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The Morehouse clarion. [volume] (Bastrop, La.) 1874-1904, September 25, 1880, Image 1

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DEVOTED TO POLITICS, AGRICULTURE, HOME INTERESTS, AND THE MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY.
VOL. VI.
BASTROP, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 25, 1830
NO 44,
plowhottiSf (Èlavion.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
TERMS OF SÜR8CJUFTIGNÜ.
One year, in advance* , - S3
Six mon (lis " I
I'lireo inenths " ,.'J...i.
s no
oo
ADVERTISING RATES.
Space. J 1 njo I jf mos | 6 mos ] I your.
1 square.
2 squares.
4 squares,
j co hi um
j column.
1 column.
W.fifl
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59
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if, <W
23 00
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£10-00
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70 00
125 00
Transient advertisements will be in
serted at the rate of 1 50 per square of
ten lines for tlio first insertion, änd 75
rents for each subséquent insertion.
PROFESSIONAL CAEDS.
Frank VaughiM,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Bastrop, Louisiana.
Will practice in the Courts of More
house and West Carroll. Special atten
tion to the collection of claims by suit
before the Magistrate's Courts.
D. €. J*ÊOttG*ËJV 9
attorney at law,
MONROE, La.
Will {practice in State and Federal
Courts. aprilll-y
s*i.nsojr MjE » * »*,
A TT ORNE Y A T LA W,
Bastrop, Louisiana.
Office—South-east corner ^of Public
Square.
Will practice in the courts of the
14th Judicial District composed of
the parishes of Morehouse, Ouaehitaand
Richland, and in the Supreme Court at
Monroe. . julyl9-y
JAS. BUSSKY H.H. NAFF
Bussey JValf,,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Bastrop, Louisiana.
Will practice in the courts ot the Sixth
Judicial District, composed of the parishes
of Morehouse and West Carroll, and
n the Supreme Court at Monroe; als^in
the Federal Courts.
Office—East side ot public square;
C. NKWTON WM.T. HALL
.Wewton Sf Slall,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Bastrop, Louisiana.
Wili practice in the courts of the Gtb
Judicial District, composed of the par'-'
ishes of Morehouse, and West Carroll
and also in the parishes ot Richland,
Ouachita, Union, Franklin, Catahoula,
and Jackson, and in tho Supreme Court
at Monroe, Louisiana.
un. i\ c. <« it.i y\
HA8TKOI», LA.
Offers his professiodal sei vices to the
, eople of Bastrop and vicinity. Can be
found at his residence, or at the drug store
of Dr. A. L. Bussey, when not. profos
onally engaged. feb9-y
Geo. II. JTlarable, Jft. D
llASTROr, I.A.
. il
i hereby tender my professional Services
to the people of Bastrop and Morehouse
parish. When not professionally engaged,
can he fouud at my residenco one riiile
eas oi town at night, and at the Dru;*
Store of Dr. A. L. Bussey during the day"
feb9-y
s. P. BTTA.TT, î;
ORAL SURGEON, '
Offers to the public his professional
experience of thirty years in the above
speciality for the treatment of all dis
eases peculiar to the mouth and preser
vation of its natural organs, the teeth.
Charges for all dental services graded
by quality and character desired, to suit
the times. For dental substitute», from
$15, $60. $75, $100, 8200, up to Buatt's
celebrated improved gold plate, $350 for
full sets, recommended as healthy, and
to perform the functions of mastication
satisfactorily as to kind selected.
Without previous arrangements, cash
is invariably expected.
Moved to new office, near the Baptist
Church.
Dentistry.
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES, 7* Y
DR. M. J. MASbENGILL.
Gold fillings from 82 to. |5; silver uil
ings from ?1 to $3; full upper and lower
set artificial teeth $40. Extracting teeth
a' speciality. Having had my office
newly fitted up, I wfll take pleasure in
serving all persons wishing work in my
line.
COME AND SEE,
Mr. A. CURTIS is offering bis best
brick for TEN DOLLARS PER THOU
SAND- Now is the best time to repair
your side-walks and uuder-piu your
houses. Call and examine the brick.
A. CURTIS.
ABOUT KISSING.
Little child, when twilight shadows
Close tho western gctes of gold,
Then those ioviug arms of mother's
Tenderly about thee fold
Over lip, and cheek, and forehead,
Like a;*h#ver ,caresses fall;
For a mother's kiss at twilight
Is the sweetest "kiss of all.
Pretty tnaideri at the gateway,
Shy, sweet fate and downcast eye,
Two white", tremblingliands imprisoned,
How the golden moments fly 1
Lips that softly press thy forehead.
All I.iuj iOSv UTrrslj 1X4.can; ;/
For a lover's kiss at twilight
Is the ibndest kiss of all.
Happy wife, thy noble husband,
More than half a lover yet—
For those sunny hours of wooing
Are too sweet to soon forget—
On thy smiling lips uplifted,
Full of love his kisses fall,
For a husband's-kiss at parting
Is the dearest, kiss of all.
Weary mother, little children
With their dimpled hands so fair,
Passing over cheek and lorehead,
Soothe away all pain and care;
Lead your doubting heart to Heaven,
Wlieie^io dreary shadows fall,
For the kiss of sinless childhood
Is the pnvest kiss of all.
LABOR IN LOUISIANA.
[From tiie N. O. Democrat.]
The question of labor in ear
cotton fields is every day becom
ing more and more perplexing.
Notwithstanding the success that
has attended the efforts of our
planters to rid themselves of the
incubus of debt, and the still
greater success which the future
promises, it is a fact that some
thing is yet lacking to render our
system completely satisfactory
and to obtain from it a result in
the highest degree satisfactory
aud profitable to employez and
employe alike. It is evident to
the critical and informed obser
ver that there is a defect iu the
operation of our labor arrange
ment-and that great ameliora
tions are still possible.
Let ua consider the subject for
a moment. There are at present
three systems in vogue in Louisi
ana, and what is true of Louisi
ana is true of all the other cotton
State^ One of thes*e, perhaps
the most generally adopted of
the three, is known as the
s habe system. ; i ;
The werkings of this system have
already been described in the
Democrat , but in order to make
our paper complete and compact
let us briefly'sketch it Over again.
Utiderfhe share system, then,
the laborer is furnished with
dwelling, lj land, tools, team, imple
ments, seed, etc., süch as may be
nëcessàTy to enable him to raise
a or Ofi> In'this' wây, without
having-drbeing required to pos
sess éh» single öent'öf capital, he
ia placed dpon the footing of an
independent farmer, and has at
his disposal, what, for all his
purposes, may be called unlim
ited fiuancial resources. A fail
ure on his part will cost nothing
but Lis labor and his time. He
cannot become involved or pe
cuniarily ./embarassed. It is a
bargain in- which the planter
taktfs aïl 'the risk and gets only
half the profit, and in which the
laborer is secure of half the
profit^ but cannot, under any cir
ôumstanbes, suffet the smallest
le$s, It could hardly be expec
ted that au arrangement so un
equal could bear feally satisfac
tory, ,fruit, and therefore the
reader will not be surprised to
hear tlmt we propose to discuss
the objections further along.
It should be mentioned, how
ever, before s proceeding further
thai there are several modifies
tions of the'share system above
described, the division of the crop
being governed always by the
amount of risk; which in some ex
ceptionable cases, the laborer is
prepared to take. The principle
pursued, though, is in fall cases
the same, and the operation is
practically uniform.
'I'll« system iWliich^ranks next
in point of prevalence is „the
TENANT SYSTEM.
What the tenant system is al
most everybody knows, without
being told. Iu Louisiana it is a
tenant system without any of the
benefits to the proprietor which
are enjoyed elsewhere under
similar conditions. The Louisi
ana planter has tenants, and they
pay a given rate per acre, but in
seven cases out of ten there are
tenants who have nothing at
stake, who depend upon their
crops to get the means of paying
their rent; and here again the
planter tukes all the risk, and
bears all the burden of whatever
misfortunes may occur. In this
case, as in that of the share sys
tem, the partnersnip is unequal
aud ill-assorted. It forme a com
pact which would not be tolera
ted or even entertained in any
other part of the civilized world.
If an individual were to approach
a landed proprietor in Illinois or
Pennsylvania and piopose to rent
a piece of property from him,
without being able to give secu
curity for the payment of the
the rent, and expecting, in fact,
to be supplied at the proprietor's
risk with food, clothing, and the
means of making a crop, he would
simply be looked upon as a lun
atic. Such, however is the basis
of the tenant system as practiced
in Louisiana between the white
proprietor and the colored labor
er, and it is after this fashion—
this, together, with the share sys
tem—that four-fifths of the cot
ton plantations in the State are
operated.
OBJECTIONS.
Perhaps it may be said that
we have already stated objec
tions enough to condemn the two
systems in question. This is
true. The fact that in both in
stances the planter takes all the
risk, bears all the consequences,
and gets only one-half the profits
would be, as we have previously
shown, sufficient to dismiss the
idea from serious consideration
in any other part of the world.
But the vices of the arrangement
do not end here. As the laborer
is often penniless and unthrifty,
so he is unintelligent and reck
less. It is not enough that he
perpetrates the sarcasm of rent
ing land without a cent in pos
session or credit, and without the
means ol feeding himself for a
single month, (in which sarcasm
the planter solemnly partici
pates,) he enters into the com
pact without the faintest sense of
any obligation on his part to pro
tect the planter's property or pro
mote his interest in any way
whatsoever. Take a trip though
the cotton belt and see for your
self. How many plantations
boast of even the fictions of
drainage? Upon a majority you
will not be able to find the places
where the ditches used to be,
Ask any planter whether he can
get his tenants or his partners
(as the case may be) to render
adequate service in keeping up
tho fences and gates. Ascertain
how many planters are able to
got winter work done, such as
breaking up land for next year's
crop, fertilizing, and all the gen
eral overhauling so necessarv
tu tüe maintenance of a high ag
ricultural staudard. In other
words, see if there be not a gen
eral degeneration visible every
where; if the lauds are not gener
ally less productive, the planta
tions in iuferior order, and the
prevailing tendency downward?
Every one, however, who is fa
miliar with the cotton planting
business is aware of these facts.
In tracing them to their origin
there can hardly be more than
one conclusion The cause is to
be found in the labor system, and
now where else. One of the most
fruitful sources of evd is in the
aunual withdrawal from nine
tenths of the plantations of the
entire surplus of cotton seed after
the crop has been "pitched."
This cotton seed is to the soil
what food is to the individual. It
contains all the elements ot res
torations, revivification, replen
ishment. It is the natural and
amost indispensable fertilizer of
cotton lauds. In times gone by
no planter ever thought of dis
posing of his cotton seed. It was
invariably returned to the soil ;
and thus utilized in the best pos
sible way by contributiug to its
preservation aud nourishment.
Since the era of free labor,
however, and the inauguration
of the share aud tenant system
there has been a most lamenta
ble change. One of rights
claimed by the laboter (and in
nine cases out of ten conceded
by the planter) is the right to sell
the cotton seed. The practice
has become almost universal, and
under its operation the produc
tive capacity of our soil is being
slowly but steadily diminished.
The complaint is heard on every
side and is only too well founded
in fact.
Thus, our cotton lands are
laboring under powerful influ
ences of deterioration.
The obligation of drainage.
The abandonment of fertiliza
tion.
Nothing but the magnificent
natural resources of our soil
could have withstood so long
and with so little apparent injury
the action of these destructive
elements. Yet intelligent plan
ters already feel and deplore tho
consequences, and express the
most gloomy forebodings in the
premises. Already the efforts
and deliberations of particular
individuals, and of such organi
zations as the Cotton Planters
Association, are being directed
to the discovery and adoption of
a remedy.
It is clear to our mind that
these are the direct and legiti
mate effect of the share and ten
ant systems as practiced in Lou
isiana.. aud that they must al
ways be taken into account as an
offset to any advantages which
those systems may be known to
possess. So long as the colored
laborers are accepted as tenants
or received into partnership upon
the terms now iu vogue in this
section, so long will the land be
poorly cultivated, the drainage
utterly neglected, the soil robbed
of its nourishment, and the gen
eral equipment of tho farms be
suffered to decay. A laborer
who is incapable of takiLg au in
telligent interest in tho laud he
tills, and who is permitted to in
fuse that indifference into all his
methods and acts, should not
have confided to him tho desti
nies of so immense and iroi>nr
mufc tiu iuaut><.iy as tile cotton
culture of the United Btates.
ANOTHEli SYSTEM.
We'are aware that a ereat
deal of popular opposition exists
as to the plan ofjiiriug^laborers
by tho month. It is claimed
that the negro will not work,
that he cannot be controlled,
that the risk is too great, etc.
Our observation, however, in
clines us to believe that ^tho
contrary is true. We think, in
fact, that the negro will work
more faithfully aud effectively
under intelligent direction than
when left to himself. We think
the negro can always be con
trolled under a policy of kind
ness aud fair aealing ; aud as to
the risk, we certainly consider it
less of a risk to pay money for
labor actually performed than to
advance itj,iu anticipation of la
bor which may nevei bo per
formed at all, or, it performed,
negligently aud fruitlessly. There
is always this to be said in favor
of the wage system. One can
then pursue the policy of his
choice ; he is master of his own
destinies, aud if ho fails it is his
own fault. Hiring labor and op
eiatiug it in his own way and
for his exclusive benefit, the
planter can at least keep up the
standard of his place, maintain
his drainage system and secure
the replenishment of his soil by
the fertilizing/ power of cotton
seed. We fail to be convinced
that the share system is not tho
most wasteful aud the tenant
system the most hazardous of
the three now under considera
tion. Certain it is that every in
telligent planter with whom you
discuss the question will admit
that, as they are^generally prac
ticed in Louisiana, the share and
tenant systems are steadily tend
ing to the serious if not the irre
parable deterioration of our cot
ton lands. It seems to us that
the time has come for an earnest
and deliberate consideration of
this labor question, and it is all
the more imperative since, to our
mind, the interests of the laborer
are quite as deeply involved in
the issue as are thosa of the
plauter himself. No more signi
ficant contrast could be estab
lished than between tho negroes
of St. Mary or St. James parish,
where the wage system prevails,
and those of Franklin or Cald
well, where the share and tenant
plans are pursued. In the former
case the negroes are advancing
in all material respects ; in the
latter they are at a hopeless
stand-still. We believe this to
be the fault of the system, A
system so essentially defective
and vicious could hardly be ex
pected to result favorably to any
of its followers. The only remedy
is its abolition in favor of one
better adapted to the wants of
all concerned and more in har
mony with the fact and equities
of the situation.
A poultry dealer recently
bought forty ducks from a farmer
who lived forty miles away. Tho
next* morning they were missing
and he supposed they had been
stolen. A few days afterwards
he received a letter stating that
the duek^ had reached their old
homo again,
Weather Wisdom.
"Gem'len," said tho Prosident
of the Lime-kiln Club, "I fiuk
dat de inhabitants of dis keutry
am ray in' altogether too much
tenshun to dis weddor queshuu.
Dar's a groan o' dispair when
it's hot an' a crow! o' dier»!«
whan its cold. If it rains some
body raises a row, an' if it's dry
somebody else has a bone to pick
wid de powers above. Ebory
red-headed, one-boss white man,
ebery broken down old two-cout
darkey, has got de ideah iu his
head dat do Lawd am boun' to
send him along jist do sort o'
wedder ho wants, no matter 'bout
de rest of do keutry, Do olo
man Ilubottom, libiu' up dar by
my cabin, has got about fifteen
cents worf o' gaidon track back
of his, house, and when it's hot
or cold or wet or dry he am eo
agitated dat he forgets dat any
odder soul iu dis kintry has sot
out an onion or planted a tatar.
Mo' dan fifty y'ars ago I cotno
to de conclushuu dat I must put
up Wid sich weddor as de Lawd
gimme, no mittor whoddor it
brought on chilblains or rheu
matics, and it was a great bur
den off my mind. I take it jist
as it comes, keepin' de oie um
brella in good^repair, an' I doau'
want to."—I Detroit Froo Press.
Dr. Tanner, tho greai faster,
delivered a lnrtfnro tlio other
night iu Now York on the sub
ject of fasting. He claims that,
ho had two objects iu view when
ho abstained so long from eating;
oue to'prove that ho had fastod
forty days in 1877, and tho other,
to explode the rotton theories oi'
the regular school of medicine.
Tho Doctor claims that nino
tenths of the disorders of tho
human family would recuperato
themselves, if the patients would
only let the poor, over-worked
dtomach|havo a little rest. He
attributes tho prevalenco of
chronic diseases in this country
to over-loaded stomachs, and
to tho credulity of tho public iu
trusting in patent nostrums. Iu
tho course of his lecture, Dr.
Tanner said : " The sanative
principle is in man, not in medi
cine. It is my "aim to convinco
the public'that they'should rely
on the rocuperative power of
self and nature, not upon burnt
loads of mercury and arsouic.
Poople now-a-days are too crod •
ulous. They are easily per
suaded to pour down patent
medicines for overy ill." If ho
can succeed iu convincing poo
ple of the danger of using patent
humbug poisons, he will indeed
bo a public benefactor.
Selfish people of the very amia
ble kind are the very worst sort of
people to get along with. They
conquer you with their smiles, and
ou are so greatly overwhelmed by
their gush that you have not the
grit to complain. They say that
ou are awfully good, but they are
never very good to you. They say
that you are "a dear," and they
take the pillow from under your
head, still saying that to give it up
ou are "a dear;" and you may
keep on being "a dear" so long as
they are amiable and selfish enough
to let you do so.
I Have for Sale at a Bargain
2 young mules, over 15 hands high.
G open and 6 top buggies.
2 two-horse double-seat buggies.
1 one-horse wagon and 5 two-horse
wagons under New Orleans prices.
J. S. H andy.

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