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no JUSTHOP, LOUISIANA, FRIDAY, : : : : : : APRIL 9, 1880 A. C. Mi MEANS Editor. K. SC'HHOKDKIi, B. M'KARLIN .S<-I USOKDKK & McFAHLI N, PUHLISHERS. Subscribers, take notice! and remember that our terms are $2.00 in advance, and 83,00 on time. This rule will be strictly adhered to. A negro was hung for murde in West Raton Rouge on the 2d iust. He confessed his guilt, and sai l he was prepared to die. Nine negroes, charged with burglary, were caotured in the parish of St. .John la&t week and carried to New Orleans for safe keeping. Jay Gould owns more rail roads than any other man on the globe. He controls nearly nine thousand miles of railroad and is negotiating for two thou sand miles more. At Winchester, Ky., on the 3d inst., a young negro buck, who had attempted to outrage a beautiful and respectable white girl, was takeD from the authori ties and hanged by a m<>b. Good ! Harry Hyams, of the Sugar Planter, loaned Harry Gould, of the Livingstonian, a bible seven teen years ago, and Gould has not read it through yet. Hjarns is getting anxious about his good book. In Pointe Coupee parish re cently, a white man endeavored to suppress a row between a negro man and his wife, when the negro ran toward the white man with a fclub, which reminded the white man that danger was ahead. He thereupon shot and killed the menacing darkey. fthilî 5 WtMeaM, &»•' Gcant visited the mammoth com mission house of Lehman, Abra ham & Co., whom he asked many questions relative to the great cotton trade done in the great cotton city. The General ex pressed himself as highly elated at the information he* received from his visit to the huge firm of Lehman, Abraham & Co. The Louisville Courier-Jour nal, one of the staunchest and most powerlul Democratic news papers on the continent, is an uncompromising advocate (A Til den as the most available and the most influential candidate that can be placed before the country by the Cincinnati con vention for the office of Presi dent The Courier-Journal con tends that the two nominees of the two parlies will be Grant and Tilden. Mr. Watterson, the ed itor, is generally a very shrewd man in political farsightedness ; but in this particular instance it is to be hoped that he is sadly, badly, mistaken. If Tilden is to be the opponent of Grant, the Democracy of this country had as well make up their minds at once to live four years longer "ander Republican rule. Just so certain as Tilden is nominated at Cincinnati, just so certain will the Republican party succeed in the Presidential race. For this^'very reason do we emphatically oppose the idea' of instructing our delegates to the national convention to vote to the last for a certain man: We do not believe there is an aspi ranMn the Democratic party to the high office of President, who cannot outstrip old Ti!d®n in a popular Presidential election. Just so long as certain delegates from certain States are bound by inexorable instructions from their constituents, just so long will the chances of Tilden's nomination be augmented. THE LABOR rRoBLKM. Perhaps no other question has agitated the people of the South so much since the war as the one which we propose to discuss briefly in this article. PiJOr to the war, labor in the South was such as could be con trolled and relied upon. Labor was firm, stable and profitable. The war revolutionized the whole labor element, and transformed the mode of carrying ou .ill of oar enterprises that are depen dent upon manual labor. That labor which, previous to the war, could be directed and controlled, is now in thousands ot instances slothful and profitless. The great question, therefore, before the people of the South, and es pecially ueiore tue people ot Louisiana, is the feasibility and advisability of substituting white labor on our cotton aud sugar farms for that of the negro. Many argue that such a change is not feasible—practicable ; and others think it would result prej udicial to the interest—the vital interest—of the country, tsken as a country. We believe that such a change is practicable, but as to the wis dom of it, we have some sincere doubts. If the white people, who own the property of the South, would unite in one grand bods, with a fixed determination to en courage and urge white immi gration from foreign lands, it would not be long until a stream of industrious laborers would come pouring into our borders, and they would soon root out the thriftless and dissatisfied negro. Ireland has on her shores thousanda upon thousands of honest, industrious, hardy la borers, who are ready and anx ious to go where their toils will be rewarded. All that is neces sary upon the part of our land owners is to let these poor, hon est, energetic people know that they are wanted, and tbej' will come. Indeed, we may' not go to Ireland to fiud white and in telligent labor to supplant that of the negro. In the northern States many poor white men are anxious to come South. All they ask is that employment be as sured them. If that is given them they know that they can soon push the negro aside. Hence, upon a moment's re flection, We can readily see that it ia an easy matter to get rid of the negro, aud do so legally. But is it best for the country ? And by this we mean, would such a change, in (he end, result profitably to the property-hold ers of the South ? The New Orleans Times, in discussing the labor troubles that uow exist in some of our south ern parishes, thinks that such strikes and such riots are but the natural out-bursts of a vi cious, violent, turbulent, and ig norant race. We admit that to be the case, t" some extent. The negro is full of hate, and loves to vent his spite toward the white race, between whom and himself there is not the least congeniality. Bat then we hear of strikes among white laborers. Nothing has ever been seen to equal the fiendish work of the Pittsburg riots of 1877, and yet it was the work of white men. It will not do to swap negro for white labor, upon the ground that strife and riots will be at an end. Our opinion is that bo long us the negroes are rcHling to remain in the South, just so long ought the people of the South look over their short -comiDgs, which are but the natural consequences of ignorance. We might be ben efited by their removal, and we might be incalculably injured. It may require a long time, but we believe this great labor prob lem will eventually solve itself and then will come the day when the Sooth's waste-places will be turned into luxriaut fields, and prosperity will t^ani gladden the hearts of a pople who have so long strugglet'auiid commotion aud disadvanages. Let us keep cool ! DR. J. R. GRAVES. On the night of the lstiust., we listened to the distmgiished preacher whose name heacs this article with intense in erest He preached for one hour fud a half. This was the first tine we ever had the privilege of htaring Dr. Graves, not having tie op portunity of attending whan he was here in March. In fact, it was the first time we ever saw the celebrated Baptist debater. Hence, having in enri^ uf a L ap-' 1 and read ho much of the great Memphis preacher, our interest was wrought up to the highest pitch when we entered the beau tiful church, which was packe 1 with meD, women and children, who seemed as eager to hear a "big gun'' asourself. Dr. Graves personal appearance is pleasing to look upon. He has a genial face which betokens and reflects an earnestness of purpose in the great work which engnges his talent. His eyes are keen, flash ing, and indicative of the gigantic lutellee^ which has won for him such extensive fame. His subject was the "Conver sation between the Savior aud Nikodemus. " He handled it as one who "speaks with authority." Iu the first two divi.-ions of his sermon the profoundest argument was displayed. Occasionally he soared away iuto the enchanting fields of rhetorical eloquence, and did it with Such graceful fluency and faultless gesticulation as to enlist the attention of the most, careless and thoughtless listener. We do not think we ever saw in the pulpit a more easy and graceful orator than Dr. Graves. With him the art of cadence aud gesUejalatfop has -been masîeretï.. His voice is trained to articulate with perfect melody the highest pitch of flighty oratory, or the gutural whisper of the most tragic description. No one who listens to Dr. Graves can doubt that he possesses extraordinary ability. His writings, which have a world-wide fame, attest that fact. But then there is a point of doubt as to his sincerity and as to the genuine good which he exerts as a Christian preacher. He may do much good—no doubt be does. But from what we have read and seen of Dr. Graves, we sincerely beiieve that his power ful talent could be more profita bly employed than it is. The disposition which he has ever manifested to take issue with every other church than his own, generates a spirit of distrust among that class of people whom the preacher—the sincere preacher — should endaavor to benefit. His merciless and re lentless attacks upon the Church of Rome, and upon Pedo-Baptist churches do not savor of true Christianity, aud in this lies bis fort, Instead of laboring to alarm the sinner of the sinful ness of sin, he spends his mighty mental powers in berating, and denouncing and misrepresenting the designs and purposes of those who honestly disagree with him in religion. Dr. Graves' church may be the church. All others m ay be wrong. If they are, a vindictive railery upon the part of the Doctor towards those er roneous churches will never in duce their members to unite with his. If the Missionary Baptist Church is th$ chnrch, and all others are "harlots," (as the learned Graves declares) then we think the Church of Christ is a very small affair, when we com pare the number of its members with the inhabitants of earth. Go to Heller & Turner for a goo wagon, from $55 to $65. STATE NEWS. Winnsborough is almost en tirely surrounded by water. A wnite man hacked a negro on the head with a hatchet last week in Rayville. When will Richland ever have another court ?—[Beacon. Have you got a serious case in court, Manu h am? Many cattlo are dying in Richland from gnats aud want of food, on account of the high water. The Claiborne Guardian gives Captain Farmer and his license bill particular fits. "Go for him," Hr^-es. The editor of the Ouachita Telegraph will be a delegate from tüat pansu iu >u D o«.». Convention. Gov. Wiltz called upon Gen. Grant at the St. Charles Hotel, when the "Silent Wanderer" was in New Orleans. Gen. Grant was received with the greatest enthusiasm and with the siucerest hospitality by the citizens of New Orleans. If the Legislature finishes the business that ought to be done, an extra sessiou will be iuevita ble. Truly, Louisiana has a model set of Solons. The Beacon will support Gen. Kin->; for Cougress frou' a sense of honest duty to the distin guished legislator. Right again, Mangham. The wafer between Monroe and Vicksbtug is still rising and likely to continue to rise. It is thought the cars will not run through before Junei A detective of the post office department has been in Winns borough investigating the alleged obstraction of a sum of money mailed at that office. An exchange says that an ex penditure of $200,000 will raise the track of the Yicksburg, ßlireveport .and Pacific railroad above high watermark. A plantation sold iu Ascension parish the other day for $56, 025 62. It was bought by Leon Godcheaux, a New Orleans mer chant. That looks like business. Steve Brown was sent to the penitentiary for 15 years last week from Baton Rouge, for the murder of John Royal last Christmas. Recently in Donaldsonville two Dagoes got into a rumpus about a woman, and shot each other so badly that both are expected to die from the wound?. Dan Rice, the great circus man, is in Donaldsouville giving lectures on temperance. The Chief says Dan is very interest ing on the Rostrum. The Vienna Sentinel now has two editors—Walker and Red wine. We congratulate the peo ple of Lincoln and the readers of the Seufiuel generally upon the new acquisition. The Bossier Banner last week, in a spicy editorial, gave the Democracy of this country "hail Columbia" from Maine to Cali fornia. Look out, Scanland ! You'll be on a bolt directly. The Donaldsonville Chief, whose editor is not a Democrat, says that Gen. King is the best man that we of the Fifth District can send to Congress. Why, we have said that before. The Vienna Sentinel is stand ing upon its tip-toes crowing for King. It can crow louder now; Redwi e can help when Walker gets a "leetle" hoarse. Boom op, gentlemen; wa're booming over here. There is a young man in Vienna who wants a mother-in law very badly, and, the Sentinel fears, that he will soon get sick of her. We suppose the Senti nel man "knows how 'tis him self." RAILROAD CONVENTION. In pursuance to resolutions adopted by a mass meeting of citi zen's of Morehouse parish, recom mending a meeting of delegates to take initiative steps toward securing I railroad communication from Mon roe, La., to Monticello, Ark, via Bastrop and Hamburg, delegate* from the parishes of Morehouse and Ouachita, La., and from the coun ties of Ashley and Drew, Arkansas, met at the court house, in Bastrop, on Monday, April 5th, 1JS80. On motion Col. Hobt. Richard son, of Ouachita, was elected tem porary chairman, and II. II. Naff, of Morehouse, was elected tempo rary secretary. The chairman appointed the fol lowing gentlemen as a committee on credentials: Maj. II. M. Bry, lion. C. C. Davenport, A. W. Files, Esq. and II. W. Wells, Esq. The committee on credentials re ported the following named gentle j^#ftjielegates, viz : [I. Jl. 11,j, .« r . cat .iiting the Board of trade of Monroe, and I!. M. Bry, Robt. Richardson, L. 1). McLain, D. M. Sholars and Win. McQuiller, delegates from Ouachita parish. James Bussey, C. T. Dunn, W. T. Hall, IL II. Naff, David Todd, Aug. Simon. J. B. Williams, ,J. II. Brigham, M. Levy, G. B. Marable, S. W. Reily, F. Vaughan, 'John McC'rory, W. M. Washburn, C. C. Davenport, Jas. Ford, 1). W. Doug hiss, A. K. Watt, A. S. Keller, T. W. Baird, J. E. IIopc. Jas Mouette, J. T. Cason, L. F. Leavel, R. II. Ward, and W. R. Bunckley, dele gates from Morehouse parish. A W. Files, J. J. Moore and W. F. Files, delegates from Ashley Co., Ark. W M. Anderson and IL W. Wells, of Drew County, Arkansas. The convention then proceeded to permanent organization and elected Col. Robt. Richardson,chair man, and II. II. Naff, Secretary. On motion of Hon. J. 11. Brig ham the chairman appointed a com mittee of eight to report suitable resolutions to be acted upon by the convention. The committee was composed of Messrs. L. D. McLain, I). M. Sholars, W. 31. Washburn, A. K. Watt, H. W. Wells, W. M. Anderson, A. W. Files, J. J. Moore. The committee, after consultation made two reports, each report signed bj* four members of the com mittee. After considerable, argu ment and some amendments, the following resolutions were adopted : r Ijgf. The chairman of this con vention shall be permanent chair man of the initiative Railroad Asso ciation. 2d. The chairman shall appoint a committee of three from each parish and county represented in this convention, whose duty it shall be to proceed immediately to solicit a cash subscription in the respec tive parishes and counties sufficient to employ a competent agent in each parish and county to canvass the same for subscription to the stock of the contemplated road : and that they shall employ the sub scription agents as soon as the funds have been collected. It shall also be the duty of the subscription agents to obtain from the census takers reliable information and data of the population and material re sources of the section through which the road will pass. 3d. The respective committees shall report to the chairman of the association during the first week of July, 1880, what amount of reliable subscription has been obtained, and if the sum of $50,000 shall have then been subscribed, it shall be the duty of the chairman to notify the subscribers, by public advertise ment to convene at some central point, at some early day named, at which meeting all matters necessary for further proceedings in the enter prise shall be left in the hands of the subscribers, to be determined by them by vote in proportion to amounts subscribed. In pursuance to the second reso lution, the chairman appointed the following gentlemen committees to select cash subscription and employ canvassing agents: I). A. Breard, Sr., D. M. Sholars and L. I). Mc Lain, of Ouachita parish ; L. F. Leavel, W. M. Washburn and J. S. Handy, of Morehouse parish ; W. S. Lawson, G. W. Norman and M. L. Hawkins, of Ashley county ; T. M. Whittington, W. T. Wells and W. S. Jeter, of Drew county. It was moved and carried that the secretary furnish copies of these proceedings to the Morehouse Clar ion, Monroe Bulletin, Ouachita Telegraph, Ashley County Times, Monticellonian, Pine Bluff Press, Arkansas Gazette, Arkansas Demo crat, St. Louis Globe Democrat and St. Louis Republican with the re quest that that the same be pub lished in each of said papers. On motion the convention ad journed sine die. R. R ichardson , Chairman. H. H. N aff , Secretary. Heller & Turner sells light thim blft-akein wagons for 855. I 1 ' 1»% f.r .j .rrrsiiEL^, Bradford, Pa., had a $150,000 fire ou the 3d inst. One of the leading editors of the Boston Traveler, aged 74 t died on the 3d inst. The laborers on the New Jer sey Central railroad have struck for higher wages. Gen. Grant will be in Vicks bnrg to-morrow. He will go from there to Little Rock, ami thence to Hot Springs. A negro, weighing 200 pounds, was hanged in Washington the other day for killing his wife. When the drop fell his head was severed from his body. New Advertisements. Notice to Tax-Payers Of the Corporat ion of Bastrop Your taxes are now duo. and if not paid by the first day of Mav next i shall return the same as delinquent and adverriso al! tlie real estate for sale, or so much thereof as may ho necessary to satisfy the taxes and costs, allowing; ; ,|1 tax payers the right or privilege of nointin* ont property. B \V SMITH, " Deputy Collector. 'STRAYED OR STOLEN. From the «pvker plantation, on tlio night of the «rth nit., a dark ntaro mille — almost black-about if, hands h'ffh. ivith knee of one hind leg Rwnllen. A liberal rewa'd will he paid fur the del livery of said innle, or for any informa tion leading to the recovery of same GEO. A. SPYKER. MILLINERY STORE. Having just received a large and va ried assortment, of Millinerv Gonds, such as straw hats, laces, ribbons, artificial flowers, and everything belonging to tlio millinery business, I am prepared to :ic enmmodate the ladies, who are request ed to call and examine mv goods. Store—In the room adjoining Mrs. Collins'. M 'ME M. A. WINFREY. DISSOLUTION. The partnership heretofore existhiç between R. I! Todd and I. Harvey Brigham, as attorneys at law. is dissolv ed by mutual consent, to take cfleet from and after March :id. H*0. All un finished business of the firm, and eases pending in the c.uirrs, are hereby re ferred to David Todd. Esq., Bastrop, La , who will represent us in th" settlement and trial of the same Fees duo saiil firm must be paid to either of us, or an authorized agent. R. B. T'mp,j .T.lJA"VEY BRffJHAM. Bastrop, La , March :51st, 18S0. NOTICE. All parties indebted to ns are require 1 to come forward and pay sa ne t • Aug. Simon, who has been authorized by us to collect and receipt, and all persons having claims against us are also re quested to present them to him for pay ment. WOLFE A- SILBEHN.VJEL. G- F. CABINET YIAKKK AND UNDERTAKER, Bastrop, La. Always on hand Hermetic and other Burial Caskets, and coflin trimming. Ad kinds of Furniture manufactured and repaired on short notice and at liv ing rates. DRESSMAKING ! AND MILLINERY STORE. Miss CARRIE WHITE, In connection with dress-making, cnt ting and (ittir g, stamping, plaiting, etc., has added a nice line of millinery and fancy goods, hats and bonnets, of the latest styles, for spring and sninnier. Old hats made now. The Morehouse Nursery, POINT PLEASAN1, La. The undersigned is now ready to ro ceive orders for fruit trees for next fal delivery. Ail trees guaranteed. mar!4-y JNO. M Ul.HOLLAND John R. ßudisiil, MONROE, Louisiana. [Near the railroad.] De a Jer in staple groceries, and ev er ything usually kept in a first -class Grocery store. Charles Winkler, LOCK AND GUNSMITH, Bastrop, Louisiana. Will repair guns and pistols on short notice. Satisfaction gua ranteed. ATTENTION ! Mr. Mat Levy has still for sale a lot of furniture, ctioap for cash. Call at n:8 house for prices, or on S. A. LEOPOLD'