnli nations. Tho last caso fought on legat principles was the Alabama claims, ant England paid 813, OOO.OOO for hor experience. JluUlmon Ucralil. No, tho last caso was this same fisheries business, and tho United States paid $3, G00,000 becauso ot a mistake mado on our sldo by which tbo Ilritlsh brethren got two of tho thrco members of tho commission. The Now York Hun evidently thinks Dunn's freo ship bill a plcco ot legislation perfectly devoid ot statesmanship. Sco Its editorial of yesterday republished In an other column. For the lloneflt of Wine Orovverri. Senator Stanford jestcrday Introduced as an amendment to tho bill which passed tho Houso sumo mouths ago, relating to tho taxation of fractional parts of a gallon ot distilled spirits, the mcasuro already duu llshcd, authorizing the fortification of sweet wines with pure grapo brandy, which meas uio was prepared by tho Vltlcultural Asso ciation and approved by tho commissioner of Internal revenuo. The District Appropriation 11111. Tho Houso committee on appropriations yesterday refused to concur In tho Scuato amendments to tho District ot Columbia appropriation bill, where additional appro priations are luvolvod. Tho Scnato uddod 210,000 In tho aggrcgato to tho bill as It passed the House. Incorporation of Trudos Unions. The houso commlttco on labor yesterday ogrccd to report favorably a bill authorizing tho Incorporation of trades unions In tho territories aud tho District ot Columbia THE seat ol rheumatism Is at aneo rcachod by an external application of 81 Jacobs Oil. llrpnlifnM tiililn l.ulter to tlio President. Mr I'm MM sr I hit i fllchil auuonucomout Hint )ou have rccitcd and will adopt Hi ndvliu of the Nitionvi. lUPunUCANso freely tniiluul jnu during tho Christinas season in theto It tiers has been Joyfully received. Tim stUcilnnnf the whllo houso ns tho place, tho leeond day of summer, Iho month of runs, as the lime-, nnd a Presbyterian clcmynian, In the person of Dr. llyron Buudorluid. M tho lit.ly mini. In tlo tho knot that shall bind you In matrimony with Miss Prances Polsom, of lluluilo, X. Y., Is approved by tho Sonalo an I the people, without tcclnz tho enrrosuon 1 rurc. This alllnnco between tno rrosldem nnl tno rcnldcn Is a union of tho bud anil tho bloom. It has been taught In our schools, slnco the Inauguration of (uhlngton, that It was pnsd ble for any American lad to Ijocomo n Presi dent. UMory will now teach tho American laws that It Is possible for nuy ono of them to become a l'rcsldenlcss. It Is announced that tho Invltod guests will bo limited to family friends and to tho members of IhcOblnct nnd their families. It wont a j bo a graceful act for you to summon to Iho executive mansion, to wltnoss tho ccrcmonlc, I Mrs. Polk, Mrs. Tyler, Mrs, Grant, Mrs. air field, nnd cx-Prcsldcntand Mrs. Hayes, and ex-President Arthur. Should they attend or not, tho press of tho country would ns cheer fully.publlsh, as you would receive, their con gratulations and tho expression of their bless ing". It will form an Interesting pago In tho his tory of this national wedding when tho memo rablo messages, Inspired by tho occasion, shall bo given to the public. 1'opo Leo will send by cablo tho pontifical benediction, whllo ho will not forget that ho Is parting with a bachelor brother. Tho presi dent of Iho rcpubllo of France, In sentiment, will cmbraco you, and tho lovcrelgnsof nil countries will saluto you and iho first lady of our land, In fact, tho tlmo of tho announce ment of your Intended niarrlago to Its consum mation Is so short that tlio wires over tho earth nnd under tho waters will bo aglow with greet ings from every 7ono. Our poet liurento Is already under tho mag netic lnllucnccs of tho occasion, and his muso sings the song herewith r resented; tub union. A Nation halts tho happy day Tho Whllo House door receives a bride, And over seas nnd Tar away (llad greetings hither glide Hall tho Chief of Freedom's Land, Hall tho gentle, lovely Fair, Trustful hand unlto with han I, And heart with heart bo thercl Pleasant bo their lives, caressed Ftlll by thoughts and fancies su cct. Kvcr through toe world path htosscd, Brightening to tho bliss complcto I The National REruuticvN, AMUSKMENTS. soiMMiorsnA, No answer has j ct been glv en w hlch may bo considered n satisfactory solution of tho prob lem, "Why Is Jcannlo Winston so popular?' A letter from a Daltlmorj lady, signed "A. B" undertook to defend Miss Winston's him I and masculinity, and "OneotthoGlrU" siyj Jcannlo Is a common, everyday man Idealized, perfumed with n sweet smile, Ac. Wo aro still waiting for Information In regard to Miss Win-don's popularity. In tho mcaullmo ho will make n few remarks. Our criticism In last Tuesday's issuo scorns to havo been freely misinterpreted Tli.lt is easy to understand. In that artlclo vrcron number of "iuctlon," which lell nnjbody unil evcrjlxi.ly 10 answer and I1U In. Uno per son bad 0110 answer, unothcr another. Of course, by this simple process, tlio criticism received Inrge nnd extended lnraiilng. and, like tho threo black crows, might bo traced uat kio mere Eouim. Wliv. mv dear clrls.vou don't knoivwhv vn-i nro In lovo with Jcannlo. You can't glvo a reason except jourown sweet woman's roaiou, w hlch Is so Irreslstlblo to limn. I asked a nort snuuK Miss Inst cvinltiK, "Dovou tulmlro Mlu Wliisinn, nnd, If so, why?" Said slic: "I lovn Mi's Winston because she Is lovable-, and If 1 love her, slio is Invnblo even If sho Isn't lovable." W ell. that's It, dear gl-lj, go on aud lovo her, if vnu lovo her, or course. "Boccaccio" tills week has imd 11 great run. Tho crime ilc la cremc havo turned out to ill Jcnnnlo Winston nnd her excellent company honor. Jcannlo Winston is still as popular as ever, nnd on the Increase. T he pubtlo seem to like her moro ami moro, and Iho girls won't heor n word said against her. Kvjntuo dudos arc now seen lu tho front row with cauoi In the lr mouths. I heard one remark londudlno : "Winston takes thu cherryl" This Is, of course, the latest nnd most highly laudatory manner of nwardlng Mls Winston tlio palm of victory ov cr tho hearts of all w ho mas c jmo within tho reach of her wonderful mnguctlsm. Tho success of Iho summer season of opera seems assured, and Winston wlllioullnuo to wnrblo till Congress adjourns, till tho hot, swcllcrlug summer spell sneak away, and when tho autumn "leavlcs." still green with envy, shall drop from tho trees, then Jcunlo will also "CfiyQ, Tho best of friends must port. 'Tl sad to think that only fur nhout three months longer tho shout, the merry Jost, and mimic earnestness of summer opera will still bo with us. It some times might happen that a victim must bo found. Tho May bug nnd liken Iso tho mosquitoes, mid scorching nights, I know they won t bo missed, Hut summer opera I won't pu" nu my list, I am Just a llltla tearful lest It should bo missed. Iscxl week tlio "Princess of Trcblrondu" will bo produced, with tho tinsel and gnrgeousness appropriate for tho presentation of her royal iimnncsH 111 tno insula, it will only cost 00 cents to bring) our best uiiiii'm, ill liiu iriniii:L. girl, voting man, nnd II you don't live far from tho theater, wliy you can walk thcro and back undsnvocur fare Dou't miss tho show noxt week for mi) thing. It beats eating lco cream und strawberries. THE DIME Ml'SEUSI. To-night, ending tho season, tho DIrao will he tiinirararlly closed, HEnzna's opera house. Tho Leland Opera Company, from Now York, cngsgo llerzog's through next wcok, 1 hoy nro highly recommended. Their presentation will bo "The American Minister' with excellent music, song, nnd wit. beveral Washington 11 rllns, male and female, contribute to tho en joyment, We aro told that wo shall see and hear great things; wo aro ready and desirous. CIIOW.V OUlt HEItOlH. This poena was jerul by tho lato Mrs. M. i:. Davidson, ofAlnboma, Iiecoratlon Day, 1811, at the tomb ot Washington, on tho occasion (it Iho visit to that placo of tho U. W. P., or New York, No 103, U. A. It , aen. Martin T. MeMahou commanding. Tbopoom wassiib suiufritl) placed In the archives of the post, and both author and reader presented with tho badga of tho post, a gold hatchet on bluo silk. It Is from Mrs. Mary E. Kail's book, "Crow n our llorocs.") Crown our heroes, tho soldiers whoso spirits hav oiled To tho laud of tho blest crown tbo bcrolo dead; Let the fair hand of woman weavo garlands of (lowers, Kissed by heaven's puro sunlight In sweet morning hours; Go tenderly, gently, and scatter them where Our heroes uroslceplug-go scatter them there! Crown our heroes, tho soldiers who sleep on the shorn Where tho call of tho buglo can wako them no more; Men who fought to defend us; Obi can wo forget Thotrlbuioof glory wonwotothem yot? Bring lov o's fairest oilerlugs, with tear j and with proper, And grntclully, reverently scatter them there. Crow n our hemes, tho soldlers,who8o grandeur and imwcr Saved our own dear Columbia, in war's trou bled hour; W lien, amid thu fierce struggle each soul was a host, Who was ready todlolest his country ho lost I They aro dead I they aro dead I and now what fan wo do As a trlouto of lovo for tho nob'o and truo ? Crown our heroes, tholsoldlcrs; Oh I scatter tho How era O'er Iho graves of tho dead: they aro yours, they aro ours Men who fought for tbo flag, and our foes In the fray For as brothers thoy sleep; both tho Uui.unl the uruyi And now, truo to our banner, our offerings wo bring Blushing roses of summer, aud violets of spring. Crow nour heroes, God bless thoml no Iruohcart need lag; Crown tho dead and thelllvlng who stood by tho Hag. Through the oncoming ages let each havo a name, Carved In letters of gold In tho tcraplo of famo! For tho bright stars of freedom our bannor unfurled Is I tho Joy of Columbia, ths prldo of tho world I cc rtehi Web May marriages havo been numerous do splto tho prejudice against wedding In tho tearful mouth. Lovo laughs at ruloand precedence and all that when thoy bar tho way to tho consummation of fondest hopes, and often In this practical, workaday world business steps lu nnd decides ns to details. Iho tendency In tho human breast to act independently ot standard regulations la dally manifested in tho most trivial affairs of life. Com cnlctico Is tho great arbitrator. And what tauglcmcnts resultwhcn Individ uality Is abandoned and tho strango gods ot aliens aro raised. Tho system of - chaperon age, adapted from tho Latins, and an excel lent custom, nevertheless, gives us no end ofdldlculty. Wo havo not grown Into tho spirit of tho matter; It Is with us tho ohsor vanco of a form. To put Itmoro plainly, nn affectation. At a largo evening party wo havo ono girl saying to another, "Why, who Is your chaperon ?" which query be ing put the quorled must, on pain of being caught trespassing, produco a matron or male rclatlvo to whom sho Is accredited for the evening. Wo nro on tho outlook to sco that tho regulation Is enforced. Tho new order must bo enforced. In Now 1 orkclty, where matronlztng and tho restrictions that do hedgo unmorrlcd persons of opposite sexes In their ossoclatlons grow ovcry day moro aud moro rigid, curious lapses occur. A man and a girl taking a walk may not leavo tbo fashionable portion of a fasnlnn ablo avenue, and would suffer seriously In the estimation of everybody If seen together In a sldo street. If tho girl llvo In ono of theso tabooed spots, as thousands of society families do, tho attendant youth must leavo her at tho corner to walk a half block nloncl A duenna escorts tho couple. In this case, to tho thoroughfare presumably. Why not contlnuo In their company. That Is Eng lish, quite. And now they aro discussing tho propriety nnd Impropriety ot n couple, man and girl, riding together In a hansom cabl It Is a high misdemeanor to drlvo In a closo carrlago with a gcntlcmau unattended, that Is an established canon. Rut tho han som presenting n front open to tho world, tho notion nroso and provalled for a time that tho young folks might rldo therein without offense Tho trail of tho dragon whoso protection had been Invoked was overall things mundane A cold-blooded observer discovered that tho half doors ot tho hansom when closed In f rout concealed II1U uuuuo UUU huu ieu ,a,uja uu irjut- tunlty of being clasped Inlovc-Insplrlngcm- braccl And thus tho metropolis Is divided, somo for and others opposed to tho hansom driving, and tho peoplo had better hlro a hall and Dr. DIx aud LIUlo Do vcrcaux lllako to discuss tho wholo busi ness for them. In tho mcantlmo tho fact that lu Loudon, tbo homo ot tho hansom, ladles strictly eschew tbo usoot that cab It entirely omitted from consideration. It Isthlssamohalt knowlcdgo of tho mod els wo falu would form ourselves upon that causes us to commit all sorts of Incongru ities In dress. Or It may bo carelessness. In passing along 'ho avenuo of a morning, how many men do jou meet who wear high bats with their cutaway coats and tho Derby with n Prince Albert? Tho women mako fewer blunders In dress, and tbo dis cordances aro not so rasping. Married women wear tho round hat hero, although tt Is never seen upon British matrons ot good taste. Tho matter ot appearing upon tho public promenodo "In her flguro," so pop ular with tbo American womau, Is receiving correction through our coutact with Im ported modistes aud milliners. Tho wllcst Interest Is felt throughout tho country In tbo council, now In session, of tho Ladles' Association at Motiut Veruon. The regent rnd a number of tho vlco re gents assembled nn Wednesday, and hold their first meeting on Thursday. When tho W. W. Corcoran, tho steamer that carries visitors from tho capital to tho honored grounds, arrives tho council adjourns. Mrs. Laughton, tho regent, with customary grace and becoming dignity, met n few ex pected friends In tho great hall. It Is pleasant to record that a lady so eminently fitted as Is Mrs. Laughton for tho high Iosltlon' has accepted Its responsibilities, ly her distinguished manners nnd beauty aud brilliancy, Mrs. Laugbtou Is lu her elo mcntdolngtho honors of Mouut Veruon. As tbo ladles sat about tho great tablu In tho banquet hall, tho room chosen by New York, they mado a most In teresting picture. Around them were tho crumbling relics of a period of 100 years ago, tbo grandcurand pomps of a genera tion gono by. Aud to these revolutionary mementoes they bring tho mora progressiva Ideas .and advanced thoughts of a now order ot things. Mrs. Laughton as regent sits at tho head ot tho tabIc;oppostto to her, cits a well-known society leader of this city In tho capacity of lco regent for tho great stato ot Illinois. I refer to Mrs. L. ',. Letter, who Is ono ot tho youngest. If not tho youngest, lady In tbo couucll. Mrs. Letter, who has a broad culturo and a wldo Knowledge, enjoys with zest tho historical values of tho houso and all tho art gems and antiques It contains. Miss Allco Long fellow, tho daughter of tbo poet, Is hero from her borne in Cambridge Sho has a graceful, lithe, flguro and waars her early whitening hair parted over her low fore head In rlppllnc waves. Sho woro glasses aud a dark dress ot cloth, with a red waist coat braided with black. Miss Longfellow's Idea ot tho vlco regents Is that thoy should bo devoted to tho study of all that per tains to Gen. Washington, his friends, and his environments In short, that they should bo wholly given up to Washlngtof ocv. Mrs. Walker, of Lcaksvlllo, N. C, Is an affable agreeable lady, who Is one of tho original panel ot vlco regents. Sho wears hcrgray hair In rings, glasses on her oyes, and diamonds In her cars. Mrs. Cornelia L. King, of Vermont, occu pies with Mrs. Lcltcr tho famous Lafayetto room, named In honor of tbo marquis, who was assigned to It on each ot his visits to Mount Vernon. An engraving of Ary Schcffcr's portrait of Lafayetto Is In tho room. Mrs. King Is richly attired In 'an claborato toilet ot black satin, garnished with lace, and her gray hair Is combed back straight from her faco. Mrs. Townscnd, of Now York, woro a roho of black silk trimmed with Jetted lace, and a laco cap garnished with lavender rib bons. Miss Harper, of Maryland, occupies tho Nelllo Custls room. Mrs. Judgo Hall, of Richmond, Va., Is a tall, graceful woman, her eyes aro dark and her hair brown, anO hor husband Is a great great nephew of Gen. Woshlngton. Mrs. Judge Woodward, of Lexington, Ivy., Is a tall woman, dressed In black. Sho had not yet laid nsldo her bonnet and wraps from hir arrival at her first council. Mrs, Evo, ot Georgia, Is a woman ot weight, bho has a clear judicial mind, dresses In black silk and wears her gray hair In curls that fell over her forehead, Mrs. Halstcd, ot Now Jersey, woro a whlto mull cap over her black hair, a dress of black bombazine, black gloves, and old stylo gold-rlmraid spectacles. One ot tho most fascinating women I have over met Is Mrs. Lewis Washington, of Cbarlcstown, Jefferson county, vlco re gent for West Virginia. Sho Is directly do cended from Lady Washington, her groat grandmother having been Mrs. Dandrldgo, who married Col. Rassctt, a revolutionary hero, aud Is tho great grandnlcco of Lady Washington, and her husband was tbo great greatnephevv of Gen. Washington. Col, Washington was conspicuous lu tho John Drown raid was a stalf officer to Henry A. Wise, then governor ot Virginia. Her only son Is W. il'Hertbura Washington, named for Normau ancestor, and at present our consul ut Loudon, Canada, Mrs, Washington has a splendid flguro, lino presence, aud a vigorous, Intellectual life Waves or.curllng hair uro combed back from a full forehead, bluo eyes glvo a ploasant light and glow with sympathetic Interest, and her ovcry movement Is combined craco, case, and dignity. Ono can realize. In Mrs. Washington all that her name and llncogo Implies tho Incarnation of all tho grocis of heart, tnlnd, and pcrsou. Tho manlago of xflss Lldn Miller to Mr. A. 1'.. TouzntlnJ was not unexpected, hut was sudden. I am told that tho groom, who has been n widower eleven years, prof fered himself to Miss Miller two years ago and was re fused. Persistence won thoprlze. Mr. Touzalln Is Immensely wealthy, and (,w ns ono of tho finest suburban residences near Boston, A pleasant event of Tuesday evening was a roso party given by Mrs. Lander at her placoon Capitol Till). Mrs. Charles NordholT gavo an elegant breakfast In honor ot Mrs. Hearst on Tues day. Tho ccntcrptcco was ot peonies, and Iho favors wcro knots of wild wood flowers Tho guests wcro Mrs. Whitney, Mrs Laugh ton. Mrs. (leu. llealo. Airs. Loiter. Mrs. Springer, Madamo Romero, Mrs. Cockrcll, Mrs. Pope, Mrs. Mandcrsnn, Mrs. John W. Foster, Mrs. ticorgu Rcalc, aud Mrs. Cotby. Hon. and Mrs. J. w. Totter Invited a number of distinguished peoplo, members ot Congress and of tho diplomatic corps, to meet the new Chlncso minister on Wcdncsdaycvonltig. Our present minister to Chliin, Col. Charles Dcnby, Is from Evans vlllc, Ind,, and, therefore, a fellow-townsman of cx-Mlnlstcr Foster, nnd gavo tho Chinese minister a letter of Introduction to his friends at tho now post. Miss llurbank, of Kentucky, sang somo beautiful selec tions, and Mr. Hubbard Smith, Mr. Ross Thompson and Mr. Btalcy rendered como vocal nnd Instrumental pieces. Mr. Smith sang somo of his comic compositions to tho great delight otnll present. Iho guest of tho evening was accompanied by his first secretary, and they nil enjojed thoctitcrtalnmcntrlghthcartlly. Tho minister woro a green ring upon his thumb, a mart: ot high Oriental distinction. Mr. do Lovcnorn, tho Danish minister, fravo an Informal reception and supper at lis rooms on Connecticut arcnuoto Mr. nnd Mrs. Hogland, on Thursday evening. Iho tnblo was loaded with Ducboss do Brabant rotes, and thcro woro bouquets ot rich roses for each lady, Somo ot tho ?ucsts wcro Minister von Alvenslcbcn, Ion. Perry Rclmont, Minister and Madamo Rcutcrsklold, Barou Zedwltz, Minister do Struve, Count Sala, Mrs. Wright, M. do Rounder, Count Rorghravo, Baron d'lta Julia, and Judgo and Mrs. John Davis. Secretary and Mrs. Endlcott gavo a din ner last evening to Secretary and Mrs. Whitney. . Mrs. John P. Jones gives n luncheon to day to ladles. Mrs. Lcntllhon, of Now York city, who has been visiting her sister, tbo Countess d'Ar6chot, returned to her homo on Friday. Mr. Charles Garrison, tho now Trench secretary, will visit Canada next week. On his return ho will assumo tho ministerial duties In tho absence of M. Roustan. Gen. aud Mrs. Vlclo havo gono to West Point for a fortnight. Gen. Vlelo Is on tho board ot visitors for tho examinations. Justlco and Mrs. Illatchford will spend tho season at Newport. Justice and Mrs. Field, Mrs. and Miss Dolph, and Mr. and Mrs. llughor will sail for Etiropo on tho Cunard steamer Umbna next week. Dr. and Miss Kcjbum will sail for Scot land on next Saturday, Mmn tTlnrntn rt AlnvtAl Wrlirt la It I (la tlm llcxl Mexican minister, has been greatly beno- fited In health by her sojourn hero. Iho I.ons or tlio Honduras. About 11 p. 111. on tho night of April 21 tbo Pacific Mall steamship Honduras left La Libertad, Salvador, bound for Panama, having on board about eighty souls, pas sengers and crew, all told. Tho following morning, toward 5 o'clock, a denso foe gathered up, shrouding everything In Im penetrable gloom, so that objects could not bo distinguished a yard ahead. Tho vessel was then off tho mouth of tho river Lcmpa, at a dlstanco of four or llvo miles from shore A sand bank which did not exist when tho steamer passed up on her preced ing voj ago had been formed at this spot, and hero tho vessel struck. Capt. Griffiths had been on tbo bridge slnco very early, but tho unexpected naturo of tho catas tropho mado It Impossible for htm to tako any prccuatlons against It; tho peril was unknown until It was too lato. However, his self-possession did not desert him. Ho Issued lmmcdlato orders to rovcrso engines In tho hope ot backing off, at thusamo tlmo charging tho purser with Instructions rcla tlvo to tho safety ot tho passengers. Rut tho most strenuous attempts to get her off proved Ineffectual, nnd at tho end ot half an hour, finding tho vessel had sprung aleak, Capt. Griffiths ordered tho boats to bo lowered, Into which first tho passengers and then the crow were placed, ho and his officers remaining at their perilous posts until tho last mo ment. All was effected lu perfect order, thanks to tho ready ohcdlcnco of tho crow, aud tho excellent discipline oxcrclscd by tho officers and captain; but no idea of saving the malls and haggago could bo en tertained on nccour.t of the Insufficiency ot boats. At 0:30 a. m. all was In readiness, and when tbo last hopo ot saving tho vessel was abandoned, tbo boats, to tbo number of seven, wcro put out, and their courso directed toward tho bay ot La Union. Af ter rowing all day, thoy reached tho covo of Jlqutlfsco at 10 p. in., whero thoy suc ceeded In lauding. Iho shipwrecked crow, overcome with fatigue, flung themselves on tho beach, and slept until 3 o'clock tho fol low Ing morning (April 20), when thoy again took to tbo boats, and In six hours reached iho port of J.n union, tho captain being tho first toarrlvo In his boat, which was rigged with a sail. On tbo morning of tho 28th tho Crescent City, of tho samo line, coming from Panama bound for La Libertad, passed near tho sceuo ot tho disaster. Tho steamer stopped and lowered her boats for thn purpose of visiting tho wreck to sco It It wcro still possible toeavo anj thlug, but n heavy sea prevented their getting near, and thoy could only ascertain that tho vessel had parted amidships, that tho stern had completely sunk, and that probably In six hours or thereabouts tho wreck would havo com pletely disappeared. It Is tho opinion of experts that tho sand bank on which tho Honduras was wreckod could not have been formed by tho river Lcmpa, which, durlug tho dry season, llko all tropical rivers, brings down very little water to tho sea; even during tho rainy sea son, which lasts from May to November, when tho river Is swollen to a rushing tor rent, It Is considered Improbable that a bar could bo formed at such a dtstauce from shore. Tbo presenco ot tho sand bank must therefore rather bo considered duo to volcaulc agency, well known to bo active throughout Central America and particu larly so In tho republic of Salvador. D. Sam Sai.vadoii, May, 1BHJ. J'fEnSONALlXIKS. Hon, J. B. RoniNsoN, attorney general of Ohio, Is at tho Rlggs House CMMTOr'&coL.i.Ann, the poet, has arranged to pass tho summer In Europe. Commissions-! Colman, or tho agricultural bureau, left for tho vrcst yesterday. I)n I!.;m, Pease, a prominent surgeon during tho war, died atSyracuso yesterday. The death Is announced of Karl Diublgny and Pierre l'rcrc, tho French painters. The Now Jersey Prohibitionists havo nomi nated Gen. Clinton 11. Flsko for governor, IlAiinN NoniiFNSicjoiii Is making a visit at Berlin, whero ho Is something of a lion, Among tho arrivals yesterday at tho Hygela Hotel, Old Point Comfort, Va , from Washing ton, I). C, wcro W, Uowlo Tyler, M, D. ErciHTAiiv Manning continues to linprovo In health. It Is thought ho will leavo Wash lugton within a fortnight for 0110 of tho Vir ginia springs, vvbero ho can havo tho benefit of mineral baths. COL. D. 8. Lauont returned to Washington about noon ) cstcrday from New York, and af ter pa) ing a short visit to tho whlto houso Im mediately repaired to his owu rcsldouco to ob tain much needed rest. Miss Jekme Finpieton, who barely escaped tho dreadful fato of her mother, In tho New York runaway, Is to bo married to Arthur Ilrlce, of Washington, Tho wedding duy had been fixed for tho noxt autumn, Anotheii Austrian princo has Joined tho ranks of royal authors, Archduko Joseph has submitted to tho Hungarian ueadomyofscl enema comparative grammar of tbo gypsy dialects, Tho cntlro manuscript I lu tho archduke's handnrltlug, and comprises 'JJJ folio pagis.' TiinsEizuiiiJor Tiin"sisTKit9." A Krport by Collector Anderson on tlio Subject. Acting Secretary Falrchlld yesterday re ceived n report from Collector Anderson nt Portland In regard to tho alleged detention of tho British schooner Sisters, In which ho cavsi "Herewith I transmit a statement of Jesso Elllt, master ot British schooner Sis ters, of Yarmouth, N, 8., relating to 11 penalty Incurred by him In consoqiicnco of violation of provisions of section 281 1 Re vised Statutes ot tho United States. On this caso I have respectfully to report that Ibis vessel arrived and entered at this port under circumstances substantially as stated by Copt. Ellis. Tho 'clearance' ho alludes to has on Its face tho single word 'fish' as n description of cargo. Nowhero on 'clear ance' Is auy reterenco mado to kind, condi tion, quantity, by whom shipped, or to whom consigned. Very likely tlio dis crepancy between his statcraeut aud tho fact arises through an Inndvcrtcnco on the patt of tho person ha employed to dra-v up tho statement. Tho acting boarding officer ai tun pore rcporicu 10 me, inroiuu mo surveyor under dato ot tho 2Jth Instant, that this vessel 'arrived at this port to day, and tho captain failed to produco a mani fest of the cargo on board said schooner.' "In cnnscqucnco of this tbo master was Infoimcd on entry that ho was liable to a penalty of JoOOfor failure to produco a manifest upon his arrlvul within tho limits ot this collection district, as provided by scc'lon 2M4 Revised Statutes of tho United States; that under an article ot Treasury Regulations, ltH4, relating to customs and navigation laws, tho caso would bo sub mitted to tho Secretary of tho Treasury bo foro enforcing tho penalty. I bellove tho reasons ho assigns for his failure to comply with tho requirements of tho navigation laws nnd customs regulations ot tho United States to bo true. I havo not discovered any attempt on his part to defraud tho rcvenuo. IIo presented a manifest In proper form on entry of his vessel, In which cargo was set up as taken on board nt Farnswortb. N. S.; contents, 20,000 fresh mackerel, shipped by W. A. Kllllan ami consigned to W. L. Clements & Co.: consignee's residence Portland, and port ot destination, Portland. In vlow ot tho fact that tho morning papers ot this city publish in full n statement ot Capt. Ellis, as herein Inclosed, I deem It propor to say that the document was not furnished tho press by any officer connected with tho customs scrvlco at this port to my knowl edge I respectfully submit thu caso and await your Instructions thereon." Capt. Ellis's statement, referred to In tho above letter, has already been published. 11AU7WAY8 IN l'UHSIA. American Capital nml Knterprlso Wel comed Itcsources of tho Country. Tho following extract, concerning Amer ican capital and Persian railways, Is from n dispatch to tho Department ot State, of April 25, I860, wbcrcln Mr. Winston, tho American minister at Teheran, reports nu Interview bitween tho shah and himself re cently : "Ho (tho shah) expressed himself vory anxious to havo progress and public Im provements In Persia, and particularly do tlrous ot having aid, both pecuniary aud personal, from America for tho develop ment ot tho country. Ho said that ho was extremely anxious to havo a railroad built from Mohammcrah, on tho Euphrates, near tbo Persian gulf, to Teheran, und would bo glad to havo It built by Americans. I spoko of tbo country and Its resources. I told him that If It could bo demonstrated that tho road would pay and tho franchtso pro tected capital would no doubt bo found to build It. Ho expressed a dcslro that I should tako an Interest lu tho work, and If possible luduco my countrymen to do so and build tbo toad, I told his majesty that I would bo glad to communlcato to my gov eminent, nnd through you to our peoplo, anything that ho might bo desirous ot hav luc told as to tho advisability ot such an Investment; that tho most Important Infor mation to luduco Investment wcro rollablo statistics of tho wealth and population and resources ot tho country through which tho road would pats, and that I had already requested of tho minister ot foreign affairs full statistics of tho commerce, Internal and external, ot Persia, and also manufactures, which had been promised mo, and It his majesty wouiu aiso orucr sucu otucr inior matton as would bo Importaut'to tho project to be furnished me,I would tako pleasure lu communicating everything to my govern ment, which would communlcato such In formation as might bo dcslrabla to my countrjmen." llio Itlvcr Commission nnd Jumes II. Judn as. Cnpt. John Covvdon. National View, May 'H. In tho lower Mississippi river wo havo this problem to solvo : At flood tldo lu tho upper river nt Cairo there Is a volumo of water of tho enormous flow of 1,475,000 cubic feet per second, whllo tho dlschargo from tbo mouth of tho river Is but 1,100,000 cubic feet per second, leaving tho amount ot 375,000 cubic feet per sccoud to burst levees und destroy tho lower country. Wo nuolo tho statement mado by Admiral David D. Porter In 1884. Slnco that tlmo tho Inflow has been greater and thu outflow less. Tho problem Is this, and will press It self upon tho attention of tho peoplo aud Congress : "Ihero Isdurlng tho high water period more, and a great upil more, water flowing Into the lower Mississippi than can flow out of It -at tho natural outlets." "How shall this surplus water bo got rid of f " Capt. Eads and the river commission say: "Shut up all outlets, and forco tho water out at tho mouth." And Eads has already contracted tho mouth to about ono-balf of Its former capacity, and has accomplished that wonderful feat ot modern engineering, causing a river flood to commence at Its mouth aud travel up stream. Tho plan of trying to mako a small open ing dlschargo as much water as Is let into a river by a larger ono has resulted ns com mon sense would havo anticipated, Tho small hols won't do It, can't do It, so the levees break, tho country Is drowned out, millions ot dollars worth ot crops, stock, aud other property dostroyed ovcry year, besides sickness and loss of llfo occasioned by tho stagnant waters resulting from tho overflow. Rut then It makes fat jobs for greedy contractors, and soft places for au army of engineers, surveyors, and so forth, aud a good mauy of tho "and so forth," Capt. Covvdon, an old river man, who has spent nearly halt a century In closely and wisely observing the lower Mississippi, and studvlng Its peculiar dynamics, assisted by G, W. Qulntard and others, men of nmplo means, gives this advlco:"Open'another out let at a point where It will do tho most good, then you will havo no moro over ows aud moro, you will havo a better channel In the river for navigation." And theso men have. so much faith In tholr solution; that thoy ask Congress to glvo them permission to test It, and at their own expense. Then If they accomplish It, to tho satisfaction ot tho government, to pay them less than one-tenth of tho amount which Eads and tho commission estlmatoit would lost to perfect their nonsensical projects. Congress has bad tho good sense to lav atldc, as to tho Mississippi aud Missouri rivers, that useless aud costly luxury, tho liver nnd harbor commission. Why thoy havo not taken tbo sensible step, and passed tho bill for tho Lako Uorgne outlet aud per mitted Capt, Covvdon aud his patriotic asso ciates to go on and mako tholr experiment, Is ono of those thlugs no fellow can find out. Wo trust that thoy will get tho hill beforo them, and pass It. It needs no moro dis cussion, the very clauses of tho hill Is tho very best discussion which could bo had. Guard, absolutely, tho government from any liability until tho work has been done, and the effects premised produced; then when tho flood has been lowered, tho lower country relieved, thoy will bo Justly enti tled, not only to their reward, but will ro eclvo tho thnuks ot tho people llncea At Ivy City, A large number ot ccntlcmcn met at tho storo of Mr, John II, Magruder last night, and decided to havo a series of four races on the Blh ot Juno. Tlio races will bo con tested by well known local running horses, gentlemen riders up, and tho proceeds realized from admission fees will bo dovotcd to thu benefit of thu Washington Eyo and Ear Dispensary a most worthy charity. There w 111 bo four races, viz., Uvo eighths of a mile, ono half inllo dash, ono mllo dash, ami a steeplechase over tho full course, 'Iho races will bo 0110 of tho soci ety t-ventB of tho spring. NOMINATIONS CONl'IHMKD. Cnses of Official Partisanship No Charges Alleclliitr tho OHIcliil or Per sonal lie cord of the Outgoing dm clnls. Tho Scnato has confirmed tho following nominations 1 C. It. Urrnthnus'tof California, to bo consul general at Knongawn. Utilities Last to Im rcgl'lcr at Yankton, Dak. It. I). Lauinstcrtubu surveyor of customs at 61. Ixiuls. .11. C. Fulton to bo United Btatcs marshal or the district of Wisconsin J. M. Msrllii to borccclvcrof public moneys at New Orleans J. K. Garland to bo United States attorney for Dakota. (I. E. Bird to bo United States attorney for Maine. Also, twenty-seven istniatcrf. Among the latter Is the lu Initiation nf Herbert VV llllaini to bo losima'ter at r,orlh Mend, Nib, vlco Chauiiccv W, Hviitt, removed, and tho nomi nation of R.ll. Evans tu bo postmaster at Ol tumwn, town, vlco A. If Hamilton. Tho r-ennle has re-moved the Injunction of secrecy from tho report nf tho conmlttcuon rostollicesnnd iostrt ads In both nf theso cases. In r,'gard to tho W llliams-lljatt caso tho com- uimei-snys; It appears from thn papers and document In Iho case that Mr. Ilyntt Is 1 ho editor nml proprietor of n newspaper publlshid at North l'end. Several copies of bis newspapjr vverj filed In support of the application tut Ills ro rnovnl. ldltoilal nrtleleslindliig to Illustrate tho offensive partisanship of Iho editor whoso removal fioin olllco was reipi sted an I Is now proposed were iiidloi.tidbvpon and ponoll lines drawn around them, f 11 tho Issue of tho newspaper 01 Juno 17, 18f0, tho commlltco find Hn aitlclo indicated ns stated, and hero copy it at length, viz: "Di mociats nro not ofTenslvo partisans as tho following Ineldrntwill prove: A llltlo boy ana girl playing In tho ynul: the girl llnilj nn nnplo undir tho tree, and with nn exclamation of do Ight begins to bite It. 'Unlet 011 said tho boy. Throw It away; tho colry Is comln', nu' If you tat that applo you will Iks took sick, an' you rnn't talk, nn1 tho doctor will como an' glvo von somo bad medicine, nn' then you'll die Tbo girl throws tho apple down and tho boy snatching It up begins tu eat It. 'Don't,' tho girl cries, 'won't It kill you too?' 'So,' said tho boy, munching tho fruit, Itwoti'iklllhovs. It's only after llttlo girls, Boys don't havo colry." , It (snot difficult to sco tho point of this of fensive artllele "Oflenslvo partisanship" doca not apply to Democrats. It'sonlyartor llcpubll rans. Democrats do not havo It. It Is evi dent that Mr. Hyalt cannot boa very bad man, or an Inefficient officer, when resort Is had to such a courso to effect his removal. Tho fact that ho.hns such a keen appreciation of tho trucchaiaclcror tho nit.paradel relormdoc trlnesortho present times doubtless had 110 Inconsiderable tnflucrro In Inducing tho Im portunities of tho persons who urged his re moval. Tho Evans-Hamilton enso was also found by tho commlttco to bo a case of ollenslvo parti ranibip, with no charges afloctlmt tho nillclal or personal record of tho outgoing official. Nominations, Tho President sent tho following nomina tions to tho Scnato yesterday. William H. Cleveland, to bo appraiser or customs for tho district of Detroit, Mlcb. Ailolph Uppman, to bo commissioner for Alaska, at Juneau my. S-ccond Lieut. Lloyd M. Brett. 2d cavalry, to bo first lieutenant; hirst Lieut. Stanton A. Ma son, 4th cavalry, to ho captain; Second Lieut. James 11. Erwln, 4th cavalry, to be first non tenant: Second Lieut. Ilmh J. Mc'lmth. 4th cavalry, to bo first lieutenant; First Lieut. William Stanton, cth cavalry, to bo captain; Second Lieut. Eton P. W'lllcox, Cth cavalry, to be first lieutenant; Capt. Daniel Muddcn, Gib. cavalry, to bo major 7th cavalry; First Lieut, (leorgo 8. Wilson. 12th Infantry, to no captain; frccond Lieut. W'allls O. Clark, ol 12th infan try, to bo first lieutenant; Second Ltcut. Fran cis J. A. Uarr, of 12th lufantry, to bo first lieu tenant, It Will Not Work. New York Sun J Tho voto In tho Houso on tho free ship bill has been postponed In order to allow another day of debato. It canuot pass. It Is n frco trado mcasuro, absolutely and un qualifiedly, and for tho sako of a chimerical advantago to shippers and ship brokers It proposes to strlku out ot cxlstcnco one of iho most Important of American Industries. That is tho long and short of Mr. Polu dextcr Dunn's frco ship bill. No moro radical chango In tho nation's policy has been proposed In Congress for ninety vcars. Mr. Dunn confesses that nover be foro In tho history ot our legislation has, ), any congressman urougur, ucioro iuojiouso a bill directly proposing to rcpoal tho shipping act of 1702, which requires that vessels 11) Ing tho American flag shall bo built In American vtxds. Aud vet It was intended that this sweeping measure, ro virslng tho policy to which tbo United States have adhered In fair weather and: foul ever slnco Its citizens began to navi gate tbo seas, should bo rushed through tho Houso after halt a dozen speeches tor and against, and a few hours' consideration of tho trcmcudous interests Involved. It will not work. Tuo bill has been pro pared and Is advocated by certain congress men ot frco trado proclivities who constl tuto a majority of tho select commlttco on American shipbuilding and shipownlug In terests. Tho chairman Is from Forest City, Ark. Ills free-ship associates are re spectively from Aurora, in Indiana; Jeffer son, In Texas; Vldalla, In Louisiana; At lanta, In Georgia; Carthage, In Tennessee, and Grand Itaplds, In Michigan. Theso gentlemen from tho Interior practically ad mit that they aro ready to sacrlllco tho shipbuilding Industry, and to surrender what they nro pleased to term the American "monopoly" ot tho American coasting trade. For what f For a theory, an abstraction; for an entering wedgo for a general frco trado movement. "If my voice can reach my country men," cries Mr. Dunn, of Forest City, Ark., "let mo say to thorn that tho days of protection havo passed. You can not protect any longer." And thoreforo ho and the friends ot the frco ship bill propose to shut up tho Araerloan shlpvards, to shut out tho twenty or thirty million American dollars thcro Invested, to lock out tho twenty or thirty thousand Amcrlcau workmen thero employed, and to send American merchants to tho Clydo or tho north ot Ireland for whatever ocean ships thoy may need here after, and to New Brunswick and Nova Scotia for schooners for tbo loastwlso trado and tbo fisheries. No, It will not work I Substitute for tlio lllulr Education Kill Proposed. At tho meeting ot tho Houso committed en education yesterday llcprcsentatlvo Miller, ot Texas, Introduced n substitute! for tbo Blair educational bill. It appro priated $8,000,000 aunuolly for ten years, to bo distributed among tho states and ter ritories according to tho ratio of Illiteracy as established by the census ot 1SS0. Tho money slnll bo paid to tho states on tho 1st of each July, beginning with July 1, 1887, and shall bo expended by the states In tho maintenance of public schools under tho stato laws. The provisions of tho Blair bill, requiring reports from tbo states regarding tbo dis bursement of tbo money, and to which ob jections havo been made on tho ground of Intcrfcrcnco with state rights, uroeilmlnatcd from tho bill. In states In which separata schools are maintained for whlto aud col ored children, tho bill provides that tbo money given tho state shall be apportioned between whlto and colored schools In tbo proportion that tho total number of chil dren of each race of school ago bears to tho total number of children of school ago In tho stalo, as shown by the scholastic census. Upon the suggestion of Representative O'Donnell and others consideration ot tho bill was postponed, aud Mr. Miller agreed to Introduce tbo bill In the Houso and havo It printed, In order to glvo members time to examine It before noxt Friday, when Its final consideration will probably bo reached. Mr. Miller says that while ho regards nil bills ot this class as unconstitutional, ho prefers that a bill similar to tho ouo pro posed by him should bo reported rather than ono containing tbo objectionable fea tures embodied In tho Blair bill, Mr. Daniel, ot Virginia, was Instructed at the first rail of tho commlttco tn mako a motion to set obIJo Juno 10 for tho consid eration of the substitute for tho Blair edu cational bill reported by tho committee. Tho bill agreed upon by tho Houso com mittee on labor providing for tho Incorpo ration of trades unions Is tho work of Con gressman O'Neill. Tho measure Is asked for In tho platform ot tbo Knights of Labor and by tho Federation ot tho Trades Unions. An Identical bill Is upon tho Senate calendar awaiting action. Approved by the President. Tho bill for tho relief of Win. L. Dunlop, trustee, releasing whatever Interest, If any, tho United States may havo In a part ot lot 13, square 75, In Washington, has been signed by the President. Ha also signed tho act authorizing tho Secretary of tho Treasury to sell certain property in Chicago; tho act 1 making a deficiency appropriation for ascer taining depth of water aud width of channel at South lues ot tho Mississippi river, 1 m Tim only cough medlclno that cures surely Bed iter Cough Cure. No poisons. , ,viiAJn v-i r-i MmummMMi,