n c crHwriro '
THE CONSTITUTION THE UNION AM) THE EHFORCEUENT OF THE LAWS
Editor and Proprietor.
MIFFMNTOVX, JUNIATA COUNTY, PENX., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 14, 1899.
On the following morning Mr. Hephzi
bah Horton i seated in her own rooms at
breakfast, in company with the solicitor,
Before the meal is concluded, a serrant
brings a twisted piece of paper to present
to Mrs. Horton.
"l'lense. ma'am, a messenger has
bror.i'ht this for yon."
"1'iar friend," it reads, 'If you can
tome to me. pray do so. It is all over.
He died last nipht. and I am left alone,
nd m. re in need of help from your strong
heart and head than ever. Yours affec-lionat.-Iy.
"Make haste and finish your breakfast."
lays Mrs. Morton to her solicitor, explain
ing the note. "You must come with me!
Who knows what use your legal knowl
edge may he to the poor girl in this ex
tremity''" When they reach the Morays lodgings
Mr. Tiiuson. with the elongated face
whii-h she considers suitable to the occa
wuii. preeedes them upstairs with an inti
mation of their arrival, and Delia, very
pale and very grave, comes out to meet
tier friend upon the landing.
"It is so good of you to come to me,"
ihe s: s. as Mrs. Hephzibah embraces
her. "l'i;t 1 felt sure you would. I sent
i telegram to tell Mr. William Moray J
this morning, and he has already arrived
here; and and we don't get on very well
together," she coucludes, with a look that
lays more than her words.
"Well: I'm all the more glad that I was
t!e to come, my dear, then, and to bring '
my friend Mr. Bond, whoa let me intro
duce to you. Mr. Bond is my legal ad- i
yiser you have heard me mention his '
aine before, I think; and I have told him
til your history, so you needn't mind
nhat you say before him."
'Tray come in from this cold landing,"
ya I Mia, simply, as. having bowed to
the solicitor, she leads the way to the
The blinds are down, but there Is a
j 'Oil fire in the grate, and it does not
look more dismal than usual.
The child is seated on the hearthrug
playing with some books and toys, and
William Moray, from his chair at the ta
ble, is watching him greedily as though
he considers him to be already his own.
He does not look particularly gratified
when his sister-in-law re-enters the room,
foiiS-J tee&8WMSe"who have-been
k!rvi enough to call and see me," is all
tii Delia says in explanation, and then
ehairs are offered and accepted, and the
party alt down together and feel uncom
fortable, and don't know how to begin the
"This is a very melancholy occurrence,
lir," suys William Moray to Mr. Bond.
"Very melancholy!" is the rejoinder.
"W iio is to manage the business of the
"I take that responsibility upon my own
shoulders," says William Moray.
"I am triad to hear it," nods the lawyer;
"not but what it's only your duty. This
girl has kept your brother alive quite long
tnuiigh. in my opinion. It would be rath
tr hard if she had to bury him as well."
"My family, madam, is above leaving
the funeral obsequies of any of its mem
ber to be performed either inefficiently
or ti,rnuc;!i the charity of strangers," ha
"lla your brother left a will?"
"U, xii: lie had nothing to leave," re
plies 1'elia, innocently.
"My late brother lias left a will which
was duly signed and witnessed in my
presence," puts In Moray.
"Glad to hear it," says the lawyer.
"A nilll" cried India. "I never saw itl
Do you know where it is, Mr. Moray 7"
"It is in my possession."
As he spenks, he hands Mr. Bond the
pP'r which James Moray signed the
Larht before, and the solicitor reads it
in silen. e. When he has concluded he
looks at Mrs. Morton as much as to say:
"The Knie is up."
I'eiia catches the look and rightly in
"What is in that paper?" she demands,
pantinc with excitement. "Tell me. J
Mve a ripht to know!"
"Now, my dear lady " commence
"He calm, Delia Moray," interpose
Mrs. Hephribah, "and depend on it we
will see all your legal rights secured to
Willis m Moray smiles furtively and
"How ran I be calm, when I feel some
further calamity is banging over me? Oh!
tell me what it contains, for mercy's
lake!" implores the mother.
"Well, ladies," explains the lawyer, "the
Sist of the matter is that this paper, sign
ed by the deceased, and witnessed by his
brother and one Teresa Timson, deputes
the sole guardianship of his son, William
Ancus Moray, to his brother, William
Moray, and that without any reference to
or interference on the part of Delia Mo
ray, his wife. Which means, ladies, that
that it!. -man standing there has the
pow. r ,!ecide where and how the boy
shall le l..Hrded and educated hencefor
ar.l. ami that his mother has no power
rhatecr to gainsay or prevent him."
"Infamous! exclaimed Mrs. Hvpbzi
bah, energetically. "But, if the law can
ri-ht her, it shall!"
"The law- is futile to interfere," re
ipnois Mr. Itond. "This is the law."
"Hah:" cries Mrs. Hephzibah, right in
his fare, to prevent the tears that bav
sprung to her eyes rolling down net
lut Iiclia'g scared gaze is fixed upon
"What did you say?" she inquires soft
!y; "I don't think I quite understand it
My boy left to his uncle? To be educated,
and fed. :,d kept by bis uncle? Not to
I've will, ,,.. ,)o you mean? Could he dc
Is t!,;,t the law?"
"Ii is the h,w, unfortunately, my deal
Uadum." replies Mr. Bond.
"He shnll not he shall not! I defy
nmi' Is it for this 1 have borne insult
d violence and abuse, in bitter silence?
' for this that my husband's last act
a to attempt my life? Oh! you cannot
-cannot have the heart to take my boy
from me?" 8he cries, turning to her broth
i. If nOU couIJ Persuade your friend "
J William Moray to Mrs. Horton.
Won't sneak to me!" aba answers ab
ruptly. "I think the whole transaction
infamous, and worthy of your brother and
yourself from beginning to end. And if
the poor girl had oarer been such a fool
M to marry him ha couldn't have made
her suffer like this to gratify his own
Tee woman on the floor seems to have
been listening to Mrs. Hephzibah'. words,
for as the last sentence leaves her lips she
raises her head, and a look of fierce de
termination succeeds the despair in het
..What it she gropes for In ber bosom?
ioes she mean to murder the man whe
threatens to rob her of her child; and is
It a concealed knife for which she seeks?
It might be, judging from the look upon
her face. But whatever it is, as she gets
hold of it she rises to her feet suddenly,
and stands noon the beartbrng with het
back to the fire.
"Ms. Bondj" she exclaims, "is that tht
truth? Were my boy illegitimate, oould
they take him from mci"
"A strange question, my dear madam;
but certainly not certainly not."
"Not by will or otherwise?"
"Not by any means whatever. It 1
only over his lefitimate child that a man
has any power."
Something neld In the bauds behind her
back drops into the blazing fire, and is
shriveled Into nothing.
As Delia gives a rapid glance around,
and sees it has entirely disappeared, a
beautiful courage the courage of despair
gleams from her eyes like that which
mast have inspired the martyrs of old
nhen they placed their naked feet upon
the burning ploughshares.
She catches up the child upon the
hearthrug, and holding him tightly to her
breast, advances to the table.
"Then I defy William Moray, or any
other man, to take my boy from me," she
says. "He Is mine, and I am his. We
belong to one another only. I was never
married to his father!"
At this announcement every one in the
room is visibly startled.
"Are you in earnest, mndum ?' demands
the solicitor, incredulously.
"Delia Moray! for heaven's sake, think
what you are sacrificing," whispers Mrs.
But the animal Instinct is roused in the
woman's breast, and she shakes off her
best friend with tierce impatience.
. i ... j.wier answers :
"I tell yon 'tis the truth I"
"It is not," says William Moray; "it is
i trumped-up lie to serve your own pur
pose. I had the assurance from my broth
er's lips that you were his wife!"
"Where are the proofs, then? Bring
"You must have a copy of the marriage
eertificate aurely?" says the lawyer.
Mrs. Hephzibah Horton remembers
and says nothing.
"I have no certificate," replies Delia,
"That is of little consequence," says
William Moray, angrily. "A copy is eas
ily procurable from the registrar's books
of the church where tbey were married.
I am not going to be fooled in thia way."
"But if we were never married in any
church what then?" says Delia defiant
ly. "But I say you were I You were mar
ried at Chilton, in Berwick. Now I are
fou convinced that it is useless to try and
She laughs scornfully.
"Go to Chilton, then, and get the cer
tificate. There is no church there. It
was burned to the ground the very time I
itayed there in the place with your broth
er." Mr. Moray starts. He has heard some
thing of the occurrence before, and re
members it is true. He begins to fear she
may outwit him.
"This is child's play!" he exclaims pas
sionately. "There must be a copy of the
certificate somewhere among my lute
brother's papers. I shall go and search
He leaves the room as he spenks, and
Mrs. Horton approaches Delia.
The mother's face Is very paie, and her
lips are tightly compressed together, and
a her friend grasps her hand she shrinks
away from her.
"Don't touch me, or speak to me! Kc
nember what I am!"
"I do remember it, Delia Moray, and I
idmire your courage. But you cannot de
teive me!" .
The girl's eyes turn toward her with n
look of infinite gratitude.
"Don't mention it now! For the next
few minutes I must act, or fail."
William Moray re-enters the apartment.
"Have you been successful, sir?" asks
"No," is the reply. "But I will prove
the truth, of the marriage yet, if trouble
or expense will do it."
"Meanwhile," interposes Mrs. Horton
blandly, "you will have no objection. 1
suppose, to this lady returning home with
So Delia passes from the home where
she has been so miserable, with a blight
upon her fair fame, and a brand forever
on her outcast child, believing that the joy
she has so rashly purchased must out
weigh the sufferings that aocomiiaiiy it.
And this is Delia Moray's lie!
There are some places in this world of
ehange-a very few-which look as if they
had stood still since the day on which
they attained maturity. No modern archi
tecture has displaced the quaint Msh.m,
ta which their first house. wre built: uu
novations have been permitted to supetw
.de the ancient customs.
Such a place is Bruges; city Wowdof
devotees, refugees, and impecunious Eng-
"ft"- like sacrilege to
reverend archways ring with 1C
aVtlie ancient stones clatter beneath run
But Gabrielle de Blo ..
rrJnt tall girl of seventeen though sn
K'tu ng Vro her daily mole ewo.
'I e convent school, ha. no wrnple. o.
he matter. She is pretty. P-y-g
creature, with dark hair "!d
her back in tangled carta, and Wh
full of mirth and mischief. coarM
archway that win conduct her to the sun
ny, open Place, she caught eight of a well
known figure advancins though to meet
ber, and all her love of fun rushes to the
She darts like swallow behind the
opened gateway, and waits in silent am-,
bush the approach of the newcomer. In
her hand ahe holds a branch of blossom
ing lime which she pulled carelessly frotr
tree on her way from school. The per
son ahe waits for advances unsuspecting
ly, believing her still to be some quarter ol
mile abend of him. He is a young man-4
9f one or two and twenty; slight, tall and
graceful in appearance, with delicate fea
tures, blue eyes, and fair, reddish hair.
He does not hear the half-suppressed
giggle with which bis proximity to the
gateway is saluted, but he does feel a
long branch of blossoming lime tickle his
neck aa he passes through it, and in an
other moment he has detected the hidden
culprit. The warm flush that beautifiet
his features as he does so, is sufficient tc
denote the interest he feels in her, while
the burst of glad laughter with which she
greets him proves that he la no unwelcome
"Gabrielle," he says in French, re
proachfully, "why did you not wait at th
conveut until I called for you?"
"Because, Angus," she answers in the
same language, "the fact of your calling
for me so constantly has been observed,
and papa, would not like me to be talked
Both speak fluently, but there is just
sufficient difference in their accent tc
show that Angus has acquired the lan
guage by education, and Gabrielle uses it
as her native tongue.
"What nonsense! when we have known
each other from little children. One
would think you were about to become a
"And who says I am not?" she returns,
"You look very like a nun in that cos
tnnie, I must say. Much more like a will
Arab of the desert!.
"Now, Angus, that is very nnkind ol
von, as well as impolite, when you know
my poor papa cannot afford to dress me
"Oh, Gabrielle! as if you did not look
beautiful to me in any guise. Only when
you talk of becoming a nun. It Is too ab
surd." "Wby should it be absurd? Both my
aunts are religieuses, and I have no moth
er to take charge of me, should my pool
"There is no chance of your father dy
ing: but if there were, you should hav
some one better than a mother to look
after you a husband."
"You must not speak to me ia that fash
ion, Angus. Papa would not approve of
"I must speak, Gabrielle. The time hat
come for speaking. I only wait your per
mission to broach the subject to youi
father. But though I know that, accord
ing to the custom of your country, 1
should do that first, I am too English in
feeling to pluck up courage for it, until
I am sure that his consent will be backed
by your own. Tell me, Gabrielle, if youi
father says yes,' will you have me for a
'Can you doubt it, Angus?" ax th
If I went to your father and told bfm I
lesired to make yon my wife he might
give me his consent do you think h
would give me his consent, Gabrielle?"
"I do not know. I am not sure," re
plies the girl, blushing violently; "but
papa loves you, Angus. He has often
told me how much he should like to have
had a son Just like yourself."
The young man is about to make some
reply to her words, when the attention ol
both la diverted toward the driver of a
fiacre, who is waving his arms and halloo
ing in their direction.
"What can the man want?" exclaim
Angus, aa he turns and sees him.
. (To be contlnned.i
Not a Bit Worried.
Her FthT Well, if yon are deter
mined to marry my daughter I shall
offer no objections; but, before yot
take this Irrevocable step. I think It 1
only right to let you know that I have
decided to leave all my money to edu
cational and charitable Institutions.
GUb Suitor Oh, that's all right I'v
got proof that you bet on a bicycle road
race once. It'll be easy enough to show
that you're of unsound mind.
Aa Applied to Love Making.
"What is the matter with young Han
klnson and Mabel Garlinghorn? 1
thought they were growing fond ol
"They were until they found out tbeit
mothers were forming plans to bring
them together oftener, and then thej
quit. They said they didn't want anj
board of strategy business in theirs."
A Hlijthted Future.
"No," he said, bitterly, "I can nevei
hope to be President"
"Why? You were born in the United
States, weren't you?"
"Yes, but I can't go to war because
my parents won't give their consent
and before the supply of soldiers rum
out I'U be too old."
Bomethina; to Live For.
Jimmy Do you say prayers at night:
Billy I do now. I don't want any.
thing to happen to me during the baX
season, you see. New Jork Journal.
A Little Mistake.
"Walter, this serviette Is dirty."
"Beg pardon, sir; It's got folded tin
wrong way, sir." New York World.
A poor widow with seven children
advertised in a New York paper for tx
temporary loan of $50. She must have
been a very deserving old lady, for she
announced her willingness to permit
the money lender to "keep the children
The business connections of a fam
ily in Kirwin, Kan., are rather sugges
tive. One son is a doctor, another is
an undertaker, a third makes tomb
stones, and the wife of the latter is a
A large hailstone cracked as It
struck the sidewalk in Louisville, Ky.,
during a hail-storm, and out stepped
a two-inch lizard. No wonder the peo
ple of that State are afraid of water,
even when solidified,
"Themistocles Phrearios"is scratched
on an antique potsherd just dug up in
the Areopagus at Athens. This is be
lieved to have been one of the votes
cast some 2,400 years ago to ostra
cize the victor of Salamis.
The average gas jet consumes five
feet of gas per hour.
A new system of advertising is in
vogue in San Francisco. A poultry
dealer has an intelligent rooster, which
parades up and down the street be
fore the market with his owner's busi
ness card displayed in his bill, and
commands attention by frequent crow
ing. A light of one-candle power can be
plainly seen at a distance of one mile
and one of three-candle power at two
THE TONGA ISLANDS.
HOW THEY CAME INTO ENGLISH
Caaa of Natloaal Sharp Praetlea aa
"GetUaa; Ihcra First Oersaan
Was A host to Eala the Oroapt ba
Was Outwitted by the Natt-ve Klaa
The details of the taking of tht
Tonga groups it islands under the Brit
Ish flag have only recently been madi
public ia this country, but there ia
rein ef humor running through the af
fair that gives It a more than usual
amount of Interest The Tonga grouj
forms a portion of the Friendly lei
ands, and Is located a little north ef th
tropic of Capricorn, between It and tin
FIJI archipelago, and southwest of Sa
moa, While the Tongas are of no great
commercial value, they form a hered
Itary monarchy, governed by a kln
and a legislative assembly, composed
of thirty-one nobles nnd thirty-one rep
rescntatlves elected by the people- Tbli
lltle kingdom embraces three groupi
of Islands the Tonga, Haapal anc
Vavan covering an area of 374 squart
miles, with a population of 17.500, tb
capital being located at Tonga tabu
The Islands have several of the best
harbors In the South Pacific.
For years Germany has been schem
ing to get possession of Tonga. Lasl
winter the German vice consul at Sa
moa. Mr. Grune, arrived at Tonga and
presented claims amounting to $100,
000, as being due from the Tongans t
German traders, nnd demanded theii
Immediate payment, but as some ol
these claims were more than twentj
j vara old the king repudiated them
When Mr. Grune found he could no
eonre the money for his claims he de
parted with the officlnl notlflcatloa thai
within a few months a German wai
vessel would arrive at Vou-Vou and
u force Immediate payment or, In Cast
f further refusal, seize the Islands.
The consul had no soner departed
than the king communicated with th
British authorities at Sydney and the
;rulser Tauranga was at onee dis
patched for Tonga, arriving early l
December. The officer In command bad
i conference with the king, and aftei
Kime three hours of debate the saver
e'gnty of the entire group was trans
ferred to Great Britain, the Tongai
government remaining a dependency ol
the British crown. The captain of thi
Tauranga turned over to the king (12a,
000, and the next day the British flag
was raised with all necessary formali
ties and great rejoicings on the part ol
the people. Great Britain guarantee!'
peace and order to the islands, aecorei
flexlty of land tenures and additional
rights to foreign settlers on the group
Observations at the Blue H1U Observ
atory showed that for several days be
fore the great cold wave of February
last the high cirrus clouda, which at
tain an elevation of about nine mllaa,
moved with unusual velocity. On one
lay these clouds were flytag at the rate
f 1C0 miles per hour. It Is thought
:hat measures cZ cloud motions will
play an important part In weather pre
Dr. D. G. Brlnton calls attention to
:be rapid extinction of the Polynesian
Tlbes Inhabiting the Pacific archlpela
roes. A hundred years ago the Hawal
an Islands were said to contain 400.00C
latlve Inhabitants; to-day they have
Karcely 30,000. The same rapid dlmln
ltlon has occurred throughout Poly
nesia, and Is attributed mainly te lep
rosy, tuberculosis and evil . ways ol
The best way to prevent fog Is the
Knsuniptlon of smoke and the removal
f dust Hot bodies repel dust by
molecular bombardment; cold bodies
attract it For this reason furniture In
a room with an open fire Is less dusty
than when the heating Is done by a fur
nace. A discharge of electricity also
ALspels dust A thunderstorm clean
the air, not only by the fall of heavy
drops of rain, but by the electrical dis
turbance. The particles of dust arc
thrown down, and the germs falling
Into milk and other foods produce fer
mentation. It Is for this reason thai
a-hen there Is thunda. 2a the air. It If
)ad keeping weather. .
According to the newspapers of Sar,
Francisco, that city Is sinking Into tb
tea. Surveys made by the city author!
Jes are said to have shown that the
iverage rate of subsidence Is two Inch
's a year. The engineers explain the
phenomenon by the condition of the
rround on which the city Is built sand
nixed with decayed vegetable matte!
xtendlng to a depth of at least sixty
Vet and believe that the compression
ir escape of soil, this tinder the heavy
oad of buildings which have been
jlaced on It Is sufficient to account foi
he subsidence. Whether the spongy
loll settles by compression or escapee
nto the sea remains to be determined
The director of the geological survey
if India says there is abundunt evl
lence that the tenacity with which epl
lemlcs of the plague cling to particulai
localities, such as Bombay, Is Influ
enced by the geological formation ol
Oie underlying soil and rock. Areai
vbere trap and crystalline rocks exist
teem to be especially adapted to the
ipread of the disease. The agency ol
ats In disseminating the plague Is also
egarded as proved. After the granariee
tt Bombay have been emptied. In the
train export season, the plague lmnie
liately spreads, because then the rata
are compelled to scatter through the
town In search oC tood.
Becent descriptions of the great lake
of liquid asphaltum, or bitumen. In the
Island of Trinidad, show that notwith
standing the enormous quantity of the
substance removed every year, the sup
ply is undiminished. The lake covers
about 100 acres, aod Is higher In the
middle than at the edges. Near the
center tite black pitch Is seml-llquld,
but toward the sides a crust Intersect
ed with fls8urea, covers the surface,
and on this crust a man can walk, al
though when he stands for a time the
crust gradually sinks around him,
forming a kind of basin some yards
across. Between 80,000 and CO 000 tons
of asphaltum Is removed from the
LAW AS INTERPRETED.
A theosophlcal corporation la held. In
New England Theosophlcal corporation
vs. Boston (Mass.), 42 L. II. A. 281. to
be neither a scientific, benevolent, nor
charitable Institution, within the mean
ing of a statute respecting taxation.
A municipal corporation enforcing a
valid ordinance for vaccination Is held.
In Wyatt vs. Rome (Ga.) 42 L. B. A.
180, to be exercising a governmental
function and therefore not liable lor
any damages caused by impure vaccine
An Injunction against adding names
o a political committee, or striking
names therefrom, is refused in Kearns
vs. Howley (Pa.), 42 L. B, A. 235. on the
ground that the committee has no prop
erty rights. The fact that the Ijw rec
ognizes political parties and commit
tees chosen at primary elections is not
deemed sufficient to give the court any
control over the acts of the committee.
A curfew ordinance passed without
express legislative authority, prohibit
ing all pecsons under the age of 21
years from being on the streets or
alleys of a city after 9 o'clock at night
unless accompanied by parent or guar
dian, or In search of a physician, ia
held. In ex parte McCarver (Texas), 41
h. B, A. 687. to be void for unreason
ableness and aa an Invasion of the per
awaal liberty f citizens.
Good faith In the valuation put upon
property for which stock of a corpora
tion la Issued Is all that Is demanded In
Kelly vs. Fourth of July Mining Com
pany (Mont), 42 L. It A. C23. under a
law which provides that stock may h;
Issued for property to the amount ol
the value thereof. And this good faith
la heldeto be such belief as a prudent
and sensible business man woull bold
to the ordinary conduct of lils br.s'n'.-s.
;The attempt of an executive commit
tee to forestall the actlou of a party
convention which It calls Is held. In
Hutchinson vs. Brown (Calu 42 L. It
A. 232, to be Ineffectual, and the viola
tion of their pledges or the sacrifice of
party Interests by members of the con
vention In making a nomination ot
adopting a r'an of fusion 's he d Insuffi
cient ground for refusing to tile a cer
tificate of nomination.
A boulevard 150 Teet wide, of which
sixty feet Is graded, while the re
mainder is occupied by grass plats and
sidewalks, and. which la nnder the con
Vrql of park and boulevard commission
ers, who, constitute a city agency. Is
held, la Burrtdgo vs. Detroit (Mich.). 42
L. It A. 684, to be a street for the de
fective condition of a sidewalk ou
which the municipality Is liable as If
the boulevard waa under the dlrecf
control ef the Common Council.
Of Woaaoa to Wosaea aa to Feate la
If anything riles a woman. It Is to
have some younger woman get up and
offer her a seat In a street car. This
misplaced civility Infers that the elder
woman Is to be considered on account
ef her age, when. In fact, there Is little
difference In years between the two. I
witnessed a droll bit of comedy the
other day in a Brookline electric that
makes me smile every time I think of
It The car was full, with fceveral pas
sengers standing, when In bounced a
stout well-preserved person, with
white hair beautifully pompadoured.
She was dressed In deep mourning, but
a bunch of violet In the front of the
coat gave a touch of "mitigation" to
her grief, which was quite borne out
by the merriment larking In her mouth
end eyes. The lady grasped a strap
and looked out of the window. Then
suddenly a youag person sitting a?ar.
observing, perhaps, that m man In the
car Intended to offer his seat, rose and
leaning forward touched the other on
the arm, saying:
"Won't yon have my seat?"'
"Are yea going to get out?" asked
"No, ma'an," replied this tactless
creature, "but you are older than I.
and " But the sentence was never
finished. If a glance could slay, that
young person would have fallen on the
"Thank you. When I am too old to
stand up, I shall not enter a public con
veyance." That waa all. The Junior woman
slunk back Into the seat and some of
the passengers tittered. Cincinnati
In Japan moBt of the horses are
shod with straw. Even the clumsiest
of cart horses wear straw shoes' which.
In their cases, are tied round the ankle
with straw rope, and are ninde of the
ordinary rice straw, braided so as to
form a sole for the foot about half an
Inch thick. These soles cost about on
sent a pair.
Parle Barber Regulations.
Parisian barbers are legaly com
pelled to wash their hands after attend
ing a customer and before waiting ou
another. They must also use only
TJee -or Waste,
The gases from blast furnaces, whlcl
have hitherto been wasted, are uo-.v
belng used for driving gas engines. In
Germany, where the experiment has
been tried, it is claimed that this neg
lected product Is exceedingly econom
ical and satisfactory, as It costs but
little to secure the gas.
Strange Blood Pola alna
A schoolgirl of Elisabeth, N. J., died
from blood poisoning, resulting from
blows on her arm playfully inflicted
by a schoolmate on her birthday.
A woman whose hair Is the color ol
pulled taffy can't go Into a drug sto-e
without starting a story that she uses
hair dye. . . .
Difficult ohinese language.
tVaek of Alphabet aad Maaaker of Our
aetara IWaeJaajalahiaiaT sTaataraa,
The eldest spoken language new ex
istent upon the earth Is the Chinese.
It baa aa enormous list of words the
estimate of the a umber of characters
ranges from 23.000 to 200.000. The lan
guage has no alphabet Each ebaractet
represents a complete Idea, and corre
sponds, practically, to the English
word. It la written la colursna from
top to bottom of the page, and from
right to left A Chinese book ends
where an English boo! begins. Writing
Is done with a line caaiel's-halr brush
and India Ink.
The lack of aa alphabet and the ne.ro
ber of characters make the labor it
learning to read Chinese burdensome.
Each character must be learned by It
self. When the student has mastered
5,000 characters the succeeding thou
sands must be learned In the same way.
Those which he has mastered furnish
no assistance to learning the others
save as practice may have given blm t
certain qnlekaess In perceiving the pe
collar form which distinguishes eact
character from Its fellows.
The grammar of the language Is at
simple as to be almost, non-existent
The same word serves indifferently at
a noun, verb, adverb or adjective
Moods, tenses, persons, gender and
number are lacking; there are neithei
conjugations, nor declensions, nor aux
iliary verbs. The few Chinese whe
have attempted to master the English
tongue regard Its grammatical con
struction as clumsy and full of pitfalls
The Chinese characters give no clew
to the pronunciation, and no amount ot
book study will enable a foreigner tc
peak the language. That ability must
be acquired from the lips or a llvlnf
teacher, assisted by months of drill, i
quick ear, and great flexibility of the
vocal organs. Even the most faithful
effort falls to enable many foreigucre
to speak Chinese correctly.
Tha Animated Stamp.
Reforms are wrought In many am,
curious ways, but seldom In a strungei
manner than that In which, says tlif
Kansas City Star, a certain drunkard
was sobered. This man had wandered
at midnight into a low saloon. lie gave
his order, and then leaned against the
bar for support
A man standing near by took from
one pocket an addressed envelope, ami
from another a stamp, which he moist
ened with his tongue. Instead of ad
hering to the envelope, as the man In
tended, he stamp slipped from bis tin
gers and fluttered to the floor.
The tippler saw It fall, and staggered
forward to pick It np.. Just as be was
shout to grasp It the stamp darted In a
zigzag course toward the side wall,
like a scared thing. Filled with aston
ishment the drinker drew back and In
tently watched the bit of paper, which,
upon - reaching the -wall,' began -1".
As It ascended, the tippler's face
grew more Intent his body more rigid.
He saw nothing but the mysterious
moving thing. His mind was soggj
from years of ceaseless drinking. He
thought that the animated stamp was
At the top of the wainscoting the
stamp stopped, squatted aa If for a mo
ment's rest before ascending higher,
and then made a dart toward the tip
pler's haggard face. The trembling sot
saw It stop, saw It hesitate, and leap.
He was unquestionably doomed if he
continued longer to drink to excess; the
stamp bad been given life to warn him.
So it seemed te him. With a pitiful
yell of fear and determination he
rushed from the saloon. From that
aventf ul night until he died, in prosper
us circumstances, recently, the man
never swallowed a drop of liquor.
The moistened stamp bad fallen upon
cockroach's back, and stuck there.
Oldest Bank Note Extant.
Among the many producta of clvlllza
Hon which were familiar to the Chinese
many centuries before they came Into
sse in Europe may be reckoned bank
notes. There Is at this moiuent In the
oesesslon of "The Old Lady In Thread
aeedle Street" a specimen supposed to
le one of the oldest extant dating from
Sie fourteenth century of our era. It
now proved, however, that paper
money was issued in China as early as
OT A, D. These securities closely re
tembled the famous. French assigns ts
n being based upon the estates of the
tlngdom. The Bank of Stockholm
:lalms to have been the first western
nstltutlon to adopt a paper currency,
jut the Bank of England must have fol
lowed very close with Its 20 notes,
which were Issued In 1600. Londor
The Rabber Tree.
The rubber tree 1s usually tapped fom
times during the first year of its ma
turity, and the Intervals of rest are
gradually diminished untif It can be
tapped monthly. The rubber tree Is
the milch cow of the vegetable king
dom; Its yield continues to Increase
with frequent and skillful milking un
til It reaches its maximum. Properly
cared for, a tree will yield steadily up
te Its fortieth year; In some Instances,
as long as fifty or sixty years. The
yield of gum, as well as the market
price, is variable; but a healths- tree
should yield a revenue of $15 to $-0
Citizen Is there any truth in the
Mornlnft Screecher's statement that
lince you assumed the reins of govern
ment the city's treasury has been ir
regularly plundered by polltclans?
The boss Well, I should say not
Why. the thing has been done as regu
lar as clock work. Philadelphia Rec
English herring fishermen are, man
Of them, remarkably superstitious. Fot
Instance, on some fishing boats whis
tllng Is forbidden and neither milk not
burnt bread Is allowed on board. Fur
thermore, not even the name of that
unlucky animal, the hare, may be men
tioned, and a common method of pun
Ishlng an enemy Is to throw a dead
hare Into his boat Some of the fishnr
men believe In luck attending an odd
numbered crew, but the good fortune
may be neutralized should one of Um
number have fed hair.
mm or i de
! Preached by Rev. Dr. Talmage.
(abject: "Moral ExpeHaloe" Oar Duty tt
the Heathens In the Philippine Ielnndl
Saneetlons na to Whet We 8hoat
Ia Far Their Religions Welfare.
Copyright. Lonis Klopach. 18WJ
Washikotok. D. C In this discount
Dr. Talmage steers elear of the political
entanglements of oar time and recom
mends that wb.'ch will meet the approva
of all woo hope tor the perpetuity of oui
republic and t he wel fare of ot her lands; text
Genesis xxvlit., 14, "Thou shait spretc
abroad to the west and to tho cast."
Since the amerloano-Hlspanlo war Is con
cluded and the United State Embassador
Is on the way to Madrid and the Spnnixli
Embassador 1s on the wav to Washington
the people of our country are divided Into
expansionists and anti-ex panslouiHts. From
a different standpoint than that usually
taken I discuss this all-absorbing theme.
I leave the politienl aspect of this subject
to statesmen and warriors and pray Al
mighty God that tliev may be enabled
rightly to settle the question whether the
islands In controversy shall be Anally an
nexed or held under protectorate or re
signed to themselves, while 1 call attention
to the fact that a campaign of moral and
religious expansion ought to be immedia
tely opened on widest and grandest scale.
At the close of this war God has put into
the hands ot this country the key to the
world's redemption. Heretofore the re
ligions movement In pagan lands had to
precede the edueational. After In China
acd India and the Islands of the sea tbe
missionaries have labored over fltty or
seventy-five years the printing press and
the secular sohool came in. Now to better
advantage than ever before religious and
secular enlightenment may go side by side,
and so tbe work be accomplished in short
time and more thoroughly. Starting with
the fact that In Cuba and Porto Rico and
tbe Philippine Islands at least three-fonrtng
of the people onn neither read nor write,
what an opportunity for sohool and print
ing press! Within five years every man In
those Islands may be taught to read not
only the Bible, but the Declaration of In
dependence and the Constitution of the
United States and the biography of George
Washington and ot Abraham Lincoln.
It seems to me that the Government ot
the United States ought by vote of Con
gress afford common schools and printing
reuses to those benlghXM.i regions. Our
atlonal Legislature by ono vote appro
priated 50,000,000 to give bread and med
icine to Cuba. Whv not by a similar gener
osity give 1 50,000,000 for fee ling and heal
ing the minds and sonk of those ignorant
and besotted archipelagoes. In the name
of God I nominate a school for every neigh
borhood of Cuba, Porto Ilioo and the Phil
ippines. As soon as the gavel falls at 12
o'clock of next December 4 on tbe table ot
Senate and House of Representatives and
the roll bos been called undlbs prelimin
aries observed let some member of our Na
tional Legislnturo, with mind and sonl and
voice stroug enough to be heard not only
through those halls, but turougl Christen
dom, propose a menoore for the mental and
moral disenthrallment of the Islands In
What has mndn A ne-ioan eivilizntion the
highest civilizaiiou the wuiid bus ever
seen? Next to the Bible and tbe church,
schools, common schools, schools reaching
from the Atlantic- to tbe Pacific and from
British America to Gulf ot Mexico. Five
years under such educational advantage,
and this whole subject that keeps our pub
lic men agitated, some of them to frothing
at tbe mouth, will settle itsel'. Give those
Islands readers, spellers, arithmetics, his
tories, blackboards, maps. KeoKranbies.
globes. 1 tbe State LIlatOMt jeitlj nonirK. to. emancipate their serf-
next meeting, some of them assembling in
early autumn, take parts .of .those Islands
nnder their especial educational patron
age, wnat Is needed Is State and National
action in this matter of schools.
Then let tbe editorial associations of the
United States, as many of snch organiza
tions as there are States, resolve at tbe
next convocation to establish in every re--giou
of tbosu islands a printing press, sup
ported by people of this country until It
ean become self-supporting. Each of these
State Editorial Associations sending out
to those islands at least one editor and two
reporters and enough typesetters, down
will go the ignorance and superstition of
those islands as certainly as the Spanish
fleet under Cervera sank under the pound
ing of our American battleships, and into
their every port will go Intelligence and
love of free Institutions as certainly as into
the harbor of Manila went Admiral Dewey
on that famous night when be r.-as not ex
pected. . Hoe's printing pressl Nothing
can stand before its bombardment. Ed
itors ot American newspapers and pub
lishers of American books! Take the or
dination for such a magnlncent setvice.
Eloquence on yonder Capitol hill cannot
meet the exigency. Epigrams of political
platforms or in State Legislatures will not
hasten the desired consummation one
week or one hour or one moment.
When Cubans and Porto Itlcau and Fili
pinos see the morning and evening news-
Capers thrown into tbe doorways and
awked along the streets of Havana hii-I
Santiago and Manila, those who cannot
read by the foroe ot curiosity will learn tc
read, so that they may know what infor
mation ia being scattered, and that wbioh
maybe missionary effort at the start and
carried on by Amerioans ser t forth to do
the work will soon be done by educated na
tives. Porto Bicans editors! Porto Rlean
reporters! Porto Blcan typesetters! Porto
Rloan publishers! It was a great mercy to
take these islands from under the heels of
despotism, but it will be a mightier mercy
to emancipate them from ignorance and
degradation. The expansion of the knowl
edge and Intellectual quail flcition ot all
those Islandy regions is the desire of all In
telligent Americans. Awake, all you schools
and colleges and universities and printing
presses, to your opportunity!
till further, here is a wide open door for
Christianity. First of all, we have tbe at
tention of those people. The heathen
nations are for the most part soporiliu.
The American missionaries heretofore had
great difficulty in getting heathendom to
listen. Tbey excited some comment by
their attire, so different was the parting of
tbe hair nnd the Bhape of tbe hat and the
out of the coat and the formation ot tbe
shoe of the evangellzers, bnt tbe questions
constantly arose in regard to the mission
ary: "Who Is he?" "What is he here forT"
And then the Interrogator would relax Into
the previous stupid indifference. Bat that
condition of things hps passed. Tbe guns
ot onr American navy have awakened
those populations. They do not ask who
we are. Tbey have found out. Tbey are
now listening to what American civiliza
tion and our Christian religion have to say
on any subject. Now is the time, while
their ears and eyes are wide open, to tell
tbem of tbe rescuing and salvahle nnd in
spiriting power of the Gospel ot Jesus
Christ, the Saviour ot the world. Tbe
steam printing press which secular educa
tion plants there may be used and will be
used to print religions newspapers and
tracts and sermons and mighty discussions
of questions temporal and eternal.
The comfortable homes of those popula
tions, when Christianized, standing side by
side with the degraded huts of those who
remain pagans will be revolutionary for
good. The Porto Rican nnd tbe Filipino
Will come out from this uncleaned and low
roofed and uninviting kennel and say to
his neighbor of beautiful household, "Wby
cannot I have things as you have theui?"
And when he Onds that it Is the Bible, with
Its teachings on family life and personal
purity and exalted principle, and the
church of God that proposes the rectifica
tion of all evil and the implantation of all
good, be will cry out, "Give me the Bible,
and the church, and the earthly allevia
tions, and the eternal hope which have
wrought for von such transfiguration."
Now. church of God, now, all Christian
philanthropists, is your opportunity.
Nothing fike it has occurred since Christ
came. Perhaps there may be nothing like
It till His second coming. Here Is a deln
Iteness of aim that Is most helpful and in
spiring. Tha millions of dollars given for
the redemption of tbe world and the thou
sands ot glorious missionaries who have
gone forth among barbaric nations were
given and enlisted under a great and Im
measurable Idea. But when tbey come to
sdd to th"
t and Immeaanrableldea
the idea of uefinitesowt we wiil infinitely '
augment the work. More than three hun
dred million of heathen in India, more than
three hundred million of people In China
and more millions of heathens than ean be
guessed outside of those countries some
times stagger and confound and defeat our
faith. But here in those islands of present
controversy we can farm out the work
among tbe churches and In Ave years, under
tbe blessing of God, not only fit the peo
ple for tbe right of suffrage, but pre
pare them for usefulness and heaven.
The difference between the general
Idea ot the world's evangeliza
tion and some particularized field of
evangelization is tbe difference between
the improvement of agriculture a mong all
nations and the improvement ot seventy
five acres put under one's especial care
and industry. By all means It the gen
eral work go on. But here is the specillo
field for religions concentration and de
velopment. This is not chimerical or Im
practical. I read this morning that the
American Missionary Association ot the
Congregatlon.il Church has nlruady begun
the work at San Juan, Utuado and Albon
Ito, and all denominations of Christians in
ix months will be In those Islaudy fields,
and we all need with our prayers and
contributions to cheer them on to take for
God and righteousness those regions
which our American navy has captured
from Spanish perfidy.
It bos been estimated that this Americo-
3panisb warcost us 300,000,000. It would
not cost half of that to proclaim and carry
on and consummate a holy war that will
rescue those archipelagoes from sataaic
domination, whs will volunteer? I beat
tbe drum of a recruiting station. Who will
enlist under tbe one sparred, blood striped
banner ot Immanuei? Cuba and Porto
Rico and the Philippines are stepping
itones for our Americau Christianity to
jross over nnd take the round world for
God. We need a new evangelical alliance
rganized for this one purpose. Ia all de
nominations there are those with large
snough hearts and who have been thor
)ughly enough converted to join In
woh an advanced movement -men who,
putting a.-i'ie ail ttie minor dinVrt-Mices of
iptnlon, "believe In God tbe Father
llmlghty. Maker ot heaven and earth,
tad In Jesus Christ His only begotten
ion," and who would march shoulder to
ihoulder in such a Gospel campaign. The
result would be that those islands, after
mcb a scene of gospelizatiun, would assort
:hemselvns Into denominations to suit
.heraselves, and some would lie sprinkled
n holy baptism and others would be Im
mersed In those warm rivers and some
voniil worship in religious assemblage
lilnnt as tbe Quaker meeting bouse, and
thnrs wonld hve ns many jubilant ejacul
ations us a backwoods camp meeting, and
lome ot tbosH who preached would be
(owned nnd snrpllced for the work, and
Hbers would stand in citizen's apparel or
n their shirtsleeves preaching that Gospel
which is to sate the world.
Murk yon well that statesmanship, how
iver grand it is, and wise men of the world,
lowever noble, cannot do this work. Mere
tecular education does not moralize. Some
t the most thoroughly educated men in
ill the world have been the worst men.
julcken a man's Intellect, while at the same
:ime you do not make his morals good, and
fou only augment his power for vll. Geo
graphy and mathematics and metaphysics
ind philosophy will never qualify a people
:o govern themselves. A corrupt printing
-ress is worse than no printing press at
til, but let loose an open Bible npon those
slunds and let tho apocalyptic augul once
ly over them, and you will prepare them
:o become either colonies of the United
Hates G vernment, or, as I hope will be
:he case, independent republics.
God did not exhaust Himself when He
milt this nation. The islands will yet have
:beir Thomos Jeffersons, qualified to write
'or them declarations of independence; and
Jeorge Wasbtngtons, capable ot achieving
:belr liberties; and Abraham Li i coins.
loms. and Longfello ws ' affd Bryants, cat-
ihle of putting their hills and their rivers,
ind their landscapes into poems; and the
Bancrofts and Prescotts, to make their his
:ories; and their Irvings, to write their
iketch Books; and their Charles O'Conors
ind Kufus Cboates. to plead In their court
rooms; and their Daniel Websters and John
I. Crlttendens, to move their Senates.
The day cometb hear it all ye who have
ao hope for those islands of be-dwarfed
ind diseased illiterates the day comet h
when those regions will have a Christian
jlvilizatton equal to that wbich this coun
try now enjoys, while I hope by that time
this country will be as superior to what it
now Is as to-day Washington and New
fork are better than Manila and Santiago.
Do you see in this process of gospellzed
intelligence those archipelagoes will as
nation be protected from the two woes
propheclsed in regard to this country tbe
sne woe prophecised by the expansionists
ind tbe other woe propheclsed by tbe
inti-expansionlsts? It Is said by those who
would have us take alt we can lay oar
bands on as a nation that, unless we enter
the door now open for the enlargement of
our national domain, we will decline the
mission which God in His providence has
assigned us. But surely no woe will
some upon us or upon tbem If we
Christianize them as we now have tha
opportunity of doing. The political tech
nicalities are nothing as compared with
the importance of this movement. I im
plore all political expansionists to aug
ment ns in this work of moral nnd relig
ions expansion, for unless those Islands
are moralized and elevated In intelligence
and habits we do not want tbem, and their
annexation would be political damnation.
On the other hand, I implore all anti
expansionists to take a hand in tbe gos
pelization ot Cuba, Porto Rico and the
Philippine Islands. The only way to pre
pare tbem to take care ot themselves is to
give them the Ten Commandments that
were puDllsnea on Jiount rsinai anu let
them hear the groan of sacrifice that was
breathed out ou the heights of Golgotha.
What they most want is the Gospel, the
Dura Gospel, the omnipotent Gospel, tbe
Gospel that helps heal the wounds of tbe
body and irradiates the darkness ot tbe
mind and achieves the ransom of the soul.
But on this platform the so called ex
pansionists and so called antl-expanslonlsts
will yet stand side by side. Thcugu I am
not a prophet or tbe son of a prophet,
within five years, if this religio-educational
work is properly attended to, there will be
a Cuban republic, a Porto Rican republlo
and a Philippine republic, one of them on
a large scale, bnt they will all have their
schools and printing presses and evangeli
cal churches, their Presidents, their Senates
and House ot Representatives, their Mayors
and their constabularies, and as good or
der will be observed In their cities as now
reigns on Pennsylvania avenue, Washing
ton, or Broadway, New York.
Christ bos started for the conquest ot the
nations, and nothing on earth or in bell can
stop it. Tbe continents are rapidly rolling
into His dominion, and why not these Isl
ands, wbioh for the most part are only
fragments broken off from continents, the
interval lands-having been sunk by earth
quakes, allowing the ocean to take mas
tery over them. Each mother continent
has around It a whole family of little conti
nents. If the continents are being sn
rapidly evangelized, why not the islands?
It America, wby not Cuba and the Baha
mas? If Asia, why not the Philippines and
the Moluccas? If Europe, why not the
Azores and the Orkneys? If Africa, why
not Madagascar and St. Helena. The
same power that broke them off the main
land can lift them Into evangelization.
Age is not to be feared. The older
a good and healthy person grows the
greater becomes his capacity to enjoy
the deeper, sweeter and more noble
kinds of happiness, which the world
Lowering .1st line to bring it down
to a point in front is one of the new
features of the latest modes.
Kind words, like fragrant flowers,
are admired by all.'
Happiness is not attained by making
it the chief object of life. The path to
it often leads through trials and tears.
The internal machinery of Elmer
Broadbelt, of Kosciusko County, Ind.,
is oddly arranged. The X raya have
revealed that his heart is on the right
.ill. .ml h;. 1 i ..r. tUa. I.H'
l - . v. 111. 11..-. u . 1111. . .
I There are fewer suicides In Ire
land than in any other European coun
try. . . , - . -1
1 V 1
" 1 ' - - WT-,Tr,i . - i V ,V. kASi l n i in MPW TltSiT , in. 1 -'
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