Newspaper Page Text
TIE HOUR GLASS.
BpuUing, flawing downward. Merrily drop the sands. Wails the golden bonis so gaily pan, Amid rose, and lily, sod soft green grass ; Wherefore ao eager to torn tbe glass, Ob ! dimpled babi-hssde ? Glittering, nhii downward. In the glow of tbe April eon. Ab ! aweet white finger, and ekr-bloe eyes. And ebeeks aa rosy aa western akiea ; Tut pity in Yon the first Paradise Tbat tbe sands so swiftly run ! Stealing forerer downward. Gray tinging their virgin gold. Pukes still quiver, and hearts still beat. Bat the road grows bard for tbe tired feet ; Barely tbe eky bad mora warmth and beat, And tbe sands showed brighter of old ! Drooping drearily downward, Tbe evening is well nigh o'er, Tbe brightest and best the river nave crossed, Tbe bolt is snot and tbs venture lost ; Tbe bark on tbe last long wave tossed, Tbe glass needs to turn no mors. AS The Year Round. aWr.se er Ike EIhtrBta Cwatary. Philosophy was once supposed to be the fltronjr point of the eighteenth cen tury, but in our time it has been uni formly reprewnted as its opprobrium. Yet we think that a very little reflec tion will show the former opinion to be nearer the mark. The eighteenth cen tury has been reproai-hed with want of reverence, and there is no necessity to defend the scoffing tone in which its broad conclusions were stated during its closing decades, and more especially in France. But long before Frenchmen liegan to mock, Englishmen bad begun to inquire; and the short memory of the nineteenth century, which has al most forgotten even the scandal excited by the publication of L'ay and Beriewt, and has transferred its curiosity to the mere coiitemixiraneous vagaries of Bishop Colenso or the benign l'hila delphisni of Dean Stanley, are doubtless quite oblivious, if they ever knew, that more than a hundred years since a bishop of Peterborough sought, in the words of IJallam, to establish systemat ically the principles of moral right in dependently of revelation, and that it was another prelate, the better known AVarburton, of Gloucester, who affirmed for the first time that the Mate must consider religion in reference, not to revelation, but to expediency; and should lend its favor to creeds, not ac cording to what it consider? their truth, "but solely out of regard to their public utility. The nineteenth century is often pleased to remember that it re pealed the Test Act, admitted Roman Catholics into Parliament, and threw open the doors or tbe legislature even to Jews. But it is obvious that the course thus adopted was but the appli cation of principles which had been firmly grasped and boldly propounded by its predecessor. "All England," wrote Hume in 17-T.i, on his return from Italy, "is in a ferment on account of Iir.Middleton's "ire In-juir;" and, a few years later, the publication of Blackburn's The Confettional, which was in effect an attack'on the subscrip tion of creeds and articles, excited a Ierfect commotion, though by no means one oi general hostility. Tho matter was brought before the House of Com mons by meaus of a petition drawn up against the articles and signed by 2(A) clergymen. The observation of Gibbon concerning the Thirty-nine Articles, "which more subscrilie to than read.and more read than understand," is familiar to everybody. But it is not, perhaps, so widely known that thy were de nounced in equally vigorous, if less epigrammatic, language, by persons considered orthodox, in Parliament itself, at the same epoch. So promi nent a member as Mr. lrunninz pro nounced them "palpably ridiculous" Another member described them as strikingly absurd. "In my apprehen sion," said Lord George Germain, "some of the Articles are incomprehensible and some self-contradictory:" and Sir William Meredith, while stigmatizing them with like distinctness, strove to account for their absurdity by remind ing the House that they were framed when the spirit of free inquiry, when liberal and enlarged notions, were yet in their infancy. TcMjilc Bar. A Carinas Weddlac. In the gardens of a restuarant at Berlin, a sun-burnt German and his Japanese wife make their appearance every evening. The wife was brought from Japan by her husband. It is an understood thing that future honors await this man, -for he is chosen as sec retary to the Lord of Kichthofen. Prince Bismark possesses an only daughter, betrothed to Kichthofen, who is to proceed as German Ambassador to the Court of Japan, and he must take a secretary w ho understands the Japa anese language; selection there is none and only one man can he found to fill the situation. How Kip-iert became possessed of his Jajtanese treasure was related by himself when in a jovial frame of mind only a few days since. In 1870, Kippert was serving as stew ard's mate on hoard the Ariadne, a Prussian man-of-war. Suddenly, the news arrived that France had declared war against Germany. The French pronounced the Ariadne to be in block ade, and she was closely watched by her formidable enemies, who outnum bered her by three to one. At that time, llerr Von Brandt was the Prus sian Ambassador at Jeddo, and his sec retary was suddenly taken ill, so Brandt sent to ask the Captain of the Ariadne if he could spare him one from amongst his crew who was capable of acting as his secretary. The Captain selected the Stewart's mate, Kippert, and he was solemnly installed as Secretary to the Embasy, "But my dear Icllow," said llerr Von Brandt," "you must marry; we want a woman to act as housekeeper. Kippert inquired of the ambassador where he could find a wife, llerr Von Brandt called his Japanese servant who understood a little German, and said to him, "Jack, here are ten dollars; sad dle two horses, and ride to tbe village with Kippert, and buy him a wife there." An hour later, Kippert and Jack trotted gaily forth, and arriving shortly before sunset at the village which contained a number of huts. Be fore these huts were large tanks of water, in which the women and girls of the place paddled about, arrayed in the primitive dress of our mother Eve. Kippert proceeded along at a foot's pace; he looked through his glasses, taking ocular inspection as he passed. When he had made his choice be pointed out to Jack the lady of his se lection. The servant rode up to tbe hut ot the father of the young lady and begged him to come out of doors and talk to him. He stated the object of his visit, and the father demanded twenty dollars for his daughter, but subse quently accepted five. Jack turned his horse and trotted back to Kippert. The father made a sign to his daughter. She jumped joyfully out of the tank and ran forward to Kippert,s horse, which he prepared to follow with much alac rity and signs of great delight. Kip pert got down from his horse to make a bow to the lady, and at the same time be slipped a sack that he had already over her head. He had previously cut three holes in the sack for the head and arms; thus adorned, in due deference to European customs, they proceeded on their journey. Jessa, as llerr Von Brandt called her. learnt with great ease to clean the rooms, to make the beds, and to wash np the cups and saucers. Her husband made her two dresses with his own clever fingers, in which she seemed most proud to walk about. When the time arrived that Kippert was able to return to Germany with Herr Von Brandt, he wished to send Jessa back to her father, bnt she flung herself at his feet, weeping vio lently, and entreating not to be left be hind ; so he decided on taking her with him. lie had been legally married to Jessa, who ha been christened, receiv ing tbe name of Mary; and the pretty Japanese now speaks German and moves in society as if she had been educated in a first-rate boarding school. The Opera I'wter X III. Writing of the Paris Grand Opera, a correspondent cays: Louis Philippe's Government restored the opera to the Fine Arts Ministry, and endeavored to give its managers fair play that is, paid them their grants and allowed them to carry on their administration as they thought besi; but Xapoleoti III., with his propensity to imitate the proceed ings of bis uncle, decreed that tbe opera should be included anew among depart ments or the imperial household, ana fo. some years the Academy of Music became focus of jobbery, corruption, quarrels, and tumults such as had never been seen or heard of before. Count Walewski was tbe chief author of this state of things. As amiable a man as he was an intrepid partisan, the Count absolutely lacked the power to say no when a pretty face besought him ; but he had wit enough to turn this weak ness to account for political ends, and while be was Minister of tbe Household he bestowed operatic appointments much as other ministers did State offices, in recompense for party services. Any Senator or Deputy who despatched him a winsome singer with a letter of recom mendation was sure to obtain an en gagement for his protegee, and the con sequence was that the opera soon had a company three or four tunes greater than it required. Comely young ladies drew fine salaries without ever singing; tenors and baritones innumerable were in the same case, having been recom mended by the young ladies or their political friends: and the orchestra was tilled with undisciplined fiddlers, whom it was impossible to punish or even re buke, because they plied their bow sticks under the patronage of divers loyal gentlemen who voted straight at the Luxembourg or the Palais Bourbon. So long as Count Walewski remained in office no barm came of this disorder, for the Count had a tact all his own for al laying the fiercest disputes with a little joke and a compliment; but when he was succeeded by that grun old soldier, Marshal Vaillant, the least jocular of men, tbe opera became wholly unman ageable, and the Emperor ended it by impatiently cutting it adrift from bis household and decreeing that it should lie governed again by the Fine Arts Ministers, who, however, received in structions to meddle with the manager as little as possible. Kaaaiaa aad Ser aa Castasns. There is a custom, more or less ob served, in Russia, once a year, at Easter tide. After fasting the whole forty days of Lent, which the Russian professes to do, he naturally hails with no small amount of pleasure the day succeeding that abstemious period, and "goes in" for a few natiret. He gets up earlv in the morning, and, putting a colored egg in his pocket and a pleasing smile on his face, sallies forth. He offers the egg to the first person he meet, who accepts it, and gives him another in return, and then the two exchange kisses! On this day, the Russian is privileged to stop any one, and offer hint or her the ex change of an egg with the festal greet ing; and so a young, good-looking fel low has a good day's work before him. It is a remarkable fact (and yet, why should it be?) that two persons of the same sex rarely happen to meet on such a day? It is the custom in Germany for a man who is engaged to a girl to salute, upon making bis adieu for the evening, the whole of the family, beginning with the mother. Thus, in a family circle embracing half a dozen girls, each having a lover, no less than forty-eight kisses would have to be given on the oc casion of a united meeting; and when we consider that each lover would give his own sweetheart ten times as many kisses as he gave her sisters, the grand total would outnumber a hundred ! Ortraalssas la the Atmosphere. A brief record of the studies of Mr. C. II. Blackley on the connection between the pollen of grasses and hay asthma is given in the (pmrterly Journal of Microtcofiie Srience. The observations were continued from April to the end of July. By means of a slip of glass coated with a non-dying liquid, and ex posed horizontally, the quantity of pollen grains present In the air or a meadow at the breathing level was daily estimated. The greatest number was obtained June 28, when 8?0 grains settled upon a surface of a square centimeter in twenty-four hours. Sudden diminu tions in the quantity of pollen were oc casioned by rain, together with a fall in the temperature. By the use of a kite strata of atmosphere were examined to the height of 1.000 feet. Pollen was found to be much more abundant in the upper levels than at the breathing level, the proportion being 19 to 1. i ungoid spores were found in the air in large quantities. In one experiment the spores of a cryptogam were too numerous at the height of 1,000 feet to be counted, but were reckeued at a rough estimate to be not less than 30 10,000 to the square inch. By a series of experiments it was proved that these organisms travel considerable distances through the air. Beatiaa natality. Serrtimentality is an element of dis integration in every work of art into which it is permitted to enter. If the books of the Bible had not been free from it, they would not have lasted till this day. Xo piece of sentimental writing has come down to us from the far past ; and no work of literary or other art of our own day, no matter how wide its present vogue, can exist long if it has this poison in its blood. It is truth that lives, not falsehood. We may look with keen regret uon the fading away of reputations dear to us ; we may deprecate the lessening acceptance, both with ourselves and others, of some con temporaneous book which had a lesson for us tbat once held us by a charm not altogether sentimental ; but the law is inexorable. The instances which will occur to the reader of works in which there is the sentimental quality, but which still have held their own quite well, and promise a longer life than is consistent with the foregoing remarks these aparent exceptions may possibly prove the rule, for it may be in spite of their sentimentality, and by reason of other vital and overpowering Qualities. that they retain the consideration of mankind. 1 be poison, then, is a mere surface matter it has not entered the blood. ScrUmer for yoremtier. aaaaaet s Taaaa. A wealthy Arabian merchant has furnished a German journal some inter esting information about Mecca. The Grand Sheriff, he says, is richer than his master, tbe Sultan; be speaks French, and has French dishes at his table, and eats on the finest china, but never uses a knife, fork or spoon. The furniture of bis house is made in the European style, and comes from Con stantinople. Life in Mecca during the pilgrim season,, when there are about 100,000 pilgrims in town, is much more expensive than at other times; beef is 8d. a pound and bread is l?jd. a pound. The streets are lighted up with pe troleum, and the expense of lighting is borne not by the municipality (which, however, provides the lantern), but by each householder. The streets are all paved, and many of the houses are seven stories high. There is a Postofflce in the town, which sends letters once a day to the harbor of Djeddah. Letters are brought to tbe houses to which they are addressed, and it is customary to give the postman a piaster (3d) for his trouble. There is also a photographer in tbe town ; but no Christian books are to be found in the booksellers' shops as their sale is not permitted. ..UCTLTTjEAL Wheat Aftek Potatoes. Where po tatoes are grown extensively it has be come a common and very good practice to have a few acres of early potatoes ready to clear off and to sow to wheat. This can readily be done with ' Early Rose, and sometimes with early planted later varieties. It is best however not to try to get out a large field of potatoes in time for wheat, as the labor is so great that it is apt to delay wheat sow ing till late in the season. Wherever f round can be fitted for sowing by tbe 5th of September, a potato crop makes an excellent preparation for wheat. The ground is in the best possible me chanical condition from previous cul tivation, and if the soil is rich enough a good crop is apt to result. With the complete pulverization of the soil, as hoeing, cultivating, and digging, little after preparation is necessary to fit it for wheat. The old-fashioned way, both on corn and potato ground was to lightly cultivate, and sometimes only to drag the surface sowing the wheat broadcast and covering with the drag. This was reckoned a slipshod and lazy prrctice, and therefore abandoned, but we remember very- well that some extra large crops were grown in this way, and it is quite certain that the deeper cultivation which has become fashiona ble has not been so generally success ful. Wherein is the advantage of plow ing potato ground for wheat ? If prop erly cultivated during the summer there will be a few or no weeds in po tatoes at digging time, and a light cul tivation, or eveu dragging to level sur face is all that is needed much better we suspect, than a deeper plowing which turns the finely pulverized sur face soil to the bottom of the furrow. On land not deficient in potash there is always a good clover catch with wheat after potatoes. If the clover falls on potato ground the probability is that potash is wanting, and hard wood ashes should be sown. If these cannot be obtained the German potash salts are a good substitute, and may be profit ably used on such land. Care or Dried Fruit. From the last year's crop of fruit there are tons of dried apples stored away in the farmers' garrets in boxes, chests and bags, wait ing and ready to supply the family tables whenever they shall be needed. The careful housewife will give such stores an occasional examiuation, to see tbat nothing is wasted from the-ef-fects of damp weather, insects or ver min. After apples are thoroughly cured, probably there is nothing better for storing them than tight, clean boxes or barrels. If flour barrels are used, they should first be washed en tirely clean, as flour adhering to the sides or heads is liable to mold and in jure the quality of the fruit within. Tight barrels or boxes are best, because they shut out the damp air in stormy weather, and also exclude those insects which are always seeking to deposit their eggs, and from which hatch the worms or maggots which injure so much of the dried fruit which is care lessly cared for. If stored in bags, the bags" should be fine and clean, and tied tightly, so as to exclude all insects which might cause injury to the fruit. . We have had smarting evidence of the ease with which mosquitoes can thrust their bills through the fabric even of our best and finest clothes, and those insects which deposit the eggs of the apple worm have the ability to put their eggs through pretty small boles if necessity requires. If convenient to do so, bags of dried fruit should be hung in the open air af an upper room, where the air can circulate freely, and prevent injury, from mold and damp ness. Housekeepers on a farm find this a busy time of year with fruit to dry and to can, pickles to preserve, and catsup and other relishes to prepare, and it is all too hard work to have such labor lost for want of a little watching and timely care during the changing weather of summer and fall. The dog day weather is past now, and our houses should have a good airing and the family stores a thorough sunning or scalding, as necessity requires. Dont let mold and decay spoil the results of hard toil, tor the want or a little timely forethought and care. Russia Appi.es. The Department of Agriculture did a good thing when it iuiKrted from Russia a number of the Mipular varieties or apples grown there. In the distribution oj scions from those trees, some fifteen varieties fell to our share, and the grafts made from them all grew, and are now tine, thrifty trees, says Dr. lloskins, of New port, Vt., and these have been grafted from, until we have more than 100 young trees from this stock. The suc cess of the Tetofsky and Duchess of Oldeiiburgb apples, which were among the earlier importations from Russia, probably stimulated the agricultural department in its effort to bring over others, and though it is to soon to do more than begin the record of results, we cannot but be pleased with the thrifty growth of these new varieties, and their adaptedness to our cold winters. But two of the varieties re ceived from the department have yet fruited ; one, the Yellow Transparent, last season, and another, the Grand Sultan. They are both early fall vari eties, the former ripening with the Duchess of Oldeuburgh, and the latter early in September. Both are band some and excellent apples; the Grand Sultan particularly so, being of tbe largest size, a bright green in color, becoming a rich waxy yellow in ripen ing. The flavor is mild, the flesh very mellow and soft, something like the Maiden's Blush in quality. We shall watch with interest the coming into bearing of all these new sorts, hoping that among them may be found not only fall, but wiuter varieties, that will prove good and profitable in the colder sections of the State, says our contem porary of the Vermont State Journal. BotUm t'ultirator. Totato Rot. Mr. Francis Gerry Fairfield writes in the Scieutijic Ameri ca , that a "bland solution of carbolic acid in common whale oil or kerosene is the scientific remedy for the rot. The best way to use it would, I think, be to dip the potato, just before planting, in the solution, which is very inexpensive and very easily obtained. I may add that my experiments convinced me that carbolic acid in this bland solution in no way impairs the germinal activ ity of the tuber; but, by way of cer tainty, let me recommend to your far mer readers to first try tbe experiment on a few hills next spring, and if suc cessful, to adopt it as a remedy for the blight." Three Good Rules for KarVfrs. 1. In gathering corn, take such ears only as are finest and from the most prolific stalks. 3. Never take from a sulk having but one ear, if thrifty stalks can be found with two or more good-sized ear. Generally but one of them is fit for seed, and that usually tbe second from the ground. But if the lowest is tbe best, take that. 3. Al ways take ears that are filled out to the end, and that beyond the husk, if such can be found. When you coraetopUnt before shelling, break every ear, and see if the pith of the cob is dried np; for if it is not the corn is not ripe. Facts for Farmers. A series of ex periments, instituted to test tbe average loss in weight by drying, show that corn loses one-fifth, and wheat one fourteenth by the process. From this statement, it appears that farmers will make more by selling unshelled corn in tbe fall at 75 cents than the following summer at $1 a bushel ; and that wheat at $1.32 in December, is equal to $1.60 for the same wheat in June following. This estimate is made on the basis of interest at 7 per cent, and takes no ac count of loss from vermin. The facts are noteworthy. Eternity the endless chasm compos ing the life of God? LIUTlPfC. The Relation of Food to Worl.Dr. Dn Chaumont, in a recent lecture, said that np to a quite late date there was an absence of any satisfactory theory aa to the relation ot food to work, and it was supposed that bodily force was dne to a chemical change in tbe mus cles themselves, and that the nitroge nous matter in food repaired the waste. But the researches of Joule, Playfair, Frankland, and others, on the conser vation of energy, have led to tbe con clusion that active force is produced chiefly by the potential energy stored np in the carboniferous food, and set tree by oxidation. Hence it was seen that to credit the chemical changes in the muscles with the origination of force in the body was not more philo sophical than to credit the force exer ted by a steam engine to the wearing awav of its wheels and pistons. Tfie lecturer then proceeded through a large number of elaborate calcula tions, based upon actual observation, for tbe purpose of showing tbe ordinary amount of productive work of which a man of average height is capable, and its equivalent in foot tuns a foot tun representing the amount of force re quired to raise one tun one foot high. It appears that the work done in walk ing three miles an hour is equal to about one tenth the work done by di rect ascent. Three hundred foot tans is a fair day's work for a man of ave rage height. This would be equiva lent to walking fifteen miles in a little over five hours. A hard day's work would be equal to walking twenty-four miles in eight hours. Dr. Parkes men tions an extreme rase, in which a man in a copper mill did aa much as 723 foot tuns in a day, bis average work being 443 foot tuns. Tbe ordinary work of a military prisoner is 310 foot tuns. The velocity at which work was done, and the consequent resistance, greatly af fect the quantity of potential energy required for its accomplishment, Far the production of any amount of what may be termed productive work, much larger amount of potential enenry has to be expended. Professor Haughton, of Dublin, has calculated that, of the total potential energy produced in the body, 200 foot tuns are required for the action of the heart. Theii the ani mal heat absorbs from 2,000 to 2,300 foot tuns, or more. According to Helmholtz, about five times as much energy is used in tbe in ternal work of the body as is expended in ordinary productive work. In tbe case of severe work, the proportion of internal work to productive work is still greater. Supposing the work per formed by a man to consist of walking, the most economical rate, both as re gards the amount of food required to sustain it, and tbe amount of potential cergy expended on the body itself, is about three miles an hour. Both above and below that speed there is a decrease in tbe amount of active work as compared with the non-productive energy. A man walking fifteen or six teen miles a day, or doing an equiva lent amount of work in another form, would require 23 ozs. of food, composed of albuminates 4'tt ozs.,fat 3 ozs.tarch 14'3 ozs., and salts 11. ozs. This would yield a potential energy of 4.430 foot tUDB, and 300 foot tuns for productive work. A mere subsistence diet for a man at rest would be 13 ozs., but with this amount a man would lose weight. About 7,000 foot tuns a day of poten tial energy is about the greatest amount which is possibleas a permanency. This would yield 600 foot tuns of productive work. These calculations apply only to men in health. Iron Columns in Buildings. By a re rent invention, the principle of the fire-proof sate is applied to the forma tion of iron pillars or columns in archi tecture. As in the case of the common iron pillar in use, a solid cast-iron col umn sustains the whole weight of the superstructure, but, in this improved arrangement, there is outside of tbe solid column a thin cast-iron shell, and the space intervening between tbe outer shell and the inner column is tilled with plaster-of-Paris, the non ronducting properties of which are well known. So weight is allowed to rest on the outer shell or the non-conductor that is used as tilling, their only mis sion being to protect from the effects of heat the real support of the building the inner column. The plan is to have these columns surmounted by an iron T girder, which is inclosed in a fire proof casting of a similar nature, aud the junction between the pillar and the girder is so formed tbat only the protected portion of the one touches the protected portion of tbe other, while the casing forms a tight joint, thus making the tire-proof armor complete. The simplicity and effici ency of this plan are obvious. These columns, it is stated, are intended to take the place of the ordinary iron columns in ornamental fronts of build ings, as well as tbe interior of large warehouses where such- supports are needed. Veneered Diamonds. The enterpris ing capitalists who are pecuniarily in terested in tbe Keely motor will doubt less be glad to learn of another great discovery, which promises results cer tainly as astounding as those due to the "watery vapor." Abundant opportu nities for investment are offored. The discoverer has worked twenty-eight years at tbe process, a little more than double Keely's time ; and unlike the latter colossal genius, he doesn't keep the secret to himself, or lock it in tbe bosoms of a chosen few, but spreads it before an astonished world in this wise. Any body can try it for himself, and have a small Golconda in an incredibly short time. We extract fiom gigan tic advertisements in the daily jour nals, the "Process of Producing the Parisian Diamonds" "The bodv is of crystal, which is the hardest and best substance that could possibly be used for the purpose. Then, after the crystals are cut in proper shape, they are put into a galvanic battery, which coats them over with a liquid, that is made of diamonds which aie too small to be cut and the chip- pings and cuttings that are taken off of diamonds during the process of shaping them. I bus all of the small particles of diamonds that have here tofore been comparatively worthless, can now, since this great discovery, be used to produce diamond liquid.'' According to Winkler there are at present four aluminum manufactories. which produce 33 cwt. per annum. Of this quantity 20 cwt. goes to France and 13 to England. Aluminum is also made in Berlin. The price for a num ber of years has been f 13 to $ 13 per pound. It is not probable that it will be produced cheaper than that. This fact, with its uurhangeabiiity and lightness, being three times lighter than copper, four time lighter than silver, and seven or eight times lighter than gold, renders it excellently adap ted to coin, especially as it is easily cornea. Uoppe-Seyler believes tbat the state ments made from time to time as to tbe existence of live fish in the water of hot springs are probably based noon errors of observation. He has observed that the fish invariably confine their gambols to certain cooler currents, ab ruptly conterminous with the hotter ones, instant death being the penalty for overstepping tbe boundary between tnem. Prrparation of Ck rome-G rren. Ac cording to Casali, a very beautiful chrome-green, which is readily fas tened UDon fabrics, and meets all tech nical requirements, may be simply and cheaply prepared by igniting stroDgly an iiiuuiaie uiiAiure ui one pan oi ui chromate of Dotaah and three of cal cined gypsum, and boiling tbe mass obtained with very dilute hydrochloric acid. A Frenchman has discovered a way of making black paint from smoke. He projects a shower of water into the chimney, by which the soluble gases are taken up, and tne impurities prec ipitated into a reservoir, which empties into a cistern where the mass is collected. VaRXIshISO ajm Blackixq Leather. Leather tbat is to be varnished or lacquered must first be well stretched out, so as to remove what is known as tbe "natural stretch ;" it is, therefore, necessary to prepare frames of the re quisite size, and tack the edges all around, the grain side, which is to be lacquered, being up. After being se cured in this manner, the whole surface u dampened and all wrinkles, dec, stretched out; it can then be rubbed over with a piece of fine sand or pumice stone, having a large, true face. This rubbing assists to remove wrinkles and other irregularities. The face of the leather is then covered with finely -pulverized chalk, and rubbed with a piece of sandpaper or pumice stone until the chalk is well rubbed into the leather; all loose chalk Is then removed by a duster, and the leather Is again rubbed with pulverized pumice stone, so as to secure as smooth and fine a surface as possible. The smoother and evener the leather is the less trouble will it be for tbe workman to produce a good job. As soon as the surface of the leather has been brought to the proper condition it is well cleaned off, when it is ready to receive the color; this is mixed with lac varnish, several coats of which are to be applied, though each should be quite thin aud well rubbed off with pumice stone before applying the suc ceeding one. After being rubbed with pumice stone tne . suriace must be cleansed with a moist sponge and well dried, as ever so small an amount left on the surface will deaden the luster. After a sufficient quantity of color has been put on, apply a coat or elastic copal varnish, and place the leather where it can be dried in an even temperature, but it must not be exposed to the sun until it is thoroughly dry. After the varnish is perfectly dry the surface may be rubbed with a piece of felt and fine chalk, then wiped clean with a linen rag and polished with an old piece of UK. Good Yeast. Cut up two pounds of pared potatoes, put them in a large saucepan, pour over them three quarts of water, and boil ; before the potatoes are sufficiently cooked, add a good heavy nan ounce or bops, tied ui in a very thin cotton bag, (if hops boll too long they make the bread very bitter.) In a large kitchen bowl, put a pound orsirted flour, two large heaping tablespoonfuls of white sugar, one large heaping table spoonful of salt, and a tablespoonful of ground ginger. When the potatoes are soft enough to mash through the colander, put the hop bag Into a pitcher, and pour over it all the potato and hop water; pour one quart of the boiling potato and hop water over the flour. ic, and give it a good mixing; then masn tne potatoes tnrougn a colander into it, using the second quart of boiling potato and hop water, to soften the pota toes through tbe colander. If you do not have two quarts of potato and hop water, pour souie boiling water over the bop bag, and squeeze. The flour must be thoroughly cooked with the boiling hop water, and you must mix it well. and rub it smooth of all lumps. To prevent tne yeast chilling too soon, have the big bowl, pitcher, and yeast crock heat'-d before using.- It should never be thinner than will just pour, but if you think it necessary you can use a little more than the two quarts of bop water, but two quarts are generally sufficient. Place the colander over the yeast crock, and strain your yeast into it. Many do not think this necessary, and only mix it in their yeast crock. When a little more than lukewarm add a large coffee cup full of yeast, stir it frequently, and keep it in a moderately warm place for twenty-four hours, theii put it in the coolest and darkest part of the cellar. Use a two or three gallon earthen crock, (tin, glass or stone ware chill too soon), with a lid fitting well to tne nm. How to Avoid Colds. An editorial in the Britinh Mtdical Journal on catch ing cold concludes thus; "The practi cal considerations which are the out comes of this review of the pathology of colds are these : Never to wear wet clothes after active muscular exertion has ceased, but to change them at once; to meet the loss of the body heat by warm fluids and dry clothes; to avoid long-sustained loss of heat which is not met by increased production of beat ; to increase the tonicity of the vessels of the skin by cold baths, etc., so educating them to contract readily on exposure, by a partial adoption, indeed, of the 'hardening' plan; to avoid too warm and debilitating rooms and tem-ierature; to take especial care against too great loss of heat when the skin is glowing; and to prevent the inspiration of cold air by the mouth by some protecting agent, as a respirator. We can readily understand how a respirator should be an effective protection against winter bronchitis in those so disiosed." A Home Made Sash Fastener. A correspondent of the Rural llnne de scribes a simple and convenient window fastening by which the sash can be held iu place at any desired height; make ail almond shaped button about two inches long, and an inch broad at the base; screw this on the sash within one inch of the strip on the window wherein the sash slides; cut two or three notches iu said strip one-fourth of an inch deep, and cut out upwards to a sharp edge. When raising the window with one hand, with the other press the button's point into thei.otch, at whatever height you wish it. A reversed notch can be cut near the bottom to turn the button into, to secure it from being opened on the outside. We have these in use over five years, and do not know that we would exchange for the most approved patent springs. A pocket knife aud gimlet are all the tools needed to make them, and in an hour all the windows in the house cau be fixed. French Cream Cake. Beat three eggs and one cup of sugar together thor oughly; add two tablespoonfuls of cold water; stir a teaspoonful of baking powder Into a cup and a half or Hour; sift the flour in stirring all the time in one direction. Bake iu two thin cakes; split the cakes while hot, and fill in the cream prepared in the following man ner: To a pint of new milk, add two tablespoontuls or corn-starch, one beaten gg one-half cup of sugar, stir while cooking, and when hot put in a piece of butter the size or an egg; navor tne cream slightly with lemon, vanilla, or pineapple. Ix preparing lard for the market, it should first be cut into pieces about tbe size of a walnut, aud these should be allowed to stand in water for half an hour. Then work the material with the bands in 5 or 6 successive portions of water. Next pour off the water, melt tbe lard In a water bath, and strain through fine linen. In tbe first strain ing, it will be impossible to get rid of all the water, so that after cooling and draining, It will be necessary to remelt tbe lard and finally to filter It through paper iu a warm closet. A remarkable article called fish flour has been brought forward in the last few years. It is not as yet manufactured in any great quantity, as the article is still new In the market, and consequently there is no great demand for it- The flour is prepared from dried fish of the first quality ; it Is thoroughly desiccated, and then ground in a mill. A Receptacle for Spent Matches. Break an egg at one end, and empty the shell of Its contents. With scissors make the edge even, and crochet a cover for the shell w ith colors that harmonize with the room in which it will be used Suspend it from the gas-fixture or lamp, or as near at band as possible. Os Cookino Meats. Meats should be cooked by a quick fire, as the rapid closing of the pores retains all the juices wltnlu, and these Decoming heated, create a natural process of steaming in its own gravy. mOawVa. . As Eccentric Moox. Thomas Brown was employed at the theater a few years ago as a kind of utility man, and one night the manager put him behind the scene at the rear of the stage, to take care of the moon. Brown had a candle on the end of a long pole, and it was his duty to hold the light behind the moon, which was a round nnpainted space in the curtain, and to pull the curtain slowly up, to represent tbe rising of the moon. Brown seated himself on a piece of baronial castle, and, while waiting for the order to go to work, he fell asleep. Presently the tragedian on the stage said to the heroine: "Swear by you bright moon," etc, etc., and turned to point to it, but tne oro oi nignt was not there. The - staze-manager flew around and gave Brown a kick, and in a frenzy ordered him to "h'ist that moon quick." Brown was bewildered, and, without waiting ror runner oruers, ne ran tbe curtain clear up with one jerk, when the cord broke, and down it came again. Another string was hurriedly rigged on the pulley, ana tne moon oe gau to rise properly; but .Brown's nerves were so unstrung by fright that he couldn't hold tbe candle steadily be hind it. so that there were fifteen or twenty eclipses during the ascent, the light meanwhile wandering all over the curtain, to the infinite amusement of the audience. However, tbe luminary got safely ud at last, and the tragedian again observed : "Swear by you bright moon;" but before tbe words were fairly out the cord snapped again, the curtain unrolled with velocity, and broke loose from the roller, revealing Brown, the lunar elevator, roaming around in his shirtsleeves with a candle on a stick. A momeut later the manager was fumbling among his hair, and that very night Mr. Brown closed his thea trical career. The manager remarked to a confidential friend that while a man who was able of making the same moon rise three times in one night, and of getting any number of eclipses and other astronomical phenomena, might be valuable for some purposes, he was about as fit for a theater as a wall-eyed mule was for singing hymns. Taxxed Axyhow. Giing np street, one of the recent cool days, a man saw a boy about eleven years of age seated on the sidewalk, bareheaded, In the full blaze or tbe sun. "Bub, you ought not to sit there," said the man. ' "Why?" "Because you'll get all tanned up." "Makes no difference to me whether I sit in the sun or shade," sadly answered the boy ; "mother tans me up three or four times a day, anyhow." Ax old Highlander, rather fond of his toddy, was ordered bv his phvsician, during a temporary illness, not to ex ceed one ouuee of spirits daily. The old gentleman was dubious about the amount, and asked bis son, a school boy. how much an ounce was. "Sixteen drachms, was the reply. "Sixteen drams! An excellent doctor !' replied the delighted Highlander. "Run and tell Donald McTavish and big John to come down the nicht." A well-kxowx alderman gave a dis play of his great literary ability at the Mansion House banquet. He was asked by a lady the meaning of the initials S. P. (j. R. on the standards borne by the soldiers In one of the pictures on the wall. His answer: "I believe they stand for Small Profits and Quick Re turns." What would the "Senatus Populusque Romanus" have thought of such barbaric intelligence! Lonilnn Hornet. Johx Hexrt had a guest at dinner the other day, and during a pause in the conversation the enfant terrible 8j)oke up : "I wish I was you!" "Do you, my little boy, and why do you wish you were me?" "Cos you don't get your ear pinched when you eat vittles with your knife." How touching is a boy's dream of mauly independence. Cinrinnali Timet. It was a Graceful compliment that Ilaydnr the musician, paid to a great female vocalist. Reynolds had painted her as Cecilia listening to celestial music. Looking at it, Haydn said, "It is like her, but there is a strange mis take." "What is it?" asked Reyuolds. "Why, you have painted her listening to the angels, when you ought to have represented the angels listeuiu g to her." Not Explicit. Prof. X., in Rochester University, insists strongly on pronoun cing final us in I -a tin in English oose. Student iu recitation, not appreciating the point, comes upon the word "pro fugu." "Professor, would you, on your principles, pronounce the wprd prof-you-gooie or prof-yus-goose ?" Profes sor,in a rage,"Leave the room instantly, 9ir-" Mrs. Milliss) was asked the other day how she managed to get along so nicely with Mr. Milliss, and frankly replied : "Oh, 1 feed him well. When a woman marries, her happiness for a little while depends upon the state of ber husband's heart; after that it's pretty much ac cording to the state of his stomach." Hz was bound to be accurate, and he described the woman s costume thus "She ware an elegant suit of something or other, cut bias aud trimmed eud wise. The man who wears an eye-glass on one eye must needs part his hair in the middle to balance bis bead. A Xevada paper speaks of an urchin that had been playing with a mule's tail, as "a spoiled child. How the free lunch fiend solves the problem of existence By the Buy-no- meal theory. Why should the cable dispatches be so dry when they come all the way through water? It is odd that the lamp-post with its lamp taken away is a lamp-lighter. Weston is the man who has two soles and a single thought. A place to get a good eye dear. At the glass eye-makers. A Malady peculiar to milkmen water on tbe brain. eheacfcs Haadrmas nils wtu be toond to possess those qualities neces sary to the total eradication of ail MHous at tack, prompt to start the aeoettoos of the over and give a beeltby tone to tbe entire srstem. Indeed, It Is no ordlnsrr discovery In medics! science to nave Invented a remedy lor these stubborn complaints, wnlch develop all the re sults produced by s heretofore free use of calo mel, a mineral justly dreaded by mankind, and acknowledged to be destroetrre In ine extreme to the human system. Tbat the properties of certain vegetables comprise all the virtues of calomel a lthout its lniurlous tendencies. Is now an siimltted tart, rendered Indisputable by set enunc researches; son inuse wno use ine nan drake Pllla will be lully satisfied that the best medicines are those provided by nature In the common herbs and roots ot tbe fields. These pills open the bowels and correct an M.lous derangement without saUvsuos or any of tbe Injurious effecia of calomel or otner put anna, lbs secretion ot bile Is promoted by these pills, aa will be seen by the altered color ot me stools, and disappearing ot the aauow com plexitis and cleansing of the tongue. ample directions for use accompany each box of puis. Prepared only by J. H. Srhenrt a Son, at thetr principal office, corner Sixth and Arch bireeta. Philadelphia, and for sale by all drugglsU and oeaiers. rnce cents per oux. SrrrERERS with Piles should erect a monument to Dr. Silsber for bis beneficent discovery of AN AKES1S, an infallible cure for the worst cases of piles a failure in 30,000 cases has not been recorded. It is a simple supposi tory, painless and easy of application, gives instant relief, acts as an instru ment, poultice and medicine, and can not fail to cure. LoUods. ointments nd internal remedies may fail but ANAKESIS is infallible. Price 1. P. Neustaedter & Co., 46 Walker 8t New lork. bent free by mail to any address on receipt ox price. js AXTKDI Areata Is all parte off the aoaatry. eanvma foe oar aew book, Taa Wests LWnil, ay f-w - J . aoesely illustrated. Th. grandest Ceulennml U.kta . !. . .... ' lM UJU ttaa aartat. a. a RLJoa r 20 imprv-T t vri rmM. 4 ar1. 10 eta. Ad. dna i. B. Ht'STKD, N a, Co.. X. V. The People's Hemedy. The Universal Pain Extractor. Note: Ak for POSITS E1TK1CT. Take do other. ll?r, Iwr 1 will twcali. f ticcllcaC Uerrr. Has been in a. orer tbtrty yMn, and for cleanLnee nod prompt con-tiTeY,rtu-i cannot be excelled. CHILD RtR.- fity ean-iord tob wlthont ! tTa ft. xtrmrt. Arritleata. Bi-a-WN. ('initM. 4 at, taraiMs are relieved alraotft iutfl!ly hj extern 1 pplicat'on. Pmmi-tlT relieve painanr Bar, teall FxtriaflffMta, C bvMsH Olsi tres, Bail. ftcrloM. etc Arrntt ln- flABuIum, reduce turetlmir, stops bleeding, remnvw di'ro!in:Son!'aVDti beats nnMW. rUIHlEWEAKaS$ES.-lt relieve. pain iii th-j a; auiUiwiufu.irwaUMlprt;aMUigpjn In the hAd, nans, Tertiro. II UO C 0 R R H (EA it h uo eunaL AU k -im! f mU eermiiataa to which Lirtie are an t feel are promptly enrrj. Fuller details in fault accom pany tne each N4tle. PILS aftliatet or Meedlaai meet prompt relief aud ready cant, ISo-caee, Ivowever ehi cmie or obt:Tste. ri.n kwijf resist its regular est. VARICOSE fClfli. the oalyeum enre for tin (li-tr.-jw!!. ' ani diirerou eond t hoi KISMET DISEASE.-" koqaX lorpexma-u-iit rare. ILXlEHrfS from nw. Fartlifs Is a riter It hatved hundred of lives wuen all other remeites failed lo arreet bleedint; Iron at, Mwatarb, lam and elsewhere. tHEHMATISM, NEttRAlfllA, TK.rh wtmd Larar be &re ad i.k.tr. reLcvcd, aud oUto per manent It eared. PHYSICIANS of allsrhooTs who am aetpiftin'ed with ftMtd'a Extraet of Wttrb IlaxeJ rer CNDtnend it in Uieir practice. W e have t;terof CAmmendatitSi frtHU bnndrediiof Phyinrlan, Bwnyof wboniord'-r i'. tor use in t'.tvir own practice. In addition to tne fureyninc, they order Us a re for Nwellieas of fill kimm, tfa-imrT, frere Thrtamr, I nlaaietj TsmmIU. simple and chronic tiarrbr latnrrk, ?or which it is a peri,) ( Ml bin , fr ra 4 Feel tinsnef 1 niaeels, .Hswtsauileia. - etc.. 4 'happed Ilaada, Face and indeed all minnerofskin dirteapes. TOILET USE. Kemove rrees Roaahweaaa aiid ftwarliacfr. t heals 1 ats iuruplioat, and PI at plea. It rtrrw, inn-ra". and re frctka, while wonderfully improving the f'tmplefra. Tfl lBIHB.-P-rs Exrrmrt. Na Stork Bn-l-r.iio LiTrrvMiuicaDaHord roW without iLltiaom-d bjallU Leading LiveryStahtaa. Strrrt Railroad and fin H.irmen ill Nw York City. It hasnocuitalfiirHpraiiKs Ilarw t. Of md(llr haSna-s Ktillm-.s KrratHMv, tt wellias,. LfTalla, Blrrdias, PseitBawiia, ('!-, Itiarrlivm, . t hilli l abia, Mr. Ita ranvcof action is fride, sad iim- rrlirf it afford ir prompt that it is iTJtie in t-Tety Farm-Tard as well as In erorr Farm -honac Let it be tried once, and toi will n.-vrr be witbuot it. CAUTION. Pasd'a Extract haahmt Invtatrd. .. 'l ut-p-smiie article hap ti- word Paad's Ex tract Moan in each hntilp. It la prpan-d by . tne aal? paraaan frrinar who errr km-w how toptptri it pro(rir. Keftiftcall olherpre paralioaa of Witi-h Hurl. . This is the narr article aed hy Phyurian, and in tbe buspi tniofthia coontrrand Fimmr. HISTOIT AH9.se. OF OHO'?- EXTRACT, m pampntt-t for? a, eerit frw on application to ''"Lais. &.Ri. C0MPASIT' HORSEMEN I OWNERS OF STOCK ! Save Tour Horses and Cattle I CtTU THM OF DIBIA3I AilD mt THXX III A HIALTHT CONDITIO IT wITTKO THIM M. 8. ROBERTS' CELEBRATED HORSE POWDERS. ni csi on FORTY YEARS! run mi rswDiaa at it ah im 1027X5, LAXATT7Z ASDPTJBTJT ZNd FS0FZS7I5S .ran, mun baxiss ma tmm BEST COSDITI01T MEDICIXM IX THE WORLD. Tasy ars mads sf Fsrs Malarial on!;, om tablssnooarol goisf s far as aa y snail srdisarr sauls powders. Bay sss sseJtafs sad after atinf lht yaw will asvsr fat csa raiaiag ta ana Far sals kj all atsrskssnsrs. U8B M. B. ROBERTS' Vegetable Embrocation rot AU. EITIR5AL DISBUM ITI1B MLfVIV OR. BEAST. Godeys' Lady's Book! Th Olde Mararine in Aawrfaa. "A Vamra Csaosn" TUB tlOKMNU TALL -will ba me to arary eabeeribsr. waathtv ainicte or In a dab, w ao aaya ia advance for K. and remit, direct to thisuoVe. Ad maL.A.tiUUi.1, Failaura, ll-Mt SHOW CASES! SHOW CASES AH srytas-BDrav Moairted and Walnt.aaw (XtVMTIMM. JIAJtrj, RMkXVINtt, ftTOaa rrx awn Aim orriua FXb.NrTuM aO ktass . j.,n, wu. LEWIS sfc Ml, 11 -8.8 O -a H g 2 it! r ES a fl aasaj , ls EsSSs r 8SS3 H-S O $?.3 - C 10tl, 1SSS) ISM sad EIMB ITS., rails Scri.fcners, Hoiitlily e 1876 Th. pnbUabera tnrlte attention t th foUowInc Hat of some- of the atlractrra articles eecured fur ivrlbuai'a Moutaiy. for ta eoauas; year. Ia tbe sid u( action, beaklea anmenme BuTekttee and aborteraturiaa.tbMawiUb .. TWO BX ASKABLE SERIAL STORIES ' ' Br American Authors. ev. a rj iiii.ii now eomDlets ia our hands. aa GABKIEL COMtOY," By .arcs. Marxr, Beiine ia th aowiau wcaaaa. and win ran fur tw.lv nijntua- loi a Sr. "erte'a nrat utudd la eboa.n troai aie -.ia, era nejnled with euaratiei axte nthlute and puwer; Hu tnewoia a ltuoul uunbt iaenxt granule tte Sji at nailj l aiif ri a .f.t We aa betda hi the Janaary number.; "Philip Nolan's Friends, Or, bhow Your Fasaport." BY ID W A. BJ aVKBKTT HALI. n.. nf thia atorr ia aid In the Sonthweatera terruorv, now form lut U Ste of Ixh.nueaaanu lcue a ,n uaa ot aro. w ml i.. ue jacter lived in a aecuoo wUn waa mm tanv - w n.4 .u.w rtnuiuu. j. ii.l th 1. rwiinl . . . . . .......... 1. .m BuUi a kbMTV uf .... ml aurVrfit"'!! 1 "rMl ihromiwnt. A Second "Farmer's Vacation," By Cat. ir. K. Warla, Jr. COC WABmo m now ua ' "l . - -- buA il e wl t.o hundred and Bfty aiiMai. one vi the uuat lt u e uiU-rat-ao d th vuvr-trrowiDe, et leva oi arope. I . t"n-1 -nee of ip?ra vruoi aae to be eve. awn iotertinK tuaa tht alt Wujch our readere are already t .miliar. Centennial Letters Bait ay Jaha Taare C hoary. A ran ewwcii'n . , JTt" . . . .1 a ..wAlrrtlnnaVw T.trsea Mairrw IrOCU - .rJ Ua UK OaUtw rs aasea ----- j . Joaaxr Waio. Tu.j r in I & uiu-rvsvi, aud aU D0 lesva wivu m rr- . ' I'cntrii.na. ovMOaUiJas ui UN J. ax. pwn I IAXTI.T ILLUSTRATED ARTICLES C2I AMEBIC AN COLLEGES. ... . t e. Maa4ai ear, II ansaaa duriiii, tlM.er. 1 ir r Tia-d iuteroK in ctiUrw life nutate aUVOT phaiarn 'r--avJ aa.s j, aaa-aa , fUT tlIM HallT sat.ClltlsaU. Old New TtTorls.. Elesantly ilinatrated arOclea on Old Hew York, by Juav ". Mink, eu a4ar at uuce, ana win aura, t the attention of all. In euy or country, who siara with iuter-t toe dev-kiwnt of th Krtt metro. prfM. ana .llectloa.tWj remember tne quaint pets uaritie. of ll. oideu time. ...... . umn r .a orofiieerr illietrated. thns en abiiiui iu to five to iur drernptive aud narrative attieir an interest ai.d permanent value never attAluedm a u n UiuatraWd trluoV-al. Under lta .CX.'Ua.Ofueil IU .UMenirlI tue iu.(.ue w.u ui uw future be uevotui. aa it ha been in the pnat, toaoiuid literature and Cuxiauaa nroiireaa. The Editorial Departments occupy over twenty paxee of each number, and eon. . . LI.. 1 1 ' - .1W . Tl.l 1 1 in-I V m! I L. lFl.1. well aa keviewa ot the Wed works in Art, literature, and science. Itllll tt.00 a Tear, ta tinsca. 33 Ctati a Shabar, Th IS tool. eon. arte, Sot. 1ST loOct 1-Ti, bound in maroon d to, s-a.S) do do bouud in half aroroooo.. SJa.ua Volumes burin in ! -vein ber and May. Any of the .iur .... niikw . I to V 111) will be am poed eeaar.Wle tuna tie. wbii.itbemnieouplrteeelaatthlarale. i. e.. cloth. i ; h .11 . lJal Himarai i fc'v- ini IV-iji kiTln will be etrppna at raiee that aill enable tnem to hi! any of the aoove sub-crlhere will please remit in F. O Money Orders or in Bauk luei-ksur lrft- or t rerflalereu lettcra. Money in letters not re-totrred. at eebdefe nak. SCRIBNER i CO., 743 Broadway. New York. -Onrtaestiunably ths best sustained work of the kind in the World. Harper's Magazine. iiai.vsTrriA.TEi. Norma or tag Puss. Th ever-Increasing rircalation of this excellent monthly proves it. toe tinned adaptation to popular ee.re needs. Indeed, when we think into how many homes It penetrates every ssonth. we mast eoa- aider it aa ot.. of the eoacalora aa well aa aaterlaiaara af tbe public miad. hnt iU. Toe caarerter wna-a tnia Jiaaaaine jm. mi . - -rietv. enterprise artistic weali h, and literary ealtnre thai am ketit with, if it kes B-t led tne limes. anueJd caaae iu cexlnrtora to recard it with jaetinalde are. The Jainae has don rood ana nut evil all the day of it. ll e. frraotya Aev. of the moet popaiar of modern novels aava a.-sa appeared as seraus ia tkie Aceitri-e. la all rejects. M m aa ezrelleal periodical, and rally deserves Its giant err em. 'siaiafOjaia Lmigtr. TEUJI9 s ratal fm ? ia F&r-rl&tn la ths CsSaa SUiat. Uum'l Masuixt, one year -M 00 M Of) tnclndee prepay vent of TJ. 8. postal by th nabliabere. Seeamerio., fe Uum'l M.tonirira. WntlT. and Buab. e te evdres.Jtr saw yeor, J10U0: sr. re-e e ManKTt I enuaVcoi. te sen audVen fat ens sar,7 nc aoat ifr't. A Ultra rbpm mf eilVr fA Mtatma, WantT. er Bii.a. witt or saWied .mirii for erery ' is V rrra guasralsias at ft 00 ear, ta ens remittance; or, Jm Oe asor KA U0, vdAsar extra capy: no- frm. Back .Vamoers can be supplied at any time. A Complete get of Iltaria's Mmumi, now enaT prieinc M Volumes, in neat cloth bindinc. will be sent by eapreaa, freight at expense of purchaser, fur &! 2e per voieioe, .- -' enhtai a. by mail, jsvraoai, $3 OU. Cloth caees. for binding, 6rl centa, by mail, postpaid. A C miJete Analvt cal Index to tue nrat Fitly Tel ameaof UAirtas Maoievi has just keen aliened, rendering evaikikle a- refV-renc the vant and varied wealth ot information which conetitnteathis perkaliral a perte t Ula-tratei literary cyclopedia. Nve., Cloth, Si id: Ha f Calf, ii. S-ut pwtaice prepaid A series off papers a rider tbe title off The First Cen tury of tb krpublic,'entrilutdby them. eminent AnMrwanpuMa-M'a. is now being pnulMoea la nan rsa's Mwuitt. This series of over twenty pepere (rive a eomarehensiv review off Pmaleas dnnne the HUT now turning, la very department at oar an lite iVeerrpeners art not fa enew fat t adV i tim atemt with. ami (a arnrcai srdci- of 11 laraa S Baorsaaa. Address HARPER 1 BROTHERS. Mew Tors. FREDERICK SPIECKER, erV.vi'.: 1 WTJOLBiALB DIALIB IB Lear Tobacco, Cigars, Pipes, Smoking and Chewing Tobacco, OF THE BEST BRANDS. 1T0. 152 TIJ2X3B$1 PHILADELPHIA. Only A rent for U. 8. Solid Top Cigar Mould. Cigar Stores can bs supplied. Uly I a week to Areata. I'M and Tonne. Male and V'l'l Peamle, ia the ifl I I PUKE. Addn T ' (oatn, Maine. l their kTality. Terms and tM.Tr IT dress r. O. Ilk. Lit 1 a ni.. An il-ii PtRM tNEST and profitable employment can ha secured by one laoy in every town in tne Vnited States. Addri-oe J. HENRY LVMONHf. l ba aoaaaiu ST , Buerox, Mass. ll-2.-4t BROOMS! BROOMS! JOHX J. SUKESi & CO., SSS Waaalaa;t.a fttroef. Sew Tsrk. Principal Depot In Sew Tork for tbe best Broom Xanana-tart in the United Stales. Brooms from $2.00 pr dozen and upward. The lowest prices ud greatest variety ta be found anywhere. Also aa entire new stock of WOOD nod WTLIJIW WAKk,snea aa Pails. Tubs, Bsskets. Mata, Tames, Cordage Kka. Sctucetber with a full line ef Apple, Briar Moid and thy Pipes, Pancy goans, Yanke No tie. Cutlery, aa. eWsars from la to fuw par aid. A full line af the best qnality of TISWARK. P P. We sail nr goods at prices that do not reqnirs any drnnuniug on the road. Unlet by send wiU re ceive prompt attsnitoa. satabltahed lao. -44-ly ELL8 ENCTCLOP.CDTA. Xew Revised Edition, f 1 loivaw Articles. S.liu Encravings and IS gplendid Map. Agents vTaatsd. BAKER, HAVW CO., Philadelphia, Pa. ll-Mt S5SS20ST ananas A an. Terms tree. Adams Cat, Peruana, Be. t-aj-Iy OLANK8 sjQ - ,i.ve.iaespp a. AT Bl OweVafe