l%tte & Comet
IS rUBLISHElJ Till WEEKI.V,
Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays.
„ „ T . I
T hk suvntaob Q uestion .—Just as we
g» t«, pre»» «av8 tlw N. <>. Evening Tune., |
of the l Ith, we recnive »ud hasten to lay !
J. C. GHARR0TTE, T. B.
T. B. R. HATCH,
r A r»« koi kjk:
THURSDAY, ULY 13,
before our readers tlie aildreas of the Uni
▼nrsal HutTrago Comittlttee, of wliioh Th<w.
J. fHurant iS Président, to Uovernor Wells,
urging him to take such action a-» will per
mit the colored people of the State to ex
ercise the elective franchise. We also
print the reply of the Executive. The
subject discussed in these docnmnnts ha*
been, we think very unnecessarily, forced
upou the consideration of the public, but
froto the importance which all Americans
must attach to the safeguards placed by
jealous laws about the ballot-box, we can
not escape its discussion, nor avoid the
agitation which that discussion will pro
duce. We are of opinion that the demand
of Mr. Durant and his associates is neither
just nor needed. It is needless, for all
such measures as this should have their
origin with the peoplo, and not with aself
delegated few, and the people of Louisiana
are not yet prepared for the measure. It
is unjust, as it wholly disregards the pre
ference and the sacred rights of the citi
zens of the State.
The Executive enunciates his views well
and clearly, and, we candidly believe, will
meet with an approving response from the
great mass of loyal Louisianiaus.
We reproduce elsewhere from the col
umns of the Timet, the address and reply
above referred to, and coucur with our
ootetnporary in the reasonable views to
which he has given utterance in his com
M ammoth D rv D ock C ompany.
YVe learn with much pleasure of the
arrival in this port of a large dry
dock, for the docking of ships and
steamboats of the largest size, which
has been constructed at great ex
pense at Çauiielton, Ind. This dock
wan towed to the city by two steam
boats, at an expense of $10,0Q0.
The constructor of this dock was
Mr. John Kireg, of Indiana, the su
perintendent Capt. Henry Streck.
It WaR built under the advice of Vic«
Admiral Farragut and other naval
officers, by J. It. Irwin, John Mc
I jwui , H- Jilakesley, T. Foley, T. (i.
Mackey, Spencer Field and Henry
Streck. The twelve-inch centrifu
gal pumps will be used on this dock.
The largest vessel can be docked in
this dock in thirty minutes. Such a
dock as this has been one of the
greatest needs of our city, and its ar
rival will give great satisfaction to
all persons interested in our com
merce. It is iu the bands and under
the management of old and wp II -
ä known citizens, who, we are per
suaded, will give satisfaction to all
petwns who may bestow their pat
ronage on their dock.— New Orleans
"No North.no South, no East, no West;
but otie common country.— Henry CUty.
k may at first seem strange that
n people who but yesterday, as it
were, engaged in a struggle to dis
rupt the Union, should so soon unite
in pipans to its praise. But the South,
having fought a gallaut fight in which
»die was overcome by influences be
youd her control, instead of growing
moros«, and retiring from the contest
like a coward to bewail Iiis loss of
courage, she, conscious of having
acted welt her part, bows with be
owning submission, and assumes, in
truth, that to which she is entitled
by virtue of her relationship—full
membership in the sisterhood of
.States. In this there is no loss of
honor, nor any humiliation, since de
feat in a manly contest leaves no stain
.upon the escutcheon of the vaiHjuish
«d. 'Tis true, victory has its re
wards, and defeat hath its punish
TBents, but these do not affect per
The South failing in the establish
m out 4>f a separate government, her
people appreciate the importance^
availing tilmselves of the benefits
and blessings of that Government
from which they sought to dissever
Iheinselves.— AtUivUc (Go.) Jour
val, 6 th nit.
jjiar* Thoy have a Japunese dog iu
London that has a black tongue,
mouth, and throat, black skin, and
for all that is known, is black inside
and out. He may be called radically
black, like some partizans here.
At a recent catechising held
in Paris, the rector asked a little girl:
•'How many sacraments are there?"
"There aJ none now." "What
TKHW"No none ; for cousin Fran
r ois died Saturday and ma told me
they gave him the la,t."
"Live and Let Live«"
If ever there wan a time when in
dividuals ami communities should
cultivate the reciprocal virtue« of
good will, amity and forbearance,
that time in emphatically tM present.
The golden ruh»— that mainspring
and basis of natural justice and true
religion—ol "doing unto others as
you would be done by"—appeals
with more tlmn ordinary force,
times like these, to the passions, the
prejudice* and the selfishness of men.
The demoralizing effects of the late
war have done much to close the
avenues of the soul against that
genial flow of sympathetic feeling
for our fellow -creatures which the
God of Nature intended should ever
be manifested and cultivated as be
tween man and man, in a social and
civilized state of being.
Assuredly, there are responsibili
ties and obligations devolving upon
every true citizen earnestly to secure
and perpetuate those harmonious auil
friendly relations so essential to p«r
Bonai happiness and the public good.
To do less than this is to do little
less than a crime, because it is
violation of duty, a stultifying of the
plainest dictates of humanity. Act,
ing on perverted principles is sure to
lead to the most fatal errors in policy
and to inflict the grossest wrongs
upon society; and he who persists
in such action, will soyner or later
meet his just reward at the bar of an
honest public opinion and in the self
retaliatory inflictions of an outraged
Conspicuous among the evils inci
dent. to this perversion of principle
is the disposition manifested by some
of intense selfishness, prompting to
acts of downright oppression. "To
live" and to live for self alone, is the
ruling motive, the cankering passion
of these creatures bearing the sem
blance of men; but "to let live, is a
doctrine to which they seem totally
estranged. Regardless of the cotidi
tion and circumstances which the
overruling exigencies of the times
have brought about in the fortunes
of others, those harpies, following
closely in the track of war and reve
ing in their joys of monied specula
tions, stand ready even amid the in
cipient smiles <>f peace, to annoy and
oppress, and to despoil the honest,
citizen of the little left him amid the
wrecks ot a long protracted war.
Every advantage is seized upon to
grind out, by "due process ol laic,
if needs be, t he remnants of the hand
earned fortunes of ttyeir fellow-men
Justice and a decent regard for the
unavoidable reverses of others—eve
rything is made to give way to the
unhallowed spirit of a grasping speev
la/inn. This thing should be stoj
petK It is warring against persons
now helpless, but who, if time were
given them to gain their vantage
ground, would be enabled to satisfy
the demands of their rapacious per
secutors without ruin to themselves
and their families. In Heaven
name, do away with so much sweep
ing and indiscriminate selfishness
For decency's sake, at least, let the
people have "a breathing spell
after the turmoils and horrors of the
bloody war from which they have
but just emerged, ivet the lessons
of "peace and good will to man"—
the precepts and principles which
teach us to "bear and forbear," to
"live and let live"—shine forth again
in their true light and glory, impart
j j U p j 0 y and hope and courage to all
j - n en deavors to build up anew
the prosperity of the community and
of the country at large.
BW Nobody "is on the track as
the Republioan candidate for the suc
cession," says the N. Y. Tribune;
yet, most people believe, a sharp
Chase for the next Presidency has al
ready been commenced.
Secretary Seward's health does
not seem to have been injured by the
journey 10 Auburn^ He appeared to
be feeling remarkably wed.
Mrs. Stephen A. Douglas has given
a brilliant entertainment in Washtng
ton, the first public reception since
the death of Mr. Douglas
Important Correspondraee Betw«en G ot.
Well#, Thos, J. Durant and Other«.
To hi« Excellency,.
M adison W ellr .
4 jov«rnor of Louisiana :
Governor —The undersigned, the
Central Executive Committee of the
friends of universal suffrage, respect
ully invite your attention to their
organization and objects.
They desire to see the elective
franchise extended to all the inhabit
ants of t he State who are loyal, with
out distinction of origin.
The rebellion has overthrown the
Constitution and civil Government
of Louisiana, and rendered necessary
the creation of a new State Govern
ment by the direct act of the people.
Tbe recent attempt here to rees
tablish government on a limited and
imperfect suffrage is an admitted
failure. You do not profess to hold
power by tbe form of election which
took place in February, 1864. ¥ou
assert and exercise a power inde
pendent of the formal organic law.
Your right to do bo , it is not. our pur
pose to draw iu question. You en
joy it. That is enough for what
Under your discretionary powerB
you have defined the qualifications
of those who may be admitted to the
registration of voters in New Or
leans ; but you permit the observ
ance of a different rule in the coun
try. We urge you to enact uni
We ask that before you shall order
y general State election, or for
members of CougresB, you shall cause
a complete registration to be made in
every parish of the State of all loyal
citizens, without distinction of race
or origin, who have resided twelve
months in Louisiana.
This will introduce to the balfot
box the loyal element of the black
race hitherto disfranchised, but who
have acquired by emancipation the
title of citizens, and who have earned
by their devotion to the country, and
possess by natural justice, the right
to participate in government.
Such an act, sir, will make you
forever loved and respected iu Louisi
ana and throughout our country. It
will ensure the tranquillity of the
State; it will establish the logical
onsequences of emancipation ; it
will put fin end to the power of that
aristocracy which organized the re
bellion and still ambitiously aims at
the power of the Government; it
will neutralize and overpower the
rebel elements which cannot be sue
enshdJy excluded from the polls ; it
will speed our State on a new and
unknown career of wealth and honor.
We respectfully ask a reply in
writing to this communication, and
that you will be pleased to name an
«arly day on which to give it.
YVe remain, most respectfully, your
T hos . -I. D urant , President.
A nt. F kunanukz , Vice Président.
N. J KB vis, Secretary.
Jos. L. M ontiku , A'ss't. Secretary.
VV. II. C rane , Treasurer.
IU ikus W api.bs , II. 0. W akmouth,
S. G. B rowwi, i'll as. O oii/vie,
ANSEI. E dwarus , .1. L. I mlay ,
0. J. DUN*, H. ABKRTON,
II. T hain , H. S tiles,
B enj . F. F landres , F. C. C hristophe,
A. C ojoiaokr «, T iiohas L ymne,
D. C. Wommen, S ebastien S kileii.
It. W. S tanj.mt.
New Orleans, July 10, 1865.)
M e»eri> . Tit os . J. D ura»!', W m . R. C rank, B s»/. V.
ki.andmi», rem» wai-lsb , aid other» :
Gentlemen —An address signed
by you and some twenty others, re
presenting what you call the "Cen
tral Executive Committee of the
Friends of Uriiveisal Suffrage," was
handed mo a week ago. Until the
preseut time my official duties did
not allow me the leisure to reply to t
it as requested.
1st. Vou ask that the elective
franchise be extended to all the in
habitants of tbe State who are loy
al, without distinction of origin.
2d. You inform me that the re
bellion has overthrown the Consti
tution and civil Government of
Louisiana, and rendered necessary
the creation of a new State Gov
ernment by the direct act of the
3d. You allege "that the recent
attempt to establish the govern
ment on a limited and imperfect
suffrage is an admitted failure,"
and that I do not profess to hold
power by the form of the election,
which took place in February."
1804. You assert, furthermore,
that "I exercise a power indepen
dent of the organic law."
4th. You do not hesitate to de
clare that "under my discre
tionary powers 1 have defined the
qualifications of those who may be
admitted to the registration as vo
ters in New Orleans ; but that I
permit the observance of a different
rule in the country and you urge
me ?'to enact uniformity."
In answer to your address, so dic
tatorial and presumptive, I would
say that the elective franchise is
defined by law, and its exercise
must be in accordance therewith.
I do not believe that the Consti
tution and civil Government of
Louisiana, have been overthrown
by the rebellion, and the creation
of anew Government is not within
my province, if 1 admitted the ne
I do profess, and do hold, howev
er, contrary to your confidently ex
pressed opinion, by the form of elec
tion which took place in February,
1864, and in no respect act, "inde
pendent of the formal organic law,"
as you affect to believe.
It is true the exceptional condi
tion of our political affairs compels
recourse to military authority to
supplement, momentarily, the defi
ciencies of the law, when my pow
ers, as defined by statute, are un
equal to tbe emergency. ThiB re
source however, I have sparingly
invoked, and only against persons
in office, whose shameless abuse of
their places, or venal conduct, com
Neither have I, as you erroneous
ly assert, Irutiscended the require
ments of law iu defining "tbe quali
fications of those who may be ad
mitted to the registration as voters
in New Orleans." All persons le
gally entitled to vote, and none oth
ers, can register. So, too, do you
misstate the faut when you say
that "I permit a different rule in the
country." In both instai-ces my
conduct is controlled by tbe law.—
No registry that I am aware of has
ever existed in any State of the Un
ion in rural districts. None cer
tainly ever has in Louisiana. 1
see no reason now for my depar
ture from the usual course ; and if
I did, I do not claim any compe
tence to direct it to be done.
When you ask, therefore, that 1
shall "before any general State
election, order a complete registra
tion iu every parish ot the State ot
all loyal citizens, without distinc
tion of race or origin," for the reas- j
oils already advanced, I decline to
Ip corning to this conclusion, I
have no other difficulty than is pre
sented by your confident predic
tions of the evils that must follow
a non-compliance with your de
mands. Political prophesying, how
ever, has long since ceased to alarm
mankind. I recollect political pro
phecies made by the chief signers
of this address, within the past
twenty years, which have been so
falsified by events that the appre
hensions their present ones might
otherwise inspire, are blunted or
dissipated completely. Both in the j
Kofitro a muriftiin jinh Know*\()tJl* ■
Native American and Know-Noth
ing eras their vaticinations were as
boldly made that the naturalization
end immigration of foreigners would
as certainly destroy the nation, as
they now are, unless the negro,
ignorant, inexperienced and ipeapa- 1
ble as he is admitted to he, is en- ■
dowed with the elective franchise |
Are these gentlemen less fallible
today than at the time referred to?
Even within the last four years
Home of the more conspicuous mem
bers of the "Central Executive Com
mittee of the frieuds of Universal
Suffrage" leut their powerful assis
tance to transfer the political power
of the State from the parishes con
taining a large white population to j
the few white owners of large j
slave property in others. This was ;
called the total population basis of
I do not call in question, gentle
men, the sincerity of any of you.—
1 take it for granted you are per
fectly sincere in your love of our
emancipated people, and conscien
tiously believe the latter are enti
tled to the elective franchise ; but
you cannot be surprised if I cannot j
come to your conclusions so speedi- j
ly s* you have done, recollecting, 1
as 1 do, the eloquent letter of your !
Pesidont, Mr. T. J. Durant, who so
late as 186'2, in a memorable letter
to President Lincoln, protested
against the taking of slaves from
their owners and the iniquities of
the blockade of the ports of the
States in rebellion.
Where gentlemen, who claim to
represent an organization so sonor
ous in name as the "Central Execu
tive Committee of the Friends of
Universal Suffrage," have.exhibited j
80 much versatility of opinion in SO I
short a time, and have prophesied
bo often in defiance of the logic of j
history and experience, they can-j
not be astonished if I should cling
to the laws and the Constitution as
my guides rather than to their pre
dictions, however confidently and
pronounced tbe Liter j
I cannot either accept, however :
-, y . i . i '
anxious to do bo I might be» your
conclusion that the endowment of
the negro with the franchise would
, i ,, tt _. __
Strengthen the union cause or tne j
"National f J-nvprrirnpnt
ixauonai govern ' * , !
I dissent m toto irom that conclu- j
sion. On the contrary, I am hilly j
persuade^., from my knowledge of
the negro character, that nine out of
ten of the late entire slave popula
tion would support their jformeï mas
ters, personally or politically, or any
way, in preference to all strangers—
and I regard all as strangers in this
connection who did not stand in
this domestic relation towards them.
Nay, more : I believe in my heart
that within twelve months from
the time the negro would obtain
the suffrage, neither tbe unfaltering
Southern Union man, nor the Union
man whose loyalty dates from his
obtainment of Federal office, could
live otherwise than on Buffrance in
the States where the privilege was
given, if the individuals lately in re
bellion were disposed to countenance
In aindly and good feeling for the
African, I yield to none, even among
the oldest or newest of his friends ;
and while no man, North or South,
is more willing to accept the situa
tion as produced by the war, both as
respects him and all other issues de
termined by the conflict, I neither
deem it wise or expedient to clothe
him with the suffrage, nor can 1 see
aught but danger and difficulties in
the agitation and discussion of such
topics. The emancipated slave has
much to learn, lie has obtained
rights, and they are universally,
frankly recognized ; he has duties to
discharge which it is incumbent upon
us all to instruct him to appreciate
and perform. Should it please Provi
dence to fit him intellectually lor an
equal place in the body politic with i
the white citizens of the Republic, at
a period much sooner than is now
anticipated, I have no doubt all will
rejoice ; meanwhile it is obligatory
Upon all to obey the laws and submit
without repining to the popular arbi
trament on this and all other sub
I have full faith in the National
Administration. The distinguished
patriot now discharging the onerous
duties of Präsident of the Republic,
has enunciated his policy of recon
struction ; that policy has my cor
dial approval and support, and no
means at my disposal, by which I
can rightfully strengthen and sustain
his Administration, will be left un
employed to that end. On the other
hand, my duty, as Governor of the
State, is faithfully to execute the
laws, and this, with the help of God
and the generous cooperation of my
fellow-citizens, I hope to do satisfac
torily, impartially and justly. 1 do
not intend, under any circumstances,
to substitute my own will for the
written law, nor to arrogate to my
SP if p 0We rs unusual or improper to
i... kif an in
be exercised by an elective officer in
a republican Government,
I remain, gentlemen, your obe
J. M adison W ells,
Governor of Louisaus.
A somewhat juvenile dandy
said to a l'ai' partner at n ball, "Don't
von think, miss, my unntachioi be
coming !" To which she replied,
"Well, sir, they may be coming, but
they have not yet arrived."
AU perHin« are warned »(taln»t trading for »aid
NOTK, as payment for the »«roe ha» been Mopped,
except to the undersigned.
julyll-1f-p.l BMIMB GAKHIK.
»RICKS FOR SALE.
-, Art AAA BRICKS for siile. in We«t Baton
I'JU,'JI "/ Rouge, on themoH rea«onaliie term».
For particulars, apply to
.1. C, STAFFORD.
julyl l-.'it Law ofllcn, Third street.
BEAL 3 :
SO Barrels Single B*tra F I .Oli K.
10 .. MESS POKK.
1 Hogshead Bxtra SUUArt.
Ü Oroxa P. t M. YKA8T POWDERS.
•faut arrived and f>>r »ale at moderate prion.
AT *3 ftO PER SACK.
AT BKAL'S—■-Coarse Liverpool SALT—
only -.3 60 per hag.
N. 0. ADVERTISEMENT.
j. J. wabum T. "w. obawpob».
WIRREN & CRAWFORD,
ON li^voo street, in this' city, on Friday
morning, the Tth ln»taiil, a NOTE, drawn by
Jaenb Bluiou.ia favor of Emile Ijassie and en
dor»r<! by o. b. tittle, payable on theuoth day of
July, U«&, for the »«m or
I (SoeeaM«r» to Warren, Oillmore t Co.,)
j y _
■«„. -j? carondelkt street,
j " | ||mbf . r , UBfcerU
: T'HE undersigned respectfully aunonnce
' X to the public that ih«y have on hao'i and fur
Ä lar ^e »«ppiy of aborted
NRW ORÏjKANS, LA.
W ^ ~W-J H :WE2 MM. 9
Tbey have a Saw Mill in operation, which ena
j foi^hem to aupply the public with any variety or
quantity of lumber, and will be happy »t all
! time* to rwive order« from customers.
j i.kfkvk.k a jaiiiki',
j juij-im cor. i^rayetta and M»ia sts
J% otite !
B aton R op k , L a ., June 98th, 1805.*
p BORGE A. PIKE, is fully authorized
VI a nd empowered to act <or me and in my stead,
in ali baaineaa matters in which I have an inter
est In Baton Rouge.
julyl-Wo WM. ». PIKE.
Jidranceu !.. Jldvanccg ! !
I WILL MAKJE LtBKKAL CAE H ADVANOIÎS ON
COTTOr» OOSSIONRD TO MY FRIENDS,
BOWKR, GARI1NEK & IIAKU1KON.
julyl-lra WILLIAM BOGEL.
J. c. STAFFORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICE ON LA UREL STREET,
\I7TLL practice in the Parishes of East
VV llatou Kouge, West Baton R ohr « and
rpilE Tax-pnyers of the Parish of East
X Baton Rouge, are hereby notified that I have
depoaitad the aseeaament. roil fr.r tbe year 1H93, in
the Pariah Recorder's Office, at the Court Hoilae,
In order that any person aggrieved by auch antil
nient, may appeal and have the lame corrected,
if found incorrect.
julyl 4li JAME8 H. KENKBD\,
Bitten ftouge, June 30ft, 1966.
^'HIS Tax-payers of the Parish of Kant
1 Baton Itougn, are hereby notified, that un
lens th« St*tfl Tax«a dun by them for tbe ftatu
1861-Ü, are paid within the neat thirty tin) *,
I "hall proceed ta collect tha name according to
law. KD. COU9IÜVAKO,
julyl-4ts Sheriff and gtato Tax Collec tor.
E. R. BECK WITH,
lifJRD ST., CORNER Of T,A VRE!.,
BATON ROIJOE, I.A.
CONWAMTI.V ON HAND EVERY VARIKTYOK
Jtf Plantera and othera would do wroll to call
before purchasing elsewhere.
Cot ton bought at hlgheat machet rntea.
ukaï .KK IN
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
lud Plantatioii Supplies Generally.
CROCKERY, TIN, WOOD & WILLOW WARK
Store, Cor. Africa ami St. Napoleon St».,
BATON ItOt'OK, Ï.A.
Determined to keep & foil «n.i
aeleoted stock of articles auch a* g» to make
up a firat-rate variety store, A. BLUM hopen to
merit and receive an increaaed amount af pat
ronaee. He respectfully invite» bia old cuatomera
and the publie at large, to continue their call» a«
n il»., a»«urlng them of hl» determination to
plea»« and suttafy them in every particular.
TUB PUBLIC ARK,
hereby reapectfull; in
formed that they can be accommodated with
Hoard, at the above Restaurant, altaated on Ijtfa
yette atreet, at the rate or!|H per week. This
will include two meal« a day. Every attention
and earn will be given to the comfort of gueata.
Payment must lie mad« weekly.
julyS-tf VICTOR tiALVA Vit AC'.
At only 40 cents,
JU8T received 250 pound» New May
BUTTER, which h offered at ouly 40 cent* fl
jtilyO JOSHUA «KAI..
Oaf», Sugar Cured Joies,
RUMP POKK AND BUTTER.
A SMALL »upply of the above-Daniel
urtfclt* JiiRt, stored and for unie at niftdwral«*
jaljtf JfamVA BKAh.
AM1> DEALER IN
WAIL PAPER, ETC.
CULLS respectfully the attention of t!ie
/ public to hia larire and excellent stock of (("«'la
pertaining to hl« line ot mxrcliandl»*. Ile l.e
» peaks a liberal »hare of pnblio patronage.
Store on Third «tract, o;ip«»ite the bulldinu of
the Louisiana State Bank. jo yl
^ ^ ^ ^
rpiIE Regular Weekly Meeting of ; jjjgflfcfr
X DR S OVO LODOK. No. 7, f.
O. K., i* held at their Hall, on Main
street, nearly eppoalte the Sumter Houee, every
TUURSUAV KV£NINO,at balf-pait Ï u'eioci.
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