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B. P. BOHWEIEB, THE OONSTITUTION-THE UNION AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAWS. Editor and Proprietor. r--it- ssssssssasSSSS -S VOL. XLV. OUR NEW BABY. W got new baby up 't our housa. Corned night, atill'a er mouse. Found It layln' up side mother; Pa be says Ys m 'lttle brother. p says Wen th' baby get old As me t won't mind any cold. But now tn's door mas' be krp' closed. Co pore 'title brotoor purt' nigh frozed. Taint (rot no elose ner any hair, J.M noinln but les red any wnare. w.ves es red, too keep 'in shut lo ' th' light wont hurt 'ui, but Pi ays 't In a day er two He'll opn iu d like me, er you. r savs he rether bad er girl, he Irr young Wneona'o pearl. But rn-k'ni he'll Kit er heap o' Joy Out that "lttle freckl'd boy. Can't talk er nothln", des says "goo." Do' know I be means me, er who. Spose he's talkln' 't ma, like null Bcglu' her ler cents 'u null. Jane Ann says 't sbe do' know K she'll stay er '( she'll go; Says my aunts 'n 'latlons all Come a trapsiu', one 'n all, Katln' eve' thin' out o' sight, .is her cookln' day u ulgbt. Ma she's des es white es milk, ban's des like er piece o' silk. Hain't got no name, pore 'lttle boy I Ner any ball ner book ner toy. N Jane Ann say 't he's homely' tin, T nobody else 'd took huu lu. Fore 'title brother 1 t's des er skaitj 'l he ain't even got no name, Looks so tl ny 'n so forlorn, Guess he's sorry 't he was born. 1'flE BELLE OF T HE OCEJ N- An autumn afternoon; the sky a bellow opal, melting into gorgeous gold and criuison in the west, and deep ening into night-like gloom toward the south, where the great pine ridge loomed up, tossing out its ghostly fringe, aud moaning and sighing with an agony that seemed almost human. Westward, a few scattering hillocks: and nestling in their midst, an old style farmhouse, its one window all aflame with the reflection of the sonnet then, sweeping out in long, monotonous stretches, the low salt marshes aud the bleak white beach and the sea. That w as the headland I Nothing handsome or attractive about the place no forest er mountains; hut the sea was there, and that more than compensated for all the other deficiencies. Nature is wou drously just iu her apportionments what she denies on one hand she makes up on th other. On the extreme point of the head lands was a ragged boulder, standing, as it were at anchor, for the salt waves beat in a circle round its base ; and on It summit, swinging out with a daring recklessness that would have been appalling to timid inland folk, a sturdy youth, wearing the rude garb of a fish erman. Rather an ordinary specimen, Judging from a first glance, but closer observation brought out finer points. A perfect head rising in leonine gran deur above square, burly shoulders; a heavy figure with muscles like iron ; aud a homely, good-natured face, lit by a pair of blae-gray eyes that wept the sea with the glance of an eagle that was Harry Melvill. As the twilight deepened aud the sua dipped lower, he seemed wrapped in a kind of ecstasy ; the fire that had kindled in his eyes melted into a dreamy softuess, and keeping time with his foot, as he swung from his lofty perch he broke out into a song a rude nau tical thing ; but the old-time air was sweet, and the voice that sung it won drous clear and resonant, ringing out Itke a trumpet peal above the dash of the waves, yet sweet and tender as the tote of a wood thrush. Over and ever again he trilled the quaint ditty, Butil every echo caught up the strain, and the whole place, and the great sea itself, seemed thrilling with melody. Just then the door of the old farm house swung open, letting out a broad food of lamplight and a slender girl's figure ; and an instant later this self tame figure, quaint and prim in its gown of gray, stood just behind the linger. Ue sang on utterly unconsci ous. Her lily fair face twinkled with a little mischievous laugh, and climb ing up the boulder with rare agility, he put her rosy mouth to his ear. 'Harry 1" He was near loosing his balance, tad his song came to a sharp and sudden end, leaving the closing uight in silence. The girl broke into a merry laugh. Recovering liis senses nd his foothold, he laughed too, and catching her in his arms, climbed down. She struggled frarn his em brace the instant his feet touched the Mid, and then they stood face to face Harry epoke first. "Well, Syria?" he asked. "Nothing only supper is waiting, md Aunt Sarah is growing impatient," the replied. "Oh' that's all!" the eager light dying out of his eyes, and leaving thetn gloomy and abstracted. '4I do lot want any supper: I've made up o- mind, Syria." She gave a quick, gasping breath, but face and voice were quiet. "Well, Harry?" "I'm going 1" "When?" "At daybreak." Her very lips paled, and her slender fingers shook aud trembled, but her yes remained true and steady. "Well," she answered slowly, "God -less you, Harry!" I The boy stood silent, hia eyes fixed the far coast line, where the red r"t flres wir almx-lir lmrniiicr out. p thoughts busy with the past. One tSfepecially, stood out clear and md ' vivid a wild stormy night when the sky was like ink, and the mad sea thundered until the old farmhouse shook to iu very centre. They , were down on the strand, his father, and a half dozen fishermen himself a sturdy lad, following like a young spaniel. Hard work lay before the men. A stately vessel lay out on the bar, and the strong gale was driving her to pieces. . Boat after boat started out as hei booming guns begged for assistance; but each one was swamped or driven back. It was mere desperation, an oia sailor said, no boat could stand such a gale they could do nothing His father chuckled to himself, and bringing out a sturdy craft of his own placed himself at iu helm, and went out into the darkness, never to return again, the men averred; but Harry did not believe it. He had never known his father to fail, and he sat down amid the crash and roar to watch and wait. And not vainly; for by-aud-by the sturdy boat beat its way back, bringing only one trophy, a lit tle sea waif that the old man had picked up a tiny girl child, with flaxen hair and blue eyes. The rough men bore her up to the old farmhouse, Harry trotting on behind ; aud before day dawn the booming guus were silent, for the stately vessel after a brave fight had gone down be neath the hungry waves. Capt. Melville aud his wife could do nothing more or less than to adopt the little storm-gift and bring her up as their own child. Accordingly they took olT her fine apparel and clothed her in gray homespun ; and she ran barefooted on the sands, and played with the white-haired children of the fishermen. Syria was her name every article of clothing she wore at the time of the wreck was marked with it; aud a small jewelled locket, tnat hung fi Dm her neck, bore the same signa ture. Too fine and fanciful her foster parents said, aud would have laid it away with her apparel ; but the child's name seemed to cling to her, to be part and parcel of her identity. So they culled her Syria, after all; and as she merged into maidenhood the lads called her the "belle of the ocean." She aud Harry had been sister and brother for ten years, eating their fru gal meul from the same porringer, and sharing the same bed in childhood; and in maturer years fthey were undi vided. Watching the purple aud golden sunsets; drifting out up the sunrise sea ; walking the silver sands always together. But all these pleas ant days were at an end now Harry was going away. The thing had been talked of for months by the fannhouse fireside. Captain Melville favored it. The sea was the right place for Harry, he said, and a berth in the Black Dragon could not be offered him every day. Harry's mother opposed the plan with all her might the lad could make a living at home. Yet she set herself to work making warm trousers and knitting heavy socks. Syria helped her in silence. The lad himself said nothing; he found it very hard to make up his mind to go at all. His ambition was unbounded, his possibil ties brilliant, and the great untried world very alluring ; but his love for the old Headland farmhouse and its in mates was stronger than anything else. Yet he had come to a decision at last, aud he was not the boy to change his mind. "Yes, the Black Dragon tails at day break, and I'm going in her, Syria," he said, his eyes solemn and tender, and his voice tremulous. , The girl stood silent a moment ; then putting the question with a forced laugh, "How far are you going Harry?" she said. "When do you expect to come back ?" "The Black Dragon's bound round the world, I believe," he responded J "and as to coming back well, it will be years before I see the Headlands again, I guess." Then a sudden light blazed up in his eyes. "Shall you miss me when I'm gone, do you think, Syria?" he asked. A 6wift color bloomed in her fair cheeks, aud her eyes overflowed with tears. "O narry!" putting out her hand piteously. "I shall die when you are gone I" Those who knew Harry Melville, and called him rough and ugly scarcely would have recognized him at that moment, his face was so transfigured. Clasping the little, outstretched hands in his, he bent over her with a look in his eyes such as a young mother might lavish on her first-born babe; and she, bending and yielding like a graceful vine, let her young head, with all its wealth of sunny gold, droop down and rest upon his shoulder. Thu, for one sweet moment, they stood in silence, the sea thundering at their feet, the moon soaring overhead ; and although no word was spoken, each one felt that from henceforth life would have but one hope, one definite purpose. Syria broke the silence. "Harry," sbe said, her voice sweet with unspoken tenderness, "I am su perstitious, you know. 1 want you to take this with you," unclasping a tlender gold chain from her neck. MI !-.. hA a. fancv that this little trinket possessed tome Jtjonej V?'. MIFFLINTOWN. Put it on your neck, please, and if you ever are left to the mercy of the wild waves, it will save you, maybe, as it did me." Harry smiled a little at this silly notion, but his face glowed with de light as he bent his head aud suffered her to transfer the dainty little thing from her own neck to his; for he knew that it was her sole treasure, prized above all things else, yet she gave it to him. "Now, she continued proudly, at the little jewelled locket, upon which her name was engraved, sparkled on his bosom, "you will have to come back, anyway. I am to have tins back again, you kuow." "You shall, Syria, God willing!" he answered solemnly. "Very well. Come, now; supper will be spoiled and Aunt Sarah ready to scold." He continued to hold her hand, and, side by side, they walked to the house. The captain and his wife were in the doorway, ready to chide them for their tardiness ; but a single glance silenced 'hem. "So you have made up your mind at last, Harry?" the old man said. "Yes, father." "When do you sail?" t , 4At daybreak." The mother heard no more. Turn ing hawk into the old gitlintf-room, with its happy fireside and cheerful nt)ier tslilr. she went to wort tv- Ing away the warm trousers and the heavy socks, now cramming in a bun dle of cakes or a twist of home-made candy, her eyes all the while blinded with falling tears. At moourise everything was ready, aud with his knapsack strapped across his shoulders, Harry stood in the door way. "Good-by, father!" his voice huky. "Good-by, Harry. Make a man o yourself before you cast anchor again." "Ay, ay, father!" Then he broke down, and, pulling his cap over his eves, strode awav without another word. At the first reddening of the dawn, the Black Dragon sailed ; and strain ing her blue eyes in the uncertain light, to catch a glimpse of the spread ing 6ails, Syria caught a faint echo, Harry's voice, borne back on the morn ing breeze as he stood on deck, singing his old sea song. Autumn faded into winter; snows fell, whitening all the solemn beach, and crowning the little hillocks round the old farmhouse. Spring followed with balmy winds and genial skies, and summer and winter again. One after another the seasons followed each other. The gray mow on the old farmhouse roof grew largar and thick er: the old captain was gel ting rneu- matic and dozed away the afternoons in the chimney corner, and Aunl Sarah was losing something of her old bust ling activity, aud gradually suffering the long thread of household cares to slip through her fingers into Syria's hands. Beautiful Syria! The promise of her girlhood was being developed into glorious maturity. But she might have been a pearl, as they called her, in her icy seclusiveness, for all the human feeling she seemed to possess. One by one the Headland boys came to the farmhouse, to pay their homage to-ita lovely mistress ; and one by one they dropped off. Syria was not to be won. So cold, quiet and unapp roach able was her manner that "as cold as the belle of the ocean" came to be a proverb among them. In the meantime the days rolled on. bringing the third autumn, aud with it happy tidings. The Black Dragon was homeward bound. Aunt Surah seemed to regain her lost youth as she listened, and went back to her old post and old labors. All through the gold en days they worked ; cleansing and adorning the old-fashioned rooms, and heaping the cupboard shelves with rows of golden pumpkin pies, and platters full of crisp cream cakes. The turkeys were all fatted aud ready to roast. Harry was fond of good living, and he should have it, his motuer said, when he came. But why did he not come? Every day the Black Drag on was looked for, and every evening brought a disappointment. At last one goltHKifternoon, when sunlight streamed in yellow bars over the sanded floor, and Syria had looped back the curtains with clusters of scar let berries and sprays of wintergreen, and ranged the golden pippins in long rows on the mantel, in the very midst of their expectations the tidings came, brought from the city by a fisherman. The Black Dragon, homeward bound, took fire Just under the. line, and every soul on board perished. Harry would never come home ! A silence more solemn than death fell on the old farmhouse- Aunt Sarah sunk beneath the blow into feeble second childhood; and the old captain grew morose and sullen. Syria alone bore the blow bravely- Fair and white as a pearl, she moved about with seal ed lips and solemn eyes, taking all the heavy household cares upon her aienuer shoulders, and working from dawn till twilight. Then, wbei the bueh of night brooded over the great tea, the took her sole recreation. Gliding down to the beach, the would clamber to the ton of the rouirh boulder, and ait for as hffuT iookiogout to tea, with bar JUNIATA COUNTY. PENNA.. WEDNESDAY. "Syria is going daft," the Headland lads said, watching her with pitying eyes ; and one or two, bolder than the others, essayed to comfort her. Bran don Hale, especially, a wealthy laud holder from the island. "Syria," he said, "I have lands and money ; I can give you all the luxuries of life; and more, I can give you a strong, true heart. Come with me, Syria; gi veme the right to make you forget this sorrow." But Syria shook her head mourn fullly. "No," the said, "I won't forget; be'll come by and by ; my little charm will bring him I will wait." Month after month, year after year, rolled on. The Headland lads and lasses grew up, and married, and en circled their firesides with broods of white-haired children; but beautiful Syria Melville, the peerless "belle of the ocean," still led an isolated life, still kept her fruitless look-out from the top of the boulder. At last there came an afternoon black with portentous omens. The clouds wore a dull, brassy hue, and hung in a low line all along the hori zon, aud the thunder of the surf was deep and incessant. Flocks of sea birds whirled about iu startled confusion; and at intervals a dull lurid flash blazed up in the south. 'I never see sich signs as these at Ih" Headlands only once afore, and lh. a we had a gale that just shivered things and we are going to have it again." The old fisherman was correct; about sunset it came, with a thunder ing crack aud crash, as if the very heavens were being rolled together. All uight long it continued, aud Syria sat at the window, straining her eyes in the darkness, aud listening with a strange thrill at her heart to the inces sant boom of the signal gun. There Was a vessel on the bar; and the beach was lined with fishermen and wreckers, anxiously awaiting her doom. At day lawn the captain rose and put down his pipe. "The guns have ceased," he said put ting on his oil cloth coat. "The poor chip's gone. I am going down to the Me. to see what the boys are doing. Syria arose quickly and drew a shawl about her head. "I'm going, too, father, she said. "You, child, through this storm? Nonsense! Stay where you are." "I must go, father," she urged, fol lowing him out with a &trauge light in her eyes. The dim briglituess of dawn was slowly struggling through the gray i mists, and the fury of the gale had spent itself. The wreckers sat iu groups around their smouldering fires, and the : mad sea moaned, ts if ill remorse, over "is pitilessuess. "A bad night, cap'n," one of them aid, as he and Syria approached. "I was born aud bred down at Gateliall, and I've never seen the beat o' this. Wasn't the gale a rusher?" "Ay, she was but what luck have ye had?" "Poor hick, captain poor luck! We tried pull lug out the boats, but it was no go the gale was too hard. We picked up only that chap, and he's lone for." Syria's eyes followed his pointing finger, and beheld stretched upon the wet sand the figure of a man. At first the sight sickened hee, and then a sud den energy thrilled through every fibre of her being. Approaching the spot where he lay, she knelt down beside him. A powerful figure, dressed in dark blue, wearing the mark of some rank upon his shoulders; a white, still face, the curling brown hair lying in tangled masses over the icy brow. Syria smoothed it back, and then she put her hand resolutely to his heart. "He's not dead, father!" she cried. '"There's warmth here indeed there is! Let's take him up to the house aud try to save nun." "Do as she bids you," said the old roan ; and the men obeyed. They laid hiiu on a litter and carried him into the old sitting-room, and then Aunt Sarah and Syria set to work. They understood their task, had their remedies all ready, aud went at the work vigorously. "Poor fellow!" Aunt Sarah said at last, tears streaming Over her fur rowed cheeks. "I'm afraid he's done f He makes me think of my own dear lad; and he's leaving a poor mother, mebbe, or a wifa, heart-broken like me. Poor fellow! Poor fellow!" Syria said nothing ; the only worked. She had been chafing his feet, soul now she unbuttoned his woolen shirt, in order to reach his breast ; in doing so, her fingers became entangled in a gold chain, from which hung a little locket blazing with jewels, and engraved with one word, "Syria." Aunt Sarah caught sight of it, and gave a wild cry ; but Syria, with a face like death, and eyes that gleamed like stars, si lenced her. " 'Tis he . our son, Harry t Don't you see? Will you waste your pre cious time? Let u work and save) dim!" the said. And they did. By-and-by a faint warmth diffused Itself over hit body; a dim red shone In hit pale cheeks, and he murmured, Just above) Ida breath, "Syria I Syria! I am comlng lm . fiyrla beardhim, a aha without m word or a sigh dropped in a dead faiut at his very feet. Li a few days he entirely recovered aud related his adventures. He had made his fortune and was coming', home to stay, and no one was more happy than Syria. But three weeks after there was a grand wedding at the old farmhouse; Captain Harry Melville received for his bride, Syria, the foundling, the beautiful "belle of the ocean," and their cup was full. SOMETHING TO THIS ABOUT. One of the sublimest things iu the world is plain truth. Bulwer. Of tame beasts, the worst is the flat terer; of wild, the slanderer. War wick. The strength aud safety of a com munity consisU in the virtue and intel ligence of its youth, especially of its young men. J. Hawes. Who is wise? He that learns from everyone. Who is powerful? He that governs his passions. Who is rich? He that is content. Dillwyn. Sweetness of temper is not an ac quire ', but a natural excellence; and, therefore, to recommend it to those who have it not, may be deemed rather an insult than advice. Addison. Women never truly command till they have giveu their promise to obey, and they are never in any more danger of being made slaves thau when the mei are at their feet. Farquhar. Nothing sinks a young man into low company, both of men aud women, so surely as timidity and diflideuce of himself. 1 f lie thinks that he shall uot, he may depend upon it he will uot please, and a degree of persuasion that he shall, it is almost certain that he will. Chesterfield. He that will not permit his wealth to do any good to others while he is liv ing prevents it from doing any good to himself when he is dead, and by an egotism that is suicidal and has a dou ble edge, cuts himself off from the truest pleasure here and the highest happiness hereafter Colton. A woman of fashion who is em ployed iu remarks upon the weather, who observes from inorniug to noon '.hut it is likely to rain, and from noon to night that it mizzles, that it is set in for a wet evening, and being incapa ble of any other discourse, is asinsipiiJ a companion, ami just as pedantic, ai he who quotes Aristotle over his tea. or talks Greek at a card table. Thorn ton- BUB ROSA The Latlu phrase "tub toa" it t4 la elegant speech to indicate secrecy and meant "under tbe rose" or "not to be told." The origin of the t ay lug it at follow: Tbe first rose that ever mi toon was giveu to Uarpecraies, the god of lilonce, by Cupid, lo induce l bo for mer not to betray Venus in her ques tionable going on, aud from thit myth the ancient made it the symbol of tilcnce, and it w at a custom to place a rose above their heads in their banqueting rpouts in order to indicate that nothing said or done there wet to be told outside. A company of wic tncu once banded theinselvet togoihcr in club though they did not call il by that name whose tolo object wat mutual improvement. For the furtherance of t Ut object they twore oach other to Vilesjce during thoir meetings, the con versation being carried on by castas of ijrmbeit and pantomime. At leagth came a man wiser then all the rest atking for admission. They would gladly have received Mm. but their prescribed number was already filled, to lndiceJo which fact ' they sorrowfully filled a wine glait to tbo brim with wiue to that a drop more would make it overflow. He understood, and quick at thought flropped a rose loaf iiponllie brimming quilid, where it floated without mak ing It run over, 'lite wise men were to delighted at this that they stretched their rules aud received him with great fpy. Aud so has come dowu to ua "the rose leaf oa tho brimming wine eyp'ona of lh inott beautiful ex pression of a beautiful truth tliat our iaiiguego holds. If those wite old hcalheut could only have transmitted their mantle of silence along with it I lie world would have becu ttill more lucir debtor. TNew York World. Te Obtain Oil from Flaxseed. There are two pioceste utod 1ft jinking liliteed oil from flux, the cold protest and that iu which heat it used. By the firs', the toed It ground .in it raw stale, and the meal obtained ie subjected to poworf ul hydraulic pres sure, which extracts the oil that it contains. Ih the second process the ' aecd is first roasted and tlieu ground . ia a milt in tbe Mine inauuer, aud U ' preaecd at a steam l.eat of 200 degree. 1 The rctulting osit from lhse two ?rocetct have very diffvreut qualities, ho coU-preetod eil ie eg a golden . yellow color, almost tattele, and uite sticky. It does ot keep very well, but turae dark colored, and be. comet rancid, even if exposed to the air. The roaeilng process dettroyt the gummy matter in the inner coat, lug Of the seed, and tho oil obtained lesi nmrlKgiitvui, but it it darker fcotorcd and liV tnore'aci UI ttste than tho fresh cotd'preseed oil. Tao heat Mgoo4tIlIf tba kliid most generally lttiA22attfttot : NOVEMBER 11. 1S91. HOMELY NOTIONS. BX ADELAIDE CILLET WAXDROX. When my motuer was married, my grandmother eaid to her, "Miriam, let me impress this on your miud; never eat against the wall, and never use a ragged dishcloth." Times in the fam ily had changed somewhat since the wedding day of grandmother's grand mother, and the idea of a table pushed to the wall, to say nothing of the nec essary bnt nsver-tonched-by-her dish cloth, probably never presented itself to the mind of that far away ancestress whose dainty foot never pressed her collar stairs, but whose authority and management were so potent that her establishment ia said to have been a proverb for perfect housekeeping. But perhaps this generation makes better citizens, for lack of the for'nues long since used or confiscated, and when my grandmother gave her daughter the advice quoted, it was not in order to hold to even a fragment of former fashions, bnt to instil more philosophy than might at first be noticed. It ia trne that many young women, as well as men, in the early days of married life, approach the niceties, that were common between them during the courtship, bnt that with the freedom of familiarity tht-y afterward and gradually fall into ways extremely deshabille which are quite as unlovely after, as before, marriage. A little languor excuses a "letting-go" for once, and it is so easy to continue "letting-go!" And sometimes it comes about that one has an innate tendency to let go, and no coaxing urging or scolding on the part of the oue who likes tilings ship-shape avail to stay the downward slide, liut resolution is a mighty force, and if one loves tne other truly, one will be well-supported in upward endeavor. It was having in mind a principle of doing the best possible that pointed the matron's command. Khe wished the pride of her heart to keep hold on the propri eties of living that intike existence com fortable and admirable, to not lose eight of the prettinesses that poetise the prose of the body's needs, and to be clean, for cleanliness is of both soul and body, and without it there is no purity of nations, no aiming at tbe stars, no spiritual comprehension of Heaven's perfection. I have thought often, that the so easy letting tilings go, is likely to propagate a correspondent slip of the leash tht holds our moralities in bond. We exouse little things in onr appearance, then greater things, and by easy tran sition we find apparent palliation for the slightest dream of something in our conduct; not quite as it should be; then it is so natural to forgive our fault, feeling aware of good in entions, or of extenuation circn in stances, and we wonder that others are not so ready to excuse that for which we so readily pardon ourselves. It is for onr own satety in character that we avoid even that appearance of evil which may affect our reputation. And to be fine and noble in the eyes of the world we must be so in our own, iu detail, and in those of our nearest hih' dearest. A young man said once of a young woman on whom he had for a time affectionate designs," "I would better marry a different girl; she keeps me feeling as if 1 had on tight boots." But perhaps he would have been a better man with the snug boots than with his soul always in slippers, ami then the tightest of shoes will stretch, or mercifully burst "Miriam" minded her mother; some times the fare was very Miopia and scant, but the table, whether poor or elegant, was set out and dressed and adorned to the utmost available, aDd the amenities were unforgotten. When the dishcloth became ragged it was dis carded, and something whole was put in its stead, and the family has been the better for the philosopy of the arbitrary dame of ancient days. THE BOTTLE KNOT. It is one that is made with great fa cility, and is not only of an exceedingly ornamental character, as a succession of knots can be made on the same piece of string and nsed as braid; but is of considerable utility in carrying a bot tle or vase, as shown in the second a(iie, II before the knot is pulled tight it it put round the neck of a vase or bottle and then tightened, it takes a perfectly reonre hold and cannot possi bly be pulled off. I know of no inetbod of slinging a bottle or jar with a slight ly enlarged mouth, that is so elegant, so secure, and so easily apnlied as this !:not. Simple as the knot may appear, it is so peculiar in the manner in which it it made that I donbt whether anyone who has not been shown how to do it will discover the right method I plume myself on being rather an ex pert at making knots, bnt I am quite tree to confess that I do not think that I eonld have made this apparently simple and elegant tie hnd I not been shown how to'do so. When I offer the knot aa a puzzle I do not intend that it should be threaded but tied, which can be done in less than a couple of seconds. T. ' Mas. Gbimwood has had conferred upon her by the qneen the Iioyal Bed Cross, in recognition of her devotion to tho wounded at Manipur. The decora tion, which has also already been be stowed on Miss Nightingale, consists of a crimson cross edged with gold, bear ing the words "Faith, Hope, Chanty," and is attached to a dark bli.e ribbon edged with red. Hknbt M. Stanley has declined the Governorship of the Congo State. Wein the Japanese hitch a horse in the street they accomplish it by tying his forelegs together. Exhibitors at the World's Fair can have their empty cases, in which tlie.r exhibits are transported to tbe Exposi tions, stored during the. Fair for 2 c's. per cubic foot; or stored and insured for 2J cents per cnbio foot The Utter rate is less than one-sixth what was charged exhibitors at the Paris Exposi tion of 1889, A CAVE DWELLERS, In a paper on Tbe Cave-Dwellers ot the Confederacy, by David Dodge, which appears in the October Atlantic, an interesting account is given of tbe caves in which the deserters from the Confederate srmy lived: After the Confederate ranks were .binned by the desperate fighting ot I bo t, the lines of the deserter fell in hard pi ices. The Richmond govern ment set energetically to work to bring every avaible man to the front. Presi dent Davis by proclamation nrged every man to hasten to his country's defense, and promised pardon for all past delinquency, provided the offen der now hastened to do his duty. Stringent orders and threatsof punish ment infused energy into the officers of the home guard. Detachments of Con federate troops visited the neighbor hood at short and irregnlar intervals, while the homes of the deserters were watched and repeatedly searched. Then it was that the deserters, as we called all who shirked military duty, whether they had ever actually beeu in the army or not, had recourse to a mode of hiding which they had learned from runaway slaves. The fugitive in this region having neither the swamps of tbe East nor the mountains of the West for refuge, like all hard-run crea tures naturally took to earth. He either enlarged and concealed some natural cavity, or dug a cave in which he hid by day, to sally out nnder cover of darkness in quest of poultry, pigs, sheep, fruit, roasting - ears, water melons, and other good things in sea son. If he feared pursuit ty dogs, hej rubbed the soles of his feet with onions' or odorous herbs in order to confuse) the scent. If moderately wary or skill ful, he found little difficulty in remain ing "out" till the crops were "laid by' and all the heavy work was over, or till cold weather drove him hack to a snugger berth in tbe quarters. The deserter made a vast improve ment on the burrow of the runaway negro. His cave was larger, better constructed, and better appointed than its prototype, but not better concealed. Banking together in sqnads of two or three, some unfrequented place would be chosen, generally on a hillside to avoid moisture, and as near a stream as practicable, for the easiest and safest way of disposing of the earth thrown np in digging the pit was to dump it in running water. The site being carefully seleoted and recon noitred from every possible way of ap proach, a watch was set, and work: was begun and pressed with the utmost dis patch. First tbe leaves or pine-needles were raked back and a spaoe "lined off," usually six by eight feet, but often con siderably larger. Then the ubiquitous bedqnilt was spread to catch every par ticle of the tell-tale clay, and grubbing hoes, spades, and all available imple ments were put in rapid motion. As any prolongation of the work Increased the danger of discovery, the object was to get it dug and concealed at the ear liest possible moment. Every hand that could be tru tted,--old men, women, and children, as called in to asmst. To these auxiliaries fell the hardest part of the task, that of disposing of the dirt, which of course could not be left near the cave. This was generally "toted" away in buckets and piggina and dumped in the adjacent stream, and as the direction from which the cave was approached had to be con stantly changed lest thefiintest vestige of a path should betray the spot, the labor of transporting eight or ten cnbio yards of earth in this primitive fashion w.is no light undertaking. The proper depth, commcnly about six feet, being attained, a fireplace was cut in the earthen sides of the cave and connected with a flue cut through the idjaoent earth. Across tbe pit, and lightly below the surface were then placed stout poles, on these the roof of pine boards, while over all the earth ind leaves were carefully replaoed so is to conc-al all signs of having been listurbed. Pine-needles made a very ooJ carpet. A bed was constructed by driving forked stakes into the tround, and npon these were laid imall poles topped with pine boughs. Sometimes a "cup-board' was cut in ;he earthen walls. What gave the cave-dweller most soncern was the disposal of the smoke irom his chimney. Even nnder the sest of cironmstanoes, in tbe fairest, rarmest weather, and in the driest toll, a cave was a dismal abode. There ffas a darkness, a chilliness, a strange and xrave-like silence down there, which made fire, the only light obtain able in those hard times, an indispen sable companion. When rainy weather came, and the walls oozed water, only heat made it habitable. Care was taken to nse the driest and most smoke less fuel, bnt as even that, though burnt ever so sparingly in the daytime, would cause some smoke, various plans were hit upon to minimize the danger of betrayal from this sonrce. When practicable, the cave would be dug near a deal tree, which was first blackened by fire, unlets one could be found al ready partially bnrned by the chance fire of some coon or opossum hunter. Failing this, an old tree-stump, after being charred, was ingeniously planted over the chimney mouth so that the Bmoke might rise through or around it The object of these devices was, of course, that, should any nnfriendly eye discover the smoke, it would be at tributed to one of the accidental nres which sometimes smouldered in dead timber for weeks at a time. But, aa a rule, the occupants, putting their de pendence on good eyesight and legs, would, when no especial danger was apprehended, betake themselves to the woods during the day, and nse the caves only as sleeping-places. Indeed, few of the deserters took refuge under ground except in cases of pressing need, which, toward the last, were very frequent. Entrance to the cave was usually hao Ly meaus of a small trap-door in the roof, in tbe concealment of which much care and ingenuity were also expended. In audition to the leaves always kept on it, a tree would often lie felled over the spot, the boughs serving not only to screen the entrance from view, but likewise to lessen the danger of any one walking directly over the cave. As it was all-important that no trace of a path should be seen thereabout, the trunk of the tree afforded a safe walk way, care being taken always to ap proach it from different directions The presence of a newly felled tree, like a burning one, attracted 1 ttle sus picion, being charged to the negTO, ipossum-hnntur. Nine hundred tons of green peas were delivered in London by th-s Great Eastern Railway Company on a recent Saturday. This large quantity so de ! iressed the prices in the market that j cost of them are s ild to have been sold : it a loss. ' Labradob has a waterfall with a , beer descent of .l'v feet. NO. 47. NEWS IN BRIEF. Some insects are in a state of mat urity thirty minutes after birth. The husk of IuMiu corn is being jsed for the manufacture of paper. A Chinese newspaper published in dan Francisco has been sued for libel by an Indian. A huije pjtato, we;ghingr twenty leven pounds, has been raised by a far mer at Bayou Sara, La. A mountain of coal in Wild Horse Valley, Wyoming, has been burning Tor more than thirty years. Th) Columbian River is so clear at low water that salmon fishing can only be successfully conducted at night. A new mineral has been discovered la Texas wh eh Is said to be seven times Uronger than any other when made In to wire. Henry Cook, a Norwich (Conn.) tailor has a beard seven feet two inches long, though he ia only five feet six Inches tall. Tbe largest watermelon reported this season weighed sixty-two pounde, and was grown z.ear London, Rusk County, Texas. Tbe temple of ilom-mon-ji, at ikegami, begun in 1232 and finished ia l.J JT, is one of the most famous re ligious structures in Japan. A traveler said recently that Phi'ia delphii bad more people with dark hair and blue aud gray eyes than auy place he ever visited. Petroleum, which actually flows unaided t irouch the rocks, baa been discovered a' Crow's Nest In the Cana dian Rocky Mountains. The way to tell a well-bred dog ac cording to a canine fancier, is to grasp bim by tbe back of the neck and hold him up. If a cur, he yelps; it well-bred, he never utters a whisper. In the Philippine Islands canary seed is ground and made into a mast palatable bread which is in common use among the people there, People in Japan are cal'ed by the family name first, the Individual, or what, we should call Christian, name next, and then tbe honorific thus, "Smith Peter Mr." Probably tbe rarest stamp Iu exis tence has been sold iu London for 250 pounds sterling. It lsan American five cent stamp, issued at Brattleboro, Vt., iu 1840. Lizzie Arnold, of Fenton. Mich.. weighs only eighteen pounds, and It twenty -seven years of ae. She has le ceived overtures from circus managers, but her parents prefer to keep her at home. Wheat la brought from Chicago to Buffalo, 800 miles, by water, or 600 miles iu tbe air line, for one per cent, per bushel, and tbe lighter grains at proiiortionally low rates. In the regin of William III. all child stealers apprehended were branded with a red-hot R for rogue on the shoulders; M f ir manslaughter on tbo right band, and T for thief on tbe left one. A statistician has computed that a man might add $o00 to bis Income by saving the clippings ot his hair ever time it is cut auJ having it manufact ured into soft pillows, mattresses, eto. JN o hair is so soit as that or Human beings. Dr. George II. Cramer, in his de scription of the Tabasco coal forests, in Southern Mexico, speaksof a district where an intoxicating liquor can be manufactured from palm juice In a few hours at an average cost of ten cents a gallon. Tbe articial inoubatlon of eggs orginaied lu Eypt, where it Is still car ried on. According to a consular re port no fewer thau 75 000,(K 0 eggs are hatched in this way every year on the banks of the Nile. Robert T. Barker, of A ew Bedford, Mass , read tn Bible through for the first time In 1808. Since that date be has read it uineiy-nlne times. It usual ly takes him two months lo read it from beginning to end. A man fishing at Jersey, England, was caught by tbe rising Ude, and a boat had to be put out to rescue him. The next day tbe magistrate sentenced him to eight days' hard labor "for the trouble be bad caused." The census reports show an avers gt value of cows in the United States of $21 02, or fifty two cents each less than ten years ago. There must be some cheap cows somewhere. Horses average f 1.84 less in value than in 1880. Probably the finest and costliest college library building will be the one which has been built for the Universi ty of Leipsic Nearly $ 1,00000 were expended on it. The library of tbe Uni versity consists of 510,000 volumes. A curious feet In the early history or pins is that wlien they were first sold in "open shop'' there was such a great demand for them that a code was past el permitting their sale only on two days in tbe year tbe 1st and 2d of January. It was during tbe three hundred years between tbe Norman Conquest and the death of Edward tae IIL that some twelve hundred monasteries were found ed in England. In tbe twelfth century it was as much the fashion to found a religious house aud endow it with pa rochial tithes as ia the sixteenth it was to found a grammar school An army of locusts ten miles wide recently swept over the Punjab in In dia. It occupied five days In passing. Not much barm was done to crops, however, since they were so far advan ced that they could be harvested before the locusts reached them. The lion Is eaten by some A'lican races and the hippopotamus by others. The Zulus find carrion so much to their liking that they apply to It the word "ubornl,'' signifying great happiness. Tbe aborigb'al Australians and Hotten ots prefer the intestines of animals. One of those rare freaks of nature, a pure white deer, was seen recently by a party of sportsmen iu M aine. Tbe Dolcoath mine in Cornwall, England, one of the most famous and most important tin mines in the world, has been opened to the depth of 247J feet, and tae main shaft is now being sunk deeper. At tbe bottom tbe tem perature is nearly ninety degrees Fat rent.eit. Of the entire human race, 503,000, 000 are well clothed, that is. they wear garments of some kind; 25 .0)0,0 0 ha bitually go naked, and 700,000.000 only cover part of the 'od; 500,000,000 live in houses, 7iO f 00 6u0 In huts and caves, and 2jJ,0 0,000 vhtually have, no shelter.